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Hadith 43

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

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This means you

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do e

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so there is no laptop and there is no screen. So we have to you know, we have to give up this one today, Salah projection.

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In fact, today I was counting on the laptop on the screen because I was going to go over some articles online with you.

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But

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since there is no laptop and screen we'll just deal with what we have.

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Today inshallah, we will go through this the first time we're not doing the 40 to 170 million nalley. But we are we are continuing the, you know,

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the additional eight hobbies that were added by a very nominal algebra himolla, who wrote that beautiful, most comprehensive commentary on the 42 aka the 70 man the Naui which he called General aromaticum, the compendium of knowledge and wisdom, and he added to the 42 hobbies eight more hobbies. So 8450 hobbies are discussed and elaborated on in this great book Gemma ultimate Hakan compendium of knowledge and wisdom which I said before that it has been translated into English and the title of the translation is actually the compendium of knowledge and wisdom.

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So today we are going over how to use number four these three of these are hobbies of Jamal Omar Hagen, and this was reported by Korean Muslim from our beloved novelists by the lower animal and he said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said

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eligible for either the early app and I've gotten for it fairly Allah Roger in regard

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for either the

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Heroku law HIPAA means what to catch up with. So I'm Heckle here would not mean cats it would mean attached to its deserving people, but it actually means

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give the foreign aid which are the designated shares of inheritance the designated for rebo for other designated shares of inheritance for a demo for either for either in this context is not every obligation, but rather the obligations when it comes to miraz Maoris, the laws of inheritance. So, what is the Fariba? It is the share of inheritance that has been designated by Allah subhanaw taala in the parameters called for either the plural is for so the prophets Allah said and basically said, For Eva, give the designated chairs of inheritance to its to their deserving people give the designated chairs of inheritance to their deserving people from a patent.

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So, whatever is left behind whatever is left behind, finally, our Rosalind veka, it should be given or it shall go to the closest main relative, it shall go to the closest to me, relative Allah,

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Allah means what

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the most prioritize the most deserving, he meetings our closest event rather than record me, which is me, which means man man, and you you know, if you translate it literally it will be a man man, but here the mention of record is for emphasis that it will go to the closest to male relative.

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So, now, there are two ways to address it to go over the explanation of this Hadith, there is the Morphe way which is basically a listen and now these are the shares of inheritance and there is the more general way of addressing the topic. So, we will choose like a mixture of both ways, we will go over

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very quickly that were mentioned in the Qur'an. And then we will talk about the general meanings and implications of this are hobbies, happiness, hobbies, particularly,

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we should particularly focus and this is this should be our habit to particularly focus on the issues

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of

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cultural preference or cultural relevance. Here the issue of cultural relevance and we don't have enough sisters, you only have one

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would be, why the main relative? And why man's our favor in

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this system of inheritance in general

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doesn't mean responsibility as certainly we'll have to, but what we want to get have a comprehensive answer to those questions and to their likes, because there are many such questions, many seminar questions that you may come across about the the, you know, prudence and the wisdom of the teachings, the Islamic teachings, particularly when it comes to the laws, particularly when it comes to issues of cultural sensitivity. And when we talk about concern, sensitivity, we're just talking about the modern culture of today, right?

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Keep in mind when when when you speak with Christians and Christians who will tell you that Christianity makes more sense than me. Do you know why Christianity makes more sense why modern,

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with an emphasis on modern Christianity makes more sense to

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our contemporaries, to

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me, you know, people nowadays,

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because they made it

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because they made it and if you make it, that makes more sense to me, it's you, right?

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Because they change that and they keep on changing it. So every generation would, would change it to suit their liking. Therefore, you will like it because you made it to suit your liking. So when we talk about modern Christianity, we're not talking we're not talking about St. Paul's teachings that are on the teachings of Jesus peace be upon him. We're not talking about this at all. We're talking about what people made, what people constructed to be, you know, and and be accepted for religion for themselves. And they would like to call it Christianity so that they have this

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historical aroma, they have this legitimacy, they have this basically ancestry in spiritual ancestry, whether it is not anything to do with the teachings of St. Paul or Jesus Himself subtleties.

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So we will come to this but but first, the heavy shot for ajdabiya the designated chairs of inheritance to its deserving people from a hospital for our daughter Ivanka, and whatever is left shall go to the closest male, relative

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or most deserving mere relative.

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And for if you go over the act that discus and fara, mostly you'll find them in Surah. And he said Surah Nisa. So organizzare chapter of women has to do a lot with women, family laws, and the laws of inheritance. And in Surah, Nisa, Allah subhanaw taala. says,

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In light of the inadequate bodily autonomy,

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including him so narrow as long as, as long as IRA, you're seeking long theological equity, Mr. havlat. Say, you'll see common law Viola kumala recommend recommends for you concerning your children, the zackary method or have their own say, for the male

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share equal to females. So, for each son and share equal to $2. So, meaning that the daughter will take half of the share of the son

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now, you will have to look at this in within the context of

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you know, the society when this was revealed, that they give the woman anything

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that they give her any share of the inheritance, absolutely not. And then south of Navarre died, and his wife game and she said that has that my daughter his uncle's want to take all of the inheritance and when these I art were revealed, to give the daughters the majority of the inheritance, you know, that used to be go before To whom? To the main relatives to their closest, most deserving male relative, but not only that, the ally give the daughters part the

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The inheritance and then the rest will go to the mirror relatives know, Allah said that the doctors, if you have two doctors, they will get two thirds of what he leaves behind two thirds. So if he has, if he has the doctors, and he has his father mother, that Fathers will get two thirds. And the Father Mother will get what 160 feet,

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then the antenna will get nothing.

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But if the father is not there, and there is the mother, and an uncle, and to the others, two thirds will go will go to the daughters when 60 will go through them to the mother, and the rest of which is one when six will go to the uncle. Prior to this, the uncle used to think of the whole thing.

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I'm very sorry, but I for some reason, I am extremely thirsty tonight. And is there water? Yeah.

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Yeah, yes.

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Know the daughter will inherit half, half and the $2 will inherit two thirds.

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And the other half will be distributed. Well, basically, there is likely someone. So there is like the like a spouse, a parent, someone but if there is no spouse, no parent,

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and no grandchildren from from another daughter or another son from another son, no grandchildren from another son, then that dollar will get half. And the rest of it will go to the

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the closest relative but in this case, in this case, if you have a sister, if the deceased had a sister, and a daughter, sister in law and daughter,

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the daughter would get half the sister will get half and the closest man relative would not get anything unless that's closest to me and relative was a brother.

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So that's the daughter will get half and the other half will be divided between the brother and the sister. Two shares for the brother one share for the sister.

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So now, the idea here is you want to compare, you want to compare between this and what was present. But not only compare between this and what was present, because there may have been another system that the Arabs did not know. So what about the Judeo Christian tradition that you keep on hearing about Judeo Christian This is to the Christian, the Christian foundations Judeo Christian, what about the Judeo Christian tradition?

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And like I told you, whatever, whatever is practiced now is is not Christianity. It is whatever the you know, they want to make.

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In some parts that it's not even claimed to be Christianity in some parts. They claim it to be Christianity, but it is manipulated Christianity. It's not the same as Christianity, and certainly has nothing to do with Jesus's Christianity. But in the true Judeo Christian traditions in the Bible, in the Scripture, it says a number is 27 eight. And thou shall speak on to the children of Israel and saying if a man die and have no sun, then you shall cause his inheritance to pass on to his daughter. So the daughter gets the inheritance only if there is no sun and Islam the daughter will get some of the inheritance in the presence of the sun.

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So you'll see coming off an African executive minister how they don't say

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the executive minister has their own say, meaning that concerning your children, the mayor will have two shares.

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And the female will have one

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thank goodness and focus on a tiny little cemetery. And if they are women, two or more than they will deserve two thirds of what he had left behind. If they're the arbiters two or more, they will be deserving of two

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thirds of what he had left behind. When Canada hey there fella ham, this foo named Metallica.

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So this

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variable, this variable equal to the minimum citizen, the Metallica in Canada.

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For the Army soldiers

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in Canada, we are the only service in Barbados at UCB. How about

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free local minima in a like an argument? Thank you. So thank goodness and focus and attention. So if they are women, daughters two or more than we'll get two thirds of what he had left behind. When Canada hater from the Spanish, she is one, if he left behind one daughter, she will get what half of what he left behind what he aboah equally meaningless others

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in Canada, and for his parents, each one will get one sixth, if he had left behind children, why not here does not mean son, it means a child, which could be a son or daughter, because the dollar also has what a meaning or lose meaning? You know? Yeah, yeah. So so she, they give birth to her.

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So in Canada, yes. So fairly avoid liquidity

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in Canada, so that the parents will get one sixth, if there is a child for England, Nicola who wanna Don't worry about our study on the history.

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And if he had no child, and his parents inherited him, or survived him and inherited him, his mother would be deserving of one third, is it one third of the whole thing, or one third of what is left behind. After everybody picks him share them likely, it is one third of what is left behind. After everyone has taken his share, meaning he does not have a child. So his mother will take one third, where's the father here, some people will say that this case pertains to where there is no father. But here, the father will take two thirds of what is left, and the mother will take one third.

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Whatever the parents inherit, together, the mother will take one third and the father will take two thirds of that, keep in mind, likely what he has, has already come down to him from his father. So if his father is be in favor the year he's taking two thirds, like the what he has some of it, if not most of it had come down to him from his father.

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So in this case, if he left behind a wife, and two parents, no child,

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the wife will take one quarter

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that rest which is three quarters will be divided between the mother and the father, the mother will take one third of what is left behind, after the wife took care of one quarter, and the father will take two thirds for in American law while ago for the army service. If he had no child and his parents inherited them. For the army service, his mother would take one third of what the parents inherit, not have everything because of there is a spouse, then it will be one third after the spouse how to care for us according to some opinion that I believe to be stronger.

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I'm sorry, I'm just gonna keep on drinking is

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yes, because I'm doing I like this high protein, low carb diet.

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And then I then find anything to eat. Like, you know, everything was frozen.

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I found fish in the fridge. That's the only thing that was easy to eat, and I interest

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if the parents get one six, regardless of the number of children, if they have children.

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The parents regardless of the number of children, each parent will get one sixth. That is the least that parents get.

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Because they get one sixth there It doesn't matter regardless and he could have 200 children.

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The parents, the father would get one sixth, the mother would get one sixth, they both get one third, that is the least they get as parents and the rest will be divided between

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200 children

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Keep in mind, culturally, you think that the parents are getting very little. Culturally, you think that the mother, the wife has given very low, she gets one eighth, you know if there are children. So culturally you think that the wife is getting what do you know why you can't really think this way. Because nowadays kids have two kids or you know, the people have two or three kids. But in the past, in the past, not long ago, our grandparents, the at least they had 10 or 12 kids. So the wife was getting more than any of the children.

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But nowadays, you feel that she's getting less because he you know, the kit, you have two kids, a boy or a girl. So the boy will be given to three times more than his mother.

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Whereas in the past work, when people will actually have 12 and 15 kids and stuff.

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The wife was given a very sizable, considerable share of the narrative. So we are cultural creatures we made that by our culture's our thinking is programmed, according to our code says,

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inside that I understand

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for each time someplace, so what's the logic for limiting these days, culturally, and also, and we live in the world, men don't live up to their

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agenda to their obligations. So

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in terms of supporting sisters and granddaughters, and those type of things, so really the obligation for most of the woman

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herself,

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because the chances widows and divorce woman,

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then we will talk about what we could do to protect the rights of women in in the in light of the corrupted culture of today.

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But the corrupted culture of today does not mean that we give in to it, it means that we fix it and we go back to the natural social balance, do you know that there is an ecological balance in this world? So whenever men disrupts the ecological balance, a lot of people will jump in here and they can say, you know, disrupting the ecological balance is bad, right? Hold the environment, environmentalist and so on. disrupting the ecological balance is bad.

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Because a lot clearly because they feel whether they believe in God or not that it is a perfect balance. But this perfect balance was made by chance, according to the atheists,

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regardless of who made it,

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the same being who made this perfect ecological balance also made a perfect source of balance that man tinkered with until he ruined it.

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And now we suffer from

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the results of man's tinkering with not only the ecological balance, but also the social balance. This is a nice article that was written by a libertarian woman from North Carolina,

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who is proud, you know, to talk about

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her being from the Tar Heel, state, you know, the Tar Heel state, is in reference to the soldiers of the Confederate.

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So it is so she is not really enough like an Islamic State or anything close by Close, close to that he is like, mainstream woman from the 13 state of North Carolina.

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Let me tell you what she says.

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Because it is important that you understand that this tinkering with this also balance is a problem. So the title of her

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moral, the title of her article was why men aren't getting married anymore.

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Why men, and this was this article was published by the libertarian republic.com libertarian republic.com why men aren't getting married anymore.

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She says, marriage has nothing to offer for men.

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According to the Pew Research Center, the data from 2012 illustrates a steady increase in the percentages of American men and women who are 25 years and older who have been not not never been married. The same research shows that men are more likely than women

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have never made it down the aisle 20 30% versus 17%. The facts are clear that fewer people are getting married. The question is to is the question as to why men are choosing not to,

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in large numbers remains a debate. Not wanting to tie the knot is not a concept limited within the US borders. According to the Office for National Statistics, marriage and Britain is at its lowest level since 1895. In 2011, there were just 286,634 ceremonies, and 41% fall from 1972.

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Although not getting married has been a progression over the years, one of the most convincing reasons for men specifically is simply because they do not need to.

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Aside from the obvious economic inconveniences that are involved with an actual wedding, a recent piece titled why men won't marry you by Suzanne veenker goes right for the jugular when she argues that it is actually the woman's fault that this is happening, no matter how difficult it is to hear it. There's, you know, the writer of this piece, by the way, is a woman and all of those writers are women.

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No matter how difficult it is to hear that there is a logic to what she is arguing, starting with the reality that men can have what they want without getting married. The free market supplies the demand sufficiently so why get married.

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Gone are the are the days of saving oneself for marriage and the old adage of why buy the cow comes into play. There used to be a great societal pressure to wait to get married before having sex or having children. In some aspects, it has been a good thing that women aren't

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scampering away to deliver babies in secrecy, etc, etc. But simply put veenker asserts that there is virtually nothing in it for men. The attitude that women don't need a man and men don't need a woman over the last several decades has finally manifested into reality.

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Then Hannon Smith, Dr. Helen Smith, the author of men on strike believes this is a large factor there's this is a large factor of preventing men from walking down the aisle. Men who know there is a good chance they will lose their friends, their respect, their space, their sex, life, their money.

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And if all goes wrong, their families your rights. They don't want to enter into a legal contract with someone who could effectively take half of their savings, pension and property when the honeymoon period is over. married men aren't wimping out by staying unmarried or being commitment phobe. phobes they're just being smart.

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So you tinker with the social system that God created. You try to basically avenge the women who have been wronged for decades or centuries in Middle Ages, by giving the man the woman half of the

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man's savings upon divorce, half they spent one or two years together, then you think that you're doing justice to the women.

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But since man is short sighted and has limited their non comprehensive knowledge, man does not realize that this you know, game well back mass and cause so much hardship and distress to women before it does to men. Because from the other end, men will not be interested into getting into this legal contract. And they will refrain from marriage, they will defer they will delay it and then their chances don't get worse as rapidly as women. So if you're 25 and you have five or six girlfriends, you could continue to have more girlfriends and continue to experiment, experiment more and try you know, you know, a diversified assortment of friends in 30 or 31 years later, anything 35

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You still have time you know, you have 24 girlfriends, you still have time to have like 29 or 30

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Five

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and then your chances are not given but worse your because, you know, like a man who was 38 years old, he's not actually in bad shape, you know, he is that he still has a good chance of getting married. And yeah, you know, for the woman, it is not true.

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She's already getting game to like depression and anxiety and a mire of other psychological illnesses, she is already getting so anxious, she's already feeling a feeling that is that she's getting old, she's already less

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capable and competent of childbearing and child raising and child, you know, conceiving again, you know, feeding, breastfeeding, rearing raising all of that stuff. So she her chances are worsening. And that is the reality that we created by trying to tinker with the social balance that God created. The solution is to go back and to

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basically adjust your lives back to the social balance that God created, where you realize that men and women do not necessarily have to be

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similar or they have to have a similar similar roles, they have different complementing roles, and because they are complementing the

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IE that they unite into this union as one, because if they have similar roles, they would never unite in as one in this union of marriage, that naturally This is not expected, you know, to people to similar people will never compliment one another and have a unity to be one entity, they'll continue to always be too because they are too similar beings, entities, but if they are different than they complement each other, like the pieces of the puzzle, and they can unite into this union, or this

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one entity or one institution called marriage.

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Anyway,

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why are we saying this, because we're saying that the social balance that God created part of the social balance that God created Keep in mind, this is called socio economic, because economic and social are inter mixed, intertwined all the time. So it is associated socio economic balance within the socio economic balance that God, you know, lay it down for us, and that God designed for us is for men to be responsible for families, because you judge the world from your spectacles as a new jerseyan or a New Yorker in the 21st century, you're not judging the world from the, you know, perspective of a farmer, somewhere in the Midwest, let alone a farmer in, you know, the Democratic

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Republic of whenever in Africa.

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I just didn't want to say those things.

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Not being stereotypical or anything.

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But it's somewhere in Africa, somewhere in Asia, you know, I come from Africa. So it is, you know,

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I have the liberty to say that.

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So,

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someone, you know, from Africa, someone from Asia,

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where, where this is a reality. I mean, you know,

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people work hard, you know, jobs are strenuous jobs are risky. Jobs involve a lot of muscular muscular power, and a lot of risk taking as well. Here, so to provide safety, security and sustenance for your family is not,

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you know, a leisurely activity like it could be sometimes, you know, saying leisure the activity here but you know, if you work in white collar, white collar job, and you go and, you know, like you're sitting behind that office and you get your coffee breaks every 15 minutes, and so on. It is certainly not like someone who's working on a farm in the middle of Africa. So, now you, you want to just get rid of your biases and your limitations and your ignorance as you know, like a modernist feminist thinker.

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See the world as it is not as you want to see it.

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And then you will have to understand that there are different roles and there needs to be different roles. If the men are not living up to their roles, you force them to live up to their rules, you do not, you know, just change the whole scheme, because men are not living up to her roles. Because when you change the whole scheme, who's going to be,

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you know, who who's going to suffer the backlash of this, who's going to suffer from the imbalance that you will create the weaker segment of that equation, or the weaker party in that equation, this happens to be women, unfortunately, not men, and I have three daughters and one boy, and I should be more concerned about, you know, the safety, security of my values than I am about my

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concerns about my son. And

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so it is important for me to see that they are safe and secure and they get, you know, the rest of the girls and the rest of the woman, they get well treated and they get fairly treated. But Gary giving firmly cheated is not being treated equally, because the concept of equality versus equity implies similarity. And that similarity is what is the pursuit of that similarity, the vain pursuit of that similarity is what is hurting women, big time.

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So, within that system, Allah subhanaw taala said,

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you know,

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using more theoretical effectiveness rather than saying, insane, faithfulness and focus are tiny phenomena, Susana, Tarquin cannot attend fallenness when he avoided the minimum citizen in America in Canada, what worries me sorrows in Canada, important to me, so this for in Canada who important to me, so this and if he has brothers, siblings, then his mother will take

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this one sixth. So if he has no siblings, and no children, his mother will take one third of what is left and his father will take the other two thirds.

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But keep in mind in the case where he has siblings, or children and children, and that is most of the cases,

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you're usually not survived by your parents, you're usually survived by your children.

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So most of the time, you will have children, and then most of the time, if the parents are alive, what are the parents getting?

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One second, is a one six for the median, or the female, the father or the mother?

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If there's our children,

00:38:22--> 00:38:26

both each one of them gets one sex. Why?

00:38:27--> 00:38:42

Then she asked herself, you know, if you think that femininity per se, is that effective cause or that a lot or the reason behind the halving of the inheritance that, you know,

00:38:44--> 00:39:00

if that is the reason shouldn't apply here, if femininity is the effective cause, so femininity is not the effective cause. In fact, sometimes the woman inherits, and her counter name does not inherit.

00:39:01--> 00:39:02

When does that happen?

00:39:09--> 00:39:14

No, the mother's mother and the mother's father.

00:39:15--> 00:39:49

The mother's mother will inherit in the absence of the mother, her husband will not inherit who is a grandparent as well. So we have two grandparents, your mother's mother and your mother's father. If the mother is not present, the mother's mother will inherit, the mother's father will not inherit. Sometimes the women do hearts of men or the impede the inheritance of men, the bar men from inheritance and that there are many times they do

00:40:01--> 00:40:11

No, but alive, no, it is based on a loss that has belaz of a lot, you know, that had to be the impediment to inheritance

00:40:13--> 00:40:26

or barring from inheritance by certain relatives, like, if the father is present that he will make hodgepodge of the, the siblings, the siblings cannot inherit from the presence of the Father

00:40:28--> 00:40:30

you know, and if the

00:40:32--> 00:40:54

if the, if the father is present to this, we said the siblings do not inherit, if the clothes are made relative is present, then there is no parents, children, brothers, and the most made relative is present, he does have or barring of inheritance, from the rest of the relatives, relatives.

00:40:55--> 00:41:18

If you have one sister and one daughter, they will do height above all the male relatives that are farther away from them. So, if you leave behind one sister and one daughter, what does the sister get one half the daughter, one half, they get the full inherit inheritance, if there is an uncle, he gets nothing.

00:41:19--> 00:41:35

So here, women are doing how to both men, women are inheriting just like men, in the case of the the parents in the presence of the children. Women are sometimes inherited when men are not inheriting in the case of the maternal,

00:41:39--> 00:41:44

maternal grandmother versus the maternal grandfather.

00:41:45--> 00:41:58

So femininity is not the effective cause. But why is it that the daughter would inherit half of the sun, but most of the time the mother would inherit just like the Father.

00:42:03--> 00:42:13

Because the different responsibilities are not applicable anymore to the parents because they're older in age, and their needs are similar.

00:42:16--> 00:42:35

And the you know, so they're not starting their lives. They're about starting their lives, but in at the start of life, the male will be responsible for a lot more, even in the middle of his life, he will be responsible for a lot more because he is responsible for his female

00:42:37--> 00:42:41

relatives that don't have you know, a sustainer

00:42:43--> 00:42:44

include sisters,

00:42:49--> 00:42:51

grandchildren, they inherit,

00:42:59--> 00:43:13

grandchildren, they inherit their shape from the grandfather, if there is no sun, if there is no direct sun, if there is a direct sun, then that will be an issue, they will get the wood not

00:43:18--> 00:43:51

in this case, in this case, the grandfather is recommended emphatically recommend that to give them a share and the will there was a year now if he does not give them a sharing that was the year then some of the modern laws like in Egypt, the give them a share, which is called there was a it was a bar which is gold obligatory was it like they're saying he should have given them since he did not give them we will give them

00:43:52--> 00:43:54

because he was wrong and not giving them

00:43:55--> 00:44:14

because in all honesty, he should give them from his will say that he that they are his grandchildren has their father died. He knows that they will be barred by his own children, their uncles. So he should give them their father's share in his was a year

00:44:24--> 00:44:27

where the father abandoned children.

00:44:44--> 00:44:52

Yes, and it is important for us to understand the laws of Panama Canal, you know, center down the law

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

so that it is a general frame work for all of us to

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

Use in our judgments

00:45:05--> 00:45:18

to custom fit to different scenarios will not be feasible. There is no law that is custom tailor. There is no law that is custom tailored for different scenarios at different times.

00:45:20--> 00:45:24

Why should the law not not be custom? tailor?

00:45:26--> 00:45:26

Because

00:45:28--> 00:45:37

the scenarios are unlimited. Now tell me, so he left them. He left them when they were one year old.

00:45:38--> 00:46:22

Two years, three years, four years, he had not supported them. He had not supported them after age five, after each four before from the beginning, from what time? So he did not support them, he did not how much? How much did he not support them, he did not support them, because their mother wanted to take them away. And took them took them away, and you know, prevented him from visitation and so on and so forth. So he by you know, try to strike back a turn by not sustain sustaining his children or because he just wanted to abandon them.

00:46:23--> 00:46:34

There are endless, endless scenarios. So the law should not come to be custom theater for 200,000 scenarios.

00:46:36--> 00:46:53

So we will take the law, and then apply it, this father who did not support his children, if the child dies, the father inherits from his child because it is still his child. So what about the fact that he did not support his child?

00:46:54--> 00:46:55

Who can

00:46:57--> 00:47:02

claim that from him? Who can, you know, take him to court for that?

00:47:03--> 00:47:14

The mother who supported them? That is her right? She can take him to court. And as he takes him to the Islam and Islamic court, the judge who will give her?

00:47:16--> 00:47:18

No, we're talking about the Islamic system.

00:47:20--> 00:47:22

If you take him to the court here, though,

00:47:26--> 00:47:29

yeah, they'll take his his birth certificate.

00:47:30--> 00:47:30

So

00:47:33--> 00:47:42

So if the if she takes him to the Islamic court, the Islamic court will give her all the money that she spent, we'll take it from him.

00:47:43--> 00:48:00

Even if that includes interdiction, which has had which has the foothold on his assets, all of his assets, see, seize his assets, sell his assets and give her what she spent because she's entitled to.

00:48:02--> 00:48:35

So, in this case, yeah, in this case, we do not fix the roll by another one, we fix the wrong itself not by doing another run. So he did not support his child. The mother who supported the child goes to court brings him in before the judge tells the judge complains that the judge the judge ordered him to pay her he does not the judge seizes his assets and gives her the money after he sells the assets.

00:48:36--> 00:48:46

This is the way we corrected this wrong but they say that we will not let him inherit from his son after his son dies that would be correcting the wrongs by another room.

00:48:47--> 00:48:56

So now which other area and so rotten is the next I answered in the sad talks about shares of inheritance?

00:49:03--> 00:49:05

Yeah, before this

00:49:20--> 00:49:21

Yeah.

00:49:22--> 00:49:37

So so we have like one this is the first reverse we have the last verse of Allah Allah. But we have another calendar in the versus the one I can list for my target as well as you can mail me I couldn't. When I

00:49:39--> 00:49:53

when I come this for mataranka as well to come in Lumia Kula Nora in Kerala know Allah, Allah Kumara Swamy Mathura common body or cflc Nivea day, but 100 proven track record like monofin Cadillac Madonna similar

00:49:55--> 00:49:58

to Santa via Eau de in Canada on Europa kiloton

00:50:00--> 00:50:13

Often medical students when cannot from exotic pharmaceutical facilities invaluable certain use of your cell phone Allah, Allah Halima Holly. So, the next one that we have to go over is

00:50:14--> 00:50:18

where a loss of Karnataka designates the shares of the

00:50:19--> 00:50:23

spouse spouses. Allah says welcome this for Metallica has wanted to come in

00:50:25--> 00:50:27

to you is

00:50:28--> 00:50:34

half of what your wives leave behind if the if they have no children.

00:50:36--> 00:50:48

And if they have children, then you're entitled to one quarter and to them is one quarter of what you leave behind if you have no children, if you if you have children,

00:50:49--> 00:50:50

they take one eighth

00:50:53--> 00:50:57

why in Canada to the US to Canada and if it is a man that is being that

00:51:00--> 00:51:32

if it is a man with no father or with no ancestors or descendants, so, it is father and as far as it goes up grandfather and so on, and son and as far as it goes now, so, no ascend ancestors are descendants then kilala cannot reverse a color or a woman no and says, I think her mother and NASA which are the ancestors and descendants are missing.

00:51:33--> 00:52:00

Then how are you which are the siblings they will have a share in this particular verse in this particular verse, the shares that are mentioned the year are of which siblings the maternal siblings only when cannot the rest of the earth who cannot afford to lose are the maternal siblings, half siblings from the mother, his mother's children.

00:52:01--> 00:52:06

And equally, the men who must do this, each one of them will be in title two,

00:52:07--> 00:52:08

one sixth

00:52:12--> 00:52:13

This is a Canada also.

00:52:17--> 00:52:18

Both are color.

00:52:19--> 00:52:35

But here this Canada we're explaining that shares of the material on half siblings in the other collana at the end of Surah Nisa, we're explaining the shares of the full or paternal siblings.

00:52:37--> 00:52:37

So,

00:52:47--> 00:53:01

and the you know the explanation of the Sahaba and the the you know, Fatah Sahaba the designated references between the two is the first is talking about the maternal siblings. When it comes

00:53:05--> 00:53:09

to this When can I convert from service to service and if it is a man

00:53:10--> 00:53:36

who has no ancestors or descendants and he has maternal half siblings, each one of them would get one sixth and if there is more, they they all get one third and they divided amongst themselves. They divided the Deputy Minister hospital insane right for the male to series and that he made one share right? Wrong.

00:53:42--> 00:53:49

Yeah, if you have like three boys and three girls, three brothers and three sisters maternal.

00:53:51--> 00:54:01

It is not two and one. It is not two and one, two shares for the broker once here for the sister it is equal shares for the brothers and sisters.

00:54:03--> 00:54:11

Once again femininity is not the cause of having the inheritance. So why is it like this here?

00:54:13--> 00:54:25

Why is it here equal chairs for the brother and sister? We are as at the end of Surah Nisa when it talks about the full sibling

00:54:26--> 00:54:26

Yes, the

00:54:30--> 00:54:34

mo and Erica what, what when I when I walked around this format, Eric,

00:54:35--> 00:54:36

we're

00:54:38--> 00:54:45

in Canada, if any metallic When can we put a genuineness and for exactly Mr. Mohammed on say you have a lot of months.

00:54:47--> 00:54:54

So at the end of certain is that a loss of $100 says the asked you tell them in number on halaqa if a man died

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

and he has no child and he has a

00:55:00--> 00:55:21

Sister, then she inherits she gets half of his inheritance, half of his inheritance. And if it is more than one sister, they get two thirds, two thirds of the inheritance, like the daughters. But here there are no daughters. Here there are no daughters. And there are no

00:55:23--> 00:55:38

parents, no parents, no daughters. So she's getting the sisters getting the full sister or the paternal sister is getting one half, two sisters, two halves. And the

00:55:40--> 00:55:50

and then if they are brothers and sisters, then they get two shares for the brother, one share for the sister.

00:55:52--> 00:55:59

Two shares for the brother, one share for the sister. Why is it different here?

00:56:00--> 00:56:34

When we're talking about the maternal siblings in the other verse, and syrup in the sat in the beginning of syrup, and we always say one sixth for the maternal half sibling, for the half sibling from the maternal side, one six for the brother, one six for the sister, and if it is many, the share the one third equal chairs for the brothers and sisters. Think about it Why so femininity is not how, you know causing the halving of the

00:56:35--> 00:56:41

inheritance here, but that is causing it there. For the full sibling. Think about it, why

00:56:58--> 00:57:07

notice is steadily it still doesn't answer the question, Why are the maternal siblings being treated

00:57:09--> 00:57:20

equally whether they are boys or girls, so brothers and sisters, they get equal shares, but when it comes to the full siblings, the brothers are getting

00:57:22--> 00:57:55

more than the sisters? And the answer to this question will actually give you the answer to the rest of this hadith which is from our output and for our narrative and record whatever is left behind will go to the closest main relative Why is it the closest male relative? If you know the answer to this one, why the maternal siblings are getting equal shares and the full siblings are getting

00:57:56--> 00:57:58

an equal shares where the

00:58:00--> 00:58:04

brother has given double of the sister think about

00:58:07--> 00:58:08

do you know

00:58:09--> 00:58:29

do you know that the responsibility of Alaska in Islam and also by is the paternal relatives Is that fair is the the family members on the paternal side it is your paternal uncle it is your father's brother, it is your father's

00:58:31--> 00:58:44

uncle it is in you know that that side? That used to be just like an insurance company that used to be like a co op.

00:58:45--> 00:59:00

They have huge responsibilities. If you run someone over by with your car, and now all of a sudden you have to pay them 500,000 reals

00:59:02--> 00:59:04

which is the blood money. Who pays that

00:59:06--> 00:59:07

insurance company?

00:59:10--> 00:59:59

It is your clan, your tribe? You know it starts from your sub plan the closest made relatives. So the closest to me and relatives are sharing your problems. So why is it not fair that they get you know your inheritance the rest of your inheritance? You know, keep in mind you don't have daughters, you don't have sisters, you don't have anything that that will be you know, treated unjustly or that will be the prime of inheritance you have nothing to why is it unfair that the closest relatives give the rest when their closest relatives will be responsible for your troubles and

01:00:00--> 01:00:24

Your, you know, blunders, they will take care of, of it. And this, this was happening throughout the ages that, you know, they, they would come together and they will share the responsibility of what you have done, whether you know, it's compensation, blood money or compensation for something that you did foolishly or

01:00:25--> 01:00:32

anything that they were, they would have to join in and take care of that responsibility,

01:00:33--> 01:01:27

then in this way, we understand that it is a perfect social balance, balance, just like the perfect ecological balance, there is a perfect social balance, you don't see it from all sides, you don't see it with a comprehensive outlook, you see it only from one angle. So you may perceive in equity by looking from one and go, because you're not able to look at it all. It is just like, it is just like this example, just like this example, you try to, you know, give justice to the women who are treated unfairly by their husbands and left out, you know, to rot with as as single mothers or single this or that,

01:01:28--> 01:01:35

to try to do justice to them. But at the same time, you are scaring away many potential

01:01:36--> 01:01:37

husbands from

01:01:39--> 01:01:52

marriage, you're scared, you're scared of the mind for a marriage. And here you just go and read the whole thing that I read part of it for you go read it, read it all, it's on the libertarian, libertarian republic.com marriage,

01:01:54--> 01:02:04

why men aren't getting married anymore. And then there is a related article right underneath it also,

01:02:06--> 01:02:07

which talks about

01:02:09--> 01:02:10

seven

01:02:15--> 01:02:19

talks about seven legal rights and privileges for the only two women.

01:02:20--> 01:02:31

And it is basically, that the strength of these articles is that they are written by women. And they are written by women that cannot be considered sympathetic to Islam or some Arabic to you know, the

01:02:32--> 01:02:43

Middle East or, or or Arab culture, this culture, that culture, it's just like libertarian women writing the these

01:02:45--> 01:02:47

you know, considerably

01:02:48--> 01:02:51

truthful articles.

01:02:52--> 01:03:20

Yeah, well balanced articles. And but but it just shows you it shows you that people will come to recognize, you know, the, the after effects of what they have done, they will come to recognize it, when will they recognize it? Some people are astute enough to recognize it. I'm not even saying astute enough to recognize this early because it's already too late.

01:03:22--> 01:03:28

But even this, this late, it is too early for some people because they are still not seeing it.

01:03:30--> 01:03:40

When Can they see it after complete collapse of the system? That is that is the weakness of humanity is that the gets so

01:03:41--> 01:03:42

you know,

01:03:44--> 01:03:45

basically

01:03:47--> 01:04:26

zealot about their convictions, and they have too much contempt for, for any other views, until their system completely collapses. Did you see how communists were completely completely convinced that they are writing the end of history when when they when communism started. And then, you know, even after one decade, two decades, three decades, when communism was on the rise, they felt that they were writing the end of history. This is the perfect system, we're writing the end of history.

01:04:27--> 01:04:30

And then the complete collapse of communism.

01:04:31--> 01:04:59

And it keep in mind that those are very intelligent people. Those are, you know, genius professors, philosophers this this that they feel so wholeheartedly and so stubbornly that they have come up with the the perfect system of life. And that's right in the end of history. And then only a few decades later, the whole thing can

01:05:00--> 01:05:03

Ops, the whole thing imploded from within.

01:05:05--> 01:05:24

And nowadays you find them another set of people also believing that they are writing the end of history. And they came up with the perfect system. And they are not seeing the problems that are investing are afflicting or be falling they're very perfect system they're talking about.

01:05:25--> 01:05:33

And they're not seeing that the the good the manifestations of

01:05:36--> 01:05:37

that collapse,

01:05:39--> 01:05:49

I think is some systems are more resilient, because they are more they are a bit closer to the than the fitrah the genuine

01:05:50--> 01:05:51

human disposition.

01:05:53--> 01:06:13

So when it comes economically to capitalism versus communism, capitalism, where it makes more sense, it's closer to this to the you know, the perfect, it is not the perfect balance, you know, economic balance, the trickle down economies are not the perfect model.

01:06:14--> 01:06:22

However, it is closer to the perfect balance than communism, which

01:06:24--> 01:06:46

only fosters indifference and, you know, a lack of motivation and lack of creativity, lack of everything, and causes the rapid collapse. So, a system that is not perfect, but closer to that which is perfect, will be more resilient, and will not suffer the same, you know,

01:06:48--> 01:07:06

radical collapse that that another system that is too far removed from, you know, the perfect balance would suffer. Yet, the perfect balance is, is only known to the one who created the one who made it.

01:07:07--> 01:07:37

And that is why when you either the beauty of surrendering to Islam, it is it is basically you know that there is a perfect balance and everything, you know that there is a perfect ecological balance, you know that there is a perfect social balance, you know that there is a perfect economic balance, your lifetime will not be enough to figure it out. So what you're trying to look for, you're trying to look for, where God who created this universe and created the perfect balance,

01:07:38--> 01:07:45

where he left you a message at code that actually, you know,

01:07:47--> 01:08:40

contains that perfect balance that instructs you in preserving that perfect balance and guiding you to that perfect balance. And then once you find this cold, you look for it, because you may have not been born Muslim, you look for it, you the and you compare, and you look in the search, and you research and you do all of that. And then once you find it, you know how ultimate the ultimate peace and to my Nina will come once you surrender to it. And that is the meaning of submission, just surrender, submit to it. And then when you suddenly surrender to it, you're just, it is so beautiful, because you're just not so worried about whether you're right or wrong, you want to get

01:08:40--> 01:08:43

it right by like having a good understanding of it.

01:08:44--> 01:08:51

Not that you will come back at the end of your life to figure out that you were in the wrong

01:08:53--> 01:08:56

vehicle, the or you know

01:08:57--> 01:09:24

that you have taken the wrong road. No, you're sure of the road, but you're just trying to figure out how to maneuver your journey on on that road. Which is important at the end of the day, you know, to say that Allah gives us guidelines, leaving so much room for human for human creativity and human thought.

01:09:26--> 01:09:59

Because we don't want to go to that extreme either. We want to understand that when Allah subhanaw taala left us with guidelines and those areas of law did not leave us detailed rulings so that there would be enough room. Allah gave us philosophical foundations and some guidelines and some milestones and bounds to prevent us from getting lost some philosophical foundations, you know, that is Islamic equity, you know, transparency in transaction

01:10:00--> 01:10:23

You know, that taken away speculation and excessive risk taking, you know, philosophical foundations. And then you have major rulings which sit what serve as milestones and prohibitions that serve as bounds, to protect you from getting lost in getting off the path, you know.

01:10:24--> 01:11:04

And then after this, the those foundations and milestones and, you know, instructions, and you know, borders and bounds, there is so much room for you to use your mind, use your creativity, use your thought, for the betterment of your condition, socially, economically, and, and in every regard. And you come up with laws that are consistent, ie human beings come up with laws that are consistent with those guidelines. And in this case, we would not be competing with a law for his

01:11:06--> 01:11:28

jurisdiction, or his for his authority, because those laws will be consistent in line with his teachings. That is all you know, it is not just a matter of like, everything, all of the economic theories like someone, No, none of the people they're talking about the Islamic way of life are claiming this.

01:11:29--> 01:11:42

You know, if this was in middle age, in Europe, in the Middle Ages, where the thought that this is that everything was written somewhere in some religious book, Muslims have never said that.

01:11:43--> 01:12:26

You know, we're talking about scholars and Muslim scholars, a Muslim, the public, if they could have whatever fascinations they have about anything, but we're talking about well grounded scholars, they did not say that. The Prophet did not say that. The Prophet said clearly antemortem, the Morrigan Yaqoob, you know, the affairs of your brother. So what I came to give you is guidelines, milestones bounce, and then you figure it out after this, just watch, watch for this, watch for that. You know, keep an eye on those milestones, 100 standards, philosophical Foundation, and move, use your mind, use your thought, use your creativity to move forward.

01:12:28--> 01:12:47

So whenever you invite me to get involved in any discussion with non Muslims with even Muslims that don't really believe in Islam as a system, it is important that you, one, when they talk about Christianity, tell them which Christianity are you talking about?

01:12:49--> 01:12:58

Is it your Christianity that you made up? Or is it the Christianity that was taught by sample, let alone the Christianity that was taught by Jesus PS VR program.

01:13:00--> 01:13:25

Second, when you talk to people that don't subscribe to our religion, it is important for you to be to be cognizant of the challenges of the modern culture, of the failures of the modern culture, to be aware of, you know, reading an article like this, and it is important for you to diversify your portfolio of, you know, knowledge and

01:13:28--> 01:13:30

awareness, you know, like,

01:13:31--> 01:14:09

reading an article like this would be important for our Muslim that is involved in our that is speaking with a people, because those are not Muslim. They're realizing some of the challenges that, you know, the modern lifestyle have caused, they're realizing how the modern lifestyle and the feminist movement as a manifestation of the modern lifestyle, have caused, the harm that it caused to the institution of marriage and to the stability of that institution, which is vital and essential for you know, the well being of the society.

01:14:11--> 01:14:15

study shows that studies show that, you know, Matthews

01:14:16--> 01:14:17

you know,

01:14:18--> 01:14:42

scores of studies show that, you know, the family structure that the conventional, traditional and conventional, those words that people you know, people actually look down on those words. You know, convention is very traditional, as bad as if, you know, you know, there is the there was this internist who wrote a book,

01:14:43--> 01:14:47

sir Hutchinson, he wrote a book and at the beginning of the book, he has a supplication.

01:14:49--> 01:14:56

He's a British inventor this in at the beginning of the book, he had a supplication that I found to be very wise, and he said,

01:14:57--> 01:14:59

from too much contempt for that which is old

01:15:00--> 01:15:06

And too much zeal for that which is the new May God the Lord delivers oh

01:15:08--> 01:15:16

are you know so, so, basically, I found this to be like guys who have an ingenious supplication

01:15:17--> 01:15:43

It is, it is true that some of the people have the limitation, mental limitation that will make them always have zeal for anything that is new, because new to them means progress, as if you know, progress or newness has to always be positive, which is which is certainly untrue.

01:15:45--> 01:15:45

So,

01:15:47--> 01:16:10

you want to you want to to talk to Christians figure out which Christianity are we talking about. And if we're talking about, you know Jesus Christianity, you will not find a lot of differences. Talking to non Christians, it is important for them to is important for you to make them aware of

01:16:11--> 01:16:15

the failures of the modern lifestyle,

01:16:16--> 01:16:17

the you know,

01:16:19--> 01:16:24

the illnesses and the defects that will cause it

01:16:26--> 01:16:29

to bring a man closer and closer to misery

01:16:31--> 01:16:33

than happens which

01:16:34--> 01:16:37

is doing a good job at so far.

01:16:38--> 01:16:46

skyrocketing depression rates and skyrocketing rocketing psychological illnesses that are creeping down to children.

01:16:48--> 01:16:57

And younger and younger and younger children is only a manifestation of that. It has nothing to do the other comes from economics relevance profitability.