Matn Alajurroomiyyah #18

Adnan Rajeh


Channel: Adnan Rajeh


File Size: 46.42MB

Episode Notes

2018 2 2 LMM before Isha

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Hello hello Haman Hamdulillah I mean a lot more solid back I see them Hamid, what do you mean? Right so we're gonna study about the file once more. Today we'll finish it and show us and next time we'll start with the chapter after that. But the point or the reason that I'm repeating Bible file I'm doing it more than once is because it has a lot of pronouns and it's, it's the pronouns that make it a bit more confusing sometimes or you can get confused based on the number of pronouns the actual concept of a fine is quite simple so I'm gonna I'm gonna put it up here, start putting up the definitions that the original Rumi put in his in his text so far and fine, just go with

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four and it was cool club Hello,

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So it is the noun

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that is in the state

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of Rafah refer

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by is verb or is a subject.

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In a verb base noun, a site sentence

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so it's a subject and a verb based sentence. Now, there's a number of words here that if you don't know what they mean, then this sentence is very confusing to you. So the state of Rafah is one of them. And other is a verb base sentence. These are two concepts that have to be clear clarify them so you know what I'm talking about. There are forced states of Arab there are four states of Arab one is another

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one is nossob.

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When his genre

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was jism, these states are states that words that have flexibility in a sentence can exist in they can exist in these different states, they can be metaphors, they can be more so they give you material they can resume when we talk about nouns because this is a noun around yourself. Subject a file is a noun, right? Now there's going to be about a four month so we're gonna do they can't be Masoom so one of the three

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the state of refer me is going to be here, what does that mean? So we we learned two things from from the saying the words state of raffia first of all, we understand what are words that are more for the our main character main

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untainted characters

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in a sentence, so it's a main character is untainted, unaffected by anything external, that's what the word metaphor means. That's why these statuses exist. They explain they tell you something about this word immediately. So as most of you know is a secondary character, or a main character has been tainted in the sentence means affected by something outside my role as an unnecessary part of the sentence. That's why That's why these statuses exist. Now when you say something is a metaphor

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you ask what is the marker of Rafa How do I know what is? How do I know that a smartphone? Well, there are different markers for a noun being Marfa, what are the different markers that we have

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so the different markers

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is a Bama

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the mini the mini Val? Yes,

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ma'am. Okay, well, so you have given another one.

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Yes, the Elif. What else do we have that? Wow, very good. So these are the three. These are the three markers of refer for nouns. These are the three markers we go back to the first couple of videos of this study, then that's what you'll find.

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The Elif is the marker of refer in the dual form.

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The dual we're talking about two things Mina and Christina. And that's the macro reverse and Le for the dual form. For the world. It's a market raffia for the masculine.

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Yes, masculine sound.

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Plural German. Very good.

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That's one. Another one is the five exceptional nouns.

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What are the five exceptional nouns

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Hamel Zhu foo father of brother of INLA. Of owner of and most of and then you say something after Yes.

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Was the man with

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me always a customer, but it's not a marker. She asked it like I said the word marker. The marker of refer is not the cursor on the noon that's just there doesn't it's not that the marker is the lf the marker is the Elif, not what's on the noon. So I'm mostly manual or mostly and I know almost always mostly nanny. It's always in the dual firm. They know it always has a castle on it. Why that's that's how it is. It's not the marker. The marker is the Elif, or the in Muslim name, the marker of nossob. And Jarrah, in that case, it would be right but the marker for Raphael is going to be the Elif Muslim man. Now the Dhamma is for everything else.

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It's for the single Noun.

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plural now broken plural.

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So the broken foil for the feminine

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feminine sound Pearl

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everything else right.

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So this is just to make sure that the definition is clear when I say that the file is a noun that is the state of raffia in a verb base sentence. So you need to make sure you know what a verb base sentence is. Finally, you have to type three types of sentences, sentences or three things.

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We either have verb based,

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you have known based

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or we have complex

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known basically you start with a noun it has and it's continued with a no Amaka none of the beginning knowing the middle the whole thing has nouns into verbs in it, verb base me that starts with the verb. Complex means there's a verb but somewhere in the middle, not the beginning. So it starts with a noun and with the verb to the verb that has announced sensitive side so it's a verb base sentence with a with a noun base sentence inside of it, or a noun base sentence with the verb base sentence inside of it. So the three types of sentences define is a subject and a verb base sentence, right in a verb base sentence. So over here, a sentence that begins with a verb right it

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starts with a verb then define is the subject of the sentence. Complex so it's a complex sentence as so verb base with a noun base inside a noun before the verb base in sight either way. So these are the words you need to know in order for you to understand the definition of what a file is what a subject is, in a verb, base sentence alright. So this is clear inshallah the concept okay

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now what is your room Rahim? Allah

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He said that there are two statuses or two categories for the fine two categories for a fine what are the two category categories are the fine

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so we'll start over here

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right so subject in a verb a sentence it's either VA header

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way of doing things right. Why had a means it's a noun.

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Implicit means

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or estimated pronoun.

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A pronoun that's written, said verbalized vocalized articulated or is going to be a estimated and estimated pronoun right. So examples of all this stuff.

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So we see

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that is the verb is the subject, came is the verb, right? So the verb base sentences started with a verb that is gonna have a subject is gonna have a file, the subject is going to be what

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it's always going to be always the subject, that's the difference. It's always gonna be more for right? So the subject is it's always gonna be more for what's the marker of refer in a single in a single in a single noun?

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Right, so keep it up, put it up here just for you to cheat off so markers.

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Your your cheat sheet, so markers of refer, these are for nouns.

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Yes and the mask. See, I have fallen.

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So Obama, whether it's a parent or estimated, sometimes the parent vomit sometimes estimate Obama doesn't make a difference. This is a simplified simplification. So these are your cheat sheet whenever I give a subject I said what the marker is I'll tell you what type of word go over there immediately and find out what the marker over was going to be for this to help you kind of keep things flowing. So that's what a pronoun

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mean BOD meme ra McNemar

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which is what the put in his in his book or I will recite that inshallah in a minute. So Jana are no let's just just use something different than that's not going to work. That's wrong.

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Yeah, I was just thinking of maybe

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something to kind of be good. Alright.

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Let's say let's say instead of Ahmed

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Jah, el como.

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So the group of people came, right. So this is a, this is a single noun. So what's the marker of it?

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Right. So if I want to say they came, I don't want to say it's calm. I'll say Joe.

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right? So this is a verb, it's a verb, a sentence, you can have a subject, it's gonna have a fire and it's gonna be more for the subject, the file here is

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carrying the drums are going off now is the Whoa, here. The pronoun

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means the, and that's the, this is the file. Now the final example of this, that's a pronoun estimator pronoun. When you say

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he came.

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Where is he isn't necessarily a pronoun. It's here, Joe, who? Well,

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it's not it's not being articulated, but it's there. You understand the job? When I say what his job? I mean, you'll say he came? Where do you bring he into the sentence is understood. It's estimated, you know, it makes sense to alright.

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So what the meme says,

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Well, if SML marfo elements Gurukula, who it is the noun instead of raffia is preceded by its verb. Well, why does this mean and it has two categories. Why here, apparently,

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implicit with a pronoun or estimated pronoun

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for VA, Hironaka Holika. Their parent is like you saying, and then he gives examples, he says, commas Aiden, where whom was Aiden? reconocida. And welcome Jose, Dan. And he gives all the different types of words in the nouns in the Arabic language that can carry that can be that can be subjects, and then we'll move tomorrow, isn't it? I shall, and that he says, the implicit are 12 types, which we mean use of said use of nine said they were 13, right, altogether. And he gives examples now holding up to or the Robina and he gives examples. So we're gonna give our own examples, we're gonna leave the examples of the Imam gave here, we're gonna give our own examples

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and show all of this.

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I'm gonna take this all down. I'm gonna leave the markers up there just for you. I'll leave it I'll leave the cheat sheet and I'll take all this off. So remember, it's either an apparent noun, an apparent pronoun or an estimated pronoun. That's how that's where the judge is going to be.

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Okay, let's divide this in the middle

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so here we're going to do if I

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were to give examples of a parent subjects were a noun, and here we're going to do more

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pronouns, implicit pronouns and estimated pronouns. Okay?

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Should be enough space to think about no right to point out either Tick tick tick a bit more yeah pronouns tick quite quite a bit more let's let's be smart about this because usually end up fighting for space at the end

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you know work

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yeah I need a bigger yeah I do need more colors as well

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we'll have another cheat sheet in a second

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Alright, so let's start by making a single noun, a singular noun a singular noun with Miss make it a subject. So just like the example I gave a second ago I said

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or comma Ahmed

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it's a single noun the Markova is going to be

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mama comma Ahmed got up stood sued for something. So let's try a broke broken plural

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think of broken plural

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think of a single noun a singular noun and then you want to pluralize it in a broken manner because not going to be a sound is not gonna be my own or at the end of it neither

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McCullum right. Let's try the worse off.

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Let's try there was a fella Yeah, no, I was trying to give me examples from the Colonials it turned on your your Quran cap inshallah you give me give me examples of of subjects. So I guess I'll give you the Hadith where Jeff is sort of right.

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And the slates are, are dried.

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So Jeff, but

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Jeff, is DRS is something drying up. So it's a verb. It's a verb base sentence, we're going to have a subject after the subject as a sort of, so have slates

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the singular is safer. You go into your pluralizing himself. How do you go from Sahifa to sort of

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a broken plural that's how it is just That's how it's memorized. Just know it like that right? Because a broken Pearl what is the marker of rough in a broken plural?

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Are we clear on what what why I'm saying this sound feminine plural. Give me a sound

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Yeah, give me a sentence where it's a subject

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you can even think of something in the Quran that they'll be even better if not then I'm fine with any any example Yeah.

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So you want to be what has to be a subject as a metaphor? Right?

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do we have examples?

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So it's a Muslim at dinner your Quranic Just think how would you make into a turn into a subject

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for what

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can be a single noun it can be a broken plug in the cell in plural, dual form, it can be exceptional noun can be a silent it could be different things. This is not plural. This is when my person so it's a singular noun. So the singular noun, right?

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All right, nothing.

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So we're gonna use a sound feminine plural first. So let's say something simple. I'm at the summit.

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This summer when you add it when you Pluraleyes it, it can just a mallet. That's the first Allen feminine plural comedies Gemilut they took a stand or they stood. It'll be it'll be the ants to Allah subhanaw taala. This here is what? A verb it's a verb a sentence. Here's the subject. What is the marker of Rafa in a sound feminine plural.

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Right? It's going to be able to

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use your cheat sheet. So remember, yes.

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Self is not a it's not a sound is not it's not somehow it has to be a sound feminine plural. When the sound feminine plural is when the word is taken. And you add to it elephant.

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You add to it so Muslima and you add elephant die because mostly Matt may never come to me that summer, it becomes some outlets. So it's up, right? There's no There's no ads at the end of it. Correct. So now let's try a dual forum give me a dual form

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that's a verb, right? So it's a verb a sentence. The subject Karla Raju learn

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what is the marker or refer here?

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The Elif clear. So the marker is the Elif julaine He will say Sit down. Let someone else teach this because you don't know what you're doing. It's called Julian. Julian makes no sense or you have to understand the sentence in a whole different way.

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mean that sounds complex and completely different way of looking at the sentence altogether, because you're saying that this is not the subject anymore. So there's that sentence work you have to figure it out. So that's one way so let's try a five exceptional noun.

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yeah Muhammad

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yeah okay it's a verb verb a sentence here's the

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here's the subject is more for like I said all the time. What is the marker of five exceptional known

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Are you seeing the idea here? I'm trying to get you guys to let's just use that don't don't don't think about it. Use it just keep on looking at it until you memorize these little details so the marker over here is the well here is that if here's

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give me another give me a sound masculine plural

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Salah it's a prayed it's a verb is a verb a sentence now it's gonna have a subject the subject of fire is gonna be word for word. I'm gonna say Muslim so what do I say?

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Why do I say Muslim or not Muslim in

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America offers what a well and you're saying how it works so you don't say Muslim? Yeah just a solid Muslim moon because the marker raffia and this word

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is going to be the wall

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is that clear so far? So these are examples of a subject or a file that is that is clear that is clarified that is articulated

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let's move this guy up of it

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all right

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there's one more we can do here just for the benefit of kind of

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wrapping it up. So let's see I did this for you guys before karma

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karma Sahibi

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got up it's a verb a sentence of verb a sentence now the who is the subject here? My friend right it's my friend Where's what is the marker of raffia and Sahibi

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very good. So it's an estimated bummer on the bell

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because this year this year a physician comes in ruins things for us he was a farmer for cable right when he added the opposition to it my friend it came in it made this estimated you can't see it anymore. So it's about four or five the subject is metaphors they're just a marker of it is going to be a an estimated about mud because because you can't you can't see it. What else would work here So karma is to give another example Yanni Bama Musa

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Musa is the subject right where's the Mako? Rafa

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is a singular noun you're gonna say immediately by Mercer

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Cuz you gotta say it, Musa. Oh, no, no, I didn't know it says that. It's Musa. Let's leave it. The llama is estimated on the on the

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Does that make sense either just the last two in case of any specific situations where things are estimated. Alright, let's go to mod mod now. Now let's break down

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the pronouns. But there's always a bit challenging people always mix up pronouns, but I'll keep on inshallah reading this to you guys until you finally show it make sense of it.

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what the verb is doesn't make a difference here it's not my focus is that you identify that it's a verb, it's a verb a sentence and then look at you focus on the on the subject itself. But yeah, you can, you can have a verb, a modal verb or present tense verb, it's all the same. You can say a Kuhmo Sahibi, you suddenly see your Kulu are the same because it doesn't matter the tense of the verb really, we're just can you identify a verb and then see after a subject who was performing what the verb is, is indicating or you can't do that if you can do that and you know that that subject is going to be more for you have to know what they're marked or refer for it is going to be based on

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what type of board is going to be is it a dual form? So it's an additive Is it a five exceptional noun or the sound Miss Gosnell product will be a well is it gonna be anything else Obama whether written or estimated, Okay, now let's break down the pronouns into into different categories. What's a good way to do it? What do you guys like last time?

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Different ways to categorize

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Singular plural is I think it's, it's just confusing, not what we use addressed.

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Speaker addressed and third, third person.

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Can we try that speaker someone who's speaking, addressed some of your speaking to and the third person somebody is speaking about and I think, to me, I find that the easiest way to understand pronouns

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so speaker

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Yeah, yeah, yes, I remember that.

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We have to bring that in inshallah play it for everyone every time. Let's see if everyone can memorize that at some point. So let's start with speaker then we'll go to

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address and they'll go to third person. So speaker it's one of two things only. It's either single or singular. Or plural. There's no There's no dual form for the speaker. Right? So

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we're gonna, we're gonna, we're gonna take the standard verb, the standard verb is Fila the standard verb is fire that did something right so we take the standard verb to attempt to work with this so what would I say if I'm talking about myself

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trial two very good. So I would say if I'll do

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so far is a standard verb

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and finally to

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Okay, where's the pronoun here of me doing it?

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There's the tag with what on top of it? The lumber so I just did it with Obama on it. That is a dubious one the tag depending on what you put on, it will mean different things that I would have done that means it the speaker I did something.

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Now plural

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let me say Perl

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it's plural. So we did it. We did it.

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What is the pronoun that is?

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Those actually the subjects here, then, right? So now

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instead of saying you don't say in English in Arabic phyla No, you don't say that? That makes no sense. If you say that people will laugh at you, no matter who you are.

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Right? You just say Father to English I did. But you just put the eye and then the thing the Arabic middle as me father did, so it makes sense. If

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I did, no, no, it doesn't work like that you have to say file to that means I did. Because these pronouns you have to you have to add them up to the attach them to the verb. So these via is a verb is a verb, a sentence is gonna have a subject the subject here unfortunately, is not a noun. It's a pronoun, right? The pronouns you have to identify what that pronoun means. You'll see that that with Obama you know, he's a speaker speaking of himself

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well to fall to the Quran is filled filled of it when Allah subhanaw taala speaks of himself in terms of doing things, right. Sometimes Allah subhanaw taala talks about themselves in the

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in the plural, it's called the Grand the grand pronoun. So kings do that about themselves a bit sometimes, right? So I did something it's a we said this and we goes we've only you but because he has grand, he's a king and a loss of whatever he thinks of himself. Sometimes we've put in till now, right? We said, why not? It's only one big it's the grand for English is that as well? English is if you study Shakespeare in English, it's everywhere. And it's no it's called the

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The Royal pronoun pronoun royalty yes

00:29:02--> 00:29:07

yeah, it's called the royal pronoun instead of saying me saying we it brings royalty

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Yep, it's royalty. It's all it's all the royal pronoun and things exist in every language by the way, not just Arabic. Okay, so this is speaker. Simple enough.

00:29:18--> 00:29:38

Because that's simple. That simple right? If I'm talking about myself, I'm either talking about myself in the singular file to call to whom to do so later, whatever. If I'm doing it in the plural or dual, I'm gonna add the note it's gonna be fine now so Lina, these these guys here, the pronouns they are the subjects they are the subjects. All right, they are the five. Now let's take

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addressed whereas addressed mean.

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So when we're speaking to someone, that we're going to use pronouns.

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I don't say fall into.

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You didn't kneel.

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issue did you and did Falah I will say Farland right. That sounds crazy. What do you say when you're speaking

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to single male

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What do you say? Finally? When I'm speaking to one person I'm talking to a guy I'm talking to you. You did something right or you did something wrong

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and sort of shot up with Iota phyletic allottee phi delta one terminal caffeine with iota. You did what you did. You did that thing that you did for hours talking to Musa.

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You see all the time is was just Yeah, but to tell with Adama was me. That that was the fact that you

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so small Miss small mistake in using the right mini vowel can actually ruin the sentence

00:30:58--> 00:31:24

and can ruin it. File two means I did. If I met you, then I just messed everything up here is a file and I need myself. That's a mistake. You have to make sure you're using the right. The right width if I tell them it's a verb. It's a verb find is a verb, a sensitive verb, the verb a sentence has to have a subject the subject here is not a noun, it's a pronoun. The subject is the title. Okay, so that's a single male what's next?

00:31:28--> 00:31:29


00:31:30--> 00:31:31


00:31:34--> 00:31:39

so we're talking to a single female What do I say? I'm talking to a single female? Yes, file D.

00:31:49--> 00:31:51

File Julia doesn't exist. That's the difference.

00:31:54--> 00:31:56

That's different. That's not a verb anymore.

00:31:57--> 00:31:59

That's possession. That's like Sahibi

00:32:01--> 00:32:32

Alright, if you take away the Scott Duffy if it just to make it simpler, there's no there's no grammatic reason for doing that. But we're talking about nouns. Verbs verbs are much more strict in their in their rulings and nouns have more flexibility, right? for it. Faculty you did, you're speaking to a lady because in Arabic and English you did when I'm speaking to a man or a woman makes no difference in Arabic? No, it makes a difference as a fighter. I'm talking to a man but I will tell you I'm talking to a woman. Okay? single female. What's your address? We're talking to people and I'm talking about people we're talking to people. So who are we gonna talk to you as well?

00:32:38--> 00:32:42

Is there a difference between dual male and dual female? You're speaking to them? No, there's no difference when you speaking to them.

00:32:44--> 00:32:46

Very good. Or

00:32:49--> 00:32:50

yeah, the idea

00:32:53--> 00:32:54

but the use of beat you to the

00:32:58--> 00:33:06

tumor. So Fido is a verb. It's a verb a sentence is going to have a subject after the subject is not going to be a noun is going to be a pronoun. The pronoun is

00:33:08--> 00:33:45

tomorrow, tomorrow, Ultima you both did. It's funny in English, it's all going to be you. We're gonna have six or seven different variations in Arabic and English. It's all you did. So it's like you got an Arabic guy and an English guy. The Arabic guy is saying filed for it file to mov I'll turn to you did you did you did you did exact same word no change at all. Because they don't differentiate when they're addressing someone in front of them in terms of what gender or how many are the number they just issues you however, anything in Arabic is very different and Arabic is very much more precise and in the pronouns process. So dual, what else do we have?

00:33:48--> 00:33:48


00:33:50--> 00:33:51

So plural.

00:33:54--> 00:33:56

masculine or group of

00:33:58--> 00:34:02

masculine plural is a masculine plural, just that makes more sense.

00:34:04--> 00:34:05

So a masculine plural.

00:34:10--> 00:34:17

So we're talking to a group of men, or to a group of men and women, you still speak to them as if you're speaking to men. So what do you say

00:34:18--> 00:34:21

to him very good. I sent C file.

00:34:22--> 00:34:23


00:34:26--> 00:34:36

file to him. Again, it's the same exact concept it's a verb is a verb, the sentence has to have a subject the subject here is a noun here there is no noun is going to be a pronoun, a pronoun is to

00:34:38--> 00:34:50

to fall to muted still, you did but you as a group of males, or a group of a mixed group did something. So feminine plural. So it's a feminine plural. It's a group of strictly females.

00:34:55--> 00:34:56

So feminine.

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

So what do you say?

00:35:11--> 00:35:19

Same exact concept. The subject here is a pronoun. And here's the pronoun Felton and the tie in the noon to now, is there anything else anyone else we can talk to?

00:35:21--> 00:35:29

I think we've spoken to everyone we can spoke to speak to be spoken to the single guy, the single lady, the two people. He's spoken to the group of guys in the group of ladies, anyone else left?

00:35:31--> 00:35:34

I think we've spoken to everyone we can. Now.

00:35:35--> 00:35:39

Oh, here was the last one that we haven't done is third party.

00:35:43--> 00:35:45

So we're talking about someone.

00:35:46--> 00:36:01

We're not talking to someone or talking about someone right here we were talking about the speaker was speaking of themselves. And here we were talking to someone. Here, we're gonna talk about someone else. Right. So let's start by the simplest, let's say we talk about

00:36:03--> 00:36:04

a single guy, a single male

00:36:07--> 00:36:12

who's talking about brotherhood, and I told you what he did. So you're telling me

00:36:13--> 00:36:14

just say follow

00:36:19--> 00:36:51

this is the example of the estimated pronoun. Do you remember now this is the estimated pronoun so the pronoun is who I like whether he was upset but it's estimated. If you say who I follow now is what is a noun based sentence and who it becomes a move to identify it becomes a complex sentence everything changes. Fila, who would you ever say that if you say that then who won't go still keep becomes an emphasis it's not a fight, the fight is still estimated pronoun, these are more complicated things, but for now, we just simply simplify it by by learning it this way. And then you can add more, any piece of information as you go along. So we're gonna talk about a single

00:36:52--> 00:36:53


00:36:57--> 00:37:00

pilot pilot, sent

00:37:07--> 00:37:10

so where's the where's the opponent? Where's this subject here

00:37:15--> 00:37:35

is not the subject here. Here's the only 10 That's not the subject. Here's the subject. Here's one here it's one here it is not here is an indicator that the subject is a female it's an indicator it's not the subject the subject is also an estimated pronoun Fila, Tia and this here is an indicator

00:37:37--> 00:37:57

see how oh you know how evil the term is of evil letter it can do so many different things it can confuse you if it has a bum knife means I did it if as a first time means you did it as a man if it has like you did as a woman, and it has a sickle what it means she did it without even she being a part of the sentence. Is it just an indication of manga file anymore? Okay.

00:38:04--> 00:38:05

So far that

00:38:07--> 00:38:10

right, so here in the Poland, the subject is an estimated pronoun.

00:38:15--> 00:38:32

We have to say what the term has on it. You can say filed with a circle and you have to say file to tell or to one of the two or three you guys say files with a circle. And now you can stop like that sometimes NFL it can I stopped when you stop. You can put a circle on any letter. But it has to be clear. It has to be clear on what you meant. If you say filed,

00:38:33--> 00:38:42

no one understands you and ask you clarify please who did what? So that they know who you're talking about? Right? So when we talked about a single female, we talked about single female? Let's talk about

00:38:44--> 00:38:45

dual male.

00:38:48--> 00:38:49

Two dudes, what do they do?

00:38:52--> 00:39:00

You said that while ago? He could have said it. You're talking about dual dual mills. What do you see two guys talking about two guys who did something where you see.

00:39:02--> 00:39:03

Very good value I see.

00:39:10--> 00:39:17

So it's a it's a verb a sentence, the verb at the beginning of it. The subject is a pronoun, that pronoun here is the end if

00:39:19--> 00:39:21

there's not a marker of anything.

00:39:22--> 00:39:41

See, these are called markers for nouns is a pronoun. This is actually a subject. It's just not verbalize. It's not it's not a noun. It's a pronoun. Don't, don't confuse, don't confuse what's the marker and what's the actual subject in a sentence. If we're talking about two ladies

00:39:44--> 00:39:45

we're talking about two sisters.

00:39:46--> 00:39:48

They did something we say.

00:39:50--> 00:39:54

Does violet anything of a level for dual female

00:39:57--> 00:39:57

there is one

00:40:03--> 00:40:06

Let's learn a Ski hat use dealer so that

00:40:07--> 00:40:25

they said the two sisters. Schreiber's daughters when they were speaking to Musa Musa ask them What were you doing? Why don't you take your sheep to the drink? Violetta? They said Carla Leslie had to use DLR until all the shepherds leave. We don't let our our sheep go and drink. So the word in that sunnah is Ka.

00:40:26--> 00:40:40

Let's write an example for the for Kayla. I mean, we're talking about Adam and Eve Elohim is Salam and Jenna for okay lamb in her they eat they both ate from this tree. It's not just Eve who ate it's not just Adam Keller. They both did it.

00:40:41--> 00:40:43

Right with Ali facula and in her

00:40:44--> 00:40:47

so what is the Elif?

00:40:48--> 00:41:02

Also the Elif? No, the TA is like this one. It's an indicator that that here's also an indicator like that one. But they look different, right? They look different. It's indicator of anyth. Yeah. All right. So let's the second group we can talk about.

00:41:04--> 00:41:05

Yeah, so masculine.

00:41:07--> 00:41:09

Plural. So we're talking about

00:41:11--> 00:41:17

a group of guys or a mixed group of guys and girls, okay, a group of guys, or a mixed group of guys and girls.

00:41:18--> 00:41:18

So what would you say?

00:41:22--> 00:41:23


00:41:30--> 00:41:32

What is the where's the subject here?

00:41:33--> 00:41:34

Who's the subject?

00:41:37--> 00:41:47

The well was the subject. It's a verb, a sentence, and he's a subject is a file, the file is the pronoun of the world file who they did it. They did it, you could say

00:41:48--> 00:41:55

either Muslim Odin, or you could say value, depending on whether people know what you're talking about, or they don't know what you're talking about.

00:41:57--> 00:41:58

The final group,

00:42:00--> 00:42:01


00:42:04--> 00:42:04


00:42:06--> 00:42:09

are a group of strictly ladies or women, you would say,

00:42:10--> 00:42:16

you know, this is a quiz question. What would you say? I sent very good body candy.

00:42:19--> 00:42:23

So far, I know. And the new one here.

00:42:24--> 00:42:32

Now, to be proper, to be proper. The new one here is not the subjects the new new is an indicator like the tip.

00:42:38--> 00:42:38

And Hoonah.

00:42:42--> 00:42:45

file now. Right? So the new year is doing this? Well.

00:42:47--> 00:43:20

There's a difference of opinion among scholars on whether it's, but that's how you say it, it's a fine. You see, without the lf you're talking about a group you're talking about, you're talking about a group of ladies, with the lf you were talking about yourself as a group, you see how things change dramatically. If you take you take off an additive, and you go from speaking about what you did as a group with people or the royal we, and you go to talking about a group of ladies. It's a huge change shift and meaning it's a huge shift in what you're talking about what you're actually bringing forward filing.

00:43:22--> 00:43:49

How confusing is this? Extremely. All right. All right. But you see the breakdown. This is the breakdown if you learn these, meaning if you learn all the different pronouns, then you will be able to decipher a lot of what the Quran is saying. Because it has a lot of these things, a lot of pronouns this filled with pronouns everywhere, if you're capable of identifying these pronouns then you understand at least what the Quran is talking about from a general perspective yes

00:43:55--> 00:43:56

all right, let's see what we have in the one

00:44:03--> 00:44:07

put over here yeah, he said and maybe Oh no, let's just not use that one let's say

00:44:09--> 00:44:10

and I tell you now

00:44:15--> 00:44:16

attain a certain

00:44:18--> 00:44:24

committed committed committed capital sin I tell you now it's actually at a

00:44:27--> 00:44:32

it's like Fila, then you add to it the noon so it became a tiny now

00:44:35--> 00:44:39

this this turns back to its origin which is a Yeah, it becomes a tiny now

00:44:44--> 00:44:45

let me give you another example.

00:44:50--> 00:44:59

You want to be you can look me now to you. Yeah, NACA, Allah. You shriek now. Billahi Shaden Allah

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

Allah you memorize your mojo?

00:45:03--> 00:45:05

Not yet. You should

00:45:11--> 00:45:13

you should emulate it. What are your strengths?

00:45:18--> 00:45:39

What is Nina? Well, they actually know Hola Hola. Hola Tina, you're telling me after you know by an ad Hindi, you're seeing a few Motovun. So look, it's a verb, and the noon with a Fatah at the end of it. So this means we're talking about the feminine plural. Talking about a group of talking in third party group of ladies talking about third party group. Ladies, we just have a different verb at the beginning of each

00:45:40--> 00:45:41

before it

00:45:44--> 00:46:13

this is the next break down if you take a picture of this if you want to memorize all this stuff, so you can hold on to it. You can always keep it as a cheat cheat sheet when the Halacha in for the neck for the coming lessons. Take a picture of it keep it with you. Every time I ask you what the pronoun is just look at it. Don't memorize stuff. Just keep it with you. So you can always refer to it as you go along. So you can always get a Sir Okay, what was what was the thing that he said last time and you can look at it, I don't expect you to be able to memorize it in one or two or three settings settings just as long as you keep on referring to it as you go forward. Okay, let's let's

00:46:13--> 00:46:23

do some examples. So how does your Quran people give me examples of subjects because this is a subject we've studied everything there is to study about a subject.

00:46:25--> 00:46:44

We're completely done talking about subject, we've talked about what it means to be metaphor, we talked about what it means to be in a verb based sentence, right? We've talked about the fact that it's a noun, we talked about that sometimes it's going to be a parent is going to be a noun that is articulated as written. And sometimes it's going to be implicit, it's going to be an implicit

00:46:49--> 00:46:50

sometimes it'll be

00:46:51--> 00:46:53

the actual written pronoun

00:46:55--> 00:47:00

right here, and sometimes it'll be an estimated pronoun like Hua and here and Honda.

00:47:02--> 00:47:13

Correct. And that's basically breaking down the subject the subject the fact the concept of it is very, very simple. There's really not much to understand as long as you can spend some time working on Yanni

00:47:14--> 00:47:19

working on the on the pronoun so let's give him I'll give you if you don't have examples, I'll give you guys some examples from the Quran. You have to go ahead

00:47:23--> 00:47:23

and give me

00:47:25--> 00:47:25

a call

00:47:30--> 00:47:39

for is an and or then so you can take that out if you want to understand the sentence. So your call to call to Carla is a verb to say something right?

00:47:42--> 00:47:50

And that is a subject of that verb base sentence and it's referring to me I said before to stop. Alright, someone gives me plural from the Quran.

00:47:51--> 00:48:01

Thank you lm 100 How to fill a form down and think what's that? What is the what is it? Give me an example from a plural speaker from the Quran. It's gonna look something like file now.

00:48:02--> 00:48:03

We did

00:48:07--> 00:48:09

give me the idea though. Don't just tell me do you throw me a word give me an idea

00:48:15--> 00:48:21

or what is going on in melodica? t right? So anyway, so I'm gonna so we're holding on to saying Fine.

00:48:25--> 00:48:46

Well, I'm not very good. To make it more diverse. So vadoma is a verb to oppress. Right? We did it because here's the pronoun of NA is a speaker but we have pressed ourselves as well Adam and Eve Allahu wa sallam said and Jenna are by now Valentina and fusina We are pressed ourselves Correct. Right? Someone gives me the single meal

00:48:48--> 00:48:51

addressed addressed single male

00:48:54--> 00:49:07

think the addressed single male so we got it sounds like finally. I gave you an example of it in in sort of the shot up with IOLTA phyletic ality felt wanting me to caffeine. Give me an example of a different one. Can you think of one?

00:49:08--> 00:49:11

Just yeah, come on, turn your turn your cups on.

00:49:22--> 00:49:28

It couldn't do cold call to *a Eileen alimta.

00:49:31--> 00:49:43

Yeah. So when he's he's arguing his case in front of Allah. He said if y'all left if you if I had said what they say I said you would have known about it. You would know about it. I didn't say it in quintuple to Takada.

00:49:45--> 00:49:53

alimta. So Alima needs to know it's a verb, it's going to have after it immediately a subject the subject is that with the Fatah on it,

00:49:54--> 00:50:00

then you knew and then there is a pronoun of it. You knew it? I didn't say you

00:50:00--> 00:50:11

You know, it's three words in English one word in Arabic, one word in Arabic. So, next time I'll give you examples, if you bring some examples and try to you know, use that as something to base on. We're gonna go pretty short and I'm going

00:50:12--> 00:50:13

to be like mumbling.