Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 04 – L056D

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Taimiyyah Zubair

Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair

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Episode Notes

An-Nisa 15-25 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 22-24

Episode Transcript

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over him

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lesson number 56 Salatu Nyssa

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now the topic is going to change likely.

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Number 22

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Why not? unki Houma Naka Hubbard Hubba camino Nisa, Elana for the Salah,

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and do not marry those women whom your father's married, except what has already occurred. In the who can affair he schatten. One Makaton was a Sabina indeed it was an immorality and hateful to Allah and was evil as a way

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what a thank you.

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Over here again, the believers are being prohibited from marrying particular women.

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Earlier we read that layer Hello calm and Teresa, it is not permissible for you to inherit the nica with a woman.

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Now we learned that it's not permissible for you to marry who those women whom your father's married. Let Thank you,

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Monica, that which he made melva here gives meaning of the one who

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meaning the women whom your fathers have married.

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So, Who is this woman, a stepmother.

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So a man is not allowed to marry his stepmother man aka her Abba, con men and Lisa

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and the other is the plural of and that includes one's father. It also includes one's grandfather, paternal and maternal. However upwards. It includes the person's father and grandfather, paternal and maternal however upwards.

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So a person is not allowed to marry his stepmother or his step grandmother.

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Monica Camila Nisa in an avocado salad except that which has already happened sativa these are the roots that are seen them fat. cellophane is that which is over that which happened in the past, that which is bygone so Malka, the center of that which has already happened.

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What does it mean by this dilemma for yourself?

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Meaning whatever has happened in the past has happened if a man did marry his stepmother in the past, he cannot change that situation.

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For instance, if a man married a woman in the past, who was a stepmother, and they had children together, what is he supposed to do? Kill those children? No.

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In America, the Salah whatever has happened in the past has passed, meaning you are not blameworthy for what happened in the past. Because as we learned earlier, in the eyes of Toba, that the one who does Sue out of Johanna out of ignorance, and somaiya toberman curry. So, if this happened in the past, out of ignorance, you're not blameworthy, you're not sinful for that.

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However, we do know that all of such marriages, which existed at the time of the revelation of this ayah, all of those marriages were unknown. They were finished.

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Like, for instance of a man had made his step mother or his step grandmother, after the revelation of this ayah that marriage with that woman was an old, it was nullified by the law.

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So a llama does enough. What does it mean that whatever has happened has happened now keep the marriage. Is that what the meaning is? No. It doesn't mean keep the marriage it means that you're not sinful for what happened in the past. Why?

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Because you didn't know.

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So why should you not marry your stepmother, the woman whom your father married,

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because in the who, indeed it marrying your father's wife, it is kind of a shotgun. It is an act of indecency. It is an act of indecency. There is an extreme fashion because you see, the wife of your father is like a mother to you. Right. The wife of your father is like a mother to you. Even if she's a stepmother, and to establish sexual relations with her. This is like Xena

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in no kind of fashion. This is like Xena, it's worse than Xena. It's a violation of the honor and respect of that woman.

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So in no kind of fashion? Well, Makaton and something that is hateful.

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The word mactan is well known for his meme cough that

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and mocked is to have hatred extreme

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detestation for someone Why?

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Upon seeing them committing a wrong action

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upon seeing them doing something wrong?

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Yeah, sometimes you have a very good image of someone, but then you see them doing something that is very nasty what happens? You develop this hatred for them.

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Why? Because you saw them doing something wrong.

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So MK is extreme hatred, extreme attestation. For someone, why upon seeing them do something wrong.

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So this act of marrying the stepmother, it is mocked,

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mocked from who,

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first of all, mocked Manila.

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Meaning This is an act that is very offensive, and it is a cause of mocked cause of earning anger from a loss of hentai, that if a person does this, he deserves the anger of Allah. He deserves the hatred of Allah, Allah hates such a person.

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And secondly, it has been said, that maakten that this is a mocked, meaning this causes hate. This causes marks from what? From the father, or from the son.

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For instance, if a man marries the wife of his father, his stepmother, what kind of feelings is the son going to have for his father? What kind of feelings are the good feelings? Not necessarily. Because sometimes, if there is a divorce between a couple and the second husband, after a woman, what kind of feelings does he have for the previous has been

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this like? That she treated you so bad, he divorced you. He was so harsh towards you, he divorced you. So he dislikes him.

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Similarly, who dislikes a second husband, the first husband.

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So this is going to create Mark between who father and son

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it brings extreme hatred and anger from Allah subhanaw taala. But at the same time, it also creates mouth between father and son.

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And thirdly, it has been said, that will not happen. This is something that is marked meaning this nigga is nikka mocked.

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This nica is such that deserves mocked from people.

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You know, sometimes two people get married, and others completely disapprove that marriage. They completely disapprove of it. So this is a marriage that is worthy of disapproval worthy of hatred. This is Dr.

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Wasabi Ella, and it is an evil with evil way of what evil way of fulfilling sexual desire, evil way of having children. Now just imagine the children that are born out of this relationship.

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What are they going to say? That my father is also my ex stepbrother and my mother is also my grandmother.

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So just imagine this is sad, sad that there's something that is evil. There's something that is gross.

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Which is why it has been said that marrying the father's ex wife, whether divorce or widow, it is worse than Xena. It is worse than Xena.

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Why?

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Because you see for Xena, we learn in sorbitol. Islam is number 32. That letter krobo Xena don't even approach Xena. Why, because in Canada, he schatten was a Sevilla.

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It is an act of Asia and set as a villain evil way of fulfilling desire an evil way of having children.

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But you see over here, what else has been said besides the harsher and sad sob la

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maakten. What is this show that this act is worse than

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this act is worse than Xena.

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You can legalize it by having a marriage contract. But first of all that marriage contract is not valid. And secondly, it is worse than Xena.

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So what do we learn from this ayah

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the prohibition of marrying one's stepmother and also one's own mother, because Monica oakum includes your own mother.

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So we learned about the prohibition of marrying one mother or the wife or one's father or the wife of one's grandfather maternal or paternal.

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And we learned that

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he recorded in his pseudonym, that Alberta even as if he said that his uncle a Buddha. He was sent by the prophet sallallahu wasallam to a man who married his stepmother.

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A man made his stepmother while being a Muslim.

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So the prophets are about to set him sent abroad.

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As his uncle of a Buddha, in order to execute that man

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and confiscate his property,

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because such a person, what is he committing mcdon an act that deserves mocked me in Allah, and also from the people.

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Ultimate learn about the prohibition of marrying one's father, and grandfather for a woman. Because obviously, if for a man marrying his mother, a stepmother, or step grandmother is forbidden. Similarly, for a woman marrying her father, or marrying her stepfather, or marrying her grandfather, all of this is forbidden.

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And if such a marriage contract does occur, is going to be valid, it's not going to be valid.

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And if it did occur in the past, out of ignorance, is it going to remain valid? No. Can you say that in the setup, I mean, this has happened already. So don't worry about it. No, the marriage is going to be a note.

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And this also shows to us that whatever has happened in the past is over, something that was done out of ignorance is done. You cannot go change it. You cannot go alter the past the history. So therefore, close the chapter now.

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Do Islam and close whatever happened in the past?

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Because as we learn the many commands in the surah, and in the Quran, what happens? We think about Oh, but this happened in that situation. So and so did that I know so and so Who did that? So instead of, you know, digging out the past and talking about the past and staying stuck over there, what does Allah say whatever has happened in the past has happened, you're not blameworthy for that. But from now on, fix a problem. Fix your situation and don't repeat this action again.

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Halima alaikum, prohibited to you for marriage? Or who Omaha to come your mother's

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Have we met from the work that had him? How long? What does how long mean? forbidding that aim is to make something unlawful?

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So how do we make meaning how long for you to marry or lay come upon you meaning Are you Muslim men are who are mathematical, your mother's

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in this ayah and in the following video, we will learn about those women who are forbidden for men to marry. Meaning Amanda's not allowed to marry them a man is not allowed to marry them.

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And remember, there are some women who a man is never allowed to marry their other women whom he is temporarily not allowed to marry.

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So, in this ayah both are mentioned

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the first category is of those women who are Mohamed bidness,

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who are forbidden, why because of NASA, because of lineage

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meaning you are related to them through lineage.

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So, who falls in this category first,

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oh my head

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or my head is the plural of Omen or it is the plural of Omaha Omaha with family booth at the end

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of Manhattan

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and own an Omaha or omet or oma hat, who are the mothers, biological mothers

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and generally, the word mahat is used for the alkane by human beings

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and omad is used for hierarchy like in animals.

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So, having a family from Omaha to come

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for the Omaha

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who are the Omaha

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the mothers they include First of all, the biological mother,

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biological mother.

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Secondly, Omaha's includes both paternal and maternal grandmother's, however upwards paternal and maternal grandmother's, however upwards. What does it mean that your father's mother and your mother's mother, however upwards in ascendancy

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and thirdly, Omaha also includes stepmother, as we learned the previous ayah

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who is a stepmother, your father's wife, so how do you mother Anakin Omaha article, secondly, webinar to come and your daughters Burnett is a plural have been

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and who has been

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daughter? So who are included in the daughters First of all, once biological daughter

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through nica or without nica What does it mean? That a daughter born through marriage meaning through your wife, or even a been to Xena

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a daughter

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A man through Xena

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meaning he had sexual relations the woman whom he was not married to, and he ended up having a daughter with her. So, that daughter also is forbidden for the men, he cannot say, oh, there was no nickel between me and her mother. So, therefore, I can very hurt no biological daughter, whether through nica or outside of nikka.

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Secondly, Burnett includes granddaughters, through sons, as well as through daughters. So, your sons daughters, as well as your daughters, daughters, again, however downwards. You understand,

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however, downwards like your sons, daughter, and your son, sons, daughter, and your son, son, sons daughter, however downwards, meaning in your grandchildren, whatever girls you have, you're not allowed to marry them.

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And thirdly, Burnett also includes stepdaughter who is a stepdaughter for abeba which inshallah we will learn about the wife's daughter, the wife's daughter,

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then her the metallic and who else will how to come and your sisters? Or what is the plural of oath? And who is an oath? Sister?

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And the sisters, who do they include?

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First of all, full sisters? What does it mean by that, that you share the same mother and father?

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We share the same mother and father.

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Secondly, a Hawaiian includes half sisters. What does it mean by that half sister

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that you share only the father and not the mother?

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Or you share only the mother and not the father?

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All right. You understand? Everybody?

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Who is a half sister,

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someone with whom you share only one parent, someone with whom you share only one parent?

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Well, a holiday that also include sisters through law, through suckling. What does it mean? That you and another girl were breastfed by the same woman?

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You and that girl are not related. But you were breastfed by the same woman. Therefore you become like sisters. So electrical?

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Well, I'm medical. And your father sisters, meaning your paternal aunts are met as a plural of ama. And I'm from the rotators I mean, me me. And arm is used for paternal aunt, meaning father, sister.

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So who does our math include? First of all, real?

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Real ants. Who does that include? The sisters of your father, and also the Sisters of your paternal grandfather? Because remember, our math is from your father's side.

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So you're talking about your father sister and about alternate Who else? Grandfather. So your paternal grandfather's sister, however upwards, I met

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wahana to come and your mother sisters. high net is a parent of Hannah.

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And who is a hotter maternal aunt? What does that mean your mother sister?

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And again how that includes your real aunts? What does that mean? That the sisters off your mother. sisters have your mother or who else? The sisters of your grandmother. Which grandmother maternal, however upwards.

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Well, Vanessa law and the daughters of the brothers meaning your

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nieces, Veneto off Bonanza, Florida bid.

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And Bonanza off includes the daughters of your brother and it also includes the granddaughters of your brother however downwards real or half.

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Well, then that'll have

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webinar to last. And the doctor's office sisters, meaning your nieces from your sister. And again, Vanessa will often cludes your sisters daughters as well as your sisters, granddaughters, however, downwards, real or half full or half.

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What am I had to come and your mother's now up until now, seven types of women were mentioned.

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And these seven Who are they?

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Who are they Mohamed bin Nasser meaning those women who are forbidden to you why because of NASA because of the lineage. Mother, daughter, sister. Color I'm similarly

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Nice. All of these are what? Same lineage, therefore they're forbidden.

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Now the second category is of those women who are Mahatma met through law.

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What does that mean? What is army? suckling, nursing breastfeeding?

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So we're on how to comb and your mothers allottee those who are on a cul de sac, have you alternate from raw birth?

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So those women who have cycled you, they're also like your mothers. So foster mothers, they're also forbidden for you to marry,

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even though you're not related otherwise.

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What However, caminada and also your sisters, from what Eldar?

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What does it mean by this a whole lot against authority? So a whole ethical manner dhara. Who are they foster sisters? Who do they include? First of all, the daughters of the wetness, the daughters of the wetness.

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And secondly, those women who are nursed by the same wet nurse as you

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those women who are nursed by the same wet nurse as you were a heretical Minerva.

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Remember that over here, only the foster mothers and foster sisters are mentioned through the Dora. Only the foster mothers and foster sisters are mentioned. However, we learned that all of the other relations, which other the seven categories that were mentioned about the same applies also through the dar.

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Right, the same applies also through the data. So seven through NASA and Alta seven through FDA.

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Then the third category is off mohalla met through sleep.

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And what does that mean? through marriage? Well, on behalf and mothers, which mothers Lissa equal off your women, mean the mothers of your wives, who are the the mothers in law,

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and remember that a mother in law is how long forever?

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How long forever? What does it mean?

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That even if her daughter is not married to you anymore, still, she's had on three.

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But oh my husband he said

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what are the evil and your daughters? which offers meaning your stepdaughters which ones allottee for her Do you recall those who are in your laps? ANOVA is the plural of Aviva.

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It is a plural of Beaver.

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And the beaver is from the room fetters brought that back. And he babba or Rob, who is the one who is the Lord and one who does therapy as well.

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And you decide that Rob and therapy, although therapy is from Rob Bell, well, and Rob is from Rob babba. They share the same meaning

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and are about him are the step daughters of men.

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Who are they? the daughters of your wife, from who from another husband?

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And they're called Roberto Why? Because usually they're brought up by who? By by who? By the stepfather

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sort of a evoko your stepdaughters allottee those who feel heard you recall in your labs, what is the plural of prejudice or hatred and prejudice lab? And this symbolizes guardianship. It symbolizes guardianship care.

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So those stepdaughters who are in your care, does it mean that if your wife has a daughter, who is not in your care, you can marry her? I know

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a lot of you who do recall, this is just descriptive.

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It does not put a condition. It's not conditional, but rather it is just descriptive. So what about you will come a lot if you have to reconsider stepdaughters meaning the daughters of your life from previous husband, they're also not allowed for you to marry.

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Which Daughters of your wife, those wives allottee, the hulten begin those women whom you entered with the haltom is from the holla and the husband began now what does it mean this is figurative for having sexual relations with them.

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So in other words, which stepdaughters are forbidden, the daughters of the woman whom you have had sexual relations with. What does this mean? That if a man got married to a woman who has daughters from before, and only the niqab took place, the consummation of marriage did not take place. Let's say the niqab was an over the

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But after some time, it ends up in a divorce, the marriage was never consummated. Now, by chance after a few years, what happens tonight is interested in the daughter of that woman? Is he allowed to marry them? Yes. Why? Because there is a condition of the wife that allottee the ultimatum that only those wives whom you've entered with, meaning those wives whom you have consummated the marriage with. So what does it mean that if the marriage was not consummated, then you are allowed to marry her daughter?

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Because you never consummated the marriage with the mother.

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Now, I know this is a very rare case, maybe you've never even heard of it. It's difficult to even imagine this. But law is law. And in law, this is permissible.

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For Illinois, Dakota, the Hudson Bay and then if you did not enter with that, meaning if you only did nica with those women, and you did not consummate the marriage fillerina had a come then there is no sin upon you in Marion who made the daughter of that woman for legendary Harlequin.

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Well, hello Illumina echo. And the wives of your sons, the wives of your sons. They're also forbidden for you to marry. hella is a plural of pallida.

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It is a plural of Halina.

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And how do you guys you know somebody who had his hand on them? What does Helen mean? permissible? So Halina is the wife of the son, who is the Halina the wife of the son.

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And why is she called holiday? Because holiday as you know, it means permissible, but it also means to untie to open to descend. So the wife of the sun, where does she live? Where does she descend? Where the same place as your son lives, right? So hello, hello, urbanite, econ and the wives of your sons. Who does this refer to the daughters in law, meaning a man can also not marry his daughter in law.

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However, we do learn that a man can May the divorced or widow of an adopted son, the divorced wife or the widow of an adopted son,

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who is an adopted son.

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There is no nessa there is no Dada. You've just adopted them.

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Like we learned in total exam, I number four, one major idea yeah, accom urbanite accom. And he has not made your adopted sons, your true sons. They're not like your true sons. So therefore, a man is allowed to marry the divorced woman or the widow of his adopted son.

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So I have a new urbanite Econ, which have an app and lithium and elsewhere because those were from your slab, a slab is a part of salt.

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A slab is a prep salt, and salt is used for the backbone, the spinal columns.

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And basically a slab, it's translated as line and line is the pubic region or the organs of reproduction.

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And from this, a slab is used figuratively for your biological son, figuratively. So alidium and Islamic and what does it mean that those sons of yours who are your biological sons, who are born from your organs of reproduction, meaning they're actually your biological sons, your own procreation?

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So your adopted son, his divorced wife, or widow, you can make?

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Well, I'm fetching my Robaina obtain, and that you collect you gather together you join between who obtained two sisters, I mean, this is also forbidden upon you. What?

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That you have two sisters in marriage together at a time.

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A man cannot have two sisters, as his wives at a time.

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He can marry one. And if by chance there is divorce, or the wife dies, then he can marry her sister. But at the same time Gemma at the same time, that is not permissible. What antigen marrow vein of thing.

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And these are things these two sisters could be real sisters, full sisters, it could be half sisters. They can also be sisters through brother

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in the amount of the setup except for that which has already happened. What does it mean? That whatever happened in the past has happened you're not blameworthy for that. However, if there isn't a guy that is with them, or how Am I mad is that going to be valid? No, it is going to be another

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dilemma for the self in aloha can have a photo of a Hema indeed Ally's Forgiving and Merciful.

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So what do we learn from this is

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that search

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Women, they are prohibited for men to marry,

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which women are there

00:30:07--> 00:30:14

they are, first of all through NASA. Secondly, through the law, and thirdly, through

00:30:15--> 00:30:23

through marriage. Not all the women, but some of them. And which ones are they, the ones who are mentioned over here.

00:30:24--> 00:30:27

And with regards to rodar

00:30:28--> 00:31:16

with regards to suckling, we learn from a hadith that is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim that in Nevada 200 remote men 200 women will either suckling prohibits that what birth prohibits. So just as the daughter of your sister is prohibited for you to marry, similarly, the daughter of your sister through Dora is forbidden for you to marry. Just as your own niece is waiting for you to marry cemetery your niece through the law is also forbidden. So seven women through NASA and seven women through the other seven categories through NASA and seven through rodar. Now the question is, what is what are, what is happening doesn't mean that just a woman randomly breastfeeds another child

00:31:16--> 00:31:43

just once for like a minute or two, and that's it. But adara has been established? No, there is a difference of opinion with regards to this. However, the most strongest one seems to be the one of our children, in which we learned that inside a Muslim, it was recorded that I show that on her she said that among the parts of the Quran that were revealed before is a statement that 10 incidents of suckling establishes the prohibition concerning marriage.

00:31:45--> 00:31:59

So from it, what do we learn that there was an ayah that was revealed before that was abrogated later on meaning in text? And what was that, that 10 incidents of circling 10 incidents? Not just one, but how many then,

00:32:00--> 00:32:20

and this was abrogated later with how many five and the messenger of a loss of autism died, while this statement was still recited as part of the Quran, so basically, initially, it was 10. And later on, it was five. So from the Hadith in Sahih, Muslim, what do we learn how many incidents of sapling five

00:32:21--> 00:32:26

and also, we must remember that this has to be in the period of suckling,

00:32:27--> 00:32:33

meaning the child is under the age of two. And he is breastfed at least five times.

00:32:34--> 00:32:42

And he is breastfed to his foot meaning he has taken a full feeding at least five times. That is what establishes rodar.

00:32:44--> 00:32:59

Some say that this can also be established after the age of two. This can also be established after the age of two. Because we learned that in the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when the command concerning hijab was revealed, there were some families in which they were adopted sons.

00:33:00--> 00:33:07

And these adopted sons, they weren't breastfed. Now all of a sudden, the commander of hijab has come. Now just imagine what's going to happen.

00:33:08--> 00:33:17

Just imagine the woman is living in the same house with her adopted sons, and she could walk around with hijab are those children going to be turned out of the house? What's going to happen, it's going to create a big problem.

00:33:18--> 00:33:37

So in that situation, what was done was that those boys, although they were adults, some of the women, they expressed some milk out and they gave the milk to the boys. Why so that radar could be established. Other scholars say that this cannot be done today, because that was only an exceptional case. At that time.

00:33:39--> 00:33:48

It was only an exceptional case, at that time in the profits of the law doesn't allow that in that situation. So we cannot apply today. So what do we learn that? What's a summary

00:33:49--> 00:33:54

that a DA is established after how many sucklings minimum of five

00:33:55--> 00:33:59

and when at which age before the age of two,

00:34:00--> 00:34:02

and they have to be full feedings.

00:34:04--> 00:34:10

And also, we learnt in this ayah that a man cannot have two sisters as his wives at the same time.

00:34:12--> 00:34:19

From the Heidi's We also learned that an aunt and a niece also cannot be made at the same time by the same man,

00:34:20--> 00:34:22

an aunt and a niece.

00:34:23--> 00:34:32

So for example, a girl and her holla or a girl and her um, her maternal or paternal aren't

00:34:33--> 00:34:53

both of them, they cannot be the wives of a man at the same time. Why? Because this leads to what does it lead to problems between who between the sisters between the art and the nice, and it could sever relations between the two of them?

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

Because you see two women who are married to the same men, you know, they can try to get along together but they can never have a perfect life.

00:35:01--> 00:35:16

All right, we can never have a perfect relationship. So if two sisters are together, imagine the fights imagine the arguments, imagine the animosity they would have for one another. So this would lead to suffering relationships. This is why this is not from a civil.

00:35:17--> 00:35:19

What else do we learn from this is

00:35:20--> 00:35:31

basically, the milk of the mother is to be given to the child, whether it is given directly from the breast or it is expressed and given to the child. It's the same thing.

00:35:32--> 00:35:36

Also, we learned that if a man has married a Maha Rama,

00:35:37--> 00:35:49

a man has married and will have a meaning a woman whom he is forbidden to marry, which women are they the ones that are mentioned in this ayah. So imagine if a man has married and then he finds out about this, what's going to happen,

00:35:50--> 00:35:57

that marriage is going to be nullified, which means that he will have to divorce the wife.

00:35:58--> 00:36:16

As we learn from a Hadith, in which we learned that Pharaohs daily, he said that I became a Muslim and I had two sisters at a time in marriage. So I came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and I informed him so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Look, the human divorce one of them,

00:36:17--> 00:36:33

divorce one of them. Understand. So if a man has made him or her mama, whether it is the sister of his wife, or it is the mother, or it is the aunt or whatever, then what does he have to do? He has to divorce? And if he doesn't, what did we learn? What did we learn?

00:36:35--> 00:36:48

HUD has to be implemented. HUD has to be implemented and what was that had that that man was executed? This is something forbidden. There's something hard on it is sad, sad that it is Moxon

00:36:49--> 00:37:04

and the kids, what happens to them? masala again, this is whatever has happened before they were born out of the tie of marriage, obviously it would create a big problem. Obviously the alcohol will have to get together and see what can be done.

00:37:05--> 00:37:12

And what if a woman is not sure as to how many times she breastfed the child.

00:37:13--> 00:37:25

She has to take a guess, at least. And she has to consider the minimum that she breastfed. Meaning if she remembers only one or two occasions, only one or two, then it's not good. Ah.

00:37:26--> 00:37:34

But if she remembers that every other week, or every other day, she was also breastfeeding the child. So what does that mean? It's gotta

00:37:36--> 00:37:37

listen to the recitation.

00:39:30--> 00:39:31

I number 24, which is in the next

00:39:33--> 00:39:34

and just this.

00:39:36--> 00:39:46

One works on our domina nessa and also prohibited to you are all married women. Elana Melaka is a man who can except those whom your right hands possess,

00:39:47--> 00:39:58

one works on it. This is directly connected with the previous ayah that holds the meta icon or sonet. also forbidden for you for marriage or who the more sonet women

00:39:59--> 00:39:59

the one our son

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

is the plural of more sunny

00:40:03--> 00:40:09

and more sunny is from the author's house hot new, what does his mean? his small Muslim

00:40:10--> 00:40:22

affort Fortress fortress of the Muslim afford? What does afford to it protects the one who is inside. So how Asana is to be fortified.

00:40:23--> 00:40:30

And more fun is one who is in the heslin. One who is martone, meaning one who is protected.

00:40:31--> 00:40:34

Who is Mr. sauna? Who is our sauna woman,

00:40:35--> 00:40:41

and works on a woman is, first of all, a Muslim woman, a believing woman.

00:40:42--> 00:40:54

I'm telling you about the literal meaning of the word what it means by Muslims in the context we look at that later. Right? I want you to understand the meaning of marks on it, the literal meaning. So first of all marks on it includes Muslim women. Why?

00:40:55--> 00:41:01

Because they are protected, they are fortified compared to non Muslim women.

00:41:02--> 00:41:10

Like for instance, a Muslim woman, she is protected by a hijab by her father by her brother by her husband, as opposed to anonymous, a woman she's not protected by a hijab.

00:41:12--> 00:41:33

Secondly, what on earth includes married women? Who does it include married women? Because a married woman is also fortified in the sense that a man cannot come and marry her. She's already married. She was already taken. She's already fortified. So no one can come in, have sexual relations with her or get married to her? No, because she's already married.

00:41:34--> 00:42:17

Thirdly, what Chanel applies to our fat if meaning chaste women, chaste women, those women who never commit how long don't even think of committing something that is unlawful, chaste women, what are the commerce on sonet because it is as though they have fortified themselves. They will not go near how long they will not let any men approach them. They will not expose themselves to situations in which they will be vulnerable. They are chased women in demand that they speak to the men in the manner that they interact with the other men they guard their chastity their women with higher and we learn the RFI if the chest women, the word Mark clinic can we apply to them even if they're not

00:42:17--> 00:42:20

married? Even if they're not married.

00:42:21--> 00:42:30

As we don't insert the note ID number for one Latina you're more and Mark sonet those people who accuse them of sonet mean the chest women have what?

00:42:31--> 00:42:32

Off committing Zina

00:42:33--> 00:42:51

also we learned so that the heme iron number 12 one motoyama vanetta Amman and Lottie sonnet for jaha and Maria are in a salon What did she do? She has she guarded her private part. So what does it mean she was chased. So marsinah also applies to our five chaste women.

00:42:52--> 00:42:57

Fourthly, the word mercenary applies to hella if meaning free women,

00:42:58--> 00:43:20

again, even if they are unmarried. Why? Because they are protected compared to the slave women. They are more protected compared to the slave women, as we learned in the same surah number 25. That woman let me assert their men come bolon as hell more fanatical what minute over there. Masonic refers to free women.

00:43:22--> 00:43:30

So who are the more sonet First of all, Muslim? Secondly, married. Thirdly, chaste, fourthly, free.

00:43:32--> 00:43:35

Over here in the context, who are the more sonet

00:43:36--> 00:44:06

married, that the married women are also forbidden for you to marry? Obviously, chaste women are not forbidden. They're recommended. Okay. So what's on earth? What does it refer to those women who are married? So a man cannot marry a woman who is already married to someone to such an extent that he cannot even propose her? He cannot even propose her while she's married. He cannot even propose her while she is in there. Remember

00:44:07--> 00:44:21

if she isn't there even a proposal cannot be sent to her mean in this app from the women in that except ma'am and I got a man who can except for that which are right hands possess. What does it mean by this? Man Man look at a medical

00:44:22--> 00:44:27

marijuana but a man who come as you know refers to slaves and over here in particular slave women.

00:44:29--> 00:44:37

In there is an exception for whom are sonet Furthermore, sonet married women. So except for those married women who become slaves,

00:44:38--> 00:44:46

and once they become slaves, what happens there Anika is invalidated. It does not remain valid anymore.

00:44:48--> 00:44:54

The captive women, the enslaved women, what happens immediately their nikka with their husbands is invalidated.

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

We see that amongst the Arabs. I wish they would have many, many battles.

00:45:00--> 00:45:24

The time and if they were victorious upon a tribe or upon their enemy, what would happen they would take captives which captors, who were taken as captives, those people who were either in the battlefield, or, for example, if an army raided another town or city or a tribe, then whoever they could catch over there, they would take them as captives.

00:45:25--> 00:45:33

Now, these captives included men, women, and children. It included men, women and children.

00:45:35--> 00:45:43

Now in Islam came, all types of warfare, were forbidden. For instance, you couldn't just go attack somebody just because you had a fight with them.

00:45:44--> 00:45:52

You couldn't go attack somebody just because your grandfather had a fight with them. No, all of these fights and battles were forbidden.

00:45:53--> 00:45:54

They were completely forbidden.

00:45:55--> 00:46:10

And the only reason that was left was for what? For the sake of Islam, you know, for the sake of defense, like for instance, the Muslims, they had a battle with the people of Mecca, when at the Battle of whether at the Battle of water and so many other battles.

00:46:11--> 00:46:47

Now, when the women are captured, along with the other captives, now, a soldier could not just randomly go pick up any woman and have sexual relations with her No, this was forbidden. What would be done is that all of the captives, they will be brought together in one place, just as the booty that was collected was brought together in one place, as we learned that even the leader, even the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was not allowed to take anything from the booty for himself in the sense that from hiding from the rest of the people, everything was to be collected in one place, and from there, it was distributed amongst the people.

00:46:49--> 00:46:57

So the captives even they were brought together in one place, and then it was up to the government as to what they decided to do.

00:46:59--> 00:47:05

Now, either those captives were exchanged with the enemy, for a portion of the land that was seized,

00:47:06--> 00:47:51

okay. Like for instance, just imagine that the Muslims, they had a battle with the people of Mecca. Now, from the people of Mecca, they got some captives. Now, there's many things that you can do with a cactus, first of all, send those captives back in exchange for some benefit. In exchange for some benefit, we will release your prisoners, if you do such and such, if you give us this benefit, now that benefit could be that you free our land, you give our land back to us, the land of ours that you've conquered, give it back to us, or give back our prisoners. Because obviously, the enemy also has your prisoners. So the capitals either would be exchanged for prisoners or for some other

00:47:51--> 00:48:03

benefits. Or sometimes these captives were distributed amongst the people as slaves. These capitals were distributed amongst the people as slaves. Now you may ask, why?

00:48:04--> 00:48:05

Think about it.

00:48:06--> 00:48:10

If these captives are left in the battlefield, what are they going to do?

00:48:11--> 00:48:18

They're going to harm you. If they're sent back home, what are they going to do? They've seen what you have, they're going to come back and attack you.

00:48:19--> 00:48:54

And if you set them free in your city, what's going to happen? They don't have any family. They don't have any relatives. And there could be a lot of corruption. Women without Muharram is spending the night out on the street, what's going to happen? She's vulnerable. There's going to be fitna there's going to be a lot of facade. Men are hungry, they have nothing with themselves they want to eat, where they're going to do theft maybe. So instead of, you know, these people being left on their own to wander and fend for themselves, what was done was they were distributed amongst the people as slaves.

00:48:55--> 00:49:04

And slaves, as we know in Islam also have rights that we're not going to discuss right now, because that is not the objective. Over here, the focus is the slave women.

00:49:06--> 00:49:13

Now, what happened with a woman who was a war captive and was given to someone as a slave, what happened with her

00:49:14--> 00:49:39

the moment that she was captured, the moment that she was captured her nica with her husband, her marriage with her husband, even though she's a Muslim, even though she's a non Muslim, is what it is invalidated. And remember that never can you capture a Muslim woman. Never Can you capture Muslims and take them as captives, that is completely forbidden that cannot be done.

00:49:40--> 00:49:49

So if Muslims have a fight with other Muslims, they cannot take captives from one another. That is something that cannot even be think that cannot even be imagined.

00:49:51--> 00:49:59

So the marriage that that slave woman that our captive woman had with her husband, that is immediately invalidated.

00:50:00--> 00:50:12

She is kept as a slave by her master, in which what happens is that she has to obey the master in the sense that whatever he tells him to she has to do. And similar to the master also has a right to have sexual relations with her.

00:50:13--> 00:50:33

But remember that it is only the master who can have sexual relations with her, that woman cannot be treated as a prostitute, that the master is enjoying her, his son and his brother out of the mind during her know, she is only for the master, she cannot be treated like a prostitute.

00:50:34--> 00:50:49

And remember, if she is left on her own, she's not made us labor capital, well, what's going to happen, we discussed that prostitution, so many wrong things could happen. So if she's kept in a house, if she's given a family, this is for her betterment, this is for her protection.

00:50:50--> 00:51:02

And if she is living in somebody's house, working for someone working as a slave, now a man is looking at a woman all the time, just imagine she's very attractive, imagine she's young, what's gonna happen?

00:51:03--> 00:51:04

What's gonna happen,

00:51:05--> 00:51:20

either is enough, or rape, it's gonna happen. So what has been done is that the woman who is a slave woman, with a master is allowed to have sexual relations with her, but he cannot treat her like a prostitute.

00:51:21--> 00:51:25

And she also has rights. She also has rights.

00:51:26--> 00:51:49

And we see that if a man has children, with the slave woman, because the question is that now if they have children together, what's gonna happen with those children? Now, those children were either considered as slaves, or they were considered, they were recognized and liberated by the Father. So basically was up to the father as to what he wanted to do.

00:51:51--> 00:51:59

Either he could keep them as slaves, or he could consider them as his own children, and treat them as his own children. It's up to him. It's his choice.

00:52:01--> 00:52:25

And we see that in our Deen, there were many incentives of freeing slaves. So first of all, enslaving people that was also limited. Before randomly could go read, or people and capture their people and make them slaves. But now this was not allowed. Only in the case of defense of Islam only in the case of production of Islam. Only then, could you fight people and take their people as captives.

00:52:26--> 00:53:10

And even after taking people as captives, there's so much encouragement and everything to free slaves. We learned that for so many things, the kafala, the expiation of sin is what? That you free a slave. And there's so much reward for a person who frees the slave woman who marries her and keeps her as his wife. And as we will learn in the following, I add, that Amanda is encouraged even to marry a slave woman, that if you cannot afford to marry a free woman, go marry a slave woman free her and marry her. Just imagine, we think that oh my god, slavery is allowed in Islam. You see, this concept of slavery, it exists. And it definitely existed in the past, especially in the culture in

00:53:10--> 00:53:27

which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came in. So what did our Deen do it fix the problem, it fix the situation. Even today, you see, battles take place, and prisoners of wars are there. What happens with these prisoners? What happens with them?

00:53:28--> 00:53:37

Either they are kept in jail cells, and they're raped day in and day out, especially women, and the men even they're sexually harassed day in and day out, isn't it?

00:53:38--> 00:53:42

And they are tortured, physically abused.

00:53:43--> 00:54:19

And sometimes a very high price is set for their freedom. And sometimes they're kept in confinement for no crime. So we see that in our Deen, even the prisoners of war, you cannot just keep them in jail cells decide. Either you're sending them back for a benefit in return. Or you're keeping them as slaves because it's better to be a slave than be a prisoner in a cell and being sexually harassed. Because a slave still has rights. A slave can say something can do something but a person who was imprisoned What can he do? What can you say nothing.

00:54:21--> 00:54:30

So over here, we see that the more center there for Britain for you to marry, except for those more sonet who have been captured and enslaved.

00:54:31--> 00:54:41

Okay. Except for those who are sonet who are captured and enslaved because as soon as a woman is enslaved, what happens? Her marriage is invalidated.

00:54:42--> 00:54:55

Allah says Kitab aloha alaikum. This is a decree of Allah upon you, meaning this command. This injunction is a decree meaning you have no freedom with regards to this you have to follow the command of Allah.

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

Will him let a coma or Adela come and allow

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

For you permissible for you are who Mauer or identical whatever is beyond that,

00:55:06--> 00:55:46

meaning all the other women, all of the other women except for these Mohamed, you are allowed to marry them. These are men you're not allowed to marry, go marry anybody else as long as you fulfill the conditions of marriage, and what are they that undebatable that you seek be unwelcome with your wealth? first condition is that who will be unwelcome that you seek the spouse? You seek the wife? How? Through your wealth? What does it mean by that, that a man must spend his wealth on the woman at the time of marriage? What does that mean? That he has to give the man to the woman?

00:55:47--> 00:55:52

A man must give them a hug to the woman and Tabitha who be unwelcome first condition.

00:55:53--> 00:55:57

Secondly, mostly Nina, ones being chased.

00:55:58--> 00:56:10

Over here it says ones meaning women being chased. It's not women. Marcin is masculine, it's actually the men, meaning the men when they marry the women, they should marry the women while being chased. What does it mean?

00:56:11--> 00:56:22

That the man must secret as a Muslim, that he should bring the woman in wedlock, he should bring the woman in wedlock. He should not just have sexual relations with her.

00:56:23--> 00:57:00

And this concept of prostitution is what that you give the money and you enjoy the woman sexually. And also this nikka mata or nikka misia What is it in which a man just It is as though he gives the rent to the woman for having enjoyed her sexually? This is something incorrect it goes against this command of Allah, what is the first condition and Tabitha will be unwelcome second emotion in that your intention of getting together with them is to keep them in wedlock not just to enjoy them for a day or a night or a week and then divorce them. No. Mostly Nene

00:57:01--> 00:57:12

late almost africaine not most African was African is a Florida wasafi and Mustafa is from the new federacija seen for her. And what is sefa Xena illegal sexual intercourse.

00:57:13--> 00:57:19

And literally Safa is to flow water to shed water to pour forth some liquid

00:57:20--> 00:57:31

and the light almost africaine What does it mean? That you don't get together with them just do flow, some liquid meaning just do flow some semen

00:57:33--> 00:57:42

in the sense that the purpose of getting together is not just to indulge in sexual pleasure. It is not just to satisfy sexual pleasure.

00:57:43--> 00:57:52

But the purpose of marriages. The purpose of marriages mostly mean having a family being in a wedlock having a family together.

00:57:54--> 00:58:16

So first of all, what's the condition on top of that will be unwelcome. Secondly, mursaleen Thirdly, later on wasafi and later dama sapien is also understood as mazovian meaning zanni meaning don't join with them just to commit dinner just to legalize that, okay, let's unica for just a week. Let's run the graph for just today. No, this is something that is incorrect.

00:58:18--> 00:58:31

First and tartan, then whatever that you benefited Biggie with it, meaning through the nikka forever that you have benefited men who know from them for 200 then you must give them their mouth,

00:58:32--> 00:58:34

then you must give them their edge.

00:58:35--> 00:58:46

What does it mean by this, that once the man consummate the marriage with the woman, then the mother becomes obligatory? He has to give it

00:58:47--> 00:59:11

until he consummated the marriage until the consummate the marriage You can say that obviously murder is part of marriage it is a condition of marriage. However, if a man delays if he doesn't fix it is not obligated. But once the marriage has been consummated, once estimator has been done, meaning a man has sexually enjoyed her, then forever to wonder, then he must give them a hug to the woman.

00:59:12--> 00:59:18

This is what there is a formula, it is an obligation from who from a loss of penalty.

00:59:20--> 00:59:23

If you notice, so many times in my head has been mentioned in this sort of

00:59:24--> 00:59:27

and unfortunately this is ignored so much by our Muslims.

00:59:29--> 00:59:38

What I do not highlight and there is no blame upon you, females are allowed to be in what you mutually agree with member added for the law after the for the law.

00:59:39--> 00:59:43

What does it mean by this? That after you give them a hug to the woman

00:59:44--> 00:59:54

after you give them a hug for the woman later on, there is no sin on you. If the woman decides to give up part of her mouth,

00:59:55--> 00:59:55

you understand?

00:59:56--> 00:59:59

Well Arjuna had a confy maternal data. What is that all data

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

Both of you mutually agree, both of you agree.

01:00:03--> 01:00:18

So the woman is not forced to give up the mother, but rather she agrees. And you also agree that she gives back the money to you. Either part of or some of, because we learned so much about the importance of giving them out completely and totally to the woman, it's her right, it's her property.

01:00:19--> 01:00:35

What do we learn here? That if after the consummation of marriage, after the man has given them a hug to the woman, later on, or the woman says, You gave this money to me, I don't need it, I see that you need it, take it. mutual agreement. Is there a sin on the man if he takes it? No, there is no sin.

01:00:37--> 01:00:40

This also teaches us that if you know somebody has given a gift to you,

01:00:41--> 01:00:46

and later on, if a mutual agreement, you want to give that thing to them,

01:00:47--> 01:00:56

because they needed out of mutual agreement, then it's okay. But otherwise, to demand a gift back to take a gift back, that is something that is forbidden.

01:00:57--> 01:01:01

But if it's the wrong item, if it is with mutual agreement, then it is permissible.

01:01:03--> 01:01:44

Secondly, it has been said that when Arjuna hired a coffeemaker all day to be invited for either What this means is that when you got married, and what was the condition of marriage that you give them, that you do it with the intention of your salon, and that you do it, right, almost half your pain. So afterwards, if you do end up divorcing the wife, if you do end up divorcing the wife, then there is no blame. There is no blame. Because the condition was that mostly when you get married to her, you should bring her into wedlock. Yes, you have brought her into wedlock. Now after a few months, you see that there are clear differences, and you cannot get along together. And you think

01:01:44--> 01:01:52

that it's better for you to separate from one another. So there is no blame female, although it can be even bothered for the law, after the obligation which obligation, the obligation of

01:01:54--> 01:02:27

in the law cannot even hakima Indeed, Allah is Knowing. And he's also wise. Notice, our Lehman and hekima. These two names are lots of hands, I have appeared so many times already in this sort of why show us what that all of these laws that are being given to you whether they are with regards to the rights of the orphan, the rights of the women, with regards to marriage, whatever they are, they're based on what what are they based on? The knowledge of Allah, and the wisdom of Allah.

01:02:28--> 01:02:35

Allah knows about his creation, he has created them, he knows what is best for them. And it's based on his wisdom.

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It's based on his wisdom, he knows what is best for them. He knows what is good for them. And therefore, he has given these commands.

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See the condition that is given over here that more slatina?

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This mursaleen who does it refer to the men that when they get married, they should become chased as well.

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More sonet Yes, it's used for women, free women, married women, chaste women. But once the men are married, they should also live a chaste life. Because many times chastity is expected of women. But the man you can go and do whatever he wants. He has a wife but he can also go in, in Belgian, womanizing, but marcelin is a man who is chaste who for devises chastity, how by being in wedlock, and once he has married a woman, then he is not going to go sleep with other women.

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And once he has married a woman, she is not going to go sleep with other men.

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This is forbidden, even if they have a mutual agreement. Because sometimes people do have a mutual agreement. It's okay. I don't care. No, this is something forbidden. The men also have to be mostly it's not just the women. Both are required to be mostly.

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Let's listen to the recitation of these verses from the beginning.

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to

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tee up

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in

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way to be

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very lucky

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man hakima