Umar Farooq – The Four Caliphs – part 12

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Bashar Shala

Channel: Bashar Shala

Series:

Episode Notes

Dr Bashar details the lives of the four greatest men who lived after the Prophet Muhammad (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), the Caliphs of Islam, the rulers of the Islamic Empire that swept across Arabia, Asia, Africa and even so far as Southern Europe.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam aleikum lamarca

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hamdulillah he met hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah ham divert he Kareena Shekar in handy UEFI MLU calcium azita when I will let him You should ODM fusino sejati I'm Elena Maria de la

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palma de la jolla murshida Allahu la luna insomnia and sanity Marlin Tina, was it 99 was a configurable anime Allahumma jimana has a German mahoma with a farrakhan in da de fora komatsuna Aleta Jackson

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Romani, Arabella alameen, wa sallahu, wa ala Sayidina, Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi HMA. Shalom continue on the Islamic history sessions and the last time we spoke of how the 30 to 40,000 Muslim soldiers were able to conquer the

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stronghold of the Byzantine Empire in a sham in what is Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine today, and to make the entire territory Muslim territory and how heraclius escaped Syria into Asia a minor he went to Constantinople, and he looked upon Syria and he said farewell Syria, a farewell will no meeting after that shall be. And after that, the Muslims basically controlled the grace of Allah subhanho wa Taala, the area of Philistine and that was about the year 17th of federal that is around 639

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an hour and doing according to the Christian calendar.

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However, I'm going to be last had suggestions and correspondence with me or not meaning I'm not that far from Allah be pleased with both of them. And he suggested that he should go down where he was in Jerusalem and outputs or earlier, it was called at that time, and he should go down and finish off the Byzantine armies in Egypt and Libya. And I'm looking at is had around around 8000 soldiers with him left in Jerusalem that were ready to fight.

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upon me Allah be pleased with him gave them the permission. The reason is to advance to North Africa at a time where Muslim armies were really spread very thin. Now, we mentioned last time, that while these conquests are taking place in Syria in a sham, there were many armies heading into Iraq. And we're today's is Iran to Persia into the Persian Empire, which was a force to be reckoned with, which was one of the main two empires of the of that time. The superpowers if you will, and why, why open another font? Why even go into a third fronts, why the Muslims already fighting in the north, on the Syrian turkey borders into the into the Byzantine Empire, and yet an East while they are

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fighting the Persian, why open a third front into the West. And here's why the big Byzantine forces in Egypt and Libya posed a threat to the new Muslim territories, that as we said, Muslims were spread thin and had they not attack they would be attacked. And if they not protect themselves that way, then there will be an easy prey one city in one fortress after the other.

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The other reason is worth of Egypt. Egypt is a very wealthy territory. As we know, the Nile runs through Egypt, and it's very fertile,

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agricultural ground, and the wealth of Egypt used to go and supply Constantinople with a lot of produce and a lot of money. And that wealth was very important to the Byzantine Empire and to control that flow of wealth would weaken the enemy, which are the Byzantine so that's another strategic lesson a strategic reason why they should go west and and try to control Egypt.

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The good tech, the Christians of Egypt and the Coptic church separated from the Catholic Church very early on since the early days of famine 25 of the nicea convention, and where there was a difference in belief between the Catholic

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And the Coptic people, and the Roman the Byzantine is an Eastern or Eastern Catholic Empire, and they were abusing the coped. They were subu them, and they were taxing them heavily. And they were trying to force their religion upon them. So there is a lot of resentment of the clips of the Coptic people against the rules the Byzantine. So Muslim fairness and justice has already the news of that are already reached the the lines of Egypt and the cooks were secretly hoping that the Muslims would come. And they would free them like they, the Orthodox were freed in Palestine from the Byzantine oppression. So the Coptic there is a lot of support for Muslim invasion, a former Muslim conquest of

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Egypt and I

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thought that that would be the perfect time to walk into this non so hostile territory, at least among people. If he can take care of the Byzantine rulers and armies, then the people will be quite hospitable to the advancement of the Muslim army.

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The fourth reason is the absolutely the first reason it's the last but not least, is the duty to spread Islam, just like they spread it in Syria and Iraq and Persia, and everywhere else Muslim armies were and for those who cannot freely accept the religion of Islam for themselves, for all of these reasons, I'm up, top wrote to honorable house. And he said, and in the NSA legacy remark me so he said, gather people and march towards Egypt. And after that, I'm up in Alaska, marched into Egypt. And he started with the city of lava. And the city of Prophet is currently in the Gaza Strip, and the Palestinian land and Palestinian territories. And the next city to that on the Egyptian side

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today is an Irish, these two series was there at the time of class and the people have greeted us and the Muslim army, there is no fighting. There is a lot of cheering, there's a lot of advancing for the upcoming freedom that Muslim Muslim brought with them. So there were no fighting in Rafah. And then to Irish, again, the Muslims were were being received with with the the the cheering of the people of the two cities. And then they had to cross the Sinai desert down and across the the,

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the Strait, which is today the Suez Canal canal, of course, that was not there before this was dry land, and they crossed that through it's the land of Egypt. There's a fortress on the way, the fortress called pharma. The pharma is the fortress that the woman had, so to speak at the gates of Egypt, to defend invaders from the east, and the invaders from the east did not used to be the Muslims used to be the Persian, the Persian tried many times to get into Egypt, The Wolf of Egypt is always very looking for the invaders and Persian tried more than once and succeeded and sometimes into coming into Egypt. So the first place over there was a fortress called a former and that's

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where the first real battle of the conquest of Egypt took place in this area that was around the year at the fidra through 640. I'm looking Alas, may Allah be pleased with him and the rest of the Muslim army advanced toward a farmer and they first met the the protection the protectorate of pharma which is the Byzantine army there was a large fortress and the the Byzantine took refuge and protection behind the tall walls the high walls of that that fortress and the Muslims besieged and former

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now with Imran blouse, remember, there's 8000 fighters I mean, if you if you think about the the amount the numbers and and that the Muslims had to fight with in Syria, there were at least 30 to 40,000 words I'm going to allow us to advance into the entire area of North Africa he only had about 1000 with him. And he knew that behind the walls of ad pharma there were multiple numbers and historians did not report how many were in in pharma, but there were at least more than one fold the number of the Muslims. However, Muslims besieged the farmer and farmer and the siege of health pharma as reported were less than

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for four months, it was not it was not days it was four months. And what the Muslims will do is they camped a little bit away from the walls and they would have skirmishes with Byzantine every now and then during these months of siege. And until one time, the Romans tried to attack it to launch a major attack against the Muslim army. And Ross had a special trick where he were able, he was able with his army to turn around them and got to the walls and got to the gates before the Roman before the Byzantine Roman army got through the gates and the Muslim entered pharma. And there was very bad fighting the fighting was very fierce until the last as reported in history and especially in the

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book of muscle, as written by an author called subpoena from Egypt. He said on the last had a speech on Islam you're a man or people of Islam and faith

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Yeah, MLS Al Quran the people of Quran instructed to let them hold tight like the Muslims do and in their fierce battle Yeah, hi there Mohammed Oh companion of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his little sub Ravi Jan Be patient be endurance as men do with the to the academical. Let your foot feet be steadfast,

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while actually

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take out your Spears was stated will be direct and protect yourself with your shields. Windsor mustn't do not speak much, except for the mentioning of a law in medical law. He said, keep your heart strong with the mention of Allah Subhana with that, and that's how they came into the gates of and pharma and the former fortress fell into the Muslims, and more than gave his speech in Africa. He said you and so hamdulillah Praise to Allah subhanho wa Taala and let the jannali Jason muslimeen, Allah Allah, Allah Allah for Allah subhanaw taala that granted victory and to the Muslims. Allahu Avi moon, in Islam, Allah, Allah and he protects Islam.

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And then he said when I can come and they were very happy with the victory of Al format because they were there for several months in front of these this important fortress and he said, but do not think that an akula Manor, Manor abou fee. That's all that we wish for has been achieved. When we had a muscle he said, Do not let this victory fear fool you will do not be deceived by this victory of our former he said fella is Allah. Allah wa Vientiane he said it is still a very difficult road and it's gonna still be very rocky road into the complete victory when Muhammad Allah to kill and Allah has meaning. And he said the mission that were given to us by ameerul momineen amor, Amara

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apob is still not being accomplished and that is to protect the to take over Egypt and protect the territories from advancement of the Roman of the Byzantine.

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And then he said what la cumbre Sabri OPI said I recommend to you patience and obedience to your leaders. First say Allah mukono Buddha This is how important is he said for say Allah como una and Nana Judah Salaam. He said the people here will know that we are soldiers of peace, we did not come to bring ruin and destruction in slavery and to the people we are here to bring peace and freedom to the people of Egypt

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the second major fortress and their way was a fortress called the lease

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and and they'll these the Roman the Byzantine had major force in that fortress. And he's

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asked God to help ease and this skirmishes started between the Muslims and the Roman protectors army of the bees. And then I'm gonna last asked for the leaders of the fortress and at that time, they were called Abu Maria and Abu Mariam. He said, Let these two leaders come out. Then, hey, the two leaders came out to negotiate with us and he said that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said, Our Prophet told us about Egypt. And he said, and this is in Muslim, this hadith is narrated in Sahih Muslim, and the chapter of the Sahaba he sat down with the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, the Messenger of Allah said in the concept of the hoonah missile, he said, The Prophet sallallahu Sallam

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said that you will conquer Egypt you will allow us to Allah will give you a job.

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In conquest, why don't you send left he helped pay off. He said profits or money and send him was given them aside. They did not know what the Arabs of Mecca used to travel. They traveled either to Syria or thielmann. But they will not have much trading was Egypt not many of them knew what Egypt was and where Egypt was and what to do with Egypt. But he said the Prophet sallallahu Sallam gave them aside. He said, Why don't you send Matthew healthcare off? What that means is the people of Egypt know this kill very well. They have measurements, good units of measurements, and we know that that is something that's inherited from the old Egyptians and the pharaohs and all of that they have

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a very accurate scaling system. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told them that that's the type of this lamp and then he said somebody was a lamp phase as attached to him or her. And then when you are victorious in Egypt, fascino in Africa, he said, treat its people well treat the people of Egypt very well. But in Allah home

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was Sahara our ohana. As Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, he said they are people of vimla which is they are people of the book that we are to protect them if they are under our rule. They have to we have to treat them well. And then he said they are your relatives. You have a relationship with them. What did that relationship come from? What did this hadith mean? Remember, Brahim alayhi salam. Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salam is walaikum salam wa rahmatullah wa barakato. His wife, Sarah wanted him to have children when he did not have children. And he married g she gave him her servants and marriage Who is hajra? Well Hadhrat is Egyptian and Hatcher is the mother of his

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married and his name is the father of the art of kurush. So he said that they are your uncle's that these people they have relationship with you keep that relationship and treat them well. And this is what camera was selling these two leaders of of the of bilbies

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so then they looked at each other and they said car baton died this is at least distance relation This is a distant blood relation it goes through a Brahim I mean, long, long time ago, and he said they will say they said last Sunday with loja Indian India, this is solely for him. This is a connection, recognizing the relation the blood relation is enjoined upon in order religion. And they said this type of sinner it's only for the prophets only for people of Allah Subhana Allah did David recognize a relation that is that ancient that's that's, that's old.

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And they said, well give us your vows give us your vows that you will not attack until we come to you. And our said with Lila Yoda, don't pull any tricks on me. It's not I'm not the right person to trick. Don't tell me that you're going to go and, and come back with 1000s and 1000s of soldiers because they can ask for for a lot of help from bad villains which is which we'll we'll see. It's it's actually northern of this area right here of this dog. They said no, don't fool me. You have three days, you have only three days to come back to me with an answer. They said, Sydney, give us more. He said one more you have four days, then you come back with your answer about we will treat

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you well. Our Prophet sallallahu wasallam said that we should treat you well. But you have to surrender.

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So they went and they went to the purpose and alarm baboon. Now

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as we studied in the Sierra, when we were doing the the sera sessions he is the great of cooked, he is the head of the of the people of Egypt. But above him was an alpha boom you know alpha Boone was a title given to the Romans, the Byzantine governor of the territory. So for that for Egypt, there were two main men and helpers who leads the Coptic people and the baboon who would lead the Byzantine and and who is in charge of the armies.

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So they went and and they started selling the microphones and a lot of baboon what's going on. So Allah Prabhu said we have to find them. And we started they started the fight around obese without without waiting for the for the for the mouse and his offered piece. And after that a lot baboon was defeated and the battles around the obese, and he escaped with his army to Alexandria.

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And then, when the Muslims entered the beast, they found the daughter of an office in Belize and she was on a visit to this area and her name was Armand Musa.

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And the history reports and this is an LP day when you hear that she has her servants, and her name was Barbara was with her. And she was escaping from Babylon to bengis. Because the baboon and her father has agreed that our menu set should marry Constantine, Constantine, son of heraclius, that they will force our Medusa to marry the son of Caesar. And his name was Constantine. So she escaped with her servant to bilbies away from this marriage that she did not want.

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And when the Muslim army walked into Belize, they were able to they were capturing people in the palaces and she felt as a prisoner into the Muslim army. Now, she was a prisoner of war at that time, we know when they captured women, they are to be given as slaves to the conquer army. And that's just the rule of the time. So I'm gonna ask, gathered the Muslims and the Sahaba, about what to do with our Medusa. And he said, she is the daughter of Opus, and now she is the Princess of Egypt, if you will, and now she's a prisoner with the Muslim army and he said, I'm moving to the house. He said, Allah Subhana, Allah said, well, hadn't just sat on the index and he said, Allah

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Subhana, Allah said, You know what, man? Is there an award for good deed, but a good deed but a good reward? And they said, Well, you mean, what do you mean by that? They said, look at Arsalan calcasieu hadn't yet and Elena de una

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hora de la he did nothing. He was a medium and as of now home in your area, he said, her father sent a gift to our Prophet sallallahu wasallam No, the gift was Nadia, money as a player. She was an Opus when he got the letter of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. It did not respond. But he said if you remember Maria, and then you do the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you send them gifts. And and from Marya, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, was given his son Ibrahim, so I'm hoping allowance is reminding them he said, this is a man Her father is a man that did good and he treated our Prophet with respect from Allahu alayhi wa sallam. So is it should we not reward that goodness that that

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good that came out of him by good deeds that we returned to him even after the Prophet salado, send them there. And I said, I see that we sent her or my Noosa and her servants, and everybody, everybody in her entourage that's bound everybody with her and her money, everything we take out of their money, and send her back to help us. And that's what happened. And history reports that she was sent with all her jewels, or her servants back to her father. And Barbara was with heart her servant on their journey from bilbies to Babylon, and, and then to Alexandria, but she was taken by an Arab by the Muslim soldiers who was guarded to be given back to her father by the Muslim

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soldiers. And Barbara looked around and she was afraid and she said in an era una de Nanakuli. Janet, she said to her mastercode to to our Mendoza, she said, I see Arabs around us everywhere. Aren't you afraid on this journey that we are just surrounded by Arabs? And then our minister said this famous saying that was written in the history books, and she said,

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meanwhile, NFC, while the high metal out Obi Wan

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Kenobi, she said, I am safer, and I feel more protected among the meanings of Muslims or of course, they were all Arabs. At that time. You said I am well protected, and I feel safe among the Arabs, but I don't feel as safe and the Palace of my father. What that means, in the palace of her father, she was to be forced to marriage to Constantine, son of heraclius. But within the Arab she was not forced to be taken as a servant and she was brought back to her father, and with all her jewelry, and all her entourage.

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The next step was to advance to the one of the most important fortresses at the foot of the Delta. And it's close to a historical place called Heliopolis. And Egypt, which is also close to a place called Memphis, and that is on the west side of the non eliopoulos was on the eastern side of the night. So, there is a great fortress called Babylon, and that the fortress of Babylon was very important to the

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Byzantine and in that they had a lot of protection. So on the way to that beyond I'm gonna blast advanced and the Byzantines advanced a lot of their forces trying to stop this Islamic danger that is coming to to take the rest of Egypt

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and are at the shores of the Nile. There was an area and is called Dineen. And in that there was the famous battle of denee at that time walaikum salam wa rahmatullah wa barakato. amabilis has already sent to America, after the two important battles of pharma and the obese

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under us realize that his force is not that great, and the task needs more. So he called up an amount of Maha pub and he said double what I have, I want at least double the 8000 men that I have with me, and to be able to finish the mission to get to give you Egypt and I'm going to

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send him 4004 people, four and four. And he said, each one of these four is equal to 4000. So here's your 8000. So I'll send you 4000 soldiers and four men, each one of them is worth 1000 persons 1000 1000 soldier, and these people were as available

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as a bare metal arm, how are you Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that cibola of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, one of the 10 that is given the glad tidings of paradise. And he was one of the fighters that just like kind of dividual II that was able to fight with both hands equally and direct their horses with their words, he had an amazing powers to fight, remember his name, that, that the people of Penang were hiding behind the rock, and they would try to protect themselves and fight and they were asked Who is this And who's that. And once they saw is available, I wanted this is time to flee, this is time to run away. So this is one of them was Isabella one. The other one

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was the one that Mr. mahapatra would take from one place to wherever help is needed, he will take him and that was an excellent, excellent was one of the most fearful and most heroic fighters of Islam. And the third one was about that summit. And for a guy that there is a lot of things that we will talk about in the conquest of Egypt. And the fourth one was cell limit two with new harlot, these four people and Isaiah farmerville hapa, were worth 4000. And he sent him another 44,000. So now the force of armor class was about 4000 fighters, or equal to about 16,000 fighters. And that's how they entered the Battle of Dineen and like us did with his army and Dineen. Now, the name is at

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the, at the banks of a Nile of the river of the Nile. And what he did is he took part of his army, and he hid it behind the mountain in that area called the Red Mountain. And then he took another area, another part of the army, and he did it and he did it close to the Nile River. And he started fighting with only one third of his army. And then when, when the fighting was at its peak at the fiercest, he asked the people of the mountain to come. So all of a sudden those Byzantine that thought they were already being defeated, they see that Muslim army doubled the number although this there's still fewer than then the Byzantine but they they started retreating up to the now banks.

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And here's our ambivalence as the third part of the army to come out the one at denial and the big one the Byzantine so that they are being surrounded, they started fleeing everywhere. And that's how I'm reading the last was able to conquer the battle underneath. And the Muslims were able to take advantage and continue their advance to heslin. Babylon to the fortress of Babylon.

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That Yun was one of the most well fortified places for the Byzantine. They had multiple areas on the way to protect Egypt. But this, this is the door to the west. And this is the door to the south. This is the gate that if you control this area at the foot of the Delta, you pretty much control the delta of the Nile River yet you control the South what south of the Delta as well. So this was a very important and this area will defend everything again, that is coming from the east that we'll be able to penetrate through the initial ports of defense.

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So around

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Who besieged this fortress for seven months? This was very long siege around Babylon.

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And he sent to

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focus, messenger. He said, after the long time, he said, Let's negotiate with them. Let's send and talk to Opus who is the head of the Coptic people.

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Help us and in turn started sending us letters to try and to start a negotiation. But this was not a surrender, negotiation. This was psychological warfare at its best, and we will see that and how these negotiation went and inshallah we will spend some time about that and forgive me for doing that brothers and sisters that this is important, because during this negotiation, we won't be able to Charlotte to understand the psychology and faith and the strength of the Muslims that were on the battlefield. During because I'm going to ask that not direct the negotiation himself he sent an ambassador for himself. The first letter of goes from a local office to Amazon allows he tells them

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in the electrical TV Latina you came into our mind. Well, I'll have to Malaka kaleena you've been so stubborn and persistent in fighting us, or Paula McConnell confirm your address stay too long in Egypt. He said that you already here in Egypt for too long it's time for you to leave.

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When demand from us back on you see, the only few of you we see that you're not that many of you around here. This is you know, basically 12,000 people

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and you said rocket oven left como room he said the room our protectors, the Byzantine, he said they are overshadowing you there are so many of them, they are much more than you are. Of course he knows the cryptic did not have an army that he is telling the Muslims that we have the Byzantine that will fight you and basically kick you out of this land.

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How Adobe comm has a need. And he said you also have the river our river against you and need and this because he knew that our our people of the desert and they have no expertise in fighting on mud or in wetland or crossing rivers or fighting around rivers. He said that we have the Byzantine and the Nol against you.

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Why number n SRP, Idina, he said consider yourselves prisoners of war. He said, Now it's time for you Muslims to consider yourself prisoners. Firstly, we'll enter each element in consensus us humans, we listen to them and we see fella who and yet he has an umbrella to his head. He said maybe that we will reach something that you would like and we would like instead of humiliating you like we should. And then he said kubla and shall come to our room before the visit can get to you, fellow and phone and killer, then negotiating would not matter, then you will be basically wiped out. And he said, Well, I'm gonna come and tell them you will regret it. If the fighting started, then you

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Muslims will regret what you're not taking my offer when the fighting starts, really the real fighting start with the Roman. And then he said send me some people to talk to. So this is really psychological warfare. He's telling them this, you consider yourself business before but maybe I can do something for you before the Byzantine wipe you out. That's the message that that the Pope has sent to the IMO and allows.

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And then he sent the people that he sent with that letter of the law said let these people stay in our camp for about two to three nights.

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As expected His messengers to come back the same day. And they did not come back the ones that were sent with this message. So he started asking he said could they have killed my messengers? Is that what what these Muslims do? They kill killing messengers is a disgrace. It's not something it's not honorable. It's like the diplomatic

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code of behavior today is those diplomatic missions you don't touch whatever the situation is.

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And then

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had a different flight. He said take these passengers and let them blend in the camp. Let them see how we do things. Let them let them see how we treat each other. Let them see us. Let them see who they're dealing with. If they think they're only dealing with the 12,000 people than their mistake, let them see the strength of the Muslim army and the faith of them Somali.

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So I'm gonna laugh. After two to three days send the messengers back to Allah helpless and hopeless as his messengers has

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How did you see them What happened? And they said Reiner Coleman they said we saw people and moved to LA Mina. They said we saw people death is more preferable to them than life. They said a Palazzo habla la minahasa said humility and humbleness is better to them than arrogance and pride and pride

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laziale had the him

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he said none of one of them like this life like this, this has any any ambitions that are related to this life that we live in. They said in the major loser home electronics they sit on send you home Allah to carry him they said they eat on their knees, they sit down on their knees and they eat of course the wealth of Egypt and the wealth and luxury of the Byzantine Empire. We all hear and know about I mean they have all these mansions and palaces and etc.

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And then they said a motorhome kaleida Minh home, their leaders, just like any of them.

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said when we mingled among them, they we could not tell who's the commander and who are the subjects, they're all with each other, they all talk to each other, they eat with each other, there is no hierarchy and the way they deal with each other.

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And they said why the habitus Sala when the solar comes

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when the sunlight comes, all of them are praying not one of them is left behind. Yes, Luna prothrombin Maddy said they clean themselves with water with the Hashana facility him and they're really occupied with their solar. And then an Hocus listen to that. And he said, Well,

00:36:46--> 00:37:08

he said for the one that we give our oaths and vows for that Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, let's talk about New Japan. As he said those if they want to move the mountain, they will move the mountain if what you're telling me is true. Nobody can find these people. When I acquire Patel, he said, he said no one can find these people.

00:37:09--> 00:37:30

And then said, Well, I will No, no, no, no, I'm not telling him somehow homoeo wahama sorona be Heather Neil, Len mujeeb una Nevada Leo. He said if we don't take advantage of their offering their their peace their 3d today than when they are victorious. We cannot force them to do anything. That is advantage to us.

00:37:33--> 00:37:56

So that was the mission of Elmo caucus. And that was what the effect of the mission was on Alamo caucuses, he felt like things are not going to go well with these people that if that's what their their way of life is. Then I'm looking at our son his own delegation to us. And among them is one of the four people that

00:37:57--> 00:38:47

have said to him that is worth 1000 person. And that was a bad summit. By the time it was announced. And he was black. He was dark. And he was short. And he was not a handsome man. He was short, small, and tiny and body. But he was one of the closest Sahaba to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was a man that is worth 1000 men and the eyes if i'm not i'm gonna hop up. And that was the leader of the delegation to help us. So he comes back. And he was described as his, his he was 10. Ash bartol. He's 10 handlines tall, he was only maybe about this tall. He was very short man, that if you look at and you don't get this leadership, you know type of sense when he comes into into the

00:38:47--> 00:38:47

place.

00:38:48--> 00:38:54

And I'm a fed you go to the office and you offer him three things. You offer him Islam, you offer.

00:38:55--> 00:39:17

And you offer more. And anything beyond these three, you do not have anything to give, because that's what I need. And I mean, Mr. mahapatra, told me to get everybody has one or three choices. They can either accept Islam, they become one of us. They either accept our protection and pay the protection tax that just yet or they have to fight us there is no other way.

00:39:19--> 00:39:20

And then when they walked into

00:39:22--> 00:39:56

our house, looked at them and he said, what he said, Let this black man go away. Then you have a suit. He said I don't like to look and I'm afraid he said I'm have is mean and I get afraid of black people. He said let that black man go away. And they said he has an S word. They said this black man have been in our environment. They said he is the best of us. And he has the most knowledge. He's the God the best knowledge among us. He's our leader. What was the you do now how you do now what

00:39:57--> 00:40:00

they said he is our master. He is our best

00:40:00--> 00:40:07

Man, he is the best man we have. And he is the one that is given the command over us. What? Jimmy

00:40:08--> 00:40:12

said we all obey this black man. That's what you have to deal with.

00:40:13--> 00:40:18

So I'm Coco said what can you thought of Ito and yaku has an S word of Calico.

00:40:19--> 00:40:31

una una Co. He said, How did you accept that this black man. And we know there was a lot of discrimination in Egypt among the Coptic and the newbies, which were black from the south from the Sudan today.

00:40:32--> 00:41:13

And he said, how would you accept that this black Lin be your leader, and he should be your follower, he should be your servant. And they said in the Hawaiian candidates were the lone kamatera said he is black as you can see, but what in the who of Bolinas have been in America and he said, he is one of the best because of what's in his head, because of what he knows, because his knowledge is directly from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when I say, you know, Salah, Faena, and they said, being black, and this is what they said that said, being black is not of matter to us. And it is not something that anybody is be ashamed off. This is my brothers and sisters in the book of

00:41:13--> 00:41:15

history, and the books of history.

00:41:16--> 00:41:26

And they said, and then I said, Yes, what black men come, come forward. What can they meet? and talk to you softly?

00:41:27--> 00:41:32

thing, you have a suit. I'm not comfortable with black people. So you need to talk softly to me.

00:41:34--> 00:41:56

And Amanda came to him with also Hanalei. And if any of us was aware that he would be but at this point, would be furious, would be boiling with anger of this type of treatment. Rebecca had a vision, he did not care what this man thought of him his color. Oh, he had a mission to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And he came forward, he said,

00:41:58--> 00:42:12

I heard what you say. And I tell you something before I start, he said in the men, men who left the man who left to me as hobby what I said after the people that are left behind the N selegiline, is what he said there is 1000 black people that live in that camp.

00:42:14--> 00:42:27

All of them just like me, why shouldn't do so and many more black than me, they have been darker than me. Well, I want to move on. And they said they are just more you know, you don't when you look at them, you don't like him just more than I do.

00:42:28--> 00:42:42

To give them more of his medicine. And he said whenever I tell him, but if you see them use these more scared of them than you would be from me. If you're scared from me, you will be more scared of these 1000s that are there.

00:42:43--> 00:42:53

One, Borussia Davis and I'm only an old man, I'm not that young, but they're all back. They are really young. And they're just ready to fight you. They're all coming just to get you.

00:42:54--> 00:42:57

And then he said when he the handler

00:42:59--> 00:43:31

he said with me being old, I'm afraid none of 100 of my enemies that come towards me. This is what topsoe and overridable sommet. When he sent him he said this man is worth worth 1000 men. He said if 100 of them with me with my gray hair, I'm afraid none of them work and then look at radicals Harvey, in America tuna, tuna and jihad. de la he said Our goal is in Jihad feasterville in LA What about one in LA and the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala

00:43:32--> 00:43:37

he said let's well they serve us when I do not mean that horrible La Jolla wrong Betty Jr. Allah Allah

00:43:39--> 00:43:46

said we don't invade. We don't come on armies to get more of this dunya to get the wealth of this earth.

00:43:48--> 00:44:10

Well, man, we barely had enough. He said none of us care. You these people that you're talking about these lakh soldiers and he did not like he said none of us care at Canada who can follow me and Liam Lika Durham and he said if one of us had a mountain of gold, or he owned nothing, none of us would give a darn about that. We don't care about any of that.

00:44:11--> 00:44:30

He said he had you know in a dunya dounia This is the psychology This is the faith the strength of the Muslim army. He said that our goal of this dunya aplican nakoula I said the food that we eat, we just want something that to keep us from being hungry. Well, shameless on Delta, HIPAA and cover to sleep in at night.

00:44:31--> 00:44:45

And then he said Fenn encana hadn't lamb Queen ladadika Cafe if we have this, that's the wealth of this dunya that's all we want of this dunya and if we have the mountain of gold, why in Canada under that heading up in thought, Oh, nice to have

00:44:46--> 00:44:51

it Yeah, we would spend it and obedience in the way of our last panel with that.

00:44:52--> 00:44:59

You said dooney Allah subhana wa ha ha ha ha he said the pleasure of dunya is not a real pleasure and the luxury

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

Demand is not the real luxury. The real luxury is in the hereafter.

00:45:06--> 00:45:32

And then he said that be danika marinara buena. This is how Allah subhana wa tada ordered us and enjoying the bonus. While Marana been at the unit. This is what the prophet with our Prophet has taught us. sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then he said what he did Elena Allah takuna, who met with the nomina dunya in Lana in Cebu, it was through our way of poo. Poo Poo Dharavi, what

00:45:33--> 00:45:46

he said the Prophet has told us and had taught us that we care none about this Jr. Except fighting our enemy, and the pleasure of our Lord is heard his speech.

00:45:47--> 00:45:56

And he heard it through through an interpreter. And then he looked at the people around him and he said in his own Coptic language, and he said,

00:45:57--> 00:46:06

has some metal mythological and he has orajel. So have you ever heard speech like this? Have you ever heard anybody that say in words like this?

00:46:07--> 00:46:57

Nobody tomorrow he said I was scared of his appearance? Why not? Hola. Hola. Yeah, bang demon. manzara. But his speech is scaring me more, that his speech is making me scared of what these people can do. He said in the hair that was harder. This man and his companions, aka Jehovah, la Holy horovod. He says Allah Subhana Allah has sent these people to correct the ruin of this earth to fix the chaos on earth. And this is true. That's what Allah subhanaw taala said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions for and then he said, Well, a man or woman will come in, let's say, Kalia Sharma. And he said, I would think that there that there they will be victorious over

00:46:57--> 00:46:58

this entire earth.

00:46:59--> 00:47:22

And then he started his site. Now that's what he was telling his people and without a bad knowing what he's saying. Then he addressed overhead and he continued to to continue with his psychological warfare. These have got Sameer tumaco lattakia omega cup dantooine. I heard what you said about you, your people and all of that.

00:47:23--> 00:47:29

And then he said Nakata, J Elena Lipitor alikhan Minh jemena Rumi mela.

00:47:30--> 00:47:39

He said they're coming to fight you have the room of the Byzantine, countless army. The two will be armies that you cannot count.

00:47:40--> 00:47:49

Our models will not be measured that he was shut down he said people that are chosen to fight you that are known of their fierce fighting and their bravery.

00:47:51--> 00:48:34

And then he said when Lenin Alamo and accom lanta qualicum we know that you cannot find these people we know that you cannot defeat these people. And he said well of course I come from a novena. asuran you have been around this fortress for months. One four feet deep in worship, and we know that you're hungry and you're tired. He's talking to the thoroughbred. It's not a koala come we just have having some mercy on you. We feel for you. We haven't some sympathy on you. And then you said what? Susannah and masala kamikazes trembling with fear. He knows that he cannot fight them. But he's playing them trying to see what would work. He said but I think I will offer you something he said

00:48:34--> 00:48:36

every man of you will get to dinner.

00:48:38--> 00:48:48

Well, you need to come near and for your leader 100 when he heard the comments, he said for your halifa we'll give him 1000 dinar golden Deena.

00:48:51--> 00:49:03

I'm sorry for 11 he said you get the money and you you leave, complain you're shackled mela quwata combat before that what comes to you it's something that you cannot you cannot fight and you cannot defeat.

00:49:05--> 00:49:18

Oh bad that felt like the man is not listening to him. Well, he said yeah, that must have been an F soccer obvious hobby. He said Don't Don't be arrogant. Don't be proud of you or your allies the Byzantine.

00:49:19--> 00:50:00

He said fella Omri Don't make me scared with the numbers. Or the strength of the Byzantine. He said I met him in a room you identity him. He said we don't care about the number we don't care about the strength. Um, we had a lady to Hawaii for a while I believe he accept on American fee. He said that is not something that will turn us away from this. He said it cannot happen if that's truly what you're saying. For her though. We're lucky I don't have my Akuma 53 tatty him. He said You are making me even more keen on fighting them. You're here. You're making me loving this more wanting me to to wait for the battle more of them really through

00:50:00--> 00:50:08

Better than the ones we already been fighting because this one does not hold up. Very good. He said, then I'm looking forward towards the next battle.

00:50:09--> 00:50:48

He said, The end of the Delica as our Ender abena, either Kadena LA. He said when we fight faithfully that is better for us, when we come and meet a loss of Hana with that there is more reward and a fiercer battle, and a more difficult battle. He said that that's great that I cannot wait for that battle, like Putin and atherina He said, If we were wiped out, all of us were killed. Can and can Elena, you're born into it. If we were killed, then we would get higher degrees and paradise among the martyrs so what are you trying to scare me with? You're just making me more eager. You're just making me alone to this battle.

00:50:50--> 00:51:01

And then he said in an inconvenient isn't that his name? I will wait for this battle because we will get one of two things either martyrdom or victory. But there is no other there is no other solution.

00:51:03--> 00:51:48

And then he said last Hannah with Allah call Elena he said Allah subhanaw taala told us and his book can mean theoretically Latin wala Thea Tang Kathy Ratan Neela, wah wah ma savini. said Allah Subhana. Allah said in his book and this is an Al Baqarah 249, he said can mean fat and kalila how many small group of people group a small group of fighters? Let's see, I think 80 are undefeated, a big group of fighters are big army in Manila, with the grace and the permission of Allah subhanho wa Taala, en la Masada de la for those who are patient, and they are endure, they are enduring in the battle. Then he said, What are these stones that are hidden in Naropa? Who Elijah, he said, we have

00:51:48--> 00:51:56

given our children and our families to our last panel with Allah to to be cared with, and we are ready for this fight.

00:51:57--> 00:52:17

Then he gave him his three choices, he said, You either come to Islam, and that is the only the only religion that is accepted by our last kind of what the Allah or you and and if you do that, then you become our brother, then you become your your entire puppet nation become our brothers and sisters and Allah Subhana Allah,

00:52:19--> 00:52:23

Allah, and you will get the pleasure of dunya and the pleasure of the hereafter.

00:52:24--> 00:53:08

And he said one other item, but if your fuse and you want only the jizya, you want the tax, then you reverse the tax, you give us the juice, yeah, for protection and yet no home saw their own, when you are subject to us after given that that tax, then we will treat you well with something that will give you pleasure that you will be pleased and satisfied with and something that we will be satisfied with. And then he said when we're caught in your ankle, and we will protect you and defend you. And then we will protect your money when we're out of Morocco. Marbella, come on me, come on, come on welcome, said anybody that wants to take any of your land, any of your of your families, or

00:53:08--> 00:53:12

any of your money, we will fight them and protect you according to this treaty.

00:53:13--> 00:53:29

And then said and if you do not want any of these, then we will have dual will delay our judgment and give our judgment to the sword until the last of us die, or we are victorious was the grace of Allah subpattern. With that

00:53:30--> 00:53:33

said have any melee akuna burden. He said that will never happen.

00:53:35--> 00:53:42

You want us to be our so your service if you want us to work and give you the money, the tax, he said that you better have a back.

00:53:43--> 00:53:54

That's it. That's that's what I have. And Macaca said, Give me a fourth option. About I said, I have only three choices given to me. And that's all you're gonna get. And that's all I can offer you.

00:53:56--> 00:53:57

And then

00:53:59--> 00:54:04

help us look again at his people like his bishops and his counselors. And he said,

00:54:06--> 00:54:16

I suggest to you that we do not go into the religion that do not accept their religion, and we will not leave the religion of the Messiah in the sea

00:54:17--> 00:54:19

and a cellar. And then we said,

00:54:21--> 00:54:48

fighting them, I don't think we can fight them. You live you heard who they are. And you you go with the messengers went and saw how they deal with each other. And you heard their determination, and I don't think we can stand to their funding. So what do they want? What do you want to do? And people said, Well, we will not surrender to them. And we will not give them any just yet. so bad that the sommets went back. And he told

00:54:49--> 00:54:59

us that there is no other solution left but to fight against this hopeless army. And the Battle of battle young started after Oh bad

00:55:00--> 00:55:19

sommet negotiated with an Opus. And the battle revealed that the Muslims with the grace of Al Hamdulillah Blondie were victorious and the rest of the Byzantine fighters fled to Alexandria and on the fortress from Babylon to Alexandra.

00:55:27--> 00:55:31

I'm going to be last stayed in Babel Yon for several months

00:55:32--> 00:56:23

until the the army rest and regroup after their long walk from Jerusalem to Babylon. And remember, every siege would take several months. This were not easy battles, they were not a fast advancement into Egypt. So I'm hoping Alas, decided that his army should rest before they advance into Alexandria. And Alexandria was very the second city after Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire. This was the importance of Alexandria. So they rested in that beyond. And the many of the, the Coptic people have fabriion became their allies. And they started giving the Muslims a lot of intelligence and a lot of advice about how to advance to Alexandria and how to fight the Byzantines.

00:56:24--> 00:56:55

So I'm Adnan asked, started marching, after the orders came from the halifa. Amara Amara Maha pop. Now you should go on and take Alexandria, the second city of the Byzantine Empire after Constantinople, and Alexandria at that time was the number one commercial capital of the world. The trade city of the world was at that time, Alexandria, so it was a very important center of commerce for the Byzantine Empire.

00:56:56--> 00:57:44

And hirako has himself said that in rural Arab world and Iskandariyah like Anna Fidel, he can call me, Lucky him. He Laconia said that if the Arabs were able to control Alexandria, there are a kingdom would be demolished, then our influence will be completely damaged. And what heraclius wanted to do is to leave an army through the sea. Now, Byzantine design team had complete dominance on the Navy on the sea at that time, and this was not a battlefield where herbs knew how to do anything at that time in the sea. So he wanted to lead a complete fleet to Alexandria himself to protect this important part of his kingdom. And as he was ready to cross the Mediterranean with this

00:57:44--> 00:58:35

lead, he dies heraclius after leaving Syria, and getting ready to go back to five the Muslims in Alexandra, he dies after him. He has two children heraclius the second and Constantine the one that wanted to marry our Medusa, and they both were, he did not have a clear heir to the throne. So chaos started happening in the Byzantine and the army did not move. And this is one of the grace on the pleasure help of Allah Subhana Allah to the Muslim army. Martina was the wife of heraclius and she was the mother of heraclius the second and she wanted her son to get the throne while Constantine was actually older, and he wanted to get the throne. And Constantine was killed in a mysterious way.

00:58:36--> 00:59:16

And the the accused of that was Martina. So there was a lot of conflict in the Byzantine Empire at that time. And just to make a long story short, the army did not move on to Alexandria. Alexandria was protected naturally from the north with the, with the sea with the Mediterranean Sea. It was protected from the east with one of the branches of the delta of the Nile River, and there was a canal to the to the west of Alexandria. So the only way to get from the south and then get Alexandria from the east. And there was there was only one way to get into Alexandria.

00:59:17--> 00:59:40

And that was a big battle between Babylon and Alexandria. That happened in the 19th year after Hydra, and it's called the Battle of carrion. And this battle is very poorly recorded in history. There's only a few lines in history, but from these few lines we know is very important battle before Muslims got to Alexandria on the way from bad neon to Alexandria.

00:59:41--> 00:59:59

So people of Alexandria were besieged and the Muslim army marched from Babylon as we said, and that took a long time to get to Alexandria and the siege of Alexandria lasted for nine months. That is the longest Siege of Egypt.

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

At that time,

01:00:02--> 01:00:52

and I'm going to ask, started having a lot of anxiety and Hanalei his faith was not shaken. He wanted to spare his army, the the, the the distress on the walls of Alexandria. So he started looking, and this is how Muslims look into what is the weakness? He said this not only few of us he did not care how many the numbers were, how strong the army is. He walked out and into the army and he received a letter from Mr. Bob saying, my back pocket to the fire ecoman said he muscle in Mecca, Ducati Luna hamidah says anything. He said, he said, You have been fighting in Egypt for two years, and you have still not conquered Egypt. And then he said, I know what the problem is. amagno hotpot.

01:00:53--> 01:00:56

He said that he can just thought it's because of your sins.

01:00:58--> 01:01:01

That's why it's taken you too long. Why?

01:01:02--> 01:01:23

Because you are loving the dunya now, you started getting taken with the love of dunya. He said, Why mala Hakka Baraka with Allah Allah Coleman. Coleman in Liberty City Yeah, to him. He said your true and strong intentions and pure intention to Allah, that's your key for victory. And then he said to us, I gave you four people.

01:01:26--> 01:01:44

And I gave you for my best people. And I told you each one of them is worth 1000 of them. In a akuna katajanokka jacc. He says, unless they have changed, like the rest of you have changed. He said these are people who care less about Delia. So what's going on? Why is it taking so long?

01:01:46--> 01:02:00

And then he said hey, Natasha kitabi has a lot of finesse. When that when when Melissa come to you then go tell the people what I told him. So I'm hoping they'll ask comes up. And he brought these four people and he put them in front of the army and he said,

01:02:01--> 01:02:47

he said put these four people in front of the army and fight on the day of the Juma because on the day of the Juma the mercy of Allah Subhana Allah descends upon Muslims. And then he said, it is the time where answering of prayer and ask people to make room before their battle. Let them go to the battlefield was will do. And then ask them to pray to Allah subhana wa to Allah and ask Allah subhanho wa Taala for victory. He said, while a concern said Your problem is in this sense that you have accumulating from the love of dunya from liking what you see of the wealth. So the avoidable sommet became a problem asking gave a bad double sommet, the banner to lead the battle and the

01:02:47--> 01:03:37

Battle of Alexandria started. And that was according to most accounts on the 20th year of Hydra. It's probably 642 ADC, and the Battle of Alexandria was favourably into the Muslim side. And with the grace of Allah Subhana. Allah the walls of Alexandria felt Muslims, and with graciousness, and the vanilla asked did not treat the people of Alexandria as the feeders he gave them the same 3d that the people affected young gods, and he gave them made them the people of the man gave him protection. And then he took from them the jizya the tax, although they chose war, and according to that time, they should be enslaved. And they should not have any freedom of getting that but he gave

01:03:37--> 01:04:13

them their freedom for giving the tax for Muslims. After that, I'm open, alas, went back. And this is just to recap, I'm going to be last March on to Egypt, as he went from Jerusalem, and he went on the eastern shore Eastern banks of the North. Then he crossed the web and he went off to Alexandria, and that's how this area was controlled. After that amber Milhouse returned, and he wanted to make Alexandria his capital. So he sent a letter to Mr. Maha pub and asked him

01:04:14--> 01:04:30

to come to take Alexandria and to settle his armies in Alexandria. And he said, Don't stay there. Don't let the bulk of the Muslim army stay in Alexandria. Do not leave body of water between me and you.

01:04:32--> 01:04:59

He said I cannot send you help. He knows that the last contact I gave him victory but this is Islam. You take the reason you do what you want, you can and then you rely on last 100 to Allah. He said there are only few of you on your you there is a body of water between you and me. So if the protection of Burke on Libya wanted to attack you and you are defeated in this area cannot send you help fast. He said do not let a body of water come

01:05:00--> 01:05:56

Between you and me, so are a lot of us withdrawn. And he went to an area where his pinch was on the eastern shore on the eastern bank of the Nile. And his strength was called alpha start. The facade in Arabic means the big tent. And in that area of the tent, I'm rebel are starting planning his city, a city close to Memphis, the old city of the capital of Egypt and Heliopolis, which is one of the important cities of Egypt. And in that area, he set a new Masjid called Mr. gambrel villas and that area grow to become Cairo to become a pile and it used to be called and full stop until the time of the fall so me and and and later on, and it's became the Cairo it's became a popular and in

01:05:56--> 01:06:12

Arabic And under glass became the first builder of that great Muslim capital L called Hara who has today with the grace of Allah subhanaw taala 1000 more than 1000 in order to say that, a llama Muhammadan rasul Allah.

01:06:15--> 01:07:04

After that the facade has been established, and on started on Easter. Now we know people from Egypt know it's on both banks of the Nile River. And then the last started moving to take the last strongholds of the Byzantine in North Africa, which was the city of burqa, which is today an area of Libya at this area, and then later on burka surrendered without fighting. Then he moved on to Tripoli, or propolis, a lot, as it's called today, which is the capital of today's Libya, and it was besieged for several months. But then Muslims got intelligence that they're the easy access from the sea. So actually, Muslim armies sneak from the sea. And once the Byzantine army, so Muslims coming

01:07:04--> 01:07:51

into the city, they surrendered, and Tripoli or propolis, surrendered. And our class called upon upon and said there is still more land. That is still Tunisia, there is so Algeria, Morocco, there is more land. So I want to move on on that advance ahead. Well, him and his 12,000 men, that's it less than 12,000, because he would leave people to God, the territories that he was in. So I thought, I'm no cop. I've said no stop there, you stop your advance in parabolas. And this is as far west as the Muslim territories and fast on the day of pop. Number one hip hop had every intention to advance further, but he said we have to regroup, and we have to establish our protection. And with

01:07:51--> 01:08:23

the humbleness panel with Allah, the entire Byzantine Empire has been wiped out of North Africa. And later on, that becomes the prelude to the rest of the North African conquest, and then into the Spanish and to the advancement into Spain. On the days of the Umayyad Khalifa, and a last panel with Allah gave this to the Muslims and we saw the story and how Stoney reported the conquest of Egypt. We have to stop here in about a minute or two,

01:08:24--> 01:08:26

as ammunition solidly shot,

01:08:27--> 01:08:43

we will show a lot continue on next session. I want to just to give you a little historical advance here is as this going on the conquest of the East we're going on at the same time, we're just trying to choose one area

01:08:44--> 01:09:33

to study and I thought that the conquest of Egypt would follow naturally the conquest of Philistine May Allah return it to the Muslims and, and to because it is the same conquerors the same fattest the same leader honorable asked him and his and his Sahaba and his companions. So inshallah we will start a new session next weekend with the new leaders are going to be a lot of new names and a new fronts on the east when one of the largest superpowers that the ancient world known Persia will be forever No more will be completely wiped out from the name from the face of the earth by the advancement of the Muslim army and I mean by wiped out not murdered and killed and slaughtered. But

01:09:33--> 01:09:59

given the freedom to choose Islam, as most people of the Persian Empire chose, and became the areas of Persia and advanced into Pakistan and Afghanistan and northern Arabia today, all became one of the strongest holes of slam today what hamdulillah who holy has our stuff for LA Latina, new Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Allah and found out and sign an email and send a signal venosa contadina Robin alameen Wa hamdu Lillahi wa below

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alameen salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ma