Channel: Yasir Qadhi
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hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah Wada Allah, He will be here, woman Voila.
So we had reached the story of use of where the brothers of use of were trying to convince their fathers to hand over use of to them. And so they said all who abandon they said oh, our Father, Mother kehlata men either use of why don't you trust us with use of why don't you have a man and a man? Why don't you give us the protection of use of what in law who are now second? And indeed surely we are those who want to good for him. We are NASA NASA Jaime's toward good for somebody. And that's why not see her which means to give advice comes from this route because when you give in a car, you want to good for somebody when you give no see how you are sincerely wanting their better
betterment. From this wording when they say they go to their father say they say our Father, why don't you give us use of this shows that before this time use of was not being given to them. This shows us before this time the brothers had never ever had the opportunity to take care of use of. So this means the father was taking precautions from before the Father was not allowing the brothers to take use of so
They know there's a problem. And they know that their father doesn't trust them. So they go to their father, and they make him feel guilty. Or Father, why don't you hand over our brother to us? How can you doubt our intention? We only want to enjoy his company. We want his good. We know who they are now see who so they go and say Malika? What's your problem? I mean, meaning what is the matter? What is the issue? Is there any problem? And so by doing this, they take on an offensive if you like, they become they take on the offensive, they're not pacifist. They're now taking the offense in trying to get useful from their father.
There's an interesting point, by the way, before I move on, and this is a good point, the word that men the word that men actually there's a it comes from men Oona, why don't you give trust over abusive to us? Why don't you trust us that man noona. Now the new is not met is not found in the Quran. It's that menda the new is not found in the Quran, the Dhamma is not there. And this is a bellava that is allowed in the Arabic language to simply merge the two Nunes together, the Prophet says and when he would recite this surah when he would recite this word, he would pucker up his lips. And this was called a sham to show that there is a silent bomber or there should be Obama
here. And this is the only place in the whole Quran that when you recite the word this only place in the whole Quran in our current house analysis, other karate have different rulings in our karate that we recite have some awesome the only place in the whole Quran when you reach this word. You're supposed to pretend you're making obama but you don't make the llama to show that there's a missing bomba. Why do we do it? Because the profitsystem did it. And this shows us how carefully the Quran has been preserved. So the verse is Malacca, lotta men, and the ruling when you do the hoonah you're supposed to make the motion of Obama without making the sound of Obama Mad Men, that men because the
original word is that man noona that man noona but we don't say Obama. And this ruling is called an English man, Elish man, and it is the only place in the whole Koran where we do hmm we meaning those who recite have sung. The Quran has different recitations. And the recitation we do is generally have son. Awesome. So they're saying why don't you trust us while we have so much love for him out of Silla, Houma Nevada, tomorrow, we're going on a picnic, we're going on a date, just time to have fun. So send him with us tomorrow, not a time when a lab and another
lab that either we will or he will have fun, play, and we will eat. Now the word they use for eating your tongue is actually a word that is generally used for animals when they have very green grass. And the reason that they say this is they're saying, we're going to enjoy a bountiful meal, we're going to enjoy a luscious meal Yata while we're going to play, and this shows us that playing and having a good time is something that is highlighted in our religion if it doesn't go to an extreme, live Allah who are two things, and Allah azza wa jal mentions the both of them. And he compares this world as being a boon to Allahu wa Mahajan, higher to dunya Illa. Allah a boon, Allahu Allahu la it
means to play Allah who means pastime and amusement. What is the difference between life and law who live is something that you do, which is not as serious, it's not as noble as other things, but it is permissible in moderate quantities. Law, who is a complete waste of time, there is no benefit whatsoever in that. And so Larry is something the professor's have occasionally did. He raised to that issue, he spent time talking with his wives, he played with hazard and percent put them on his back. This is Larry, and it is healthy, to have live law who is a complete waste of time. And that's not something that is encouraged in our religion. So these are children of a prophet, grandchildren
of a prophet, great grandchildren of a prophet. And they are saying we're going to play that.
And some people make Islam way stricter than it is. And they say, Oh, you should not be playing or the most, you should not organize a play event. Or if you're an adult, then you have to have a very serious mannerism. You cannot have fun with the children. And in this surah we learned that these children have prophets and when this is happening, they are probably 2530. They're not young kids. The older brothers of Yusuf we mentioned last week they are so late teens, early 20s. They are adults and they are children's of a profit and eventually they become public.
As we said, and they are saying we want to go and play now. And this clearly shows that a little bit of moderate quantity of playing is something that is healthy and it is a requirement of life you cannot live without a little bit of playing. And it is narrated that once Bob visited, the profits are someone he date, and he saw some little girls using the Duff and singing, he saw other things that happened on festivals, he became very angry. And he said, you're doing this in the house of the Prophet system, and the Prophet was was lying there. He said, Omar, let the people know that our religion has some laxity, or religion has some openness. You don't have to be that strict or over
let the people know that there is some openness in our religion. And we know that in the masjid of the Prophet salallahu idea. He was setting them in his Masjid, the abyssinians came, and they demonstrated their spirit play.
And it was so interesting, the Sahaba were all looking around, and Arusha wanted to see. And so the prophet SAW Selim stood so that he could look from behind his shoulder. So she stood behind him in her veil, and she put her head on her chin on the shoulder of the profitsystem to look over his head because we're the process of withstanding nobody would block his weight. So where he was standing, there was an opening. So the profitsystem was standing and he was standing there, and he was standing to show her the other seniors playing. Now the seniors what were they doing, they were using their spears and pretending to show their prowess, their manhood jumping up and down, you
know, as you can imagine having a play fight with each other. Inside the masjid of the profits of the love of Allah, he was setting them and in our times, if we were to do this, the community would say stop for the La la la la Cote De La Villa. How can you do that? But the prophet system is allowing this right now we're not talking about stuff that a lot bringing in music or what No, but these are abyssinians jumping up and down with their spears. They're, they're they're they're showing their their powers of war. Point being lagb is something that is good, Islamic permissible in moderate quantities. No doubt, extremes, everything is bad. So these are people they're saying,
we want to go and play want to have a picnic, and we're taking our brother use of so our silver miners are then sent him with us tomorrow, none of that one alive. We will eat lots of food, and we will play and the reason they're telling this to their father, don't you want us to enjoy as well. We're gonna have a fun time. If you really love use of this is emotional blackmail. This is turning the tables first. They make him feel guilty. They make him feel guilty by saying that why don't you trust us? We're his brothers. Right? What's your problem Malika? Now they add the icing on the cake. We're having a good time. Why don't you want to send us of we're gonna have good food he's gonna
play. I mean, do you really love him? This is the underlying tone. Don't you want him to be happy? And then to emphasize that point, we're in LA Who? The half You don't? And of course, surely we will protect him. As we said last week, the phrasing. We're in LA hula, we're in LA hula, this is the highest possible way of emphasis in Arabic is called Tokyo. And Tokyo is to emphasize in English. It's we have a very meager system of emphasis, right? Indeed, surely, nobody speaks like this anymore, right? Indeed, I shall see you tomorrow. Somebody who speaks like this, they're gonna think you're crazy. Something's wrong with you. We don't emphasize in English anymore. But in Arabic,
there's still emphasis and you can have single emphasis, double emphasis, triple emphasis, the highest is triple Generally, we don't go to advance here but this is triple basically this triple emphasis was in law, the lamb is emphasis in nice emphasis the lamb is emphasis and the other lamb was in there who have children. And the reason why the law who for those who speak Arabic, the daumier, Moon for sale mocha them. So we take the lead who we could say what the hell who who we will protect him. So the meter is matassa. But when you take the domain which is the who that him and you put it before and you separate it, you are emphasizing of assurity Him we will protect we
will make extra protection of him. So Allahu la Hatfield on. And as we said, this emphasis if you don't understand any Arabic, you'll understand one thing when Allah mentions that he will protect the Quran. He uses the exact same wording in the Quran in Allah who have given exact same wording that the brothers have use of are saying, we're in Level A Have you been meaning they couldn't have said it more powerfully. Now notice, the first verse says in Allah who What is it? The first verse right before law now second, this verse says in Allah Who the hell have you done so now Second, we went to good for him. Half you don't we will protect him from other evil. Look, they are it's
completely they have shut down all excuses of yockel. There's no excuses left, right.
Come on, we weren't good for him and we'll protect him from external evil. So there's no evil internal because we're not Citroen and there's no evil external because we're half evil. Okay, so now that they have eliminated all the excuses, Yahoo could have said, okay, call us go. But still there's something in his heart. This is instinct. And in Arabic The word is fiercer and fiercer is a very deep concept. And we're going to come over this again and again and sort of use the meaning of fear rasa. And the Prophet Solomon said, beware of the ferocity of the believer, because it is true. There's a Hadith, beware of the ferocity of the believer, because it is a true philosophy. What is
philosophy mean? We can translate in English as a gut instinct, to gut instinct. It's something that you sense, right. For the kids here, it's spider sense, some tingling goes off, you know, something is wrong. Okay, this is a type of philosophy. And the more Eman that you have, the more Eman that you have, the more you will have this philosophy. Somebody comes and makes your business proposition. And it's so sweet. And it's beautiful. Everything looks good. But something inside of you your bells are going off. And this doesn't look right. And there's nothing you can see. But you say, Look, I'll pass out musical thanks. But no thanks. Now, for us that cannot be used in a court
of law, right? It also cannot be used to say something. It's an instinct. So you keep it internal. You cannot say it to anybody. You cannot base your judgment. Oh, I think there's no, it's internal. So philosophy is an internal thing. You don't mention it to other people. So Yaqoob has this philosophy, because he's a prophet Yaqoob has this philosophy. He knows something is not right. So he could have said after this beautiful mocha demo this beautiful introduction of the children that come on, what excuse Do you have, he still makes another attempt? And this really shows his concern? Never has he handed use of over to them not once? And never has he allowed us to do it alone with
them, and without his supervision. But now that they've laid it this way, he tries one more thing called in Nila Zuni. Until
he said, and this is an emphasis again, surely it will make me very sad. It's going to make me very sad that you should take him away. And this shows us how correct the brothers were when they said their father is completely in love with you. So he cannot bear to be away from you serve for one day says I will be sad if you take him away. Right? And so panela there is a deeper meaning here that aren't going to be even more sad if you take him away permanently. Right. The point is, they wanted you to take him away for one day. But there's a subtle message here, because they will take him away for a long time not permanently, but 3040 years, they take him away, right? They take him away for a
long time. And he's telling them, I will go into grief if you take him away. And that's exactly what happens that he goes into grief until he loses his eyesight. And he's telling them these are the warning signals beforehand. I will be very aggrieved if you take him away, and they don't they don't heed this advice that goes past deaf ears in nilay. As soon as he entered her boy, what a half one year hula hoop. And I'm worried and I'm scared that a wolf might eat and other scholars say that.
Firstly, Yaqoob was in the land of Canaan, Canaan, whereas canon, canon is the ancient name of photo slean and Sham and this area. This was called the land of canon, the Canaanites and the canons. This was what Philistine was originally called, and that whole land, so Yaqoob is living there. And they said that he they're going out into the desert, the wilderness, and it is possible there will be wolves and coyotes and other such animals that will attack. Now, scholars differ here. Did he really say this? Meaning that he's scared of a wolf? Or was it just an excuse to get them off his back? Was he really scared of a wolf? I mean, after all, how rare is it that a wolf will come and eat even if
it's a child, but how rare is it that the wolf will come and eat? So some scholars have said that what he meant was, he is scared of you and you are wolves that some scholars said this. In other words, he's calling his own sons, wolves that the wolves are going to devour him. This seems to be a bit far fetched. Another opinion says that the wolves here there was a genuine fear of wolves. And this was a land Now this might very well be true. It was a land full of animals, wild beasts and animals. And it might have been a dangerous thing for a young child to be alone in the desert or the wilderness. But most scholars say and this seems to be the strongest opinion. Yaqoob is not
seriously worried about wolves. He's not genuinely worried about wolves, but he's trying to find an excuse to somehow prevent. And he says one thing that is completely factual. I will be very grieved if you take him away. And then he has another thing, which is not a lie, but it's not
The full truth. And this is something that we have mentioned previously is permissible in Islam. It's called toda. It's called double meaning. It's called saying one thing which is understood other than what you intended. His intention is, well, there is a one chance in a million that the wolf will eat him. It's not a big probability. But I just don't want you to take him. That's what he's intending to say. But he cannot say those wordings. So he uses a very flimsy excuse, which is factual. It's not a lie. I mean, after all, anything could happen if he said an earthquake will come if he said, a tidal wave will come, isn't there a miniscule probability? So he mentioned a
probability that is not very strong, but he simply wants them to stop persisting. Now, this is a back and forth, there's a, an emotional struggle going on. The brothers are persistent, that brothers have laid out the plot to get use of Yahoo could have said yes, but he tries one more attempt. And they refute that attempt as well. Now, before we move on, notice yaku gave them the very excuse that they would use five iron away, he gave or three, so he gave them the very excuse. And this, it shows us that these young adults, we should say all children, these young adults, these young brothers of use of they were not that mature to plan out the whole plot. They were so short
sighted, let's just get rid of us. But what are they going to say? They haven't thought of this. So when you are called gives this line, and he says, I'm worried the wolf will eat him. hallas they have their plan now? This is what you're worried about. Okay, we have now a plan that we can skip, what are we going to tell our fathers, they're very excuse that he was worried about? And this shows us that the brothers of use of like most criminals, like most people who do anything, they don't think three steps ahead, right? is just one step. I want this money, I'm going to take it now. I want this, I'm going to do this. They don't think ahead. And this plot of theirs, fell back in their
faces. So they said all the inocula was they said if a wolf eats him, when I noticed about while we are a large group rosca, we said means a group of 10 or more and they were exactly 10. In English, the only court is like a gang, but a gang has a negative meaning. Right? We are a group of people not notice. But then we're in the in the house soon. We're a bunch of losers. We have no goodness. Right? How could a wolf take our little brother when we are 10? I mean, if you say this, and of course realize, yeah, Google's already an elderly man. We don't know his age. But we can imagine. He's already a grandfather. He's already elderly. He cannot take care of his own needs. So he's
relying on his sons to do all of the housework, the chores, remember, they're living in a wilderness and this is all there are no children of Israel. Now. There are no large tribe. This is it. This is the the Genesis This is the beginning of the large tribes of Israel. There are no allies, there are no friends, all of the housework, all of the taking care of the goats, the sheep, all of the building is done by these brothers, by the 10. Because Jaco Yousef and his brother are too young right now. They are young. So these 10 are the ones taking care of your calves needs. So they're saying, we take care of everything. You think a wolf is going to be able to do this. We're a whole
group of people were constructing we're building we're taking care of the goats and sheep. And now you think that a wolf will do this? Come on. So it's clear that you Yeah, oops, excuse is not strong, and they know it. As for the first they don't say anything, because they know this is true. The first meaning I'll be sad. They know this is true. They can't say anything about this, they let this go. But the second point is, how is this possible when we when we are an Ursa? So he gave up them? He relented, and in this emotional struggle, the brothers have use of one over and yeah have allowed us to go with them fell from the hobby. So when they took him away,
Allah does not finished this portion. And the missing sentence is basically they did what they did for them as a hobby he so when they took him away, dot dot, dot, the sentence is not finished in Arabic, and this is of the banana what are the eloquence of the Arabic language that many times details are not mentioned? And the Quran is full of such it's called ellipsis in English means missing phrases missing words, this is one of the problems of translation when we translate the ellipsis of the Arabic When you translate it, it goes completely blank, how do you translate this and the point being here, that Allah did not mention the details, because number one, it is
understood, and that is that they did what they did, and they harmed him. Number two, these details are very painful.
And Allah does not mention these painful details. So when they took him dot, dot, dot and then Allah says what tomorrow they all agree there's a Jima to it.
Yeah, I don't feel Oh yeah, but YouTube to put him into the recesses or the darknesses of the well, and this shows us that there was not one merciful heart amongst them, because Allah use the verb.
There's not one heart of pity, not one heart of mercy amongst them, their heart had become so hard that they have, there is now unanimity that we're going to throw him into the world. And some accounts in the books of Tafseer mentioned that when they finally got away and far away from the house, they began joking harshly with him sarcastically, they began beating him up, they began mocking him and the love that his father had for him. And when they got to the well, they tied him up, they took his shirt off. And he begged and pleaded with each of them that Oh, my brother, why are you doing this? Oh, my brother. And he begged and pleaded with all 10 of them one by one. But
there was not one heart of mercy was a Jamal. And this is something like it's amazing for us to think about their his blood brothers, and their their children of a prophet. But their heart became so hard because of jealousy, because of greed of something that was held, as we said, over and over again. So paddled, I imagine jealousy and greed for something that is held on something that was held they wanted, but their hearts became blind, and the begging and the pleading and the crying of a little boy, who is their brother, and the the, the the heart of their father, the apple of his eye, completely rejected this, and they took his shirt off, because this is the plan that they had
done. And they threw him into the well, we're lucky, we cannot even imagine how this little boy abandoned, tortured, mocked, ridiculed, and harmed by his own brothers would have felt he is so young, he is not even bothered here, he doesn't understand why this is happening, that he thought that they're gonna have a fun time. He's such an excited kid going out to have fun with his older brothers, we're going to race we're going to do this and that, and instead, they do this to him. Now, one point that is really powerful about this whole story. And to me, this is a point that, really we need to think about the beauty of the Quran is that the evil actions of the brothers, they
are never described in detail. Nor does a lot ever explicitly criticize them directly.
Despite the fact that we're lucky, this is such a cruel thing that they did. I mean, when we think about it, and we are not even a fraction of the level of the sons of these prophets, eventually, our hearts shudder and our souls tremble that How could you have done this? yet? Allah azza wa jal does not choose one negative adjective in the whole surah describing them as foster own volley, moon, or any type of adjective at all. And one wonders, what is the reason for this? Surely they're worthy of criticism? Surely, they're worthy that these details should have been mentioned these pitiful details that would make our hearts cry that use of begged and pleaded this and that, but Allah azza
wa jal is silent. Why? What's the wisdom behind this? And it's not that the Quran doesn't criticize other people. I mean, then we should record or criticize that you have been assaulted or criticized. Why aren't these people criticize when they're doing such a dastardly and evil deed? Well, firstly,
of the reasons why Allah azza wa jal does not mention this is that and this is generally a Quranic message. It is not appropriate to mention evil in detail. It's not appropriate to mention any type of evil, whether it's lewdness and Fantasia, whether Even it is something that is not respectful. So for example, Allah says in the Quran, if one of you comes from the restroom, Allah doesn't say if one of you urinate or excretes Allah says no Quran, if you touch women, Allah doesn't say if you are intimate with women. So the wordings of the Quran, are extremely Noble. And Allah does not and this is something that is not just highlighted, but everybody does it. We go to the bathroom. Allah
doesn't say if you use the restaurant, so if you come from the restaurant, or
if you come from the restaurant, why? Because Allah azza wa jal, there's no need to be. Even, it's not I don't even know what to use the word vulgar. There's no need to mention these details in the language of the Quran. And this is a general rule that we don't mention evil in detail. And we learned this from so many other instances. It's not of the etiquettes of the Muslims to go into detail about Fantasia or about evil or about a sin that occurred in alladhina your hip bone and Tashi alpha Villa de nomina, Allah says in Surah, noon, those who love to spread the gossip of evil amongst the people, these are the people Allah says they're opening up a door of punishment. And
this shows us the difference between an Islamic model and the model that we live in of the world today and the world today. Any crime and evil guarantee any murder and the rape anything that happens? The news reports it in the most extreme vivid detail, and in fact Hollywood movies are made out of it. best selling books are done and what happens
Mankind is desensitized. The fitrah of man becomes used to listening to this evil. And it becomes something that we that's why one of the reasons and we say this clearly, one of the reasons why crime spreads is because the news of crime spreads. And the reality is in an Islamic in a very good Islamic environment. You wouldn't hear of these details, let the police go do it right. Let the people who are finding out, find out but to spread it amongst the people, there's no fun either human nature becomes accustomed to listening to it, to spreading it. And when it becomes accustomed to listening and thinking and spreading, this is the stepping stones to actually doing it. This is
the stepping stones to actually doing it. Therefore, the first reason why Allah does not mention this is because it is not befitting of the majesty of Allah azza wa jal, but there's a second reason as well. And that second reason is perhaps the key point in this sutra. And that is that these people, the brothers of use of Allah azza wa jal accepted their repentance, they repented, they acknowledge their sin. And notice in the Quran, the only time their sin is mentioned, is from their own tongues, although urbanna is still fildena in akuna, Horton and they go to use a fan they say, forgive us or use of we have done wrong, and they go to their father they say, or father, ask Allah
to forgive us, we have done wrong, and will lie This is so powerful of a message. Why? When Allah has forgiven them, why mentioned their false? This is the perfection of Allah, Allah, when Allah has forgiven them, why should Allah go into detail about what they did leave it. And this shows us the majesty of Allah azza wa jal that we learned from that we should learn from true forgiveness. And through turning the other cheek, it means that we don't go reminding people of what they had done. We don't go mentioning the false even if they have done it. And I want you to think about this point that how cruel they have been. And yet how merciful is a lot in describing their cruelty. It's
amazing. Allah doesn't even finish the sentence when they went with him dot dot dot doesn't even finish because this is the perfection of Allah's mouth for Allah forgive them, why should then Allah criticize them and mention this, and this really shows us that when we forgive, we should try our best we can never forget, we should try our best to overlook thau fu was for who Allah says forgive and overlook was fackrell means turn another page, just turn another page ignore what happened in the past. And we learned from this this type of methodology. So Allah subhana wa tada says, After this, that they throw him into the well. And what are Jamal, and what ohioana la he and we inspired
him, let him be unknown be and marry him has a have a short you will inform them of this very deed that they have done. You will tell them of this very deed will Himalaya Sharon and they will have no idea that you will be telling them now, some very small group of mufa sudo. And they say Allah inspired Yaqoob what ohana, Isla de meaning Yaqoob that you will tell your children what they have done. But this doesn't seem to make any sense. The vast majority say that will ohana la We inspired use of of course the reason why that minority said this is problematic is because use of as a young child and young children are not generally speaking prophets unless there are exceptions. So Isa is
an exception that he was made a profit as a baby. But otherwise, generally speaking, the rule is you don't become a prophet until you are an adult. So how can you still be receiving why so some people found this problematic? Others said this is when he became a prophet.
Others said and this is the majority opinion that what oh hayner la he this way is not the type of way that makes people prophets, because there are different types of way in the Quran. And as they have no claim says we don't want to go into too much detail but there are six types of way. six types of way. One of them is the natural order of things, what we call Mother Nature. In other words, the structure of the creation, right? Allah says in the Quran, then we are hayner Elana, We inspired the bee, why he was given to the bee that you
take the flowers and eat them and give forth the the the acid or the honey. So this is a way that doesn't make the bees profits. Oh, Hannah here means and then also from Ohio last summer, Allah gave way to the heavens. The y here is basically the order of things. There's another type of way and this way is one level below that of being a profit. And it is possible that people get this type of way. But the shady I generally doesn't call it why it calls
lm l ham means an inner voice or an inner thought comes that you feel and you know is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And this is given to those who are one level beneath the prophets. And the most famous case of Islam in the Quran is the mother of Moosa, the mother of Moosa are hyena la Anil de We inspired her Oh hyena, but the way he was not to make her a prophet, We inspired her that you suckle her, you feed him, you circle him, and then you make a basket and you put him in the river. Now what Mother would possibly do this right, and the mother would do this, we think she's a mad woman. But this was a type of Ye, which is called ill ham. And in ham is one level below being a
prophet. So it is possible that use of god this ill ham, before actually becoming a prophet. In any case, it's quite clear that this is coming to use of will Oh, hyena Isla he that as soon as the darkness of the well over took him, Allah Nord and Allah He came down immediately to console him.
What it was this constellation led to never be under whom the umbra him Haha, surely, once again, there's still good emphasis, and there's a double here, the lamb and the known lead to not be unknown, that surely you will inform them of this very deed. While they have no clue who you are. Now, this simple pronunciation of a statement of fact of the future prediction, it tells us many benefits, the first benefit or use of you're not gonna die, you're not gonna die in this world, you're not going to be left alone and die a miserable death, because you will be you will live or use of number two,
you will go and be reunited with your family. Yes, they left you and they turned your back to you, but eventually you will be reunited with your family. Number three, that you will tell them
when they don't know who you are, this means that you will have the upper hand and they will have the lower hand. So right now, they have the upper hand and you have the lower hand, but the time will come when you will be saved from this well, you will meet them again. And you will remind them of what they did. And you because you are unknown to them, you will have the upper hand. So this simple phrase has in it powerful messages of optimism. And from this we can also gain a little bit of optimism ourselves because remember why was this sort of revealed, it was revealed to cheer our profit system up, it was revealed to make him feel the constellation the comfort and a lot of Zoysia
reminding him through the story of use of that just like your family has abandoned you, Allah azza wa jal will cause you to go back to them and you will have the upper hand and Allah azza wa jal says in the Quran, that this city that you are living in and learn or do, we will go back to it, your you will be given back to it and you will be sent back to it. And that's exactly the message of use of alayhis salaam, another point of conflict we can take, knowing the ultimate end of anything brings about some comfort, knowing the ultimate end brings about comfort. So Yusuf is told of the ultimate end in this world, that only a prophet can be told. For us believers, the ultimate end of the era
can be known to us meaning, the continual belief that if I am righteous, and if I am pious, then what are people to attain, the ultimate end will be for the righteous. So no matter what is happening in this world, no matter how tough life is, no matter how difficult, we are, suffering from problems, always remind myself of the end, when are people treated with the end result will be for the righteous, so use of is calmed down by the end result in this dunya? Well, in this dunya, only the prophets are told the end results, but in the middle, we know that the righteous shall be saved. And so we continue to hope and we console ourselves anytime and we'll see what happens with
console ourselves in sha Allah the hero replaces the hero, that is where we will get our rest and that is why Mohammed was asked, or Mr. Mohammed, when will you rest when will you finally rest? He said one of my first and foot entries gender, when my right foot goes into gender, that is when the rest is otherwise there is no rest before this. So the sweetness of worshipping Allah azza wa jal has its own reward.
Getting back to the story was about whom Russia and yeah Bakun beautiful Arabic here three more rules over here. They came to their father, when at the time of night What was their how their state crime was three my friends over here. So they came at night. They came back at night. They weren't supposed to stay that late. No buddy picnics in the darkness, right? They're supposed to come back to the post to come back at the base when the light is finishing, but they purposely delay to add to the plot.
To pretend they were searching, they were doing this, they were doing that they didn't know what to do. So they came at night way after they should have come, they came back to their father yakun, crying. And in order to carry out their cruel act, they plot together a story. And in order to embellish the story, they show these false emotions. And this is something that we all know human nature, it is easy to show these false emotions when you have an evil heart. Emotions is not the basis of pronouncing judgment on anything simply because somebody is crying or somebody emotional doesn't mean that they are innocent, or does it mean that they are scot free? And this is something
that we all know from human experience. But yet, unfortunately, still, we fall into this. There's a famous incident of should I help all the should I help all these the most famous judge that Islamic history has ever seen? The early Islamic? Sierra is for literature. He's not a hobby. He's a topiary and he was a very wise judge and lots of stories I mentioned about him. So it is mentioned that once a plaintiff was a woman, she was accused of something came to him and the woman was sobbing, a hysterical sobbing, emotional, you know, when when women cry, men get very
worried, right? Because it's human nature that the manliness of a man comes out to calm her down to to help her so she's sobbing, she's crying. And Sheree was dead emotionless, not not one thing moved in him. His own students were, you know, embarrassed and ashamed that the woman and what can we do to help you sure it was dead? dead silence complete. When the woman left. They said, Oh, sure. I mean, at least you could have shown some sympathy, why? Maybe we maybe that, you know loom was done or something was done. She's sobbing, she's weeping. What why not the sympathy Sheree said,
verily, the brothers of use of also were sobbing and crying. And they were violent and for soccer.
They were violent and for soccer. So I don't care how much people are crying or not. We base our ruling on facts and not on emotion and SubhanAllah. In that particular case, it turned out the woman was lying. And those sobs and tears were fake. And this shows the that Muslim Wiseman does not judge based upon these emotions. So they said call you Yeah, abana Oh, our Father in heaven. And
we went racing one another. What tarok now you suffer in the Medina. And we left use of with our belongings, the food, the vessels, the containers, the meat, all that we came to have a picnic with, because he's the youngest because he's only eight, nine years old, were the elders were the ones playing some type of hide and seek some type of race that we're going miles or whatnot. We had to leave the youngest one. And we left you serve with our belongings for Akela. Who's the boo? Or Father, you gave us the excuse? We didn't have this plot in mind. Basically, you told us what to tell you. Right? We didn't know what else to tell you. Our minds are not that developed. We're not
that imaginative. You're the wise man. And you gave us what we needed. So they use it now. This is what you already worried about. Oh, father. Well, this is what happened for Aquila, who's the woman until the movement in Ghana. But we know you're never going to believe the story. What Oh could not saw the screen. Even if we are telling you the truth. We know you're never going to have a man in US EMA and means to believe in something that is unknown. unseen.
Eman means you're believing something that you cannot prove. It's viceroys called faith. So they're saying you will never have EMA and in us, even if we are telling the truth. Now what they're trying to say is that we know the story is so preposterous. We know it's so far fetched. And even if we're telling the truth, you wouldn't believe us. So why should we lie? Why should we lie then? We know it sounds strange. We know it sounds preposterous. So why would we possibly lie? So they're trying to make their father believe because it is a preposterous story. You know, sometimes something is so unbelievable. When the guy says that you don't know whether to laugh or cry, you don't know whether
to believe or not. That's one of those points. And they're saying, oh, Father, we know you wouldn't believe us, even if we are telling the the truth.
And of course here, they only add one more imaginative deal and that is why would use of be left alone. What is the excuse here? This is the lie that they invent, that we went racing one another in that they have no vehicle, we're having a setback or race and we left use of all alone. Watch out, why not come you see he beat them in cash. And they brought forth his shirt with them in Khatib. So very beautiful Arabic Bulaga here with a lying blood, the blood does not lie. But Allah ascribed the lying to the blood to show how evil and false It was. It should be them in lieu of false blood. But Allah said demin COVID This is a lying blood. And of course in English, it's not quite clear to
understand, but technically you shouldn't phrase
Is it like this, but a lot ascribes the lying to the blood to show what a bold faced evil life, this is not the blood of users, it is as if the blood itself is lying. Well, Jeff Weiner community, he beat them in Canada. And so they brought forth his shirt, and it had blood all over it. They either sacrificed a rabbit or a goat or something, and they splattered with blood. And they handed this to him and said, This is his shirt
or the bell. So whether telecomm and fuzu komamura. He said, No Bell, bell in the Arabic language is helpfully Rob, which means what has gone before you negated completely. Anytime the word Bell occurs, take this as rule, anytime Allah uses the word Bell, it is a negation of what comes before and an affirmation of what will come after. So the word Bell, there is no English equivalent for it. Anytime Allah says, well, it means whatever has proceeded is wrong. It's not true. And what will come after is the truth. So Bell, so well at Lancome and full sukoon amaura your souls have made some matter Umbra. Nikita, you don't know what it is. Yahoo doesn't know what it is. Some matter. He
doesn't know the story. So he's saying something you have your souls have made this matter appeasing to you. He doesn't know the details. So he leaves it open. Now why didn't Yahoo believe them? Why couldn't he believed the story? While remember he was suspicious of them from even before the story began, when use have told him the dream, he's suspicious, I know something is wrong, they're going to do something to you. And when they come to him, he says no, don't try to push them away. Also, another reason scholars say that he remembers the dream of use of and the dream of use of has to be fulfilled, how can use of be dead? When I know for a fact that all of you are going to prostrate to
him? How can you be dead? Also, they say that
the shirt itself was an evidence in that they handed him the shirt. But in their haste, they handed him the full shirt. And it is said that Yaqoob responded, what a merciful wolf This is that eight abuse of without having one scratch in the shirt. You see, and this is what even modern criminologist say that there is no such thing as the perfect murder. There is no such thing. Every murder, every criminal makes mistakes.
Because either they over plot or the unemployed. And in this case, they're so worried about what they're going to do and they forgot to tear the shirt up, and they handed him a full shirt. So Yaqoob knows this is just not right, something is wrong here.
Another beautiful point of this verse is that Yaqoob understands that the brothers made a plot. And in order to plot to this plot in order to enact this plot, they need to justify it in their conscience. Notice what I'm trying to say your coop didn't say you have done wrong. Yaqoob said, your souls have convinced you that this doing wrong is good. You see the difference between the two right to say you have done wrong. This is a factual statement. But he is psychoanalyzing he's going deeper, and he is saying your own souls. Your own conscience has been corrupted. And this is a much deeper critique. Instead of just criticizing the action. He criticizes the NEA behind the action. He
criticizes the frame of mind behind the action and this is striking the guilt deep inside that not only have you done wrong, but your souls have managed to concoct some type of justification and you know that justification is wrong. And of course, this is a plot of shape on any time we do a wrong so Pamela shaytaan comes in gives us 1,000,001 excuses, every one of us myself and you when we do a sin shaitaan comes and makes an excuse. Okay, we do this sent to avoid a bigger sin or we do this to do that or we do that this is so what luckmann fukumura shaitaan is making this pleasing to us. fasab Odin Jamil for sabalan Jamil sovereign Jamil. Again, this is a phrasing in Arabic that cannot
be translated into English, there's a missing phrase ellipsis there's a missing phrase here. Either the full English would be I shall have a beautiful patience. Or it is that there is nothing for me to do better than having a beautiful patience or some type of missing because there's this is not a full sentence. This is not a full sentence. And the ellipsis here simply indicates that Yaqoob is submitting to the will of Allah and saying
I will have a beautiful patience. Now, this shows us two things number one are a number of things actually. Number one,
the the blessings and the beauty of patience. And there is much to be said here which This is not the time and place dimension. But if you read any book of kuttabul sebata, the other side of the body, any book that mentions the beauties of patience, where Allah subhana wa tada tells us in the Quran, that in the law Hamas, Siberian Allah is with those who are patient, and there are only a handful of, of nouns that Allah said he is with a handful of people in the llama, there's only a few, probably some scholars a 12 exactly have to look it up, but less than a dozen or less than a dozen of them in Oklahoma and we're talking right now about saw the king of them in Allahumma
sabihin. Allah is with those who are patient and Allah says that he shall reward those who are patient without any hisab in Emeryville for sabudana General home the lady ASAP and this is hardly ever mentioned the lady herself, the lady is AB is the highest level of reward. And that is because every good deed is rewarded between one to 700 times excuse me between 10 to 700 times every good deed is rewarded between 10 to 700 times the max is 700. So a person gives $1 depending on who he is and how much that dollar means and what he gave it to, he will get back the reward of $10 sometimes even up to 700 but not more than 700 there are a few deeds that Allah says belatacept I'm not going
to count 707,000,001 a lot does not count it's infinity. When Allah does not count there is no counting to it. And of them we know is the one who fasts he shall get back his reward the lady herself or so Molly will Anna GB and of them is to be patient, to be patient gives you that elite status and there's hardly anything else in the Quran and Sunnah that is believed in herself. And the point of sobor Allah says no on Oh, hello, Jenna Toby, masa, Bertram, and agenda because you have been patient for near Morocco, but Tao What a beautiful reward and what a beautiful place for those who are patient, and they had it and the eyes go on and on about patience. The second thing that
this shows a sovereign Jimmy, a beautiful patience. This shows us that suffer has many categories. You can have a patient that it is isn't quite beautiful, but it is patience. So there are levels of suburb, and yaku will go to the highest level of suburb. So suburb isn't just one category. It's not a black and white on an off switch suburb is spectrum.
And the highest level of sovereign is what Jakob has said, For sovereign Jimmy, a Jimmy, a beautiful patient. What is a beautiful patient, scholars say a beautiful patient is one in which there is no complaining to the creation.
There is no complaining to the creation. You don't seek their sympathy. You don't go and want people to pat you on the shoulder. Oh, it's all right. It's already things will be good for you. You don't want that from the people. You take it directly to Allah azza wa jal as later on in the surah. In nema escoba theva, Hosni Illa Allah, I'm not complaining to you. I'm complaining to Allah doesn't mean to complain to Allah, we'll come to when we get to that verse. What does it mean to complain to Allah Subhan Jamil means you don't want the sympathy of the others. There are types of patients which are okay good, but you need some help. You need some uplifting, most of us, we are patient,
but we also want some worldly benefit. We want some worldly patting on the back and say, Oh, it's alright inshallah it'll be good and will our hope our hearts good constellation, subaltern. Jimmy is the highest level. I don't need any of your sympathy. I'm getting my reward from Allah. And of course sabara we didn't talk about what Sabah means, because we talked about in a lot of detail in the halaqaat that we were doing after Isha. But for those who didn't attend sabara means to restrain to withhold the actual meaning of sabella is to hold back is the actual meaning of sabara. And that is why an animal that is rained, you know the rain that you put on an animal is called cyber, it is
called an animal that is restrained is called an animal that is most bored or you have pulled pushed it or held it back. And the reason why it's Subodh is called sub is because you're supposed to hold yourself back, you're supposed to restrain yourself. And the reason why subud is so difficult is because it is inaction in the face of wanted action. You want to do something your blood is boiling, you want to let it out. You want to let your tongue you want to let your fears you want to show it but you hold back, you hold back and the prophecies have told us the strong person is not the one who can beat up other people. The strong person is the one who can restrain himself summer
Who can restrain himself when he's angry? This is the true test of strength, and not just angry. But there are so many also in response to calamities, and their support and response to worship, there's different types of stubborn, and this is a very difficult one, when you have lost a loved one. And you know something is wrong. People can say, Why doesn't he do more? Why didn't he do more with the the brothers of use of the response? Some scholars say that Allah had inspired him not to do that. This is I guess we'll never know. Others have said that, in his old age, he needed these very sons to take care of the rest of the livelihood to take care of his own. As you know, he had multiple
wives, he has other things to take care of. He himself is an old man. So he needed them for his own livelihood, and also for their children and grandchildren. He's not just these 11 or 10 aren't the only one they have children. And no doubt as a grandfather, he is attached to them and whatnot. And in the end of the day, they are his sons. In the end of the day, no matter what they have done, they are his sons, and it is unquestionable that he has some type of love for them. Well, law who Stan Allah ma soon, will law who will Mustang and a law is the one who I will turn to for help. I'm not turning to you for help. I'm not turning to anybody else. While law one was there are no other
matassa phone against what you have described. You've described something that surely did not take place. No wolf ate up my son uses, I will turn to Allah to help me against what you have described. So yaku feels helpless but in the end of the day, what can he do? These are his sons, he loves them. And in the end of the day, they take care of him and the extended family and all that he can do is to turn to Allah subhanahu wa tada and ask Allah to help him in finding use of and this shows us that the believer is never alone. The believer is never without help. Allah azza wa jal is always the help of the believer. And the phrase will love whom will stand is a phrase that we should also
memorize we should also use frequently that Allah when we stand Allah is the one who will turn to for help. And the Prophet says Adam said that whoever turns to Allah for help alone will be sufficient for him, whoever asks a lot Zoysia for protection, it will be sufficient for that person. And therefore when we are faced with a calamity with the masiva we turn to Allah immediately and effectively and in shallow data, that is the most effective way in getting our goal. I think we can do one more I inshallah, and then we will open the floor for question. We'll just say Yara tune and a sejarah came siara here for modern Arabs. I think it's a car, right? Say Yara comes from Sarah
you're CEO, which means travelers, right? So say Yarra, those who are accustomed to traveling. This is the meaning of sejarah that the caravan, the people who are accustomed to traveling, will say Yara tune, a caravan came for our celluar reader whom they sent their Waterman, the man who would get their water. So there's one person assigned for the water for Adela Delaware, who he put his bucket down. Now, this shows us as we mentioned two weeks ago, that Yousuf was put in a very primitive well, because the word that a lot used is what job and not be in this case, the word bit it was not used job. And job is an unconstructed. Well, and the fact that the man has to lower his
own bucket really shows you how primitive Now why does that benefit the story, because they're not going to a well that is inside the city. They're not going to a world that is frequented any world that a city dwellers would use would be a constructed world who would have a pulley it would have a rope what not, but this is a well that is abandoned. It's not used by inhabitants. It's used by sejarah. It's used by people who are going in the way so they have crafted a plan to put use of in a well that is not in the city is not close to where anybody lives. It is in a faraway location, which only the passing caravan will find. So this person comes he lowers his his, his wealth. And of
course, Allah doesn't tell us the details is understood. You don't need any imagination use of held on to the world. And when that well comes up, and he thinks is water, it is none other than a child. It is a boy, so called a Bushra in another area, which is good news for me or what good luck. Great, excellent. Yeah, we should all have the hula. This is a boy, self evident. It's a boy. Why is he so happy? Because one of the most precious and prized possessions is a slave. A human life in those days slavery is allowed, right? And so one of the most expensive items and commodities is a slave. Now, many of us and now this whole issue opens up the whole issue of slavery. We don't need to talk
about it. In modern times. This is a past and it's talking about
In the past where people operated upon slavery and slaves, by the way, were very expensive. A lot of people think oh, the daydreamer wish I wish we had slaves now stuff for the law or something like this, you know, if we had slaves who do this stuff What about some people make jokes like this fact of the matter is slaves always were expensive. It was a very expensive commodity and only the elite and the rich could could afford it. And even to our religion has a different understanding of slavery. hamdulillah slavery is now finished, it is now abolished. And it is true to say without any apologetics than our shediac made it easy to abolish slavery, I will share the I made those types of
rulings and made those types of issues where if you fall into a sin, you free a slave. If you break faster, more than you free a slave if you have a co founder you free a slave who made a mistake, you free a slave. So many of the explanations are to free a slave. And we're allowed to give Zakat to free slaves. And we do this we're doing this we're doing that so so many rulings of Islam, it is as if it is one step less than actually abolishing slavery. And that is why now that hamdulillah slavery is abolished. No Muslim in the entire world is calling for the reestablishment of slavery, because our religion is complete Alhamdulillah without slavery, and that's the anytime somebody
criticizes you or your religion allowed slavery, you say every every culture, every society did. But now in our time, nobody is calling for it anymore. And that hamdulillah no issue there. So he brings out this boy, and he says what good news. This is a boy with a Saru who blah, blah. And they hid him. How did they hide him as merchandise. So this means that they took him out of the well, and they put him in their belongings. They covered him up, they hit him. They didn't put him on the horse they did. They put him in the cart, and they put sacks and bags on top of him. And they hid him as another piece of merchandise. Why did they hide him? Because they didn't want to tell the
local people that they found a boy, because they didn't know that this boy is from far away or near. They didn't know he could have been from the closest village. And if he's from the closest village, then people are going to come and say we have a missing child. We have a person who's lost. No, they didn't want any of this. They wanted to take him and sell him. What are several who build law. Well law who are de mon Bhima Yama loon, and Allah azza wa jal is fully aware of what they weren't doing. Now they knew what they're doing was wrong, even in their culture and their shediac. Of course, in our show, do we have other rulings, which are even stricter, in their [???]ty, it is not allowed to
capture a free man and sell him and our [???]ty are the Profit System said, of the people who will be punished the most on the Day of Judgment, or those who did this. You know, when you say slavery, in Islam, it's a very different concept. And one of the biggest differences, slavery in this part of the world was to basically go to Africa, and literally throw nets onto free people, capture them, and then sell them in Boston and in New England and other places. This is slavery in our shediac you are not you we're not we're not talking about modern times. We know there is no slavery, you were not allowed to stop foot or take free people like these people did. Rather, the only legitimate
means of acquiring slaves are prisoners of war, who are not ransom by the state, other state prisoners of war. There is a legitimate battle, and people are now prisoners. What do you do with them when the enemy has not purchased them hasn't paid the ransom. In the old days before Islam, they were executed. In our religion, Allah gave the allowance that okay, they can become slaves. This is the only not just one of one. This is the only way to acquire slaves in classical Islamic law. Of course, nowadays, we don't have to worry about that. The point is, they knew what they were doing is wrong, why they hit him. Only guilty people hide things. They hit him as merchandise. And
Allah subhana wa tada is all aware of what they done, had done. Now the Bible mentions and we're going to mention the Bible once in a while, rarely. And as we said before, that it is permissible to quote from the Bible, when we clarify it is from the Bible. And we know that we leave it blank, we don't believe in it, and we don't deny it. Our Prophet says, and I'm said, do not believe what the Jews and Christian tells you about these stories. And don't reject it. Because you don't know it might be true, unless it goes against your book, unless it contradicts what we know. So the Bible says that this were ishmaelites. In other words, these caravans were children of his married now,
Allahu Island, but this seems very strange because it's married is their uncle. And to say that there's already caravans of the children of Israel coming through, whatever the reason I mentioned, this is seems to be a type of slur, a type of
negative remark just to say, Oh, these were evil people, and they were ishmaelites now
Is my real is not some great ancestor 10 generations ago right smile is a contemporary is like a great uncle. And it seems a little bit stranger that some people have pointed out that they just ascribe these people to be ishmaelites. And of course, the Bible itself in another chapter, you know, there's contradictions in another chapter. It mentions these work, I think Ammonites or something, though another group of people. And so there's a contradiction here. But in one chapter, it mentioned there were ishmaelites. And I mentioned this to show you something is fishy for them just to blame. Of course, ishmaelites means Arabs, right? So he seems a little bit fishy to blame
the ishmaelites at this level. So in any case, inshallah with this we will open the floor for question and conclude by saying that
the story now, Allah Subhana, WA tada is setting it up. And a new phase is about to begin, where he's leaving the land of Canaan, he's leaving the land of Philistine and he's leaving it because his brothers have plotted and planned against their father and he's leaving it basically being carried with sacks of other merchandise hidden in in other types of items. And we thank Allah subhana wa Tada. By the way, this is one point that I wanted to mention, we thank Allah subhana wa Taala that the times that we live in is so different from those barbaric times because Subhana Allah look in those days, there is no government there is no police force. There is no Interpol there is no
nothing of this nature. And I say this in all frankness, Allah, it is a blessing from Allah, that we live at times where there's civilized society, in many respects. Of course, there's a lot of problems with that society. But look at the look at the positives, right? Allah azza wa jal tells us in the Quran, that the two biggest blessings that he gives any society are what are the two biggest blessings.
security in which Surah atama home enjoy Anwar Menachem min health. These are the two biggest blessings of any society to have full stomachs and to be in security. Right. And we're lucky it is a blessing that we live at a time where it is almost unprecedented the type of security overall in that in those days halus Yousuf is gone nothing can be done. There is no government there is no agency there is no you know, police force there is no Interpol there's gonna do this and that in our days and hamdulillah there's a little bit of this that on a worldwide level, of course it has its negatives, but there are also positives here and the truth should be said and the praise should be
given where it is due and we thank Allah xojo for having caused us to be born and live in a society where generally speaking hamdulillah we are provided for in terms of food and we are living in very safe and humane settlements and inshallah we will resume next Wednesday in sha Allah to Allah La
in nephin dounia Salah