Nadim Bashir – Community Ethics – Surah Hujurat Tafsir Verse 14

Nadim Bashir
AI: Summary © The speaker discusses the confusion surrounding the use of Islam in their daily lives, citing examples such as Al Qaeda's claims to have "people's" Islam and the use of "has been" in their language. They emphasize the importance of faith and being clear about one's Islam, as well as avoiding false accusations and avoiding wasting one's time. The community needs to be united to prevent further division and damage, and the speaker suggests that superiority is based on behavior and not race, income, or financial status. The community needs to apply the current ayah to judge others, and the speaker warns against using it to judge others and suggests that the community needs to apply it to others.
AI: Transcript ©
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In the time of the prophet there

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was a group of, people who converted to

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Islam on the hands of the prophet

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And what they began to do as it's

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mentioned in Tafsir al Khortobi,

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that they would begin to cause

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people harm.

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They would just sit in the way, and

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people who would pass by, they would say

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things to them. They would do things to

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them. They would sometimes litter the road.

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And not only that, but there are some

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Al Tafasi that be that say that would

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say that they began to come to Rasulullah

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salallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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and they would try to put their Islam.

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They would almost say that their Islam

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and their conversion to Islam

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is a favor for Rasulullah salallahu alaihi wa

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sallam. They would say that we are those

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people

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that other we're not like other people. Other

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people, they fought against

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Rasulullah We are a group that we never

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fought against Rasulullah

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And we converted to Islam for the sake

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of

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alaihi wasallam.

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So because they say they said these kind

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of things, and not only that, more importantly

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they said, over and over again, that we

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are people who are believers. We have iman.

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Allah

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in that situation,

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he interjects.

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And he tells Rasulullah

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that

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There's a group of people, You Rasulullah

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in your community,

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who claim to have iman.

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They have faith.

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Now, first stop, if we just take a

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stop here at this ayah or this juncture,

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at this ayah, and if you just reflect

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on what they're saying,

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they're not saying something that is absolutely wrong.

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For a person to say that I have

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iman, I have faith,

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it's not wrong. However,

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if you look at what they were saying

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and what they were doing,

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these 2 were in contradictory to each other.

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Because iman in faith

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basically means that whatever

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the Rasulullah salallahu alaihi wa sallam has said.

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And there's a long hadith. Al imanubiduunwasaboonashawaba.

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That there are 70 odd branches of faith.

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The greatest amongst them is

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to say,

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And the lowest of all the branches of

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faith is to remove something that can harm

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someone else from the path.

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And then he says,

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and hayah is also a branch of faith.

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There are 70 odd branches of faith, and

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Imam al Bayhaqirahmatullahialay

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in his book,

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of Kitabul Iman. He has actually listed all

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these 70 branches of faith. But what Allah

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subhanahu wa ta'ala is saying over here to

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these people is that you're making this very

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bold claim that you have iman.

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Allah is saying, tell these people

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they don't have iman, but rather they have

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Islam.

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And there's a difference between the 2. Islam

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is what as in the hadith of Jibreel

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alayhis salam, when Jibreel alayhis salam came to

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the prophet salallahu alayhi salam in the form

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of the human being. And this is considered

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as umul ahadith according to some of the

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ulama.

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When he asked Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam,

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he asked him 3 questions or 4 questions.

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What is Islam?

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What is iman?

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What is ihsan? And he asked him, When

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is the day of judgment?

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The very first question, When is What is

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Islam? What did the prophet alaihis salam say?

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He said to verbally

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declare

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that there is only 1 God, or there

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is no there is no 1 worthy of

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worship, but but 1 Allah

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and to the performance of salat,

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the giving of zakat,

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the performance of fasting in the month of

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Ramadan, and giving and doing Hajj, if you

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have the physical and financial capacity.

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These are the This is what Islam is.

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After

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and the qadr of Allah, and so forth.

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These are There are 6

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What is mentioned in this hadith, there are

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6 branches. From a theological perspective, there are

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6 things that we have to truly believe

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in. But in another hadith, the prophet then

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says, there are 70 branches of faith. So

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what Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala is saying is,

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that these people they claim to have iman,

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but they don't have iman. They have Islam,

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and there's a lesson to be learned from

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this. Number 1 is there's a difference in

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Islam and iman.

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But number 2 is

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that when a person says, I have iman.

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This is a person These are people who

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did have some good, but overall they were

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doing some things which were uncalled for. Harming

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other people.

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Causing problems for people who were passing by.

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Coming to the prophet and

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reminding him as if they're doing a favor

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for Rasulullah

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They're not doing a favor for the Prophet.

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You accept Islam for who? For Allah's sake.

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So you don't have to come back and

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remind the Prophet over and over again, that

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we are a qum, that we never fought

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against you, and we took our Islam for

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you. You can't do that kind of stuff.

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This is just uncalled for. So this is

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why Allah is saying that you cannot make

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this bold claim. Because when you make this

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kind of claim, you are saying that all

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these 70 branches of faith, they exist within

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my life. And this is why, if you

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think about it, if a person says, I

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have iman,

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what you're claiming is you have all these

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70 branches of faith in your life, and

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most of us, unfortunately, we don't have We're

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not in that position that we can say,

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I have every single branch of faith

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is existent within my life. None of us

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can make that bold claim. Now someone can

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say that well, of course it is not

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Is it not understood

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that if I'm saying I have iman, of

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course I'm not gonna have all these 70

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branches of faith in my life, but if

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I have few in my life,

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then doesn't that constitute that I have iman?

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Yes, we may have some aspect of iman,

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but we don't have full iman. That's like

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saying a person says, I have a car.

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But if you go outside,

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all they have is just the body of

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a car, and the steering wheel. You have

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no tires,

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You have no body. You just have the

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the core function

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of the of the car. You don't have

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the wiring, the engine, you don't have anything.

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Will any person say that this person has

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a car?

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Hakam. No. Okay? If you don't have the

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wheels, you don't have the steering wheel, you

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don't have anything, you will not say that

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this is a car.

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Likewise, a per A person who says,

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I have iman,

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is a variable statement.

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Alayhis

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salam, Tell these dear people that they don't

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have iman but they have Islam.

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Now, Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala is saying that

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iman has not entered entered into their hearts

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yet.

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Lamma

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versus lam.

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That iman has not entered. Lama gives the

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meaning that it has not entered yet. Meaning,

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there is some hope. If you work hard,

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you focus on yourself and your spirituality,

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there is a possibility

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that all these branches of faith can come

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into your life, but as of right now,

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it has not come.

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If you obey Allah and his prophet sallallahu

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alaihi wa sallam,

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Allah will not let any of your good

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deeds go to waste. Now, 2 things are

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mentioned here that we need to understand.

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Before this ayah,

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does anyone

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remember what was the ayah before this?

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Anyone remember the ayah before this?

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This is the key thing I want you

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to I want all of us to focus

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on here.

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Allah is making it very clear.

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What makes you superior?

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It's not your race,

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it's not the money that we have, It's

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not our socioeconomic

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status.

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It's not our it's not our the color

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of our skin.

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That's not what makes us superior. That's why

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Allah says,

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I brought you from many different walks of

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life, and many different backgrounds,

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but the only 1 who has superiority

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is the 1 who has taqwa.

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Now, in this ayah, Allah is telling us

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that that taqwa is based on your iman.

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Now, see, there is something interesting here about

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this ayah.

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If we had talked about superiority is based

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on something that you can see,

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something that is tangible. For example, I'm I'm

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just giving you a very random example here.

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If there was a statement

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that superiority

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is based on how much money you have,

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Money you can see

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in the manifestation of cars, houses,

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property, estate. We can see that.

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But Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala is saying over

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here

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that

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your success or your superiority

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is not based on that.

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It is based on your iman, and it's

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based on your taqwa.

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These are things

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that have to do with what?

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The heart.

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These are not things that you can see.

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Can you see actually someone's iman? No. You

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see someone praying salah, you can say, that

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is a sign of iman. The prophet says

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for example,

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When you see a person going to the

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masjid frequently,

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give testimony

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on my behalf that he has faith.

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Once again, it does not mean the whole

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faith. They have an aspect of faith.

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But the reason why this is important for

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us is,

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Allah subhanahu wa'ala is telling us that our

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superiority

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is not based on something that you can

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see.

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That means that number 1, I don't have

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to prove anything to anyone.

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That's number 1. But number 2 is, I

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don't have a right in front in the

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eyes of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. We all

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are all equal.

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We all are equal.

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No 1 can say that I am superior

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to someone else because of my taqwa, because

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the only 1 who can gauge the taqwa

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is who? Is Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala. How

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much taqwa do I have compared to all

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of you? Or each 1 of us, how

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much do we have taqwa compared to each

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other? Or your versus me and so forth.

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No 1 can say. So,

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there is a very good chance, in fact

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I really believe I may have some taqwa,

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but there are people sitting here in this

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gathering who may have more taqwa than me.

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Who may have more who who may have

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more

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and

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in the eyes of Allah

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compared to me. It's very possible.

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But the key thing is that we cannot.

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You see in a community,

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when we talk about superiority,

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this is where a community breaks off. This

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is where there's division within the community because

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there are people who can say, I am

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better than you. You understand? Or I am

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better than them. But here Allah is telling

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us, your superiority

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is not based on something that you can

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see. It's based on something that you cannot

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see.

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And if you cannot see something,

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then no 1 has any right

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to state that I am superior to someone

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else.

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And I am better than someone else because

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it's built on something that is only and

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only in the knowledge of Allah subhanahu wa

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ta'ala.

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This is 1 of the key messages

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of this ayah.

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This ayah is trying to keep the community

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together, that there is no 1 who can

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ever make that statement. So Allah subhanahu wa

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ta'ala is saying, number 1 is, there's a

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difference between Islam and iman.

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Number 2 is, no 1 can use

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or you no 1 can say that they

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are superior to someone else

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based

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on Islam and iman or taqwa, because this

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is something that's only and only in the

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eyes of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. Only in

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the knowledge of Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala. So

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this is why this helps us keep our

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community together.

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At this point, all we try to do

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is we always support each other. And this

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is why it's very important. When we we

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when we don't know

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any of our statuses in the eyes of

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Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala, then we need to

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be very careful

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before we hurt someone.

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Because as the prophet says, or in the

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Khaliqusi,

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when he says When Allah says,

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Whoever causes or whoever creates enmity

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with my wali,

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then I declare war against them.

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Now if wilayah, if this I this this

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status of being a wali of Allah is

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based on one's taqwa and iman,

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then wallahi none of us know who could

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be the wali of Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala.

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Right? Think about it. If I don't even

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know, if I go and I hurt someone,

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and they turn out to be a wali

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of Allah, no matter what we think, what

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we think their Islam, and their imal, and

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their taqwa is. If they turn out to

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be a wali of Allah, it's not written

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on their forehead that I'm the wali of

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Allah,

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But if you hurt someone,

00:13:28 --> 00:13:29

and this is why we need to be

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very careful if we do anything to anyone.

00:13:32 --> 00:13:33

If I hurt someone,

00:13:33 --> 00:13:36

I cannot judge anyone based on their looks,

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based on what they have. It's all comes

00:13:39 --> 00:13:40

down to what? To their heart and their

00:13:40 --> 00:13:43

taqwa. If I hurt someone, and by chance

00:13:43 --> 00:13:45

they turn out to be a wali of

00:13:45 --> 00:13:48

Allah, then wallahi, I'm causing destruction for myself.

00:13:48 --> 00:13:49

So this is why

00:13:49 --> 00:13:52

these are key things that will keep our

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community together. If we're not in the position

00:13:54 --> 00:13:56

to judge anyone, we'll leave that to Allah

00:13:56 --> 00:13:57

subhanahu wa ta'ala.

00:13:57 --> 00:14:00

This is something that will take away from

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the issues of our community, and this is

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happening Allah in our community. So I ask

00:14:04 --> 00:14:06

Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala to keep our community

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united, but more importantly whatever we have learned

00:14:09 --> 00:14:10

from this ayah, may Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala

00:14:11 --> 00:14:13

make us amongst those who will apply this

00:14:13 --> 00:14:15

ayah in their life, and spread to others

00:14:15 --> 00:14:15

inshallah.

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