Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nisa 51-70 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 58
They're almost hands out it says in a la jolla Moodle calm. Indeed, Allah orders you, Allah commands you
and to unduly amenity in a leader that you render trusts to whom they are do.
Allah orders you.
Over here we see that the address is in third person, that Allah Subhana Allah says, Allah orders you not I am ordering you. Why? Because such an address is more effective. It makes the address more formal, it makes your dress more formal.
And it also shows that you have to do this you don't have a choice with regards to that. Because Allah is ordering you and who is Allah?
Who is Allah and either the one who is the only one worthy of worship.
So Indeed Allah orders you and to do that you all pay
to do it from the veterans Hamza then yeah,
from the word other. And what does that mean to pay to deliver to fulfill so until I do that, you should pay that you should give back what amenity the Trust's the deposits do who
do It's entitled owners.
Meaning if there is an Amana, that you have Allah subhanaw taala orders you that you must be you must return it, you must give it You must hand it over to the one who deserves it to the one who has given it to you.
The word MNF is the plural of Anna and Amanda is from the roof letters Hamza mean, new
Amana is a trust
in Arabic It is said kulu Wadi, I think Amana
everything, everything that has been given as a trust, everything that has been given is what it is an honor, it is a trust.
It is also said that America is everything that a person is interested with.
It applies to all the privileges any kind of privilege that a person enjoys, which means that a person also has responsibility.
So for example, driving is a privilege, it's not a right.
So, when you have that privilege, don't you have some responsibility, that you have to be a responsible driver, you have to drive properly, you have this privilege, and now you have to be responsible about it, that you have to follow the rules correctly, you have to drive properly. And if you don't, that privilege is going to be taken away from you.
So, Amana is everything that has been given to someone It is a privilege and with it comes a responsibility on the person.
So this shows to us that there are two types of unearth.
First of all, there are many that have been given to us from who from Allah subhanaw taala. What does it mean?
That every single thing that we have, whether it is something tangible, something material, a material blessing, money, clothing, books, family, that has what tangible and also intangible like for example, the abilities of a person, the time that a person has been given.
So every single thing that a person has been given from a last panel data, what is it, Amanda?
Why? Because these are privileges that Allah subhanaw taala has given us and we are responsible, in the sense that we can't abuse these blessings. We can't abuse these privileges, but rather we have to do with them what alasa panel data is pleased with?
Similarly, the dean, the Sharia, that Allah subhanaw taala has given us as what
What does that mean? That we have to follow the commands of our last panel data out of the fear of Allah?
Like for example, when it comes to select,
before praying, Sarah, what do you have to have to do? Now, nobody else can know if you really have to do nobody knows. You can say I will do what the other person can ever know who knows
a lot of pendulums.
Similarly, you're fasting. Now, nobody will know that you went to the kitchen and you just took a bite or two, no other person can find out. But Allah subhanaw taala knows.
Similarly when it comes to recitation of the Quran, what have we been taught, give the help of the tilava recited properly.
So, first of all, a man that include all of those binaries that had been given to us by Allah subhanaw taala. This includes abilities. This includes material things, it includes time. It includes the deen the laws, the commands, the prohibitions that our loss of planetary has imposed on us. Even this original the lion who said and then to feel boo boo, Amanda is in will do, what does that mean that when you perform the will to perform it properly. It's an Amana on us.
It's an Amana on us.
Similarly, with his salah and also in Salah that when you're praying for that, it's an amount that you must perform it properly with a psalm and also in fasting
when you're fasting fast property according to how a loss Pandora has told us to
waffle Hadith and also in speech,
meaning for some time, it was in particular in narrating the Hadees and even for us inheriting it passing on the deen of Allah subhanaw taala and not just the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but also the hadith of anyone
that is an Amana.
So, first of all, a man as our from a loss of panatela and secondly, the MNF that we have are from move from people.
So, for example, a responsibility that someone has given us
a duty that has been given to us a secret that is interested with us, this is what
all of this is an Amana.
So we see that in every aspect of life, in one way or the other, each person is laid with some amount.
Each person has some amount, in every aspect of life in some way or the other. Everything that we have is a trust, which is why we learned that called Nakamura in Baku loco must Odin and variaty.
That each and every one of you is a shepherd, Shepherd over what
over what you have been interested with. Whether it is your money, or your food or your time or your knowledge, every single thing that you have been given is what your flock and you'll be questioned about it.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that he man, Lima, Allah amanatullah who when Idina Lima Lera della who the one who does not fulfill trusts has no faith, and the one who does not fulfill commitments has no religion.
The one who does not fulfill trusts has no faith has no Amen. Because what is it that will make you perform will do properly? Fast properly pray property What? It's a man
What is it, that is going to make you carry out responsibility that has been imposed on you properly? It's the man imagine who in Allah while your male acid that everything that I'm doing Allah is watching me, and on the Day of Judgment I will be recompense for it.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, the one who does not fulfill trusts has no faith.
And this is a trait of a hypocrite that when he is entrusted with something, he proves to be treacherous.
intrarater, Hajj is 38 we learn in the law now you have bucola Hawaiian and careful Indeed Allah does not like everyone who is treacherous and also ungrateful.
That when he is given an Amana he is treacherous, whether that Amana is from Allah or from people
in total movement on and number eight we learn one Latina homely mnsod more or the bra rune
and they who are their trusts and their promises attentive meaning if they have been given a trust, if they have made a promise, they're very attentive, they're very careful.
So over here, lots of times it says that Allah orders you that you should give the Amana to who either and he has to
what does it mean by this that you must give the Annette do it.
This has been understood in two ways.
First of all, this means that Allah orders you that you return the Trust's to do this their meaning to their rightful owners.
If somebody has given an Amana to you, whether it is just a small band, or it is a lot of money,
anything that has been deposited with you as an Amana ally is commanding you that you must return it to its rightful owner. You must return it to its rightful owner.
And in this meaning we can also understand this as that every amount that Allah Subhana Allah has given us We must carry out the responsibility. We must do what Allah subhanaw taala is pleased with
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, return the trust to those who interested you
Do not betray those who betrayed you.
Return the trust to those who interested you and do not betray those who betrayed you.
Because sometimes we think that if somebody has betrayed us, we can betrayed them. But Allah subhanaw taala has ordered us that we must give the Amana back to the one who has given us.
Secondly, it is that that unto adult amenity. Lastly, what this means is that you render the Amana to the one who is suitable for it. Meaning, you assign a responsibility, you give an Amana and Amanda gives a sense of responsibility, a privilege with a responsibility to who, to those who are worthy of it.
So for example, you give a driver's license to who,
for the one who passes the test, because it shows that they are worthy.
Similarly, who gets to sit in the doctor's office? The doctor, the one who is qualified as a doctor, who becomes the nurse, the one who is qualified as a nurse, and instead of the doctor, if you put an engineer over there, what's going to happen?
Are people going to be helped at all? No.
In fact, they will suffer more.
So first of all, Allah commands you that you return the Trust's to their rightful owners, and secondly, you give a responsibility to the one who is capable of carrying it out. Whether it is a small responsibility, or a great responsibility,
whether it is something small, or big, something minor, or major.
This is the first thing that allows penalties commanding us.
Now we see that when it comes to data loss of friends it has given us so for example, time it's incumbent on us, what are we supposed to do? wasted? Kill it, destroy it.
Just the other day, I was listening to a lecture in which the father was saying that hafla
What is up after
a state of heedlessness negligence?
What does that do? When you are in a state of overflow? The time that you spend in overflow is destroyed. It's gone. It's finished. You've killed that time.
The time that you spend in Wafula that you're neither bringing benefit to yourself in the dunya. Nor are you benefiting yourself in your deen for your athletes.
So for example, if a person is doing something like watching TV for like two hours, three hours and what is he doing
20 minutes commercials 20 minutes infomercial, 20 minutes, part of a program, which has nothing to do with your life? Nothing at all.
I mean, other people are buying their wedding dresses or ordering a cake or something like that. What do you have to do with it?
Are you going to wear that dress? Are you going to eat that cake? Are you going to make that cake?
Are you going to make your house like that? Are you going to do your basement? Are you going to renovate your house like that? Okay, if it's something that you're really doing, then to get some idea, you can ask someone, but is it really worth spending 20 3050 minutes, and that whole time that we spend that is a time that is spent in a flat. So literally we have killed that time. We have destroyed that time, the manner that Allah gave us, we were not trustworthy.
We didn't fulfill, we didn't give the right of the Amana and then we complain, we don't have time. That's what we say we don't have time, because we've been given a privilege. And if we don't take advantage, what happens that privileges taken away.
If we don't fulfill the responsibility properly, that responsibility is taken away from us.
So every single thing that we have been given from Allah subhanaw taala is in
seminary sometimes were given in a manner by other people, they tell us you have to do this. Why? Because they are responsible over you. What are we supposed to do? do that?
Because if we don't, we're going against the command of almost plantain.
And many times you see, when somebody else has given us a command, what do we think that totally a person or they
like for example, if your group in charge gives you homework or your teacher gives you homework, what do we say sometimes? The video is not in the Quran. So what? Totally a person? Yes, the class is going on, but I want to sit in the cafeteria. What's the big deal? Thought in the Quran that you have to sit in the classroom. But it's an Amana on us. That when we came here we said we're going to follow the rules. We have given our commitment. What does Allah say? And to add to a minute
who is commanding you Allah is commanding in the La Jolla, Morocco and to add to an ad in a
Allah subhanaw taala commands is what either hadn't been a nurse. And when you judge between people
and an asymptote all people, whether they're Muslim or not, whether they're children, or they're elderly, whether they're men or women, whether their relatives or friends, will either How come from being a nurse when you judge between people when you have to decide about a matter, then and mobile either. A law commands you that you must judge with justice, meaning not with bias, but rather with justice. There is a second command that Allah Subhana Allah has given us over here.
Allah says, in Allah Indeed Allah, near ma Yeri Lacombe, how good is what he admonishes you with.
The word near Emma is a combination of Nirvana, and
Nirvana. Excellent. And Matt over here is a for the purpose of emphasis that how excellent, how good is it that our last panel dad has commanded you with? meaning something so good allies commanding you off? What is it that allows commanding us all
that and then it should be returned, responsibility should be given to those who are worthy, and that at the time of making a decision, it must be made with either, this is something excellent that our last panel thought is admonishing us with
in nulla, kind of semir embassy like, indeed allies hearing and he's also seeing, Allah hears every word that you're saying. And Allah is watching everything that you're doing with the amount that you have been given.
So what do we learn from this is
that first of all, a person should return any mana that they have been given to their rightful owners.
So if we have been given any amount of something that has been deposited with us temporarily, it hasn't become our property, we cannot use it, we cannot abuse it. Rather, we are supposed to return it to those who are its actual owners.
And sometimes we belittle the minor. We think why something's all small. What's the big deal? Really what will happen? I'll tell her afterwards. And sometimes we don't tell them afterwards. And sometimes, even if we do tell them, they still want their thing back. Maybe they won't say it, but they want it back. So first of all, we learned that a person should return in any manner to its rightful owner.
Secondly, we learn that responsibilities must be given to those who are worthy
responsibilities, they must be given to those who are worthy.
And sometimes we think that we are worthy of everything.
I don't want to study for the driver's license,
I don't want to take the test, I should have the right.
Similarly, I don't want to do the lesson. But still, I want the marks. I don't want to study for the test. But still, you should give me the marks.
I'm not going to give all of the tests, but still I want the certificate at the end.
responsibilities must be given to those who are worthy to those who are qualified.
trusts should be deposited with those who are trustworthy. Because afterwards if you suffer a loss, then whose fault is it?
It's your fault. If for example, you take your wallet, which is one of your money, and you give it to a five year old to hold on to for like 15 minutes.
Are you giving in a manner to the one who is I love it? No, who is going to suffer? Who are going to suffer? So at the end, whose fault is it, it's your fault.
Because if we don't give responsibility to those people who are worthy, then there will be problems, problems for who for us and also for them.
The prophets, Allah that is an addressing of whatever we learned when you said that, verily, you are weak. And I love for you what I love for myself.
You are weak, and I love for you what I love for myself, do not become a leader of do nor assume guardianship of an orphans property.
Why did the Prophet said about Islam say that? Why?
Because he saw that there was some weakness in him. So if we see a weakness in someone, then don't give them a responsibility that they cannot bear that they cannot carry.
Because otherwise they will bring harm upon themselves and they will also bring harm to other people.
We also learn that responsibilities, if they are given to us they're also an Amana because responsibility has been called what in the ayah what has it been called?
An Amana Am I not? So responsibilities that we have been given are also an Amana.
And the person in that position should do justice.
A person in that position, meaning the position of some responsibility, how should he be just which is why the next command is that will either have come to maintenance and the mobile. So when a person is responsible for something, we should take that
responsibility as an Amana, we just get fixed that oh, this is such a good privilege. There are so many advantages, and we forget that there is responsibility as well.
And part of that responsibility is that when it comes to judging between people it should be done with justice.
Without insulin, Assad is number 26. Allah subhanaw taala set to deal with our histogram. Yeah, that would in Niger anagha, Halliburton fill or combine and NASA will help.
Or they would indeed, we have made you a successor upon the earth, a halifa, who is the halifa, a leader.
So judge between the people in truth.
So as a leader, as someone who has been given a responsibility, it is our responsibility to be just
now we might think, okay, we're not the president. We're not the manager, we're not the boss. But in every sense, somebody or the other has some responsibility. So for example, you have responsibility over your children.
Similarly, you have your responsibility over your homework, you have your responsibility over your possessions, or the things that you own, what is it that we have to do, either, and what is either
that everything or everyone should be given the help that they deserve?
The prophets Allah sent him said, that, Indeed, Allah is with the judge, meaning of the help of the judge and the assistance of the judge, as long as he does not commit injustice,
for when he does, Allah will make him reliant on himself, alone will leave the judge to himself.
As long as a person does either, he has the help of a lot. As soon as a person deviates from other than what happens, a lot leaves a person to himself.
The profits or losses and also set, the just will be seated upon pulpits of light before Allah,
those who do justice in their decisions with their families, and what is interesting to them.
Where will touch people be on palpates of light before our last panel data,
just imagine bouts of light.
Everybody wants to be in the spotlight,
especially before someone who is very honorable, very noble. So before I lost the penalty, they will be on pulpits of light, so noticeable, so visible. Why? Because of the idol that they used to do, what kind of idol did they do in their decisions in their families, and also in what was interesting to them.
And you all know about the famous Hades in which the seven who will be given the shade of a loss of control on the Day of Judgment. One of them is who adjust truly,
ultimately, and from this is that when a person is to judge between people, then how should you judge with justice?
And this includes being just in every metric. What does it mean by
that, okay, fine. When it comes to making the decision, you should be just so first of all, in making the decision, you shouldn't be biased, because many times, because we like someone more, or we dislike someone, we become biased. So when it comes to the actual decision making, how should we make it with
Secondly, the scholars have said that justice should also be done in nother meaning in looking at the two people.
So for example, if two children of yours come to you with a dispute,
so your daughter comes, or your son comes crying, and you love your son, because he's younger. So because he's crying, and he's making a big scene, you look at him with affection, and you look at your daughter with a very sharp look. This is not either, because otherwise, yes, in making the decision, but it is also when looking at the two parties. When looking at the two parties, even in looking a person should have either.
Similarly in love, in words, meaning in the words that a person uses to address the two parties, even in those words, you should be just
not that you know, the person is being very kind and affectionate and loving towards the doctor and being very harsh towards the sign. And at the end, finally, you make the decision in favor of your son. But this is not either what is other than even in words, a person is just
similarly in direction, meaning in the sense that when you're addressing them when you're looking at them, it shouldn't be that a person is just looking at one party, one group and not even looking at the other group or turning his side towards the other group know, he should constantly look at both. When you're talking to the other person when they're talking to you look at them. So others should be done in all aspects.
When it comes to decision making,
so for example, sometimes we like a particular student or a particular someone. So when they are reciting or when they are doing their homework or when they issue an assignment when they do something good, because we like them, because their behavior is so good. What do we do?
We're not just at that time.
But Allah subhanaw taala orders us that we must do it in every aspect,
which is why we see that the seller,
what they will do is that even if they would kiss one child of theirs, they will kiss the other child.
They will do other to such an extent, even in kissing their children, even hugging their children.
When we don't do either This is when problems begin. One child says oh, you know, my father or my mother likes my brother, my sister more? Why does he get that feeling? Because he's not being kissed her hugged as much for the setup, they did this much, so much.
We also learn from this ayah that it must be done when it comes to Yes, judging between people, but also in assigning their book to them in giving their rights to them.
So if Allah subhanaw taala has given a right to someone, what does it mean? You give that right to them?
If Allah subhanaw taala has assigned a right to someone, a privilege to someone, what is our responsibility that we must give that right to them?
Like for example, when it comes to the metrics of inheritance, all of us learned at rhenium certain is that like Vickery Mr. Hollin, once I had some parents, they love their daughters, or they feel very bad for their daughters, they want their daughters to have more. So in their life, what do they do?
They will give more chair to the doctor.
So that after their death, even if the son gets two shares, it is equivalent to the share of the daughter.
And sometimes it's the other way around, that everything is given to the sons and nothing is given to the daughters.
So in this case, what should we remember
that if a Lost Planet Allah has given a hug to someone, other means that you give that hack to them, even if you don't like it, even if you find some other Muslim, some other benefit.
Also, we learned that a person must be just between his children, between his students, between all of his employees. He should also be just with oneself, meaning he should keep a balance because many times we go to an extreme.
So you should keep a balance when it comes to
let's listen to the recitation.
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