Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Ahzab 9-27 Tafsir 20-21
Dr. Sunil observer, let me add that they have not yet departed, they have not yet gone back to Makkah. I told you earlier that the machine of Macondo various tribes of Arabia, they camped outside of Medina for about a month. And then what happened? Allah subhanaw taala center severe when, and I'm ready the machine there were discouraged because of the discord that noraim even was rude had planted in them. And on top of that, when it became extremely cold, when the weather was extremely rough, what happened? They lost their careers and they left. So they left and the profits on a lot of them centum. So how about to go and check if they had really gone and they had left completed the
tribes of water fan, and also the machine of Makkah, everyone had gone. And the Muslims came to know about this, which is why the Prophet said about Islam told the believers go back home now.
But what happened when I 14? Although they were already in their homes, what did you think? But they have not yet left? Why? Because we're so afraid, so frightened. We're in the middle. And if the company's if the exam should come back, meaning if they should come back a second time? Yeah, what do they would wish who would wish the monastiraki would wish low unknown If only there were meaning if only these donatien were bad, do not fill our lobby once living in the desert among the desert dwellers in the Bedouins by Dune is a Florida bad in from the Republic is bad that well. But and what is Baidu mean? Does it right when we come in and by the way, remember you said earlier some
sections family that Allah has brought to you from the desert? So by the way, is desert, and but they're literally what does it mean? When something is exposed? When something is open? You can see it very clearly easily.
So why is the desert called by the?
Why do you think so? Everything is open, there are no trees, there is no huge rocks or anything like that. It's just plain sand. You might find dunes, but otherwise you don't see anything. So everything is exposed. If you have a person traveling miles away from you, you can see him in the desert because there's nothing between you and him.
So no unknown by doing it, who are by Dune, by Dune, our desert dwellers, those who live in the desert.
So then when I feel clean, they wish that if these zap should come back and attack the Muslims again. They wish that they would be in the desert fill out among the veterans out or VISIT FLORIDA or lobby, meaning they don't want to be in Medina, then
what happens when you go through an extremely difficult situation?
What happens? Either you have the courage to face it again? Because you think oh, it's not that bad. It's not that difficult. It's possible, or you think never again,
there are two outcomes, you go through an extremely difficult situation. One is that you think it's possible I can do it again. You get the courage, you get the confidence. And the other is that no way. I'm not even going close to it. Like for example, some women when they give birth the first time they're terrified. But what happens after giving birth, some women think it's possible. It's painful, but it's possible. Other women think normal children, that I can go through this experience again.
It really depends on how a person has gone through the experience. That is what impacts a person. That is what either gives them courage or terrifies them for the rest of their lives. So what do we see over here that the Mona 14 when they went through this experience of the Battle of arza they lost their courage completely.
And it's amazing that they weren't even present at the trenches. What did they do? They took permission went back homes. They didn't even actively participate in digging of the trenches in in doing the work. They were just watching, commenting, talking. But still it made them so terrified. That afterwards Allah subhanaw taala says that if the Azov should come back, yeah, what do know unknown Bedouin FL Avi they would wish that they would be living amongst the desert dwellers. Yes. aluna. I'm just asking about your news about US News, the news of the Muslims that what's going on? Have they been victorious? Or have they been defeated? Who has died and who is still alive and who
killed Who? Yes. aroona an MBA from just listening to news. They don't want to do anything. They just want to listen to news. That's it. What Oh, can houfy come and Allah says if they were in you, ma pasado en la cadena they will not find accepted therefore meaning if a second time, the outcome, the mystic income and this around you in order to attack you and these monopolies can happen.
To be amongst you, would they fight? No, they would not fight a lot, except Just a little.
So what do we see over here that the NFL he does not wish to do anything for the day, he is only concerned about his personal security, about his personal benefit. He'd rather be away listening to the news of what's going on. But he does not wish to participate.
It's amazing how if you love something, can you stay away from it? Can you? No way? If you're concerned about something, can you stay away from it? You cannot. So how is it possible that we say all the time we love the game? We're concerned about the dean, we're concerned about this, we're concerned about that. But when it comes to doing something, we're away for so long. This is all possible. There's a discrepancy over here. If you love something, you can not stay away from it.
If you love to do something, you will participate in it.
I mean, we are supposed to love the deen we are supposed to have a loss of penalty and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. That is a part of Eman And we should say that as well. But that love we have to develop? And how do you develop that? By your attachment with it, not by staying away from it?
So the Menaka thing, what would they want, they would not want to participate? They would just want to stay away and keep in the loop. Okay, just tell me what's going on? That's it. Yes.
And Allah says, if these people were actually in you, they wouldn't do much. So such people don't follow them. Don't emulate them. Because what do we see from an African? What were they doing constantly calling the rest of the universe come join us? We're leaving leave. But a Lost Planet. Allah says these people, they're not worth following. Don't emulate them. Don't walk in their footsteps.
Because many times what happens such people who stay away who have sharp tongues, they managed to become leaders, isn't it? They attract others. They become very influential. And other people they think oh, wow, look at them. They say such great things. They're working so hard. Why do I have to work so hard? Isn't it so other people they tend to follow them? For the last panel Dallas has no they're not sure leaders locker, the can and a configure a suit in the hospital. You have a beautiful example. In who in the Messenger of Allah Allah.
He is your leader. You should be following him. Not these one African. Not those people who stay away. But those people who do something
the other can Allah come. There is certainly for you feel a Sunni lay in the Messenger of Allah with sweat and Hasina? A beautiful example. An excellent example. What does I mean by this? Well?
Hamza seen? Well, that's the route. And that's what is basically good. What is
that which is an example? A model?
Something that is followed? Someone who is emulated could be good, could be bad in the literal sense.
Could be good. And also, it could be bad. More sets from the same root masa. What does it mean to wish Well for one another,
now a leader? Does he wish well for his people, a good leader? Of course he would the people do they wish well for the leader, they should swap is used for such a leader, or such a model. Such an example in which one finds comfort,
that when you look up to him, they comfort you. When you look at their example, when you hear what they have to say they're a source of comfort for you. They're a source of encouragement for you. So such an example in which you find comfort, a source of comfort for who for those who are grieved, for those who are suffering, for those who are working hard.
You know, when you have to sacrifice and you have to put in a lot of effort, sometimes you feel you're doing too much, and why do you have to do it? Many people don't do it. Why should you take it so hard upon yourself? But if you look at someone who is working harder than you, doesn't make it easy for you, does it? Of course, but if you keep looking at people who are slacking, then what happens? Do you become lazy? Of course you do. So what motivates you? Who encourages you? Someone who is working harder than you? Someone who is also trying harder than you. So Allah subhanaw taala says la katakana leconfield rasulillah he was sweating. Hassan, if you look up to the Prophet
sallallahu wasallam at a time that you're struggling, you'll find comfort, you'll be encouraged. And this is a swear that is has an excellent but this also isn't hasn't it's not for everyone. It's for who those who are working hard, obviously
Isn't it? Because when is that you look up to a person who's working extremely hard. You're trying to work hard. You look up to them, you get encouraged. If you're doing nothing, and you look up to a person who's working very hard, what do you say? I would never do it.
How difficult How boring. I could never do this.
So the profits are the law. The center is an Ursula has an eye for who? Not for everyone, but only for those who are working hard. And who are those people who are working hard leemon can al joola for the one who expects who hopes who looks forward to the meeting with who? Allah Allah serpentine, even Canna yoga Maha yoga, Raja Yoga as you know, means to hope and also to fear. So this can be understood in two ways. That the one who looks forward to his meeting with Allah and a person who is looking forward to his meeting with Allah. Isn't he working hard? Of course he is. And he also also means to fear. So the one who fears Allah lemon Cana, your doula will Yeoman here and also the last
day, he is preparing for the last day. He's working hard for the last day, which is why he's struggling. He has high goals. He's putting in effort, whether Corolla cathedra, and he remembers a lot much.
If you look at the Battle of Honda, and the role that the profits that have been played in this battle, what do we see? How was he? He was in the people with the people, when they were digging the trenches. He was digging the trenches with them. When they were carrying the dirt outside of the trenches, he was doing the same. If they were trying to break rocks, huge boulders, was a profit satellite isn't doing the same? Of course he was. If they were hungry, was he hungry? Yes, he was. If he was standing, guarding the trenches, was he doing it? Yes, he was doing that as well. In this extremely difficult time, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he did not stay away from the people rather
he was amongst them.
He did not prefer any VIP treatment for himself. When Javid around who came and whispered to him, I have prepared food for you. What did he say?
Oh, you people who are digging the trenches come, there's a banquet.
He didn't like any VIP treatment for himself, although he was a leader.
Isn't that amazing? If somebody treats us in a special way, we feel so special, we've been excluded. We're being given VIP treatment. We like it so much. We don't want to be with the rest of the people with a common people with everyone. But the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he was amongst everyone he was with his companions, he stayed with them.
And when the zap had left, and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said to people go home, they left but the Prophet son of Allison was of the last people who went last people, when in fact, he had hardly gone when gbu came inside, we have to go on another expedition.
So this was a source of great encouragement for the Sahaba. That if we are digging, and you look, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is digging, I should be doing this.
You know, for a moment when you think I think I'll go now I'm too tired, I'll take a break. And you see someone older than you they're working doesn't make you shy. Like if they're working, I should be doing it too
many times what happens? You do something because other people are doing, isn't it? Like, for example, someone older is fasting.
And you think there's so much more older than me? If they can fast I cannot first, of course I can.
Similarly, you see that someone older, is getting up to pray. If they can get up to pray, I cannot get up to pray. How is it possible? They're reciting the Quran if they're reciting the Quran, I cannot do it. Of course I should. So when other people are struggling more than you, it becomes a source of great encouragement for you. So the prophets are allowed to set them up as a source of great encouragement for the Sahaba in this battle, and those have ever been told, you should look up to him. He is your model. He should be your example.
In this is great praise for the prophets of Allah certainly know that. He's been praised over here that you are like an example for the rest of the people they should follow you. You are a good leader.
So what do we see that who is a leader
who is a leader, who is a good leader, a true leader? Someone who takes it easy, who just tells people do this, do this, do this? And if you have any problems and just call me? What does he do?
who leads people by example.
He doesn't just designate and leave. What does he do? He works along with the people. It's very good that you designate the work because it will make your work easier you can accomplish
More. But it doesn't mean you designate and you say bye. And you see people after six months, no, this is not a good leader.
Somebody who was once telling me that at their work their bosses like this, that he just comes and he yelled at everybody. And he says, oh, you're not doing your work, you're being lazy, and I need to replace all of you threatened them is very harsh towards them. And, you know, one or two days, it's like this, and then third day doesn't show
one week he's gone. Where business trip, it's not a business trip. It's actually a fun trip. So what happens when your boss is like that, when your leader is like that? Are you motivated to work for him? Or you know,
you think if he can come late, I can come late. If he can not do his work and have no idea about his email, then Same here, I can be the same.
What is it that motivates you to work better? Your leader, your boss? If they are doing excellent, then what do you do, you have to do excellent. If they're putting in their best, then you also will put your best because you see if they're working so hard, it's wrong on my part, that I don't work equally hard.
The other person is putting in so much effort, and I don't do my job. This is so unfair.
So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he is described over here as an iswa hustler.
And this also has an especially for the companions, but not just for the companions also for us, also for the rest of the believers. Why? Because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he was sent as a guide for all people.
So no matter what role you're playing, no matter what kind of work you're doing, anything that you're doing, you can find the best example in the prophets analyzer.
Like, for example, for a teacher, you can find the best example in who in the profits are the loudest. But even for the student,
even for the student, you know how, in through the legend is described how, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam received revelation, or when he was taken up to Sidra, to monta and he was being instructed how he behaved at that time, how he was at that time that Mazda will bust through.
That he was so focused that his busser did not look here and there, nor did it look beyond what it was supposed to look like.
You understand that? Imagine you're up there in the heavens. Wouldn't you be like, Wow, look at all of that stuff. But we see that he was focused. He wasn't looking around Mozelle, Bizarro, we're not looking beyond what he should be looking at.
So an excellent example for everyone, someone who is wealthy, and someone who is suffering from poverty, hardship, someone who is healthy and someone who is ill.
The Prophet sallallahu sallam, he lived a healthy life, and also he became ill.
So you find an excellent example in who in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in every way, no matter what role you're playing, as a leader, as a spouse, as a brother, as a friend. You have an excellent example in who in the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And if you look at the life of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he underwent many, many hardships. And he was extremely brave, extremely courageous. Think about it, who would go up and stay at a mountain in a cave? In the darkness of the night away from so many people without a cell phone?
Who would do that? Would you have the courage to do it? No. But the Prophet said a lot Isn't he went up to Mount villa. And he would stay there for so many days.
And then migrating from Mecca to Medina, such a difficult journey, dangerous journey, life threatening trip, going to f5 then going through the battles of budget and overhead, and then handle
these instants, what do they show to us that he was so courageous, he was so strong. Do you ever see him panicking, ever? You ever read in the books of zero that he was extremely frightened? And he was panicking, and he gave up and he left? No. We learned that the Azov when they came, and the wind was blowing, it was extremely chilly. What did the leaders do the leaders left First, it is said that I was a fan. He got up first. And he said whether you leave or not, I'm leaving. And he said that he was supposed to be the leader and you would leave without your people. So then I was a fan waited, he waited for the rest of the people to back up and leave and then he left with them.
But the profits are a lot is that um, did he leave the people? They leave his companions? No, he didn't leave them. So an excellent example for every single person in who in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
and also because he was extremely courageous, he never gave up. And in times of difficulty, he turned to a loss of hangtime he made the which is why we see that throughout this battle, what was he doing he was making to our to our last panel at the back
By the head what did he do he made the right to Allah
was with an hacer una. Now he is no sweat and has center but for who who will benefit? Who will really look up to him? Lehman Can I have Jolla who was
the one who looks forward to
the meeting with Allah subhanaw taala also the Day of Judgment the last day that he wants to be successful over there. So a person who believes in Allah, a person who believes in the last day, and a person who remembers a lot much it cannot be that he will not take the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as an example. It cannot be that he says, I believe, but he does not work hard.
Because of the profits of a lotus that have worked so hard. What should we be doing? Working equally hard or doing nothing? We cannot work equally hard, but at least we can strive.
So lumen kerio de la ville, Yeoman, aka where they're kind of like a healer? So a person who has the goal of being successful in the afro, whose example will he follow of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? And what is his example of courage, of hard work? of not running away, but rather facing the challenge?
And we see that another thing that is mentioned over here is that what they call a lot of fear that a person who remembers a lot much he will find an excellent example in the profits of a lot of sudden not the person who does not remember a lot. Then when does he truly believe in a lender last year, he doesn't want me to nassima Yoku, amen, I will, I will do me a favor. What does Allah say?
They're not actually believers. And then when asked does he remember Allah subhanaw taala, no wilayat, Karuna, Ilaha, Illa Allah and except a little.
So this ayah is about a specific context, which is the context of the battle, that in situations like this, you have an excellent example in the profit sort of all of a sudden, but this it can also be understood in a general sense that he is an excellent example of hard work of sacrifice leading by example. And we must also
be seen hunting
so for example, the situation that we're in right now,
in right now, what's on your mind?
heat, it's hot?
Of course it is. I can see it on your faces.
So if you look up with the example of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, what do we see? What did he do in extreme heat? at the Battle of the book, when people had to cut open the stomach's of the camels in order to get water to drink so that they could survive?
What did he do? Was he patient? Yes. Did he complain? No. Did he give up? No. Did you say I'm leaving? No. This is
that you look up to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and see what did he do in this situation?
How did he
Deal with it. And this is what Allah subhanaw taala is telling us to do. Look up to his example, see what he did and do the same. Don't look at people around you who are weak, who run away who give up? No. Look up to the example of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, who was the most successful man?
If you look around yourself, there are many, many people whose example you can follow people who are working extremely hard people who are not working hard. Now, who should you follow someone who wants Good for you.
Now then, when everything what was their behavior, I sure hadn't become extremely greedy and selfish when it comes to taking from you they take take take when it comes to giving. They don't give a single thing, extremely selfish. They ran away, they didn't participate. They made excuses. They abandoned the rest of the Muslims. They did this at HUD. They did this at handbook. And they did this act the book and many other times as well. They abandoned the Muslims, should you follow someone like them? No way. And the prophets, Allah said, What was his behavior? How was he? He was with the believers at HUD at conduct at the book at every occasion. And he struggled along with
the example of the hypocrite, like you were thinking most of time, we have to see who are we following. But sometimes, we think we look at the people who are deceiving, we look at the people who are lying. And we think are they getting away with a lot. For example, in the class, if you see someone effort is cheating, you think if she can do it and get away with it, I will do it. If you see, even in Tara, we have seen some people stay behind while they mommy's reading prayer. So they encourage other people to go there as well. So usually we find we follow the example of these people because we thinking that getting away with whatever they're doing, and they're having so much fun.
And but we have to remember that they are not our
very true, they're not our swag, that it's amazing how sometimes the tarawih prayers are going on. And constantly you can hear people talking and talking and talking, constantly talking. I mean, I can understand if there are mothers who are looking after their children, or if there are other sisters who are volunteering to look after them. But why do you have to talk so much while you're disturbing those people who are praying? And what happens? One person says, Oh, I prayed to I'm going to miss the next two. And then I'm gonna go pray the two after that. This Come and sit with me. Let's talk I haven't seen you in so long.
Are they useful for you? People who are staying behind themselves and they're encouraging you along my line? Should you go to them? No. The profits are a lot of them is the best example for you who stood up in prayer in the night. Look at all those people who were standing.
I was amazed, at Ravi Salah I saw this woman, she had two children with her. And one was lying on the floor sleeping. And the other was sitting next to the child who was sleeping. And she was praying.
And there other young women who don't even have children, and what are they doing? Just talking?
I was just sharing with you. Like I faced a challenge that I was given a group in my hospital that were like you can say neglected and they were like very stubborn to work. And they were like a bad group of bad when you know. So they all were like in my group. Imagine if you have like 1012 and then they don't want to work. They don't want to do anything and I don't know what happened in the past and who was teaching them. So I said okay, now this was a big huge lie. Everybody told me you know what, whatever you do, they're not going to listen to you, you know, but I said, inshallah life will I work hard on them, I'll be with them. I'll support them. I'll teach them property. That was
my fu I was so had in mind in my heart that this will not happen the whatever they say. They said, We tried for 10 years, it didn't work. I said let me try and shall.
So I worked with them. And they were so surprised because nobody acknowledged them before. I was like a head of section. So they thought how can I help section is, you know, helping us doing discussions with us taking our papers, making our files and everything. They were surprised by that things.
And by the end of the time, when every section had were there, and my section did in the best in front of everyone like it's not like they were surprised at how come they are doing so good. So we should have this casualties that don't go for the words of the people what they say just try hard and work for them and and the thing is leading other people by example, that one isn't just come and say you're supposed to do this work, please do it and leave yourself and the other is that you're actively in the people participating, guiding them, leading them at every step, telling them what to do working for them. It makes a huge impact. You know why?
is a leader who is amongst the people and the other is a leader who is away from the people who is more successful, the one who is in the people. And this is relevant in every situation, every situation whether a person is in the role of a babysitter or the role of being a mother, a parent, you cannot influence your children unless and until you are with them. If you stay away from your children, don't go anywhere with them, don't do anything with them. And just at dinnertime, you yell at them, tell them what to do and what not to do, will they listen? No way.
You have to be with them.
Similarly, a person could be the role of being a teacher being an in charge in any role. If you want the people under you to do something, do it first yourself, when you will do it, they will do it too. And if you don't do it, remember, they will not do it.
Because when two people are working together, then what happens? Allah subhanaw taala has helped is with them. But if one does Leanna that he doesn't do what he's supposed to do, then what happens? Allah help is lifted away from those people. One does the ANA, the other will do fan. So if the incharge if the leader, the person who is head if they're not doing their work, how can they expect the people under them to do the work? The Sahaba, if they did something at the Battle of trench, they stayed hungry. They didn't complain, they stayed up in the night in the day. That was because the prophets are allowed to celebrate that with them. He led them by example.
So in this ayah, we learned about two things, first of all, how a leader should be and secondly, we as Muslims, whose example we should be following, Who should we be looking up to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam or somebody else? The Prophet sallallahu is
because it's a part of human psychology that people look up to others and they emulate others. And if one is afraid, what will he do? He will spread the fear. If one is courageous, bold, then what will he do? He will spread that courage. So we should be a source of courage for other people, not a source of fear for others, not a source of discouragement for others that I'm not doing anything you don't do it either. People who slack off what are they telling other people to do? The same? And people who are hard working What are they telling other people to do? The same
was nearest to everyone and their y's are
how much we know about the Prophet system and how much we know about our mothers because once I was teaching the child and I was stressing very much on this thing that we should love him we should follow Him and the child was so innocent. So honesty said to me, how can I love someone if I don't know someone? So it was a very wake up call for me that no prophets Allah Salaam, so that if we share this ayah with them, they could take in?
Exactly. If you think about it many times when we teach children about the life of the Prophet sort of odd is that under zero of the Prophet sort of Arsenal, we tell children about Okay, this battle took place in the Michigan, you know, they came and the Jews that did that. And that's it. And we don't tell them about the Prophet sallallahu sallam, how hard he worked, how he was a role model for others, how he was hungry. He sacrificed because only when they get to know about the Prophet sallallahu Sallam will they want to follow him. Will they develop love for him? You can only follow someone whom you know, you see, you know what they do?