Matn Alajurroomiyyah #10

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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Episode Notes

2017 11 3LMM after Maghrib

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The speakers discuss the meaning of past tense and present tense in Arabic language, emphasizing the importance of being flexible and understanding the meaning of the words. They explain the use of the "monster" phrase in different sentences, including when one person is killed or when a woman is informed that she has been killed. The speakers emphasize the importance of knowing default phrases and the potential for effective changes in speech. They also discuss the use of "monster" in different sentences, including in a Nasim, jazz, and a no, and provide examples and explain the meaning behind each word.

AI Generated Transcript ©


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So joining us are

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good

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100

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All right, so,

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so I only have you guys, so I'm gonna be drilling you with full time.

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We didn't do much we just talked about verbs and I just kind of I'm revising the basic concepts almost every time just to make sure that everyone, anyone who's watching this or attending it is kind of being reminded of the of the basics and shalom as we go along.

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Last time, I talked about the past tense verb, and the command verb, the past tense verb is money. It's always money,

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or album, or artist. Money means that it's built on a certain Holika will never change.

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And that money means that there's no expression, there's no expression of different statuses within the sentence. It's not my body is telling you that this is a very rigid or lifeless word. It doesn't doesn't do different things is what it is. So sometimes the end of it will be school and sometimes the end of it will be a fantastic individual be alumna, or, but that doesn't change the fact that it doesn't express itself through Holika just not being it's not expressional. Alright, that's one thing. Now,

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which is the command verb, right? It's 70. So it's, it's also money, but it's money on one. Status is always Masoom it can be anything else. So you say Well, that's an expression it is an expression but it's an expression that doesn't change. So it's not really expressing itself in different statuses not sometimes metaphor sometimes my resume sometimes no soap, no, it's always my resume. That's what it is. And then different the Bina it will be built on either sukoon or the deletion of, or deletion of a letter at the end of it.

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Okay, so and that's how we're supposed to look at the past tense verb and the present verb. So if you are sorry, the command verbs if you look at them, what we read last time, depending what page is this on, you guys know, last

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night, so

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the verbs are three types, Mauldin.

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So past tense, present tense and commands. Now how about ABA? Well, young people were able to give you three examples here. Fundamental enough to remember the past tense verb is always always at the end of it. And that is what I meant by money and sometimes money or other things, but it's many islands but most of the time when enrollment zoomin Aveda in the command verb is always Masoom they'll never be anything else but

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what

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is different so

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to kind of break down the

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this is my lead.

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Over here is Amara and we said both of them are ebony. Both of them are Mevani.

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Red doesn't work either. So I just stick to the blog okay

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I was sick one.

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Year money

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so it's always my resume, always right. Now the third part in Milan,

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which is the present tense verb.

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The present tense verb is not money. So if you see here,

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from the first two that we talked about money

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let me find the word money means it doesn't have the flexibility to carry different capacities within a sentence. And I've repeated the same sentence many times I want you to be able to know it and understand it. So it can't carry different capacities. It is what it is. It can't be different things in a sentence. The past tense verb will always be a past tense verb always serve one goal and so will command verb Yes.

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So maybe I'll forget how soon Obama depending. And maybe I'll just him for further lumber. Either with and there's different ways to express that now.

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So we talked I told you guys to begin with that words are either born Lebanese, Lebanese, it doesn't can express itself is very strict. It's lifeless. It doesn't change capacities.

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means it can change capacities. From verbs only the present tense verb is modal. Only the present tense verb can change capacities and can carry more than one status.

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but the other two are 70, which is important that you kind of know the difference between the two. All right, so we're going to talk about more I'm in the text at this point. So what he says is, we'll move on to the present tense verb and Obadiah makine Fe a Willie he

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did yes

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yeah, it's maybe or whatever is at the end of it.

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It's just me on whatever is at the end of it with no not being attached to any status in cameras attached to the status of jism is always in that status doesn't change. Yeah.

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So it's only if I tell us something is attached to it.

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So

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labor is

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lied to

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me

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know, because you attach something to the end of the day. So and you forced about to have a spoon, or you said label, right, you know, you're forced about to have Obama. So it's gonna be on whatever is at the end of it. So but on the fact that has what is what is default, so any past tense verb by default is Magne. And then these two may change depending on what you attached to the end of it, sometimes even Fatah.

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Sorry, maybe

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it's one of those three, there's no other. There's no with VISTA miniver offer to be moved me on right, but doesn't have a status. It's not. It's not monsoon. It's not metaphor, it's not much zoom. It's just Magne on whatever the last mini vowel is at the end of it over here is yellow doesn't mean has a status. But it's stuck to it, it can change. So it still made me more out of music and you can flip you can go from for too long sleep too much zoom, or for more for the month to measure what it means you can go from one from one status to the other, you can carry different capacities. And the muladhara is model they can carry different capacities within a sentence. What he explains to us in

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the in the text, he says,

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I can't do what he does.

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Let's go look it

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up sorry, I need to

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just so this word, the four letters here are the letters that the present tense verb is going to start with. So a present tense verb has to start with one of these four letters, it has to start with one of these four letters. It can't start with anything besides these four letters. Right? So the word lie that I gave you, you know that it's a past, it's not a present tense verb, because it's dealing with a lamb. It can't be a present tense verb, it has to start with one of these four. However,

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that doesn't mean that a past tense verb can't have one of these four, it can have one of these four. Ocala for example. Right?

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doesn't miss but it's still a past tense verb. What I'm telling you is a present tense verb can only start with one of these four. That's what I'm telling us that piece of information that I'm giving you. I'm not saying that if you see them, that means it's automatically a present tense verb, when I'm saying that present tense verb cannot start with anything but these four letters. Okay.

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Give me an example. Try to give me try to prove me wrong. Give me a present tense verb that doesn't start with one of these four letters

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give me a present tense verb that does not start with one of these four letters. I dare you.

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Try.

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So I'll give you an example of a few present tense verbs

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you go or she's she goes based on depending on the context of the of the sentence

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I play

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not cool. We eat.

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Y'all do even when

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they're hitting.

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Guys, you notice at the beginning is always

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one of those four put together and the word na tu which doesn't play any recently. It's Elif noon. Yatta. Right? Remember the five exceptional verbs. What are the

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so

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yeah falloon Right.

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falloon

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file on

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file N

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And to find anything that works for any, for any verb, what do all five of them begin with? Right? Right? Yeah, because they're all present tense verb because their motto, right? We talked about the fact that they can carry different capacities sometimes or move forward, sometimes remain sober Masoom, depending on, on what's happening in the sentence. So something that you can identify a present tense verb with is that it has to begin with one of these four letters, it cannot be, cannot begin with anything else. And these four letters are not just it's not it's not a matter of just fancying these letters, right? They actually serve a purpose.

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means there's a point of why these letters exist and why we're choosing them what they do. So let's take a standard, a standard verb fight the word fighter, he did something.

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Okay, now let's, let's have it begin with one of these four. So we can say,

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a file.

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We can say, your file,

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we can say def file.

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And we can say no file, just without adding anything at the end of it. Right. So our file means what?

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You,

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I file? I do. Alright, so this is for the person regarding the person who's speaking. But this is important stuff, but this is very important for you that Hamza says that is referring to the verb as this person was speaking doing it. Okay. Yeah, fine.

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With without adding anything at the end, is referring to a

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third party. Okay, he's referring to a third party

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that is either plural or masculine.

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Bear with me for a moment we'll I'll explain it to you in a second def file

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is referring to someone you're addressing or a singular, singular, feminine,

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right. So you're addressing someone or third party singular feminine or address singular feminine right. Now, if I lose talking about the plural a sweet

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alright. So if you want to say do in English,

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you want to say I do, then you put a Hamza, basically, right? If you want to say

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he, of course not do but does.

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Then you will say yeah, if you want to say she does, he will say def file, if you want to say we do,

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you will say in a file, that's to make it as simple as possible, just simplify like to do as basics. But of course, you can add things at the end of of this verb to make it a bit more complicated. So you want to talk about, and that's why the five exceptional verbs are important. So this is what it looks like without adding the five exceptional verbs with it, which is your file on your file, you want a file and a file, following the filing, right? Just understanding how this works. Okay.

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I'm gonna do, I'm gonna do it again. But this time, I'm gonna break it down a bit more in a bit more detail. Okay?

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So let's take the same verb

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nothing attached to the end of it. And then we have to say that this verb has things attached to the end of it

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okay,

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still, nothing's changing, meaning how we're going to begin this present tense verb is going to be one of these four letters, we're still not changing anything, but I'm showing you that based on those letters, we'll find that the verb means something meaning now you have you have two words in English. In English, do Vida Farrell do perform something? And then these will tell us what the subject looks like. It's giving us idea who is it me? Is it you? Is it us? Is it she is it he is them? Who who is it? So that's what these letters serve? Also, when there's something at the end of the of the of the verb that gives us even more information regarding what type of what is a poor

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look like? Or what is it dual or is it is it a certain type of feminine

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addressed

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an address for a female singular female. So the end of the of the verb will offer us also even more information. So here one of the four can begin a file.

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Yeah, file,

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that file

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and now file, I, he she, we write.

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So now in English, you use two words

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Arabic you will use one but your present tense verb will have one of the four letters at the beginning of it to tell you what this is. Now you know that even from just reading the Quran, it after a while it makes sense, right? Yeah. When you when you're you're filing When you know he's talking about someone else. And when it's tough, I know you're talking about you, right? So you know, based on after what I just reading the Quran enough, we started making those making those connections now, with the well unknown at the end, which is plural.

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Nobody would know and here is saying that we're talking about a group plural. So what can we start this with? You can say yeah, yeah falloon pregnancy to falloon Yeah falloon is third party plural.

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falloon

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adressed plural.

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So, I file I do it. Yeah file he does file she does

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not file we do.

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Tough it can also be used for you. So and data file can also talk about you.

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Or it can be she had to file

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your file and this is a dual for about two. So either we say yeah, Fi LAN.

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Third, party,

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dual. Right.

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Fortify LAN.

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Dressed dual.

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So you do or you can you can use it for third party feminine dual. So if two women are doing something to Phylon, but that's very weak in the Arabic language, meaning scholars of linguistics may tell you that that's not acceptable. You should say to find them. Anyways, that's why I believe that that's what I've always looked at though. I'm continue to leave that out for a while. The last one here. Eileen only has one thing that can start with.

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You always have to tell you can't say you're filing or a filing has to be tough Eileen, and this is

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addressed.

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Singular, feminine

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and these are their present tense verbs that we have in Arabic. He's a present tense verbs, they look something like that.

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I file I do your file. He does. To file you do or she does not file we do.

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Yeah. falloon. They do? falloon They, you you the plural you you do the plural you not the not the singular.

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Address plural, right?

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Okay, yeah, 501 third party Perl. They did some that they're doing something they do.

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Male, generally, but you can also use it for female. But if there's one male, then you're good. And they're not the only females. And you may find linguistics scholars will tell you why. You should probably use something else. But you can still use you can still use third party. You can still use this. It'll still it'll still work. Yes. Yeah. So it's a third party male, male female, it still works both ways.

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Definitely one alone is the address plural or the plural. You mean you do it but I'm talking to a group not talking to one person. Address plural because I'm addressing you, right. So here.

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You but plural you

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the plural, you're not the singular you. Okay? Yes, that's right def file is either she does or you do singular you to file you do to file Lun, you the plural you write

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your file and third party duel talking about to Def file and address dual filing address. Female, singular female.

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So if you're talking about a singular female, you will say ductile cuz you're talking about her, but you were talking to her you'll say to Faline that makes sense.

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I'm gonna go around these a couple of times for a few few lessons until they tell him until they sink in because you're important. So if I do something, what are you gonna say? If I do it

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if I'm doing something

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if I'm if I'm doing say

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You're doing something What would you say,

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in Arabic Habibi, not in Chinese or English? You would say a file, right? You'll say a file. I'm doing it, I do it, right? You can use any, any any verb you want. Any verb at all. No eating, hitting, running, sleeping. All works, right? If I want to say he does it, I'm talking about a singular person that I that's not here. I'll say, Yeah, fine. Right? If I'm talking about people who aren't here, but there's a lot of them. So it's not just one guy. I'll see you if I do. And

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I'll recategorize these things. Again, I'll categorize it based on who we're talking to in a second. But I just want you guys to think of it. If I'm talking to you. I'm talking to him. I want to talk to him he singular. I say

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if I'm talking to both Harun and non dual, I'll say the father in Racket, I'm talking to two and I'm talking to her own son and brother most of all, say the following, right? If I'm talking about a female's a single female, I'll say to file so she's doing and I'm gonna come up to her to speak to I'll say to Faline, our presenters, of course, right.

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And I think we're doing something I'll say Netfile.

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Are we making making some sense here? Yes.

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So if

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I do it.

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Is that a present tense verb?

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Yeah. So what would you do?

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Okay.

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Yeah, this is derivative. There's a problem with derivatives. I'll explain it just because you asked the question, but don't ask those questions again, until we're until we come to a point because it's complicated. So I'll show you how this works. Right? Because again, it's a very systematic, logical.

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And I'll show you how the derivatives work. So the word father

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Factiva, taffeta, right, you want to turn this into a present tense where I'm doing it.

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You want to turn this into a present tense that you're doing it, you want to talk about yourself, what would you say? I find, you'll see, right. So how did you change it? You added an Elif, what do you do to the verb?

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Yes, and where are you due to the pain

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in the lamb?

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If I do, it's always metaphor. Welcome to the NSX. Always metaphor. That's how we that's how we do the change. So let's say you take the word Akela.

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The same thing, so I put a Hamza at the beginning. And then I put

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this is like the fat right? So I put what do I put on it?

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sukoon and then the calf has

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a tie and then the lamb.

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Arabs don't speak like that. Right? It doesn't work for them. So what they do is, when they have 200 in a row, when they have 200 in a row one with the Holika one without they turned the second Hamza to an Elif.

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And then they put Obama on this third one.

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And it becomes

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Kulu.

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Okay.

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Oh, yeah, answering the question. So it's a bit complex derivatives will come they're very easy. Once all of this is clear to you. However, this is not clear to you what I'm talking about here is still a mess, then I'll offer you derivatives and you will hate me forever. And you'll never and I'll sit here and talk to the camera. And no one will be here though. Naveen bear with me. He's only been given me the camera to use anymore. So you have to make sure that there's clarity on at least how to how to deal with present tense rubbish first. But this is how things work. It's very, and you'll see when you understand it, a lot of things and Eric will start to make sense why words look

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the way they are, why they're pronounced the way they are. Now, let's do this one more time. Let's let's do it differently.

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The difference there is removing the noon. Removing the noon noon is the expression of refer. So if you take the noon, you're just doing it to not slip or just you're not changing the actual word. You're just changing the expression, right, which is something that we talked about the noon when you take it away, you're not changing the word. You're just saying, Oh, this word is no longer metaphor. Now what is the default for every present tense verb.

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It's always mindful that the default is Marfa. Now, the command verb The default is Masoom. But it doesn't ever leave that default situation. It's always mentioned doom. You can never change it. There's nothing you can do. But because it's more of the present tense verb, you can you can switch it from Morocco, wettest months sober. Masoom has two other situations to exist in. But as a default, it's always more fun. Okay, that's always a bummer. And so it hasn't been it has a smartphone until proven otherwise. That's how we think is if there's no reason if there's nothing

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affecting it from outside of the sentence, and there's going to be more fun. So let's let's use this based on who's speaking. So if I'm doing it

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So

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let's not do that.

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So the speaker

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if you're talking about yourself, what would you do?

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Right, and then a file

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there's no Is there anything any other way to talk about myself? No.

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Yes. So from the Hamza that comes out No. Right? If we

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Yeah, so now we the speakers Nephi.

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Okay, let's make that as simple as possible. So if I'm speaking to Speaker me, if I'm if we're talking about ourselves, now, if I know if I want to talk about someone, so I want to do a bit of riba

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talking, or maybe do to say some nice things about someone, I want to speak of someone.

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So let's say third party.

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You're saying what third party muse, we're talking about someone else. We're not talking about ourselves, and not talking to the person in front of us. So a third party has more than one

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if it's singular.

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So I'm talking about one person, right?

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masculine.

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So I'm talking about one meal. So what do I do?

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Yeah, fine.

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All right. Talking about third party now, talking about someone. So we're talking about a singular masculine singular, masculine, singular, singular male. Now,

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if I want to talk about

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a singular,

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female

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I'm talking about one lady, what do I say?

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Yes.

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Okay.

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If I want to talk

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about a third party,

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it's not singular anymore. We're done singular. Let's move on to this next one was after singular in Arabic.

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Dual right so dual.

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What would I say for singular dual?

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Sorry,

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third party, third party duel, I'm sorry.

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If I learn

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so third party, we're talking about two people. Now let's talk about third party but they're plural.

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Plural.

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masculine.

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falloon.

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That's a plural feminine

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we haven't done this one. We haven't done this one yet. But either file

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or to file now

00:28:38--> 00:28:39

one of those.

00:28:42--> 00:28:50

So plural, feminine, I'm talking to third party plural feminine, either say you're filing or to file Now, depending on the sentence and what's in it.

00:28:51--> 00:28:55

So that's third party. Now let's talk about dressed.

00:29:01--> 00:29:06

Dressed, we're talking to someone in front of us. So if you're talking to when you're dressing

00:29:10--> 00:29:13

singular, you're talking to one person talking to one person what you're saying.

00:29:15--> 00:29:15

And

00:29:19--> 00:29:20

and that a file?

00:29:24--> 00:29:34

No, you don't have to add. But I'll give an example. You can say and you would say a data file. Why is this? Where does the confusion lie? It can confuse you a lie sometimes hear

00:29:37--> 00:29:41

that address singular. All right.

00:29:42--> 00:29:43

singular masculine

00:29:47--> 00:29:59

and the singular third party feminine. All right, both start with a tub. So that's sometimes why you can be confused. Now you won't be confused for too long in any sentence because the context will give it away almost

00:30:00--> 00:30:04

To automatically like, it'll be very clear through the context of the sentence, whether it's

00:30:06--> 00:30:09

addressed singular masculine, or third party singular, feminine.

00:30:10--> 00:30:11

Okay?

00:30:12--> 00:30:13

Address masculine

00:30:14--> 00:30:15

address dual.

00:30:18--> 00:30:19

Before that,

00:30:21--> 00:30:22

let's say singular.

00:30:24--> 00:30:25

Feminine.

00:30:28--> 00:30:32

So if you're talking to one guy, you say under that file, if you're talking to one lady, you'll say

00:30:35--> 00:30:37

yes. They'll say tough, Eileen,

00:30:39--> 00:30:44

you're talking to one leader. So you'll see, if you're talking to two people, you'll say

00:30:49--> 00:30:51

gee, that

00:30:52--> 00:30:53

was a tough Island.

00:30:55--> 00:30:56

If you're talking to a plural

00:31:02--> 00:31:02

masculine

00:31:06--> 00:31:07

What are you saying?

00:31:15--> 00:31:18

If you're talking to a group, if you're talking to a group,

00:31:20--> 00:31:22

but strictly females

00:31:23--> 00:31:25

do not define.

00:31:30--> 00:31:31

behaving.

00:31:35--> 00:31:38

So the speaker, us, me,

00:31:39--> 00:32:04

and us. So I'm talking as me the singular or me the plural. SPEAKER We third party, we look at singular masculine singular, feminine dual, plural, masculine plural, feminine. We're talking to someone we're talking about a singular masculine singular, feminine dual, plural, masculine or feminine. Is there any other Is there any other possibility of speech in the language?

00:32:06--> 00:32:39

So either I'm talking about me myself as singularly or I'm talking about the royal the week, my speaker, but in a plural form, or I'm talking about third parties, or I'm talking to someone, right, the third party and they all have the exact same jewelry the exact same categorization singular masculine singular, feminine dual plural masculine or feminine, singular, masculine, or feminine dual plural, masculine or feminine, the same, the same breakdown, then it looks a bit different, but what what do they all have in common? You all start with one of these four letters.

00:32:41--> 00:32:43

All these present tense verbs and all the different

00:32:44--> 00:32:51

situations that they have, they all will start with one of these four letters. But one of them goes out without starting with one of those letters.

00:32:53--> 00:32:56

That makes sense. Of course it doesn't Let's try it one more time.

00:32:57--> 00:32:59

Okay, these things take time.

00:33:01--> 00:33:02

One more time

00:33:10--> 00:33:11

sorry

00:33:16--> 00:33:18

just a new dress.

00:33:19--> 00:33:20

addressed what?

00:33:23--> 00:33:25

Why would we Why would we address the noon?

00:33:27--> 00:33:27

We do?

00:33:28--> 00:33:40

Not file Yeah. So we have one of them is we Nephi. Right? So if it's me if it's singular file if it's plural, me I'm talking about myself as three or four people will say enough i right. So let's try that one more time

00:33:52--> 00:33:55

we'll break it down to him to the categories that it has.

00:34:00--> 00:34:01

Speaker

00:34:05--> 00:34:06

third party

00:34:09--> 00:34:20

and addressed address me you're talking to the person? How would you speak to someone? Third party how you speak about someone speak or how you speak about yourself. Okay, so speaking about myself.

00:34:23--> 00:34:24

If I'm singular, I will say

00:34:27--> 00:34:30

if I'm correct, if I if it's plural.

00:34:31--> 00:34:32

We'll see.

00:34:35--> 00:34:38

No file. Okay. Third party.

00:34:42--> 00:34:43

Give me the breakdown.

00:34:46--> 00:34:46

Yes.

00:34:47--> 00:34:48

Singular.

00:34:49--> 00:34:57

So that's the, the male sign. So what would we say? How would I talk about one guy? Yes, I would say Yeah, fine.

00:35:00--> 00:35:02

Okay, I want to talk about

00:35:06--> 00:35:08

one female, I will say

00:35:11--> 00:35:12

the final

00:35:14--> 00:35:15

one I'm talking about to

00:35:17--> 00:35:18

two dudes

00:35:19--> 00:35:19

five.

00:35:24--> 00:35:29

In this situation that we have, we're gonna, the default is always motor four.

00:35:31--> 00:35:50

And what we're going to study immediately after this is what what could cause the status of effective change? How can we, if it doesn't turn into Nasir Borgeson, right? But first of all, we have to know the different types of presidents verbs, what they look like, and what they look like when they're meant for so that you know the default. So how is this metaphor? How do you know that this is metaphor?

00:35:52--> 00:35:56

Because what's at the end of it? The new one right there, no one's there. That means metaphor, okay?

00:36:00--> 00:36:01

Plural

00:36:08--> 00:36:21

lets you know it's dual. But the fact that it's metaphor the noon, because if you take away the noon, you're fine. It's just the new existence of the noon for the five exceptional verbs is one of them, right? Is the existence of the neuro deletion of the noon.

00:36:23--> 00:36:40

So the one of the two of the five exceptional verbs are dual form, if I learn to find, right, the left tells you it's dual. Right? But the new one, it tells you if it's metaphor or not. Alright, and if it's always gonna be they're gonna tells you if it's dual or not. But the new one is the one that tells you is this metaphor office number one, okay? plural, masculine.

00:36:41--> 00:36:42

Very good. If I do one.

00:36:44--> 00:36:48

And this is all third party, we're talking about people. It's all Heba. Right.

00:36:51--> 00:36:51

Plural,

00:36:53--> 00:36:54

feminine.

00:36:55--> 00:36:59

It's two ways to do it. Either you say, your file now?

00:37:01--> 00:37:02

Or to file now.

00:37:05--> 00:37:11

And this has a very specific situation, I'm not going to talk about it now. We'll talk about it later. Because very confusing. Just know that that's how it's supposed to look like.

00:37:12--> 00:37:13

Now address you're talking

00:37:14--> 00:37:16

to someone you're talking to?

00:37:20--> 00:37:23

You're talking to a dude, you will say?

00:37:25--> 00:37:25

No.

00:37:29--> 00:37:29

The file.

00:37:33--> 00:37:45

The file, I'll say, right, what are you doing? See, there's only two words matter what def file in English what are you doing those four words are of course is is there because it has to be but you is that?

00:37:48--> 00:37:52

But metadata file can also mean an Arabic, what is she doing?

00:37:53--> 00:38:21

Right? So if I looked at you, and I said, my data file, now you know, I'm talking about her, and I say my dad divided I'm talking about you. So when it comes to making the differentiation between this and this, the context will take care of it in the context will always be how you're going to know if it's talking to you as a singular if you're talking to a singular male, or if you are talking about a singular female.

00:38:22--> 00:38:25

You want me to put that as I'll put that as a footnote. Alright,

00:38:26--> 00:38:28

so the confusing part

00:38:36--> 00:38:39

talking to one male

00:38:40--> 00:38:41

or

00:38:44--> 00:38:45

talking about

00:38:46--> 00:38:47

one female

00:38:49--> 00:38:56

we never know until until we go through the sentence it's hard to know you have to you have to read the sentence for it to make sense to you.

00:39:02--> 00:39:06

There's a lot of examples in the Quran. If you can think of a few you can just go ahead

00:39:08--> 00:39:09

okay,

00:39:10--> 00:39:13

so the second singular female so we're talking to

00:39:15--> 00:39:17

we're talking to one to one lady so when we say

00:39:20--> 00:39:21

we're talking to one lady

00:39:23--> 00:39:24

Oh

00:39:25--> 00:39:29

and if Eileen Okay, one of the five exceptional verbs right the Falleen

00:39:31--> 00:39:34

we're talking to two people Yes.

00:39:38--> 00:39:40

We're talking about

00:39:44--> 00:39:52

a plural group of guys or a plural glue group with white men and women and it could be mixed doesn't have to be just guys can be mixed as well.

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

Yeah, here it all this is addressed. Yeah, we're talking to a group of guys or

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

are a mixed group, right?

00:40:02--> 00:40:03

Yes.

00:40:05--> 00:40:08

The following, we're talking to

00:40:10--> 00:40:11

a group of ladies

00:40:16--> 00:40:40

that file now. And again just now because we want to ignore groups of women, but ignore them for now so that I can explain them later. Because it's a very specific situation in the Arabic language we have to learn how to deal with, but I don't want to, I don't want to confuse people too much, but we will talk about that inshallah as a next step. So this is these are the different types of present tense verbs mean, there's really nothing else I've encompassed the whole thing for you. So

00:40:42--> 00:41:03

any verb that doesn't look like one of these. So 1-234-567-8910 1112 13. And look, one of these 13 verbs is not a present tense verb. Now to confuse you more, because I know that it's not fun, if you don't do that, you can still attach things to the end of these verbs. So if I want to say

00:41:07--> 00:41:16

hi to her, he's doing it. And whatever it is, we we've already established in a previous sentence, that I can just add here, right and if

00:41:18--> 00:41:37

you follow her, right, so that's just an addition to this, we haven't changed the verb haven't done anything to the verb, we've just added, we just attached a an object to it, we've attached an object to the end of it. And that can happen in different situations, we can do that we do a lot. And he had to devalue who

00:41:40--> 00:41:51

also doing it's something that we've established in a any previous sentence, whatever that may be. Alright, so there's different things you can add to the end that won't change the basic

00:41:53--> 00:42:09

the basic way these these these words work, right. So these are the 13 ways that we can find a present tense verb, what do they have in common? Most importantly, two things they have one of the four letters at the beginning of it either a Hamza a noon or eta.

00:42:11--> 00:42:29

And they will they are all metaphor by default, like in the default situation, the armor for that makes sense. That's the default that they're in. If nothing comes in effects that changes that then it will steam or for until until something happens. Should I do this one more time? Are we good?

00:42:31--> 00:42:34

No more time. Okay, let's do it one more time.

00:42:47--> 00:42:48

Here's always gonna have a talent.

00:42:51--> 00:43:07

We're looking at present tense verbs. We're looking at three because when you're speaking, there's only three ways to speak. You can either speak about yourself you can speak to someone in front of you, or you can speak about someone who's not here those are the three dimensions we have is there a fourth

00:43:08--> 00:43:09

I don't know of a fourth one

00:43:14--> 00:43:18

Why do that as well? Okay, I don't mind I don't I don't mind I can do that.

00:43:20--> 00:43:20

All right.

00:43:21--> 00:43:23

So let's do this this way. I know

00:43:25--> 00:43:28

I want to say I do something so I would say no

00:43:31--> 00:43:32

no

00:43:36--> 00:43:36

no no.

00:43:38--> 00:43:40

We know enough I'll

00:43:42--> 00:43:44

Obama's slogan

00:43:51--> 00:43:51

key

00:43:55--> 00:43:57

clarified okay.

00:43:59--> 00:44:00

Here

00:44:06--> 00:44:06

your file

00:44:08--> 00:44:09

and you

00:44:12--> 00:44:13

and

00:44:15--> 00:44:23

again, are we talking to one male? Are we talking about one female? Right? Exactly the same?

00:44:27--> 00:44:30

couldn't give me more examples here. How do I continue

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

all this is singular, right?

00:44:33--> 00:44:39

This is plural for us. But when 234 are singular, give me something else give me another lumea

00:44:41--> 00:44:41

they

00:44:43--> 00:44:45

think about what is they they use third party

00:44:47--> 00:44:47

plural.

00:44:49--> 00:44:52

Mascot masculine right home masculine so home.

00:44:55--> 00:44:56

schooled me if I don't

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

know

00:45:01--> 00:45:08

Ghana is on the winning side you're talking about a plural group of ladies you assume they are filing

00:45:10--> 00:45:15

or to file now like I said don't ask me about it right now we'll talk about it later

00:45:16--> 00:45:17

what else do we have

00:45:23--> 00:45:23

don't

00:45:25--> 00:45:32

think think think don't talk to him think is important you're doing well think and the more you say unto them and don't

00:45:34--> 00:45:35

think

00:45:43--> 00:45:46

want to talk to a group of ladies you'll say and tuna

00:45:49--> 00:45:50

file now

00:45:54--> 00:45:55

let's talk about to people

00:46:05--> 00:46:07

Oh my What if Allah very good

00:46:09--> 00:46:09

man

00:46:11--> 00:46:12

you too

00:46:15--> 00:46:15

what

00:46:17--> 00:46:18

and Domo

00:46:20--> 00:46:20

very good

00:46:24--> 00:46:29

Come on tell me do you have 1234 567-910-1112 What's missing

00:46:32--> 00:46:33

did not know what's missing

00:46:39--> 00:46:39

nd very good

00:46:44--> 00:46:50

so there's into talking to one person male and you're talking to one lady you'll see

00:46:52--> 00:46:53

finally

00:46:55--> 00:47:08

now we've looked at the same concept from three different angles Okay, hopefully trying to I will repeat them a number of times to show that I want you to be able to start building some level of flexibility and understanding present tense verbs because

00:47:11--> 00:47:15

they are the most flexible and the most used in the Arabic language by far

00:47:18--> 00:47:38

and because there are more because they can carry different capacities in the sentence, they can be more for everything we're looking at here is multiple one right 12312345 are definitely metaphor because they have the noon and these ones we use clap of a mafia and event is going to be metaphor as well. Okay all right, let's go ahead

00:47:40--> 00:47:59

but either way sometimes it could be like this sometimes like that there's a difference among scholars linguistic scholar linguistics on when when can be used and when it can't and it's just something that you kind of learn way down the line after you've kind of mastered the basics for quite some time. But anyways, it's just it is what it is for now. Okay, so let's move on to

00:48:06--> 00:48:21

so always remember that little question Am I talking to one male or talking about one female? No, they'll sound the same it'll be the same word until the sentence tells us so yeah

00:48:26--> 00:48:28

yeah sometimes there's not there's not a pronoun

00:48:33--> 00:48:34

I want to think of an example in the Quran

00:48:41--> 00:48:42

the depths

00:48:48--> 00:48:48

of the

00:48:55--> 00:48:55

earth

00:48:59--> 00:48:59

all right.

00:49:01--> 00:49:02

So the normal

00:49:03--> 00:49:04

the end of it

00:49:05--> 00:49:06

isn't

00:49:07--> 00:49:08

took a limo home.

00:49:10--> 00:49:12

So, this is a present tense verb

00:49:15--> 00:49:22

the home at the end of it like I told you sometimes you can attach these things to the end of it. So to kill them, which is it?

00:49:24--> 00:49:25

Is it addressed?

00:49:29--> 00:49:30

Singular

00:49:32--> 00:49:34

or is it third party

00:49:37--> 00:49:38

singular

00:49:40--> 00:49:59

took him home telling them or talking to them or explaining to them and then NASA that human beings can who be Tina Allah you pinion did not have certainty in the signs of Allah in our signs are the signs of Allah subhanaw taala. So is it you will speak to them and tell them that are there

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

At

00:50:01--> 00:50:04

She will speak to them and tell them that

00:50:07--> 00:50:08

anyone have an idea?

00:50:12--> 00:50:12

You

00:50:14--> 00:50:19

so the idea whereas I'm dilemma and what is this a certain number

00:50:20--> 00:50:22

to call him and then NASA kind of

00:50:23--> 00:50:24

was the beginning of it.

00:50:25--> 00:50:27

Maybe I'll call him

00:50:31--> 00:50:33

I'll call him Krajina

00:50:36--> 00:50:56

Habibi, I like you need more Raja worried about him and when the time comes for them and when the moment of truth is upon them 100 You know Allah whom the better minute Irby we will extreme extract from them for them from the ground, a creature dead, but a minute LD to condemn him that will tell them

00:50:57--> 00:51:04

so it's a she, it's a third party she, the creature from the earth Coccinella home, the button

00:51:07--> 00:51:40

or the right, the creature of the beast that comes from the ground. And she will say this is just around your milk piano, this is one of the one of the signs of your milk Iam that you will come out this piece and this creature and it will tell people, some scholars say this will happen you will milk em itself, and tell people who those who stood by the dean and those who didn't. So this right here is actually a third party feminine. So it's all based on the context of the sentence. So you can use it's very hard to miss it, unless you're not reading the sentence in full. So what I did for you is I just copied and pasted or I cut and paste it I took off this part. So it's impossible for

00:51:40--> 00:51:55

you to know you're not so you're not going to be able to know it could be either, but when I add the whole sentence and they start from the beginning Oh, so now there's there's a big chunk important part of that sentence that you left out that would have told us is a third party singular feminine or is it addressed singular masculine okay.

00:51:58--> 00:52:01

That's the best example I can give you right now. So let's move on into text.

00:52:03--> 00:52:03

Well, who am I?

00:52:05--> 00:52:40

And the present tense verb always is not always always meant for Hi Dad. Hola. Hola. He now Cygwin Oh jasm Until affected by a tool that is Nelson. That will cause nossob or gensim that will cause jism okay. So there are tools there are small there was preposition is that the proper way so prepositions that will cause Nelson or cause just to a present tense verb for Noel Cebu. Mashallah. So we counted in our sub so everyone pay attention this is important and no Alsip

00:52:43--> 00:52:44

so now also

00:52:57--> 00:53:31

the tools that will cause for a present tense verb, okay, the tools that will cause with prepositions that cause and effect the present tense verb and make it monsoon, because the present tense verb by default is always metaphor, just like all words and things in the Arabic language. They're always marked for one until you change around their status or play around with them or affect them with something then they'll no longer be more for their main characters and no one's touching them they're gonna be more for you change their status and longer main their secondary or they're not unnecessary or they're affected by a by a verb than they may become. month over month.

00:53:31--> 00:53:45

The same thing goes for verbs. They're meant for in present tense verbs always move forward. Unless you bring a Nasim something that will make it monsoon or a jazz him something that will make it much easier. So let's count them someone count them for me, I can't see the text. What's the first one?

00:53:48--> 00:53:49

And right

00:53:54--> 00:53:56

okay, this dude is the most important of all.

00:53:57--> 00:54:30

He's the big, he's a big, he's the reason behind everything, everything else, there's only two of them that are independent, all the other tools, use this guy, use an either apparently, or use it abstractly or use it meaning it's hidden, it's there. It's estimated it's just not it's not read but it's there's estimated is still part of the sentence. And I'll explain that meaning from a meaning point of view from a comprehension comprehensive point of view, the end is there but you can just not written there. Okay, and that's that's why this is very, very important. Let's wait for the

00:54:34--> 00:54:53

so we're going to count all the tools that cause nossob And then we're going to study them one by one and I'll give you examples we'll take them exactly what the Quran will put together some some sentences with them so that they make sense to you and showing you see how they can cause an awesome on different present tense verbs. So first of all, think about an Have you ever read an in the Quran with a

00:54:55--> 00:54:56

verb after it?

00:54:58--> 00:54:59

Okay, think of one if you can think of one

00:55:00--> 00:55:13

While I read the rest, because the ones that ticket here 10 No, awesome. No, the number that he gave is not accurate. They're not 10. They're more than 10. And some of them don't. Some of the ones that he gave here are controversial. Because this is an old textbook in

00:55:14--> 00:55:46

your room as your room who wrote it is a very, very renowned scholar, but it's a very old tech. So a lot of adjustments or debates were kind of settled after he died after he wrote this text. So certain things are no longer exactly the way he wrote them. And that's fine. We'll just kind of play around the differences that he has. So I'm going to put up the actual no awesome, that are that are important for us to learn about. And the ones that aren't important. I'll put them aside and maybe come to at the end of at the end of this study. So after that is defined when I'm done

00:55:50--> 00:55:50

were

00:55:55--> 00:55:57

well done, and yeah, Coonan so

00:55:59--> 00:56:03

very good. No, very good. No, you got you're good. You're close enough.

00:56:09--> 00:56:10

When hola and Nick we're Now

00:56:13--> 00:56:15

this here is a present tense verb.

00:56:17--> 00:56:20

Okay. It has the beginning of it.

00:56:22--> 00:56:23

You say Well, there's a well when noon

00:56:25--> 00:56:33

you chose something? Yeah, it's gonna confuse everyone. La soundpack. Anyhow, this choice. Because if I don't, right usually,

00:56:34--> 00:56:41

usually use third party. plural, masculine, but this is this well known as a part of the word. The word is kinda

00:56:42--> 00:56:48

from the from the root to the well, we use a part of the word is not it's not something

00:56:49--> 00:57:11

added to it. If you wish to add us to your cool noona you will say a cool noona so here this is just the regular verb with a Yeah, at the beginning of it, the verb with nothing at the end of it. No. Well, when you're at the end of it, and uh, yeah, at the beginning of it is third party singular masculine, right? You're cool now. Why? Because a nurse is a masculine singular noun, right? So it's referring to a nest which is which makes sense.

00:57:12--> 00:57:20

Meaning the the reason is here is because it's referring to this now and comes here at the beginning. So we say what Ola and Yaku

00:57:21--> 00:57:21

No

00:57:24--> 00:57:36

no no honey Hakuna it's not your cool because the end is before so now has a Fatah doesn't have a bomb anymore? Meaning normally it would be a cool No, you would find a bomb on the note but because n is here it affected Yes.

00:57:41--> 00:57:42

And Nicole is not an no

00:57:45--> 00:57:46

not in

00:57:49--> 00:57:50

Yeah, so that's in

00:57:51--> 00:57:52

yeah has to be N

00:57:53--> 00:57:54

Yes

00:57:58--> 00:58:08

Yeah, so it's got to be past tense because past tense verbs can be monsoon or Masoom or mark for the 70 right so as to be n and then a present tense verb

00:58:15--> 00:58:17

you can have different

00:58:18--> 00:58:23

70 means Yeah, it's fixed. It can't be changed. What else do we have come on someone to give me something

00:58:29--> 00:58:29

all right.

00:58:31--> 00:58:34

Let's do something that's outside of the Quran for now. Okay

00:58:37--> 00:58:38

to talk about using

00:58:40--> 00:58:40

Yahoo

00:58:42--> 00:58:43

so we're gonna use both

00:58:47--> 00:58:48

give me

00:58:50--> 00:58:51

very good

00:58:53--> 00:58:55

all right, I'm happy as long as he's coming up with something

00:59:00--> 00:59:03

Okay, let's do this use these these examples.

00:59:05--> 00:59:09

So this is an addition to the end of the verb is fine. And

00:59:11--> 00:59:19

is a verb that has nothing attached to the end of it. So it's not so what is what is with a at the beginning of the wizard is referring to

00:59:20--> 00:59:30

it is a third party, right? singular masculine is referring to Allah subhanaw taala himself Yehuda, whom take them right so it's supposed to be who to whom?

00:59:32--> 00:59:38

The val is beautiful what I shouldn't be who don't because there's this here. This will come to this Bama

00:59:40--> 00:59:42

and try to attack a who their home it will be a

00:59:45--> 00:59:45

taco

00:59:48--> 00:59:49

is usually to throw Hakuna

00:59:52--> 00:59:53

where's the noon?

00:59:54--> 00:59:59

The only is deleted. Why? Because it's more so because the n will cause nossob

01:00:00--> 01:00:12

When one of the five exceptional verbs is most so what do we do to it? We take away that noon to taco. A Amaro. Exactly the same thing. Yeah, I'm gonna Yeah, Marina is third party

01:00:13--> 01:00:20

plural masculine, but the n is an awesome so it comes to it and it takes away the noon. So it becomes a Yamo.

01:00:23--> 01:01:00

And just understanding how this works, so, when the n is before, present tense verb, it will cause an awesome, it will give it a Fatah. Hakuna Yehuda, right. And if it's one of the five exceptional verbs, it'll come and take away the noon Yeah, Maru and to Taco it's not it's not to takuna or yeah Marone anymore, because it last, the last is the noon I will give like extensive examples in sha Allah next next week within that data, but this we're going to be studying for a while, please listen to this maybe one or two times until it's clear to you and I will repeat it until next I'm just gonna go here. So handgun ammunition Allah Allah.

01:01:02--> 01:01:03

Allah Allah Allah Muhammad Allah