Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 20
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 52.02MB
Anatomy salatu salam ala
Nabina Latina Mahabharata here for Salah was the to sneak Allahumma Adam, that'd be very thorough. In fact, everything that I didn't know, was even there in Manero. But anime.
We are nearing the end of the hardest lesson we've had so far. The lesson on the possessive construction.
If you would like a brief, brief recap, and try to share this and see how it goes.
In the past, this has kind of affected internet speed as well, but we'll see. Okay, so we're talking about making a possessive construction.
Anything that has to do with a relationship of possession, grammarians, point out that we're talking about the genitive case, the genitive case is used to talk about the relationship between nouns, whether that relationship is one of possession, or one of time, or one of place. In the English language, we use two techniques or two formula to communicate possession. The first is using an apostrophe, that's the easiest, and the most widespread way. Abdullah's book, yesterday's newspaper. The second is using of a little bit more formal, a little more archaic, the prophets of Allah, a friend of mine, in Arabic, we're only going to be using the second that's exactly how we establish
possessive constructive possession in Arabic, by using this sort of word order, the prophets of Allah, a friend of mine, so if you're translating in your head, this is the formula that you're leaning on. Relying on not this.
There is no equivalent to the apostrophe in Arabic, nor is there any equivalent to the word order that we use with an apostrophe.
It's the opposite. Okay, so our sample example was keytab, Allah He, the book of Allah kitab. He, and we pointed out several things about this construction. First of all, let's name the different parts. The first part is called the move off, literally the thing that is being possessed. The second is called Move off, ie lay the thing possessed to literally the thing that's doing the possessing, so here we have keytab is the mold off, it's the thing that's being possessed, and it's being possessed by Allah, the mobile filet the possessor.
Okay, then we pointed out what are the grammatical things? What are the things having to do with the vowels that we're going to have to keep track of with this type of construction?
Okay, the first thing that we notice is that key tab is in a form that's different from anything we've ever seen up until this point, before this point, before this lesson, it was either L key taboo, or key taboo and
it was either definite L key taboo V book, or keytab wound a book, there was either Alif Lam, or attend when
I described it as a see saw that one of them had to be there, we saw how the possessive construction broke this, it takes away both 10 Wien and Le flam from the noun that's possessed. And that's your big hint. If you see a noun, and it has neither Alif Lam nor a 10 ween, then you can pretty much guess that it's part of a possessive construction, we ran into some examples.
The previous class where that was the only clue that you had in a sentence.
So we have key taboo.
And because we've taken away the sign of it being Maori far, that's the sign of it being definite and does not have the sign of being indefinite, then it needs something it's not complete by itself. What it needs is the second half of the possessive construction of mobile feeling. And once you pair them up, then the word makes sense. keytab lahi Oh, it is definite. It is mowdy for not because of an LF lands but because it's being possessed.
Moving on to the second word, we noticed that the second word has a kestrel. And that is the sign with this type of word that it is measurable. It is in the genitive case. Okay, so this is something that is fixed. The most important thing grammatically going
long as the second part of this formula, the noun is in the genitive case measure rule and that is fixed.
The other thing that is always true is that the first word the mobile is always definite. And it is definite simply by virtue of it being possessed doesn't need an ally flan at all in order to communicate that
everything else can change.
Everything else can change whether this first word has a llama or a Fatah or a casserole can change. And we were talking about examples from the Quran
what was it?
Oh, I had it on the tip of my tongue. We were at. We had some of the some of you were asking for more examples from before and there are plenty.
Dini law. That was the really instructive one from Soros and NASA. We have Goya the full owner fee Dini law he okay allows Dean the deen of Allah.
So, the word Allah is measured with a casserole. By necessity because it is the Moldavia eight it is the one that is doing the possessing.
Right. The first word deen
is men's roof has a Khasra
not because of the possessive construction by itself, but because of what comes before it. I'm gonna see going on share screen
we have V
right. So Dean has a castle up because of fee which we learned previously it's a preposition anything after the preposition.
the case the genitive case it will be men's road demonstrated by the customer feed Dini Levy.
We also have we also have
full Udo be Rob be
that has also moved off with often delay.
Right? We have B which we have not learned yet B is a preposition. It's one of the more flexible prepositions that does not automatically or easily translates into anything in English.
Then we have Rob which is one of the last names of Hannah Jota
Rob be a nasty
Robin nurse move off on off on La
ness is is has a casserole by necessity because it is the second part of the possessive construction mobilephone ena.
However, Rob, the only reason it has a casserole here is because it comes after be a preposition. That's true for the rest of the sort of the surah mannequin Ness Illa he NASCI mean Shatta Wale West swsc al Han se mean Shari, we have another one. mean we did learn
shadow, which means evil.
And worse worse, the Whisper it's a noun
and the West West see? Yes, it has to be West Lassie. Because it is part of this possessive construction. The Evil of the Whisper
shattering the West west you can ask Why does Shari have a castle because of the preposition before it mean which we learned before from the evil of the Whisper means Sharon was worse your fondness
The same goes for so little Philip
ah, Mashallah. Good.
Maliki Yomi Dean. Oh, that's a really good one. Why
don't my my
Matic is the owner okay
has to have a customer because it's part of a possessive construction with the job. The day of Dean can be translated here as recompense like a Dane is a is a loan that you take it out or an obligation that you have to pay.
But we have a double possessive construction because Malik means the owner. So, this is the Owner of the Day of Recompense, which is why you own
also has a customer so we have a double possessive construction here. Just like the exhibit the heart example, we had the other class. What was it? It was a mess Gd of russborough Yeah, mess G do Rasul li Lehi, Maliki This is Castro because of what comes before it. Don't worry about that. Yo, meet dini.
If we wanted to go to sauna to fend off the same thing, Rob, Bill fell up.
mean, Shangri La sipping Shangri La city.
shattering the fair 30
Shall rehearse it in all of those are examples of possessive construction and there's a ton of them.
la have been slow to mess it
up but yada lb lab
I don't want to go into that one too much because it's got some exceptions that you guys aren't ready for yet.
Have Mariela tell how Bobby
Okay, question. How about clue who Allahu Ahad? Let's see if anybody else can answer that one. So we have cool, we haven't learned that yet. It's a command which means say
you guys probably know that just from general culture. Cool. What are we saying?
I had done.
Some what we have here is we have a Joomla ischemia inside of a Joomla theme Allah Allah is telling us to say so it's a command. What are we supposed to say? What's the entire object of what we're supposed to say? Who Allah who I had. This here is a Joomla Izmir
the move to that is for Allah who because this is a title of emphasis, this is called better.
So the sentence would be correct for just to say who I had done, he is unique. He is one. But however for emphasis, we've added a second
title for Allah who Allah who I had.
And it's I hate doing neck Iraq because it's the color
so the the telling point there SR me is that there's no Castro to speak of anywhere. If there's no Castro, then we know that there's no mold off Miguel from LA there's no possessive construction.
If you're looking for any an example that's clear about this sort of device and Arabic giving titles and adding to the multideck. Just think about the verse in Surah tell Hashem where Allah lists a bunch of names, right?
Hola, de la ilaha illa Huwa al Malik, who could do Salam on remote mean on Mr. Ham, you know, as he's right, a lot keeps going, keeps going keeps going. They're all titles, emphasizing different aspects of who Allah is. But grammatically, they're all part of the move to that.
Thank you. Okay. So that should I mean, there's tons of examples to be had. Those are just a few of them. Let's get back into the book and try to see how far we can get in this lesson. Once we complete this lesson, inshallah Tada. We will have a review lesson at the request of some of the students. And at that point, I think we're also going to open up the registration again, for maybe there were some other people in the community or beyond the committee.
already even that have done a little bit of Arabic
and would like to join up with the class. So for those who have already studied up until this point, through the medina curriculum or another one, we can open up registration again and see if we can get some more people involved. And if not Hamdulillah, because we have a very nice amount of students.
Okay, so we left off at this exercise the instructions which you won't understand the site code when Joomla Joomla Lan will feed that can be male for all the females usually, meaning make intelligible sentences by filling in the blanks for what follows. Now, this is going to be the trickiest application of applying the possessive construction. Some of these are really easy, right? Like number three is super easy. Well, how am I doing? So La Jolla, Santa rasuluh? Everybody knows what the answer is for that one. However, others are going to be difficult, right? Especially if the blank is in the first word number one is somewhat difficult. You have to think ahead, you have to
look at the second word and say, Oh l ve t that has a customer, it's majeure. Something had to make it majeure, something had to make it have a customer, what possible thing could have come to make it have a customer? Well, the thing that we're studying right now is the possessive construction. So there has to be a noun here that the house is possessing. And then you look to the hover and you say mobile up going, which we had said before last class means closed or locked.
And so then you have to kind of work backwards, what noun add added here possessed by the house could be locked, right? And so on, and so forth. So we'll do our best and we'll give it a shot this one that I'm just gonna go down my list in order of who I have here. Brother to me, can you give number one a shot?
This doesn't make much sense, but it's the only thing I can think of right now.
Babel Babel. Pay till McLaughlin. Yes, that is correct. Good job.
translate that for us.
The door of the locked house. Okay, a well, good, good, good. So you knew the answer, because that's the only thing that makes sense. Why it still didn't make sense after that is because of a mis translation of the grammar of the sentence. Okay, so we're not saying here.
I can't remember exactly what you just said for the translation. I'm gonna, I'm gonna ask him questions, and we're gonna get to what this means. Okay, so you wrote that, and I'm gonna tell you, Bob is correct. And you said Baboo, which is excellent. Okay, because he knew that nothing yet had come in the sentence to take it off. Its default setting which was bomba, which was more for now. Questions? I mean, which kind of sentence is this? First of all?
Joomla is Mia.
Where is the look to the
babble Beatty? Yes, fantastic. So if we're going to draw a line between our mocha and copper, that's where it is. So that will be it is our hope to that. And what is the move to that I looked at it is the subject that we're talking about. What is the hub of the hover is the information that we're trying to communicate about?
The subject? So the move to that would translate as the door to the house, we would say in English to the house, even though literally for the house door to the house. What's the Hubbard translating to
is locked or That's it right there.
We're dealing with the gym that is Mia. We're usually dealing with an is statements, right? The verb to be, right, we're giving information about the thing existentially or the state that it's in. And we had said a long time ago and this probably got lost because there were other more important things to keep track of. We don't have is in Arabic. So we said if we have a Joomla SME, where do we put is we put it right
I at the junction between the hope to that and the hub. So here we have bamboo baits in the house to the door, mobile afghan is locked. And now it makes sense. And I like how he was able to still put the right word in place just by knowing what had to go with baits, even if he didn't understand
the entire meaning of the sentence. And that's what we're going for. We don't want anybody to think that they need to have it all figured out before you participate. Participation is the path to understand. And we're all working together. And we're all here to help one another. So excellent work. Sorry, can you do number two?
I am Mohammed. Mohammed Messiah. So yeah, pretty good.
What does it mean?
Fayad or what do you say? Added again?
Okay. Okay. Excellent. Good job. Oh, he sees
and he seems to aim. Excellent. We're great. Great, great. Try. It's not correct. But I'm really glad that you said what you said because this is going to help reinforce the concept, which is why everyone needs to participate, even if they're not sure. So listen to when he translated it. That's when he translated he said
okay, I think I gave him that.
So I did not hear you. Okay. So he says Aina he knows that the question where he translated it as where is Mohammed's car? Okay, so listen, he used the apostrophe and the apostrophe turned them around. Yes. Right. Because in English, if you use the apostrophe, more Hamlet's car, the possessor comes first and the possessed come second. But we have to remember that the order in Arabic follows the order of using Oh, so we would say where is the car of Mohamed
and then we realize oh, wait a second, it can't possibly use words to fill in the blank.
You will notice that yes, yes inshallah.
I am if I am if I will say Yachty
No, thank you so much for for doing that and going through that process because that is really really educational for everybody. Aina if TA will say ality if tak is cool, because that's the default it has nothing to take away from being metaphor and a say out it has a castle. It's made a rule because it's the thing that's possessing them if attack. So instead of what we said before, now we have where is the Where's the car key, as we would say, idiomatically literally where is the key to the car? Where's the key of the car? Excellent work. Good job. Next in line, masala, Masha, Allah, you're very nice. Easy one. Number three. You already did this one.
Okay. Mohammed bin Salman. I was salam rasuluh Mahi.
It wasn't as easy as it could have been because they didn't tell you what how to kill us here.
You did that 100% Rasul Allah He. So let's ask you some enrichment questions, and this one was easy. So what type of sentence are we dealing with
Agim nicely, whereas the motera looked at looked at as Muhammad. So for the number one
number is here. And so what is the grammatical case of muscle and why?
It is meant for? Good why?
Because it's the hub and that's that's the correct answer because the hub and why doesn't have a leaf mammal or a ton we
because it's because of the possessive construction that specifies it. Good because it's smaller, it's possessed. So it doesn't mean
and so then what is the grammatical case of Allah
It is material. Very good. Excellent. Okay, great job. I can make it difficult if I really need to. Um
Next up, Brother Mohammed Thorndike
they been buddy
Oh, this is a tricky one because they left out the first one
to the doctor as far away
The fifth tip by either no
if you want to know whether it's correct or not just translate it you'll know right away.
The doctor is far away.
My doctor okay, I
my doctor is
boss back up just a second. So we know that A B that is has a Customer B we know. That means one of two things. Either either. There's gonna be a preposition here in the blank. Or there's going to be a noun
as part of a possessive construction.
thought that you'd be the Tarik the bee.
bee bee by Ed.
Tara, could we the baby baby? Did you say sorry? Like road? No thought it the name? Thought it will be. Oh, so So translate it. What do you mean to say by that? Well, I want to say that
doctor is far away. Very good. Very good. Excellent. That's a really good thought. And that would be a complete set sentence. But that causes us one problem. And that if, if we were going to say it,
thought the doctor. And that's our move to that, then we would be more for and wouldn't be MedDRA with a customer.
What we need here just like Hola. Hola. Hola who had the same exact thing? Who was he Allah Who more for still I had done. What we need is we need a common noun here
is being possessed by the doctor. Because the doctor can't be measurable. Unless there's some either there's a preposition but that doesn't really make sense here. Or the doctor is possessing something we're talking about. Not the doctor himself, but something possessed by the doctor as far away. So what makes sense here?
Maybe the doctor's office is far away.
That's a good example. So what would we say?
Nice office. I don't know what to office. How do you say office in Arabic offices?
You can use?
We have learned but or is it that
BB? BB varietal? There you go. Excellent work. Masha. Allah. Yes.
mechta Who Bobby buried on. Excellent. So now we see how it's a puzzle. Everything has to fit together. Right? If you if we are going to say one thing it's going to have like I said dominoes. It's going to affect everything else.
Man, just ask the question.
Is this word buying? Is this masculine? Like could this may not have been electric? We have set a CRO over here. No, right? No. And you're, you're anticipating what the next lesson is? Okay, the next lesson and I don't want to intimidate anybody. But everything we've been doing right now, for the most part is dealing with masculine nouns, masculine adjectives, masculine, this and that. And the other. We've learned some feminine names, but that's really
question on this one. Put it down instead of muck taboo by Oh yeah, definitely. Yeah, so Exactly. So as long as it's a common noun that's being possessed by the doctor. It could be whatever makes sense.
But is that gonna be by tote?
It's like or by, like, by
the debut, or by? Yes, exactly beta. So if we wanted to do the same thing, just switch up a different let's put a different
a different one in there. It would be
B to Bobby
That's a good one for you guys, because your house is nice. Not really far away. But
hey, Bobby, we buried.
Yes, the two similar words like ball and thaw. Yeah, we just make it one. But in this case it's not. Oh, you're correct. You're correct. Moxon. If they are right next to each other, and the first one has a spoon. Yes. But we have here we have here, elec lab, and this doesn't have a spoon.
Okay, makes sense. I'm glad you're thinking like that. If this were the if this is what it looked like, 100% Even if, because thought is a is a son letter, right? Even if it was this, we have to do something.
Right? Yes. wouldn't necessarily make it evolve. We do something else. But that's another lesson. But because it has a Halaqa how's it has it been? And
Very good. Thank you.
Do the next one.
I'm just gonna recite some poetry to you person. So in even advisories for months as we Oh, well. I met them when Jensen came in second. Adelaide federal Humby. Well, Bella Eben, so the rule is all conditional upon this first one being.
Okay. I just want to make sure before we do the next one, everybody had their questions answered. I think they finally said, I will say my doctor as far we haven't gotten yet to possessive
pronouns, my yours, whatever. That lesson is going to come down the road a little bit, because it's a different instruction entirely.
Did anybody else have a question? Before we move on? We could substitute any common noun that makes sense. And if we if we were, we want to say the door of the doctor, the doctor's door, if you're at a house and there's multiple, or you're at a business park and there's a doctor's office somewhere in there, they hold the door, the doctor's door as far as anything that makes sense.
Adam can do the next one.
Al Quran new kita Billahi.
Very good. El Fernando uSwitch. She said pizza we
know, we know for a fact that
a lot. First of all, it's the right word. Good. Second of all, this has a casserole. We know that.
This is part of a possessive construction with the tab. A book of Allah. Literally. Okay, now I'm going to ask you some follow up questions.
What type of sentence is this arrow?
Julius me yesterday. And we said before review for everybody. That part, our subject predicate?
Where is the?
Al Quran? That's fantastic. That's what we're talking about oh four. And so I'm gonna write a line right here. Okay. And we also said that the Muqtada is multiple, which here means that we have a mama on arrow.
Now I want to ask a tricky question. Keep tab. You said that key tab has a castle, you said Kitabi. What makes a customer?
The we just have we just read the part of possessive construction, right?
The possessive construction, one of them has to be customer and the other one. It depends on what else was going on in the center. He said that the second part of the possessive construction has to have
the second one it doesn't have to be customer don't and times it's going to be customer. Right? Like where did we have
by we don't have an example yet but what we said in the end be meaning
before the making the customer however, look at the example number three we have Mohamed don't have to them whilst do
what is keytab going to be here? Is it going to be with a cassava or the moment
just ticking that I think I
know I'm not sure
No. Think it has to be the it's Nikita Nikita unknown Allah will be in Akira definitely right definite.
Okay, the whole Kitab Allah he's Nikita or is only Allah He
I like the lines along you're thinking you're thinking it's covered. Okay and
Okay, what else do we know about cover? Okay? Yes, it's neck, you know, but what else about cover? Is How about more footwork with Obama? Or is it Medjool with a casserole, or what? The various Marfa? There's your answer. keytab has to have a moment here. Oh, pick it. Okay. Okay. I was there. To make it customer. Like I said, all Domino's, it's Domino's.
There's nothing before keytab to make it have to have a customer, then it can't have a customer. Okay, I'll keep tab is hover is part of the hover. And so it has done that. And the only reason Allah has a casserole is because it is the second part of the possessive construction.
So fantastic, great job. Now this is really, really important. You see how when we get into the nitty gritty of every single one of these examples, we tease out all the rules that we had learned, which is fantastic. Okay, someone from the same family number six.
Could the jet to been to harm me Hamedan. Very good. Very good. What is the translation of that?
Could be jet is daughter of Hamid. Yes, fantastic. This is a Joomla is meow where's the hover?
The first part, Khadija? Yes. And why did you make? Oh, no, I put beta I was
talking about at the same time.
Khadija is not will have the task is to stop having started. Why did you put a bummer over Vince? How did you know? You're right. But how did you know to do that?
like the possessor like being possessed yet. It's Hamid daughter. So it's the possess possession thing that's being possessed? Always have a mama.
you can be right for the wrong reasons. So it's my job to teach.
Well, that's a proper noun.
I guess I don't know exactly.
This is what we want to learn. Okay, so we said that as part of the move to the where's the hub?
The whole thing, the being to Hamilton? What's the default? Dramatic case of the hub of
the MA? Not that's the reason why. Okay.
There's nothing to change it. So the default is that it's going to be Bumba until something comes to change it in that
has two plus rows because it's the second part of the possessive construction, which means it has to have a customer. Okay, does that make sense?
Okay, if Mohsen can do numbers
I never know modality.
So he said he's choosing even for his word and that's correct. That makes the most sense here. And he pronounced it wonderfully right and he ran it into the back because the first part of Ibn is actually 100 for the muscle which means we only pronounce it in the if we're starting there. And to put a bomber on this Anagnostou here, so this is a Joomla Isthmian Very good. Whereas the hook to that and whereas the
son of teacher is the hover and move today's Anna fantastic, which is exactly why even has a bottom up because it is the great work. Okay, who else do we have on our list here? Shake family, someone from the shake family number eight
ANNA Abel known mother, and I've no
no YBNL with everything with a receipt. And I've told you that. That's excellent. And that's exactly what Watson said just about
oh, what are we looking at?
Because we were debating why does that
example one bubble was a bubble by T? Why is it ending in a Kasara? Why is not ending in a dama?
We were doing the class.
So just talking about also why is that Cassada? Another demo? Which one is talking about? The first example?
Bad, Bad? Bad? Well, the T? Oh, good. Good. Good. Good. Good. Thank you for asking. Okay, because this is part of a
possessive construction, which part of it? bait is the second part? We said, What's fixed about the possessive construction? What's fixed is that the second part has to have a customer. That's what shows that it's doing possessing it's possessing something. If it had a llama,
it would simply mean door, the house, right? It wouldn't mean there any relationship between the two at all. What communicates the fact that there's a relationship of ownership or possession between those two nouns? Is that the second one has a customer
okay, then in the same thing, then,
Muhammad Rasul Allah He, no, very good because is, is there a, thank you for asking this. Now this is very important. I want if you have a doubt, if you don't get it, I want you to ask is the relationship between Mohamed and Rasul a possessive relationship?
No, no, the possessive relationship is between Rasul and Allah. Which is, which is why Allah has a custom. So what's confusing? What's the confusion here, and this is great that we're talking about it is that example number one.
The possessive construction is part of the Muqtada.
Whereas in example, three, the possessive construction is part of the hub. Look at where I drew the line, in a separate, okay. In here, we're talking about babble baiting. That's the moment of that we're talking about the houses door or the door to the house. What are we going to say about it is locked.
our move to that is more simple than that. It's just what happens on the horizon.
That's where our line is. And that's where our word is, would be placed, if we're translating. So Mohamed Salah is what are we saying about Mohamed Salah Saddam, were saying that he is rasuluh life, right? So that's the confusion. Don't be confused by if they put a possessive construction in the Moke. To that and the hover, even in the object of a verbal sentence, even as the subject of a verbal sentence, it can move around, right, but it's a unit, those two words to your words are a unit. And so the second one always have to have customer. The first one is more fluid than that. It depends on what where it is in the sentence. Because that is part of the hook to that the default
mode to that is my llama, which is why bad has gone up here.
And so once I can sorry is it has Massoud has been loved because it is part of the hover and the default position of power is that it has on Yes.
Sorry, this quick question. I think you talk about verbal construction.
These are Joomla smear, right?
You said something like verbal sentence. But I said just just to prove a point. These are all these are all gymnasts meow. Yes. But just to prove a point. The possessive construction can be inside of a verbal sentence. It can. It can it can be anywhere, right? It doesn't have to just be in one place in one in one type of sentence. These two words coming together. They can be part of a Joomla Isthmian. They can be part of the Joomla fairly. They can if they're part of
to the gym, that is Mia. They can be part of the Malta that they can be part of the hub. If they're part of a Joomla Philia, they can be part of the fabric and they can be part of the metal rune they can be the doer of the verb or the object of the verb, it can move around, it's flexible. So the only thing that's fix
in the possessive construction is that the second part has to have castles.
Right? The first part, it's going to move around, it might be in the subject, it might be in the predicate, it might be the doer of a verb, it might be the object of a verb. And so what is going to be the last Holika on that first part of the possessive construction can change can change.
So question in the chat box, so is this correct? Step one, is it a Joomla ischemia? If yes, both Malta and cover will have done the Yes. Step two, if there's a possessive construction with in them up to that or hover, then the mobile populate? Has customer? Yes. Fantastic. Exactly. It's almost like a flowchart. Your first question is, at a higher level, right? Looking at a bird's eye view. What sort of sentence am I dealing with here? If you know the type of sentence you're dealing with, then you know, the parts of that sentence. The parts of those of that sentence has a default grammatical rule.
And it won't ever change from that default grammatical ruling, unless there's something in the sentence itself to make that happen.
Good. Good. Excellent. Does that answer
all the doubts all the question? You see how this is very intricate stuff? Masha, Allah, every little Holika means something.
And our processes to become accustomed to seeing the meaning in those habitats.
Very good. So I think that we left off with Dr. Zia with number eight.
Is that does that answer your question? Yes.
Column talebi MK Suran. Excellent work. All M authority V max. So on translate that for us.
The students pen is broken. Here in this example, the move to that is column of five dB. That's what we're going to give information about, which is why a column has a number because it's part of the move today. Okay, a volleyball was a ball it was part of the move to that. Why does it have a bummer? Because it's the second part of a progressive construction, there has come something into the sentence to change it from its default thing, which would have been a bummer. No cover is maxeon which means it's broken. Great job.
Babel must be the love to love to open
the door of the machine is open.
Now we have just like in the previous example, we have visited doom that is me and
I are thinking to move to the here.
So we have a possessive construction inside of the move today. Why does bad have a mama because it's part of the month. And the default ruling of the move to that is that it has a much smartphone. Okay, smart guy. Why does invest even have a castle if it's part of the book today, because it's part of this possessive construction, which has changed the original BOMA to the castle to show us that the machine is possessing the door. And then the hover is symbol myth two.
Fantastic last one. So if I'm going to, I want to just make the complete things simple. I'm just going to say the door open everything is about the door or whatever everything but the main thing is the door. That's why it's the Dhamma. And what's happened to the door it's open. It could be the door of the masjid the door of those two, whatever it is. That's a good way of thinking about it. The the word mesh sheet is just specifying for us which door we're talking about. But we're not talking about the message. Right that's a very good point. And that's a good way to think about it if anybody else maybe benefit from looking at it that way that the door is the subject of the
sentence. Okay, the fact that it's the door of the machine is just to help us determine okay, what door are we talking about? There's a million doors in the city which door oh the door to the mesh do. Good. And Sister Samira. finish this off with number 10.
Hydrogen Madera, Soo, min max seven McDouble Mythili Oh yeah.
Isola translate that for us.
The teacher left from the principal's office. Fantastic. Now, because of time, we're way over time, but I'm just gonna explain this sentence.
This is what we were looking for. Now look what they did, they gave us a verbal sense of
a Julep earlier. So the parts of the gym that are different than the parts of the gym that ischemia, what do we have? We have there, which is a verb, right? We can do both.
We have subjects, which is that I.
And we have au which is object or URL.
And each of those has a default grammatical ruling there that we're not going to talk about because we're using past tense verbs and past tense verbs don't have a grammatical position. But the fact that we set is going to be by default, more for
and then therefore all by default is going to be men. sube. And men so was with a, that's
okay, so I'll say that time. I'll say your llama. Now let's look at what's actually going on hot Raja.
He left who left? Who's doing the verb? Elmo their resume?
Yes, with Obama, because it is the doer of the verb. It is the fact.
Where did he leave from men? Oh, so our object is instead of just a simple object, it is a prepositional phrase.
Men, neck tabby.
It's not just a simple prepositional phrase either. It's a prepositional phrase with a possessive construction inside of it.
Where did he leave from? It could have been meaning baits. That would have been easy, but no, we're have mean mechta Beetle Moodle.
So we have L moodier and maktab are part of a possessive construction. The principal's office.
And moody has a casserole because it is the second part of the possessive construction. And next up has a Kessler because it is after a preposition.
So we see how the default ruling of the objects having effects doesn't apply here. Why doesn't it apply because we have something intervene. The thing that intervened in the sentence was the preposition. It changed everything.
The preposition affected the word after it. And the fact that this is possessed by the word after that, change that to
that's how Arabic grammar happens. I always compare it to dominance, it's going to affect the thing that comes after.
So I'm really, really glad that they gave us that example. Does anybody have any questions about this example about anything else that we covered today? Before I dismiss the class? I've taken up too much of your time, like you
have a really quick question. So I just want to know the sequence in which we have to deal with it. Because if I took it the other way, so if I said first
mean mean, and like if I took first the preposition, and then I put a casserole there, then it would not make sense for me to do the possessive construction. So the sequence is to first do it for the sentence, whether it's a nominal sentence or over the sentence, then the second thing to do is the possessive construction. And then the third thing to do is the preposition. Yes, I understand what you're saying. And you're right, you're just looking at the sentence from right to left. When you get selected, you come into a problem, because maktab doesn't have any plan. And it won't have 10 weeks. But what you're eventually going to be training your eyes and your mind to recognize is that
if you see a noun, and listen, and it doesn't have a an LE flam, and it doesn't have a 10 week, you're going to start to anticipate that it's possessed by something that comes after. Right.
Does that make sense?
You're right, though. I mean, it's easier in some sense to work backwards to skip your eyes ahead to Alamo theory, and then to work back. Okay, well, I know that it's neck heavy, and we'll do it because that's a unit of understanding. Right? It's like this possessive construction is almost like a unit of thought, the principles that the principal's office.
But when you're reading Arabic, sometimes you have to anticipate by some more subtler things. So both of them are valid ways of looking at
Great job. Anybody else? Any other questions? It looks like we're not going to get to the review lesson. Next class, but probably the class after so next Thursday, remember, I sent out emails class times are changing, starting this week.
An hour later on Wednesday, an hour earlier on Saturday. So 8pm Eastern Time on Wednesday night and seven seasons and 10am Saturday mornings inshallah. Anybody else? Any questions?
Okay, then Excellent work, everybody. Very, very happy, pleased, proud. And thank you so much for giving it your best. And look at how much we learned because of the doubts because of the I didn't understand. That's exactly how we learn. And I think everybody benefited benefited from all of that discussion. Take care. Have a good day, so don't worry