Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 54
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 43.38MB
Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Ashraful MBA almost saline the vino Latina Muhammad Ali here for Salah was good to sleep Allahumma eliminated the main founder on fat and I mean that antenna was in mania Ramadan, Amin Soleimani gonna flock together everybody
either como * or
below minimum income. Insha Allah, we're on the second day read. And we're back to class. So
you here with us tonight then you are The Few The Proud.
Understandably, a lot of people are on vacation and doing other things. So I didn't expect participation and be at full force tonight, but we will do whatever we can. So moving right along. We are in chapter 13. And chapter 13 is all about plurals. Okay, Floros. That's when we talked, I'm not going to bore you again. Like I said, I'm not I'm
not going to bore you again. With the breakdown the last two or three lessons we've talked about the breakdown of the different types of plurals, right, there's the sound plural, and the broken plural sound plurals apply to human or humanistic nouns, whereas broken plurals apply to objects. That's the general rule at least.
we looked at how those look and we also talked about plural demonstrative pronouns, right? The difference between Hatha and valleca Had he and Tilka, which are all singular. And how will I write hola is our new demonstrative pronoun. That means v's and hamdulillah
is the same whether it is masculine or feminism. So
it is the same as a Freudian slip, I guess, whether it's masculine or feminine. Not feminism, that's for a different discussion about feminism is for a different different class altogether.
one less thing to worry about, know that when you're in demonstrative pronouns, and you're in the plural, you don't have to worry about gender anymore. Right? You are the only half to identify how to lie. And guess what the same applies when you do the demonstrative pronoun for what's far away, which is hula ICA, which we'll learn later. So hula, it was probably more familiar to you, it's more common of a word in the Koran. How would I do that ICA near and far demonstrative pronouns in the plural, they don't have any differences when it comes to gender.
So the third thing, and we're going to notice this today, and this is going to start with this very exercise is that we are going to also have to keep track of the subject pronouns when we're converting things to plural, right, so we know that hula, and here and enter, and enter, and N T, right, those are all singular subject pronouns. However, when we are moving from the singular to the plural, we have to account for that too. And so if we want to say they, we have to say home, right, that's the subject pronoun for today, when we want to say we have to say national, and when we want to say, you plural, we will have to say and tone. So we're going to be seeing that today as well. So
looking at the next exercise we have How will methodical Mac to butt, billowing Murray era GMO in Canada who are more Boston, fill me fairly. And just for those who are interested, I like to because the once here, this is a huge benchmark, right are a huge milestone in your Arabic learning whenever you can figure out exactly what the instructions are saying, you know that you've made a lot of progress in Arabic because the instructions are very difficult. We've talked about how will we learn or how will how will you How will how will, which is a verb and form to which means to convert, or to change to wheel, right as the muscle means to convert muffler that muffler that scuze me is a
sound masking us for seeming What's with me tonight my mind is also sound feminine plural, right from Moo fraud.
Fraud literally means something that is by itself from fat, Ra da
da da da means follow this like a a unit. Right? Move fraud.
In this sense, is like a term maybe something we would say or translate as a term in English. So more fraud that
Sound feminine plural is the terms are the words I'll make to beta Mac tuba is SM MEF rule from Catawba. neck to neck tube following its feminine form Mac to beta. Alright written, literally billowing in Murray in the red color Isla Jumeau. In making the singular. Here it's actually sorry it's not referring to terms as referring to singular. So convert this this singular words that are written in the red color that are written in red. ILLEGIBLE to plural words come out who on the last button, fill me 30 As is explained or demonstrated in the example. Let's just take a second to look at Marylebone. This is a perfect illustration of something we talked about before we said that form
is if we take a verb and we double the middle letter, fat Allah
shut the on the line whatever the iron has to be okay. And we said that that is some fair isle the doer of that form form to is move fair Elune
with the middle letter that's doubled, having a casserole
and the SM Neff rule, right the past participle or the thing that's receiving the action is a simple how to cut away from that Mofaz I'll
move far I'll so just this little difference between the customer and the Fetta is the difference between the subject and the object in the second form and form two verbs O'Fallon MOFA Island modal recent modal restaurant
now we have the root or Well, VOD
Ha, which means to be clear. Okay, while the right if you've ever been to any Irish speaking lands, whether it means like clear
If we turn it into form to it's what Baja you want the whole, it's to clarify, right making something intransitive, transitive. If we want to make the doer it is more deadly than the one who clarifies. And if we want to make it into the object of the verb it is Milan Basran. The one which is clarified cannot Hua Mo was the one filling Mithali as is clarified in the example. Okay, so just you know, I like to throw a little morphology at you just to
get some Mental Floss in and keep those kind of
tendons limber, because it's something that will enrich and enhance your study of Arabic as we move along. So all that to say, what's the example men had the Raju who had June? That's our example. Okay, who is this man? Singular.
Hola had Jun.
So we have our verbs here are a Raju and had June. So the first thing that we're going to have to do is we're going to have to convert those two nouns into their plural forms, right. Both of these happen to have broken plurals the pro the plural of a Raju is a Regera Lu over here, and then the plural of hard Jun is her June. Now we also have to change
the words that are tied or that refer to it all the types of pronouns because pronouns are what are pronouns at the end of the day, except words that
stand in for nouns. So if the noun changes to plural, then the pronoun is also going to have to change the plural. So we have had is now going to become hula.
And hula, which is a subject pronoun is going to become home.
So we have the demonstrative pronoun Heather becoming heart relay, and the subject pronoun Hua becoming home and that is what this exercise is asking you to do. Let's start let's go with
Okay, Brother Mohammed tessen. So read the example and then work
to convert it to all plural nouns the word and read the Word and read needs to be converted into plural and any word that also has to change because of that change.
that the Boo, good woman in Hindi. Excellent. Okay
men I know
how would I
How would I?
How would I be boom.
menial end. Very good, excellent. The only quibble here is with what's the plural of barley
Daniel Boone, it looks like it should be sound masculine plural, but it's not we discussed full lob. Lob, where there's a broken plural. But everything else is completely correct. So men Aina have a tolerable right to men Aina hula it to Lebu. Very good. And then he recognized that the hula had to change to home home meal Hindi and Hindi won't change. Because there's no plural India, right? It only makes sense because we're only talking about the students. That's the only thing that's going to change. Good. That's the idea. Moving on to number two, brother so
I entered. I entered. I entered the old cabbie I entered the role cabbie you.
or worse? Is soapy. Fantastic. Yes.
a net, the general what's the plural of Tagish
this is going to show who reviewed the vocab.
Because I think last class was the one where we were given the broken florals. If you scroll up if you have it on your phone or on your, your pad or whatever. If you scroll up just a couple of pages, you'll see the big exercise where we had all the plural forms of these words.
Let's see where was it?
These are adjectives that are becoming
recovering portal. Oh, they have them? Yeah, they have them right here. So it's the very last exercise. We're on page. What is that?
On Yeah, in my mind the PDF that's page 70. Right. So page 70 is gonna give you pretty much all of the plural forms that you'll need. And so
I think it's to get to gap. Like
Yep, to jar with
a net to a net.
Vivo. Oh, haha, good. But but but we have to change every word that also depends upon that noun. So before we were talking about pronouns, subject pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, but we also have other types of words that are going to be tied to that noun such as adjectives, right then we say that the adjective has to agree with the noun that describes and four things. Number, gender, grammatical case. definiteness indefiniteness. So if a tagit changes to plural, guess what, l kabhi. It also has to change the plural.
And that was also on the previous exercise. What's the plural form of Al Kabir?
Yes, l Kiba. Kiba. Yep.
All right. So we go from fantastic, good. And attach you to Kabiru to a in a to Jerrell cubero.
Good. And now change the last the answer to that question to reflect the plural as well.
Home is soapy. Fantastic. And that was easier, right? Just the subject pronoun homefree. So bear in the marketplace. Great job. Okay, we're up to Montserrat. You could do number three
listening to serve but I can't hear anything except what sounds like a vacuum cleaner.
I can't hear your voice. Is it just me?
Yummy? No. Yes, yes there we go. Okay. Oh sorry okay
okay i Then I
move everything Jedi grindon movie
and then it's just it's just one day. Yes. Okay
Very good. So notice exactly so systems thought did very well well data rich human data resume, right sound masculine plural an easy one
but also something interesting so LG indeed is the adjective that describes a new database
we notice here that it's possible that one of the words is going to be on a pattern that found often are going to be working on
a problem right
there is a broken portal and that's absolutely okay. It doesn't have to be just because they have to match in Portal portal does not mean they have to match in type of plural. Right? We don't have to have sound plural and sound portal and broken portal and bloat broken portal No. Like we're going to have some times it's possible a sound masculine plural and a broken plural or a sound feminine plural and unbroken plural etc etc. Good back to Brother Mohammed what testing with number four
I know that double jeopardy do double jeopardy
with Phil firstly.
I I know I know. I I know to love to learn good Paula Boo yeah. Tell the lumber
Okay, let me find the pointer for
it's right above us previous exercise in the three
previous question I should say. Okay.
I mean, I love
you to do that.
Phil. Firstly, fantastic very very good. So a barley who to upper level and LGD due to L Judo do
nice and short staccato or judo. So in Appala upper level you to do a home field possibly fantastic.
Next brother set and number five
Number five I have okay number five
Allah he wears
it this is how
I'm translating better today. Okay. I had that I had a high level good I need a runny you for me you're running your mantra our good law
law who was lucky when fantastic Yes.
And so in plural
at all, he it's difficult
to add to level Yes, sir.
That have any unit? Oh, this company has to reflect the number. Yes. What's it going to be? Scroll up previous exercise.
We have honey what's the plural of honey
on the pattern of Rila
Ronny Yoon is going to be
when Ogoni weeny weeny weeny
was an iOS of me yet
sort of the hash
right so the hash problem yet
been ugly emunah calm Yep.
Kala Hakuna doona term banal ugly. Eemian calm ugly. Good. Okay. And what's the answer has to be in floral.
Home cocoa. Very good. We know for our right sort of Tober and the other ones good that home folk rock. Fantastic. Okay just a solid number six
man has a
man has a virgin who are going home
Yep. Why straightforward easy. Well done. Number seven. We'll have an assassin
Kuan commune? Yes.
What lampoon Bill Giamatti bill. Again, we're carefully, Bill Jamia Yeah. GEMA GEMA.
GEMA is stick to the gym out.
Good. Okay, now I'm plural. Okay.
Li Hua done. Very good. W ecodan. Keba. Debatten. Yes. Fantastic. Yeah. Home
to lagoon. Yes.
Now this is gonna say, Jana.
No problem. We'll jump. Right. If you've had if you had multiple brothers that were in for like at the university level. You wouldn't say like they're in the universities. Right? They say like they're in university or they're right at college. idiomatic English. So the same here, right Bill jamea. T is gonna stay the same good. Oh, okay. And those that are number eight
I know Saudi I enter Saudi for the
for the pocket. What's on the cough? Is it a Fattah Castro Obama and why?
In early 2018 The key so funny, pika.
what do we have all up here like number 234 Ain tanjirou en el modelo de su and pull la level
and because of the diner,
because with Aina, it's still it's still multiple cover. Right? So we have
let's say let's just pick this one annotation. Okay.
Look to that attach. The hover is aina. It's just we moved forward the thing that we're asking about so
at TED, you do what's dropped could be just for a second to make it easier at tanjirou aina.
Right, so this is moved to that attached zero, and whatever means Aina is covered. Okay, Bill, firstly, pm de poner, whatever, it's covered. Okay. So down here is the same thing. Aina saw the Cuca with Obama, because Saudi Saudi is moved to them.
Even if this is moved to move off monopoly, right. Remember, that the mode off does not have a fixed grammatical case. The mode off the first part of the possessive construction can be morefor. It can be monsoon, it can be Mel's roar. No problem.
It's this right here the second part of the mobile fee, which is measured or in this case, we can't tell because it's a pronoun pronouns are fixed and they don't change but yes don't get thrown off by the by the word order it's still moved to hover. So it's going to be more for With Adama Aina Saudi Buka
Torquay key if we want to
that they have an Elon Musk Tabby no they have a Elon Musk they have an Elon Musk, Saba T fantastic good. Now make it plural
I in a Saudi of Saudi Saudi for so call them as they call?
We don't have to now check it out here. Look, they only made red. So the they did not make the Cath red. So we're gonna keep Caf the way it is. Okay, so it'll be a step call. Okay.
Hey, not as doofah or see me as the call. Okay.
And here, the where is it?
Yes, the hands is gonna be written above the well as the ball. Okay. And then the answer.
Elon Musk, the hammer Elon Musk? Elon, Musk. Elon, Musk.
dabba dabba T. Fantastic. Very good. Okay.
Fine, pointing something out. Okay. To say that, how about now we're talking about St. Paul. Right? Plural.
means he went singular. Right.
So if we're going to really, really be sticklers with the,
what the exercise is asking you to do. It would not be the hubbub. But it would be the Habu, right? That hubba Habu
and it would end with this, I'm just gonna show the ending right? There Habu. However, this is something to be aware of in Arabic syntax in Joomla fairly.
When you start a sentence with a ferret,
even if the subject is plural, it is permissible and sometimes considered more eloquent. To use the singular form of the verb.
Yes, that habit billable. Yep. The hubba svfr. Okay. Yes, that's correct. Even though for the purposes of the exercise here, maybe they would like you to be aware that
the subject is changing, so that hubba is changing to the Habu technically, when it comes to I'm not exactly sure why this is, but it's certainly let's see, kind of think about and if we think of an example from the Quran
of all of the tea room, but sort of because room is like one of those is some Gemma that's like a singular noun that refers to a group of people.
Ted, Betsy, Jada, I'd be happy what's up? Tibetan singular feminine.
Did you have an example so samsara
I didn't actually check in the mascara, but I was just thinking into the use of the run to the door.
I'm just going to look it up. All right.
right. Now the more point example I brought up was combat yada.
Yada is dual. And we have subject to the singular feminine.
It's something with well known Arabic and it's considered more eloquent, eloquent, and I do like the idea to start with a singular verb, even at the subject.
So sorry, you were trying to find an example where the word is singular. The verb is singular.
Learn it's a Joomla philia the verb that begins the sentence is singular, but the subject is actually plural.
Oh, okay, then I know you helped me know.
Hey, go towards the EFA help me know and as the highest is a singular verb
meaning he succeeded.
But what's the subject of the, of the success element we don't sound asking them for.
So it could have been, you know, if we're to be like extreme literalist, it would be called a F LA who helped me No, no, that's not eloquent and Arabic. If you have a juvenile thelia sentence begins with a verb. Even if the subject is plural, the verb begins it's more eloquent let's say for the verb to
be in the singular form
okay, so that was Brother cipher number eight. So number nine we're at system
who are volleyball
Boom Boom love to love the mother. Fantastic very good okay. So the plural of if known as abna.
And the one minor correction that we have to add here is that Ibn correctly read very good is with a handwritten muscle. However, when it moves to the plural, it gets 100 Tata. So now it goes from LA who knew? Or Lahug noon right here to level up not
just like when we say a lot level as low as smell. That's without exam level asthma will Krishna, right, but still it's the same point. S mat we have snow, right, which is some is the same exact thing as even
in the singular form. It has a handle to the lesson in the plural form. It has a handle to kata what's the difference between 100 tawassul in the hundreds or hundreds of Kata, you always have to pronounce it as a Hamza, whereas 100 to one so you're only going to pronounce the Hamza in the beginning of your speech.
Yes, and I believe that I've not is I'm not I'm not minister.
I want to say it is but let's double check up here.
Well, when the sun jewels and Equitana of the battle as they call only Yeah. Oh, where did it go?
I know we had it. Where was it? No, it's not we'll move on. So example number
Number nine. I skipped right over it. Yep. I'm not on fantastic very good. So be careful about that. Look at that. That's very tricky. And that one has a ton ween
and other words that appear to be on a very similar if not the same phonetic pattern do not like football Elden yet it was a better example of me yet. Ooh, I'm not Minnesota. That's the UCLA Excuse me. No, not minutes off the bat. Oh, no, no, I'm gonna stop at no yeah, there's a letter machine there. So it's not the same pattern that's probably why is the call of no no, it has one more letter.
So let's put these back in their proper place
where are we out here?
Yes, I've not done a good job
okay, and I think we have one more and we'll
we'll look at see how long the next exercise is back to Brother Mohammed Moazzam. Number 10.
As a me Luca,
Mo much Daikon was die here Mr. Engel
who are much warmer started on
as soon as Zoom, zoom la
Zoom, zoom louka good.
I think it's the mean has a fatter Zuma lap. Okay, Zoom Allah
so much time doing good, excellent.
I'm fantastic Good job which I had much that he doing sounds masculine poro excellent work. Any questions about this exercise
was a very beneficial exercise
Okay, we have one more. We have two small exercises. Let's see I will probably just have time to do one of them.
it says elderly fill a smile. Theater Mara 10 els minbar here in Wuhan, it adamian Kumar Hua Mobifone Phil Mithali you already know that Kumar who are more behind fit me daddy just like last exercise means as is demonstrated in the example what do they mean here at leaf from mobile football field at the offer is to add or join a smell Attia. A smart has a fatter because it's the in the accusative case.
In the Food Authority, and B is the object of the of the verb, you're going to join. The following nouns wants to the name is some ball here like a proper name, that's over here in the middle column. Well overall and then another time, you're going to add that same noun to balmy if you're going to add it in a possessive construction to a pronoun. Okay, so you're going to be making two different possessive constructions. Most often with off eBay, here's the the ISM that you're dealing with, of not on a smartphone. So malaco ostracod look
like that's really nice. We're just talking about those. The first time you're going to make it possessed by a proper name that's in the middle column.
And that will Mohammedan. So notice how here and that one has 10 ween, boom, here, it does not because it has moved off, it lost it.
And there's nothing to lose here with zoom on that. So it's just going to stay the way it is, once you get there. And then the second time we do it, okay, now you just move on further down the line, and you're going to be given a possessive pronoun, and you're going to make the same ism, possessed by that possessive pronoun abna. Ooh. And one of the things that they're trying to demonstrate to you is how the Hamza changes form depending on where it is in the word here. As the last letter. In a word Hamza is written by itself on the line.
Whereas when it's not the last letter in the word,
it is not written by itself on the line always. Here it has a Bulma it's written as a Hamza on top of a bomb.
Okay, so where did we think Mohammed Hassan was the last person to go for the previous exercise that leaves us with Brother sigh for a smart one?
So as Matlin literally means names, what we're going to be saying here is the students names.
So how are we going to say the students names and Arabic? Names?
asthma, asthma to lead us now to lavvy. Fantastic. Exactly. And it might be more helpful for you to think in the English of using the word of the names of the students, right that way we keep the words in the same order as met with the lobby. names of the students. Good. And then now if we want to say simply,
their names, what would it be?
A home. Yes, exactly a notice. Oops, getting ahead of myself here. Notice that when we're going to write it here, now it is
a hands on top of the wall.
Oh, very good. Next one, Sister Massara.
and Camilla are very good.
Very good. And the same thing, the only difference between the two easy actually they should have made us figure out the pronoun as we
all were doing is all we're doing is really putting the
in, you know, making it indefinite. Yes. Right? Because it because it can't be definite.
couldn't be definitely in this format.
Yeah, it can't be definite, and so on. And so all it is, is making it indefinite. And then
to correct, it is too easy. But you know what, I'm going to defend the author, Dr. VFR the rough man here, and say that there's a reason why he made this exercise so short. Because it's not one of the principal things that we're learning here. However, something that I've already notified you of just because I noticed that going on in the previous exercise, he's now forcing you to reckon with Okay, so what if you had a different different teacher that wasn't me, and they just didn't talk your ear off and restricted themselves to exactly what's in the book. And they didn't point out that I have not own an estimate on have 10? When,
whereas zoom Allah Who and ask the court will do not, they're on a different phonetic pattern. And so one of them is not going to solder and the other one isn't. So Dr. VF have dropped me. Abrahim is exposing you to that. Secondly, he's exposing you to something else that I've pointed out that the book didn't tell me to point out, I just pointed out because I noticed that was that if we have a word that's by itself, or in Mechina form, or whatever, it's going to the Hamza is going to be on the line. Whereas when it's not the last letter in the word anymore, it's not going to be on the line, it's going to be written in a different way. So my reading between the lines is that the
doctor is just trying to get us to think about these these two things. And a lot of
last one, and we're out of time, Mohammed was awesome.
The whole mother reefy
as the whoo hoo, very good. And the same thing exactly applies. Hamza written on top of the well. And that's it. Anyone any questions?
That asked me an unrelated question, of course. Okay. So I just want to I just wanted to magically wake up when they say an evil. Mubarak, I just wondered if you could pick it up. And the reason I asked is because someone sent me a message, which said, I'm Mubarak and I just wondered, why do you think I'm here?
So I thought it was I thought it was like my cover, you know, nice.
Okay, well, so like,
is obviously was awesome last night, right. Right. Yes. So then the, the read cannot have an ulcer, right.
Read cannot have a word. It cannot be definite. Correct? Well, it is definite, but by position not by. So. So that was one
message. And then they said, like, and I know, like coffee and I'm just wondering, what was the dramatic I put
off? Is it? Good? Good, good. Okay. So let's get rid of up here for a second just because most like the simplest expression people say is they say remove bottom. Right. Okay. I don't say either move out. Right. They say removal. Okay. So what is Eid Mubarak?
Right, what's the grammar of evil?
It's not a complete sentence. Okay. This is a dua that you're making for somebody, right? You want somebody to have an evil god bless you. I wish you so says anything, you know, so you don't say I wish you a happy birthday. You say, Well, you don't do that anyway. But
any returns of the day or whatever? Yeah, no, no, you're right. So luck, so check it out. So what are you doing?
Right? Nikita, Nikita, cover cover? It's, it's not complete, because with many Arabic phrases, idioms greetings. It's topped off. Everybody understands your context that you're wishing somebody and even with all right, so whatever Arabic fills that purpose is clear.
And if you add if you add the heart then then it becomes without monotony. Yes, but it's still part of it.
should not be an alarm of work anyway.
As far as I understand that, that would be surprising to me.
Yeah, I don't think so. I think I think, you know, I need to be really honest, it was one of those WhatsApp sticker messages. Except that now I'm, well, I usually anyway, tape them because they always have spelling errors in them. Right. But then when I saw that had that it looked a bit jarring to me and I thought we'd have I got the camera on so anyway. Yeah, let's let's just like imagine in an alternate universe, there was very little alcohol Moga that still isn't a complete sentence. You know, they had an unintended eight as well, it was fully Oh, well, that's just wrong. Yeah, you can't, you can't have an eight possessed by.
Exactly. So that was that was really designed with that. Okay, that's
about it. You know, if that was the most jarring to me,
when I felt something wrong with now it's good. It's good to start, you know, like, looking around and, and the Arabic phrases that you know, just try to like, oh, what's the grammar of that? Or I wonder what the grammar of that is. That's actually a really useful thing to go through. So thank you for
bringing that up. That's good.
Any other questions?
Okay, very good. Excellent work. We'll see you in sha Allah Tada Saturday, so I'm ready. Come on.