Fiqh of Hajj Episode 4
Channel: Wasim Kempson
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Episode Transcript ©
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Salam aleikum Warahmatullah wabarakatuh Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah Allah earlier Sogdian Allah Dear viewers, welcome back to yet another new episode on our journey of FIPPA of Hajj a journey that we are taking on trying to get the understanding of how hedges to be performed with our dear esteemed chef Chu who will see him how he got low Welcome back Shana radical of economic
shift in the last time we left off at basically or we spoke about the different types of hedge and what to perform when and how to perform which types of Hajj and the reason for the differences and what they were why they were named as such. We spoke also about the basically the best method for each person and each person is different according to what is what he intends.
So in hij, we have what is known as mobile feet
and we have time our feet and we have placed mobile model Pete Can you please explain what first of all me o'clock is? And what the times and the places where we did touch up briefly upon on last episode.
But what is time to call it and what is the place to jump times Mila hamdu lillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah bad. So after we have decided the type of Hajj we are going to make we are going to now talk about the place where I'm going to stop everything, stop my journey. Of course, our journey starts from our homes and packing our suitcases and whatnot and getting our minds ready and whatnot. But the actual pilgrimage itself will start at a particular place.
Now, as you rightly mentioned, there are
the term mobile kit that comes from the Arabic worked from the word means time. However,
with regards to hajj, there are two understandings with regards to the the time is not only time, but also a place. So you have something called a meal caught.
This has to do with the place that a person will assume the Haram first and foremost, we'll talk about the timing. So Allah subhanaw taala mentions in the Quran, I'll hand you ash, I'll hand you Ashura. Maluma
that hedge are specific unknown months. So we know that hedge is as we mentioned, in a previous show, it starts from the beginning of show world, though Canada and the first 10 days of the ledger. These are this is the timeframe that a person can assume they're or when these are the sacred months, these are the sacred months of hajj, we should say like this,
there is a difference of opinion as to does it extend up to the end of the ledger, but again, the purposes of our learning process and we want to respect all opinions, I had mentioned, you know, 3456 opinions on the person goes away as more confused than they were before. So it's important for us to to mention opinion and then we build upon that. And as a side point, Michael avec that fit is about building fit is building a view to have a good strong foundation it means that you will take one opinion that you will follow and you will understand that and you will worship Allah Subhana Allah according to that and then you will take the next step. Then after that, if you feel that you
are at a level where you can discuss evidences and you can discuss with scholars and Imams to take things further maybe we can look at something else. Okay, this is for another time, but our show here is to make things easy for the viewers that when they undertake this journey, inshallah Tada. Things are made very simple for them, but even
so don't call to them. Okay, it is two types, time and place. We're talking about the time now. So they may not have the time, or their money, as they say in Arabic is the month of Shawwal little kid and the first 10 days of the ledger. Okay, now we've got down the way we're talking about now the place. So I know when I'm going to do it, I want to know where I'm going to do it, when and where
what is the where here we have five different places that a person can assume the Haram from they will enter the state of haram to perform the pilgrimage, and they are placed all around Mecca. So if you can imagine MK in the middle and these places where you will assume you Iran are dotted around Makkah
so we'll take them one by one and channel 10 and explain what they are.
The first one is called vole Khalifa. And this is the mascot for the people of Medina. And this is where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam assumed his haram from a place called a vole Khalifa what is the word dual heylife I mean, the word dual heylife and is something that maybe not many people know about. In fact, though
It is means ownership, what you have to have of something, Khalifa is in fact, the way of saying it is the name of a tree that was in a word is like a valley. This place the mascot of the life is in a valley, and that the Prophet SAW Selim would assume is haram from a place close to a tree not there has to be from the tree. Of course it does not. This tree is called hellfire.
But the area was then given a name of Valhalla for the place of the small tree.
It is given other names in modern day, some people could be our ally, attributing it to something else, but even the signs that you see around the area, they will say the main cause of Valhalla and this is for the people of Medina, or anybody coming north of Medina.
This is approximately 420 kilometres from Medina. to Makkah, you assume you head on from this place, and then you make your way to Mecca. This is the first image
the second card is called Al Jaffa.
However, this area of Jehovah is a place which is if you can say, nobody's there, there's nothing there. No.
In fact, most people, they go to a place called robbers. But our bill is about 22 or 30 kilometers away from Jaffa. And there's a masjid there, there's a place and they can assume that you're haram from there. And that is approximately 186 kilometres to Makkah.
So this is the second draft is about 220 kilometers to Mecca. The third one is a lamb lamb. And the lamb lamb is the sovereignist mucoid from Makkah, and that's about 120 kilometers to
to Mecca. This is for the people of Yemen. So if you're in Yemen, Iran and itself, they would assume they haram from this place, the yellow emblem, and then make their way to MCC. And then you have a place called Cardinal Minassian which is the closest of all the method to Makkah, which is approximately 8590 kilometers away from
these four malapit are mentioned in the hadith of Ibn Abbas or the Allahu anhu, which is the Hadith found in Al Bukhari,
in which the prophets of assignment is the translation to meaning that these motorcades are for those people that are living there. And anyone who passes them by meaning that they will assume that haram from the lemon or the Hajj, well, Omar whoever intends to make Hajj or Umrah when you pass this midcourt you have to assume a haram from there, not beyond it from here and then you make your way.
There is a fifth one, which is called
and this place is found in another Hadith and it is narrated by Aisha Radi Allahu Allah, that the the province has designated this particular
market as 100 kilometers away from Mecca for the people of Iraq. However, this place, it's not used, there's no roads to it or anything like that. So, there are five market but only four that are actually used. If a person intends to make their hedge or Amara and they live beyond these areas, and they have to pass by they will stop at this place. And they assume that hold on from this particular place.
Now they have to stop shuffling or can they for example, what if they're flying in
to Mac go? Whoo, how would they make that stop for you? Okay, very good. So,
a lot of people, they will fly straight into gender? Yes. If you're coming from the north of Saudi Arabia for example. So what am I supposed to do they will pass over the dude Khalifa. So the advice is, is that you're ready in the clothes for the males. That is the to the why the izhar and the reader, the two white sheets, you're ready on the plane ready. And you can ask
the pilot when you're getting close to a particular area. When you should assume you're haram. If it's an airline, which has that knowledge they can inform you that you should assume you're haram from now. And then you can use you assume you're haram on the plane. We will make an Hajj or Umrah is a beloved Baker, Amara olive aka Hajah whatever the case may be, and you're gonna assume you're a haram even when you're in Arabic.
So are these marakwet Do they go by different names? I know we mentioned one or two of them but do the other Mohit have different names as well? Or is it just those two methods that have different names that we met? Yeah, so yeah, lamb lamb is known as the aluminum.
It still remains the same for the people of Yemen. As for Jehovah It is a place that nobody goes there anymore. There's nothing there for you to assume you're wrong as it were. So people go to a place called robbers that places it has its it still can
You can still can assume Iran from that place for the people of Shem and whatnot. That's a different place and has a different name. As for the others cotterman, ASAN and then has a tidy road could teleco sail that has a well known famous road, that is goes to Colmenares Manasa. That's four on the people have nudged from Riyadh. And those areas, they would pass by this particular method. So apart from those other two, the other methods, have, they have kept their names?
What is the difference between these malarkey? Or if there is a difference? Or is it just based upon wherever the person whichever direction that person is coming from? Yeah, it's completely dependent on locality, wherever you're coming from. So it's not say, Oh, I, I'm living in Yemen, for example. And I really want to assume my haram from the MacLeod of the people who Medina would highlight because that's where the prophets are always assumed is the haram. It was just due to locality. That's where he says I'm used to live in Medina. So there's no like for the law, or virtue or blessing of medulla Khalifa or EBRD. Over the one in El amla of the South, absolutely no virtue of
one over the other, they're all the same. It's just depending on what direction that you are coming from. Now, this is of course, for the people who are living beyond if you can imagine, MK is in the center. And then you can put dots where these particular mo Akita, and you draw a line from each of them, okay, you'd have this kind of shape.
Those people who are living beyond that, either you pass by the party itself, if it's easier for you to do, or let's say for example, I'm living in a place where I'm halfway between Cardinal manners in another Khalifa, I'm kind of living in the middle, do I have to go to this place? If I drew a line between those two places? I could assume my haram from that don't go beyond that line. From that line in the middle. I could assume my haram from the hypothetical. Okay. So this is how it works. It's not so you have to be at that place. As long as you don't go beyond that boundary.
Then you can assume your haram from those places wherever you are Sharla
unfortunately, we have to take a break at this moment, but stay tuned. We will continue shortly after this short break inshallah Tada. Until then, so don't want to lower occur to the viewers. Welcome back. Chanel, we left off last time.
How? Sorry, the Milwaukee eight and where do we start our state of haram if we live past these myths, but what if somebody is in Mecca at the time and he intends on Hajj or one lives in Mecca at the time? Those now does he have to go back out? Or what's his situation? Okay, so we spoken about those people who live outside the boundaries of these market these places where you assume haram, there are two remaining types of people where they live. There are those people who live from the method, let's say another 100 kilometers in the heyday for another 100 kilometers down the road, in some small village or something like that, are they required to go all the way back to Al Khalifa or
be early assume that haram and then come back for haram, which they know anybody who lives within the size the perimeter of these market from where they are, then they will assume the Haram from where they live as the prophet so whoever is doing Adeleke from in Hazel Anisha that her a person who is within these boundaries, then they assume that a haram from wherever they are, so you're not living in Makkah, Hello, Mark, I have a different ruling.
But the people who live between the boundaries of the market and all the way up to Makkah, they assume that haram from where they are wherever they are.
That's the the second category of people the third category, people who market themselves where do they assume the Haram from the people of Makkah, they are required to go to the closest place of help. They are required to go to just outside the closest place which is outside the home itself. And assume that haram from that particular place why? We know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to Aisha Radi Allahu Anhu when she had was on her monthly cycle to assume her haram. And the Prophet says I'm asked the brother of Asia to take her to a place called tennis
which is now commonly known as mastered tennis,
which has no
no known virtue. So a person when they went to Macau and says, Oh, did you go and pray in Masjid to name as though there was some vert there is no virtue? It's just a mustard actually is outside the Haram itself. But there's a must there's a very, very beautiful master they know and you can go there there are facilities for
people to you know, for showering to assume that hold on there and to come back in to perform their own model. So the people of Makkah, they will lay leave Makkah, the closest place or the easiest place is to go to that area, then you leave. It's also given a name as mastered Asia as well as given that name as well. You can go there, you put your clothes your firearm on, you assume you're haram and then you come back into the home itself. And you perform the promo, the pilgrimage that you that you are intended Subhanallah so they're actually in reality there are three categories that we're talking about people who live outside the mall or people who live inside the model three but
outside Mecca. Yes. And then there are those who live inside Mecca itself. That's correct. What about the the you know, the famous debate of you know that the Haram or anywhere in Mecca is the haram? How does that fall? Or yeah, that is the case. I mean, all of Makkah is considered haram. We know in the sound Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that the DUA if Ibrahim alayhi salam was to make MK all haram and it was given to him by Allah subhanaw taala. And I made dua to Allah subhanaw taala to make Medina and halal. And likewise, Medina is also at home. So all of Makkah is and has boundaries. No, it has very clear boundaries as to what the house actually is.
And as I mentioned that if a person who lives in is from Allah Makkah, the people of Makkah, they are required to go to the outside of the home itself, assume that haram from there, and then they come in to perform their Russia. So that's with regards to the market mechanism, or the place may call it going back to the time because we mentioned that, you know, we can go and show well, we can go into data, we can go with the first 10 days of the ledger, but one can actually one start the Hajj itself. Very good question. Okay, so
the have the month of hajj, but it doesn't mean you can perform Hajj at any time during that, which is a very good question. So Hajj days themselves have actually set days.
So you have starting on the eighth of the ledger, which is known as the yolmer Tawi, which Jonathan will explain in some detail a little bit later on some later shows, yo materia and we'll explain the meanings of all these names. We don't have school that will keep me safe. We'll save that for later in sha Allah. So the 830 is called the yo Moto, we're then the ninth day which is called the Dave Arafa. Yo, that's the ninth then the 10th is called The Day of the Yamaha, the day of sacrifice. And then the remaining two or three days depending on how long you stay, they are called am Tertiaries so if you count the most eight 910 1112 13 which will have is over six days if you perform it to its
fullest the Hajj will be performed over those six days in shallow London and these are the the actual Hajj this is when you would actually perform the rites of Hajj during these days. And again, it's not because these are the six days I'm going to miss the crowds and I want to know maybe do the toll off early in the city early in the day no you have to perform the acts on specified days. And this is how the province was taught our resources going back to the no update, the times and the places are these known to us by HD had more are they known to us by like Islamic law. Sure. So with regards to the the timings than this, of course not Salah Quran this is something we find in the
Quran without any doubt. I'll have to assume that the months are of hardcore specified unknown.
This is not something he had somebody is using their own legal reasoning to extract some form of understanding Okay, no, this is clear from the Quran. Similarly, the market or the of the Macedonia of the places as we mentioned, the hadith of Abraham best Radi Allahu and Houma, in which the Prophet sallahu sunblock catalana that the messenger sallallahu alayhi salam determined where these MOA teeth were, and there are four that are mentioned in this hadith which is found in both Bukhari and Muslim. Again, this is not something that was determined by the element to say Right, yeah, looks good distance there. That's a good is. It's fairly distributed there Almac? No, he was clearly
identified to us by the Prophet salallahu Salam. And the fifth one, although it wasn't mentioned is mentioned in Hadith narrated by Aisha Radi Allahu anha. In a sunnah an unnecessary is a Hadith sahih that the Prophet alayhi salam determined all five of it for us. So it's not he heard by people, but in fact, it was by the messenger Salam or whether it was a sort of Surah Now we'll get into the details of your firearm, right the what the person is, intends or wears, but what is the ruling of a person to enter into the state of a firearm within these
worth it. Okay. So the Haram itself is one of the pillars of that pilgrimage. Entering into the State of Iran is one of the pillars of the pilgrimage, meaning that if I don't enter a haram, I can't perform Hajj or Romo. Quite simply, it's that important. As for the when you did it,
or where you did it, this is a different issue. There are some different rulings concerning that. But you actually entering into the state of Haram is broken is one of the pillars of the pilgrimage that you're going to make whether it's Hajj or Umrah
and if it is not there, then you don't have it. Let's say for example, person goes to one of them your thoughts and doesn't enter the clothes on goes with the boss goes with all the people and then they perform. And then the person says, with with with certainty full of surety says, you know, she says I didn't enter the State of Iran forgot, I forgot what's the situation it's like a person who who didn't have a lot before the salah
you didn't have all the person. It's not you know, if it's not there, then you can't validate that particular antibody because it wasn't there. Okay, I have to go back out you would have to avoid these rulings now whether you're performing hedge or whether whether you're performing Amara and whatnot, but the person would no doubt have to wherever they are, maybe have to go outside the harm itself. Maybe it shouldn't be held on from there and then perform the pilgrimage that they intend to which
of course we take our dean, you know, seminar Altana we hear we obey that we don't question why and but perhaps maybe we you know, as the last pantalla you know, mentioned source in the Quran many places and the process of them explain to us also, sometimes there's certain benefits and you know, why a person is to be in that state of a haram outside the middle. Is there some sort of benefit or or if so,
a man he came to Imam Malik
Rahim Allah the great Imam of Dar Al Hijrah.
And he said, I want to assume a haram next to the grave of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knowing that the distance between the messenger of the prophets are sent to duel hilife up your alley is about 13 kilometers.
But this individual wanted to assume a haram from beyond the Mekong which technically is valid, that's fine. You could do it from your home if you wanted to.
But the Sunnah is to do it from the Mecca.
So Imam Malik Rahim, Allah Allah He replied to him said you should not do that.
Why are you doing it next to the grave of the messenger? So I said, this is not we will talk. He said, What do you fear for me said I fear for you fitna.
He said, What fit and and the person I was thinking fitna, what what kind of test could be coming to this person assuming that haram from this particular place? Do you think that by assuming you're haram from this place that the Prophet said we didn't assume from that place that you were doing something is pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala Imam Carambola
recited to him a verse in the Quran, which is in surah, to know
where Allah subhanaw taala in the meaning, it says and give a warning to those people who go against what the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had commanded. And you'll see boom fitna that a fitna would be before them, or you see boom, has happened. And to see boom, fit and obviously boom, at that point, a fitting would before them, or a great punishment. The point is not that it is allowed for you to do that. But why don't you follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu? Okay. Do you think that the messenger has left this world not having the deen of Islam complete? No doubt is complete. So just following what the Prophet sallallahu and he says, is the most beloved thing to
Allah subhanaw taala Don't think that because I'm going to assume my haram from the grave. I want to be close to the messenger. So I assume that somehow is better. I mean, maybe a person has some love for the messenger Salam, which is of course praiseworthy, but what is blameworthy is the way that you're doing it.
And this is what is very important for us to to understand that there are praiseworthy aspects of our deen loving Allah's pantile and loving the messenger Salah Salem. However al K fee but how you're going to do that may be blameworthy This is why studying the fact of Hajj and so on and so forth is extremely important. That yeah, your Hajj your Hajj is fine. And we will take on later insha Allah Tala that many companions came to the Prophet Elisha and said I did this first and I didn't do it in the right order, and the Prophet so some said, How much if and how much no problem no
problem, no problem. This was concerning people who had already made a mistake. They would and they couldn't change it. But there wasn't a great issue over that. This statement there hemorrhage, meaning no problem is not something we should take lightly, especially with hedge. Maybe the person has memorized the Hadith and says to the person, oh, you know, I assumed my haram from the grave of the messenger. So as a necessity
No, there's a reason a person did that. Why did they do that? And that answer of Imam Malik Rahim, Allah was so profound in the Quran wanting people to go against what was taught to us by Allah's origin and His Messenger
show from our gathering is here is such a beautiful and we're enjoying our gathering. Unfortunately, though, we've come to an end with the session. Dear viewers, stay tuned to our next episode where we're continuing this journey, the journey of Hajj, the field of Hajj and how to better perform this hedge and so that last panel Tada can write for us. A reward that is not less than paradise We ask Allah subhanaw taala to grant us that alone. I mean, until next time, I sit down with a Kumar Rahmatullahi overcut