Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Kahf 1-8 Word Analysis and Tafsir 1-4
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Are the below him in a shared language Julius Malema Rahim
lesson number 150. sola tolka is number one to eight.
Soto calf is Mr. Kimura.
And it was revealed between the eighth and 10th year of digital.
And between the eighth and 10th year of digital, the persecution against the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the believers had reached its peak.
And this solar, it was revealed after sort of the last year to the last year that is under 30 inches.
This sort of has 110 verses. The name of the sutra is alcohol
and alcohol is a cave.
And why is it called alcohol? Because in this surah, Allah subhanaw taala mentions the story of the people of the game.
With regard to the virtues of the sutra, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Whoever memorizes den ayah and according to others, three iron from the beginning of solitude will be protected from the fitna of the journal.
He will be protected from the fitness of the journal men hafler are shot at him in a windy surah telegraphy, Earth Lima minute the jet
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also said that whoever recites a little calf on Friday,
every Friday, the one who recites the surah, it will illuminate him with light from one Friday to the next.
Every morning, we make dua to Allah, Allahu Medina for your convenience.
And this life a person reads every Friday, Allah will provide him with light from that Friday, to the next Friday. What does light mean? That you can see, you can tell you can see the way you know what to do you know what not to do, nor is he Daya guidance, so Allah will provide him with light from that Friday to the next.
So there are many benefits in memorizing parts of sorbitol calf, and there are also many benefits in reciting the sutra regularly.
You know, it is recorded that Elvira even as if he said that a man recited alcohol.
And there was an animal in the house, which began acting in a nervous manner. How would that be that the animal moves or it makes some noise. So he looked and he saw a fog or cloud that was overhead that was above him. And this was very strange. So he mentioned this, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, you cannot fool an inner Sakina to denzler in the Quranic Odin asila Lin,
meaning keep on reciting so and so person for this is the tranquility which descends, when one reads Koran or because of reading the.
So we see that at that time, the person was reciting Soraka.
If you notice sort of Islam, it begins with silver hand and lead. And it ends with Alhamdulillah. Especially all Alhamdulillah
and this surah, the next surah, after sort of Islam, it begins with Alhamdulillah. There are many other sources of the Quran, which begin with the words and hamdulillah as well, such as Soto Fatiha and sort of Saba, and sort of felt that they all begin with Alhamdulillah. And the phrase Alhamdulillah appears a total of 38 times in the Quran.
Why does a surah begin with Alhamdulillah? For two reasons.
First of all, that we're being informed that All praise is for Allah, oh people know this.
And secondly, we are also being taught the etiquette of beginning something that is important.
What is the proper etiquette
that when you begin when you start, you should do the opening, by praising Allah soprano
because many times when we start something important, we tend to feel very proud about it. We then do be very impressed by ourselves, be very happy with ourselves. So at that time, a person must remember that this is only by the blessing of Allah. This is only by the help of Allah.
So at the beginning, make sure mentioned Alhamdulillah say Alhamdulillah
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
al hamdu lillahi Leddy
All praise is due to the one who
Allah De Anza Allah, Allah, Allah de Ville kita, the one who has sent down upon his servant, the book, The Scripture
and this book while I'm here, and he has not made law, who in it, religion, any deviance whatsoever, All Praise to Allah Why? Because he has sent down upon his servant, the kita
and he has sent down upon his servant Akita that is not ordinary, but it is a kita that does not have any deviance in it, it is free from any deviation, any error
Alhamdulillah unhemmed hound is was full Mahmoud bill come in Maha button, whatever
it is to mention the most perfect attributes, the most perfect traits, qualities of someone who is praiseworthy
of someone who is praiseworthy, not someone who's not praised waiting.
Why? out of love, and out of veneration,
out of love, admiration, and out of respect.
And by this definition of all other words that are used for praise, they're excluded.
Because other words of praise, they're used for just praising someone. It does not necessarily give the meaning of praising someone out of love, or out of respect.
Or that person really deserves that praise. Because many times people will praise others, even if they're not worth anything. They will just praise them to get some benefit out of them or to be saved from some harm that they could incur at their hands.
So many people praise and praise is many times not genuine. But we see that hum is genuine praise, it is true praise. It is such praise that the mood deserves
and it implies admiration. It implies humility. It implies submissiveness and it also implies gratitude on the part of the one who is offering the praise.
So I'll handle all praise. All thanks all admiration, sincere praise is for who lilla he is only for Allah.
Notice lillahi lamb over here gives meaning of if the sauce that he is the only one who deserves his praise.
Why is he the only one who deserves praise? or Why is he the only one who deserves all praise?
Because first of all, he is perfect in his being and also in his attributes.
As we mentioned before, many times people praise others, although they don't have anything special about them. They don't deserve any of that praise whatsoever. But Allah deserves all and perfect praise because of the perfection of his being. And because of the perfection of his attributes. Allah is the only one who is perfect and everyone and everything besides Him is imperfect.
Secondly, all praises for Allah. Why? Because of his blessings, because of his kindness, because of his many graces that he has bestowed upon his creation that are both law hid, and are also battling
that are evident, that are apparent, and they're also hidden. We can see some of those blessings and other blessings we don't even see. Some we can realize others we don't even realize so Alhamdulillah because of his numerous blessings that he has bestowed on people.
And these blessings include the blessings of Deen the blessings of dunya and the blessings, the graces that will also be bestowed in the hereafter.
And if you look at it, and hamdulillah over here is mentioned. And afterwards a las panatela is described
that who is Allah, Allah De Anza, Allah Allah Abdel kita, the one who has sent down upon his servant, a book. So this is why Alhamdulillah
all praise to him. Why? Because he has revealed his book upon who upon his Noble Messenger. And as we have learned from the previous sutra, that this book is one of the greatest blessings that Allah has given to people. So all praise and thanks to him for sending this book for guiding
People for guiding us, a lady unzila the one who sent down upon who? upon Muhammad Sallallahu ala Abdi upon his servant.
If you notice, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has been described as a, as a servant, but over here he hasn't been described as la suli. Whereas he was also era. So
similarly, other characteristics are not mentioned over here. But specifically it's the characteristic of being an OB to Allah, that is mentioned.
And who is
someone who is in complete submission to the
this is who a slave is. This is who a servant is someone who is in complete submission to the other.
So the prophets are a lot of sudden is called the abbot over here. Why? For several reasons. First of all, he is called to clarify that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was and
the fact that he was made a messenger, the fact that Allah revealed a book to him, did not make him equivalent to Allah did not make him superior to Allah. No, no. Although he has been given this great blessing, this great gift, still, he is an act of Allah.
And secondly, he has been described as why, in order to honor the prophets of Allah.
One might wonder, where's the honor in being described as a slave of someone? Because we think if you're a slave of someone, that's disrespect. That's not honor. But the fact is, that the prophets or the Lotus Allah was the most devout and obedient of all the servants of Allah soprano.
He was our burden, Basha, he was the most devout and obedient of all men of all humans. This is why he is described as our because if you think about it, every creation of Allah, every person is what and up to Allah servant to Allah. Whether they acknowledge it or not, whether they show any humility and submissiveness or not they are in arguable but if someone is called an avatar of Allah, what does it show, they really proving themselves to be?
They are really excelling in this quality.
So this is why the prophets are a lot of them is called over here.
And we see that being a slave of someone who is honorable, is actually a privilege
isn't it's being a servant, being in service to someone who is honorable is a privilege.
We see that once this man who was in love with a woman, he said, In verses a poetry that letter the Rooney in Libya or the her do not address me Do not call me except by the name or slave of her. Yeah, over the her for in who Ashraf who Esma
because indeed it is the most honorable of my names, it is the most honorable of my titles. So anytime you want to call me, call me or servant of her meaningful servant of the one whom you love, because that name is the most honorable of my name.
So when the Prophet said a lot of sentiments called the act of Allah, this is for the purpose of honoring,
and also use called an act of Allah, out of love. This is an expression of love as well.
We see that the prophets of Allah is Allah has been called as the act of Allah at many times and many places in the Quran. But we see that mainly he is described as Abdullah in three contexts
in three contexts, and one of those three contexts First of all, with regards to the revelation of the Quran,
like over here, and the De Anza Allah Allah Abdi Hill keytab, the one who sent down upon his servant the book
seminary we learned in sort of a con is number one develop a lady kneser lol four corner olarak de blesser is the one who sent will reveal the Quran upon his servant.
Similarly in salted Hadid, number nine Allah subhanaw taala says who will lead the unit zero Allah Allah de at the Unity
so this is one context.
Another context in which the prophets of Allah Sen is called the art of Allah is when he is bestowed a huge favor. A huge blessing, a great gift. And that gift was off the journey of Islam.
That's over Hanna lady as ra B IV D Leyland
and the third context is when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is being defended by Allah soprano.
For example in total belcarra number 23 we learn what in quantum field even man is Allah Allah Urbina to be sold it, Miss Lee, if you doubt concerning what we have revealed an hour servant, then produced something like the Quran. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is described as Abdullah in three main contexts.
So Alhamdulillah All Praise to Allah, the One who sent down the book, meaning the Quran upon his servant, while O'Meara and he has not made level for it, meaning in the Quran, he has not made religion, any crookedness whatsoever.
is used for crookedness.
Remember, there's a word or OGE or wedge, with a factor underlying and this word is a wedge with a fessler under the
R which is physical crookedness. It is such crookedness, which can be easily seen, easily noticeable. It can be easily noticed by the eye, you see that the table has bent, you see that the pillar is bent. We don't really have to measure. You don't really have to use some very sensitive equipment to make sure that the thing is completely 100% straight or it has bent. No, it's visibly bent. It's visibly crooked. There is no doubt about that. And rewatch is when something is crooked, when something is deviated, but it is intangible meaning. It is the crookedness of something that is conceptual.
It is a crookedness, the deviation of something that is conceptual, like for example, an idea, a thought, similarly, morals values, that you hear that this person believes such and such, or he does such and such, he says such and such and you know that this is not your heart is not accepted.
So Allah subhanaw taala says that he has not placed in the Koran, any kind of airwatch notice that religion is no killer. What does that show, not even a little bit of deviation, meaning everything that is in the Quran is correct. Or being healthy and the Navajo will be happiness, it is accurate, there is no afterlife in it. And there is no catnip and there are no lies in it. There is no false statement in the Quran.
Whether it is some news that almost panatela gives or it is some command or prohibition, or in the words and meanings, there is absolutely no deviation. There is no difference there is no afterlife. But rather the Quran is coherent. It is clear, and the Quran is accurate, it is full of truth. And it is full of hate for people.
We don't insult the Zuma I number 28 for an Albion, lawyer, the rewatching that I Lumia the goon it is an Arabic and without any deviance so that the people can become righteous, so that the people can save themselves. And if the Quran had even a little bit of deviation, then it would not be a source of guidance. It would not lead to taqwa, it would not lead to being saved from the hellfire.
So the fact that the Quran leads to goodness shows that there is no error in the Quran. There is no deviance in the Quran. And this is why Alhamdulillah This is why all praise and thanks to Allah.
Because this is a book that guides people that leads them to play, there is nothing that is blameworthy in this.
Everything is beneficial. Every statement, every word,
a human more attributes of the Quran, more description of this book that Allah subhanaw taala has given to his servant
that he has made the Quran by him. He has made the Quran straight, correct, right and proper.
If you look at it in the previous aisle when Allah subhanaw taala says, well, mujer, Allahu La Jolla, this is negation of any flaw, that the Quran is free of any flaws, it is free of any imperfections, any deficiencies and after the negation of what comes what is mentioned, the affirmation off command off perfection.
If you notice lemmya you're on the hook and now a positive quality
And what is that a human and this is what is complete praise. This is what is a complete description of something. This is what it does not have and this is what it has.
And when it's mentioned in a good way that this does not have any flaw, any fault but rather it has these good qualities, then this is perfect praise of something. It is said in Arabic, Leah Avila Talia
that does Leah removing the bad removing the misconceptions, it comes before the halia before adorning. So before you give a good impression, what do you have to do? Remove the misconceptions. And this is what Allah subhanaw taala is teaching us over here remove the misconceptions and then give a good impression that the Quran is spying
on you is from the root letters of well me and Parma como su Stan
and the word by him has many meanings.
First of all, by you means Mr cream and what is Mr creamy one that is straight one that is right one that is upright,
it is free of any deviation it will lead you to the destination it will not lead you here and there. But rather it is Mr. Serato Mr. Payne what is that a way that is straight? That is correct, it is proper it will lead you to the destination.
So this What are you meaning it is right it is upright, there is nothing wrong in it. There is no deviation in it
in Serato and I have 115 Allah subhanaw taala says what are medically matters because cinecon were idler and the word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and also injustice
in throttle vagina is number two to three, we learn fee her go to one by him in it our writings that are correct, that are upright that are perfect.
symmetry and sort of Islam is number nine we learn in the Quran. Yeah, the lady here indeed the score and it guides to that which is more suitable because it is Muslim.
Secondly, the word volume also means one that sets right one that rectifies one that put something properly in its place, it makes it straight, it sets it right it rectifies it.
So the Quran is are you meaning it rectifies it sets right? What does it set right? What does it rectify
our lives, our manners, our behaviors, our thoughts, beliefs, actions, relationships. So quite honestly him It improves you it rectifies you
and secondly, the Quran is also by him how that it also sets right how that it confirms and it preserves and sets in order the message of the previous books.
It sets right the message of the previous books
because the previous scriptures that our last panel data had sent for the guidance of people, what happened, they were corrupted by the people. They were changed by the people they were altered by them. So called on Allah has sent as a way to rectify to put right the message of the previous scriptures.
We learn in the Quran, one zelner la calcaterra bill healthy Messiah Deacon Lima bagnaia de he menial, kitabi wamu, Haman and La he
and we have revealed to you the book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture, and also as a criterion over it in sort of the Marita eye number 48.
Thirdly, the word claim also means more detail. And what does that mean? When something is justly balanced,
when something is free from any extremes, when it does not go to extremes, but rather it shows the way of moderation because remember the literal meaning of the word by you call me a coma stand to be right to be straight. So are you it is justly balanced? It does not bend onto one side nor does it bend on to the other side.
So how is it more than that? How is it just events?
That first of all, it shows a balanced way of life.
The Quran does not teach you that you should just hold on to this dunya and forget about everything else. Nor does it teach you that you should completely abandon the dunya
so many times were made to realize what the reality of the life of this world is that this dunya is summer and cadila. But at the same time, we were told, lead up to human folly, so that you can obtain out his bounty, you can go travel, you can make money. And Allah subhanaw taala mentioned so many of the blessings that he has bestowed upon us.
So we see that the Quran shows a balanced way of
how a person can live in this dunya and he can prepare for the, at the same time,
how he can stay in this dunya not fully engrossed in it, and at the same time, not even completely abandoning it.
Also, we see that the Quran is balanced in another way, how that its style, its manner is very modern, it's very balanced, that where there is warning, there is also glad tidings
where there is mention of punishment, there is also mention of reward.
And also we see that the commands that are lost panatela gives in the Quran, they are free from extremes, they're free from extremes, because the commands they are such that they are not more than the ability of people,
a lot of panel data does not expect from us, what is beyond our ability, we see So, many times commands are given concessions are given, isn't it exceptions are given because Allah subhanaw taala knows that
there is no difficulty that is imposed upon them through this hole on nor there is neglect of the people, but rather everything that is mentioned the Quran, it is very considerate of what people go through. So this call on a loss of data has made it a what are the three meanings of why you must have been one that is right. Secondly, one that sets right and thirdly more than one that is justly balanced.
Why is the last panel data made the Quran such Leon zero so that he can work? Li Lam is off reason that the reason why the Quran is such that lemenager Allahu every Raja
and before that the reason why he has sent the Quran upon his servant or that Arc de and the reason why he has made Quran Iam is so that the people can be warned the user so that it can warn,
who can warn
either the Quran or the messenger, that are the servant of Allah soprano.
And warn about what, but essentially, then, a severe punishment
in the Quran is the warning of a severe punishment. bass is difficulty, its problem. And it also means punishment like and sort of our eye afore we learn for a while, but sooner
or later, service also means punishment.
So that the people can be warned of a severe punishment. Milla don't rule from him, meaning a punishment, that would be from Allah, and a punishment that is from Allah, no one can escape it, no one can avoid it.
But at the same time, the score also gives the sheet where you Bashir, and he gives good news to a lot meaner to the believers. So we see over here, the balance of
that where there is warning, there is also good news, where there is there is also tip sheet.
Now, if you notice this is where the warning is mentioned the zero, it has not been mentioned who the warning is for.
But where the good news is mentioned, it has been specified that who The good news is for where you buy, sure, and meaning.
So who is a warning for them?
If you notice, many, they're the ones for whom the good news is. So the opposite of good news is warning and the opposite of meaning is caffeine so the warning is for them.
However, this also shows to us another point, which is that the warning is general. The warning is for everyone regardless of who they are, regardless of whether they believe or they don't believe because everyone needs reminders. Even believers need warnings.
Instead of Miriam, I am 97 we learn for innama Yes So now we'll be Lisa Annika Lee to be sure I'll be talking with Tony Robbins
or profits or a lot of sudden we have only made the Quran easy in the Arabic language, that you may give good news, thereby to the righteous and warn thereby
So we see that yes, warning is primarily for those who are opposite of meaning, but at the same time, everyone is in need of warning.
So warning of essentially then, and why is the punishment called shady? Because the punishment of the Hereafter is much more severe compared to the punishment of that.
And at the same time, the Quran also gives good news but to move money, but which believers just those who say we believe there's a condition. There's a warning for those believers who and levena Yama, Luna sada, those who do righteous deeds, those who perform righteous deeds.
Now the question is, what are righteous deeds? Or monosol? Is it just any deed that a person thinks is good that a person assumes will have a good result? No. A righteous deed? A good deed is that which is first of all, approved by the Quran and Sunnah.
What is the opposite of Sunnah
with our innovation,
so I'm on a solid is that good deed which is approved by the Quran and Sunnah. And it is free of innovation.
And secondly, I'm an asylee is that deed which is done with sincerity, with sincerity with Islam, for the sake of rule, almost.
And what's the opposite of airfloss? mythique or schicke. So free of hypocrisy and free of Ria, whether it is major or minor alladhina, Yama, lunasol.
So for them, there is good news. What is the good news for such people that another home agilon Hasina did indeed, for them is a hassle reward. Indeed, for them is a good reward. What is an agile,
agile is a reward, a wage that you get in return for doing something.
When you do something, then you get the reward. If you don't do anything, then you will not get the wage. So for them there is I don't have a good reward why because they have done something and they have not just done anything, but they have done it
which is why our last panel says help your son in law so if someone does exam should they be given anything but your son introduce it 26 or last count it says Linda Deena accidental hustler was the other those people who have done good for them is a personally excellent reward and also the other. So, this is a good news, that is for who for those who believe and they also do righteous deeds.
Now, many people they say that a man is what leads a person to 10 So, this means that having faith should be sufficient if a person says I believe that should be sufficient, because a man Faith is the key to paradise. So, why is the condition of our modal Sonic mentioned?
If you look at it, if you have a key and you have a lock to open, can you use any key on it?
know you have to use the specific key it has to be the key of that lock. If you use any other key the lock will not open.
Similarly, the Eman is the key to gender however, that key should be of a specific type
it should be of a specific type and that specific type is determined by what but the AMA Weber's the AMA lasala have a person.
So for such people, there is Agilent hesson. Now what is the Agilent Hasson that is prepared for a living ar meluna Sony had the reward is not mentioned over here because the reward is indescribable and the reward is a surprise.
A loss of primal data says and sort of research that I number 17 fellow qalamoun Epson Macrophylla home in karate or even just America, New York, Milan, and no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for them for what they used to do.
So the reward is not described over here. But one thing is mentioned about the reward. That one thing is for sure. And what is that, that that reward is eternal. macchina ones who will be abiding fee in it meaning in that reward in agilon has an engender, they will be abiding in it for ever. Without an end for eternity. They will be abiding in
reward, they will live in it forever. Never will that reward come to an end. Never will they have to go, they will not die, the reward would not die.
This is why we are here to heighten
the Hereafter is better, and it is more enduring.
Because any reward in general, it will never come to an end.
We learned that the Sahaba will they learn who they asked the prophet SAW the Lotus or know about the buildings of Paradise once, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam replied, bricks are gold, and bricks of silver, and mortar of fragrant musk pebbles of pearl and Sapphire, and soil of saffron.
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam further described, whoever enters it is filled with joy. And we'll never feel miserable. He will live there forever, and will never die, and their choices will never wear out, and their youth will never fade. Because Mackey Thien Fie
in total hedger if 48, we learned there You must assume fi Hana. So one woman who may have been maharajji know fatigue will touch them in general, once they are in Paradise, they will never get tired, never, ever will any part of their body ache or hurt, not even their fingers, not even their head, nothing at all will hurt, they will not suffer from any fatigue, nor will they ever be removed from it. Because their award of gender, it is eternal macchina fee.
This is why I handed in
for the nerima, for the blessing of hedaya of guidance, and also for the blessing of reward and reward that is eternal.
If you look at it, this dunya it mainly comprises of two things do entities and what are they, first of all people, human beings. And secondly, everything else that has been created for the human being. And if you look at both of them, they're imperfect in how they're a human being, no matter how healthy he is, no matter how successful he is, no matter how intelligent and smart he is, he will suffer from illness. And eventually he will suffer from depth.
And everything else of this dunya as well. No matter how excellent of a quality it is off. Eventually, it's going to become old. eventually it's going to become outdated. Eventually you're going to get bored of it, or it's going to get bad, it's going to decay, it's going to be finished. However, gender is such that the dwellers of gender, they will be eternal. They will always be youthful, they will never be tired, they will never be ill. And the other things in general the blessings that are prepared for the dwellers of gender, even they are eternal. Even they don't suffer from any imperfection, because gender is the masterpiece of surprise.
It's the masterpiece and the delights of general they are beyond imagination. And this, Allah subhanaw taala has prepared for his believing and righteous servants. This is a surprise for them.
So we see over here, that there are two outcomes in the hereafter. One outcome is that of I don't have Center and the other outcome of that is that off, Batson shaden it is up to us, what we choose for ourselves. Is it that we want a john cena or we want Batson shedinja The choice is left to us. If a person wishes to get added on Hasler, what does he need to do? Take advantage of this.
And if a person does not care about a general Hasina, then what is repaired for him? But essentially,
at the same time, the Quran also gives warning when you Indira and it gives warning to an Medina those people who are who they said it had Allahu Allah that Allah has adopted a child. If you notice, Yun zero was mentioned earlier as well.
Leon zero, but son shaden.
And now again, warning as mentioned,
we see that first time that warning was mentioned that was a general warning for everybody, believers, disbelievers righteous and also those who are not righteous. That warning is for everyone.
And over here, this warning is specifically for a certain type of people. This is hos warning costs.
And this warning is specially for who and levena Carlota Han Allahu Allah de those who say that Allah has adopted a child.
Who else has this? First of all, we see that the machine they used to say that Allah has children remember that the word wallet it appears to be singular, but it is his engines, which is why it can be used for masculine, feminine and it can also apply to singular as well as plural.
So the machine would say that the angels are the daughters of Allah.
Similarly, the Christians, what do they say? That irisa Islam is the son of Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah subhanaw taala
Similarly, a certain Jewish sect, what do they say that Rosetta has Salaam is Allah subhanho wa Taala tarea hoodoo Rosa You don't even know
and then we shakin What did they say that the angels are the daughters of a lower Gerardo una de la Hill Burnett.
So this warning is especially for these people. Why? Because it is this belief of theirs, which corrupts the rest of their belief, which corrupts there.
It's this concept, it's this claim, which nullifies their belief,
even if they do the most righteous of actions, even if they believe in Allah subhanaw taala. They may be believing in the prophets of Allah in the scriptures of Allah even
However, this one belief that Allah has a child, this nullifies their belief, it renders it completely void.
This is why special warning especially for them,
because when a person is involved in ship, then no matter what good deed he performs, that good deed does not carry any weight. Because remember, the condition of our masala is that it should be done with Islam, which is the opposite of ship and it's the opposite of Norfolk as well.