Matn Alajurroomiyyah #24

Adnan Rajeh


Channel: Adnan Rajeh


File Size: 47.05MB

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Episode Notes

2018 3 23 LMM before Maghrib


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The speakers discuss various topics related to writing in Arabic, including topics like gram specify, verb phrases, and ad hoc words and phrases. They also touch on grammar and grammar status, including the use of "monster" and "will" in Arabic, and the importance of keeping cover of sentences when writing in Arabic. The speakers provide examples of words used in different sentences and emphasize the need to avoid confusion and overcomplication.

Transcript ©

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Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa sallahu wa sallim wa barik ala Sayidina Muhammad in order to save us may provide. So today

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we're going to talk about

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we're gonna continue talking about grammatical factors that enter noun based sentences we talked about

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kinda hotel, but we talked about in our hotel today we're talking about OneNote haha and then we'll move on and shuffle to the chapter of the adjective. So one though it's pretty simple

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it's much more simple than kind of a whole lotta and much in our hotel where there's more details to learn but we're looking what we're doing is we're studying grammatical factors that enter known base sentences so that's that's what we're studying

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so, enter noun based sentences.

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A noun based sentence,

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as I looked it up.

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And the hover

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every known base sentence has looked at it and 100 of that come in different forms. Now, that looked it up. What are the forms and looked at it can be it can be in,

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it can be via it can be a parent meaning a noun.

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Or it can be implicit, which is a pronoun, it could be a pronoun

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right it could be a pronoun, well it's gonna be

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sure, it could be I assume

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it could be a Bamian

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so pronouns Lumia right? Where it could be it could be estimated, let's leave guestimated part out for now because it's just it's there's no point

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comes in how many forms of cobalt comes in, when it comes in the first form now it comes into the form of unknown. So it could be an ism

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or it could be a ship Joomla

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is a semi sentence.

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What are the forms of semi sentences?

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Either as a circumstantial preposition A lot of

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circumstantial is preposition or Xiaobo, matura.

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Prepositions, what follows them, okay. Or the final way it could be it could be a Joomla

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could be a sentence, not a semi sentence.

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Or two sentences we can have are going to be a verb base sentence or a noun base sentence. So when you look at the cover, the cover can be 12345 or 123.

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Yeah, now and then now the whole thing turns into a complex sentence. So, so, but this is still one sentence, the Hubbard the noun that doesn't again noun the Hubbard's gonna be a sentence, but the sentence is going to be covered to this move to the right but it's yes, it's a complex sentences of a sentence within a sentence, but still, it works the same way. Now, the grammatical factors that enter this sentence

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are three groups three families, the First Family is called the incomplete verbs Oh LFR and na DISA?

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Incomplete verbs, what are they missing? They're missing Allah. They don't have concrete meanings. They bring tenses they bring timing to the hover they bury the cover some form of timing they give it a time kind of a we used to ask about how I became sada became better or EMSA in the evening or at night well there are all these all these

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finally not because of these incomplete verbs just bring tense later it denies the cover.

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So these are called ken

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ken and his sister so we're gonna talk about a couple of kinds of Spa

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Lisa Okay, there's more of course etc. The incomplete verbs is the first family

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okay handy. What does this family affects in the sentence?

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Yes, very good. This family when it comes it positions itself of course all them because this position themselves Yeah. And he right before

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they put themselves over here.

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When they're here they affect what

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they cover. And they make it monsoon

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Cover originally what are they both? Marfa. The whole point of studying this is definitely covered from the Marfa smell. We're still not done studying that, but we're still studying number for it. Let's smell the nouns that are in the status of Rafa. We started with a fin and fire sorry, the subject within a verb a sentence may not have been fine, right to substitute for the subject or the object in a passive verb, base sentence, right. And then we talked about cover. And now we're talking, we talked about some Canada because Canada doesn't touch it, it stays metaphor. And then we talked about cover in there because in effect, the motor there will be the cover untouched. And then

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the final one is going to be the adjective, or the Taliban, the followers of other words, so certain words don't really have a status, they just follow another word to the four types of followers. Now, a word that follows a noun that is meant for what will it be? It will be also metaphor, which is what we're going to study today, which is the final one. Again, these are all issues of pretty much common sense. So if I didn't know if this was the first group, the second group, they're called kinda WakaWaka is haruf.

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prepositions that are similar to verbs. They have more concrete meanings. They don't bring tenses, but they're not really a verb. They're prepositions and not really verbs. Example In

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for ANA

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lock in

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What else?

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Anything else? No, no, that's pretty much it. So these are the guys

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what are they affected? I'm Delia Hamdi. They come sit over here also. But they have picked them up today and they make up most soap.

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So the cover their harbor stays Marfa. So it's one of them are flaxmill asthma. And it's not affected. It says my boy because my phone, right? It becomes one of them. I flagged me let's map the final group. I'm going to put it in the middle. Because it's it's smaller than the rest.

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It's the OneNote or the file a file of one. Right? If I wonder called me the verbs of assumptions, you assume something.

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So we'll say I'm not gonna even give them an answer as a banana.

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Or let's make it even more simple one and two.

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I seem to

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all you need to know.

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They bring assumptions.

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They are verbs just like any other verbs, but they are verbs that require a noun base sentence in order for them to function properly, they can't really function. They can't bring a complete sentence into play unless they have a noun based sentence. So they'll position themselves in the exact same spot but come right over here. But they bring something with them.

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What do they bring with them?

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Yes, their own fine. They bring their own five into the mix.

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So these guys can get through them becomes a file. They bring their own subjects into the mix most of the time for them to Hashem to talking about yourself, but you can use anything. You can see your vagina handy, or Heisey barcode or Hasib Abdullah, no problem that way but as you say that it needs a noun base sentence to function. So what will it affect it will affect both

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and both of them will become one so at this time,

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there'll be both of them will be called my fame. And I've gotten my phone. So you asked me Well, where does banana and cassava fall in the study of Mr. flattener? Let's smell right cuz that's what we're studying here on the on the side what we're where we are in our in our study. We're in the middle for

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nouns that are in the status of Rafa that's where we are, we've studied with fine

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now AB be fine or not.

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I looked it up

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and then hub sim sorry, isn't

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gonna cover

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in that video, in effect.

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And then we have

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the followers that we're going to study where it has been and has even fallen this nowhere. But we had to talk about if you're talking about grammatical factors that enter sentences we have to bring this up because it's the last one. It would be it wouldn't be proper if we didn't talk about it for a moment. So you'll bring it in here. And then you have one until

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then move to the cover. Give me an example of a motor Danica Maria Hamdi, give me an A sentence.

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We've done that like so many times I've killed that

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Give me something different. Look at

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this, this this this. Describe the Kitab with something more based on books that Kuttabul

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will feed.

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It's beneficial, right? Because books yeah, there's something to learn. So keep that in your feed.

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So there you go. So let's say I told you though this is an awesome book candy, it's a comic book. It's awesome book. You're like yes, this is awesome book then you read it then it goes into awesome there was no really benefit in it. And then they'll ask you their brother ask you why do you read it then? It wasn't helpful. Why would you already read it? So you'll say I thought I assumed I assumed it was beneficial. I'm just gonna say I assumed it was beneficial. So what would you say in Arabic you would bring an assumption verb you say one and two. I thought I assumed right so you would stick one and two right over here.

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But this is what happens to them no.

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Come on. So the LGBT taboo love to hunt that's how it was right just a second ago. Now this guy comes in he ruins that it becomes a bunker kita Abba movie then

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that's what you would say. It was a well I read it because I thought it was helpful there's Jeff told me it was it turned out not to be helpful at all when until keytab a movie done

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and you're saying oh works but Latina is a verb and it's fine is with it one and two abroad It's fine with it didn't come alone. It needs two things. These guys don't need two things they come they come by themselves this guy needs to bring someone with because it's a verb he's a full blown Verb.

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To button to the top is the file me so the data is tricky. If it's done enter then the file means it's you 10 means you two means mi T means you female right so the time is a bit tricky with the time is defined

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so it'd be one nightmare to be like this.

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So if you if I was could tell if he said I read this book it wasn't helpful and then he asked him why you read it he was at it um so I defended him. I will say well like brother I thought he thought that the book was beneficial that's why he did it. So I would say one now we talking to the writing has been handy

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I don't even know how Hamdi will be written in here. Is it him Do you know is that is it what is handy

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so hung up before I just don't know what the what is the marker was on MD I think will probably be estimated because they are

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handy. Handy.

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Handy I'm not sure if it's in that form it's a full of Chicago law he called him the handy what was his basis of calling handy with the at the end of it

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because there were to get some some hand just not sure with him D with the Yeah, what are we what is the derivative based on? I'm not sure but one Hamdi al Kitab. Sorry, descending. answer your question. So he's he's, he's defined here. So one of the handy so if you take 100 volunteer it's me depending on it's just a normal verb base sentence really with nothing. Of course the keytab will feed and so now let's bring in one of the other sent it over grammatical factors, the incomplete verb or the fairly knuckles. Bring two of them bring me a simple one. What's the simplest one you can bring in? Yeah, so you read the book you liked it you say after you're finished Cana kita. Boo.

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Get doesn't affect the estimate effects the cover? Remember this guy weighing weighing affects the cover movie.

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are you remembering so this guy here affects the cover? He makes it more fun. sube doesn't touch this and that's why some kinda is one of them are fragmented. So

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you could say, if I asked you and you didn't like the book, it wasn't helpful at all. You'll say laser

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laser photography done completely useless.

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Or if I after you said that to me, I got very upset anyone rewrote my book all over again. Then you read it again. And you come to me and you say Surah

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Al Kitab morphia became now it's now it's beneficial after you rewrote any fix what I told you to fix now it's beneficial for us would be the same meaning. Now let's take the final number.

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Out of the fair the preposition that are similar to verbs, but the simplest one what's the simplest one in What does ENDA do though?

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What does it affect?

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Now after that, does it make it Yeah, Murphy doing

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You haven't learned that yet. He will look that's why I'm gonna leave that for a while. I don't want to complicate things or overcomplicate things. The same thing.

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If you're not sure about it, but you're hoping that the book you're gonna read is helpful. You'll say that

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you're hoping it's beneficial because you're going to read it.

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You read it it was completely you

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Use Listen everyone yelled at me for it but you like me and you would wish that didn't happen you will say later Kitab in my feed I wish I was helpful beneficial book he didn't get roasted in stone for it like right

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and then it seems to you or it's as if it says if the book is beneficial you haven't read it yet, but based on people's any feedback you think

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seems like it's beneficial. It says if it's beneficial you say can

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you tell them we'll feed seems to me as if if the book is beneficial Yes.

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Give me one more example

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buy the book and then your friend was like nope

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There you go. See, now you have a brain working. So he told you not to buy it. But you want to tell him however, you're wrong. You're wrong here however the book is so you change the way the sentence you you. You objected in a sentence like in objects it changes the way things are going because we're going in a certain flow in the sentence and then we change things it's like it's what you say, however, and an English sentence. So you would say to that friend who's telling you the book is not you Why do you want to buy a book go better buy a popsicle with the money instead. So you know, that can

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it could work both ways. Again, lacking lacking or different meanings. So if we take off the shudder is no longer one of these. Do we check out the shutdown is no longer one of these and it has a different meaning but we'll talk about that Michelle in a different in a different chapter. So that was a very good one. That was the final look here, okay.

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It was in the middle of a sentence so and then exactly like in that just enter somewhere in the middle of a sentence. In the beginning, there's no difference at all between them.

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Okay, so I'll quickly summarize this one more time.

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We have a noun base sentence that is looked at up and covered and we looked at that can be a noun or a pronoun a club can be either a noun, a semi sentence or a full sentence. Now we have three factors grammatical factors that will enter interfere with a new noun based on the mean they in order for these grammatical factors to function, they need a noun based sentence somewhere to come in to enter the sentence and affected the incomplete verbs will enter. And they'll affect the cover they give it a tense, they give it a time, remember that they give it some form of form of timing. The prepositions that are similar to verbs will enter in a sentence and they'll affect them

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in different ways, they have more concrete meanings that are either emphasized draw similes, break flows of sentences, however, be wish have wishful thinking or hopeful thinking so they have more concrete meanings.

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And the final one are the verbs of assumption one and hassy. But the rest we don't care about one nine Halsema but they need a file, they need to bring their own file and when they do, they affect both see, the blue one jumps in and affects both them up to the end of cover, and they'll make both of them on sub.

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Does that make sense? And that those are the grammatical factors that we have to read. What the email I'm sending in the text. Well, I'm wanting to walk away for interactome single move today our cover Allah No man, Allah Nila. And as for one and two

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and they have different I just chose hacia as the example because the rest of Chianti are not as not as solid

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inherit don't slip it.

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It makes monsoon live up to that will cover and no manifold learning to her and then they're called my phone be overwhelmed with OB Thani from no one. They're called objects from no one then move to the cupboard now I'm gonna be called objects from that moment forward. Well here and he comes to them one and two. What I said to him, too, was I'm too What are you to add him to, to what I have to watch I'll do was me too. And the actual ones that are the original two is one, one and high Siba. And the rest are spin offs from those words that we can. We don't have to study in detail now. Who you will say wanting to date and by email. I assumed or I thought Zaid was standing up it used to be

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they don't bite him. Now it's done Tuesday. He didn't call him up because they entered and again maidment So both them up to the undercover. Why to hammer on Sharky saw, so our steering or any elevating Well, I'm actually Pythonic and examples that are similar to that. Okay.

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Now we're gonna move on to the chapter of the adjective adjective, which is Bible naughty.

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Yes. So I assumed that all the verbs have assumptions.

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It's a broad base sentence. It's, it's, of course not known. When this guy comes in, it's turned into a verb base sentence at this point, but this verb specifically, different than all the other verbs

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The Arabic language, they need a noun base sentence to function. They can't function without this other noun. Other verb base verbs, they don't need a noun base sentence, they need an object, subject and an object, the subject and an object when you put them alone, they don't form a sentence. Right? Remember, I talked about that last time, remember handy. So if I say

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El Corte

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Mahmoud, the ball.

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First of all, if that description is rude, because mine was not a ball, and even if it was a description, it's not a full sentence. But then you bring in a verb, and you say, like Allah, Muhammad kick the ball. So a normal verb doesn't need a noun be sent, it just needs a subject and an object. But these guys they bring, they bring their subject into the center, and they need a non Bayesian needs to function, they need to move further and later on understanding the difference between the one that hasn't been even more things, they need. The if they're a verb themselves, they bring their own subject, and then they need a noun, a noun based sentence, they need, they need to

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move to that and a hover need two things. And they need one plus two, they need both, you both in order to function. That's why they're different. That's why they're given their own. That's, that's why they're called grammatical factors. Even though you could easily get by with never calling them grammar factors. But since we're talking about that, it's worthy of bringing that up and making sure that's clarified.

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All right, so let's take all this off.

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We're gonna study Adobe, I know the final

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form of

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nouns that are in the status of rough state of rough sre.

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Very good.

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Same thing Yes. For the incomplete verbs and for the Londonist the same thing.

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are four things the adjective and not allow poof?

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What else go ahead, count them.

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dokie did buy those 102 lot now to frame very good. So we're gonna start with an adjective and that will tell you the rest as we go along and show them to overcomplicate things. So let's take the first and not

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or it's also called

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has another name

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obviously for

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exactly the same thing and not equals a stiff or no difference in English this is adjective

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so let's hear let's read what what he says here. And not to get too tired your own Dillman, OT, it follows them and Otis falls the described him are the objects of his description,

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philosophy he went on to be he will have li he will follow it in terms of his grammatical status. So what are the grammar status statuses for for nouns? It's either metaphor, long soup or digital right? So the not the adjective will follow the object of its description or the describe noun. And its status if it's meant for it will be more for like it, it was more so will remain so blanket, it was meant to be measured or like it. So now we're talking about let's say this month for then suddenly the knock becomes a metaphor, but a noun that is in the state of running because it's following, it's following the word before that is metaphor.

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What daddy if he wants Enkidu he and it will also follow it in terms of its ever start even Tinky don't even give me whether it's

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definite or indefinite. So let's talk about that for a moment. Just so that we can function inshallah.

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So if I say

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and I've been I say a little beat.

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What a difference obviously, by writing was the difference

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get knocked out from the

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house right? A house.

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Any house and here?

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Yes, the house. This is definite.

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is indefinite. This specific is nonspecific. So an adjective will resemble the object of this description and two things. It is grammatical status. And it's definitely state of definition of how is it whether it's definite or indefinite?

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So, here we have an Arabic Lang an Arabic sentence, we have element root.

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So the object

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of description

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object of description right and not

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the adjective.

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So this will follow this, it will resemble it and two things.

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The two things the first one is grammatical status

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What do I mean by that? Yeah, so I mean by Go ahead.

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Nelson and Jarrah, if this guy's metaphor, he's gonna be metaphor, if this guy is monsoon monsoon.

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The second thing that it follows in is

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or define this, I think is a better word.

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Whether it's definite or indefinite, right? So it's indefinite

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Arabic definite means more rough

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rough or indefinite?

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Or Nikita so Antifa is an inaccurate

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I'll give an example

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very good. Let's just use two words. Let's say elevate

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now if i the house, yeah, let's say I want to see

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the red house. So if I say beta Hammer

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Right, the house is red. You have a full known base sentence. Now in order for me to say The Red House

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this house because it followed it in its grammatical status. So this has been a form marked for

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got one now has to get the other one. The State have defined it with a definite or indefinite define is the right word. What's the right word?

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definitiveness right. I think that's the right word. I don't know. I'm just going to leave that might make a mistake just forgive me, but I'm not sure what the right word is. So this is what is this monitor for Monaco? Is it definite or indefinite?

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It's definite right? It has an LLM is this definite or indefinite? Isn't definitely so what will we do to make a definite

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now it works. Now this guy is a not he's a follower to this guy. Is this a full sentence now? No. No longer we did something The Red House.

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Now what about it?

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Are you saying the problem? Let me tell you a story just for the first half an hour. Let me tell you guys something. So when it was generated long time ago, yes.

00:28:29--> 00:28:33

Description The object of description not what a note and a note

00:28:34--> 00:28:38

definiteness though it says okay, I'm definitely looking at that's what I'll do then.

00:28:39--> 00:28:42

Okay, I don't even know how to spell that definite.

00:28:44--> 00:29:13

So, yeah, so if the so the story that was narrated was the following, that a man made a gun with the existence of Arabi and Ibiza is a person who comes from the Arabic Yanni desert in his Arabic use. These people's Arabic is very, very strong, just by nature. It's like second nature to them, or first nature to them is the native language. So people who don't know Arabic can make mistakes. So we listen to the men. And one guy said the following and he's making it then I want you to see if you're gonna if you can catch the mistake here.

00:29:15--> 00:29:25

No, that's fine. By the way, it's gonna be Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Allah is all that is fine. No, so he said, It's not about this. It's a bit different, but I thought it was the story was I wanted to share it a week ago. I forgot. He said eyeshadow.

00:29:28--> 00:29:29


00:29:32--> 00:29:33


00:29:35--> 00:29:37

rasul Allah.

00:29:38--> 00:29:40

So the arrivee said, What about him?

00:29:43--> 00:29:51

He said, What about him? And then the guy said I should do and Muhammad Rasool Allah He said again, what about him? What do you have to say here? Now?

00:29:54--> 00:29:59

What why that is the Can you can you can you figure out why? You give it give it to Jeff

00:30:03--> 00:30:04

So this becomes what did this

00:30:06--> 00:30:12

not? Yeah, so this so in a noun based sentence if it wasn't covered, it would look like this Muhammadan

00:30:15--> 00:30:16

rasul Allah

00:30:18--> 00:30:25

and turd right one of the grammatical factors that enter a noun based sentence and entered, what is going to do?

00:30:27--> 00:30:28

What does it affect Hamdi?

00:30:31--> 00:30:32

The first one does affect the Rasul

00:30:34--> 00:30:52

so should be under Muhammad Rasulullah Khalil, you're saying is, I read you in is that Muhammad is the prophet when he said and Muhammad Rasul Allah, what He said was, I bear witness that Muhammad, the prophet of God, and he didn't say anything after that. So the idea is like, what about him?

00:30:54--> 00:30:58

What's so what's the deal? He understood the idea, but he's like, that's, that's so wrong. It's so smooth.

00:31:00--> 00:31:17

Is because, and not only affects this guy, if this guy is affected, that means a solar becomes a follower to Mohammed and it's monsoon like it. It's following it. So it becomes a description. That means the cover of this sentence is somewhere here not said yet.

00:31:19--> 00:31:20

You're saying the idea.

00:31:21--> 00:31:23

So there's something missing? And when you say it like that.

00:31:24--> 00:31:26

Does that make sense? Okay.

00:31:28--> 00:31:39

Now, Allah is always gonna have a castle on it here. Always. It doesn't matter. This is called Eloff. We'll talk about that and show us soon This isn't it? We're not there yet. But we'll talk about that. There's always going to be like that. Okay.

00:31:41--> 00:31:51

So small little changes can only be very, very harmful in terms of what the meaning is gonna be. So Albay to Damaru now we have something missing. We need a cover.

00:31:53--> 00:32:11

Cover because this is not. The beautiful thing about this is that you can just keep on stacking nuts, stacking adjectives, you can have like three pages worth of adjectives, and still no meaning to the sentence. Albedo. Let us try hola como el cambio.

00:32:13--> 00:32:14

Jaime Lu

00:32:16--> 00:32:17

la Le

00:32:19--> 00:32:20

O Kadeem

00:32:22--> 00:32:22

la Mora

00:32:24--> 00:32:25


00:32:26--> 00:32:33

Well, Kadeem will use keep, this is not a sentence, until you say something I've yet until you give a cover.

00:32:34--> 00:32:36

This means nothing

00:32:37--> 00:32:38

to a lot of

00:32:39--> 00:32:53

linguistics scholars, this doesn't count as as talk. I mean, it's meaningless. You're not doing anything, you have to give something or you have to estimate the cover. There has to be an estimation of the company you're not gonna put up on this.

00:32:56--> 00:33:00

This will be like a legend. Right? Like

00:33:02--> 00:33:13

there's nothing that there's something similar to that here. It's called well with ammonia, but that's a that's a whole different No, no, forget about that. In Arabic, they don't need it. Like you just keep on going and going. But in English, it's more of

00:33:15--> 00:33:17

it's more adding things. It's not really describing them.

00:33:20--> 00:33:29

You have a list? Yeah. I know what you mean. Yeah. Yeah. So in Arabic, it doesn't because there's no well anyway. So you don't mean you but again, so

00:33:30--> 00:33:51

you want to say Oh, no block you don't wanna I said you didn't wanna? You don't have any one who neither mockery. So after the eighth one was added. So they say that after eight, you put an O. I don't know if a lot of scholars argue against them, they can see a lot of you can see in texts of different books, a lot of quarrels between Scotland terms of that, is that proper or not? Yeah.

00:33:53--> 00:33:53

radical signs.

00:33:55--> 00:33:56

Say it again.

00:33:58--> 00:34:00

In Arabic,

00:34:01--> 00:34:06

it's funny, insert, inserting any

00:34:07--> 00:34:49

commas and, and periods into the Arabic language is something that didn't exist. Up till maybe the Quran brought the concept of the idea of the verse before that, it was the Arabic poetry, the verses of poetry that were considered the end or the beginning of of a sentence or, but commas never existed in Arabic until recently. So it's more of a more it's a more modern study to be good to be honest, the only so you can use it. I can see it being used appropriately it in Arabic, but it's not as important because just the way the Arabic sentence is structured. It's not like English in English, repetitive repeating a word twice in a sentence or in the next sentence is considered

00:34:51--> 00:34:59

a big problem right? In Arabic. You can say the word call as many times as you want as long as, as long as that's the word that you need. You can repeat it a million times it's not considered

00:35:00--> 00:35:28

Something that brings down the value of the what you've written. And the second idea in English. Remember, when you writing an essay in English, you have to look for synonyms. The worst part, you have to look for a word. That's not why this is the right word. Why can I use it again? Anyway? It sounds weird Arabic it doesn't. If that's the word you want, then use it doesn't matter how you tend to use it, if it's the word that brings the meaning. And because because there are no, there's no such thing in Arabic as two words that have the exact same meaning. If the different word has a different meaning added to in English, that's not the case all the time.

00:35:34--> 00:35:36

Sorry, that was one way to use

00:35:38--> 00:35:39

one then.

00:35:40--> 00:35:40


00:35:43--> 00:35:43


00:35:45--> 00:36:18

Yeah. So in grammar, they had the same meaning. But in actual linguistic Arabic is not as different though. Right? So so so for the terminology of linguistics, not equal suffer for us. But in the actual meaning if you'd go to the to the dictionary, and you look and you look up Jani, well sod for, and you look up name, new name, there are different words with different meanings. They have similar meaning, but not not identical, but for the terminology of what we're doing, they're the same. Does that make sense? So it's terminology is different than what actually that makes sense to you. Okay? Okay. So that's, that's the, that's what

00:36:19--> 00:36:22

we like to read, read and read.

00:36:28--> 00:36:30

No, different was not the same one.

00:36:33--> 00:36:36

Me use the same word. That would sound weird.

00:36:38--> 00:36:41

To say word words that are similar like the same.

00:36:42--> 00:36:51

You can do a lot of notes, you can do a lot of adjectives in a row, it doesn't matter. But it's not a sentence until you bring some piece of information into the into the mix, okay.

00:36:53--> 00:37:25

Then I went to the store, then I went home that I want that right afterwards. In Arabic, you can save that as many times as you want. You can say film, my film, my film, my film, as long as that trauma brings the meaning, because fat and filmer are different. They don't mean the same thing. So if you want to just change them just because you feel bored, you can you're harming the actual structure of the sentence because you're implying a meeting that's probably wrong. So just stick to the word that actually brings the meaning of what you want to say. It's more appreciated that way. Alright, so let's

00:37:26--> 00:37:30

give examples got to Hulu bombers. They don't

00:37:31--> 00:37:38

want to say he didn't want to be sad because he didn't allow him. So let me let me give this is important.

00:37:40--> 00:37:41


00:37:42--> 00:37:43


00:37:51--> 00:37:56

They die often. So first of all metaphor, a metaphor.

00:37:58--> 00:37:59

So that's the first

00:38:01--> 00:38:06

condition. The second condition apply to, are they both indefinite or both definite.

00:38:09--> 00:38:10


00:38:12--> 00:38:22

yes, there you go. Is eight is an individual. He doesn't have an elephant lamb, but he doesn't need one. He's a person. So you don't need an Elif lamb to be there. So this guy is Madiba

00:38:24--> 00:38:25

warm water buff

00:38:26--> 00:38:27


00:38:29--> 00:38:30

And this is Nick Isla

00:38:31--> 00:38:32

or Monica.

00:38:33--> 00:38:34

Or indefinite.

00:38:36--> 00:38:38

How can you make can you make this indefinite?

00:38:39--> 00:38:47

Almost impossible but not impossible, but that's not our point. But yeah, forget about it, but it's doable. But can you make this definite

00:38:50--> 00:38:54

right now let's move to that. Very good right now let's move to

00:38:55--> 00:38:56

a full sentence

00:38:59--> 00:39:00


00:39:01--> 00:39:06

intelligent right so it's eight is intelligent. How would you make Xavi intelligent

00:39:14--> 00:39:19

yeah so the intelligent you will see very good handy you will see a lot

00:39:26--> 00:39:33

like I told you just for now just leave that and we'll come to inshallah so as they even allowed so now they the intelligent or what about him?

00:39:36--> 00:39:43

To say something about can come in the form of a noun, a semi sentence or a sentence right? So anything you want just say something, give us some information about him.

00:39:46--> 00:39:55

Yeah, but that's weird, but you could say it, it would be attention it would be an Arabic sentence you say them an article article. People look at you wondering about you if your article or not when you said it, but

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

but still it would be it would be property only in terms of its meaning.

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

Let's get let's try a few more

00:40:12--> 00:40:20

now, there are different types of adjectives. There is something called not happy and not binary.

00:40:21--> 00:40:44

But that's to me is a is a, something you would study in a secondary Arabic grammar texts not on a primary one. So I'm going to I'm not going to talk about it. I'm not sure I don't think they talk, I'm pretty sure it does. It's not spoken of here in this mountain, which is a good thing because a bit more complicated kind of kind of complicates things, all in all, but, but there are different types of adjectives that can be used.

00:40:48--> 00:40:50

For the object, there's only two ways of making it.

00:40:53--> 00:41:29

So there's more so that's what we're going to talk about. So that's what the Met some talks about in the second right in the next sentence, so we'll refer to a shear and definite nouns are different categories. And if smallmouth Maru now wasn't, so pronouns like me, like I, and you, alright, so we're gonna talk about those in a second, what is small alum, and a name that is given to a to an individual, like Zaid and Mecca. It doesn't have to be a name of a person could be named of a city or name of anything, any name, any name. Any name that is given is called it's an item. It's an item.

00:41:33--> 00:42:18

Proper nouns and proper nouns is what is what they're called. What is small McGraham? It is what is ambiguous nouns like what like heavy he had our hula, this that those are definite. These are definite forms. I'll write them down in a second. What is smolevichi Hill le for Lamb and the noun that has at the beginning of it. Elif lamb, like Raju, while hula, like Oh, Virgil and alguna and the man and the boy. Well now Oliva Isla hidden Manhattan Hill Alba, and what has the form of EBA. So nouns which are compounded with one of the four previously mentioned nouns, so we have to talk about what compounded means, which is you just asked me about a second, you asked me the word Allah

00:42:18--> 00:42:25

rasool Allah, but will it have always customer why because of the concept of something be compounded to something else? Okay. So let's talk about that.

00:42:27--> 00:42:30

So not just really simple, but in order for us to understand it.

00:42:31--> 00:42:48

This was easy, right? This is pretty simple. It's following it and it's status of offense. And job. This is a bit more complex, meaning it's got just has to follow it in a state of definiteness where there's definite or indefinite. So we have to understand what is definite but what is indefinite so you can actually understand the sentence yes

00:42:53--> 00:42:54

can be clear but

00:43:01--> 00:43:06

yeah, so yeah, because a bit more carefully, but again, that makes it

00:43:11--> 00:43:19

here we're just trying to establish the basic ideas. So just what is what does it mean what is definiteness to me mean right. So I didn't mean it for

00:43:25--> 00:43:28

the definite noun or the definite Yeah.

00:43:30--> 00:43:31

The definite

00:43:34--> 00:43:39

you leave it as that. So what examples do we have of something things that are definitely the first thing he gave us?

00:43:41--> 00:43:41

He said

00:43:44--> 00:43:44

the pronoun

00:43:47--> 00:43:48

and Isamu

00:43:50--> 00:43:51

l mug mer.

00:43:52--> 00:43:56

What a balmy year. The word dummied would also have the same meaning

00:43:58--> 00:44:01

like what what are examples of some of them or

00:44:04--> 00:44:05


00:44:07--> 00:44:07


00:44:08--> 00:44:09


00:44:11--> 00:44:11


00:44:13--> 00:44:14

on panna

00:44:15--> 00:44:16


00:44:17--> 00:44:25

he acts which we studied these right go back we still he did, he did we went through all the different categories all of them are definite

00:44:31--> 00:44:35

I do that well if small Adam proper nouns

00:44:39--> 00:44:40

and ism

00:44:44--> 00:44:47

allow them any name of anything is.

00:44:57--> 00:44:58

So they're called

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

In old Arabic but it's in the shadow works too right so they called ambiguous nouns

00:45:07--> 00:45:08

it's in the shadow works to

00:45:18--> 00:45:26

me Shana, like what? Like her that her the this right what else Tilka

00:45:28--> 00:45:31

what else examples that you give when it's pretty much all you get her

00:45:34--> 00:45:39

nose talking about people etc All these are Danika

00:45:43--> 00:45:44

all them different it's all indefinite

00:45:46--> 00:45:49

What else do we have? It is one of the VLF

00:45:50--> 00:45:56

anything that starts with Elif lamb, anything started with lamb is definite immediately

00:45:58--> 00:45:59

final one

00:46:02--> 00:46:03

knows which is

00:46:07--> 00:46:08

like what give me a root

00:46:11--> 00:46:13

yes Alif the word Elif.

00:46:15--> 00:46:18

Right. So no, no as the Elif.

00:46:20--> 00:46:24

Earlier is this it? Yeah. Your your example earlier ILA would have been same thing.

00:46:25--> 00:46:26

So nouns

00:46:30--> 00:46:31


00:46:36--> 00:46:39

to the previous to any of the previous,

00:46:40--> 00:46:54

a noun that is compounded to any of the previous becomes magnified by by being compound and compounded. Now if you don't know that means I'm gonna explain that in a second. Because this like this is a big part of understanding

00:46:56--> 00:46:57

the Arabic language.

00:46:58--> 00:47:00

We'll take the example that you have

00:47:01--> 00:47:01

asked about

00:47:07--> 00:47:08


00:47:09--> 00:47:10


00:47:12--> 00:47:14

So the word there is a definite or indefinite

00:47:19--> 00:47:27

the word those who will indefinite the word Rasool is indefinite. Why? Because I just told you what's definite

00:47:29--> 00:47:30

it is not a pronoun.

00:47:31--> 00:47:44

Started name it's not a name we do have no one's called the suit unless unless the some guy called us who were talking about him that's a different story. It's not an ambiguous now it's not instantly Charlotte's not heard that tilde tilde is doesn't have them.

00:47:45--> 00:47:57

It does have the final one. But the words are suit itself doesn't when you add the word Allah to it. Now let's talk about the word Allah subhanaw taala for a second, what is the word Allah definitely or indefinite?

00:47:59--> 00:47:59

Based on what

00:48:01--> 00:48:02

we said way to use categories

00:48:06--> 00:48:08

so it could be either a proper noun or

00:48:09--> 00:48:35

so this is something that they differ upon in terms of Arabic. Is Allah the the origin of it? Al isla? And then it was it was put together became hola or is it the proper noun? I tend to believe it's a proper noun. I tend to believe ALLAH has a proper noun. It's not the end of a noun that brought it in. Well, Allahu Alem that's what I think. But that's different that but what we do know is that Allah the name is definite Mara.

00:48:39--> 00:48:39


00:48:42--> 00:48:43

They used the word.

00:48:45--> 00:48:47

Have you used it since who died it used to them?

00:48:49--> 00:48:49

As far as we can tell?

00:48:58--> 00:49:00

Yes, it would, they would, let's leave those for a while.

00:49:01--> 00:49:11

Because they function differently those called smart, smart more sorta, and they function a bit differently. So Allah is modified. So what you see right now

00:49:16--> 00:49:18

is a indefinite Nikita

00:49:20--> 00:49:22


00:49:25--> 00:49:27

or the other way around, compounded

00:49:28--> 00:49:33

into America, which makes the snack era The final category.

00:49:34--> 00:49:35

The final category

00:49:36--> 00:49:50

now is compounded to any of the previous so this isn't it for you compounded it. This is called an Arabic compound is called the law. It's called the Law alpha. And the word after is called Rudolph Ed.

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

And this guy is called Move off from now on. What is it worth to an English how does it How does it work?

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

How does it translate into English?

00:50:04--> 00:50:07

Yeah, so what is it? It's the it's the

00:50:08--> 00:50:12

right here is the of would it be domestic? Because

00:50:18--> 00:50:18


00:50:20--> 00:50:20

yeah but he said

00:50:22--> 00:50:26

yeah so this is where this is where translation fails horribly.

00:50:27--> 00:50:36

This word translation becomes problematic because that question is unanswered. So do you say messenger of Allah? Or do you say the Messenger of Allah?

00:50:39--> 00:50:44

Could you put an Elif our lamb on Rasul and the meanings still be the same?

00:50:46--> 00:51:01

Because now if you put an F now this becomes a McMurry for you compound and this doesn't happen between imati family for however Nikki Allah and MIT for so Ella SUTA Allah is not even a word doesn't work at all. It's that makes makes no sense has no meaning to it.