Dealing With Ikthilaf Among Scholars
Channel: Haitham al-Haddad
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There are so many differences among scholars in Islam. Some say a thing is halal, others say its haram. Some say we should pray like this, others say we should pray like that. Some say we have to believe in this way, while others say we must believe in that way. Are all opinions Islamically valid? How should we deal with differences among scholars? Are we supposed to look for the strongest opinions and refute the weak ones? Or should we just leave them? Can we accept all opinions?
One of the scholars wrote a book and he mentioned the differences between his colors. And he called this book cuttable free love, and he offered it to me. And he said I wrote a book about the love the differences, Mr. Muhammad said, Call this book as the book of mercy, the book of Rama Okita
because what they are from love the differences between the Sahaba the second generation third generation and anything that follows that mythological methodology is a source of Rama for the oma
Rahim Al Hamdulillah. Nakamoto wanna stay you don't want to start fiddle why not me La La La La Moneda de la ilaha illa de cada una shadow Nabina Muhammad an Abu Bashar la hora
de la for sal Allahu wa Sallim wa barik ala alihi wa sahbihi wa Antalya who we are sending Li Ahmed Dean, and my bad D respected brothers and sisters. I'm going to deal with this topic, which is a very important topic how to deal with the differences how to deal with our Estela fat or their telephone that we all have experienced with my dear brothers and sisters the topic can be quite technical.
And I'll try to simplify it for all of you as much as we can. First of all, let us start by saying that
Allah Allah Allah created this life as a test this is the first principle that we need to remember all of the time.
Allah created this life as a test diabolical anybody muku Allah coalition fidelity hola como tal, Leah below the one who created death and life in order to test you.
Allah Allah says in a falcon nine in Santa may not 14 Amjad inevitably we have created the human being from a not far from a piece of sperm. And then we made it into tissues. And then we created him of course as a human being in order to in order to test him and there are a number of ions that confirm that this life is nothing but but a test. Now my dear brothers and sisters, if this life is a test, we should expect
controversy in this life, we should expect confusion in this life, we should expect calamities in this life, we should expect all sorts of things. And if this life is a test, there should be a conflict between help and Baba, there should be differences between people.
There should be differences between people. Some of those differences will be major differences and some of those differences might be minor differences. Now, although this life is a test, there will be people who are following the truth all the time. And there will be people who are Manchurian victorious as the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said all the time, it will not be our ultimate confusion.
The heart will prevail, the help prevails. The Help will be known for the vast majority of Muslims. So there will be a test from one press
spective but the half can be known as well from the other perspective and there will be some people who despite their differences, there will they will be acting as one oma as one united oma, as we have seen in the lecture delivered by shefali de la fila. So,
the differences can be managed, the differences between people in general and Muslims in particular, can be managed. The question is, how to manage our differences in order to turn those differences to be a source of progress, progress, a source of Rama, a source of mercy, a source of then this dynamic nature of Islam, how to utilize those differences to make make use of these differences in order to make Islam applicable irrespective of this face, irrespective of the time
which means that let us make us let us use those differences in our favor in the favor of Islam in the favor of the help as well. Okay. The second point that we need to establish after talking about our After establishing the fact that Allah Allah Allah created this life is a test that differences in general between people not just between Muslims, differences between people, my dear brothers and sisters can be classified as acceptable differences and none acceptable differences. For example,
Allah Allah, Allah created human beings and he knew that there will be believers and there will be this believers and this is the major difference between people who already follow for confirming calm, Catherine warming, calm moment He created you undermine you there are kafar undermine you what there are Muslims, Allah Allah Allah says in our Allah and Athena a minor Fujairah lafiya him, righteous people will be in continuous delight and wicked and evil people will be in continuous care in continuous state of misery or their they will be in continuous state of hardship and difficulties. Now,
this is a reality that we see in front of our eyes. Now, this these differences between believers and disbelievers in the sight of Allah, Allah, Allah are not acceptable. Although Allah Allah Allah, he knew that these differences will happen. And Allah Jalla Allah decreed them, but it does not legitimize for the disbelievers to differ from the believers it does not give any legitimacy for the disbelievers to differ from the help from the truth. Because at the end of the day, Allah Allah, Allah, Allah wants all people to follow the help. Allah Allah Allah wants all people to follow the main Allah Allah Allah wants all people to follow the fifth Allah that Allah Allah created human
beings on and that's why Allah Allah, Allah become so angry from those who differ from the hell and Allah Allah Allah punishes them. And that's why Allah Allah, Allah created Jana and created Hellfire, the Hellfire as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that Allah Allah Allah said, This is my job, this is my punishment, I punished those who rejected the truth in that punishment. So
this difference between the people of help and the people of doubting their belief believers and disbelievers, although Allah Allah Allah knew that it is going to take place but Allah Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah wants everyone to follow the help. And without getting into much technicality about this issue. If we understand what is known by the scholars as the other company, and the Kardashians, we understand how Allah gelada from one side wants everyone to follow the hub, which means that Allah Allah, Allah wants everyone to be united on the house, yet he is the one who created us in different forms, and he is the one who decreed that there will be people following the
And there will be people who are not following the help or rejecting the truth. Now, so, this is the first type of differences between people that is not acceptable at all. Now, let us narrow the scope, let us talk about differences between Muslims. Now even differences between Muslims, they can also be classified as differences that are acceptable, and differences that are not acceptable, even between those who attribute themselves to Islam. We know that in Islam as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that, my alma will differ into 70 odd sects, all of them will be in the fire of hell, except one, which means that the differences between those sects are not or the differences between
those sects are not acceptable or not classified as acceptable differences that Allah Allah Allah would accept, no, they are reclassify that these are differences that Allah Allah, Allah hates and the Lord Allah, Allah will punish those who differ from the truth. That's why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that the Ummah will differ on into 70, odd, different sex, all of them will be in the firewall except one, which is what, which is additional demand or the sector that is following the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and his companions, which means that the differences between sex,
those differences are not acceptable.
Now, we have, we know some of those sects, the prophets, that we know some of those sects, they compare, the scholars spoke about them, we have the rafidah sect, we have the Hawaii sect, we have the martela, sex, and so on. And now we have some other sects within Islam, or we have some sects that attribute themselves to Islam and
their difference or their their differences are totally rejected, and not acceptable. For example, we have a sector now that he claims that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is not the final prophet, but there is a prophet after him, or at least, there is some people after the prophets Allah wa salam who used to or who are receiving ye from Allah, Allah Allah. Now this sec, irrespective of its name, this sec. This sect is clearly or has clearly rejected the main principles of Islam, and one of them is the fact that the prophets Allah wa sallam is the final messenger, Allah, Allah, Allah called him as hartham. And Nabeel, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam confirmed that he is the final
messenger and there is no messenger after the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So it is clear that this sect endorse something that is totally rejected and not acceptable. So we cannot say that their difference is acceptable within Islam, no, it is classified as non acceptable difference. Okay.
We have a sector now, that curses most of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. In fact, they say that most of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam have stated or rejected Islam, after the death of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, and even some of them curse Abubakar and Omar, Chateau de la de la, and the other wives of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they reject the main book of Islam after the Quran, which is Sahil Buhari, and they claim that they have their own imams who know the unseen and who control the world. Now, obviously the sect is rejecting some main principles of Islam. And some of those the members of those sex can be clearly classified as
people who have left the fold of Islam. Now, no one would say that this difference or their views should be acceptable within Islam and those those differences are acceptable No, they are also classified as non acceptable differences. Now, let us come to the sect that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that there will be one sect
When the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was asked, Who are those the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, ma Ana, Allah He was happy, those who are following my Sunnah and the sooner of my companions, so those people who are following the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the methodology of his companions, which was third which was which was explained further in the other Hadith when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, the best of people of my generation, or the generation that I was sent to, and then generation following that, and the third generation, so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam explained to us
the characteristics and the qualities of the sect that, that represents the oma that represents Muslims that represents the same sect, which is what the people who follow the Prophet sallallahu Sallam the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the Sunnah of his ally, his, his companions there so none of the second generation, the Sunnah of the third generation and the third generation My dear brothers and sisters,
normally or the third generation almost ends by the time of the four Imam, Abu hanifa Imam, Malik Shafi And
may Allah Allah Allah be pleased with them all. That is almost the end of the period of hydrea the best period which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam praise in the Hadith, so
any, any sect
or any people who follow the last generations, we consider them as part of the same sex. We consider them as the oma that Allah Allah Allah would accept the Omega toward Allah Allah will save on the Day of Resurrection the oma of Muhammad's Allah Allahu Allah alayhi wa
sallam. This is in general. In the Quran, we see that Allah Allah Allah says,
Allah is Allah delphina Elana wa hemara buka when he Delica holla Kahan, Automat, kennametal, Rama and Johanna Melina to nasty edge May Allah Allah Allah say that the people will never cease to differ when there is a Luna moth delphina except what except for those whom Allah Allah Allah bestowed his urashima on Malaysia Luna delphina in llama hamara baka Wally Delica holla calm and he created them. Some scholars said that he created them for a laugh to differ. And as we said, this means that this life is a test or Allah Allah Allah said when italica Allah and Allah Allah Allah chose the people of Rama to be the people of Rama within themselves to be the people of Rama,
although, although there is or there are differences between people. So this confirms that Allah Allahu Allah is saying that people will differ, and those people who will differ will not be the people of Rama, but there will be among them the the main, the main part of Muslims, they will be the people of Russia, and those people of Russia will not differ. Or, as some scholars said, even if they differ, their differences are a source of Russia. So those differences among the people of Russia should be a source of Rama for them. I hope that this point is clear. This confirms that there will be people among the Muslims who have some differences between them. Yet those differences
can be seen as acceptable differences can be seen as healthy differences. And those people who are those people, those are the people who are following the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the Sahaba the second generation the third generation up to the four Eman and to confirm this point. This color said that if we look at the Sahaba of the Allahu taala and home themselves, we see that it is a habit used to differ among themselves.
Yet, despite the differences between them, they were they were the people of Rama and no one can argue about
That, let me repeat that point. This color said as a confirmation for what has held for what has been mentioned that
this habit of the allowed data and whom they use to differ among themselves, but they are the best generation and the people who came after them. The second best and the people who came after them is the third best or the third best. And despite the fact that they have differences, among them, they were considered to be the best of best and they are the people of Rama, the people of mercy, which means that the differences between this a hub are a source of Rama and anyone who follows the methodology of this Ahava the second generation, third generation and there are four moms can they can have some differences among themselves, yet, those differences will be acceptable, and will be a
source of drama. I hope that this point is clear. Which means my dear respected brothers and sisters, that the people of Rama can have differences among themselves, which means that no one should imagine that the oma of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will have no differences among themselves.
Let me repeat that. No one should imagine my dear respected brothers and sisters, that the oma of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sahbihi wa sallam, listen, our JAMA, the mainstream Islam, they should never imagine that they will have no differences among themselves, but the differences will continue to be there. What until Allah Allah Allah until the Day of Resurrection.
Why is this because the mainstream Islam, or the main body of the Ummah, of Muhammad, sallAllahu, wasallam, will be following the methodology of the Sahaba, the second generation, third generation up to the fourth Imams, and they used to have differences among themselves, which means that Allah Allah, Allah wants to have the diversity, this kind of diversity within the Sahaba, within this Sahaba within the second generation, third generation, and within the oma of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And when we see these kinds of differences, we see that these differences will enrich Islam, and we will give a slam it's dynamic nature, to be adaptable, or to fit into any
culture, any space, any time.
And that's why we see that there are statements from some of the companions and some of these colors where they used to praise differences between Muslims, Rama, even Abdel Aziz, the rightly guided caliphs, the five, rightly guided caliphs, he used to say and he used to be a scholar, he used to praise the differences between the Sahaba and he used to say that I wouldn't prefer to have read camels, over having the differences between the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was so pleased, one of these scholars wrote a book and he mentioned the differences between scholars, and he called the this book cuttable free life, and he offered it to him. And he
said, I wrote a book about the life the differences in my Mohamad said, Call this book as the book of mercy, the book of Rama Okita or Rama, because what they are from the love the differences between the Sahaba the second generation third generation and anything that follows that mythological methodology is a source of Rama for the oma
and the heaven. Oh, sorry, that I'm sorry, he used to say that the most in a during the second generation they used to give fatwas and they used to defer none of them used to condemn the other none of them used to believe that the other is going to help fire because he used to endorse another opinion other than his opinion. Basically, they never used to feel that others who differ from them are going to hellfire. Jonas Ebner Abdullah of Santa Fe, one of the companions of him
Shafi, he said that an Imam Shafi was the wisest person I have ever met. He took my hand once and he said to me, my brother, my brother, we can differ in so many things and we remain as a brothers, mm even Tamia or shefali, salaam, even taymiyah. He said, If two Muslims differ among themselves, and they used to feel that they are losing because of this and there are and everyone feels about the other person as the person of Hellfire, then people will have no unity, they will have no drama among themselves and the oma will be in a very terrible situation. There are many other statements like this, my dear brothers and sisters. So, in conclusion, the hill of any differences that follow
the differences between the companions, the second generation, the third generation up to the fall in arms, is considered to be an acceptable healer. It is considered to be unacceptable difference of opinions.
I hope that this is a clear now.
They many of you, I am sure that many of you will ask the following question, which is
which opinion should we follow? Should we follow one madhhab
or should we follow?
Should we follow just Quran and Sunnah. First of all my dear brothers and sisters.
Once you say that, we want to follow a method or we want to follow Quran and Sunnah. I think this is a very simplistic way of looking at it. And this is an accepted an unacceptable dichotomy. As if you are saying that those who introduced the madhhab in Abu hanifa in America Imam Shafi and humble, they were again asked for an answer now, and only those who rejected them are following Quran and Sunnah. And this is completely wrong. Imam Abu hanifa was following Quran and Sunnah Imam Shafi Imam Malik was following Quran and Sunnah Imam Shafi was following Quran and Sunnah and Imam Malik and Mr. Mohammed was following for an answer. All or the vast majority of scholars My dear brothers and
sisters all over the world, if they were acceptable as scholars, they are following for an answer. Now, some of them might have their own HD heart, that might not be acceptable, but generally speaking, they are following Quran and Sunnah. So, what is the solution? Shall we follow a madhhab, a particular madhhab? Or shall we just leave them a die? And I always say that the matter is totally flexible. And there is sorry, I always say that there is flexibility within this matter. You would like to follow one method. That's fine. Follow one method. There is no problem with that whatsoever, provided that one, make sure that you are following the original madhhab.
Yeah, because there are many statements that are attributed to some scholars that are not true.
I remember just just as an example, I remember
seeing a brother who attributed himself to Maliki maga, and he did not have a beard. And he is a pilot. So I was discussing this issue with him. I said to him, you don't have a beard. He said, Yes. In our mother. As Maliki's we don't grow beards. I said, he never Mr. Malik said this. He said no, this is our mother. Maybe your mother was different. I said, you need to verify without Mr. Malik have said this. When I went to Malaysia, the Malaysians they follow the Shafi madhhab and many of them were not praying in JAMA. I said to them, why don't you pray in gamma? They said it is not obligatory, and that's why we don't have many massages. I said yes, it is true that in Mount Shasta,
he said in one statement, that photo book a fire and another statement, he said that it is tsunami occurred, but he did not say that you can leave Salatu Gemma. So, you can follow Amitabh but make sure that you are following the original madhhab This is the first point. The second point my dear brothers and sisters.
If you know that there is an opinion, better than your opinion,
then you are obliged to leave your opinion to
The other opinion you are obliged. Why is this because at the end of the day we are commanded to what? Follow the hub? That's why Allah Allah Allah says, Allah Allah Allah, Allah Allah Allah says mama can Allah meanwhile Amina de la la hora sudo. I'm Ronnie acuna La Mancha documentary him why antennas Adam Fisher info illawarra Sudhi. And those verses that command as to what to follow the how not to follow your man have now some people say some people say, but I might be following my desire you know yourself, you know yourself? Are you following the opinion or the other opinion because you believe that it is a stronger opinion or a better opinion in terms of its closeness to
help? Or are you following it because it suits your desire, you know, yourself and you should not claim that anyone who leaves his madhhab to adopt another opinion from another madhhab he is following his desire. So this is too and here I am solving this problem with the issue of modality, can we follow up? Or Can't we follow a method and as I have explained it, or I have, I hope that I have explained it. Now.
Now, some people might say that we don't want to follow a method, that's fine. If you don't want to follow up, that's fine. But again, make sure that you don't follow your desire.
Make sure that you don't follow that your desire. Why? Because of the verses that we have stated and many other verses that condemn following desires, Allah Allah Allah says, of our item and tada, Ella, how have you seen the one who took his Illa as his desires means what he is following what his desires or she is following her desires, okay, which means my dear brothers and sisters, that there is a flexibility you want to follow my mother Alhamdulillah you don't want to follow Amanda Alhamdulillah make sure that you don't follow your desires. I would like to say one more point that nowadays, we hear many views about Islam. Many views about Islam, as I always say make sure that
those views are attributed to the four imaams are authentic views that are considered to be part of the mainstream Islam. Yes, which means that those of us that some singular scholars adopted them here or there and those of us are or those of us go against the views of the vast majority of scholars then those views should be considered as wrong and should not be acceptable.
Okay. So if there is a single scholar who said now that Riba is halal, we say with all due respect, your view is rejected. Why is this because this goes against the opinion or the opinions of the vast majority of the Ummah or even the HTML of the oma cake the example although I don't like to mention it as an example many brothers and sisters asked about the music chef so and so said it is allowed I say first of all, the ruling of music has been established and the vast majority of the oma since the time of the prophet SAW Selim considered it as prohibited. Hence, if there is a scholar who says that it is allowed his view will be rejected as simple as this okay. Now, I would like to say the
finally that my dear brothers and sisters
if we look at this a habit of the Allahu Allah at home, and how they used to manage their differences, we will understand why Allah Allah Allah considered to them to be the people have Rama and we need to follow their model in terms of how to manage our differences. My dear brothers and sisters, they they're gonna sabich even on a bus, they used to default on many massage. And one of the massage that they use to their fur on is the inheritance yet there is when he met even at birth of the toddler and who he kissed his hand even Abba said, Oh, there you are. older than me. Why are you kissing my hand?
He said, this is how we were commanded to respect the family members of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam even Abbas used to when he when when zaev he used to write the comment, even above he used to take the camel, and they they used to say to the abass. Okay, why don't you ride the camel with me? He said, No, no, no, no. This is how we were commanded to protect, how we how we were commanded to respect our elders. Also, we always mentioned that there were differences between mom and dad even at once more Alia had a question and he didn't know the answer for it. He sent to Alibaba when he said, please send me the answer. I don't know the answer. And one time after Alibaba, Vitaly was
assassinated, Maria de la de la who met one of the companions of Allah. He said, Can you please describe Valley? radi Allahu taala and who and the companion of it started this describes the Allah tala No. Amalia used to cry, one person insulted in front of a mouth. And there was a dispute between a Miranda Amar became angry and he said stop, shut up. She is the wife of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and she is the most beloved wife to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, or she was the most beloved person to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam we can give more examples. Look at the look at the amounts themselves. My dear brothers and sisters, I mentioned in those
examples, so we follow those examples. And you don't think that leaving one opinion to another opinion is a major sin? No. In fact, even kamya Rahim Allah Allah said that it is recommended for some political enemies I'm sure you yes, some leaders to leave some opinions some sooner in order to unite the Ummah Imam Shafi went to Baghdad, went to the mosque of Imam Abu hanifa Imam Abu hanifa. By that time he died. When Imam Shafi he led to the Salah he used to lead he used to read Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim loudly, but out of respect for the people of Imam, the people of that message. He did not recite it loudly out of what in order to unite people and bring them together. So my message
to you my dear brothers and sisters, that within the mainstream Islam, we will have some differences. We need to manage those differences in order to make those differences as a source of Rama as a source of mercy for ourselves. And once we manage them like this, then we are going to set a role model for the rest of the oma. In fact we are going to set a role model for the rest of the people that those people despite their diversity, this despite their differences. They are one united on one progressing oma which is the oma of Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam Quantum hiramatsu affiliate leanness that morona rufio 10 how Nana Mancha You are the best of nations ever race to
mankind in joining the good forbidding the evil and believing in Allah Allah Allah, we ask Allah, Allah Allah to unite our hearts We ask Allah, Allah Allah to remove any kind of hatred or enmity towards any Muslim from our hearts was Allah La Silla Mubarak and Ahmed Ali. He was a big man.