Channel: Navaid Aziz
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When I was
a woman say it Amina Maria da da da da da da da da da da da da da da da da da da da Mohammed Abu or pseudo some Omar vida. He knew he was off. He was seldom at the Sleeman kathira I'm not bad, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
I remember when I first started memorizing the Quran, as everyone else, we started memorizing the Quran from Jews ama, and enjoys ama, you know, it's relatively easy to sort of short is pretty easy to memorize, there's a nice follow up and until I hate to sort of circle around with all the other sources, you know, less than a day we'd finished the suit i'd memorize it would sort of be in a, I think I must have spent like a week and then even then I couldn't perfect The sooner and then even now you'll notice that you know, I'll reset all of this. I'm not you know, pretty well inshallah. But as far as when it comes to Sabrina, it's like a tsunami avoid it unless I'm like leaving tonally
just because of the fear I have, how difficult it is. Now, what's interesting about Sofia Bay now is that the difficulty is not even just in the in the flow of the surah. When you look into the books of the year, one of the famous cause of the Sierra impoundment and Lucy actually mentioned that so to Vienna, from a diversity perspective, is one of the most difficult to source to solve. And you'll notice why, first of all, in terms of where was the sooner revealed, you have to narrations from a Filipina busca de la norma, one says that the sooner was revealed in Makkah, another one says that the sooner was revealed in Medina. So that's one of the first problem lies that how do you have two
conflicting narrations from a village in a bus with your loved one? And which one do you give preference to? So the first thing we start to do is let's look at the chain of the duration of the of the of the duration of a vote of numbers, the one that says that it was revealed in Medina, it seems that there's some sort of weakness in it, so we can put that aside. But now, when you look at the context of the slot, the context of the soldiers talking about the animal kingdom, is talking about the Jews and the Christians. And as we know that the vast majority of interaction in the Moroccan face was with the Quran, it was with the Muslim one, and not with the Abu Kitab. So then,
if the the narration amatola passed about it being from Makkah is true, then how do you reconcile it with the general trend of the fear that the interaction with the disbelievers in terms of the annual consumption is minimized? So what do we do in this situation? And that is where it becomes interesting, that is where the conflict actually starts. So that is the first point of contention. The second point of contention is that in the very first word, so in the very first verse, the word one fokina, that Allah subhanaw taala using this verse, is a very, very complex term in terms of what it implies and how one is meant to understand it. So as you'll come to see that this is going
to be one of the more difficult students that we're going to be covering. And that is why last week when we were meant to cover the sooner I told you, look, we're gonna delayed for a week, I needed to protect my own understanding of the surah before I can come and explain it to you. So let's begin now be the light signer. In terms of where is the sooner revealed wasn't revealed in Mecca or Medina, Allah Spano Tata knows best, but the opinion closer to the truth seems that it was revealed in Makkah. Now it is possible that it was in the latter stages of Mecca. And as we've seen in the previous Tafseer halaqaat, a lot of times Allah subhanho wa Taala will reveal verses not because
they're relevant right now, but rather because they're going to become relevant. So if you remember from certain ideas, when Allah subhanaw taala is talking about the horses that go into war. So as we know, the verses of fighting weren't revealed until the time of Medina, you had almost no data revealed sorts of ideas in Mecca, to foretell what was to come. And similarly, over here, it seems that these verses were other revealed in the latter stages of Makkah, were interaction with the unknown kids had had begun, or it is possible that Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed this surah in early stages of Makkah, but as a foretelling of what was yet to come. So now, let us begin our panel
data begins this Sora by saying, those who disbelieve from amongst the people of the Scriptures, and the People of the Scripture over here that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to is just two, they are the Jews and the Christians. You will find some scholars that include, you know, other groups amongst the Kitab with the opinion of the majority is that there are only two nations that are a part of the educated with almost no data refers to them in the Koran, and they are the Jews and the Christians. This is the general rule of thumb.
certain verses of the Quran when I was another refers to other Kitab. It may refer to other groups. But the general case scenario is that it's only referring to the Jews and the Christians. Then Allah subhanaw taala goes on to mention, and the most unicorn, so the annual Kitab animals report, they're not going to leave their ways until a clear evidence comes to them. And this is where we introduced the first problem in terms of understanding this verse. What are the what are they saying over here, if you were to take it literally, is that if you were to bring the little kids out a clear evidence and a clear proof, then they would leave what they are a point. But in reality, in reality, we know
otherwise, that the disbelievers they have been brought clear proofs, yet not all of them will accept Islam. So is referring to a certain select group of disbelievers? Or is Allah subhanaw taala, referring to them in general, that's something we'll come to discuss later on within the inside. But now what I would like to discuss is what is the origin and if human beings, Allah subhanaw taala, he tells us
that he is the one who created from amongst you, those who are most men, and those who are Catholic. So let's find out that he created from his creation, those that are believers, and those that are disbelievers, so all of us no to others creation will fall into one of these two categories. And there is no third category. Either a person is a believer, or either a person is a disbeliever. So now my question arises, is that what is the original state and the human being as a person born as a Muslim? Or is it and he'd become he can become Catholic later on? Or is he born as a Catholic? And then he becomes Muslim? Would anyone like to answer that question, though, as a person, so every
child is born as a Muslim, and then I choose to become Catholic later on. So how many people agree with this, that every person is born in a state of Islam? Excellent. Okay. Let's take a second opinion that how many people believe that a person is born in a state of disbelief, and then he chooses to accept Islam? And even have this opinion that a person is born in a state of California is golden state of disbelief, and he choose to accept Islam? No one. Okay. Excellent, then how many people believe that there's a third opinion in this manner? You believe there's a third opinion explained?
Which is comparable to Islam, but it's not exactly it's excellent.
Excellent, very good. So the third opinion, as the brother mentioned, is that it's neither of the two is not a born on upon Islam, nor is he born upon Cofer, but he is born on something called the fitrah. And this is what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually mentions that kulu mono did you do Alan Fedora that everyone that is born is born upon the fiddle, and then his parents either make him a Christian or a Jew. Now, what's interesting over here is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu, wasallam, didn't say that his Christians became a Christian, a Jew, or a Muslim. Now, the reason why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam didn't mention Islam over
here is one of two reasons, because either Islam and the fitflop, are exactly the same. And this is the opinion, this is a opinion amongst the scholars that the fifth Allah and Islam are exactly the same. And that is why when you say that someone has accepted Islam, rather than calling him a convert, you refer to him as a revert, because he's gone back to his original state was convert would mean that he came to something new. So this is an opinion amongst the scholars. And in opinion number two, is that there's a difference between Islam and the federal. And the fedora is just a natural disposition that almost no one's either created, which will lead a person to Islam, but it's
not Islam within of itself. And Allah subhanaw taala knows best, this was the opinion of me, I have no claim. And it seems that this is the opinion that is closer to the truth, that a person who stays upon his splittable will naturally be guided towards a slump, and a person who perverts his or allows his fitflop to be perverted, then he will go away from Islam and will go on to be other things. So the origin of individuals that is not born upon Islam, nor is he about born upon cofa, but he's born in a state that accepting Islam will become very, very easy for him. Now, this leads us to our second case scenario, that is when a person is born and that is his state at that time,
but how about when you meet an individual for the first time, how do you know if you should treat him as a Muslim or you treat him as a disbeliever at that time? So what is the general case scenario? The general case scenario in this situation is that there is no general case scenario. And that will apply from case to case scenario to scenario and you judge upon what is apparent. So if you see elements of Islam upon an individual that you see them coming to the mosque and you see them praying, they initiate salams with you, you see them wearing perhaps Muslim, you know, clothing and garden
It's a sister with hijab, maybe a brother wearing a thought maybe he's carrying, you know, some prayer beads with him, whatever they are, he's wearing a poofy, whatever the case may be, if you see Islam upon him, then you treat him as a Muslim. And then even if you're wrong, you will be forgiven. And in the other case scenario is that if you don't know, and you don't see any signs of Islam, then that means you don't treat him as a Muslim until the signs of Islam are present. So you judge upon the appearance until further evidence comes to you. So a person you know, you don't see any signs of Islam upon them. And you just walk by them without giving sometimes, and then they pull you to the
side and say, Look, brother, look, Sister, why don't you give me some tips. And you can say, Look, I'm sorry, I didn't know that you were Muslim. and in this situation, you know, there's no sin upon you as well, because you didn't know. and in this situation, two things need to happen. One, you need to start recognizing them as a Muslim, regardless of their physical appearance. And number two, it is important that a Muslim retains some sort of Islam in his physical appearance that he retains some sort of Islam in his physical appearance. Now, now that a person has come into a state of Islam, they've accepted Islam. What is something that can take him outside the fold of Islam? What
is something that can take him outside of the fold of Islam, and the general term that Allah subhanho wa Taala uses for the single core on his Kufa. So an act of copper will taken a person outside of the fold of Islam. Now, the first thing you need to understand is that not every act of Kufa will take a person outside the form of Islam. clear evidence for this is that almost impossible to understand what is messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he tells us that the Bible Muslim, the fisc will cater to who prefer that to curse another Muslim is an act of transgression and an act of evil. And then to fight him is an act of disbelief, yet inserted, if you were to look and several
times Allah, Allah subhana wa tada charges were in for if attorney will maintain a potential that if two groups of believers were to fight one another, so he don't know, I know God is still refers to both groups as believers. So what we need to understand is number one, that a person doing an act of COVID will not necessarily make him a disbeliever. And that, you know, the proof needs to be established upon them, there should be no doubts, no misunderstandings, and again, this general concept of calling someone a disbeliever should be left to people of knowledge and particularly scholars. So this after joining the tech sphere, or excommunicating, an individual should not be
done with limb. Point number two. Now, what are those acts that will take a person outside the fold of Islam, once they've accepted Islam, what will take them outside of the fold of Islam, and the scholars of al Qaeda have generally summarized it into five main ones, that it is these five general actions that will take a person outside Islam, the first of it is the cover of denial. So a person comes to know the truth. And then he denies it. This is the cover of denial. Can we think of an example from the syrup of someone who had the cover of dinner, the truth came apparent to them, but they rejected it because they just completely denied it.
An example from the CEO what would be an example for this?
A Buddha had a Buddha had any one of you know, the major heads of the college, they knew this was the truth, but they continued to deny it. Number two, it is the cover of arrogance. So a person becomes arrogant. And it's not because they deny the truth. But it's because they're completely arrogant. They're like, you know, I am better than this. So what would be the obvious example for this one? The obvious example of corporate of arrogance go ahead and
excellent software and would be one he said, another book, that I am your Lord, the Most type. This is one, you know, example. But there's a more clear example of this, what is the more clearer example not the good guess that we are talking about the and if that was not what they are more clear, and it isn't as clear as the sun and the moon is excellent. You know, he said that I am better than other Why should I prostrate to him and almost no Tada. He describes an example of distance as I was that kabara will trinomial caffine that he, you know, turned away he was arrogant and thus he became from the disbelievers. So the second type of arrogance is the Cofer of arrogance.
The third type of Cofer is the poor form of dealt. So a person, you know, he starts to doubt whether this is the truth or not. And this is in matters of fundamentals, not in matters of fact, not in matters, you know, in secondary issues, but in fundamental issues, you know, does Allah subhanaw taala exist was Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam actually a prophet is the Quran, actually from Allah. These are fundamental core issues. This is the cover of dirt and unless I know Tyler he describes this in certain fragility as well.
That he describes in the moment and Edina am the winner of the Sunni sermon on your channel, that they are the ones that believed in Allah and the messenger sallallahu sallam, and they didn't have any doubt. So the believers are not meant to have any attempt. Then number four, the fourth type of gopher is the cover of Iran. That's the individual says, You know what? I couldn't care less. You know, don't bother me with this. And this type of Cooper, you see quite a few examples. And particularly in our time, I think, you know, this is like the major case scenario where people are so engulfed in the dunya. They're so drownded in the chasing of this world, that they're like, you
know, I can't be bothered with studying Islam or getting to know the truth is, and even the fundamental question that, you know, everyone will ask, why was a created, they don't even bother asking themselves this question, because it's not significant enough for them. And thus, they turn away. And that's the turn away. And then the fifth and last type of cover that the scholars mentioned, is the cover of hypocrisy is the cover of hypocrisy, where a person you know, genuinely, he hates Islam from the inside, and he hates the believers. He hates Allah, He hates the core idea as the Messenger of Allah. Yet he still stays within the Muslim congregation. his reasoning behind
this, perhaps maybe financial, perhaps, maybe to cause fitna in the Muslim community. And this is what we saw, from the hypocrites at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that they pretended to be Muslims, because there was power in Islam at that time, that as long as they pretended to be Muslims, no one could do any harm to them, because the Muslims were in a state of power at that time. So the fifth and last type of cover is the cover of hypocrisy. Now, what we'll mention right after is directly related to this is that at the same level of Kufa, at the same level of Kufa, is shipped with a loss of autonomy. And that is why I was so excited when he talks about shifting the
Koran, he tells us that almost no one to Allah will not forgive that anyone should do ship with him. But we'll forgive anything less than that. Now, the reason why I was annoyed Santa doesn't mention Cooper in this verse is because shake and covert are the exact same level that a person who falls into covert or in person falls into Schick, they are equivalent, whereas COVID is just a denial that they deny the rights to Allah subhana wa Tada. That means they take it to the next level, which is the giver, right, which is exclusive to Allah subhanho wa Taala to other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. So modern day form of ship, which a lot of people may not recognize, is believing that, you
know, Adam alayhis salam was not created by Los Angeles. But rather This was suddenly that he evolved into the concept of theory of evolution, believing that there was no creator that created Adam and a Salaam, it starts off as Kufa will and of itself. But then when you attribute the creation of Adam, the creation of human beings to other than almost no value attributed to something like science, then this can be something that becomes an act of shape. So just because it wasn't mentioned in the classical books of theology, it doesn't mean that the types of copper will not evolve, in reality, they can evolve and they will continue to evolve the you know, the more the
human mind gets perverted, the more that you know, the crazier the types of cover, we will see in our times, unfortunately. So that is how a person leaves the fold of Islam. And that is what makes a person Catholic. And the reason why I gave this introduction is because unless I know what other uses this term, quite a bit in the solar and you should know whom Allah subhana wa tada is speaking to. So let's head over to Allah. In this verse, He concludes the verse by saying the very first verse that had to obey you know, that until a clear evidence comes to them. But you know, in the Arabic language, it means something that makes the truth evident, meaning that after it is
presented, then there's no doubt in the truth whatsoever. And this word is actually mentioned, and the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he mentioned as a beginner to either Medina 100, a mantra, that presenting of proof is upon the one that makes a claim. So in Islam, whenever you make a claim, the burden of proof is not on the person defending but it is upon the person making the claim. So if I'm going to make a claim, I need proof, clear as the sun that will present my case, that is what albena is, it is a proof so clear that it cannot be denied. Now the question arises, almost no data says that if this painter was to come to the Muslim who wanted to
come to the annual keytab, that they would accept Islam, they would accept the truth. So what is this V you know that Allah subhanaw taala is referring to? He tells us in the very next verse, he says, We're assuming a lot, you know, so often motohiro that he is a messenger from Allah subhanho wa Taala. That recites the pure
Scripture. Now interestingly enough, Allah subhanho wa Taala using the terminal soon as Nokia and Nokia in the Arabic language is something that's undefined. So you have something like, you know, underwater aka which is the piece of paper. And then you have what are called stone, which is a piece of paper. So V is defined, and Nikita which is modified, modified is defined, and Nikita it means it's undefined. Now let's define what the other uses Nikita over here to define someone very, very specific. And that is the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and this is to show that the coming of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam, is so apparent that even when I was I
know that he uses the undefined term, it is understood that is referring to Muhammad Sallallahu, it was similar. That is why you will see in the Quran that almost anoeta Allah, He even mentions that Praise be to Allah, the One that revealed the for call upon his slave. So now in the last minute that talks about the revelation of the Quran, upon the slave, it could mean any slave, but it was understood that even though it is undefined, this particular slave, this particular messenger, is referring to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam alone. The proof for this is the very fact that unless I know what Allah mentioned, this prophet and the previous scriptures, now, if
you were to actually look panela, in the previous scriptures, you will see that there are clear evidences of the coming of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, certain verses, and I mean smile, you don't get more explicit than this, looking in the Bible wouldn't have itself that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam is defined as that there was an incident where an angel came and squeezed a man and he said, I am unable to read. Now this is not the story of Accra. I'm actually reading a verse from Deuteronomy to you that Allah subhanaw taala describes it in such detail, and obviously is referring to the revelation of Islam, that when the Messenger of Allah says
Allah was squeezed, he said that I am unable to read number two, in Deuteronomy itself, that tells the people of Missouri sudden, that there will come a person to you from your very tribe, they're sorry, they will come at a person to you who is the brother of your or a tribe of your brother from the tribe of your brother. Now, if you look at the lineage
we came from is half an ISA. And whereas the coresh their lineage comes from a smile on his Salah. So you will notice that Christians generally when they refer to this verse, they'll say that refers to East La Silla. But when you look at the similarities between Moosa and Muhammad sallallahu alayhi Salaam, they're more similarities between Musa and Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam than there are with Isa Lisa to take some of those differences in terms of the way they were born. Muhammad Sallallahu musasa came from normal births is Elisa Lam came from a special birth in terms of marrying and having children must at least know what made them got married and had children is an excellent did
not get made in terms of their deaths. Most parents have a lot of them don't normal deaths is Sally seller is not dead, he was raised up to Allah subhanho wa Taala in terms of the way the render states that Mohammed slaughter them and musante salaam that not only was there a spiritual element to it, but there was a state of governing as well that they are the nation the need is Elisa Lam did not have this and then there you know several other examples as well. So this was clearly see again, is referring to Mr. Elisa Lam and Mohammed Salah.
And then the very last thing you know, will mention in terms of Mohammed Salah Alexandre being mentioned in the previous scriptures is that when you look at translation, when you look at translation, you'll notice that when you translate, you don't translate proper names. So for example, we'll have a name like Celine, Celine in the Arabic language, it means someone that is complete or someone that is unharmed. So when you say Does it mean that Saleem has entered, you're not going to translate this as the one who is without harm or illness has entered the room. You don't do that, because Selenium has a proper name. And you'll notice that in the Bible, the term
Mohammed has actually mentioned yet the translation, they translated it as the Comforter, they've translated as the Comforter, because that is what Mohammed in, I believe this is evil now, and what it actually means someone who brings comfort, and this is actually mentioned in the Toyota in its original language, then you move on to the engine, then you move on to the engine. Those are all examples from the core model, you move on to the engine, Allah subhanaw taala talks about the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam from the Quranic perspective, that in the 27th Jews, Allah subhanho wa Taala he says that movies are examples people that I am a giver of glad tidings that
there is a messenger coming in body is mobile admit that there's a problem that is coming after me whose name
shall be admitted. And then you will you look for this again in the previous scriptures and you actually find a verse similar to it, you actually find it were similar to it. And then for those of you who attended our previous halaqaat, if you study the Gospel of Barnabas, the cost of the Barnabas is filled with Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam from beginning to end, you'll find, you know, six to 11 examples of where the name Mohammed is actually mentioned with his story itself. So that is the mentioning of Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam in the previous scriptures. And this is what I was referring to in this verse, that the billionaire that was meant to come to the people who
disbelieved and the annual keytab was Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself. And then not only that, but this man had wiscon he was to recite the noble scripture of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so unless I know that he goes on to say, yes, no superfan will tell her that he will recite. I noticed that almost panatela doesn't use the term read over here. He uses the term reset. And then so far mojarra a pure scripture. Why does Allah subhana wa tada use the description pure over here? What is the significance behind it? The significance behind it being pure, is because of the way the previous scriptures were changed and distorted. So you'll notice that the Quran, it talks about the
oneness of Allah subhana wa tada praising Allah subhanaw taala alone, worshiping Allah alone, staying away from disbelief, staying away from polytheism. But you look at the previous scriptures, and how they are now you'll notice that there's a great difference there. Starting off with the book of Genesis itself, the very first book it describes is Allah subhanho wa Taala. Someone will just not know that he forgot what our demand is. And that was, you look at the way they talk about the prophets and messengers, that you look at someone like
no honey salam, and he described him doing something very, very evil with his son, you look at the way they described, the Dow dallisa that they described him as getting drunk. So all of these things are not befitting and they're impure. And that is what was noted in describing the Koran. He describes it as something pure, because there is no distortion in it. And it retained the original message that was analyzed Allah came with, with all of its goodness in it. Moving on to the third verse,
Allah subhana wa Tada. He goes on to say, he had kootu von Kojima that in it, or writings that rectified individuals. Now understanding the term kutub over here, how do we understand khudobin this verse, the word quotesoft, is the plural of keytab. And the word keytab. As we all know, it refers to a book. But what is a book actually consists of it consists of writings. So over here on the left panel, Todd is referring to Quito, is not referring to actual books, but it's referring to writings. So he Allah subhanaw taala describes the Koran as that which is written down as well. So it's not only that we just recited but it is also that which is written down. And that is why one of
the rules of Islam that when you want to hold the Quran and read it is that you make will do because it's not only the words that are blessing, but even that which the Quran is written on now becomes blessing as well. So that is why I was panatela describes it as kutub, it is something that is written down, then Allah subhanaw taala describes it as calima quite Hema over here it comes from the origin of his karma. So when you say something is most likely, it is something that is straight, it is something that is rectified, meaning that the laws that the court on entails are those that are there to rectify all of mankind. And the scholars that have you know, studied it talked about in
detail the objectives of Islamic law from them was in addition to the optimal law, he describes Islamic law with two simple terms, he says that all of Islamic law came for two purposes, number one, to promote and facilitate all good. This is number one, that all of Islamic law came to facilitate and promote all that is good. And it came to eradicate and eliminate all that is bad. So all of Islamic law is defined by these two things, so that anything that is good, and can be defined is good, and can be proven to be good. It is something that will be included as a part of Islam, and anything that is defined as evil and can be proven as evil. It is something that Islam is against.
So now when he talks about scripture itself, this is one of the ways that to judge the authority of Scripture, and is it truly from God Himself, is that the commandments that are given in it are meant to be in the best interest of the creation themselves. They're meant to be in the best interest of the creation themselves. And that is why when you look at Islamic law, in terms of its prohibition of gambling, its prohibition of alcohol. It is very, very evident that it comes in the best interest
of human beings, it comes in the best interest of human beings. Now, almost no autonomy goes on in the next person. This is where things get really interesting what Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, well, Martha for ropa de una Kitab in lamb in the Niger atoma Bina, that the people of this scripture did not differ until the case until there came a clear evidence. So in the very first verse, almost hanworth, Allah says that he will not accept Islam until clear evidence comes to them. Now in this verse, almost no other says that they only started to differ. Once the clear evidence came to them. No one really starts to differ when clear evidence comes, generally speaking, anyone
that is logical, clear evidence comes to them, why wouldn't they just accept it and move on with it? Unless it goes on to tell us in the very next verse, Wilma O'Meara Illa de agua de la, de, that they are lacking sincerity. And this is the key integral part over here, that a person can be given the truth. But up until a person is sincere, the truth will make no difference in their lives. You could bring Ayah after if you could split the moon for them, you would split the seas, they could see angels themselves, but they're still going to deny the truth. Why? Because the concept of sincerity was not in their hearts. And that is what you see throughout the bush, that unless I know down the
center of so many miracles, at the head of them, the Koran. And then on top of that, the coming of the messenger. On top of that all the other miracles in terms of the battles on top of that the splitting of the moon, all of these miracles were given, yet you notice that they didn't accept Islam. Why? Because Allah subhanaw taala defines it over here, the importance of sincerity. And this is something that is very important to every seeker of the truth, that have sincerity. And Allah subhanaw taala will guide you, the first step to guidance is submitting to Allah subhanho wa Taala and being sincere to him. And once you have that, then obviously, Allah will guide you to the
straight path. And the easiest way to go astray is to become arrogant and to turn away. And these are that is why arrogance and analog are the two heads of Kufa that these are the two main things that lead people astray, that they either can't be bothered with the truth, or they become arrogant, and they start to deny it. And that is why it is very important that not only as Muslims, but as human beings, we always retain the sincerity, that we always be sincere in our search for the truth. No matter where it comes from. It may come from a young child, it may come from someone that is older, it may come from someone that doesn't know how to read and write and become the person that
is most knowledgeable. As a Muslim. You will take the truth wherever it comes from. And this is part of the distinguishing characteristic that we should have witches sincerely for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. That is point number one related to this verse. Point number two related to this verse. Is that almost kind of goes on to define in one verse, all of the fundamentals of Islam. Well, not only indirectly, Abdullah meclizine and Adina whenever we will kill Masada for you was a little Dino.
So let's anodyne. He describes the fundamentals of Islam in three things over here. Number one, to worship Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. And this is the most integral part of our Deen that Islam is distinguished from every other religion in the fact that we are the only ones that will worship our Creator so that we will not worship anyone or anything else. Number two is your karma to Salah. So let's say that it isn't just mentioned Salah or devil Salah, the performance of Salah, but he mentioned it karma to Sala meaning the perfection of the prayer. So it's not just about praying, but it's about perfecting your prayer. And then number three is the giving of Zechariah the giving of
circa. Now you'll notice that these three things, they have specific meanings and general meanings, the specific meanings are understood that they are to worship alone to perform the prayer and to give charity, but what is the general meaning behind these verses? The general meaning behind these verses? Is that know your relationship with you and Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah is the Creator and sustainer and you are his slave and his servant. That is the general meaning. Then in terms of Salah, that the Salah is your key and your tool to establish your relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala without Salah you have the relationship with Allah subhana wa Tada. And then your
relationship with the creation now is that of kindness and that of generosity, and that is the general meaning behind the charity itself. There's not just for the sake of purifying your wealth, no, but it's rather to show generosity and to have generosity inside yourself and to show mercy and to implement mercy and to build mercy amongst yourselves. These are the general meanings behind these verses. And Allah subhanaw taala calls it was it Kadena that if you want to look at any true religion, it will have to have these elements establishing a relationship with the creator
and establishing a relationship with the creation and the best and most befitting of manners. Then it goes on in verse number six. In the levina Capital Roman annual kits I will mostly kena fanatee Johanna called Idina fee hula ecohome shuttle budhia, the very most those who disbelieve from the people of the book and from the polytheists are in the hellfire. The term Jana over here,
does it? What is the janome? actually mean over here? The scores of Gypsy are different on the term gender that is it an actual Arab term? Or is it something that was introduced into the Arabic language? And unless I know what the Allah knows best, this is a valid difference of opinion. But what we understand from it is clear that the term Johanna is different is referring to not the Hellfire in general the Hellfire in general is enough. But it is referring to a specific part of the Hellfire there was an what Allah has prepared for the disbelievers. Now in this very verse, Allah subhanaw taala. He mentions over here called the Dena Thea Khalid in the Arabic language, it means
something that will stay there for a prolonged period of time. Now you'll notice in the coming verse, When Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about the people of paradise. He doesn't just say Holly Deen Ophelia, he doesn't say that they will remain there for an elongated period of time. But he goes on to say, or the Dena fi has evidence that they will stay in paradise forever. So now what is the significance behind Allah subhanho wa Taala leaving out a Buddha in the for the disbelievers and for the Hellfire, and then mentioning it for the people of paradise. And the scholars of the Sierra mentioned to one is a genuine linguistic benefit is that Allah subhanho wa Taala wants to show the
greatness of gender itself, the greatness of gender itself, that you'll notice that in this life, any good deed, anything that you enjoy, there's only so much of it that you can do, a person enjoys sleeping, he can only sleep so much to even sleeping becomes burdensome a person enjoys eating, then a person can only eat so much until they get fed up of eating and every other act and you're laughing at
the average you can only do so much of these as till they get fed up. Whereas engender a person will not lose that aspiration and that motivation, and that enjoyment and desire and pleasure. It remains there forever. And that is one of the most significant parts of gender is not only that, almost no data will give you whatever you want. It's the fact that you will continue to enjoy it forever. So this is like the linguistic aspect of it. Now we get to a theological aspect of it. The theological aspect of ABA.
Actually, we'll leave this next verse, because we're skipping something over here. So unless I know it's either let's go back we'll discuss that in the next verse. So let's I know Tyler, he says in verse number six now that those people who disbelieve from the anarchy tab and Masaki Now over here on this panel data says, Those that disbelieve from the anarchy tab and the machine, why did Allah subhanaw taala not say all of the anarchy tab, and all of the machines
because almost no data wants to show us two key things over here. Number one, is that there are groups from the apple Kitsap that will vote a paradise there are groups from the Nikita from the Jews and Christians that will go to Paris. And those are the ones that believed in the prophets at their time, believed in the scriptures at their time, those that believed in Easter those that believed in Messiah, and he died in that state during the time of their profits, then these are considered believers, and they will go to Paradise. That is point number one. Point number two is that I know Todd is showing us over here that even amongst the disbelieving people, there are, you
know, five minutes or categories amongst them. So you'll notice in the Hadith, that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says about COVID al Khufu milnerton wahida, the disbelievers all one nation. Now this is in a black and white dichotomy, if you want to call it that. Then when you complete compare Islam and Cofer, there's only one Islam, and there's only one Cofer so it's not just one nation and one body. And Cofer is one body and one nation. But when you look at it from another perspective, is that other levels of disbelief? Are there good people amongst the disbelievers? And the answer to this is yes, that that is what Allah subhanho wa Taala does not call
100 Kitab the People of the Book and mushrikeen the same term in the soil, to show us that there is a difference that Allah subhanho wa Taala has given preference to the arrow key tab over the rest of them are tricky in the sense that he sent them books, he sent them profits and even the Lord that they believe in the one Lord that they believe in is genuinely
The one load. And this is why you see that the panel data are loud eating the meat of the indicator aloud, the mirroring of the women have advocated, but he did not allow this for the machine to show us that there was a preferred status that even though the annual keytab are disbelievers, they have a preferred status with us. And that is why throughout history, we have been, you know, living at peace with them. And there has been, you know, mutual cooperation with them, because they have this preferred status over the rest of the polytheists and disbelievers. That is point number two. So unless panel data has created categories amongst the disbelievers, and not all of them, are as bad
as the rest of them in simple terms. So now in this verse, Allah subhana wa Tada. He goes on to mention that how does a person become the worst of creation? It has nothing to do with how terrible your manners may be. It has nothing to do with how foul and vulgar you are. What makes you the worst of creation, is the fact that you disbelieve in Allah subhanho wa Taala, after he has sent you clear evidence, this is what I notice is clearly when he got home, Sharon Berea, that they are the worst of creation, that people the truth comes to them, and they refuse to accept it, that makes them the worst of creation. Now in the very next verse, you will see that just because you accept the truth,
it will not make you the best of creation either. So the opposite is not necessarily true. So we made a statement over here that what makes you the worst of creation, is that as soon as you reject the truth, while knowing it is the truth, this makes you the worst accretion. And the very next verse, the opposite is not 100% true that just because you accept Islam, it doesn't make you the best of creation, Allah subhana wa tada puts a prerequisite there as well. So now let's move on to the next verse. Allah subhanaw. taala goes on to say, in the levena Aminu where Amina saw the hot weather.
So was he mentioned over here that not only should people have imagined that not only is it that those of you that have imagined, but he did an amount of sun, they did righteous deeds.
So that after persons believes it has to be accompanied by righteous deeds to be considered from the rest of creation. So the individual he may have Islam with him, but open until he has good luck. And until he's praying five times a day, up until he's doing all of these righteous deeds, he will not be considered from the best of creation. That belief in one Lord is simply not enough. But rather it has to be followed by worshiping. It has to be followed by showing mercy to his creation, that is when an individual will become from the best of creation. nobodies conclude with the very last verse, Allah subhanaw taala goes on to say, Joseph over Mandara be here, gender, identity intensity,
so much anata goes on to say that their compensation will be from their Lord. And this shows is a very significant point than a sign of a man is that when you see compensation, it is never from the creation. It is from the Creator Himself. It is from the ROM himself. That is why I was animatronic. He mentioned Jessa over manggarai that very word your compensation is with Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. And that is why in this dunya you will do righteous deeds, you will expect people to say thank you, because it's part of human nature. But unless God is telling you over here, that just because the creation does not recognize your act of goodness, then know that your word is that with
Allah subhana wa Tada. He recognizes and sees all so don't be disheartened at that because your award is with Allah subhanho wa Taala. And now what is the reward Jana to identify? So they are guardians, are they What does that mean? But I didn't over here. If you go back to our discussion about gender, we were just talking about how in Paradise, the greatest one of the greatest blessings is not that Allah, Allah gives you everything that you desire, but it's the fact that you will continue to enjoy it forever. And that is why Allah subhanho wa Taala encircle Kava at the very ending. How does he describe those that are given Jonathan for those lawyers who not Haha, that they
will not want to be taken away from it because every individual at once you just paradise, he thinks that wow, you know, I'm in the best of practice, and no one has anything better. So let me stay here. So that is one of the blessings of paradise. And that is what I've done is referring to that they will never be you know, removed from it normally desire to be removed from it. Tragedy mentality has enhanced below it or which rivers will flow. Now, the flowing of rivers is a very intrinsic point of paradise. The law makers when it happens, appraisers truly understand its meaning. But over here, the form of rivers refers to two things that there are those open rivers
that will be in paradise. And then there are those rivers that will flow beneath the houses themselves. And the
Flowing of these rivers This is what becomes interesting is that there's no need for the creation of dams and no creation, no need for the creation of waterways, the water will move according to the desire of the individual that is there. So you want the water to start flowing for you. They'll start flowing, you want the water to go a certain way, it will continue to go that way. Now in terms of the types of rivers, Allah subhanaw taala describes for them clearly in the Quran. Can anyone tell me what are the four types of rivers that Allah subhanaw taala describes in paradise? Go ahead, Ibrahim.
Al COVID is a specific one. But we're talking about what is the fluid that's going to be running in these rivers? Do you know
no one take a guess.
What flows in the rivers of this world? Okay, honey, excellent. You I don't know if there's 100 overs of honey in this one. We are one of the rivers in paradise will be up Honey, what are the other three?
Right, alcohol that doesn't intoxicate and then water. So these are the four types of rivers that Allah Spano, tala mentions in the Quran, they are
rivers of honey rivers of milk, rivers of water, and rivers of alcohol. And in reality, any other liquid or desire any other liquid or substance that you desire. Allah subhanaw taala will give you as well as almost I know that it says in the verse lahoma, your shot won't be happy when they never see it. That way, they will have each and every single thing that they desire, and we will still have more to give them then panatela goes on to say Holly Dena, Fie, have a better. Now, this leads us into our discussion, why Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions aberdovey here for the believers and in Paradise, but almost I know that it doesn't mention it for the disbelievers and the hellfire. The
reason why that is, is because the scholars have said and opinion amongst the scholars is that the Hellfire will actually cease to exist at one time. So notice their argument over here is that in Paradise, this is the ultimate reward. And that is why you will remain there in forever. So you do 6070 years or whatever your life is, of good deeds in this dunya the head of which worship Allah alone, then Allah subhanho wa Taala gives you the eternity of Paradise, equivalent to the amount of sacrifice that you made in this dunya now on the counterpart, a person lives for whatever amount of years that he lived in this dunya and they disbelieved in Allah subhanho wa Taala. The punishment
that is mentioned in the Quran is that they will be in the Hellfire, either forever or for a very long time, the term quality Deena is used. And this is where the discrepancy actually takes place. Is that will that help I see exist forever? Or will it only exist for a limited amount of time, and the scores of al Qaeda, they actually different on this. And the reality is with almost no data alone, we just want to make sure that we don't end up in the scenario where we are from the inhabitants of the hellfire. So they use this verse to indicate that the Hellfire once everyone has been punished, and they've received their due punishment. Then after that time, the Hellfire will
cease to exist. Now question may be asked that in the previous halaqaat, we talked about the idea of death, we're in the year after death will be brought forward in the form of a sheep and it will be slaughtered. And then an angel will announce that there is no more death after this day and the people of the Hellfire will remain there and they're in and the inhabitants of Paradise shall remain the rain. How do you reconcile it with this? The scholars who said that the Hellfire will only exist for a limited amount of time. The way they interpreted this hadith is saying is that this hadith has nothing to do with the Hellfire itself. It's talking about death, that an individual that once he
goes into the Hellfire, he will not be able to die that no matter how much punishment he receives, he will continue to stay alive. And that as long as the Hellfire is existence, the human being will stay into existence. So it's not talking about the Hellfire itself and therefore there is no contradiction and therefore there is no contradiction and intricate matter of Akita like this, the safest thing to do is leave knowledge of topics that we do not have clear, you know, evidence either ways the scholars have different leave it up to Allah subhanho wa Taala because at the end of the day, it doesn't affect us in the studio, it stays something which is very theoretical. So whatever
it may be, there is just hope and aim that we don't be from the inhabitants of the Hellfire because that is more important than this intricate theological discussion. Unless it goes on to conclude this sort of by saying about the Allahu anhu what I'll do is that you can even Hershey Allah, that Allah subhanho wa Taala is pleased with them and they are pleased with Allah subhanho wa Taala and this is the human beings ultimate desire, that not only should they be pleased with Allah subhanho wa Taala
That is something that you can work on and you can achieve with the fact that Allah subhanho wa Taala should be pleased with you as well. And that is why sincerity and the following have the center of the utmost importance, because those are the only two things that have been guaranteed the pleasure of
any apps that you do do it with the utmost sincerity and do it in accordance to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, because those are the only things that have been guaranteed the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala and that is the only way you can ensure that you will attain the pleasure of Allah subhanho wa Taala because there is no pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala outside of those matters, then Allah subhanho wa Taala concludes that he can even Akashi Ananda, that that is for the one who has fear of his earlobe, who has fear of his master. So he must know Charles is reminding us of our relationship with him and is emphasizing a particular emotion and that is fear
of Allah subhanaw taala and he almost died when he mentioned that that is the one who has fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala is he referring to the attaining of the pleasure must I know it's an honor or a friend to the paradise itself. And in reality is referring to both than when the person has fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala and not the fear of the creation and or the person sees the love and pleasure of Allah subhana wa tada and not the love and pleasure of his creation. That is when I was not only will be pleased with the people, but you'll give them eternal paradise as well. And we pray that Allah subhanaw taala makes us
they will conclude with that within it. Tada.
Actually, is there any one last thing I want to mention?
The last thing I'll mention about certain beginner, is that if you were to look at, you know, the key themes in the swamp, it comes down to two main things. Number one is the act of sincerity itself and its importance that Allah subhanho wa Taala he reminds us again, that this whole religion of Islam is summarized in the act of sincerity itself, worshiping Allah subhanaw taala Lord seeking of us kind of dialogue. And the second key theme in this in the sutra is how one should always be seeking and longing for the truth, and should eliminate all impediments and hindrances that prevent an individual from achieving the truth. And as long as a person remains upon this, he will get
guidance from his Lord, you will attain the pleasure of his Lord. And unless of attending those best of luck most of them about abandon the BLM Mohammed, while he was off he was well known for for for three questions.
Four Rivers in Paradise, right? Yes, what's their reason of having an alcoholic river with alcohol could be different than Yes, it will be very different. So the general concept in Islam is that anything that Allah subhanaw taala prohibits you from in this dunya. He replaces it with something hideout in this dunya but replaces it with that specific thing in the Acura if there is good in it. So let's find out that they will he describes alcohol in the four iron, he mentioned that there is benefit in it, but the harm in it outweighs the good that is in it. So I was fine with that it prevented the Muslims from drinking it in this dunya however, the one who refrains from drinking it
in this dunya Allah subhanho wa Taala will allow him to indulge in it in the hereafter. It's not just bottles, Allah gives you a whole river goes swimming, if you want.
Some of the scholars mentioned that there will be no intoxication with that alcohol, but the pleasure and enjoyment will still be there. And Allah subhana wa tada knows best course number two,
you mentioned that people are not going to Gen after the prophet or their prophet die. So is there any proof beside this verse he will explain here to make what I say like he said,
the part of the pupil also go to gender. Those people are those times the profit was present. Right? And so it isn't just to make one thing clear, even if their prophet wasn't president, they remained upon the teachings of the Prophet. Right. So the prophet may have passed away a sigh listener may have been reading stuff, but they remained upon the teachings of their prophet as long as they remained upon the teachings of the Prophet, then they're considered to be believers, and they will they will go to partners, but now once Mohammed Salah love it sort of comes and came, it becomes integral upon the believer to accept him as a prophet and messenger as well. So first, you can
believe in most and believe in Isa and believe in the pure teachings. But now once more, Mohammed Salah has come if he doesn't believe in Mohammed Salah la vie Lucena, this becomes an act of copper, right because almost no data tells us to believe in Mohammed salah and to believe in all of the prophets. So now that you don't believe in this, this is what makes the person that doesn't believe
So during that time, before the prophet SAW Selim came in, they just believed in their own prophet That was perfect and sufficient. But now, after the coming of the prophet SAW Solomon after the covenant of Revelation, not only do they have to believe in the previous scriptures and the previous prophets, but they have to believe in the Koran and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam as a profit as well.
Believe but don't follow.
They follow their own religion so they accept Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam as a prophet, and they accept the Quran as the Scripture, yet they follow their other religion that is impossible that they accept the for it for another religion has almost no doubt clearly tells us in the Quran, in the deen and the law in Islam when we are together in Islam, Medina and further jacoba know that the only religion with Allah subhana wa tada is Islam and what receives a religion other than Islam, it should not be accepted from him. So they've denied this part of the Quran already. So that is what would make them disbelievers.
Third and last question, third and last question.
In the beginning,
they're not only categories.
So in the core itself, generally speaking, when Allah subhanho wa Taala refers to a human kita It is generally referring to only the Jews and the Christians. Now, in certain verses, you'll notice that Allah subhanaw taala, when he refers to the animal Kitab, he'll include this group called the Serbians in them as well. And that is where the difference of opinion that comes in that word a savvy is a group of Christians were they from the Jews were they separate religion? Are they part of that one in order
to eliminate this discrepancy? We just say that the general case scenario is that when I was speaking about
it is about the Jews and the Christians. However, in specific verses, it is possible that Allah subhanaw taala is including you know other others amongst them. And that is why even you will see that
in the in the sooner the pasta set up. When the processor refers to sometimes as the Rastafarians, you will see that treat them as the annual Kitab. So does that mean that they're part of the African savannah or not. And that's a whole different realm. But sometimes it is possible that advocates that will encompass more than just the Jews and the Christians and the last panel dynamos most of us I believe it's now the time for the advent of Asia. So we'll have the event for Asia. And next week, the handle call will continue again after it's about the mother. And then probably from next week, we will change the timing after next week. So next time it's still after a mullet and then after
next week, we will change the timing to another time but you know it's Allah subhanaw taala more behind the addition of a stockbroker which will relate to that will have added a celebrity for working for money.