Tafseer of Surah Al-Ikhlas

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Names of the sutras primarily they come from the Sahaba and Tabby rune, and a few of them are very few of them. Our Prophet sallallahu wasallam, named the majority of the sutras he did not name actually, and rather the Sahaba named it as a marker. They named it as Oh, this is that sutra and that surah and therefore the names of the sutras are not divinely revealed, the names of the sutras are a matter of he had that our early scholars they thought about and they gave. And that's why it is very common to have multiple names for the sutras of the Koran. If you look up any book of classical to see if you look up October, for example, or even even Kathy and Souter Barker, he will

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say, has 17 names. So everyone has so many names, and he'll mention one name after another, the fact that these suitors have so many names, it indicates what did the Sahaba think about the sewers. And what did the earliest callers understand from the sewers? Now, if somebody were to say, Okay, if a law did not reveal these names, and later scholars derive them, why can't I derive a name for a surah? Why would what would be wrong if I were to look a pseudo class and rename it something else? And we say to this person, look, you don't reinvent the wheel? Technically, it's not how long if you were to name the suit or something in your mind, but the minute you name those who do something

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else, somebody will say which Sora is that? You will say, Oh, it's sort of a class. So what's the purpose of doing it then? Right? So technically, it's not from Allah, which are the names of the suitors. But once it's been done, and the Sahaba antipyrine did it and now we have this legacy and everybody knows surah, Baqarah, surah, Baqarah surah Yaseen as surah Yaseen, there are other names found in the classical tradition, what's the point of is just for knowledge sake, that we know. There's no point in reinventing if you'd like the wheel, and let it be so sort of a class we understand the oneness of Allah suited to hate, we also understand what is the hate, so that the

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summit we also understand, and that is the only time the word of summit occurs in the Quran. This surah is an early MKI surah. And it was revealed because of one or two small questions or incidents that occurred in early mcca, and this is called a suburban newsroom, as you know, of these incidents is that's one of the kurush said that, who is this Lord of yours that you're asking us to worship? Give us his lineage? Who is he the father of who is he the child of because as you know, the Quran assigned a lot to be able to build out the village, the father of the angels, right? Do you know this right? That they considered the angels to be the bonacci or the doctors of Allah? And they

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said, Okay, so the the obey lead, this is their version of theology, and they had their own lineage. It is also said, one of the chieftains of nejc came. And when he heard that the Prophet system has a new religion, he said, Who is this Lord of yours? Is he made from Russia, from food? Is he made from the house from copper? Tell us so that I know because the idols I worship, I know what I make them from? I make them from copper, I make them from wood, I make them from Iran. Who is this Lord of yours? Tell us what is he about? So when these two incidents occurred? Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed soon at that class to answer these questions about who is Allah subhanho wa Taala. And by

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the way, it's very interesting very, are one of our scholars remarks, that if you look at the suitors of the Quran, Allah azza wa jal has clearly placed the love of two particular suitors in the hearts of every single Muslim that they recite these two sutras almost in every single salah and that is sort of the class and Surah teleco third, right Mashallah diabolical law. Of course, the reasons that they recite them, we know why they recite them right? But even in this there is wisdom, that out of the whole or on the average Muslim who is just struggling to pray, what not which suitor they typically choose in not in agriculture, Cold War, lava head, and each one of them deals with

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one of the fundamental pillars of our faith. So that is laws deals with La ilaha illa Allah so little Kota deals with Muhammad Rasulullah and each one of them is its own perfection. ensuited is lost. They said, Allah has a child and alone negated it and so the closer they said, the processor cannot have a child and Allah subhana wa tada negated and said that no, he is the best of all creation in the shanika who will update in each one of them. They tried to make tacos they try to make to denigrate the status of a law and the status of the Prophet system via the issue of a child. They ascribe a child to Allah

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Allah said no, that is not Allah zoa. Jen, they denied a child to the Prophet system. And Allah said Your macom is better than just being a father in the shanika, who will absorb so these two suitors are, in fact complimentary in their theme and their motifs and their size. All of these entities one of the reasons why some of our scholars mentioned that allows origin has given an especial a boon for these two suitors. Now, the suitor Of course, was also very blessed surah. In Sahib, Bahati, we learned that famous narration that a particular Sahabi would always resize with a clause in every single record. And after he recited factor, how he would then recite a class and then move on to the

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longer surah. And I joke here that unfortunately, we stopped at a class whenever we move on to the longer surah. We also recite a clause in every single regard, but we stopped at a clause as for the Sahabi, he would recite a class between Fatiha and the longer surah. And the people got irritated. And they said, Why are you doing this? And he didn't want to tell them, they complained to the profits of the law. Why do you sell him? He said, Go back and ask him, why is he doing this? I tell him that I want to know, so the man said, the tasi for ramen will help one across effetto because the surah it describes a raha man, and I love to read the descriptions of a man. So the prophets or

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somebody heard, he said, go back and tell him his hope of this surah has caused him to enter Jannah and another version, his book of this sutra has called a lot to love him. So he loved skeletal floss, and because of that he entered Gen. Now again, I send my joke here, we also love sort of that class, but not for the same reasons as he did our love for certain classes because it is so small, his love for sort of a class was because of his profound meanings. And that's why we need to understand the meanings of pseudo floss. Also, we have in the famous narration also say Bahati that a man heard his neighbor recite inserted a floss many times at night. So he went and he informed the

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Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, as if he was going to call as if he was saying, Oh, my God, my neighbor only recited sort of a class and he wanted him to recite Bukhara, or something like, you know, he only recited a class and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said will lie in the

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Koran I swear by Allah suited a clause is equivalent to one third of the Koran it's not a trivial matter that you think he did something small, he kept on reciting because he loved the surah and it is equivalent to one third of the Quran and the Hadith in Sahih Muslim that the Prophet system asked the Sahaba who amongst you can recite one third of the Quran at night? They said you had a pseudo law who amongst us 10 Jews a night out every night who can do that. So he said let me tell you have a surah in the highlights do sudo teleport it is equivalent to it is equivalent to our scholars will talk about what they any religious mentioned it here What does he mean equivalent to obviously

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equivalent does not mean that one third of the Quran is exactly a clause because if you recite your floss three times, you don't get the full Koran. It doesn't mean that equivalent here is that the whole one third you cut and paste no equivalent either in Baraka equivalent either in the meanings because the whole Koran is about tauheed and rissalah and the profits in the Acura so to heat is one third of the haoran so equivalent in Baraka or equivalent in profundity or equivalent in benefit, but not equivalent means the whole or on one third equals a philos no because Fatiha is its own it loses its own. But the point is to emphasize small surah yet so much blessing. So in this we learn

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at least two blessings of suited a class number one loving suited airfloss causes a lotta love you causes you to enter agenda number two suta teleclass is equivalent to one third of the Quran in his Baraka and its blessings. That is why our Prophet Sall Allahu Allah, he was seldom would throughout his day have specific times that he would make it sooner to recite a floss for example, in the total cost of fudger. He will always recite a clause and capital and in the two sentences of Muslim as well he will do the same and the Tucson has after tawaf as well This would be the same and in the rocket of witted as well, he would typically resize within a class, so sort of the class was recited

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by him in many different Salawat throughout the day. And that is also something that we should take up the total cost before the to the guys after Maghrib. During tawaf and the winter these are times that are profitable, Sam recited to themselves philosophy. With that long intro, let's jump into the sutra and very briefly again, as always, time is against us. And as I always give the disclaimer, that these are always quick lectures, and if time permits, we can give a much more detailed and nuanced and, and go into a lot of detail about each word and each, you know, grammatical position and maybe for a later lecture, but for now, we only have a short time. All we already mentioned in

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one week came too soon it'll fall off and so that's enough. That whole here is the mechanism

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emphasis as well especially because they said Who is your Lord? So they wanted a response. So Allah saying this is the response. So call is always to emphasize that whatever is going to follow bolded italicized and pay attention to it. Whoo hoo Allahu Ahad, the who are here, again, it's a little bit advanced, what is the meaning of who are here, because you could have said, Who Allahu Ahad and you could have said,

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Allah who it is also permissible to say, and linguistically, but you have both the coal and the hook. And technically just to be simplistic, both of them are mechanisms to emphasize what is going to happen and again, this is something that English speakers we struggle with when we look at the Arabic or on because we have lost the mechanism to emphasize we don't use emphasis words anymore. If we want to emphasize we change the tone or if we're typing a text we put it in bold or italics or these days with the iPhone you have a fireworks going off when you type something that's emphasis right in classical Arabic there were a dozen mechanisms of how to emphasize to make something heard

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and to pay attention to and of these mechanisms in the Quran is one of them, of course is in can and have them as well is this Hua which is the technical term is lamido tion which is basically an emphasis that doesn't technically linguistically need to be there. But the who are here, it makes you pay attention. It makes you say what, what is going on here? Whoo hoo Allahu Ahad. Indeed he is a law, the one who is ahead. So both of these are emphases, another interpretation, the Who here is a response when they said, Who is your Lord? So then Allah saying this is who the Lord is, who are here is the response to their question, Who is your Lord, so then the who is the response that my

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lord is so and so so all who are Allahu Ahad? Now of course, the name of Allah we have, of course, it is the most I've given a lecture right here about the name of a law. And it is, of course, the primary name of a law, our Creator and it accrues over 3000 times in the Quran. And there are at least 10 opinions about the ecfr, or the the root word of this and the majority one, which is by far and also have been advised himself that this that the name a law comes from Lila The one who is worthy to be worshipped. So the meaning of this name is the one who has worthiness to be worshipped. And it is the most comprehensive name of a law because only the one who has all perfect attributes

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is worthy of worship. So when you say the name of Allah, you automatically imply he is a semi albasini alcovy Allah zsL Jabbar, he is the one who is urahara Haman medical produce, because He is Allah. So he is allowed this means all of the attributes belong to Him, that is why he is he worthy of worship. So Allah who is Allah, He is a head and a head is of course we all know what the meaning of it is, even the non Arabs that understand when Bella was being tortured. What did he say? I hadn't I had I hadn't I had, I had of course means one. But what is ahead versus why because why there's also the names of Allah and the Quran mentions who will want to do Luca how he is the

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warhead and he is the head, what is the difference between the two again a lot of interpretations the simple one that will mention for today, Allah head is the one who is one in his essence, and sorry one in his that one in his a being and a head is the one who is unique in his attributes and his names. So, the Y head he is one in being the head he is one in who he is in his attributes. So why hidden ahead they have similar meanings, even though I had is more specific than why head while head is broader, as well for the Arabs in the audience, and why they do feel that when I have a nephew or a two wire hidden lamb, I hadn't so what I had is for the bat and the I had this for the

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Navy and as the people who know Arabic language know that nafi is abluminal if but when it comes to praising so all who Allahu Ahad say He is Allah and that's why a lot of English translations translate ahead as unique, which is a semi valid translation had means there is none like unto him, he is one and there is none like unto him Paul who Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad, Allah is a summit and again, the fact that the name of Allah reoccurs because you could have said, Allah who Allahu Ahad and a summit like many names occur twice in the hold on a seminar and we'll see that it isn't a game. But to emphasize these two names, the name of Allah is mentioned before each of them. And this

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brings about an emphasis and this is the only time in the whole Koran that the name ahead and the name summit occurs. And so each one of them occurs after the name of Allah bellefleur gelada. Allah is an Allah is Samad. And if Allah had wanted to, he could have just said I had to summit as he did in so many other names and that would be legitimate, but the emphasis is not given the same way. When you

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Allah is the ahead. And Allah is the summit. Even in the English translation we understand these two names are being emphasized over here. What is the meaning of summit? You have three or four opinions. Some of them they sound a bit bizarre to our ears. But linguistically, they make sense of the classical opinions of a summit. And if you look at, for example, patata, he said this in

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a summit, he said, The being that has no inner vacuum, there's nothing inside of this being. And this the reason why a summit is used is one that chieftain of nejc came and he said, is your Lord made out of copper? Is your Lord made out of wood? What is this idol? So a summit? No, there is nothing inside there is nothing there is no entity, there is no creation that you are worshiping. That's one interpretation. Another interpretation of summit is the one who does not eat or drink. Another interpretation of summit is the one who has perfected all aspects of leadership. And the final and really the correct interpretation. All of these are valid, but there's a stronger one, and

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that a summit is the one whom the hearts turn to your smile to whom the hearts turn to at times of distress. And this is the the precise meaning of a summit. The summit is the one when you're worried. When you are in a severe situation. When you see death or drowning or sickness, when your loved ones are about to die, what happens. Even the Kaffir discovers a lot at that time. Even the atheist, the Motorhead at that point in time says, oh god save me. This is the summit, the summit, the one you turn to, when all avenues are cut off, your heart automatically turns to Allah now the one whom you turn to is all perfect. So he will not eat or drink there is no internal organs. That's

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that's what they said no internal organs. This is correct, because the one you turn to is not mahalo, he is Holic. So the technical meaning of a summit, the one whom the hearts turn to at times of distress. Now, I had an Samad I gave a lecture, many months ago, actually, before I came when I was still gonna be coming back and forth from from Memphis. If you remember those of you that attended, we talked very briefly about the names of a lot and the categories of the names and Sharla. Maybe one day I'll give a longer lecture, but of the categories of the names of Allah is a genre of names, where each of the two names it occurs together in the Koran, and each one indicates

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a perfection, the first of them the internal perfection of a law, the second the perfection of a love between him and the mahalo court. So the relationship of Allah and the mahoto is a second name and a lot in himself is the first name for example. Hey, Alka Yoon is the most common example and he goes back to Allah His life is perfect. I'll call you Allah, his relationship with the mahalo he sustains the mahalo court. Another example is a Lani al Karim. Allah is no honey he needs no one. Allah is Al carrion, everyone needs him. You understand? Did you understand this point that there are many examples in the Quran of two names of a lot that occurred together. The first of these two

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names, it goes back to the perfection of a lot directly the second of these two names, it goes back to the perfection of the relationship between Allah with them. And there are as we said, many examples, the most famous one is inhaled perfume, and also a honey will carry. This is another example I had a summit and I had Allah is perfect in his own that Allah is unique in his own sifat A Samad the whole mahalo cart have to go back to Allah. That's the creator the relationship of the mahalo with the Hadith that is a summit. So for who Allahu Ahad Allahu Samad Lem he added while amulet now some of the Cara they have Lambie added and then a verse and then samulet another verse

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so we have sort of that EClass to be four, four is Paulo Allahu Allahu Samad limited with a muted while amico lacuna had right in the karate of some of the other

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scholars of karate as all of you should know there are 10 with a water kettle either recited to this day and the advanced students study them. And in once upon a time there were even more just like the mme. And once upon a time each region has its own Cara just like the mme, each region has its own. And these characters are only studied in advanced universities now and sometimes you have your bosses right? Sometimes you go into these credit hours and something sounds different. These are the pillar art and they are interesting for advanced students and for tipsy and the carrot have many differences. They go back obviously to early Islam, and they also have different endings as well.

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And this is a more advanced topic word the attendings come from, once again the Sahaba they would listen to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Wherever he stopped, they would make an ayah but sometimes, as you know, even the kadhi when he's reciting sometimes, too

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If you're done, and sometimes the stop is done in the middle, so sometimes we have the same I have the Quran in one camera it is one ayah and another Quran goes into two ayat. So in the parable of the people of Makkah, and of the people of Syria, in fact we have kulu Allahu Ahad Ayah Allahu Samad Ayah Lem yellow yet it is, what am I? Well Am I right? So that's five and in our house and awesome. Our camera by the way is Kufa is from Kufa our girls from the coop and once upon a time it was with the people of Kufa recited and Allah will the dis cufon Clara become the global Corolla that 90% of the world recites so in our characters for juice you just FYI for information sake, so put a whole

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lot last summer lemonade what am you that this is of course a negation of the questions that the orange and others said Who is this Lord that you are worshiping in sleep pool and I give him give us his nessa who are his ancestors who are his children, so Allah negates Lem yell it while I'm muted and we all understand this lemmya late he does not have any children. Allah says in the Quran and kulula Who woulda done wollam choccolocco Sahaba How can he have a child when there is no companion that he can have? Allah xojo is unique. In order to have a child you need to there is no second of Allah. There is no companion of Allah. And you're gonna know who what what am takala whoa Sahaba

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you're talking about a child there's not even a second there's not even a companion it doesn't exist because he is a head limb yet it and of course we know in the Quran, what are the DA DA DA DA DA DA DA DA call the G tomb Shea and eat the Taka to somehow to get a photon. I mean, who what unshockable Aldo was the hero who had and shoulder Rahmani whether the woman a young belt a little rukmani. And yet

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they said Allah has a Rahman has a child, they have brought forth a monstrosity. It does. It is a blatant lie. That should cause our blood to curl it does is the most blatant and the most insulting life they have brought forth this monstrosity. The heavens themselves are about to crumble. The mountains are going to collapse. How dare they ascribe a child to a law that they have said that Allah azza wa jal has a child, one young man, it is not befitting the jalon of Allah that He has a child and in kulu, Memphis abajo, the latter many abda everyone in the heavens and earth, they come to Allah as a Maha Luke as a creative object that worships Allah. Allah is ahead. Let me read he

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does not have a child. What am oulad and neither was he born of another he is the one and they are here. He is the one that has no beginning least a couple of O'Shea and no ending laser by the OSHA. He is the first and the last let me get it one a mula while Amir cola who Khufu 100 and once again, again we all intercede, you know you always have to bring in Arabic because Arabic grammar and word because obviously the language of the Quran is Arabic. So all we always sometimes we have to say things that indicate a little bit of what is called Bulava and narrow and soft all of these things because that's how you interpret the Quran. So while I'm here called Lahore, Khufu and ahead,

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technically speaking here, what am yakun a hidden cough and laahu This is how a normal sentence would occur in most other texts, if we were just have a text like this the standard way, way ahead of Allah who and there is no one that is similar unto him, but in the Koran the word order is reversed reversed, and anytime there is a change in order in the norm. It's for a reason obviously, right is for a reason of eloquence, and of course the reason here, so, you understand obviously, what am your caller who coupon ahead that I had here is actually the subject and a lot puts the subject at the end and the coupon ahead is of course, the what should come at the end and he puts it

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in the front Why? Because what is being emphasized is not the subject here, but rather that there is none like the subject. So the emphasis Khufu one ad is being put in the beginning, what am your coloca one ahead, right. So the the fact that there is none that is similar to Allah, there is none similar unto him. So what is being negated is put at the beginning because that's the point of the verse, there is none goof is to be equivalent to cough is to be similar to and so Allah is saying, There is none that is even similar unto Him. And of course negation implies as you know, when you negate, this is the Height of Perfection when it comes to negating any evil or whatnot in the Arabic

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language you have is better nephew. And when you have nephew, when you have the negation, this implies the perfection of the opposite. When you say there is none similar unto him. This

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goes back to the name of Allah Allah had he is unique and perfect. So the name ahead and let me include one I had our exact opposites but they're saying the same thing. The first is affirmation ahead and the second is negation. There is nothing similar to him and the affirmation and negation when they come together. That is the perfection like in our Kadima, La ilaha illAllah, we are negating Illa then we are affirming Allah the negation and affirmation come together is perfection so that that last demonstrates this well I'm your hula hoop Khufu and ahead and this is our short series of sort of the philosophy and the takeaway point. This surah explains to us who is Allah

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subhana wa Tada. It will cause us to understand Allah has named ahead Allah is names of some of the eternal nature of Allah subhanho wa Taala it will cause us to appreciate a lot and then to worship Allah because the meaning of a Samad, the one whom we turn to for our needs, and it is a surah that is blessing so much so that it is equivalent to one third of the Quran in blessing. May Allah subhana wa tada cause us to love the sutra so that our love for the sutra can cause us to enter agenda and will continue tomorrow shoulder Xochimilco Santa Monica.

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Law is

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in effect