Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nahl 80-95 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 84-89
Hello Jean Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim
lesson number 138. I am number 84.
Well, whenever I assume in coldly omitting shahidan and mentioned the day when we will resurrect from every nation, a witness when, on the day of judgment? And who is this witness referring to the prophet of that nation, the prophet who had been sent to that nation?
And why will he bear witness, he will testify that he had delivered the message to his people. And he will bear witness to either their work or their technique. If they believed he will witness in their favor, and if they disbelieved he will witness against them.
Well, yo man ever so man, cuddly Ahmed and shahidan
and the prophets that a lot of sudden will also be brought as a witness against or for his oma
that he delivered the message to the people. But what did they do?
In the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala has told us what we're required to do, many vessels are mentioned. And if you look at it in the previous if what is mentioned that if the turn away, then your duty is only to convey, you have delivered the message. So on the Day of Judgment, the profit will be brought as a witness. Some then later, you know, then he will not be permitted, he will not be given permission, who lil Athena for those people who which people get followed, they had disbelieved.
Those people who had disbelieved, they will not be given the permission to do what
to apologize to offer any excuses, they will not be able to do so they will not be allowed to do so.
Whenever whom you start a boon, nor will they be allowed to appease.
You start a bonus from the roof letters I in the
and Earth is to blame someone to reproach someone. And from that, it is also to be upset, to be displeased. This is the meaning of the word art, to be upset, to be displeased to censor, to blame someone. Because generally when a person is upset with the other, what will you do, you will begin to scold him,
then the word error tab from the same root, ad, and then error tab, or tab is to remove
you understand your job is to remove it is to try to remove the anger from someone that someone is upset with you, they're displeased with you. They're angry with you, they're yelling at you. So you do something in order to remove their anger. You do something in order to do away with their upsetness. Like for example, what will you do? Just imagine put yourself in a situation where someone is genuinely upset with you, what are you going to do, you're going to apologize, you're going to say I'm sorry, I'll never do it again. Just forgive me this one time, this is your job. And his steer that you start bonus from his theater is theater is to desire, it is to try to remove the
other's anger, it is to try to make them happy somehow.
So whenever you start with a boon, they will also not be allowed to make a law happy somehow
they will not even be given a chance to repent, to offer an apology, they will not be allowed to do so. So we see that on the Day of Judgment, every messenger will be brought against or for his nation. And the people will be questioned as well as to how they responded to the messenger
and upon knowing that they're in trouble now, because obviously their response was not positive to the messengers. What will they wish to do? They will wish to apologize at that time, they will wish to offer some excuses, they will wish to repent to seek forgiveness, but what does Allah subhanaw taala say they will not be allowed to do so, in total masala is 35 to 36 we learn how their yo Malayan deikun when I use in the home fair Teddy rule, this is a day they will not speak nor will it be permitted for them to make an excuse they will not be able to speak they will not be allowed to offer any excuse. Similarly, if they wish to be sent back to the dunya so that they can do something
to please Allah subhanaw taala you start a boon they will not be allowed to do that. They will not be allowed to return to dunya to make up for the wrongs that they had done. So in this ayah what is mentioned
a scene of the day of judgment that what is going to happen to those people who are ungrateful,
For the blessing of the messenger, for the blessing of the, for the blessing of guidance, that one, Allah gave them this blessing, their response was off rejection, they refuse to accept it. They refuse to believe in it, they refuse to abide by it.
And when they refused, what was that? ingratitude. So on the Day of Judgment, they will be reprimanded so severely, and they will not be able to offer any excuse either. In this dunya what happens if, for example, somebody has given you a gift, and you forget to send them a thank you note, you forget to call them and say thank you, then what can you do if they're upset with you, perhaps you will call them for dinner, you will do something or the other to make them happy. In this linear there are always some chances. If you cannot do something yourself, you will ask someone else, can you please go talk to them and say that really, I was busy, I completely forgot. It just
never occurred to me. I never knew this was a formality. Because unfortunately, some people they have these weird customs and traditions and practices, which make their life difficult, which made the life of other people difficult that if they've given you a gift, they expect a thank you call from you, even though you have thanked them in person. Similarly, if they've come to your wedding, and they've given you a gift, they expect that a thank you card must be given to them. Even if you stood at the door, thanking every single person who came.
Unfortunately, we have these weird customs which make our life difficult and other people's lives difficult. But if somebody is in these traditions, and you'd really have no idea about these traditions, and you are stuck in such a problem, there's always some way or the other you can get out of it.
You can call them over dinner, you can go over to their house, you can do something or the other to make up for it. But on the Day of Judgment, those people who are ungrateful for the blessing of Allah subhanaw taala they will not be allowed to do anything.
They will not be allowed at all.
What either and when I Latina,
which people lalamove they had done, meaning when the people who had done blue when they will see raw, when they will see
what will they see? Are they ever the punishment?
Now who are a Latino?
And Latina wanna move primarily refers to the machine?
Because a shake is what loman I believe it's the greatest injustice.
And if you look at it, what's the definition of Islam? The literal meaning of the word Islam? Well, there is Shay feel at Mohali
that something you should have been grateful for it. Instead, what did you do?
You put it in the place of ingratitude. This is not giving something to hock that it deserves.
So when those people who did well when they will see the punishment, then what's going to happen? fella you have your own home, then it will not be reduced for them you offer from the real factors half effort the thief no matter how afraid they are, no matter how much time will elapse, the punishment will not be reduced, the heat will not be reduced, the intensity will not be reduced.
When are homeand total nor will they be given any rest bite nor will they be given any chance to stay to come out of the punishment they will not be given any break.
And will our homie under Rule also means that they will be entered into the punishment immediately.
Immediately they will be admitted into the punishment from where from the place of gathering. We learn into the MBA I have 40 belt D him belt and further the head to home falaya still do not have the hair will not own. Rather it will come to them unexpectedly and it will bewilder them, and they will not be able to repel it, nor will they be reprieved, they will not be given any chance.
In total calfire 53 we learn what are l moogerah. Muna now for one new and namaki ruha. Well, I'm here to do an Hammersley for and the criminals will see the fire and they will be certain that they're going to fall into it. That means they will not be given any rest bite, they will be certain that they're going to fall into it and they will not find from it any way elsewhere.
And we learn from various traditions that the people who have done Hellfire will be brought to them.
They will be picked up by the fire literally. They will not be given any chance any time to repent to offer an apology.
In Estonia, what happens if a person loses their case in the court,
then at least they're given a chance to speak to say something. Maybe they're given the chance to say goodbye to their family members before they're sentenced to life. Perhaps some time is given a few moments are given, but in the hereafter when the guilty ones are
proven guilty and when the punishment is shown, then not even a moment will be given to them.
Why either alladhina Ashok Ooh, and when those people who had done Shrek and Medina, Ashura, Kona shake has been mentioned specifically
when they will see who will they see Shoraka whom their partners meaning the partners whom they had associated with Allah soprano.
If you notice for these shadowcat sometimes it is sexual Okay, he my partners, other times it is sexual get a home their partners, why?
Because those partners they had associated them to Allah subhanaw taala. But who had associated them, it was the people.
So when they will see their shabaka who in their beliefs were partners to Allah soprano data, whether it is an item that was worshipped, or it was a human being that was worshipped, or it was a mountain or a bird or a being or a gin chant lon, anything?
One of the people going to say the machine, the machine, or no, they will say robina Oh our Lord, how old are you Shaka owner? These are our shocker. These are the beings when we associated with you.
And Latina those who could know we used to Nether we invoke mendonca besides you. These are the beings when we use to worship besides, you
know, why are they going to say this on the day of judgment? Doesn't Allah subhanaw taala already know? And if they're saying this, aren't they inviting trouble?
Think about it. Like, for example, a person is proven guilty. And in the court, he says yes, this is the evidence that I did this crime. Who would do something like that? Why would they do it? Isn't this strange?
They will do this for two reasons. First of all, they will do this as erected off as confession.
Because what happens when a person has done something wrong? He is proven guilty?
If he confesses, then sometimes isn't the punishment reduced for him?
Isn't it reduced for him? It is reduced for him?
Many times that happens in this world if somebody has done something wrong? And they say, Yes, I did it, I'm sorry.
Then what happens? You're like at least they spoke the truth. And because of that reason, you will not be as upset with them.
Like, for example, many times it happens that when children they lose something, or when they do something wrong. And they go and tell their parents about it. What are their parents say?
That? Yes, I am upset about the fact that you lost it. I'm upset about the fact that you did this wrong thing. But I'm very glad that you told me and because you told me I won't be as upset with you.
So similarly, they will also do that off thinking that perhaps the punishment will be reduced. But it's not going to make a difference.
None of their tactics are going to work them nothing at all. Because that is the Day of Recompense. That's not the day of fixing your things. fixing your situation. It's the day when you'll be recompense for what you have done. It's not the date of amendments.
Secondly, they will say this, in order to put the blame on who
the idols of the worship besides.
Like, for example, if a person is caught doing something wrong,
and he says, that person told me, this other person told me to do it. Why is he saying that he's been proven guilty? Why would he say that? So that the punishment is diverted from him and instead it is given to the other who is portrayed as someone guilty.
So similarly, they will say this, in order to prove their own innocence as if they're showing it's not our fault we did we worship them. It's their, they told us to worship them.
So what's going to happen, a loss of penalty is going to enable all those beings when they worship to speak,
think about it the idols who are unable to speak in this dunya because they were inanimate objects, lifeless objects.
But Allah subhanaw taala will give them the ability to speak. So for a local la he will hola so they will throw back to them, they will throw to them the word
elbow, elbow up elbow is to cast something to throw something
in such a way that the other person finds it right before him
in court is to throw something to the other so that the other finds it right before him. Sometimes people are playing like for example, ping pong. One person throws the ball and they throw it at some other side of the room. What's the point? The other person is not going to be able to catch it or to throw it back. So it is to throw something together in such a way that they find it right before them and in call of
Illa Fulani like over here alko la himal cola. What are they throwing over here the call, to throw a statement to someone means to respond to them, to begin a conversation with them, that they have said something to you. So you throw a word back at them, meaning you respond to them.
So for Alko, la human Cola, they will respond to them to,
to the machine, meaning the idols, the Shoraka. Now they're going to speak and they will respond to the machine again, that in a complicated a boon, indeed, surely you are liars, meaning you're liars, insane, that you used to worship us. In reality, what were you worshiping? your desires,
you weren't really worshipping us, you were worshiping your desires. seminary, they will say in a complicated wound, why? Because the machine what they're implying by their statement is that Allah these beings told us to worship them.
So the idols they will speak and they will say that no, you're lying, we never told you to worship us, you invented this yourself, this was your own fabrication, your line, do not blame us.
So we say that on the Day of Judgment, Allah subhanaw taala will give the ability to these beings to speak, just as Allah will give the ability to a person's hands and feet and other limbs to speak. And they will say, I'm talkin Allah, Allah has given us the ability to speak.
So we see that their idols, they will completely this own the machine, when the machine need the most, they will completely dishonor
instead of meriam i 81 and 82 we learn what the human doing la le Hatton, Leah kulula, Homer is a color say a Corona very bad to him, way akuna la him.
And they have taken besides Allah false gods, that they would be for them a source of honor, in this dunya they worship false gods thinking that they will be a source of honor for them. Allah says no, those Gods they will deny their worship of them when on the Day of Judgment, and they will be against them opponents
that just imagine they worship them all their lives and on the day of judgment that turned against them. And they will say, in the bone, you are liars, you never really worship less than reality. You're worshiping your own desires.
Because if you think about it, any person who worships other than Allah, He is worshiping those beings out of his own choice, out of his own with
the idol never told the person to worship Him.
The Rock never told the person to prostrate do it. The trainer recommended that it's their own choice, it's their own desire.
Similarly, there is a pious person who is worshipped besides Allah, he never commanded the people that he should be worshipped. When he was buried in the grave, he never said, Make my grave a place of worship. The messengers never told people that they should be worshipped know,
the people invented this themselves. It was their own decision, it was their own choice, it was their own desire.
So all of these beings, what will they say?
That we never told you to worship? You? You were liars, intellectual causes is 63. We learn Mac and iyana. Yeah, we don't, they did not use to worship us. They never worshipped us. Instead, they used to worship, the shape on how that they obeyed him.
What alko and they will offer in a lie to Allah, yo Ma, even on that day, which day, the day of judgment that same very day, at that same time.
They're going to offer to Allah a selama the submission who does they refer to?
The mu sticky? And what does it mean by ilca of a solemn
offering a solemn to someone? We have done this before.
Those people whom the angels take lightly me and forcing him
and then they offer a solemn alko la hemos Salama, what does it mean by that to offer a solemn to someone
to be very obedient, to become very submissive? To say that, yes, whatever you're going to command me I'm going to follow you, I'm going to obey you.
So now at this point, the machine they're going to offer complete obedience and submission to Allah. Now they're going to submit
now they're going to surrender that Allah give us a command and we will obey you tell us what to do and we will have a you immediately they will offer submission at that point.
Similarly, it has been said that will allow it allowing yoma in selama. What this means is that they will acknowledge
panatela to be the only one who deserves worship and obedience, in a lie only to Allah,
they will declare that only you Allah deserve submission from us obedience from us.
It is also that that allow they, it doesn't just refer to the machine over here, but it refers to all creatures, including the machine and the Shoraka that all of them will submit to Allah subhanaw taala on that day, because of this dunya many people they run away from obedience to Allah, they resist submitting before they resist obeying Him.
They don't do it. But on that day, when they will see that Allah is the only Malik he is the only one who has authority and anyone who tries to speak to defend himself, his tactic is turning against him, his technique is turning against him. So on that day, every person is going to submit what they learn him and it will be lost from them Mac and we have thrown what they used to fabricate.
What is it that people fabricate?
Like, for example, the idols when they had invented the false gods whom they had invented, all of them will be lost. They will expect them to come and help at that point, but they will be lost, they'll be gone they won't find them anywhere.
Similarly, people have invented many beliefs concerning the Day of Judgment, that if we pleased this idol, if we please the saint, if we offer some sacrifice, on the day of judgment, they will come in, intercede for us, they will come and rescue us.
So all these things that they used to fabricate in the dunya they will be lost from them. They will be left alone, when they will need their idols the most. In surah Tunis I number 18. We learned why are we doing them in doing a lay man, Malaya boom, voila, and Pharaoh whom we have toluna Hola, ishvara una in the LA and they worship other than Allah, that which neither harmsen nor does it benefit them. And they say these are our intercessors with Allah.
This is why they used to worship them. But on that day, they will not come to intercede. They will run away from there. They will be lost, they will completely disappear.
And Medina cafaro those people who disbelieve was what do our answer be the law and they also prevent others from the way of Allah.
What does it mean by this? They prevent others from the weight of Allah. They stop people from belief. They stop people from obeying Allah. They stop people from the Quran. They stop people from the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
Either actively, directly or indirectly,
because they have become a cause of someone turning away from their religion.
This is a serious crime.
It's a serious crime. that a person stops people from the way of Allah. That that is his mission
or indirectly, because of his careless attitude, because of his bad luck. He is turning people from their religion of Allah. Allah subhanaw taala warns us that for such people, Zinner whom we will increase them, or there have been a punishment, Focolare, they'll be above the punishment. Why be mark, I know you've said on because of the facade that they used to make,
because of the mischief and the corruption and the disorder that they used to spread in Indonesia,
because of the fear that they would spread into the near, they will get double punishment on the Day of Judgment.
Why will they get or the urban focal or the punishment on top of punishment?
For two reasons, that first of all, the first punishment they will get for their own crimes, the crimes that they have committed themselves
and the punishment on top of that the second punishment it refers to
for stopping people from the wave of loss.
So first of all, for their own unbelief and disobedience, and secondly, for their preventing others from over.
Secondly, are there been focal or that what this means is that one punishment after the other,
that they will be taken from one punishment to another punishment to another punishment, just as we had in sort of Ibrahim, woman, voila, here are the urban police. That he will be given one punishment and on top of that, he will be given another one.
Also, if you notice that there are other bands fell on either the first is natural and the second is modified, or reason has been given for that. It has been set that are that Ben, this is Nikita
because it shows a specific kind of punishment that is going to be given to such
People, because remember that Nikita is also for the purpose of the film to show the enormity the seriousness of something.
So a horrendous punishment will be given to them focal either above the general punishment that will be given to everybody.
Because when you think of Hellfire, what do you think? Fire, heat. But that's not the only punishment, that's the general punishment.
On top of that, there will also be certain kinds of punishment that will be given to certain criminals. by for example, if you think about any prison, any place where people are tortured, what is the general torture in which people are locked up, they don't have their freedom.
But then, depending on the crimes that people have committed, they're tortured differently, they're punished differently.
When people are sent to jail, there is one punishment that is common, but depending on the crime that they have committed, there is a punishment on top of that as well.
If for example, one person is there only for a few months, and other person is there for a few years, another person is there for his life.
So is it the narrow, urban focal or that, yes, the general punishment they will get, but they will be given another punishment on top of that, for this crime of stopping people from the way of Allah Bhima can leave soon, because of the facade that they were doing. What facade is this,
stopping people from the wave of loss of
their own comfort, and also their side, their disbelief, and they're preventing others from the wave of loss.
So, this is a severe warning, that we must not be a cause of turning people from their religion of Allah.
And instead we should encourage people to come to the religion of Allah.
Well, yo whenever I do, and on the day that we will raise meaning and remember, recall mentioned mentioned the state that we will raise frequently omitted in every nation, who shahidan a witness or lay him against them. Who does this Shahid refer to
the prophet who was sent to that nation? So from every oma we will raise shahidan la him main unforeseen.
So it refers to the messenger who was from among themselves, because generally the messengers were from the people.
So this messenger will be brought, why, in order to testify in order to bear witness for or against the people
would you know, and we will come bigger with you, meaning and we will bring you and who does you refer to the Prophet sallallahu
shahidan, a witness, Allah, Allah upon these, and we will bring you as a witness over these who does, how would that you refer to, first of all the Muslim Ummah, the Ummah, of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, which includes believers and non believers because remember, the oma of a messenger is who, the people to whom he has been sent to, whether they believe or disbelieve.
So when I say Muslim, I didn't just mean that the Muslims only, but the entire oma to whom the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was sent. So how will it refers to the mutt Muhammad, sallAllahu, Salah.
Secondly, how Allah He also refers to the messengers,
that from every nation, we're going to bring it Shaheed we're going to bring the prophet to witness against the people.
But what did we learn?
When the people will be asked, first of all, was any messenger sent to you? They will say, No. When the people will be asked, Did anyone warn you they will say no. Then what's going to happen? Allah will bring the messenger
that did you convey the message? And he will say, Yes, I did. Did they believe No, they didn't.
Now, there is a difference off Shahada.
One is saying we had no idea the other thing I conveyed the message.
So you need a third person to come and bear witness.
Just think about any case, where witnesses are brought, where two people are brought together, we have a case, we have an issue between them and both are witnessing against one another, you need a third person.
So this third person will be Who? The prophets
that we will bring you as witness over the messengers over the people of those messengers.
That was the message conveyed to them or not? Did the messengers convey the message or not? Did the people believe or not were they warned or not? And the profits out of artisan will bear witness to that.
And not just the profit, subtle artisan, but also his own? Because how did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam come to know from the Quran? And how do we come to know
one, and we have sent down our Laika upon you elkie Tabata book meaning the Quran
this book has been sent to you as a TBN and as a clarification Debian from the room veteris by noon
and TBN means illustration, to clarify something to explain something.
So, this book we have sent to you as an illustration, as an explanation licola in for everything, what does it mean by everything.
Everything that people need to know, everything that people need to know, in order to worship Allah
in order to live correctly, in order to live properly. So basically everything that is important for Deen and everything that is important for hedaya.
So this Koran clarifies everything that is necessary.
Well, who then and it is also a guide, and a mercy for who for those people who believe in it?
Well, Bush law and a good news, good news of what
reward forgiveness paradise blissful life in the hereafter for who little muslimeen for those people who submit
in this ayah, the highest status of the profits out of audison is mentioned.
How that first of all, when the messengers will be brought to bear witness against their people,
and they will be refuted by their people what's going to happen?
Allah subhanaw taala will bring Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam as a witness.
And this is a source of great honor for him.
Because his Word will be accepted. His witness will be accepted, it will be believed.
What does that show?
What does that show his high status.
Like for example, think about it, if two people are brought to court, and their witness is not sufficient, another person is brought and whatever he says he is believed, as an even honored, hasn't even greatly respected, that he has been declared as someone who was so truthful, so honest, that whatever he has said has been accepted. So what does this ayah show the highest status of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
how that first of all, his witness will be accepted. Secondly, that he has been given the Quran
and the Quran which is the bn licola, which has a detail of everything.
So we say that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam will be brought as a witness and along with him, who else will be brought his oma and remember that with every honor, comes a responsibility as well.
With every honor, with every position, with every high rank, there is also high expectation of you.
So if the prophets are a lot of them has been bestowed with this honor, he also had a great responsibility which was to convey the message to people and the same goes for us as well.
Intellectual Bukhara I 143 What did we learn?
What could Alexander Anakin omit and was upon Lita Kuru Shahada Arlen ness, way akuna vasudha alaykum shahida
and how do we become shuhada lns, by conveying the message to them by telling them about what a loss penalty has said it's our duty. It's our obligation. We will be questioned about that on the Day of Judgment. Quantum hydro Metin Aqua jet Lynas that morona Bill Murray 101 K.
This is our duty, we have to do our vulnerable we have to do now here in America. And we'll be questioned about that.
We'll be asked about that. Imagine all the profits will be questioned we think we will not be questioned. And after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam no messenger is coming, whose duty is it now? It's our duty.
This recently Someone was asking that if everybody has heard about Islam, standards that our responsibility to tell them?
What do you think? Is it Why? They have heard about it? it's their responsibility to find out more.
Yes, they might have the wrong information.
If you think about it, many people they have heard about a song.
But they don't think positively. They have the wrong information.
They have misunderstandings. It's our duty to clarify those misunderstandings. It's our duty to tell them about what our religion is and if we don't speak, then others will speak. If we don't speak positively. Others will speak negatively about us.
If we don't tell people about who the profits are of Amsterdam was, how honest he was, how sincere he was. Then other people will portray him as someone who was evil and who are people going to believe someone who is silent or someone who's speaking
Someone who is speaking. So it's our duty to convey the message to people.
Exactly as we learned earlier that the some people What did they say that with the only reason why we're telling people is Martha rotten, as to offer an excuse before Allah subhanaw taala so that we are not held guilty. Just imagine the profits will be questioned, we do will be questioned that what did we do when we had the Quran when we learned the crime and we understood the Quran, what did we do with it? Did we just close it and move on to another phase of life or did we continue to increase in our knowledge and spread that knowledge?
if you look at this I overall the last time it is so the profit sort of audition is being told that your duty is to convey the message because you have been given a book that is TBN the coalition it has Rama, it has Huda. So your job is to convey and on the Day of Judgment, accountability will take place. Your job is not to ensure that people believe and they accept on the day of judgment that questioning will take place. And in that questioning is whether you can read the message or not. Whether the previous messengers conveyed the message or not. The same goes for us that our duty right now is to convey to spread the message and on the Day of Judgment, it will be examined that
how far did it reach what happened to the people accept or not?