Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 183-188 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 187-188
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I will be letting him in the shade line over there head over him.
We'll begin from Isaiah 187.
The verses that we have studied so far, are about fasting, the rules of fasting, the importance of fasting, the reason for fasting, the wisdom behind fasting. And when fasting has been obligated upon us, which is in the month of Ramadan,
we also learned about the importance of the month of Ramadan, why this month has been chosen for fasting. And that is because the Quran was revealed in this month,
which tells us that in this month, along with fasting,
a person should put in effort to spend more and more time with the Quran.
A person is not spending his time in eating and drinking, in socializing. So where should he spend his time,
he should spend his time with the Quran, when he's fasting. Because the objective of fasting is to develop the core, the reason behind fasting being made obligatory bonuses so that we develop the code and a person develops software by fasting and he also develops the floor by studying the Quran.
By learning the Quran, by reading the Quran by reflecting upon the Quran.
Then we also learned about the importance of when fasting,
because there are has been mentioned in the middle of the verses that teach us about fasting.
And we learned about that when a person called upon Allah subhanho data, then what happens? Allah responds, why? Because he is Kareem, he listens. He hears and he knows. But what's the condition for the acceptance of the what are we supposed to do?
failure study, Bulli, then we should also respond to our last panel data.
And what else should we do? What else does the NSA
while you may know, be and they should also believe in a loss of data?
And what does it mean by believing in Allah, when it comes to making God
trusting upon him having conviction that he will respond.
And also remember that believing in Allah with regards to this matter, means that they should continue to believe meaning they should adhere to their email, they should do what a man requires what a man demands. Because a person cannot be committing sins at the same time, and expect that his daughter should be answered.
All of you must have heard of Once, when a scholar was asked that how can we pray and our prayers are not accepted? We make laws and our laws are not accepted. What was the response of that caller?
That you were your dad and you don't take a lesson? And he mentioned several other things, which can be summarized as How can you expect you to ask to be answered when you're not obeying the law.
So when you mean ob, means they should have trusted me. And they should also prove their Eman by adhering to email
they should do what a man requires they should do what email necessitates.
So we learn that in order for our daughters to be accepted, we have to have trust upon Allah we have to submit to Him and we also have to thank him or we also have to show our Eman by our actions.
Then Allah says, Oh, hey Lola calm, it has been made permissible for you. When ln FCM. In the night preceding fasting, what has been permissible for you what has been made halal for you, or refer to in aniseh? eco to go to your wives for sexual relations,
who Hitler is from the roof fetters had lamb lamb from the word Helen
and Helen is that which is lawful and isn't the word hen or hen, which means to unbind something to untie something that was tied up or to unlock something that was closed to solve a problem. This is what the word hill or hen means. So when something is made halen, the restriction that was imposed upon it, that is removed. The restriction that was there is removed. A person is allowed to use it. A person is allowed to benefit from it.
He's not restricted from benefiting from it.
So O'Hanlon. accom it has been made allowed for you. It has been made lawful for you, meaning you're allowed to do this
when laid at the CME in the night of the fasting, what does it mean by that night of the fasting meaning the night that precedes the day when you fast the night that precedes the day, when you first when are we fasting during the day. So, the night before that, that is what has been spoken over here.
Why this night
because remember, that in Islam, the day changes after
So, the night comes before day, the night comes before the day. So, over here later the CM the night of the fasting is the night that precedes the day during which a person is fasting.
And we can understand they let the CM is generally the nights of the month of Ramadan
generally the night of the month of Ramadan
or otherwise that a person is fasting outside the month of Ramadan then it refers to the night that proceeds before the day in which a person fasts. So what is it permissible for you during the night
of warfare to Ilana circle.
The word of prophets is for the reflectors, rah
and the word refer literally means to be unclothed to be naked.
man and wife, husband and wife are like garments to each other and there is no barrier between the two.
And the word refer, it refers to the exclusive and private relationship that is between a husband and wife. And it applies to any thing that happens between husband and wife, but in the sexual context. So it can apply to speech, it can apply to physical contact, it can apply to sexual intercourse, anything of the like anything that is exclusively between the husband and wife, it is their private relationship private matters, which are not to be displayed publicly, which are not to be done publicly.
So the word refers applies to sexual conduct or to indulge in the satisfaction of sexual desires. It applies to anything from speech to physical contact to sexual intercourse.
With regards to Hajj, what do we learn
that during hedge level effects, whenever super large, then
this is not permissible during Hutch.
So during the night, or fasting, rough Earth is made permissible towards who in any say come to your women. Nyssa is a plural word and it does not have a singular form.
And why is it said your women meaning your wives?
So are you believers, it is permissible for you in the night of the fasting to approach your wives for the purpose of sexual enjoyment.
Then remember that this was not permissible for the Muslims before.
As we learned earlier, that initially, the commands pertaining to fasting the rulings pertaining to fasting were different.
As we learned earlier, one of the things was that if anybody found it difficult to fast, although they were able to fast, but they didn't want to fast, they had the choice of giving the video, but later that was abrogated.
Similarly, at the beginning, initially, the rules of fasting were different in another way, how that when a person open up is fast. And if he prayed, they're a short seller.
Or secondly, he slept before praying or shot.
What are the two things either he prayed or Shahada or secondly, he said before praying Russia,
then after praying the Salah, or after waking up, it would not be permissible for him to eat, to drink or to have any sexual relation with his wife.
It was forbidden
when that if a person performed the inshallah, so if you want to eat, you want to drink everything has to be done before praying.
Similarly, if a person slept before Asia,
Asia is very late and you get very tired so you open up your fast and you sleep right away. So after waking up, you pray shy but you're not allowed to eat, drink or have any sexual contact with your spouse.
So basically, after opening the fast once they will
have eaten once they would have prayed Isha. That said, the fast would begin again, the fast would begin again. And a person would not be allowed to eat, drink or have any sexual relation until the next days of thought.
During the night, also, they were not allowed to eat or drink or have any sexual relations with their spouse.
This was obviously very difficult for the people just made of the days very long, you're very tired of after the whole day's work, you come home, you open up your fast, and you go to sleep. And if you want to eat in the middle of the night, you get up, you're thirsty, you're not allowed to drink. Or if you wake up at fudger time, you're not allowed to eat. Why? Because you slept in the night.
So this was obviously very difficult for the Muslims. Now we can see the reasoning behind why the Muslims were given the choice of fasting, or giving the fifth year now doesn't make sense. Doesn't make sense. Now. It doesn't make sense because you might think, oh, that was so easy. How come that was abrogated? We learned that whenever a new command is given, it was better than the previous one. So how come video was abrogated? It was because that type of fasting was more difficult.
Now it is said that once a companion by the name of pace, been cinema, he was an unsightly companion and he was fasting one day and was working in his land. So he was a farmer. He was working in his lab.
When the time to break the first game, he went to his wife, he went home and he said, Do you have any food? And she said no, but I could try to get some for you. His eyes were overwhelmed by sleep. And he slept.
He only managed to open up as fast Did anyone get to eat anything. And he slept because he was very tired.
And when his wife came back, she found him asleep. She said Warren Do you did you sleep in the middle of the next day and because obviously he was not allowed to eat. So basically he got the next class without any support without any afar.
So in the middle of the next day, he lost consciousness and he fainted. And this was mentioned to the prophets that alone said no. And then this permission or this allowance was revealed.
Also we learned that at this time when this was mentioned to the prophets are allowed and what other learning or might have been for thought he said to the profit sort of others and and that I intended to sleep with my wife last night and she had slept before I came meaning he intended to have sexual intercourse with her but by the time he came, she had already slept. So he said this was difficult. And then when everybody was coming up with these problems because think about it an entire month and no eating no drinking during the night. No sexual relations between spouses during the night an entire month. That is difficult. So when this happened, this allowance was revealed. By all means.
That now it is permissible for you to do this during the night. And in this I in particular what is mentioned is sexual intercourse between husband and wife.
They are a garment for you. What and don't leave us alone. And you are a garment for them.
Honda, Honda is a feminine of the word home.
What does home mean? Then hoonah also means them home applies to men and hoonah applies to women only.
And remember that when you use the word home, it doesn't just apply to men. Even if there are 50 women and one men, you will use the word home. If there are 25 women and 25 men, you will use the word home to refer to them. If there are five women and 20 men, you will use the word home for them.
But if there are only women, then you will use the word home.
See especially when
you will only use hoonah you cannot use home for them.
So why not meaning your wives they are the vessel the comb their garment for you live as is from the room fetters lamba seen and it's used for clothing for garment for address.
So they are address for you. They are a garment for you. They're your clothing or anthem and you are men. You are living alone. You are a garment for them. What does it mean by this? This is the reason behind the permission behind the allowance for office during the nights of fasting
because spouses husband and wife they're very close to each other
Just as garments are very close to you,
and it's not possible that you are living together, and for an entire month, they're not allowed to enjoy each other sexually, it's not possible. So therefore, whom none of us are local and to leave us alone. This is the reason behind the permission of profit in the Knights are fasting.
And has been Why haven't been called clothing. Why? For several reasons.
First of all, they've been called clothing. Because clothing is a means of comfort, isn't it means a
relaxation of comfort of enjoyment of tranquility, you wear something comfortable. And if you're not wearing something, then what happens if you're very cold, you feel exposed. So husband and wife have been called clothing for each other, because they're a means of sukoon and comfort for each other.
Also, if you think about it, another reason as to why they've been called clothing for each other is because clothing, it covers you.
It covers your outer,
it hides your outer,
your private part that has to be concealed, it has to be covered.
And husband and wife, what do they do? They protect that of each other.
They protect their love of each other, they protect the private parts of each other. How we learned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he commanded, he told young people to get married, those who were able to
why because he said that this is best for lowering the gaze and also for the protection of the private parts. So the husband and wife have been called clothing because they protect each other.
Also, they've been called clothing. Why? Because they're very close to each other.
If you look at it, your garment, it is very close to you it touches your body. It's right on your body. Sometimes we work closer a skin tight.
They're very snug, they fit very snugly. So husband and wife are very close to each other, both physically and also otherwise.
Also, we think of it. clothing is a means of beauty. It's a means of adornment. It's a means of beautifying you.
You wear different clothes, you wear colorful clothes, you wear beautifully stitched clothes that fit you so nice way to adorn yourself to beautify yourself.
Similarly, the husband and wife are a means of beautifying each other, they complement each other.
They're not supposed to insult each other, or humiliate each other or embarrass each other in public. They're supposed to beautify each other.
Remember, as a spouse, as a wife, you should only be praising your husband, your spouse, you should only be a means of his beauty.
Just think of any way through which you could beautify him,
I was going to be by a good actions, by your praise, by your behavior, by the way you talk to him, by the way you talk about him. And the same applies also to the husband. So, clothing is also a means of beauty. And likewise is the relationship between the husband and wife.
Similarly, clothing is a means of hiding or covering physical deficiencies in a person. So if there is any fault in the spouse, what does the other spouse to
Does not expose that does not reveal that
many times, girls over habit they sit together and they talk about the silly things or the illogical things or the crazy things that their husbands do.
And this is very disrespectful. never speak of your spouse in a way that is disrespectful in a way that is insulting in a way that would degrade his honor, in a way that would bring disrespect for him
in a way that people will be encouraged to disrespect him. Always be a source of bringing more respect to your spouse. Because if people respect your spouse, they will respect you. If they do not respect your spouse, they will not respect you. If somebody insults your clothes, how do you feel? If somebody says oh what you're wearing is so ugly.
How do you feel?
It doesn't suit you. How do you feel?
We feel so conscious. We iron our clothes. We make sure they match perfectly. We spent so much time on making sure
Our clothes look perfect. Why? Because clothes, they're like an image that we presented ourselves. And our spouse is also our image. People see us through our spouse. So when many of us are lucky, were unknown, leave us alone.
clothing is a need of the human being.
All the other creatures, they can survive without clothes, isn't it? Why, you know, they've been made in such a way that they don't need to wear garments. People put clothes on them just for beauty, but they don't really need fluids.
But the human being cannot survive without clothing,
in the heat, in the cold, or anywhere else, he needs clothing.
Similarly, human beings cannot survive without spouses. You cannot say, Oh, I don't need to get married, I'm very content with my life. I'm very satisfied. I'm fine as I am. I'd rather not get married. No, a husband needs a wife and a wife needs husband. Because if you look at the eye, what does he say? Who none of us are Lacan. What unthemed leave us alone. It's both ways. It's not just that the man needs the wife and the wife doesn't need the husband, or the wife needs husband husband doesn't need a wife. No, it's both ways. Both need each other.
Both fulfill the needs of each other.
And this shows us the beauty of Islam, that even marriage is a part of completing one's faith
is a part of perfecting one's faith. Who never sulaco for ultimately Wasilla, when,
whenever we buy some, some clothes, like an expensive garment, what do we do? Always look at the care instructions. And now literally, sometimes they give you like a small handout or a small booklet as to how to care for your garment. How to wash it, don't just throw it into the machine, put it in this cycle, use this detergent, hang dry line dry, flat, dry. All of these instructions. Why are dry clean only wash would like colors. Why? Because you need to preserve you need to look after you need to protect your garment so that it can continue to beautify you. Why is it that we think if I insulted my husband, if I humiliated by Takashi don't buy don't give him food, if I don't
care about him, and it's not going to make a difference, it is going to make a difference. Remember, a relationship has to be nurtured.
A relationship has to be looked after.
You cannot be passive about relationship and expect that it will turn out perfectly, you have to be very actively involved. You have to take time out for your spouse, you have to give exclusive attention to your spouse.
And you have to fulfill their needs, just as you have to fulfill the needs of a current so that it can last long.
Similarly, how to fulfill the needs of your spouse.
Many times women speak ill of their husbands and they think that it's not going to affect their image. In fact, it does. It really does.
Many times women talk bad about and I'm talking about women over because we're women. And the reason for this discussion is that we can change our actions, we can improve our ways. Okay. We're not saying that the men don't have to do anything they have to obviously, but because here we are to learn for ourselves. That's what we're going to discuss as to what we're supposed to do and what we're not supposed to do.
The idea is equally for men and for women. So many times what women do is that they talk negative things about their husbands, with their children.
And what our children do, they grew up with disrespect for their fathers. And eventually what happens? They disrespect the Father. And they also lose respect for the mother.
And you may have witnessed this in your own lives. People who talk bad about their spouse, with the children, what happens eventually, children don't respect either.
Just as clothing is used in the English language in different expressions, for example, but a hat on, okay. Like they say you're putting on a salespersons hat. What does that mean that you're taking on the role?
So similarly, the husband and wife have a role to play in each other's lives. They complement each other. They protect each other, they assist each other, they beautify each other. When we're talking bad about our husbands, what are we doing? We're being unfaithful to a loss.
Let's look at the beauty of the words of the Quran, which words alasa Pentagon has chosen. Over here a simple thing could have been used for protection, which is the meaning in the context, or need, but live as has been used because it gives such a vast meaning
in the context, and also, otherwise, generally in our lives.
When seeking advice, if you're talking about your husband to someone, then that's different. But again, don't be insulting, don't talk in a very derogatory way. And speak to only those people who can actually help. Because many times in the name of taking advice, we talked to so many people, and it really worsens the situation. Imagine if your husband finds out you spoke to somebody about that? What is he going to think of you?
Exactly because of their ingratitude to their husbands? And what is that in gratitude that he looks after he cares for so much, he gives so much to her. And only once she is hurt, because when when she says I'd never seen anything good for me.
So being ungrateful, as well as wrong.
So over here, Allah subhanaw taala says, that of us during the night of fasting is permissible for you. Why? Because the husband and wife are like clothing to each other. They are a need for each other. They're very close to each other. And it's not possible that they're living together for an entire month. And they're not allowed to enjoy each other. Anyone love Allahu Allah. I knew a nickel that indeed you continue with Dr. Luna and full circle. You all were betraying yourselves. You all were deceiving yourselves. Dr. Nola is from the roof of his heart well known from the word piano. And the piano means to be treacherous, or to deceive someone to betray someone. And if you look at
the word over here, it is stuck there noon. One is harner. And the other is if then, and from a Stannah, you get the afternoon. Basically, we're looking at the additional there after the half, because that's not part of the route. It doesn't mean you the third, the beginning means you. But at that after the heart, it does not mean you so it is giving an additional meaning.
And what is that additional meaning? If then, is to be very deceitful, to be very treacherous, to do a lot of Leanna. What is the antibody the way
that somebody leaves something with you, somebody interests you with something? And what do you do? You don't take care of it properly, or you use it when you're not supposed to? Or you don't return it? For example, somebody gives you their book to keep for some time they leave it as an Amana with you? Or do you use the book and you tear a page off, or you spilled some food on it. And when it comes to returning the book, you say, can't find it sorry. This is what Finn
and piano is also with regards to a duty that a person has been given. So for example, a person has been entrusted with a particular task with a particular responsibility. For example, most of us over here have been given the task to memorize our lesson, to go through our lesson how many times seven times that is what an ominous. So what was the enemy?
that a person does not do it seven times it does it only once? Or does it only three times or does it only six times because it is less than the task that has been given. So that is the end.
So Allah who unknown content, afternoon and full circle, Allah knew Allah knows that you were deceiving yourselves.
You are deceiving yourselves? What does it mean by this? Basically, the believers, they were fasting in the morning. And what were they doing during the night? They were not properly observing the restrictions that were imposed. Not everybody, but only some people
as we learned that that particular Sahabi I mean, he didn't eat anything and he continued to fast The next day, to the point that he fainted. He was not doing piano. But it is said that only one or two individuals, they did piano once or twice how that either they had sexual intercourse with their spouses or they ate something. They drank something during the night when they were not supposed to and this action has been called Fianna why because Allah had obligated them with certain duties with certain restrictions and what did they do? They violated them
and it has also been called Fianna why because it was done in secrecy in private It was not done publicly. It was not an openly
and obviously people do Fianna
And remember that if the end or Fianna is that a person tells himself that this matter, this issue is not a big deal, it's okay you can do it. So what if I do it?
So we lighten or we reduce the importance of that particular matter. And this is what leads us to doing wrong.
So, some people, only one or two individuals, they did piano How? By violating the restrictions that were imposed upon them during the night.
Over here, Allah says, Allah, Allah, Allah knew. But does that show that Allah Subhana Allah knows what a person does, in secret and also in open? It's possible that other people never find out. And they have a very good image of you. But what happens? Allah Subhana Allah knows whether we have done Fianna or not.
Allah knows what we do in secret, and what we do in open and this Leanna What does Allah say you are deceiving yourselves?
You're betraying yourselves? What do we learn about the hypocrites? You hide your own Allah when Medina Amma no one may have their own in that. And also, they try to deceive a line the believers would actually or they're deceiving themselves. Because one a person pretends to be very good. When a person shows righteousness and piety.
And he's fooling people, by his show by the image that he's presenting. And reality. He is someone completely different. Who is he harming?
So he's thinking that he's deceiving another person, but actually he is deceiving himself. Why? Because he's not realizing that the harm is upon himself, he is going to suffer, other people are not going to suffer.
So who is the one who truly suffers the harm? The one who tries to deceive the other, which is why Allah says the afternoon and full circle
while we're presenting why we're showing an image of righteousness and piety, all the while, a las panatela is aware about the reality that is inside
our Lima la who an account of Luna and full circle, photog are illegal. So, he has turned to you in mercy, wherever uncle and he is fired and you are fired face from the roof hydrous info? What does it mean by this that Allah has done to you? Because daba literally means to turn. So what is meant by this that Allah has given to you?
Meaning he has abrogated the difficult command what was the difficult command
that you're not allowed to eat or drink or have sexual relations after you have slept or after you have prayed Russia? This was very difficult. So diabolical, he has abrogated that command. And he has given you an easier command now
wildfire uncle any has forgiven you forgiven you for what? For your Fianna. Therefore nobody can say today that look Sahaba they were so sinful, that a piano? No, you cannot say this. Because first of all, it was only one or two individuals. Secondly, it was a matter that was very difficult.
Imagine if you had to do it.
that so however, they're special, because they lived through these difficult situation. What they went through is much more compared to what we go through.
We think fasting during the day is difficult, they almost have to fast during the night sometimes. So nobody can say today that look, they committed sin and they were sinful. Why? Because after uncle Allah is completely pardon you he's completely forgiven you. You don't have to give any good fodder for this
fall Anna. So now vashi ruhuna you all have sexual relations with them.
And the word ln is a combination of L and our N means the and ln means time.
When is used for time that is between past and future What is that?
Now present. So fun and so now meaning so from now onwards. Now what can you do by Sharona you may have sexual relations with them.
Vash is from the veterans bashing bra.
Any other word from the same root,
Basha, which means human being
Bashar Bashar, good news.
Basically, the word value is derived from the word Bashar
and Bashar is used for human skin which is why bushfire which is good news, why is it called good news because it is felt on the skin, you feel the goosebumps or you you feel the excitement on your skin
and a human being is called Bashar. Why? Because his skin is unique and it is different from the skin of other creatures meaning he doesn't have fear he doesn't have feathers, like other creatures do human skin is completely different.
So Bashara is human skin and bash Allah, you bash euro which is the word that you see over here is the touching of skin with each other. It is basically when their skin contact between two people when there is physical contact between two people and this word is figurative for sexual intercourse there is figurative expression for sexual intercourse. So if I analyze your woman, so now you may have sexual relations with them, wherever the who and you should seek what should you seek? If the who is from Berlin? Yeah.
You should seek you should desire you should wish for man that which Khattab Allahu Allah has written Luckily for you. What does it mean by this what Allah has written for you? What Allah has already fixed for you what Allah has decreed for you, what Allah has ordained for you.
What does it mean by this? What were the whole market of Allahu loko?
This part of the eye is teaching us two main points.
First of all, we learn that having intimate relations between spouses between a husband and wife is actually an act of worship. Why? Because Allah over here is commanding the believers vashi ruhuna, Weber the whole market of Allahu Allah.
And because it is the command of Allah, and this command is of the commander of permissibility, that you're allowed to do. So it is highlighted for you, it doesn't mean that you have to what it means is, it's permissible for you. So if one does do this, then he will get greater reward.
When does the harbor when the companions when they learned of this, that this is also an act of rebellion? Enjoying your spouse actually is also an act of rebellion? is also an act of worship. They were amazing, like, How come? How is it possible? And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told me that if a person does this, through the Haram way, is he going to be sinful? Yes, he's going to be sinful. So if he does is the halal way, then he should get reward.
Just as we learned earlier, that the simple act of eating and drinking when you eat something halal, and you eat the way that Allah wants you to, you say Bismillah, you think of it that which is a simple act of eating, becomes an act of worship. Similarly, this private act as well, this apparently shameful act also becomes an act of worship, why? Because it is being done through the Halloween,
it is being done in the way that our last panel data has approved.
And this gives us a very important lesson as well, that a person, even when he's doing this act with his spouse, he should think of the reward. Because many times what happens is that one person is not in the mood, or one person is not willing to do so. And if in this situation, he does not look at, you know what the other person wants, but he looks at the fact that this is the commander of a lot or this is my spouse's, right? And he looks at the objective, he looks at the reward, then even this act becomes easy, then.
Many times women, this happens that they're not willing, they're too tired, or they're not in the mood. But if they do it, why as an act of worship, as an act of obedience to Allah, then the simple act becomes easy. And this is very important for a healthy relationship. Very, very important for a healthy relationship.
Because many times, it's these simple situations which lead to animosity, or fights or discontent between spouses. She never listens to me. She doesn't like me, she rejects me, or he doesn't even think of me. He doesn't like me, he rejects me. So these things they lead to a relationship that is not healthy. Over here when Allah tells us when we learned from this ayah, that even this act is an act of worship, then what should the focus be the reward
The second main lesson that we learned from this ayah is that over here law says what little MCE double vodacom. Seek what Allah has ordained for you seek what Allah has written for you. What is it that Allah has ordained for you through this act,
marketable love with a comb has been understood in two ways, first of all, children, and secondly, enjoyment, or pleasure.
So this shows us that one of the main objectives of marriage is to have children. It is not just to enjoy each other, sexually, but rather, it is to establish a family. This is one of the main objectives do people cannot just get married and say, Okay, we're not going to have children, we decided we're not going to have children, we're only going to be husband and wife. That's it. No, if Allah gives children, they should be happy. And if Allah does not give children, then they should be okay as well. But we learn over here that the objective of marriage is what
objective of this act is not just pleasure, it is not just sexual enjoyment. But rather, it is to have a family it is to have children.
Many times, especially today, people don't want to go through the pain and responsibility of having children.
And many times when this happens, the woman is the one who suffers, physically, and also otherwise, emotionally. Because when a woman is told, okay, we're not going to have children, and you have to take contraception or something like that, and what happens? It disturbs her physically. And many times what happens is when people later when they try to have children, it affects them, they're not able to do so. So it's not that contraception is forbidden, it's not forbidden, it is permissible. But a person should realize that one of the objectives of marriage is to have children,
you should plan you should intend to have children. This is one of the main things that we learn over here.
We're gonna travel and eat and drink, when, during the night, anytime during the night, meaning during the month of Ramadan, or the night preceding the fasting, eat and drink. Until when, Until when are you allowed to eat and drink. And obviously, the third thing that was mentioned before, which is to have sexual relations between husband and wife, do these three things until when, meaning you're allowed to do these three things until hotter, yada yada come until it becomes clear to you get away from the infectious value unknown.
What becomes clear to you
and hyphal Abele, the white threat
alive is from the reflectors, hot yellow and high is used for a thread, or a string. And a built from the root letters very avoid hateful of your white thread,
which white thread
of the morning, men from enlighten us with the black thread,
as well as from the federal scene while that suit means black, as well as very black
and white and
the black thread of the night.
So when the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you becomes clear to you from the black thread of night.
And when will you see this? When will you see this distinction may not fetch at the time of French at the time of dawn.
Now what does it mean by the white thread of the morning and the black thread of the night? What does it mean by this? What this means is title Abele refers to the moment of daybreak, it refers to the crack of dawn
and it's called a thread it is called a string. Why? Because of the way that it stretches out in the form of a very fine line across the horizon
in the way that it is formed as a fine line across the horizon.
And fatal as what refers to that of the night. And it is called threat as the night stretches out on the horizon.
So basically what is being said over here is that eat and drink until the night and they are easily distinguishable.
And this happens at the time of fudge.
Remember that this thread of the night of this black thread of this white thread this is not to be taken literally
one companion, he actually took this literally
or they even had him. He said that. I took two strings, one black and one white and I kept them under my pillow.
I continue to look at them throughout the night, but could not make any distinction between the two. So the next morning, I went to a loss messenger. And I told him the whole story. And he said, your pillow is very wide. If the white and black threads are under
your pillow must be very wide. If the white and vectorizer tremendous desire which is the crack of dawn, if that is under your pillow, your pillow must be very huge. See the humor of the prophets that allows for them as well.
It's not insulting, such humiliating, it's humor. Rather, they're the blackness of the night and the whiteness of the daylight.
So the black thread refers to blackness of the night and the white thread refers to the whiteness of the daylight.
So eat and drink until the time of dawn until the time of budget.
And at the time of so who take the time to go outside and look at the sky as
many times we determine these things how by the clock, okay, it's 519 now that's it, stop at 520 don't eat anywhere, it's 519 stop eating, we go by the clock we go by the second ganache outside as well.
Look at the clock that are Lost Planet Allah has given.
So we learn over here, that eating so who is encouraged because what has been said over here kulu Mashallah will eat and drink.
So, eating so who is encouraged the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said this a hurdle for ineffability Baraka eaters who for there is a blessing into him. There is Baraka answer when
you eat only one meal, and it's enough for the whole day similar to Muslim then you will complete the fasting a theme from the reflector stamey meme and demand means to complete something to make something for we learned earlier about Ibrahim alayhis salaam he was ordered with some kalimat and what did he do at them when he completed them?
And what does it mean to completely and perfectly do something or to complete something in the perfect sense such that nothing is left out? Nothing at all is left hand
so it mostly Emma Ella lay meaning complete the fast properly, completely while observing all of the rules until when until the night. What does it mean by the night over here doesn't mean darkness of the night blackness of the night doesn't mean Orisha time, no night over here means the beginning of the night meaning from the point that night begins and what is that point? sunset. It refers to the time of sunset because from that point onwards, The night has begun.
And this meaning is determined from a heavyset as mentioned before it. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said either upward and lay lumen her hoonah when the night approaches from this direction, meaning from the east, what about on the house woman her hoonah and the day departs from that direction meaning from the west with a lot of petitions and the sun sets, then what faqad a photo for him, then the fasting person breaks as fast. So what is it that the profits or loss of dollars, that when the sun sets were low but the shrimps so complete the fast until when until the night meaning until the beginning of the night which is marked by the setting of the sun. Remember, this also does not
mean that you have to wait until the redness of the sky it completely disappears. No. You only have to wait until the sun has fully set.
One otherwise you ruhuna and do not have sexual relations with the meaning with your spouse with your wife. What until while you are kifune ones who are doing erotica where Phil masajid in the mosques, do not have any sexual relations with your spouse when you are in erotica in the Muslim
iPhone is the plural of the word architect for the revival sign Gotha.
And Arqiva literally means to be in a state of isolation or to devote oneself completely and wholly to something to devote oneself completely to something
and to stay somewhere to do something on interrupted without any interruption. What does it mean? That you're staying somewhere and you don't go from there even for a minute
or you're doing something and you don't stop doing it even for a minute.
This is what the literal meaning of the word ercoupe is. It is to claim to something to devote to something
do apply oneself to something to not leave something, to continue to do something. This is the literal meaning.
And what's the technical meaning of erotica? What do we learn about erotica if the graph is to show servitude to allow meaning it is an act of worship. How? By staying in the masjid, by staying in the masjid. Why? For the purpose of worshiping Allah subhanaw taala. When, in the last 10 days and nights of Ramadan
in the last 10 days and nights of Ramadan
So, we see that the purpose of earthy cough is to worship, a loss of hands
and a person stays in the masjid, so that he can worship Allah.
So this also tells us that the Earth itself cannot be done at home. Because our kupuna were filled, massage it in the massages in the mosques. Here the calf is only done in the masjid. Because here the calf includes worshipping Allah subhanaw taala, meaning all you're doing is worship. Part of worship, or one of the main things that we do in worship is what brings Allah and you come with us for includes praying in congregation. So how can a person who is doing Earth capital leave five times a day or six times a day for the PMO lane as well to pray in the masjid because you will have to leave so many times go and come back so many times right. So everything up is only done in the
massive auto because India is arcona filmer sided, not just archival.
And the objective of erotica is to worship. It is not to have a sleepover in the masjid.
It is a time for worship. And worship is done in several ways it is done by pm it is done by reciting Quran it is done by making the right is done by doing a scarf.
So why you are doing the calf in the masjid, then at that time, it is not permissible for a person to have sexual relations with his spouse, both for the men and for the woman,
dill kahaluu the law these are the boundaries that have been set by a law. These are the limits that have been set by
her though there's a plural of the word had from the fetters had that and had literally means a limit
man What does it mean a limit
just as the word produce of uddhav who do that what are they the walls are the boundaries of the house what do they do? What do they do? They stop non residents from entering the house. So Hadoop are the boundaries are the borders are the limits that have been set. This is the literal meaning of the word.
These are the hurdles that are alarming that have been set by Allah they have been fixed by Allah, not by any other person
falletta kerabu has not even approach it. Don't even go near it. The krobo is from cassava is to be near the caribou approach letter Prabhu do not even approach them.
What is the mean by the hood of Allah?
Remember the food of Allah are of two types. First of all, huddled are those who do that stop those who are outside from crossing them and coming inside.
Just imagine there's a wall somewhere and you're outside what is that while doing?
It is preventing you from going inside the building.
So the first step of Hadoop are those that stop those who are outside from entering them.
And what are these hurdles, these are the prohibitionists, these are the prohibitions that our last panel has set that will have on those actions that are prohibited, we are not allowed to trespass. They are prohibitions. And with regards to prohibitions, let Sakuraba is used, do not even approach them, meaning do not even think of going beyond did not even think of committing these actions.
The second type of produce are those that prevent those who are inside, from leaving from going outside. And what are these foods, they are the commands, they're the YG but they're a must. We have to observe them, we cannot get out of them.
And with regard to them, with regards to these type of hurdles with regards to the commands with regards to the YG bed, let darka do what is said.
So we learned that the root of Allah are either the prohibitions or the commands that Allah Subhana data has set for the people
And we're not allowed to go against them, we're not allowed to violate them.
And notice Allah says that the kerabu do not even go near it, not even think of violating these prohibitions, because saying that the Buddha is more intense than saying, Do not do this gernika likewise flachau just as our last presenter has clarified to you, matters with regards to fasting, you may you know, Allahu Allah explains it, his versus the Nancy for the people learn the homea tokens, so that they adopt the quote.
So, over here, we see that details with regards to fasting have been mentioned over here very clearly
eat and drink until this moment, until this time,
do not do this at this time do this at this time. So, all of these details have been given why so that we can fast properly, why Lumia gakuen so that we can develop
the objective of fasting is the core and over here, all of these details are mentioned clarity, so that we can achieve that objective.
So, so far, which commands which I haven't mentioned over here,
I add is only only versus it means the commands that Allah has given.
Which commands are they, for example, with regards to relation between a husband wife during the month of Ramadan
commands with regards to eating and drinking, with regards to when the time of fasting begins and when it ends?
Also with regards to your Africa, so all of these details have been given over here.
coo coo coo,
worku Asha boo,
boo boo, boo boo Mina
if a woman wants to get a cup, she has to take permission from her husband, she has to permission from a family, you have to take permission from your mother.
The question is that in some places, in the massage, there is no place for women. So how are they meant to do erotica?
You have the NEA. And you never know let me give you the opportunity to photograph in the Harlem child.
And many places are a general basis. Throughout the year they don't have places for women. But in the month of Ramadan, they do make commendations for intergraph. In some places they do.
Erica is to stay in the masjid for the 10 days and nights and continue to do
the similar standards. That is what your
what are the glue and well a combiner conveyor belt
and do not consume one another's wealth unjustly.
The previous verses, they talk about the prohibition of certain things at certain times. The version of eating the prohibition of drinking the prohibition of major relations when a person is fasting.
And if you look at it, these things are generally permissible. They are Helen, we were told before pulu eat whenever you bet of the good things. But when a person is fasting, he's not allowed to eat. So the previous verses that tell us about certain things that are halal, and other times when these certain things are prohibited upon us.
And the following verse, it talks about the prohibition of a certain thing at all times and at all places.
It's not just prohibited in the month of Ramadan.
It's not just prohibited on Friday, but it is prohibited at all times, and at all places. And this has to be observed by a person who is fasting, and by a person who is not fasting.
Many times we see within Muslims that generally they don't create, but when they're fasting, then they will pray,
or when they're fasting, and if they're speaking the truth, and they want to assure the other person that they are speaking the truth, what do they say, Look, I'm fasting, I cannot lie, while you're not allowed to lie, even when you're not fasting.
Right? So many times we ascribe righteous acts only when we're fasting. And we think that when we're not fasting, then we're able to do whatever we want, we can lie, we can cheat, we can deceive, we can do whatever we want. But over here, we see that there are certain things that are higher than otherwise, but they are prohibited when a person is fasting. But there are other things that are prohibited at all times. And at all places.
A person should be careful about these things when he's fasting and also when he's not fasting.
What are that kulu do not consume that gurus from UCLA which literally means to eat something, but over here, it has been said that do not eat and welcome your wealth and while is the plural of man,
what does it mean by do not eat your wealth, do not eat your wealth, does wealth over your only apply to food? Not necessarily we learned early that the word man applies to anything that a person owns anything that a person is legally allowed to benefit from, whether it is his clothes, whether it is his property, whether it is his house, I mean a person doesn't eat his house or his clothes, he eats food.
So, what does he mean by do not eat your wealth?
Eating over here gives the meaning of earning of acquiring, you know, we say consumption, consuming wealth, consumerism consumers. So, cemetery that Kuru umbrella company do not earn do not acquire wealth.
And also if you look at it, whatever a person earns, a major portion of it goes on what
goes in food,
a major portion.
So a major part of a person Saturday, a person's earning goes on food. So that's a clue unwelcome, do not consume your wealth.
What does that mean by come over here, because you see come over here is plural. It refers to all Muslims. So do not consume your wealth, do not earn your wealth, how will battle with the faltered with the false meaning through falsehood
about Islam, thoughtless and valid is anything that is false, anything that is invalid, anything that is baseless meaning. It's the opposite of how it's the opposite of writes about what is wrong.
So in other words, do not earn wealth through badly ways, through incorrect ways. And what are the incorrect ways? unlawful ways,
unlawful ways of acquiring?
What are the unlawful ways of acquiring money,
lotteries, river interest, stealing, theft, selling alcohol by selling something that is heroin, fraud of some sort, using an orphans money through Zina,
bribery, what is right?
Get some benefit that you're not legally allowed to get. Bribe is the money that a person offers or anything that a person offers. Remember, it's not just money that a person offers to get a benefit that he will not otherwise get, or that he cannot legally obtain.
So anything that a person obtains through Brian, that becomes heroin. And if a person accepts bribe, that is also
so for example, if a person bribes a lawyer, I will give you all the money, I know I'm guilty, but just prove me innocent. So when he is proven innocent, or when he wins the case, and he gets a lot of money, that is what hold on for him to consume. So over here, we're told let the crew and welcome back in a conveyor belt between yourself and in between or you Muslims among yourselves. So we see over here that battle is every way of acquiring wealth, which the [???]tier has not made permissible.
Any way of acquiring wealth, that is how long that is unlawful? That is
way, that is about anyway,
it is unlawful it is prohibited for a person to earn wealth through that.
But if you see over here, Allah says unwelcome bainer, comb, your wealth, all of your wealth between yourselves. What does he mean by that?
When we acquire when a person acquires wealth unjustly,
incorrectly through a way that is wrong, what is he doing?
He is depriving the other person of his right. For example, a person takes the money of an orphan.
A person offers bribe, and he wins something that legally is not his right. What is he doing? He is depriving someone else of his right. When a person commits theft, what is he doing? He is depriving someone else of his rate.
So, over here loss has been a comb between yourself, put yourself in the shoes of the other person, would you want your wealth to be taken by another? No. Then why do you want somebody else's work for yourself when it's not yours. So yours has been used to show that put yourself in the other person's place.
Treat the wealth of another as your wealth, guard and protect and respect the wealth of another person, just as you will protect and guard and respect your own wealth, your own property.
And many times, we don't care for other people things why simply because they don't belong to us. Sometimes we come to the Institute, we go to a Masjid, and we will break something, or we will write something on the desk. Or we will put gum under the desk or we will write something on the wall or we will break a chair, we'll do something like, so what doesn't belong to me, okay?
We'll stay in the carpet. And when I go here, it's not mine, no big deal. Somebody will come and fix it, somebody will give it a nation and it will be fixed.
Treat the wealth of another, just as you would treat your own wealth. Respect the wealth of another, just as you would respect your own wealth,
the way you would treat your own things, the way you would protect your own house, your own belongings, in the same way, respect the belongings of other people.
So let that glue and while I come by in a con.
What Oh, no, no, we had it and who can? Or send it in bribery? To the rulers? What to do? Notice the word over here? What does it do? It connects the following statement with the previous.
So over here, what to do, this is connected with letter qu.
It is connected with letter.
So let's kulu First of all, and then led to do do not make an offer. So before to do, there is an implied law. Where do we get that law from in the beginning of the sentence? What's the evidence for that the word
the word is America newsletters damn well and the word done is used for a water bucket. What is done a water bucket and Ethernet adeleye usually it led to the loose from the same word it is to drop down a water bucket. Where in into a well.
Why would you do that? To get water out?
Because you yourself cannot get water out with your hand.
So what do you have to do? You have to put something in you have to throw something down so that you can get the water out.
lad to the loo we have nl who can do the hookah who can so newsletters, paragraph meme and it's the plural of the word hacking, or hacker which means a judge a ruler and have over here refers to what what does it mean by this? Do not offer it. Do not cast it down. Do not deliver your wealth to the judges. What does it mean by this? It is referring to Brian
many times people are not legally allowed to obtain something. They don't have a right over it. They don't have a share at all.
But in order to get it what do they do? They drop down the water bucket. They offer some of their money to to the judge to the ruler, do the lawyer Why? So that they can get some water so that they can get some benefit that they would not otherwise get
And how is this done? For example, a person offers bribe to a judge, so that the judge decides in his favor,
little kulu so that you will eat, that could organise a color
for you can apportion men unwellness front from the wealth of people will leave me with the sin. What Anton palemoon Why do you know Lita, Kuru, Kuru is connected with what to do.
Meaning do not send your wealth in bribery, to the rulers, so that you can consume a portion of the wealth of people so that you can get a hold of the wealth of people.
How is this done? For example, a certain property belongs to someone, a certain thing belongs to someone and you want to get it? What do some people do?
They will offer the bribe to the judge, or they will offer the bribe to the lawyer, take this bribe and make this decision in my favor.
So when the bribe is offered, then the judge makes the decision in the favor of this person. And as a result, what happens? This person he gets a share, he gets a portion of another person's wealth, how bill isn't through sin.
Remember, we learned about sin, that this is used for deliberate sin. Gentlemen, oh, Jennifer is a mistake that is done by mistake that is run unintentionally, and is Miss deliberate. So don't offer your wealth as bribe to the judges so that you can get a portion of other people's wealth through sin. Well, Anthony, why'd you know? What does he mean by this while you know? Meaning while you're aware that you are wrong,
while you know that you are guilty? Don't use your wealth. don't deprive other people of their wealth.
While you know that you're guilty, or while you know that it's unlawful, that some people might say, Oh, you know, I didn't know that bribery was unlawful. I didn't know that stealing was unlawful.
I didn't know that such and such thing was unlawful. No, even if you don't have any of the text of the Quran that it is unlawful or lawful. Isn't it morally wrong to offer a bribe? Isn't it morally wrong to steal someone's? Well? it's morally wrong. It's your fifth law. Your nature will tell you your inside which on your heart will tell you it is wrong. So a person cannot say no, I didn't know. So that's why I've been doing it. so far. I'm not involved. No, morally, your filter will tell you if it's something wrong, or right.
But the question is, why is this I mentioned right after fasting.
Many times people will fast, people will pray. But when it comes to burning their money, what do they do?
They use wrong ways. They use unlawful ways.
So over here, when we're fasting, we don't eat, we don't drink that which is Halloween, that which we are allowed to eat. And when we don't eat when we don't drink? What does that do? It trains us to obey our laws.
It trains us to stay away from home.
So the fasting of one month is a training for us to stay away from wrong for the rest of the year.
To continue on obedience to Allah for the rest of the year.
Remember, fasting is a month of training. So it trains us.
That's the recitation.
for example, if a person is earning his wealth unlawfully, and that wealth he's spending on his children or on his spouse, so what are the children supposed to do? What is this supposed to do?
If you think about it, children, the spouse, they're getting the money from somebody else in a way that is lawful for them.
They're not stealing the money of the Father. They're not stealing the money of the husband. They're getting it in a lawful way from the source.
Now, how is the source getting the money? that's their problem. That's their fault. They will get this in
some panic, a lot of them will be humbucker Michel de la Ilaha. illa Anta Mr. De Luca, one of the
breathing. I said I've already called