Channel: Ahsan Hanif
Series: Ahsan Hanif - The Book Of Prayer
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smilla rahmanir rahim Allah horrible alameen sallallahu wasallam obatala si de la hache Marine Allah and he will be a woman sada lsvt. Big he was the numbers from that he was the deputy laomi Dean was seldom at the Sleeman kathira.
So last week we finished, we were discussing the chapter of malapit timings for the prayer and we finished with the general rules of timings in terms of when the times of Salah begins and when it ends, and then we were discussing some of the excepts exceptions, or some of the clarifications and details to those rulings. So we stopped at Hadith number 138. Were an evening betsson or the Allahu anhu makan Allah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and vegetal for john fraudulent. fraudulent
order Hello fi sala
de forma de Sala a salatu salam ala fi Tom Raja even Jose Manuel Hakeem or Saha what it has to be the national was definitely the you have a motorhome in Abuja, the landfill awful, awful awful. In the whole planet debris Sirhan
on the 30th of July blockbuster, the Allahumma who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Virgil is of two types a fragile in which eating is haram and is allowed to play and a federal in which it is haram for you to pray, meaning the fudger prayer, but it is allowed for you to eat. And this is collected by even Hosea and remember Hakeem, and they both authenticated it and in another narration of emammal hacking on the authority of Jeddah rhodiola. One, he said concerning the budget in which it is not allowed to eat,
indeed, it is like a straight line that goes in the horizon. And in another generation, it is like the town of a wolf or a fox.
This Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Firstly, it is this narration that is brought about to live in our best wishes which is collected in Jose man remember hacking, it is a statement of purpose and it is not authentic as a hadith. So what is authentic is that it is a statement of our best about the Allahu anhu map. However, there are other supporting narrations that are mentioned from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the Hadith is authentic, even though this particular narration is the statement of Abdullah in our bus, or the Allahumma. This Hadith speaks about the timing for Virgil.
And that is that there are two fudger timings there are two times for Virgil or to Virgil's to Dawn's that are known. The first is known as federal chasm, the false dawn. And the second one is known as a federal assadi, the true dawn. And that's because when you look at the horizon at that time, and again, in the UK, it's not always very clear. But if you were to go to the Middle East and some of these other countries, you will see that before fudger comes in, there is a time before Virgil, where there is some lightness in the sky, it looks like something is rising in the sky, there is some lightness that you see in the sky, and this is known as the full storm, that lighting
that light that comes in the horizon will disappear, and then it will go back to darkness again. And then after this, you will have the true for the true dawn. And that is when the sun is beginning to rise. And that's when you see a true dawn. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was mentioning both of these types of officials. The first one is a federal in which it is how long to eat, and it is allowed to pray and that is the truth. The truth one, because as soon as don't comes in, obviously we're talking about in Ramadan or when you're fasting, it's hard it is in the context. When that federal comes in, it is allowed for you to pray, meaning the time of prayer has entered
and it is not haram for you to eat. So as soon as Virgil begins, it is time for you to stop eating. And that's why the time of fasting as we mentioned in the chapter of fasting is from the time of fudge as soon as fudge enters, and as that is given for fudger as soon as the time begins for pleasure. And normally the event will be given as we said at the beginning of that time, then that is the time when there is not allowed for you to eat. But it is allowed for you now to play. The fiddle which comes before that which is the full stone and virtual currency is where it is allowed for you to continue eating haram for you to pray. Because the true time of fudger has not yet
entered. It has not yet
entered. And so it is not allowed for you to pray fudger is not entered yet. It's not time to pray. And it's allowed for you to eat because the time of culture has also not entered.
In the time of the Prophet sort of love where it will sell them what they will do is that they would have to advance they had to advance. One was before for quite some time. And that was to show people that it's time to dedicate the 100 relevant hobbies. And it's the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam eat and drink when, when beloved makes the other than continue to eat and drink and do so until you hear that as an have been only Maktoum. So we know that the profits are lower and he will still impact a number of events. One of them was barrel or the other one was obviously the famous illustrious companion. He was one of the residents of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam, and shortly we're going to come on to the proper then and we'll speak more about him. One of the other things of the profits on the lower end he was selling in Medina was a man by the name of Abdullah Ebony only electron. And he was a blind man. One of the companions from Mecca one of them had Janine was blind and one of the early to these people. And so Lara's origin mentioned this in the Quran and he said that someone like me to mimic him, even though he was poor and he was blind and so on. He has more rights to you than these nobleman because he's a nobleman of boorish don't want to accept Islam. They don't want to worship Allah, they just want to have a privileged status.
Whereas this man is sincere. He's come to you to learn about his religion and to come closer to Allah. So he was the point here being he was one of the Muslims. So the Prophet salaallah alayhi wa sallam would say to the companions, when you hear Bilal make the event, continue to eat and drink, meaning some time for frigerio. That's the first event and continue to do so until you hear the other end of economic term or the long run. So this issue of the two federal rules and the two advanced for federal is something established in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The only other prayer where we have this ritual of having to advance is for the Juma prayer.
And that was something which was established during the time of austerity, but I found over the long run, when the Muslims became more prosperous during his time, and during his free laughter and the city of Medina had expanded somewhat. They found that the Muslims were late coming to Juma because as you know, the amount of Juma is given when the Imam stands on the minbar stands on the main board and gives the lamps then the other is given. So if someone's busy in the world, in their job doing whatever they're doing, and they hear that, and then by the time they get ready, come back from work, take a shower, get ready Come to the masjid, they'll have missed a lot of the hotel, if not
all of the hotel. And so what are some of the Aloha I'm did was that he installed another one that came before. So that what the when the companions had that first and then they knew that the time of Jamal was approaching, they will leave off their work the jobs and so on and prepare for Jamal and then come to the masjid and this is something which is also still done in the Romanian Mecca and Medina, they still have to advance for Jamal even though the gap between the two is actually very minimum, right? It's like the 510 minute gap. But the sooner is to actually or not, the sooner the practice of one of the whole effort was to make along the gap between the two. So this is the
headings of the two figures. One of the other innovations that is mentioned here by even hedge Rahim Allah in the same narration, is speaking again about the federal which is the future which is not correct. And that is that it comes as if it is
a line in the horizon. So when you see that line in the horizon, that line will then disappear. And that is the future which is incorrect. And Allah azzawajal knows best. So that's how he's had his number 139 or anybody Miss Rodin rhodiola Allah Allah, Allah, Allah is Allah He will seldom have a solid two feet over the walk to our hotel, maybe we'll have him or Sahaja was to officer he came on the authority of Abdullah bin was rhodiola one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the best of actions is to pray the prayer at the earliest time collected by human maturity and amendment hacking and authenticated by both of them. And let's also enter Bukhari and Muslim. This
Hadith with this wording, and this narration is in a Timothy and it is authentic. But the other narration that has been referred to by Abraham Rahim Allah is what is found in our Bukhari and Muslim by the prophets on a low while he was Salaam was asked about the best of actions and he said, it is a man believed to have faith in Allah, that he was asked what next? He said to pray the prayer at its earliest time when he was asked to what's next. And then he said, Jihad he said the law to make jihad in the path of Allah. In another Hadith he said beware leading to be righteous and good to your parents.
So this hadith has been born.
Really by Haji Rahim, Allah tada just to emphasize a point that we made last week. And that is that the general rule of thumb for all of the prayers, with the exception of Russia, is that you pray it at its earliest time. So as soon as the time comes into play it at its earliest time that is the Sunnah, with the exception of Russia, we set to delay it as much as possible before its time finishes. That is the sooner with regards to Russia. So this is really just re emphasizing that point. One of the benefits that we take from this Hadith, though, is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would often be asked this question, and when you go through the sooner you have
this question been asked many times, what is the best action? What is the best action? What is the best thing that we can do? And what you find is that in most of these a hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave a different answer. So for some people, he said, it is to pray. For some people, he said, it is a man Billa for some people, he said, it has beautiful body, then be good to your parents. For some people, he said it is jihad. Then there are other similar Hadith, in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would say, the best of you are those who are best to their families. And then he will say, for example, the best of you are those who learn the Quran and
teach the Quran. So the scholars said, Why are there so many different Hadith with basically the same issue? The same question, or the same context is being given, but there is always a different answer. And what the scholars said is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would address people depending on their needs. So for example, maybe this person came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he said, O Messenger of Allah, what is the best deed, meaning that I can perform. And so the prophets also know that this person may be was weak in his prayer, or that he wasn't very conscious about his prayer. And so he said to him, pray at its earliest time, maybe
another person had weak a man. So he said, the best action for you is a man Billa maybe someone else had elderly parents. So he said for them, that it is that you are good to your parents, someone else is teaching the Koran and learning the Quran and so on. So this shows that the prophets on the lower and he will sell them from his from his understanding. And this is from one of the benefits that we have even advising one another, that you understand the situation of the person coming to you. So if someone asks you a question, or they seek your advice, one of the things that you need to know is the situation of that person. Someone says to you, what is the best act i can do? Obviously, the
best act that you can do is either going to be the priority rozeta or is harsh. But if you know the particular situation of that person, then you know how to direct them. Maybe that person has no issues in prayer, no issues in soccer, no issues in fasting, but they don't make Hajj even though they have the ability to do so. So for them it is to make Hajj maybe for someone else it is prayer. Maybe for someone else it is something else. And that's why the prophets on a lower and evil was seldom said
to have some Robbie Allahu Allah is one wife. When she asked concerning her brother Abdullah bin Ahmad rhodiola. One rumor, he said Abdullah Rama Rajan is a great blessing man, if only he would pray during the night, meaning 200 Pm only. So the professor Lim knew much about Abdullah bin armor, but he knew that he was weak in this area. So you said he's a great amount of blessing man, righteous man, if only he prayed during the night. And that was something specific for him. And so I believe it said when I heard that I have never ever left the night presence every single day, I prayed the nine prayer. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would give his answers pertaining
to each individual. And that is also from fitful fatwa from the understanding that the scholar or the student of knowledge or someone should have, we're answering the question that you take in the situation of the people are shaping the female Rocky Mountain level to Allah. He has a very good example of this that he mentions in one of his lectures. And that is a someone asked him, my wife, is she married to my uncle? So my uncle, can he be the maximum of my wife? Can my uncle be the maximum of my wife? And so the chef replied, and he said, it depends what you mean by uncle. Right? So normally, someone would have just given an answer straightaway, yes or no? Yes. Your uncle is
Muharram. No is not. But the chef knew and he understood. The uncle has so many different meanings for uncle is a generic term, like in the mystery of you see an elderly person you call him uncle? Right? That's an uncle. You have your mother's brothers, their uncle, your father's brothers, uncle, your parents, cousins and relatives or uncles, right. Your father in law, you probably call an uncle. There are so many different types of uncles which uncle Are you referring to? Which one do you want to know about? And so this is from the fifth of the squat is that they don't just give blanket answers like that they Ask and inquire so that they can ensure that they're giving the
correct answer. Likewise, the profits on the loan
On equal Selim would understand the situation of the companions and he would address them accordingly. How do you remember 141 a b my daughter rhodiola one and Nadia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam upon a one on one en la subtle Hola, como la
la. Gracia dharapani besana Dunbar Ethan jinda. What it tells me the man had at Miramar Allsop when he found a law and authority of law or the law, one that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said,
the first of the time is the pleasure of Allah, the middle of time is the mercy of Allah. And the ending time is the forgiveness of Allah clifty by Courtney with a very weak chain of narration. And there's also an activity from the hadith of Ibn Ahmad, with a similar wording with the exception of the middle timing. And that is we also, as we mentioned previously, in this book, I've even had Rahim Allah allowed to highlight one of the practices, one of the customs that we've been hijacking mahama in his book is that he doesn't just bring authentic hadith he will bring weak Hadith as well. And he knows they are weak. And he does it intentionally because he mentioned after the Hadith, that
it's a weak Hadith, right, so no one's under any false illusions. It's not an issue of difference of opinion to him. It is clearly a weak Hadith. And we said that the reason why he does this is because these are how these are either very famous. So something which is that people hear about, and they're famous, and people always mentioned it to one another. So he brings it to our attention, that even though the Hadees might be famous amongst people, it is weak. Or another reason may be that he brings the Hadees to show that there is an act of worship, which is being based on this Hadith, which is weak people are doing something which they shouldn't be doing. And they have a
hadith for it that they're basing it upon, but it is weak. And so Abraham's Rahim Allah to Allah will sometimes bring these recordings to show that these are Hadith which you need to be aware of. This is one such Hadith, in which it is said that the first time you will be talking about the timings of the prayer. So the earliest time is the pleasure of Allah. The middle time is the mercy of Allah and the ending time of that prayer is the forgiveness or the partner of Allah subhana wa Taala but as we said, this hadith is weak, and a large surgeon knows best.
That's how he had his number 141 ronneby Romana radi Allahu Allahu Allah Allah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa will sell them upon last holiday surgery LeSage at the tail end of Russia from from sir in the nursery was the revised attempt the reserved last
surgery larocca Tl surgeon, or miss LaHood dharapani.
On the 30th of July with Mr. rhodiola, one whom at the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there is no there is no prayer after fudger, except for two such deaths are two records collected by the five except the Maasai. And in the duration of abdulrazaq, there is no prayer after fudger, except the two records are fragile. And this is also in a dharapani on the authority of a hammer, even Alas, these are these are also weak, these are high, these
are also weak.
So this hadith that is mentioned of Abraham is weak as well. And basically what this hadith is saying is that even after after you played Virgil, you're allowed to play two records, your legendary two records, whether those two records are the two records of fudger that you might have missed before version, or whether it's two other records, just two records. Generally, as we said, this habit is weak and it also contradicts the other Hadees that we mentioned last week, and that is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prohibited anyone from praying after fudger until the sun has risen after vegetal until the sun has risen on the last panel with Allah knows best.
The next howdy howdy from 140 to randomly San Mateo de la one Hippolyte Sala Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam alacer Suma de la vt for solar cotton for sell to football shopping to unlock the door for so late to human and supple to a fan of Lima EDA Tata on a project. Only a bidder would enter a Chateau de la vimana
on the authority of cinema rhodiola one ha, who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam pre docile, and then he entered into my house and he prayed to recurse so I asked him concerning them, and he said that I became busy from my tarot cards after the lord of prayer. So I prayed them now. So I asked him, should we also make them up If we miss them, he said, No. And this is collected in the Muslim of human measurement, and in sort of the world on the authority of erasure of the Allahu anhu. There is also a similar Hadith. This Hadith is authentic. This Hadith is authentic, and it was authenticated by a number of the scholars lecture members of the mahalo tal and Raja and
others as well.
This Hadith is something which is specific to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would miss his son, his son or Atiba. And as we're going to come on to the five prayers, or the four of them anyway, have something as before or after them or sometimes both. So as we said before, federal has to recognize before the horse is for before and after, there are no sooner facile for mothers to ask them for a shot. It is true after making a total of 12. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Whoever prays 12 hours a day 12 of the Sooners a day, then a large soldier will build for them a house in general. So the point
is that if the profits on the long run, he will send them happen to miss some of his summers, because he became busy. For example, He was in the mustered enough to go home instead of bringing as soon as a delegation came to him, some of the competitors had an issue or some issue arose. And so he was unable to pray. He would make them up later, even after the time had elapsed. So the general ruling is that these cylinders are prayed within their time. So the Sooners have prayed a lot of time, the son of mother is during marketing time, as soon as a Russia afraid Russia time. They're not made up after, nor can they be brought forward. So you can play Muslim soon as after the war, or
after each one is with that prayer. However, if someone misses them, for a valid reason, is it allowed to make them up or not? This is something which is being addressed in this hadith. And that is that it is allowed it was allowed for the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, because this was to perfect his worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And as we know, and as we discussed in the chapter of fasting, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had a number of issues of worship, that were peculiar to him, they were special, specific to him, not for anyone else. So for example, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would fast in resolve, meaning that he wouldn't break his fast,
he would fast and moderate, he would continue to fast until the next day, but he prohibited the companions from doing so. So it's not allowed for anyone else to do so. But it was something specific to him Salalah Well, he will sell them. And he said, Indeed, my Lord, He gives me food and he gives me a drink. Another issue, which is also peculiar to him, according to a number of the scholars of Islam, is that the 100 the night prayer was obligatory for him. So for him, it's obligatory every night you would pray that the 100 prayer, and that's why you have the prophets on the lower alley who sell them, and more or less all of the narrations would pray the night pray
every night you would really miss the night prayer, if at all. And so again, the scholar said that this was something special to him, that he had to pray the night prayer, as for everyone else, it is optional. It is a highly recommended Sunnah. But if you don't do so you're not sinful. Likewise, here the prophet SAW Selim would make up his Sooners, even if the time elapsed, and this all of this is to perfect the worship of the prophets on the long run, he will sell them to a loss of water either. As for us the men are not allowed to do so. Because we sell them out of the law. One law explicitly asks the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Should we do this as well? And the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said no. So what do we do? From the mercy of Allah azza wa jal is that Allah Subhana Allah has given us another way out. And that is that if we perform these soon as every day, and they're our normal practice, it's our normal habit and ritual to practice these Sooners to pray these sermons or any other sooner, and then we miss them for a valid reason. So for example, for sure you wake up late. And so you've missed the time to pay the Sooners of pleasure, and you come to the masjid and you just pray. Because you don't have enough time to do both. Or, for example, you become extremely busy, or you become ill or something like this and you happen to miss
the sooner. The prophets on the lower legal system told us that if someone performs an act of worship regularly, and then for a valid reason they miss it, then a large soldier will give them that same reward because they missed it for a valid reason. And so that's a concession for us that we don't have to make up those prayers but Allah will give us the same reward as for the prophets of Salaam that he would make up those prayers and Lars the virgin knows best.
Moving on from that is the next chapter and that is Babel and then what the apama Babel Ernie when he upon
the chapter of them and the karma, then in the Arabic language comes from a root word which basically means to proclaim or to call out. And Allah subhana wa tada mentioned this in the Quran in Surah Tauba them in a law heat water soda proclamation and a call from Allah and His Messenger he uses the word Asan and in the Sharia basically means a call which signifies the beginning of the time for prayer, a call which signifies the beginning of the time for prayer. That is the definition of as an
Karma basically literally means to stand, it means to stand. And what it means in the Sharia is a call, which signifies that the prayer is about to commence, or the people have stood for the prayer. And so the event is the one that is given as soon as the time enters. So as soon as the time enters, and we mentioned this last week as well, that the sooner is as soon as the time enters the event is given. The karma is something which is given when the man comes. And he stands in front of the people. And that is the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So during that time, they wouldn't have fixed times between the adult and the karma. So it wasn't this thing where you have 10
minutes, between the two or 15 minutes or five minutes, that was left to the discretion of the Imam. And that's also that's how it should be. It's up to the Imam, sometimes the Imam will come early, Sometimes he'll be delayed. And there are narrations of how the companions waited for the profits on the lower and he will send them to come and lead some of the press and they will be waiting for some time will take them some time. And then he would come out late. And we mentioned this last week as well, concerning the issue of prayer that if the prophets of Salaam saw the companions had gathered would come early. If you saw that they were delayed and they will slow in coming to the machine, he
will delay the shop. Well, the point is that it is at the discretion of the Imam. And there's also a famous duration of the long run. For the gym, I pray that he came at extremely late one German prayer when the companions asked him, he said, because I only have one pair of clothes, and I wanted to wash it on this day of Friday so that I have clean clothes, and I had to wait for those clothes to dry. So I was delayed in coming out. The point is that it is at the discretion of the Imam and the general rule of thumb is that the Imam is the one who has the right to lead the prayer. So if the people come, and they find that 510 minutes, 15 minutes have gone from the oven, the man has
come out the weight and their patient unless someone knows that the man isn't coming, his delayed is not around. And he has appointed someone else to read the prayer that often is that you just wait until a man comes out. And this is basically the same kind of system that they're still using in many of the Muslim countries. So for example, if you go to many places in Saudi Arabia and so like the two harems, there is up to the discretion of the Imam. So in Mecca and Medina, it's up to the amendment that the parliament is given. So, for example, sometimes it's five minutes sometimes 10 minutes in hajj, for example, when you go there's literally like 30 seconds between the two because
of how busy MCE is they just lead the press straight away but the point is that it is at the discretion of the Imam and Allah knows best.
Now then in the Obama are mentioned in the Quran, they mentioned in the Sunnah, and they mentioned in the consensus of the scholars of Islam. In the Quran, there is in Surah Merida verse number 85. But Allah subhanho wa Taala says what he then did to illustrata. And when you call to the prayer, and this call that has been referred to is the event that is sort of malita verse 85. And it was mentioned in the sunlight in many, many a hadith some of them which we'll come on to later. But one of them is the hadith of morale below the long run in Sahih Muslim that the prophets on a low while he was selling them said that the more of the need that people who give the other will have the
tallest and the longest necks on Yom Okayama. So because they were the ones who would call the people to prayer, and the people would respond to them, then our normal pm Allah will give them the longest next and as we know from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. On that day, Allah will bring the sun close to the heads of creation, and the people will sweat profusely as a result of this. And some of them that stretch will reach the ankles from their knees from their waist, some will be nearly drowning in their own sweat. So on that day, when people are trying to escape them on sweat, the magazine will have the tallest and longest necks a lot of surgeon will
give them long necks, one above the people and a lot of soldier knows best. And it is also mentioned in the book so fifth as being something which the spiders have consensus over what is the ruling of the other than
the other, according to a number of the scholars of Islam is full of key fire, it is a communal obligation. So, wherever there is a group of Muslims in a city in a in a village wherever there is a group of Muslims that are that must be given for the five prayers, even if it is only in one place to another must be given. And so it is a communal obligation if someone fulfills it, then all of the other Muslims are free of blame. But if no one does it within the community, then all of the Muslims are sinful, that is what faulty fire or communal obligation means. So if you have enough people to establish a congregation, then someone within that place must give the other than someone within
that city within the village even if it is only in one place, they must give that other and so the other is something which is a part of the fire or communal obligation
does another pump
I mentioned in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and we'll come on to that in a short while. And that is done for congregation, not for a singular prayer for a congregation. So that alone doesn't have to be given if a person is praying on their own, but it is invite other people to come and to pray. If the prayers are combined, the scholars have said that one event is sufficient and then to your farmers for the two players that are combined to give one event and then to your farmers one for each one and then inshallah This is something which we're also going to come on to in a short while as well with more in more detail.
That is also only specific to the five prayers that are specific only to the five prayers for Judo Rasul Muslim, and Alicia. There is no event for janazah no as I'm worried, no other than for the eclipse prayer nor than for the rain prayer. There is no event for any other prayer except for these five prayers. The first Heidi's in this chapter had his number 143 and I'm delighted when you say Europe they are the only one who can pass a B one and that human regimen sakala upon Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar for the Quran as an amateur Beer Beer with a rechargeable kombucha for other elapid komitee sada polyfilla mass spectrometry todo sobre la de la la He will send them off upon in the
hadith of Raja muda Buddhahood. Timothy hoceima Masada
Allah Bilal rhodiola, one for you as an individual as Salatu
was a matar and understand what the Allahu anhu Paul, Minnesota to
Allah, Allah solder to the known
and authority of Abdullah Museo de Allahu anhu said that a person came to me during my sleep in a dream and he said, say, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. And then he mentioned a van with the beard four times without making tarjay and that the Obama was done once except for the statement of performative Sala. He said, so when I woke up I came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and informed him and he said, Indeed, it is a truthful dream. Then the rest of the Hadith which is collected by the Buddha would and authenticated by Timothy zema. In the Muslim Ummah, Muhammad at the end of the story, is a statement of the law or the law one that in the event of forgery also add
a solid to film in unknown and in the narration of evil whose aim and authority and as for the long run that he said, it is from the Sunnah for them to say, infringer after halal fella Asana to film in a no.
This Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the hadith of Abdullah bin Zayed is considered to be the apostle or the basis of this whole chapter, chapter of event. And in karma It was probably the most important Hadith within this chapter, the hadith of AB delight insane and as we mentioned also in the previous chapters and books that we've studied of blowhole muram that Abraham's Rahim Allah tala, Nami has this, this method that he mentions the most important Hadith at the beginning of the chapter, and then the other Hadith. So the most important I had this anomaly at the beginning of the chapters.
This Hadith is a long Hadith much longer than what is mentioned here by Ibrahim al lo Tada. And the story is that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to Medina, and they wanted to establish the congregational prayer, and you have to remember that before this in Makkah, the Muslims are persecuted they cannot perform Salatu Juma and openly because the Muslims will persecute them. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray other companions would pray individually, or in very small groups. And even if they want you to come to the Haram to Mecca by the Kaaba, they will pray individually, they never had a Jamal and they never had their own mustard.
But now that they came to Medina, they had a Masjid and they built pressure Oban. They built mustard, the nabawi and the Muslims can now offer congregational prayer. The question that arose was how to call the people to prayer, how to invite them to the prayer, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as was his practice, he consulted his companions, ask them for their advice. And so people came with different ideas. Some of them said we should have about like the Christians have about other said other things. Everyone had their own opinion. And so the profits aren't alone while he was selling them wasn't content with any of these opinions was a content with any idea. So the
companions dispersed. During that night, Abdullah bin Zayed about the Allah one one of the companions. He saw in a dream that a man came to him. And he mentioned to this man that they want you to call for prayer. And then he was thinking of having about something similar to this. So the man in the dream said to him, don't do so rather have this call. And then he mentioned as an to him, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. And he went through the whole event, and then he went through the karma, and the way to the karma as well. So in the morning, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was informed by I believe insane, or the Allah one of his dream is that this is what I saw in my dream.
This is what the man said. And so the prophet SAW Allah
Adding was seldom said as is mentioned in this narration Bible hotjar. That was a truthful dream. It was a truthful dream. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took it, and he established it as the alarm and the karma,
the event of the lightning say that we're going to come to some of the differences in the integrations of the components as to exactly how the event is given in terms of the wording of the event. In this Hadith, Abraham's rahimullah mentors that are then has 40 minutes at the beginning, as we normally do Allah Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. And then he says, We don't throw God away the third year, third year in the Arabic language is basically where in the event and we're going to come on to this as well in the other one, you say the two Shahar does shadow Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah, you see them four times each instead of two. That is,
twice you say them in a Silent Voice and then twice in a loud voice. Okay, and we're going to come on to this in a bit more detail shortly as well. So inshallah we'll go into it in more detail, then I'll explain exactly what it means. Also in the in the, in the same similar narrations we have the addition of a solid to him in a known in the federal prayer, and that is done in the federal prayer after saying, hey, Allison, hey, Alan fella that didn't sell a solid to him in a no, which means that prayer is better than sleep. This other of Abdullah didn't say what the alarm rang once you saw this alarm, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him go and give it to Bilal, go and
inform Golan, because Bilal has a much better voice. And so the prophets on the lower end, he was Selim ordered our beloved unsaved, to mention it to be loud, and Bilal became the oven. And the process of him said, because he has a better voice. So the scholar said that he had a louder voice, and he had a nicer tone, a nicer voice. And that shows that these two things are something which the muslin should possess a loud voice, so that people can hear obviously, this was before the time of microphones and speakers. And the second thing is a good voice, a nice voice. So people will respond to that other than this, and then of the light button, say it has 15 statements, 15 statements. So I
love this four times, that a shadow like twice a shadow and the Mohammed are sort of like twice higher lasala twice per annum for like twice a low, but again twice, and then the last ones are together, that makes 15 statements.
So this is the habit of employments a lot of your loved one and as I said, it is the awesome it is the, if you like the most important Hadith within this chapter. One of the issue issues that the scholars also mentioned concerning this event, is that one of the other conditions of the Muslim she has to have a good voice has to be someone who knows the times of the prayer has to have a loud voice. Also something which is important is that the person can recite the oven correctly, that they don't make mistakes in the oven to the extent that they change the meaning of the oven. So for example, one of the examples that the spiders give is in the Shahada team when you say a shadow
Allah Illallah a common mistake is where people put a mud on the Elif. So instead of saying a shadow they say,
shadow and this is common and you hear it in certain events. This changes the meaning. Because Elif with a mud at the beginning of any sentence becomes a question becomes a Hamza to this defense. And Allah mentioned this in the Quran as one law, how you manage the code is a lot better, or the gods that they ascribe. And there is a rhetorical question that Allah asks, but he mentions it with this Elif. And so if someone says instead of a shadow, they say a shadow. They're not no longer saying that I testify that the owner has right to be worship except Allah then asked me a question. Is it true that no one has the right to be worshipped except Allah. So they change the meaning completely.
And so the other now, you know that Shahada thing because it takes on a completely different slant. And so that's something which is also important for them to have and that is knowledge of the Arabic language Mashallah, we'll go over one more Hadith, the final Hadith, Harris number 144 wannabe maheswara todo de la one and the nebia sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and among other physical Rafi Taraji apologia who Muslim will not be Rafi overly Hema rotini if a borrower has
that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught him the other day and he mentioned with any technology and this is collected by Muslim and he also mentioned in this narration that his beard at the beginning it's only twice instead of four times and that is also collected by the five but they mentioned that beer is four times
this how these is authentic, as in Sahih Muslim as we mentioned,
The companion races Hades, but the loved one was the muslin of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Mecca. So we said that the processor had a number of weapons. in Makkah It was a bomb Hazara. in Medina, it was beloved and Abdullah Al Maktoum rhodiola. Who
so this hadith
is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught him the event. And he mentioned within it the third year, there are three different durations of the event in terms of the wording of the event. The first generation is the duration that we mentioned in the previous hadith of Abdullah insane and that is the the event that we normally given all of the masjid so any mischief that you go, you'll most likely hear that same agenda than that you hear here. And then you hear Makkah and Medina that same as and that you hear more or less everywhere. That is a 15 statements, that is the hadith of Abdullah bin Zayed It is also known as then of de la rhodiola one, that's number one. That's the
first narration that you find in the sun. The second narration that you find in the sun now is taken from this hadith of hora.
And that is that, that has 17 statements 17 1517. And the way that those 17 are is that we're at the beginning is only twice. So instead of saying Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, that Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, again, you only say twice, you only say Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar at the beginning, so not four times twice. And then what you add is strategy. What strategy is, as I mentioned before, is that the Shahada teen is doubled. So instead of mentioning each one twice, you mentioned each one four times. And the way that you do it is that you do it twice, silently, and then twice allowed. So normally what we do is we say, a shadow Allah, Allah, Allah, and then a shadow a la ilaha illAllah
Muhammad Rasul Allah, Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah, what you will do instead, according to this narration, Sahih Muslim, is that the Muslim says she had to align a lot silently to himself. So we'll do
that no one will hear it except Him. And then he'll do that twice. And then we'll say a shadow Allah, Allah, Allah, loudly.
And then for the other one.
Again, you'll sit silently, twice, normal hearing. And then we'll say it twice allowed, that is 3g, that is 3g. And that is the second generation that you find within the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as is in this hadith of Imam Muslim, the third generation is also with third year. So for the two Shahada has, again, to other than sign only than to louder than the other Shahada to signing in too loud. But addition is that the realism four times at the beginning instead of twice, so that Hadith becomes 19 statements. So we have three iterations of the exam. Number one is 15. statements, the normal event that we have, number two is 17. statements with a beard twice,
only at the beginning. And then third year, on the two shadows, and number three is 19 statements with 40 bills at the beginning, plus the third year on the two shadows, that is the three nations, all of them are authentic, all of them are authentic and established within the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, although some of the scholars have different over one or two other slight issues, but it seems that all of them are authentic. So what do you do now you have these three generations of that we have that
the general ruling is in the principles of when you come to different narrations of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in any issue, then what you do is number one is you look for if the one is authentic, and one is not. So it's very simple. If one is authentic, one is weak, it's very easy, what is authentic, you take what is weak, you leave, right, that makes it very simple. Number two is you can't do that because all of its authentic, like in this case, everything is authentic. So what you do then is you try to combine, you do your best to combine and apply all of those studies. And number three is if you can't do that, then something has to be abrogated. One thing is old, and one
thing is new, one thing abrogates the other in this narration and in generally generally in the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where you have narrations like this narrations like this where there's not a direct statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, that one is right one is wrong, or one is obligatory one is prohibited, but you just have different ways of doing the same thing. Then you apply them all. And basically what that means is that you do all of them at some point or another. So generally, the scholars are of the opinion that the hadith of Bilal is the strongest in terms of his chain of narration and it seemed to be the most common, so that would be
the most regular then that you do, but then you would also do the other ones here and there as well, to revive that soon and to show the people that it is allowed. And this was the opinion on
shuffled and snapped up in a team era Hema, hola and many of the scholars of Hadith. And there is a well known principle of faith that you combine and apply all of them. And this is not only in this issue, but you're going to come on to many examples of this, especially in the chapter of prayer. Another example that I just give you just so that inshallah you understand, is that the sooner the prophet SAW Selim in the witr, prayer, the witr, prayer can either be one record, can be three records can be five, can be seven, can be nine can be 11. All of this is authentically reported, and inshallah we'll come on to that in the relevant chapter. But the point is that it is dissimilar,
therefore, to apply it all as well. So not just to always do one, always three, always five, but that you change and swap and change as much as you can. So you do one, sometimes you do three, sometimes you do five, sometimes, even with the three, there are two ways of doing the three. Right, as you know, for those of you that come here, and you pray with them in Ramadan, sometimes on Amanda's separate feeds, phase three altogether, doesn't sit in the middle phase three or together, sometimes you please to gives us an M stands and does want, both of them are authentically reported. So the point is that you don't say that this is right, this is wrong. This is the sooner This is not
the sooner or that you save someone that's doing one of them that you're wrong, but rather you apply all of them, you use all of them so that you apply the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This is different to initial retreat last week, which was about praying in the prohibited times. That's a completely different issue because here you have two completely contradictory Hadith one says pray, one says, don't pray. You can't combine between the two can combine between two opposites. However, in this issue, you don't have an issue of prohibition and obligation. What you have is just different ways of doing the same thing. Sometimes is 15, sometimes 17 statements
sometimes 19. And so the rule is that you apply all of them as much as you can. And that seems to be the strongest opinion and the last panel to animals best. So if you go to a mustard and you find that someone's doing 19 statements or 17 don't freak out don't go crazy, is all the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim inshallah. So inshallah with that will conclude if there's any questions we'll take them otherwise we'll