Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 13

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

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Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Learn from Al hamdu Lillah wa salatu wa sallim ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri aloha Melina and follow a fan of Mr. Linton alzate Nile Mendoza confit de niara bellami

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Sharla. We continue on our study of the life of the second successor of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Alfaro. amagno katabi, Allah, may Allah be pleased with him, and the Sahaba edge marine. And we are studying part of our modern hip hop achievement and contribution to this great religion of Islam. And there are many as we studied and and continued to study in sha Allah. But some of the most important contributions is the spread of Islam into the territories that are now part of the core of the Islamic world of the Middle East, into Pakistan, in the subcontinent of India, and all the way to North Africa. And all of that actually happened mostly at the time of hip

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hop or the prelude to that the seeds of that has been planted at the time from a rooftop. And we studied the fate of a sham and missile, Egypt and Libya, and we continue Sharla on our study, the first part was the struggle of Muslims against the Byzantine threat against the Byzantine Empire. Now we turn into the study of the confrontations that Muslims had with the Persian Empire. When we go back to our study of the seer of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. We remember that the Byzantine as much as they were enemies to Islam, and as fiercely as they rejected the the profits, a lot of synonyms call, they're not as fierce or as as

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bad and rejection as strong rejection as the person was remembered when the letter of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam reached heraclius he interrogated he looked, and then he suggested to his bishops, and to accept this religion and and then, when they when he thought that they are going to get rid of him, he then went back to his religion of Christianity. On the other hand, when the letter of the prophets reached kisara, the Persian king, he tore it apart, and he stepped on it and he humiliated the messenger. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam heard about that he said, Mrs. de la weeka, may Allah tear up His kingdom. And we'll see how that happened. And how is

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the prophecy of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was proven to be true as Allah, His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that was on the time of a matter of no hubbub. May Allah be pleased with him.

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The first, as Mr. Bob said,

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always he would prefer aboubaker over him and we know the second man of Islam after the Prophet sallahu wa sallam is Abu Bakar. And Abu Bakar was the one that sent the initial armies to fight the Persians. And the first commander that Abu Bakr Sylvia called the Allahu anhu chose was a Lutheran, even had he thoroughly consider and defended no haritha shaden. Now I have no hurry to say Danny when Abu Bakar chose men, I wish I could knew exactly how to choose and who to choose when I'm on top testified and he said Rahim Allah who can alimentary jelly mini he said may Allah have mercy on Abu Bakr, he had better knowledge of men than I am. And Abu Bakr chose Al muthanna Al moosend, Abu

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hanifa, Shay Bernie y al muthanna. Ben chabanne, the tribe that Al muthanna belongs to is right at the rocky borders now and instantly into Iraq. And then we show you than in the time before it's before slam before Belushi then accepted Islam had a confrontation with the Persians and actually fought the Persians and the battle. When Arabs, not Muslims, Arabs that were big pagans basically fought against Persia, because of the tyranny of kisara. And that battle was called the hawk. And in that battle of the car downloads actually won against the Empire of Persia that one particular battle and when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam heard the news, he said, yo Mufasa arabinogalactan.

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He said today are up took their fair revenge from the Persians actually the Persians were transgressing upon those tribes. Then you say then was

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One of these tribes and muthana, after accepting Islam, he had a lot of experience and the territory, a lot of experience and and where to take the army and a lot of experience of how the Persians fight, because he was one of the participants and the battles with the Persians before a slap. So that was a very good choice from Abu Bakar. And he sent me within the first to Iraq to fight in southern iraq at the Persian borders at that time, and was then asked for help. And as the words of our Rector were finishing Abu Bakr Saudi sent him his best man, his best general he sent them Harley didn't need to help him and with college and Elmo send them to Harrison and send them

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via Amazon. They became soldier under Khalid. they conquered and they were able to advance into southern Iraq, and they were south of the Euphrates River. At that time, Aveda ninja was in trouble in a sham, fighting a huge Byzantine army and he calls upon Abu Bakar for help so I will back up as Khalid to go across the desert and help Aveda so Abu Bakar Khalid Ali leaves and Iraq and goes to a sham based on the recommendations of Abu Bakr as severe as Khalid reached a sham, Abu Bakr, Sadia, Krabi, Allahu anhu dies, and the new generation the new phase of pop starts. So I will Becker is the one that started advancing against Persia and its allies and Persia had many allies of the Arab

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tribes in that area. And actually Arab tribes spread all the way up to almost northern Syria where Al Jazeera was and but these tribes were divided either pro version or the pro visit time.

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Then had to be released until he was sent by Abu Bakr, a Soviet Russia,

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as we know passed away on the 13th year of his rock, and pop calls upon the Muslims, Abu Bakr to sub D. Roby Allahu anhu die on the on Tuesday, the 22nd of June imagine after dramatic, the second on the 13th year of Hydra, the next day, out of pop calls upon people and he said Al muthanna, and his men need help. And he wanted to get an army and send it to help

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fighting in Iraq and to help and within that new habit and those with him that were left in front of huge armies of Persians, and there was no response. Nobody, nobody took the initiative. Why is that? The Persian army was known as a very strong professional army, then people were just recovering from the words of Florida, and many people went to fight and a sham, and there was no response to your strong response to Bob's call. So the second day, he called again, and he made the speech to people asking them to go on and volunteer for the army. You know, the Army's at that time you volunteered for it and you volunteered to go for jihad.

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And within lebon haritha himself was in El Medina at that time, and he himself gave a speech to the Muslims to entice him to go on on that mission. And until the fourth day, this went on for three days and about an hour.

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speak to people and then I will speak to people and nobody would take that initiative. People are a little bit weary about fighting the Persians. And the fourth day, a man came up and his name was a boy obeyed, Eben Massoud

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award obeyed urban myth road se from the tribe of Eve, one of the last tribes to accept Islam and apart and they came a number of days was not a Sahabi. Aveda was not one of those who have I was not one of the ones that took from the prophets, Allah Holly usnm. So he came up and he said, I will go and I will take my people with me into Iraq into fighting. And then another man came and his name was satellite. Isilon sorry, he was from the inside and he was a hobby. And then he came to a pub and he said, Yeah, ameerul momineen in number four C sharp Shaka tonisha shavon. He said these Persians are only followers of the devil they are worshippers of fire and they follow the devil's

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way. And they were in Nicaragua have to let's see Lila woman a Java ninja neon neon Monica on he said I have given myself to unlock the kind of data as if he is going on a death mission as if he is he's got no the armies over there was so powerful.

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That Muslims were thinking it's basically a suicide to go fight the Persians. And then after satellites and abort, obey the Sufi volunteered, the Muslim continued, and they were encouraged to volunteer. Now to choose a leader for this mission. I'm not surprised everybody by choosing a boo by choosing of AWS.

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Now a Sahaba are preferred over non for habit. And the early Sahaba are preferred over the late Sahaba said the coolness said, Boo.

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Boo. Now here is a non Sahabi, non Companion of the Prophet. And I'm not given the command over an army that has Sahaba in it. So people came to him. And he said, Hello, Martha lay him Rajan, Amina Sahaba, didn't you? Can you choose one of the Sahaba to give them the leadership over these this army? And then he said in amuro, a while a minister Jeff, he said, I will give the man I will give the commander ship for the one who responded the first they said, How come he said the first Sahaba were preferred over everybody else because they were the first to respond to Islam. And Abu Zubaydah is the first to respond to the call of jihad, such he is more worthy of any of them to be the

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commander over that. And they said, How about satellites? About the second man, he is a Sahabi. And he responded early enough. Why didn't you choose that that satellite, he said in late July and adullam can help. So why is he doesn't, he's very brave man. But he is brave that he doesn't think long enough, before he goes into the heat of battle. And I cannot put him at commander of an army that he will jeopardize and make fast decision and be so keen and so enthusiastic on fighting the Persians, while he may jeopardize the life of the army and not make well fought off decisions. And that was the decision of Mr. hapa.

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To go into the geography or the battlefield, or whether the Muslim fought against the Persian Empire, this entire area of Iraq and forest and beyond but but this is the the the battlefield, basically, if you will, for the early battles against the Persian Empire, the city of Basra was built on the time of Armada later on, and the City of Vancouver. This is the place of the heart where that battle between Arab tribes that basically inhabited this entire area over here, the area of Mesopotamia, or what has been called between the two rivers and the Arab used to call southern area this this area between Tigris and Euphrates selaginella, or it's called the blackness of Iraq.

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And the reason is, is as you look from afar, this area is so green from afar, it looks like the black is a lot of water and a lot of greenery and a lot of orchards. So they call it sawada Iraq,

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and Muslims had control at the time of Carnatic New Orleans of most Polycom salamah. Most of these areas, there is the city of La Tierra, which is a very important city for the Persians, the city of wasa and Baghdad which was a commercial but a small city at that time. And it's it's known with its marketplace, and decreed, which we all came from the familiar with at the time of this recent war at the crease is also one of the cities that was there at that time. And it was one of the centers for the Persian, the capital, the capital, well, per what kisser was what's called in Arabic and Medan, which means the cities it's so large, that it's not only similar to one city, and this is actually

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not there today, but they call it an Medan or as it's known in history as sister phone. So and then you have no heavens, or no Hawaiians in Arabic. And also that was one of the important cities for the Persian.

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Coffee, went on with his army into South Iraq. And he's tried to settle and try to discipline the tribes and in the area of Iraq that rebelled against Muslims after the Muslims were weakened, when when and within that and solid left, and some of the tribes tried to try to go back into the Persian Alliance. And then, immediately after abroad aid arrived to the area, a commander a Persian commander called Japan, he took an army and he wanted to the to fight the new Muslim army that is coming to the area, and the two armies fought and faced in a battle called a mnemonic which was the first battle that Aveda Sakai fights in his

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mission in Iraq and that was on the 13th year of findra. And the Dead Sea near where Abu Bakr Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him died, and American kebab became the second Khalifa.

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and Japan went and most of the battles initially that Muslims had were Southwood, we're on the, on the south and, and and Eastern banks of the Euphrates. And they the two armies met and and nomadic and to the surprise of the Persian army obeyed was able to conquer that army. And many and there was a lot of fierce fighting in that particular battle.

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and Japan himself was captured. When Japan was was captured. He was the one that captured him was one soldier in the army.

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And

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he had the one that captured Japan was an Arab event when he doesn't know much and he didn't know who he really got, he got the commander of that other army. So Japan said if you let me go, if you sell me myself, I will give you such and such gold and such and such silver. So the man said, except I will set you free. And then Japan was brought to a board of eight, a Sufi and he said he is the commander of the army he should be killed, he should be executed. He did not surrender. So I bought obeyed, said he was given a vow by a Muslim. And if I break a Muslim vow, then I would be afraid that the last panel with Allah would ask me about that on the day of judgment as and and deal that

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Japan cup with that man goes away in Japan can go free, and he let them actually go free.

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The other commander came down and we will see that kisara sent three armies to face aboard obeyed. The first army waalaikumsalam was led by Japan. The second army came from in the den and it was also led by a commander called narcy.

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And nursing

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went and then the third army that was coming down was was one of the largest armies and it was led by a commander called jelly nose

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and veins.

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were once and wanted to start some skirmishes with Nazi because if Johnny knows reach to the area, then the army would be very large. And to tell you how many people were would have a coffee, he took 7000 from El Medina. And then Khalid sent him 10,000 from a sham, the ones that were fighting with him in Iraq, and then there were 4000 that were in the area. So the entire forces that have obeyed up a few around 20,000 to 21,000 fighters, the Persians will send hundreds of 1000s in each army. So it was the Muslims were money fools, five to one or 210 to one in every battle that these Muslims are fighting. So they did not want jolliness to reach the area and it would become very difficult

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for a battle for Muslims. So he started the skirmishes with Nazi as Nazi started to deliver and the second battle was called the Battle of Barcelona. And that battle also was on the 13th year after hedra.

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And when they fought Nazi the loot after that battle was so enormous, and as jolly nose was heading down to the area. He did not reach until the battle was already over. So they secured already two battles in the area of South Iraq. So the third commander comes and he sent him an offender then how do I say Danny aboral as we know who Fender was was aboard obeyed in his army, so I will they secured the area of bersama and he sent Alamo center to find jelly nose and thunder was able to conquer and defeat jelly nose and Muslims had defeated three armies with the grace of Allah Subhana Allah had these three armies get together and fought the Muslims, it would have been a very

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difficult battle for a VEDA and the small army that he has, but with the grace of Allah Subhana Allah and with the some of the tactics and the intelligence of the fighting armies, a Lost Planet, Allah gave the victory in South Iraq in this early stage, very early stage afectar to Muslim and three battles back to back.

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The other advantage that the Muslim had, as historians reported is actually this small number, they said was their small number

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They were able to move fast and and their movements started the Persian army with their hundreds of 1000s. Their movement was very slow, and at the time of battle for Muslims did not matter how many they were fighting, but they took advantage of their ability and agility to move fast in the battlefield.

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kisai decided at this time, and angelinos himself, the third commander, escaped to Al Medan to the city of Medan and kisara decided to prepare a very large army and the largest army that he had fighting Muslims at that time, whether on the time of Abu Bakar, or this second phase of alpha tour, when out of NACA pops and abort or beta toffee, and he sent one of his greatest commanders. And his name was Belen, jazz away,

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as he's reported in LP Daya, when you hire for urban Casio

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and he gave him the largest banner, the greatest banner that the Persians had, and he gave them some of the best prepared armies. And his mission was to basically wipe out the Muslim threat in South Iraq.

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The wife of Abu Zubaydah, as this army was getting down as it is reported in a poverty that she saw a dream and she told her husband about it, and she said, I saw a man coming down from the sky.

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And with that man, there is a picture filled with water and that man gave me the water and you drowned, drank from it, and then you gave it to your son, and he drank from it and you gave it to your other son, and he drank from it. And then until seven of your family would drink from that.

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So I've already looked at her and he said, it is martyrdom. That means I will inshallah be martyred and I will drink from the waters of gender. And this is what how he interpreted that that dream. So as he was prepared for battle, obeyed in his own mind was prepared for martyrdom. And the battle took place at the two banks, the two armies faced at the two banks of the Euphrates River, there was a bridge, this bridge will be known later, as bridges are obeyed, about better of me, Allah be pleased with him. And this battle, we will will be known in history, and this is one of the most famous battles of the conquest of Iraq, it's called the Battle of the desert. And just in Arabic

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means the bridge. The Battle of the bridge, or known as the Battle of disloyalty obeyed the bridge of probate, above eight has a smaller army around 20,000, compared to about 200,000, or greater and the exact number is not afforded of the of the Persian armies, and the two armies faced off cross both banks of the river.

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Now, the custom and the military tradition at that time, is one of the armies will cross to the other side. So the Persians

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sent and and another thing that the Persian had, they had elephants with them and that battle, which Muslims are not prepared, usually to fight an army with elephants. But and that's army and in that battle, a boy obeyed, faced with the,

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with the Persian armies and the Persian commander jazz was sent to a boy obeyed. He said, Do you come to us? Or should we come to you? And in that call, usually there is a challenge. Now he is daring, a boy obeyed to come to him.

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And people ask about COVID until and told well let them come to us abroad, they told them now home Big Island, multi millionaire. He said they don't feel they, we they don't feel this more than we do. They said we they feel this, but we don't. He said we were there there, we will look that basically in the face. And he said we will cross to them.

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So the tradition was that the army will cross and they will live the army cross safely. And then the fighting will start and debate started moving his armies and let them face the Persian army, one to one and the right to the right heart to the heart and the left to the left and the command to the command.

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And with that, the battle started. And as the battle started the weapon that of the elephants that jazz were brought with him was very pivotal in that war. The elephants had bills and noise making equipment on it and the Muslims did not fear the elephants they did not care about who would they fight, but their horses did.

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The horses of the Muslims never seen an elephant before and this huge animal that is

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making noise, Muslims could not get their forces and their horses to come across. And they would force the horse to come forward and the horse would not. So to fight, they had to get down, to get off the back of their horses and fight on their feet. And that gave the Persians a great advantage over the Muslim army in this battle. So it was not only the numbers, it was also that the Muslims had to fight with horses that would not cooperate, would not do what they're trained to do.

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The other disadvantage is what turned out to be the important mistake that will be made as he squeezed his army between a river and an advancing army. So that was an important strategic mistake. And as the battle started, the Muslims were retreating Little by little, because they were not prepared for that advance. And with this elephants that were fighting, so obeyed, said, let us attack the elephants. Let's kill the elephants. And that way we can regroup, and we can continue with the battle. And he went and he chose the largest elephant which was called the white elephant, that that the Persians had, and he advanced to the elephants, and the ones on the elephant with his

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sword. And that's all he had. And he wanted to cut the belts that are holding the the saddle over the elephants. And as he's advancing, he was thrown with arrows and the elephant stumped abort obeyed Buffy and abort obey. The Takashi was martyred and he was killed in by the elephant. Then his son takes his banner because of AIDS, gave a series of names He said, If when I die, my son takes it then my other son and then my third son and then my cousin and he named seven people. And the seventh one was an ascender even had a shade Danny. So Aveda was killed and after Aveda his son Wahab and then his son, Malik, and his son jumper and then his cousin's until it treats the banner

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reached. And we'll send that up and Howdy, sachet Daddy, and the army Muslim army was being battered between the elephants and the river. And they were retreating and this battle and then within that takes over the leadership and the Muslim started withdrawing through the bridge. Now Muslims

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when they fight Allah, Allah said you're Latina man with Allah Quito Latina Kappa Rousseff and Fela to alumina udvar. There is this is saying that when you face your enemy, you don't turn your back to them. Except if it is a tactical issue. The highs and the lows are withdrawing to somebody to a group to continue basically the fighting. So and then looked at these withdrawing Muslims, and he saw that this is a cowardness.

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And this cannot happen. And that man's name was Abdullah Murthy, the Sufi he's another man from the thief from the same tribe of eight. So he ran to the bridge and the bridges were not concrete. They were basically wood and ropes. And he cut he can he cut the bridge. So nobody, no Muslims can withdraw from the battlefield.

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So Subhana Allah one problem after the other facing Muslims in this battle of the bridge, and he went and he stood at the bridge, and he was fighting those who wants to come and escape. So Muslims had nowhere to escape, but to jump into the river, and the Muslim of the desert are not good swimmers.

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And they started drowning in the river. And it was one disaster after the other. Now, the Muslims on this particular battlefield were about 10,000, only that one around the river. The others were in different places, trying to protect the areas that the Muslims control. So the numbers were down. And they've were faced with the elephants with a broken bridge. And with this stone Stampede that was facing them, and

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and within them and how is the shade Danny looked and they brought up the lab to him. And they said this man cut the bridge. So he said, Why didn't you do that? He said, Yeah, I knew they are escaping my commander. And then I'm sending I got so angry he he smacked him, he beat him. And he said, Who told you to do this? Who taught who's whose order Did you get to cut the branch, you cannot improvise in war there is a leader and the battlefield that can you have to follow orders. And then and then that took over took charge and he protected himself with a few people, Muslims until they repaired the bridge and they connected the bridge together and then he stood with us.

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Li a few. And he told the Muslims I am the last to cross start crossing and cross slowly. His orders were to cross slowly. Why is that? Because as people withdrawing from the battlefield, that Stampede can happen, and chaos can ensue and they can kill each other, they can fall in the river, he said, Everybody should cross, and they have their orders his orders what to take your time as you withdraw from the battlefield. And here's the heroism of the desert. the heroism of this battle was, was an offender and his his people, just an impenetrable wall, in front of this stampede of the elephants of the horsemen of the fighting force of the Persians. And they were a wall in front of them just

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defending their brothers as they were crossing to the other bank of the river. And that heroic fighting continued to go on and within that continue to protect the bridge with his group until the very last Muslim crossed over and until the Muslim army regrouped on the other bank of the river, and they were ready to refight again in front of the Persian army.

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The Persians looked at the casualties now in this one battle, and if we remember the number of casualties Muslim usually suffer, it's usually maximum in the hundreds. Now the largest battle before this was the Battle of Vienna, when Muslim lost that 1000. And the Battle of a desert Muslim lost 4000 fighters out of 10,000 fighters 40% of the Muslim army was killed on the other bank of the river. The Persians despite their overwhelming power, and their victory in that battle, they lost 6000. So the Persians still lost basically more than the Muslims due to the fierce fighting of the Muslims at that river. And because of that, they did not cross to the other side, the Persians did

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not follow, and the Muslims and and within that, were ready to defend the other side of the bridge and the other side of the battle, and the Persians did not dare to cross over. And that was also one of the heroic moments of that important battle.

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And that may Allah have mercy on Abu Zubaydah, McAfee, Barbados, McAfee made that tactical mistake, to cross to the other side, and to leave his army between a river and the elephants, Abdullah, have no mercy. May Allah have mercy on him, made the mistake of cutting the bridge, before canceling his commander before taking orders to do what they need to do. And Muslims learned from these lessons. We'll remember later on, when I'm asked, asked, I'm not gonna pop in Egypt that we studied last time, he said, Come to meet the Egypt, and I'm not gonna hop off, send them he said, leaves need no body of water between you and me. He said, I don't want you to be stuck behind the Nile, you come to

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the other side where I can supply you and I can help you. And that's why Cairo was built. Because it was on the side of Arabia on the river Nile and not cross and Alexandria did not become the capital of the Muslim army. So Muslims learned a lot from that lesson. And this lesson would be applied later on very shortly, and the next big battle that these Muslims will have in Iraq.

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Yes,

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cross and that that is very true, that the elephant, the bridges of that time would not stand the weight of the elephants, but the Muslims were beaten, I mean, defeated and the army is shaken. And then those many numbers if they follow without the elephants, they would have a chance. And tactically speaking. Another thing was the grace of Allah Subhana Allah to Allah and the blessings of Allah Subhana Allah happened, his kisara dies around that time, and his kingdom become in chaos and turmoil. Because there are two errors. There is no obvious heir to the throne. But there were two big generals and two people of importance and Persia, and they're both claim the throne. One of

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them was men known as Roseanne, and the other one in Arabic history books, and the other one general known as Rustom.

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And these two people were facing each other, and they call the punch as a way to come back to Al Medan until this dispute resolved. And that was the grace of our last panel with Alan that golden opportunity that Allah subhanaw taala provided for Muslim gay Muslims.

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Time to regroup as the next thing that the Persians will regroup and they will cross and they will start fighting Muslims everywhere that they follow the defeated Muslim army and wipe out the advance of Muslims. So Allah subhanho wa Taala made this and that's what happened. And after the Battle of Iraq that political and this should be unrest starts in Persia, divided the army between wisdom and fire Roseanne, and the jazz away goes back to Almaden. And then Omar had macabre the Allahu anhu heard the news of the defeat of a gesture of the bridge and he said Allahumma kulu, Muslim, anti la mini Ana, de Muslim. This is a vague statement in Arabic If people don't understand the history

00:35:48--> 00:36:33

behind this word, what I'm not said I am the group I am the base of every Muslim. If we remember where that came from, it's from the Battle of motor when the Battle of Motown kind of dipped into a lead had 3000. And they foes faced with 200,000. And they had died and blah, blah, how killed and all of these monsters leader after leader and then Khalid got the leadership and that battle of attack. He was drew from the battlefield. So when Khalid and his army walked to Medina, people who were stoning them, they said, cowards, the Euro escaped the battlefield. And the Prophet said no in love with the haze and fear Allah Subhana Allah says, unless you're heading to your group, and I am

00:36:33--> 00:37:10

the group of every Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, NFA to kill the Muslim. So Allah said the same thing. He said, Rahim Allah, why did they not this? Why did they not withdraw? When they were faced with this? He says, nfvi to condemn Muslim, I am the base of every Muslim they should have withdrawn. They should have left that battlefield when they knew that the danger was so eminent and they should not have suffered all of these casualties. And then he said, Rahim, Allah, how about obeyed and in May Allah have mercy for obey, though, and has that Elijah and so he said, if he would come to me, then I would be his base, I would help him and he would go back and did not have to do

00:37:10--> 00:37:17

this, this suicidal battle and endanger the Muslims in that battle.

00:37:18--> 00:37:19

After that, and father

00:37:20--> 00:37:49

started supplying the Muslim army in South Iraq, and started getting the people ready for a fierce battle as he knew that it is coming. Now the Persians are so excited, and so, so in victory, and so ready to finish off this, this is the first victory that the Persians have over Muslim and said, Okay, now it's time to get the rest of them and to clean our kingdom from them. So I

00:37:50--> 00:38:09

started getting people. And though the history books reported that there was a bigger army, but the exact number of the armies that are not supplied is not known, at least and all the references that that we looked at, the Persians send another army

00:38:11--> 00:38:32

send an army led by a man called Lauren. And Moran's mission was to finish off what is left of the Muslims and the areas of Iraq. And they met at a different bridge. It's not the same place, although I use the same chart. But scan drove many, but it is a different bridge. It's an area called al Boyd.

00:38:34--> 00:38:57

And Lucena was the leader. And that was left after debate. And a lot of the hip hop sends everything to all within Latin America, and Shay Benny, who became again the commander of the Muslim armies in Iraq that were fighting the Persians. Mohan got his his elephants, his armies across the river, sent to Alma center.

00:38:58--> 00:39:05

And he said, Would you come to me or I would come to you? I'm offended. I said, you come to me.

00:39:07--> 00:39:50

You don't dare me. You just come to me. And he learned the lessons and he had clear orders from Bob is you leave No, you do not leave your back to a river, you do not do the same mistake and that's what the prophet sallallahu wasallam said about the movements of other believers at law you will meet them in Joplin Missouri pain and movement cannot be stung from the same hole twice Muslim learns Muslims make mistake, the moment makes a mistake, but they learn inshallah from their mistakes. And this was in Ramadan of the 13th of Phaedra, which is the ninth year of the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. So towards the end of the 13th, year of fidra. And then that was the front

00:39:50--> 00:40:00

of his army and he said after take, break your fast and this is the son of the Prophet Somali or send them in battle. So you would be strong enough to

00:40:00--> 00:40:33

continue fighting and he broke his fast in front of the army and the rest of the army broke their fast and then he went walk to every class he would use everything that he has instead led to a lot of boom up belly code. He said do not shame. The rest of your people do not shame the Arabs do not shamed the Muslims do not be defeated, do not be shaken. And he would go to every single client and give them his their own speech about you are the ones that were depending on after our last panel with Allah and you should not be shaken you should not be defeated.

00:40:34--> 00:41:19

And after that, he said, when they cross to us, and he asked the Persian army, the cross and the Persian army cross and position themselves in front of the Muslim army. And then within that said, I will give you the signal to start the battle. I will give you the first step Kabira, the second tech Veera and the third tech VIERA new attack with the fourth one. So the Muslim army would all make that work together. And as the Musandam made the very first step Kabira, the Persians attacked, the Persians were so ready, they were so excited. And they were so filled with confidence, that as they heard the first that via, with the Muslim camp, they attack the Muslims. And the Battle of that void

00:41:19--> 00:41:20

started.

00:41:21--> 00:42:06

As the Battle of the blade, the started it was one of the fiercest battles and the rights engage the right, the left, engage the left, and the heart to heart and in the heart of the Muslim army was and within. And then the heart of the Persian army, or the middle of the Persian army was Macron, their leader, and within his heroic fighting, and the people around him became very clear in this battle, as the middle of the Muslim army were able to penetrate through the heart of the Persian army, and he killed Macron. And Macron was killed and walked across, he penetrate across the heart of the Persian army into the bridge.

00:42:07--> 00:42:11

And what he did is he cut the bridge.

00:42:12--> 00:42:17

He cut the bridge and he prevents it and he he helped

00:42:18--> 00:43:06

to prevent anybody from escaping to the other side from the Persian army. And and as the Persians so their leader and their banner down and their leader is dead, they try to escape the battlefield. And they were basically between the three the right, the left and the heart of the Muslim army, and they were squeezed in the middle. And the fighting was very fierce, and the Muslim Persian army was white. And the Muslims counted and some history books that killed the people killed in the Persian army is 100,000 Persian fighter were killed in the white and the black equivalent. If you remember the photo Hashanah the historian sent the wife is the Luke of Iraq. It is the equivalent of the

00:43:06--> 00:43:24

Yarmouk battle, it's opened the Iraq the swaddle Iraq, we know that they're actually the biggest battle and more important battle was the Battle of Al qadisiya later on, but the wife was the important one, as it opened most of Iraq to the Muslim

00:43:25--> 00:43:41

army. And after I blame Muslims engagement was mostly on the other side, on the northern side of the Euphrates, Benson's or most of their battles before were on the southern part of the Euphrates bank. So that opened the territory of an era

00:43:42--> 00:43:43

after

00:43:44--> 00:44:30

the battle ended, Al muthanna regrouped his army and he gave him the speech and he said, Nakata to La Jolla, CJ de su Elise and he said, I fought against the Persians, and I fought Arabs in both before Islam and after Islam. And he said before Islam, that 100 of Persians would work 1000 of the Arabs, which were non Muslims at that time, and he said, Today, I would see that 100 Muslims is worth more than 1000 person, man. And then he said, because it's true, he said, I made the mistake that I don't want you to make. After that. He said, I cut the bridge. And that is a mistake. And please don't do what I did again, and I regret what I did. Why did he say that?

00:44:32--> 00:44:37

He's apologized, he said, I put a person in a position that they had nothing to lose

00:44:39--> 00:44:59

that they would fight until death. We put them in a position that they would fight more fiercely than they would fight in the usual situation. There were more than us, and that would have jeopardized the Muslim army. A man who is fighting for his life would fight for his life would fight very fiercely. And he said we should have led

00:45:00--> 00:45:38

them in a way out and defeat them and then follow them later. So he said, Do what I say don't do what I do and why he said, don't do what I just did. And what I did was a tactical mistake. So see at the at the moment of victory where he should be so proud. And so he was so humble. And he was in his speech, he was telling the army, what kind of mistakes he did. And this is the spirit of Islam. This is the spirit of a man who's not looking for fame. He's not looking to be called the Great commander or great fighter. And in his speech, of victory, he's telling people, here's my mistakes. And here's the deal. And the people that you are fighting, you are worth

00:45:39--> 00:46:22

10 to one as when you compare to them. And that's what he was telling them. And that the void is what gave Muslim foothold and salado Iraq in this area of the south of Iraq. And and within that, and his army war controlling this area of solidly Iraq. Most of the people that were that had treaties were highly dependent, worried before and they broke, it came to Al muthanna. And they delivered. And they said we want three things again, and we would give you our promises again, and we'll send that spread the slam dominance and in the southern area of between the two rivers of Mesopotamia as as we know it in history.

00:46:29--> 00:46:45

If you go to Iraq today, Iraq is divided into counties, and one of the counties is called Seneca County. And that is one of the biggest counties in this area, because the Hadith is really the true and first conqueror of Iraq from the Persians.

00:46:46--> 00:47:22

What Alexander did after that is he started something called the raids, the Muslims started going all the way up to the creek and to the northern, and they crossed into Al Jazeera in northern Syria fighting the tribes that are allied to the Persian, he sent a raid to the market of Baghdad, even into the Tigris River, very close to the capital of Persia, and they sent rates to wasa to the area of Fossett. Now, this is I mean, this is the the fortresses of the Persian This is coming very close to where the main forces of the Persians are.

00:47:24--> 00:47:57

And with that, with all these raids, the as restore and anti Roseanne was having their conflicts in the area of Elena datain. They got together, and the elite of the Persian ruling group came to both of them. And they sat both of them together the two fighting parties, Kristen, and I say Roseanne, and he said, they said to them, Arabs and Muslims are crossing and they're everywhere, in solidly Iraq, they're everywhere in Iraq, and you are busy fighting each other.

00:47:59--> 00:48:09

If you don't agree, you will be both killed, we will kill both of you. Or you will agree to get together and let's fight this danger coming from the south.

00:48:12--> 00:48:41

And what they did is they said, well, we'll have to find the kisser we will have to find the king. Because both of us, then they don't have the royal blood there. They're not a senior. They're generals, but they don't belong to this Athenian family. So they said, Let's find an heir to the throne. So they brought all the concubines all the wives of the dead kisser. And until they found one. So what's happened before is

00:48:43--> 00:48:43

a

00:48:45--> 00:49:36

son of kisara wanted to have the kingdom alter himself. So he brought every all his brothers, and all his nephews and everybody that belongs to their family and he slaughtered them. So the kingdom would be in his own family, and his children did not survive after him. But they finally found one that that survived to a concubine. And his name was Yes, deadweight. And yes, we will see that he is the kisser that became the king and he then then restaurant and the fire Roseanne decided to make this man, their kisser the new kisara because he is the son of Sharia. So this man becomes the hisar and both hristo men and Pharaoh Zan go back into fighting into making the army up to fight the

00:49:36--> 00:49:42

danger of the Muslims. So they resolve the political unrest and the conflict within the mme.

00:49:45--> 00:49:59

And after the Persians regrouped, they gave the orders to move to Mesopotamia and to fight the Muslim army. Now they moved with the largest possible purchase

00:50:00--> 00:50:29

Army army they only have when they want with fight the Byzantine. They were no now they know the weight of the battle. Now they know that what they're fighting is not just tribes that are coming out of the desert that are fighting a real danger. So they got everything they have. They put their weight their heavy military machine and through that one army and they send it down. And within lessons to Omar. He said, I don't think we can handle this one.

00:50:30--> 00:51:04

We we have a problem. I'm not gonna realize the problem. And he said, and the first thing that happened is those people that gave the 3d storable center started revoking their treaties again when it comes to help from Persia. So they pledged allegiance back to Persia. So I must admit I was losing support from everywhere. So the first thing is he regrouped. He took all the rates that he was sending everywhere, and he grew, grouped it in South Iraq, but then about a pop sent him a letter and he said that after Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

00:51:06--> 00:51:34

Allah harana Elijah, he said leave between the orbit from between the the Persians what and how he learned borrow, and go into a dry land, said don't we know the areas in South Africa is all swamp and it's easy to trap horse riders easy to trap people that are fighting. He said go to dry land, leave what the gains that you had and move into a dry land.

00:51:35--> 00:51:42

Well, after that, oh feel or be I thought I had done well, mubadala who that said him well at 30 cent intellectual,

00:51:43--> 00:51:44

Mr. Maha pop

00:51:46--> 00:52:34

makes history in this he said do not leave anybody. Number one you leave you pray, you withdraw. And you you go across the Euphrates into the dry land that we can fight over. And and within our base. Then he said you've come you've gone to our allies, all the Muslim tribes in that area. And the very, very first time in Islamic history. Mr. grafts said don't ask for volunteer. Everybody that can fight will be will be brought under your command. And this is the first military draft in Islamic history. And after that after Omar that becomes the customer if there is a danger. If there is something that is threatening Muslims, it's not a voluntary call for jihad, and is for buying for

00:52:34--> 00:52:38

one that everybody should come. But if they elect not to come, they will come.

00:52:39--> 00:52:42

And that was the first draft in Islamic history.

00:52:43--> 00:53:33

And he said and then they settle everybody until you get my orders. And after that this is the prelude to the biggest battle that the Muslims had mostly on any front, which is the Battle of al Qaeda sia was this huge army of the Persians won't be faced with the army of Muslims. And in sha Allah next session, we will study how I'm going to pop since the best man he has, in Medina, one of the 10 that are given the glass hiding of Paradise, the man who was called the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu usnm because he is Nick, he is akin to the Prophet on his mother's side, the Prophet used to tell the Sahaba has a Harley fan urania How to come holla he said this is my uncle, show me your

00:53:33--> 00:54:15

uncle's he would be proud of him. And then he is the only one when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam would would compliment as a hobby he will say feedback or feedback on me. He said to you I it's just an Arabic term to you I give my father to you, I'll give my mother it's like your your as dear to me as and for this man, or as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said irmasat feedback to me, he would give his father and mother in one sentence to this man's view of costs and that is the man that Mr. Thompson's to lead the Battle of al Qaeda See ya this major battle and inshallah we will study and over the next session, so at this point, I will stop inshallah, we will have few minutes

00:54:15--> 00:54:18

for questions and answer because a lot of that comes in it

00:54:26--> 00:54:59

will pop up in Medina. We have if we go back, this is the 14th year of Pedro now, armies are going to a shop armies are going to Persia. And then Medina not much left. He had only few fighters left and in Medina and he would send them but still the Arab tribes that were just coming out of the words of friends that had many fighters, and they were trying to discipline themselves back in a slap. But they were not people that were raised directly by the prophets. A lot of you said and this is 14th year of his

00:55:00--> 00:55:38

Drive profit is has been dead only cell allottee and sell them for three years, two and a half years almost. This is the first year of our model Mahaprabhu. So these are tribes that are away from Medina, they have to have orders, they have to have a way of knowing where to go what to do and how who should fight and who should not fight. And until this point, it was voluntary from Romania and I mean, you know, the orders went to the tribes in that area that you draft from them. Because in Medina, if you draft you don't need to draft in Medina, you have to prevent people from going to war. You have to keep them but in those tribes there was only basically there it was the good

00:55:38--> 00:55:55

Muslims that would go in, but the many people would not. And at this point I'm I said this is not a choice. If you have a treaty and you are a Muslim and you have an obligation to the Muslim Ummah, then you have to pay your obligations by fighting for the oma

00:55:59--> 00:56:17

is for buying it from Allah subhanaw taala when the Muslims are threatened that every Muslim who can fight should be going to fight. But at this point, it was a voluntary call, hey, al al jihad, come on to jihad. They come this time. He said No, you go search, it is fun. And you have to bring him to their farm.

00:56:22--> 00:56:26

Every Muslim Yes. Does that calaca? Yes.

00:56:30--> 00:56:30

Does that

00:56:31--> 00:57:17

purple case is if a group of Muslim did it would suffice for the rest of the Muslim Ummah, for the line for Muslim has to do. And at this point, and within the army would be swallowed, there was no doubt that this army would have been wiped out or the advancing forces we will see next session Sharla how great how big that force was still, even after the health came even after the draft. So before that, it became very important for Omar to to fulfill what Allah Allah said, Why do not who must apply to me? He said Allah subhanaw taala said prepare for them whatever you can afford and of horsemen. So this is what he can. There are so many tribes defend many fighters and he would draft

00:57:17--> 00:57:19

every one of them to this important battle. Yes, just

00:57:25--> 00:57:28

ignore them knowledge about the area and how he you know,

00:57:29--> 00:57:30

he is

00:57:31--> 00:57:32

the fierce commander.

00:57:33--> 00:57:39

He's commanding him about the area and the swamps and everything.

00:57:44--> 00:57:44

Medina

00:57:45--> 00:57:47

having the knowledge of that area?

00:57:52--> 00:58:30

I'll try to answer this inshallah quickly because it's time for identity shot apart not only number one, he had the ferrata he had the intelligence, hunch for Muslim to the intelligence of the factory to make the right decision, say how many times his opinion even contradicted the opinion of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam a few times and he was right. And also kind of sad, I would send the support saying I'm I was like, come ahead, this, this vision, this really intelligence and in this way of knowing what what is right The other thing, and we will study that, that Mr. Had some type of intelligence inside the army to make sure that everybody is doing their job, right. And he would

00:58:30--> 00:59:06

interrogate them. And he would have something called that or you you would have eyes or spy, if you will, but not really to spy on the army, just to make sure it's like inspectors to make sure everything was going right. And he would have communication. But remember, when he relieved pilots from his duty, he released Khalid, because Khalid would not listen to what he would say. He would do his own thing on the battlefield, which many times turned out to be right. But I wanted to make sure because he felt responsibility. When the army of Abu Zubaydah was trapped between the river and the elephants. I'm not felt responsible. So I love the gift, strict orders and send them where to go,

00:59:06--> 00:59:35

what to fight what to do. So not not a tragedy like this would happen again. And that's why he said retreat. Because the Muslims would not retreat. They don't have a command, the Muslims by their duty of Islam, Allah subhanaw taala said do not turn their back your back and running, they will not retreat, they will not leave an area that they have, unless the commander says so. So I might have to give the order. There is no other choice. So he did.

00:59:36--> 00:59:37

Yes.

00:59:46--> 00:59:48

He saw. He did. Sorry. Yes.

00:59:52--> 00:59:59

Said Ghana, kabhi. Como had the same kind of Roma. He said before you there are people who had inspiration

01:00:00--> 01:00:19

He would get the NACA revelation from another book from a love attempt and be inspired to do the right thing from Allah. And if there is one in my oma it would be ama. So sola salatu salam is telling me that oh man had his forehead that that he this man will do the right thing and will make the right decision, shall we ask Allah, Allah.

01:00:24--> 01:00:33

Here is a city. Well, it was a capital of the city and it was it was inhabited by the kings of an Illuminati.

01:00:34--> 01:01:00

And he was the capital of the Arab tribe of El mundo. And they were allied Persian. So it was the capital of the allies, not the capital of the Persian, the Persians, their capital was Almaden. But it was a city of phalluses. And, and an area the area of Valhalla. Yeah. Right. And that's where the Battle of the pod and shoot and started because after they went to inhale on and remember this sword

01:01:01--> 01:01:02

Yeah.

01:01:07--> 01:01:10

Well, I mean, Subhan Allah, that's why he is Armand.

01:01:12--> 01:01:16

I don't know he do it. I wanna Pamela Lee.

01:01:18--> 01:01:23

Does that we out of time? Yeah. Yes, good. personality.

01:01:29--> 01:01:32

And that will go bad. Would it be correct to say, a judgment call?

01:01:34--> 01:01:35

It's up to us

01:01:38--> 01:01:38

to say

01:01:42--> 01:01:59

yes. And I apologize by using that word. Actually, it's not if he knew that his army would be killed. And this would be the end. He wouldn't have not done that. He he thought that they were daring him to cross. He said, are they? Are they trying to scare me with death?

01:02:00--> 01:02:37

I'm afraid we are fighting for Shahada. We are fighting for martyrdom. He would not endanger the life of the Muslims. He made a tactical mistake. There is no doubt about that. And he did not have the vision to to see what was going to happen. And he didn't know about the elephant fighting. He didn't know about any of that. Muslims learned from that. And they avoid they applied that lesson that they learned from La Raza last time Subhana Allah to forgive our sins, and to help us learn the things that we don't know about religion and to apply the things that to learn to our daily life in sha Allah, who only had our suffering while the medida uncomfortable some suffering Salam ala

01:02:37--> 01:02:38

Sayidina Muhammad