Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nisa 86-93 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 86-88
Out of la mina Shivani
lesson number 61 sort of donessa I am number 86 to 93
what either who you don't be there he yet in for how you be accent I'm in her old would do her and when you are greeted with a greeting
then greet in return with one that is better than it or at least return it in a like manner
what either who you either whenever
whether you are at school or you're at home whatever any place
whenever you are greeted with a greeting for you is from the newsletters hair yeah yeah from the word higher, what does highest mean life and
this literally means to give a drama of life
What does it mean to give other art of life
meaning that you make to offer someone that they may be given a good life they may be given a long life, a happy life a prosperous life, this is the literal meaning of the word.
Now the Arabs in order to greet one another they used to give the drama of life they would say statements such as which are so common today higher cola
higher cola meaning my last parameter to give you a long happy good life
and from this for you to be the hating the hate yeah the hate yes is greeting
from this the he has used for greeting and the greeting different cultures, different people it's different direct, but what is the greeting that we have been taught by a Lynas messenger
a Saturday morning
so what either her you don't be the hatin when you are greeted with a greeting meaning when somebody greets you with a greeting like for instance assalamu Aleikum and remember that the hair the salon it should be pronounced correctly okay. SLM mu IRA comm it's not selling comm or different versions that we have invented. Nor is it just salon, nor is it just peace.
What is the proper etiquette? What is a proper greeting? As said, mRNA
so either her you to be the hatin when you are greeted by a greeting, then what should you do?
remain quiet? Don't say anything. I've said what it comes down to so many people today. I'm tired now. I just had time for them like 15 minutes ago. No, Allah says what either whenever you are greeted by a greeting, whether it's the first time or the third time or the seventh time, what should you do? for how you then you greet?
Meaning you greet the one who greeted you in response to the greeting?
And how should you greet them the sentiment with a greeting that is better than it
a greeting that is better than what a greeting that is better than the greeting that they greeted you with?
So for example, if somebody says you assalam o alaikum. In response, what do you say? A salam wa Alaykum wa rahmatullah. And if somebody says to you assalamu, alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu. Then how will you respond to greeting by adding more words? No,
you don't add more words, because it's not of the sooner
This is the maximum Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu in words, which is why the accent I mean hi is in two ways. First of all, in Kamiya, meaning in quantity of words, that if somebody says Assalamu alaykum you say Assalamualaikum warahmatullah. If somebody says Assalamualaikum warahmatullah, you say Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
And secondly, our son can also be in kefir, meaning in style and manner. So if somebody says to you as salaamu, alaikum, warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. Then when you respond to them, you can respond to them how, with a smile on your face, you have to somehow make your response better,
somehow, and there could be different ways. So it could be by a smile, it could be by looking at them. It could be by extending out your hand as well to shake your hand with them. And it could also be by giving a hug, but remember that in giving a hug as well, it's not enough.
Through that you have done three times.
Remember that the Muslim thing is just the handshake. And if you wish to give a hug because you're seeing a person after a long time, then it's okay if you wish to give them a hug. But remember, again, because we have this custom, we have this tradition of saying salon with the handshake, and also hugging every single person. And it has to be three times and it's so difficult sometimes, literally, it is so difficult, you know, if you go to a wedding, and the poor bride is being greeted by everybody, and she has to hug all those 100 150 people three times, just imagine her back, just imagine. So sometimes it gets very difficult. So again, our Deen is useful. So keep it to the don't
go a step ahead. Because if you go a step ahead, then you're only creating problems for yourself.
So arson is how, first of all in comedian in the quantity of the words and secondly in style and manner.
But you have to make your response better somehow or the other, find out a way. And there is going to be a way, if you have this thing in your mind that I have to make the response better, then you are going to make it better. Similarly, if the person said to you said I'm in a hurry, you can say to them doesn't mean that you lengthen it so much. But you say to them properly, looking at them smiling at them. So be SNM in half,
a little do her or at least return it. And there's no other third option.
Do options we have been given either give a response that is better. And if you can't come up with a better response, then at least return the salon don't remain quiet would do have
to do as you know, it's from the veterans law the and how would you return the salon by saying back to the person exactly what he said to you
that you respond with the same greeting if not better?
And this is why this is obligatory What? responding to the center.
And you notice over here that the he has been mentioned. So yes, when a Muslim greets you, he says Assalamu alaikum.
But if a non Muslim, if they greet you with their greeting, like Hi, Hello, good morning. Good evening. Good afternoon, what should you say?
rude to her returning say the same thing in response, which is why we learned the kata he said, I said I mean hell is going to be to the believer. And if a non Muslim if he says Assalamualaikum then what do you do? You just return it.
Like for instance, the profits are the loudest and when they when they said to him Assam or Nico, I should have been around he said, What did you say? That Assam where they come when learner when she gave more in response, but what did the Prophet said a lot of them say
that you should have done what I did wireless. And upon you mean upon you be the same?
So if a Muslim greets you, then what are you going to say?
Your response is going to be up sentiment. And if a non Muslim greet you, according to some scholars, you're just going to return the salon. Or you're going to return the greeting in the way that they greeted you because you don't know what exactly they have meant.
But if somebody just says you know, normal word, in a normal way, Hi, Hello, good morning, then don't say oh my god, I wonder what they mean.
We don't be suspicious all the time.
Just return the greeting.
And we learned that even our vessel there and when you said that the words that the non Muslims used to greet you greet them with the same words.
But obviously there is a condition as long as those words are not against the teachings have already in those words don't contain any meaning of shift.
Okay, and the meaning of check or any reading that is inappropriate. That goes against the teachings of the sometimes in imitating other people in using their words, or when speaking to them. We use their words and sometimes we don't know the meanings of those words. If you don't know the meaning, don't use it. And if they use a word, then don't use the same word Say hi say hello and hunter today with the global world. I mean, everybody knows Hi Hello.
And Fernando says LMT then go to her by the same way radicles Hello the if you don't want to say why a como Salaam to say why they don't say accent I mean have it returned I mean whatever the situation knows.
And if people say Allah Hafiz or Khuda hafiz
I mean if you look at it the meaning itself, it says that the
meaning may Allah be your garden.
The meaning is appropriate. Because the word that has been used to be here is the havior any greeting
so any greeting as long as the meaning is correct. It is okay to use. However, if a person
Send users the greeting that align is messenger that is obviously much better, which is a notary greeting, which is a Solomonic.
Now, if somebody being a Muslim, if they say to you, hi, they say to you, hello. Or if they say, ALLAH hafiz. And in response, you say assalamu aleikum. With a reminder that you should say Salaam, then that is our salamina.
But it doesn't mean that in response, you're saying a sin I'm already committing when you say a Salaam Alaikum they're obviously going to respond to everything. You're saying it like that to remind them.
In the law, indeed of law, Canada, he is ever at our coalition over everything is has ever he is an account taker, meaning he takes account of every single thing.
Who is hassey?
One who takes account,
one who takes account. So every time that she says salon, every time that you respond to the salon, and how you respond to the salon, the Kamiya, as well as a fear of the response, a loss of penalties, enumerating everything, and he's going to recompense you for what you have done.
It is also said that the word has seen it means one who is noble, one who is respected. One was esteemed.
So in the larger coalition has Eva allies hassim is very noble. So when you're greeting someone who's the greeting that Allah has given you, it's the most normal greeting and as Sarah Marie, Assam is one of the names of Allah subhanaw taala.
And if you compare it with other Greetings, hi, hello, me, what do they mean?
And good morning book. May you have a very good morning, but what about your afternoon? What about your evening? What about your next day?
But as said Mr. alikum, is so comprehensive What does it mean? A Salam or Aleikum, a Salaam meaning Peace be upon you.
And this has been understood in a number of ways. First of all, it has been said that what this means is that you are safe from me you are secure from me, you will encounter only peace from me. So, the person cannot say a solemn word they come in and give a slap to the other person know or start shouting at them.
Assalamu alaykum means you are at peace from me, you will only find peace from me nothing harmful.
Okay. Similarly a thief. He goes and enters the house and he says Assalamualaikum and then he goes and steals This is against the center, okay.
It is also that the SRM article What this means is that as Sam, who is he also pointed out,
that I am praying that may Allah who is a salon, the giver of bees, the giver of protection may be protective.
So first of all, you are safe from me. And secondly, may Allah protect you from anything that can harm you in this dunya India Hill. May Allah protect you, may Allah preserve you.
May Allah keep you peaceful, keep you secure. And this is such a good
it's such a good prayer. It's such a good greeting. And when we just say Good morning or good evening or Good night, Yes, okay. It has some temporary benefit, but a Saturday morning May Allah protect you with regards to everything, not just your night, but also your work.
Your also your family.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that by he in whose hand is my soul,
by he in whose hand is my soul. You will never enter Paradise until you believe
and you will not believe until you love one another.
You will not have complete Eman unless and until you love one another. Should I direct you to an action that will direct you to love each other. That will increase your love for one another.
The prophets or other Islam said I should sell anabaena come spread the salon among yourselves. Meaning spread the greeting of Salaam among yourselves.
Because when you say asylum, what are you saying? You're at peace for me.
So obviously this is going to increase love.
Similarly, when you're praying for a person all the time, every time that you need them SLM already come this is going to increase love.
And sometimes we see somebody we don't greet them. Do we get the opportunity to smile at them to have a conversation with them? No. But when you say Salah, and the more you say Salaam to someone, the more you communicate with them, the more you talk with them, the more you smile at them, it is going to increase love. So over here we see that says lm why
In order to increase love, why increase love so that you can have a man? Why have a man so that you can introduce him?
Where does it start from?
The moment he said that a man asked the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, that what is the best thing in Islam? What is the best thing about Islam?
He said, feeding others, giving food to others. And sometimes we think feeding others means feeding only the poor people know, feeding others means feeding everybody, and giving the greeting of Salaam, to those whom you know, and those whom you don't know.
This is the best thing about Islam.
There are the intelligence not just to communicate with those people whom we know, but also those people whom we don't know.
And the greeting of the people of gender is what Ulta Salon what they're here to houfy hair salon. And we see sometimes we take this very lightly, Santa Santa Monica, what's the big deal?
I'll just say hi, I will just say hello, like, what's the big deal. Or sometimes somebody says send them to us, we don't respond.
Or we don't respond in a manner that is accent, we take it very likely forgetting that this deed even is a source of great reward is a source of great benefit. It's actually a requirement of a man. This is what completes the amount of a person.
So what do we learn from this ayah First of all, about the obligation of returning the sun,
the obligation or returning the greeting,
the importance of saying this alarm as well, and the obligation of returning the center.
And remember that if a person does not respond to the set am of the other to the greeting of the other. It is an act of disobedience to a loss because of hearing loss As for how you
would do this is a command. So if a person does not respond back, he is disobeying Allah. It is like a sin.
And we think if somebody says Salaam to us, because we're upset with them, we want to show them we're very angry, we're not going to say why they can send them to them. This is what you may show your anger. But this is actually an act of disobedience to Allah because Allah is commanding us. So it is an obligation upon every Muslim to respond to the greeting that is offered to him.
The prophets are a lot of them said a believer or another believer five rights.
Five rights of every believer, what are they responding to the greeting,
visiting when he is sick, visiting when he is ill, following his funeral, accepting his invitation
and saying your hand will come ma when he says Alhamdulillah after sneezing.
So this is a write of a Muslim, when he says Salaam to you. It is his right. It is your duty, it is your obligation to respond to his greeting.
We also learned that when a person responds to the greeting of the other, it could be of two types, either exactly the same, or better. Now it's up to you. Whatever you want for yourself, whichever reward you want for yourself.
We learned that Iranian Hussein he said that a man came to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam and he said assalamu alikum the prophet SAW the Lotus and returned the greeting. And after the man sat down, he said 10 another man came and he said assalamu aleikum wa rahmatullah wa Luz messenger, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam returned the greeting, and after the man sat down, he said, 20
then another man came and he said, Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh the prophets are about us and in return the greeting and after the man sat down, he said 30
so what does it indicate?
That it depends on you how much you want, do you want
to sometimes were stingy with seeing so now we only say Assalamualaikum sometimes it may be difficult for you to do so I'm really caught up with Allah who will go to every time
but we should try to say the whole Salaam as well or at least in responding, we should give a Salaam that is better.
And we also learned that in responding to the greeting of the other, we should try to make sure that our greeting is better. In kumea,
and, or and in, okay, fear that if they're not smiling, up, you can smile. If they're not looking, you could look at them.
So some or the other, try to make sure that your response is better.
We also learned that it is permissible to greet with words
are maruf or to greet with a greeting? That is maruf what is Martin? That is culturally acceptable? Because over here the word has been used as long as they're not incorrect.
Okay, the word has been used. So it is permissible to use a greeting that is more aloof as long as the words are not incorrect even within Muslims.
However, it is better to use the shuddering greeting. Why,
because when you just say hello, when you just say hi you don't get reward.
Okay, you do get the reward for being nice to someone, but you don't get the reward of saying the greeting.
But when you use the shutter a greeting the greeting that is a part of our Deen then a person also gets the reward.
We also learned that Allah subhanaw taala is suitable for everything he is enough for everyone who trusts upon him and he calculates every single deed. So, we should be careful about the smallest of already
I mean something as small as the greeting
something as small as a greeting even that is important in the eyes of Allah soprano.
And from this ayah we also learn about the importance of the etiquette of responding to the other, the etiquette of responding to the other that if somebody says Salaam to you, you should respond to them.
Similarly, if somebody gives you a gift, what should you do not say thank you. Letter does
not give them a gift when you can. No, you should also respond. So this teaches us that if somebody offers you something good, it is of the etiquettes of a video that he responds in some way or the other. I mean, don't be like a hard rock that is not affected by anything peaceful.
Okay. Similarly, if somebody is talking to you respond, don't be quiet Don't be just a silent listener.
There are lots of apologizes a love with that either in the who Allah there is no deity except Him. Layer Gemma, Omnicom in a row with piano, He will surely assemble you for account on the Day of Resurrection. And this day of judgment, low labor fee he about which there is no doubt, it is certainly going to happen. Woman us the criminal law howdy sir. And who is more truthful than Allah in statement, if Allah is telling you that the Day of Judgment is definitely going to occur, it is going to occur.
So we've seen this idea that two things are mentioned. First of all, we do hear of a loss of hands on
that a loss of data is the only one who deserves or a beggar who deserves worship, what either who come in.
And part of worshipping Allah subhanaw taala is to observe the commands that He has given.
We have learned so many commands over here.
Just now we learned about greeting. So why should a person greet? Why? Or why should a person respond to the greeting that is offered to him?
As an actor that my Rob has commanded me, Allah has commanded me. So Allah says Allah, Allah, Allah, Who there is no god except him. So everything you do, should be according to His instructions.
And the second thing that is mentioned in this ayah is laya. Juma omnicomm. Surely he will definitely gather you.
What has been mentioned about the Day of Judgment, that there is no doubt about it,
that it's definitely going to occur. It's inevitable.
And why is this mentioned over here? Because on the Day of Judgment, a person will be rewarded. A person will be recompense for everything. So don't belittle any good. And don't belittle anything. Be careful about your actions.
Woman are still coming ally hadiza and who is more truthful than Allah? in speech?
If Allah is telling you, trust Him,
from Allah calm, then what is wrong with you? Many What is the matter with you or Muslims? How come this is happening? That film when Africans concerning the hypocrites, you are fighting, you are into two groups meaning you are divided into two groups concerning the hypocrites.
What does it mean by this?
You see, at HUD. For the first time, the hypocrisy of the hypocrites was revealed.
Remember that when the prophets are about Islam came to Medina. Many people from Medina became Muslim, but many people remained mushrik. But after the victory at Bethel,
the first battle a lot of people became Muslims. Why?
Because they saw the benefits in being Muslim.
So in other words, they were like political believers, they became Muslim only for political reasons for political benefits.
And when the Battle of ohad was fought, and the Muslims, they suffered great loss. At that time, the hypocrisy of the hypocrites was revealed that these people are not sincere believers. And even before the defeat, when Abdullah bin urbane and his companions came back to Medina, they left the Muslims. What did that show that these people are not sincere believers.
So when this happened, that all of a sudden you have a group of people who claim to be Muslim, but they're not really Muslim in the sense that their interests are not the interests of Islam. They're not concerned about the benefit of Islam. They're not concerned about the loss of Islam, they're only concerned about themselves. So when this group emerged, the Muslims, the believers, they had a difference of opinion with regard to them.
Some said they are Muslim, because they have said calima of 11 have been his companions, they have set the kanima. So we have to treat them as Muslims. And other said that no, they're not Muslims, because they claim to be Muslims, but they're not with the Muslims. Which is why we learned that our model, they learn how every now and then what would he ask,
give me the permission to finish this personal.
So there was a difference amongst the Muslims. Some said that just because they have said the kalama we accept them. And others said that no, they're pretending to be Muslim. They're not actually Muslim, so we don't treat them like Muslim we have to treat them like other enemies of ours. It is also said that this difference of opinion was with regards to those people who became Muslim in Makkah, but did not do Hydra. They did not migrate to Medina.
They remember that some people could not migrate to Medina. Why? Because they were Muslim. They were oppressed, they had no choice.
But there were some other people who did not do a check, even though they were not Muslim. They had nothing to stop them. Because they were from a very prestigious tribe, a very noble family. Therefore, nobody would persecute them.
And they had their freedom. They would compromise in their religion to some extent. So they did not do hatred from Mecca to Medina. And as a result, because of their tribal membership, you can say they had to come with the machine fighting the Muslims at the end.
Do you understand?
There were some people who are Muslim who said the kalama. But they are made in Makkah, they did not do hijra.
And because they did not do it, if your tribe is going for battle, aren't you going to go with them?
Of course you have to, you can't be alone, you're not going to be left alone. If you don't go with them, you're being treacherous, and you're going to be killed. So because of this reason, they would accompany their mushrikeen family members, their mushrik tribe in order to fight against the Muslims. Now here is a person who claims to be a Muslim, and he's coming in fighting against the Muslims,
just because of the country that isn't just because of the tribe that he belongs to. So, again, the Muslims they had a difference. Somebody will say that these people are not Muslim, and others that that no, they are Muslim, because they have said the kalama they're forced into the situation.
It is also said that there were some people who became Muslim, they came to Medina, and they left Medina because they found that living as a Muslim or living in Medina is something difficult, because every now and then the Muslims have to go for a battle, or they have to defend themselves. There's so many threats in Medina. So what did they do? They left Medina and they went elsewhere.
So this ayah was revealed that what is wrong with you that with regards to the hypocrites, you are divided into two groups, one group of the Muslims is advocating harsh measures against them. And the other group is advocating moderation because these people have still set the color. So Allah subhanaw taala say medical, meaning this should not be the case. What is wrong with you? Isn't the reality so clear?
Isn't it so obvious? You should not have a difference with regards to this issue.
Well, low alcohol Why should you not have a difference because we're long. So Allah has reverted them be Makka Sabu because of what they have learned
alkoxides from the rotators of our calf scene and aircast is to turn something upside down.
It is turn something upside down and throw back and figuratively. It is used for when a person goes back to how he was before. When a person reverts when a person goes back to how he was so outcasts
Allah has reverted them, meaning he has thrown them back into their coffers.
They became Muslim. But now allies thrown them back into their coffin. Why? Mikasa because of what they have done, what did they do?
Some of them, they came fighting against the Muslims. This was clearly wrong. I mean, killing the Muslim is wrong, and now you're siding with them wishing to kill Muslims. That is something that is unacceptable.
So allow me Makka boo. So why are you in disagreement? Isn't the reality so obvious?
utterly doona? Do you all wish and to do that you guide man above the law, who Allah has led astray, meaning someone who Allah has allowed to go astray someone who's clearly misguided, you wish to count them from among those who are guided
I mean, one person is sacrificing everything. Why? For the sake of a loss of 100 will mean a nassima he actually left so at La, La Jolla. There is one person who gives up his family, his business, his money, his house, everything
because of his religion, and there is another person who was compromising on his religion. And in compromising, he goes to such an extent that he is harming other Muslims.
So isn't that clearly wrong? Do you wish to count these people amongst those who are guided?
Woman Utila and whoever allegedly the straight felon Vegeta who Sabina then you will never find for him away, you will never find for him away to the right course to the right guidance. What do we learn from this is
that first of all, if the laugh differences are something that are existent, thanks exist.
Wherever people will be there will be differences.
Because people think differently, people interpret situations differently. So having differences is normal. What is disliked is the photo. And what is the photo?
To cut yourself off from one another? That just because I don't agree with them, I'm going to cut off myself and I'm not going to listen to them.
I'm never going to listen to them. I'm going to say that they are disbelievers,
like unfortunately many Muslims do
that just because they have a difference of opinion with regards to a particular person, what will they say that they are committing? Don't listen to them. Don't ever listen to them warning again. so and so. So if there is something that is existant, what is dislike this the federal
We also learned that a person who is returned to his wrong ways, because over here losses will locus at home
a person who reverts to his wrong ways Why?
Because of the sense that he has committed because of the wrong things that he has committed because over here, losses will no longer be Makassar boo. It's not that they were very sincere, and a loss of panel data forced them into Cofer. No. It's remarkable they themselves did such actions as a result of which they fell into four different a disbelief.
We also learn from this idea that a person who leaves the way of Allah
He completely loses the deen of Allah as well.
We also learn that Allah subhanaw taala judges people based on their hearts and not what they claim
pangallo they're just people based on their hearts and not what they claim, not what they say.
The one who does not want guidance, he's not guided