Lives Of The Sahaba 42 – Abu Ubaidah Amer Ibn Al-Jarrah

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Topics: Hadith

Episode Notes

In this video, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi divulges explicit details on the life and times of Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah or commonly called Abū ‘Ubaydah ‘Āmir ibn ‘Abdillāh ibn al-Jarāḥ.

This great Sahaba who is amongst the Ashara Mubashara was an embodiment of humility, integrity, honesty and modesty. But this was in sharp contrast to his personality on the battlefield where he displayed immense strength, valour and bravery.

An interesting anecdote is shared by the Shaykh that illustrates this very aspect during the battle of Uhud. Abu Ubaidah RA had to part with his two front teeth which came as a result of the piercing of the Prophet ﷺ blessed head due to his own helmet. Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah was unable to stand and witness this misery and hence, after seeking permission from the Prophet ﷺ to be allowed to do the honour of relieving him of his pain.

The life of Abu Ubaidah saw him in the wake of an intense test of his commitment for Islam at the battle of Badr . it was almost incomprehensible as to how this could ever be achieved if not for the utter love for Allah SWT and Muhammad SAW. Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah was face to face with his own father who was making every possible attempt to attack the Prophet ﷺ which shocked him no end. Nevertheless, he kept his faith strong and annihilated his father without any remorse or regret only for the sake of the Prophet ﷺ.

When Abu Ubaidah was in Jabyia he became severely ill due to plague and was almost on his deathbed, he advised his army the following – “Let me give you some advice, which will cause you to be on the path of goodness always. “Establish Prayer, fast in the month of Ramadan, give charity, perform the Hajj and Umrah, remain united and support one another, be sincere to your commanders and do not conceal anything from them. Don’t let the world destroy you for, even if man were to live a thousand years, he would still end up with this state that you see me in. Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah.”

For many more such stories , military conquests and details on hadith, please listen to the above talk with diligence.

 

Episode Transcript

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smilla hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad Ali, he was a big marine.

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We are now moving on to the

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next Sahabi inshallah on our list and hamdulillah we have covered. This is going to be our ninth one and next week inshallah we'll be finishing the the final of the 10 inshallah Tada. So today we will do a Bordeaux VEDA Ahmed Abner Jarrah, our VEDA Amitabh Majora, and, as usual, begin with his next step with his lineage about obey the era. He was actually from the furthest bottom, the furthest tribe, from the Banu Hashim, and that is the tribe of Bernal How does even fit now, who is courage courageous fear. And they had had two sons volley and Hadith. And the Prophet system is from rajib and aborto. beta amyloid gerat is from the other son, Hadith. And so, essentially aborto VEDA is the

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most distant relative possible from the tribe of boorish, he's still a quarter sheet and courage they go back 12 or 14 generations the process in between the process of incorporation is many, many generations. And aborto VEDA is the farthest possible relative within the tribe of orange and therefore his button his sub tribe, the burner Hadith is essentially the furthest tribe it possible from the tribe have been up there, my buddy, nonetheless Of course, he is still a hoarder, she because he is of the descendants of fit and fit is the founder of the origin of Bordeaux VEDA is of course his cornea. His name is Ahmed Ahmed ibn Abdullah Ibn Al Jazeera Ahmed, even Abdullah Abdullah

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Jarrah, and interestingly enough, he is never called in Abdullah he is called aborto VEDA yBnL Jara, we skipped over his father. So we say about Aveda, so aborto VEDA his son is drobeta Abu Zubaydah yBnL Jarrah, we skip over his father, because his father's Abdullah, so technically he should be aboard Aveda in the Abdullah era, but we skip over. Now why does this happen? This is done for one of two reasons amongst the Arabs. The first reason is when the grandfather is very famous. So we want to get prestige by ascribing to the grandfather. And so this is very common. In fact, in the in the incident of her name, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I never knew I didn't

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muttalib and then maybe you look at him. I am the son of Abdul Kalam. So he immediately said, I never knew I didn't look at him, even though he is the son of Abdullah ibn Abdullah multibuy said I never would have done it, and then maybe you get him. So the main reason this is done is that the grandfather is very famous. And so the grandson just ascribes to the grandfather. Sometimes it is done because the Father has done something that is basically embarrassing or something. We don't know why this is the case in this particular in this particular instance, but just remember that even though Jara Jara has his grandfather, not his actual father, so Abu Zubaydah, Ebner Jarrah, his

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name is Ahmed Abdullah Abdullah, nobody called him Ahmed. Nobody called him the son of Abdullah now aborto VEDA mid-evening Abdullah Ebner genre was of the first batch of converts who converted at the hand of the Prophet salallahu. It he would send them he was not of those who converted at the hand of Abu Bakr Siddiq. So this is an honor for him that Abu Bakr Siddiq, as we said he converted five of the Ashura but aboard obey there's not one of them. So, I will obey that converted Some say the next day some say within two three days. So initially, the very first batch of converts from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is included aborto bayda and this was done even before there was

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a house of autocom eBenefits account even before there was any gathering, he is of those earliest batches and had been his Sham lists his conversion right after that abubaker so he is definitely the first if you like five or six or seven converts to Islam. Now we do not have as far as I know any narrations in the Macan phase.

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But we do know that he migrated to Madame avicennia. He migrated to Abyssinia with the second batch of migrants remember I was sitting I had two migrations. He was of the second batch of migrants. And that could be said that even if he went he did not stay for very long and Abby's senior, so he comes back to Makkah I could not find any incident in the mckern sera from

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aborto VEDA and Allah knows best, which was what is the reason for that? What would be the migrates to Medina, he is paired up with one of the Ansari and then he participates in each and every battle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So along with all of the other 10, pretty much all of them, they participated in each and every major expedition, they didn't miss out on anything. And they have even more than this. And aborto VEDA is no exception. One of the incidents narrated about him bring some controversy. And the controversy is it sounds very bad initially. But then, of course, when you understand it, it is not so bad. And then there's a third thing, is it authentic or

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not? So let me take a step back. What is the controversy the Battle of butter, the Battle of butter, there is a very famous incident that has become much more well known. And the fact of the matter is, we don't know is it true or not, but it is well known. What is it? It is that upper Aveda Amitabh Naja ended up killing his own father so you see why it's awkward. What is the story it is mentioned in many many modern books of Sierra many modern books of Sierra that abort obey does father and that is Abdullah Abner Jarrah was so angry at his son's conversion and wanted to basically force him to leave and when he didn't, and he migrated to Medina. So then in the Battle of bunder, Abdullah even

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though Jarrah targeted his son, aborto beta, and he would march towards him, wanting to kill or harm him. And every time about Aveda would

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avoid, avoid Aveda would avoid and he would go to another place and continue the fighting. But one time he saw his son and he just charged straight with his sword of war Aveda had to defend himself and in that defense he ended up killing his own father. Now this story is well known in many modern books of Syrah and the Quraysh and many others even some of the Muslims they felt very awkward at this and the end of the day Muslim or cafr father his father, and of course the status of fathers very high in Islam. And so it is then said that Allah revealed certain Raja delivers 22 In this regard, liturgical Omen una bella he will do will carry you doing them and ha de la hora Sula, who,

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whether we can acquire them or shirato that you will not find a group of people who love Allah and His Messenger, having any sorry, who believe in Allah, His Messenger having any love for those who have fought against Allah and His Messenger, even if they beat their own fathers or their brothers or their kinsmen, and it goes all the way to the end. In other In other words, Allah is saying how can you or Muslims been talking about this or negating it? This is a man who is fighting a lot His Messenger. So if he dies in this then there is no blame whatsoever. This is with the modality 22 many series including event Katia will say this idea came down for aborto beta amyloid Majora and

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when he killed his father, so it is mature, it's well known, but when you go back, this incident is not found in the classical books of Sierra, even a sham does not mention his health does not mention a whopper it does not mention inside the pod does not mention and these three books or four books are the primary initial sources of the Sierra. And none of them mentioned this incident. Rather we find this incident from the fourth century onwards, or some of the books of Hadith that are not at that authentic Baba Ronnie and Mr. Jakob Hackman, others, they have one narration, this narration when you look at it, it's not the one who narrates it is essentially 100 years after the Prophet

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system. And he's saying aborto VEDA, this happened to him. So there's a gap of at least two people that dabbling in the tablet apiary. So the one who's narrating it is essentially a contemporary of Hema medic or something. And he's saying this incident from the time of the prophet SAW Selim. So the one narration that we have clearly has a major missing hole, two people missing. So the question arises when it comes to see what our lacks and we allow these narrations, but this particular one, even if it is permissible, still, it's very awkward. You know that the person kills his father. Additionally, we have explicit reports from the earliest authorities who said abort obey, this

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father died in Jia helia alacati says this award with his father died in July. So if it were just that this is not is not authentic, we could say okay, no big deal because much of the history is not it's not it's not authentic. We as we said, it's not Hadeeth it's not, it's not athletes. When it comes to history, we can relax but

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We have now early historians negating that aborto Vedas father lived to see the Battle of button. In fact, he died in the days of jelly. So Allah knows best that.

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No doubt it is awkward to hear of a major Sahabi who kills his own father. And even if the circumstances exonerate him, when it's such a gray area, we can say that we are not confirmed. This is not something that is known. And Allah knows best, but we do not have to affirm the story. Nonetheless, even Katherine and others, they do affirm this, this story, and they say that this ayah came down because of our Vedas. killing of his father, in the Battle of VEDA has another major incident which is a very well known entity. It is one of his claims to fame, one of his claims to fame. He aborto VEDA was of the first batches who discovered the Prophet system, the whereabouts of

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was not with him. sag was with the process of him, Abubakar and others were of the first batch who found him, right. So when the process of them turned back and went and sought refuge. So the closest to him, just a few of them, they went with him, those that were even a little bit away like aboubaker, and like aborto VEDA, it took a while for them to find where the processing went. So abodo VEDA was of the first batch who discovered the prophets of Sodom where he was after the Battle of boyhood, and it was at that point where he did one of his most loving or brave deeds, and that is narrated from the mouth of Abu Bakar. So do

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himself. He is the one who narrated what happened, I will not go too deep, and the well known story said that, on the day of boyhood, I saw the Prophet system injured, so he's seeing him and he's bleeding. Okay, this is one abubaker is frantically looking for the processor. He sees him in the distance and he is bleeding. Now, pause here, when I did the Battle of what are the how many years ago, I went over that there's a difference of opinion how many wounds the process of them suffered? The majority opinion is, who can remind me in the Battle of offered, how many how many

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wounds how many people injured him? How many people injured him, so the longer you send them more than one? For sure, more than one?

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Three is the common opinion. Three is the common opinion. Okay, some say to, and some say three, and

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B will cost Some say the brother of sad when we talked about the sad, right? Are they going to be well cost shot an arrow and that arrow, it dislodged? One of the it came right into the face of the process and emitted, dislodge one of his teeth. Okay, so it hit and what the armor or whatever went in, but it didn't lodge inside of his mouth. But it was so forceful that the tooth broke and it fell down. And Abdullah eventually have another

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person of the crush, he

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delivered a blow to the forehead of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And the worst was Abdullah Eben coming in coming in coming out was the most hubby's and the worst of them, Abdullah even Kamiya. And he was the one who took a hammer for a vow that he would kill the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he wrote up on his horse, he saw him in the distance. And he wrote up and he managed to deliver a blow straight to the right jaw of the processor straight on with the sword. But he was wearing a helmet. And so what happened was, the chains in the helmet broke open, and they launched into the jaw of the Prophet solo, Selim, this was the most severe wound, okay, where the chain of the helmet and how was

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the helmets in those days, it was essentially write rings. That's how the helmets was right. It was lots of rings. That's how the Arabs had their their chains. It wasn't like you see in medieval Europe, the full thing comes they wouldn't do that. That was a European thing later on. For the Arabs, they would have those round circles one and two each other, and then they will put that on to protect. So the the the the circles broke, and it was so forceful it lodged into the jaw or the cheekbone, whatever you want to call this of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And it was just stuck there like this. And I will buck out of seeing him in the distance, and he rushes forward. And

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he said, somebody overtook me and zoomed ahead of me. And I said may it be palha but it turned out to be a portal beta. Okay, maybe thought had turned out to be a beta. And so I will obey the rushed forward before aboubaker severe and they both come to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. They see him wounded in this manner and abort obey the turns to a worker and he said, I asked

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by a law, let me be the one who take this out. Right? So he realizes abubaker has seniority, so he has to ask permission. And the show's abubaker was recognized as Sahiba rasulillah. So it's an even on the battlefield, when he is bleeding aboard obey there has to get permission, I asked you by a law, let me do this, because he knew that if a worker wanted to do this, a worker had more health than he did. So abubaker allowed him to do this. And so he solo, he took his own teeth, as we know about Aveda. And he bit into one of the there was two that was stuck in, he bit in and he took the pressure on himself, so that the profit system would not feel or minimize the pressure. And he

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yanked back as hard as he could. And in the process, he fell back. And one of the armors came out, along with his four tooth here, the front tooth of water VEDA, his tooth fell out, then he stood up again. And he turned the other way, the left side, and he took the other one on, and he pulled it back. And this caused the other tooth to fall out. So for the rest of his life, he actually didn't have his two front teeth. Because of this incident of OSHA for the rest of his life, he was without the two front teeth, because you know, the front teeth are the most, they're not the strongest, you know, they're not the like the motors. So when he bit on with all of his might write, the tooth that

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fell off was the front tooth. So for the rest of his life, he was essentially not toothless, but the first two teeth were missing. Okay, this was an honor for him a badge of honor for him for the for the Battle of

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the profitsystem also placed boveda in charge of numerous saraya or expeditions. And there's no point listing all of them. But Apollo Bay that was the primary military commander before hardenability would eat. And he is placed in charge of a number of expeditions before Khalid ever comes onto the scene. One of them we've done this before, when we did the Sierra was called steady yet all hot, and hot is the dried leaves and is costly to harvest. Because the Sahaba were so hungry, they were forced to eat dried leaves, and they were almost dying, starving to death that that they had run out of food and they were not able to catch the expedition that they were wanting

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to catch. So on the way back, they're almost starving to death. And they pass by close to the city of Jamboree on the way back to Medina. And there they discover a massive whale, the likes of which they had never seen before. So larger whale, and they were emaciated they were starving to death. And so they camped there for 10 days or two weeks just eating the will they needed recuperation. Right after a whole month of almost starving to death, then they had to camp there and regain their strength. And in this 10 days or two weeks of what obey that is the commander. And so you know, they have nothing else to do they need to recuperate. So

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a number of things are narrated aboard obey that had 10 of his men sit in the eye socket of the skull. And all 10 of them were sitting in the eye socket of the skull of the whale. So this is clearly one of those blue whales or something massive whales, and he took one of the ribs of the whale and put it into the sand. And on his camel and abort away that will come to was a very tall man. On his camel. He went underneath the rib. And it didn't touch his forehead. So we're talking about at what 15 feet 14 feet took a massive amount even more than this right? The Campbell would be at least I would say what 11 feet 10 feet add to that another force around 1415 feet It was a

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minimum. So this entire thing about a Vader's walking underneath. So we can see he also my shoulder has a side of

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playfulness as well as shuttler. Right, because who else is going to be doing this? So he is doing this as well in this Meantime, of course, by the way, FYI. So then when they went back to Medina, then they told the process of what happened and they said what is it okay are eating from the whale? And our process of them said, Do you have any meat left? And so they gave him some of the meat and he ate from it. And as far as I know, this is the only time that our processing have had seafood because otherwise, where would he have any seafood, but this shows that seafood is valid. It also shows that well despite being a mammal constitutes seafood for us, the shediac does not care how the

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animal breeds, the shediac cares where it lives. So whales, porpoises, dolphins whatnot are considered seafood, even if they are mammals from a scientific or a genius perspective. In any case. So this is our way the story when it comes to that incident. Our beta also was in charge of another incident, which we're not we're not interested in the details of what happened as much as one particular line and event is how

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that demonstrates how great of a personality

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to portray that was,

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it is narrated that the Prophet says that I'm sent Ahmedabad allows and I would have done house had just accepted Islam remind me When did you accept Islam everybody should know by now we've done this 10 times, when did I would have announced accept Islam

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just before the conquest of Makkah, just before the conquest of MK, right, he is of the last batch left with clotted and dialysis of the last batch. And

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the process of them sent out to invade a particular tribe. And when he got to the tribe, he kind of panicked, he said, it's too large, I need reinforcements. And so he sent a message to the process of sending me more people. So the Prophet says that I'm sent abroad Aveda with another group. And he said to avoid Aveda that let not the two of you defer

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you and Ammar should be on the same wavelength. From this aboard obey the understood that he was not being placed in charge of our motor, but neither was ama in charge of him. These are two independent units and they have to coordinate the attack because of the phrasing let not the two of you differ. So when he got to the camp of ama, ama as a new Muslim and you know ama we we know his his you know, his history and also what he's going to do, and people are different in their personalities and also yet and there's nothing, you know, negative per se about this. Some people are they're just different when it comes to certain issues. And our first thing he said was, you are reinforcements

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and I am in charge. Like let's be clear, this is my unit, not yours. And Abu Zubaydah said, No, you have your unit, I have mine. We're not nobody is in charge of each other. You have your unit I have mine. And our insisted no unto method. You are the secondary method. You are the help. Right? I am the author, you are the Father, I am the main You're the one who is there, and to me that you are the ones that have come and even has half rights. And this is so beautiful. What can about obey data, or Julian loon layyah known about Aveda was an easygoing, gentle man who didn't care about omoto dunya

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This is a beautiful description. He was alone lady and easygoing gentleman who didn't care about politics didn't care about dunya and so he said Yama the Prophet sallallahu Sallam commanded me that the two of us should not disagree so if you disagree with me I will follow you so that we don't disagree

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so armor insisted then I am in charge

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and I will obey the said as you wish. And so he then became under him just because the process and said let the two of you not disagree and our did not allow for anything other than

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being in charge. So he said okay, and so imma let the Salah even though he was a brand new Muslim and abort obey there was then behind him somehow this shows Yanni the lack of Obrigada and how humble and modest of a man he was. And

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in the conquest of Mecca as well about obey the Amityville genre was with the Prophet systems contingent. Remember, in the conquest, there were three units, the right flank the left line, they went to Makkah from other sides, and the process of entered center and upper obey that was the person in front of the Prophet system, clearing the way making sure everything is safe and fine, and he is leading the way and the process is behind him in the conquest of Makkah, until finally, a obey then sets up the 10th for the process of to stay in. And so this becomes a matter of honor for our VEDA that he is leading the process of into the conquest of Mecca. We also know a few other tidbits

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from his life. For example, when the Christians of Iran came, this happened in the eighth or ninth year of the 100, after the conquest of Makkah, when the Christians of Iran came. And you know, when the Christians came the process of how to debate with them, he talked to him about Jesus and a seven Imodium came out from the Koran MOBA Hydra was offered, you know, that was offered that you bring your family, I bring my family, let us each one curse the Lana to lie and avoid the mean. And the Christians. What did they do?

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They didn't do that. They said, that's not gonna, we're not going to do that. We are worried about what's going to happen. So they essentially said, Look, you know, Thanks, but no thanks. We're not going to do that. And we have our religion and we respect you know what you are doing as well. Then they said that

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we need someone to be set up because remember what's happening, the Islamic empire is expanding. And so these Christians are now nominally

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attached to the Empire. So they requested the process and send us somebody that can be a dispute solver, a neutral person because you know, any any community, they have masakan they have problems. So when you have an outsider, you can get a neutral perspective. So they said, We trust you. You're good people we trust you send us one person, we have some disputes we have to solve. So the profits of the law, why do you sell them said, come back later on solid time and the time and I will choose for you. And we'll I mean, I will choose alcovy and I mean, somebody are we are we here mean strong, and also mature, strong. And I mean, sensible, wise, trustworthy, I'm gonna be upset that I was

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never more eager for power or for responsibility than this and I was hoping I would be that one because the process of described him as a way and a mean, so it comes at a time when we're standing and suffered over. And when the Salah finished the process of looked behind, and Omar went up to see like, Okay, I'm here, but the process of looked in the crowd, and then he said, obey the go with the people of Nigeria on and then he said to the people of Nigeria on that famous phrase, and this is the most highest honor for Aveda Amrita Majora. This is his monster. This is his felina This is his high status. Every oma has an amine. And the mean of my oma is about obey, dammit.

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This Hadith is in body and many books of Hadith. Every oma has one person who is the most trustworthy. I mean, this is a great honor because who is an amine before of oral VEDA process processor was it I mean? So he is saying every oma has an amine. And for my own, the amine is a probado yBnL Java. And so he worked with the Christians on john and then resolve their problems and then came back. And then shortly after this, the people of Yemen accepted Islam, and they requested a judge. Now when we say the people that you haven't realized Yemen at the time was not one land. Yemen was many principalities. So to one principality, Mossad was sent to one principality, it was

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sent so there's lots of little, you know, fiefdoms or kingdoms in Yemen. And so two one of them are obeyed, that is also sent as a judge as a solver. So aboard Aveda in the lifetime of the process of is appointed, is as a counselor, as a judge as a dispute resolver

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we again, there doesn't seem to be that many stories about probate and the lifetime of the process that we are familiar with other than the ones that I have done. And the next major incident that happens in the life of a blu ray that happens on the day of the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam barely a few hours after the death of the process of the unsolved have gathered in the cell Tifa have been inside the sofa which is still standing to this day. The only garden around the bottom. If you are facing the fibula. If you go all the way to the back of the bottom. You exit from BB medic fat right? If you exit from BB medic forehead so the feminists towards your back on

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the far left hand side when the hotels begin. Sorry when the hotels finish not begin. When the hotels finished there is a garden still standing there. And that garden is the sofa have been Oh sorry, the So anybody who stays in the hotel complex behind the harem,

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the hotel complex behind the harem. You will see the sofa from your window if you have a window there is still there. The garden is still there. in that garden. The sofa bunnies are either in that garden, the famous incidents took place of the election of Abu Bakar. And we know what happened at the unsought gathered together. That was the largest garden that they would that was close to the house that they were together in. They all gathered together. And Abubakar and Omar heard of this in the masjid. And so they said Come let us go. And they took our VEDA with them. So the three people now the fact that aborto VEDA is in this gathering, demonstrates his seniority. All I mean, honestly

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everything else, just the fact that abubaker Romar and Abu Zubaydah are the three who walk from the harem to the sub diva, and they are the ones who are given admittance. And then of course, Abu Bakar does the talking the beautiful speech, we've done it before everybody should know the beautiful speech he gave. And then he said you will always be the wizard Ah, but the whole effort has to be from us. You will always be the helpers. But the leaders are from the horatia as per the request of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Then at the end of that what did a worker do? held on to the hands of both Omar and aborto VEDA, pick them up and he said make your choice. Either one of

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these two subhana wa aboubaker is willing to nominate a Buddha VEDA to be the halifa that's not

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trivial to Ischia is not a trivial matter. Abu Bakar is nominating Omar or avoidably, the one of these two men, I'm willing to be that you give back to him. But then of course, Omar then you know, put his hand down and said rather you will be the halifa and then I will obey the also gave the back to him and then the answer followed. So, the fact again that this is happening, demonstrates the status of Obrigada algebra. Now after this begins really what aborto VEDA is famous for when we think of aborto VEDA, the main thing we think of is the Hadith of the process of you already, I mean of this oma. And then what happened in the life of Abu Bakr and Omar, because oboro VEDA was the

00:30:41--> 00:31:18

primary person who is responsible for the conquest of Syria, were obeyed. His name is associated with the conquest of the Sham, right? And him and her individually together, they are the two main heroes of Villa de Sham, and one after another. So as soon as the words of Rita are winding down, they're not yet over. Will buckers eyes were already on the prize, and that's Jerusalem, a worker had always wanted to conquer Jerusalem. And so even when the wars are going on hotly debated what he does, taking care of your mama, he's taking care of

00:31:20--> 00:32:08

as well. And seeing all of these these these weirdos the false prophets that he's taking care of them still that is going on. And Abu Bakar chooses, abort obey de to lead the first battalion to attack the Byzantine Empire. So aboard obey that has the honor of being the first Muslim general, the first military commander to take on the Byzantine Empire. This is a huge blessing for a boy obey the amateur genre. And he goes all the way up north past mother and father and he begins conquering the outlying posts and the regions so essentially now the message is being sent to heraclius we are attacking and you know, to conquer the small towns is big enough of a deal. Of course, the big

00:32:08--> 00:32:45

battle is going to happen very soon, he makes his way slowly but surely 250 kilometers outside of Damascus, and the first large contingent or Byzantine force comes and that is one of our obeyed this sends back that okay, now's the time we need now part two, we need the reinforcements. Okay, we've done our duty that we got the attention of the big guys. Now we need our big guys. That's when Abu Bakar sends a letter to heart of the blue lead that as soon as you get this Do not stop, do not hesitate, get your forces and get to Sham ASAP and

00:32:47--> 00:33:04

harder to lead then for immediately overseas up to Sham to Damascus to to the outside of Damascus. And they're under the command of harden Walid. So aboubaker essentially appoints carded now to take over Aveda and Khalid

00:33:06--> 00:33:48

is very gentle about avena n equals u r Sahib will follow you are the person who has you know seniority and I haven't any desire for this but um you know, minion has assigned this to me and so Vedas aboard VEDA he's not interested in power so he willingly steps down and the two of them then concentrate on the first large city of Morro Bay that has conquered you know regions here and there but nothing that major because abubaker didn't give him that that amount to do anything significant. And the first large city is a Basra boss not not. Not buster, but Basra. Right, Basra in Arabic, Basra and Basel is the city where

00:33:49--> 00:34:23

the the Arabs would go for their trading posts, right? It's still there to this day. It's around 70 kilometers outside of Damascus. So it's basically the major post of trading. It was also on the Silk Road. We talked about this right. So it's also on the famous the endstop of the Silk Road. The Silk Road starts in China finishes in Basra. So that whole Silk Road is over there. And the Arabs are connected to the Silk Road over there. their heritage today was safe is Missouri this is where it is. So aborto VEDA and Harley Davidson will lead march to Missouri and they conquer Basra. And then they work their way up to

00:34:25--> 00:34:59

outside of Jerusalem. Jerusalem, of course is the price and it is the most fortified city in the entire Byzantine Empire after Rome. So Jerusalem is is too much for them at this stage. They leave it and they move onwards and they participate in the next major battle. The Battle of edge in that day in the Battle of Argentina is called and this takes place 15 kilometers outside of Jerusalem and the Battle of edge Nadine was the first major battle with the direct forces of heraclius. So heraclius is now sending the big troops called them the marine

00:35:00--> 00:35:44

whatever he's sending the real, the big guys. And this is an agenda Dane and imagine that Dane holiday will lead and abort Aveda went over the the Byzantine Empire, the Byzantine forces, and they continue marching on words until they get to Damascus. And they lay siege to the city of Damascus. And there is a bit of a controversy who conquered Damascus because Khalid was on one side of waterway there was on the other side, and there was a long siege and, and to make a long story short, both of them broke the siege. Both of them managed to have access to the city. So there's a bit of a controversy who was the main conquer. In the end of the day, they both conquered Damascus.

00:35:44--> 00:36:15

So city of Damascus, about Aveda had a primary part in the conquering of the city of Damascus. And it was at this point in time that Abu Bakar passes away. And Omar takes charge. And one of the first acts of war, as we all know, when it came to be led the Sham was to put up with obey the back into place. Omar did not want hardy Beverley to be in charge. Now. There's a lot of opinions why that is the case. And

00:36:16--> 00:36:59

one opinion says that because of superstition. But there are frankly there is a more clear opinion but it is awkward for the people to hear this. So no point to go into too much detail. But let's just say that aroma Nakata felt that harlot is not the best military general, the most, the most senior ranking of the Sahaba, which is true. So Romar was more interested in senior ranking of the Sahaba. And Harlan Walid is a recent convert compared to our VEDA, there is really no comparison in terms of seniority of the Sahaba. So we as Muslims need to understand we respect all of the Sahaba. But the Sahaba amongst themselves are the Rajat, they're not all the same. And how to develop the

00:36:59--> 00:37:43

Walid cannot compare at all, with the birth of the Yun, with the early muhajirs write with the earliest converts, there is a 20 year, you know, gap between the conversions. And those 20 years, what has happened in those 20 years, right. So from a numbers perspective, and the holidays, and of course, one holiday except to December the last one, certain things happen in his in his reign, and in his battles and whatnot that are more disagreed with about his journey, what he you know, how his tactics were, and whatnot. And he is a new Muslim, we mentioned some of them in passing. And so essentially, Omar just did not want to be in charge. So who does he appoint to incharge upward obey

00:37:43--> 00:38:12

the ambit of no Java. And again, this shows us the status of combative and Java the status of algorithm and Java that he puts Ahmadinejad in charge of the entire military expedition to conquer Villa de sham. And they continue to move on invalid a sham, and they conquer, essentially, you know, the country of Syria and Lebanon and Palestine in our times. They conquer the city of Heliopolis, which is balabac. They conquer the city of

00:38:14--> 00:38:56

a Misa which is hymns, they conquer the city. I mean, basically all of these major cities in the Syrian coastline, one after the other, and this is about obey that is the military commander, and Khalid is his right hand man, and the both of them are cooperating together. And iraklis is getting more and more furious. That is the all of his Syrian cities are falling like dominoes. And so heraclius decides to throw the largest army he can possibly throw against them. And news reaches the Muslims that heraclius is sending one of the largest armies that he has ever sent, perhaps rivaling what he sends us the Persians. Now he's gonna turn his effort against the Muslims highly suggest to

00:38:56--> 00:39:31

Abu Zubaydah forget all of the other cities. Let's Let's gather together in one big plane now, we need to gather all of the Muslims to take on this big battle, and I will obey the agrees and what was that big battle is going to take place now? Yarmouk? Okay, this is the mother of all battles. Yarmouk, what will make us understand the significance of Yarmouk, it is true to say that if you look at all of the battles of the history of Islam, after the era of the process, and that's a separate hokum, Yarmouk really is the most important

00:39:32--> 00:40:00

even more than the conquest of beta, the force and assassin Empire, er, mo qadisiya that, and yet more competitors are the two most important right yet more coming out this year. But between the two Yarmouk is more important, how can it not be when you're conquering Jerusalem? Eventually, when your MOOC is opening up the entire Byzantine Empire, the right half of it all

00:40:00--> 00:40:38

This is opening up from your move now. And it's hard to see is of course, very important. We talked about that besides individual costs and others, there's no question, but still your milk is your milk, and your milk is taking on the Roman Empire. And you have heraclius his brother and heraclius his right hand men, and you have the forces the Roman Empire, basically on the one side, and you have a boveda on the other side, and I will obey that was the overall leader in the Battle of Yarmouk. But awareness of how to look at his his his modesty and humility, about obey the essentially appoints Cardinal Walid as the military commander, like even though he's in charge,

00:40:38--> 00:41:22

technically, but a better way to realize is Khalid is the military genius better than me. So he designates harder to be the general of the battle, even though technically aborto beta is the the main person in charge. And of course, we talked about your milk and it is well known and your milk is something that all of us should be at least vaguely, vaguely familiar with. It lasted six full days, the Battle of your milk, and eventually the Muslims won a miraculous victory. And again, I've said this many many times, and will lie there's no question no matter how rational or scientific our minds want to be, Yarmouk, and called the CEO cannot be explained on the basis of logic and reason,

00:41:22--> 00:42:15

it is impossible that a group of ill equipped, poorly trained Arabs from the desert, and I don't mean this in a derogatory sense, but it is a fact can take on the superpowers of their times, essentially, simultaneously, and win over both of them. Not even having the military equipment, or even the food and drink that the other side has. They're the ones traveling from 1700 miles away. They're the ones in foreign lands, they're the ones It is impossible to explain. fewer in number less equipped, less trained, the terrain is not their trade terrain, and some had a lot. Both of these conquests take place, and the Muslims won a resounding victory at a heavy cost people died,

00:42:15--> 00:43:00

but they won, and they won a massive victory. And heraclius Yarmouk essentially essentially was that was it. The Romans could not muster an army the size of Yarmouk to fight the Muslims after that in the immediate vicinity? And then things happen in their own Empire, which essentially they had to concede the loss of bladder Sham to the Muslims. So we after the Battle of Yarmouk the massive victory, then aborto VEDA and holiday both decided, and here's where again, some high level debate is technically in charge, but he is such an easygoing man. He's such a lenient man that most of us assume Khalid is the driving force. And there's an element of truth because he was the military

00:43:00--> 00:43:40

strategist, there's no question about obey there was a fighter, nobody's denying that. But in terms of strategy caught, it was covered, and you couldn't compete with highly when it comes to strategy. So what are they they're still in charge, technically, but it is hard with the impetus with the with the with the ideas and whatnot. So the both of them then decide to turn back and make their way back to Jerusalem. Because Jerusalem was a fortified city, Jerusalem was the prize and it was the most fortified city of that time in the entire region. So they come back and they marched back to Jerusalem. And of course, that is when the famous siege begins of Jerusalem. And the siege lasts for

00:43:40--> 00:44:15

one month, two months, three months, four months. And the people in Jerusalem are desperate for Madrid for help from heraclius and heraclius can do nothing because of the Battle of yarmulke his forces have been completely destroyed, his brother has been killed heraclius has now does not have that type of army to help the people of Jerusalem. And so after three, four months, four months, the people of Jerusalem decide, you know what, let's cave in. We agree to surrender. So Jerusalem surrendered. Remember this right? It wasn't fought because the fortress was simply too powerful to fight. So it's surrendered. But what was the condition?

00:44:19--> 00:44:58

Omar has to come and have we hand over the keys to him directly. Okay, so I'm going to hop out agreed, as we all know, and he came and the keys were handed to him, and Subhanallah as if this wasn't enough, after Jerusalem is conquered, then we're obeyed along with harder than worried, turned their way back north and they continue marching towards Aleppo. Aleppo is headed and then to Antioch, which is unpopular, and then last year, and then Jebel and patos. All of these are known to the Syrians and the bunnies here. These are all areas that are coastal and whatnot, up one after the other. And now that Yarmouk has taken place, they are essentially winning each one of these cities,

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

until finally they get to another

00:45:00--> 00:45:44

Totally what is Anatolia? Anatolia is modern Turkey. Right? So Syria and Turkey have that massive stripper border. And that was where essentially the Muslim stop. And for the next 1200 years, that was the battle line between Christian dumb and Islam. Right. Then the Ottomans came, and the Ottomans took over Anatolia and Turkey and Istanbul, Constantinople, that would happen in 1450 ce II that would happen so many years later, seven 800 years after for now, of course, the Muslims essentially stopped over there and they did not go on to Anatolia, why did they not go on to Anatolia? Many reasons, primarily, two things happened. Well, firstly, of course, it is the logical,

00:45:44--> 00:46:30

rational understanding, the troops can only do so much after having gone forth all of this, they cannot continue onwards, but then two things happen that stopped them, and they both happen few months from one another. The first of them was the famine of the Hejaz, which killed many, many people and crops and children died and people died, there was a massive famine, lack of rain, and so the entire hijas is having a calamity. And when the Hejaz is having a calamity, then everybody in the Islamic Republic has to essentially help them. And so Bob told our VEDA that we are in desperate need for food send everything surplus from Villa de Sham, so I will obey the

00:46:32--> 00:46:50

gathered together and organized a campaign of relief. Now, this was the 18th year of the hedgerow everybody should memorize in the 18th year of the hedgerow two things happen after a few months of one another, which essentially damaged the the conquests of the Muslims and they kind of stopped over there. The first of these was the famine and the famine

00:46:53--> 00:47:36

killed a lot of the life of the livestock and the the the food and the grain withered away, there was no rain that here, so when you don't have rain, the crops are going to die, when the crops are going to die, the food the people are going to start dying. So abort obey the organized over 4000 camera loads of food from Syria, 4000 camera loads of Syria, to go down and feed the people in the Hijaz. And he himself came down back to Medina, to help distribute and to take care of the shortage in the famine. And then he went back to without the Sham wanting to resume the fight. And that was when the second calamity happened. And that was in Sham, not in hedges, and that is the plague. That

00:47:36--> 00:48:17

is the plague. The plague of I'm worse, it is called La Lune. And was the plague, you know, the like the Black Death, you know, the just, we don't know what it is some type of virus, some type of you know, you know how it is. We don't know which virus it was. But one of these viruses begins to spread. And 10s of 1000s of people are killed in the entire region of Syria, Muslim calf and everybody it's like this is what happens in the plague. Now, after the family had been taken care of, and everybody's back to normal. Now Obama hottub takes a contingent and he wants to join the fighting in the sham. So he goes up north and a Barbados already in Sham, he goes up to meet or

00:48:17--> 00:49:04

whatever. And they meet together in a land on the borders between Sham and basically Arabia. And that is when the our own broke out. So the news of the plague reached the Muslims when they are kinda sort of one foot in in Arabia, one foot in Sham and Omar is coming from Medina and about Aveda is coming down from Sham to meet him and to decide what to do where to invade. And that's when a Shura had to be called Omar said What should we do? And he called together many of the Sahaba and they they had their opinions back and forth. So he said, Okay, forget you guys. Give me the battery. You are the people of the Mahajan. Bring me the elite, bring me the senior most Sahaba. So they

00:49:04--> 00:49:52

brought him that they came together. And they all suggested, Omar, there is no need for us to march in to a plague. Let's walk back and where we came from. Because if we are all destroyed here who will take care of Islam. This is too precious for us to march into a plague. And so I'm gonna I'm gonna hop off then came outside of the tent and he said, Okay, we have decided we're going to go back to Medina and not conquer more land. And this disappointed about Aveda immensely, because his heart was to go on. He wanted to get into Anatolia and to conquer even more. And of course, everybody wanted Constantinople. It's in the minds of the Muslims. Right, Constantinople is not

00:49:52--> 00:50:00

unrealistic when they've gotten this far. Right. They're already more than halfway there. If you can see a map right when you go home

00:50:00--> 00:50:24

CMR look at where they have gotten from what is essentially to bukoba Insider, which was the end point of the Arabian Peninsula, they have now conquered all the way to essentially modern Turkey. So they've conquered all of this. If they go the same amount or lesser, they can get to Constantinople. And Constantinople was the big prize. Why was it the biggest prize? Because it's the capital.

00:50:25--> 00:50:36

It was the capital, Rome was not yet a capital, Rome was so insignificant compared to Constantinople, Constantinople was the capital of the world.

00:50:37--> 00:50:42

There's nothing more famous than Constantinople. Second, would be the

00:50:44--> 00:51:26

telephone of society that's like, you know, the second, the second most powerful, and so the prize, the eyes of the prize of Constantinople, is there a way that wanted to go there? But Omar said no, so Abu Zubaydah said his famous phrase, that at a funeral room in pada, De La Jolla, ameerul, momineen. And how could you not go and fight? Are you running away from the other of a law? Are you running away from the corner of law? And Armand gave his famous response? Right, that we are running mencoder illa Illa Katerina, we are fleeing from the corner of Allah to the other of Allah. This is not running away from anything. And of course, the next day, what happened? Who can remind me the

00:51:26--> 00:51:28

next day after he made this announcement?

00:51:30--> 00:51:34

No, not the next day. No, no, no, no, I'm talking about the next day. What happened?

00:51:36--> 00:51:37

I mentioned this a few weeks ago.

00:51:39--> 00:52:22

Guys, you forgot already. We don't have the note taker today. Abdullah Malik now came back to the camp of the Romani now came back to the camp. He was on some expedition. And when he came back, he said, Oh, I mean, I have written from the process about this exact issue. I quoted the Hadith. I read it from the Muslim. I read it from the Muslim, you have forgotten that I did. When I read it. Now, none of the Sahaba knew that Hadith. And Abdullah have now said, amin, amin, I have from the process that I heard him say this, that if a bar owner comes to a land and you are not there, don't go in. And if you are there, then

00:52:23--> 00:52:24

then don't come on, don't flee.

00:52:27--> 00:53:11

So this is under 100. Now, if not avoidable, so, Omar, salud Hamdulillah, Allah has guided us to the truth. So the point being that Omar then returned back to Medina with most of the Sahaba abort, obey, they made his own he had an abort obey the felt that look, this is my land now sham. So I can't go back to Medina. And he made his he had that, you know, he had his own interpretation of the idea that look, however it is, this is my land, I have to go back to my land, I cannot flee from my land. So he went back to be lad a sham, despite the fact that there was now plague spreading. And the plague continued to kill many of the Muslims, many of the people in the land. And Omar became

00:53:11--> 00:53:35

very worried, because he couldn't afford to lose a vote obeyed or he thought he couldn't afford to and allows other Canada like order a mocha Dora. And so Mr. Roboto wrote him a letter. And he said, either jakka kitabi, had, as soon as you get this letter of mine, immediately come to Medina, for a very urgent matter that I cannot discuss with you except in person.

00:53:37--> 00:53:38

What was your mother's Nia,

00:53:39--> 00:54:27

get him out. One hour obey the got the letter. He said, may Allah have mercy on Amira, meaning he has no need for me, he wants me to leave. So he wrote him back, that Oh, ameerul momineen. I know what your hajer is, I know what your need is. And I am busy in the army and with the people here, and I have no desire to leave them and go back there. So I asked you by Allah to relieve me from this command to go back to Medina. And he isn't the end of the day has to follow the command. So he tries one attempt, I asked you by a law to not command me. Don't let me go back. I want to stay here with my troops. And when Omar received the letter and he was in the mercy of the the prophets of

00:54:27--> 00:54:54

Allah while he was setting them, he began to cry. The Sahaba said, and they knew the letter is coming from from Syria. The Sahaba said, What happened has a boy obey the died in the plague, what happened in that he died? And Omar said, No, but he will soon know but he is about to, and I got this letter now. That said, I know he's going to die. And it was shortly after this that indeed, I will obey the

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

law. He fell sick and he became the most

00:55:00--> 00:55:07

Amos Shaheed of the barn of am was the most famous Shay because he is Shaheed Why is he Shaheed

00:55:08--> 00:55:52

plague plague and in fact he is one of the narrators of the Hadith of the Shahada. He is one of the narrator's of the idea that what constitutes the Shaheed and he died as a Shaheed in the plague. And he himself is the one who narrated that, you know, the process of said that whoever dies of this of his baton is the shade whoever dies or whoever dies or fires or shade. And whoever dies because of a plague is a Shaheed. And he died of this plague during his last days, he fell sick, the symptoms of the plague began and the plague is a very, very terrible, terrible, you know, tragedy and hamdulillah Allah has protected our era, by and large, from these vaccinations. And so we don't

00:55:52--> 00:56:33

really, we are not intimately familiar with the plagues. But the plague was a a terror, an aspect of terror for almost all generations before us. Everybody knew the plague. And it was something that they were terrified of, because in a village, you could literally have 80% of the people just killed. So Of what use is life after that, when your family your friends have died, right in the village, every and you couldn't, you wouldn't know who in the household, three people die one person lives. You don't know why, you know, it's still to this day medical science doesn't know who has that, you know, fully and whatnot, the vaccination or the, you know, the immunization whatever. And

00:56:33--> 00:57:18

so the plague was a terror for every generation, and so obeyed and one of the problems of the plague as well is, once you get the symptoms, you know, you're gone. And you have a day or two. And this is all plagues. Once the symptoms began, last, now that's it, you are caught. And now the cycle is inevitable. And so I will obey the caught the virus, whatever it was, and death is now upon him. And he then gave some famous pieces of advice and helpers in his last day or two. And of the things he said is that, oh, people, this sickness is a mercy from a law and a drop of your profits and the way that the righteous people died before you, meaning, don't look at this as a punishment, for the

00:57:18--> 00:58:00

righteous people, this is a mercy and a co founder of the sins so he's cheering the people up. And he goes, and I pray that Allah gives me a share as well. He's about to die a Shaheed. And in that last day or two, he appointed more of the bingeable to be the governor after him to be the leader and the governor after him. And he passed away in what is today an area of Jordan. What is today an area of Jordan in his grave is still they say they know their place in the place in Jordan, the cover of Obrigada an imminent JIRA and so, he did not live to see the fitting of the Sahaba he is the first of the tend to die after aboubaker. So after buckler so the the first of the tend to die

00:58:00--> 00:58:02

is about obey the

00:58:03--> 00:58:22

genre. And now met a number of things are narrated about him and concerning him to show how great he was. of the things narrate is that one day, perhaps, you know, shortly after his death, we don't know the date of this incident, or multiple hobbies sitting with his advisors in Medina. And he says to them, make a wish Make a wish Gemini.

00:58:24--> 00:58:28

What is your nominee? So each one of them has a wish and they then

00:58:29--> 00:58:57

say what their wishes. Then when it gets to I'm going to turn they asked him what is your Omnia so he says my Omnia my wish, I wish I had a room full like you all over here. The likes of Abu Zubaydah ambivalent genre, this is my wish, that I wish I had a room full of our betas. And so paddler This shows the importance of quality over quantity,

00:58:58--> 00:59:08

what he would want as the ameerul momineen is a room full of people as trustworthy and as righteous as our obey the army.

00:59:09--> 00:59:25

And it is reported that he will have Bob he sent 4000 did hums two more hours and two hour away the both of them and he said to the envoy that look what they do with the money and then come back and tell me and more or the bingeable he gave

00:59:26--> 00:59:59

pretty much all of it away, right then and there until his wife cried out from behind the door that Oh my God, we need some for the children. And so he gave her some of them and she kept it for the children. Otherwise all of it she gave it he gave it out to the fukada and when the envoi went to Aveda Aveda as well distributed all of it to the poor, even though this was a gift to the two of them, that the sorry, aroma is giving them a gift. And he has the right as the honey if after all that they've done. This is like okay, bye

01:00:00--> 01:00:24

You know, just like this is hot, you guys have earned so much, this is a bonus for you. And this bonus is distributed to the for Korra and Misaki. And when Omar heard of this, he said Alhamdulillah, who all praise be to Allah, that he has kept such people still in Islam, people that are so pure all of this money they're giving to the full horror. And

01:00:25--> 01:01:09

in a famous Hadith in Sahih, Muslim, another Hadith but a statement I show was asked by one of her students, that if the process had named a successor, a halifa, who would you have named? Now remember, the general you know, opinion of Allah sooner is the Prophet system indirectly appointed ovako? Not directly. And this is very clear. There are some people who said he directly appointed him. And there's very little evidence for this. So most of the Sahaba did not view Abu Bakar as being explicit but implicit by the process of implied by the processor, and our issue is one of them. So that's why then the question is, if he had specified who would he specify, and so on, he

01:01:09--> 01:01:10

said aboubaker.

01:01:11--> 01:02:03

Then who? Rama, then who? Abu Zubaydah, Amitabh Bachchan, this is our issue saying her he had Hirsch there's not a hadith somebody as Isaiah doesn't say Muslim, the most important or the most, you know, qualified person, Abu Bakar and then Omar, and then upper obey the army liberal Georgia. And you know, this same position is repeated by Omar on his deathbed. On his deathbed, Omar says the same thing when he has been stabbed by Abu al maroussi. He has barely a day and a half to live and he appoints the six Shura. What does he say? He says lo Karna. About obey the ambit in Majora Hi, yen frbr obey they were alive right now less than half to who I would have appointed him as my

01:02:03--> 01:02:19

halifa and I would not have appointed the whole Shura to decide. And if Allah had asked me how could I appoint a board Aveda, I would have said, I appointed the one whom the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said is the mean of this oma.

01:02:20--> 01:02:34

So think about this will lie look at how high of a status Obrigada has, who are the six people. Yet Romer is saying if I had to borrow Bader I wouldn't appoint these six.

01:02:35--> 01:03:25

This shows us the status of aborto VEDA ambetter Majora from the day of abubaker Benny suceava. Right. Omar, Anna probado issue saying Omar Navarro VEDA and Omar himself is saying, if I just had about obeya I wouldn't appoint the shooter and aborto Vader would have been the next halifa and I would have answered a lot as a widget that I know who I'm appointing because he is the mean of this oma and he lived a very, very simple life out of all of the 10 he had of the most simple life. It is narrated that when Bob came to Jerusalem to accept the surrender and whatnot, he was met by hot lead and by yazeed Evie sofian This is the uncle of yazeed Hussein yazzie. This is the uncle you see them

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w Sofia not even while we're right. While we his older brother, he has eat. And yes, he is going to die soon after this as well. So yazeed is was also the governor who was the first governor of Syria. Then he dies then while we have becomes the governor of Syria. So yes, he was the first governor. So he is met by holiday and yazeed and others. And when Omar got off of the the camel, and he sees Khalid and yazeed, the first thing that he does, he picks up sand and he throws it at them.

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And he says it has barely been a year since you left

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Medina and you have already taken the luxuries of the Romans

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means in a year, they are now dressed

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and the clothing and the markup and all that they would have had. Now Subhanallah This is just one year, what's going to happen by the time of earthman and then I Li and then the oma years. So panela things are going to change so dramatically. And this is just the very, very, very beginning.

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And Omar is irritated. Look at you. You have left because what remember what was addressed and remember the famous story you all know he was dressed the same that he was when the process was alive, the same patches the same everything hasn't changed anything and hotter than an Uzi than others. They are now dressed in the the finer clothes and whatnot. They're now conquered and they are now taking the Millennium and whatnot and he's frustrated

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What is this? And he visits number of Sahaba. And then he visits a boveda armadillo in Georgia in his house, and he comes into the house. And there is absolutely nothing of the house, not the single food, nothing. There's just the bare bed and the sword and the shield.

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And he says to avoid Aveda, how are you living?

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Can't you get some more stuff for you? So he's critical of harder than others for their high skilled living. Now he's wondering to add job aroma, yet a job he's wondering about how is the living an hour away? This is jack Feeny. How did this all I need all this all I need. I don't need anything more than this. And so Omar says, that famous phrase that this dunya has changed all of us or I will Aveda. Except for you.

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this dunya has changed all of us except for you. You're still the way that you used to be. And this is a big test gear for our obey the midheaven algebra of our VEDA. One of the interesting tidbits about him as well is that he was one of the expert grave diggers and the time of the Prophet summit and the process of what sometimes asked him to degrade so he was adept at digging graves and he was asked multiple times to degrees of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Physically he was of slim appearance relatively tall, and he had a sparse beard who didn't have a full thick beard. And

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towards the end of his life, he would die at Red with hen net, which is the common sooner, even though the process and one of the many of the Sahaba and he was known for his quietness, and his shyness, and his noble love and demeanor. in Oman, once remarked, three of the people of Quraysh were the most a crumb and the most noble amongst them. Three of the people who have courage, everybody knew in the days of God in the days of Islam, these three have the best, if you like, manners, number one is a worker. So number two is arithmetic. But I found number three is about obey the algorithm in Java. So, notice we all know a worker on earth man, and how they were and their

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shyness and their so our obey that is in that list as well.

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of his extreme humility, kindness, gentleness, and modesty. And aboard Aveda Alberto Jara, he lived a simple life. And unlike some of the other 10 that we saw, he actually had very, very few children, maybe only one wife, some say maybe he had a second in his life as well. But there's one primary wife that he had. And he had three sons. And there's a controversy did they all die in his lifetime in the plague or not? Some people say that he actually did not have any grandchildren, that they all died in his lifetime. And some say that no, actually one of them lived and there's nothing and there are still tribes to this day in the Jordan region, to this day in the Jordan and the Syrian region.

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They claim descent from the, from our way to our modern era. So Allah knows best and some of the early authorities say that he didn't have any progeny. And others say that some of them I mean, there are tribes that claim to send him to have a good friend as well that he he has a shirt on he says he is of the descendants of aboral VEDA armadillo Giada. So Allah subhana wa Taala knows best This is the story of a boy obey the law who died in the 18th year of the hedgerow in the famous infamous plague of am was at the age of 58 and He is buried in a valley or a plane in Jordan. Now Obrigada does not have many Hadith at all. In fact, he barely has around five or six Hadith and

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that's without, without repetition, and in the most of the Ummah, Mohammed he has a grand total of essentially seven but these are with repetition or eight sorry, with repetition so really without repetition is barely five and I'll just mention one or two of them, and then inshallah we will call it a day for a board VEDA so of the Hadith that abrogate the narrates that aboral VEDA said that the last thing that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam ever said before he died, was occlusion, Yehuda, Julia, who the ages Halina drawn mengizinkan out of that expel the yahood from the ages and the Alina drawn from the Zealot an Arab so the process of did not want to religions in the Arabian

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Peninsula. He wanted only Islam when he passed away. Remember, there were groups of you who then nosara in Jersey without them there was still there. And one of the last commandments that he said was, there should not be two religions in Jersey that there should only be one religion.

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in Jersey the narrow and that is where we get the 50 common notion that Muslims cannot enter that area sorry non Muslims do so we cannot enter that area only Muslims can come. Now what is Jessica out of the former da HIPAA for opinions? What is G zero to zero? Is it only the Hejaz? Is it the hedgerows and surrounding areas? Is it the actual Peninsula, which has an opinion as well, the physical Peninsula, but most people think it is easy to throw out of here. It means central Arabia, which is essentially Mecca and Medina and the modern government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. That's the position that they follow. Which is why they say when you're going to Makkah and Medina

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Muslims, this went on Muslims that way. So they interpret Jazeera that out of, and this is a classical opinion, as essentially being that central area of the ages, that is Mecca and Medina. But these Hadith seem to indicate it's beyond that. Because here the process of missing a Helena drawn, and I had an agilon Where's no drawn down south towards him. And so he's saying get rid of them. Allah knows best. The point is, there's a laugh and joke about what is the the commandment here. And the head, it also says the process of saying the worst of all mankind, or those who took the obor of their ambia as massage, who took the cover of their nebby as a Masjid, and he did not want them to

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do that. The next thing that we'll do, although these are repeated the same thing. The next Heidi that will do

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that.

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One of the people who witnessed the borrowing of I was he said that one up will obey there was sick with fever. He stood up and he gave a whole tuba he gave a horrible so this is one of the last things that he said and it is narrated in a Muslim Ahmed. And this is what I also narrated in my lecture here yohannes in the heart and watch era Matura de como de una de como moto saw the hayner publikum that this pain and suffering and this word or this plague that is taking place. It is a Rama from your Lord, a DA from your Prophet and the way that righteous people died and Abu Zubaydah is asking Allah to give him a share of what is happening. And so he passed away and he died and he

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appointed why the bingeable in his deathbed to be the halifa after him. So this is the Muslim Imam Al Haddad telling us of the death of a boy obey the arm and Ebner Ra.

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And

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essentially that is and also the hadith of that decel as it is mentioned about what happened with him and Ross and I already mentioned that so inshallah with that we are basically done. These are the only editable rules that's it basically two or three without repetition for maybe, and with that inshallah we come to the end of our VEDA sidedness eight is the final of the 10. And the fact of the matter is, he is the one that we have the least information about, and that is why the average Muslim has not even heard of that even is eight not even heard of him, unfortunately. And if you ask the average Muslim who is able to say they have no clue, even though he is one of the 10 so

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inshallah next Wednesday

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I'll be talking about the final of the 10 and I will see what to do with the remainder of the time. I haven't decided Should I do another Sahabi or should we just figure out because it is it also has some ahaadeeth so we might, we might just do that Allah subhana wa tada knows best.