Tafseer Surat AlAhzab #04

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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asimilar Hamato Haman hamdulillah blindman Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik ala Sayyidina Muhammad Allah.

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So you recited the first six ayat of surah. Till it took quite some time to three, I think four lessons, I believe altogether three or four it took, it took quite some time for us to be able to go the first page. And that's normally when I already started sooner I take time in the first number of ayat, just so I can establish the theme of the Sunnah with with every with all of you, and to make sure that the guess the context of it is clarified so that when we go through the themes, or the stories of the sort of brings up or whatever the story is going to talk about whether it's concepts or stories, that you have a background understand why the Quran is has all these concepts, all these

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stories in one unit or in one sutra. And what the point

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is trying to make for all of us to learn

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is the beginning of a cluster of students that talk about the concept of obedience of submission of PA or is to slander Allah subhanho, wa taala. And it looks at that concept, from a number of different angles each sort of takes a very unique angle from from the other. And so is the first one and the longest within this cluster of sutras. And it goes into a bit more and goes into detail. Looking at it from the angle of, of submitting or obeying Allah Subhan Allah commands, specifically when the command or the situation is difficult, it's very hard to hold on to this command. And I think that's something that we all relate to, when the topic is awkward, or is is difficult or or

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the situation is, there's a hardship, the circumstances are filled with, with hardships. So this is what sort of talks about and goes into a lot of detail and gives a lot of examples. For specific many of them specifically the prophets Allah Salem's life because I think Santos ran by far was the, the best example for us in that in that regards, meaning he was he was commanded to do many things that were very, very difficult and hard to adhere to. Yeah, and he complies to the likes of them with with a number of commands in different situations that were very, very difficult and extremely hard. And of course, that shows you the level that's that shows a high level of obedience meaning

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when when when this cluster of students began speaking about obedience, or Islam or PA, or submission, it began by speaking of the very hard situations of PA or a beat, obedience or submission, because that's where it really shows that it's easy to follow the you know, the the Command of Allah subhanaw taala. When things when you're in ease, or the command itself seems to serve you, it's not just long term, but also short term, many commands will serve you long term definitely. But they may not help you short term maybe they're a bit difficult right now for you to, to follow or to comply with. And that's why

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many of us struggle with different commandments within the foreigner everything rulings that Allah Subhanallah gives. So the examples that we took so far were issues of inheritance, and issues of issues of adoption. And other issue of Mahara. So three examples, one of them between a man and a woman, a man and his wife trying to do something called Bihar, which is neither divorcing nor keeping. The lady has a wife. The other one was talking about issues of adopting people who don't know their heritage, or people want to give themselves a different last name, and how that is haram in the deen. However, we're still encouraged to, you know, to bring orphans into the house, but

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these have rulings that need to be observed. And the fourth and the third example was issues of inheritance that you only inherited from your, from your from your blood relatives. You only inherit inherit from your biological father and your biological mother and you only give your inheritance to your biological children. And these are issues that are Prickly, that are difficult to talk about that aren't comfortable. But still we comply with the with the rulings and the commands of Allah subhana wa donnay went into a lot of detail last time talking about these three, three examples. today. We'll start with number seven.

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Number seven, and eight are a small introduction. And then after that the story of of Brunswick Eliza begins the story of the Battle of Isobel began after that, and it's a very it's quite long, it's around three pages, a little under three pages of the surah out of 10 pages around three just under 30% of the surah is just talking about the Battle of Lhasa and the sword and the sword is called the Lhasa because it's referring to that battle because it was one of the most difficult days or the difficult most difficult times that the Muslims as a group went through throughout their development and throughout their their story. So we start inshallah with Odin number seven

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he Nina che you're on your body

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Bismillah

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ye

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Meenan Be ye Nam isa whom worming go Amin

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get what I mean you

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What he meant when

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he said then email

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me on volley four

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LEUs earlier for the pain free Delphi him

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caffeine i there been any

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so these two I transition us from the introduction of the sutra and the examples that were put in the direction, the very short and summarize examples at the beginning of the first page.

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But it starts by saying what is a husband I remember Muhammad

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sallallahu alayhi salam, remembering Muhammad, when we took from the prophets and the messengers, their pledges, or their covenants, or their promises they would meet. And the word

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These are words that have different means, usually the word meets app means AI has a oath, an oath with it. So I had means when you give a covenant or you give a pledge, and an ethos usually means it's usually a higher level than I had. So usually, that's what it means, at least from from a Quranic perspective, that is, what is the usage of it, when we say it's a covenant or a pledge meter is I had plus an oath, meaning not only are you giving a word, but you're adding to it, you're swearing in a bar, you're, you're doing multiple oath that you will commit to this. So if I if you and I do a via or, and we shake on it, that's called I had then if we, if we make a few oath that we

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will, you know, commit to it, and that's called me thank me it's a it's a heavy, it's a heavy covenant or it's a heavy pledge. I remember Muhammad when we took from the prophets, their pledges, now again, what is

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the concept of remembrance is, it is understood from the from the context of the

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wealth corridor. That is, that is what he was trying to say. Now, the prophets, Allah Salim did did not witness all the prophets giving their pledges. But this is something that is universal, meaning if you go too early and run, you'll find that Allah Subhana

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Allah who couldn't be

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Allah when we felt when they begin to communicate, meaning that the time came when Allah subhanaw taala took the covenants and the pledges of all the prophets. And of course, these this is a long covenant, meaning there's the pledge that they are giving a belief in Allah subhanaw taala, the Oneness of Allah subhanaw taala and the spreading of his message, and a part of that long pledge that all Prophets stake is that in within their lives with if within their lives, isn't it? I'm gonna just to kind of put the parallels in front of each other. It's certainly I'm rolling with it says, data coming

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from Morocco rasuluh most of the Colima Malcolm that took me no, never he would have done that if I give you the book in the wisdom, which is what Allah subhanaw taala gives His messengers and his prophets that if that happens, and then within your lifetime, I send a different prophet and messenger who has certain characteristics, you that will be at the end of time meaning referring to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam himself that you will leave whatever it is that you have and you will follow him Mali Southwestern. That's why some of them would say loca and Musa Haiyan lemma was Yahoo Allah and yet to me it if Musa was alive, he would have no choice but to leave whatever he had

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and follow me and he talks the same thing about a Saudi sentiment, other prophets that they would have followed him Salah Hudson, because of the difference of the message of Islam,

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or the message of the Prophet somebody selling because all all the prophets have the same message of Islam in its essence, meaning from a theological perspective, from an ideological perspective, it's all Islam. However, the rule is sometimes differ that the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam his message is universal, in contrast to the messages of all the other prophets that were to call me him meaning to their people, to their groups, regardless of what they are, and that's why it has that focus. Now here where the husband I'm gonna be, you know, mythical women, and then we took it from you, yeah, Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam omenka From you, when we know what Ebrahim our Musa, where he

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70 Malian. And these five prophets if you think of the names new, Ibrahim Musa Issa and Mohamed Salah Salem, these five prophets are what are commonly known amongst scholars as Azim Rasul the strong willed messengers of stronghold prophets and they are seen to have a higher status in knowledge and in struggle and consequently almost gamma in in status also in gender and that we find evidence to that in the in the night of the mountain during the Prophet sallallahu Sallam ascended and he saw Rahim in the seven sky and Musa Ali Salam in the 60s so on So these prophets are very high, a very high status. Now why are the names brought here because these five prophets are only

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putting the Quran together and

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to places once here and then once later on, in sort of the shorter end, there's a different context to that altogether. There's only twice. And I believe that the reason that exists here is because of the theme of sort of Lazar is talking about difficult situations, many situations where you're going to show obedience to Allah subhanho wa Taala Orpah submission, you're going to show us to Islam for ALLAH SubhanA wa, tada and issues that require a strong will, that requires strength, meaning it's not you're not being commanded with something that you're going to find easy that you're going to find,

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with with no obstacles is actually going to be something that you're going to struggle with. Sometimes. Yeah, I need fundamentally and sometimes you struggle with with it financially or, or physically, or even socially, this level of awkwardness around it, whatever it is, it's going to take a strong willed person for to be able to follow these commands. And I mean, that's why this transition in this sort of came, the Allah Subhanallah is reminding the Prophet salallahu Salam that we took the covenants and the pledges of all these of you when these prophets with you,

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husband, I mean, homie we took from them Meetha Bengali via the word Khalil means thick. If you if you are to take it from a linguistic perspective, the word Hollywood means stick also means it's a very heavy one. Meaning there's a lot of detail in it. That is not going to be it's not always going to be easy. Well, I mean homies up and rolling we took from them and from you Yeah, Mohamed salah is a pledge or a covenant that is stick that is heavy, that will have within it a certain level of difficulty. That's the point of using the word Lundy you will hear that there will be difficulty it will not always be of ease, it's not something that will always

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happen spontaneously, or you find that it's actually serving your your selfish, or your short term purposes or goals. And I'm using this terminology, I'm saying this because I think it's important that we kind of see the difference here. Everything that Allah subhanaw taala tells us to do in the Quran, and through the prophets, some lessons, teachings are a benefit for us. Long term in life and you'll know piano mean, when he's telling us to do does not harm us in any way. It is the opposite of that altogether.

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For the facility with Cyril, who will use one of your silica, then you slot and we ease you into the ultimate ease.

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When we follow the commands of Allah subhanaw taala, we find ease your multi am and that is something that we all agreed to that's clear, but you also find ease in the life that you are living right now. There's always also ease in it today. Now, how do you understand that with the context of what this was talking about this sort of talking about difficult situations, following the Command of Allah subhanaw taala is very, very hard. Well, how does that work? Well, just it's just like when you tell your son or you yourself, study for exams, when you're studying, that is not ease. That's actually very hard, but you're doing it because the consequences of this study the results of this

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later on will bring you ease. It's a bit, the only difference is something is temporary. And it's now and something else is a bit maybe long term, it's a bit later on is delayed. And the human being can level to hipbone and Agila. Our problem as people is that we want what is what is now you want, we don't like results that come later. It's not something that we enjoy, we don't like spending time on you waiting for anything, no matter how small the period isn't, there's actually studies, it's interesting. And it's actually studies that are done with children, between ages four and six, where none of these studies may sound a bit cruel, but they would they would tell a child that you can

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either have any piece of candy now, or if you wait for 10 minutes, you can have two, right so of course kids and you know, some kids, most kids 90% of kids will just take the candy now. And those, maybe 10% of them won't. And when they did the measurement, and usually the kids are capable at that age of delaying for a while have higher intellect or actually more intelligence, they have a higher higher IQs. And then they kept on doing studies later on in different age groups, the results weren't the same in other age groups are different because it's hard to it's hard to find a universal thing that all teenagers want. It's not easy, because they have different you know, they

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want different things. But for children's all the same bell four year olds would like a nice piece of chocolate, regardless of where they are in their in their use of development. So the concept of accepting that thing, something that pleasure sometimes will be delayed. It is fundamental in understanding what the dean is talking about. So he estimates our physical Leland in the pages is thick, and it's heavy and there are difficulties in it, but it will ultimately bring you ease both in this life and in the Hereafter. And that is something that we need to spend a bit more time making sure that we explain to ourselves first and then to our to our to our children and our youth.

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Why Leah's elasaur The Tina answer the team so this lamb could be answering the reason why he took that mythical subhanho wa Taala from all the prophesied of southwestern, or it could be saying that this was going to happen, or was going to happen after these pledges had been taken and these covenants have been taken from these prophets from all the prophets

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Talking about these five specifically because they are universal because they have that higher status and they're called the strong willed amongst all the prophets, Leah's Allah Saudi Penang so they hit him to ask those who were truthful or who were honest about their truthfulness and about and about their honesty. I believe Kathleen either than edema and he prepared for those who disbelieved in all of this a painful punishment.

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So even the prophets themselves Salawat Allahu wa salam, why didn't you mention me even those prophets will be asked to multi Amma about the level of fulfillment that they showed towards the pledges and the covenants that that Allah Subhanallah took from them. You say that you are Sadhak you are honest and trustworthy and truthful about your belief in Allah subhanaw taala about accepting the message of Islam, accepting the Quran we claim to be honest about it. We claimed as a yes. Yatta we have accepted it and we will follow it. Okay. He will ask us about that honesty, uncertainty him? Let me see. It's very important. This wording is not you don't find too many places

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in the Quran

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has two out of the four places that have that wording. But I think it's really important to think about

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you can say what you want, whatever it is that you say, it is merely a claim. You are making a claim. You claim to be honest about something you feel it in your heart. I'm honest. I know. I know. I'm honest about it. You asked me Are you telling me to believe I believe and I'm honest about that belief? All right. You're you're truthful about it. Yes, I am gonna buy believe in it truthfully. Okay. We will ask you about that truthfulness. Well, how do you ask me about the truth once I'm either truthful or not? Isn't that true? Isn't that how we're supposed to understand things? Either? I'm honest about something or I'm not honest about something. If you asked me and I said, Yes, I

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believe. And inside my heart at that moment, I'm honest. And I'm honest. Apparently that's not how it works. With that he is telling us apparently that's not how things work. I know how it works isn't Yes. And Lina and Cymbidium. Oh, you claim that you're honest about it? Yes. Yeah. But they do. Well, we'll ask you about that in sha Allah. There will be there'll be some some questioning about that. What question that honesty you'll know piano it will be questioned. Yes, come from the word set, which is questioning. So it could be he will ask you about your honesty, or a more proper understanding of it is that he will question those who claim to be true, truthful and honest about

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their honesty and truthfulness. And that that is

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what the Quran talks about in general. To the point where I'll give you an example the Hadith Well, you see Muslim that the prophets lie Selim says, Call Allah Who and the non Hadith where we're used to explaining to us to to Fatiha it's a long Hadith at one point, he says that Khalid Abdul yak and Abu do what yeah can stain when the when the when the servant says In fact, yeah. Oh, Rob, it is you and only you who my worship, and it's you and only you may seek aid from

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and I seek help from God or Buddha, Allah subhanaw taala answers. Had there been any further in Abdi, This is between me and my servants. That's it. It's all I said, This is between me and my servant. But I don't know about this. You're saying it's like you're saying, you're saying that you worship Him and only him and you will seek aid from him? And only him? Yes, that's what I believe. Okay, that's between the two of us. What do you mean meaning we'll find out live, go live your life and we'll find out.

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talks about being and submitting to Allah subhanho wa Taala in the most difficult of situations.

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If you're honest about it, if you truly believe in Allah subhanaw taala, it will show on your actions, it will show on your behaviors it will show in your life story, when will show the most will shine the brightest. When will it be of most value. When things get hard?

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When things get really hard, that's when we'll shine the brightest that will show truly now, when you think about it, that's exactly what we do to people around us in our lives. When things are easy, we have friends, and then sometimes life throws us a curveball. And it's not easy anymore. At that point, our true friends, friends, our true friends, we use that word by the way. And we use that wording and we say true friends are true friends show and they shine. And that's the point where you know who you're actually your friends actually are. Why because things are hard. Now, when it's easy, it's not it's not a problem. United Allah He found a way both Allah efficient, the

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concept of worshipping Allah Subhana Allah during times of ease and worshipping Allah subhanaw taala through times of difficulty, and they're not the same. They're not the same. If you think they're the same, then you're in for a big surprise. You know, and I've seen it many many times and you will probably see it in your life and you've probably seen it before. It's not it's not a big deal for us to be good Muslims to follow the word of Allah subhanaw taala to to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet SAW Selim when when life is going the way we want it to go. But then things can take Yanni can take

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The drastic turn? And then what? Will you still follow? Will you still accept? Will you still obey You Will you still submit to the word of Allah subhanaw taala, we will still be a good Muslim or when things get hard, the harder they get, the farther you are away from Allah subhanaw taala. The harder thing is get the farther you are away from the messenger from the Quran and from a guide, and then things get better again. So you come back. It doesn't make that that's not how it works. And that's, that's that effect is actually the opposite effect. It's the paradox of what we should suppose to have within our deen. Yet that is the most common thing that we see everyday. I mean,

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this is something you see on a daily basis. People when they have time when life is going the way they want. You find them in the masjid. And then they disappear for six, seven months in the hospital. Where have you been? Oh, it's been hard. I've been going through difficulties. Oh, I should have seen you more here. What should have happened? You should have been here more I should have seen you instead of one, pair two or three? Because it's getting hard. Who else do you have to turn to but Allah subhanho wa taala? Isn't this your opportunity to prove that you can worship Him and submit to him? subhanaw taala. That's what's gonna teach. This is where he shows that it's very

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practical one by the way, today, you're going to listen to it. And we're going to talk about a few concepts that Allah Subhanallah does not have any unpractical expectations of His servants. He understands what goes in our psyches. He understands the human psychology more than any of us do. And he'll talk about that doesn't mean that you're not required when things get difficult to stay beyond you submitting and obeying and close to Allah subhanaw taala. That's why in this beginning, yes, Assad Athena, also the theme, those who claim to be honest, will be questioned about their honesty. Let's see. Let's see if you're honest. Open your book read. Let's see, read. Does that

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sound honest to you? As you're reading?

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Bear in mind that you're reading the life story of someone who claims that he only worships Me? And he only seeks aid from me read and telling me is that what you take? Is that is that the feeling you get when you're reading this book? My circle Nikita Buck kufr been FC Cleome I like it. But read your book, you will be the judge of yourself today, you're going to judge it yourself. Read it from me telling me what does it sound like? Oh, the first let's say every, every every you gets a page in this book, then you have 80 pages, you're going through the first 10 Does it sound Yachty so far that this is the story that the biography of someone who believes only in Allah six eight only from

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Allah subhanaw taala accepts Allah and the good and the bad, and the easy and the hard. And then you're standing there, you're not sure because you claim to be you said no, I was I was honest about my love for you. I was honest about about my my commitment to the covenant and the pledge that the Prophet SAW Selim Bryant, well, are you? Let's see, read the first 10 years, what were you good, alright, start with the second 10 Then you go through the second 10 and the third and the fourth 10. And what you're trying to do is, does this life story does this mess because at the end our lives are one big mess, but are the constants in them? Are the practices that we showed our are the ethics

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that we carried on to beliefs and, and plans that we had and aspirations and, and then things that we did and accomplishments? Were they were they focused on that were they are they Testaments? Are they testimonies of our belief in Allah subhanaw taala? Did they testify for us? This was just teaching us your actions will testify. Your actions will say whether you're actually truthful and honest about your belief in Allah subhanaw taala or not. And it couldn't be clearer than that is still something you struggle with? Or you're not sure about, or you've heard different opinions on this matter before. So what is the ultimate answer? It will leave nothing, no doubt in your heart.

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You can say what you want.

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It will be proven through your life. Well watch, watch, you'll get a couple of example. opportunities by the way, meaning Allah subhanaw yani live will throw you a number of

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the graph will will plummet a number of times throughout your life it is not it doesn't. It's not it's not a straight line, it will plummet a couple of times. So be given a couple of of opportunities to prove this. I'll give you one more Hadith The Prophet said them when he talked about, he was told about a lady who went when her when her loved one passed away. She first of all said a lot of issues of objection. She did call for basically, why in this and then she came to her senses and she made dua. So they said, you know, sort of Allah, will she I knew she this is what this person did. They're asking you about it for God in nama sobro. Right, and of submitting Gula

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indeed,

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perseverance exclusively, will be judged at that first moment, at that at the first encounter, when you first hear it was your first reaction. That doesn't mean that if you make if you mess up at the beginning that you don't know your back, and you fix it, and you'll be better. But this is this is how you know there's an indicator for you and for me, am I on the right path? Am I on the right page? Am I thinking properly? Am I practicing properly? No. I didn't show perseverance at that first moment. That first engagement maybe maybe I need to revise everything. Maybe I'm not thinking in the right direction. We're logged on it. So this is this is the first time it opens up that door, but

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profits will be asked

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But their honesty.

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prophets themselves messengers don't get questioned about the level of truthfulness that they carried their covenants and messages to their people. So what about you and I, then what do we what are we hoping for?

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I think I think the misconception or the long

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since centuries, I guess us being told that since you said a word, then you're good. Because then you say it, because you're going to gender. So relax, has brought for just a culture and a mentality of laziness.

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lack of motivation, and maybe a delusional sense of comfortability. Maybe we're too comfortable for our own sake. It's a delusional it's not it's not true. It's an illusion. You're welcome. I I fear for myself and I fear for everyone that we come and we find out that we were too and we were, I guess we were too comfortable or too safe. One of the biggest sins that you can commit in his time is

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mono Maka, Allah He ELO formal Castilian those who are feel safety from the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala. From the, if you feel safety, it's not going to happen. I never done anything that deserves it or renders it. So I'm fine. I'm into Memphis summary, right? I'm in to Memphis tonight. Have you? Have you turned completely I do have full safety from that you don't. You're not feared you don't fear at all. You're not concerned at all that you may be punished for the sins that you've committed or the mistakes that you've made? You feel nothing. You're totally safe. No, that's one of the big sins. You're not allowed to do that. Why? Because you don't know if Allah Subhanallah

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accepted anything you've done. Neither do I have no idea. There is literally no way for any of us to know that Allah subhanaw taala accepted anything we did. If there were then life would be very different. If you could say, oh, that action I know was accepted. They'll tell us Go Go do what you need. If you if you know that anything you've done has been accepted. 100% and go enjoy your life as you do what you want. Because you're good as long as you have one thing accepted by Allah Subhanallah he won't go back and not accepted again. And one action of true sincerity that accepted by Allah Subhanallah is enough for him to put you in Jannah if you just want to get one manga manga

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in LeSage, though we just hope for one when active sujood Where is where sincerely for Allah Subhan is so close to that he'll accept it and then we'll get to agenda to it. Or through it or buy it with the grace of Allah subhana wa Tada. But you don't know. Neither do I have no idea. So how do i Why am I so safe?

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inclusive of mycelium hula is added policy Allah subhanho La GMAT, Aberdeen, I will add to the other day, I'm learning on our home phone, there will not be

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within my servant, two states of safety or two states of fear for either coffin II for dunya a man to who your imaginary birdie if he fears me and reviews me in this life, that I will grant him safety and security the day that I gather all of my servants Yamo PM, what either I mean and even duniya how to who your imaginary bad yeah, and he lives a life where he has no concerns. And he's totally safe and secure towards the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala I will put fear into him or scare him on the day of judgment the day I gather my strip.

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And that is what we're supposed to take from from understanding these. Sorry. So we'll start in number nine. And number nine begins the story that the Sunnah is called after the Sunnah is called

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and that means the clans or the groups

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either either Sturmer what Albert so anything that is a zip is something that is brought together and then held tightly together. That's why when they met different political parties, we'll call them selves.

00:28:43--> 00:29:16

Right because a number of people who are like minded who work together who hold on together. So what happened was, I need to kind of before we start reading, go into some of the some of the history after so but what happened in the second year of his of his his EULA to Medina and Elisa and Oh, what happened a year later. Now he they were victorious in but and then there was a setback in Oakland. Some historians say it was it was a retreat or mutual retreat. I'm totally comfortable saying it was a defeat. They were defeated. And many Muslims were killed. And somebody that regretted shahada like Hamza and

00:29:17--> 00:29:29

animals are made many, many great names. There's over 90 of them are on 70 Muslims died that day, and some of them very, very no names, household names at the time and even today, after that.

00:29:30--> 00:29:53

The people of Quraysh felt that they they had a chance that they had a an opportunity to finally get rid of the Muslims. Now they didn't do it alone. At the time also there was a tribe, a Jewish tribe within Medina that was required to leave they tried to kill the Prophet so I said them and he asked him to leave so they left now when they left they didn't leave quietly they decided that they were going to go so that one of their one of their one of their

00:29:55--> 00:30:00

one of their leaders went around. I think it's how you could be

00:30:00--> 00:30:37

Ron, I could be wrong, but I'll look it up anyways, one of the leaders of that tribe and he went around Arabia, trying to get support from the tribes to help destroy the Muslims. And he would he would accept from each tribe, even, even a few men, even if you just send a few, just a representative just to state that you're a part of our group that you're with us, even if you're not willing to put in large numbers and go for fun with the leadership of Oregon, I've been hustling, they brought it on 3000 fighters, and for a similar name, or a similar number altogether, added up to around 10,000 warriors from different tribes and different religions. I mean, some of them were

00:30:37--> 00:30:50

even in from from Jewish tribes. Now, Arabia had never seen an act of unity before and that perspective, they've never, never before in Arabia had tribes from different backgrounds, different parts of Arabia actually come together to do anything.

00:30:51--> 00:30:56

But they were able to be united to destroy the Muslims and this is what this is what their

00:30:58--> 00:30:58

their plan was.

00:31:00--> 00:31:38

Now the Prophet of Allah Islam, because he has a spies out on Arabia, he found out about this quite early. So before even the 10,000 were put together, before he knew what the numbers were, he knew that there was a plot being being prepared. And his estimation was that the numbers were going to be overwhelming, meaning he doesn't know how many people are gonna be exactly, but the way he sees it, enough people are gonna be put together were the Muslims, how many Muslims were there in Medina all together? 3000 Oh, men, women, elderly, children, everyone, all together. 3000 people, warriors, yeah, like top tops, you know, 1500 people, that is if you add everybody who can carry a sword, now

00:31:38--> 00:31:59

1500 to fight off Yanni five or 6000. These are numbers that are completely just don't work out. So at least to some gathered the sahaba. And he talked to them about what he knows is happening. And he's asking for what do we do a shear why they give me some advice, what should we do here, and in the known story, signalmen fairies, you're the one who knows the hobby. So the other sort of lacuna can lead

00:32:01--> 00:32:37

to various corner either going either who Xena conductor holder now, meaning if we were being raided by people who are stronger than us or outnumbered us, then we would actually trench around ourselves, we would just dig really very deep, wide trenches around ourselves, and that put barricades so that no one could come across. And that's and then we just hold our ground for as long as as we could. And usually the armies need food and water and and they get tired and they get bored. And if you can't stay forever. Usually that's how it works. Now the prophets lie Selim, listening to this very, to him and to the Sahaba, who were saying this is a bizarre idea. It had

00:32:37--> 00:33:09

never heard that before never even considered anything close to that. Because this is the first time they've heard it. And it's a foreign idea from people who are actually the enemies or they're the Persians have always been the enemies of the Arabs historically, always been a lot of wars between them, for you to take an idea from them sounds, you know, very foreign in a certain sense, but the prophets like Selim liked the idea. And he said what do you think of the idea of Selma and I think it's a good idea and the Sahaba Yanni all agreed and that shows you the level of flexibility that the Sahaba carried actually that they were capable of taking an idea that is that hard because we

00:33:09--> 00:33:24

think about I'm gonna tell you that the way Medina is built if you're gonna go visit Medina, Medina from both the East and the West has volcanic rock area, nothing till this day can actually move on to no armies and tanks, nothing can actually move on it is impossible. The rock is

00:33:25--> 00:33:58

just the nature of these rocks and and how they're put you just you can't move there. So infiltrate the soldiers, they can't move on that rock from the south. You have the walls of all the big fortresses of Bunnell Cordova which is a Jewish tribe that lives in Medina and they had signed the treaty with the prophets I said I'm to protect Medina when things get hard. And they had pledged that yeah, we will protect and will protect the southern part of Medina which is a very small opening, like there's only a small opening from the south but it's there. It's a huge high walls with you know, big gates and only if they're open from the inside, can you actually infiltrate it

00:33:58--> 00:34:18

but penetrated all that Lee all that's left in Medina is the northern part is open from the north only how long, how long is the distance is around five kilometers around five kilometers long this trench is going to be it's three three meters wide and four meters deep. So actually what

00:34:20--> 00:34:24

are all 1500 going to are going to dig what ends up

00:34:25--> 00:34:59

when you do the math. Every person has to dig what is equivalent today to a standard room in your house. So when you sit in your room, today's three by four meters, sit and look around. This is what you would have to dig in there in the rocky ground of Medina. Now if you go to Saudi Arabia, it is not it is just it is pure rock, you're talking you need you need to not and you have to. You have to weigh a lot this ground. And that's a lot of work and they had 10 days to get it done. Fundraising say 15 But we're more comfortable. There's around 10 days they had to get this done before the bag

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

We made it.

00:35:01--> 00:35:41

And the Muslims began began working in they got it done. So that's just kind of a simple understanding. Now, basically, if they don't get it done on time, they're going to be wiped out, you're not bringing 10,000 People they found out during the digging time, that's actually the number of there has over 10,000 will infer them as a population of only 3000. Only 1500, who actually can fight the other 1500 are in the forts like the men, the elderly, the women, the children, women who can't fight children are too young, or all disabled, or in forts, it's only 1500 left, there wasn't much food, it was a time of the year where there was, the resources were very scarce. So it was very

00:35:41--> 00:35:43

scary for them as they worked. So

00:35:44--> 00:36:27

if they're going to read the start at the end, and the sooner it begins, the story right at the end tells you how things work out. And then it rewinds back. And it goes through a number of incidents that happened during this as well that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself and the Sahaba had to learn from and it's important for us to study these and to learn from them what Allah subhanaw taala wanted wants us to learn from them. So we're gonna read the first ion shown and go on with the you're gonna hear a description that is very, very dynamic. So we start from number nine insha Allah Yeah. You levena Guru Nia matter Allah

00:36:36--> 00:36:37

is

00:36:38--> 00:36:39

June

00:36:44--> 00:36:47

seventh, Henry how

00:36:48--> 00:36:49

the LEM Taro?

00:36:58--> 00:37:01

Hoovy Matt Dan maluna They'll see y'all

00:37:05--> 00:37:45

I'll see y'all. Oh, those who believe. Remember the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala the bliss of Allah the name of Allah subhanaw taala upon me why they come, if jadco Junoon. When soldiers came your way, the word Junoon. I struggle with with with translating this word into English properly. And I've read a number of different opinions and how it's translated. I don't like any of them. Because the word jindee is commonly used as soldier and that is the most by far the most common use of the word soldier in a in a military context. But the word jindee also means someone who does something for you.

00:37:46--> 00:38:24

Anyone who does something for you is your God. Anyone who you send to do something on your behalf by your from your command, to serve a purpose of your own is a journey of your own. And from that we understand what my island moved to New the Rebecca Illa who and the only one who knows the Jugnu of your Lord is himself subhanaw taala so he has Junoon Subhana wa Tada what does that mean? He has creations that serve His purposes that do what He commands them to do. You can call them soldiers, but they're not all soldiers. Most of them aren't soldiers. Most of them don't carry any weapons at all. And it is the example that we're gonna find here and the sooner they're not carrying any

00:38:24--> 00:38:30

weapons, but there are still the Junoon of ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada which is basically what it means are those who

00:38:31--> 00:39:06

who follow Allah's commands and do what he wants them to do to serve a purpose that He ordered them to serve for him supine, okay, that's what the job means. It didn't come up with it with the translation for that and then give it to me I'd be very, very thankful for but I haven't found anything that I'm happy with every every word that is used is very, just doesn't really explain the the concept clearly, either. But here the first word, you know exactly, soldiers because 10,000 soldiers came to Medina. So remember the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala when soldiers came to you, found a sudden it him read her, and we sent upon them Maria is wind, what you knew the lamp, Tarawa,

00:39:07--> 00:39:08

and Junoon, that you did not see.

00:39:09--> 00:39:18

And creations that I sent that Allah Subhana Allah sent himself that you did not see that caused this to end examples of that fear, doubt,

00:39:19--> 00:39:20

right, betrayal.

00:39:21--> 00:39:31

Treason. These are the things examples of things that happened amongst the people who came that caused the siege or caused the Bible have to end because it wasn't really a battle.

00:39:32--> 00:39:43

Two armies did not confront and start fighting was more of a siege where they just stood around Medina trying to figure out how they're going to penetrate this trench the trench was built it was dug.

00:39:45--> 00:40:00

Again, it's four meters deep is three meters wide, all the debris all the sand and the rock that is being taken out is going to be put on the side of the Muslims so you end up with with a very good with the with a small hill of of dirt and rocks

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

luck that Muslims can sit behind. Right. So now it's impossible for a horse to actually jump. Even if it can jump to three meters it can it's not

00:40:09--> 00:40:41

the land isn't isn't flat in front of it, it has to it's going to jump on the, on the beginning of a small hill, and the Muslims are right behind it with their swords and with their, with their bows and arrows. And basically, the Muslims did all 1500 If you and this is what the Prophet said, I'm told them, You dig this area and you defend it. So if you didn't dig well, they're gonna come through you and they're gonna kill you, the first one to die is going to be so if you want to live make sure you dig this properly. So it was a very, it was very, very effective way to make sure everyone did their job properly. So they don't and they were done by the 10th Day was finished. And

00:40:41--> 00:41:16

the all the sand barricades were all prepared with the rocks, and the Muslims knew their positions. And of course, you can imagine the surprise in the eyes of Sofia Anna Bucha Hill and Yanni when they came in the who wasn't there sorry about Sofia, and those who were 90 people or so with so live from the leaders of creation arena and Hudson, when they came in, they found is a trench? Was it a joke? Like? Are you serious? Is it five kilometers long? Send someone to find out and you go look up the eyes? It's $5 long. No, there's really no way for us to get inside? No, there's no if you get inside what about from the east and the west you know, you know better than that we can enter yesterday

00:41:16--> 00:41:23

from the east and the west is US UK you know we're gonna walk there. What about the south they signed a treaty with him they're not gonna let us in.

00:41:25--> 00:41:39

Another standing here front of this trench, looking at looking down at a foreign Peter hole. The barricade of Santa rock on the other side and Muslims are their bows and arrows right there just you jump in, jump in and you're gonna be done. And then they tried. So most of the battle was just

00:41:43--> 00:42:00

using the bows and arrows trying to kill people who maybe are off guard or don't have their and the same thing that Muslims on the other side. So it's just they're just throwing at each other bows and arrows or arrows the whole time. That's pretty much as far as it went. A few people jumped into the trench and asked for for a fight and all three of them who all the people who did that were killed.

00:42:01--> 00:42:39

But it was a very, there wasn't much fight here. However, the Muslims who are living in Medina, every morning, they open the window, they look outside, and they see 10,000 people on the other side of a hole of a trench. All it takes is one penetration. And they brought in you know pieces of wood long long palm trees trying to put on bridges and they tried everything. Basically the Muslims were there to find it all off. And they were there to make sure that they couldn't they couldn't get it get any of that done. If if a palm tree was put it was pulled out or thrown into the trench again, they tried to you know, pile in the IT debris to fill up the trench and whoever tried they would end

00:42:39--> 00:42:54

up being you know, the take an arrow to the header. So it was a problematic thing. But everyday yes, we're safe so far. But we don't know can ever know things can go wrong so easily. So easily. All it takes is one penetration. Just one mistake, just one part of that trench to be

00:42:55--> 00:43:16

to no longer be protected properly. And they find a way to find a small way to build a small bridge and then once they're in there and you can stop them once they start getting in. That's it over. Another problem was the was the Houdini for Eva. They've signed the treaty and they kept their forts are unpalatable. You can go through you never know.

00:43:17--> 00:43:40

All it takes is for them to open the gates and they come from the south but they're gonna find it fundamentally their forts of how all the disabled and the children and the women will start all them and then it's over. The Muslim have to retreat back to the south and then they leave a lot of the 100 and the open there's no one's watching and they start coming through and the thing is done and very quickly. You know stayed for over 20 days.

00:43:41--> 00:44:12

Now suddenly, somebody would you know the lamp tower we sent upon them wind and other Junior wood that you did not see you didn't know about for Allah subhanaw taala the ending of this was easy. You can undisciplined anytime he wants wind ended wind was annoying enough for them to the point where like you know this is not worth it. It's not worth it. This is too much. We can breathe, we can eat we can sleep, we can move we got to do I need to get even see. You got to torture getting a torch at the time was not an easy thing. You have to get a good piece of wood you have to

00:44:13--> 00:44:48

get a piece of cloth and have to soak it in. They have to turn it around. Yeah. And then you finally get your walk outside the wind turns it off. It's full of sand it won't work again that you cannot turn it on again because if you've ever been there Columbia has some some room and I think this is called gossamer. The ones that actually ended the procedure but we call to Vyasa. I've seen them once before. It was a very interesting opportunity to experience we were in the car and it was 19 I think 1997 bolo item, something like that. And we were driving from Medina to Mecca. Denominator going back to Medina and on the way there you could see you could see in the distance you could

00:44:48--> 00:45:00

usually driving in Saudi Arabia is the most boring drive in the world because you can see the horizon all the time, but it was just it's just it's just desert and mountains everywhere. But a certain point you couldn't see the horizon anymore. And my dad

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

knew what was going on. So he took a right, put up the windows.

00:45:05--> 00:45:15

He had some kind of stashed a number of blankets and towels to close all the remaining openings in the car. And for 10 minutes, you couldn't see anything. For 10 minutes, you could see nothing.

00:45:16--> 00:45:35

all you saw was just dust outside in the car with with juggling was really scary. I was quite young at the time, but 10 minutes I was done. And then what's left is hilarious. You don't know where the highway is anymore, that you have no idea where the highway highways God is basically it's covered with sand. No one knows what after you have to wait until

00:45:36--> 00:46:11

a car is coming from after or later on, show you where the way is and you can start driving again. But for if you forgot where you took how much of a right you took or how much of a left you took, you have no idea where the road is. It's a very imagining if you're standing outside with a tent, or then you know you basically cannot you can't do anything the Muslims. For them it was fine. They were behind the barricade of the structure, the barricade of dirt and sand and rock that they had built, served them well because it protected them whoever they were in the open they weren't protected by anything. In Medina, there's a lot of palm trees there's a lot of buildings that will

00:46:11--> 00:46:24

keep you safe outside in the open you're not safe to the point where 98 was hurt even in a man gotta see it with his own eyes. And he said what I what I saw was big pots carried

00:46:25--> 00:47:03

by the wind. The wind was carrying pots that ever seen pots that they use to feed armies. And it's usually I remember wanting to drink tea. Tea was made in these huge, huge pots you had to three people to carry carry the pot and it's just it's full of tea and people are talking and spitting and it is disgusting but you drink it anyway because you haven't seen it for the last week or so. That's how they're big pots are very very heavy. And yet the wind was carrying these pots and throwing them in the eye and throwing them all around the tents were the pigs of the tents were losing or being blown away loosen and tents were falling upon this the soldiers are inside things were getting

00:47:03--> 00:47:37

ruined. Stein was covering people's belongings and people being pretty poor at the time for you if you had a sword you had something that was valuable to you. So understand is gonna take a long time to find is impossible Imagine looking in sandstone is one thing so you wait for this to fall away you could do with sand. There's nothing to do with sand. Like it's very hard for you to find what you want to find. For Allah subhanho Simple, some wind, some doubts, some fear, some miscommunication, some betrayal, and we're done. I'll talk about how it ends in more detail and show as you go along. But the first area that talks about the story begins with the ending of it. Allah

00:47:37--> 00:48:06

subhanaw taala has a look I ended it is done you remember that the blessing remember the blessing I need these soldiers came to you and I sent someone to some soldiers and it was done. What kind of Allah who be mad to me whenever Sierra however, I was watching everything that you did, and they were all seeing Allah subhanaw taala regarding what you did, I was seeing it all. It's easy. They came you were scared, and he thought was a big deal. Right? I sent them away some wind and some soldiers you didn't even see them. You didn't know what I did you have no idea. Wasn't Monica, something even simpler than that? Now they're gone. Okay, let's talk about what you guys did during

00:48:06--> 00:48:15

the time that they were here, which is way more important, which is the point of me sending them to begin with. We are focused on the results. He's focused on the behavior until that happens.

00:48:17--> 00:48:46

And you're saying the difference? As humans, we're focused on the result? When am I going to get this? When is that finally going to happen for me? When is my body? What is my income going to change? What am I get this job? What am I going to have my first child, when am I going to be able to move out of this house? When am I going to get married? You're always looking towards the result. And he's watching you. He's watching your behavior in the meantime. And when he gives you the results and remind you remember when they give you the results. Remember how it came to you? You got Okay, let's talk about before that is what this what are those? Remember how they came and I sent

00:48:46--> 00:49:19

them away? Yes. Let's talk about what happened in a minute. Before that. I have to I have to bring up with you Subhanallah gentleman, he has to bring up with a subhanaw taala number of things that went on that shouldn't have went on. And he'll come in to number of things that did go on that. Were happy that they went on that he was happy supine on Tada. And he is pleased by the fact that they that they went on and the usage of the word be marked I'm Aluna bill so you know if you remember I've explained to you that the concept of knowledge and Allah subhanaw taala has names, you have their name, Eileen, that encompasses everything, he's not all knowing everything. And then there are

00:49:19--> 00:49:53

other names that are a bit more specific. So the name Samia is usually focused on things that can be heard. The name bustle, you should be focused on things that can be seen the name leave or you be focused on things are unknown, detected, meaning small acts that usually are hard for us to detect whether they're inner or internal or external. hubiera are things that happen in your heart he knows about things are happening in sight. So we didn't use the word severe here. Because you believe in him. You already said that when you when you gave your pledges. And that was the first I told us in the in today's study, you've already been taking the pledge in the covenants been taken from you.

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

You've already accepted that. Now. He wants to see what you would do. Your behaviors have to have to be

00:50:00--> 00:50:33

be a testimony of that of that face that you claim that you have asked to testify for it. That's why use the name Bill Sawyer. And then I watched what you did. You guys say no yada, but inside I believe, you know, I don't want what's inside right now. Now things are really difficult. Show me action. Show me what you can do. Can you stand your ground? Can you stand your ground? Can you hold on to it? Well, your behaviors prove it. It's very simple. One of the examples I'm giving you should be you know, just think about it in a more, you know, the day to day human context. You tell your wife, you love her, you tell her you love her. And then in a very scary situation, you jump the

00:50:33--> 00:51:05

lever behind that if something that happened, I hope never have missed any of you and Charlotte, Lindsay, I shall never have missed you. But if it does, you can never fix that with her ever, ever again. No matter what how much you try to fix it. If that's not my Allah. Yeah. And you're walking with your wife and some exposure and you jump and take cover and she's done either, she will never forgive you. And that will never work again. Why? Because that's you say it. But then when it came to actually proving it, you know, there was nothing there. Now, do you always have to prove it like that? No. Most 99% of time in life, you don't have to, but moments will come where you're required

00:51:05--> 00:51:37

to prove it. Can you prove it? There are a number of moments in life where that and those who are in couples and groups of people who go through go through moments moments like that, and stick together have a bond like no other, have a bond like no other if you go through a moment of fear of difficulty, and you have someone standing by you stand with each other and you strengthen each other. The bond is unbreakable forever and ever. However, you have many friends that you live a very easy life with and you don't really know who they are until something difficult happens. What can I do Allah hooby McDonough Luna, they'll see ya. And he was watching. Because now it was wait based on

00:51:38--> 00:51:57

based on behavior. You also let you know Hey, Lola, they've said some of them. I've said it, What year was this? Your number five, the end of four beginning of five? We're not sure. This has been 18 years into his prophecy. Some of Mahalia, some people amongst them had been Muslim for 18 years, some of them for less. But you've already said Leila hayleigh, for 18 years. Proof. Let's see now.

00:51:59--> 00:52:06

The proof was there, there was a very there was a variation, to say the least people varied in how they dealt

00:52:09--> 00:52:12

with what happened, I suppose it was already nine Subhanallah All right.

00:52:14--> 00:52:16

I think I'll stop with that inshallah.

00:52:18--> 00:52:56

I in number 10, and 11. And it starts to break down. What went on. Now I know, you've all heard those with Lassa before. But mark my words, you haven't heard this for the full version, the full chronic version yet. I am sure even when I tell this to stories, I can't bring this whole thing up. Unfortunately, I usually tell this to kids. So a lot of this stuff, don't don't resonate with them very well. But I guarantee you that even if you've heard the story of the Battle of ZURB a lot and it's funny, a lot of what's in this surah is not discussed in these in these stories, which is which is very weird to me. Because when Allah Subhan Allah tells the story, this is what he chose to speak

00:52:56--> 00:53:24

of. He told you immediately it worked out you guys were scared and it worked out is very fearful was very difficult. It all worked out. Now let's talk about what happened. A lot of things happen here that shouldn't have happened. And Allah subhanaw taala goes through a number of incidents that happen during those days. And I encourage you like before, before we meet again, inshallah on Sunday to read them yourself, just for your own benefit and think about them yourself, Allah, you'll find a lot of benefits to it, you will come up with a lot of answers even before I tell you things, and somebody will be reading like I have no idea what this means. I've never I've never understood this

00:53:24--> 00:53:41

before, you will look for a font Wow, that actually something like that happened on that day. And Allah subhanaw taala spoke of it and left out other things. Like I told you the detail of who said that, who came up the idea of the trench, how they how long it was, how do you find out these details in the Quran? Nothing. Nothing.

00:53:43--> 00:53:44

It's very it's very interesting.

00:53:45--> 00:53:48

where's the where's the whole trench thing in this?

00:53:50--> 00:54:21

It's not there. It's not important that happened. That's not what I'm talking about. Allah subhanaw taala granted victory he sent them away. Let's talk about how you that's why you're going to find them. These are yet the subhanaw taala will tell you follow suit Allah. So I said to them, and everything. This is where like I can I can feel us we like to sweat and Hustler because he is the ultimate example of someone who follows Him obeys and submits to Allah, Israel subhanaw taala, in all situations, easy and difficult. And he was the person he was, he was a perfect example for us. Many of the Muslims are there's nothing wrong with that, by the way, meaning we're not here. And

00:54:21--> 00:54:31

we're gonna read these ads. And this is why people don't talk about these very often if you want to know why. Because you like why isn't this discuss more often? I'll tell you why it's very simple, because these ads have criticism of Sahaba. That's why

00:54:32--> 00:55:00

any area in the Quran that contains any criticism of the Sahaba you find that scholars don't talk about or not scholars, it doesn't make its way to the common or the media outlets of Islamic narrative. Why? Because a lot of people don't want to deal with it. They think that if you're criticizing as a hobby, that means this person is no longer any good anymore. No, they're human beings like us. If they weren't human beings, then there'll be no point of us telling this story to begin with. They had to be human beings with human

00:55:00--> 00:55:23

In emotions and human reactions and human mistakes in order for us to learn from them, they're still better than us they always will be why because we cannot go back in time and live those moments. We can stand by him so Allah Allah, he was like this and we can't. So even if they made mistakes by back then they still they still outrank us. And again, I'm gonna end with this example to understand what I'm talking about. That's why this these aren't known as famous as they should be.

00:55:24--> 00:55:50

Because a familiar man, one of the Sahaba he tells a story of the day of his up I'll talk to you in Charlotte, towards the end of the show, but what I'm interested in is what happened when he finished telling the story. When he finished telling the story a part of the story was that you know, people the prophets I send my certain points stood up and said, Who will do this and you go to gender no one stood up who will do this it will be with me and gender no one stood up who will do this and he'll be with me and Jen, Nana, get this and this and no one stood up.

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And then who they thought was chosen, and then someone that's IBT and one of the people who came after said, What is this? If we were there, we would have carried us of Allah on our shoulders. That's what he said, La Quinta, yo, Mohammed rasool Allah, Allah Allah Dafina if he said Who would do this will be the first people to put our hands up we will be the first people to be out there. So have you ever looked at them call them to Kulu Yamaha uncIe to be quiet you weren't there. You weren't there. You don't know what it was like unsuitable. Namta Cooney overload let it fool you don't know. You don't know what it was like? You have no idea. You don't know what we had been

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through? You don't know you weren't there. You don't get to judge me. Basically, we were they were judging us for a phase I mean, seriously. Rasulullah sallallahu he was a person that Prophet says I'm confined and told him secrets that he told no one else. Not even.

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Not only are they they're saying what is this you guys are acting your sahab and your Sahaba you're gonna sitting there and he's telling you a goat agenda not gonna get it. You don't know you weren't there. And he's saying that idea that don't judge Sahaba don't judge any of them. You don't know what it was like, you don't know. They're human, they made mistakes. Some of them didn't, some of them did, doesn't make doesn't lessen their status at all. But if we're so scared from maybe someone understanding that, that we failed to even tell the story and benefit from it, I think we're killing.

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We're losing a gem or many gems. So if you can just agree right now, that when we talked about these, and we talked about certain Sahaba some of them are names, some of them are not, who made mistakes, who said things they shouldn't have said that we're not talking about the status of the Sahaba at all. I don't know how dare we speak of the people who stood by rasool Allah Allah says no, but we have to learn from these incidents so you have to benefit from them. These are very very beautiful and very, very deep and I am looking forward to talking about them will be will continue showing next week after speculation I was so panicked, we'll be having to go into software to

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bootleg or some Allah has cheated on Muhammad Ali you also have used Kamala here Baraka Luffy