Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Araf 8-154 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 138-140
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Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim
lesson number 94. So total Aleph is number 138 to 154
what was an ebony is saw 11
and we took the children of Israel across the sea.
When the money is right you left Egypt and for their own follow them, they cross the sea. When they cross the sea, they cross successfully and for their own and his people his army, those who follow them, they drowned in the sea.
Over here was apparently mentioned Joe was
Joe was net is from the roof veterus Jean wells a jean wells from the word Joe's. And Joe's is too fast. What does it mean to pass basically, Jos is the wasup the mid part of something Joseph Tarik is half of the road halfway through. So Joseph is the halfway through something half of something there was the mid part of something. So gel was it is to go past the half. Dennison
gel was it is literally to go past the half. When you have crossed halfway, then the distance that is left is very short. Isn't it?
And you know that then you start counting down? Isn't it? For example if you're going somewhere and you know that it's gonna take you one hour to go there you're just waiting for that half hour mark. And after the half hour they go Okay, there's only half an hour left. Only 20 minutes left. So Jerry was now we made them cross. We made them cross who be Bani Israel, the Bani Israel.
And Joe was a bee when the word jealous has followed by b it gives a center to make someone cross to take them across from the same letters Jean was a is the word Joe as a surfer
and what is that passport? Because only when you have that then you can cross what the border. So what Joe has never been he is right you under the leadership of Busan, Islam from Egypt, they crossed the sea and they cross the sea into what into the Sinai Peninsula.
Which was this which was this the Red Sea for
me, so they came upon a nation, which nation or what were they doing? It is said that this was the nation of candidates. And these people they were your kupuna they were devoted, either snam Allah whom, upon idols that they had. So these people, they were devoted, worshipping their idols, before their idols they had devoted themselves and this scene, this was very impressive. And the bunny Israel actually got very impressed by the scene. When these people were devoted to their idols. Jaco funa is from the veterans iron Kapha and ruku Arqiva is to remain in a place it is to pay attention to something out of that lien out of great respect and reverence and to stay devoted to it. Do not
Like for example, if a person is doing erotica, what does he do? He stays in the masjid and he doesn't stay there to have fun. But he stays there to worship Allah subhanaw taala and he doesn't leave the masjid for every little thing, isn't it so
he doesn't even leave the mustard for anything at all. Rather.
So Jaco funa they were devoted, they were giving so much attention, they were showing so much humidity, they had devoted themselves to a snare Mila home. A snam is the plural of Sonam and Sanam is from their own Petra saw noon meme. And the word Sonam applies to idols or sculptures that are made of wood, stone or some type of metal. What is it made of?
Wood stone or some type of metal, for instance, gold or silver or something like that.
And if Sonam can be a sculpture of something that is imaginary, or something that is real, you understand. Like, for example, it could be of an animal, it could be of a person, or it could be of something that is completely imaginary, you don't see that line.
For example, something that appears to be a person but it has multiple arms, or multiple legs, or multiple heads,
or, for example, something that appears
To be half of an animal and half of a human being, or half of one type of animal have another type of animal. Similarly, people have made sculptures or images of angels have seen angels know, for example, an image of a person with wings. How do you know that this is how angels are? Yes, angels have wings but how do you know that that is the type of wings they have? We don't know we have never seen the angels.
Only the prophets are Arsalan was shown Angel gibreel and perhaps other prophets are also shown Allahu Allah, but ordinary people have not seen angels. So how can they describe an angel that it has such wings?
So some of them could be of something that is real, or something that is completely imaginary.
Something that is completely imaginary.
And is Sonam is made specifically for the purpose of worship? Not for decoration, but what is it made for worship?
So you understand, it's made for the purpose of rebellion. So every sculpture is not a sign of the understand. But every idol is a song.
Okay? So these people, they had these snam and they were worshipping them with a lot of devotion with a lot of humility, and constantly, uninterruptedly they were worshipping these idols of there's
all of this, who said the bunny is fine upon seeing these people. They said, Yeah, Musa Musa SNM aegir Alana Illa, you also make for us a god, come on, oh, Allah, just like they have so many gods.
Look at their idols. They look so beautiful. Look at them. No cow, they have something physical before them and they're worshipping those idols with so much dedication, they can see the idol. It perhaps increases them in their concentration in their focus. They have so many gods almost out Why don't you also make for us just one idol.
They believe in the loss of penalty, and they believe in his oneness. It's not that they're saying make us another god. But what they're saying is make a physical form. And I do a sculpture, a figure of God, so that we can worship that as well. Just as these people are worshipping
Allah, he said, meaning musala salaam replied, in ComicCon
your people who are ignorant, you are behaving ignorantly,
what is General Ignorance when a person does not have any knowledge? JOHN is also having incorrect knowledge. When a person is unacquainted with reality, he has incorrect knowledge about something. And john is also to ignore to act on the knowledge that a person has, it could be because of lack of comprehension. It could be because of forgetfulness. It could be because of being overcome by some emotion. So he said in Lincoln commented alone, you are an ignorant people. What was their ignorance over here? Did they know that Allah is one and that they should not worship idols?
There is ignorance was that they were not using their mind.
They were acting very immature, how that they were imitating others without using the reason without using their mind.
Just because something looked very impressive. They wanted to do the same thing as well.
So in the moment that you alone, you all are very ignorant. What does it mean? That first of all, you're literally ignorant of the fact that sugar is forbidden, and that making a finger of God is something that is incorrect. Making a sculpture of a lie is something that is incorrect. idolatry, worshipping idols is something that is incorrect, you are unaware of this fact.
Secondly, in the Quran commented on what does it mean that you are behaving ignorantly how that you're imitating others you want to imitate others without using your mind without using your reason? blindly, you want to follow them just because what they're doing seems to be so impressive.
And thirdly, in the component that alone, you are behaving ignorantly how that you are repaying a loss of penalties favorite to you with something so wrong,
that Allah subhanaw taala has thrown so much favor on you that he alone saved you and you want to worship idols. This is ignorance in the component.
Now, as we learned earlier that Allah subhanaw taala saved the Bani Israel from the people of Iran
and from their oppression, how by sending musar listening to them will silence
And the money is filed across the state and federal and his army, they were drowned before their very eyes. Were unsweetened blue. Remember, they saw the people of their own drowning. And they cross the sea. They traveled a lot. And finally they reached a point where they came across the people who are worshipping idols. As I mentioned to you, it has said that they were the people of God on the candidates.
And this was the first time that the bunny is thought you were ever traveling outside the country. First time ever, that they were going overseas, they were going to come across other people, other nations. And when they saw something different, they were very impressed. And if you look at it, the people of their own also, they were polytheistic wasn't it? The money Israel did not see idolatry for the first time. The side before as well. But the people that are on used to worship idols, but because they did not like the people of Iran, obviously they did not like anything that they did, isn't it so when you hit someone, you hate everything that is about them that is associated to them.
But outside of that, when they saw another people worshipping idols, they got very impressed. And they said to masala, salaam, we also want something like this. What do we learn from this?
First of all, we learn that slavery, what does it do to people, it rusts and decays the intelligence of people, the mind of people, it disables them from using their minds. It makes them completely ignorant and unaware. And this slavery could be physical slavery, that literally a person is a slave of another. And it could also be intellectual slavery, mental slavery, what is intellectual slavery? When a person does not use his own mind? Rather, what is he doing? He is believing everything that others are telling him. He's following everything that other people are telling him. He's not using his own reason. Rather, he is only imitating others. Because if you look at when a person is a
slave, then he's not able to use his mind. He's not able to use his logic, his free will. Isn't.
He's hungry, he's sleepy, he wants to go rest. But he's told no, you have to do this work right now. Can he use his mind? No. He wants to do something a particular way. But the Master says no, you cannot do it this way. You have to do it this way. So what does slavery do? It rusts the mind of a person. It rusts his intelligence. And the same thing happened with the Bani Israel as well. It made them mentally disabled in the sense that they weren't able to use your minds anymore. They weren't able to use your intellect. They were just imitating others in their speech in their walk in their talk in thinking in everything. They were blindly following others. It wasn't that the Bani Israel
did not believe in Allah subhanaw taala. They believe in his oneness. But due to lack of understanding, due to lack of intelligence, due to lack of the sharpness of the mind, they were not able to see that as something that is incorrect. And out of that foolishness, they requested musar Listen, and that we also want the same thing. We also want the same thing. It wasn't that they were disbelievers remember that they were believers from before. But it was because they had not been using their minds in such a long time. Because of that reason, whatever they saw, they just wanted to follow that as well.
And this is something that happens to those people who are intellectually insulated, as I mentioned to you earlier,
who don't have conscious Eman.
You see one is that a person is a reliever just because he's a born Muslim? What is it going to do?
Everything that his family is gonna tell him, whatever the people are going to tell him. Were supposed to do this on Fridays, we're supposed to do this. On this particular day, he'll do it without knowing why isn't itself and many times such people when they're questioned, why do you pray? Why do you believe in such and such, when they don't have an answer? What do they do? They leave their faith,
isn't it so? It happens to so many people. But when a person consciously, consciously has in his mind is conscious, in the sense that he is willingly a believer, and he knows why he is a believer. He has made that decision himself. Then that person he is not a j
he does not behave ignorantly.
And we see that many Muslims. What are they doing today? They're imitating others without using their mind.
Just because at the time of Christmas, there's Christmas trees everywhere, we will also have a Christmas tree that may be the most expensive thing, the most expensive Christmas tree in this world. Just because everybody has it, we're also going to have it. This is not using your own mind. This is just imitating others without using your reason.
And this is a sign of a slave nation.
This is a sign of mentally oppressed people have mentally enslaved people, intellectually enslaved people who don't use their own reason. They're just imitating others. And this is exactly what happened with a bunny.
Secondly, we also learned from this ayah that before accepting what other people are saying, or what other people are doing, before imitating them, what are we required to do? We must use our mind, we must check if what they're doing is correct or incorrect.
Maintenance, we see somebody doing something, for instance, they're wearing a particular dress, or they're talking in a particular way. They're wearing their hijab a certain way. And that's because it looks so nice. We want to imitate them as well. without checking without thinking, is this the correct way? Is this something that is approved by the Quran and Sunnah?
Without using our mind, we blindly follow other people.
What do we learn from this is that we must use our mind a loss of penalty data has given us an intellect. And we must use it when it comes to practicing the deal when it comes to accepting anything that has been said to us. And we must check everything in the light of the Quran and Sunnah before accepting it.
Thirdly, we also learn from this ayah about the obligation on the leader to guide his people, the obligation on the leader to guide his people that how should he guide them? How should he correct them with wisdom?
That musasa now, he didn't say, you are committing ship, you have become mushrikeen. This is blasphemy and what you're saying is incorrect. He does not pass a judgement over them. He does not label them. But what does he say? You just don't know. You don't know about it. And he gives him the benefit of doubt. You just don't know.
You don't know what you're asking about. You don't realize what you're saying.
So the leader must guide and correct his people with what with wisdom.
Generally what happens with us, when we see people around us if they're doing something wrong? Immediately we put a label, so and so is a bit it is doing a better so and so has become an ashtray. And so and so it's become a more fuzzy and this and that we put big, big labels that we ourselves don't comprehend. We've just heard those big names. We don't know their details, and we just put those names very easily. But when we give other people labels, then what does it do? It develops hate and friction between people, doesn't it? But when you say they don't know, then what does it develop in your heart? Well wishing for compassion in your heart, they don't know. They don't know.
It makes you realize it's your duty to tell them, it's your obligation to tell them. But if you think so until it's a mistake, so and so is committing a bigger, so until it has gone this way or that way, then that develops hate and friction, what should be done is you should tell yourself, they don't know. And when you realize they don't know, it will develop well wishing in your heart, it will develop compassion and care in your heart for the other. And then only will you be able to help them.
Our problem is that we learn about a few things, and then we begin labeling other people. And this is why our work is not effective. Because people they become averse to us. They don't want to listen to us. Because they know that if they're going to come before us, we're going to say something to them which is going to hurt them
musallam corrects them. And he says in the heart Allah indeed these meaning these people who are engaged in idolatry, who are engaged in idol worship, who are worshipping these idols, what's going to happen to them?
It is Mutambara it is destroyed, what is destroyed. My home fee, what they are engaged,
meaning the deed the action that they are engaged in. It is multiple, it is destroyed.
What is it that they were engaged in what action were they engaged in?
ship polytheism idol worship.
So he says, Marilyn fee, this action of theirs is going to be motive burn.
What does metabo mean? Whatever is on the roof address that
that vive is to destroy and demolish something.
What does it mean, to destroy and demolish to break something to ruin?
And Mata bar is literally used for a broken dish,
a dish that is broken.
So just imagine if you have a plate or if you have a bowl and it's broken, can you use it for anything? No. If you try to put water into a glass that is cracked, what's going to happen?
It's going to leak out.
If you put some food into a plate that is heavily cracked or that is stripped from the side, it's possible that it will break even further, if you try to cook in a vessel that is already broken, it's possible that it will break even further.
so, Mota bar is that which is broken that which is destroyed from the same root the word pivot is used for small pieces, tiny pieces of gold and silver,
it is to break gold and silver into tiny pieces before melting it.
For example, if there is a break of gold and it has to be turned into gold jewelry is that whole thing going to be melted together at once. Perhaps now, but before what did people do they would cut it into smaller pieces and then they would melt it because it will be easier to melt it.
So that being is to destroy something. So what about is one that is destroyed? One that is doomed.
So this action of ship of there is this armada of ships it is metabo meaning it is a source of their destruction. Apparently it seems very impressive, but eventually it is going to destroy these people without pylon and it will be nullified. What is going to be nullified Mecca and we are Milan whatever they are doing, what is it that they're doing? idol worship, meaning it will bring them no benefit. Rather it will lead them to destruction. This action of theirs is worthless. It's going to bring them loss and no benefit in the hereafter.
We know that most artists Allah, He freed the Bani Israel from their own depression. Why? So that they could worship Allah soprano
so that they could become free in order to worship Allah. So his mission was to eliminate idolatry and to make worship exclusively for Allah. Because when the Bani Israel were enslaved, they weren't able to worship Allah. And Allah subhanaw taala had chosen the Bani Israel and he had made them leaders. And it was very important that they do not imitate others, especially when it comes to Iran.
And if the Bani Israel were to follow others in idolatry, then what was the point of their freedom? What was the point?
If they were going to do Shin COVID, here, after becoming free, then they might as well have stayed over there. Right? What was the reason? The reason for their freedom from captivity was so that they could worship Allah soprano.
But if they were not going to worship Allah and they were going to worship idols, then they might as well have stayed in slavery because that is exactly what they were doing before.
So over here Masada center is explaining to them that look, what you're asking for is ship. And ship is something that is going to be a source of destruction for a person in the hereafter.
What did we learn from this ayah?
First of all, we learned from this ayah about the importance of explaining to people the loss, the harm, the negative consequence of what they are demanding.
Instead of saying a plain,
many times children ask their parents, can I go here? Can I do this? And what's the answer? No. Why? I just said, No. Why? I just said no simple noise? No. If you don't tell them, if you don't make them understand why you're not letting them go to the mall for the fifth time in the week, then what's going to happen? What's going to happen?
They will rebel? Perhaps they won't tell you and they will go anyway.
So sometimes we just try to say no, and we want the other person to accept what we have said. But the wise way is that you explain to the other why you have refused their request. Because when you explain to them, then they understand and then they won't ask for it again, then they can make that decision themselves as well.
Secondly, we also learn from desire, that any action any action that is done for other than Allah, it will produce nor result in the action of a person. It is metabo should
Whether it is minor, or major shake, whether it is a yet showing off, doing something for other than Allah, doing something just to get the praise of people. Such an action isn't without but it will be broken down into pieces in the hereafter.
Literally it will be broken down with a bar. Where do we learn that from
intrarater for con number 23 with Aaron Walker dim net Isla marami luminor emmalin, federal National Harbor unmanned, thorough
and we will regard whatever they have done of deeds and we will make them as dust that is dispersed
dust that is dispersed. So an action that a person does for other than Allah even if apparently it is very good, but at the end of the day, it is without bow, it will not carry any weight it will be destroyed, it will not bring any benefit to a person.
Thirdly, we also learn from this idea that a person should avoid all those actions that are useless, which eventually break down into producing no results. The person should avoid all such actions, which are not going to produce any result which are going to break down and are not going to bring any benefit to him at the end of the day.
Because this life that Allah subhanaw taala has given to a person is too precious to be wasted in useless things. He says this is mutable, therefore stay away from it. It's a waste of time. What baffling baffling is what they're doing.
So what do we learn from this, we should stay away from all such actions which are baffling, which are matoba, which are not going to bring any benefit to a person.
So we should eliminate time wasters from our lives.
We also learn from this ayah that anything that does not have a correct base, it will eventually fall apart, it will eventually become whatever.
If an action is done, not for the sake of a loss of final data, what's going to happen to it,
it's going to be useless, it's going to be void in the year after.
If you look at it when these people were worshipping the idols yakun. They were looking so impressive. That the Bani Israel they saw them they got so impressed they wanted an idol as well. Just imagine how impressive their service or their worship must have been. However, because the action is incorrect, no matter how beautiful, it may seems, because the base is incorrect, therefore, the entire action will be with above.
The base has to be correct, there has to be Islam is behind everything that a person does. Because if there is no class, the action is going to break down eventually, if you look at it, if a person does not have a class, when he's praying, when he a pusher, know when you get any reward, no
seminar, and if a person is giving sadaqa and he does not have a class, he's not giving it only for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala what's going to happen? He's going to give and if he does not get the praise of people, he's not going to bother to give again.
He's treating another person nicely, not for the sake of Allah, but so that other people treat him nicely if they don't treat him nicely. Is he going to treat them nicely? Again? No. Why? Because it's not for the sake of Allah. So what makes actions permanent and everlasting, is what is last is last.
And if an action is done without a class, it is moot above. It is what about it is going to be broken down into pieces. It's going to fall apart, eventually, it is going to be temporary. It's not going to have a lasting effect.
We learned a little while back here to have sunny
what is it that endures? What is it that lasts? Good deeds? And what's the condition of a solid action, which is done first of all, with sincerity only for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala.
We know that Mr. Malik, when he was writing his book. There were many other people who began writing similar books and they gave the same name even in his imitation. You know, when somebody does something good, other people imitate them. Again, they're just imitators they don't have their own ideas. They're not original. So Mr. Malik was asked, What do you have to say about this? Who's gonna know about your book because there's so many new authors out there now. So he said, Matt Kennedy, les Buckley,
whatever it is, and for the sake of Allah, that will last that will remain, it will remain in this dunya and it will also make it to the hereafter. And if something is not done for the sake of Allah, it is very temporary, very temporary.
Who saw this and I'm telling them over here at this action that they're doing it is whatever, it may seem very impressive, but in reality, it's worth a
call. He said, who said Listen, I'm set to the money is for you.
Should I seek other than Allah as a God, for who I believe come for you,
meaning Should I demand for you should I seek for you, a god other than Allah, whom you would worship, what while he is the one who fought but a common enemy, he is the one who gave you preference over the world,
meaning over the creatures of the entire Earth, over the men and jinn of this time,
Allah subhanaw taala has chosen you we gave you preference.
There are two types of preferences that someone is given preference because of lineage, because of whose children they are, because of which family they belong to.
The second type of preference is to prefer someone because of the kind of work they do, because of the responsibility they have been given, because of the skill that they have, because of the work that they have been given.
Allah subhanaw taala had chosen the Bani Israel not only because of their lineage, but mainly because the responsibility that had been given to them
and what was that responsibility
that they must worship Allah and also spread this message to other people.
Over here, Masada said I was telling them Allah is the one who chose you, Allah chose you, and you want to serve other than Allah.
This is in gratitude.
Allah has chosen you, he has selected you for a specific task and you want to leave that you want to leave a law and you want to go serve others.
What do we learn from this ayah?
First of all, that chick is the greatest form of ingratitude. Because Allah subhanaw taala is the one who has given us everything that we have. And if we choose other than Allah, then what does that mean?
in gratitude, and that is schicke.
Secondly, we also learn from this ayah that one last panel data has chosen someone, when he has selected someone for something, by giving him a specific skill, or a quality that he has not bestowed on others, then what should a person do? He should use that skill he should use that ability, for who?
For whose sake, for the sake of Allah, not for the sake of other than Allah.
Then each person along with Allah has given him something special. Each person has been given something special,
and each person if you ask them, so what are you good at? One person might say, I'm good at writing. Another person might say, I'm good at art. Another person might say, I'm good at fashion. I'm good at this, I'm good at that. Every person has been given some skill
that perhaps others around him do not have.
Who gave him that skill? Who gave him that ability? Who gave him the talent Allah gave him
and if Allah has given you this data, and Allah chose you for this, you want to use it for other than Allah. This is in gratitude. This is not fair.
So anything that Allah has given us, what should we use it for? To serve the deen of Allah to please Allah subhanaw taala.
Then we also learn from this that Allah subhanaw taala had chosen the bunny is for you. He had selected them to be leaders
to be leaders, not followers. And what are the bunnies right what
they wanted to become followers.
But Musa Sam says, Allah has chosen you. You are supposed to be leaders and you want to imitate other nations.
And what is the state of the Muslim Ummah today? What is our state today?
We forget the fact that Allah subhanaw taala has chosen us with the same responsibility that quantum higher automatic digital Enos that we will have in my roof 101 cup. Instead of doing that, what do we do?
We start following we start imitating others