Lives Of The Sahaba 06 – Abu Bakr al-Siddiq – PT 06

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi


File Size: 37.56MB

Episode Notes

In this enthralling series on Abu Bakr, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi continues his talk on the battles of Ridda.

We are introduced to another false prophet- Tulayha Al Asadi who was key in the battle of the Trenches but accepted Islam later and then made huge contributions in the battles of Yarmouk and Qadisiyah.

In this talk, Shaykh explores the people who regarded themselves Muslims but did not give Zakah and how Abu Bakr RA addressed and raised concerns about this issue and how it was sorted eventually.

Differences in interpretation are discussed at length which make it clear how the events that led to refusal of Zakah by the Muslims transpired. Citing a connect between Eeman and Amal, the incidents that happened are shed light upon.

We are also acquainted with the types of people in connection with Eeman and Amal:

  1. Believe and Action – True Muslims
  2. Lack of Belief or Action – Non Muslims
  3. Belief is prevalent but Lack of Actions – Hypocrites

What is required from Zakah and Salah to be a Muslim? This question has been answered with support from the Qur’an through various pairing up of verses.

The conversations between Umar RA and Abu Bakr RA, Khalid Ibn Waleed and Malik Ibn Nuwayra, the Chieftain of Banu Tamim is given a mention and how it sows the seeds for laying importance on the giving of Zakah and how blood money is only paid to Muslims, showing the status of people who refused to pay Zakah.  

The Shaykh explains that people who withhold Zakah due to greed will be classified as sinners and rebels.

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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Marina Marburg. So today's lecture will be somewhat interesting and different from the previous ones, because we will go into a tangent about faith and theology because of the incident of the Wars of delta. And before I jump into that tangent, which will be the most of the lecture, let's just recap what are we talking about? We're talking about the issue of Apocalypse. So these are the Allahu taala. And who fighting the people who basically left Islam after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And I said last week that these were divided into three

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categories. The first category were those who returned to paganism and worshipping idols, this is the first category, the second category word, the false claims of the prophets. Okay, these are the false prophets like most a NEMA al Qaeda, and his wife whose name was

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sajha. And the third that we did not talk about, and that is totally happy, sad. I will just begin with his story right now, after we finished this introduction. This is the second category of the people who had who abubaker thought there is a third category. And that category has caused a huge controversy in Islamic theology and in fifth, and that is the category of those who did not leave Islam, at least verbally. They did not believe in a false prophet, but they simply refused to pay zakat, the money Zakah they refuse to pay zakat. So we'll talk about that controversy after we finished the most famous of the prophets after after will say them and suggests the next one is play

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hide sad. And so they had sad was the third most famous of these false prophets, and we're not gonna talk about the others. There were other minor figures here and there. And there's not much to be said about them other than they all were killed. donut had said he was one of the few who also pretended to be a prophet. In fact, he fought in the Battle of trench, the Battle of Azov, but not on the side of the Muslims. He was a mushrik on the other side, so he came all the way from an edge, and he participated in the Battle of the trench. And after this, he accepted Islam in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but he never visited the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa

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sallam, so he was not a Sahabi. He never saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, after the death of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, he then proclaimed Prophet would Soto, they had then proclaimed, he is the new Prophet, and he is the prophet to the tribes of opera fan, and the tribes of uptight and highly limited, worried was sent to vanquish him. And when he heard of holiday arrival, he fled, and he went to Syria, where he repented, and he accepted Islam again. So today was the only male that we know of that Casa also did the same thing that proclaimed to be a prophet, and then outside of the falls of the law, because if the law catches you there is no Toba for this. When

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he left the land of Islam, he went to Syria, then, in the land of the Romans, he then re accepted Islam. And this demonstrates that he sincerely repented. And this shows us the power of repentance that even somebody who falsely claims to be a prophet.

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The Islamic State is not going to punish them. And this was the the reality of the early claimants of prophethood.

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Who then repented, and he came back for O'Mara in the time of Obama. So in other words, the next year, he came back for law, and he was so embarrassed because of his own sins. He did not even

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visit a worker. And he regretted his actions. He eventually made his way into the Sahaba into the realm of remote Omaha Papa worker had passed away. And Omar Abdullah hottub because today How was a commander a leader general? I mean, obviously, all of the claimants have profited by the way all of them were very charismatic leaders. That's why they wanted more power for themselves. And many of them like today he was like, known for his bravery and wore his war tactics. He was a soldier if you like, and when he embraced Islam again and he repented or modafinil hot, Bob told the Sahaba And specifically, he told hot eventually, to take advantage of this person in the wars against the

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Romans and the person

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But he said to hotly debated Waleed, he said never make him the leader of the army. In other words, yeah, and he learned from your lesson don't put him all the way at the top, make him a lieutenant or something like this. So to lay high then became famous in the time of Roman numeral hottub for participating in both of the battles of Yarmouk, and qadisiya, which we'll talk about inshallah, when we talk about Mercado de la one, the battles of your MOOC and the battles of Odyssey, and of course, the battles of your MOOC and abundance of how the sia were the two most important and famous battles in the time of the Buddha, because the both of them open the way for conquering Rome and

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Persia, the Roman Empire of the Persian Empire. So the Battle of Yarmouk and the Battle of qadisiya memorize these names, and we want to talk about them when we get to the story of removal hottub until I had this guy who claimed to be a profit, and everybody's not so happy, he's not so happy. He claimed to be a prophet he repented, and eventually he died a Shaheed in the Battle of no one and the Battle of no one. In the 21st year of the Hydra was the decisive final nail in the coffin against the sassanid. empire for 350 years, the Persians had this glorious civilizations, and it all came to an end within a few years when the Muslims attacked, beginning with the Battle of policia

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and basically ending with the Battle of

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of number one. And polio was one of the main figures in this fight against the against the Persians against the sassanids. So he died a Shahid and inshallah we hope a lot as oj accepted his Stover he seemed to be sincere after his after his false claim of profit, okay, these are the three main false prophets, there were others we will not talk about them for the rest of today, I would like to go into a tangent because I find it very interesting. And also because my speciality is a pita. So obviously, I this is all what I find personally very interesting anyway, and because it is directly linked to the incident of a record of what happened at the time of brokenness, so they actually

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generated a intellectual controversy or controversy of ideas, amongst later scholars. Now, what is this incident and what is the controversy the incident is as follows. We said there were three groups of people, the first two of categories, without any doubt they are not Muslim.

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To go back to idolatry, you don't need to have any knowledge to know you're not a Muslim if you worship an idol, to believe in a false prophet. We said last week and two weeks ago, that to believe in a false prophet instantaneously expose you from Islam, because a false god and a false prophet. These are the two things that you don't need any item to give you a fatwa. If a person believes in another god besides a law, doesn't matter if he calls himself a Muslim, he's not a Muslim. You see what I'm saying? If a person believes in any profit after the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it doesn't matter what he says, if he says, I believe in an abbey, or a soul or whatever his

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reinterpretation is who believes in somebody whom Allah gives way to, after the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then this person is simply not a Muslim. So these two categories, clearly there are not Muslims. The issue comes with the third category of people.

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And these were large groups of tribes who had embraced Islam, and they did not leave Islam, nor did they

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go back to idolatry or believing the false prophets. They simply said, I'm not going to give my money to you or

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I would have given it to the Prophet saucer, but I'm not going to give it to you. I don't believe that you are qualified or legitimate, that I should give my Zakat to you. Why, what was their evidence? They had some Quranic evidence, believe it or not, they use the verse in Surah Toba that Allah says hood Minh and why they him sada cotton. Toto hyrum What was the key and be able to follow him? What was suddenly in the salata second alone, take Yasuda LaHood isn't the singular one person alive speaking to old messenger of Allah take their money solo Comedy hoodman Amada him sada toto hero whom it will purify them and cleanse them and pray for them for your prayer is a piece upon

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them. They said, Allah only commanded the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to accept our zecca not you and your Salah upon us, your daughter for us is not the same as the daughter of the prophets of Allah you send them. So why should we give it to you?

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So they have a Quranic evidence that they have bizarrely interpreted now. Here's the key point.

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When a person rejects the Koran, nope, no doubt the person is a Kaffir. When a person wants to reinterpret the Quran, this demonstrates that he believes the Quran is true. But he's trying to find a way out he's trying to find an a different wording. This is not a rejection in Arabic, this is called a weed. And the chapter of that wheel is a huge chapter and you will give somebody excuses for that weed that you can never give for rejection, straight out rejection, you understand the difference between the two? Right? The rejection Arabic is called tech deep, you just reject caliber. And we lose you reinterpret. So to have that wheel means that you accept this is from a law

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but you have a different understanding than the person next to you. And to call that gopher is not that easy. And there are some bizarre wheels Believe it or not,

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in fact, and again, just to give you an idea, it is well known incident, there was a companion, not one of the very famous national professional one of the companions, who after the death of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he interpreted a certain verse in the Quran to imply that it was okay to drink alcohol.

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There's a certain verse in the Quran Surah tenma ada that lays out a congenial female tie in the female time will either make tacos, tomato tomahto tomato Arsenal, lei Saladin Ahmed wa Salatu sorry, lace Adelina Armando armas, Holly hottie Juniper, there is no sin on the believers

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in what they eat or drink female time whoever they ingest, as long as they have Taqwa and eema.

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Now, the idea,

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I mean, you're getting technical here. But the point is, is also that there is something called general and there's something called specific arm and costs. And when you have a general verse and a specific verse, you accept the general verse and you take an exception from the exceptional verse. So if Allah is saying, There's no problem for the believers to eat whatever they want, this is a general verse, then in this specific prohibition, Allah says, Don't eat pig, this is hos. So we say you can eat everything other than pig. And the more exceptions we find, the more we'll keep on saying other than this, this, this, this this point is these are, this is the science of fear or how

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you derive fear. Okay. And this is a science that is developed, like all sciences, and there are differences of opinion. Now, this particular companion, and he was not known for being a puppy or an honor. He's just a companion, who has good in him. And there's much good that he has done, he misinterpreted this verse. And he said, Allah is clearly saying that as long as you are pious, and you believe you can eat and drink whatever you want.

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So my point is, and of course, the Sahaba did not accept this from him. And Bob reprimanded him and stop this interpretation. And there are other bizarre interpretations that we find without again, these things shocked the people when they hear them, but this is the reality that the Sahaba are humans, and they're going to have some opinions that are human opinions that does not vary agreed upon by the majority. So this opinion as well as taken from the Koran. And the question arises, are these people who refuse to give the cat considered non Muslims are imported or are they considered Muslims? This is the controversy you know, why is this a controversy? What is the issue behind you?

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Remember when the I mentioned this hadith or the incident two weeks ago, that Omar and he came to Oba Casa de and he said that or Abu Bakar How can you fight the people when they have said La ilaha illa Allah and you know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Amir giorno Caterina satire Chateau La ilaha illallah wa and Nero pseudo law that I have commanded to do qatal of the people until they say the Shahada, and they testify that I am the pseudo law, and they fast and they and they pray and they sorry, and they pray and they give zakat. If they pray and they give the car, then their lives and property are sacred,

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unless they commit a crime, meaning if they do some type of thing, and Allah will judge their affairs. This is the famous Hadith. Omar said, Oh, Abubakar, how can you fight the Florida or I should say money is the term is those who refuse to because yeah, when they clearly are saying the Shahada, they said La ilaha illAllah and abubaker is the said, Will la healer or concealing them and from farakka Bina Salatu was occur.

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I swear by Allah I will do qatal for those who differentiate between salah and zakka

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He said

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this, they're not paying zeca is from the hack that the process of them said that if they don't do it, then I'm allowed to fight them. So remarkable hottub said, when I realized that Allah had turned the heart of a worker to fight them, then I saw that it was the truth. This Hadith is in body and in Muslim. What is the controversy? The controversy is as follows.

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It is a completely theological controversy. So we're going to pause from the obaku story and finish it off inshallah next week, this is a completely theological controversy. The controversy is as follows. What does it mean to be a Muslim? What does it mean to be a believer?

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Who is a believer? And who is an unbeliever? Who is a Muslim who is a Catholic? What is the line between Islam and between Kufa? And in particular, the controversy? Is our

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actions a necessary requirement of being a believer or not? This is the controversy.

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Is it simply enough to say I'm a Muslim? And that's a do nothing?

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Or must you follow it up with some actions?

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This is the controversy between many of the early groups and it is a standard theological controversy between all of the spectrums of Islam, whatever group that existed from the mortar zillah to the Jamia to the sad to the sad to the majority to the same mortiser every single group, everyone had a particular interpretation. So this opinion, or this issue spans all of the Islamic groups just like other other and Eman are the two big issues every single group different. No two groups basically have the same opinion. So the issue of Iman as well, is one of those controversial issues. And

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the position of Orthodox Sunni Islam is that actions are a necessary part of he man.

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Action actions are a necessary part of a man.

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But not all actions, some actions, and the position of the hostage all actions are a necessary part of human

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and the position of the opposite group, then they're called the Moto G.

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And the Moto G, they no longer exist, but their descendants exist. So that group dissolved but then splinter groups came and they still exist. The Moto G said, No actions are a part of EMA. These are the three main opinions. There are many finer details, and I'm not going to I'm going to bore you if I go into all of those controversies. But this is all a part of of theology. So what are the three main opinions again, from far right to far left, you have on the far right, the holidays, the holidays when the most fanatical. And the Hawaii said, every single action that Allah has commanded is a part of Iran. So if you don't do those actions, then you have left. So if you drink, you take

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drugs, you womanizer, you steal, you lie, you cheat,

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you become a Kaffir. This is the hardest position.

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Because all actions are a necessary part of EMA. You see this, this point here, right where they're coming from? Okay, that's the one extreme, the exact flip opposite. No actions are a part of EMA.

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So if you do absolutely nothing, and you do every sin in the book,

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according to these people, as long as you acknowledge Allah created you, and the process of them is true, and there's a day of judgment. They literally said, and I know this sounds absolutely bizarre and unbelievable. But this is their position. Because if you think about it, that is there. It makes sense. If you think from their paradigm, you're a man as a murderer, and rapist and drug dealer and whatnot is exactly the same as the amount of gibreel and the prophets are some stuff for the law. But think about where they're saying that if actions are not a part of a man, then you believe Allah created you. Do you believe values Allah created? You believe the process of is true, do you believe

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believes the process is true? So just like a light switch with the either it's binary, binary 01, you either have the one or you don't? If you have the ones that you all have the ones then they're matching? This is their opinion, the exact opposite side? Okay.

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We Allison held a middle position.

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And this is one of the very few areas where even Allison has a spectrum of opinion over.

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Usually Allison, it's up to you that is unified. Usually, in some areas, even a listener has a spectrum. Obviously, the spectrum is not that bizarre, but it's a little bit

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This spectrum involves over

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what is the minimal amount that is required to be a Muslim?

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And as soon as by and large, they said that you must have some actions to be a Muslim, clear.

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footnote, some people said you don't need to have any actions even even

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some people said this. But this is a very small opinion, the bulk of our lesson that they said you need some actions.

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The question is, how much do you need? What is the minimal requirements and ask for their evidences, there are plenty of evidences to indicate that actions are a necessary part of each one

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of them. And I said this yesterday when we're doing the the hotter, one of the most explicit evidence is a Surah Baqarah verse 143, where the Sahaba when the change of quibbler came from Jerusalem to Makkah,

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the Sahaba said O Messenger of Allah, those Sahaba who died before this verse came down and they used to pray facing Jerusalem. Will Allah accept their sila?

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Will Allah accept their sada

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and Allah revealed suitable Coronavirus 143 one Makana la julio de la imana. Allah will not cause your Eman to go to waste. So a law called their Salah their eemaan. Thus equating their Salah with their Eman thus saying if they didn't have Salah they wouldn't have EMA.

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So literally Sunnah and eemaan are used as synonyms here. If they didn't have Salah they wouldn't have Iman. And

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inside of the room, second verse, Allah says that

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did man think Alif Lam holy but the room has given us a neutral Roku and yaku Arman often did man think that we would only want him to say that he believes and we would not test him and that he will be left like this. What are the potential letting him have public? We have tested those before we're going to test you meaning Allah is saying he is not satisfied with merely saying I'm a Muslim. I'm a movement

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has given us a neutral konnyaku Amanda, do you think Eman is only to say I believe

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also in the Quran? In Surah tilbake universe five? Allah says wama O'Meara Illa de agua de la lucha de Noronha, what you came with salata, were you to Jakarta, whether they called you Nakajima, they have only been commanded to worship Allah and pray and give zakah and that is the religion. So Allah made Shahada and salah and Zakah the religion Okay, and in order to Toba when a large zoologist says that the Missouri corn have to leave Arabia, your Arabian peninsula except for those who repent. So Allah subhana wa tada says that except for those who repent that Islam and taboo or I'm sorry

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inevitable moments I don't know what is it?

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Sort of notice that sort of for fun and sooner October Allah subhana wa tada says that

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faith and Salah can assured autonomy through Michigan Hydrangea mubaloo mushroom over for in taboo Acoma. Salatu. Was gotcha cuando COVID-19. So Allah azza wa jal clearly is talking about the pagans the idol worshippers, then Allah says in tabel if they repent, from what should What up almost Sala Arthur was the cutter and they pray and they give zeca then for one who can fit in then and only then they become your brother and faith, which clearly indicates if they didn't pray and they didn't give zakah

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they would not be your brother in in faith. And there are over 70 verses in the Quran. Every one of you has memorized some of them in the Latina

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manual. Why middle sila hat

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never in the whole Oran does Allah say in the Medina armano and then not follow it with Amarillo solid Eman and Amel are always always, always paired together to indicate what

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that actions any man go hand in hand. So, to be very explicit, there are four theoretical scenarios Okay, for theoretical scenarios, understand this point you'll understand the whole controversy. first scenario

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Do you believe in your heart? And you act outwardly according to the laws of Islam? What is this?

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No, what is this? If you believe and you act, this clearly a man. Clearly you are Muslim, no afterlife, right? If you believe in your heart and you act according to Islam, no afterlife. second scenario, you don't believe in your heart that Allah created you and you don't act. Clearly coffee, no difference of opinion. third scenario, you don't believe at all. But outwardly you act Manasa, hypocrite clear, this is no controversy. Everybody agrees to this. It's the fourth scenario where the controversy exists. The fourth scenario is, you believe in your heart that Islam is true, that the Prophet system is a prophet, not the Quran is ye from Allah, that there is a day of judgment

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that Allah created you. But you do not do anything of the kind of Islam.

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This is the controversy.

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apologize, I still have the allergies.

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This is the controversy.

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orthodox Sunni Islam says this scenario

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is not called a man.

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You understand this point. This scenario is close to a man. But it's not a man. This is maybe somebody who's thinking about converting maybe, but we will not consider him to be a Muslim. Even if he says he's a Muslim, he's not a Muslim. According to this opinion, you understand this point. Because to be a Muslim, you have to demonstrate in your actions. This is what orthodox Sunni Islam says. Other versions, and there are opinions even within some people who are within the general fold of Sunni Islam. They say that this person is is a Muslim, and he's a sinful Muslim, and Allah might forgive him on that a petition. This is the controversy. So the point being orthodox Islam, Sunni

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Islam says, inner belief and outer actions are linked together.

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You cannot have one without the other

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inner beliefs and outer actions go hand in hand. And I'll give you a simple example that clearly demonstrates that emotions and actions go hand in hand in every sane person.

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Suppose a person knew that his children were in danger.

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And he sees or he knows that he can save them from that danger. And that danger is fatal is lethal.

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Will anyone who is a father or mother I mean anybody or not talking about bizarre Mad Men, but anybody who's a father or mother just sit there and do nothing?

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It's impossible.

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theoretical knowledge will result in action, when there are necessary emotions. You see the point, when you have this knowledge, it will human psychology, it will result in actions. So, according to Sunni Islam,

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true belief in a law and the day of judgment and gender and jahannam requires you to prepare for that date, at some bare minimal level.

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If you do not prepare for that day, then your mere knowledge is devoid of any actual tangible fruits and meaning.

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And you might as well not have that actual knowledge.

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And they give many other good much can be said here. And as I said, this reality, this controversial topic, much has been written about this literally, so many volumes have been written many PhDs and dissertations. My own Master's dissertation, not my PhD, my master's dissertation has an entire chapter of I don't know, maybe 7080 pages just on the issue of a man because the guy that I studied, had his position as well, going into all of these issues. So much has been written. This is one of the as I said, big controversial areas of Islam, about what is the line between Islam and Cofer and what is Cofer on the one side is this. This line in the middle is the controversy. Everybody agrees

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if you're practicing and praying, we're not doing Muslim. Everybody agrees if we reject your a coffin, this area in the middle, which is the fine line, this is where the controversy occurs. Now, what has got us a deal? And this issue got to do with this whole controversy. Are you guys seeing where this is heading? Right.

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Abubakar is the UK

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and his fighting against those who did not pay the car is the

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Primary evidence that is used by those people who say that

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the minimal requirements of being a Muslim are the Sunnah and the Zakah.

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Or even the salah and the Zakah. And the fast thing and the hedge all the account, basically. So the incident of a worker becomes the primary theological evidence for this opinion. Because according to them, obaku Casa de is including them in Florida. And the wars are called the Wars of data. And he tells I'm going to lie I will fight them and he fights them and he kills them. So this would seem to demonstrate that the Sahaba view the one who does not give Zakat as being a Kaffir,

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which would support the position that the minimal requirements of Islam are more than just belief, but they are actions so.

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And by the way, and again, you should know all of this stuff is useful knowledge, you should all know these are the the, you know, interpretation

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of our faith and realize that there are for the purposes of this one class, I'll summarize, there are three opinions within orthodox Sunni Islam that are acceptable. So within Sunni Islam, this is one of those controversies that exists within our own tradition. There are three opinions. The first opinion and I would say this is the majority opinion clearly, is that the minimal requirement to be a Muslim is to pray, or to, even on off pray, not necessarily all five prayers, but just to be somewhat regular in your prayers pray, like semi regularly, at least this person, we consider him to be a Muslim. And according to this opinion, the one who never prays any Salah, he never lowered his

00:32:02--> 00:32:13

head to Allah subhana wa Tada. Such a person is simply not considered a Muslim. And by the way, this is a very strong opinion. And all you need to do is to think of the issue of a police.

00:32:15--> 00:32:47

where Allah commanded him to do one such that this was a command of a such that, and this is the one not even to a lot It was to add them. But Allah commanded him to do one such done and he believes felt too arrogant to obey Allah command to do such stuff. So because of one such a police is considered a Kaffir, as one of the scholars of the past said, I really was a fan of yours. And I'm not sure, he said, so it leaves scuffled because of one such dumb. So how about the one who is called to do over 30, such as every day, and he keeps on finding an excuse not to do such.

00:32:48--> 00:32:59

And it's simple food for thought, right? That a lot is requiring you to prostrate your head and you continue to say, and our Prophet says that I'm said Allah has made it how long for the fire of help to eat any of the

00:33:00--> 00:33:22

such the parts, the parts of such the right and you will be recognized by according to some reports, decisions that parts as well as the will do part. So this is the first opinion that the the criterion for to be a Muslim, is to say the Shahada and to pray at least some of the prayers, and this was also proven in

00:33:23--> 00:33:46

a pseudo Yama file outside the power of Salah What I can tell you about what Allah He neither gave charity nor did he pray. And by the way, every evidence used here is also going to be used in the second opinion, which is obvious, which is that you have to pay zakat as well. So with that said, verse 42, when the angel say how did you end up in jahannam Allah masala coffee supper, what do the people of jahannam say?

00:33:47--> 00:33:57

All alumna communal masala we will not have those who used to pray. So there are more salad verse 48 wait Kayla Mercado

00:33:58--> 00:34:44

la your Karen. When it is said to them to make rocor they do not make rocor so Allah considered these people non Muslims because they don't bow down and they don't do such them. They don't bow down and they don't do such that also suitable calibers 143. We also mentioned this, that Allah called there he man he called it their sada he called it their Eman and emammal Buhari says so this is clearly a memorable hotties opinion. Mr. Rouhani says no other action has been called a man other than Salah Allah literally synonymously used the term eemaan to talk about the term slaughter. No other action has just been eclipsed and used by the term a man other than Salah. And even Massoud

00:34:44--> 00:34:56

and others said that sorry, even Massoud students said that the Sahaba did not consider any of the actions to leave it to be Cofer. Other than

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

the Salah, other than the Salah.

00:35:00--> 00:35:30

So, and also the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam which is a Muslim bainer Rajamouli ouabain when originally were cofely were shirkey terrco Salah, between a man and Cofer and schilke is leaving the Salah, between a man and Cofer and shirk is leaving the Salah. So quite literally go forensic and sila is the line. So all of these evidences seem to suggest that the Salah is a necessary part of Islam This is the first opinion

00:35:31--> 00:36:09

the allegedly the whenever so we can go on and on even opium has the most comprehensive book ever written in the history of mankind about this issue. It is called the ruling on the one who abandons the prayer. It's a mini volume book Mutharika, salah and entire volume that is dedicated to every single evidence and he has dozens of evidences and if you read the book, I mean, honestly it is difficult not to be completely convinced that definitely at least position one is right. And honestly it makes sense because this is clearly I sympathize with the first and then later on other positions have a clue the number one simple reason what is the Kadima La ilaha illAllah What does it

00:36:09--> 00:36:15

translate? There is no deity worthy of worship other than Allah. Okay, so if a person says it, show the worship,

00:36:17--> 00:36:45

show the worship if you don't show the worship, then how have you really believed in the Kadima and the ultimate symbol of worship is what to take your nobelist part of the body and that is your head and to physically put it in the sand and in the dust where people walk so that you show Allah subhana wa tada that you have no arrogance when it comes to worshipping. This is the essence of very bad

00:36:46--> 00:37:19

and that is why the sun is the main point of the solder is the such the right that's the only thing we actually do twice in every regard to illustrate this is the purpose of the Salah is the such that so when you say la ilaha illa Allah show us the Riba if you don't have the Riba, where is the La ilaha illAllah you were saying there's no deity worthy of worship other than a law, show us the worship, you don't have any worship, if you're not actually praying, and any other trivial good deed does not compare to the actuality of the Salah. So, this is the first opinion that

00:37:20--> 00:37:34

to be a Muslim, you have to have the Shahada and also to pray at least semi occasionally have some type of regularity of the Salah This is what it means. The second opinion is and this is where obika incident is used is

00:37:36--> 00:37:43

it is the salah and the Sokka to be a Muslim, you must pray and gives the car

00:37:44--> 00:38:18

and what is their evidence firstly all the opinions sorry all of the evidence is used in the previous opinion can also be used here. Have them fight outside the firewall ah Salah. What I can catch about Allah. He neither fast sorry He neither gave charity nor did he pray. He neither gave charity nor did he pray. rather he rejected and turned away. And Allah subhanaw taala says certain bayona wama O'Meara elderly Abdullah Morrison lived in Africa while you okay masala cha were you to Jakarta

00:38:20--> 00:38:56

was de Cadena a Yama that is the true religion, what is the true religion sila and zakka combined together, salah and Sokka combined together and in Surah tober. When we talked about them we should recall what does Allah say? For in taboo what are called masala Tata was the caliphate while competing Allah put two conditions. If they do those two conditions, then they are your brethren in faith. And those are salah and zakka and in the Quran in over three dozen verses in over three dozen verses Allah pairs together that those who are como salata what Arthur was

00:38:57--> 00:39:06

even suitable for the first verse Alif Lam Meem radical ketola Arabic Allah Xena you know web while you play mono salata

00:39:07--> 00:39:47

Tunis, Jakarta, so salah and zakka are paired together throughout the whole Oran and this is a boubakeur so they're saying while la de la carta land them and farakka Bina Salatu was deca this hadith isn't Buhari, I will fight against the one who differentiates between the salah and the Zakat clear. Okay, so it appears that I will back up So there seems to be saying this, as well. So this is where the incident worker becomes the theological issue. This is the second opinion the first you're going to select only the second risala and zakka the third opinion

00:39:48--> 00:39:57

and this third opinion seems to be in my head of the humbles it is a been a me as say they've been Jabez opinion and others is that

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

in fact, theory

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

medically speaking, it is the or can. But realistically, how do you judge the or can, you can only judge the solid and desica.

00:40:10--> 00:40:47

So Sarah and zakka are the outward judges, because you cannot check if somebody is fasting or not. Nobody can check. Nobody monitors you. And you cannot check the hedge because again, it's not monitored. So what does the public monitor of you, especially in Islamic State, what would it monitor the Zakat is collected by the Islamic State, the Salah, everybody prays in JAMA men are supposed to pray in JAMA, semi regularly, they're supposed to be seen what not one of the time for Salah comes, everything shuts down. And you have to go and pray if you just stand there and don't pray. This is a criminal offense if you don't, if you don't pray for without a valid excuse. So

00:40:47--> 00:40:58

according to this third opinion, salah and zakka are merely outward mechanisms to check for the five outer can

00:40:59--> 00:41:07

and they say, what are the outer can other than necessary requirements for Islam? What does Oracle mean?

00:41:09--> 00:41:41

Other than an essential component without which the whole building can never be built. So it makes no sense to take away one of the organ and say, of Oh sada only, or salah and Zakah only. And so this position is that all five of the art can, in fact, and this is actually in contrast to the belief of many average Muslims. Many average Muslims believe that if I don't pray, and I don't fast and I don't you know, give Zakat I'm a bad Muslim.

00:41:42--> 00:41:59

Whereas what all three opinions are saying is that the one who doesn't pray out of laziness, he never appraised, and Alhamdulillah the majority of the Muslim world praise at least irregularly. Would you agree with this? part time? Yeah.

00:42:01--> 00:42:02

before the exam

00:42:04--> 00:42:06

before the exam before a job interview.

00:42:08--> 00:42:48

The point is, there's something in their heart that occasionally, you know, they will go and they will pray, how many are the Muslims will pray at least Juma? I would say a good percentage of Muslims a good healthy percentage for at least Juma or at least two three Juma as maybe they're not that strict that if there's a meeting that they could get out of there and be embarrassed, they won't get out of it. Right. But still, when there's the possibility to pray, I would say maybe 80% of the oma, I don't know is that a huge number maybe but my guesstimate completely, at least 80% of the oma will try to pray to my baby won't be regular. But they'll they'll come if they're able to

00:42:48--> 00:43:25

come. And ally xojo knows what the point is a good amount of the room. So this demonstrates that we're really talking about those people that really have nothing to do with Islam. I mean, what percentage of the fast is in the 90s? And when you fast in the month of Ramadan, everybody prays some prayers, even though unfortunately, still some people don't pray five prayers in Ramadan, but at least like Muslims, come on. I mean, I don't think anybody breaks the fast and doesn't pray moderate, where am I that out of touch with? With that class of Muslims? I don't know. Because obviously, I don't really mix with, even if they smoke, at least smoking is like, okay, that's not.

00:43:25--> 00:43:51

And it's tough for a lot. There were people well known in history, the major, they're called the Muslim in their groups that they would break their fast, which, I mean, it's something that there are addicts, and they need it, and they will do it. So they're doing a major sin in the month of Ramadan. But this isn't covered. It's not covered. You know, it's like that's they they're addict addicts. The point being, that I would guesstimate the bulk of the oma, at least in Ramadan

00:43:53--> 00:44:36

shows signs of religiosity that inshallah, deep down inside, there's something in there, right, maybe even in the 90s, maybe in the 90%, that in Ramadan, there's going to be some regular solder. So we're not talking about really large groups of Muslims. We were talking about those Muslims. And I think all of us know one or two people like that. Some of us might know more such people like that, that they simply have nothing to do with Islam at all. They never, ever pray. And they don't fast. And they claim to be Muslim. We're not talking about that group that makes fun of Islam, and thinks themselves to be enlightened and like you backward people. These are motives because they're

00:44:36--> 00:45:00

mocking Islam anyway. We're not talking about that category. That who mock religion and religiosity. Yeah, these people are different. We're talking about the one who if you were to ask him, are you Muslim, says Of course I'm a Muslim. I just don't pray. This is the group we're talking about. I just don't fat and how many percentages that hardly any Oh, it's a very small percentage. So the point being, these are the three

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

opinions. Now. Somebody can say,

00:45:04--> 00:45:08

isn't the incident of a worker acidic, so clear cut? How could it be any active?

00:45:10--> 00:45:18

Isn't it so clear cut that he considered them to be non Muslims and he fought them? How could there be a tariff

00:45:19--> 00:45:59

and indeed that is what some people say. And there are people from the very past May famous scholars such as a border Vader costume in the Salaam Abuja Allah from the humblest of just sauce from the Henry's and others. They say, it is so explicit that abubaker so deep for these people because they were greedy for money, not because they denied not because they rejected but simply they didn't want to pay zakat. This is also the position of the School of Mohammed Abdul Wahab and the National schooling in Saudi Arabia. They also say have been Tamia held this view, but it maintained me his view seems to be more nuanced. And their point is quite simple. And that is, a worker is a deity

00:45:59--> 00:46:42

fought against this group, in the same manner that he fought against was a llama. And in the same manner that he fought against the pagan idol worshipers, and that he considered them more dead. They're called 100. The wars are called the Wars of ryda. And according to this group, he took these people as prisoners of war, he permitted them to be killed, he permitted their wealth to be acquired. This is not done when you are fighting rebellious, bad Muslims. This is done when you're fighting the motives and classical. You do not take prisoners of war. You do not take the property. If you're if you're if you're fighting people who are it's called an in Islam, and either faster or

00:46:42--> 00:47:21

handled badly. These are rebels you don't do this. You only do it to the monitor, the one who says he was Muslim, then he left Islam, I learned that there are to be fought by the Islamic State. So this is the position of a group of scholars. However, believe it or not, the majority of the oma does not accept this interpretation of abubaker Soviets actions. And this is the standard position of most hamburgers and Sharpies and Maliki's and some hanafy some elephant Felt with the first one. Mr. Michel ferry was one of the earliest and most vocal critics of those who interpreted the other way.

00:47:22--> 00:47:34

So we have his his own his own writings Mr. Michel ferry wrote a famous book called guitar boom, massive volume of filth, many volumes of filth. And in this he actually writes that

00:47:35--> 00:48:10

the Sahaba according to Mr. Michel Fairey differentiated between people like masala and people like the ones who did not give Zakat, and they did not view them in the same manner. And this position has become the standard position as I said, of most mainstream scholars, including Gibbon hasm ibn Abdullah Al miroir de la bella, we are no we have been hijacked. And I would argue even even taymiyah held this view, even taymiyah has a number of statements. It's a little bit ambiguous Where does he stand but to me, it appears that he's in the second group and of their evidence is your mama shafter He says, look at the conversation between

00:48:11--> 00:48:37

Pablo Picasso do I want to be a hotdog he said that how can you find somebody who says the Kadima is reviewing them? Kaffir Muslim, Muslim. So clearly I'm wondering how Bob is viewing them within the fold of Islam as being some type of sinners. But she's not supposed to fight them because they're saying the kalama and obaku Cydia, his response is not how can you quote me this headed there kafir.

00:48:38--> 00:48:57

Rather, he is saying and the famous phrases that will law he if they don't pay me one baby camel or one baby goat that they used to give to the prophets I send them I will fight them for that goat, or I'll fight for that whatever was the standard of the profits isn't the same amount they have to give me.

00:48:59--> 00:49:36

And this seems to suggest because you didn't say to say to him, Well, how can you quote me this hadith? There kalama means nothing to them. Rather, he said that they're preventing of zeca is meant how they are processing them said the Hadith says that I cannot do qatal to those who say the kalama except if they do something wrong. So okay, so they're saying they are doing something wrong. He didn't say they're not saying the kalama or their cafard. He is basically according to the Mushaf theory. He is saying they're saying the kalama and they're doing something that allows us to fight them and

00:49:37--> 00:49:38

or whatever the hot top

00:49:39--> 00:49:48

is arguing basically that they are within the fold of Islam. overcooked acidic, seems to be responding as well that they are within the fold of Islam. And

00:49:49--> 00:50:00

the there's also some indications some evidence to suggest that Abu Bakr Siddiq did not treat them the same way that

00:50:00--> 00:50:45

treated the mortality, this is a historical controversy. Did he take the prisoners of war or not? Did he take their wealth or not? And there is a controversy here. So this historical controversy becomes a theological controversy, you understand the point, because if he took prisoners of war from amongst them, this means he could serve them non Muslims. And a number of explicit early reports indicates he did not take prisoners of war from them. And he did not take their wealth. And one of the most famous incidents that demonstrates this is the very controversial side incident it has, it doesn't have to do with Obama has to deal directly. So we will not discuss it in a lot of

00:50:45--> 00:51:28

detail, in fact, wanted to avoid it last week. But I realized this week, I just have to mention it because it has this theological controversy. It is perhaps the most controversial thing when it comes to the biography of Khalid Ivanova lead. It doesn't have to do directly with Obama has to do so I didn't want to discuss it in his in his biography, but it happened in his time. And it is one of the big issues of early Islamic history that also becomes within Sunni Shia differences as well. And within those who want to make fun of the Sahaba and denigrate their status. And it's a sad side issue. In summary, in nutshell, there are reports of history.

00:51:29--> 00:52:13

By the way, guys, do you see why I don't want to talk about history. You see now all of you who are saying history, history history. Now do you see why it's not what you guys think it is. And it is simply better to let bygones be bygones rather than dredge it up and then mention it bit by bit. It's not something that and, and I also disagree with the methodology of many of our scholars who want to romanticize and paint a very glorious picture by skipping over very difficult topics. And by you know, painting a very positive light, the problem comes perhaps perhaps at a different time here, that would be fine. The problem comes when you hear about incidents from the other side, from

00:52:14--> 00:52:48

non Muslims or even people of other persuasions. And these instances are founded in Cathedral poverty, their founding, even taymiyah mentions them. These are not things that are being manufactured. And you are your shear has presented this glorious painting, you either reject your share, or your your version of Islam. And you think these are all bunch of liars, because that's what you've been taught, or stuff for a lot. It shakes your mind, and you leave Islam, because there is no third alternative. And I am not the type to paint you a false picture. That is why even in this era, I would go into every controversy, because it is my belief and the belief of all of us,

00:52:48--> 00:53:21

that whatever the process that I'm did, is valid and legitimate, and we will defend it. But here's the point, each individual so happy doesn't hold that status. And individuals can and did make he had mistakes. And those mistakes don't have to be defended. That's the difference. They have to be defended. Not each opinion, you see the difference here, right? They as a whole have to be defended. And each Sahabi we say that even if he made a mistake, it is forgiven in the amount of good that this person did.

00:53:22--> 00:54:07

But it is possible that individuals will have not it is possible, it is true that individuals are going to commit individual sins, individual Sahaba are going to commit individual sins. Even the focus of the Sahaba are not melodica they will make mistakes, and there's going to be things that are going to happen. So with this Prelude what exactly happened, what is the controversial point? So one of the most powerful and famous chieftains of the tribal who meme and the venuta meme is one of the most powerful tribes. Okay, so we're talking about one of the big shots if you like, or one of the heads of the entire Arabian peninsula. His name was Malik even unaware of his name was Malik If

00:54:07--> 00:54:30

none no way around, and, in fact, moleculer no way at all. visited the prophet SAW said the Prophet says I'm appointed him to be the collector of Zakah and the chieftain of his people as he was he he came as a chieftain. He left as a chieftain, and he was one of the as I said, the most influential people of the Arabian Peninsula. He was of those who refuse to give zakat.

00:54:32--> 00:54:51

Not the mortared meaning of you in how you interpret is the point he clearly did not leave Islam. He did not believe in the false prophets, but he basically did not. He was of those who did not want to give Zakat overkill. So they're our Casa de Saint holliman only to him. Here's where it gets murky.

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

The undeniable facts that mollica nowhere and all of the leaders were changed

00:55:00--> 00:55:17

Up, tied up, and the command was given to take them back to obachan. acidic. This is a fact most of them were taken back to a bucket of sodium. Molecules nanowire and a few of the chieftains were executed.

00:55:19--> 00:55:25

How and why is the big controversy And to make matters far more murkier,

00:55:27--> 00:55:31

harder than ever lead, married the wife of moleculer, new IRA

00:55:32--> 00:56:10

at this instance, and it is said that she was of exceeding beauty and whatnot. So you understand where all of this is going, and the problems that has happened because of this, and all of these issues. And so now the whole issue is did this actually happen? You have historians who are going back and forth, but these are the things that are mentioned. Some say that this was a mistake on the part of the executer. Holly didn't mean to tell them to execute. And they misheard or Mister, some say this, some say that. So this is all of this controversy has taken place. And frankly, it's not directly relevant to us because it's not related. Okay. So this is happened in his reign in his

00:56:10--> 00:56:22

time. And a walker did not approve of this. He had a pilot, and he said Hollywood made a mistake. This is a worker. So they're saying that they made a mistake. This was as you said, he made a mistake, or more wanted to

00:56:24--> 00:56:58

punish Hollywood, financially or something. And Obama said they've said, I mean, he made a mistake. Let me there's no point out that it's a done deal. So the point is the both of them did not agree with what Khalid had done. But in the end of the day, what happened happened, and huge controversy there. But the point is that and here is where we get back to our theological issue. I will Dakota's to do paid blood money, dia to the family of Malik even unaware, his children, they got the blood money. Now, so what somebody says

00:57:03--> 00:57:05

Blood Money is only given

00:57:06--> 00:57:26

for the Muslim Blood Money is given for the Muslim. So because Khalid was his commander, any mistake that the commander does, so the chieftain or the halifa has to take responsibility financial, right, so he gave blood money, even though Malik was of those who did not pay zakat.

00:57:27--> 00:57:34

This clearly demonstrates that he did not view this group as being the same as

00:57:36--> 00:58:21

the first two. Now Imam Shafi says this is why membership is straight from his own. He says, if somebody asks us why then were they called 100. And the books mentioned hero Beretta, and these groups are included in the, in our software, he says, He responds after he says, the term read de linguistically has many meanings. And it basically means to reject or to go back on. And these people rejected the caliphate. So they went back on their oath of allegiance, not that they're martyred from Islam. Other scholars mentioned, this group was the smallest of the other two. So when you say Allah reader and hero Beretta, you mean the bulk of them, and this group is just included in

00:58:21--> 00:58:40

it. And it is allowed in Arabic. And in English, when you describe a large group, you just say the majority of them were like this, and then the smaller group is included in them. So the point is the term but it doesn't necessarily have to imply that each and every person in them was a motet. And as well this evidence is used that

00:58:42--> 00:58:56

one group amongst them when they were brought to Osaka, so they, they said to Abu Bakar, this is not Malik and the group, they said to obachan, that we did not commit Cofer after having embraced Islam, but we were just greedy for our money.

00:58:57--> 00:59:06

Like he literally said this to apologize, said I didn't we didn't intend to commit gopher, we just didn't want to give you our money.

00:59:07--> 00:59:07


00:59:09--> 00:59:11

all of this put together

00:59:12--> 00:59:22

seems to suggest that Abu Bakar acidic and this is what I hold. Now, I'm going to clarify my specific position in a while that

00:59:23--> 00:59:59

it seems to suggest and this is the majority opinion that I will deal for to them as rebels and not as kuffaar This is the controversy How did he fight them? Did he fight them because they're sinners and rebels because look in an Islamic State, any community that causes fitna and facade a bunch of highway robbers or people that are not paying Zakat, you're going to fight them, there's no controversy that you're going to fight them. Right. It's like even in this country, if you don't pay taxes, and you refuse to pay taxes, the feds are gonna come after you. There have been a number of instances even here

01:00:00--> 01:00:22

Where the feds actually attack and imprison you. Right? If you refuse to pay taxes, that's the reality of any society. So the controversy is not whether Obama was attacked him, of course he attacked them. The controversy is on what basis? Were they coffee? Or were they faster or basically bought through the rebels. And the majority of scholars say they were rebels.

01:00:23--> 01:00:27

And they use as evidence that

01:00:28--> 01:00:33

the whole conversation between the Armada worker seems to assume that they were within the fold of Islam,

01:00:34--> 01:00:40

and he treated them in a different manner. There are other groups as I said, the first group.

01:00:41--> 01:01:11

The more strict are hardliners, and in particular in our times, it is the group of Mohammed Abdul Wahab and the scholars of nudge they're very strict about this point. They say these people were all kuffar, the ones who didn't pay zakat. And the workers are treated them as code for the bottom line is that Allah knows best, but it does appear that a robot got us a deal. And Omar and the Sahaba did not view them as being fit. They viewed them as being badly

01:01:12--> 01:01:28

handled fist or elbow, heart, or people that are rebellious, and they did not treat them like the kofod. And therefore, the issue comes the Muslim who does not pays a cat out of greed,

01:01:29--> 01:01:35

out of greed, meaningful his own wealth, without denying its obligation.

01:01:36--> 01:01:53

Such a person could technically possibly still be a Muslim. So the bare minimum, and Allah knows best and and again, this is honestly one of those areas that I myself don't have a a passionate opinion, because the evidence is really are

01:01:54--> 01:02:28

very strong in each camp. If you look at the evidence of the first opinion, sada only the second Minnesota and Zika the third opinion all of the other can, you know, all of these evidences are very strong. And in the end of the day, just pray and give sick and leave the gray area to Allah subhana wa Tada, right, do the Academy of the greater Allah subhanaw taala. But it does appear that Abu Bakar Hasidic and others did not view this group as being careful. Having said this, one final point to throw some salt, some spice into the mixture. If it's not spicy enough for you yet,

01:02:29--> 01:02:39

it's not spicy yet. You don't eat spicy food, then then there's no point talking to you about spiciness then a little bit of a little bit of of controversy.

01:02:41--> 01:02:44

It's one thing to say that if a person doesn't,

01:02:45--> 01:03:01

doesn't pay zakat out of greed, maybe this person is still a Muslim. But some scholars say if a person is willing to go to war with the Islamic halifa, because they don't want to pay.

01:03:03--> 01:03:03

You understand

01:03:04--> 01:03:09

the fact that they're so willing to lose their lives

01:03:10--> 01:03:15

and to fight against the obligation of Zika. That is a rejection.

01:03:16--> 01:03:18

And that might be careful.

01:03:20--> 01:03:23

And this actually makes a lot of sense.

01:03:24--> 01:03:27

That the one who wants to go to war.

01:03:29--> 01:04:07

Because a legitimate No, it's not as if they do not have a bunker is a halifa. It would be another thing by the way, if there were groups of believers and like once upon a time, and the one group said, we're not going to pay you guys a cut, we're going to pay us a cut to this colleague of ours. That's an issue of politics. This group didn't deny that Obama was the halifa even they didn't deny that Zakat, you know, is an obligation. They simply said, We want our money. That's what the point was, and they're willing to fight workers to do so that they don't give there's a cut. Perhaps it could be argued some groups amongst these people were then treated as cofa

01:04:08--> 01:04:50

because too, as I said, it's one thing that you're lazy you don't want to you don't want to pay zakat. Imagine the Islamic State captures you imagine the halifa takes you and you have to now or sorry not captures what he's going to attack you and use and because you're not paying Zakat, and you say I don't care i'm gonna fight against a vodka soda so that he doesn't take my five candles from me. I mean, what does that demonstrate about your your cleaning sockets. In fact, it could be interpreted as your rejection of zakat. And that's how some scholars interpreted in any case, so the bottom line with this inshallah will conclude and then finish off and shoulder the workers so they

01:04:50--> 01:05:00

can again, the main highlight of a workers legacy rhodiola one we'll talk about that next week is that he kept the oma together. He fought against all of these groups and salvage

01:05:00--> 01:05:09

The the the cohesion of the oma The one thing and the second thing he did was talk about briefly as well next Wednesday, what is his most second most important legacy of

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the Quran, the Quran, these are he saved the political unity of the oma and he preserved the Quran for the oma. This is the legacy of workers of the Allah xojo blessed Islam politically and theologically or culturally or heritage or scripturally, that Allah azza wa jal saved Islam politically, and scripturally through all workers to the honor of keeping the oma one. Because had it not been for workers, so they had not been for a lot of ages using overkill, so deep, the oma would have gone, not just different ways politically, but even theologically, there would have been 30 versions of Islam. One is not praying. Second one is not praying what is not doing this one has

01:05:57--> 01:06:37

to do that. Because Allah azza wa jal is preserving through our brokenness. There has always been one consistent what we call now Sunni Islam, the bulk of the world has remained similar in this ideology, because Obama said yes, and no difference of opinion about the outcome. We're all going to do these things together. So there was no actigraph tolerated, and also the Quran as well, as you know, we'll talk about that inshallah. Next Wednesday, final point from my side, I have already said this, before that I'm taking a leave of absence from MIT in the month of May, I'll be on an in and out of the city, but I have to travel to literally four or five different countries and just too

01:06:37--> 01:06:39

much is going on. So I decided to take a leave of absence.

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I will actually be here on next Wednesday, I'm going to be coming back on Monday, then leaving again on Thursday. So I'll be here next Wednesday, insha Allah, so our last our workers had aka and the one which we finish off and shoulder his life in times in his death, and his legacy will be in the next one's day, then we will pause, then Ramadan, and then inshallah we'll resume after Ramadan with a little hot tub, and the rest of the whole of our rashidun. And as we said, we're going to do the Sahaba, one by one, and then we'll get to the Omaha's and momineen so inshallah that is the overall

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game plan inshallah. Tada. Any quick questions, yes.

01:07:33--> 01:07:36

So what is the difference if they were killed later on or not?

01:07:37--> 01:07:47

No, they were killed. moleculer no way at all, was killed as a prisoner of war. He was not killed in battle. He was killed, chained

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to kill a prisoner of war.

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And then to marry his wife.

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And he is the chieftain.

01:07:57--> 01:08:00

And he is a person of a very high status.

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It was a very controversial issue. And it still remains, by the way to this day, it remains a hugely controversial issue. The

01:08:20--> 01:08:33

so some people say that he waited for the FDA, and some say right then and there he made that will somehow and he made it right then and there. And this is again, like we said, it's just best to, there's no point bringing all of this up.

01:08:34--> 01:08:56

And that's a very awkward, this is the most awkward story and the reign of a walker. So nothing is more awkward than this. But it's not related to a book hamdulillah it's not related to him, but it happened in his time. And he didn't agree to it. He did not like it. But the difference between our book and Roma, there are the Allahu anhu was what to do with Hadith now that she's done it. And Omar wanted to

01:08:57--> 01:09:06

send the message No, because he said he made an he had what can I do now? Meaning I don't agree with this is that he made is that now it's a done deal? Okay. Yes, gentlemen.

01:09:15--> 01:09:16

I think maybe they just thought

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they are on the right path is incorrect. That's why they.

01:09:34--> 01:09:59

So they definitely had the Quranic he had. And they strongly felt that only the profitsystem has the right to take their holy men and why they himself. So perhaps you are correct in this, we don't know. Perhaps they felt so passionately about this interpretation that they said, this is the truth and we will fight you for it. So the point being that they did not reject from their perspective, Islam

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They re interpreted that Zakat was only payable in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and every Hadith and ayah about Zakat, they said this meant to the Prophet says, Adam, now that he's gone, then there is no Zakat for us to pay anymore. Okay, so it is possible that this was their primary motivation, which is the defense of their particular opinion. And Allah knows best inshallah, final question. Yes.

01:10:40--> 01:10:59

So the question is, to rephrase who gets to make tech fear. And the response is, tech fear is an ht had to fear is a personal opinion of a scholar. So if you understand the tech field is he had an only in which the head makes tech field.

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Tech field is not the property of a person who doesn't have knowledge. The only exception to this, as I said, Well, one can say there's two exceptions. The first exception is, when a person does not consider himself to be a Muslim, then Muslims will consider this person not to be a Muslim, you don't need a Jihad when he's told you, he's not a Muslim. So when a person who's not a Muslim tells you he's not a Muslim, there is no you doing tick field, this person has done it on himself that this person is a non Muslim. So there's no need to hide there. The only time where there's going to be

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tech fear for the masses to be able to do is when, as I said, certain groups have been unanimously considered outside the fold of Islam because they go against the two calibers.

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And the examples of these groups are like the gurus, for example, the gurus are not even though they might be coming from Islam, but they don't have the same beliefs or whatnot as us. And those who believe in a prophet after the prophet SAW Selim, we will not consider them to be within the fold of Islam, because you cannot believe in a God. So the dudes believe that it is God manifest. When they say la ilaha illAllah. They mean la that Allah is Allah, that's their point. The one that Allah for them is it, this is a really esoteric group that still exists, it doesn't matter. They believe that it came down in the form of Allah subhanaw taala came down to the form of ID and that his ID, you

01:12:29--> 01:12:43

know, VA hidden balton I mean, they have their bizarre theology. This group cannot be considered Muslim, because they don't believe in Allah that we believe in. Similarly, a group that believes in a prophet after the Prophet system, same thing. So for these groups,

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you don't you you as an individual are not doing HD had.

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The scholars have said that these guidelines can be applied now, other than this, definitely anybody who says La ilaha illAllah, Muhammad Rasulullah. And he believes in the same garden, the same profit as you. It is no Muslims business whatsoever, to start talking about who's a Muslim and coffee. And this is one of the biggest problems of the Muslim world that average people are now involved in to feed issues. And even this theoretical issue about people who don't pray and fast, we leave their affair to Allah at an individual level. This is just theoretical. It is not allowed for an average Muslim to apply it to any particular person. And we have had bizarre beliefs within Islam since the

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beginning of Islam. The Sahaba did not even consider the Hawaii dish to be covered. Think about that.

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Even though the Hawaii outage killed and plundered and caused so much evil, they did not consider them to be covered. And even everybody was asked about the Hawaii, a could fall down home, or they confer he said middelkoop refer. They're running away from Kufa. They're running away from Cofer, how can they be called for their overzealous financials? They're running away from COVID. So the person asked, What are they? So I don't even know he thought he said, home a cuando una bajo Elena. They are our brothers. And they have transgressed against us.

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This is fifth and maturity the Hawaiians are trying to kill it would have been thought of and they eventually succeed.

01:14:29--> 01:15:00

But it still says they're not coffee just because they're bad people just because they're murderers. They're fanatics. They're overzealous, but they're not outside the fold of Islam. So the dangers of duck feet are what we see in the modern Muslim world. Civil War, bloodshed. Everybody considered everybody a coffered and unfortunately, in our own land of Pakistan, it seems to be probably one of the worst places in the world. I don't understand why we're every Filipino. Every group is just

01:15:00--> 01:15:38

Considering just because of the most trivial of issues, I mean, sometimes the issues are related, you know where to place the hands and amin and whatnot, it goes into the level of becomes Cofer. And this really shows a lack of even basic, rudimentary knowledge of Islam. Cofer is to reject Allah and His Messenger knowing you are rejecting Allah and His messenger. Allah clearly says in the Quran, while I can shadow habit carefully, so Darren, but rather the one whose chest opens up to confirm that is the one the Hadith is the ayah is applies to a mighty vinyasa. Remember one

01:15:39--> 01:16:04

remember when I might have been Yasser was tortured. And he said words of Cofer and Allah revealed in the concert, and if you're forced, then it's not good for but if your heart wants to embrace schofer. Now, this ayah is very, very interesting. What it shows is that in order for you to be considered a coffin, your heart must desire Cofer,

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which means any person who desires Allah and His Messenger, to please Allah and to believe in the messenger, by and large, if they are

01:16:17--> 01:16:56

basically within La Ilaha, Muhammad Rasulullah. Even taymiyah has a statement that I don't make to feed of anybody who prays towards the fibula. And the meaning of this phrase is not the ne ne versus se because some groups per se, no, but not direct. The point is, I do not make duck feet of anybody who shows any religiosity and lowers head to Allah. This is a bit dubious position, even though even Tamia is perhaps the most vocal critic of every single group in Islam, from the surface to the bottom needs to the Shia who criticize everybody. But he said, I don't I'm not calling them coffee. There's a really profound point. I mean, he's written volumes against

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extremist Sophie's extremists, she had all of these groups, but he says, I don't consider them to be coffee. That aquifer I had them and I looked at anybody who prays towards the Qibla. And he also used to say, Our Prophet sallallahu wasallam said nobody protects his will do except his amendment. So anybody who makes will do he must have a man. And I like these these statements are very profound. The people of Tabler, the people of sada, the people of Voodoo, we don't make fear of them. Even if some of their beliefs are beliefs of Kufa, we say Allah will judge them.

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Clear, we say Allah will judge them.

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Your belief is wrong, that you can say, no problem. You can say, you believe in this chef being listening to us and answering your doors. That belief is code for you can say this. But that doesn't mean you become a coffee. There's a difference between coffee in generalities and specific coffee. And we do not pronounce specific confer on any individual who has some type of perverse understanding of the Quran, even if it's perverse, even if it's bizarre, but he's still trying to understand the Quran. You quote any of any of these people you meet them, and they'll have some bizarre interpretations. And they think this is what the Quran is telling them to do. So the point

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is, as long as they are within the halal Qibla.

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And if you look at these groups that are outside the fold of Islam, generally speaking, they don't have the will do. Generally speaking, they don't really have the, the solid, I mean, definitely the gurus and whatnot don't have the solid course the big controversial when it comes into our group, they're in our countries that believes in another prophet, they seem to have some rituals, and not other rituals, Allah knows best about those rituals. But as we said, believing in another prophet now,

01:18:54--> 01:19:41

I'm going to say something will definitely get me into trouble. But those amongst them who don't say they believe in another Nabhi, or a soul, and they have their bizarre, weird terminologies, perhaps for them, perhaps we can say, let the law judge their affairs and we're not going to consider them to be non Muslims, even though I know that the scholars of our land would definitely not agree with what I'm saying. But I distinguish between those who explicitly say so and so is an abbey. For me, no question, end of story, no debate, versus those who have their weird and bizarre terminology and they don't call him levy. And they don't call him a lawsuit. And they have their other ideologies

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for this.

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Perhaps we say this is a gray area, at least we can say for me, and leave their firm to Allah subhanho wa Taala. In any case, that in and of itself is going to cause at least 25 YouTube videos three fighters, one to create against me, but anyway, Palazzo knows best inshallah.