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Matn Alajurroomiyyah #09

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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File Size: 57.27MB

Episode Notes

2017 10 27LMM after Maghrib

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Hang with me with me. lol masala see them hominoids Irishman. So this is not weird whenever I do an Arabic classes always ends up happening, what ends up happening is oh, we'll end up with a very few people who continue to do but that's okay.

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I continue to take a year and a half, it'll just do exactly so we started sort of fiscal and we ended up only two people I think that's fine I the difficult stuff are usually people tend to shy away from but I'm happy that we're posting it, then hopefully if someone wants to actually spend some time learning Arabic grammar they can find this as a good resource and Charlaine. And you go through things enough a number of times enough so that people can, can understand what we're doing. So what we've done so far as you've looked at, we've explained the concept of words carrying different capacities within a sentence. And that's called the AdMob. That's what the word means. And

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I word that his model is a word that has the ability to have a different capacity in a sentence, it can be a subject, it can be an object that can be necessary, could be unnecessary, could be affected, it could be unaffected. It can be different things. And these words that carry different capacities.

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The four capacities capacity that it can carry is either an offer right now, so Java or just nouns have three that they can carry refer now. So Benjo verbs can do that and also been jism. Right? So there's one that Jarrah cannot, there is no verb that can be majeure. And there is no noun that can be image zoom. And then those capacities are are expressed through either many vowels halachot, or through letters, the existence, substitution or deletion of certain letters within the word. So we looked at from looking at it from the angle of the capacities, we've got enough, and also just in general, and just study that like that. And then we looked at it from the different ways of

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expression, meaning we looked at it looked at the expression through Harakat, the expression through the roof through letters, and then we took the actual words themselves, and we kind of broke them down, we didn't do all the words, you can feel free to move that if you'd like. And so you can play around with whatever you want, you don't have to keep it I'm sorry, I usually we don't have sisters attending, so we're not taking care of it, we can move that and I'll move away and move out of the way a bit. So you can see.

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You can adjust that a bit if you'd like in shell as well. So that she can see that we should we should have this more, you know, gender friendly, we shouldn't be sitting away so without my offer sisters ability to see. So the capacities?

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That better? Okay, can you just try to adjust the

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I don't really need this much, I just need to know where we are if we're going to move forward or not. For now, I don't think we're moving forward. And we just do a revision of a number of concepts first. So which means the different capacities that that words can carry within a sentence and I'm repeating the same sentence A lot of times hopefully that you memorize the concept.

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So for the what?

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John?

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Do they have certain usages? Meaning is there a specific usage for each and every one of them? Yes, offer is

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unnecessary a primary character or a main character that is unaffected by any external source. So something for it to be more for, has to be a main character in the sentence has to be a necessary part of the sentence,

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a primary character that is not affected or tainted by any external

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source and that nothing nothing's affecting it. nossob

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is either secondary character, so it's not an unnecessary character. It's a secondary character. Or it's a main character that was affected by an external source. So it's anything else monsoon. So basically, philosophy is just a demotion, you're just taking something that was metaphor, and demoting it down a step and it's called comms muscle.

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Both of them are important parts of sentences. So what puts off an awesome together

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is these two are primary and secondary characters of sentences like the sentences need something before and monsoons and over the sentence to work. Jello is basically an unnecessary part of the sentence. Anything that is modular, because it's modular, that means you could have lived without it, this sentence would have survived in in completion, that would be complete sentence without having that modular thing. Now when you add the module, it becomes full name that has more detail in it, but it's complete without it without modifying and also that means something's missing like the sentence may survive but it's something's missing is as it's not complete, yet.

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There's a missing link in it doesn't it's a neutral concept because it only talks about verbs that have been affected in certain ways. So it's a verb that is affected by

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by being denied in the past, or is it something that is being used as a as a command, so doesn't doesn't really carry a specific description like the other three, it's more of just the

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deviation from the norm for certain verbs. So Rafa is main character that is unaffected, untainted. nossob is a main character that is affected by something external or a secondary character, and genre is unnecessary, unnecessary parts of the sentence, and just him as a neutral concept that is only applies to certain types of verbs. Does that make sense as a simple a simple breakdown? Okay.

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Now, another way, another thing that we did is that we looked at

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so we talked about the different expression of oil out, I mean, how we, how we express oil Rob, what was the

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what was the title that we use for that?

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Hold on for a second?

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Yes, so when we call it we say it, we call it Mr. Robert, I'm sorry.

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Mr. doback means words that have the ability to carry different statuses or different capacities within a sentence. Now, these words we broke them down into two

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basic categories

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specimen

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your honorable, so apart that is your a bill halachot.

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So, words that are being expressed the statuses are being expressed through Chanukah through many vowels and Fiszman.

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Your honorable will prove and then

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section or the expression will be through letters. How to get as in the Font how the customer the Dhamma and Discipline? And haruf What are the different rules that can be expressions are not all words, all letters can be expression of status is not all letters, certain letters, so give me examples of letters that can be used? Yeah, if the well and they are

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and the existence of the new

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and have an ELA

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and deleting vowels at the end of words, either. These are the things that we can use. Right? So

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there's something interesting here.

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So if I type in an bomba, aren't they the mini Fatah? Elif? Well, when Yeah.

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Isn't that what the art like? What is if I tell? It's just a mini? Yeah, so So yeah, that is kind of cut down in half. An Elif is a is to Hanukkah. So when you say Allah, that's to Holika Fatah is ba when Hanukkah, so it's just half is just 50% of F so and if 50% of it is a factor? Well, 50% is a bummer. And yeah, 50% of it is a customer, that's when we say customer can't be bit. It's not a bit. It's B, B because it's exactly it's actually a mini Yeah, that's it, that's all it is. It's just not something we have met. So you have b b and then you've seen the quran and a small mid, right, and this turns into a whole yet b He. So basically the mini vowels. That's exactly what they are, how

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many of ours is half and Elif Adama is Happo and our customers, that's all. So the expression of

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of statuses is done through many vowels or vowels. And then what you have to add to that is the noon that exists at the end of of the of the exceptional verbs, and then the deletion of vowels at the end of certain types of verbs. But that's pretty much that's pretty much it. And then the last one is helpful. Lm is also the deletion of vowels me we're still bleeding, so it all

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circulates and all rooted in vowels. The only expression of

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that is not about well is what

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the noon everything else is about. Well, it's either it's either a Fatah or Elif Obama or a well a customer or a

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deletion of a of a vowel at the end, or sukoon, which is just basically making it silent. The only thing that is not based on vowels are

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regarding vowels is the known as the existence or the deletion of the new understanding how things kind of work in error. That's that's how it works in Arabic, like it's the Bible's the existence of them at the end of words and the middle of words.

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That dictates a lot of the statuses of words. Now, what we did after that is we said, Okay, what types of words are there? Is there an infinite types of renewal? There's not an infinite type of words. There's only certain types and we counted around eight or nine that we've studied so far, the major ones now there are other types of words that we didn't go into detail with you

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We will talk about in show later. But I bet there's not an infinite number of types of words. So let's go through them one more time, just to Hopefully, this helps kind of keep keep, everything's protected. So

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another another categorization of a model, but

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martabak means words that can carry different capacities within a sentence. That's what I'm about to mean, right? That's 80 words that can have the capacity to carry different capacities in different situations in a sentence. So what are the different types of model that that we have? So let's begin with number one.

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l is

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l move forward, the singular noun, right, the singular noun

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to give me an example of this of a singular noun, noun, a singular noun, look at anything around you and just pointed out in Arabic.

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Got them, so that's the best you could.

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All right, fine, which is totally fine.

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But

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I don't want to make your rewrite. It's just a singular noun, but

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what else can we give me an example of something just any any any singular thing you see around you? So Jeddah.

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Even though it's not fully yet, but we can still use it.

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Jonah was mostly

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sorry, word. Alright, that's enough. So these are singular nouns, singular nouns. What they have in common is that we express their statuses and offer an awesome or jar, can they be Mazoon?

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No, because it's not a verb, right? These are nouns it can't be Masoom. So there are other more formal sewer majeure.

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We express it through letters or through Holika, or too many vowels. What do we express it through?

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If you want to you and I do add a letter here, if you want to give it some do, you Holika right. So so it's going to be expressed through Harakat. And you're sending how we have to think through things. So first of all, I said, these are the statuses that can carry because it's unknown, and expressed, like this elect is expressed with halachot. Now we give examples of how the expression is going to look like. So if you want to make a dumb metaphor, which is like a foot that is lifted up. Usually, that means you're in a Middle Eastern jail, and someone's preparing to

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treat you with

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this metaphor, what would we what would we what would we give it? You give you the automaton. So I've got them on.

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Right?

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Bob if you want make it one, so we will do

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a bourbon

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suggest if you wanna make it mature or

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suggest that in jalebi if you wanted to make it more full, and you would add bum rice, you have to start thinking metaphor means we're going to add for this type of word, it says Allah Jalla de, Joe Robin, well add in or what I doing, or whatever then

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meaning, the singular noun, when it's smarter for where it'll take them. When it's monsoon, it'll take off when it's about zero or it'll take a customer. Basically, their finger down is the easiest of all, because it's just straightforward.

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I'm going to need to work okay

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with one exception that we're going to talk about immediately. So the second type is is minimal froid.

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element sorry.

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singular noun

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that cannot carry all three halachot. Certain singular nouns can't carry all halachot example.

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Right, so names are good examples.

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Certain names are examples of words that can't carry Holika add.

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For let's not use this as this is not just stick to these two.

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If this is a metaphor, or you'll say Ibrahim.

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If it's monsoon, you will say Ibrahima. If it's measurable, he will say Ibrahima. Right? So let's move for Rachel Moon sorry, that can't carry all three Holika greater moves sort of what it means is it can't carry all three helicopters. You can't do it. You can only carry two of them. So we can carry the Fatah and the one may cannot carry the customer. So when it's measured, or it's supposed to have a camera like this one does, because the one on top over here, it's been moved around,

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takes Obama and cassava. There's a little more side effects Obama effect. And if I tell my listeners you're always going to be fit as well. So if you're your own kid, I will know

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when it's ready for

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I wanna when it's monsoon and fit I want to win this monsoon as well. It can't be you won't find the Quran fit only you will find a customer on the words that island because even if it's much lower the act of journalism, the expression of genre is going to be through a Fatah because it's a singular noun that can't carry all three letters. I'll show you how to cut so the singular that can will be attack so very simply. And then bomba taffeta, meaning not somebody's Fatah Angela's photos well, for these type of words, okay.

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Number three

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jammer.

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Jammer Tixier was geometrics here

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the broken plural, right? Give me an example of geometrics you

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produce

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euros

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felonies?

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How do we know that these are broken pearls? We go back and look at the origin of it. What's the what's the singular of what singular? Kutub? keytab. Right. So keytab when he made it plural? What did we do? We deleted the LF does that fall under a certain law of pluralizing a word? No, that's there's no law that tells us Oh, you just delete the elephant the middle. What happened is there's no F in the middle. So it's not hola it's just us. That's how we pluralize the word kitab. Why we don't know in English is just you just slap an S at the end of it. In Arabic. Some words have laws they can follow. And we'll talk about the two words that follow certain laws. And then the broken

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plural. There's just no law Kitab turns into coutume once the singular of Deus does, what did we do? We slapped o in the middle of it. Why? I don't know. No one knows. That's just how they say the word right? The singular of did I mean?

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You told me they added an NF after this after the it was in the middle of it. So again, it's just certain words. Now there are ways like there are 19 different ways that can you can Pluraleyes a word but no one's gonna memorize 19 different ways and then there's really no lot to say this one's going to take which way so you'd have to know the words like it's just a matter of you building a vocabulary and knowing how to say things All

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right, so Gemini ataxia

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if you want to make

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want to make the word coach of Marfa, what do we do? Do we either well

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we add Bama so it's going to be so it's rough and awesome in general because there are nouns and it's going to be through Hanukkah right so the Hanukkah for Obama is going to be for refer is going to be about my so called to burn.

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And if you want it for for nossob

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Fatah, right, so

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if you want it for Java, it's going to be go to bin because of

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so pretty much like listening.

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The same thing do loosen, loosen, loosen. Now this one here is an example of genetics ear

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why you didn't want sorry?

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Same thing

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so genetics here also put some words can't carry all for you how to guides. So an example of it is tell me so tell me, right if you want to do if you want to make it much more full and you will see multiple won't get it to make the connection before usually means a bummer right. So Martha tell me you don't tell me you do.

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And then if it's Munsell tell me the right and then tell me the

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maybe maybe not I mean, there's a difference of opinion like Solomos but let's use this as an example. A better example which is a bit more clear is the word masajid

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so masajid you can say metaphor Allama Messiah Do you do you can say my man so pet hammer Sajida you cannot see Mr. G Do you have the same message you don't as my daughter as well? So just like the one before so geometric See, in fact, Mama Fatah cassava ready most of bomba taffeta, they can't take Gatica cassava it will take a photo instead. And whenever you do it later them on site if I will rely on Sir if you know that it can't carry if I guess we're at the end of it and it needs us.

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And that means that the expression of Joe is going to be affected sometimes mean sometimes certain words and you know the words now, this may move for greater moves. But if the singular noun that does not carry all three lead all three how to cut and the broken plural that can't carry off your how to cut when it's majeure when it's measured, or we're going to express John through a Fatah.

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So the expression of job sometimes is going to be a factor even though most often it's like in the regular singular noun and the regular broken plural is just a customer, but in words, certain words that can carry customer so the expression of general is going to be through a tongue. Right. So there are four types of words. Let's let's move on. So let's move on to another plural

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So we those are two plurals Jim and Medaka.

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Salim

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the sound masculine plural, right?

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And immediately after that say, John, unnecessarily

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the sound feminine plural, right the sound fun and the sound masculine for plural. So let's take a simple word that we all know. Let's take the word Muslim.

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Now if it's

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masculine and you want to make it plural, you will add to it

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so either well one

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Muslim woman, or Muslim even

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if it's a feminine plural so as Muslim, then it's going to turn into Muslim ad. So this follows a law right? The law is simple. It's lived for the feminine it's well known or yet known for the masculine for the masculine why well known Are ya know, because the expression of refer no flippin journal for the masculine plural, the sound masculine bro is going to be through letters, it's not going to be through how to cut. So when it's metaphor, we're going to have oh, and when it's Hmong sube we're going to have a Yeah, and when it's my god, we're also going to have a right so here if you look, Rafa is Bama, and then Nelson and Jarrah are both Fatah so sometimes also been German very

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often in different words, Nelson Mandela will have the exact same expression. So it had the exact same question in these two words, and is going to have the exact same expression over here. So in German without going to sell him.

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Whoa, noon.

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Yeah, no, that's how we express it. raffia Oh, no, no, sub injera because I'm in Georgia, and mostly Matt, we always had an elephant. But that's not the expression of the statuses. The expression of expression of love and also been Georgia for a word like Muslim ad is not through letters is going to be through Holika ads. So if it's metaphor, we say, Muslim tune. And if it's more so we say

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Muslim,

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tin

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right? You never say Muslim mountain ever? Why? Because

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the sound feminine plural, cannot carry doesn't you the expression of nossob is through the customer. And if especially almost rematching right, so here

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we're going to talk about

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putting the expression in front of each word, then Bama casting like Astra

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if it's metaphor it gets a bomb. If it's monsoon it gets the casserole, if it's measurable, it gets the customer that's why you'll never find a semi lotta

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right, I'm gonna go back into your all the intentions that are told us that you know, and look for the word Samoa, you'll never find it because we're Samoa doesn't exist in the Arabic language. It's always gonna be similar but it always why because the expression of muscle for a sound feminine plural is through a customer. So it's always gonna be a customer. So here, the singular noun, bum Fatah. raffia bum Nasir Fatah Giada, cassava. For the sound feminine plural. Rough album, Nelson gusta la Jara Khasra. That's how the expression works. So

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certain words, the literal moves sorry for both the plural for that was the broken plural and the singular noun. The expression of general is if you see it, the expression of genres.

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And for the sound feminine plural, the expression of nossob is a cancer. So sometimes it's back. And so sometimes the customer will mean Nosson. Sometimes it will mean Jarrah most likely it means Joe, the Fatah, most likely it's not so but sometimes it's going to mean Java as well. So that's where things kind of crossed by. So if you memorize this, actually, you end up with all the information you need, but we looked at it from three different angles, hoping that inshallah that will make it a bit easier for you to comprehend at the end. Okay, so that's

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it.

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So 123456 Let's go let's move on to another type of word.

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Let's move on, right the five exceptional nouns What are the five exceptional nouns can someone tell me the five exceptional nouns?

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Father of a brother of in law of Boehner have and mouth of these are five exceptional nouns. Why? Because they expression of their nouns so they get rough enough of it.

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Generally, the expression of their statuses is going to be through letters, but they're different from everything else. So if it's more for what do we give up? We give it a whirl so it comes up all

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right, if it's Hmong Su, but we give it

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a ha. Right? And if it's myxoma judo, what do we give it?

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Honey, there's like so though, is a metaphor that is months old.

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And the is Majora. foo is metaphor

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for islamophobe.

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And fee is measured as measurable. So sometimes the word fee will be in like it will be a preposition. And sometimes it will mean the mouth of someone but how often is that using the Arabic language very rarely.

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If you know sort of the word, Leah beluga, who

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Leah beluga for who means his mouth. So it talks about an example of someone looking into into water, and he sees his reflection. So if he puts his hand down trying to touch his mouth, we touch his mouth. No, he'll just touch the water. Right? So it's talking about someone who's worshiping someone else besides Allah subhanaw taala it's like you're trying to touch your mouth through putting your hand towards the reflection in the water. You can see your mouth there, but it touch it and you touch your mouth like doing those so you're going in the wrong direction. So when you're more should make someone besides Allah subhanaw taala you're channeling or worship in the wrong

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direction, or you're going the wrong way. It's just a reflection. We mean by reflection I mean, everything you see here is reflection of His Majesty supine without him everything you see is a reflection of his creation and of his of his majesty. And you're just and you're channeling your efforts in the wrong direction channeling towards him supine with that it's a nice example of existence with the mud. So for who meaning being? Yes, you got to question your question.

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So his mouth the mouth of someone so fee and you give it a name after it in his mouth? Or fi heat means his mouth but it's majeure. Right? So this material you're going to find a year if it's mostly you're gonna find it and if and if it's metaphor, you're gonna find a well that's why the exceptional five nouns no other nouns in the Arabic language are the statuses are expressed in that way. They're the only ones who have the expression through well and if any marfo monsoons are live images audio

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Are you understanding why I'm doing this here? The understanding or not understanding so what I'm doing is I'm

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so roughly profit and loss of jobs that's the sequence right so I'm writing for you guys here is the is how those are expressed. So the singular noun when it's my mama, when it's on sube Fatah when it's measured orchestra when it when it can't carry all three when it's marked for Obama, when it's more so Fatah and when it's measured Fatah understanding so the way I'm putting in is to explain to you how this works. So for Jim, and without going to set him for the masculine for the sound masculine plural, if it's metaphor out well and known and if it's both monsoon and majeure. Yeah and noon, it's going to be even at the end where there's more sober material for the sound feminine

00:28:06--> 00:28:18

plural, if it's not a full album, if it's long sold cassava and if it's major or also customer the five exceptional knows if it's metaphor well if it's monsoon and if and if it's Majora

00:28:20--> 00:28:20

alright

00:28:24--> 00:28:28

let's let's move on to another one see

00:28:37--> 00:28:47

you all the dual form Okay, so the dual form let's take a any singular now and again Muslim is our go to word here. So if you want to make a duel, you have two ways to do it.

00:28:50--> 00:28:51

Either Muslim man

00:28:54--> 00:28:55

or Muslim Ain.

00:28:56--> 00:29:18

Right. So it's more for mostly men, if it's monsoon or majeure is going to be mostly mean. Right? And then that works for everything if it's mostly men. With that, we're talking about feminine. The same thing Yeah, the exact same thing you're saying Muslim at 10 Mm. Mostly Matan for Rafa if it's more for or you say Muslim attain.

00:29:21--> 00:29:24

It's more soap or majeure. Okay.

00:29:25--> 00:29:37

So for them with Santa, if it's not for, it's only for noon. If it's monsoon and sia and noon with a Fatah before they are a customer on the noon. And if it's majeure or it's also the same thing.

00:29:39--> 00:29:46

These are expressions. We're going by sequence law fair enough objector and I'm putting the sequence of how the expression works for each word, how these words are expressed.

00:29:47--> 00:29:49

Alright, another example what else have you study?

00:29:51--> 00:29:53

Wyatt the file

00:30:00--> 00:30:08

Five exceptional verbs. Now there's five verbs. Alright, I've explained this maybe what seven times now I'm gonna do an eighth time

00:30:09--> 00:30:12

you guys memorize it and learn it because it's important if you know them then

00:30:13--> 00:30:19

so you take the the simple route the word phyla, for example, right?

00:30:23--> 00:30:25

So if you add to it, or Yeah.

00:30:26--> 00:30:29

And then either way oh and noon

00:30:30--> 00:30:31

11 Noon.

00:30:33--> 00:30:38

Now this is gonna confuse you even more No, no, no, I'm not gonna do this to you can also just do it the normal way, okay.

00:30:41--> 00:30:45

I'm just, I'm just there's not enough space. So I'm kind of trying to be so first. So to file one.

00:30:49--> 00:30:49

File, and

00:30:53--> 00:31:15

that's the addressed plural, or the addressed duel. So if you're talking to a bunch of people, for all your dressing them you say to falloon and this can work for any verb, the verb Oh, in Telugu in Telugu and terracotta. Bravo, for loon wherever you want. You're addressing a plural, a group to file and you're addressing two people a dual,

00:31:16--> 00:31:17

then yeah, falloon.

00:31:22--> 00:31:23

And you have fallen.

00:31:25--> 00:31:27

And this is when you're talking about a third party.

00:31:28--> 00:31:47

Third party plural. Your final one, if I'm talking to brother here about a bunch of people over there, what they're doing. Yeah. So I will talk to you about the kids over there also Yucca goon, right. And there's only two people over there. I'll say your clan or your file. And because it's a third party duel, I'm talking about a third party that's over there. Those are 1234, there are five of them to the last one,

00:31:48--> 00:31:49

to finally

00:31:53--> 00:32:27

addressed singular female. So if you're speaking to one woman, you will say to Falleen Takara. In that heavin team, whatever your you're talking about what she's doing, when you're addressing a lady, you'll use this form of verb is. These are present tense verbs. Of course, these are the five. These are present tense verbs are called the Five verb verbs, because they are expressed differently, the expression the reason that they're on their own is because the expression of Raafat. Now slobin Doesn't because they're there. They're verbs. They're not now and so they don't get jumbled they get jism the expression is different than other verbs. What is the expression based

00:32:27--> 00:32:28

on? If it's more for how do you know it's more for

00:32:32--> 00:32:42

know is multiple one to the existence of the noon. If the noon is there, then this is more for all these five or more for right now, because the noon is at the end of it. If the noon is deleted,

00:32:45--> 00:32:51

to follow, then it's either mon sub or images or it could be either if it's a metaphor, or you'll see a new one at the end of it.

00:32:53--> 00:33:29

But if it wouldn't, if it's monsoon or image zoomed in, you'll find it deleted. So the expression here is very unique. That's why they're very unique because everything else we've looked at either halachot either many vowels have have vowels or complete vowels. Well, yeah. But again, when you look at it, there's noon, right? The word muesli moon the expression is a well but there's also a note at the end of it, so the noon is not completely foreign here like then what no one has has been used before in the in the dual form you find mostly man the newness there in the gym, and without going to sell him in the sound and masculine Pearl you'll find mostly Moon was cleaning so they

00:33:29--> 00:33:38

don't is there as well, but never is the noon on its own. The existence and deletion of it the expression except in the five in the five verbs. So if you're going to

00:33:40--> 00:33:42

put the expression of these

00:33:43--> 00:33:47

of the statuses for the five exceptional verbs, then it's

00:33:49--> 00:33:52

then it's the existence of the noon at the end for offer

00:33:54--> 00:33:56

is the deletion of the note at the end for not so

00:33:57--> 00:34:06

it's deletion of the note at the end of orgasm. Again, not for Jonathan Jackson because the vows cannot be measured or whatever, like they don't take that status they take off and also or it doesn't.

00:34:07--> 00:34:12

So 123456789 So these are the nine categories that we've talked about so far.

00:34:14--> 00:34:36

There are still two more I mean, can I take this time to take out the for the first two if you guys have made notes of them I'll take them up. So I can start with the list what is left and then are all the ones that would be hard to differentiate into being like module monsoon a bunch of words based on the sentence like we have to differentiate Yeah, so when did the same like when so when resume is the same here or mouseover measured what is the same here?

00:34:37--> 00:34:54

Also the majority the same here then you differentiate through the context of the sentence you look where the fall in the sentence was before them was after them or the subject or the object? Are they are they been affected by something else that what is it that's causing it to be one of these two things alright, so another one more type of word is a very

00:34:56--> 00:34:57

Almora

00:35:01--> 00:35:03

Let em yet just will be cliche

00:35:12--> 00:35:12

but

00:35:17--> 00:35:35

that is something regarding derivatives and how we deal with derivatives. You have to be patient a bit that's the kind of like a bit down the road like for us to study how you derive from letters that from words that have vowels at the end of them like you suddenly has a vowel at the end of it. Right so what do we do? Do you say you say you suddenly you don't

00:35:36--> 00:35:42

speak like that? You funnily Yun doesn't work for them. So they just throw out the just toss it out and they say, You saloon. Right?

00:35:46--> 00:35:47

You saw Leanne.

00:35:50--> 00:35:54

Yeah, so you'll falloon You saw Leanne,

00:35:55--> 00:36:33

to Lian or to saloon or to Faline. But that is not about expression, because the noon is always there is the expression is through the noon. That is more about how you derive it is how you're taking a singular, a singular, present tense verb and then turning it into a plural to present tense verb, then it becomes a bit of a guide. There's certain laws that have to be followed, especially when the verb has a vowel at the end of it. It makes it a bit tricky, like a bit tricky. Okay? So what is all this is the present tense verb that doesn't have anything attached to the end of it. That's all it means. I mean, it's just a regular present tense verbs. So we can take all this off.

00:36:33--> 00:36:39

And just say a default present tense verb. What is the default present tense verb give me any default present tense verb.

00:36:42--> 00:36:44

Our favorite thing to do? So yeah.

00:36:47--> 00:36:56

Yeah. So it can be more for long zoom and zoom, right? Because it's a it's a verb, it's not a noun. So if it's more fuller, how do we express it to especially to letters or through how to cut

00:36:58--> 00:37:01

through how to cut so if it's metaphoric, you say your label.

00:37:03--> 00:37:12

If it's monsoon, you say, your Alaba if it's not as good or you say, it can't be measured, because it's a vowel, it's a verb, right? It must zoom you say

00:37:13--> 00:37:15

your lab. Right?

00:37:16--> 00:37:22

Very simple that works for all of them. So here, the expression is Fatah, sorry, llama Fatah sukoon.

00:37:26--> 00:37:28

One more and feral animal daughter

00:37:35--> 00:37:41

Olivia, I mean, at the end of it is a vowel there's a vowel at the end of it like the word

00:37:46--> 00:37:48

are your word. Usually?

00:37:53--> 00:38:24

If it's metaphor, it gets a bummer. But the thumb is estimated is not written meaning the Whoa can't carry Obama. You know, it just stays with a spoon on it. Right? But there's a meaning as far as the pronunciation goes, but when it's metaphor the thumb exists but it's estimated so it's not actually pronounced if it's mon sube you put a tie yeah usually you saw Lea the same thing here the album is going to be estimated it's not going to be written

00:38:26--> 00:38:29

you suddenly my folio suddenly the bomb has estimated

00:38:30--> 00:38:38

Marfa for yeah Drew is yeah drew because the dome is estimated for the photo you put it you saw Leah Yeah, Drew now with Zoom what you say what do you do as much zoom?

00:38:40--> 00:38:47

No, here we don't do a second here we delete the vowel will at the end of it we delete the vowel at the end of it so we take away

00:38:57--> 00:39:30

so if you're almost at the end of it, well me I do my Allah here. You'll find that I do with Obama on the only there's no way Oh, are you open to tell but whether to folly Allah had him in who matter to suddenly you'll find just a customer on the lam you won't find a whole year because the way that the expression of jism is the deletion of the vowel at the end of it. That's very unique. Do these types of words. So Obama that is estimated, so we do a circle because estimated and then a factor and then have

00:39:31--> 00:39:40

Alella deletion of the vowel at the end of it. So jasm is going to be expressed through hydrophila At the end of

00:39:41--> 00:39:49

B and that's different because it's not a verb. Right? So the words that are B is not a verb, it's a noun, and that has nothing to do. That's not

00:39:50--> 00:39:54

that's just waves of speech that don't follow a rule. That's not that's just how it is.

00:39:55--> 00:40:00

So those are all the types of words that we've studied. So far. All the expressions that we've looked at, and I've got

00:40:00--> 00:40:39

to them from feed distinct different ways. I looked at it from the concept of the statuses themselves. So we took off and we said, these are the different expressions of rough ERISA. Obama. I live. Wow. Through Bucha noon, right. And we said no. So is expressed with more ways than anything else is expressed through fact Ha, kestra. Elif. Yeah, and the deletion of the new and at the end of the five verbs, which we said is expressed through Castra. Fatah. Yeah. Right. And then we took that jism is expressed through sukoon, or the deletion of the ALA at the end, or the deletion of the noon at the end. And then we said, okay, no, there are two different types of words. Basically, words

00:40:39--> 00:40:56

that are expressed, the statuses are expressed through many vowels, and words that the statuses are expressed through letters. And they said, these are the ones that are expressed through many vowels, and we counted some ones like these ones. And these are the letter words that are expressed through actual letters and vowels like these, like this one.

00:41:00--> 00:41:37

And then we said, Okay, forget all of that. Let us take each type of each word and just look at it on its own. So we looked at the singular noun, and we did the singular noun, like the word cut them, right? So cut the moon cardamon. But that mean, it's going to be expressed through the three basic minibar was Obama, Fatah, Castro mafia and also I'm sure it's gonna be dumb for tacos. And then we said, well, some singular nouns cannot carry all three. Right? So so if it's more for ice Obama, if it's more soba as a Fatah, and if it's Maduro also gets the first half, like Ibrahima, you can never be able to hear me if you're gonna ever be fed only. And then we said, well, you have genetics, the

00:41:37--> 00:41:53

broken plural, the broken throw like the word masajid. Oh, tell me. It's expressed to Fatah, Obama, Fidel Castro raffia and our subject is bomb mafia taka. Some of the broken pearls rare most or if new, they cannot carry. They can't carry all three letters though it's been mafia taffeta.

00:41:54--> 00:41:56

The sound masculine plural

00:41:57--> 00:42:26

is taking a singular Muslim, Muslim moon, and then Mussolini. So no metaphor is well known monsoon and Madura both here and noon. The sound feminine plural, you add an elephant tag to the end of the word Muslim or minute, and then the expression is through Bama for refer and then Castra for an awesome you never say semi Latin or an ever it's always Muslim our teen or Muna teen always. So nossob is through Khasra and then John was through Castro as well. Five exceptional nouns

00:42:28--> 00:42:28

Abu

00:42:29--> 00:43:04

Dhabi, so mafia as well as Elif, and Joel is yah, hoo, ha fe. And then within the the dual form, Muslim he wants him to Muslim is a Muslim and if it's not a form, or mostly main if it's monsoon, or majeure, and the five exceptional nouns, your filing your file and the file or the file and the filing, right those five types of verbs, the other is the existence of the noon at the end of it. And also just know something jasm is going to be the deletion of the noon at the end of it. Take a regular default, present tense verb

00:43:05--> 00:43:16

refer is common Nasim is Fatah and jism is sagoon. If there is a vowel at the end of that one of that word, and there's a vowel at the end of that of that present tense verb, then

00:43:18--> 00:43:24

there is going to be an estimated Bama factor is going to be an actual customer.

00:43:25--> 00:43:51

Not some is going to be an actual photog. And Joseph is just him is going to be the deletion of the vowel at the end of it. And that is how you put them all together. Now when we take a sentence that's going to summarize everything we've studied so far. So there's like a flowchart chart of everything that we've went through. Now we're going to do some examples like for the for the remaining of the time. Now we'll do some examples and then we'll start actually, we'll go through a bit of the second chapter or the third chapter basically.

00:43:55--> 00:43:57

What are you waiting for feels good, where to go.

00:44:00--> 00:44:05

Girls only get one defiling to follow into file and are addressed plural

00:44:09--> 00:44:11

are we talking to a singular female

00:44:12--> 00:44:12

Are you jealous

00:44:17--> 00:44:17

person

00:44:19--> 00:44:36

third person doesn't make a third person as long as you can oh wait, you can use your 501 for both group of male, a mixed group of male and female and a group of females as well. But however, if you want to address it, if you want to talk about a third group of females alone, there is another way to do it. You could say you're filing a

00:44:37--> 00:44:42

voter file now so you could use that but that's something will come later on Inshallah, but you can still use the same wording

00:44:43--> 00:44:44

alright

00:44:52--> 00:45:00

what we've done so far is the bread and butter of Arabic grammar. It is the if you understand them, you're going to send this to

00:45:00--> 00:45:28

If it's clear to you, then your ability to progress in Arabic grammar will become much, much easier much quicker. And if you don't understand this, then no matter what they teach you, yeah, even if you go to back to the Middle East and you speak Arabic for 15 years, you'll never understand grammar. And you'll never be able to actually read books and understand why things are the way they are. Right? Because this is how things are dealt with in sentences. So let's let's continue to have you know, where we are in the mitten we're important page.

00:45:31--> 00:45:40

I'm not sure which page we're in to be honest, but it's Babel file is a chapter of verbs if you if you can, yeah, so if anyone wants to tell them with the pages so they know what they're gonna learn

00:45:45--> 00:45:47

Alright, so

00:45:56--> 00:45:58

chapter about verbs.

00:45:59--> 00:46:00

We're gonna study verbs.

00:46:02--> 00:46:05

The Imam, your room Rahim. Allah says

00:46:08--> 00:46:15

there are three types of verbs mildly in the past tense, present tense and commands.

00:46:16--> 00:46:20

No examples like barraba Whale duty, boom, well done.

00:46:21--> 00:46:25

So Laura, in the past, your present tense

00:46:26--> 00:46:35

is a command, right? Which is basically future tense because as your commanding who's going to do it after your command is finished is going to happen in the in the future.

00:46:36--> 00:46:39

For now, we have to have a theory about the

00:46:40--> 00:47:11

present the past tense verb may have to always have a time at the end of it always. Will Amro Mazoon and the command will have just it'll be given the status of jism all the time. And while Midori room Makana vo Willie, he does it in a little bar allottee Can I tell you to? Well, who am I? I had to get hold of one Oh, Jason. Now we'll explain all this to you in Sharla as we go along. So there are three types of verbs.

00:47:14--> 00:47:15

The present tense verb

00:47:18--> 00:47:18

I'll move on.

00:47:20--> 00:47:39

We're going to leave that for a second right now. And we're gonna take a look at the ones that we didn't look at yet. Now, if you remember when we said more about when I wrote the word. And when I wrote the word more about words that can carry different capacities. We talked about three types of present tense verbs, we said a final concert, the five exceptional and those are present tense verbs. And then I said

00:47:40--> 00:47:51

the default that has nothing attached to the end of it, there is no federal data that has a vowel at the end of it. So I talked about present tense verbs three times so far. Why because they are word they are words that are modeled.

00:47:53--> 00:47:55

This over here, this is a model.

00:47:57--> 00:48:01

They can carry different capacities in a sentence. The past tense

00:48:05--> 00:48:06

allow the

00:48:09--> 00:48:10

and the command

00:48:13--> 00:48:14

game.

00:48:15--> 00:48:15

These are not

00:48:17--> 00:48:22

these can't carry different capacities in a sentence. Both of these are called Magne.

00:48:24--> 00:48:26

They're both called Magne

00:48:27--> 00:48:33

Magne mean built on something mean that this is how they were built. This is how they will always be they'll never change.

00:48:35--> 00:48:59

This has way more flexibility and Medora the present tense verb is flexible Can you can do things but here No. Past tense is a past tense verb and present future tense or commands are what they are, they'll never change. They don't they don't have the ability to carry different capacities in a sentence. They are many they will stay the way they are. So what the Imam said he said well Malbim motto from

00:49:00--> 00:49:03

the past tense verb will always have a fatality and have it

00:49:05--> 00:49:07

give me examples of a past tense verb

00:49:09--> 00:49:10

so he sat down

00:49:12--> 00:49:13

you will say

00:49:14--> 00:49:15

jealous or

00:49:17--> 00:49:17

you will say jealous.

00:49:19--> 00:49:20

Give me another one

00:49:27--> 00:49:33

right and then etc as you go along labor MANOVA Hi there.

00:49:36--> 00:49:43

Now sometimes there'll be a vowel at the end of it. Sometimes I'll be about like the word so I took an APA gave

00:49:47--> 00:49:52

out do you have a Fatah here that last so you say the factor is estimated

00:49:53--> 00:49:59

you say Magne Magne effect helicopter is built on an estimated Fatah that you cannot

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

See here.

00:50:02--> 00:50:02

Right?

00:50:04--> 00:50:09

But when you do out of this, when you talk about these words, when you talk about them, you don't say

00:50:10--> 00:50:48

you say money all the time. So this is a fairly mild. This is a past tense verb Mevani built on a photo. It's built into it if I type is always there. You can see here, it's I can't see it, but it's built in, even though I can't see it as estimated, even if you make it a plural. So Jenna Sue, and the scene has Obama who say Melanie, bomb built on Obama, why? Because it was attached to a wall that tells us portal. So whatever it carries, whatever it carries at the end of it is 70. mean that is what it is, it will never change. It's not because the expression is changing. It is money doesn't have expression. You don't express anything in a moldy in a past tense verb, you don't

00:50:48--> 00:50:55

express anything. It just has a Fatah's the end of it. Why? Because that's what it has, at the end of it. Go ask it. I don't know why. But

00:50:57--> 00:51:10

just to hear it's maddening. And it's so cool. And let you follow me here. But it's made me on a second because it was attached to a term that is it's called Title file, but it's still money. And you still built on some indeed, this is not next change of expression, the

00:51:11--> 00:51:13

the Word and the Word so jealous.

00:51:15--> 00:51:15

And then

00:51:17--> 00:51:17

jealous, who

00:51:19--> 00:51:21

then jealous to

00:51:24--> 00:51:32

the change here at the end is not an expression of any change of status, nothing's changing. It is still a past tense verb

00:51:33--> 00:51:52

Mevani means that the word is is rigid, it's not flexible. It can't carry different capacity. It is what it is. What it means is flexible. It can do different things in a sentence. So yes, there may be a tie here, or Obama here, going here, but it's still money. It's not an expression of it's not an expression. There is no expression here.

00:51:53--> 00:51:57

This is so I may ask you something Jenessa is it more formal, sober? Masoom?

00:52:00--> 00:52:39

Very good. It's nothing. It's neither of these things. And never will be is this is as my for muscle resume. You say the past tense verb, past tense verb Habibi, or melody. They're never expressing anything. They're never meant for muscle resume. They just are. They're just memorize how they're going to be. So what about the change of the many vowels? That's just a matter of necessity. You can't say get as Jenna said to. There'll be insane to keep the fat tight here would kill the word doesn't yet say it. You got Jenna. So no, Jenna Sue is so you can't do the existence of Obama, the Fatah. And this is just a matter of necessity, because we need them. That's all. It doesn't mean

00:52:39--> 00:52:42

that the expression is changing. Why? Because there's no expression to begin with.

00:52:44--> 00:52:52

These two don't express raffia and also Borgeson they don't their money. This one does. I understanding now why we started tell you at the beginning because it's a different thing.

00:52:53--> 00:53:10

And it's a philosophical, because anything that happened in the past are going to happen in the future doesn't carry different capacities. They are what they are until they happen. Things that are happening can can be flexible, because they're happening right now it can minister differently, something in the past or something in the future. It is it is what it is it's over. It's either over it hasn't started yet as simply as that.

00:53:13--> 00:53:15

So now the Mfu

00:53:16--> 00:53:18

has a factor at the end of it always.

00:53:19--> 00:53:37

Even when it's attaching other things, it changes just based on necessity, but put it back to its original form. All past tense verbs Well, if I tell either written or estimated all of them until you attach them to something that will need make it need to have something different. But it's not an expression of status.

00:53:39--> 00:53:40

Okay.

00:53:42--> 00:53:50

So that's it fell and fell anymore. So if you go back to the text, you understand what I'm talking about when I'm wrote Masoom? When?

00:53:51--> 00:54:22

When Amaroo Mazoon. Adam? So, Amara is given this the constant status of jism. You may say, well, it's many How is it? Given, but this is one that doesn't change, meaning your image zoom forever, you will never change, you will never be anything else. You will always be zoomed to the rest of your life. If you're a command verb, you're always going to be Masoom. So that so the lack of its ability to change from Masoom to Lafayette and also mean to steal money. So yes, we call it my resume.

00:54:26--> 00:54:55

But because it can never leave this status is smutny because it can never leave this status. When we talked about different words, we say it can be either more for most automation or for nouns, or for almost all Masoom for verbs. But I'm telling you that a command verb is always much zoom. It's a default situation. It'll never change anything else. Why didn't we say it has to go in on it? Because depending on the type of letter we the type of verb will have the expression different lists. Usually this will be on the second letter, a very

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

American man. No, let's give an example. What's a complex a command?

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

was our command. So if

00:55:03--> 00:55:08

the expression is always gonna measure if it's a commands always Masoom. So the expression of Jasmine here is

00:55:11--> 00:55:15

there's a point at the end of it. But let me let me give you examples

00:55:19--> 00:55:21

of becoming Hekmati when they were a little Hustler, right?

00:55:24--> 00:55:25

So

00:55:28--> 00:55:33

it's a command verb is also much zoom, right? What is the expression of expression of Jason here?

00:55:36--> 00:55:41

It's a deletion of the vowel at the end of it. So what it usually is, yeah,

00:55:43--> 00:56:06

there's a well, the expression is always Masoom. But the expression of jasm here is going to be the deletion of it. So command verbs are always Masoom. The expression of Jessem will change based on what type of command verb it is. So if it's a command verb with a reg, a constant at the end of it, then it's gonna be so colon. If it's a command verb with a vowel at the end of it is gonna be the deletion of the vowel if it's a plural command verb.

00:56:07--> 00:56:10

So talk this up, talk to a group give a command to a group, what would you say?

00:56:12--> 00:56:12

Cool.

00:56:20--> 00:56:21

So what is the expression here?

00:56:24--> 00:56:56

So there's no new one at the end. plurals Are you Kowloon. Right. So the new one is taken away. So it's cool. It's just uh, well, there's no there's no, there's no noon. Or some people say it's Melanie album. Let's call it Hebrew Oh, Gemma because it's attached to the plural, right? Meaning the expression is going to be different. However, the status is always, always Masoom. For a command verb command verbs are always much zoom, even though that expression will change based on the different type of verb. And that will be something that we will go into a bit more detail later. Yes, in the beginning of the lesson.

00:57:13--> 00:57:14

Deposit

00:57:19--> 00:57:29

so Passons verb is always money, right? It can be money. It could be money, I know a school, it could be money on Obama's budget depending on what's attached to it.

00:57:30--> 00:57:53

The command verb is always Magne and Masoom always mentioned them so it's money for the fact that it's in that same status always right? So they're not more of these two words you don't express different This one doesn't express anything. This one is in a in a status of continuous expression of the exact same status may will always be Masoom expresses one's status which is right here in Mali does not express anything at all. So what is your question? Good.

00:57:55--> 00:57:56

man

00:57:57--> 00:57:58

Yeah, so

00:57:59--> 00:58:31

in Arabic, a future tense verb would be a part of a present tense verb. So you just add a seem to be the beginning you're getting a bit like it so he was saying, Yeah, so I just say yeah, Sofia lab Oh Say Allah means in the future, right? Something that is going to be future continuous. future continuous verb is something that when we have any wish, here is commands are the version of what would be considered a future tense verb in English, right? But it's a command. So in English, how would you do it in English? So a present tense verb is the word play? What's the command for that word?

00:58:34--> 00:58:42

The same word, right? So present tense verb is, is play. Played is the past tense. Playing is the continuous present.

00:58:43--> 00:58:55

If you're gonna say if you're gonna command you use exact same word play in Arabic. No, the command is you give it a different it looks different. The word itself is gonna look different. You're gonna play around with it a bit. Yeah, with informality

00:58:57--> 00:59:05

in France at the end, but also you can do the TAT like what was said before? And then there's another way. Is there a third way? Like to do

00:59:07--> 00:59:21

that and Molly, so either tap or tap to turn to the verb or maybe Oh, Jenna, Sue. Value review. Well, yeah, well Alipore Fila, if it's dual phyla.

00:59:23--> 00:59:40

But the thing is, that's not how we know this is a Prestonsburg. We know it's a past tense verb because it's a past tense verb. It's made in the form of Fatah taffeta, Taka Fatah. Meaning you know what, based on the word itself what it means because it's active and if it's SML Fanta, it's passive.

00:59:41--> 00:59:52

No passive has to start with a number. So let's leave that till we come to because that becomes very confusing, because we're not there yet. What else do we have? Yes. Good. You mentioned in the beginning that

00:59:55--> 00:59:55

I guess

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

the highest in the business center. Yes.

01:00:00--> 01:00:06

On Command, you will never have to apply a significant because a command is a sentence on its own.

01:00:07--> 01:00:11

So that's a sentence. It needs nothing else.

01:00:12--> 01:00:49

And you say That's why the concept of Mazoon is neutral. Why? Because it only applies to verbs and verbs are sentences on their own anyway. So a verb, any verb you use, you'll believe that's a sentence. That's a That's a complete sentence, you don't need anything else to add to it. Now it's not full meaning you can still you can still put a secondary main and secondary characters that would fill the sentence but it's a sentence meaning it can survive on his own you can you can just estimate all the other main characters, you can say yelled at him, and who him who him just an estimated person, we don't know who it is. Right? And then that's Who Is he hitting an estimated

01:00:49--> 01:01:03

person we don't know who he's hitting, someone's hitting someone out there. That's all you need to know you're good. Now it's not complete, you could complete it by giving him the information, but it's so sentence SAP for a command. It is literally a full sentence, it cannot carry anything else. Meaning

01:01:05--> 01:01:06

if I say Nicola,

01:01:08--> 01:01:11

there is nothing that can be added to this sentence right now.

01:01:12--> 01:01:28

It is that that's it, anything you add is going to be something additional, that's unnecessary. There's no secondary you can enter and there's not going to be a fine. A fine is the the the subject is already estimated anyway, the only thing you can add to this is maybe a letter so you can say, oh

01:01:31--> 01:01:54

that's the best you can do like to add something to a verb to a to a command verb, commands or letter are sentences on their own. They are complete and full sentences on their own. Nothing you add to them will make a difference. That makes sense like me, if you take a verb, you can say okay, there's the verb, and then he's a subject and objects, your level Mohammedan and then you can add with whatever or Yeah, cool.

01:01:56--> 01:02:10

So now you have someone eating something, right? So three main characters are there within the sentence, or iLab. When you use a command verb, class, it doesn't carry anything else. It's done. The sentence is over when you give us a command, and that's why it's my