Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Anfal 1-19 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 1-2
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was a bit of a human issue formula gene Bismillahirrahmanirrahim.
Lesson number 98. So total answers is number one to 19.
So two answers is emergency surah. What does that mean?
That it was revealed after the prophet SAW the Lotus that have migrated from Mecca to Medina,
suitable out of the sutra that we learned right before it's a little unfair, was a murky surah and before that a little anon was also a Maki surah.
But before that, we learned Sultana ADA, which was a modern Isa
and social dakara into the alien bond, both of them are also muddy.
So now again, we're going to study a surah, which is madonie.
Ansel is immagini surah. And it was revealed after Soto dakara.
In the previous surah, surah, Allah, we learned about several nations who were destroyed.
Why were they destroyed
because of their disbelief in the prophets, who were sent to them.
And also because of how they dealt with the Prophet of Allah.
In this surah, we will learn about how the machine of Makkah, how they have dealt with the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and how the Sahaba those who believe in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam dealt with him. how they behave towards the prophets of Allah is
this sort of sort of unfair, it was revealed in the context of the Battle of Gods.
When was it revealed
in the context of the Battle of Babel, which took place on 17th of Ramadan, the second year after digital
and the Battle of other marks the first victory of the Muslims against the mashiki. against the mystic forces against the forces of disbelief.
In Buhari, It is reported that our deployment our best, he said, that sort of unfound was revealed in the context of the Battle of
the Battle of better, as you know, was the first battle that was fought between the Muslims and the machete. It was the first major battle.
And you remember that before the Battle of whether there were minor skirmishes, minor combat between the Muslims and English speaking, however, this was the first major battle.
In this order, several events and aspects of the battle are mentioned, such as the causes of the battle, the results of the battle, and in the sort of, the rules of conduct for fighting in the way of the law are also laid down.
As well as the rules for distributing any of the spoils of war, any of the booty that the Muslims may obtain by winning the battle.
Similarly, in DeSoto, is mentioned as to how the prisoners of war should be treated by the Muslims.
And it is trust and disorder, that victory success comes only from Allah subhanaw taala. And it comes as a reward for faith in Allah soprano.
And it is not by virtue of the superiority of your numbers of your arms of your resources, but rather, victory help is only from almost kind of
what happened in the Battle of budget.
Development. But as I mentioned to you earlier, it was a first major battle that was between the disbelievers and the Muslims.
And in this battle, a small band of Muslims have very few number of Muslims, which were some 300. According to some there were about 313 believers, the Sahaba, who fought with the Prophet said a lot of them in the bachelor but
and remember that the Muslims, they had recently migrated to Medina
and a half of the population of Medina was of immigrants now,
so many people were immigrants and you can imagine any place in which they are immigrants. Initially, there's a lot of financial crisis. There is shortage of food supplies, different types of supplies, so people are struggling financially.
because of this reason, the Muslims who went to battle effort, they were also a very limited resources, very limited resources.
And on the other hand, the wish Sikkim they were more than 1000 more than 1000 in number. So basically, the Muslims were to fight the enemy that was three times their own number, three times it will number
However, a loss of panels on the sister the Muslims
And he granted them victory. And the Muslims came back to Medina victorious.
And it was a victory. That terrified to the people that what the prophet sallallahu Sallam was preaching was the Huck, the Muslims were on the hook. Because it was impossible, that 300 people who are barely armed, they're fighting against an army that is three times their own number,
which is why the day but that is also known as Yeoman foot con, the Dave criterion because it distinguished it clearly showed as to who was right and who was wrong, that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam what he was preaching was corrected was the truth. And what the machine was doing that was about that it was incorrect.
Now, upon victory of this battle, the Muslims were victorious. Obviously, the Muslims acquired war booty. And up until now, in Arabia, the custom was that whenever you go to bathroom, whatever you get your hands on, that's yours.
Everybody would just take whatever they could get a hold off, and it belonged to them. That was the way that the Arabs used to distribute your booty, or whatever you conduct for yourself. That's yours Finders keepers.
However, when the Muslims when they acquired war booty at the victory of the Battle of butter,
everyone wondered as to what the rules were with regards to the distribution of booty
who had a right over it, and who did not have a right over it.
So what does it show? That our Dean teaches us the discipline?
What is the teacher
discipline, that in every situation we cannot just follow whatever we want, do whatever we are used to. But rather, we have to do what Allah subhanaw taala wants us to what Allah has commanded us to do, we have to see what Allah and His Messenger have said with regards to something. We cannot just follow our own desire. We cannot just follow the customs of the society blindly.
But in every situation, in every circumstance, we have to see what Allah and His Messenger have commanded.
And this is exactly what the Sahaba wondered about that, how is the booty going to be distributed?
Here accorded that sourthern Malik he said, that after the victory of the Battle of brother, I said, All as messenger, Allah has brought comfort to me today over them with seeking
Allah has brought me comfort today. How? Through victory over who? over the machine. So grant me the sword, meaning I have done so well in the battle. We have been victorious and I performed so well in the battle. So please give me the sword because he found it in the battlefield. But the profits are loaded and said to him in the hair, the safer laka will le dot who
this sword is neither yours nor is it mine. So just put it down.
To sorry when Malik said I put it down. But I said to myself, the prophets are a lot of sort of might give the sword to another man who did not fight as fiercely as I did.
So then, he said that I heard a man calling me from behind and I said has Allah revealed something in my case?
The prophets of Allah sallallahu Sallam said, You asked me to give you the sword, but it is not for me to decide about.
However, it has been granted to me by Allah, meaning I can decide about it, and therefore I give it to you.
So Allah subhanaw taala sent down the ayah Yes, aluna aka Anil unfurl
unfairly delay what was sued.
So this verse was revealed about who started even mind
this fellow hand over him, yes, an owner, Colonel and firm, they asked you about the bounties, about the booty of war,
fully and fairly. Now he will soon see the bounties meaning the war booty, it belongs to who it is for Allah and the messenger.
He is aluna they ask, Who asked you?
The Sahaba they asked the prophets a little more about the unfair
meaning about the division of the booty as to who deserves it, who has a share in it.
And this so this question over here is is different meaning they were seeking a legal verdict? They were seeking a legal verdict.
who deserves the war booty?
Why were they so concerned about it?
You see in the battlefield, there were different groups also have every person was appointed at his specific location where the profits are of all the sudden.
For example, one group was fighting the disbelievers right at the forefront.
In other words defending the army from behind, they were not fighting in the front. And another group was protecting the profits, let alone isn't. So when the Muslims acquired war booty and it was going to be divided, each group thought that they were more worthy of it than the rest. For example, the fighter said that we should get the booty because we fought at the front. And the defenders they said we should get it because if we did not defend you, then you would not be able to fight. And the rest of them they said we were protecting the profits little data center. So we should get the war booty. So Allah subhanaw taala revealed the following, that he has a Luna candle and fell and fell
in the Navy, but also
if you look at the word and
the word is being used over here for war, which What does it mean?
and fight is the plural of nothing. And nothing is that which is extra. There is more than the focus more than the word you more than that which is mandatory.
Just as not fulfiller What is that extra center, it's not some it's not mandatory, you just praying.
It's a voluntary act of worship.
Similarly, natural phenomena. It's not, it's not mandatory. It's not so Dakotan fatal, but rather it is not fulfilled.
So nothing is that which is extra, which is more than that which is mandatory.
For example, we learn in Israel, number 79. Woman and Lady for the head Good to be here nasty letter neck
that this was commanded to the profit for the loan is something that from part of the night, pray with it, meaning pray in part of the night as additional worship for you. Meaning it's an extra obligation upon you. Nothing that the hatchet fella was an extra obligation on the profit sort of
not in everybody else it was extra for him.
So yes, another kind of unfair, the question is why is war booty called and fell?
for different reasons.
First of all, because the purpose of war in Islam is not to gain war booty. The purpose of battle in our Deen is not to gain war booty. It is not to amass the resources of other people that just go and fight other people for no reason, get a hold of their resources get a hold of their minerals. This is not the reason this is not the objective of war in Islam.
But rather, the purpose of war in Islam is the pleasure of Allah.
So if the soldier meaning the one who goes to fight in the way of Allah, if he does receive some worldly benefit, then that where the benefit is an extra favor from Allah,
it's a bonus. It's not the actual reward. What is it?
It's an extra favor, because that was not his objective.
His objective is to get the pleasure of Allah. So if by fighting in the way of Allah, he obtained some worldly benefit, that's as a bonus, the actual reward? Where will you get it?
in the dunya. Whenever a person gets, that is an extra benefit. It's a bonus.
And remember that there is nothing in adonia that can compensate for what a person sacrifices in the way of almost depends on
whether it is his wealth, or his time or his life. Anything that he sacrifices for the sake of a lot, nothing in this world can make up for it.
So if a person does get some worldly benefit, that it is only a bonus.
Secondly, it was how long it was unlawful on the previous nations.
We learned that the money is for you. Even they were to fight in the way of a law. However, they were not allowed to use or take any of the war booty.
So yes, I don't know. karnan unfair. They ask you about the war booty with regards to his distribution, who gets to share in it? Who does not get to share in it. Everybody's arguing? The people who are fighting the front sad, they're right. The people who are defending they were saying it's there, right? The people who are defending the profits are about us and they said they were more deserving. So there was a confusion. There was some argument difference amongst us a habit.
So lots of panels are the center solution. And what was that?
That whole say, unfair to the unfair or for who
lillahi delay for Allah and also for whom? The Messenger of
quality and follow the law he was sued.
This is the answer.
That you went to war not to get booty. But you went to war to get the pleasure of Allah.
Therefore don't think that this booty is your right. It's not your right. Rather this booty belongs to who?
To Allah and His messenger.
So they will decide as to who gets to share and who does not get to share.
And they will divide the booty amongst the people, however they deem, right. Who,
Allah and the messenger
therefore, whatever the decide you have to be pleased with?
No, apparently it seems as though the Sahaba they don't have any share the war booty call and follow the law he was sued. What does it mean, it's not for you.
However, we do learn that in ayah, 14 later on in this order, the answer is given as to who gets a share in the war booty. So why is this being said that the spoils belong to a line is messenger?
For two reasons.
First of all, so that people do not fight for what people do not fight for the love of dunya.
The lasagna does not become the purpose of their lives and their efforts.
Many times what happens when children are quarreling over something. For example, two children are saying, This is my pencil. Each one is saying that it says pencil, then what is the tissue?
She just takes the pencil away. She's like, okay, it doesn't belong to you. It's no one's, it's not yours, it's not yours, it's mine.
What happens, the dispute is ended.
And both the kids they become satisfied that the other person didn't get it.
And then what does the teacher do? Depending on what she knows, depending on what she's aware of, she will give the pencil to whoever she wishes,
or she will not give to any of them. If she thinks that that is better. So the reason behind saying pull and follow the narrative of a soul is to end the dispute
that stop arguing, stop disputing, forget arguing, this belongs to Allah and His messenger.
And also it has been said, The second reason is that when people they have the same objective, when they have the same goal, that our goal is to please Allah, our goal is to be the messenger, then they are more united.
You see, each person has a different role to play in an organization. And if every person begins thinking that his work is more important, his work is better. Therefore, he can do whatever he wants to, or he has more right, than what's going to happen.
There is going to be disunity. Because every person is going to have a different objective. His goal is not the mission of the organization. But what is it
his own personal motive, which is to satisfy himself, or to get the paycheck, or whatever that he wishes.
So when people have the same objective when they have the same goal, that I'm here to please Allah, then what happens? people remain united. So cool. And finally land a belongs to a land the messenger become united, first Tacoma. So fear Allah, meaning all believers have fear of Allah and do not quarrel over this metric do not dispute over this metric,
Fear Allah and hand over everything to align His messenger
with a flu, and instead of focusing on who has a share and who does not have a share, what should you do?
Asli who reform
Asli who is from the word Islam
and what does this life mean?
to put things right to reform the situation?
So Asli, who reformed what should you reform,
that of a nickel? The relations better between you
reform that which is amongst you?
What do you mean by this lack of a nickel
doing that is the feminine of the blue and what is the mean? possessor. So that is possessing that which is in
so that which is in veiny come between you all fix that? What is that which is between the people? It's their relationships, it's their affairs. So awfully, who that have a nickel, meaning, reform the affairs that are amongst you. Why? So that there is unity out there who that who can reform your mutual affairs, so that there is unity
And then the relations that you have.
And what is that tradition?
Primarily, it is the tradition of Islam of the of Deen. So after that of any con so that you are all united, so that you all have cooperation, friendship, reform your relations, because if you don't reform your relations, then you cannot work together.
Just imagine 300 people, very few a number, they go to battle, and they come back and they begin fighting over money
isn't going to affect your work isn't going to affect their efforts? It's going to
so instead of focusing on money, instead of focusing on the fact that your work is better than the others work, what should you do?
Focus on amending and reforming the measures that are between you.
Focus on good relationships, as well. wealthier Aloha and obey Allah wa rasuluh and his messenger will be online His Messenger concerning word
concerning the booty, and concerning every measure of Amish, and Mahi and father, and
in every command they give you, every prohibition, every judgment, every ruling, obey Allah and His messenger. Why? In quantum I mean, if you truly believers, if you really have a man, then you must you'll be alone as messenger.
What does it show that it is a sign of Eman of being a true believer that a person obeys Allah and His Messenger in every situation.
And it is a sign of weakness of email, or the lack of inner weakness of email when a person does not obey online is messenger. Whether you base his own desires
and it's the duty of a true believer that he must be aligned His Messenger in every situation.
So if we are a lot of little Zulu inconsolably, if you look in this ayah, alone is messenger haven't mentioned twice. And both times they've mentioned together. Why?
To show that the decision that comes from the messenger, the command that he gives, is from who
it is actually from a loss of candor. obedience to the messenger means obedience to Allah. And disobedience to the messenger means disobedience to Allah.
Imola, indeed Norbert Minolta, the believers,
indeed the true believers.
I noticed a word in NEMA. It's calling my house which limits the meaning, meaning the believers are only those. There are many people who claim to be believers who think that they're believers. But what is the sign of true Eman? Who is really a believer?
The believers are only those who are ladina those people who either Lupita Allahu Allah is mentioned. What happens?
When she does kulu boom, their hearts become fearful. Their hearts tremble. Why?
Out of fear of
their hearts tremble out of fear of Allah.
Just the mention of Allah makes them fearful.
So how about when the command of Allah comes? How about when a prohibition comes? Will they say why will they say how? and How come? And why is it like this? And why is it like that? No. Because a true believer The moment he hears about Allah, the moment he hears a lucky mentioned, that's it, his heart trembles and immediately he submits. He forgets the whys in the house. He only submit to that time, because what do you do boom, their hearts tremble with fear.
The word what do you think is from the root letter as well, Jean lamb.
Wow, gee man, and watchin is to be afraid.
Just imagine you're walking and all of a sudden, you see a huge hole in the ground.
Just imagine a well, that's huge and very deep. It's going to make you very fearful and your whole body becomes alert.
So, basically, why is such fear in which a person is trembling because of that fear?
A shimmer of fear runs through the body, the person is awestruck. So what do you have to do boom, their hearts tremble with fear.
But the question is, what does it mean by either look at a low when a lot is mentioned.
It could be when Allah His name is mentioned,
or when his worried is mentioned when his warning his threat is mentioned, or when his hokum is mentioned
The reaction of the believers is that immediately they are struck with fear.
Immediately they become fearful.
When do you become afraid?
When you hear about something that you're afraid of,
isn't it? So,
for example, if you're afraid of, let's say, a particular person,
perhaps the teacher, or let's say, the principal, or your manager, your boss or whoever,
the moment you hear them coming, you see them driving in, you see them passing by, immediately what happens? You become fearful.
Similarly, someone whom you are ashamed of, maybe you did something wrong in the past, maybe you feel guilty before them, they are mentioned or they come, or you learn about what they have said, and instantly you're going to become fearful.
You're going to become fearful. It causes your heart to tremble.
So either that when a law is mentioned, to believers, their hearts tremble with fear.
Because they're afraid of almost a penalty.
There realize a lot of greatness. They realize their smallness, they realize their sinfulness.
So Allah is mentioned in their hearts tremble with fear. We need to ask ourselves, how many times how many times Allah is mentioned,
Allah is glorified, unless column is recited before us.
Allah I, as I read before us, we ourselves read the Ayat of Allah, but nothing happens to our heart.
It doesn't feel with any emotions, neither fear, nor love, nor humility, nothing, it says nothing happened. Why? It's because we don't have that man. It's because we don't have the cheer of a law. It's only because we claim that we love a lie. It's only because we play with your luck. And in reality, we don't.
Because if we really feared Allah, if we really had strong human, then the woman or luck would be mentioned, our hearts would tremble with fear.
What either to lead us or lay him as to who and when his Verses are recited upon him, that when a man increases them in a man, this is the sign of a true believer.
This is a sign of a true believer,
that when the eyes of Allah recited upon the increase in their email, they increase in their conviction, they are more willing to obey Allah, they are more accepting of the command, because they know it's an ayah of my Lord. It's the canon of Allah.
This is what my Lord said, This is what my Lord commanded. It increases I mean, they're motivated to obey. They don't say how come or why, or it doesn't make sense or it's too difficult. No, this is not the reaction,
either totally, utterly, I A to Zed or to even what I love billion and upon their Lord, yet our Cologne, they rely
the trust upon a loss of
the trust upon Allah in all aspects of their lives with regards to all of their affairs,
the whole only from Allah, they don't want from people.
So in this ayah, the sign of a true believer is mentioned the signs of a true believer. What are they? That first of all, when Allah has mentioned, the eyes of Allah, it increases them and it increases them in Eman. And thirdly, they have to work on almost a penultimate
question is in the previous ayah. What is mentioned,
the Sahaba are concerned about who gets a share of the booty and who doesn't get a share.
And what does
that leave the matter to align His messenger? If you're truly believers,
and if you're truly believers, check yourself Do you have these qualities or not?
If you don't, you need to improve yourself.
You're fighting for wealth. You're fighting for award, you think you're more deserving of reward.
Look at yourself first. Do you really deserve that reward?
Are you really true believers? What happens to you and allies mentioned? What happens to you when you hear the verses of the Quran?
doesn't increase you any man? Do you increase in your obedience?
If you don't turn there is a problem.
There's a problem.
Focus on ously who that rainy come and stop arguing about money.