Ask Shaykh YQ – Episode 43
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Series: Yasir Qadhi - Ask Shaykh YQ
File Size: 23.42MB
The Ahadith on Ghazwa-i-Hind
Somebody emails and asks that there has been a lot of talk recently. Regarding the ahaadeeth that mentioned the causeway hint, or the issue of Jani, an army or an expedition towards India as one of the signs of the Day of Judgment. Can you tell us about these ahaadeeth? Are they authentic or not?
know the name.
So, this is our first question for today, a brother asks, from Pakistan, actually, that a lot of our scholars in that region are currently talking about a zwei hint. So, what is the ruling of these ahaadeeth about the narration of his so today inshallah I actually went over these ahaadeeth in detail, and this is a summary of those findings. So, there are actually two a hadith about this issue of the Prophet system predicting the army going towards India. And the first of them actually, both of them are inserted in the Saudi. So, out of all of the six books only unnecessary he has these ahaadeeth and, and this is considered to be of the higher levels obviously, Hubble Hardy and
has in this chapter, he has three ahaadeeth. However, these three are actually two, why actually today as well, I'm going to add a little bit of heady stuff so we can benefit inshallah, about the reality of how we understand how the sciences, so realize when you have the same text or a similar text of a hadith narrated by different chains going back to the same Sahabi, the same Sahabi in reality, too, no matter how many chains you have, that is considered to be one heavy, because it all goes back to the same Sahabi. Now, it could be that one of these chains is weak, then we look at the other chains, maybe it's authentic, so that we can say okay, this is one Hadeeth so the first of
these Hadith is from a warrior radi Allahu taala and who and Amanda integrates in his long chain, which goes back to his native Naboo neysa unsay yar and Gibney. Aveda, on the horizon of the Allahu taala and pata widen Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has one hint, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam promised us that we will have an expedition towards hynd for in Iraq to her so this is the Hadith the Prophet says and promised us that we will comprehend. Okay, so a warrior saying, if I am alive when this was what happens, I will spend of my knifes and my man, myself and my money, fine. Okay, it'll come to me of bloody Shahada. If I die in this expedition, I consider myself to be of
the best of the Shahada. We're in Algeria. And if I come back victorious for Anna Abu hurayrah al mojarra. I will be Abu huraira who has saved himself from the fire of hell. Either way, I will be the winner. If I participate in this, it was way hint. Okay, so this is the first narration which is 3273 3174 Mr. Mendoza he has a different chain to say yar Angelina Abby and Abby Herrera essentially converging on the third narrative say you're on jabber and Avi Herrera, and is the exact same thing widen arrow solos. Rasulullah sallallahu I sent him a letter with in hint phonetic to her own Philippine FC when put two tokens of the Shahada. So it's the same narration it goes back to these
three people, which is, which is say you're on jabber and Abu hurayrah. Now, the problem comes that
this person jabber who is narrating from Abu hurayrah. In fact, he is completely unknown, and he has no other Hadith in all of the books of Hadith except this one. Nobody knows who he is. And this is very common in early Islam before the sciences of Hadith began being codified. So there's somebody called Jabba, debonair Ibiza, and he narrates from Ohara era this one Howdy. How many other heavy hitters in our raid zero, who has met him or verified or check this out?
authenticity no one. So he is what is called module unknown module and Hal, we don't know his state. Was his memory good or not? Was he somebody we can trust or not? Is he somebody who towards the end of his life became Jani not very good and headed, which is very common. So all of these things we have no idea. In other words in English, we'll say there's a big question mark on him. We don't know who he is. Therefore, this Hadeeth without a doubt in and of itself, it is weak because of this unknown person who is Javad Eben Ibiza. So this is two different narrations converging on Java 11 Ibiza, and in fact, there is a second weakness as well, which is no need to get into based on this
Chanel Barney, the famous muhaddith of the previous generation. He said this is not a jumper from who is a weakest nut. Okay, now, whenever you find a scholar pronounce a verdict, you need to be careful. What is the scholar saying? Is he saying the isnaad this week or the Hadith is weak. There's a big difference between the two. If a scholar says the isnaad is weak, then he's pronouncing a verdict on what is in front of him. He is not pronouncing the verdict on the full narration of the Hadith Is that clear? Right? And emammal are sorry chef lol Barney did not do a detailed discussion of this hadith to the best of my knowledge you simply pronounced a verdict on
the is not in Sonam unnecessary. Now. There is in fact another narration of this of this hadith as well. Of course, by the way, this is also mentioned in the Muslim Imam Ahmed was the man Mohammed Of course we should all know it is one of the largest collections of Hadith 50 volumes in this current print. So if you turn to volume 14, page 419, we have a narration of bobadilla which is essentially the same thing that the Abu hurayrah said that
it is essentially the same concept but it is a different it's not so listen to this, Mr. Mohammed says from Yemen is half from Al Bara from Hassan al Abbas city from Abu hurayrah for people between him and Abu hurayrah and profitsystem yahia bara hassanal basilea from Abu hurayrah that my Holly and my prophets, my friend My Prophet says Adam said your guru fee has been omitted omata bartonella Cindy will Hynde from this, Omid there shall be an expedition that goes to where Sindh and Hynde this Hadid adds Sindh Sindh and hint then Abu huraira says if I am alive when this happens and I become a Shahid then that is indeed good for that hour and I am happy I'm gonna show heat and if I
come back then I shall be able Herrera who has freed himself from the fire of hell Okay. Now, this is not is totally different, but going back to whom?
Abu hurayrah Is it the same had you two different had eaten the same headed but a totally different is that now we said the first is not that is going from Java it is a weak one. This one it has another major issue has an adversity. The famous SNL boss city and turd Medina. Annabelle Herrera has already passed away.
So has another boss city never met Abu hurayrah there is a missing person, by the way has handed a boss that he is well known. Because this is early Islam the sciences of Hadith haven't fully been codified. So has that adversity was well known to do something that later scholars considered a crime, but in his time, it wasn't a crime. And that crime is called dead lease. What does that lease mean? That lease means that the narrator narrates a Hadith, but he drops the person he heard it from. This is one main category of deadlifts. Okay. Later scholars have Have you considered this to be like almost a criminal offense. How dare you don't tell us but in this early timeframe, it wasn't
a big deal. Why? Because trust was higher back then. Trust was higher back then. Because they were lying was not that common. And so it wasn't that important that Where did you hear it from? So it has an anniversary being the famous Dabiri he died 110 Hitler, he is one of the most famous of his era has several bosses, he was well known to narrate from Sahaba he never met. Now.
The common principle is when too weak is not or they're generally they support one another so that they become hesitant. However, this is not a generic unconditional rule. And this is where the scholar of Hadith becomes the expert is brought in, in this particular case and again, for those that might be listening online or advanced students have had it I am being simplistic so you will point out other things. I'm
well aware of them. I have done my research today but for the sake of our class, I'm just mentioning some examples. There are other things that can be mentioned that I'm glossing over for the purposes of our lecture today has said a paucity is narrating from x from Abu hurayrah. In the other chain we have an unknown from above hora era. In reality these two weaknesses cannot help one another to make it hesitantly lady. They cannot do so because the weaknesses coincide in the exact same problem. Right? And what I'm trying to point out here this simple or generic rule that if there are two life is not put together they become hessen. It's not just you just take it and you apply it. No, you
need a little bit more expertise to be brought in. And in this case, Mr. Ahmed and his Muslim has a totally different chain to avoid a completely different than the one incident in Sri. But in reality, the two cannot be added up to make hesson the lady and that's why most of the scholars who look at these two narrations they say the Hadith or baba Herrera is the eighth and this was my knowledge of it as well. Until today when actually spend some time researching so today I came across a third narration from a border of the Allahu taala and, and it is in one of the more tertiary books of Hadith, the Kitab al Jihad of even even it'd be awesome who died to 87 hijra it'd
be awesome was a contemporary of Imam Imam Mohammed praised him highly enough to be awesome has a number of books of al Qaeda and of Hadith and he is an original narrator because he is from that generation he has original his nuts and in his gettable jihad, Hadith number 291. He actually has a totally different is not going back to the summit from Hashem and aside from Kenan Avenue Bay Mola, Sofia from Abu huraira that Abu huraira said widen, widen Allahu wa rasuluh who has what Allah hint Allah and His Messenger promised us that we shall go to Hindi and if I go and I die then Alhamdulillah I am the best Shaheed and if I come back then I am Abu hurayrah al mojarra the one was
freed himself from jahannam This is a third is not and the editors of this book, they say the is not the Messiah and Ahmed are weak but added with this is not now the Hadith becomes Hasson the lady he is that clear now now we have three different is not two of them kinda sorta are weak in the same area. This one has some slight weakness we're not going to get into the details but that is a weakness that doesn't conflict with the first two. So overall therefore, the hadith of Abu huraira is hesson lady it is something that we can consider to be inshallah acceptable now. Even if somebody says the hadith of Abu huraira is weak, and this is the opinion of quite a lot of people but in my
brief perusal today, very few of them quoted the hadith of kuttabul Jihad they only use the two versions that are in Muslim Imam Mohammed and unnecessary when you add the third one you have a good solid case even if you consider it to be weak Imam and Nyssa is third Hadith seals the fate we said there are three traditions in his Clausewitz within what is the third one. He says I'm Mohammed Al Rahman and Asad Moosa and Bhatia. Paula destiny abubaker is a bit Zubaydah and say Mohammed and Maria and Omar Abdullah Abdullah Bharani. And so burn molar Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam under who call Paul Rasulullah who is the Sahaba here so Oban, who is dovan filburn is the most
famous of the freed slaves of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he narrated over 90 a Hadith, the prophet system had over 40 slaves that he owned every one of them he freed over the course of his lifetime, many of them like thauvin, volunteer to become a servant after they were free. filburn was a free man, and he became a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he narrates over 90 traditions in which the Ummah Mohammed and filburn as well. By the way, most of his narrations are about the signs of the Day of Judgment he would collect those Hadith he would love those a hadith so this is so bad. So in this hadith fell ban, now this is a totally different Hadith, not Abu hurayrah
so Ban said I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say, you saw Bhutan even Amati a hora de Houma la hoomin and this is a totally different how these two groups of my alma ally has protected them from the fire of hell, two groups of my alma Allah has protected them from the fire of hell as lava to intellijel hynd whereas lava turn takuna Murray seven Amalia Marley Hema Salaam, a group that shall go on an expedition towards Hynde and a group that shall go with a seven Imodium in the end of times. Okay, now this hadith is a totally different one from the hadith of
Bora Bora right. And by the way, it is also in which the Dima Mohamed with a slightly different is not but going back to thoburn. So we have Mr. Mohammed Singh of another from Bhatia from Saudi from Mohammed from Lockman. From Abdullah from filburn that he said resolve autonomy Amati Rosa mulata Adam in and now, so, we have here at number 22,396 and Muslim by Mohammed, which is also going back to thoburn. So, the concept of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam telling us that there shall be a group going to India and that that group is a protected group and they bless it group. That concept is pretty clear. Is that now understood, even if possible, Herrera's version might be c minus d plus in
terms of the isnaad filburn is a good Hadith and put together the concept of the profitsystem telling us that myoma will go to Hynde and the other version, hint and send this is something that is in shallow to either very explicit and clear. Now, that is these are the only the only narration is no better, no better. There are no other narrations about a hint and sinned. And by the way, of course, all of us should know especially us from that region that this has already obviously occurred. The very first expeditions that were sent towards Sindh
was during the time of bobbin Earth might have been I found all the Aloha wine home. However, this appears to be only
ships that were meant to see what is going on. It wasn't like large expeditions. As we all know, the large expedition that went and first basically entered, sinned in order to actually conquer portions of sin. This was done during the reign of
had judge in the use of a third copy will not during his reign, he was the governor. And of course, the story. By the way, everybody should know this. This is basic history. The story is first mentioned in a book that is considered to be the first book ever written by Muslims of India regarding the history of India from the Muslim perspective. This is called the church nama, the church nama. I'm not inventing the name. It is the name of the church nama because it talks about the cha cha dynasty and I'm not inventing that it's real. There was a dynasty called the cha cha dynasty. And so the church nama was the first book written in Arabic By the way, it is said that its
author was one of the people who went with Mohammed bin Qasim, one of the persons who appointed by Mohammed Al Qasim, he wrote it in Arabic, we do not have that original 200 300 years later, a Persian translation was made, we have the original Persian translation, we do not have the original Arabic is now lost, the original Arabic is lost. What we have, which is preserved in the British Museum is the Persian translation that was done in the ninth or 10th century CE II, not the original Arabic. And a lot of work has been done on this. And of course, as you can understand there are questions of his authenticity or whatnot. Nonetheless, in the church nama, which allegedly was
written by one of the Shadowhunter cobots, Mohammed bin Qasim, he mentioned the famous story that a group of Muslim ladies was captured by Raja da her of India. And the Raja had basically captured some ships that were being sent from Ceylon Sri Lanka to Baghdad. And on that ship were some young ladies whose fathers were Arab merchants and whose mothers were say donkeys, and so the fathers had died. So the king of Sri Lanka as a gesture of goodwill was sending the families and these young ladies back so that they can be with their father's side of the family. And on the way Raja Tao or they say some pirates under Raja da had confiscated and then obviously the ladies were taken, and
news reached hijab and usofa Raja has refused to give the ladies back. And so he sent his cousin Mohammed bin Qasim, Mohammed Al Qasim, he sent him at the young age of 19, to basically go and conquer elements of that region. And this is one of the first yonny the first conquest took place. And three major city states were established, most prominently the city of Matsuura, which was a walled city. It's like a three hour drive from Karachi, and also the city, the ancient city of Milan, not the modern city of Milan. That's a different one. The ancient city of Milan was also established over there, Mohammed bin Qasim ruled over that region for a short period of time.
There's a huge controversy, by the way amongst the historians, because you have two completely opposite narratives about Mohammed bin Qasim, those who sympathize with him and those who didn't. Those who sympathize say he was a tolerant, open minded he didn't force anyone anything and then you have the critics they have the exact opposite view. Nonetheless. Mohammed Al Qassam roofer fears then some tensions happen which we're still unsure of. And he was recalled by hijab in use of an after him the Hubbard died.
mysti started drooling for around 150 years. And of course, the hobbit dynasty. I always plug that in because I wrote a paper about the about the dynasty when I was a deal. And I also wanted to show you a coin that I have from the hobbit dynasty. I'm a coin collector. By the way, you should know this by now. So one of the things I did I collected some of the ancient coins of the histories that have written about so it's actually a coin of the sebata dynasty that dates back to around 100 something digital that they made in sinned after they have bodies who came after the hobbits who came after their bodies. Were going to tell me all Muslims of India and Pakistan who came after
their bodies, come on this you know, this. Very good mahmudullah has never has never came up to the bodice and some Pamela has never came. And he rescued Islam from the Hubble telescope. The Hubble has had become a smiley by the way. So my mother was Navy came and He then took over that region then who came after my mother was an AVI which dynasty
the hoorah dynasty then the oldest 90s became what the Delhi Sultanate then the dead is the Delhi Sultanate was about to collapse and then what happened. Barber comes in, and then barber comes in with
that's true as well. But generally speaking, the the the the timeframes are as I have said, but you are correct, these are other minor dynasties. Barbara comes in establishes, of course.
You're correct, Barbara defeated lodhi to become the king. And then barber establishes Akbar establishes the Mughal Empire the Mughal Empire lasts until 1857. When the British come in, and the quote unquote mutiny at the independence happen, and zafra Shah Bahadur, the final of the mobile kings is sent into exile in the land of Nepal and he dies a miserable and lonely death. May Allah have mercy on him anyway, long story short, I mentioned this, to be very clear about this, that we know what is happening in India right now. We know what is happening. And this talk is not meant to go into that issue. And the talk of his way, a hint that Hadith are used by certain people for
nationalistic reasons. Allah knows best it appears that these Hadith are of the past not of the future, meaning it's already happened. Some people are trying to make this as around to
in order to have another was way hint. And Allah knows best. In my humble opinion, the ahaadeeth seem to mention the first batch and that's happened, may Allah bless them and what not. And I'm not saying it's impossible that the Hadeeth are talking about the future, but it appears it's about that my point is not to become political here. My point is to make a very, very factual claim and that is as follows. When you look at the history of Islam in India,
by and large, the extreme Hindus, the hindutva, the RSS the BJP, they present Islam as something that is foreign, as colonizers as people who came and took away our culture, right. And this is something that we need to be very clear about. The Muslims who came to hint and sinned, they might have come from outside agreed, and we can understand why some people would find that problematic, but they are not colonizers, the way the British were, this is factually incorrect. Every time the Muslims came, they became Indian. And they ruled India as if it was their land. And they took on the culture and the customs and they gave back to the culture and the customs.
They were not external, aloof, colonizers, like the British war, the British didn't learn one word of Hindi, the British lived separate from the masses, the British imposed their language on us, the British looted everything, even the word loot, they looted it as well. And they took it with them. The British came when India was the most powerful economic force in the globe. And when they left it, it was a withering symptomatic, third world country, the British Empire would not be the British Empire, had they not taken much of their wealth from the Far East, especially from India. You cannot accuse these Muslim dynasties or anything of that, because they took for their own peoples which was
the Indians and Hindu and Muslim both benefited it is factual to say India would not be in the India that it is today had it not been for the Muslims of India, the culture, the cuisines, the language, everything the architecture biryani came from the mobiles you wouldn't even I'm not joking it did. You wouldn't even have biryani if the models were not there. Can you imagine in India without Viviani even will allow vegetable biryani even though it's a bit in my opinion, but still will allow vegetable biryani Okay, that was a joke by the way. But anyway, even though anyways.
Okay, my point is this notion of
This racist notion of a pure Hindustan, right without the Muslims will be like this. This needs to be corrected. I understand some fanatical Yani, you know, people of one faith are going to be angry. Why did that faith get involved? I understand, but to claim that Muslims were colonizers that's simply wrong to claim that Muslims ruled as a different category different class that is factually incorrect. And the India of today would not be the India of today, had it not been because of Islam, Islam helped shaped the Indian culture. And if the Muslims had not come to India, the India of today would be unrecognizable. We would not recognize what it is right. I want to also tell you, by the
way, I took a class at Yale by one of the leading experts of Indian Islam, she's actually from a Hindu background, even though she's agnostic, I took a class with her and it was in her class I wrote about many things, including about a dynasty, her main thesis and she's coming from a Hindu background, by the way, she's not a religious person, but her ancestry is Hindu. Her main theses which she proved throughout that class, was something that I had never even heard of up until I took that class in 2005 2006. Because my whole life I was believing Indian Muslims and Indian Hindus have always been fighting one another right, her thesis which she proved in her dissertation, and
throughout the class, she kept on referencing evidences, listen to this, there was never religious tension in India, until the British came.
The British as a policy, instigated religious hatred.
They were the ones who fomented anti muslim attitudes in his in the Hindus and anti Hindu attitudes in the Muslims. And they did this Why couldn't Who can tell me why? Divide and Conquer, divide and conquer? for 200 years, they kept on brainwashing each side to feel religious hatred for the other end of the simplest evidence is which is mind boggling in its simplicity, she said to us in the class, you can look at every single battle ever fought in the history of India, after even costumes reign after that first generation, when you had a Muslim Emperor or a Roger Hindu or whatnot, you will always find in the Muslims army, some Hindus, and in the Hindus army, some Muslims, it was
never a purely religious war. It was always politics, and Hindus and Muslims generally got along fine. And she always would say, the first Riot between Hindus and Muslims happen under British watch. In all of India's history, there was never a mob, Muslim and versus Hindu, there was never a riot based purely on religious grounds until the British came, and they fomented that. And then in 1947, both sides realize they cannot live with one another. And I say this, why, to calm some tensions of those who have some intellect, we understand there are religious differences between Hindus and Muslims, we understand sometimes those differences are irreconcilable, we will leave them
to the next life in this world, we don't have to be at each other's throats in this world. for 1300 years before the British came 1200 years, Hindus and Muslims live side by side, generally speaking at peace with one another. This is the general rule. It was the British that came, and the British did their deed. And as usual, they slithered away, and they left the mess in the lines that they came with. And we see that mess right now with what is happening now. And that's why I wanted to talk about this issue of his way in to give it a different twist to mention that, okay, maybe it did happen in the past, but there's no sense of animosity, per se. Generally speaking, without any
exception, every modern Emperor had Hindu visitors without any exception, there's maybe one or two, generally speaking, every Muslim Emperor had good ties with some Hindu dynasties, and bad ties with other sometimes Muslim and sometimes Hindu dynasties, as you know, and to claim that India has always been divided on ethnic and on religious terms, is something that is simply untrue. And this is one of the tactics of the British. So I just wanted to bring this in there to make sure that people understand that this is something that we need to overcome. And we appeal to the people of good intellect and of sound faith that what is happening now. It is dangerous to your country. It is
dangerous to lie in order. It is dangerous to this the stable, the stability of your own country, your own reputation is going to be harmed. And we make dua for those that are oppressed because we know what is happening right now. And I'm genuinely I think all of us should be genuinely worried about what is happening in that region. Also, with my utmost respect, and I say this by the way, as you know, my parents
From Buxton. So I am technically even though for me in the box, honestly, it's not a big deal born in this line is the same thing. You can barely tell the difference between the biani. This is my personal opinion. But anyway, I say this dear fellow Pakistanis, I speak to as a Pakistani in this tense atmosphere for you to come and say, Aha, see in public, I mean, meaning in front of the other Indians are what? Aha, See, this is why Pakistan should have been created. Do you think this is a wise time to say this, given the dynamics of what is going on? Even if you believe it? Do you think because you understand what you're doing? You're taking some salt, and you're adding it to the
wound, you're taking some gasoline online, and you're throwing it on? Perhaps a Hindu person is on the fence, then you come in, you mock you come in you taunt? What's going to happen?
Be wise in what you say, even if you feel this? Is this something you should be taunting others with? See, we told you and now how about our Indian Muslims? What do you want to talk them at this stage? You want to make fun? I mean, what what is the purpose of saying this? People are dying people? Are you mean, potentially? I mean, the May Allah protect is potentially going to go down genocidal, you know, things, what's happening in the next few years, be wise, in the next few years, try to help even over here. I mean, again, not to get too political. The main supporters of the guy in office are the people on this side of the Atlantic, not on that side, you know, this, his
finances are on this side, right? They're interacting with us on this side. So maybe we cannot solve the problem very easily. But we don't need to make it worse amongst our colleagues amongst those who we interact with, we don't need to make it worse online. Be wise in what you're saying make dua for those that are oppressed and there is a time and a place liquidity and a common makaan there's a time and a place to say certain things. Now is not the time to go back to 1947 to say, aha look, we told you so even if you feel that way, rather, now is the time to talk about the positive contributions of the Muslims of India. The the greatness that they brought, right the language, the
cuisine, the architecture, I mean, imagine in India without Islam, you cannot This is the time to bring those things here and calm the situation down even as much as you can, even if it's not going to change directly, but that's our goal here. And with that, inshallah tada we pray that Allah azza wa jal makes it easy for our Muslims, brothers and sisters in that land and in all the lands We ask Allah azza wa jal to protect the peoples of those lands that have all lands and to make sure that any evil is averted for them.
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