Tafsir Series – Al-Baqarah [223-25]
Channel: Wasim Kempson
File Size: 34.08MB
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
Smilla Rahmanir Rahim hamdulillah
Hamden cathedral even Mubarak confu
or salatu salam ala I shall fill me out you will see that more saline while early he was a big main
table the sisters were continuing
Sierra swallowtail Bukhara
and we have reached a number 23.
Now it's important that we, if we can try to remember the previous ayat, and then where this is, with this is where they fall. So that we get
clarity of, we follow Allah subhanaw taala is essentially telling us so the previous two eight, if we can recall, is Allah subhanaw taala, addressing mankind to worship Him.
And then Allah azza wa jal reminding us that he created those who came before us and reminded us of all the blessings are from the blessings that He subhanaw taala gives us and then he subhanaw taala, prohibited,
prohibited that we set up rivals or set up partners with Allah subhanaw taala. And in these two verses, there is an establishment of the Kalama of la ilaha illAllah
La ilaha illAllah. In that book, bada we're going to start page 157.
So La ilaha illa. Allah was made up of affirmation and negation, these two ar 21 and 22. Likewise, Allah azza wa jal is affirming that we worship Him alone. And that will likewise we negate setting up any rival with Allah subhanaw taala.
Now Allah subhanaw taala in verse number 23 talks about if a person refuses La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasul Allah,
anyone who has any doubt or anyone who starts to think about or decides to take another path,
Allah subhanaw taala now challenges and also defends our beloved Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam because one who rejects Quran also rejects and Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
So Allah subhanaw taala says in verse 23, we're in goon tomb V Ray beam Zelle Idina to be so rotten misled, what the show had come in, do need income from Saudi.
But if any of you anyone is in any doubt, concerning that what we have sent down to our slave to Our servant to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then produce a surah
to be sold, then bring a chapter similar to it, like it.
Then call your witnesses, as we will explain later call your witnesses or call your helpers that you have taken besides Allah subhanaw taala if indeed that you are truthful.
So we'll deal with this or speak about this earlier? What Allah subhanaw taala says we're in quantum and if you are in
doubt in quantum theory,
those people who have set up partners with the last Panatela those who do not take Al Quran as their guidance or revelation from Allah subhanaw taala.
Then, if you are in any doubt,
bring something like it.
First point want to mention here is that, as Eliza did mentions, is that this verse, this verse is dealing with a reseller is dealing with the messenger ship of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because it is talking about the message that was given to the prophet Elijah to sell them in that Allah Subhana Allah says that if you are in any doubt that we gave to a sent down to our slave, not to our Prophet, not to our messenger,
Isla Aberdeen, to our slave, which is a translation of the word dabbed to mean slave or servant,
slave is true.
And here it is Allah subhanaw taala addressing chirohealth killer, the best of mankind, the best of
anyone who walked upon the earth as an abbot,
therefore, meaning what? That this is a mocaa moon liegenden This is a very, very high status, not a lowly status, not something to be looked down upon. That is word that habit in this context here is not to be understood.
By possible Western meanings by what a slavers, but rather here, our beloved Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the most perfect slave to Allah subhanaw taala because this is why we recreate created Allah subhanaw taala didn't create jinn or mankind alertly Abu doon, that they worship Him alone, and that we become slaves and servants and recognize this and submit to Allah subhanaw taala. So here Allah subhanaw taala addresses, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this manner, which is a very high status.
On top of that, that affirms messenger ship, which is also a station or a place that is given to very, very few people whom Allah subhanaw taala chooses to receive revelation from Allah, Allah, Allah Allah. So, the Prophet alayhi wa sallam in this verse has two descriptions, in that he is called a servant, a slave, and that he is receiving revelation from Allah subhanaw taala for his or her soul, that He is a messenger or he is an OB likewise, the same is a prophet. He has both of these titles and the B and Rasul which we mentioned, at another time, if there are any fact any differences between these two terms, a messenger and a prophet.
So Allah subhanaw taala affirms these two characteristics to the Prophet alayhi salam, and at the same time defending him, those who claim that he is not a prophet, those who claim that he made these things up here Allah subhanaw taala is affirming and establishing that he in fact is not a liar is not a magician or poet, that He is a messenger and a slave of Allah subhanaw taala.
So if you are in any rape, rape mean, doubt
another word in Arabic you can use is Shocked.
Shocked means doubt. Rape means doubt. Is there any difference between the two? Yes, indeed there are a difference between these two words. Even though you may translate the words is one word in English to mean doubt. I'm not sure
if you like just meaning doubt. However, aid is a different type of doubt. Rape is not only about remember
array was mentioned at the beginning of Surah Al Baqarah. Valley Kalki tabular array Buffy
but here I will explain the difference between Dr. And Chuck wave is a type of doubt which that the person feels stressful over.
It's not just that a person has doubts about something that when they're doubtful over that, that they're not comfortable with that why because it is a type of doubt which involves denying clear and certain proofs.
If a person has you know, Chuck doubt about 5050 5050 matter, okay that can happen. But when something is clear, certain for sure. And then the person starts to bring doubts about that, then there is a
stressful pneus about that form of doubt. So this is the difference between the two. So when Allah subhanaw taala says we're in quantum theory, and if you are in doubt and the type of doubt that you are in involves that you are in you're denying something which is categorical you're denying the truth
that what we revealed Myrna Zelina Allah Aberdeen that we revealed to our even our servant,
if there was a solution for you, if you think that there is a solution, if you think that you can do something to be super a team in Missoula, then bring a chapter like it.
Now this challenge, they had the challenge in Arabic to hottie this challenge Allah subhanaw taala mentions in various places in, in the Quran. And for example, in Surah Al cosas, which is the 28th chapter in verse number 49.
Well, Allah subhanaw taala challenges
challenges mankind to bring something like it, I should actually correct myself it's in Surah to hood all sorts of causes but rather Surah Hood in verse number
where Allah subhanaw taala says that if mankind and jinn were to produce something like this Quran, I the entirety of the Quran never would they be able to bring something like it layer two and layer two gonna be Miss Lee well okay and about boom, the battle for hero that they would never be able to produce something like it, even if they
helped one another.
This is one form of challenge to the people. And then there was the
challenge which is in surah two unis
in verse number 37 and 38 So the first challenge is to bring, bring a Quran like it.
Then the challenge was to bring
10 chapters 10 sewers like it only 10
So Allah subhanaw taala Addison says in Surah two units and verses 37 and 38 Fat two, we actually saw the missing, they actually saw every method being 10 chapters like it
from your own selves forged. And Allah as I mentioned, that they will be bringing anything that they do bring will be moved out here, that they will be forged, and that they will be made up.
Then Allah subhanaw taala finally here in Surah Takara Misaki just bring one chapter like it. And remember
that you can have all the help that you want to bring with yourselves, what the rules who had come, bring your witnesses, bring your helpers, bring ever whatever you want
to help you to bring this.
But remember, and in the next year,
Allah subhanaw taala he mentioned and reminds them
for a limb to follow
that if you are unable while into Pharaoh and that you will never be able to do or bring something like one chapter for duck will now run let's see what we do Hannah so well hedgehog, who had that little caffeine, then fear the Fire, fear the Fire whose fuel will be people and stones which has been prepared for the disbelievers.
the Quran is a miracle.
And it was the greatest miracle that was given to our beloved Nabi SallAllahu, ala who it was seldom
the greatest miracle and the prophet Elijah son was given many, many miracles. However, Quran was the greatest miracle. And we'll talk about shortly from what aspect to what do we mean?
How is the Quran miraculous, from every aspect that you can think about the Quran that it is miraculous?
So whoever reads through the Quran carefully,
you will find that the Quran establishes the kalam of Allah that is, establishes an authority.
Okay, it is not a book that has any doubt within itself, or is posting challenges, waiting for people to give answers that there is a challenge, but tells the people without any doubt, no under
strange circumstances that you may be able to bring something about in no uncertain terms you will never be able to bring something like this.
Allah subhanaw taala tells us in many places and when you read the Quran, you feel and you can understand the authority.
The authority of the Quran even when you read the translation of the meanings of the Quran, it is something which establishes an authority. This is the book where there is no doubt or a guidance for the mood talkin a guidance for those who have Taqwa it is a guidance for the 13th there is an authority immediately when Allah subhanaw taala talks about the Day of Judgment when Allah subhanaw taala talks about the stories of the prophets whenever there are commands. Whenever there are prohibitions, there is an authority about that even Subhan Allah
Al Quran doesn't just address the believers here are you handlers in many a time here? Are you a nurse? Allah azza wa jal is talking to all mankind.
Believer, non believer, Allah Azza delivers addressing them in Surah Tenma is that when Allah subhanaw taala talks about the permissibility of what we can eat, Allah azza wa jal is telling the Christians there's allowed for them to eat our meat as well. So there's an authority that allows a deal is given a common rulings to those who have who follow other religions.
So the Quran is perfect, fulfilled and complete in every way. And Allah subhanaw taala mentions in Surah Tottenham or Tim mud Kalama Tora be consider como Adela and the word of your Lords has been fulfilled in truth and justice.
that the Quran is complete and full in guidance and everything that you can imagine. It is entirely and completely eloquent. Not like the speech of any man,
even the speech of a person and it is their own mother tongue.
that they will pause and that they will think, and that they will correct themselves. And this is our own. This is our own tongue. Where the kalam of Allah subhanaw taala has noticed is there's no such comparison.
There is no over repetition, there is no shortage, there is the perfection in everything that has been given to us. And everything that needs to be explained, has been explained in the most perfect, perfect way with perfect proportionality. Not too much, not too less just perfect. This is exactly how much of the how many times that you needed Musa alayhis salam to be mentioned in the Quran was the perfect amount that you need to know. And the stories of all of the other prophets which are mentioned frequently. And at times that they are repeated. And sometimes you find the story of Musa alayhis salaam no doubt you find it in surah baqarah and you can find it oh the way it's written as
the spread around the Quran like this in the most perfect manner.
A person may claim that you should put suit you know, a chapter or it would have been better if you put the whole story in one go from beginning to end. It's easy for me to follow the story.
But you must remind yourself
that Allah azza wa jal doesn't just want to, hasn't revealed to you or Mr. book of stories. Allah subhanaw taala has revealed a Book of guidance to us and this is a fundamental difference between when any one Bashar or any one human being is writing a book that they have to what they feel that they write things in this order. So that the story flows and then it sounds cohesive, if you like, whereas the book of ALLAH SubhanA, Allah is not written for that product for that purpose.
And Quran is given to us as a Book of guidance for us to ponder over to think about, for us to have, when you hear the story of Musa alayhis salam, and that you know that there is something more to come, that you have within yourself, a desire to read more so that you can come to another part of the story of Musa asylums, and the story becomes complete later on.
That Allah subhanaw taala in the most perfect way talks about
the rewards that Allah subhanaw taala has prepared for the believers. And what Allah subhanaw taala has prepared for those who have disbelieved that listening to the Quran as one listens to it opens, the one who has ears that are open and hearing and and a heart that feels and listens, that it makes them eager and want to attain the paradise. It makes them eager and want to earn the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala even things that Allah subhanaw taala reminds us of that are not mentioned specifically.
However Allah subhanaw taala puts this Shulk this desire this want this you know you're missing something within yourself that you will seek more so that you can try to attain it. When Allah subhanaw taala tells us fella to Allah munaf some yellow humming karate unit and just be mocha No Yeah, I'm alone, that no person knows what is kept hidden from them of the joys, as a reward for what they used to do.
That even that you engage yourself in TM and and fasting and so many things that Allah subhanaw taala has reminded us that no person can imagine him and will know what Allah Allah Allah has hidden from them. Either when they reach Bilasa Panther Allah's mercy the paradise that they will find the happiness they will find so many things which that they cannot imagine
when one responders over the Coloma will also pinata and that topic itself is is long and maybe deserves a lecture about sort of lectures and it's something really if you like we can we will go through your whole life recognizing and knowing that the more you read the Quran, you will find that it is not like the time previous to that to do something that you ponder over the Quran that you find something new for yourself.
Minute ages is a miraculous thing. Maybe you want to read you read one particular storybook or something you read it you know what's happening, you know what you're going to get out of it. Okay, whereas the Quran somehow Subhanallah is not like that. It is not like that at all. You haven't you have an urge to read the Quran because that
you know that your heart needs to listen to the Khurana I don't really understand what I'm, you know, even I'm reciting. However, I know myself I need to read these areas because I feel a tranquility and I feel a softness and I have a feeling that when I read a quote and that I don't have any other feeling except that when I am reading the words of Allah subhanaw taala
the Prophet sallallahu ala
Salam said in a hadith which is as a Muslim, that every prophet was given a miracle, the type of which brings mankind to faith. What I was given is a revelation that Allah subhanaw taala sent down to me, yet I hope that I will have the most following on the Day of Resurrection, the devil PM.
So, this is the book of Allah subhanaw taala that allows villas challenging mankind and reminding them and telling them that they will never be able to bring something equal to it.
Then Allah subhanaw taala
tells us, those who believe that they will bring something like it,
and that they won't, but Ruby will be reminded for Taku now, that fear the Fire
allottee will go to hundreds who will hijack in which its fuel will be men and stones, or that little caffeine and that is going to be prepared for the disbelievers.
So Allah subhanaw taala says for those people who will tempt and dry or disbelieve or turn away, that they will end up being in the hellfire and they will be part of the fuel of the Hellfire.
And also as an occur the issue, a creed issue, and that is that we believe that the Hellfire has already been created and prepared is not something that on the Day of Judgment, then the Hellfire will be prepared. Rather, as we are sitting here now that Hellfire has been prepared for those who disbelieve in Allah subhanaw taala as Revelation.
Likewise, we also believe that the Hellfire will never end
it will never end even though there may be some opinion, which is a minority opinion to say that it will eventually come to an end, however, the vast majority, and it seems without it seems quite categorical. That that the Hellfire is endless, it will continue forever. And the verses in Surah Nisa in verse 168. Where Allah subhanaw taala talks about the Jahannam were allies with Allah says that, concerning Jihad and Harley Dena fie her
they will reside the Abode therefore, will be their abode forever, eternally. And also in Surah, Al Ahzab, in verse number 64, and Surah Surah Al Jin, in verse number 23. So these are three verses in which it's quite character quite categorical that that the Quran states that Jahannam is eternal and that it does not come to an end.
Now when Allah subhanaw taala challenges, those people who to bring a surah even if it is the shortest Surah even if it is the shortest surah the shortest chapter. Okay.
So, this is the renumeration,
in which I'm going to bring the house what the Allah one
that he met musei limit will Kozub Musa limited,
was an individual who claimed prophethood and he claimed that revelation came to him as well at the time of the Prophet Elissa to Saddam. And likewise, after the death of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam he claimed to be a prophet and receiving revelation. So I'm gonna I'm gonna ask for the Allahu Allah that he met musei lemma. And we'll say lemma al Kozub the liar he said to him, what has recently been revealed
from your Prophet
I'm gonna said a short yet eloquent surah
so he said What is it? So he recited where Lhasa in Cerner Luffy horses.
The rest of the Iliad in ermine woman of solidarity one of us will be happy with was visible.
Merci lemma he thought for a while pondered and he thought he said a similar surah was revealed to me
a similar Surah very short Surah
amor he said are the Orion who said so what is this has been revealed to you? And he said these words
yah, yah wobble in them and overnight Ernie was Sadat was the indica from Wanaka.
This was the revelation. This was the lies that he came up with to try and challenge Quran. A Weber is kind of a wild cat.
A wild cat
and he translate it he's saying, Oh Weber, a Weber you have to eat
is under chest and the rest of us are not no unworthy and thin.
This is where he came with, to try out Quran. And this is the time when you know these were our ups and that they were proud of their language but this is the best that he could come with. Where Allah subhanaw taala came with loss of internal internal of household and as a Masha Euro malata IRA, he said that if Allah subhanaw taala was to reveal or Hajah and evidence against mankind that this tool would be enough paying attention and explaining this surah to oneself and pondering over its meaning, gives you the keys to success in this life and in the Hereafter. And how Allah subhanaw taala explains or exposes that Cadabby starts talking about a wild animal with ears and chest and
nonsense, absolute nonsense.
I believe Khalid who are the Allahu Anhu that he killed Muslim Tolka dab a number of years after the death of the Prophet sallallahu Adamson
so he Allah subhanaw taala is
telling us about a punishment that will be dealt and given to a people who tried to challenge the Quran.
From any aspect
there have been many attempts, even to this day now, in Muslim lands, for example, where a book called url for con Al Furqan has been printed in Arabic. It's not just the words of a human being put together and distributed or the layman Muslim says Al Furqan might think oh
and maybe and they begin to read and then when you look at it, you can see some phrases which have been cut and paste pasted from Al Quran the way it is, but then when you see Surah to Salib
Do you know for sure is not Quran, the chapter of the cross Surah to Salib
was this this is not this was never revealed to the Prophet editor It was no no Al Quran. However they put that in and then
this was there to try and confuse, confuse Muslims and draw them away from the deen of Allah Subhana Allah.
So Allah subhanaw taala talks about the punishment of those
who rejected the Quran and tried to bring something forth.
So after mentioning the torment,
what he subhanaw taala is prepared for the enemies
they will face that they rejected the messenger so Saddam if rejected Quran, reject Elijah Lu Allah. Then Allah subhanaw taala mentions the glad tidings.
So it's very important that there was a balance
that Allah subhanaw taala tells us whereby she will live in men who are AMILO Solly hat and Allah sponsors and give glad tidings to those who have believed and do righteous actions
and Anello whom Jen nuttin tagit email
they will have Jeanette that they will have gardens from the paradise under which flow them
rivers will flow underneath them. I'll explain what that means to lemma, Rosie who minha mean Samara. And this is written by Sheikh Hamad in Surat Al Maghrib. That every time that they are given a fruit as that is
called who has the levy Rosianna a couple they will say this is what we were given before. We're honored to be here Muhtar Shabbiha. And that they will be given things which I like it welcome fee her as word Mata Hara, and that they will have pure wives while home fee her Hardy dune and that they will reside there eternally.
This is verse number 25.
So Allah subhanaw taala mentions now the reward of those who have believed in Allah subhanaw taala be sure to give glad tidings that will make you happy.
There are a number of descriptions of the paradise
in which we will mention you know, shortly some of them that the sand like is made from scented misc, and its stones or from pearls and jewels.
However, Allah subhanaw taala says rubbish she did the menu whereby she is like, and go and give glad tidings. Whether
This is to an abuse Allah, Allah has seemed to give glad tidings to the people, whoever is reading it. So when we read that well, but she didn't live in men who were I mean of Saleh, that give glad tidings to those who have believed those who those who have believed in Allah subhanaw taala and the Last Day, and the books and the angels and the messengers believed in all of that, will amylose Solly had and also do righteous deeds, you don't separate the two. It's not about you, just having Iman. And that's it. No, you must do righteous actions.
Um, who are you Radi Allahu and said concerning the rivers that are in the paradise that the rivers of paradise spring from beneath hills or mountains of mist, so the glad tidings are given to those who have Iman and do righteous actions that they will have done NERT and that they will under which rivers that they flow,
who Lemma ruzi hoomin Herman Thermalright in this call, that every time that they will be provided with a fruit of their from, they will say
hi to her, the lady Ruzic gonna mean copper, they will say, this is what we were provided before meaning
that, when they are given the sustenance and these beautiful things in the Jannah, that he will eat from it,
and they will
not have tasted such a fruit before. However, then the fruit will be brought for them again, because they will enjoy it so much. And when they consume when they eat that fruit again,
that it will have
a different taste, they will taste as though it is the first time that they have tasted it.
Of course, when you come and you have a meal or fruit or something that this the first time that you tasted it, you can never replicate that first feeling that you have for that and it's the dunya
the first time that you have something,
the first time that you get a new product, whatever it is, that moment you get it that beginning time is
a special feeling, then after a period of time you have it with you, or you have something for a second time or third, it's not like the first time or the beginning time when you had that
the the joys and the blessings that you have in the Paradise will be renewed each time.
They will be renewed each time. So there will be no lessening of any of the near term of the blessings that Allah Jalla Allah he will give you in,
in the Paradise.
So, servants they will come and that they will bring you food, they will bring you fruits and then they will say to you eat for the color is the same.
But the taste is different. What you see is the same however the taste is different.
And they will be given things in resemblance.
Then Allah subhanaw taala
after mentioning and talking about the fruits and some of the blessings that the believers that they will receive
in the Paradise, Allah subhanaw taala then goes on to another form of name another form of blessing that is given to the believers in the hereafter.
As Allah Allah says, well whom fie her as word Mata Hara, and that they will have their in as word Mata Hara, that they will have pure wives,
pure from what your from external and internal impurities, external impurities, things like there is no such thing as answering the call of nature.
There is no such a thing as a person for example, perspiring and that smell, not smelling nice.
But any form of perspiring will be the smell and the scent of misc
and any form of internal impurities, like jealousy, or hatred, or anything like that, that Allah subhanaw taala will have everybody who is in the Paradise, purified, clean,
no evil, no inclinations towards any form of evil.
So Allah subhanaw taala mentions here in this verse, a number of name, a number of blessings.
That is the blessings of fruit and sustenance that that a person will be given, and also the blessings of companionship,
the blessings of companionship, in the gender and
whenever you have a need, whenever you have a blessing, how greater that the network becomes even in this life, when that number is shared,
For the good people I'm talking about this people have a sound heart to have a sound mind when they have good things that they want to share this with people.
And at times that the person will sacrifice the network, they won't have it themselves, they will give it to somebody else, so that they can share in the reaction of that person.
However, in the Jana, the both and everyone will share in the Nigma itself
and the pleasure and enjoyment of everybody having that Norma at that time.
So there's like Nehemiah upon and whatever perspective that you look at, that there will be blessings on that, and that there'll be no shortage, there will be no lessening of that blessing from you receiving it one time and then you getting it another time.
So Allah subhanaw taala will ensure by His mercy subhanaw taala that
the believers will have a continuous and everlasting and eternal Naeem blessings that will never lessen in
in that what they receive.
So, these are things which Allah subhanaw taala in the previous verses warning, which is the fear and he Allah subhanaw taala then instills the Elijah the hope in mankind
or the especially, of course, specifically the believers and that they would would love to have in the Hereafter. May Allah subhanaw taala make us from the inhabitants of Jannatul for those who Allah.
He will stop inshallah to Allah because then we're going to another set of verses where Allah subhanaw taala mentions another
metaphor, if you like example, which we'll discuss in our next lesson, but either Neela just document O'Hara or SallAllahu wasallam robotic Allah buna Muhammad one early he was a huge man