Seerah – 57 The Battle of Khandaq Ahzab P1

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi


File Size: 34.44MB

Share Page

Episode Notes

Shaykh Yasir Qadhi moves on to lay emphasis on the next major battle that was fought which is the battle of Khandaq or Battle of Ahzab that took place in the year 5H in Shawwal.

What propelled the battle? It basically started off with an instigation of the tribe of Banu Nadheer. They wanted to avenge the humiliation they had received of being expelled from their lands because of their attempt to assassinate the Prophet ﷺ. So this resulted in the,m joining hands with the Gatafaan and Quraysh after solid tactics of convincing and offering returns in exchange for this support.

Abu Sufyan was the one who led the battle of Khandaq under who were 10,000 men whereas the Madinah Muslims were only 2500 in number. The Prophet ﷺ began contemplating on the ways in which to approach this battle and sought help from the sahabas as was the norm before every major of them – Salman al Farsi suggested that they should begin building  a trench.

Henceforth, the Prophet ﷺ commanded for the trench to be built.10 people were assigned to build each portion of the trench which was approximately 2 km long, 13 ft wide and 7-9 km in depth. Next, was the issue of the women, the elderly and the children and the Prophet ﷺ commanded for them to be sent to Al Fari, which was the fortress of the Banu Harithah. Only one young man made it to this fortress – Hassan ibn Thabit. Why was he not made a part of the army despite being able enough to fight? Listen intently to fully fathom the reason. A brief biography of Hassan Ibn Thabit RA is also shared so as to understand his unwillingness to fight or hold a sword.

Building a trench isolated the Prophet ﷺ and his fleet of sahabas from the outside world and this also resulted in a shortage of food supplies. They had built this trench as a mere stalling tactic to avert the opposition and fully relied on Allah’s help which they firmly believed would be theirs soon. And that is exactly what happened as we shall see in the next lecture. Do not miss it.


WARNING!!! AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. Therefore, no part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

AI Generated Summary ©

The speaker discusses various legends and legends of legends, including the Islam story of the fortress and the story of the fortress. They emphasize the importance of finding opportunities for the Omar and the Omar's actions and actions, including his actions and actions. The speakers also mention upcoming events and discuss rubber rubber, a brief advertisement for a law-related event, and a discussion about a tenement event. They stress the importance of knowing the rules and false accusations during meetings and the need to be cautious with false accusations.

AI Generated Transcript ©

00:00:19--> 00:01:03

Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi maberry. Today hamdulillah. We're going to begin the next segment of the sutra. And that is the very famous battle the Battle of the Battle of conda is also called the Battle of zap. And of course conduct we all know this basic series of 100 means the trench, and Azov means various groups gathered together. Typically it's translated in English as the Confederates, but his is a group and a HAZOP is the groups. So a heads up is the various groups and generally speaking English theatre authors translates as the Confederate armies, meaning the armies of different

00:01:03--> 00:01:41

tribes. This is the meaning of that is not just one tribe, it is multiple tribes. Now the Battle of hundreds when did it occur? As with many incidents of the CFO, once again, there are a number of opinions. And in fact, this time, the opinion is quite serious because we have people that are very famous on both sides of the equation. So just a little bit of a detail more than usual. Otherwise, they try to gloss over stuff. Because again, in the end of the day, frankly, there's very little practical important suppose that happened this year that year. It's not much difference in terms of, you know, benefits we derive, but nonetheless, for the sake of historical accuracy, which is the

00:01:41--> 00:01:55

Battle of Azov occur there's two main opinions the first opinion fourth show world fourth ah after show well, right, the month of show while in the fourth year of the hedgerow now, this means how many years afterward

00:02:00--> 00:02:02

when did auto take place?

00:02:06--> 00:02:06

take place

00:02:08--> 00:02:09

second year

00:02:10--> 00:02:11

wanted better take place.

00:02:15--> 00:02:19

We're all getting confused. We're all getting confused. One did better take place.

00:02:23--> 00:02:27

The second second year, you're getting confused. This is basic Sierra quiz.

00:02:28--> 00:03:08

Brother take place second or third takes place third. How can you guys be you said okay, but it takes a second Now guys, remember there is no zero in the Sierra. I think this where you got confused. There's no 01 the month the processes have migrated. That is the first that is the first there is no zero time doesn't have zero. The first year of the calendar is the first year but it takes place basically at the beginning of the next year, which is the second year, auto takes place the third year. So if it is the fourth year This means the next year 100 took place now. What is the evidence that people say took place in the fourth year? The evidence is a very explicit Hadith in

00:03:08--> 00:03:33

Bukhari. This is why we have some big giants holding this opinion. very explicit Hadith in Bahati first person account had been Omar, the famous son of invertebrate hop, Abdullah Omar said, on the day of hood, I was 14 years old. And I stood in ranks in offered wanting to be accepted. And the Prophet says, Adam, what did you do on the 14 year olds?

00:03:35--> 00:03:43

rejected? Right? And on the day of hunda I was 15 fatawa Wasn't he he let me go by.

00:03:45--> 00:04:26

Okay, so this headed it's as authentic as the sun is inside Bahati. It is basically first person narration and he's saying I was 14 at a third. That's why I was rejected. And then at 15 I was accepted. So if a third was third year, which we all agree that's basically one of the bottles there's no if that if but then an offer there's no if the law by the way, right. So if we say that took place third year, then obviously simple math inamoto saying I was 13 Sorry, I was 14 when I turned 15 conduct took place so then automatically by default that becomes one of the fourth year okay. who held this position? Major giants. emammal body is at the forefront here. Obviously, he's

00:04:26--> 00:05:00

the one narrating the heavy, right? And one of the most famous authors of the Seattle one of the most famous people of this era. His book no longer exists. This is image you have azuri image you have azuri Mr. manoli. Eben hasn't the famous scholar from Spain if it hasn't, he says there can be no doubt that handoff took place in the fourth year of digital cinema because there cannot be any doubt it's crystal clear. It'd be almost narrating the first person how can you doubt that it took place in the fourth year of the hijra. However, we all know there's no none of you many

00:05:00--> 00:05:36

Many of you have never heard of this opinion that it's the fourth year. We all know that it took place in the fifth year. That's what we've been taught. Right. That we took we have been studied that is taking place in the fifth year. Where did this opinion come from? This is the opinion of pretty much all of the famous authors of this era, starting from m&s How to even a sham to a property to Assam hoody. We haven't discussed him, but he's a medieval scholar of Egypt, who's a specialist in sera imminent Iam, who is one of the greatest Specialists of Sierra he's written many treatises that I mean, not independent, but within his books about the Sierra, basically, anybody

00:05:36--> 00:06:02

who is basically famous amongst the scholars of Ceylon, the specialists of Syrah, they pretty much all agree it took place in chawan of 51 or two, by the way, and waka de and inside they said a little card of the 50. But still they said 50 year at that difference is a bit more trivial two months, but fifth year. Now, where does their evidence from, they say piecing together the whole syrup,

00:06:03--> 00:06:06

you can see I haven't fully recovered from

00:06:09--> 00:06:17

piecing together the whole syrup, it doesn't make sense to place conduct in the fourth year, it wouldn't fit.

00:06:18--> 00:07:01

This is their point. So they're using a little bit of rationality against an explicit a thought or an explicit statement of intent. Right. So people like a mammal Bahati an image and Missouri, they really want to stick with the statement as close as possible, but almost at 1415 we add one year, but others are more willing to try to see if we can find a meaning make sense of this. How can it be and they say that in the fourth year? This was the second promise of awkward remember at the end of what had what happened they said we're gonna meet again, right? This is called but that is sort of the the promise of Ohio right? How then could handoff have taken place. And they also mentioned side

00:07:01--> 00:07:31

they've been wired. Now one of the key factors side they've been wise by unanimous consensus side dies right after handled by unanimous consensus, right? And the death of side basically is marked to the fifth year. Right? So piecing together all these other things they say it must have been the fifth year okay? What do we do to Eben Omar's narration 14 to 15. What do we do? Are they healthy says maybe he had just turned 14. And then in a handout, he was right at the end of

00:07:33--> 00:08:17

1515 at the 100 right at the end of 15. Right now, nice attempt. But frankly, that's two full years. So it doesn't quite make perfect sense. But to salvage this, we say who kept track of birthdays back then anyway, who kept track of birthdays? And because for a while of three, two out of five is two full years. So technically your birthday cannot be, you know, on both of those days that you were 14 and 15. That's really not possible. You are there 14 and 16. Or, you know, you get my point here. Still, I couldn't I mean, the point is roughly who kept track of birthdays, they were not that precise. So this is a valid point that okay, he was early 13, or sorry, early 14, and then basically

00:08:17--> 00:08:34

late 15, maybe even turned 16. But the point is he's just trying to say that it was so close apart and of the process of letting me participate in the Battle of in the Battle of fandom and so insha Allah the correct opinion, with the Battle of the 100 took place in the fifth year of the Hydra

00:08:35--> 00:09:01

in the month of chawan. Now, what was the battle? How did it start? What was the reason of this battle? The reason of this battle was an instigation by the tribe of who did the tribe who did the tribal who did had been expelled, if you remember, right, they had been expelled after almost a showdown, remember, after what did they do remember, what did they try to do?

00:09:02--> 00:09:33

They tried to assassinate the processor. And in addition, we said they had done other things as well. But the real thing that was the final, you know, end of it was a blatant attempt by their leaders. They agreed the three four of their leaders to throw that rock onto the Prophet so I sent him when he was sitting at their fortress and you know, the fortress, the point of a fortress you had you have access on top. So they said and they must have had just like the, you know, we see in the movies and whatnot, they have those big boulders, they have all of this ready to be thrown onto the enemy. So they said this is your opportunity. Let's roll the boulder and throw it down on him.

00:09:33--> 00:09:39

helaas End of story, right? So this is when they were expelled. Now, what was the condition of expulsion who remembers?

00:09:41--> 00:09:59

Leave your weapons leave all your property, but you may take what your camels can carry. Right and that's why they took their doors even the whatever your camels can carry, you can take Where did they go? Hi, Eva. Where is Claiborne fuel drive? It's less than two hours away. Hi, Buddhism.

00:10:00--> 00:10:40

vicinity. Right? neighbor is not the other side of the world, driving from klaver timidity is around two hours. It's not that it's not that far away. So the balloons are still hoping to get their land back. And the end of the day land is worth a lot more than the doors that they carried from their capitals, right? They had a lot of wealth, they had acres and acres of land, they had entire plains of date fields. This is worth, you know, literally multi millions of dollars. And what they took was worth 10s of 1000s. They're there. They've impoverished now. So they're greedy to get their land back. So what did they do? They sent an official delegation to Makkah,

00:10:41--> 00:11:26

the tribe of Bernal did sent an official delegation to Makkah with all of their seniors, this is a high level delegation. And the names are given in the book. So sudo, we've only come across some of those names Salaam, even for even after who is the father of Sophia, she's the one who the process eventually marries her father is one of the leaders of the tribe, and all of the other names are mentioned. And they send an official delegation composed of all of the nobleman to go to the kurush. And they ask them that let's cooperate together, the kurush and the Bernoulli, with the Voodoo flavor as well, let's all cooperate together and simultaneously attack the Prophet sallallahu alayhi

00:11:26--> 00:12:09

wa sallam, and they said, We will give you as much money as you need. Now they had the wealth of the people of clay, but right the people of clay but also want to help them out, because they're obviously the same kith and kin are the same. any religion, they said we want to help you out. And they also have the support of the Quran. Because the Quran is very severely impacted for the last four years, because of the trade route to Syria having been almost destroyed, basically, in essence, it has been destroyed. So now the Quraysh what was the relationship with the hood, the kurush was somewhat fearful of them. And they had a big inferiority complex, the kurush they felt that this

00:12:09--> 00:12:10

group were

00:12:11--> 00:12:14

worthy to be feared of Why? Well, number one,

00:12:15--> 00:12:53

they were the the who'd always acted in a manner that they were superior. And this rub down on the courage, the courage felt that they know who their superior, they literally felt it. Why did they feel it? Because these people have a culture have a civilization. They have a book, every one of them reads, remember the culture illiterate, right? Every one of them reads they have a book they claim is from God. And everybody knows that they have civilized they had an ancient civilization, they have people all over the world. This is a very different culture than the harsh. So the harsh felt a type of complex, and they never really fully trusted them. But they did have this secret

00:12:53--> 00:13:20

admiration at the same time. And so Abu sufian says, and he's astonished that the horatia reaching out the who they're reaching out to them. Abu sufian says, tell me, you're coming to us to fight against Mohammed. So let's tell him and he says no doubt. Anyone who fights against him is a friend of ours, but so abusive and is confused, how can you come to us? Whose religion is closer to your religion?

00:13:21--> 00:13:25

Our religion or his religion? See, because the horatia confused.

00:13:26--> 00:14:08

From their perspective, it seems that the hood and the Muslims are very similar. And really they are, we are, I mean, frankly, there is no religion in the world that is closer to Islam than Judaism, in theology, and in laws, the halacha and the Sharia are two sides of the same coin. halacha is literally their term, their term for *tier. And halacha, literally means the way and shehryar literally means the way they call their laws. And we call it Shetty. And hahaha means the way and if you compare anything from tahara, to alternative food and drink to Libous, everything is like 80% is almost the same. It's amazing. Right? And I mean, I have a footnote here, how did this

00:14:08--> 00:14:38

similarity take place? The process of never studied the laws of the ancient yahood, right? All of these detailed laws down to the mind you shade? It is almost exactly the same? How? Because of course it comes from the same source comes from the same source. Otherwise it's impossible to explain that the sharp or the similarity. So from the perspective of the whorish Why are you coming to us? Aren't you guys basically so they said who is more rightly guided? Who is closer to you who is closer to the truth? And they said

00:14:40--> 00:15:00

you are the ones who are more rightly guided than the Muslims and you are closer to the truth then the Muslims are then Mohammed they didn't say Muslim like this. Mohammed was Abu Mohammed saw some his companions right? At this Allah subhana wa tada expose their plot in the Quran. And he quoted them directly

00:15:00--> 00:15:15

We recite these verses to this day so that then this verse 50, sort of 10 is at verse 15. And I'm Tara either Latina Yes. Ramona nomoto nasi Berman Akita. Don't you look at those people, they think they have been given a portion of the book

00:15:16--> 00:16:05

leopoldina cafaro and yet they say to those who have disbelieved how Allah, Amina La Nina Aminu, Sabina, they say to the crush these people you are more rightly guided than the believers in your path. So Allah subhanho wa Taala quoted them and expose their their plan that the there has been a collaboration between the balloon lead and between the Porsche. So after they convinced the horatian, the Porsche willingly agreed, the who then sent a delegation to the tribe have lots of fun up north. So they go to the chorus down south, and then they send a delegation of north to autofac. And got a fan was the largest tribe up north. And the chorus is the most prestigious and the most

00:16:05--> 00:16:29

well armed and the most connected tribe down south. The two immediate tribes that can come down and come up to Medina, right. And Allah says in the Quran is the general common folk woman as for the miracle, some have said that this translates as when they came to from above and from below, some have said from North a lot of fan and from South Dakota, right? In the joke women felt like

00:16:30--> 00:16:33

this, we're gonna get to these verses, I'm jumping the gun, but the point being

00:16:35--> 00:17:13

they sent a delegation to a bottle fan. And the auto fan, they don't really have that big of a vested interest. Sure, they've been irritated a bit. But it's not as if they're depending on the trade route, you see or rush. The trade route was their Lifeline, it was their blood. If they don't have the trade route, they cannot exist. Right. As for the auto fan, no doubt they benefited, but they don't have the lifeline of the caravans. That's the whole point of the coalition letter, she thought it was safe. Only that tribe needed it. So they'll have to find it convincing. They're ambivalent. They don't, they're not ruling it out. But they need to be convinced. So they offered

00:17:13--> 00:17:34

them The only thing they know how to offer wealth. When they said we will pay you half of the produce of hiber for one year. That's a fortune. Half of the produce of labor for one year for this one battle. Basically, they hired mercenaries.

00:17:35--> 00:18:17

Basically, they bribe them to come and attack. Now the hotter found, were a Bedouin tribes out of all of the tribes, they were known to be the most wild, really, I mean, the most uncouth, and also the most barbaric, right. So this is actually a win win for them, they get the money. And the who did once a wild tribe it once in a very uncouth tribe. And once somebody like this without any morals and whatnot, right, of course, this would flip against them, because the first tribe to flee was also the healthified. But again, you get the point here, when you have people like this, you know, they're not fighting for a cause they're hired mercenaries, right? These are people, they just

00:18:17--> 00:18:57

want your money, and they have no genuine interest either other than the money. So half of the wealth of labor for one year has been promised to them. And so the auto fan got on board as well, when the auto fan and Porsche both agreed. Now the courage sent out delegations to the smaller tribes that were affected by the trade route. And these were the name names are mentioned here. I mean, the Buddha said the name w murrah the SGR Wk Nana, each one, they're asking them for help for method. And each one of them is doing something, either they send them weapons, or they send them, you know, 1520 or 100 people, or they send them this was very common, they would send their slaves,

00:18:57--> 00:19:36

because again, this is what the way the way the world works back, then we're not going to go take our 50 slaves is gonna take them, right. And so the point is, every one of these tribes is helping in arms, and weapons and armor, in horses, whatever is convenient, whatever it is, and all of these tribes, their main interest is the caravan other than the auto fan, they're getting the the the mercenary hired by the by the bundle normally. Now, this really was a win win situation for all of these groups, at least. So it appeared for all of these groups. It's a win win situation. For the chorus, it's literally an offer coming out of nowhere, falls down right into their lap. They're

00:19:36--> 00:19:40

looking for a way to get back to the Profit System. And

00:19:41--> 00:20:00

it was not a victory the year after I heard the second butter turned out to be you know, they gave an excuse they weren't able to go they themselves are worried about another confrontation. They have seen the bravery. They have seen the the the fearlessness of the Muslims and they don't want to meet them again. They're not qualified just by this

00:20:00--> 00:20:11

themselves to meet them again. So out of nowhere, the balloon idea comes and they say hello us. Now when the balloon idea comes on board By the way, not only will money come very important food,

00:20:13--> 00:20:43

the whorish are not farmers, the courage do not have access to much food, the balloon oleonard hypo, and dates are like a manna from heaven for the Arabs at that time, right? You can just pack it and take it in the desert and it'll last for the longest time and then you can subsist for many days off of dates, right? So they will get lots of supplies for future events as well. That's the whole point here is a win win situation. As for the bundle, do they realize that they don't have the manpower to fight

00:20:44--> 00:20:53

alone? And they are not as skilled in the arts of war? What were the bundle did in the bundle? pyrochlore. And what how was what was their main tactic?

00:20:54--> 00:20:58

fortress fortress, the main tactic was defense.

00:21:00--> 00:21:24

You can't attack us because we had an fortress and the story. What are you going to do? The fortress is thicker than yours is? How long do we have all the dates we need? We have all the burden of the their main defense mechanism was impenetrable, right. And that was the concept of just having a portrait as a lesson recorded this last time with one new unknown many actual home persona who mean a lot. They thought that their fortresses could protect them against a lot.

00:21:25--> 00:21:42

They thought their fortresses could protect them against a lesser panel with data, they don't have any fortresses, it's all been conquered. So they're not going to fight by themselves. And of course, Allah subhanaw taala mentions in the Quran about them, and their ilk booty but Allah He Mozilla to

00:21:44--> 00:22:32

wherever they are, wherever they go, they are in humiliation. wherever they go, they are despised. Right? Why? How so Illa they have blimmin Allah He will happily minuteness except if they get some. Now haben Yanni literally it means the rope, right. But the meaning here is tons of protection or metagenic, some type of protection, unless Allah azzawajal gives them some help from his brother, or other people help them out. They cannot stand independently, they always have to get the help of others. And this is the reality as really, history itself has demonstrated. So the balloon, the balloon or the the restart to the Porsche, and they got help from the Porsche. This is what the

00:22:32--> 00:23:09

reference is that they need this habit meanness, they need this help from the people, or else they cannot do anything. As for the other tribes, we explained that some of them they were affected by the trade, but primarily the auto fan, it was basically the the money that was promised. And also by the way skirmishes has started, we already talked about what happened. The bid Mona and all of these skirmishes have started between northern tribes and the kurush. And there's already tension is mounting. So no doubt they're thinking long term. And again, it's a win win situation might as well just get rid of this potential rising force once and for all. And there's no doubt that one of the

00:23:09--> 00:23:32

combining factors was hatred of this new religion, right? just sheer hatred. This is a new religion. It's something not our forefathers, we don't want anything to do with this. So these are all of the reasons for the Battle of thunder. Now, I will say and of course, took charge because again, he is the senior most military commander and one of the senior noblemen.

00:23:34--> 00:24:16

There were other nobles that were alive that were of a similar prestigious lucianne. But it was soufiane was the most potent warrior. He was the most the fighter amongst them. So he is put in charge of the entire hand up just as he was put in charge of boyhood two years before this. And even his half mentions an estimate that there are around 10,000 men, and this is the number that is put in the books of Sierra, obviously, nobody took statistics, obviously nobody's doing their own journals or whatnot. But you get the point that they were, you know, quadruple or triple or quadruple the quantity of Muslims, right? All of the people of Medina could not have been more than

00:24:16--> 00:24:44

2500 men, they could not have been more than 2500 fighting men. And you have even if it's quadruple even, it was seven 8000 there's simply you know, no way that you're getting a lot of fine You're getting the chorus you're getting the bonus, you're getting all of these tribes, all of them are marching to Medina, this is a an unprecedented situation. And in fact, it is unprecedented in the history of the Arabs. Now, we also see another thing happening and that is

00:24:45--> 00:24:59

all of the Arabs are uniting under two banners, the banner of Islam and the banner of Kufa. Never before has this happened. Before this time. The Arabs have been a display

00:25:00--> 00:25:42

People, a tribal people, maximum two tribes will form a temporary Alliance to fight a third tribe maximum. Never before have 1015 tribes all come together never. And now we're having a showdown the likes of which Arabia has never seen. And this is showing us that things are changing at such a radical pace, that within 10 years of the process known as message, mission and message within 10 years or a little bit more than 10. Somehow, although we have probably around 15,000 people now fighting, you know, on both sides added together, and this is a showdown between Islam and gopher. And within five years after this, of course, the showdown will come to an end. Now, I will soufiane

00:25:42--> 00:26:22

basically told them to meet at a preconceived, basically agreed upon place. So the hottel fan came down, the courage came up the other tribes, they all came, and they met at a place which is mentioned in the books of Sierra. And of course, by this time, now, you cannot hide this type of numbers, right? You cannot hide these types of numbers. The news has reached the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and as usual, and this was his son add butter, and that are heard. And now we see that this is always his son. As usual, he convenes a gathering of all of the Sahaba in the masjid, and he tells them exactly the situation. And then he says, What do you think should be done? What do

00:26:22--> 00:27:06

you think should be done? Now the books of Sierra do not mention too many options given. And in my opinion, this is because until someone gave his option, this is because there wasn't much of an option to give, right? A lot of them. But what can you do 110 1000 people are attacking, you simply have to figure out where to fight and then fight, they really did not have much to say until finally as we all know, settlement and fantasy, Sandman and fantasy. And this was the first battle that he was able to participate in. It took a few years to free him you remember the story. As a matter of fact, we went over it in a lot of detail that at this time, he's already probably 70 years old. At

00:27:06--> 00:27:42

this time, he has lived a very long life, probably even 100. I mean, at this time, we don't know. Maybe some books that he died at the age of 120. And if that is true, then when this battle is taking place, then he's probably 100 years old, then, you know, so said minded fallacy. We know he went through a long life. He was first to Zoroastrian, and then he became a Christian. And then after one mark, and then a second and a third, and then a fourth monk. And then finally that and each time he's living 510 15 years with these monks, right? Until finally the last of these monks says, Go to the land of date pumps, because the Prophet is just about to come. And you will know him

00:27:42--> 00:27:48

because what are his signs? He remembers, number one, the seal on his back. Number two,

00:27:49--> 00:28:30

he won't eat charity, but he'll accept gifts. And then number three was the land of the day palms right. And Sandman made it wanted to make his way to haber because that's where date palms run by the way, haber was the number one producing dates of the entire region, more than Medina much more than Medina. Right HyperX was far larger than Medina. So even salmaan thought hiber. But then Allah wilty got taken as a slave and sent to Medina, even though he didn't attend Medina. And so eventually he came to the process and we all know the story. And he told him the whole story. And the process of showed him the seal and whatnot, when he told him and said man agreed with his master

00:28:30--> 00:28:31

to be

00:28:32--> 00:29:08

to be freed for a preposterous sum. Right and preposterous. Some of you can plant, I don't know, 100 or something, I forgot how much it was a lot of date palms and they grow to their full then are free, you know, it's going to take 15 years to go to their full, right. How are you going to do this? So Sandman came to the process and told them what happened, the process and said Call me when the season comes when it's time to plant call me. And the profitsystem himself went, and he laid every single seedling himself, all of the numbers that needed to be laid. He did it himself, right. And obviously when he does it, what do you think is gonna happen? And so within a few years,

00:29:08--> 00:29:52

basically, much expedited process Sandman and Farsi is free. So he was not able to participate it better than offered because he's asleep. Right now in hand up, he becomes free. And hands up was his first battle, he was able to participate. And he couldn't participate physically too much because this old, but we all know he gave them the plan. He said back in our hometown in Iran in Persia, back in our home, we have a tactic we used to do, and that is to dig a trench and basically use this as a means of protection against us and our enemy. And for the first time in Arabia, this idea was imported. Now by the way, this shows us a very important point. And that is Islam and this is

00:29:52--> 00:30:00

historically always the case is very open to new ideas. That when it comes to technology, innovation,

00:30:00--> 00:30:38

as positive, then when it comes to rituals integration is negative. When it comes to other ideas, right, this is not an Arab custom, they've never done it before, right? This is a custom of the Persians. But it's something that is useful and beneficial. And this really shows us the process of himself. And this is not the only example. There are so many examples, that something that is taking place in another culture, but it's nothing to do with the rituals or theology. You see, when it comes to al Qaeda. When it comes to rituals, when it comes to our worship of Allah subhana wa Tada. We don't care about how other people do it. That's that's we have ours the company to commodity. But

00:30:38--> 00:31:22

when it comes to living in this world, when it comes to technology, when it comes to anything to do with this dunya we benefit from all experiences, and we don't care about where it comes from as the price. Actually, there's a difference is this authentic hadith or not an hc metadata to movement? wisdom is the last item of the believer there's a controversy is it authentic or not. So we'll just say it's the same for sure of the Arabs of the site of heck metadata to movement, wisdom is the last item of the believer he picks it up wherever he finds it. Now, by the way, this incident is something about technology, even even knowledge that is related to this dunya and not about

00:31:22--> 00:31:48

technology, our processing and took it. For example, He said, I was about to prohibit you from Mozilla. And Rena means to have a child with your wife when she's feeding one child. So before the child is breastfed, finished, you have another child within the first two years, he said I was going to prevent you from doing this. But then I saw the Romans and Persians have children one after the other, and it doesn't harm them. So

00:31:49--> 00:32:26

go ahead and have children one after the other basically, right? Now, this is basically a topic of humanities or sociology or whatever, you know, anthropol, whatever you call it, right? And our processing, I looked at the other cultures and they don't have a problem. So go ahead and do it as well. And this clearly shows us psychology, history, whatever all of these sciences, you'll notice when I take them as long as it doesn't contradict our shediac By the way, even more the process of them even adopted cultural icons or cultural things not necessary for him to adopt simply because this was the norm of the known world. For example, the first time ever that he sent a letter to

00:32:26--> 00:32:39

heraclius they said to him, or messenger of a law, those emperors do not accept any message from another ruler, unless it has a sealed wax on it.

00:32:40--> 00:33:22

That's so that the ruler knows direct direct, no messenger has read it, this is the custom if you are a ruler, you are a leader, you are a leader, you need to have this. So our Prophet says Adam asked around how does this done so he they told him you need a special signature that is unique to you, nobody else can imitate it, right. So that was when he ordered a ring to be made. And on it, it was written Muhammad on the bottom line rasuna on the second line and a lot on the top line, right. And this was done to give respect to Allah even in writing that the name of Allah is the highest or Kadima to law here earlier to give respect to the name of Allah. So he took the ring Mohammed

00:33:22--> 00:33:58

Rasulullah made out of silver and he would use this ring every time he sent a letter, put it in wax and then put it in there. Now this shows us a very important point. And will I this is cello, none of you in this room. But what like we have this attitude very prevalent in the oma Oh, this is the the the system of the kuffaar we cannot do it. It is the way of the disbeliever. And it did our Prophet system say I don't care what the profile do. This is the way I'm going to do things. There's a system The world is operating by the system. Because everything has to have wax and seal the letter No. Did a lot prohibited know if that's the way the world is working. So be it We also work

00:33:58--> 00:34:21

that way. Right? And this clearly shows us the open mindedness anyway, that was a complete tangent, I don't know completely unprepared wasn't fine. But the point being no problem taking from the cultures, the customs, the knowledge of others, as long as it does not exclusively contradicts something that we're not allowed to do. So the professor's agreed to this. And he also said

00:34:23--> 00:35:00

right at the beginning, he said, Look how far ahead he's thinking. He said we should also gather together all of the women and children and send them to the fortress of the Bernal habitat. And this fortress. The Bernal habitat had taken this tactic from the hood they had learned to from the hood they had imitated a fortress. So the boat ohata, of course from the unsought, the photo editor from the unsolved, right, and the photo had a 34 by virtue of the fact you're living with the hood for centuries. So they had basically built their own fortress and this was the largest

00:35:00--> 00:35:34

fortress that the unsought Oh no, it was not built by the hood. So it was obviously not to that standard. They were the Masters, but they had taken whatever they could. And they had an equivalent as much as they could. And this was the most protected fortress of the answer. And by the way, most of the inside did not have fortresses, because only some of the tribes they had imitated from the hood. So to copy them they had done this to the bundle had except had the largest fortress. Now, the Profit System was worried. He's already thinking so many steps ahead. And nobody told us to him This was his own

00:35:35--> 00:35:38

planning, the profitsystem was worried that

00:35:39--> 00:35:53

all of the men are going to be busy Manning and guarding the perimeters. And inside of Medina, there is still the tribe of the bundle coryza.

00:35:54--> 00:36:07

And the bundle corrida, we don't know where their loyalties will lie. You see, this is why Isaiah was so sensitive. And this is why what happened to bundle Korea that happened that, remember bundle pyrochlore has been expelled,

00:36:09--> 00:36:16

then the balloon elite has been expelled even more harshly. And now there's only one tribe left. And this tribe,

00:36:18--> 00:36:54

even though they have taken three separate promises, now again, this is the point here, every time the process them gave them an option out after the bundle Final Cut was in the beginning of the contract with the Treaty of Medina, the Constitution. Then after the bundle kind of car, he got the contract again from bundle deal, and from the bundle bundle Corolla and they both agreed, then after the bundle deal. He first remember we talked about this, when he was expelling the bundle deal on his way to the bundle did he goes to the bundle forever, on his way to the balloon? And he tells them basically, you know, you are you still agreeing to the treaty that we have agreed to? Or do you

00:36:54--> 00:37:13

want to change your minds? Do you want to still agree to this or leave peacefully and they promised by Allah the head of that they gave that they're still upon that constitution? Right? So then he goes to the bundle deal and expels them. So now the bundle or aka the last of the three tribes the bundle corrida, Allahu Allah what's going to happen?

00:37:14--> 00:37:52

Because if they flip, if they turn around and become a fifth column, this is almost certain disaster unless Allah helps them because they're on the inside of the perimeters. So the Prophet system is automatically thinking one of the first things he does as soon as he gives the commandment to build the trench. He also says send the women and children to the bundle hard It says fortress and that Fortress by the way, it has a name they used to name their their fortresses their camels, you know, this was the custom loose to name these things. And it was called out farther and farther. And so he said send them to a fire and of course, the fortress.

00:37:54--> 00:38:05

The the fortress of the Godfather. I mean, we don't have much information about it. I mean, we one of the stories that we know, the famous story that when the women and children went there

00:38:07--> 00:38:11

Abdullah obeyed went as well by the way. How old is Abdullah disobeyed

00:38:12--> 00:38:16

at this point in time? quick quiz. Very simple quiz.

00:38:18--> 00:38:19


00:38:20--> 00:38:23

he Exactly. He's five years old. Right?

00:38:24--> 00:38:31

He's five years old. Well, technically, he's four. Technically he's four years old. Because he was born.

00:38:32--> 00:38:35

He was born guys. We went over this so bad.

00:38:37--> 00:38:39

Yeah, but when was he born even more precise, we know.

00:38:42--> 00:38:43

Right at the entry.

00:38:44--> 00:39:24

Right at the entry he is born at Oba. He's born at Koba and Abdullah Abu Zubaydah. His birth was an optimistic birth because it gave them good news, the new life, they took it as a positive Omen, and we can have positive omens in Islam. We've said this many times, right? You're allowed to have positive omens, you can't have negative omens. They took it as a positive omen. So Abdullah is obeyed is around four or five years old, and he remembers he has memories. He's a kid, right? By the way, also, Romani, Avi selama, was with him. navvy Cinema is the son of abuse of omis, oedema and Abu Salah. And so he is the quote unquote step son, I'm into this thing, this term by step son, we

00:39:24--> 00:39:59

mean, the son of the process of his wife, or Mr. lamba. Sonoma. Now, I have to pause you're going into a tangent is very important. It's a bit awkward tangent about the story of has ended in Sabbath and, and the, and the fortress is a bit of an awkward tangent, but it is very, in my opinion, very beneficial. It's a very beneficial tangent. And this is really the only story about the fortress. So we'll just put it right here, even though chronologically this happens another week or later, but because the fortress has mentioned we're just going to mention it now and then move on. And don't worry about the fortress after this, right.

00:40:01--> 00:40:17

The issue is that the women and children were sent to the fortress, right? And it is said that one or two very elderly men who were, you know, 7080 years old are blind or whatnot. Basically, the invalid were sent. There was only one

00:40:18--> 00:40:22

young man sent with them. And that is his signup. And

00:40:23--> 00:40:31

there is only one man who, potentially, when I say young, relatively, I knew he wasn't 20 at the time, but you get the point. He could have been

00:40:32--> 00:41:04

on the front lines for him from his age might have been 4050 years old, a lot of how old but he would have been Yani a man that like all the rest of them, like aboubaker. Well, they're all they're not in their 20s or 30s, either. Why? This is an area of study in history that frankly, most of us don't hear about. And it is better, we don't hear about it. But at the same time, someone like me, I don't want you to hear about it from the wrong sources, number one. Number two, I firmly believe that everything in the theater of the Prophet system has much wisdom and benefit for us.

00:41:05--> 00:41:11

And therefore I mentioned these narrations because I feel there's a lot of benefit now.

00:41:12--> 00:41:16

The version of Muslim the amount Mohammed goes, and the narrator, by the way, is a buildup.

00:41:18--> 00:41:37

And he's a child, but he's narrating when he's an adult, right? That he says in Muslim environment, that he says that the women and children and myself and other kids because he's a kid now. I mean, he's five years old, would you expect him to do they were put in to the fortress, along with his son, and his son was Japan.

00:41:39--> 00:42:14

And that basically means he was not brave, let's just put it politely. Okay, he was not brave. And so he was not of those who could carry a weapon. Who was not of those who could have just said that when he carried a weapon, he would tremble. Yeah, and he was not of the type to fight in a battle. Right. Now, by the way, not to be very stereotypical. But I know Allah created people differently. Generally speaking, don't generally speaking, those involved in the arts are not known for their valor and bravery. Right. And his son was known for what?

00:42:15--> 00:42:39

poetry, right, generally speaking, this is Yanni. And these days, they have this left brain, right brain, all of these types of things, they talk about it right, generally speaking, those that are involved in, you know, the fine arts and whatever painting or poetry or whatnot, you know, they have a different message, they have a different way of doing things. And this is the way Allah created us. So his son could not carry a sword.

00:42:41--> 00:42:56

And Yanni another Sahabi says the word Jeevan, which is a very harsh word, actually. But let him say it we're not we're just quote what he says. And it's basically means he was not brave, you understand the point you so he's put with the women and the children. Now,

00:42:57--> 00:43:24

he's the only man in the fortress. Now, a week later, you know, we're not going to talk about at that point. But when the arratia outside the city, when the ortofon have come, the burn operator decide to flip, right? The Vernal corridor they decide to flip, and the first thing that they do, and you really need to understand this, to understand what happens to them, the first thing that they do is not to attack the men.

00:43:25--> 00:43:37

It is to figure out how to execute all of the women and children think about that, then put into perspective, their punishment, right? So they send two people to allow fire

00:43:38--> 00:44:20

to see whether it's protected or not. Now the hood at the time they lived in it. And I while it was a distance away from a fighter, so they send two scouts in the middle of the night, to see is it protected or not. If it's not protected, they're going to come back and then launch an offensive and the purpose being that basically you'll demoralize and you will have the advantage and you'll allow a passage for them to come in. So they decided that they're going to send these two. Now, in the middle of the night, Sophia been created the sorry, Sophia, who excuse me, Sophia didn't have the majority of the of the profitsystem right up the middle of his daughter, Sophia, here's the noise.

00:44:20--> 00:44:36

Somebody is climbing. Somebody has a rope and he's whispering. She hears the noise. And she wakes up has said because he's the only man and she says to her said, Go out and defend us go out and do something.

00:44:37--> 00:45:00

And she said he says a llama to rasulillah Oh, Aunt of the Prophet so seldom May Allah bless and reward you you don't humiliate me more. You know, this is not my field. And you don't make it worse. You know, I can't do this right. That's why I'm here in the first place. Right? And so what does she do? She takes a male shawl, like the shoulder dimension

00:45:00--> 00:45:40

throws it around her so that the image is silhouette given us. She's a man. And she takes a dagger puts it in her mouth and climbs out of the window. I mean, this is like, you know, literally Hollywood type of stuff. We think about that. But this is exactly what the books have CLSA, you know, she takes that dagger she climbs out of the window. And in pitch darkness, she tries to find this man, where is he climbing, there's a man climbing up, and he's speaking to his companion down below. So she completely surprised attacks him, jumps on him, slits his throat. Right. And that, by the way, requires force slits, his throat throws the head down to the companion, right. And the

00:45:40--> 00:46:07

companion shrieks and runs away thinking that the place is guarded. So how long they've been saved, thinking that they've been guarded. Then she comes back in and says to his son, go get his armor and weapons has said basically, go get his armor and weapons so that we can benefit from this, you know? And he says to her, I have no need of them. I don't need them. Right? I don't I have no need of them. Now, what are the Allahu anhu? And we wrote the Allahu anhu. Now

00:46:09--> 00:46:32

what is what is the purpose of me narrating these No, these stories are all mentioned in the books by those thoughtful, I'm not bringing anything new. And these are stories, frankly, most of you have never heard at least about his son and whatnot. Why? Because it is our culture and customs that to just cover up. And a lot of it is good, we should cover up. But this narration is found in authentic books of Hadith and the books of Sierra and whatnot.

00:46:35--> 00:46:56

By the way, some modern authors have tried to reinterpret and say no, this is not true. And Hassan couldn't have been like this. But honestly, their their arguments are emotional. Like how could he have been like this? I mean, all the books mentioned, it is not even his have mentioned that muslimah Mohammed has the rewire of Abdullah bin zubayr. He's the one you I mean, I think you know, I mean, let's just be Let's just be

00:46:58--> 00:47:40

Jay, let's have q&a at the end of it. What are the problems is if you interrupt and everything gets stopped, let's have q&a at the end, the fact that there's no shared against him doesn't mean anything. By the way. That doesn't mean anything. Because his criticism of the other tribes is about their pedigree and their lineage. To respond, they need to criticize the pedigree or lineage of the tribe of the Muslims or whatnot, right? As for personal faults, or flaws of hasanz, this is really irrelevant. He is smearing the entire abida. Right. And the fact that there is no poetry, a word doesn't mean that it didn't exist, it simply means the books of Sierra didn't need to mention it. As

00:47:40--> 00:47:57

it is the books of Sierra mentioned Islamic poetry more than you mentioned the opponent's poetry as it is, obviously, we have a bias to preserve our poetry. Why should we preserve what the orange said about us? Frankly, what the Quran said about the process of has not been preserved either, right? By and large.

00:47:59--> 00:48:32

Exactly, it is but it but that doesn't but with the courageous poetry against the process and did not reach us, by the way, though much of which has sound responded to did not reach us. In other words, what has done is responding to did not reach us. My point being this is an emotional argument. It's an emotional argument that cannot withstand the explicit texts that are pretty explicit in this point. Now, my point is as follows. Yeah, and you hear, for example, this is the exact argument that is used, one of the arguments used, this is all modern, you don't find this in medieval textbook that has and couldn't have been like this, because it's not appropriate because

00:48:33--> 00:48:53

there's no poetry against him. Okay, this an argument, let me just say, what is my purpose in coding these things? stuff for a lot? Is it to make fun of us a hobby or to be loved? Making fun of us a hobby is a sin to be loved? Right? You're not the only one who my purpose is actually very, very significant. It is as follows.

00:48:54--> 00:48:55

I signed it besides,

00:48:56--> 00:49:00

the fact of the matter is Robbie Allahu anhu. There are some,

00:49:01--> 00:49:04

you know, negatives on his resume as well.

00:49:05--> 00:49:48

This is one of them. we just discussed another one last week. Have we forgotten last week? Right? What happened with him there? Frankly, that is worse than this issue? Because this is a issue beyond his control. Some people are created this way. Right? Some people are like this. And as I said, generally speaking artists by and large, they have this type of mentality. It's not something you know, the what happened last week, which is in Bahati and what not, that's much worse than then this issue. Now, why am I mentioning all of this? Well, a number of reasons Firstly, to demonstrate really, the humanity of our tradition of the Sahaba we have a tendency to make them super human.

00:49:49--> 00:49:53

Now, the problem with that is that we can no longer relate to them.

00:49:54--> 00:49:55

This is the problem.

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

It's healthy for us to know that some of us

00:50:00--> 00:50:42

have committed some says that they repented from that Allah forgive them for it actually makes us feel You know what? Maybe if if I also committed a sin in the past maybe a level Forgive me as well. You see my point too, right? There's a positive element that they become a role model. All of the Sahaba radi Allahu anhu model one, all of them has said is definitely amongst them. Right. And a lot explicitly mentioned that he will be forgiven after the punishment was done policies forgiven, right. The second point, which is really, to me the most important or the most profound point really, that despite these scars on his resume, despite these issues, look at the positives about

00:50:42--> 00:50:42


00:50:44--> 00:51:28

Hassan even savage was the official poet of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has sadly been Sabbath was the one who, when the Horace wrote a poem, The profitsystem said to his son omya, his son, stand up for a son, and go and defend me. And the angel jabril will be with you. The angels up will be with you. So the angel gibreel is basically whispering, which is in ham, which is the type of way that is allowed to nonprofits, because there's something that is allowed to nonprofits is called a lamb. Right? And in ham is the, the the whisperings of the angels basically, this is a lamb like the mother of Moosa. She's not a prophet s, but she gets the in ham, right? So the angel

00:51:28--> 00:51:33

Gabriel is with you, or has said, and has sadly been Sabbath, he had

00:51:34--> 00:51:46

a special member, erected for him, the only Sahabi that we know of that he had a member on the side that was called the member of has said that he would stand and recite his poetry.

00:51:47--> 00:51:55

While the process of his life in the time of processing, he has his own member, he doesn't get hold of us is not a healthy, he's a poet. And

00:51:56--> 00:52:28

it's also mentioned in the books of history, and it's also a widow than others that are motivated. And, you know, Bobby was a very stern man he enters the masculine has done is giving his poetry in Israel alpha. So Omar takes his stick, he would always carry a stick and pow, right? His son got very irritated. And he said, Why are you hitting me obviously, says, You are saying poetry in the masjid of the Prophet salallahu it he was saying them, how dare you? And his son said, Will law he I have said poetry in it, when there was someone in it far better than you?

00:52:29--> 00:53:05

True. True, and then interpreted it, he turns to Abu huraira. And he says, oh, Abu hurayrah. I asked you by Allah. Didn't you hear the Prophet salallahu it he would send them say that day and you mentioned whatever the day was that day, that stand up for his son and write poetry and the angel GB will help you. a doubleheader said Yes, he did. Right. So has certainly been Sabbath has such an honorable role. The official poet, Angel, God is helping him rely isn't it a bit comforting to know that he is also human?

00:53:07--> 00:53:34

And this leads me to my real main point. And that's the reason Well, I the only reason that I bring these things otherwise, frankly, there's no wisdom in mentioning some of these negative thoughts, let it end be forgotten. But by the way, this one is mentioned in the books, most of these negatives have not been narrated down. And they are negatives that Allah has forgiven. But the main wisdom, in my opinion, is the following. Every single one of us, we have a unique role to play.

00:53:36--> 00:53:44

And our sins or our weaknesses, or our shortcomings should not hold us back in stepping up for that role.

00:53:46--> 00:54:26

You see Hasani been sabot. He knows his weaknesses, the public knows his weaknesses at the time, obviously, at the time, everybody knows. That's why without even any saying he's automatically put with the women and children call us go with them. Right. And he tells Sophia don't make it worse than it is, you know, my problem. Everybody knows it. Right? And of course, what happened, what we mentioned last week, it's a public event. This punishment was done in public right. Now, when the Prophet has told him stand up and defend me. Did he say yes, well, I'm not qualified. You know, this, you know that. Who am I? Or did he realize perhaps in this is his his unforgiveness?

00:54:27--> 00:54:43

And this is the point that I find will live very heartening very, you know, this is the role model. This is exactly the point. All of us we can sympathize with his son's weaknesses because we're lucky. I and every one of you have much more weaknesses than he did.

00:54:44--> 00:54:50

We have far more problems than he did. Yet when his time came to shine.

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

What did he do? He stood up and he did what abubaker could not do what Omar could not do. What Earth man could not do what holiday

00:55:00--> 00:55:29

Nobody could not do what a writer could not do. The role of Hassan was a role that none of us could do. They are poets like he is. And so his role was a role that was unique to him, despite his shortcomings, and for me will lie. This is the humanity of the Sahaba. That makes them perfect stars. That's what one had. He says that my Sahaba like the stars as if that was identity, but the concept is definitely true, that my soheila are way up there.

00:55:30--> 00:55:53

And for me, quoting you these negative things, in my humble opinion, it makes them more like stars, we can actually look up to right next time, I find an opportunity to do good for the Omar, you find an opportunity to good for the oma, don't let shaitan come to you and say Who are you to benefit the oma? Have you forgotten this? Have you forgotten that? The true Muslim

00:55:54--> 00:56:39

recognizes his sins, he's always guilty of his sins He never dismisses, but he never uses a sin to stop from doing some good. This is the point, right? never used as a sense to start from doing some good. In any case, I really wanted to talk about that issue, because I find it as I said, very pertinent to the issue of having role models of this hub. This is the issue of the fortress of a father of the fortress of W haritha. Getting back to the issue of the 100 getting back to the trench. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam agreed to build this trench to dig this trench, and he assigned 10 people for every portion of this trench. Now, the exact length of the trench, and

00:56:39--> 00:57:21

the exact location is really not known. After all, there were no you know, detailed maps of Medina that also how we're going to sit down and say from here to here. And so any estimation that we have in our times is exactly that an estimation, we really don't know for sure. But some modern authors who have really gone into depth about researching the Syrah and the mock them is my own chef Jeff severe of manners. You know, he is also one of the famous authors of Sierra and also my chef, insipid and others Chef saphira fan and others date after living in Medina for 10 years. So he's doing research on site literally, he calculates that the trench was around two kilometres long, was

00:57:21--> 00:57:34

around two kilometres long and around 13 feet wide, usually 13 feet wide at times 10 at times more than 10 and between, you know, seven to

00:57:35--> 00:58:24

eight or nine arms, any there are basically depth right. Now, the question arises why only two kilometres? How about the rest of the city. And this has led to basically some research or some pondering and it seems that the only feasible response is the most obvious one. And that is Medina was naturally protected by two things. Number one, the hurras and the Hydra Hydra, Hydra habia. The Hydros are the volcanic rocks, right? And as I said, if you go outside of Medina, you can still see them if you go into plane, I have seen this all the time. Outside of Medina, these rocks are literally I mean, it looks like to me once there was a volcano 1000s of years ago, and the volcano

00:58:24--> 00:59:06

just spread for miles and miles around and layer this thick, basically right. And so wherever it's spread, you have these weird shaped rocks everywhere. And it's almost impossible for an army to walk on them. You know, and there's no vegetation, there's no water, there's just rock. So, there was a large mound or area in the West and a large area in the east. This is how Russia hydrophobia To this day, by the way the the two areas of Medina are called Sheltie and habia. To this day, because of those, those rocks, and then so these two basically protect a large portion. And then the rest of Medina that was in the direction of the army attacking were plantations, date palms, and when you

00:59:06--> 00:59:51

have dense date palms, you cannot have 10,000 men marching through it. Okay, you cannot have an army that is potentially going to harm you. This is the only logical response and frankly, it's the most obvious one. So the most obvious answer is the most realistic one that the only stretch of land that could allow them to enter Medina 10,000 strong, so their numbers proved to be a negative against them had they've been 10 you cannot stop 10 people from coming, right. But they're 10,000 10,000 you need a massive area to walk the horses, the camels, the supplies. So they analyze the area of Medina and they realize that they need to dig basically two kilometres long, two kilometers digging, by the

00:59:51--> 00:59:57

way, think about that, right. two kilometers digging from here to the Houston levee would be how much

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

Quarter. I mean, I would say yeah, I mean, maybe

01:00:03--> 01:00:12

a little a little bit less than half, I think, right? A little bit less than half, I would say right? From here to Houston levy that's half, four times that amount.

01:00:13--> 01:00:35

To now, they don't have bulldozers, they don't have machines. They don't even have manpower, from slaves. Medina did not have a lot of slaves, right. Unlike other cities, they, this is a human effort to dig a trench so wide, and so deep

01:00:36--> 01:00:39

in a matter of less than 10 days.

01:00:41--> 01:01:22

That was the only option that they had. And the point was to simply stall the army because you cannot prevent them forever, to stall the army and wait for some type of other plant or whatnot. Right. And this is, frankly, it was an act of desperation because this is a temporary tactic. It's not a permanent tactic. Right. And so, immediately, the Sahaba got to work, non stop, they began working day and night, and each and every member of the Sahaba, from the poorest to the richest participated, and even the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself participated in the physical digging of the trenches. And the Sahaba mentioned that this was one of the greatest motivational

01:01:22--> 01:01:31

factors for them, when they saw the process of them in the trenches with them digging away, this was a motivational factor for them, obviously. And nsmb Malik

01:01:32--> 01:02:09

narrates and he was, of course, a young child at the time that the Prophet system went out to the trenches. And then what Hi, Julian and Saul were digging on a cold evening. So this is in the winter, and it's freezing cold, and they're digging in the evening. They don't have opportunity even to stop at night. And and this explains, we had no slaves to help us meaning of he's talking when they're much older and wealth has come in. So he's telling the young group, you know, people at the time, if you wondered why we were doing it, we didn't have the luxury you guys have, we had to do it ourselves. And when the profitsystem saw how tired and hungry they were, he made a draw for them.

01:02:09--> 01:02:52

And he said that, along with athleta, illustrated after a while. No, there is no good except the good of the Acela for Hamlet, Ensenada one muhajir. So have mercy on the unsought and the Maha Joon and they responded back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa send them that we are the ones who gave you our oath to the Prophet system upon jihad, as long as we live, we will do this. So there versifying poetry back to him. And even as another famous hobby of the unsought. He said, I saw the prophets of the law, why do you send them on your 100 and he was carrying the dust for so long that his entire chest here was covered with dust. No, this means therefore he had taken his shirt off.

01:02:53--> 01:03:38

And he's sweating with them literally just like all the other men, he's sweating with them. And as Bob says, and he was a man who had a lot of chest here, our processor had a lot of chest area on the chest, and he had a lot of chest here and all of it was covered with the dust of carrying the trenches. And he was saying poetry along with us. Now, when you're doing manual labor, you have to diversify something or just you know, break the monotony, or just work in sync and harmony. And so he was versifying along with us Allahumma, Lola and Emma Dana, what are some? What else Alena finanziellen Sakina and Elena were Surbiton. akadama illa cleaner in order for the bulk of our Naina

01:03:38--> 01:04:25

either to fit in a certain way in Vayner. And when he got to obtain avena they would all raise their voices avena Vayner so they would all say it in unison enquire. And of course this means a lot omonoia enter our log word not for you, we would not be guided, nor would we give charity and we would not pray. So send your peace down upon us and make our feets firm. When the enemies come to us. Verily the enemies have transgressed upon us. And when they want a fitna, and here fit that could mean sherek fitna could mean death, Bane, we refuse to listen to them, and many other miracles are narrated, but time is basically up. So we need to leave some time for q&a. inshallah we'll

01:04:25--> 01:04:55

continue next Wednesday, talking about the miracles of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in what happened. And this I mean, so many miracles about food, a number of miracles about food, a number of miracles about the famous rock that he sort of broken the predictions that he gave and shot all of this. We will have it next Wednesday be the light either, and just a few minutes left. So q&a time and also before I forget the announcement that we made yesterday as well. So the film called zeca class has been postponed by popular demand.

01:04:56--> 01:04:59

There was a clash with another event. So we are getting to

01:05:00--> 01:05:01

On what is the date? Can you remind me?

01:05:03--> 01:05:11

I will check right now. So instead of the 28th of April, the fifth of Zika is now being held on the fifth of May.

01:05:12--> 01:05:13


01:05:14--> 01:05:24

Yes, the demands of a very important part of our community, don't worry. So on the fifth of may on Sunday, we'll be having the film of Zika.

01:05:25--> 01:05:37

And inshallah, the flyer will be sent out by Dinesh. Soon, inshallah, any questions about what we have covered? so far? Do you want to still continue? Hassan Will you want to,

01:05:44--> 01:05:45


01:05:48--> 01:05:55

J. This is this is an opinion that you have taken from some modern authors, and it exists. I don't exist.

01:05:57--> 01:05:57

All the

01:05:59--> 01:06:01

books and even though official size

01:06:04--> 01:06:07

is 12 kilometer by five meters by five meters?

01:06:09--> 01:06:23

This is yes. Yes, there are many opinions that he's saying that one of the books mentioned 12 kilometres by five meters. There are many opinions about this issue. And frankly,

01:06:24--> 01:06:37

I read a paper A long time ago, where somebody actually took the time to calculate how long would it take to dig such a trench, and 12 kilometres in 10 days by human beings who are around probably 10.

01:06:39--> 01:07:19

Even How long is it is enough to enough by the way and even if you say 14 days, right? That's basically a kilometre more than a kilometer a day, or, you know, honestly, saleha macusa mean being realistic here. They're about the Sahaba. No doubt, we're blessed. But they were not Superman. So So how about we're blessed, but they were regular human beings. And they're digging more enthusiastically than workers our times would. But it's not as if with one scoop, they will get what 20 people in our times will get, right. So a little bit of mathematics actually read a paper that figure it out and whatnot and 12 kilometres, even if you say 14 days.

01:07:21--> 01:07:27

Okay, you are quoting from a book, but again, in my opinion, which has a fair amount, and others say makes more sense. What

01:07:28--> 01:07:32

do you know, when the exact figure of how many men or Megan was involved?

01:07:34--> 01:07:40

How many men? We don't know. Again, there's no statistics, but around 2020 500? Yes, this would have been saying?

01:07:42--> 01:07:51

No, they were taking shifts, obviously, because people have to rest and whatnot. But yeah, all of them participated. All of them participated this

01:07:52--> 01:07:53

some weeks ago,

01:07:55--> 01:08:03

when the Muslims lay the stage on the fortress of the hood, and building a trench tactic not forced them to lazy on themselves.

01:08:05--> 01:08:42

They're isolating themselves in building a trench, they did isolate themselves from the outside. And this was one of the problems How long could the trench last? Because food supplies were diminished. Now, they did have some dates. But obviously you need other food supplies, how long will barley last two barley is not something grown right there. You know, other food supplies were running out, meat was running out, you know, part of the be living in a city you get things in and out. And so when the trench the siege lasted for more than a month, it severely affected the food supplies upon the Muslims. And in fact, this food supplies were already being affected even when they were building

01:08:42--> 01:09:16

the trench. And this is why I said the building of a trench really was somewhat of a last move or a tactic or act of desperation. It's not a long term, because they can't have a long term at this point in time. They really have to put their trust in Allah and just delay. And that's exactly what they did. And of course, Allah will never fail His servants. And that's exactly what happened. Allah saved them. It wasn't a long term tactic. It was simply a stalling tactic. And it worked and allows the widget extricated them from that situation. Final question before time for the slider.

01:09:19--> 01:09:20

No one else must be sure.

01:09:21--> 01:09:22


01:09:28--> 01:09:29

I think we have in our society.

01:09:43--> 01:09:45

Yeah. So um, the good point.

01:09:47--> 01:10:00

Yes, that's a good point. Brother. I had mentioned that. Perhaps one of the other benefits we can derive is the fact that I mean, the way that the way that I'll put it is there's a rule for everybody in society. There's no need to put people

01:10:00--> 01:10:09

In pigeon holes and use derogatory adjectives, you know, his son was not hard to read. Neither was the Hadeeth narrator neither was even at bus fapy.

01:10:11--> 01:10:46

I mean, we can even go a step further and say, there is a place for artistry in Islam. There is a place for the fine arts, and has done demonstrates that, right? We need people like that to do things that, you know, and this is frankly, a lot of our younger Muslims, they don't, you know, especially those were extra practicing or hardcore would not they don't understand that the oma needs highly public bodies and our borders and even our biases, and even rumors and, and it also needs has ended with habits. It needs a little bit of variety. Right? That's a good point that we just label people and we, you know, put them in a pigeonhole or box and everyone has something to

01:10:46--> 01:10:50

contribute, you know, to the oma inshallah, yes.

01:10:53--> 01:11:34

Yes, that's the point, his excuse was accepted. Everybody knew him. And somehow this is a very deep point here, that everybody knew his situation. And so he's excused because his, his situation is known. And in fact, what do you even tell Sophia don't make it worse. You know, my issue don't make it worse, right. So it's something that we as leaders, community leaders, or others, we need to take human beings into account as individuals, right? that some people simply don't have it in them to do certain things. That's, frankly, this shows us the humanity of the Sahaba that they were just like us in that in our society, there are people that, you know, don't do this don't that will mean some

01:11:34--> 01:12:11

handler from going through school. I mean, come on. Some people can't stand mathematics. Some people can't stand signs some people get, but in the end of the day, don't we all find it a leech in society. That's we need people that can do maths at all, because they'll do something else. We need people that love number crunching so much that all they do is add and subtract in their head all the time, right? Similarly, as sad again, has a role. Everybody knows what he cannot do, and what he can do. He stands up and He shines. And really, I think to me, frankly, I find the story of his son. very heartwarming, frankly, I find it very role model. Why? Because when I look at Abu Bakar, it's

01:12:11--> 01:12:11


01:12:13--> 01:12:50

he is when I look at his son, I kind of sort of feel you know, what, Yanni, like, there's similarities I have since he has since you know, I have a role to play, he has a role to play. Right. And personally, I think it's beneficial for us that history has been preserved. And these little issues have been mentioned adequately. I mean, and I want to make sure we understand the stuff for a while nobody's ridiculing. Nobody's ridiculing nobody's stopped for the lawn if anybody understood this from me, and even though I was very careful, but if anybody understood this stuff for the law, it is not a part of the sunova Gemma to make fun of we're really cool any hobby, but

01:12:50--> 01:12:53

narrating their faults for a wisdom is not ridiculing them.

01:12:55--> 01:13:12

We have Sahaba who drank and they repent Do we have Sahaba all of this is in the seal, right? narrating their false for a wisdom is not something that is considered cursing or ridiculing them and this is the purpose of mentioning as tenement Sabbath. In any case, inshallah, we'll continue next Wednesday, and of course, Tuesday is