Tafsir Series – Al-Baqarah [24-8]

Wasim Kempson

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Channel: Wasim Kempson

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Al Hamdulillah Hamden cathedral even Mubarak and fie wa salatu salam ala I should have an MBA you will see the Mussolini early he was off be a Jemaine.

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So I want to come home to Allah, the brothers and sisters.

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We're continuing now inshallah Tada with the Tafseer of Surah Al Baqarah.

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In the previous

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lesson we had, we were still at the beginning of Surah Al Baqarah.

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And we had discussed

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where Allah subhanaw taala

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began Alif Lam Meem Wehrli Kalki tabula rasa Buffy who de Lille Mata teen

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that this book in which that there is no doubt is Huda is a guidance for mankind.

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Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to mention five attributes of the believers.

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Five attributes, the first of these attributes is a Lavina. You mean own or be like

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those who have belief in Allah hype.

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And hype is translated as the unseen

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and that is everything that Allah subhanaw taala has informed us of

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that we have not witnessed.

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For example, the mela aka the angels,

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previous revelations, previous messengers, even our beloved Nabi SallAllahu, we didn't know with him. This is part of

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for us, it's of course, it's from our perspective, it's something unseen, the Prophet alayhi wa sallam, we didn't meet him, not for the Sahaba, of course,

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also the last day,

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I'll cover the Divine Decree, Shari, he will hurry. It's evil and it's good.

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And everything that Allah subhanaw taala spoke about in the Quran, or that was described to us by the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, which is considered from the unseen

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that this book is a guidance for those Allah Vina, you know, and I believe that those who have Iman, full belief

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in

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the unseen

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why your Ki Moon of Salah

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and those who established the prayer,

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and we spoke about this in a previous

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lesson about the karma to Salah and that is from a general view that is to establish the five daily prayers. And more specifically, it's more specifically a karma to Salah in that that the servant will offer the prayers in a way that the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam prayed as he releases and told us so Lou Kamara at Moonee Valley pray as you have seen me praying

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woman Mao rasa corner whom Moon Kuhn

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and that

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what we have

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good given you from risk from provisions, you will own that they will give that out and they will give that as a charity This is the third the third characteristic so the first one was an EMA noble vape belief in the unseen

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number two establishing the prayer.

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Number three is giving charity

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but bear in mind what Allah subhanaw taala says mymail Rosa corner home from that what we sustained them with that what we gave to them

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as opposed to a servant thinking that what I gained or that what I earned

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Hey Allah subhanaw taala is informed informing us and to spend out what We have provided for them. So all sustenance and all provisions. Ultimately it comes from Allah subhanaw taala.

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And if you look at these first three,

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the first three characteristics this is

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very similar to that what you find in the hadith of ibn Umar Radi Allahu Anhu and that is Islam being built upon five Booney al Islam or other camps.

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This hadith is in both Bukhari and Muslim that Islam is built upon five.

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testifying that there was no deity worthy of worship except Allah and the Mohammed Elisa Salaam is the Messenger of Allah, establishing the prayer

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giving charity, the first three pillars and then of course the fourth one fasting Ramadan and making the pilgrimage to the club

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the fourth characteristic

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that alasa subhanaw taala mentions is what Lavina you mean wanna be my own Zi La La coma on Zillow, public and that those who have Iman and Lavina you mean noon, those who have belief in that what has been revealed to you

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and that what was revealed before you?

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I not only having belief in Al Quran,

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but also having belief in all the previous revelations that Allah subhanaw taala sent down, that we know that but we don't know.

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So revelations that were sent down to what Allah has informed us of the Injeel which was given to her ASA Ali salaam, the Torah which was given to Musa Ali salaam, the Cebu which was given to download

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and also which was given to Ibrahim, likewise Musa alayhis, salam, these were, these are revelations that we accept, and we have belief in them. They were the kalam of Allah they were the speech of Allah subhanaw taala that will given to particular nations.

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And the fact that Allah azza wa jal mentions not only in the Quran, but also other books that were revealed. Other revelations shows the importance of us stating that

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medallic Because Allah subhanaw taala mentions in a number of places in the Quran, where Allah as was mentioned, other revelations that were mentioned. Like for example, in Surah Nisa, in verse 136. What Allah subhanaw taala

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tells us Oh, you who believe believe in Allah and His messenger and the Book, Al Quran is the meanings which he has revealed to the messenger and the book which he subhanaw taala sent to his sent to them before.

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And likewise, you find in Surah Nisa

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in verse number 47, as well.

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And in Surah, toma either in verse number 68.

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And again, in Surat Al Baqarah, in verse 200 285.

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That we do not differentiate our belief our Eman in all of the

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textual

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revelations that were given to the Prophets neither do we differentiate between the messengers.

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Allah subhanaw taala tells us in Surah, Nisa, and 100 and verse 152, one livina man who will, he was really he was, um, you thought, obeying the minimum, and those who believe in Allah and His messengers and make no distinction between any of them.

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So it is part of our belief

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to believe in all of the revelations that Allah subhanaw taala sent to previous nations.

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Now

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concerning previous revelations, it was important for us to know that they were distorted the true message

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that was revealed by Allah subhanaw taala in his previous relations revelations, is no longer in its pure form.

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So Allah subhanaw taala sent Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chose Muhammad Allah Salam and send it to him Al Quran

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which serves as a protected and preserved message

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of what Allah subhanaw taala requires from his creation.

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Now

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Musa alayhis salam

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and Isa Alehissalaam.

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They were two of the most

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blessed messengers that Allah subhanaw taala chose from amongst mankind.

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In fact, some of the Ottoman they said they are from the old Azim they are from the five greatest messengers those who had great and strong resolve.

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So most early Sudan was given the torah, a salad Sudan was given the Injeel these two messengers were sent to who they were sent to bento Israel. They were sent to Ben it was

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okay.

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Now, Ben, eel is not the whole of the dunya

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Minute Israel is not every single person on this earth. So the revelation that Allah subhanaw taala gave to Israel.

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Is that valid

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for other people?

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I'll say something further as well, to make it clear what I'm saying.

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That when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was chosen as a messenger

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that was an OB at that time

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that his wife Khadija Radi Allahu anha took the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to war rocketship. nofas

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who at that time Uttanasana, who became what become a Christian

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and was reading Christian scripture.

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Now, what aka Radi Allahu anhu, was from Israel. No, he was not fun, but it was while he was from an Arab.

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So what was the Arabs doing reading the revelation?

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or parts of the revelation that was given to Benu? Israel eel?

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It's an important question.

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Because here you may be thinking that Allah subhanaw taala is now choosing certain nations to have revelation and neglecting others. This is not the case.

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Because Allah subhanaw taala tells us in sort of 32 Mr. Calacatta Jinnah will insert Lilia Boone

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when Allah subhanaw taala created Adam,

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Allah azza wa jal created Adam that Adam and Adam would worship Allah subhanaw taala created jinn that they would worship Allah as alone. And all revelations that came throughout time before Musa and before ASA, Allah Himself, the same message was propagated amongst people. Now, the fact that one particular messenger was sent to a particular people was reinforcing the message amongst that people. But it didn't mean that the message of a towhead which is of course, in all of them, is not applicable to other people.

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So when what aka

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are the Allahu Anhu he saw here that the Prophet alayhi wa salam had been chosen by Allah subhanaw taala he knew and he realized

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that the those revelations that prophesized or coming of a new messenger and he recognized that that was in fact that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam, and accepted Islam. He embraced Islam. And very shortly after that he that he died. Yes, it's well, it's widely known that Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Anhu was the first of the men to embrace Islam from this ummah. Now, however, the Allah might have said that what a karate Allah I know, had accepted the message from that what he knew on those first aid that was given to the Prophet alayhi salam after then it became clearer. And for that reason they say from this, if you like that double bucket or the line who was chosen or seen as the first man to

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embrace Islam from from the Ummah

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Okay, so these are the, the third, the third characteristic, or the fourth, I should say that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned mentions concerning the believers, the first one is belief and unseen, establishing the prayer, giving charity or given from the provisions that Allah Israel has given to us. The fourth one was to have belief in that what Allah azza wa jal gave to us, all of it, without exception, without picking and choosing everything that Allah subhanaw taala revealed to us in Al Quran is applicable

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at all times in any situation, and it's not allowed for any Muslim or any individual to say, but this part of the Quran is no longer applicable, unless the area has been abrogated, and that there are clear evidences to to establish that

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in fact, that this was the practice of previous nations that they would have believed in part of the revelation and that they would leave part of the revelation. And these are two that are not too not too far into sort of third bucket and we will discuss them shortly inshallah Anna.

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So that was the fourth

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characteristic. The fifth one is Allah subhanaw taala says, We're Bill Herati, whom you can own

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and that in the Hereafter, that they have full certainty.

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Certainty is that knowledge or that acceptance of something without any doubt or tool without the need to do whatever, that the person accepts that as it is? That everything that Allah subhanaw taala has informed

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us concerning the era, the resurrection, that will happen after death. And that what follows from the affairs of Yeoman pm the weighing of the deeds or the person or the scrolls, and everything that will happen, that the person has full yaki in full certainty in that.

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So these characteristics which are five, Allah subhanaw taala says, Hola, Erica, those are these people that Allah subhanaw taala has just described. They are either who they have, they are upon guidance.

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They are upon a Nord Aminullah, they are upon a light from Allah subhanaw taala. They haven't given an insight from Allah subhanaw taala what Allah eco humo lovely home

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and that they are the successful ones,

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that they are successful in this life and that they are successful in the Hereafter,

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that they shall have that they used to seek in this life, that Allah azza wa jal will grant them by His mercy agenda. And Allah subhanaw taala will give them eternal rewards, that what they will find in the Paradise and that they will have safety, from the torment that Allah subhanaw taala has prepared for those who disbelieved.

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So Allah subhanaw taala, begins Surah Al Baqarah with the description of the believers.

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And some of the most important characteristic characteristics I mentioned here,

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beginning with belief in the unseen

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establish establishing prayer, giving charity or giving from provisions. Having belief in the previous messengers and the messenger, the message is well it was given to them the revelation and having certainty having your pain in the affairs of the Hereafter, that these people are upon who the man or woman and that they are the successful ones.

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Then Allah subhanaw taala after describing

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and telling us

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who the believers are, Allah subhanaw taala then informs us who are the opposite of this, who would opposite of these people

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and here in two verses, verses number six and verse number seven,

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Allah subhanaw taala says, in a Lavina Kapha Russa on Ailee him and tell him I'm lamb to this room let me noon kottam Allahu Allah Kulu be him while summary him What about Saudi him militia what what or whom other boo now him

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that Verily those who disbelieve it is the same to them whether you want them or you do not want them, they will not believe

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this the first verse in numbers, verse number six, which will, we'll discuss now. So in a Lavina Cafaro indeed, of Verily those who disbelief

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so Allah subhanaw taala described to us the believers now Allah azza wa jal is going to describe some characteristics of the disbelievers.

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The fact that there's only two verses means that we'll be concise and to the point.

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So the disbelievers are who

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Alladhina Cafaro from the Cafaro means to cover or to hide.

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So I'll care for how is the singular and kuffaar which is the plural of those who have hidden, they've chosen to hear hide their belief,

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not from the fog, not from hypocrisy, because we'll discuss that shortly. But they've openly chose to

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reject the truth. They're hiding it not interested in it anymore or not at all.

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So these people

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Allah subhanaw taala has misguided they have been misguided because they are not deserving.

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Is this fair?

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Allah subhanaw taala guides those who are deserving and the good people

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and Allah subhanaw taala misguides those who are not deserving.

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And,

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number one, we are not to question Allah subhanaw taala because he is the owner of the Dominion.

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Allah azza wa jal owns everything

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In within the creation and we are part of the creation.

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Allah subhanaw taala is for iunknown Lima you read that he subhanaw taala does as he wants.

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But Allah subhanaw taala being Allah Jalla wa Ala

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we know that in hola hola yo for Lima with Karla, that Allah azza wa jal will not oppress a mustard, grey Mustard Seed of anything.

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mustard green seed of any form of venom or oppression to anything, that there is complete, complete justice and complete fairness. In anything that happens in this universe. Even though we may not see that, we may not understand that, that our perception or understanding of anyone's situation will always be restricted.

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You must always remember that whatever you look at your understanding, it's always restricted, you always restrict the situation, to your understanding.

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We are all blessed with different levels of understanding intellect, all of us different levels.

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So a five year old child, or 10 year old child, a 15 year old child, a 30 year old adult, or looking at the same situation,

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they will all look at it differently and have their own interpretation and understanding of it.

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That's a clear example. Because then we can say what the different ages are, their understandings of the situation will differ because of their age. Also,

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when you find that people are at college or university, for example, they're at an age where they have studied, they've worked hard for the exams.

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And at the end, does everybody get the same mark? No, they don't. Not everybody gets the same mark, they get different marks, he gets an A, she gets an A star, he gets he gets a seat, they give you marks because they have different levels of understanding and perception.

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This is something that they've studied for something they're actually going into, what about things that we may pass by? And we may see a small cross section of an incident? Why did this happen? Why did that happen? This shouldn't have happened. Why does this you know such a people being afflicted? Why do they why does such people get you know so many things and blessed it seems to be blessed? It's not for us to pass judgment or we should say and we should know for sure and have certainty of that this is all part of Allah subhanaw taala this plan. And this is all part part of Allah azza wa jal is either mercy or justice and it can involve punishment at times. So if a person is deemed to

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be misguided is because ultimately in their life that they will make choices and they will be a people deserving of being from the hellfire, you may meet them for five minutes, and they may be a nice person for five minutes, however, the rest of their life or they may do something in their life, which will then render them to be from the people of hellfire, which is beyond your comprehension. So it's never fair for you to make a judgment of that. So the fact that Allah subhanaw taala may misguide certain people, that is because they are not deserving of an Islam. They are not deserving of the greatest Nima that can be given to any of the Hulk and that is to become a

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servant of Allah subhanaw taala.

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So these people whom Allah subhanaw taala misguides Allah subhanaw taala says concerning them, it is the same.

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And here it confirms when we speaking about the different types of Hidayat different types of guidance that he did to Tofik the guidance which is the guidance of success, of accepting the message of Allah azza wa jal, this is from Allah subhanaw taala not from you and I. So Allah subhanaw taala says Salah on early him, it is the same to them, and I'm Lampton, do. You want them don't want them matters not certain people will not be guided, learn, you know that they will not believe

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there are times when you can.

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You can meet a person, you can explain Islam to them, and you can make it as simple and as digestible and as logical as you possibly can.

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That the belief that they currently have, and the lifestyle that they're following, that you can talk about it and you can talk about its falseness and the misguidance and what it will lead them to and they will not and they will say yes, it is wrong. I shouldn't be doing this. I should be living a life of purity of goodness and fairness and wash

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ripping the creator that whom I recognize,

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and then they will walk away.

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And they will continue what they were doing and that they won't believe.

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This is from Allah subhanaw taala. And many a time, you may come across

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a million times, I've seen it myself many times. But you can see a person that you've explained Islam in a very simple way. And, you know, in principle, they accept it. They accept it. And I challenge Subhanallah that, in principle, because guidance is not in our hands.

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In principle, if you sit and you have enough time with a person, regardless of what they believe, regardless of what they follow, you can give them a way of life which is superior.

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If you explain Islam, as it should be explained to them, you will always have a superior way of life to offer them.

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Always, because Islam mystery is a superior way of life than other ways of life.

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This is somebody's opinion, somebody may disagree with that, and say, Well, I believe that another way of life is superior to Islam. Well, that's the good thing, that we all have that option of having an opinion, I'm not going to force you to bow to accept my opinion, it's my opinion, nonetheless, while I personally believe, and a Muslim would personally believe that they could, or they always have the upper hand in that I can explain to you a purer way of life. So the Muslims should never be ashamed. The Muslims should never feel as though that

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or embarrassed even what they are following.

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Allah subhanaw taala has given us

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a guidance from Him, which is superior. mere fact that it is by default is from Allah as origin. It supersedes all ways of life. However,

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that person may not accept it. If they don't, you cannot force them. Let it cut off if it didn't, there was no compulsion in religion, you cannot force them. You're going to force that person to pray or to believe in Allah. It will be from Allah subhanaw taala they will be the guided one, if Allah azza wa jal deems that they are to be guided.

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So some people whether you got warned them or not that they will just disbelieve

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that Allah subhanaw taala then further explains

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Hotham, Allahu Allah Kulu be him.

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That Allah subhanaw taala sealed their hearts.

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Cutter they said this earlier means the himolla that shaytaan controlled them and when they, when they obeyed Him, Therefore Allah sealed their hearts, hearing and their sight and they could neither see the guidance nor here, comprehend or understand it.

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So Allah subhanaw taala placed a seal over their hearts, what Allah sent me him

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and by that what they hear what I learned about Saudi him and over the eyes.

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So at times

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when you try to explain Islam in many different ways, you can see that that person is sealed.

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Ultimately, we don't know the outcome of that person. In 10 years time, if they're given life, maybe they will be guided. But here Allah subhanaw taala is saying that there are certain people who will not be guided because of the evil.

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We're not to know that.

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If you meet the person, you can say that person see that's it's finished. No, you can't. You can't place that judgment. Because you don't know the future. Allah subhanaw taala may guide that person what is upon us to deliver the message of Islam. However, he Allah is written as describing to us and telling us amongst his creation for mankind, there are believers and that there are disbelievers,

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for us to understand okay, their disbelief of why they disbelieved What's the situation with them, Allah azza wa jal has sealed their hearts seal them, the ears and their eyes, that they are unable to see the hawk and are unable to see the guidance. But why would Allah azza wa jal do that? Go back to what we mentioned earlier. There are many things that we are not privy to that we don't know. But if this is the state of a person, we know that this is what they are deserving or not to be given Islam.

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So what am Allahu Allah coulby him that Allah has set a seal on their hearts

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like a stamp, and it occurs when a sin resides in the heart and surrounds it from all sides.

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And this submersion of the heart in sin constitutes stamp, meaning like a seal

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so these two verses Allah subhanaw taala tells us

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the description of the disbelievers. There is another verse that even cathedra mentions in Surah Nisa in verse 155.

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What Allah subhanaw taala says Bella Baba Allahu alayhi Kufri him.

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The indeed May Allah has set a seal upon their hearts because of their disbelief.

00:30:51--> 00:30:52

He also mentioned even cathedral

00:30:57--> 00:30:57

Hadith

00:30:59--> 00:31:10

and this hadith in Sahih Muslim that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to God will fit in who Anil Kuru we can have say your Rodin or wooden that the Fitton

00:31:11--> 00:31:19

offered to the hearts, just as the the straws are sewn into the woven mat, one after the other.

00:31:21--> 00:31:26

Any heart that accepts this fitna and then a black dot will be engraved on it.

00:31:28--> 00:31:30

Any heart that rejects that fitten

00:31:31--> 00:31:44

the then a white dot will be engraved on it. The heart or the hearts will then become one of two categories. White just like the barren rock, no fitna should ever Hamat

00:31:45--> 00:31:48

as long as the heavens and the earth are in existence.

00:31:50--> 00:31:51

And another category is the black heart.

00:31:53--> 00:31:56

Just as the cup that is turned upside down,

00:31:57--> 00:31:59

it cannot keep anything on it.

00:32:00--> 00:32:05

For this heart does not recognize righteousness, or renounce evil.

00:32:07--> 00:32:17

So just a brief understanding of this hadith, that the person or the battle Adam, all of us will be tested with many trials continuously all the time.

00:32:19--> 00:32:26

And that the person who falls into sin or falls into events or comes to the fitna, then the heart will begin to change.

00:32:29--> 00:32:42

black dots will appear on that heart until if they continue like that will become a black heart. But if they begin to protect themselves from the sins from these trials and tribulations, then they will have a strong heart a pure heart,

00:32:44--> 00:33:00

and that they will not be affected by Fitton. As long as the heavens and the earth are in existence. That evil wrong heart, which is now black, as the Prophet salallahu Irishman says, does not recognize righteousness or renounce evil.

00:33:01--> 00:33:07

So we understand that the good heart does understand what righteousness is, and does renounce evil.

00:33:08--> 00:33:10

The black heart does not do that.

00:33:11--> 00:33:12

So you may

00:33:14--> 00:33:15

come across or live in a time when

00:33:17--> 00:33:37

people are so engaged in sin, that when you command the good forbid the evil, they do not understand what you talking about. Because they don't have no concept of what is good, or what is bad, what is evil. What is righteousness,

00:33:38--> 00:33:43

that culture, or the times that they move through will dictate

00:33:44--> 00:34:07

not guidance from Allah subhanaw taala. But the social norms amongst the people will dictate that what's righteousness, that's what's good, and what is evil. So, you will find that what was evil 20 or 30 years ago, that was looked down upon is now widely accepted and even promoted. And that what we see

00:34:09--> 00:34:19

is even possibly illegal, if you like, and wrong and evil in 2014 was to say, in 2024, if this dunya exists,

00:34:20--> 00:34:20

that

00:34:22--> 00:34:25

what we see as evil now could be something promoted.

00:34:27--> 00:34:27

So

00:34:31--> 00:34:33

going back to what we're talking about,

00:34:34--> 00:34:42

and that is the preservation of our hearts and those who have been misguided Allah azza wa jal has sealed their hearts because of the sin and evil they have engaged in.

00:34:47--> 00:34:49

So Allah subhanaw taala says

00:34:53--> 00:35:00

that he is said to see in the hearts on on the hearings were either about Swati him with a shower and put the covering over there.

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

eyes.

00:35:03--> 00:35:19

So as even cathedra, he says, alopecia we're covering is accurate, what it means for the stamp that is placed on the heart and the hearing, while the ratio is covering appropriately placed over the ice.

00:35:20--> 00:35:28

So there was a Hutton, there was a seal on the heart, and there was a seal in the hearing. And there is a covering of the ice.

00:35:32--> 00:35:40

So Allah subhanaw taala, set a seal on their hearts and the hearings, so that they could neither understand, nor could they hear.

00:35:41--> 00:35:43

Because the heart is the place of understanding.

00:35:45--> 00:35:50

And your eyes is from that what you will, you will rather your hearing is what we're going to see here rather.

00:35:52--> 00:35:59

So there is a seal over that. And lastly, there is a shower, there was a covering over the ice.

00:36:01--> 00:36:02

So recognize that

00:36:04--> 00:36:28

you can deliver the message of Islam, you've made it as clear as possible, as logical as possible to make clear as possible that what they are believing in is wrong is false and they will agree with you. However, they will not be guided right then or may never be guided. But you have delivered the message and that is all that is required of you.

00:36:30--> 00:36:41

As Allah subhanaw taala he tells us in NEMA Antonio reveals to the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam, but you are only a warner.

00:36:43--> 00:36:52

One Allahu Allah Coonley che in Joaquin and that Allah subhanaw taala is okay to dispose of affairs of all things.

00:36:54--> 00:37:05

And likewise, Allah subhanaw taala says in NEMA Isley Curbelo what Elaine and he said that your duty is only to deliver the message and on us is the reckoning.

00:37:07--> 00:37:10

So as delivering guidance to people it's not it's not in our hands.

00:37:12--> 00:37:13

So after describing

00:37:16--> 00:37:17

the believers,

00:37:18--> 00:37:30

and then Allah has described the disbelievers very, very short in a short when two verses is the third type of people or is it there are two camps

00:37:32--> 00:37:38

because those who enter the Jannah are the moon, the believers the Muslim Moon

00:37:39--> 00:37:43

those who will enter the Hellfire are kuffaar

00:37:44--> 00:37:48

the disbelievers those who rejected Allah subhanaw taala.

00:37:49--> 00:37:51

However, Allah subhanaw taala describes

00:37:53--> 00:37:55

a third type of people.

00:37:56--> 00:38:22

Now this third type of people, there is a great deal of explanation concerning them. Because the affair of the believer is clear, clear, black and white. These are the believers this is what they accept. This is what they follow the disbelievers this is what they follow. This is the way that they want to live their lives. It's very clear, doesn't need vast explanation of the nature of these people.

00:38:23--> 00:38:29

However, there is a third type of person and they are wonderful goon hypocrites

00:38:30--> 00:38:37

and he Allah subhanaw taala mentions a number of verses concerning the motor vehicle loan

00:38:39--> 00:38:40

and that is because

00:38:43--> 00:38:44

of the

00:38:46--> 00:38:49

deceptive and hidden nature

00:38:50--> 00:38:56

because they appear to be one thing when in actual fact that they are something else.

00:38:57--> 00:39:00

It is something hidden from us.

00:39:01--> 00:39:04

So I'll Munna from the word Neff aka

00:39:06--> 00:39:26

what does that mean? NIFA hypocrisy you know a tunnel is called a Norfolk and Arabic enough that what goes underneath something through a mountain for example or whatever you're going to put a tunnel through something which you appear it looks solid it looks hold but in fact that there was something going through

00:39:28--> 00:39:30

what is a Munna? filk

00:39:32--> 00:39:33

al Muna affect

00:39:35--> 00:39:37

all those who show belief

00:39:39--> 00:39:45

externally, outwardly that they will show belief in Allah.

00:39:46--> 00:39:50

But internally, they will hide cover,

00:39:51--> 00:39:52

they will hide their disbelief.

00:39:54--> 00:39:57

So since the matter of the hypocrites is vague

00:39:58--> 00:40:00

and many people do not

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

Don't know how to really understand or know the true reality. Allah subhanaw taala mentioned their description in detail

00:40:09--> 00:40:17

each of their characteristics that Allah subhanaw taala used to describe them. Describe them with is a type of hypocrisy itself.

00:40:19--> 00:40:21

And there are other chapters in the Quran.

00:40:23--> 00:40:34

For example, similar to Bala or sort of the tilba And verse number nine, there's a big exposition concerning the munafo Kuhn and in fact, that there is a chapter chapter 63, Surah Tomonaga. Kuhn,

00:40:36--> 00:40:38

the chapter of the hypocrites

00:40:39--> 00:40:44

and that there is also description of the monarchy accordion Surah to note as well.

00:40:47--> 00:40:54

So, NIFA means to show conformity, to show agreement, but to conceal evil.

00:41:00--> 00:41:08

And there are two types of default types, there is hypocrisy in creed, in belief.

00:41:10--> 00:41:12

And it is this type of default

00:41:15--> 00:41:20

which will cause an individual to reside in Hellfire for eternity.

00:41:23--> 00:41:25

So, that is the one that is

00:41:29--> 00:41:47

who externally says I am a Muslim may pray with people may give charity may fast with people may do acts of worship amongst the believers. But their belief their creed is actually not in line with their actions.

00:41:48--> 00:41:54

In fact that they are her concealing and hiding cover disbelief. Rejection

00:41:58--> 00:42:01

The second type of an effect is NIF Arkona Amelie.

00:42:03--> 00:42:12

So the first one is the Falcon Arkadi and the Falcon ones belief the second one is the Falcon Amelie hypocrisy in one's actions

00:42:14--> 00:42:15

and this may occur by

00:42:17--> 00:42:18

a person committing a major sin

00:42:22--> 00:42:27

Okay, there are certain characteristics that the munafo and are known for

00:42:29--> 00:42:32

which we will discuss shortly and Allah subhanaw taala mentions them as well.

00:42:33--> 00:42:53

So there may be certain deeds that the hypocrite the hypocrites are known for now if a person a believer may fall into one of these actions may do the action of the hypocrites. This doesn't mean that they are now like those who have any fault in their belief.

00:42:54--> 00:43:25

This is not the case those who have new Falcon the belief means that that they have rejected Islam that said that they don't like Islam they're just doing it for a front for the people. However, and if I can Amelie hypocrisy in action or deed, is that they have belief in Allah subhanaw taala that they try their best, however, that they may do an action which may be from the actions of a people that had difficulty if he speaks he lies. This is like an attribute from the hypocrites

00:43:26--> 00:44:10

with Tommy Mahan. If he's given a trust, he deceives these are deeds these are actions which the hippo the hypocrites are known for. If a believer did that, a Muslim did that. It doesn't mean that they are in the lowest pits of the Hellfire. But no they have committed a major sin. And if they continue doing these kinds of deeds, that they may draw them towards these types of people, based upon what we mentioned earlier in the term in terms of how sins will affect a person, if they can keep committing sins, sins, sins, sins and sins, till their heart becomes black, that they don't know what good is what righteousness is and what is bad, then they of course, inevitably, the heart

00:44:10--> 00:44:10

may become

00:44:12--> 00:44:16

misguided and then they have become a disbeliever because of their actions and what they are involved in.

00:44:21--> 00:44:23

So the beginnings of hypocrisy

00:44:26--> 00:44:28

the revelations concerning the mafia gone

00:44:30--> 00:44:34

and the characteristics of the mafia Quan began in El Medina.

00:44:36--> 00:44:39

This is because they will no wonder if you're born in hypocrite in Makkah.

00:44:44--> 00:44:49

Now it is very simple to understand why there were no Munna if you're born in Mk.

00:44:51--> 00:44:58

The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the Sahaba that they were in Makkah for 13 years. And eventually they had to leave

00:44:59--> 00:45:00

because

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

because of the persecution and because of the difficulties that they were going through

00:45:06--> 00:45:19

now, why would an individual Why would a person who doesn't believe in this remain in Mecca, you know, receive punishment and be persecuted for nothing.

00:45:20--> 00:45:21

Because

00:45:23--> 00:45:27

this the hypocrite doesn't believe in Islam.

00:45:28--> 00:45:36

they've rejected Islam they're portrayed in a portraying another external picture of themselves but internally, they have rejected Islam.

00:45:38--> 00:45:44

Even though they may think they actually believe they have tricked themselves, as we will shortly describe,

00:45:45--> 00:45:48

only when in Medina, so it is clear why there is no mana if you're going

00:45:50--> 00:45:59

to be a Muslim in Makkah means that you're going to be persecuted very difficult life, the manof is not going to do that. I don't even have to do that. Only in Medina where the Muslims had

00:46:01--> 00:46:03

a safe haven. It was

00:46:06--> 00:46:14

permissible and allowed for them to freely practice Islam without any fear of being persecuted or punished or fear of an enemy.

00:46:15--> 00:46:21

Here the hypocrites that they could hide amongst the Muslims, they could hide.

00:46:23--> 00:46:28

So, here you find Allah subhanaw taala, then explaining the characteristics of the motor vehicle.

00:46:31--> 00:46:38

In fact, the reality is zipline cathedra himolla. He said that the opposite was in Makkah, people pretended

00:46:40--> 00:46:45

to be Muslims. There were some people because of the intense

00:46:46--> 00:46:52

persecution and punishment. There were those people who uttered words of disbelief so that they wouldn't be punished

00:46:54--> 00:46:56

to protect their Deen they had Eman

00:46:58--> 00:47:09

under they were not rendered to be disbelievers. They wanted to protect their Islam by saying certain words to people so that they will be left alone. So they wouldn't be murdered. Or they wouldn't be.

00:47:10--> 00:47:15

They weren't stolen. So they said certain things would be could be considered Cofer.

00:47:17--> 00:47:24

However Allah Spano was aware of this situation. So the opposite was in. It's in Makkah from El Medina.

00:47:25--> 00:47:35

Now, there were two tribes that accepted Islam in the medina arsenal, huzzah, Raj, these two tribes before Islam, were

00:47:37--> 00:47:40

idolatrous tribes used to worship different idols.

00:47:42--> 00:47:44

Also in Medina, there were three other tribes.

00:47:46--> 00:47:47

They were benoquin of

00:47:48--> 00:47:49

Benin are there

00:47:50--> 00:47:56

and by Nicaragua? These were three Jewish tribes that resided in El Medina.

00:47:57--> 00:48:00

Are these five tribes to accept that Islam also has lunch?

00:48:05--> 00:48:05

Now

00:48:11--> 00:48:12

does anybody know

00:48:13--> 00:48:20

of these two tribes who was the leader of these two tribes, the leaders of these two tribes because tribes they have tribal leaders,

00:48:22--> 00:48:23

tribal leaders

00:48:24--> 00:48:25

Yes, I was in college

00:48:27--> 00:48:29

man Seidman

00:48:32--> 00:48:37

sadly, but nobody was of college and never good.

00:48:41--> 00:48:42

Be

00:48:44--> 00:48:45

more health side

00:48:46--> 00:49:07

was the side of house that will answer the old answer. Monica well done. So these are the two tribal leaders signed up the more oath of house and sat a different provider of coverage. These are the two tribal leaders and they embraced Islam Hamdulillah.

00:49:09--> 00:49:20

And they proclaimed that Islam openly and two well known companions Radi Allahu anha. Now amongst these people, from the tribes, others,

00:49:21--> 00:49:27

that they hit their cover, there was an opportunity for them to create mischief.

00:49:29--> 00:49:45

Now, before the coming of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam is good, if you read the set as well, that there is some, you know, some pretext to happen. And that there was a person that was going to be named like almost like the king of what was known then as Yathrib.

00:49:47--> 00:49:49

And his name was Abdullah Hypnobabies Salut.

00:49:52--> 00:49:59

And when the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam came to tribes embraced Islam, gave by

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

to him

00:50:02--> 00:50:03

and there was an agreement in Medina

00:50:05--> 00:50:09

that pretty much that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was, was in charge.

00:50:10--> 00:50:14

Islam had essentially been given rule.

00:50:16--> 00:50:21

Now his position as being Lido King was no longer an option. So he was upset.

00:50:23--> 00:50:26

So, he was the head of the monarchy.

00:50:27--> 00:50:28

We can say that retrospect we know that now.

00:50:32--> 00:50:34

So him and other people they hit their cover.

00:50:36--> 00:50:46

And there many examples as we'll go through some I'll talk about certain incidences, but it's also good to read the seer of the Prophet eras of Salaam in understanding the nature of Mafia con as well.

00:50:49--> 00:50:52

So, the beginning of hypocrisy really began in Medina

00:50:54--> 00:50:57

and inshallah to Allah the next lesson we will talk about

00:50:58--> 00:51:15

the verses from eight onwards, where Allah subhanaw taala talks about the minority of bone and their nature may last month Allah protect us from the FOC or SallAllahu wasallam Mubarak Alana Muna Muhammad and while early he was salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.