Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 27-40 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 38-a
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I number 30 it
was Sadie who was said if I do
ask for the male thief and the female thief fell through a the woman amputate their hands, does that be my cassava in recompense for what they have committed? Academy Allah as a determined punishment from Allah. Allahu Aziz and Hakeem, and Allah is Exalted in Might. And he's also wise. In this time we learned about the punishment for theft. The question is, what is theft? Who is a Sadek? Who is excited for
a Saturday, a Saturday is from the refectory scene raw, off
scene raw path.
So, Sarah means to steal,
to take somebody else's property without their permission.
And as a legal term, sofa theft refers to taking someone else's property or
someone else's property.
There are several points involved in this.
Whatever I emphasize on make sure you write that in a separate point.
The first one is to take someone else's property, what does it mean by that,
that what a person is taking is legally owned by the other person.
Like, for example, a person steals somebody's bag or somebody's money, now that is legally owned by them is legally their property. So it is to take another's property.
And this property reaches the nisab.
What is the nisab?
What does it mean by this law,
for example, in the cat nisab refers to the minimum amount that one has to have.
And if he has that, then on that circuit will be paid.
Similarly, for theft, also, there is an assault that if the theft is equal to that amount, or more than the punishment of theft will be applied, if it's less than that, then the punishment of theft will not be applied. You understand?
Like, for example, if a person only steals one penny, one cent,
then in that case, the punishment of the theft will not be applied, it has to be our particular value.
Similarly, if a person just takes one tissue,
I mean, are you going to chop off his hand? No.
It has to reach the nisab. And what does that assault
a quarter denounce
a quarter dinner.
And he takes that property, how it is secret manner with a fat
in a secret manner. And he doesn't take it in front of the owner in front of other people, but he takes it secretly.
And he takes it without permission or legal right? He doesn't ask him, can I please have this? He doesn't have any legal right to take it.
He takes it without permission, and without any legal right against the will of the owner.
And he takes it with criminal intention. He takes it with criminal intention.
And he takes that property, he takes that object, whether it was kept in a secure place or not.
Whether it was kept in a secure place or not.
For example, you know, what is that you have something in your bag in your purse? Is that secure?
Yes, it's in your purse, it's in your bag.
And the other is that like for example, you're sitting in a particular place, like all of you are sitting in your own spots, and you put something on the table.
For example, your wallet on the table in front of your buyer side.
Now, yes, it's not secure. However, it's in your house. It's in your place. It's in your area. Now if somebody takes the thing, oh, it was sitting on the table. That's why I took the wallet.
Does that mean they're justified? They're not justified in the sense understand. So whether that thing was kept in a secure place or not.
And they could have taken it. They could have stolen that property from the owner himself, or when it was deposited with someone else for safekeeping.
So for example, somebody steals your money from your purse or somebody steals your money from your mother's bank. Okay, your money from your mother's bank because you had your mother. Keep your money.
Money in her bank. So it could be taken from the person himself or it could be taken from somebody else with whom he has deposited his property for safekeeping. Now, this is what theft is.
Basically, if a person steals something that is how long, okay? Like, for example, if a person steals, for instance, alcohol or something like that, that does not fall under the category of soda,
it does not fall under the category of theft. Now, you might say, but it doesn't belong to Him, it still belongs to somebody else. So why should he take and if he's taking it, why should he not be punished?
Remember that, this is a definition of theft. And if a person steals something else, then in that case, punishment will be applied, but it will not be this punishment.
punishment will be applied, but it will not be this punishment, and other punishments, they are known as our z,
which is like for example, the judge, he decides, okay, he stole somebody else's property. Even if it was something Haram, you stole somebody's alcohol.
In that case, he's going to be flagged 50 times for example,
or he has to pay a fine he has to return his property and he also has to pay a fine.
So, Thorazine is a punishment that the judge comes up with depending on the situation.
Similarly, for person he take something from his close relative
like for example, if a father takes something belonging to a child, then that is not also theft.
If a parent takes something that belongs to their child, then that is not theft, why,
because the profits or the loss of them said until maluca, Liebig you and your wealth, your property belong to your father.
And if a person takes something openly,
because you see theft is that he takes it in a secret manner. But if a person takes an Open UI, for example, he just walks up to someone and says, Give me what you have, give me your money,
then again, that is not tough, then what is it also, and that is helaba, as we learned earlier, than four that gives a punishment again is different.
theft is what to take another person's property that reaches the nisab in a secret manner, without permission are legal, right? with criminal intention, whether it was kept in a secure place or not,
from the object of the owner, or when it was deposited with someone else for safekeeping.
So if these conditions are not fulfilled, then the punishment for theft is not going to be applied, but rather what's going to be applied.
Disease What does that turn disease? Okay, there I say yeah.
So over here, it also points out it says was surgical was
the male thief and the female thief, notice.
Both the man and the woman are being mentioned.
There is no discrimination. Whether the person who is stealing is a man or a woman.
There is no discrimination over here based on gender, any person, whether man or woman, if they commit theft, and notice how the men are mentioned first over here,
whereas in the punishment for Xena, who has mentioned first
and over here the man has mentioned first why because generally, generally, it is men who are involved in these activities. However, women today are also not far behind.
So a sidecar sidecar to what's the punishment faculteit rule adea Homer got off amputate. Chop off what ad a human hands of them to
the word Theroux is a command it's an ambush. From the Root Entry spa for an
author is to cut something.
And ad is authoritative yet, and the word yet applies to the hand.
Some say that the word yet applies to not just the hand but the entire arm.
Some say that the word yet applies to not just the hand but the entire arm. However, as I mentioned to you earlier in the AI that we learned about will do you understand the meaning of yet to be just a hand up to the wrist unless it is specified. Otherwise, that hand up to
The elbow or up to the shoulder, then the arm will be considered otherwise, it's just the hand up to the cuff.
The wrist. So photo ad a woman got off the hand of both of them, meaning whether the man or the woman, whoever commits theft cut off their hand,
which hand is going to be cut off
the right hand
the right hand is going to be cut off up to the wrist.
And if a person commits theft again
then in that case, what's going to be cut off the left foot
and if he commits theft again then
the left hand and if he commits theft again then the right foot okay.
So Falco, Theroux, adea, Houma. jezza, on the Makka Sabha, this punishment, Allah says, this is a recompense, this is a penalty, V Makka Saba because of what they have earned, because of what they have done, meaning because of the sin that they have acquired, and because of the theft that they have committed.
And this punishment, Allah calls it neck n and n exemplary punishment.
And this has been given by who mean Allah from Allah. This is an exemplary punishment that Allah is giving. The word McCann is from the root fetters known kathlyn. And then key is to humiliate someone is to chase someone away. And the girl is used for an exemplary punishment, a warning example. Why, because it humiliates the person who has been punished, who has done something wrong.
And at the same time, it chases other people away from committing that action.
So this is an exemplary punishment, a warning example, that is being set for all people,
that the punishment of theft is so severe in our Deen
that no matter how much love a person has for a particular thing, he will not steal it. Why? Because he knows that the price I have to pay for this is my hand. And everybody loves everybody.
And nobody would want to suffer this humiliation that my hand should be chopped off, that my hand should be cut off. So this is such a punishment that stops people from committing this heinous crime from committing this serious crime. This is an exemplary punishment when Allah
Allahu rz isn't and Allah is always Almighty, and he is also hekima. He's also wise.
The name of Allah subhanaw taala arises from the root letters, I am Jay Z. And there is that gives a meaning of Oliver
that he is one who has authority. So he can decide he can judge whatever he wants. Nobody can object to him. Nobody can question him. Nobody can say why and how he is disease. He's a supreme authority.
He is the one who is the most dominant.
Nobody can question him.
Secondly, the name of the last panel that arises,
it gives a sense of emptiness. And what does it mean to be saved from every Knox from every deficiency and it also gives a sense of us as meaning of strength of being firm.
So Allah subhanaw taala, his way will prevail.
And he's also hacky.
They will also pass out a Hakeem has arrived from
First of all, Hickman and what is Heckman
And it is to play something where it belongs in the manner that is appropriate in the way that is appropriate.
At the time that is appropriate. This is what hikma is.
And when Allah subhanaw taala has created something, or when he has judged something,
it is based on his wisdom.
How that in the solar in the shape
of in the form of that command or of that creation? What does that reflect the wisdom of Allah?
For example, the sun,
the shape, the form, the color of the sun, isn't a great wisdom behind it. Imagine if the sun was black. Just imagine would it fulfill its purpose? No. Even if it looked very beautiful.
It wouldn't fulfill its purpose. Similarly, imagine if it was dark purple.
It wouldn't fulfill the purpose of the Earth would not be nice and bright.
So, the shape, the form in which a lot of panatela has created his creation. It is based on
What is wisdom?
seminary the laws that are lost the Pentagon has given
the way they are to be performed.
Like for example Salah,
the way it is to be performed
the method, the form of Salah What does that reflect the wisdom of Allah?
That you're not just standing and saying random words but you're saying specific words, you're performing particular actions of humility, of being focused, praying to Allah, submitting yourself What does that reflect the wisdom of Allah?
So first of all hikma is in the sort of,
meaning the shape and form and secondly, it is in higher, what does via mean, objective and purpose?
That what is the reason behind creating the sun?
What is the reason behind commanding us to pray five times a day? Isn't there wisdom?
Imagine if there was no sun.
Just imagine, would we have light would we have heat?
It would be very difficult to live on the surface of the earth.
cemetery. The purpose behind making the Salah mandatory.
Imagine if it was optional, how many people would pray? How many people would pray? How many people would remember Allah? How would we feel close to Allah?
So there is wisdom behind the surah as well as the via meaning the form as well as the objective and purpose of what Allah has created. And secondly, what Allah Subhana Allah has commanded.
Secondly, the name of Allah subhanaw taala Hakeem is derived from the word hookworm, and what does her call me?
and a loss of power that is judgment or ruling is of two types. First of all, poverty. What does it mean by that? The decree of a loss of penalty what Allah Subhana Allah has decreed for his creation.
And secondly, Sheree.
So the laws that our last panel data has given for people to follow.
So Allah is disease and he is also happy
that all of the commands of Allah subhanaw taala, they are based on his Hickman.
They are based on his wisdom, the command itself and in the manner and the time that it is to be executed.
Because a person may wonder that theft, okay person is only stealing a little bit, or he's only stealing a quarter dinner, but you're cutting off his hand.
Doesn't that seem to be too harsh?
There's wisdom behind it.
The punishment itself, what is the wisdom, this is neck and this is a deterrent for the other people and also for the person who was committing this crime himself.
So, there is wisdom in the
command that allows the penalty has given the manner in which it is to be executed, and the command itself as well. There is a wisdom of a law