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you can now purchase directly from our site www.graebert.co.uk smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen sallallahu Sallam wa barakaatuh see Dr. Pillai as marine biology he was a woman surah Allah Subhanallah he when he was still in the vicinity, he was at a particular meeting, seldom at the steamer kathira a method
from the greatest blessings that Allah subhanho wa Taala can bless upon a person or from the greatest bounties that alaric xojo confers upon one of his slaves is the ability and the blessing of being able to seek knowledge and being able to come closer to him subhanho wa Taala by learning about his or her religion, and that's why when we look at the Sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there are countless, countless a Hadith, in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke about the virtue of seeking knowledge. And he spoke about the virtue of the scholars. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, and just one of those a Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam said in the hadith of Abu Mama, in the lahoma equateur, who is similar to what Arlene had the name, latifi jharia, Hector hotelu, soluna Allah Miranda manassa. Indeed, Allah and His angels, and all of the inhabitants of the heavens and all of the inhabitants of the earth until the fish within the sea, and until the end, within its hole, all of them make dua for the one who teaches people that which is beneficial, and that which is good. And that's just one one Hadith from the many, countless hadith of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. In the Hadith of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, we learned that even from the benefits of seeking knowledge and from the
virtues of being in a gathering of knowledge, is that every single person that inshallah sits within that gathering, a lot of xojo forgives them all, as is mentioned in a long Hadith narrated by Abu huraira, viola one, that Allah subhana wa Taala has angels that scour the earth, and they look for the gatherings of knowledge, the gatherings of remembrance, and we know from the sooner that Allah azza wa jal, His angels have specific duties. Some of them are in charged with revelation. Some of them are custodians of the mountains, some of them look after the souls, each one has, or each group has its own duties. So a lot of soldier has angels that travel the earth, and they look for these
gatherings of remembrance and knowledge wherever they may be. And they attend. And when they attend, they make a ring around that gathering of knowledge. And they come and they make a complete circle. And then another group of angels comes and it sits on top of the making another circle, and they continue to make these rings around that gathering of knowledge until they reach the distance between the Earth and the first heaven. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that they stay there and they wait and they remain, so long as those people stay within that place. remembering Allah subhanho wa Taala and then after they leave these people they leave the angels
leave and they ascend back to Allah. And Allah azza wa jal asks them and he's more knowledgeable subhana wa tada he asks them Where have you come from? they reply we came from your servants our line your sleeves, and Allah asks them and the Hadith Islam I'm summarizing it, that Allah xojo asks them What do those servants See? And a lot and the angels reply over law they seek your forgiveness. And a lot of soldier asks them, what do they want? And a lot of planners and angels reply their own law they want you agenda. And then he asks them What do they seek refuge in and they reply, they seek refuge within your from your fire. And throughout this Hadith, a large soldier knows exactly
what the intentions of those people are. An alarm soldier is overhearing all seeing and all knowing, but this is to show his bounty and his grace to all of us. So after this conversation takes place between a lion is Angel,
Alonzo whittle says bear witness that I have forgiven them all. And I have granted them Jenna and I have given them protection from the fire, this hadith in Sahih Muslim and so the angels and civil law amongst them there was a person, Abdul haka person who's done many sins, many evils. All he did was Kumbaya and he saw the people gathered. So he sat down with them, just to sit down. And he didn't have the intention to come and seek knowledge. He just wanted to come and he passed by and he saw these people sitting down so he decided that he would come alongside them. So Larissa, when Jill said, concerning that person, even Him He will be forgiven for in home law use called Lashkar
johnnyswim for Indeed, this is a group of people
Those who choose to sit with them will not be prevented from the reward that they receive. And that's why this policy that from the greatest blessings of knowledge from the greatest blessings of the gatherings of remembrance, is that every single person is inshallah forgiven, even if they didn't have the intention to seek knowledge, even if they came for a different reason. Because that person in this Hadith, didn't come out to seek knowledge, never had the intention to be a student of knowledge, he just happened to pass by and sit down. And this is from the virtues of remembering Allah subhanho wa Taala. So from the greatest piece of advice that I give, before we begin in sha
Allah with this new chapter of global muram, is the importance of sincerity, and purifying our intentions, for the sake of Allah and Allah alone, that we've come to seek this knowledge of this religion. And we've come to follow in the footsteps of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam models with scholars of Islam, who dedicated their whole lives to the pursuit of knowledge. And if you just look at this book for local muram, and I'm sure many of you by now have read the book or at least looked at the book of flick through the book, you'll find that this author Abraham Rahim, Allah tala, has spent so much of his life dedicated to the field of Hadith. And
anyone that knows anything about Hadith knows that Hadith is not like the Koran with the Quran, you have one book everyone agrees on it is a few 1000 verses, and everyone knows that this is the Quran. In the field of Hadith, you have 10s of 1000s, if not hundreds of 1000s of ahaadeeth, with different chains of narration reported by different narrators, some of them authentic, some of them weak, some of them fabricated. And then you have these great scholars of Islam who dedicated their whole lives, not only to gathering and compiling those a Hadith, but then differentiating between the weak and the authentic. And they spent many years traveling to different parts of the world, placing the
science and making these ahaadeeth into a science. And that's why Angela himolla throughout this book, he's from all of that experience. And from all of those 10s of 1000s of ahaadeeth. He has chosen a few 100 that is placed within his book below from Iran. And he considered considers these ahaadeeth to be the most important when it comes to learning about your field, learning about the practical aspects of your worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so it's not a comprehensive book, as we've mentioned before, not every Hadees will be mentioned here. But it is a book and probably from the greatest books of Hadith in terms of an abridged version of gathered from the Hadith of the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
And so, in the previous lectures that we've done, we've covered the book of purification, kitahara the book of hedge, double hedge and the book of fasting kotoba song, and we change the order then as we said, because of Hajj and Ramadan when they were coming up, we decided to learn about fasting and Hajj by another 100 levels of those acts of worship have been completed, we'll go back to the normal order of the book. And so we left at Qatar masala, the book of prayer, he thought was Salah is the most important chapter of fit, because it is the most important pillar of Islam after the Shahada team. And as we've said before, that the five pillars of Islam are divided, broadly speaking into
two categories. The first category is the first pillar of Islam. And that is the Shahada, tiene la ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasul Allah, and that is discussed in a different field a different science and that is the science of our VEDA. That's the first pillar of Islam. So for to learn about the Shahada Tang clan battle here to learn about a lot about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we go to the books of Arpita that deals with our creed and our methodology. In terms of the other the remaining four pillars of Islam, the prayer, the fasting and hunch, they fall under the second category, and that is the category of film. And we said before that fifth is practical aspects of
worship, and practical aspects of life, not just a worship, but practical aspects of life, whether there is worship, or whether there is dealings that we have on a daily basis in our lives. So this second category of fit within this whole chapter of film, whether it's worship or non worship, the most important chapter is the chapter of Salah, and that's because the most important pillar of Islam after the Shahada 10 is the pillar of Salah as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Rasul MD Islam when I moved to sada was over to tsunami Hill geography Serbia de la, the head of this affair is Islam, basically meaning the Shahada team, and its pillar, its main pillar is the
prayer and its highest level is Jihad for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada. So the main pillar of this religion is the prayer. The Prayer is the most important part of this religion. And that's why you'll find that this
is the greatest chapter of faith in terms of length. This is the biggest chapter of Philip. It has the most sub chapters within it. And it is also one that the scholars have dedicated many works to, and have many different volumes dedicated just to this chapter out of fear candor is the chapter of sola. sola is also unique in the sense that it is something which more or less every single Muslim has to do. So for example, the Can you only play soccer, if you have enough money, you only make hands if you're physically and financially able, you only fast if you're physically able, Salah is one of those things that there are very few people that are left outside of Salah more or less every
single person has to pray, whether you're ill, whether you're traveling, whether you're poor, wherever your situation is, there are very few exceptions to this rule. Everyone more or less has to pray from the other aspects of Salah that is, that is unique to this pillar of Islam is that it is the only act of worship that Allah subhanho wa Taala legislated directly to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam without the intervention of jabril Allah His serum. So it wasn't revealed in the Quran. Didn't come through jabril Ali Salaam wasn't revealed in a dream or anything like this. It was revealed directly to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that was in Surat and the
mirage. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went on the night genuine, he went to the seven heavens, and he met all of those prophets and messengers of Allah when he came and he spoke to Allah subhanho wa Taala directly. One of the things that allows though Joel mentioned to our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the establishment of the prayer. And this is also something unique about the prayer the prayer was the only pillar of Islam that was legislated and obligated before the hijra. So the car and car and hedge the casting and tangible legislated after the hedge row after the professor send them into Medina, prayer is the only one that was obligated and legislated
before. So it was an obligation two years before the hinterland and that was the year that the prophets of Salaam went on this route under knowledge. So when the professor seldom spoke to Allah, Allah obligated upon this oma 50 prayers every day and every night, as is mentioned, in the authentic hadith, and that would basically mean that every 28 to 29 minutes, we're praying, and you can imagine some Hanalei feel at work, you're at school, you're working wherever you are, you're sleeping at home, you're with your family, you're traveling every 20 minutes you have to stop and pray and imagine you make widow you go and pray takes about 1015 minutes you finish within 1015
minutes next Salah, pray stop you just about settle down into your routine Salah every 2928 minutes, half an hour you're praying, and this is what a large religion obligated upon this oma. When the prophet SAW them return back to the sixth heaven, and he passed by Musashi Salaam Musa said to our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, go back to your Lord for your people won't be able to bear this. The children of Israel in the children of Israel, Bani Israel, they were a stronger people than your your nation, and they weren't able to bear such a thing your people won't be able to do so ask Allah for a concession. So Allah so the process tournament back to Allah He asked him for
concession. And Allah azzawajal gave him five presidents 45 prayers every day and night. And again, Moosa said to him go back, your people won't be able to do so. So it came down to 40 and then 35 and 30. And he went down in increments of five until he came to only five plays a day and a night. And then again, Mousavi said I'm said to our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, go back for your people won't be able to do so. And it's amazing how true that statement of Musashi Salaam was. Because unfortunately, most of the Muslims are not able to pray even five times a day. It's difficult for the vast majority of Muslims. And all of us know this as a reality. We have friends
and family and people around us that don't pray. Maybe they pray once a week. Maybe they only pray in Ramadan. Maybe they only pray that prayer. Some people just pray a few times a week, once a day, twice a day. It is difficult for people to pray five times a day, Moosa cetera Professor sillim go back, ask for another concession. The profits on the long run, he will seldom said that I have become too embarrassed to keep going back to my Lord, I will stop with this meaning I don't go back to Allah. And that is when they heard the voice of the cola, that it was always established as five, but that the reward will be a 50. So it was always decreed that it would only ever be five prayers,
but that the reward will be 50. The scholars of Islam they ask, why is it then that if it was always decreed that it would only be five what was the benefit and the wisdom from starting at 50 and having the process of selling gold continuously back and forth from a lot to musante salon back to Allah back and forth a number of times
If it was always going to be decreed that it would only ever be five. And one of the benefits and wisdoms of that is that even though it is only five times a day, the mindset and the mentality of the believer is that their heart should be continuously attached to Allah. And they should continuously remember Allah, as if they're remembering a lot more or less throughout the whole day and the whole night, meaning that their life revolves around Allah subhanho wa Taala and that which pleases Allah, so Allah azza wa jal established these five prayers during the day and during the night, when they were first established, the Salah, there was only ever two records only a two
record player other than multiple chose three, so fragile and bow and acid and inertia would to at the beginning of Islam, and it was only after the companions went to the process of Silla migrated to Medina, that vor and Assam and Russia will increase to four and further became remained the two and Muslims remained at two. The other prayers we increased to four this was the late one in Medina. So at the beginning, it was only ever two that was the origin and then the two became for the traveler. So when people travel, they prey on rocks or inertia as to and for the resident it became for for Lahore, and Assad and Russia. So this is just some of the background and some of the
information regarding Salah generally inshallah, we're going to go into a lot of detail concerning this, the author says Kitab masala, the book of prayer,
prayer linguistically in the Arabic language it means it means an invocation or a calling to something which is good. And it is mentioned within this with this meaning within the Quran, where Allah subhana wa Taala says will suddenly lay him in the salata second loan, when a large soldier is addressing the profits on a long run, he will sell them and he says, make derived for them, for indeed you do it gives them contentment and peace. So larsa was just ordering the facility to make up for the companions. But the wording used in the verse, Allah was suddenly early him in the salata second alone, pray for them doesn't mean prayers in the praise virtual or Lord for them. It means
that the professor seldom makes Torah for them.
Technically, in the Sharia, or when we speak about Salah, and especially in the scope of than what we're speaking about is certain statements and certain actions, which begin with the tech beer. And they end with the scheme. That is the definition of prayer within the Sharia, certain statements and certain actions, which begin with the beer, and they end with asleep. Okay. And that's why and this definition is very important because the prayer consists of both consists of actions, and it consists of statements. And in that sense, it is different to some other acts of worship. Like for example, when you fast, there's nothing to say, just don't eat and drink, it's an action, just don't
do anything. But you don't have to say a specific Torah or say a specific statement. Likewise, when he gives a car, it's a physical action, you're giving money. You don't have to recite anything, you don't have to make any type of dwara You don't have to do something. In Salah you do both. There are certain actions that you must perform, like for example to record like, for example, the sujood and there are certain statements that you must make like when you say Allahu Akbar, you recite Surah Fatiha, sysem, Yama, Hanuman hamidah, these are certain statements that have to be made. And it must beginning with the beer. So when you say Allahu Akbar at the beginning, and it finishes with the
tasleem Why do we mention this, even though it's pretty obvious, in order to differentiate this from other aspects, which might be confused with it. So for example, if someone was going to prostrate because they recited a verse of the Quran, this is essentially the comes in the Quran, they come across the such that and they prostrate prostration is from the actions of the prayer. Right? It's from the actions of the prayer. But do we call that frustration because of reciting the Quran? Do we call that prayer?
No. Why? Because you didn't begin with the fear you didn't end with it, the sleeve doesn't fit that definition. Right. So that's just essentially that is the search that have tilava. Likewise, for example, if someone has some good news, and they want to go straight out of thankfulness to Allah, so they prostrate, they just go into such them. Is that called prayer? No, it's not prayer is such that because you didn't begin with the appeal. You didn't end with the scheme. That's an important differentiation to make within this definition.
the Salah itself is established in the Quran and the Sunnah, everyone knows that it is a pillar of Islam. So I'm not going to go into the rulings concerning that. The only thing that I will mention before we go on to the first Hadith is the ruling of the person that doesn't pray, the ruling of the person that doesn't pray or leaves of the prayer. This ruling is basically categorized in
To The first is the person who rejects the prayer. Meaning that they say that the prayer is not a part of Islam. I don't believe in the prayer. The Prayer is not something obligatory on me, he rejects a part of the prayer who rejects the prayer outright. This person by each man by consensus of the scholars of Islam has fallen into disbelief. That is Cofer. It is disbelief to reject the Sala wholesale outright. So person that says Salah isn't from Islam. There's no such thing as prayer. That is disbelief. And it's important to remember here as we know that we don't just because someone falls into disbelief doesn't make them a disbeliever. So if someone commits an act of
disbelief, you don't make them into a disbeliever. That is something for the scholars to do. But that person has committed an act of disbelief. The second category of person who leaves the prayer is the person who does so out of laziness, or they does so they do so because of low Eman. What they do so because they can't be bothered, so they accept that the prayer is Islam. And they accept that they're sinning by not praying, but they can't pray or they don't pray simply because they're too lazy simply because they can't be bothered simply because the man is so low that they don't pray. Such a person doesn't leave the fold of Islam, but they're committing one of the major sins of
Islam. It is a major sin. But that person doesn't leave the fold of Islam according to the stronger of the two opinions of the scholars of Islam. So that person is still a Muslim, but they have committed a major sin.
Going on to the first chapter within the book of Sala Babel market, the chapter of timings. So generally even when we spoke about for example, fasting and we spoke about Hajj, we spoke about timings right when is fasting do when is hedged do the timings likewise when it comes to Salah as long as the chapter of timings had his number 128 and I'm delighted the AMA rhodiola Juan Houma and then the BIA sallallahu alayhi wa sallam upon what he does Allah to Sham Sukarno Villa Raja Lika toli Mela meter walk to Lhasa, Lhasa marlim. to swallow shrimps walk to Salatin, Mazda Mazda Miata, Bishop Mach two salata, Russia, Ilan is filleted in Osaka, or walk to Sora to supplement or in
federal Maryland operations. Pro Muslim, wala human ha de bourree, the philosopher was one of the woman had ecrb Musa mushroom soup morphia
the first Hadith hadith of Abdullah Ahmad Ravi Allahu anhu man that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the time of war is when the sun passes its zenith. And it is until the shadow of a person is equal to the length and it continues until the time of Amazon does not enter and the time of Amazon is from the the sun becomes yellow in the sky or loses its yellowness. And it continues until the redness of the sky leaves after solid tomorrow.
And the time of mercury is until the redness of the sky leaves the time of select Russia isn't until the middle of the night. The time of solitude is from the beginning of Virgil until the sun rises and this is collected in Sahih Muslim and also in a different duration on the authority of Breda, concerning the awesome prayer and the time of arsal is when the sun is still high and it is still bright. And in the hadith of Abu Musa rhodiola. One wants to stand is still high in the sky. These are number of a hadith it is one Hadith but with different narrations of Abdullah brahma rhodiola granuloma when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam began with the prayer the timings of the
prayer was established by Allah subhana wa tada Eliza whittle says in the Quran, for lt masala in the salata, Carnot mini Nikita makuta established the prayer for indeed establishing the prayer is at a specific prescribed time. So you can't just pray any prayer when you want. There is a time for every single prayer. Every single prayer has its own time and we're talking obviously about the five obligatory prayers, the Horace McCulloch, Russia and facia. This had these deals with these timings. There are other Hadith that also the author will mention as well. And there are some differences within the wordings of the Hadith, concerning the exact timing of the prayer when it starts. And
when it finishes. What happened is that the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam was taught by jabril alayhi salam, the timings of the prayer. So Djibouti darlings Salaam came, and he began to play with the profits on a low where he was selling the five players, Laura samaki, brucia and Virgil. And he played with him at the beginning time of each prayer. So he came and he played Virgil, at the earliest time of vigil, and not at the earliest time of the Horde, and likewise also Muslim in Russia. And then after this was done, Jupiter Ali Salim came another time, and he prayed with the Prophet sallallahu and he will send them again, but this time at the latest time, so he prayed for
God and it's late.
Time, Lord at his latest time, as are other states time like was mugged by militia. And then he said the time of the prayers is between these two, meaning the starting time that I showed you, and the ending time that I showed you, this is the time of the prayer. And there is from that hadith of gibreel rally surrounded the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that you have all of these narrations. So in some of them the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam acted, meaning that he showed the companions when to pray, and so the companions would narrate the Hadith. And in other Hadith, like the Hadith of
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself mentioned the timings of the prayer as well. So this Hadith, the hadith of Sahih Muslim begins with the law of prayer, often you will find in the books of, as well as in the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam. The first prayer that is mentioned is lower, not fragile. Normally, in our timetables, we always begin with fragile the harasser modernization, normally in the books of and in the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam. It always begins with
the harasser Muslim, Russia and Pharaoh. And that's because when we talk about Islamic calendar in Islamic day, the night proceeds the day, as we all know, the night comes before the day. So when we're talking about praying today, today's prayer began with Lord didn't begin with 5g because 5g is counted as part of the night. So Vaughn was the first prayer that we pray today. And then marveling at the Natasha, sorry, awesome, and then Muslim, and then it will be Russia and following on to the night. That's right. The wordings of this hadith always begin with Vaughn, and they always end with Fisher.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the time of the hole is from when the sun passes its zenith. So Zenith, Zenith is when the sun is at its highest point in the sky, that is called the zenith. As soon as the sun goes beyond the zenith and it begins to go towards decline, so it's now going towards setting so the sun rises, it goes all the way to the zenith, then it goes and it sets as soon as it passes the zenith point. That is the time that Salatu begins. That is the time that Salat of God begins and it continues until Salam Lhasa. For most of these prayers, what you'll find is that each prayer as soon as one finishes, the next one begins, so there's no like down period,
there's no time where no PrEP is in. As soon as lower finishes are sort of begins soon as also finishes, mockery begins. The only exception to this is Virgil, because Virgil finishes when the sun rises as we'll come on to, and then there is a long gap and too long. And the other exception is modern. Muslim is obviously has a very short time, and then the time of mockery finishes before the time of Russia begins to enter fully. So the time of Dawn is after the sun passes Zenith until the time of arsal. When is the time of Asana according to this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is until your your the length of your yourself is equal to your shadow. So your shadow
sorry, is equal to your length, your shadow is equal to your length,
then the time of our sword begins, and the time of assault begins all the way until
the sun begins to set. So as soon as the sun begins to set, the time of Asan begins to finish, so the sun is now towards setting so it is about to set that is the time of awesome, then the time of Muslim comes in once the sun has fully set until the redness of the sky disappears. So you have the redness of the scarring after Maghrib until that redness disappears, this is the time of moderate when that is normally 15 to 20 minutes, and then the time of metallic finishes, then the time of Risha enters, and that is when the there is complete darkness in the sky. So between the time of mclubbe finishing and the time of Russia starting there is some time there is a gap between the two.
And then darkness fully comes in. And that is when a shadow begins and Russia continues until the until midnight until half the night passes. And when we say half the night passes, we don't mean midnight as in 12 o'clock. But when we say midnight within the timings of the prayer, what we mean is how often I told you calculate off the night, you look at the time of the sorry, the time of Muslim until the time of federal and then you divide the amount of hours by to say for example, Muslim is at 8pm fudger is at 4am. Then you have eight hours half of them would be midnight, right? So that is half the night. That's how you calculate it. Like now for example, half the night would
be around quarter past 11 right 11 o'clock, from the time of mockery until the time of fudger. That night you divided into two that is half the night. And the time of fudger is when Virgil the true Frederick comes in. And we'll go into more detail concerning that until the sun rises. So this is basically the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
Concerning this issue, there is one issue which of which there is a difference of opinion. And that is the ending time of assault. So we said the time of assault begins when your shadow is equal to your length, so your shadow will be more or less equal to your length. When does the time of assault finish? This is something which the scholars have different over. Some of them said that it is until your shadow is twice your name. This is the first opinion. So from the time that your shadow is equal to your length, until your shadow becomes double your length, that is the time of answer. And other scholars said know what it is, is it goes until the time of Muslim Central McGregor actually
sets in and that is just before the sun sets fully. So the sun obviously after the zenith, the sun starts to descend, it's on a descending scale, and it continues to descend. These scholars say that the time of Russell will finish until this is when the sun is more or less about to set. So it's more or less about to go into sunset. These are the two opinions of the scholars of Islam. And Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best.
The next Hadith the hadith of a be versatile eslami Hadith number 129.
an SME radi Allahu anhu Carla Turner Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam useful de la Sol, Samira, Donna Isla de Axel Medina or Shem. So heya poklonnaya is the hippo and you are Pharaoh militia. wacana Yahoo Norma blaha will hadiza Bocconi and Fatih lumen salata, Latina Raja Lu jalisa Karnataka OBC Tina elmia, Hakuna Holly, we're in the human heritage.
is our homage.
Also broken and abuse en la de la Mr. Lee Hollis, only Muslim in Haiti to be Moosa for a common photokina one na sala de kado rd for ba boom Ba Ba, the hadith of Abu versatile esta mujer de la one, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would play a song, and then one of us would return to our houses towards the outskirts of Medina, and the sun was still high in the sky. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would like to delay the Isha prayer. And he would dislike to speak after the Isha prayer and sleep before the Isha prayer. And one of us would leave from the fudger prayer, and we would just about know who was besides us, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam would recite between 60 to 100 verses and this hadith in Bukhari and Muslim in a different narration of the hadith of jab rhodiola when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would sometimes delay derusha prayer, and sometimes he would bring it forward. If you saw that the people had gathered, he would pray it early. And if he saw that the people were slow, he would delay the prayer, and the profits on the long run, he will send him would pray the future prayer was it was still dark, and the hadith of Abu Musab a Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would prefer as soon as it was time. So to the extent that we will not know who was besides us, this
hadith also speak about the timing of certain prayers, and that is, particularly as on Virgil and Russia, Azerbaijan and Russia. vor and Muslims are pretty straightforward, for you pray when the sun just passes by after its zenith, and for Muslim you pray once the sun has fully set,
what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would generally recommend and there is a hadith to this extent as well is that when it comes to the timings of the prayer, it is recommended to pray them at the earliest point at the earliest point. And so for example, as soon as Virgil enters to play it as early as possible, that is the Sunnah. And likewise, likewise also and likewise McRib as soon as the time enters, that is the general rule. And that's right when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was asked as in the Hadith in Sahih, Bukhari Imani, often which of the actions are best? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, As salam to Allah Bhakti that you pray at its property, you pray
the prayer at its time. And what that means is at its earliest time, that is the best time to pray. When is the earliest time of prayer, as soon as these timings enter as we've described, that is the earliest time and that is basically the other than time. So normally, if you go to Saudi Arabia, for example, and you go to the harem, every day you find that the times of the prayer shifts by a minute or two, because what they're doing is they're making the event as soon as the time of that prayer enters. So as soon as Funchal enters, they'll start at that time, right? That's when the event will be given as soon as Virgil enters as soon as he enters as soon as he enters. So on our timetable,
where you have the stock timings further start the start. So to start, that is the time that the alarm should be given. And that is what the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was
be given as soon as the time entered. And that's why in places like Saudi Arabia and even in the UK, for example, in Regent's Park, they have the same system that they use as well, every day the prayer shifts by a minute or two. So if you look at the start timings of the prayer, every day, they go up or down by a minute or two, right, depending on the prayer. That is at that time, that is the time when the player enters, and that is when the other one should be given. Then after that, when the jamara when the congregation takes place, that's up to the Imam. So how it works, even in Saudi Arabia until today, and as it was in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was that
the other one would be given at the beginning time of the prayer. So as soon as the time entered, that would be given, then the people would come to the masjid and they would wait. And they would wait for the Imam to come. And sometimes that might be two minutes, sometimes it might be 10 minutes, sometimes it might be half an hour, but they would wait until the amendment came. And then they would pray. So not the system that we kind of have here. It is a different system and that's why even in the mosque for example, if we go too much a little haraam mushy the number we will find that the time between the event and the prayer difference. So for example, sometimes it's five
minutes, sometimes it's 20 minutes, sometimes it's like one minute for those of you that are meant for How'd you find that in the Hajj in Mecca, especially in Huntsville is extremely busy. They'll give the other 10 seconds later they almost called like literally 10 seconds can't even pray to rock has given immediately. The point is that when the Imam comes the prayer is established. So the van is given at the beginning, and then the prayer is established. And that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in a Hadith, he would delay the prayer he would come up very late. Sometimes he would come out early, and even the holler for after him the hollyford like Amara de la one. There is
a famous narration of him where he delayed the prayer so long and he came out and I think was the Juma prayer. And he came out very late after the exam was given. And the people started to complain. And he said I only had one thought that I had, that's all I own. And I wanted to wash it because it's a Friday for Juma. So I washed it and I was waiting for it to dry. And that's what delayed me are the Allahu Allahu wa The point being that it is up to the Imam then when the prayer is established. Our system in this machine is different. And in the UK and other places where you don't have the other than being called out on top of the minaret, we have fixed times, fixed times for the
Jamaat and this is okay in places where you can't hear the other you don't know when the Jamaica will be if we didn't have a fixed time, and it's up to the Imam, you'd find that most people would not be able to make the congregational prayer because they miss the other one because announcement made out loud. And you would have this discrepancy. So for that reason, we have fixed timings here. But even so it is still better to make the event at least at the beginning time of the prayer and then the actual congregation can be delayed until whatever appropriate time that is what the son of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam is so that's just speaking on general terms concerning the
timings of the prayer.
In this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said would pray arson, and then one of us would go back to his home in the outskirts of Medina, and we would be able to reach home and the sun was still high in the sky. Now just to put this into context, Medina during the time was very small, it's not like the Medina of today. So when they say for example, the outskirts of Medina what they mean is places like mustard, Oba, and mustard and those areas where it is today. Those were the outskirts of Medina during that time. Now it's more part of Medina. Now the advocates of Medina is like much further out. But during that time, what is today the mosque of the Prophet salallahu
alayhi wasallam all of that mosque was in those days, Medina more or less. So the mosque with its courtyard was more or less all of it was Medina in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. That was Medina. That's how small Medina was. And the message itself was very small. It's just the old part of the masjid where the road is, that area was the masjid. So all of that surrounding area with the new extension of the mosque is as well as the courtyard. Those were houses of people. And the prophets on the lower lingual cinema lived right next door, Abu Bakar live right next door, or more lived right next to everyone lived very close to the machine. That was Medina.
And then you had companions like Mara Deborah jabbered, who lived in Oba, and other companions that lived in Qibla, Tina and other companions, they lived in our early and other companions, they lived in these different areas of Medina, these were considered to be the outskirts. Okay, so when we mentioned this Hadeeth we have to take into context because it doesn't mean the outskirts were like 3040 miles out. What it means is by two or three miles, and so obviously when you walk maybe two three miles, it will take you roughly about 20 3040 minutes. This is the time span that we're talking about. So a boss is saying we're not the only one that we would pray us on. Then we would go
to our houses in these areas, and the sun was too high in the sky, meaning that the time of Assam is earlier
The timer Assam is early is as soon as your shadow is equal to your length, this is indifference to the Hanafi method where they delay the awesome prayer. And they prayed much later than this. So the time of us was actually very limited. This Hadith shows that the companions would pray and they would go home, and the sun was still high in the sky, meaning that there will still be a certain amount of time left until the sun was setting and darkness started to come in. And so from this Hadith, and this is just one of those a hadith that shows the timing of Assad during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
He then also mentioned that the profits on the long run He will send them would like to delay their Isha prayer. So we said, The general rule of thumb is that every prayer is prayed at its earliest time. The exception to this rule is Russia, Russia, it is most recommended to pray at its latest time, in its latest time, so we said that he finishes with half the night. So before this, it should be prayed. But the professor seldom would like to delay it as much as he could. And that's why this hadith says that the prophets of Salaam would dislike to sleep before it, and he would dislike to talk after it. So basically, he would delay it, and then he would pray, and then he would just go
home. And sleep, basically, is the last thing you do before you go to sleep. Now that's different. For example, in for example, especially in the winter, in the UK, where a shark comes in like six o'clock, if Russia was to be prayed at 6pm. That doesn't mean that it's disliked for you not to go home and speak that you have to just go home and go to sleep. Again, this hadith needs to be taken into context. So the process of studying would like to delay the Russia prayer, then pray, and then go to sleep. However, if you're not going to play the Russia prayer, that time, you're going to play our earliest time, for example, six o'clock in the UK, seven o'clock, that doesn't mean that it's
disliked for you to speak after this, because the Hadith, again, is taken into context. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as in the final portion of this Hadith, he would pray the version of prayer, and one of us would just be able to know who was sitting next to him. So obviously, during that time, there were no lights, there were no streetlights, none of that was available, they would pray in darkness. So filter comes in, and it's still dark, further comes in, and it's still dark, and the process of them would pray. The fudger prayer, as is the general rule of thumb at its earliest time, so the companions would pray with one another, and they would barely
be able to recognize who was besides them, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would recite between 60 to 100 verses, as is mentioned in this Hadith, and the meaning of that is that he would prolong the federal prayer, the Federal prayer would be prolonged. And that's one of the benefits and wisdoms of praying it early, so that it can be prolonged. And when they would finish, there would still be darkness. And the other narration, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray the ratio prayers, sometimes early, and sometimes they depending on the people, and this is from the mercy of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the kindness that he showed his oma. And it was also
following on from that from the fifth of the Imam, from the yoke of the Imam from the knowledge that the Imam should possess is what makes things easier for people. So even though it is better to delay the rush of prayer until the end, but if the ratio prayer was always to be at 11:12am 11pm, it will be difficult for most people. And so therefore, you take in the needs of the people as well, when setting the times of the prayer, what is most suitable for the people as well. And that's why the prophet SAW Selim that event will be given. And then he would wait and watch to see what the people would do. And he would live obviously, he was living right next door, so it'd be easy for him to
see. So if you saw that the people had gathered early, he would come and he would leave. He wouldn't just leave them waiting there. Because people have to go back. They have families, they have chores, they have to wake up the next day go back to work, he would come and he would pray with them. But if he saw that the people were delayed, that they will slow in coming to the Isha prayer, then he would delay it until a sufficient number came and then he would pray with the companions, or the Allahu anhu and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray the prayer in Hollis Hollis. This time, this time of Wallace basically means from the time of Virgil until sunrise. And what it means is
when the sky is too dark, so there is still darkness outside. So it's not the sooner to delay the federal prayer. To the extent that when you come out, you find that the sky is light and bright. Rather, the Federal price should be paid early, as early as possible, so that when you come out there is still darkness within the sky. And in the hadith of Abu Musab the Allah and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would prefer at its earliest time, to the extent that we would barely be able to recognize one another. So again, there is a lot of darkness. One other issue that comes from this hadith is the issue of the timing of the Russia prize winning finishes. So we said that it
finishes at half the night. Some of the scholars are of the opinion that it finishes after
The first third of the night. So the time for finishing is not half the night, but it is the first third of the night and there is an authentic Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam to in this regard as well that Russia finishes after one third of the night and there is also the other authentic hadith of that from the hadith of Abdullah Brahma that forget that he finishes after half tonight so you have two different narrations one says a third one says half the night the scholars say that both of them are valid, both of them are valid. So if if someone for example sometimes delays the prayer and they pray after a third of the night, or other times they delay the prayer and
they pray a half the night and both of them are allowed inshallah, and both of them is according to the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The next Have you heard is number 131 raffia Khadija the Allahu anhu called Punahou Salima holy Burma Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam film sorry for a donor when the hula hoop sumava on a blu ray, and the search of raffia, Khadija rhodiola, one who said that we would pray mostly with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and then we would leave, and you will be able to see the tip of our arrows. And this is reflected in our body and Muslim. As we said, and this is the opposite version of the Federal prayer is prayed early
to the extent that when you leaving, obviously, it doesn't apply today because of the street lights and the lights and stuff anyway. But they would leave and they wouldn't be able to recognize or barely be able to recognize one another because of the darkness in the sky. That is opposite to Maverick Maverick is paid as early as possible as well. But because it's paid so early, when you leave, there is still lightness, the sun has not fully set, there is still redness in the sky, it is not totally black. And therefore, as the companion said that we would still be able to see the tips of our arrows, meaning that they could still see the details of what they were possessing. And they
could still see and make out things like the tip of an arrow. So the furniture and the MacBook Pro generally is shorten the profits on the longer it will sell them would recite the smaller surahs within the mockery prep as opposed to the resharper where he would prolong the resharper and he would pray and make it very long.
Next Have you heard is number 131 Monterey Chateau de la Juan Hippolyte Ottoman Wu sallallahu alayhi wasallam adultery that's in Russia. Hector the Hebron metaline from Maharaja for Sala Paul in oologah. Lola Anna Shaka Almaty Raja Muslim, and the authority of God Allah one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam allowed one day for Isha prayer to be delayed until most of the night had gone. And then he came and he prayed. And he said, Indeed, this is the true time of Russia. We're not to be difficult for my oma, and this isn't a Muslim. This is also based on and we touched upon this in the previous Hadith, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would have
mercy for his oma, you would make things easy for them. So in this Hadith, the prophet SAW, Selim waited until more or less half the night and finished, and then he came out, and he made all of the companions wait. And that's why another Hadith and we mentioned this in kitahara, the book of purification, when we're speaking about Buddha, and the different things that nullify the widow, we came across the generation that the companions would come to the masjid for a shot. And because they were waiting for the prophecy to come out, because they would be waiting for so long. Some of them would doze off as they were waiting for the prayer. And we said that, that dozing off, doesn't break
you with all that was the Hadith mentioned in the book of purification. So the prophets of sentiments sometimes make the companions Wait, and he would wait for a sufficient number of people to come. So that means that some companies would come early, and they will be waiting for a long time. And during that waiting, some of them would doze off, they will not often wake up and not often make up. They would doze during that time. So but the processor seldom would do what was beneficial for the majority what was most applicable to the majority of people. However, in this Hadith, he wanted to show people the true time of Russia. So he delayed it until towards half the
night. And then he came out and he said, worried not that it will be difficult for my oma, this is the true time of Russia. So Russia generally again reinforcing the principle that it should be delayed as much as possible. And there are many a hadith like this, where the professor seldom said that we're not difficult for my alma I would order them to do this, like, as we mentioned also in the book of purification, regarding the miswak, where the professor seldom said, we're not difficult for my alma I would order them to make the miswak with every prayer, and there are many a hadith like this, which again shows how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would have mercy for his
oma. So inshallah we're going to stop the inshallah tomorrow with Neela after Russia will carry on with the remainder of this chapter. there's any questions inshallah we'll take them otherwise we'll conclude
the prayer for the traveler. If a person is traveling and they reach that distance of traveling and they consider themselves to be a traveler, then every photograph is taken down to two. So the harasser inertia is too
Instead of four, and there is a lot for us to combine between Thor and Asan, and mockery benatia.
So for the combined press, you have a choice either to compare the whole time or also time, or most of the time in a shot. And for those two,
the majority of the Imams hold the opinion that it is when the
when the length of your shadow becomes w size. That's the vast majority opinion of the majority. And I think it's only an aeration in the month of Mr. McMahon that says until the sun is about to set. So the majority of the 40 Ma'am, say that it's until your shadow is W length. Okay, one of the issues that comes about is you have these recommended times, right, the recommended times of the prayer. But for example, like even in this Masjid, we won't pray Lord or service earliest time, it will be too late. Right? So maybe half an hour after it starts. That's when the Jamaat is given what you did you pray earlier, but by yourself or later and in Jamaica, the answer to that is up later on
in Jamaica, to pray in congregation is more virtuous, more rewarding than to pray early. But if in this case and instance, if you find a machine that prays at the proper time or towards more of the proper time, and also in Jamaica, that is better as well, so that you close in following the sooner and you follow the sun to the best of your ability.
If you're traveling and you pray with the Imam, you follow the Imam because the prophets of Salaam said in the majority Imam, the Imam is there to be followed. So you do whatever the Imam does, even if for example, and we'll come on to this chapter anyway, of the traveller. But if for example, you came from Lahore, and you were late, the Imams already prayed to the new pray to with the Imam which is what you will normally pray if you are traveling or praying on your own. But because you prayed with the Imam, you stand up and you pray another to making it for so you follow the Imam
if you miss
so these times I've given you the beginning and the ends, once the end time has finished, the time of the prayer has finished. And then after that it's about
right. So I mean, you should obviously you pray it, as soon as you can. Say for example, you forgot you slept, you know, you didn't know whatever issue whatever the issue is you prayed as soon as you can. But once that's finished, that time has finished snap about is no longer being played or its proper time.
Combining mode of inertia in the summer months.
What the issue revolves around is whether the sun sets completely or not in the summer months in this country. So that's not like everyone The world is in these northern very northern types of countries, does the sun completely set or not. And if it doesn't set in Russia, time doesn't actually come in fully, doesn't actually come in at any time. Therefore, they say that you can combine
In my opinion, that is a weaker opinion. And it's best to even if Russia doesn't come in, even if we take the argument to estimate. So for example, you pay Russia an hour and a half after Muslim as you will know me throughout the rest of the year. And that's based on the Hadith of the job where the prophet SAW Selim said that he will come and he will stay on earth for 41 day, the length of a year, one day, the length of a month, one day, the length of the week. And then the rest of the days will be like your normal days. The companion said Mr. jurmala. How should we pray on those days that are the length of a year a month and
week and the professor seldom set you estimate. So even though the sun will only set once on that day, there's only one sun set on one sunrise, but it will because it's the length of the year. The professor said estimate mean that they prayed the prayer of a year not the prayer of a day. So we take that same principle and apply it here because again, the sun even if it doesn't completely set we can estimate and so to estimate is better than models best.
Case inshallah we'll stop that