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Matn Alajurroomiyyah #17
Channel: Adnan Rajeh
Series: Adnan Rajeh - Matn Alajurroomiyyah
File Size: 52.10MB
2018 1 19 LMM before Isha
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
blah blah blah masala whistling Mubarak Allah Sidra Muhammad while early he was savage main or bad. So today we're gonna study in Sharla file again, last week's video got lost. So I'll do it again to this week is it helps to do it more than once anyway.
is the subject and a verb, base sentence, that sort of file is
the subject and a verb base sentence.
The larger Romi within the text T defines it, who will use one more photo and images Gurukula who clearly who this will perform in that school will have low failure failure. So, the noun metaphor is a state of metaphor, I say, you can say and metaphor copula, who God who that is preceded
so just to make that clear, in case, you're still not sure sentences
so we have a noun based sentence.
And on base sentence,
first we have a noun.
And then you have another another note. That's how it works.
Now that I know a verb, a sentence,
and then a noun. Of course, in Arabic, we start from the right to the left, right, so we're going this way.
Then we have complex sentences.
And that is where either you have a verb base sentence within a noun, base sentence, or a noun, base sentence within a verb, base sentence. Either way, they're a bit complex. I'll give an example of it, where, for example, there's more than there's a lot of different ways to do it. But I'll give you one is when you have a noun.
And then a verb, you're going this way.
So it starts with a noun, but they have a verb after it. So in general, is to noun base sentence because it starts with a noun. So in general, but then this one over here is a verb, base sentence. So you have a verb base within a non base centers. So these are the three types of sentences. So we say the word fine.
We were referring, specifically to verb based sentences.
Specifically, right? Now the thing is, every verb is a sentence within itself. So it will always have a five, right? But the file has to be a part of a verb, base sentence, you will not mean and you will never find a file in a sentence that is looks like this. There's no in base with a noun and noun. Neither of these will ever be a file. Because no verb around it. Okay, that's an important difference that we'll be studying other
other words like,
they'll also be subjects and you'd be like, well, you just we studied the subject. Yeah, we tell you a subject and a verb base, and it's not a noun, base sentence, or there'll be different or there's not, not philosophically but just grammatically, there are differences. Okay, so there's something about avoiding let's go to the noun that is the state of metaphor that is preceded by his verb.
Can we can I remind you quickly what metaphor is and monsoon so there's the statuses right.
Flexible grammatically flexible words,
right write of grammatically
flexible words, right? So we have four statuses, we studied them at the beginning of this, which I found was the big first one, and then nossob, then general, and there doesn't, when I told you that these three are for nouns, and these and 123 years for verbs, a verb cannot be majeure and cannot be Masoom at any point ever.
What is it I found out what is what if we say something is a metaphor? Then what does that mean? It means one of two things. It's either or it's actually means one thing with two conditions sorry, so it's a main
So nothing's affecting it from outside the sentence or something nothing's added to the sentence to affect it status is main character, and it's pure it's in his pure in his first status, nothing touches it will be marked for right now. No, so there's one of two things either attainted
so this guy here, but something came in tainted him so now he's no longer mature. He's mostly he's less than or a secondary character.
Jarrah, when we say Jawas
unnecessary characters. Anything that's unnecessary to the sentence is additional off, you offer you additional meanings, but the sentence will survive without it, the basic ideas are in the sentence. So just these are additional stuff. jism is a neutral
meaning, meaning the meanings differ based on the situation is a case ticket because it's only applies to verbs. Right?
Only verbs for jism and that makes it a bit more complex and study. As we studied along we'll explain more and more in shows this, kind of leave that out. But these three are clear, you should understand them the way they are and shown, okay. So what we're studying is what an ism now that is.
metaphor, not a verb that is metaphor, or sending a noun that is metaphor. So it's gonna be untainted main character, within the sentence is a subject an untainted main character. Subject is a main character you need if you don't have a subject and you don't have a sentence, you need to know if something's happened, you have to know who did it to accent.
So it's this now that instead of modifying or offer, I think there's a better
way to put this instead of
that is preceded by its verb. Okay? Well, I love this mean, why would matter? So there are two categories for the file. The first category is law.
And the second one
Wire means a parent
now I told it estimated once before, I'm revisiting the usage of that word. What is the translation of it in your
implicit implicit? What does that even mean in English? What does that mean in English? Do you have any idea what implicit means in English?
Written, hidden, that's what the
so applied, yeah. implies sorry. Mara means that it's not it's either. So what it's going to be is either pronoun
will be estimated.
Right, so more than water means I think hidden is probably
no, he's not hidden Is there is there it's just it's a mere, it's got the word dummy of the Muse pronoun like. And that's what it's trying to say. So vada parents gonna be a noun,
can be clear noun, mod is going to be either pronoun was gonna be something that's estimated altogether. So implicit is what he did. And implicit is what I'm going to do. Because I have no idea what else it means really. I don't know how to translate this properly. But that's the idea. The idea is that sometimes the subject the fine will be a word and now that you can see it, sometimes it will be a pronoun, something attached to the verb, or won't be there at all. And I'll give you three examples so that you understand exactly what I'm what I'm talking about. So over here
um, as Aiden
So Karma is a verb, right? Can be a comma could be a Kuhmo.
Could be in the past tense, it could be in the present tense doesn't make a difference. Got up or is getting up. Zaid. Now who did this action? They did. So he's the subject, right? He is a noun that is preceded by his verb is the subject of the sentence. So it's gonna give you a lot of for what is the marker of raffia and a singular noun?
Well, that's the marker of refer markers. Remember markers, we talked about metaphora is the start, it's going to be untainted main character. Now what are the markers of Rafah depends on the type of word sometimes will be a llama. Sometimes it will be an Elif, like in the duel form, sometimes it will be a wow. And noon, like within the GMM with a cassette and the masculine.
The masculine sound,
plural, or it could be what else could it be?
To move the noon in a verb right? But you don't need that in we're not talking about that. Or it could be it could be a well for example, in the five exceptional five exceptional nouns, right, so depending on the type of word we'll have the marker of Raphael it will differ it'll different one, but it's all metaphor at the end and the status is still it's still rough, regardless of the of the marker. So calm as a done. Here's an example of a fire that has a parent, verb, and then immediately you have the subject after it is unknown. Now, let's talk about pronoun.
Tell you now let's use the same verb
tell you now we came. The verb is first pulmonale. We stood up the verb is first, what is the subject here? Is this guy, this guy is a subject.
Yes, no, it's a problem. It's not a, it's not a full word, right? It's actually attached to the, to the, to the verb itself, right? So that's an example of a pronoun of the fine being a pronoun. It's not actually a noun. We were saying what you just said it's a noun. Yeah, it's a noun, in theory philosophically is unknown.
We are people. We're nouns. Meaning when we're called, you're gonna call me as a verb. I'm not a verb. Me when you call me my name, I'm unknown, right? That's what I'm going to end up being an on paper when you write. So but this is what we're not actually calling who did it by name. We didn't say we didn't say karma, Adnan or heavy.
Alibaba, we said Omna. So instead of calling all the firewall securities, all the subjects we take a particular pronoun instead of it, but it's substituting a number of five. So yes, the fact that the subject is always a noun. And sometimes it'll be something that substitutes the noun, what substitutes the noun?
pronoun, and sometime in estimation, estimated by muted I'll give you example
How would you translate a narrative what you say in English? He you say he would say he.
surely Allah kaivac
units are making things up.
He's understood, yes, it's estimated meaning when you say a farmer,
we've had a conversation before this. And we were talking about someone and that someone with an understanding of who that is. So farmer, the file, the subject is an estimated kua he, he got up
exactly what if it was vomit, he would say here, it was a feminine pronoun, right? So it's man, I'm good to say that this is actually a
The pronoun will be written
nor, or verbalized,
vocalize like I said,
or an estimated pronoun.
That's probably how we should break it down. Meaning these are pronouns. Sometimes a pronoun will be written commoner. And sometimes it'll be estimated.
Does that does that make sense? In general? Yeah. So these are the three types of file. Now the, this is the noun is what we talked about these to substitute the noun, right? The noun can only be substituted by a pronoun, it can always be substituted. Understand that even in English, that's quite clear examples.
madrasa school, that's a noun, is there a pronoun for it?
Either here, or here, tilde,
right. So in Arabic, heavy in dukkha, don't don't add up as estimated pronouns estimate pronouns have to be something like here. So it's just based on whether it's feminine or masculine. It's a masculine noun, a feminine noun, then it gets here as its estimated pronoun.
I'll give an example.
Sort of useful for jet
so yeah, I didn't follow through at the homepage.
So jet. Jet is a past tense verb, correct. Now, who did the verb have coming? of arriving?
When they say it wasn't a car. What was a group of people caravan. They used to call caravans I say yacht and then we call the cars later on. So Jada is the subject here. And this is a subject.
It's an apparent subject. It's going to be about for what is the marker of a singular noun.
It's a yellow turn. Right. Now, let's say you want to talk about the same caravan that came, but we've already talked about we use the word too many times. So I said, jet.
You asked me about this era. When I told you jet. That's what my answer. That's a full sentence. But where's the where's the where's this?
already in the Congress, yeah, so it's implied. It's understood. Now what is the pronoun that substitutes it? In estimation? You don't say that estimated pronoun is Sayana you say yeah that's to me the subject sorry. You say yeah, he says an estimate it's an estimated subject and the pronoun for it is here.
that makes sense in Arabic all words are either he or she does Arabic have it?
Here you don't have it in English, he she knits. It is something that has no that is not conscious, right? Or it doesn't have life. So when you talk about the sun, you say it now some some people have their poets they'll call it chi if they want to give it life right? But that's poets will give life in English language in the Arabic language. We're all poets. So we Africa anything, it's the other who are here. We don't have any.
Everything has some entity that we see. Okay? So this is what you need to learn. Basically, understand what the file is what the subject is a word is the word fine. It's a subject and a verb a sentence, the way the imam or your roommate defines it is similar for a couple of the noun that is in the state of affair that is preceded by its verb.
Let's call a couple out something that is mentioned before it. Which is which is the verb Yes.
Gore, Kabila who flew right and then we broke it down got it man whoo I love this mean VA here by hitting one logMAR for VA here now colic now he's going to give us examples of a parent now. Subjects now he gives very repetitive and difficult examples that are almost useless to use a million times. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to read them out tell you what they mean. They give my own examples where we can come up with their own examples for a parent
a parent subjects. So the mom said you said the VI he wrote Nahoko Lika we apparent subject is like when you say bomb as Aiden welcome was Aiden Zaid good got up or is eight is getting up.
And that is for a singular subject a subject that is only that is a singular noun. Tom is a Dan welcome Jose Dan. The Tuesdays got up or the two Z's are getting up and that is for example, that's an example of a subject that is in the dual form welcome is doing well cool Muzej doing all those aids got up all those A's are getting I don't know why he chose to give examples like this, but this is what he did in the in the intention. And then he gave example of that is going to be the masculine sound plural. There's gonna be an example of the broken plurals such as climate Ruggerio where the men got up or the men are getting up. Then he gave an example of the singular feminine
noun karma Tintin what Docomo Hinden
an example of example of a dual a dual feminine instead of a dual masculine dual feminine FUCKLOAD commented Hindustan Docomo Hinden the two hands got up are the two hints are getting up. And then he gave example of gem Salim the feminine sound plural comments in Hindi to the home 100 Then all the hints got up or getting up. Well commented who knows with a woman who knew to give an example of a broken girl that is in the feminine,
the feminine form calm I think hulu.com Who knows got up or getting up welcome Hookway whom he used the five exceptional nouns your brother got up or he's getting up walk on the hood me with me and you're giving an example of a subject that has lost its marker. At the end of it my my my son got up or my son is getting up while I'm acrobatic and the different examples so we're going to do is we're going to take a read those exemplar and give you my own so that we can make sense in Sharla of what what this is.
Can you see find a blue marker for me in there that works?
So let's start with the first type of subject. Let's start with the masculine
think masculine singular noun
and the feminine singular noun
putting the singular nouns first. So it can give me examples of masculine, feminine and masculine singular noun and a feminine singular noun.
So a masculine masculine singular now Yes.
Masculine, feminine or masculine,
feminine singular, sorry, masculine singular, what are we talking about? Feminine as in oneness? This is muda
this is one
So give me an example of a sentence with keytab is a subject mean there's a verb before it.
That's a passive verb. We did all the passive verbs. What comes after a passive verb is a noun is a substitute of the fact we don't want to passive verbs. You want direct verbs.
That way because the book read itself, who read the book
says aid is now the right. Okay? It just helps you kind of think I'll give you an example. That's good. So I'll give you an example here of all of rasuluh.
Khurana Mathura. So the verb here is followed by that said, in the past tense, so this is the verb who did the same.
That means that was the subject and a verb, base sentence is a verb base sentence because the verb comes at the beginning. Correct that we already established that a verb base sentence is a sentence with a verb comes at the beginning. So we all know the verb now after is going to come a subject the subject is an SMR for so it's going to be in the state of Raafat. Once the marker of raffia and a singular noun
is this color rasuluh color rasuluh right because it's in the in the singular
it's a masculine
what's the word?
It's just the things change. We don't sometimes are clear rules. Sometimes they're not sometimes a hard thing to
do. So it also is, but that's not what that's not a verb, I need a verb.
So I'll give you an example to call it.
So quality is a verb. So it's a very base sentence.
The subject or the the profits that the prophet the prophets, the prophets said so they're the subject so it's, what is the marker of profit in a singular feminine noun? It's mama solo Sue whom here do you see Obama? This is an additional part. These are pronouns I did to a doesn't count in our album we're talking now. Why do you know how do you know it's, it's feminine? From the verb you know, it's from yes how you know this feminine?
Yeah, so you have this dot here tells us that there's going to be feminine right? Let's assume we when other give me a good game, for example, just
not from the Quran, but that's fine. Try to think from those five as much as you can and helps you understand the Quran more. So now I'm out.
Dum, dum slept. So now Anna is at the beginning. Right so the beginning of the sentence that means a verb base sentence. That means this guy over here who did it is going to be a subject and a verb a sentence of the fine it's going to be my forte what is the marker of refer in the singular masculine noun?
Mama so now I'm gonna demo alright, I'll give you an example of something feminine from the Quran.
Where your alma de home, sir
sir, is the name of your male pm the day of judgment, right? The hour, the hour, the hour where everything changes, the whole Messiah the day of judgment or the hour happens or
occurs. So to whom is it a past tense verb or a present tense verb?
It's a present tense verb, right? The present tense verb, but it's a verb nonetheless, at the beginning of a sentence, which makes this sentence a verb base sentence. So whatever occurred is going to be the subject. The subject is going to be metaphor, which means that the SA which is a singular feminine noun is going to be what's the marker of F or it bomba
dako Musa to write the humo Assa to know what evidence do we have that this verb is talking about something as feminine
Yeah, the beginning of a right if it was not
you would have had I never another i in the Quran. Were also pound yo male uma NASA,
the LME right?
I mean, so your comb is a present tense to present tense verb. So it's a verb base sentence, who did the standing up or the
the currents are getting up and being resurrected as the human beings are people that word nests is a singular man
is going down.
It's not a full one, which means what is the market? For the singular masculine now? Yes. So as the woman so what is the how do we know that it's masculine?
Yeah and right so here, it gives giving you a little little hints here.
What's coming next later is most likely going to be masculine. However, in the Arabic language, sometimes you can have a masculine verb, and then a feminine subject. Is this not a problem? That's accepted for a lot of different examples? And I'll give you a few years
can I give an example?
Yes, please do.
Okay, who's who said who did the same?
So who did it got? It is the actual she said, Right? Who said?
Who did who said who did the same? symbolize around? Right? Is she in the sentence?
Yes, okay. So what we're looking at now, there is a subject but the subject is most appropriate as an estimated pronoun. Pata TIA is we're looking for a parent now is right now that's what we're studying. We're studying a parent knows where that now is written. So estimate is not a pronoun. Yes.
Yeah, that works. Joe Dima works over here.
So there's a verb, it's a past tense verb. Over here. There's an object.
It's a pronoun, but it's an object. The one who actually came is the one who did the coming or the arriving or the booths presidents was was that um, was the blind man, right? So he's a subject within this verb, base sentence. Now, what is the marker of a subject? A saint, a masculine singular noun? What's the marker of it?
Mama, but where's the Dhamma? On the word I'ma where's the llama?
Let me finish this and you can ask where's the where's the llama here? So that's to me Adama. So the llama is estimated on the end if you don't pronounce it, you don't write it but we just estimate it being there. Just give me an example
where is it who's a subject who did the Hulk
whereas Allah's name in the
night so always think you're looking for the one who did the verb for their name to be there to be somewhere there we can see it.
Very good. Got it out up.
And this is the final one will do for the phone. But
without without up.
Where the Bedouins that surrounded Medina and Mecca are in Arabia. So the Arab said so their Arab is a subject this is a very big sentence call it is a past tense verb. We know it's feminine because the tie is there. Right? We know it's a feminine subject Arab is a is a is a group they become plural becomes feminine. What is the marker of raffia? And the word out of here? Mr. Marker?
Yeah, so Clara Killara. Okay, so we'll start with that will be. That's enough for feminine feminine singular nouns and masculine singular nouns. So just keep that in mind that what is the marker of refer for the masculine singular noun and the feminine singular noun identified? It's always going to be right, it's always going to be a member. Sometimes it'll be an estimated one. Sometimes gonna be an estimated one. But generally speaking, it's everyone Yes, quite a question Scott.
Then it's about four.
Whenever there's a subject whenever there's a verb, there has to be a subject. No verbs, without subjects unless we're talking about a passive verb. A passive verb doesn't have a subject. It hasn't known as a substitute of a subject. But if it's not a passive verb, there's always going to be a subject of past tense or present tense. We're not talking about command verbs command verbs don't have subjects because it's command, I'm commanding you, there's no subject here, really. But when we talk about past tense verb or present tense verb, it's always going to have a subject, sometimes the subject will be a lot harder. Now, sometimes there'll be a movement to be a pronoun that is either
written, verbalized, or vocalize, oh, it's gonna be estimated. Regardless, it's always metaphor. The fight is always metaphor. If I will never be at the moment you say the word fine, then it's going to be metaphor. There's no There's no debating that. Okay, let's let's try with the dual form. This does talk about the dual form.
So let's say the masculine dual form
and the feminine dual form, so think of examples where there's
so I'm gonna
send them with a cup or muffin now
So give me examples of something where you can have a dual form.
Alright, I'll give you one I think you can call it something. So Carla radula and ina Latina ha phone and I'm Allahu Allah Hema, right? Oh, la La Jolla, Raju LAN.
Two men, I'm gonna have to do a quick refreshment of what the dual form actually is right? In case you've forgotten. So, if you take any word, any word in the Arabic language and any noun any known at all, give me a no give me any given no.
Clean. Fine. Actually it's a it's not a name. It's also a description. It means friends, right?
Yes, go ahead.
Ibrahim, very good. Let's usually try to try to come up with something it's not a name. So he Fellini's a friend. But let's say it usually as friend so hurry this is the this is the singular form if you want to turn it into a dual form. So here's only one the one and only father you have no one else that we want to make two. I'm gonna clone Helene. So we have two more five more students for this job. So I'll clone honey so we have two of them right now we have two colors in English we don't have that English is either one or between one and infinity there's just one difference. Yes Agnes somewhere at the end of the sentence. In Arabic No, there's one, two and then Gemma so you and
your wife are not a Gemini you're just two you're just sending I just do you have to have a kid and then you're jumping in English it's a bit different. So dual is two. How do I turn it into dual? I have two ways to do it. Either I add
elephant noon hollyland Or I add
yeah in noon with a fatality for kalila in
Milan for Helene. You're seeing the application
so he gave me Ibrahim that's how it works Ibrahim Aman or Ibrahim mean give me more examples of nouns.
okay I mean
I get here
like King many many many can or many came that's how it's gonna sound
that's when there's a move off at after it. Hold your horses that's a bit far down the road but yeah, you just take the noon cuz sometimes can be taken off in certain positions. Now, what's the difference between vanilla and Helene? Are there a difference? What's the difference?
so when it's and this is this is the status of Raphael Smartform and this one here curry lane is either monsoon Nelson
or genre. So now so if it's my soup or majeure is going to be Holly Lane doesn't matter. Only this metaphor is gonna sound as Halina now. In fine. Is it a word that is more formal supermajor?
It's always, it's always meant for right? It's always say always in the state of Russia. I will always be in the state of Russia. So if the verb is they said, someone said something and these two guys did it, then this is going to be the fire the fire is metaphor. It's a dual form. So what is the marker of Russia and the words of Julian?
I want to learn now, Julian. Julian then the person who isn't you not sure what you're talking about? Why are you single Julian? That makes no sense. Unless some guy's name is Julian. That makes no sense at all in Arabic, nice to be yes.
Same thing because a color modular.
could add here
doesn't change the fact that the word the two men are the subject of the sentence. There are subjects and as a verb before, so it's a verb base sentence is going to go to my for if they're meant for then if noon
not yet known. So let me give you an let me let me let's put together something let me say
so the player Alright, so say the player or the sport. He came.
So would you say if one player came
right let's go
Yeah, because this is just for the easy. So now if I told you that it's not one player who came to players came, then what would you say?
hamdulillah because I'm almost almost shot my head myself in the head.
Allah, we're gonna say two. So we make when you take the word,
you're gonna turn it into Muthana you're gonna add either Elif noon, or noon. Well what is it is it metaphor was the subject and it's metaphor. That means I'm going to add an elephant and I'm gonna add a year and noon so I'll say a burn
Second, we'll do that in one minute. We'll come to a live one in a second. Let's try something else.
Think of examples from the Quran? Can you think of an example from the Quran that has within it?
Have two things
You have to have to have two things at the same time.
Yes, can you give me a guide?
Where to find
it there's also dual forms, but is there is there a verb before it? So it turns into a certified or not?
let me let me give a word again and then you guys can can can do it can do that can do the same thing. Let's do it on the on the feminist side. All right.
So Cora, the ball, right now Arabic that's what it's called Cora. So let's say I want to say that the ball flew flop.
Right? So they say
Barra, Donna to call you because it's feminine. So you say Paulette?
Now I want to say two balls flew?
No, this stays the same. They say the same. That's how we're gonna change. This is the subject is metaphor. Right? So apply it here.
So what would you add? If it's metaphor? What would you add?
I live in no doubt you added or you say?
You're right. So you add an elephant noon to it? How would you add over noon.
So this guy who used to be considered as a top metal bootha, now he's promoted. And he's turned into a complete tattoed. Finally, he fulfills his destiny becomes. And now we say I thought a three quarter turn.
So you, so you can say that in certain situations, that's quite a, that's a bit of a more detailed study. When it comes to when it comes to applying pronouns to verbs before they're before their subjects. So you can say a thought. And of course, then you can say I'll call a tan Parata. If you flip it, then it works because you've already referred to the to at the beginning. But before that, you just say a thought that you can even take off the if you like, you miss a thought, and that's fine from an Arabic perspective, until the subject is there, you don't know, you don't know the subject hasn't been spoken of yet. Only until the subject has been spoken of, can you start adding a
pronoun to the verb to substituted or to add to it?
Any more examples you can think of? Just give me a word and let's just build it on a word. Give me a word.
You know, give me a word. Any noun. You'll just do it like that. Then, you know.
Like, my Oh is interested in VT cudham?
Yes, so let's say we want to build a sentence with a singular foot.
Yeah, so let's say the foot walked. Moved, right?
So it's a dumb, masculine or feminine?
Arabic Kadem is actually feminine. How do you look at them? You say how to cut them you say how to cut them. So this guy goes over here. So it's over here.
So let's say Michelle cut them right.
foot locked. As a verb to verb a sentence this is a subject has a bum on it because that's the right because a singular noun now if you want to make it into the dual form, how do you turn towards Kadem to a dual form?
Yes, Swiper demo and we're not gonna mean
why was the reason?
Yes, because the file the subject is always metaphor. And the way a duel form is going to be seen metaphor is going to be with an elephant noon. So you see a man
and I've asked what is the marker of Rafah in this word you're telling me is the elephant noon.
But we'll just see because why because dual form because it's in within
the same thing.
Again, you don't you don't, you don't play around with the verb until the subject has been spoken of at least once. So the verb stays either masculine, a normal Mesha or mesh, it's nothing else and Masha is safer you just use the masculine form
let's talk about the second group.
You guys remember what a sound masculine plural is?
So a sound
Yep, masculine plural.
So Gemma, and will that come
And then we have, do we have something like it in for the feminine?
You have a sound feminine plural. Yes, we have a sound feminine plural is are they exactly the same?
No, they're very different.
So Jim, and
Sam. All right, give me an example of Jim and we're not gonna sell him
that's not gonna we're not gonna sell him. That's a broken plural.
Muslim one. So, before we start with the examples, let's do the same thing. We did it a second ago.
So let's take the word he gave me. So one Muslim, one Muslim.
If I turn it into the dual form
they'll be Muslim. And if it's metaphor,
and mostly mean.
If it's more sober Majora, now in the sound,
So in the sound masculine plural, it'll turn into mostly moon.
And subhanAllah is the same thing applies for both these two guys up here, or metaphor.
And these two guys are here either monsoon
or midget or one of the two things right? Now a fine subject is always what it's always meant for.
So when we take the word Muslim, you want to build a sentence on it. Right? When to make it a subject is going to be a sound masculine plural was going to look like
like, like this, this or this.
Right? It's gonna be Muslim moon. It's not gonna be Muslim mean. So
that's a comma
and mostly moon, or something simple fun.
So the Muslims prayed. It's a verb a sentence or a noun based sentence.
Now, do you know
how to use a verb a sentence? Yeah, begin to start with a verb is very simple. Is not any chemistry is very simple. What is what is the sentence start with a verb? It's a verb, a sentence, verb a sentences have.
Have subjects after the verb, right? Who did the subjects who did the verb sorry? Who did the praying is the Muslims, right? So Muslims, right now we're gonna be the subject. A subject is always meant for what is the marker of raffia and a salad masculine plural?
Right. If you just follow Muslimeen
naked, the big problem, you will be looking at your words, what are you doing? So I'll let him Sleeman because you're the subjects and that's what they do. All right. Give me more examples. Whether examples can you give me from the Quran Navy,
to me or Kulu?
I'm gonna if you're gonna
I'm gonna if you're gonna be a cool and when you're when your call
is a present tense verb, correct. So it's a verb based sentence. So it has a subject that people were seeing or the hypocrites on the Day of Judgment.
That means this is the subject, what is the marker of raffia in the subject? And when I say the word subjects, because you asked me the question, and this is what you were asking is, our subjects always meant for yes, the moment you say subject, and you're saying it's a metaphor. Now what I'm asking you if this metaphor, what is the marker or refer that is what's more confusing?
The reason that we're studying the fine is because we studied a couple of weeks ago, we studied something called
smart and before we studied all the nouns that are in the status of Russia, what are they like? And we talked we started the first one we did was fine subject and then deny the subject of the subject.
There is an attempt at hover and it's some kinda and hover in there was it all these were all these talks about seven of them and the Taliban. And we said that these are nouns that are in the status of warfare. The moment you say fire and immediately it's a metaphor, right? So what, what is what would you have to learn to pay attention to is what is the marker of Rafah in a word? So in the room, where is the marker Rafa here?
Because you're asked why he's all because of sound masculine plural. If it wasn't metaphor, it would be what? When I 15, it was super modular, you see immediately when I feel pain when you think twice about it, right?
If you're playing this duel, no, we're not 15 is sound masculine, masculine plural, right? When I 15 would be muscle majeure. When you're playing that we're talking dual. We're not talking plural anymore. Alright.
So far isn't we're stuck, but we're not we're too far away right now to talk about the very difference. So far, it is more of a derivative. So it's a form of word is how the word sounds. The word law. The word live
is the same with is the derivative that is equal to five sounds the same thing for a lead. That's called an SM fine, but the word live could sometimes be a subject in the sentence. And sometimes it can be an object in the sentence. Sometimes it can be completely unnecessary in the subject sentence. So not every isn't valid is fine, right? Not everybody isn't fine either. But there are different things to different studies. So let's say let's talk about the sound feminine plural. So mostly now you have one feminine Muslim, female Muslim, if I want to make it into a dual form, what does it look like? Dual Form
Muslim a ton right? Guys have a smartphone. If it's a mature mature Muslim attain.
Now the sound
What's the sound feminine plural of this?
Mostly not perfect.
And I put it in the middle because it's always mostly match. There's nothing else.
The other ones we were saying okay, this is the marker of profit is the Elif the marker of Nussle. Manjaro is the here the marker is not a letter the marker here is a mini val is a Hanukkah so what is the marker of raffia? For the word Muslim at
first the marker of Ramadan Muslim met a Muslim man
that's rough. That means metaphor. And if it's monsoon or Majid or
if it's in the status of nossob origin it's mostly na tin when is it mostly 910?
In what situation would be Muslim at 10
Never it'll never be Muslim at 10 You can never say that if you say that that means you that's the only situation where you're completely outside the Arabic language no one knows you mostly now attend this there's no such thing no sound feminine plural will ever have a data and on the end of it has to either be obtained by Rafa or not so be gentle be Muslim it yes Andy? Can I give
They succeeded it's a past tense verb they succeeded.
Who did who did the success who succeeded the momentum of the believers now the believers are going to be the subject. The subject the fan is always matter for now men, if you make it into a sound masculine plural, it'll either be minuman or Momineen. Right? Which one is better for? Me known right? That's why we're known. And if I asked you what is the marker of raffia for the word What do you say this is a sound masculine plural and the moniker of Rafa is the whirlwind
They're gonna be
No, no, no, that's why we studied these at the beginning that these these are different, that the singular noun has markers that are different from the duel form that are different from the sound masculine plural that are different from the broken plural, they're different they have different markers. Now if you if you're confused about them, go back to the first maybe four videos of this of this study and you'll find that I break them down much more clear for us if you get if you get confused with them Inshallah, and I'll make a make a handout by the end of probably this month, so you guys can carry
run in and look at it. Now.
Let's let's use the example we talked about in terms of a sound feminine plural
so give me an example of a of a
sound feminine plural, anything at all, and then I'll I'll make a sentence out of it, or make a sentence together.
So what's one that's in the Quran all the time.
Muslim that we did that let's do something different.
So it's everywhere in the Quran, you find it in a lot of different places. So this.
So this is an example of a sound from the plural. You went from the word Summit.
You added an elephant.
You don't say something? You say something about you to change the Hamza to a well and become somewhat, and that's what we did. Right? Muslimah we added an elephant. That's all we did just add an elephant tag to the end of it.
Janet, so let's say a climate is somewhat
new because laws of the heavens occurred, right? Robin stood or existed. So climate is a past tense verb.
Right? So it's a past this is a verb base sentence. Similar heavens or the skies or the cosmos,
are the subject of file of the sentence. Now, they're always the same. The fan is always going to be what it's always meant for. What is the mark and we're not debating that. That's clear. But the question is, what is the marker of refer in the word Salat?
No. So them the markers either to them as for refer or not, or to cause catastrophic loss of injury? This is how we turn it into a plural that's how we do it. We add an elephant duck now it's a plural. But does it matter for most supermoto? That depends on whether there's bum or there's custodian Yes.
All right. Clear. What else can we give me examples on
the clarifications came begging is one clarification, it would be units or the clarifications All right. So jet came. This is a past tense verb. The subject the file of this past tense verb is the word begging the question. Of course it's Mark Fuller, we've already established that every file is going to be a metaphor. What is the marker of raffia and the word bayonet
right. Yeah, it will be enough to
me a sentence though.
Give me that. Give me Give me a sentence
What's another word for
verses or signs
is one act is the plural and does not mean the descended. So this is a past tense verb. Correct? How do we know that the subject is gonna be feminine after it.
The word desolate right? This is the subject is the Fine.
Fine equals Marfa.
Immediately you see the word fat as metaphor. Now what you need to make sure your understanding is what
is a marker of Rafah within a given word so as to recovering the word yet yes.
That making a bit bit sense to everyone.
So let's get to
it. So let's take one word and see if we can build
we can build a couple of sentences until the farmer
just take one singular noun and then turn it into dual and then turn it into a masculine sound plural and then turn it into a feminine sound portal and see how that works out let's say there were column
So that's a singular noun. How could you make it a file? Just that word itself? How could you make this a fine?
So give me a verb. What was a good verb?
The pen wrote, right? So now let's define five equals mark for now what is the marker or refer on the word column?
Same word. Let's turn it into a dual form. What's the dual form that it could be in?
Color man, give me give me something before it
was a good verb before that.
You can use the same verb if you like, you can say kettlebell color man.
Because it cuts out a man
you're saying is a two pens wrote two subject subjects five equals one for my for means for a dual form. And if a noon if it wasn't for you were safe but I mean, Lucia Kahneman. Now turn this for me.
And we can turn it into Can we turn this into a sound masculine plural? Can we say?
No. Right. Can we turn it into a feminine sound plural.
But I'm not know what we can say that either. So it doesn't accept being a masculine sound plural, and doesn't accept being a feminine sound plural. Next time we'll talk about the broken ProLiant sha Allah for the for the fight will end with Stockholm. Okay, so technically we have to learn to stop