Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Araf 1-25 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 10-12
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I in number 10
what are the musconetcong fill out the word your comfy hem Are you sure are Lila Mehta schoolroom, and we have certainly established you upon the earth. And we have made for you in it ways of livelihood. Little are you grateful,
while Okada, mechanical mechanic from the root letters meme calf noon,
meme calf noon,
and McKenna or McKenna is to give someone McCann, meaning it is to establish someone with authority with prosperity. So, McKenna is to establish someone, the same word is used for use of our listener, good Annika McKenna, the use of a film of that use of an incident was established in the land of Egypt. How, with authority with a position with prosperity. So over here, Allah says, what are the mechanical Buddha's can refer to? First of all, if the meaning is considered as co meaning you are people, all people that we have given you, authority on the earth.
If you look at it, of all the creatures on the earth, who has the greatest authority, it's the people, they control animals, they do an accent control birds, even forests, land. And at the same time, you don't see other creatures having the same kind of authority that people have. The rest of the creation is all subjected to who did the human beings that everything is under the human beings.
Secondly, mccanna config.com may also refer to only the people of Mecca. That will be one of Mecca we have established you in this land, which land land of Makkah, that you are made the caretakers of garba you have been given the authority and power over here. Other people come and you are the leaders You are the rulers. So we have established you in the land in the earth.
What you're another configure Mariusz and we have placed for you in the earth, my Irish. My Irish is from the root letters idea sheet. And it's the plural of Maria. And what is Maria? subsistence means of living
is that through which a person stays alive, it's a means of livelihood.
So for instance, food, drink, clothing, shelter, all of these are what? livelihood
so Allah has placed in the earth means of livelihood. You can get your food from the earth, you can get your water from the earth, you can make your house from the earth, you don't have to get stuff from outside the earth. Everything that you need is in the earth. All sorts of things. All sorts of facilities are there in the earth, that the earth is stable, it is inhabitable. Similarly, there's a supply of rain, water, air, food, etc. Everything that you need is in the air.
Secondly, again, if we take the meaning of it to be in the context of people of Mecca, that in Makkah, we have this for you means of livelihood, that if you look at NACA, it's a word that is lady these are it does not produce anything. But still their food was brought to them in Makkah. kalila mata Sharon, how level is it that you're grateful for receiving these blessings? What level gratitude is it that you express, or how very few people express gratitude for these blessings? that we have made the earth a fixed place for dwelling we have made it livable, and we have also created resources in the earth so that you can benefit from them. All of your basic needs are fulfilled
through this earth. But what are you doing? How are you thanking your Lord, by denial by disbelief by rejecting His Messenger by disobeying His commands, by neglecting his is by not caring to thank him by not caring to learn about his words, when he has given you so much? How little gratitude you express, we learn in sort of us is 24 to 32. Allah subhanaw taala says valiantly insane Illa army than the human being should look at his food, the morsel of food that you put into your mouth, look at it, observe it, think about it. Where did it come from? How did it get to your plate, and now suburban Alma
that we pour down water in Dorrance, some of my shop owner of the shop, then we broke open the earth, splitting it with sprouts. For unbuttoned if we have that and we cause to grow within it green. We're in a van we're called bear and grapes and herbage was a tune and one outlet and olive and palm trees were had their eco hole bear
gardens of dense shrubbery was back he had done what a bat and fruit and grass matar locomotory an army come as enjoyment for you and your grazing livestock. A loss of panel data has produced everything in the earth for you. And when you're eating your food, you don't even care to say Bismillah Before you begin, you don't even care to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and use your right hand. And after eating saying that hamdulillah kalila Mehta screw, look at how Allah has provided this food to you. So much was done so that this food could get to your plate. So much was done. And you can't even say Alhamdulillah
when you enter the grocery store, and you see so much food, how many times is it that we actually remember most of time.
We genuinely remember who the suppliers or the farms but that's it. We don't read as a fact that it is a low sent down to me. It is Allah who caused the earth to split with these parrots coming forth, who enabled the plants to produce the fruit to produce the vegetables. It's alone who enabled all of this. And if you think of it, if I'm also penetrated did not create the system. He did not supply us with all of this and what would we have done? Do we have an alternative? We don't have an alternative at all. This is what Allah subhanaw taala has provided for us that he has provided food for us in the form of plants as well as animals. Without instead of Taha what ends it I mean a
cement EMA and for a halogen OBE as well You mean Tibet and shatter. And we sent down from the sky rain and produce thereby categories of various pets. So much variety. As we learned earlier, Mr. Lucia will laid on our Lucia different different categories of plants Allah has produced for us as food,
cemetery and some of the natural number five Allah subhanaw taala says well, and I'm a Hanukkah leconfield her own woman Afro woman has Kowloon and the grazing livestock He has created for you, in them his warmth and numerous benefits and from them you also eat
think about so much food that we get from grazing livestock animals, meat, milk, cheese, yogurt, so much food. Polina Marrakech Kuru how nevertheless attached you show gratitude, so many blessings he has given you. How little gratitude you show.
Why Nakata? Hala Kanako sama so wanna come And We have certainly created you or people and then we gave you your human form, we shaped you as well, that Allah subhanaw taala created us hunk is the basic structure of something, the basic structure that is made
and the muscle will not come subordinate from Surah Surah is to give a shape and form Do you understand? So how is the skeletal stage when it's used in contrast to Surah and surah is the shape the form the mold, the fashioning, designing, coloring, all of that is involved in soda. So we created you thermos our content we shaped you, meaning we gave you a unique form a unique appearance. We gave you such a unique form, that no other creature is like you and no two people are the same. Each person has been shaped by Allah soprano has been given a form by Allah soprano.
So mokona then we said, Lil mela, eager to the angels asked to do the Adam, Prostrate to Adam. Meaning when other medicine was created, Allah Subhana Allah commanded the interest to prostrate to other medicine, which frustration was this, of honoring him, of showing that other medicines level was higher than that of the interest.
And other say that this was about off salutation of greeting, in obedience to His command to the command of a Vasa penalty, because otherwise, we're not allowed to prostrate to other creatures. We're only allowed to prostrate to Allah subhanaw taala. But when Allah commanded the angels to Prostrate to Adam, that was in obedience to a loss of friends, or
just as when you go for Hajj, generally, at the time of Salah, what are you supposed to do? You have to press harder. Right? But how do you what do you have to do? At Muslim you leave you don't pray. Why? Because Allah has commanded you to do that.
for surgery do so they are frustrated in their release except Iblees. Who is it please he was a virgin, the father of gin. And he was in the company of the angels. Why? Because of his righteousness because of his piety.
And remember, that before human beings who dwelt on the earth, it was a jinn meaning it was de who mainly populated the earth.
But after Adam or Hassan was created, human beings, they were halifa to do the jinn meeting now it's very
Mainly the people it doesn't mean gin are not there, of course they're there. But it's mainly the people who are dominant on the earth who have authority in the earth for Sergio Illa, he believes so all of them frustrated except for ivities lemmya communists said he was not and those who frustrated he did not prostrate. Why? Because of his arrogance. And it is extreme arrogance that everybody is praying. And a person refuses to pray.
A belief was learned me a communist surgeon, he was not of those who were frustrating. So if everybody is praying for Allah, and a person sits back and he says I'm not going to pray, then whose footsteps is he following it please
let me come in a Saturday and he was out of those etc. The other one was pronounced but the person did not respond didn't bother to pray. Let me come in at everybody got up to pray. But he didn't she didn't let me come in at
all He said, meaning a lot of panels artist said man and Erica and let us do that is
what prevented you from frustrating when I commanded you. When I told you to do such
Then what is it that stopped you that prevented you that obstructed you from doing such that mammoth Erica monero from the veterans name new name? manner? And what does it mean to stop to prevent?
So, in other words, how could anything prevent you when I am the one meaning what Allah subhanaw taala is the one who commanded you to do surgery?
In other words, why were you looking at Adam? You should have looked at my command.
What is our problem generally? We started looking at other people
what I I cannot do axon towards my mother because she's like this and she's like that.
I cannot listen to so and so person even though allies commanded me to because I don't like them. I don't agree with them. What does Allah say, ma'am? Menaka uh, let us do that is Mr. Took when I commanded you, then nothing in the world should have stopped you. Why are you looking at him? You should have looked at my command.
Color. He said, meaning a police reply and a fireman who I am better than him. Meaning I am better than Adam. Therefore, I am not going to Prostrate to Adam. He used logic over here. He didn't look at the command of Allah What did he use logic? I am better than him. Therefore, I cannot prostrate to him because one will prostrates to another he shows us humidity before him. I cannot show humility before Adam because I am better than him. He is lesser than me. He uses logic. And sometimes we do the exact same thing.
Allah subhanaw taala has given certain commands to us which are very clear, absolutely clear. And we have to follow them as they are. But what do we do? We use logic do not follow the commands of Allah.
We say everybody's doing it therefore I have to do this as well.
I cannot be nice because they are rude to me. I'm not going to fulfill my promises because they never fulfill their promises. I cannot speak the truth because nobody speaks the truth.
We also present logic it leads to the same thing. And he in fact gave an explanation as well.
Of how he was better than other.
He said hello cottony. You have created me Midnight in from fire. Well Hanako and you have created him min clean and from clay and fire is better than clay. Therefore I am not going to Prostrate to Adam.
He said you have created me from fire. Is this true? Yes it is. A loss of penetrator created the gin from fire. We learn to Little Rock man I have 14 to 15 that conical incentive in salt fall in CalHFA ha ha ha call Jan Nami marriage women now.
He created man from clay like that of pottery and he created the gin from a smokeless flame of fire.
So human beings were created from clean and gin they were created from fire
seminary without insulated hedges I have 26 and 27 while aka the hollow canal in Santa min Sol Sol in min hammer immerse noon while Jan Hakuna hoomin fabuleux min nerissa Moon and we did certainly create man out of clay from an altered blackmart and the jinn we created before from scorching fire.
Similarly, I shall the narrative of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Honey hotel mela economy nouran were Holika he believes in management now. Well holy man Lucifer
The angels were created from light and shade on Iblees. He was created from a smokeless flame of fire, while Adam was created from what has been described to you, meaning mud.
Over here, the word clean has been used and clean is used for a mixture of water, and soil. So basically it is wet mud.
In other places we read different types of mud. So for instance, to rock dust, which is dry. So what does it mean? Does that mean that's a contradiction? No, it shows the different stages that the mud underwent, from which Allah subhanaw taala created other medicine.
So over here, we see that he believes he presented logic, he preferred Apple logic over what?
Over obedience to a loss.
Remember, when it comes to the it's not that we're not supposed to use our intellect? So many places in the Quran? What do we learn from therapy don't fly therapy don't that you have to use your ankle. But remember, alcohol has to be used in the right context, in the right manner in the right way. Because a person can use his logic he can use his article and go completely haywire go completely off track,
So alcohol has to be used in the proper way in the proper manner in the right context, in the proper framework, in the proper limitation, because if you let your uncle loose, then there are no limits.
And this excuse that he presented is worse than the crime itself.
This excuse that he presented that I'm not going to obey Allah, because the one who is better, does not prostrate to one who is less. This excuse this justification is worse than the crime is worse than the crime. The fact is, that when a person accepts someone's greatness, then in reality, what is he doing? He's accepting the decree of law.
When a person accepts someone's quality, someone superiority, someone's excellence, someone's virtue, then in fact, he is accepting he is submitting to the decree of Allah.
And if a person does not accept, then he is rejecting the decree of Allah. He's rejecting the command of Allah,
if please use this logic. And with that, he rejected the command of Allah. That's what he did. This is why there was a problem with him using his logic.
Now, when we come out of a loss of penalty locums, whether we want it implemented or not, whether it makes sense to us or not, what is our responsibility? We have to accept it. Why? Simply because it's the commander of a law. And I don't know, but Allah knows,
if at least are accepted the command of Allah and he is frustrated to Adam, then reality? What was he doing, obeying the last parameter? Well, when he didn't, and he presented some excuse, what did he do? He disappeared, a little surprised with it.
So for example, what is the command for a married woman? What is she supposed to do? What are her qualities of a good married woman? That facility has a connotation that righteous women are who they're obedient, obedient to their husbands. So a woman if she says that I'm not going to listen to my husband, because I am more intelligent. I am more educated. I have a degree. And he doesn't.
I studied in that university, and he studied in so until college for a few years, he never completed his degree either. I have worked so much, and he hasn't worked at all, I am better than him. I am smarter, I am more clever, I come from a better family. And based on that she doesn't obey the husband based on this. You know, what is that the husband is telling you something that doesn't make sense. But the other is that he's telling you something right? But still, a woman does not obey simply because she says I am better than him. What is she doing? Yes, she is disobeying her husband. But in reality, what is she doing? She's disobeying the command of a law. So
similarly, anywhere we are, there's always a leader appointed above us in some way or the other whether it's a group in charge, or it is of course in charge or it is cafeteria in charge, or it is the management into any in charge there is always a leader, there's always someone with authority.
Now, what is that a person presents this logic that I am much more nicer than that. By more polite, what I am saying makes more sense. I am more skilled, I can cook better, I can clean better, I can organize better. I have a degree in this and they don't.
Now based on this logic of a person does
not follow does not obey the rules, then what is he doing? Actually,
he is not following the Aamir. And as a result he's not following the command of Allah because Allah subhanaw taala has told us that we should obey the rules. And those people who have been given authority
seminary for children, what is the command for them that they have to obey their parents. But sometimes children say our parents don't get it. They don't understand. They're not educated. Therefore, we don't have to listen to them. No, you have to listen to them when they're telling you about something that is correct. When they're telling you about something that does not contradict the deen of Allah subhanaw taala.
So when we obey someone who we are required to obey, when we do something that we are required to do, even if it goes against apparent logic, we still have to do it. Why? Because in reality, it is obedience to Allah subhanaw taala.
And there are moments in every person's life where Allah tests a person through things that don't make sense to him.
There are tests in every person's life, that you will learn about things that don't make any sense to you. Why do I have to wear their hijab? Why do I have to pray five times a day? Why would I listen to my husband? Why do I have to do this? And why do I have to do that? Remember their tests? Allah is testing your obedience to do him, not to people. Allah is testing your obedience to Him, not to others, that how accepting is the slave of mine? how humble is the slave of mine? How obedient is the slave of my
employees? What did he say and a Hiram Minho, because remember, it believes was very righteous about when someone with a lot of authority, a lot of accidents, a lot of virtue, which is why he was in the company of the angels.
So no matter how much better a person does, when the test comes, what does he do? Does he obey Allah? Simply because it's a command of a law? Or does he use his logic to justify his disobedience? And if you look at it, the excuse that he presented that I am better than him, it is faulty. This logic is faulty.
Many times what happens people present logic, and it's completely false. It's faulty. For example, a woman says, I am better than my husband, because I am more educated. Well, are you better than him in every way? Not necessarily. Perhaps he knows how to drive and you don't know how to drive. Perhaps he's a much better driver than you. Perhaps he spends money in a much wiser way than you. Perhaps he is more nice and more patient compared to you. Yes, he may not have a very high degree, which you have. But when it comes to solving math problems, he's much better than you, when it comes to dealing with the bank and account is much better than you. And this is something that's very
common check on versus thought in our hearts, I am better than them. And in reality, if we are better than them in one way, we're not better than them in every way. Remember that? Because we're focused only derailment. arleen of everyone who has knowledge is one who knows more. If you are good in one thing, there is someone who is much better than you in that same skill.
For example, a person who cooks food, prepares a particular meal, and the thing that their food is the best. And it's possible that all the food that is brought to that particular venue, their food is really the best and because of that they become extremely proud. But is their food really the best? Not necessarily. It's possible that if a big chef, or a big food critic, if he tastes that food, he says that it's not worth anything.
So sometimes we fool ourselves thinking that we're better than others, whereas in reality, we're not better than them. And this is a tactic of shadow. This is a deception of shaitaan, in which he himself fell into.
And if you look at this argument that he presented, I am better than he had no claim, he says that his entire argument is completely false. Hope that first of all, he says that I am better than him, why? Because my origin is better.
He says, I am from fire and he is from clay and fire is better than clay. So because my origin is better than his origin, therefore, I am better than he. But is that the case of everything? That just because the origin of something is good, that thing will also be good, not necessarily, not necessarily.
The product the result could vary could be different.
Similarly, he says that the idea that fire is better than clay is also completely false. How in several ways
First of all, if you look at it, the nature of clay is what? It's peaceful, it's calm, it's soothing. It's cool, isn't it.
And on the other hand, fire is completely the opposite. It's not peaceful, it's not calm, it's not soothing at all.
If you look at clay, it's a substance of animals and plants, that's where their food comes from. And fire is the exact opposite.
you have one part, and you can have a plant growing on it, which will give you fragrant Herbes fragrant, beautiful flowers. And at the same time, you could have one spark of fire that could cause a whole city to burn the whole forest to burn.
Earth produces benefit, and fire. It devastates.
Similarly, when it comes to Earth, no one can live without it,
No one can live without it. Why? Because it's a source of food. But when it comes to fire, can you live without it? Yes, you can. are sort of the Nana has said that a month or two would pass by without any fire being lit in our house? Or we did not see any fire? Or what her nephew, he said, What did you live on? She said the two black things, dates and water. And where do you get that from? From the earth.
So Earth is definitely better than fire.
Similarly, the Earth is the place of revelation to be sent down,
and the fire is a place where the criminals will be sent.
And there are many other differences which show that Earth is far better than fire. And this logic that it believes presented is faulty.
And this is what happens when a person falls into the trap of arrogance and self conceit that he doesn't even realize his faults. He doesn't even realize his weaknesses. He's so proud and full of himself that he begins to get fooled.
If you look at it, fire, you put sand on it, you put Earth on it, it will extinguish it, isn't it? It'll finish it, but it doesn't work the other way.