The Book Of Prayer Episode 02
Channel: Ahsan Hanif
Series: Ahsan Hanif - The Book Of Prayer
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www.att.co uk, Natalie and I are meeting seldom at the Sleeman kathira about yesterday, we began with the book of Salah, and the chapter of timings of prayers. And we covered a number of different Hadith that we took yesterday spoke about the general timings of the prayers of the beginning time and the end time, generally speaking about the prayers.
Today's lecture inshallah and the Hadith that we're going to begin with and ahaadeeth follow on from that, until the end of the chapter will now speak about the other issues regarding the timings of the prayer. So yesterday we spoke about the actual timings when they start and when they finish from now on these ahaadeeth will speak about exceptions to the rule and other issues regarding the timing. So in terms of the general timings, we covered them yesterday, those are, that's the general rule of thumb. But there are exceptions to that and there are certain circumstances in which that general rule of thumb changes, and that is where we're going to pick up from today. So the first
Hadith is Hadith 132
wannabe hora radi Allahu anhu Paula Paula Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam either said they'll have Abu Salah for initital Henri Maleficent jahannam Mustafa panauti, on the authority of Abu huraira rhodiola Huang, who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when it becomes severely hot, then delay the prayer for indeed the severe heat. It is from the breath of Hellfire, and this is in Bukhari and Muslim. This Hadith. As we said, yesterday, we spoke about the general timings of the prayers. This Hadith speaks about an exception to the rule. The general timing of our prayer, as we established yesterday, is when the sun moves slightly past its zenith. That's the time
that word prayer starts in this heading, and we said that the general rule also was that every prayer should be prayed at its earliest time. That is the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This Hadith speaks about an exception to the rule, when a certain circumstance takes place. And that is when it is really hot when it is severely hot. And this is obviously like we're speaking. And again, these are Hadith that we study we have to take them into in context, right, we're speaking about the heat of the Arabs in Saudi Arabia, we're speaking about when the prophets on the lower lingual Salaam was in Medina. And so the heat there is hot anyway, in the summer and in
the winter, it's very hot, during work time, this is not exceptionally hot. So it becomes very, very hot, and there are days when it will be extremely hot towards the whole time. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told the companions that they would delay the prayer slightly. So instead of praying the prayer at its earliest time, they would wait for the sun to continue on its cost so that inshallah it would become less hot.
And this hadith is based on another Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, which is collected in Al Bukhari also not forgivable hooray rhodiola one, and that is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that the Hellfire complained to Allah subhanho wa Taala that parts of it, were consuming other parts, which took her to know you know, Rob, Bihar, a kalaburagi Brahma, that the fire of how a large social gave it the ability to speak, and it complained to Allah subhana wa Taala. That because of the severe heat of the fire of how because of its severe heat, parts of it, were consuming other parts. And so he complained to Allah. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi
wasallam said, further an alarm will have been ever seen. Allah gave it permission, the fire of home, that it should be able to breathe twice, once in the summer, and once in the winter. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said when you experience extreme heat and extreme cold, it is from the breath of jahannam from the breath of the Hellfire and this is in Sahara Buhari. That Hadith is the basis of this hadith because again, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying that when it becomes extremely hot, that is from the breath of Johanna. So when it is extremely hot, you delay the prayer and you delay the prayer and that allows you then to come and pray at inshallah
time and a climate that is more attuned to having kosher in the prayer. And this is the wisdom behind this. The wisdom behind this ruling is that the most important part of the prayer is crucial. The most important part of the prayer is for sure that you have attentiveness when you pray. So if someone's praying and that's why many a hadith when you look, in general you will find the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if you're hungry and food is present you eat if you need to go to the bathroom and the time for prayer comes in.
Go to the bathroom. Like what is the processor missing when it becomes extremely hot, don't pray, wait for it to cool down, then pray. And all of these ahaadeeth speak about exactly the same issue. And that is the importance of crucial. And that's why there are other Hadees where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that perhaps a person will pray, and they will receive only half of their prayer, meaning and reward. And a person who will pray and they only receive a third or a quarter, or a 10th or an eighth, someone will pray and they will receive none of their prayer, meaning and reward. Why? Because when they're praying, they have no attentiveness. They have no for
sure, their mind is elsewhere. And the prophet SAW Selim said, you only get from your prayer, what you have ushered in. And that's very important, that is the essence of the prayer that you are attentive in the prayer. So if you don't have the attentiveness, then that prayer doesn't have much worth doesn't help much. And that's why many times when a larger will speaks in the Quran of the prayer, and how to pray, for example, it stops the person from sinning and it stops the person from falling into evil. And then you have people saying, well, we pray all the time, pray five times a day, every day, but we still send we still fall into these problems. The prayer doesn't give us any
contentment, any peace. It's because of the way that they're offering that prayer, that prayer is not delivered with for sure, it's not being offered the way that it should be offered. And because there is that lapse, because there is that thing missing, that secret ingredient that element that is missing. That's why the player doesn't have that effect on us, neither, and our body is law on our hearts. So the Sharia has come to make sure that a person can have crucial to the best of its ability. So the Sharia doesn't allow you to pray, for example, if you're extremely hungry, and you can eat doesn't allow you to pray, for example, if you have to go to the bathroom, and it's time for
the prayer. Why because if you're hungry and you're praying, your mind is not going to be on the prayer, it's going to be on what you're going to eat. If you need to go to the bathroom, your mind's going to be on just trying to keep your door during that prayer. Right. And likewise, if a person is extremely hot, they're just going to wish that the Imam finishes so that they can leave. So this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is to show also the importance of crucial this opinion of delaying the prey when it becomes extremely hot. That is the opinion of the vast majority of the sponsors, including the form FM's including the 40. Members, there is the opinion of the vast
majority of the sponsors that what you do is you delay the prayer. Now there are two important points here that need to be mentioned. Number one, is that there is another ruling that is the opposite to this ruling. And that is that the prophets of Salaam said that when it rains, you pray at home, right when it's severe rain when it rains, you pray at home, or anything like when snow, sleet, hail, those kind of things you pray at home. Likewise the prophets of Salaam in this Hadith, the same delay the prayer there are two important points that need to be remembered when we come across these a hadith. Number one is the context of the Hadith. The context of the Hadith is that in
Saudi Arabia, it's very hot anyway, it's extremely hot. This is talking about now when they feel that it's too hot, or in a place like Makkah. And in places like Medina, that is different to for example, for us, even in the summer, where it's like, no 28 degrees, 30 degrees, that is to us a modern day, right there. It's like it's not even very hot. However, if in England, it was to become 35, maybe 40. That's extremely hot for us. In other parts of the world, maybe it's normal, but it's extremely hot for us, then we would also apply this ruling. That would be the general way of applying the ruling. Also the opposite is the same as well, when it comes to rain. So we have this
Hadith of the Prophet Solomon, it rains you pray at home, that's talking about Saudi Arabia very rarely rains. And when it does rain, it floods because of the way rains so much rains very heavy, and you likely get flooding in the streets, even today, you'll find that in floods in places like Saudi Arabia when it rains heavily. And then because it's a lot of sand because of the terrain, everything becomes muddy. And so because of that as well, they, because of that the rain has a severe effect on them. And that's opposed to us because it rains here all the time. If you were to apply this Hadeeth would rarely be in the masjid, right, the whole year round, we just be praying
our home. So it needs to be taken into context. That's the first point. The second point is also looking again, in terms of the context of what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the companions had their circumstances during that time. We was literally the palm trees and a palm leaves. That's how it was built of de palm trunks and the palm leaves on top. That's all it was. There was no air conditioning. There was no windows, there were no doors, there was no carpet, it was just sand. That's why when it would rain, the water would pour down that that sand would become mud. And when you pray, obviously you have to make sujood you have to stand in that mud, your
clothes are obviously going to get dirty. When you sit down. There are a lot of issues that come across and come as a result of that. That is different to now what hamdulillah where you sit in your car at home. You drive all the way here you get out of the car, come straight into the machine and you pray in a very nice place.
So again, it has to be taken into context. So for here, for example, in the UK, it rains a lot anyway, for us rain is is practically normal, and you would go to work, you'd go to school you do everything that you do, no one would stay home because it would rain, right? You mentioned ringing your boss at work, it's raining today, I'm not coming in, right, you'd get fired. So he has to be taken into context. However, in the UK, snow would be something that would be very difficult. So when it snows, like, you know, we find it very difficult to go to work, schools are closed, you have all of these issues, if that's the case, okay, now, play at home. So again, it's taken into context.
Whereas with snow, if you were to go to a place like Canada, for example, or some of these other countries far north, they have snow all the time. So for them, they will never be going to the machine. Because of the snow they used to the snow, the snow is normal to them, unless it snows extremely heavily. And this is the reason why I'm mentioning this is because when you study the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and you study the science of it is important not just to become photocopies, or tape recorders, what I mean by that is when you just take the Hadith and you repeat the Hadith, and you just like writer how he's done, and then you quote, the Hadith, the whole
point of studying and what it means is understanding comprehending the context of the Hadith and how the ruling applies. And that's why there is fifth and then there is application of fifth right so fifth is you get the ruling for applying that to a situation or a scenario is completely different. And that's where your understanding and your knowledge of the Sun and the Quran comes in as well.
So that's Hadith number 132 Hadith number 133. Rama Rafi, these are the Allahu Akbar. Allah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam hospital the sushi for India whoever Modi Oh God come. Raja Hamza also have a ban and authority of raffia Dominica, deja de la one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Pray the morning prayer or extend the morning prayer for indeed, that is greater for your reward collected by the five authenticated by Timothy and even if a ban and there is an authentic hadith. This handy, again is another not not an exception to the rule, but it is a more detailed ruling concerning the federal prayer. As we said yesterday, the time of the
virtual prayer is when fudger comes in the true version until sunrise. And we said that the sooner the prophet SAW Selim yesterday, we said that the sum of the prophets of Salaam was to pray this prayer at its earliest time. And the companions would pray in darkness to the extent that they would barely be able to recognize the person next to them and the prophets of Salaam would prolong the prayer. And he would recite between 60 to 100 verses. This Hadith now is mentioned by even a Haji Rahim Allahu taala. For the reason because it's been interpreted in two ways. This Hadith has been interpreted in two ways. The word soap in the Arabic language means the early part of the morning.
And when you say Salatu soap in the Arabic language, it means the official prayer, the morning prayers, the Federal prayer, this hadith says us behold,
pray the morning prayer in the morning, right? Now the issue of difference is what does that mean? Obviously you're going to pray the morning pray in the morning you're going to pray further and further time. So what does this hadith actually mean? This is where we have this difference of opinion. And that is why Ibrahim Allah mentioned this hadith him now one of the things that we've noticed from studying the other chapters of this book is that even 100 Rahim Allah as I mentioned yesterday, for more of the 10s of 1000s of Hadith that are available, he has chosen these few 100 and placed them in his book. And that shows that he's not just adding howdy for the sake of adding
Hadith is not just picking Hadith, because you know he wants to fill up pages, every single Hadith is choosing it for a reason. So if it was basically that the Hadith was just confirming what we already studied yesterday, that you play fudge fudge of time, there's no point there's no reason to bring the same duration or a different duration with the same meaning again, so he brings this had the affair because there is a difference of opinion over its interpretation. The vast majority of the scholars, including the vast majority of the methods, they are of the opinion that what this hadith means is exactly what it meant yesterday. So that is that you pray the fudger prayer early,
as early as you can, meaning that you paid at its earliest time, and that you will extend the recitation
so that you prayed at its earliest time, and that you extend its recitation. So the sooner is and we also mentioned this yesterday to recite between 60 or 100 verses to prolong the prayer. And that's why the apostle seldom said for in the whole of the majority that is greater in terms of reward. That is the opinion of the majority of scholars that means to prolong the prayer. So further should be prolonged you should be along the prayer than the other prayers of the day.
The Hanafi scholars hold a different
opinion. And that is that they say that the Federal press should be delayed, that it should be prayed later on, that it should be prayed later on in the time of Virgil towards the end time, not towards the early time towards the end time. That is how they interpreted this. And so they said that this hadith abrogates, the Hadith that we mentioned yesterday. So the Hadith that we mentioned yesterday said that you paid the earliest time, they said that this hadith came later on, because this companion accepted his time later on. So therefore, this ruling abrogated that one yesterday. And so therefore, the prophet of Solomon, he passed away. He used to pray the prayer towards the
end. That is the Sunnah. And when I say abrogate, it doesn't mean that you complete earlier on it means that it is better. What's better is to pray it later on. That is the interpretation of this hadith. And as I said, that is why even Abraham's Rahim Allah mentions it here. And the strongest opinion is the opinion of the vast majority of the scholars and that is the thing that you pray it early on, that you pray it as early as possible. And that this Hadith, what it actually means is that you prolong the prayer. So you prolong the recitation of the physical prayer. Hadith number 134 wannabe hora de la hora de la de la silla McCall madaraka Mena superior cotton,
Morocco cotton minerals Republic.
colossal, beautiful con la, la Muslim generation todo de la la batalla Raka from Aparna was such that you are here Raka on the authority of a Buddha rhodiola one that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Whoever catches a single rocket from the federal prayer before the sun rises, then they have caught that prayer. And whoever touches a single rock have the answer prayer before the sunsets and they have caught the answer prayer. And this is collected in Bukhari and Muslim. And in another narration also in a Muslim authority, a variation of the law one ha, you have the same Hadith, but instead of whoever touches the rocker, it is whoever touches as such the and then he
said that such that in this Hadith, it means record. So this hadith is basically showing the latest time that you can pray fudger and the latest time that you can pray also and that is that before the sun rises or before the sunsets as long as you catch a single rocker of either fudger or either a sub depending on the prayer, then you have caught that prayer. You have caught that prayer and the hadith of Muslim sorry Muslim, where it says such a means rocker as well, it means Raka as well. So, sometimes such an Arabic language use a serger. But what is meant by it is the rocker Why do they say such the and the mean rocker because such that is the most important part of America. The most
important action that you perform within a single rocker is the such that as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said accruable Maja Kunal Abdul neurobehavioral surgeon, the closest position that you are in your prayer to Allah subhanho wa Taala is in the center. And so therefore, it's the most important part of the prep. So the issue here is a person for example, who for a valid reason, they don't pray us or they don't pray fudger and it's earliest time and they get delayed. Maybe they were out maybe they were busy, whatever the reason is, maybe they overslept. And so before the sun sets for our soul, and before the sunrise measure, they catch one record, so long as they catch that one
rocker. Even after that if the sun rises or the sunsets they have, it is considered that they played those two players in their proper time. That is basically what is meant in the Hadith. And they pray is not caught up. Not making up the prayer. They have played it at its proper time. And a large surgeon knows best
had his number 135 wannabe sorry, didn't whoa de la one. Paula Samaritan Rasul Allah He sallallahu alayhi wa sallam upon la sala de su p Hakata through ashampoo. Russians will also learn about the last reactor the Rebbe Sham smooth takuna a wonderful Muslim la salatu salam
ala hoomin rock bottom, middle, Salah Susana Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Hannah and Mussolini Effie hin Wanaka Rafi hinomoto Tana, he in total Russian sambasiva Tata Tata mahina Yakumo Masahiro Tata Zola Shams mahina w for shamsudeen horo masani in the Sheffield, Aditya Herrera to be sent in brief was that the illa yomo Jumeirah, Baka da da da da da da da da da.
On the 30th anniversary the Audrey rhodiola one who said that I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say that there is no prayer after fudger until the sun rises, and there is no prayer after Hassan until the sunsets and this is collected by Bukhari and Muslim and the wording of Sahih Muslim is it there is no prayer after the federal prayer. Also in Sufi Muslim on the authority of lightning rod the only one who said that there were three times that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would prohibit us from praying
In and he would prohibit us from burying our dead within them.
He said after further until the sun rises until sorry after sunrise until it has risen completely. And once the sun has reached its zenith until it moves past its zenith. And once the sun has set until then I set correctly. And the second ruling is also in the Muslim Imam Shafi from the hadith of Abu huraira with a weak chain of narration, and it has in that chain in that narration of the Hadith exception of except for Friday, and it is also in southern Abu Dawood on the faculty of herbal Qatada. With that also exception of the Friday.
This Hadith is probably one of the most famous issues in In fact, in the chapter of Salah, and that is concerning prayer after physical and prayer after. So, before we go into that ruling, though, I just want to go through what these different durations of this Hadeeth mean. The first Howdy, howdy thumb Oh sorry, the hold the rhodiola. One is speaking about two times of prohibition of praying. The first is to pray after fudger until the sun has risen. So Frederick comes in from that time that you finished praying salado official until the sun rises. That's number one. The second type of prohibition is after you play a song until the sunsets. So from us or basically until mercury from
our sun until the sun begins until the sun begins to set
in the habit of rhodiola, one in Sahih Muslim, there are three other times that are mentioned, these are three times other times that are mentioned in the Sunnah, in addition to the two that we just mentioned. Now, the first of them is once the sun rises, until it has risen completely. So that five or 10 minute period from sunrise until the sun actually comes out fully. That's what is meant by this habit of rock by armor. So when you have the sun rising, and it comes above the horizon, until it fully comes out until the sun fully leaves the horizon and it's in the sky. That's number one. The second time is the time of Zenith. So when the sun is at its highest point, it reaches the
zenith until it moves past the zenith. So maybe that five to 10 minute period before salado. And the third time is when the sun has begun to set until it fully sets. So as we said yesterday, Margaret comes in when the sun fully sets meaning that it leaves the horizon. It's under the horizon. So this hadith is speaking about when it begins to touch the horizon, the sun is setting, it begins to touch the horizon until it fully sets properly. These are the five times Okay, the three times that are mentioned in the Hadith have been armel. All of those periods are like five to 10 minutes. So when the sun starts to rise until it's fully risen, is about 10 minutes in the morning. And the time of
the zenith again is about 10 minutes. Likewise, when the sun sets until it completely sets is again roughly about 10 minutes. What is more applicable or what is more, for example,
what you're more likely to have trouble with is the other two times that I mentioned in the hadith of oboe, sorry that hold it. And that is not playing from Virgil until sunrise. And I'm praying for my son until sunset. He then also mentions it will Haji Rahim Allah mentions two narrations one from Muslim chef theory and one from Southern abida wood. And in those durations, it is said that there is an exception to these prohibited times and that is Friday. So on Friday, you can pray on day No problem. There is no prohibited time. But those narrations are weak. So those last narrations with the exception of the Friday there is a weak correlation, whether it is for Muslim the Shafi or
whether it is from Southern Abu Dawood and Abraham's Rahim Allah himself says that it is a weak nation. And as we've said before that Abraham's Rahim Allah sometimes on purpose, he mentions weak Hadith within his book, The non purpose se, he mentioned, that he knows is weak, and he himself has said is weak. But he mentioned it because there is a point of benefit or just to show that some people say that there's this exception, but it's a weak rule, or some people based on this Hadith, but it is a weak Hadith. So he mentioned this, so that the reader is aware.
So basically, these are the three or the five timings if you like the five timings of prohibition. This issue is an issue of great difference of opinion amongst the scholars of Islam. And to break down the difference of opinion. There are
a couple of things that you have to understand. Number one, the scholars are unanimously agreed there is a unanimous agreement, consensus amongst the scholars of Islam, all of them attempts that during these times that I've mentioned these five times. No knuffle prayer is accepted. You're not allowed to play any number of prayer. You can't just play optional prayers. So for example, if someone just wants to play extra novel at home, it's not allowed. someone sitting in the masjid and they just want to play extra novel prayer is not allowed. This is by consensus of the scholars because
Have these Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the only issue that remains is during these prohibited times, if there is a reason to pray, if there is a circumstance which dictates prayer, can you pray that prayer or not? Now, this is an exception to the obligatory prayers, all of the scholars have said that if someone misses an obligatory prayer, they prayed as soon as they can. So for example, so timeout have already started, but you haven't prayed. So you've delayed it by half an hour, because you're at work, whatever the reason is, you don't say I'm not going to pray now until the sun sets know you pray. So that's an exception to the rule, obligatory prayers have
their own ruling because they're obligatory. These ahaadeeth speak about anything outside of the obligatory prayers. So the scholars have unanimously agreed that just to pray any optional prayer is not allowed. It's not allowed during these five times. The reason why we have these five prohibited times, according to the scholars of Islam, is so that there is a difference that we don't imitate the people who worship the sun and the fire worshippers, the people who worship the sun, and the fire worshippers, these are the times that they pray and because the sun is rising, the sun is setting and the sun is at its highest point. So to differ from them, we don't pray. The issue that
remains, as I said, is what about when there's a circumstance to pray. Other than the obligatory prayers, a circumstance arises where you would normally pray, and then fold in one of those times, for example, the two records of the here dimension. So you enter into the mosque after visual before sunrise, or you intend to the mustard after Assa before sunset? Do you pray those two records? Or do you sit down? What do you do? Another example is for example, the,
the two records of tawaf, so you make him off after 12 there are two records that you make at McCollum, Ebrahim. Do you if you're making the dough off, and you finish it off? After supper before sunset before Muslim? Do you pray those two records or not? these prayers are known in the Arabic language as the word to describe the prayers, they have a reason for them. There's a reason behind them. So it's not just optional knuffle prayer that you just praying for no reason mean that you're just praying simply because you want to, there is a circumstance that you offer this prayer. Like for example, entering the masjid, like for example, if you were to make what do you make will do
after I saw you refresh, you will know it is not to pray to look after will do. However, if it's after us or before sunset, or after, or before sunrise or one of those times, then do you pray that or not? Okay. And this is an issue in which the scholars of Islam have greatly different.
Just as a side point, this is also one of the issues that that many of them would confuse many people there's a famous story of a scholar, that he came into the masjid one day after us. And he came into the masjid and he sat down. Notice how he started to pray. He prayed to the gods. So after he finished praying the people in the masjid they went crazy. And they said to him, why are you praying? Don't you know there's a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that you don't pay during these times? Like how ignorant are you? How can you not know this? You're supposed to come and sit down that a man was the layperson didn't know any better. They said, okay, just kept
quiet, said Okay. The next day you went to a different mustard just happened to go to a different machine, came into the machine and sat down, sat down, the people went crazy. Don't you notice the sooner the processor to stand up and pray before you sit down when you went into the Muslim? The man was the layman again, he didn't know any better. So he stood up and he prayed. And then he said to himself, by Allah, I don't know what I'm doing. I come in one day people tell me to pray, come in the next day, they told me to sit down, and I don't have a clue. And so he made a promise on that day, that he would learn about his religion. And he became one of the famous scholars of faith after
this. He became a great scholar of Islam. And that was his beginning point. That was what made him think of how ignorant he was concerning his religion. Mr. Mohammed bin Hanbal Rahim Allah Allah, He said concerning this issue, that because of the strong difference of opinion concerning this issue, and in his own method, there are both narrations and ration that says that you pray these prayers and adoration that says that you don't he said, because of the strong difference of opinion. I don't say anything to anyone that does the prayer or doesn't do the prayer. If I come into the machine of Dawson and find someone praying, I don't say anything. And if I find that he sits down, I don't say
anything mean that because of the strong evidence is on both sides. It's not something that we should repeat people for whatever opinion that they choose to follow because of the strong difference of opinion concerning this. Having said that, just to go into a bit more detail concerning these five timings. The vast majority of the scholars of Islam, including the Hanafi madhhab, the Maliki method, and the Hanbury method. They are of the opinion that you don't pray. There is no prayer. There is no exception to the rule, the tailor to machine, the two records of tawaf the prayer for will do
Don't play anything, don't play anything. So for example, they will say for the love, what you do is you play those two records after modeling, or after sunrise, you just delay them and you pray them later on. But if you come to the machine after a song, and you find that there's still an hour left, until Margaret, then you just sit down to have to make up those two records afterwards, you sit down. So that's the opinion of the majority of the scholars, Imam Shafi in his mouth, he has the opinion. And it's also an opinion in the second opinion in the mouth of Mr. Hunt, as I said, he has both opinions in his method. The second opinion, the opinion and remember, share theory is that you
pray only those prayers that have a reason for them. So for example, to here to the masjid, for example, the two records of tawaf, for example, the total cost of Budo, or anything similar to that you pray those prayers, other than them, you don't pray. So if there's a reason you come and you pray, and so this is the opinion of Imam Shafi. It is the opinion that was chosen by Tamia and it is the opinion of many of the contemporary scholars of Islam Shakur, Rafi mean chef, his teacher, shamrock men of Saudi, many of the of the of the our contemporary mesh, if they hold that opinion. And as I said, there are strong differences on both sides and strong evidences on both sides as
well. So the majority say that you don't pray. Imam Shafi is of the opinion that you do pray these prayers, that there is a reason for, he's not just talking about any type of natural prayer, he's talking about the prayers that have a reason for them. Okay. And what we mean by this as well is not immediately after awesome. But what we mean is, like, once I saw time, like once you finish playing,
after I saw if there's a janazah, you play the janazah. Okay, like immediately after, but it's not delay. However, it was to be like half an hour, 45 minutes later that you would agree this is the opinion of the majority of the scholars of Islam. And as I said, there is a strong difference of opinion and there are strong evidences on both sides. And that is because the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on this issue, as we just read now are very explicit that you don't pray during these times, and they're all authentic. And then you have other Hadith of the prophets of Salaam where he would instruct people to pray when they came into the masjid. And that's not given a
time. So no one said it was after so after they just generally had it. So now the scholars have different over which general had if you take which one, do you give precedence over? Which one do you give precedence to the ones that prohibit or the ones that are allowed, the majority of scholars said that you give precedence to the ones that prohibit. And that's based on the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is a general principle in our religion, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when I order you to do something, do as much as you can, and when I prohibit you from something, then stay away.
So the scholars of the solar field have said that this is a principle in our religion. And that is that when it comes to doing something, you do it to the best of your ability. So for example, if you can complete standing up sitting, comfortably sitting up lying down, if you can't make what do you make tm can't even make tm, you just pray as you are, you do it to the best of your ability. But when it comes to the prohibitions in Islam, you just stay away. It's not stay away to the best of your ability is to stay away. So for example, you don't say to someone, you know, instead of drinking alcohol five times a day, you drink it once a day, right? Just do as much as you can No,
stay away completely, right? Instead of stealing a million pounds to steal 100,002 as much as you can. No, that's not how it works. When it comes to how long you just stay away. But when it comes to the obligations, you do as much as you can to the best of your ability, so therefore they use that principle here as well. So when it comes to doing praying these prayers, whether it's entering into the machine or for wherever you do it to the best of your ability, but when it comes to the prohibition, you just stay away. So those policies said that you give the prohibition
precedence. The Shafilea said no these Hadith are, if you like the defining this specifying what is general so the Hadassah probation, or general, these are these are more specific, so therefore you're allowed to do them and as I said, there is a strong difference of opinion in this issue and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. Generally when it comes to these types of issues.
My advice would be if, for example, you don't know which one to choose, is you choose a scholar that you trust. You trust the Rebbe, you trust the taqwa, you trust the man and you just take the opinion that they follow, whoever that may be, you choose that Spanner and you take his opinion. So for most of us like we're not able to look at the evidences and then judge as to what is stronger and what is weaker. Just choose the opinion of a scholar that you follow, take that opinion and follow his opinion. However, also what is also important to mention here is when it comes to issues like this, if you can get out of the difference of opinion, that is always
better, because there is strong difference of opinion. Whenever you have issues like this, if you can escape the difference of opinion, it is always better. What do I mean by escaping the difference of opinion? How do you do that, for example, in a case like this, for example, even if you hold the opinion that if you come into the masjid, you're allowed to pray to rockers. So you happen to come into the machine, 10 minutes before, or maybe five minutes before modeling, for five minutes, stand instead of sitting down, or playing, just stand and wait. And that way, you've come out of the difference of opinion, you haven't sat down, and you haven't prayed. And it's only a very short
period of time, right? It's not like an hour, 40 minutes, 20 minutes, just like a few minutes, three, four minutes, as you normally do, for example, when you come from roughly maybe you arrive two or three minutes before the event, just waiting instead of praying on instead of sitting down. Now you've come out of the difference of opinion. So when you're able to do that it is better to do that with as much as you can put obviously, it's not always going to be possible. You will have definitely cases where you enter and you have to choose one of the two in which case you should follow the opinion of a spotter that you trust and a large surgeon knows best. had his number 136
one Jabez Kala Kala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you have any abdomen flattener whaddon puffer behind the bat was Allah Azza akansha emulated on the heart Rahul Hamza masa homily, a ban
on the authority of Jabez, who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, or children of abdomen F, do not stop anyone who wishes to come to this house and make tawaf or pray whatever our you may be of the day or the night and this is collected by the five unauthenticated. But remember, telemovie and ban and it is an authentic hadith.
This Hadith is mentioned here, after the Hadith, that we just spoke about the Hadith of the prohibition, because this is one of the evidences used by the sheltering method to support their position. And that is that the prophets of Salaam is saying, don't prevent anyone from coming to Mecca, Masjid al Haram, and praying whatever hour it may be of the day or the night, right. So he thinks explicitly, whatever hour it is of the day of the night, so that's why even Rahim Allah is bringing it here because this is one of the evidences of the chef Hurry, must have to support their opinion. But we'll come on to the initial while. This Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam was addressing one of the cans of Polish as we know eration is the tribe that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam belonged to. Within the tribe, there are clans why there are different sub tribes that make up the whole tribe. The most powerful of those sub clans is Benny abdomen F. abdomen f was the great great grandfather of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was the fourth father, fourth forefather of the prophet SAW Selim sama, his father, his grandfather, his great grandfather, his great great grandfather, and from him to all of the cousins and many of the, of the family of the professor, Sylar, many of his relations come from abdomen, abdomen, f was at
Monash University. And he was one of the first people who started this, this custom of giving the pilgrims when they arrived in Makkah, giving them water, giving them food, looking after them. And so he because he started it, it remained within his family. So all of his children, all of the other sub tribes, from his sub tribe, from his clan, all of his different families, all of his different children, they took one of those specific tasks. So for example, Benny Hashem, to which the prophets of Salaam belongs directly, and Hashem is the son of ab manuf. Hashem his tribe, for example, would give water to the pilgrims. Another one of the center of my life would give food to the pilgrims.
Another one would, for example, look after Zamzam and so on and so forth. So each one had their own duty when it came to serving the pilgrims. And because serving the pilgrims was the most honorable position within Quraysh, the tribal the clan that had that responsibility was the most honorable clan within koresh. And that was abdomen a man after in his time, was the leader of Polish, and after him his son Hashem, the great grandfather, the prophets of Salaam was the leader of grace during his time, and then his son Abdulmutallab the grandfather of the prophet SAW Selim was the leader of Polish during his time, and then when he passed away, he was a bhoot pilot, right and so I
will call him was also one of the children of Abdulmutallab and he also was one of the leaders of orange, Jumeirah, Matan rhodiola. One was the narrator of this hadith is also from the tribe of abdomen F. He's from the tribal augmon F and he is also narrating this hadith because obviously the partial Salaam was addressing him and his tribe, and he was one of the leaders of that clan of Benny Amina, so the process of surname is same to them. Don't prevent anyone who comes to this house and wants to make a laugh or pray. What
Have an hour of the day or the night. As I said the Shafi scholars use this as evidence to support their opinion that you can pray these prayers that have a reason. Because the process of missing any hour of the day or the night, the majority of the scholars say no, this is a general Hadith, because what the Orisha used to do was that they would prevent people from making the offer at certain times, and they would have different rules for themselves and different rules for all of the other Arab tribes. So for example, in hench, today, as we know, one of the main components, if not the main pillar of Hajj is going to refer, however, during that time of the orange will do during that
time before Islam is that they wouldn't go to our offer, they wouldn't go to our offer, they would make one of the other Arabs go to our offer. But they would stay inside the boundary of the Haram because our offer is outside of the boundary of the Haram whereas Mustafa and Mina and Mecca are inside the boundary of the funnel. So they would say that this is for the other Arab tribes, they're impure, they must go out of the boundary and then come back in. As for us, when honorable were noble, we are the custodians of the Kaaba, we don't need to leave. So that was, for example, a rule that they had for themselves, not for others. And we mentioned this when we studied the the chapter
of Hajj. Also, one of the other worlds that they had for themselves was enough for others was that when anyone came to make Baba, from the Arabs, during that time, before Islam, they would have to buy a new pair of clothes from Mecca, you couldn't make. Even if they were like brand new enough, they were very expensive, very nice clothes, you couldn't make the off in your clothes that you traveled with. Even if you have extra clothes that you bought with you wasn't good enough, you have to buy those clothes from Makkah from Quraysh then make power off. Now obviously many people during that time when most people had only one set of clothes, or two sets of clothes. And so for example,
people would say we don't have money, we can't afford these clothes. So what did they do? And this was their perverted way of thinking, what do they do then make the wife naked. That's the so that's the origin of where that came from. So the Arabs making throw off naked, it came as a result of this. People said we don't have any money. So instead of saying to them, okay, just carry on. Okay, we'll donate the clothes to you, okay, you know, whatever, borrow them, then give them back, they said, then have to make the naked school and make off naked. And that's where that came about from. So the point is that they had different rules for themselves, and different rules for others. So the
process element addressing admin, is saying to them, don't prevent people from coming to the head on those rules that you have no longer apply that special privilege for orange because you're the custodians of the tuber. You have special rules, everyone has a special rules, they can only come at certain times, whatever. None of that applies. And so this is a general Hadith, the prophet of Salaam and he says any hour of the day or the night doesn't it's not speaking about the prayer per se. He's speaking about the principle and that is the opinion of the majority of the scholars. That's how they understood this hadith that is about the principle of not preventing people from
coming to the harem and worshiping Allah during any hour of the day or the night. We'll take one more deep inshallah and then we'll stop there. And that is Hadith number 137 ytb Rama radi Allahu Allahu Allahu alayhi wa sallam upon Paul, a Shaka el hombre Bravo terracotta Neo Sahaba Jose Maria who waka who Allah
and authority of Abdullah bin Ahmad the Allahu anhu mata the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the shelf up is the redness of the sky, and that is collected by dharapani. And it is authenticated by Jose man other than him as a statement of abnormal. This is a state of anomalous not ahaadeeth. So even though the author has mentioned it as a Hadith, it is weak as a hadith but it is authentic, as a statement of Abdullah ibn Ahmad are the only one who made the famous illustrious companion of our profits in the long run equals sell them. And he speaks about the chef, the chef is the type of Muslim right that's one of the words in Arabic to talk about.
Talk about the time of mothering. So when in the Hadith you come across a chef up, that Muslim is until a chef up or after the chef up or before the chef up whatever that wording may be, what the chef up mean. That is what I'm providing. Omar is explaining here. And basically what it means is the redness of the sky that takes place after the sunsets. So once the sun is setting in his sets, there is a redness of the sky. Now you don't always get to see that here especially like in our climate summit, the freak weather that we have but if you were to go to a hot climate, places like Saudi Arabia and the Middle East and so on, you'll see this clearly that there is a redness in the
sky and it lasts for about 15 to 20 minutes. So from the time of Muslim until this redness disappears is about 15 2025 minutes. That is the redness. There is the time of Margaret samagra starts as soon as the sun sets completely and then it continues until the redness of the
Sky disappears, that redness of the sky disappears. That is the time of mclubbe. And that is what I'm realizing or more is clarifying here. So Shangla with that, we'll stop here and then Sharma next week, next Wednesday, inshallah we'll carry on with the remainder of the Hadith in this chapter, and then we'll move on to the next chapter as well. So shall not if there's any questions, we'll take them otherwise, we'll stop.
Okay, so there was asking in a situation where there is a strong difference of opinion, like we mentioned by management and having a difference of opinion as well, on this issue. Can a person practice both opinions? Or?
Do they have to choose one or the other? Sometimes it is possible to practice both. But it depends on the context of the headache in this situation, no, you can't practice both. And even in my measurement, he never had both opinions. At the same time, he had one opinion. And then he had another opinion, which one was the last of the two, that's where the difference occurs. Some of his students, they chose one, while others of his students chose another. And that's why you have even today, both generations in his method. So the point is that, and the fact that he made this statement is because he changed his opinion. So he had one opinion, then he changed his opinion. And
he seemed as if he was unsure of which one was stronger, or even though he must have sided with one or the other. The problem here is because it is explicit, there is a prohibition, you either do it or you don't. So either you take one opinion or the other. It's like a contradiction, right? Both of them can't be right. One of them has to be right one has to be wrong, that is different, some other Hadith where the Prophet silom, sometimes he did something, other times he didn't do something. Now you can combine between the two, because sometimes did something sometimes he left that thing. So you combine, however, in this Hadith, either it is one or the other. And so I think the best thing
to do is to choose the opinion of a spa. And that doesn't mean that you can't later on change your opinion. So maybe you choose the opinion of a scholar, that as you study more you think that you know, the other opinion is stronger, so you change the opinion. And this, if anything, it shows that from the etiquettes of seeking knowledge and from the benefits that we take from studying from the scholars of Islam is that we see the day to only human. And one of the points of seeking knowledge is so that as we learn more, you progress more, your opinions will undoubtedly change. So for example, in 10 years after having studied 10 years of Islam, you hold every single opinion that you
have today, that means that you haven't truly benefited because it's impossible or if you've got 10 years extra money, surely you know, you're going to change some of your opinions, because otherwise what it means is that you already know everything now, and that's why we find many mishaps, you'll have more than one narration because the Spelling's change their opinions and even scholars living today they have one opinion, then you find that later on, they change their opinion and so on. And there are many examples of this. And this is from the benefits of studying and as you come closer to a larger region.
through studying knowledge you have the ability to choose between those opinions and Allah knows best
about other means a missed prayer.
Whether that's one misprint, 10 years of mis press for that means a missed prayer. The difference there is a difference of opinion on this issue. Some of the scholars are of the opinion that there is no such thing as a doubt. You missed the prayer, you missed the prayer and of story. You can't make it up you make Toba to the last panel, Dinah you repent to Allah, but there is no way of making up the prayer. But the majority of the scholars are of the opinion that you can make a law. And then they differ as to the time length of the law. So for example, someone misses a sun, the sun has set they pray after mode, or after sunset. Or for example, someone misses for example, furniture today.
And they don't remember till tomorrow that they miss Fisher today. So they're pretty fragile. Tomorrow. The other side of that is someone like you said hasn't prayed for years on end. Now they have a different type of puzzle, right? And now we're talking about 10 years of prayers, 10 years, 10 years, five years, I don't know how many 1000s of prayers that they've missed. So this one is have different over that issue. does a person have to make up all of those prayers or not. And that is, the reason because of that difference of opinion is because in some of the pillars of Islam, some of the aspects of worship in Islam, you have to make them up. Even if you miss them and past
other ones you don't. So for example, a woman that's on her menstrual cycle, she misses a number of prayers, but she doesn't have to make them up. But she has to make up the fast during that same period, right? And so that's where the difference of opinion comes. Where does this prayer fit into? Does it fit into you know, this category or that category? Does she does he make it up? Does he not make her up? And so some of the scholars said that person makes it up, even if it is 2030 years. And the way that they make Europe is that every day that they pray one prayer, they pray another pray with it. So they pray for twice they pray one, which is a vote of today, one for those of us that
they missed, and they will do this for all of the prayers for the next 30 years in order to make up the other opinion. And along those best practices. A stronger opinion is that there is no carve out for that type of prayer. You make Toba but there is no Kava and that's because when you look at the Sunnah, what the professor Lim spoke about
Law is in things like soccer. And in things like for example, health and things like fasting, not in prayer.
Nothing, he just makes tober. So he makes Tobin he doesn't have to make up 10 years, but that's different to a person that misses one or two prayers, they should make that up.
So for years, they make Toba they returned to Allah, and they don't have to make Yeah, Milan was best.
Are there practical ways to improve for sure that's like a whole lecture in itself
and requires a lot of like time
to expand on the
very briefly number one is make dua as Allah
and Allah subhanaw taala. When he speaks about the in the Quran about the successful believers, the first description that he gives to them is alladhina, homefree Salatin fashion, those who have put in their prayer, and so you make the actual night soldier that in practice that for sure, because that is a high level, for a person to have for sure, in every single prayer, first of all,
day in day out, that is from the greatest blessings that Allah can bestow in any person. And if anyone has that blessing from Allah, then they should thank Allah, because the vast majority of people don't receive that blessing of Allah azza wa jal, they will have for sure in one prayer, some prayers, depending on who the Imam is with the recital is to have every prayer a day in, day out, wherever you are, whatever the circumstances, that is a great blessing of Allah, that is the highest level of demand. And that is what the price of cinema is referred to as your son. When you pray to a large soldier, as though you can see him every pray as is, as if it's your final prayer, and you
have total control. And you have total attentiveness and you know exactly what you're seeing and what you're doing. So that is the blessing of Allah that you make to alpha. That's number one. Number two is you follow the cylinder to the best of your ability. So all of the things that the prophet SAW, Selim said for making will do properly from coming into the masjid early waiting for the prayer, you know, putting the student in place before and after all of this will help praying in congregation all of this is something which will inshallah increase your for sure. And the third thing that I'll say, and again, this is a very brief is understanding what you're reciting in the
prayer that has a great effect on your culture. The fact that you can understand the Quran, you understand the drives that you make, this is something which inshallah will help you attain that for sure. But as I said, this is the blessing of Allah. And it's something which allows the origin only gifts to certain people and Allah azza wa jal knows best. Is all of these times of praise that we gave yesterday, the end time to delay beyond that time is sinful for no valid reason. If you have a valid reason that's different, like everything. But if there's no valid reason, then so sinful.
So Felicia, the son is to delay it towards towards the end of that allowed time, though not to delay beyond that time. That's what we mean.
If it's valid for a valid reason, then it's okay. But if it's not, then you Sinfonia?
gonna talk about the obligatory prayer. So if, for example, you come, you'd like for example, you wake up and this five minutes until sunrise, you know, spend time praying you sooner pray you pray the obligatory prayer, because that's more important. That's why you give priority.
If you like overslept, he was a valid reason you can play them after sunrise. But otherwise no.
No, you don't have to.
No, that's in the two records of federal adopting and that's obviously like a general guideline. For example, if you were to recite, like some sources in JAMA that will take you five minutes because vessels are short. What we mean is from the long portion of whether you make it that you make the prayer long, not literally there has to be 60 or 100 verses.
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