In the Names of Allah – 51a – al-Qaadir, al-Qadeer, and al-Muqtadir Part 1
Channel: Bilal Philips
Series: Bilal Philips - In the Names of Allah
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Episode Transcript ©
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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
I'd like to welcome you to
which we'll be looking at Al Qadir al Qadir and Al Mukhtar their names 7273 and 74. But before that
we're great. Our regular students
beginning with Sister rasheeda, Abdul Rashid,
ballet comm Salaam
to all SaaS
He asked whether the lecture was postponed yesterday as it was postponed till today.
He asked me to smile from South Africa while they come Salaam Hamdani
care from the UK waalaikumsalam
the zero Dean for Melbourne, Australia, while they come Salaam Madeira tajudeen from Melbourne, Australia also Polycom Salaam
zydus Shah while they come Salaam rock to lie over a cat to heavier Sharif
walaikum Salam naef Davidson
from Ohio, USA. I'll come back while they come Salaam
and from the UK peace alaikum Salaam Salma hyack
from the land of Ponte that's Puntland.
walaikum. Salam, that
part of Somalia
Faisal Kashmiri from Kashmir alaikum, salaam Hussain Jordan
Aleykum, salaam brother, Mohammed amin, Amir
Polycom Salaam wa to live our cattle
sending lots of love from Tamil Nadu we allow love you for loving us for your sake. Tamil Nadu in India, southern India.
from Ethiopia and I love you for loving me for a sake also.
from Nigeria, Abubakar
and Roshan Ali
from Mauritius while they come Salaam Allah bless you.
I'm an Mirza from occupied Kashmir
And with that,
We'll now move on to the second part of our session.
That is the actual session
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim.
How are Bill alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah al Karim?
Allah Allah was happy for many Stan levy suniti he laomi Deen
praises you to Allah and my last peace and blessings be on this last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.
This is session 51 A
or part one
either al Qadir and Al Mokhtar their names 7273 and 74 the mo the enabler and the completely evil
in terms of chronic location, the Divine Name I'll call there is mentioned in 12 places in the car
Hola Hola. Allah, yerba la calm other than infocom Omen taxjar dhulikhel.
Well, Visser comb, Shia, say he has the power to send punishment on you, from above or from under your feet, or divide you into discord and fashions, factions, through al anon verse 65.
The Divine Name al cause al Qadir is mentioned 45 times in the car. Among them is Nami, Taku, the typical mulago jamea in the law Coalition for the year, wherever you are allowed will bring you together. Indeed, a law has the power to do everything, sort of Baccarat verse 148.
mentioned four times in the quad, among them, kind of the movie i atina kuliah. For the human factor the home, as is in Makkah there.
That is because allies, the supporter of the believers, and the disbelievers have no support.
Meaning that's sort of come out of verse 42.
linguistically, I will call deer and elk or deer, and I looked at their come from the trilateral route of dal rock, with other own as it's verbal, now, it has four main meanings, the first meaning is to have the power to accomplish and to be capable. The second meaning is to measure to distribute something or to make manifest. The third meaning is to decree or ordain and the fourth meaning is to prevail.
derivatives of this rule appear 132 times in the product and 11 different forums, example of forums Jaka dhiru is able
dharna we decreed other the power for neuron to be able
or he is able,
actually, mustard comes from the five letter root, olive of tar dal raw with our or exceed our own as its variable. Now, wherever it carries the same meaning as called.
The present participle is called the other one who is able and its intensive form is bloodier on the file pattern that we know well. And Mokhtar there is an even more intensive form of the present participle on the move tile pattern.
Relative to Allah, the three Divine Names or powdered alpha do
all imply ability, power and omnipotence. This means that Ally's able and has the power over all things in the heavens and in the earth. His ability means that he is able to create things out of nothing, and is also able to cause things to disappear. The power attribute of a law means that he has absolute power. He is the one who is capable of doing everything was perfect power over creation.
Who measures everything with perfection, and who is the one who decrees all that was, is and will ever be.
His ability combined with his infinite knowledge makes him a deer and a lolly is power also means just that.
As a law said, You're either in my shop where you have a federally my Yasha Walla Walla coolessay in Kadir, he punishes whoever he wills and forgive is whoever he wills and the law has power over everything.
Moving on to the application, according to Evan bottles, four principles, the first step which is to adopt where applicable,
all three Divine Names I'll call their l COVID. And l moksa. There may be adopted and applied in a number of different ways. The first and most important of which is to properly understand the foundations of belief in other
belief in other the destiny or fate is the sixth
pillar of eemaan. Which Prophet Muhammad wa sallam gave? In his answer to Angel Gabriel's question regarding a man of faith. Within the context of Islamic teachings, the reality of father has been made so crystal clear that there is no need for any argumentation, disagreement or debate regarding it. Belief in others simply means accepting that Allah has preordained everything Allah stated in the Quran itself. In Kula Shay, in follow up now who the father, indeed I've created, everything, preordained through karma, verse 49.
That is, Allah created everything and pre determined its measure or predict step predestined. It's reality.
The destiny which Allah and Paul there has set for things is consistent with his wisdom, on the basis of which he created all things, that is consistent with the goals and benefits which are law and looked at their intended for his creatures. However, belief in destiny is itself based on four basic principles. The first principle is a laws complete knowledge, or
the principle of knowledge relative to a law refers to the belief that the laws knowledge encompasses all things.
Nothing is outside of is not nothing of the past, the present or the future is unknown to the Creator.
Whether the knowledge is related to the actions or deeds of God, or whether it is related to the deeds of his creatures, it is all the same to Allah.
His knowledge is not limited by the broad outlines of what will happen in history,
but includes detailed knowledge of the minutus actions of every individual.
All of our laws divine attributes are infinite, without beginning and without end, as he is himself infinite DSL Hi,
we looked at previously, the EverLiving the infinite consequently a lost knowledge is completely without limits. This principle of boundless knowledge is mentioned in numerous verses of the graph. For example, a law said in the lower layer, finally he shaved one fell out of the way last summer. Indeed, nothing in the heavens or the earth is hidden from Allah swear Allium Ron, verse five.
There's nothing in creation unknown to Allah.
The earth, and skies relative to humans represent the totality of creation. However, even the knowledge of the past president future is hidden from his creation
and is known only to Allah as he states. Brenda whom fit for lab. ly Allah Maha Allahu
Allah has the keys to the unseen. No one knows about them except
Tim Sorrell an arm, various 59
all that is unperceived by creation, due to the limitations of their senses of proof of perception
is known to Allah.
To claim that there are some aspects of knowledge unknown to Allah is to deny this principle and attribute falsehood to Allah and His messengers. It also involves denying the perfection of Allah, because the opposite of knowledge is either ignorance or forgetfulness, both of which cannot possibly be attributed to Allah.
This is a key element in the process of creating destiny, as without absolute knowledge of the future, and what would happen in the future. With everything which takes place in the past, it would be impossible to fix the future.
The second principle is the writing. This principle is based on the belief that Allah has already recorded the events of the lies of all and everything that exists
will exist or have existed until the last hour of this world and beyond.
Evidence of the comprehensiveness of applause. Recorded knowledge can also be seen in the following worst.
alimta Allah, Allah Allah Allah marfy sama, evil out
in the alley, Kofi kitabi.
In gallica, Allah ma he is here.
Don't you know that Allah knows all that is in the heavens and the earth? Indeed, it is all in a book. And indeed that is easy for Allah surah Hajj, verse 70.
This was confirmed by the prophet SAW Salem with additional details in an authentic narration conveyed by his companion or by David summit, who reported him as saying
the first thing which Allah created was the pen. And he told it to write the pen asked, what should I write my Lord? And he said, write down what was decreed about everything, till the last hour comes.
The verse and Hadith confirm the existence of a written record of everything that was and would be, not because the law might forget,
and needs to check the record from time to time, as he has already said, Well, my camera bukovina sia, and your Lord is never forgetful. So our meriam are 64
the record is simply to affirm for the jinn and humankind, the fixed nature of the future and allows complete knowledge of it. We should also be aware that the laws knowledge is not limited only to the generalities of the future, as some have claimed. But it includes all the fine details. Those who claim that a law only knows the general events of the future, and not the specific details. Until they occur, do so trying to logically reconcile between a laws knowledge of the future and human and jinn free will.
For according to them, if Allah knew the details of the future, then we could only do what Allah already knew we were going to do.
I hope this doesn't mess up your heads.
Therefore, we wouldn't have any freewill to do otherwise. If Allah knew what we are going to do,
and we couldn't do but what he knows we're going to do, then it means we don't have the free will to do what we want to do. We have to do what Allah knows we're going to do
I hope this is
not too, you know, mind boggling, but this is the argument. Philosophers got into all of this, especially coming out of Christianity where they have a belief also in the destiny
The simple answer to their conundrum
Is that a lost knowledge of the future doesn't mean, he forced us to do whatever we do.
Like a teacher who taught students from grade seven to grade 12, high school, junior high, who records each student's grades for each subject at the beginning of grade 12. When they reach grade 12, they start them already from with 789 1011 is going to start to teach them now for grade 12. himself and other teachers.
then, when when he's ready to start them, to start them off,
he writes down the grades, the final grades that the students are going to get in each subject. At the beginning of the grade 12 year, the students then attend their classes, study and write their exams, and get the same marks the teacher recorded at the beginning of the year, based on his intimate knowledge of the students. For him, it was an educated guess, based on his knowledge of the students. But for a law, it is not an educated guess, but actual knowledge of the future.
So just as the teacher, he wrote those grades that they would get at the end, and they went and studied and did everything and got exactly the same grades that he wrote.
He didn't actually know the future. But he had
experience with the people and understood the students, how they performed it been with them for five, six years already. So he knew who would do what, so he gave them their marks.
So it's a guesstimate.
But for a law, but the point is with this is that did he make those students get those marks?
No, he didn't force them to get those marks. They got the marks he predicted. He expected because he knew them that well.
In the case of a law, it's not a matter of guessing. You know, guesstimating? No, Allah knows. But the fact that he knows doesn't mean he made us do what we did.
Absolutely everything has already been recorded, and is preserved in the finest details. The prophet SAW solemn also mentioned the books of other future records, like in the case of the developing fetus. Once the first four months have ended, an angel is sent to record for things, how long that child will live, what provision it will have in life, its deeds, and whether it will be wretched or happy.
It was also reported by one of the leading Sahaba then on the night of power
a little further, the deeds and events of the coming year are also recorded,
as in the verse in NA as well now who feel a little bovada cotton in Khulna Wolverine, Fie hi you Franco? kulu amerind Hakeem. Surely, I revealed it on a blessed night that's the parent.
Surely I'm always warning.
During it, every wise affair is made distinct. This is the writing
of the law. Ibn Abbas explained that what good and evil will happen in the coming year related to the sustenance and lifespan is written in a multitap during Laila to further
even the pilgrim or the pilgrimage of a pilgrim will be decided. It will be said so and so will perform pilgrimage on this site.
The well known Hadith scholar had been Hydra last Kalani
who did the commentary the major commentary outside he
he distinguished as from the 15th century, he distinguished between this decree, which the angels give,
or only a little further, which is given to the angel angels on later to further by calling it the contingent degree. Allah Allah, Allah Allah
The irrevocable decree aka Alma Abram, which remains with Allah. So, in distinguish between the two, one, which was that which was written already everything is nothing is gonna change in it. And the other one is the contingent decree which varies
and later to other
and a law referred to ensure a rod verse 39. Yeah for Lahu Maya shot What if it?
Were endo who Omar Kitab ally racism confirms what He wills
and the source of Scripture, all Kitab is with him through our adverts. 39
This is also what Prophet Muhammad SAW Salah was referring to, when he was quoted by salmaan is saying
lie erode the puddle in a Da Li z zidoo Phil Omri Illa. albir
Phil Omari lamare sorry, Elia zidoo Phil Omri. lol beer, nothing can change the Divine Decree. Besides supplication, and nothing can increase one's lifespan besides righteousness.
So do I can change other however, one's record with a law in the preserved tablet, the law helma food is immutable. Consequently, a person sincerely preying on a little powder may result in their record with the angels being altered, before the record becomes immutable, and seals one's faith for the coming year.
Law on that night has the power to change the contingent degree. Thus the night is known as both the night of power and the Night of Decree.
The writing of the decree or the destiny addresses its immutability, and thereby confirms the laws complete knowledge of the future in the finest possible details. The third principle is in accordance with the laws will, everything which takes place in creation happens, according to the laws will, whether it is a result of a loss action or a result of what is done by humans or the jinn. Allah said in the law, yes, I know Maya, indeed the law carries out all that he wills.
He also said that he could have guided all human beings, if he wished. Well sha Allah da comb as mine, if you wish, he would have guided all of you. So now verse nine.
And he also affirmed that nothing evil can befall us without him permitting it to happen. masaba Min, we'll see but in Ellerbee if nilla no calamity occurs except by laws permission. So at the hoburne verse 11.
The last year's companion if not boss explained that permission here meant command. These and other verses show that whatever action of a lot takes place, is by his own wish. And there are many other verses, which indicate that actions of his creatures are likewise in accordance with his will. For example, palmata Sha una Illa Aiya Sha, Allah Rabbul aalameen
you all shall not will accept as a law wills, Lord of the worlds attack, we're verse nine.
we have the chance, and we decided to go on the straight path.
We will not be able to do it unless a lot happened wishes for it to happen.
Of course, it is common sense that Allah wouldn't prevent us from doing so, as he has instructed us time and time again to take the straight path.
However, the fact still remains that the actions of a loss creatures are all acquired.
To a laws will.
If Allah did not wish them to act in the way they did, the action would not have occurred, they may make the mental decision, the intention, but to complete the act, that is purely by laws will, this principle confirms the laws complete control of creation, because if he didn't have control completely
complete control of his creation, it would mean that he wouldn't know what they would or would not do.
Therefore, he could not possibly fix the destiny for them. So this is an essential principle, which has to be
for a law
to fix the destiny of everyone. The fourth principle is that Allah has created everything.
Everything besides a lot of follicle body, is created by him alone. There is no other true creator. In the universe, only a law is uncreated. The creation is completely lost creation and whatever is produced or created by them, is also part of his creation,
whether their words or their needs,
they're all part of a loss creation, because the words and deeds of human beings are a part of a human beings attributes. Therefore, if a human being is created, this also goes for the jinn, then their attributes must also be created. A law stated that directly in the
Allahu Allah takuan Well my time alone, Allah created you, and whatever you do, so a sa five, verse 96. Allah speaks about the creation of human beings, and the fact that he also created the deeds because if he didn't create the deeds, it would mean that they could create their own deeds as they wished. And as creators besides the law, they could create how where and when they wished, which would again mean that a law couldn't fix the future events, to create the destiny of all
these four principles represent the different aspects of the foundation of belief in the destiny, one's belief in other is not complete, unless each and every part is believed in. This is not the case, for the general masses, whose acceptance of powder without deep knowledge is perfectly acceptable. This is the case for the educated humans who challenge the concept of powder based on their understanding of logic and reason. So these details are not required for each and every human being, but anybody who ends up getting into this, who studies it and and seeks to get clarity they need to understand all aspects, and they need to accept them.
Cause a relative to cause and effect. It's important to note that belief in destiny does not negate the reality of cause and effect. The cause and effect system is still itself destined or predetermined according to laws will. God commanded us to do certain things, which he has ordained, will produce certain effects in accordance with the natural laws which he created to run the universe?
An illustration of the correct understanding of this concept can be seen in an incident which took place during the caliphate of Omar Abdullah hubub. scallop it was between 634 and 644.
While he was on his way to Syria, he was informed that the plague had occurred there. He took counsel from his companions, whether they should continue on their journey or return back to Medina. They agreed to return back to Medina when the decision was announced. California was asked how can you decide to go back to Medina? Are you fleeing from a loss destiny from Allah other Omar responded saying now? The funeral room in Padilla Illa Padilla Yes, we are fleeing from a loss destiny to his destiny.
After that, of the rock mining now Cayman was informed
about the situation upon which he narrated a statement from Prophet monster Salaam.
in which he said that if you hear of plague descending on a place, you should not enter it.
Almost response when he was asked by Abu Zubaydah Are you fleeing allows other indicates that acting upon the basis of cause and effect is a part of believing in a loss other. And after answering him.
Caliph Omar gave a common sense example saying, Tim, what if you have camels, and you enter a valley having two sides, one of them covered with foliage. And the other Baron wants to be acting according to the Divine Decree, if you graze them in the land, with vegetation, and if you graze them in the barren land, what you also be doing so according to the Divine Decree,
we know well that if a person says it is a lost destiny, I will have many halaal children, but he doesn't get married or even tried to get married. Such an individual would be classified as silly.
Similarly, it would be just as foolish for someone to say, I believe that Byelaws destiny I will be provided with all my basic needs, but he makes no effort to earn a living to provide for himself. This is the same principle as tying one's camel unless Sydney Malik reported that I want occasion and man asked the prophet SAW salam, O Messenger of Allah, should I tie my camel and Justin Allah? Or should I leave her on tight and just in a law? Professor Salim replied, tie her and trust in Allah, Allah, what are
you using other to justify sin.
Belief in destiny does not negate the cause and effect laws pertaining to Acts which have been commanded and forbidden by the Sharia. This is what to have ready set.
The cause and effect laws remain, but especially with regards to the Sharia, because this is the area where people sometimes try to justify their actions based on other. For example, when a laws moral laws, or physical laws which govern the world in which we live, are broken. The Sharia has prescribed certain punishments for them. We're talking about the material causes and effects that are real and authentic. However, regarding the claim the effects of legitimate causes like amulets, talismans steinways, etc, which are in fact imaginary. They cannot be given any positive consideration with regards to other
they are not real, legitimate causes. Consequently, no principles or concepts or concepts can be derived from using them.
if a good result comes after the use of such objects, it is by a loss other That's true, but it cannot be justified by the fact that it is by laws,
as the use of amulets is an act of shirk, which Allah has prohibited, it couldn't have brought good bylaws covered to increase the punishment due to those who use them. This is known as St. Raj or learning or leading on Allah referred to it in the Quran as follows. Well, Edina Kansa mu vi atina sanderstead regio home min heights Elia Allah moon, but I lead on those who reject our messages step by step, without them realizing it, throw it off. First 182
Allah also address the arguments of those who defend the ship by using a lost destiny as proof of his legitimacy saying, say akula denature aku lo Sha, Allah whom I shall I cannot well I wanna win around na min shake.
Those who worship others, along with a law would say, If Allah had willed otherwise, we would not have worshiped others along with him, nor our fathers.
nor would we have had any troubles. Allah said, so did those before them argue falsely until they tasted my rough to Al anon verse 148. There are those who say, if my deed is in accordance with the laws destiny,
why should I then be punished for my sins?
The response to that is that one cannot use destiny as justification for disobedience to God. Allah did not force the individual to committee since when he set out to commit a sin. He didn't have knowledge that it was destined for it. Because human beings don't know what is destined for them until it takes place.
Why didn't he think that a law is destined obedience and righteousness for you? And do that instead? Just as he strives in this material life, to do what he considers to be good and best for himself?
Why don't we treat the affairs of the next slide the same way we treat our affairs in this life.
If somebody told us that there were two ways kneading in the direction of Makkah, one was safe, smooth and easy, but it won't get you to Mecca. If you go on it. And the other one is difficult and dangerous, but it will take you to Mecca. No one would take the smooth and easy way and say, This is what the Lord is destined for me.
There is no difference between that and saying that there is a rough, difficult path to paradise. There's an easy pleasurable path to help.
The prophet SAW Selim clearly outlined the two paths saying would you put in now to be showered, or Haji battle Jenna to Bill mockery?
The Hellfire is veiled and passionately desirable things. While Paradise is veiled by disliked and undesirable things. If we take the easy, pleasing path to the Hellfire, why do we then claim it is a lost destiny, that we took that path? Even if human beings had an argument with regards to destiny, and their acts of disobedience, that argument is invalidated by the fact that Allah has sent messengers and prophets, clarifying the way to paradise, so that there would be no arguments before Allah. As he said,
I have sent messengers who gave good news as well as warnings. So that after the coming of the messengers, humanity would have no argument before Allah roussillon Wabash sharena were only Reena they are liar Kunal in nasci, Abdullah II, Ajay by the Russell, two and the cyberse 165. Believe in other has a beautiful result in the life of the individual. When things go well, the individual thanks Allah and does not believe that whatever good things happened, we're just from his or her own effort.
He will not be carried away by pride in his own strength, intelligence or skill, to forget that he is ultimately the recipient of a favorite from Allah. Likewise, on the moral level, if a person does a good deed, he is not carried away by a sense of his own goodness. He realizes that he was only able to do so because Allah guided him and gave him the ability to do the deed. This protects a person from feeling that he or she is doing a law a favor by doing good. A law said in the plan. Ma Bukka Minh has an ITIN from an A law, whatever good comes to you is from Allah. Similarly, when a person is tried by difficult times, believe in a lost destiny keeps him from falling into despair,
or wasting time and energy on an endless round of regrets and self torture, with thoughts of what might have been the bosasa lamb told his nephew.
No. But if all of humanity got joined together to benefit you with something, they could not benefit you except with something that a lot that ready written for you. And that if all of humanity gathered together to harm you, they could not harm you except by something that a law has already written for you
The pens have been lifted, and the pages are dry the record of destiny
another version of the same added
process, Alan said, know that what happened to you could not have been avoided and what missed you could never have come to.
And he also said, be eager for what benefits you and don't be weak. But if something negative happens to you don't say if only for if only opens the door for sale.
The person who does not believe in other people instead be proud and deluded, when good happens to him or her and shattered by despair and when trouble defaulting. The belief in further prevents all of that.
As I said at the beginning
of our session, all three Divine Names of posit or podere,
may be adopted and applied in a number of different ways. We have already covered the first and most important, which is to understand the foundations of belief in other
the second most important is to properly understand the character, which belief in other builds, because the prophets or Solomon said that morality was the essence of his message and belief in other is the sixth pillar of Eman.
It is crucial for us to understand the moral characteristics and values which this major pillar of faith builds Abu huraira go to the process LMS saying in the Margaret's to live with me Mama karma flock, I was only sent to perfect for you the most noble of moral character traits.
is something which is concerned with the principles of right and wrong conduct
and is the quality of conforming to the principles of good conduct?
The question which remains is how do we define right and wrong or good conduct right and wrong may vary according to the perspective from which one views any action
in terms of the standards of morality.
From a political philosophy philosophical perspective, under capitalism, the unrestricted use of private property is considered morally
good. While under communism, private ownership is a moral evil.
From the perspective of culture, inherited practices considered acceptable in one culture may be considered morally unacceptable in another. For example, when a national drat dance troupe, from Papua New Guinea, were invited to give performances in a variety of locations in Australia, the principle of a high school to which they were invited, objected. He was attacked in the press for being narrow minded. However, he refused to compromise and allow the bare breasted dancers to perform at his school.
In terms of social need, the population control
or the control of population was critical in China at one point. Consequently, for a woman to be pregnant for a second time, was considered morally wrong China
when the United States of America was involved in World War Two atomic testing was morally sound to protect the nation after the atomic power is decided to ban nuclear testing, those who attempted to do so like China, India and Pakistan were judged as being morally wrong.
From a professional perspective, according to medical ethics, psychiatry is not supposed to reveal information about their patients, even if the patient's turned out to be psychopathic serial killers, and people's lives are at stake.
From the perspective of religion, for Catholics, marriage is morally wrong.
For the priests and nuns, and information given in the confessionals is kept in confidence no matter how many lives may be threatened by keeping
democratic morality in the democratic system,
moral values are set according to the preference of the majority. Consequently, it is inherently unstable and incomplete. What was morally right today can be morally wrong tomorrow, and vice versa.
Islamic morality the Islamic system of morality is a complete system, which governs human relations with God. With other human beings and with the environment. It is morally good to worship God and morally evil to worship is creation.
Preservation of our lives is morally good, while suicide is morally evil.
Taking an animal's life for food or clothing is morally good and acceptable, while killing an animal for sport is morally evil.
The foundation of Islamic morality
is one that good and evil are according to God's definition.
Allah Allah knows the ultimate consequences of actions. Consequently, he alone can absolutely define right and wrong for all times.
Good and Evil may also be defined according to God's pleasure. what pleases Him is good and right and what displeases him is wrong and evil.
what God has defined is permissible Hello or forbidden Haram is due to real benefit and harm existing in it, whether we are able to perceive it or not. Consequently, a laws definitions are not at all arbitrary, as some people may claim.
With regards to the fundamentals of Islamic morality,
there are basically four.
One is knowledge in order to act in a morally correct way, one must have knowledge or be capable of understanding what is right and wrong. Probably mamasan, Solomon said the pen is lifted for the book of the child until it reaches maturity for the insane until he or she becomes sane, from the sleeper until he or she awakens. Consequently, children the insane and those unconscious are not held to be responsible for their actions.
The second principle is that of rational choice, errors due to accident, or being criminally forced by others are not considered
as evil relative to the person who does it. Though relative to the person who it was done to maybe it will be considered evil. The prophet SAW Solomon said responsibility has been removed from my nation regarding acts done accidentally, out of ignorance, or being forced.
The third is proper intent. Private moments as Solomon said these are judged by their intentions and everyone will be rewarded according to their intent.
truly good intentions are only known to Allah. Consequently, in this life, a deed may be judged good according to outward appearances, but in the next it is judged bad.
The last principle is that of taqwa of Allah Muhammad wa sallam
pointed out that Exxon is to worship the law,
as if we see And though we cannot see him, we do so worshiping knowing that he sees us. Being mindful of God or doing good acts, turns them into acts of worship, for which the rewards are limitless, while doing good acts to please others destroys the spiritual value. Though the act remains a good act.
Great stress has been placed in Islam on good moral character. And a lot proclaimed Prophet Muhammad says lm to be the best example to his followers
and the world
saying knock out the Candela comfy rasulillah he was one hustler. The man can I urge Allah will Yeoman
was that Corolla kathira. The Messenger of Allah is the is the excellent example for you
to put your hope in a
On the last day and remember him off to lab, verse 21. Then a lot specifically praised the moral character. The prophet SAW Selim for all times saying we're in knock Allah Allah Hello pin Avi.
Surely you Mohammed
have a magnificent character. So column verse four.
Although the prophet SAW silence companionship now boss did explain that character here meant religion, that is Islam. By using the term character to refer to the religion of Islam, Allah stressed and elevated the importance of morals of morality in relationship to the religion.
It was also reported that when the prophet SAW Selim his wife, Aisha was asked about the process Ellen's character, she replied, his character was that of the Quran.
That is his man his man his manners were according to a laws instructions in the Quran. Consequently, the development of good character depends on closely following the Quran and the teachings of Prophet Muhammad Rasul Allah and the Sunnah.
Thus, the rites and rituals of Islam cannot be separated from good manners. Process Allah was reported to have said al baru was known khaolak
righteousness is good character. Islam teaches human beings how to lead a morally righteous life by pointing out the proper way to live. Any Muslim who displays bad manners such as swearing or lying, is either a hypocrite pretending to be a Muslim, or a very weak Muslim.
Faith is inseparable from action. Abu huraira quoted the process elements saying acmella me noon. Oh acmella me Nina Eman Asana home coloca. The believer whose faith is most complete is he whose character is best.
Consequently, throughout the Quran, whenever ally instructs humankind to believe, he always links faith with a command to do righteous deeds. The browser seldom did the same saying, oh man can you may not be lie he will your mill
for Leo Karim bifa whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be kind to his guest. unkind to his neighbor.
That being the case, it's not surprising to find underlying the moral principles at the base of all Islamic teachings.
Islam covers all aspects of human existence spiritual, emotional, social, and economic. Consequently, there is an there is an Islam and network have moral principles governing all human actions with God with other human beings as well as with the environment in which human beings exist. For example, from an Islamic perspective, worshiping others besides God would be considered morally wrong and bad characters we said earlier,
in the same way that lying to others or littering the environment would be considered morally objectionable. Therefore, we're going to assume that each of the pillars of Islam and Eman were designed to develop and enhance a particular set of moral values and characteristics. Without understanding the moral and spiritual goals of the pillars, they remain empty rituals, which cannot benefit anyone in the next life.
The moral characteristics that belief in Divine Decree and the other bills are
one patient's How often have we been upset? Because we've lost money, possessions or job. Many of us react to unexpected bad times by indirectly or directly questioning God, why me
and not someone else? What did I do wrong? or What did I do to deserve this? The real question should be why not us? Are we so perfect that we don't deserve any trials or punishment? As ally himself asked us, or has he been NASA? I use Roku. I call Oh, man, now we're home live afternoon. Do people think that they will be left alone after saying we believe without being put to the test, sir Lanka boot, verse to the test of life are all inevitable and inescapable.
We will do well to remember in both good times and bad
times the sixth pillar of faith, the destiny other in order to let the tests increase our tawakkol our reliance on alpha deal. Instead of increase our deep frustration or heedless jubilation
process, Alan said, know that if the whole community were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not be able to benefit you with anything, which a law hasn't already recorded for you.
knowledge that whatever happens is by God's decree gives one the ability to patiently beer, the most difficult times when things do not go as planned. The believer accepts that Allah, in his wisdom did not allow it to happen because it was not best for him at the time, at that time, or in that place.
There are so many cases in the west of people reacting violently to loss of jobs or wealth that psychiatrists are being brought into jobs to teach workers how to deal with stress. Nearly 370 people have already died in mass shootings in 2021. In the US, as of today,
the 10th of July. The average so far this year is two mass shootings every day.
The past Miami, Florida and investor Arthur Cain 53 years old, who had as much as $8 million invested in the stock market and lost millions last week,
shot and killed his brokerage manager and wounded his personal broker, and then turn the gun on himself. Police and witnesses said
Melvin Cohen, a Merrill Lynch vice president said Kane had received a margin call because of last week's decline in the market. A margin call is to ask the client to put up more assets to cover the falling value of the stock. The call is not met, the brokerage firm can sell the stock to cover the debt.
That was enough
to push him over the edge.
Do went got a gun killed the manager of the firm and his personal broker tried to kill him also, but just married to them and then shot itself.
Also in Milwaukee, Wisconsin,
a 58 year old retired businessman, Vernon lumber, who reportedly lost half a million on the stock market in last week's crash committed suicide just killed himself.
Hello addresses such situations like this the Quran saying then I blew in the combi shaman and hope you will do or even not the same mineral and while he will amphis what Samara forgot she does slobby I will test you with some fear hunger, loss of wealth, loss of life and the fruits of your labor. So give glad tidings to those who are patient. So a Baccarat 155. The second
moral benefit or moral characteristic is that upgrade all content, knowledge or whatever law
whatever wealth is gathered, was already written gives the individual a sense of contentment when he or she fails in their efforts to gain more. The believer is encouraged to strive to attain the best of this world,
but not at the expense of the next world. And after trying once upmost one then puts his or her trust in Allah and accepts whatever comes.
Believe in the destiny also keeps one from falling into despair or from being consumed with regrets and daydreams about what might have been.
Belief in the destiny also protects the believer from falling into the debt trap. The discontented desire to have what others have causes many in the west to live far beyond their means through credit cards and buy now pay later plans.
Once they're unable to make the payments on time, for one reason or another, the banks foreclose and take over their property and kick them out into the streets. Many of the more than 4 million homeless in the USA ended up home
Less do to try to live beyond their means.
Many Americans live in cars
as they can't afford homes, hotels or motels. I've seen on the news a number of times, people having regular cars of course people I think, okay they're living in cars meaning living in these vans that are caravans like homes, they've got living room, dining room, bathroom, every no no regular car, four door sedan car, they keep their things in the trunk. in the backseat, they do work in there and evenings. When they're going out to work. In the morning, they go to a local restaurant, take a bath from the local restaurant, you know, and then come back and prepare themselves and go into work. drive into work. When work is over, they go back wherever they're parking the car in a parking lot
somewhere and spend the evening they do continue to work or watch TV or whatever, inside their car until the next day. I mean, it's something I didn't think it was possible, but people are doing it. The promise I seldom give practical advice in this regard to help the believers accept a loss decree and to focus on the higher moral quality of gratitude by struggling against its opposite jealousy. Abu huraira quoted him as saying, Look at those less fortunate than you and do not look at those above you. It is better for you, in order that you do not deny what a loss blessed you with breather contentment is the Praiseworthy station of not only recognizing, but also being pleased with the
decree of Allah. We should not let our love for Al Qadir decrease. when something doesn't go our way. given to me I was quoted as saying
contentment is the greatest door by which one may enter to reach out to Allah
is the main source of tranquility
for the worshiper and the door to paradise on earth.
Whoever does not enter it on earth will not enter Paradise in there after.
The third principle is that of stability, a balanced personality.
the middle way?
awareness that whatever befalls the believer was already written and that it was all according to the permission of God helps the believer to have a stable personality. This state prevents one from being hasty or procrastinate. He or she finds a stable middle point in order to handle life's crisis in a balanced and clear minded way.
The believer also remains free from the extremes of happiness, that cause want to forget God and the extremes of sadness which causes the ignorant to lose hope and blame God. Consequently, both the trials of good and the tests of evil benefit the believer. So have you been seen on quoting the prophet SAW sentiment saying the affair of the believer is amazing. The whole of his life is beneficial. That is only in the case of the believer. And good times come to him he is thankful and it's good for him. When bad times before him he is patient and it's also good frame. This is the state of one was truly accepted God's destiny barakallahu
we have now come to the end of part one of session 51 eight by two will follow on Monday. Allah willing, in which we will cover the remaining three principles of the Andalusian scholar of the 12th century Imam given Bhutan, in adopting and applying the Beautiful Names of Allah
are do I using these two names are these three names
will be made at the end of Part Two
barakallahu salaam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
We will now move on to our third section
which is that all
The Q and A.
The first question
is from EMA.
The eye that you mentioned about the pen, recording everything to the last hour?
Is the last hour referring to the end of our world. Yes, it wasn't an idea. However, it was a statement of the prophets Allah.
He informed us that the first thing a lot created was the path, etc, etc.
The next question by Sidney IP, just as one has to pay, if he breaks Ramadan fasting voluntarily?
does this imply
the same to no often fasting? No, it doesn't.
Milan fasting is
obligatory, it's obligatory.
So if it's broken, the fastest broken, one does not complete the fast one has to
fast that day over again. Or depending on how one broke the fast, one may have to do much more.
whereas in the case of voluntary fasting, because it was not obligatory in the first place. If you decide to not fast the rest of the day, at any point, there is no obligation on you to do anything as a result of it.
From our Instagram, students,
can I write names in calligraphy and sell it?
Yes, it's permissible to write the last names in calligraphy, calligraphic Klee and to sell it is permissible. However, my advice is that, you know, some of the calligraphy becomes so
complex, so intricate, where the design takes over to such a degree, that for the average person, they can't figure out what this thing is saying.
You should have below it,
possibly on the same, you know, Canvas should have the actual name written in readable,
along with its meaning. So it serves the purpose,
more than just decoration.
Because if we're going to use the last names
then its use should still not just entertain our senses. But it should send a message to us by knowing Allah's Name and its meaning. We have taken something beyond just entertainment.
Santa family asked, I wanted to ask,
why does evil exist? When a law is all good? And why did a law create a police? Well, those are big questions. But why did a lie exist? Why did evil exist?
When a law is all good, is that you know evil,
which is relative
in creation, remembering that something may be evil for you and good for me, that kind of evil
because of the good that it provides.
It exists. Allah has brought it into existence, pure evil,
where the intent is evil and the act is evil. This is
from Satan. satanic sources
law permits it still, because
there is good which will come from it, though we may not be able to see it.
So it's always there's always an element of good for which a lot permits evil to take place.
But he punishes those who do the good
and the good sorry those who do the evil and the good, which comes out of it is a benefit to those for whom it was intended.
In terms of the creation of a police,
Allah created a place to worship Him, just as he created all other human beings.
However, Emily's chose another path,
he became a focus of evil in the world.
Question from Instagram.
casimba Zubair is asking about Salah
is its rituals, which must fulfill or it's real communication between the person and his creator, one is allowed to exercise
his profit is poverty needs.
You are to Allah.
Well, the prayer itself has both a ritual side
as well as a good communication side. Because yes, it is you communicating to Allah.
As such, you should understand what you're saying.
And you should express your needs to Allah.
However, the time for purely just expressing your needs without ritual, this is after the prayer in.
But during the prayer,
the prayer itself is worship of Allah.
And it contains laws,
seeking laws, guidance, seeking laws, blessings,
all of it is there and in the ritual.
That's why the ritual should be understood and should be performed or should be done with full understanding. And not just as acts to do
My husband is in love with another woman. What should we do?
You should let him matter.
Well, that is the better thing to do. If he's able to look after,
you as his wife should let him marry her. islamize permitted it was the Sunnah of Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam. That's the better thing to do, rather than take the opposite position of No way. Jose, you know, I'm not gonna deal with this. You know, you marry her. You better divorce me going to the reactionary thing. If he's able.
look after her and you then
you should be
hearing a lot
in agreement, allowing him to marry her.
Why did the law answer shaytans da? Some scholars say it was because he invoked the law by calling him Rob.
That's why Allah answered because bs laws greatest attributes.
Why does Allah answer the dua of an idol worship
of an atheist who denies
It's all a part of the laws
under his destiny,
because there was good to be gotten from
answering those glass, Allah answered those glass.
The good may not be at that time, it may be a generation later, or many generations later. But nonetheless, when Allah
responds to do I love his creatures, he does so as a result provides regardless of what people believe or disbelief, he is.
And he is a rock man is merciful.
Regardless of their disbelief, or rejection of you.
asks, Is there a way to cure a person who has been affected by an evil eye, but we don't know who is responsible for it.
bosasa limit said that truffles
break the eagleeye
Some people have taken I'm here to mean a physical sickness in the eye that they are pouring truffle water into the eye.
That's an interpretation. But
I prefer the other interpretation that line here and the statement of the process
meant the lie.
So truffles can be gotten
there available all over the world.
look them up. If you don't know what a truffle is,
and it's not the truffles.
can be called truffles, no talking about a mushroom like
in forests, as well as giving them the DESERT.
Desert areas, obviously, where there is sufficient moisture for them to grow.
So you take it, boil it
praying, of course, to a lot to remove the iron from yourself.
Mohammed Ahmed, I'm very interested in Islamic Studies. But I don't have the resources to learn them. Well, can I study Islamic Studies after my engineering graduation?
Of course you can. What stops you from doing so?
You know, of course, you can do some now online. Because in your studies,
you know, you should always give some time to Islamic knowledge. So maybe you know, for example online, you could study in the IOU, Bachelors of Arts in Islamic Studies. So you don't have to take a full course load. You can take one or two courses in each semester, which is not pressure on you. But you are building your knowledge gradually. Rather than saying I'm not gonna do anything else, but engineering for the next five years. That's going to focus on engineering under the end of five years when I graduate now I'll start to take Islamic No, that's not
that's not the best for me. The best way is to do it. Now. In the process, Elon said tolerable enemy for either a Muslim seeking knowledge is obligatory for every Muslim.
It meant now
as you are able, if you have the means you have the opportunity, then get it. You don't have to take it all on. You take what you can handle. As the process element said that you know Allah is pleased with and loves the good deed which is done regularly even if it is small.
From our Instagram students
that someone has passed on,
or should be allowed to say, this person is in hellfire.
If we know that somebody has died in a state of Kufa
and that's as far as you know, can we say this person is and how far No,
we don't have that authority.
Because Allah knows best. All we can judge by is the external, or we saw the external, we can say that if that person died in disbelief in Allah, they're going to hell, because that's what Allah said. That much we can repeat. But if we're going to identify particular individuals, and say, this one's going to hell, this one's going to paradise. We don't have that authority to that. Only Allah has that authority, and he gave it also to the prophets by informing them of those among his companions, for example, who are guaranteed by
a traveler in the dunya. He said that bad things can happen to any of us, because none of us is good enough that he should be spared from a laws punishment, how to save oneself from being depressed, after realizing it.
You save yourself from being depressed, by realizing at the same time that
so much good has happened in your life, you should be grateful for it. And that if you focus on the good, which has happened in your life, it will overcome and override the bad because there's way more good in your life than bad. Without a doubt, no matter how bad you think your life is still way more good in your life than bad.
Can you please briefly tell us about
what to do? What to avoid so many confusions about it, as in the better if your question is more precise. The bottom line is that
it's not obligatory.
You want to do it and do it, you get the reward for doing it. If you don't do it, there's no sin on you.
There's no sin.
It's strongly recommended if you have the means to do it. But even if you didn't do it, then no scent. Of course, you should be clear. I mean, there are details that have to do with the animals, you know, they shouldn't have broken horns and you know, the teeth shouldn't be falling out. And basically, you choose an animal which is healthy, the sacrificing to a lion trying to find the cheapest one I could buy in the market. And I was got no teeth is born is broken his eyes, you know, gone bad is only looking to one eye.
This is him presenting something. No, of course Allah is not gonna eat it. You're going to cut it up and distributed to your neighbors or eat from his resolve whatever you commonly but
what you present as a sacrifice of your wealth should be the best that you can.
So after that, you know,
you know that for a camel or a
cow. Seven people can share in it. You know, seven people means not just seven people. If you have a wife and sit, you know wife, six kids, no wife and five kids, you already seven people. Does that mean? You have to do a cow or you have to do a cow? No, no. When you as the head of the family, sacrifice
a sheep That's for you and your family.
If your wife wants to do on also she can still harm it's good.
Allah gives her extra award.
MIT asks, our specialties in the BA is program that's the Bachelors of Arts. It is
Islamic Studies program in the IOU to National University and University, which I founded back in 2010.
Is it wise for me
to have a dual major, I find myself not fully indulge engaged.
In my Islamic Studies due to a fear of not having a skill that can translate into a career, there's no harm I have a double major, if you have enough time, you're a full time students. Yeah, if you're a full time student, you can do a double, you know, double major, do something and you're doing Islamic Studies, that's for you, are you doing that more for your general knowledge. And then you take one of the other courses that we offer, whether it's education, to become a teacher, or it's Islamic banking and finance, to be involved in the financial field, or it's in psychology, that's medical field, Islamic psychology, or in ICT, you know, it fields or in business management. You can
courses there, your degree there.
Chawla in the future, we do hope in the coming years, to also launch degree courses in
The vital area used by the oma
also in Mass Communications, you know, we're at a loss, you can only communicate communication field is dominated by nonsense.
And also, Agricultural Economics,
Agricultural Economics very important, our country's agricultural countries, for the most part,
but because we don't have proper knowledge of agricultural economics, we're not getting what our agriculture is worth. We're producing stuff. It's being taken from us at the minimum price, and being benefited from exploited by
the advanced world. We remain poor and behind.
from Instagram students, I used to pray five times and engaging
in Islamic knowledge, but I'm slipping away from
what do I do?
Well, I would say look at your friends.
If your friends are people who are not praying, then you know where it's coming from.
What's best is that
have around you, people who are going to remember remind you of Allah are going to remind you of salah
and spend your time the greater portion of your time in places where
the remembrance of Allah exists.
So the locations that you're in, where do you spend most of your time?
So, these are important starting points, which likely no you have strayed from, which has exposed you now to abandoning prayer, dropping your prayers,
Then, you should also
about different aspects of Islam, you know, on a regular basis, you should expose yourself to Islamic knowledge,
attend conferences or classes, etc. All of us can do these are all good deeds and good deeds increasing man.
evil deeds you have to cut out
because it's evil. These are spirits that are bringing your Eman down lor
Hassan from South Africa is asking
Can I listen to the Quran in the bathroom?
Well, it depends on what you define as the bathroom.
If you're talking about the toilet, can you listen to the Quran while you're on the toilet when it's not appropriate.
It's just not appropriate.
That's not the place to listen to.
Talking about the shower area and not on the toilet. And you have the Quran playing whilst you are showering and listening to the Quran less than or reflective. And that's permissible.
Of course, it was a word that the beloved said you can go in the bathroom and play the Quran.
Just be careful here, you have to understand what is the bathroom, I'm not saying then go and sit on the toilet and play the Quran.
That's not what we're talking about. Because remember, in the old times, the toilet was just out back,
you went out your house, behind your house somewhere you found a place in the bush, and you That was your toilet.
When you showered again, people didn't shower in their homes, you know, they take a bucket of water with them. After they finished doing their stuff, they move over away from the it for the water and take their bath. So just not in the same place. You don't say but you use the toilet is not the place where you're gonna take your bath. So this is what we're talking about in your home now, where the toilet is just in one corner, and you have the whole rest of the bathroom there. You know, technically speaking, it is permissible for you to listen to the brand.
Where are you at the sink, washing, making wudu or taking a shower away from where the actual pilot is.
to avoid any confusion or misunderstandings, etc. My best advice to you is do it listen to the ground when you're not in the bathroom.
Okay from Instagram students, why does the monitor answer my thoughts?
Well, the question is, why don't you realize that Allah is answering your doors.
But he's not answering them the way that you want them answered? That's the question. That's how you ask the question. Why does not why doesn't the law answer the doers the way I want him to answer them.
Because though the way you want him to answer them may not be good for you. There will be harm in it. It's not appropriate. There's not the time it's not the place the variety of different reasons could be given why it is not answering certain two eyes that you make.
So what you need to do is when you make draws the processor and said, oh there are low and to look in all ability Java.
Make dua to a law, being certain that your prayers will be answered. I mean, of course, if you're involved in harm, you've got money in the bank and businesses with Riba and all this other stuff. And you're asking this question, then know that the prophet SAW seven said Allah is not going to answer.
In general, Allah won't answer you. If your risk is Hara,
your source of
your finance in Hara, then don't be surprised that a lot Does that answer your
question cure for ignorance, to get humanity
out of paradise.
The devil advise humans to disobey the law of God. What do we need to do to get back to paradise? How's the devil can stop us? Oh, that's a huge topic.
We get back to Paradise by obeying the law of God by obeying God. That is the road to paradise road on which we obey God.
And there's a lot of other things that come along with it.
applying that knowledge,
being kind, etc, etc, etc. All of that is from being on the path.
Oh coliform asks, Why does a person have enemies? Why can
Life be without enemies?
it is the nature of life
that we have enemies.
We are friends, we have enemies, there is paradise and there is how
there is hot, there is cold.
These are part of the opposites
that are fundamental to the life in which we live.
embrace that life
Don't worry about enemies.
Worry about your friends.
be concerned about them.
leave your enemies to Allah. Unless they're physically coming after you. Leave them because you know about them they're there. You can't escape them. Allow will take care of them. Don't bother yourself, your mind your head thinking about them all the time. Focus on what is beneficial to you.
can your old family become your test from Allah? Yes, Allah says that in the bra.
Instead that in your wives, your children
call them enemies
that they can become enemies. They are not in and of themselves enemies but they can become enemies. They become enemies when they ask you to do things which are haram and you do it to please them.
Or they stop you from doing things which are hollow or obligatory. And you stop doing them to please them.
payroll damage solski
I need to go back to my home country freight hauler arrive at home at the time of Asia. Can I combine moderate initia at home? Yes, you can.
Evelyn's bookshelf, we have a difficult time communicating with each other
different languages and cultures. So is it important to know how to communicate with Allah? Since he is unlike his creation? Oh, we communicate with a lot following the way the process has taught.
And Allah has made it very easy. You only have to reflect on Allah.
And your thoughts.
Without even words
can communicate, you can communicate through your thoughts with the law.
So the door is wide open for communication for the law.
charlo This is the last of our questions.
One more. I'm ID can a man married to his cousin.
Take a woman who is the cousin of both him and his wife as a second wife.
There is no no ban on that and this is permissible you can marry your cousin.
The fact that your cousin happens to be her cousin also is irrelevant.
I'm already mentioned that there's a cultural practice here that denies such a marriage. Well, that's cultural ignorance.
Can you take knowledge from that night? Yes, you can.
Take knowledge from Dr. zakon. Like
is a master of doctors
and pray that Allah protect him
keep him and his family safe
from the evil forces that seek to destroy the work that he has done to pstv
but Allah has kept to work going.
Allah bless him and his family
and a bless us all
that close Subhana kallangur behind the shadow and the stone fuuka and to collect
a lot of people
we will see you on Monday
in sha Allah for part two
or 61 be session, second session of this
second half of this session in sha Allah
so I want