Lessons from the Seerah #24 The First Pledge of Aqabah

Kamil Ahmad

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Channel: Kamil Ahmad

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AI: Summary © The history of Islam in Iran is discussed, including the initial acceptance of Islam among tribes and the rise of Muslims in cities. The importance of learning to handle one's behavior and avoiding accusations is emphasized. The speaker also discusses the history of acceptance of Islam among Muslims and its potential impact on cultural change. The importance of following the Prophet's laws and not committing to anything until they have a better understanding of Islam is emphasized.
AI: Transcript ©
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Smilla Manuel Rahim

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Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen

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salatu salam ala to Manu at Milania Allah. Allah He urged me

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on early he was such a busy woman to their behavior

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was still maybe sooner te la Yomi Diem

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a lot in the Illumina

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one foreigner Dima Harlem tener WAS IT

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arena health club con was Oakland Tierra

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but arena elbow Philadelphia in order to punish Tina

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Jana min yesterday Runa local law center. I mean, another art for salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa Branca.

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And so we continue on

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with our weekly Kanaka. Every Friday at this time

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as we are going through the Sierra,

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the biography of our beloved messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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So last week, we covered the story of

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how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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after having given up on his people, Quraysh,

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he started turning elsewhere.

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And so after he faced much opposition,

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and his followers faced much torture and persecution, it was time to move on.

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And so he started meeting the other Arab tribes. And this was during the hedge. And so he would visit the various delegations and give them download, and ask them for support and help.

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And we mentioned last week, how the result of that was.

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And so each and every single tribe that he would go to,

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he would be rejected.

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And so no one

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no one accepted his offer.

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And so that's where we had left off last week.

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So whenever the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam would go to meet a tribe, after offering them

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telling them about Islam, and then asking them for help and support, you will be rejected,

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except

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for one tribe.

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And this brings us to our discussion today.

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The response that the prophets and Allahu alayhi wa sallam receives

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from the people of yesterday

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the people of yesterday, which later on would become known as El Medina.

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The Arabs were mainly two tribes in the city,

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and oh stand 100.

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And they were neighbored by three tribes of the Jews

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of the hood, then another

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than who you are, and then Quran

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and so Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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he visited the camp

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of Al Hasan

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during the Hajj of the 11th year of his prophethood

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in the 11th year of his delta is prophethood he visited the camp of Alhaji Raj

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and as he approached them he asked them,

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man and to who are you?

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And so they said, We are from an huzzah Raj.

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Then Rasul Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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having heard of this name before he asked them,

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are you allies of the Jews?

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And so they said, Yes.

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So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked them, can I speak with you? Can we sit down Can we talk? And so they agreed.

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And so they sat down, and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam invited them to Islam and recited some of the Quran to them.

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What was their response?

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They were impressed with what

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They had hurt

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and they turned to one another.

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And they said,

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Do you know that he is the Prophet?

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Who the Jews have threatened us alone?

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Let us not allow them to beat us to him.

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And so,

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Alhaji Raj, they immediately this group, they immediately embrace Islam.

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And they said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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we have left our own people.

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They have much enmity and dissension between them not found among any of the other tribes of the Arabs. Perhaps Allah may unite them through you.

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We will go forth among them and invite them to you presenting to them this Deen that we have accepted from you. If Allah should unite them around you, then no one will be dear to us then you

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and so

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these were six men

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from the tribe of enhanced range.

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They were we can name them

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as I wrong.

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Have you been ill Harris raffia ibn Malik

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to the enamel,

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rock Raqib enamel and jab at bin Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah is not too famous Jabir bin Abdullah, this is another one.

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And so the six men, they told Rasul allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we will go back to our people and start preaching the message.

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But before they left, they made a deal with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they told him that we will come back,

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we will come back and meet you next year

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in the Hajj season of next year.

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Now, it's important here to note two things.

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First of all, this initial group

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of men

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were only from one of the two tribes of Medina.

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What did I mention

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that the Arabs of Medina were maybe two tribes allows an alhaja ranch.

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The six men were only from alhaja ranch.

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The second point to note

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is that this group of six men, they accepted Islam, and they left without

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without taking any pledge without taking any BIA from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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And so this is because they were a small group, only six men

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and it was their first encounter with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It was not suitable. It was not appropriate for them

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to take a pledge of allegiance, when they had not consulted their tribesmen back home.

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But they did make an agreement

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that we will go and we will.

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We will preach Islam.

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We will go back to yesterday

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with Islam and we will spread Islam amongst our people.

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So now,

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a year goes by.

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And the season of hedge had approached

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instead of six men

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12

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Men come for Hajj to meet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

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Six of them were from the original

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and then six more

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what did I mention the original six were all from

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and cause range. This time. We have a total of 1210 of them from Allah has Raj and two of them from a house.

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So they came to Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and met him in the campground of El Mina

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and in

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a particular place

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in MENA known as Alaska,

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in a particular place in Minar, called Alaska,

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this place

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was kind of in the mountains.

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And

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there was a masjid later on, built in this place where the Prophet SAW Selim took

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his BA from them.

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Over time, this place became forgotten, because it was kind of buried in the mountains.

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But recently,

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a few years ago, when they started to expand Mina, and the Jamaat,

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they had to remove those mountains. And they found this masjid and as you can see the, they put a fence around it. So, it exists there until today, they did not remove it, they do not demolish it.

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So, they cling to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And get him be this way, became known as B to Nissan.

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The Pledge of Allegiance of the women,

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even though there was not a single woman among them,

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the reason why it was referred to as be Artemisa was because first of all, it did not include any terms of fighting.

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That we

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are going to support you defend you and fight for, you know,

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as we will see in the terms of this pledge, there was none of that. Secondly, because

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later on,

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it was these terms in this pledge that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would take from women later on.

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After the conquest of Mecca.

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Whenever women would come, they would give the prophets of salaam Bay based on these terms, what were these terms?

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Regarding Ibnu sonnet or the Allahu Han, he narrates, and he was one of the 12 men from yesterday, from El Medina.

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He narrates the terms of the pledge, and this is mentioning on how to get Muslim. He says I was among those who attended

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the first acaba pledge we were 12 men. We pledged to rasool Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam be at UniSA the pledge of women,

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which was before war was legislated for us.

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That

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we would not associate anyone with ALLAH.

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Allah no Sheikh Abdullah

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nor would we commit to Zina

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nor would we kill our children,

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nor would we make false accusations.

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Nor would we disobey Him Rasul Allah, in anything good. Through my roof.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us, if you keep to this, you shall have gender.

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If you give up any of this, and you are punished in the dunya, meaning

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if you receive the head punishment in the dunya for any of these crimes,

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then that will explain for you your crime.

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But if it is overlooked until you'll milk Liana, it will be up to Allah to decide whether to punish or to forgive you.

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This shows us something that

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those who commit major sins, the position of Lucinda will gemera Is that there a fear rests with Allah.

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Unlike those who say they must be punishing the hellfire. Our position is, as mentioned in this house,

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it will be up to Allah to decide whether to punish or to treat him.

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This was a pledge that as I mentioned, that women would give to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam later

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and it is mentioned

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in its exact same wordings in the Quran,

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in which Surah

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In Surah, and Montana

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at the very end of sort of Montana.

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Yeah, you have to be you, either Jah Mina, to you there Yeah. Annika until the end of the year.

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The exact same terms that

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I mentioned this pledge are mentioned in that pilot so that's why it's referred to as they add to Nissa.

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Now,

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not long after these men returned to Medina

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that they sent a message to rasool Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

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to send someone to them who could teach them the Quran.

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They made a request from the Prophet they made a request from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we need someone for you to send us someone who can teach us the Quran.

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And so it seems as if the number of Muslims were increasing

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and they needed a teacher now.

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And so Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he appoints one of his companions to undertake this task. And that was who

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who was that?

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Who did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam send

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to Medina.

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Musab

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in Romania, Ravi Allahu

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Mousavi will remain on the Allahu Akbar. And so he became like an ambassador.

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But teacher,

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a scholar and that's why many referred to him as the first ambassador in Islam.

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And among the people of Medina when he went there, he became known as Mochrie el Medina,

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the quarry of El Medina.

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And so Musa ibn Romero, the Allahu Allah was given this difficult task

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of being the personal representative of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Medina.

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And so he left Mecca

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tourism reside in Medina.

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Now, since an outpost and Al Hazaragi, these two tribes

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they were Ark rivals,

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they were enemies.

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Historically, these two tribes had so many wars and battles.

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And so since that was the case,

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and now we have Muslims entering from both tribes, they now needed someone who can lead them in Salah because they could not agree on a leader and Imam.

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And so Musa David relayer was given this role. And so he will lead them in Salah.

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And he became their teacher, their Imam and

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and the representative of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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Now we have a very very interesting story

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have

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two of the leaders

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of Medina who accept Islam

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it's a one day

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most of the remainder of the Allah Who

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was with a sad it is Aurora,

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as I said, was one of the six men

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who met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the previous year, the original six.

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And so he had embraced Islam early on, he was from Medina.

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Musa, they even remember when he went to Medina, he was hosted by this individual aside, it is wrong.

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And so

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the two of them, Musab. And as they went to visit some of the Muslims in this garden. And so they would sit there and the Muslims would go meet and learn over there.

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And so most of the urban farmer would hold Halaqaat and sessions for them to teach them.

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Now they happen to be in this neighborhood

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of Medina that was part of the territory of the tribal house.

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Now the majority of the Muslims at this particular time, were not from an apps they were from and has ranch. Remember early on we said the original six were all from an has ranch the following year when they met the Prophet sallallahu

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He will send them they came as 1210 of them was were from 100. Only two were from an else. And so

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Islam was spreading among his Raj, but it was slow, among else.

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And so Musa bibliometro, the Allahu, and what he wanted to do is he wanted to create inroads within us. And so they went to a neighborhood of a house and they sat there.

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And

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two of the leaders of a house, they were nearby, and they saw them.

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These two leaders of allowance they were,

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I want us to remember these names.

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These two leaders of allowance were

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sad, it'd be more hard.

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and EU Sade, YBNL, Hawaii,

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sad, even word. And to say it, even if

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they're non Muslims, they're from the leaders of an EPS.

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And here we have Musab even remain.

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The ambassador of Rasulullah saw someone from Mecca, sitting with his host, Asad Ivins Aurora.

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And so they're teaching the Muslims

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and these two individuals sad, even word and who say they support them.

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Sad even tells his partner who St.

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He says to him, I want you to go to those two men and tell them, we don't want them around us. misguiding the weak and the foolish among us. And if it was not for the fact that Sid mizunara was my relative,

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I would have done that myself.

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Here we have sad even Wise,

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who is from a house

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telling his partner who stayed to go

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and speak with Musa David relayer. And,

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and Sid zarar, who is from 100.

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But sad, he has relations with

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he has blood relations with

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us.

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Even though he's from a house, he's related to him.

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He was a cousin.

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Anyways,

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who said he'd been delayed he went,

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he went to Musa, Rene and SRT bins Aurora carrying his spear.

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And as he was coming

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aside,

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it is Aurora.

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He says to most of the

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work,

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this man who saved

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he is a leader of his people.

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Do your best with him.

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Because if he becomes Muslim,

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many will follow.

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And so Mousavi said,

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if he listens, then I will.

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And so here we have Hussein coming.

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He enters.

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And he stands above them carry his spear. And he speaks to them with a very harsh tone. He says we don't want you among us. And if you care for your lives, you better get out of here. Otherwise, this is my spear.

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So he threatened them.

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Mossad they

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responded calmly by saying,

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how about you sit down

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and you hear what I have to say.

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If you like it,

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then you can accept it. If you don't, then you can reject it.

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And so,

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to say it, he said, fair enough.

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And so he put down his fear, and he sat down.

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It's almost added in earlier robiola, he started reciting to him out of the Quran. He starts giving him dalla explaining Islam.

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The host of Masada aside in his aura, he says, even without him speaking a single word. We were able to see Islam entering his heart because of the calmness on his face, and the radiance of light coming out of it.

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When most of the above me and finished with his session to say it, he said,

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What does one have to do to join your religion?

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Musab AB Oromia told him you have to go wash yourself

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and then come back

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in and see the Kalima the Shahada.

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And then pray with us.

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And so we'll say he did that. And then he came and he said,

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Now I am going to send you a man.

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If he becomes a Muslim, all of his people will follow.

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So we'll say it.

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He leaves the company of most heartbreaking remain at a site of Iran. And he goes back to who to sad it and

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he goes to him

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sad when he sees

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who said, he says, I swear by God that He is coming to us with a different face than the one he left us with.

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So had been had he asks what happened?

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To say it, he says everything is fine, don't worry about it.

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But there is one slight problem.

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Then who will heritor which was a branch of and has Raj.

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They want to kill

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aside even Zara, your cousin.

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Because they know that he is your cousin.

00:26:39--> 00:26:43

Remember, these are the two tribes 100 Raj, and then else

00:26:46--> 00:26:49

who said this was a story he just made up.

00:26:51--> 00:26:51

It wasn't true.

00:26:53--> 00:27:01

He made up the story because he wanted sad even more I had to go and meet Musab a billionaire for himself.

00:27:04--> 00:27:06

And so sad, had been wired, he stands up

00:27:07--> 00:27:09

angrily and he says

00:27:10--> 00:27:11

they want to kill my cousin.

00:27:12--> 00:27:16

So he picked up his spear and he left saying You have done me no good.

00:27:18--> 00:27:19

He went

00:27:20--> 00:27:24

to moose are they being remade and as rora

00:27:25--> 00:27:27

with an angry face.

00:27:28--> 00:27:30

And when Assad saw him approaching,

00:27:32--> 00:27:34

he told most of me.

00:27:35--> 00:27:38

This is the leader of his people.

00:27:40--> 00:27:42

Do the best you can.

00:27:43--> 00:27:47

It's so when Saudi been wild king. And

00:27:48--> 00:27:49

he saw

00:27:50--> 00:27:52

that most of the bid are made. And

00:27:54--> 00:27:57

so we're sitting calmly

00:28:00--> 00:28:02

not fearing anything.

00:28:03--> 00:28:04

He realized

00:28:06--> 00:28:09

that Hussein had fabricated a story.

00:28:12--> 00:28:15

Because if they wanted to kill him,

00:28:16--> 00:28:18

if they wanted to kill Assad,

00:28:19--> 00:28:22

then he should have been in a different state.

00:28:24--> 00:28:31

And so he realized that this was a plan by who said to make him come and meet wasabi.

00:28:34--> 00:28:38

And so when Sahadi Ben wild came, he immediately went to

00:28:40--> 00:28:43

the one hosting was hardly a bit of his cousin.

00:28:44--> 00:28:47

He went to him and he said, Why are you doing this to me?

00:28:49--> 00:28:52

Why are you bringing this man to our territory?

00:28:53--> 00:28:57

You are taking advantage of this relationship with me.

00:28:59--> 00:29:02

You want to mislead the ignorant and the weak among us.

00:29:04--> 00:29:07

It's almost been remade. He responded.

00:29:08--> 00:29:14

And he said, How about you sit down and you hear what I have to say?

00:29:15--> 00:29:19

If you like it, accept it. If you don't, then reject it.

00:29:21--> 00:29:24

And so sad even more. He agreed and he sat down

00:29:28--> 00:29:30

there's something very interesting to notice here

00:29:32--> 00:29:37

that the people of Medina were open minded.

00:29:39--> 00:29:42

They didn't have that sense of hostility

00:29:43--> 00:29:44

that existed in Makkah.

00:29:46--> 00:29:47

They were willing to listen.

00:29:51--> 00:29:53

Remember the people of Metka

00:29:54--> 00:30:00

were not just closing their own ears. But they were warning anyone who would come

00:30:00--> 00:30:00

Ultimate courage

00:30:01--> 00:30:02

to close their ears.

00:30:04--> 00:30:05

Whereas the people of Medina

00:30:07--> 00:30:07

they were the opposite.

00:30:09--> 00:30:10

They were willing to listen.

00:30:11--> 00:30:16

So look at how immediately you said, Okay, let me sit down. Let me hear what you have to say.

00:30:19--> 00:30:25

Let's it's also had you been sat down to hear what was even more real hard to say.

00:30:26--> 00:30:30

And so most I'm starting to give him dower and

00:30:31--> 00:30:40

his host aside, he was rah rah says, I could read in his face the fact that he wanted to become a Muslim.

00:30:41--> 00:30:46

And when the conversation finished, said, he'd been wired, accepted Islam.

00:30:49--> 00:30:54

After his acceptance, the very first thing that sadly Ben did

00:30:55--> 00:30:57

was that he went back to his people.

00:31:00--> 00:31:01

And what did he do?

00:31:02--> 00:31:03

He gathered his people.

00:31:05--> 00:31:07

Remember, he's a leader of a house.

00:31:08--> 00:31:11

He gathers them and he asked them, What do you guys think of me?

00:31:13--> 00:31:15

They said, You are the wisest among us.

00:31:17--> 00:31:18

You are our leader.

00:31:19--> 00:31:23

And then sad. Ben says, if that is the case,

00:31:24--> 00:31:32

then none of you speak to me. And I will speak to none of you until you all become Musa

00:31:35--> 00:31:45

the narrator of the Hadith, he says, By the end of the evening, every house from Daniel ash hell became a

00:31:46--> 00:31:50

Blue Ash Hill was a branch of an house.

00:31:52--> 00:31:55

And so here we finally have a huge breakthrough

00:31:57--> 00:32:04

in a house. And so now you had both of the tribes have a house and a house Raj.

00:32:05--> 00:32:08

The majority of them had accepted Islam.

00:32:18--> 00:32:20

And so after this

00:32:27--> 00:32:29

a year later, during the Hajj season.

00:32:36--> 00:32:42

Representatives from both in house and a large Raj, go to meet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:32:43--> 00:32:44

a final time.

00:32:48--> 00:32:53

And so this is where we will stop and next week, we'll move on to that next meeting.

00:32:55--> 00:33:01

So we will conclude with the lessons that we learn

00:33:02--> 00:33:06

from the first pledge of a lacuna.

00:33:08--> 00:33:14

There are many lessons that we can learn but let's go through a few of them. The first lesson that we learned

00:33:15--> 00:33:16

is

00:33:17--> 00:33:19

Allah's choice

00:33:20--> 00:33:25

to have his messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam receive support from yesterday

00:33:26--> 00:33:30

from El Medina was very, very strategic.

00:33:31--> 00:33:32

For many reasons,

00:33:34--> 00:33:36

you know, out of all of the

00:33:37--> 00:33:38

Arab tribes

00:33:42--> 00:33:50

coming from different parts of the Arabian Peninsula, why is it that Allah chose and Medina to be the place that would

00:33:51--> 00:33:54

support the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? There are many reasons for this.

00:33:57--> 00:33:59

We can see

00:34:00--> 00:34:02

the qualities of the people.

00:34:03--> 00:34:04

But besides that,

00:34:07--> 00:34:11

if we were to look at El Medina, in those days, it was known as yesterday.

00:34:13--> 00:34:15

You yesterday was very unique.

00:34:17--> 00:34:22

And so it offered protection from three sides.

00:34:25--> 00:34:27

There were two sides

00:34:29--> 00:34:30

of the city

00:34:31--> 00:34:38

that were filled with Rocky tracks, lava rocks, fields of rock lava rocks.

00:34:40--> 00:34:44

This made it inaccessible for armies

00:34:46--> 00:34:47

to attack.

00:34:50--> 00:34:50

And then

00:34:52--> 00:34:58

one side was covered with forms of de Pon treats.

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

So imagine

00:35:00--> 00:35:05

You have the east and the west of the city covered with lava rocks, fields of lava rocks.

00:35:07--> 00:35:08

No army

00:35:09--> 00:35:11

can enter the city through that.

00:35:12--> 00:35:14

towards the south you have

00:35:15--> 00:35:19

you have forms farmland, filled with the palm trees.

00:35:21--> 00:35:22

And this exists until today.

00:35:23--> 00:35:25

If you were to go to Medina, you would find

00:35:27--> 00:35:38

lava rocks fields of lava rocks in the east and the west. And they're known as a hydra Sharqiya and an Hara and wasabi. If you go to the south of the city towards CUDA,

00:35:39--> 00:35:40

you find

00:35:41--> 00:35:49

firms and gardens or date palm trees. That leaves us only with one opening area and that is the north of the city.

00:35:52--> 00:35:55

And as we will see later on in the sea, right when we come to

00:35:56--> 00:35:58

the battle of 100

00:35:59--> 00:36:00

that part of the city

00:36:02--> 00:36:03

was closed

00:36:06--> 00:36:17

Rasul Allah He said Allah and it was consulted to companions and to sell Nana Pharisee advised that we dig a trench in this one opening area in which the enemy can penetrate into the city.

00:36:18--> 00:36:24

And so we can see that this offers a unique protection for the Prophet sallallahu. It was

00:36:25--> 00:36:27

the second lesson that we learned

00:36:31--> 00:36:39

the immediate response of this original group of six men from an Holdrege

00:36:41--> 00:36:43

how they immediately accepted Islam.

00:36:45--> 00:36:46

It's something to think about.

00:36:48--> 00:36:49

It's something to reflect over.

00:36:53--> 00:36:56

What made them to respond so quickly?

00:36:57--> 00:37:01

Why didn't they act like the Earth, the other Arab tribes?

00:37:03--> 00:37:07

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went from tribe to tribe

00:37:09--> 00:37:10

during the Hajj season.

00:37:12--> 00:37:15

Most of them were impressed by what he offered, but

00:37:18--> 00:37:21

for some reason or the other, they rejected.

00:37:25--> 00:37:28

Why were these men from an Medina different?

00:37:30--> 00:37:31

There are a few reasons that we can mention.

00:37:33--> 00:37:34

Number one,

00:37:35--> 00:37:40

the people of Medina were in constant warfare among themselves.

00:37:41--> 00:37:45

And arsenal, huzzah, Raj, we're fighting for ages.

00:37:47--> 00:38:00

And so when these six men heard the message of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They thought perhaps, Allah can unite them through Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:38:01--> 00:38:02

It's so they were tired

00:38:04--> 00:38:15

of this constant warfare. They were looking for peace. So here was an opportunity. They sought in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam hope

00:38:16--> 00:38:19

that perhaps he can be a leader who can unite us.

00:38:20--> 00:38:21

The second reason

00:38:24--> 00:38:29

is that to heed was naturally appealing to them.

00:38:31--> 00:38:31

Why?

00:38:33--> 00:38:37

Because they were neighbors with affluent kitap.

00:38:38--> 00:38:39

With the Jews

00:38:44--> 00:38:45

and the Arabs

00:38:47--> 00:38:48

they always used to look

00:38:50--> 00:38:53

at the religion of the Jews as being superior.

00:38:54--> 00:38:55

The Arabs have and Medina.

00:38:56--> 00:38:59

Why? Because the Jews were learned.

00:39:00--> 00:39:19

They had scriptures they had teachings. They had knowledge while the religion of the Arabs was based on myths and tales and legends. And their culture was despised. They were looked at as being backward. You know, they used to kill their daughters alive.

00:39:23--> 00:39:24

However,

00:39:25--> 00:39:31

the Jews of Medina they used to treat an arsenal hostage very badly.

00:39:32--> 00:39:35

They used to treat them as lower class.

00:39:37--> 00:39:47

And so if it wasn't for the arrogance, the Kibera and the pride of the Jews, the Arabs would have converted to to Judaism.

00:39:49--> 00:39:50

No, number three

00:39:53--> 00:39:54

even is hug.

00:39:55--> 00:39:57

One of the authors of this you know, he says

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

one way by which a

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

Law facilitated their acceptance of Islam was that the Jews

00:40:08--> 00:40:13

the Jews were there with them in their city.

00:40:15--> 00:40:20

And they were, they were followers of the scripture, and men of knowledge.

00:40:21--> 00:40:28

Although they themselves were Moshe Kuhn meaning an arsenal house, and 100 word machico, and an idol worshipers.

00:40:29--> 00:40:30

He says

00:40:32--> 00:40:39

they had previously attacked these Jews and their territories, and whenever they had disputes,

00:40:41--> 00:40:48

so they used to have wars between the Jews, and allows no husband, it always used to be victorious.

00:40:49--> 00:40:52

And outs and cultural treaties were warriors.

00:40:54--> 00:41:00

And so when they would attack the Jews, they would always be victorious. Whenever this would happen,

00:41:01--> 00:41:03

the Jews would say to them,

00:41:05--> 00:41:07

A prophet is about to be saying.

00:41:10--> 00:41:11

He is coming.

00:41:13--> 00:41:15

And we are the ones who are going to follow him.

00:41:17--> 00:41:24

And then we will give you the same fate that was met by a lot,

00:41:25--> 00:41:27

meaning we're going to destroy you.

00:41:31--> 00:41:37

We're gonna have the support of this prophet, and then we're gonna destroy you.

00:41:38--> 00:41:39

And so they were threatening them.

00:41:42--> 00:41:57

It's one of the reasons that led to allow several 100 Quickly accepting Islam is that they knew that this was the time that the Jews were speaking about. And so they were prepared for the message.

00:41:58--> 00:42:02

They had an idea. Unlike all the other Arabs,

00:42:04--> 00:42:09

all the other errors had no idea. They had no clue of what is meant by prophethood.

00:42:11--> 00:42:19

This is the first time a prophet comes among the Arabs, all the way from the time of his married.

00:42:22--> 00:42:33

He didn't know anything about prophethood, about Revelation about Scripture. Whereas these Arabs, they had an idea, they were familiar with it because these to hear about it from

00:42:35--> 00:42:37

from the Jews. And

00:42:38--> 00:42:44

this is exactly what they said, when these first six men met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they said,

00:42:46--> 00:43:00

This is the same prophet that the Jews used to speak about. Let us be the first ones, to accept him, so that we support him and we are then victorious over over the Jews.

00:43:02--> 00:43:03

Number four

00:43:05--> 00:43:07

among the reasons

00:43:08--> 00:43:12

that allowed the people of Medina to quickly accept Islam

00:43:13--> 00:43:24

was that a few years before the Hijra of Rasulullah sallallahu and he was selling them to a Medina. There was a battle that occurred in in Medina known as El bois.

00:43:27--> 00:43:30

This was a battle between a house and a house ranch.

00:43:32--> 00:43:34

And it was a very bloody war.

00:43:37--> 00:43:41

It was a very bloody war that annihilated most of their leadership

00:43:44--> 00:43:46

of both tribes, but it also has ranch.

00:43:48--> 00:43:50

And so now

00:43:51--> 00:43:56

these were people without leaders, without senior leaders among them.

00:43:57--> 00:44:00

And so when they heard Rasul Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

00:44:01--> 00:44:07

they were looking forward to having him as a leader. And there was a statement by I showed on the one hand

00:44:09--> 00:44:16

in Sahih al Bukhari, she said, Allah subhanho wa Taala caused the day of elbow as

00:44:17--> 00:44:18

the day of that war

00:44:19--> 00:44:46

to take place before Allah's messenger was sent as a messenger, so that when Allah's Messenger reached Almudena, those people had already divided in different groups, and their chiefs had already been killed or wounded. So Allah made that date precede Allah's Messenger coming so that they The answer might embrace Islam. So we can see from the statement of the eyeshadow the Allahu anha

00:44:49--> 00:44:49

that

00:44:51--> 00:44:59

she understood that this was one of the reasons that facilitated the Islam of allows cultural change.

00:45:01--> 00:45:03

This war that killed

00:45:04--> 00:45:05

their senior leaders.

00:45:08--> 00:45:09

So usually,

00:45:10--> 00:45:15

people who are most resistant to the message of the truth

00:45:16--> 00:45:17

are the leaders of society.

00:45:20--> 00:45:26

I was an Alhaji Raj, they had lost their leaders, and so they don't have that hurdle.

00:45:29--> 00:45:30

Other tribes,

00:45:31--> 00:45:39

they have to consult their senior leaders. And usually, their senior leaders are not willing.

00:45:41--> 00:45:42

They're not willing

00:45:44--> 00:45:47

to give up power for the sake of following the truth.

00:45:49--> 00:46:10

And so, these elements they made Medina are very fertile ground for the growth of Islam. We see. You see now why Islam spread like wildfire in Medina, as opposed to not spreading in the same way, among other Arab crimes.

00:46:12--> 00:46:13

The next lesson that we learn

00:46:16--> 00:46:17

is

00:46:19--> 00:46:20

that we find

00:46:23--> 00:46:33

a gloss sincerity and honesty among the original six men who had accepted Islam at the hands of Rasulullah sallallahu annual said

00:46:37--> 00:46:39

the original six men who came from Medina

00:46:40--> 00:46:43

and met the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam in the first year

00:46:46--> 00:46:48

they made a promise.

00:46:50--> 00:46:58

With Rasul Allah, He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that they will go back and spread Islam in El Medina,

00:47:00--> 00:47:03

even though they were all from an HUDs range,

00:47:05--> 00:47:07

and their rivals were allows.

00:47:10--> 00:47:11

That did not stop them

00:47:12--> 00:47:17

from fulfilling their promise and sincerely spreading Islam

00:47:18--> 00:47:21

until they came back the following year.

00:47:23--> 00:47:28

How many 1210 of them from Allah cause Raj and two of them from

00:47:30--> 00:47:31

an else

00:47:32--> 00:47:39

they did not allow their tribal pride to get in the way of spreading Islam?

00:47:40--> 00:47:43

These were there are rivals, they could have said.

00:47:44--> 00:48:08

Let us be the ones who host Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, let's keep a close eye out of the picture. Know when they accepted Islam, at the hands of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they promised him we will go back and we will spread Islam among our people. And they come back the following year, and they bring with them

00:48:09--> 00:48:12

two of the members of elders.

00:48:14--> 00:48:24

And that brings us to the next lesson. Look at how Islam brings peace between orc rivals, enemies

00:48:28--> 00:48:34

who were battling one another for years for generations.

00:48:36--> 00:48:37

Look at how

00:48:38--> 00:48:42

Allah subhanahu wa Tada brought their hearts together

00:48:44--> 00:48:46

and then the United as one united front

00:48:48--> 00:48:53

and they became such an important pillar in the spread of Islam after that.

00:48:56--> 00:49:02

Later on after the hijra, you have two main groups among the Muslims, the mahadji rune from Mecca and

00:49:05--> 00:49:20

in El Medina they're no longer known as an ultra Raj. These two names and outs and Al Hassan became a thing in history. They're no longer referred to as a lotion or cartridge they refer to with a new name and that is an ensemble

00:49:21--> 00:49:22

together.

00:49:25--> 00:49:41

of loss of Hannah who had to had it says, reminding them of this, who are Tosu will be heavily Lehi, Jeremy and one answer for Rocco. Hold on to the rope of Allah. United Allah is addressing the Muslims, but specifically the people of Medina.

00:49:42--> 00:49:58

Allah says what Kuru near to Allah He is a call it come to Ida for LFL you, Ruby come for us back. Don't be me. I'm 81 We're calling to mana chakra to protein millenary Casa Camilla

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

And remember the fever of Allah upon you

00:50:04--> 00:50:12

when you used to be enemies, and then Allah, United your hearts until you became brothers.

00:50:14--> 00:50:23

And you used to be fighting one another, you used to be at one another's throats, as if you were on the edge of the, of the cliff,

00:50:25--> 00:50:32

of a pit of fire, fighting one another, about to fall into the fire. Look at how Allah saved you from that.

00:50:34--> 00:50:38

And so this is the blessing of Islam, that it unites the hearts.

00:50:39--> 00:50:46

And it gets rid of all of these tribal and ethnic lines that divide us.

00:50:48--> 00:50:50

The next lesson that we learned

00:50:51--> 00:50:58

is the importance of doing things gradually, step by step,

00:51:00--> 00:51:03

and not trying to jump to the end goal.

00:51:04--> 00:51:05

We see this

00:51:06--> 00:51:08

in the terms of

00:51:09--> 00:51:12

the pledge that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took

00:51:15--> 00:51:16

from these 12 men.

00:51:18--> 00:51:20

It had nothing to do

00:51:21--> 00:51:24

with pledging to fight and defend.

00:51:26--> 00:51:26

But rather,

00:51:28--> 00:51:31

it was all about adhering to the teachings of Islam.

00:51:35--> 00:51:37

They pledged to worship Allah alone,

00:51:39--> 00:51:43

to not commit Zina to not kill their children, etc.

00:51:44--> 00:51:47

There was no term in there about pledging to fight.

00:51:50--> 00:51:50

So

00:51:52--> 00:51:54

we take things step by step.

00:51:55--> 00:51:58

If they succeeded in this first step,

00:52:00--> 00:52:04

then we can move on to the next step. And that's exactly what happened.

00:52:05--> 00:52:06

The following here,

00:52:07--> 00:52:12

when they came back to meet the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam, as we will talk about next week.

00:52:14--> 00:52:20

The second pledge was about now was about fighting.

00:52:24--> 00:52:25

So this shows us the importance

00:52:26--> 00:53:06

of taking things step by step and moving in a gradual pace and not trying to rush not trying to rush to the end goal. And we also see this, in this to the two stages of the power of the first stage of the Dow were in Mecca, and then the second stage of the Dow was in Medina. And so throughout the 13 years that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was in Mecca, it was all about solidifying the Eman in the hearts. And there was nothing about fighting or a jihad that came later on in Medina.

00:53:08--> 00:53:09

The next lesson that we learned

00:53:10--> 00:53:19

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his choice for appointing Musa ibn Romae robiola, who had to be His representative.

00:53:21--> 00:53:24

It's almost odd had just the right qualities for the job.

00:53:26--> 00:53:29

He combined between knowledge,

00:53:30--> 00:53:33

patience, diligence,

00:53:34--> 00:53:35

wisdom

00:53:37--> 00:53:37

and bravery.

00:53:40--> 00:53:44

And we see that in the end result of his Dawa.

00:53:48--> 00:54:01

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was wise in his choice. He didn't just choose anyone and said, you know, let me choose. Let me choose the closest companion I have or boubakeur? No.

00:54:05--> 00:54:07

He chose wisely.

00:54:08--> 00:54:12

And we see that in the result of his Dawa, the Tao of was had been remade.

00:54:17--> 00:54:22

So he conquered Medina without shedding a single drop of blood.

00:54:24--> 00:54:26

And this is why Imam Malik

00:54:28--> 00:54:28

he says

00:54:32--> 00:54:34

footy Hatfield kura the safe

00:54:36--> 00:54:41

that the towns have been conquered by the sword

00:54:42--> 00:54:43

will footie Hatillo Medina.

00:54:45--> 00:54:48

As for and Medina, it was conquered with Docker.

00:54:51--> 00:54:54

Finally, the last lesson that we learned

00:54:57--> 00:55:00

is that if you give up something for the sake of

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

Allah,

00:55:01--> 00:55:04

Allah will replace it with something far better

00:55:10--> 00:55:16

what's extremely interesting to note in the story of Musa in Romania Robbie, what

00:55:19--> 00:55:25

is that Musab came from a very wealthy family in Mecca.

00:55:27--> 00:55:32

He was the most spoiled young man in Mecca before Islam.

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He used to wear the most expensive of clothes

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and he would have the best perfume.

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His mother used to take care of him. And she was a very wealthy woman.

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But she didn't have that many children.

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So, most of the women are male. You can see he was spoiled.

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He lived a life of luxury.

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He had everything.

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But then, at a young age, he was a youth he was a teenager, he accepted Islam.

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Now when he accepted Islam, his mother

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who did not accept Islam,

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she boycotted him.

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She boycotted him, she kicked him out.

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And now most of the IB in Romania went from coming from

00:56:37--> 00:56:39

a rich family

00:56:40--> 00:56:41

to becoming

00:56:42--> 00:56:46

you know, to the to the status of poverty, he became a poor man.

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He gave that all up for the sake of Allah.

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He gave up his dunya for the sake of Allah.

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And so life became rough and tough for him.

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You know, the luxury that he that he was used to, he no longer had

00:57:13--> 00:57:14

and that's why

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it is said that when musante ebma rhodiola, who

00:57:22--> 00:57:28

was killed he was eventually killed in the Battle of an effort. The battle was offered.

00:57:32--> 00:57:33

He died as a Shaheed

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when it came time to bury him.

00:57:39--> 00:57:41

He didn't leave behind enough money

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for them to buy shrouds to cover him up here.

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When he was fighting in the battle, he was wearing one piece of cloth

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and it was not sufficient to cover him. Obviously, the Shaheed

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when he dies, he doesn't get any washing. Nor do we shroud him, but rather we bury him in his enclosure. However, in the case of mishandled that one piece of clothing that he was wearing, it wasn't enough to cover his whole body. So they needed extra

00:58:23--> 00:58:26

extra clothing. But he didn't leave enough money behind

00:58:28--> 00:58:29

for them to purchase clothes.

00:58:32--> 00:58:36

The Sahaba they said whenever we would cover his face, his feet would appear.

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And whenever we would cover his feet, his face would appear.

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So we went to the zoo, why he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he asked, we asked him, What should we do?

00:58:47--> 00:58:56

So Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us to cover his face, and then to use some tree leaves to cover his feet.

00:58:59--> 00:59:00

And so

00:59:02--> 00:59:03

this shows us

00:59:05--> 00:59:08

where Masada had been remade went from

00:59:10--> 00:59:11

and what he became

00:59:12--> 00:59:14

but the lesson here is

00:59:15--> 00:59:17

the lesson here is

00:59:18--> 00:59:21

that look at how Allah elevated his status.

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And he became the first ambassador in Islam. And he became the representative of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and

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he went and he went

00:59:38--> 00:59:42

to teach the people of El Medina

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and so when you give him something for the sake of Allah, Allah replaces it with something for a better and that

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is the Promise of Allah, the Prophet sallallahu Allah you will send them human

01:00:00--> 01:00:00

uses

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that whenever a servant gives up something for the sake of Allah, Allah replaces it with something far better.

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And so with that we come to the end of this session of this era of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam next week. We'll move on, as I mentioned

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to the second

01:00:27--> 01:00:37

beta of Aloka. The second Pledge of Allegiance of a Nakaba. Until then, Subhanak Allah who will be Hambrick a shadow Allah.

01:00:39--> 01:00:49

Stop if you were to Lake wa salatu salam ala Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi originally said I'm only going to LA he was