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The Basics of Ramadan – Book of Fasting #01

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Tahir Wyatt

Channel: Tahir Wyatt

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Hello when I was

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in our car Marina Mandela

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de la Mashallah

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y la sharika Pasha Mohammed and it was it was early he was

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Nayla Dean, and

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today we're delighted to IRA, which is the seventh of April correspondents are what they Shamblin

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the 13th of Shaq, then 1441 Chinese were 16 or 17 days away from Rama das panela. We're going to start the book of fasting keytab a cm from a very important book of film, called men hedge a salary King, men had a Saudi King, which can be loosely translated as the path of the wayfair.

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This is a book of film that was written by the man of the rock man, but NASA said he loved to either hold who is well known for his type C sub c has actually been translated into English in totality.

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10 volumes if I'm not mistaken.

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And that's what he's that's what he's known for. But he was booked at fenley, which means that

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he was well versed in many different fields of the Islamic sciences. He's also probably most known for

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his famous students.

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Does anybody know who his famous student is?

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hammer solid with me and I can go a long time.

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Remember, NASA said he died in the year 1373. After Hinduism, which I think was 1954.

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He wrote, this particular book, men had sent him 10 years before he died. And he wrote it for actually young people and beginning students of knowledge. So it's a book that's accessible. It is a book that is built on the humbly men hand. And most books of fifth are written on a particular method. And that's because for people who are just starting out learning,

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it's important for them to follow a consistent pattern of thought. And so when we talk about a man hat, does anybody know what a meta hat is? What is a minute?

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Okay, we say school of thought. But if we go a little deeper, that's just something that somebody told you was the translation of, of men hat. Yes.

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So

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their views on

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specifically deduction, right, so you're looking at interpretive methods, right? So different scholars develop different approaches to how to interpret the evidence. They all agree that this is evidence for as soon as evidence how exactly do I understand or deduce rulings from that evidence that's going to human mind doesn't process everything the same way even during the time of the Prophet It is so often when he told the campaign's don't pray until you get to such and such a place? Some of them understood it one way, other times, and even we may, I don't know if we're gonna deal with it today or not. But you may look at evidence sometimes and one scholar comes up with one

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way of interpreting it, and they built a school on that interpretation. So we put this first that's that second if there is what we deemed to be some type of contradiction.

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And this is how we prioritize, prioritize the evidence and so forth. That's what a minute habits, okay, it's a system of interpreting the evidence. Okay, first of all determining what is evidence and how to prioritize that and then interpreting it. And what I mean by what is evidence, there are certain evidence that all of the scholars agree is evidence, and then other things that they may disagree on.

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So for example, we just take the madhhab of the MN Matic, what was one of the things that made his manhood different from all of the other methods he used?

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Well, not just the people of Medina, the scholars, not just the scholars, but was that mean? Yeah. Here's the statements and practices of the people of Medina who are most learn, right, so he looked at a practice of the people of Medina, how did they do things? Or what was their opinion about certain things? He thought that that was the a stronger approach to interpreting the evidence than simply gathering, for example, I had teeth on a particular example. Well, what did the scholars of Medina, with the day believe about that particular about that particular topic? So

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by the way, for those of you watching live stream, this is close to the public, I don't want you to think there's a whole lot of people here because there are not, please don't send the cops.

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Now that we're, we're being responsible with pipe.

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So that the whole point is that this is a book of Philip, it's a book a fifth, will you study Philip, the primary concern, especially in the beginning, the primary objective of studying the book of fit, is what they call it to someone. So in other words, you want to conceptualize the issue, which is different from when you're studying happy? Like last year, we did keytab a cm check. Have you been out with the kids have a cm from mechanical heart? Well, there we're going straight to the evidence, and then we're trying to do what extract rulings from the evidence with a book of filk they giving you the ruling first, and you have to go back and figure out what what evidence did they

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use most of the time, you have to go back, especially if it's a beginning book of fit, a lot of times, they're not gonna give you a whole lot of, you know, I have eaten not going to bring out the grind. I'm just going to tell you, this is what it is. And then you have to go back and try to figure out where did they get the evidence from, or you go to larger books of fit, where they don't have to explain to you where that's from. But the whole point of a book of film from the door, is just to do what allows them to conceptualize these issues. Okay, so And as you'll see some things you might say, Well, I don't need to conceptualize that I know everything about fasting it probably

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because you've been fasting for many years. But as you move down the line, you start talking about the Kent stage, you need to understand you get into beta decay. And what is this and what is that it wasn't Hollerith what is rebar? And what is and what are these things mean? So these books are really help us to gain what the conceptualization of the issues and then we go in and deal with the evidence. So again, this book that we're covering is called men hedge, a savvy King. And you figure it was written

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almost eight years ago, right? The language is very accessible for most people, because it is an attempt considered to be a contemporary book.

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And it is really a good book to, to begin with, or

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for beginners, it was written for beginners. So you're going to see a shout out, we're going to cover the book of fasting. Even though we've dedicated five weeks to it, we'll probably finish in fourth. And then on that fifth week, we'll be in Ramadan, anyone shall on China. And so we'll deal with some important aspects of Ramadan.

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As a side note, for those of you who are in Philadelphia

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humbly lat bear things in the works to try to make this Ramadan be something that is

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something that is still special. I mean, a lot of subpanel army we deal with the us call it a crisis, you know, across the nation to stay at home orders and so forth. We're the beginning of Ramadan, at least the last time it was best.

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Most was sad it will not be having so lots of Toby and we've grown accustomed to being able to pray in the masjid

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and get that that feeling right.

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social cohesion amongst the Muslims along with the with the worship, right

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and

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And just to take a step back, and this is a reality check for a lot of us.

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And we have to ask ourselves the questions. If we were the only people on the planet

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who were the only people on the planet left as Muslims, we still worship a loss of habitat, even if you had to do it alone?

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Or is your worship tied to the fact that somebody else is also worshiping the loss?

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And so, Eliza Patel puts us through tests in life, we really have to take a step back and say, You know what? Okay, if totally is not at the MST, does that mean I'm not going to pray at night? Does that mean I'm not going to put forth an effort to pray with what I can have the Quran or hold the most have even and read from the Quran? At least the amount that I would normally do in the masjid?

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Or am I just gonna, you know, forget about it and watch Netflix.

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Really, a person has to do a real, some, some real, you know, self, you know, some introspection

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and recognize that these are opportunities that are lost, gives us to know ourselves better.

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It's not ideal, then the reality is, is that even salon in Jamaica has a different taste right? than praying alone. Or, you know, praying in your home is a different taste.

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And it's encouraging, you know, when you pray into mind, but the reality is, is that there's certain time situations and so forth, that you are not in control of, does that mean we just want to, you know, fall off and not worship Allah Subhana Allah or wane in that worship and just, you know, become laksa days ago? Really, really, we should be pushing ourselves and asking the last pandadoc for his guidance to these times and drawing closer and closer to Allah, Allah because they are trying times and we don't use these times to draw closer to a loss of hands admin is suspect. When will we do it? When will we push ourselves to that to try to get to that next level? So yeah, it is.

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You know, it's one of those reality checks that we just say somehow nobody wants to face around where you can go to the smile, smiling, pleasing situation. But at least we have time to prepare for at least we have time to prepare for it. So Pamela, I mean, imagine if if all of this kind of reached its, you know, climax the day before Ramadan that we're trying to figure out what we're gonna do tomorrow. We got time now to prepare for it. How can we do this in Ramadan and how can we benefit ourselves like

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we are going to start we're going to inshallah start with incomplete you know, in the in these next four weeks keytab a cm which is the book of fasting. Can you read the text for today inshallah, what we're going to cover today

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but does everybody have what we're covering today?

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The one patriot it's a one pager it's on the website right?

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If you don't have it right now you can get it is on your mind online.org I'm not sure where to go once you get

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the comes up

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as soon as you want a website

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Have you learned how polite I mean? slaughter models

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are Abdullah was 30. It was yummy.

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And also goofy he overleveled tabula rasa, ecology and just reading this is reading

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the book of fasting. The fundamental proof for his obligation is Allah subhanho wa Taala statement. Oh, you who believe fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you

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can just renewed fasting the month of Ramadan is an obligation upon anyone who is Muslim, meaning reach the age of puberty sane and physically able to fast. Ramadan begins with the siting of its new moon.

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Or after Chabad completes 30 days the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when you see the new moon begin fasting, and when you see it again, then stop it is cloudy, then measure it. In other words, measure it as in 30 days collected by Muslim. Another another wording complete Chavez as 30 days collected Bible fatty fasting begins with the new moon when the new moon is cited by one just added

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witness. For other months, there must be two witnesses. The intention for an obligatory fast must be made during the nights preceding the fast, providing very fast the intention may be made or the day. Okay, so we're going to cover this material right now. The first thing that the author says is the book of fasting. And what we need to do is cover the definition of fasting because the author actually did not give us a definition of fasting. And the definition that most of the scholars use is somewhere built around these four things that we're going to talk about right now show a little tiny

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sample animal fuck the right, man here into Laurel. fecha de la hora Bishop's so it is it from a linguistic perspective strictly a cm means l m sec, which means to refrain from or abstain from something. That's what, that's what fasting means. Okay, so anytime you refrain from something you are or abstain from something you are fasting. Can anybody think of an iron or iron that gives us that meaning?

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Just to refrain from something

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What did she say? In need to look like many Soman

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I have made a vow to a rock man. So

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too fast. Does that mean she wasn't going to eat that day?

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But then who can demon Yama in See ya. So I'm not going to talk to anyone today. Not going to talk. So she is doing what refraining from talking. So it's called soul because she referring cm. So in sec.

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From a shotgun perspective, when we look at it from an Islamic perspective, then fasting is to refrain from what they call a move up to the right, or move see that the CM those things which would nullify the fast, which we'll talk about next week,

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or the weekend, probably next week, shut off. But we already know we're talking about food and drink and sexual intercourse. And then there are a few other things that are added on to that. All right. So it is to refrain from specific things. Okay.

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manaea with intention.

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Okay, from from dawn until sunset. So we talked about from virgin. And we talked about unfettered thing, because there's two features, right is what is known as effectively a candidate. That is the one that is prior to So, like in the Muslim world, you know, to call them twice, right, usually about an hour before selective pleasure. And then there's the exam for selected. So that's what is known as infatuated Fanny, that is a pleasure The sodded also, they call it and it's the it is what we know is the time for selected fedrick when it enters so that time from dawn until sunset, a person has to refrain from specific things. So we've mentioned four things here who knows.

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And the definition of fast and afford to be a fast way to be considered a fast is slow and

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tired before that. Yeah. Go ahead and to refrain to refrain. So refrain from to refrain from what

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specific things meaning meaning that if you don't refrain from those specific things, then you will not be considered to me fast. Okay. Man nega with intention. If a person for example, let's just deal with food and drink, right, so a person does not drink anything or eat anything

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for the entire day, but they did it because the doctor told them to

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write

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then Is that considered to be a fastest

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right that's not a fast as rewarded by loss of habitat. If a person did it because they were doing an intermittent fasting, but they like they did it the same way we do. So most people they don't do it. Intermittent Fasting is going to be from what time like eight o'clock at night, for example, until 2am until noon, the next day, right but let's just say they switched it up. And they did it from budget till mode for the morning until until eight at night for exam. That's how they got these 16 hours is innate and they had no idea

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intention of doing is not for love and without it enjoying it because that's how to do intermittent fasting and they say you know what, I'm not even gonna drink any water

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as a class does that count as fasting? No, it doesn't count as fasting from an Islamic perspective because it doesn't have the doesn't have the need All right, so there has to be a refrain from specific things with the Nia and it has to

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cover that entire time from dawn until mine

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so if a person five minutes before mother

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five minutes before Mother's Day do something that breaks the effects or even if we consider it as we'll get to a woman's period comes on five minutes before mother does account

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that entire day becomes

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the day of not fasting because something happened that broke the fast before the time of money understand, so it has to complete that entire time. These are the four things that that we're looking for. So you're reframing specific things with the NEA for a specific amount of time which is from fudger until until

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now

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just looking at the time

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as as we're going to cover in Shell all the data the fast thing of normal line

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is an obligatory fast and and slim and it was made obligatory in the second year after the hyjal by the consensus of Scotland So prior to that fasting the month of Ramadan was not an obligation now

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the benefit of fasting

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is something I guess we can talk about that when we get here read the act itself see and read that part again where it says when asked him three

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fundamental proof or obligation is a loss of purpose statement. Oh you believe fasting is prescribed for you just as it was prescribed for those who came before you.

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Okay, so that the author actually didn't mention an order that she made again today what he says is when it when you read that in Arabic When the author says if and if they're saying and the following verses and so the only passage in the Quran that actually deals with the fasting of the month of Ramadan, it's not the only time where those fantastic praises people fast he says we saw him he never saw a man for example in other places in a crime. But the only passage that deals with the with the month of Ramadan are these episodes of Bukhara so from the 100 and 83rd I haven't sold it to bucha until now the 187 I have sort of bucket those five eyes are the only place in the Quran

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that allows me to ask for certainly deals with the fast of Ramadan. Now the author and this particular

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or in mentioning this particular idea you already know kuchibhotla Hosea he's he's mentioning this is because this is establishes the obligation of fasting and it also establishes the reason why a loss of him was obligated the fast

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which is line the comb to whom so that you attain tougher now

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what is tougher

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you just took this tough seal solace and butter

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what is it what is tough what you see how it all ties in

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now I want to talk given Habib's definition definition because he gave he didn't get shake shake hand he

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stays away for a loss of power tada totally stay away from it because of his fear of that and to do what a loss parlor commanded because of his low

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overall guidance so I know him in a law firm with light from a loss of habitat and now let let's let's go a little deep let's go on to the last fantastic commands us to have to

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correct yeah

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tough a lot happier to call the year at every clip by

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Apollo who call us at Easy Allies which is commanded us to have

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right and allies with Joe is showing us the path to tougher

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he's not just commanding you have tough days leaves you out there. I'm not telling you how to get tough one. I'm just gonna

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Something that you need to have. No, you beggin he clarifies for us the path or the pathways towards tough one. And one of those paths towards tough one is a soul.

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Okay? This is why Eliza with Joe may fasting in obligation so that we get tougher. But this is every activity bed, every activity benefit, especially when some of the major ritual accidents land, they all need to toughen by

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any of you memorized

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the ad to deal with sort of with hedge

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fund mentality in the hedge

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fund.

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What says so we're due for in there at

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letting us know some provisions with you.

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And the best of those provisions is one is a tough one. And this is the objective of your hedge ultimately, is that you become a person of taqwa. Likewise, fasting is one of the paths that leads towards tougher Now, if we look at it.

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And this is why it's very important that we go a little deeper when we look at what what this fast is really supposed to mean.

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A lot of people think about the fast simply from the the social element of fasting, which is that

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by me going through hunger and thirst throughout the day, I'm able to empathize with other people who have to live their lives like that. And that is a benefit that we do get from fasting. But Eliza gel specifically says lolicon sets up so that you attain so that you attain tough.

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What we get from that is that ultimately, the objective of our fast is so that we get to the point where we want where we worship alone, I had more admin Allah, with light from the last fans out of hoping for his reward, and where we were framed from what he has prohibited.

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Fear in his punishment, fearing his punishment, with light from a loss mentality, we reframe because we know what we are supposed to refrain from that. How does fasting help us with that? Because taqwa, Phil got it, you know, a lot of times people translate suppose with fear of a loan. Right? And that's because tough what is more on the side of fearing the loss of habitat and that it is meaning that we refrain from that we refrained from those things that are lost cansada has prohibited more than it is when a sign of doing what a loss fantana has commanded. And this is why when tough what comes with the word beer, what allows me to say without him

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and cooperate upon bid and tequila, when beer and tequila are mentioned together. Bid refers to doing what righteous actions tuffle refers to one avoiding his prohibitions. And many people don't realize that obedience to a loss of a pattern requires both.

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So you'll find people you'll find people who believe that there'll be a soldier anytime as long as they pray five times a day. As long as they pray five times a day. They're not so concerned about leaving off the things that are lost pantallas beat her on.

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But that's tougher

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to refrain from how does fasting help us on that side, if you will.

00:29:03--> 00:29:09

It's because you are actually training yourself in fasting to avoid the harm.

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That's what's happening to your fasting, you're training you're eroding your willpower is very important.

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And in the way that that is being done, is because you are avoiding what things that I normally

00:29:31--> 00:29:34

drink drinking water is Hello.

00:29:35--> 00:29:38

eating good food is Hello.

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Enjoying your relationship with your spouse? Hello. These things are normally halau not only are they normally halau the things that you naturally crave

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and that if you don't crave them, then they actually seem to be something wrong. If you don't. If you

00:30:00--> 00:30:02

are dehydrated.

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But you don't even feel like you want to drink anything that's an illness.

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Something is wrong with.

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So by now staying away from those things that are halon that you naturally desire, you're building up the willpower to do what? Stay away from the things that are lost mentality has made hot, none of which none of which you should be naturally desiring in the first place.

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You see, so you see how there's that direct relationship between fasting and at tempo. and a whole lot more can be said about fasting. But subpanel be that from the benefits of fasting, our profit is often what Sam said, a somo junuh. Fasting is a shield. Fasting is a shield. And a shield does what people call protection. So fasting is a protection from in morality from indecent behavior in this life. So protection from the fire and the next slide.

00:31:16--> 00:31:38

So moon, June, fasting is a shield, that the problem is that many, many people do not protect their fast from the things that diminish the reward of the fast. And so now what happens is, you it's like you have a shield, but your shield has holes in it.

00:31:39--> 00:32:18

Because you haven't protected your fast. And so that shield it does some benefit. But it's not foolproof, you may not even feel that comfortable with it because because of the holes in and so it's very important that we guard our fast from anything that is going to diminish the reward of the fast as we'll cover in shallow Tyler. Throughout the coming weeks, maybe nighttime. So here it's it's important to go back and look at the the ayat that the author mentioned, which which are 183 187 and sold it to bacana. If you have

00:32:19--> 00:32:30

Tafseer of advocacy of the matassa, which is translated into English to the summarized version, and also the steps to the city, go back and read them. And look because what you'll see is in these

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a lot parents Allah has clarified the objective offense thing

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he clarifies was the month in which we have to fast because what's in that it's an obligation, he clarifies who has to fast. He also mentioned who doesn't have defense, and if they don't fast, what is their obligation as a substitute for for them not faster.

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He mentioned somehow Montana when the fast begins and ends daily.

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In which Ag

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and the last one and when he said right.

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Last minute data also mentioned some of the things that we have to abstain from while fasting in these ads, which is special, a lot of data talks about the virtue of the Koran and reciting the Quran. And Ally's wisdom also mentions the importance of dlab

00:33:35--> 00:34:02

in this context, so these are very important. Allies Wintel sums up everything right there for us. And as we know, in general, the explanation of the PRI comes in the Sunnah of the Prophet it is Salatu was set in the GCM, I want to just make a quick note to something made me laugh before we watch the rest of the text, and we'll move through a pretty and efficiently inshallah. And that is

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that fasting is one of the best ways to show your gratitude to our lungs.

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Who had the best fast

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doubt

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there's only one place in the Koran that I know of.

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Where loss of data talks about working

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in gratitude to get allameh for sugar

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lost fans answers in whoo

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whoo the chakra

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work Oh family of Tao Wu in sugar, and showing gratitude to Allah subhana wa Tada. And so, it is said that thou wombs fasting, which is the best fast was shook up to Allah subhana wa Tada.

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was out of his gratitude to last time. More expressed the net is in the story of Musa is

00:35:11--> 00:35:16

when Eliza was drowned fit around him and his army

00:35:17--> 00:35:34

Moosa fast. B as it comes in the heading to the profit it signs in fast that Asheville, one should climb the ladder as it comes in handy to show his thanks to a loss of Hamilton shukran Linda.

00:35:35--> 00:35:38

And so, the fast

00:35:39--> 00:35:48

Ramadan is also a shocker, the last of heroines for what exactly what fame

00:35:51--> 00:35:57

for the fame of the Quran, Eliza Joseph shopping online and levied.

00:35:58--> 00:35:58

for

00:35:59--> 00:36:08

the month of Ramadan in which the Orion was revealed, it's no mistake, that a lot of hands Allah is mentioning that in this context, shopping Allah

00:36:11--> 00:36:37

who is guidance for mankind, in its guidance for mankind, that is untampered with Eli The Omen piano, preserved by loss of habitat, unlike any of the other revelation that has been sent. And so we need to do what we need to thank Allah has added that we have guidance from him, we had his speech to handle attack.

00:36:38--> 00:36:52

And so we fast the month of Ramadan, because allies would have told us to, but from the wisdom behind that is that we are thinking of loss of Hannah without him, for having left with us guides

00:36:53--> 00:37:08

that no other nation can claim that no other nation even really tries to claim when put under scrutiny. Nobody else is going to really claim that they have untampered revelation from a loss of habitat and in its totality.

00:37:09--> 00:37:30

So Subhana Allah, this is one of the things that when we think about what we owe, this is something that we owe allies with this sugar and fasting is one of the ways that we show them that gratitude to a loss of habitat for having blessed us to be from the people who have the Koran

00:37:31--> 00:37:33

and just keep that in mind inshallah, as you

00:37:34--> 00:37:52

know, as you fast this month of Ramadan and use it as a time to draw closer to a loss of man's attitude knowing compiling his speech and hopefully, adding the classes that he will Hanif is doing on sort of button, which

00:37:54--> 00:38:01

which the themes of sorts of bucket are, are, give us a broad look at the Quran as a whole.

00:38:02--> 00:38:07

You know, pondering, pondering that taking that time, spending that time with the Quran

00:38:08--> 00:38:15

is something that we should all be doing not just in the month of Ramadan, but especially, especially in the month of Ramadan.

00:38:21--> 00:38:53

first of the month of Ramadan is an obligation upon anyone who is Muslim, barely reached the age of puberty sane and physically able to write. So I'm here. And we're going to get to the exceptions to this rule. Next week, we are going to add that there are people who are who are Muslim, who have reached the age of puberty who are saying, and who have the physical ability to fast, who don't necessarily have to fast

00:38:54--> 00:39:02

in the month of Ramadan, but they will have to make up that fat. So we'll talk about that. So in general, if a person is Muslim,

00:39:04--> 00:39:28

and they are bad of balance, meaning that they have reached the age of puberty, and so a lot of times when people translate this, they just say Muslim and adult. And the reason why I didn't like to leave it as an adult is because even though from an Islamic perspective, a person has reached the age of puberty is an adult

00:39:29--> 00:39:38

because they are responsible, meaning that the angels are writing down their deeds, and then not excuse for doing harm.

00:39:40--> 00:39:59

Even though that's the case, a lot of us don't understand because of our particular context. When we think adults, we think 18 or we think 21 we have some specific number that is associated with it. And so the reality is, and this is a a reality, this is a gut check for a lot of parents

00:40:01--> 00:40:22

Once your child reaches the age of puberty, that they are islamically responsible, or accountable in front of a loss of hands, even if that happens at the age of 10, or 11, or 12, or 13. So to wait to start training your children to be

00:40:23--> 00:40:27

practitioners of this man is doing them a disservice to them.

00:40:30--> 00:40:53

So, this is why it's important, though they are not obligated to fast until they hit puberty, they're not obligated to pray until they hit puberty, they still should be doing so before they hit puberty in this wider Prophet Isaiah Salatu was saying is told us to encourage your children to pray at seven.

00:40:56--> 00:41:38

So the reality is, is that this is where the encouragement comes. And again, there shouldn't be any punishment, as said, encouragement, encouragement, and even when they're young, if they're young enough to some children's of hell, just because they in the house and everybody else is fast, and they want to fast, even though they only six years old. So I want to fast to Okay, let them try it out. It's difficult for them the first thing, second thing first week, second, maybe that entire year, because it's the summertime 17 hours, for example, 16 hours, and it's happening, and they're young. But as the time goes, then you'll find them. And so you may even set certain times, so let

00:41:38--> 00:41:41

them fast from the hood until

00:41:42--> 00:41:49

that let the ending be mothered so that they can break fast that everybody feels feel so good. And you'll see that

00:41:51--> 00:41:52

some children,

00:41:54--> 00:41:55

they'll,

00:41:56--> 00:42:15

they'll find it difficult even from asset to mother, just because they can't it's not even normally, they don't even eat at that time. But just because they can't eat is like, Oh my god, what is it? Okay, time. So what is good form is different. You know why? Because they start to feel like they've accomplished something, a fancy for a whole two and a half hours long.

00:42:16--> 00:42:21

Right? For them, it's for like two and a half days, it ain't even doing anything.

00:42:22--> 00:42:30

Then they get to break fast. But it feels so good. The next day, add a little time over the next week, but let them get used to that feeling of accomplishment.

00:42:32--> 00:43:21

And then they see that so Pamela, you're encouraging them. They're encouraged, just by the thought, the slot and we thought had 10 problems like so fast, that person has two times of enjoyment, right one when they break the fast and one wanting me to last. So that that encouragement but not punishment, not punishment, because that is not legislated until later on. Right? Even the practicality side was saying talk about any form of discipline until they were 10. So what they've been practicing fez, praying in the context of prayer, right? They've been practicing or should have been practicing praying for three years, three years and five times a day. And then he's still not

00:43:21--> 00:43:40

getting it. Right. Okay, at that point, that's when you start to look at forms of punishment, but until then, it's all encouraged. So it's very important that we that we look at that so we have Muslim, which means is somebody that is not Muslim is not required to fast.

00:43:42--> 00:44:01

Which is, uh, I mean, just, I don't want to take a long time on this particular topic. But for us, people live in the West, this has implications. And it's important to understand. So if you are a Muslim restaurant owner, for example,

00:44:03--> 00:44:18

and somebody comes in you keep your keep your store open, and Ramadan. Or the question might come, can I keep my store open around? Somebody comes in, obviously not Muslim. you're serving them food, you know, they're going to eat it right then are you helping them sin?

00:44:21--> 00:44:23

Because they're not required

00:44:24--> 00:44:36

to fast and if they did fast, it wouldn't be valid from them anyway because there's no media, they can't possibly have a need

00:44:38--> 00:44:38

for a loss.

00:44:40--> 00:44:59

So it is okay. In the general context, in the West, not talking about in Muslim countries and Muslim countries, you shut everything down anyway, for the Shatila of Islam, because there is what as a child was

00:45:01--> 00:45:02

I came up with some

00:45:04--> 00:45:33

apparent presentation, the ad word for the other bench power just came to me at the time. I know people use the word symbol, but I think that really is those things which which distinguish the same. Right? And so, so nobody should be serving food in at door time in a Muslim country, period, even if even if they are non Muslims that are living in that country, whatever.

00:45:34--> 00:45:59

Because one because the whole society adapts to Ramadan. Whereas if you live here, as a Muslim business, most Muslim businesses can't shut down in Ramadan and still be competitive enough to survive after that point. And Islam yanbu. And we want Islam to be

00:46:01--> 00:46:26

added to have the upper hand, right. So in any event, in any event, the point is, there is no Matador Sheree, there is nothing that prohibits us from a legislative perspective, from serving non Muslims in the meantime of Ramadan because they are not obligated to fast the issue of our local farm and required or from it solely perspective,

00:46:28--> 00:47:15

are they going to be held accountable? Right, for them leaving all the obligations of Islam in the next line, that's a totally different issue that doesn't really need to be addressed in the books of filial piety. So we say that a Muslim, that they ballad that they reached the age of puberty This is when it becomes an obligation on the prior to that it's not an obligation, even though we should be encouraging the young ones to to facts, that they are saying, meaning that they are in a good mental state. If this person has reached the point that they would be considered to be Majnoon, meaning that they have lost their normal mental faculties, then this person is not required to fast nor are

00:47:15--> 00:47:58

they required to do any of the obligations of Islam. And then the last thing is that they are physically able to fast if they're not physically able to fast they've reached a particular age, for example, where they have to eat or drink at some point during the day or they have a chronic illness that prevents them where they have to take certain medications, for example, or they cannot refrain from eating for a certain period of time, or any other thing that may come up. That makes them physically unable to fast such as a woman who was pregnant. Then at this point, they are not obligated to fast in the month of Ramadan type. So what are the four conditions again?

00:48:00--> 00:48:03

Muslim reached the age of puberty

00:48:04--> 00:48:08

sane and able, sane and a

00:48:10--> 00:48:11

mesh. Keep going.

00:48:13--> 00:48:15

What about someone who's autistic?

00:48:17--> 00:48:22

Autism is not one thing. It's a spectrum. So it depends on where you

00:48:25--> 00:48:41

are. Milan begins with the sighting of its new moon or after Chavez police 30 days upon promises law How do you see the new moon begin fasting and when you see it again, then stop. If it is cloudy, then measure another word and measure it as 30 days.

00:48:42--> 00:48:46

In other words, complete Shabbat is 30 days because the Bible said okay.

00:48:47--> 00:48:48

Collected but

00:48:49--> 00:49:10

the question that we that we want to ask ourselves here is okay, we know that we did rock fast in the month of Ramadan is an obligation upon people who meet these particular criteria. How do we know when Ramadan begins? That's the question. How do we know when Ramadan begins? Here we go moon wars 2020.

00:49:12--> 00:49:17

How do we know when Ramadan begins? one of two ways.

00:49:18--> 00:49:22

The first way is that the lab is seen

00:49:24--> 00:49:26

it's number one, and we'll talk about what is it

00:49:27--> 00:49:31

but that's number one, the New Moon is seen.

00:49:32--> 00:49:39

Number two, it's not seen. And so shad bang goes 30 days

00:49:41--> 00:49:59

and a on a lunar calendar. Okay, a month is either 29 days or 30 days. There aren't any months that are 28 days, and there aren't any monks that are 31 days. Every month is either 29 days or or 30 days.

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

Okay on a lunar calendar

00:50:03--> 00:50:03

now,

00:50:05--> 00:50:20

the author says Ramadan begins with the siting of its new moon and in the New Moon the hell out of Ramadan or after Shabbat and completes 30 days just because the Prophet is selected with Sam says, and he has several narrations. The bottom line is this.

00:50:21--> 00:50:29

When you see the new moon, they start fasting. And when you see the new moon now they have show why the stop fast.

00:50:31--> 00:50:53

What in in some narrations? What in the movie, it can be illegal? And if it's if there are atmospheric conditions that obscure or obstruct the view of the new moon, fuck to do that. then calculate Mac calculate like

00:50:54--> 00:51:16

the astronomical calculations. But calculate meaning make it go 30 days then count it as 30 days as the other narrations clarify. All right. And again, I'm not gonna get into the last method on this particular point, which is the difference between the men hands on this, I want us to understand what is a healer?

00:51:17--> 00:51:25

What does it mean? Okay. So the basically, if we left it out, oh, this is very

00:51:27--> 00:51:27

draw.

00:51:28--> 00:51:32

We can draw. So who's gonna see, I shall

00:51:35--> 00:51:38

consider this to be Earth. Okay, everybody.

00:51:40--> 00:51:41

This is the sun over here.

00:51:44--> 00:51:47

If the moon is over here, what kind of moon is it?

00:51:51--> 00:51:52

As a full moon

00:51:53--> 00:52:11

as a full moon, why? because the sun is going to do what the hit the moon is going to reflect off. And then you're going to see a full moon, man starts moving around like this. Okay? When it gets here, what do you see? includes nothing?

00:52:13--> 00:52:14

You see nothing?

00:52:16--> 00:52:30

Okay, what is exactly like this, you won't see anything, the minute it creeps around like this just a little bit. That's when you see. So this is what is in conjunction, right. That's what they call a conjunction. It goes a little bit after,

00:52:31--> 00:52:35

then you're going to start to see it form that

00:52:36--> 00:52:38

Crescent, right?

00:52:39--> 00:52:49

Which, which lasts for about three days. Okay. So as soon as you begin to see it, that's called the birth of the new moon.

00:52:50--> 00:52:55

That only happens one time in the month.

00:52:56--> 00:52:59

It only happens one time each month.

00:53:00--> 00:53:10

So as soon as it happens, really nobody can see. hours later. hours later. You can you can see it. All right.

00:53:12--> 00:53:18

So if it's seen in India, for example,

00:53:20--> 00:53:27

you start going west, then you should definitely be able to see it, for example, in Kuwait,

00:53:28--> 00:53:32

Kuwait, as west of India, provided that there's clear skies.

00:53:33--> 00:53:51

But to the east, not necessarily to the east, not necessarily. So they may have seen it in India, but that doesn't mean that they saw it in Indonesia. Right. So as you're going west, you should definitely see it. They see it in Saudi Arabia, they should definitely see it in Morocco.

00:53:52--> 00:54:06

They see it in Spain, we should definitely see it in, in the east coast of America. But, but if they see it in Hawaii, that doesn't mean that we necessarily could see it here on the east coast and for

00:54:08--> 00:54:12

now, so here's the thing. There is no difference of opinion

00:54:13--> 00:54:14

amongst the scholars,

00:54:16--> 00:54:16

or amongst

00:54:18--> 00:54:22

people who astronomers that there's different

00:54:25--> 00:54:25

metallic

00:54:26--> 00:54:59

phases, there's different sites for the moon. Okay, different. You may see it in one place and you may not be able to see it in another place. There's no difference in payments amongst them. Where they differ is does that have any consequence legislated? Does that mean anything? From an Islamic perspective? Are we to consider meaning from a legislative perspective? Are we to consider those differences, the majority of the scholars without going into a whole lot of detail

00:55:00--> 00:55:32

The majority of the Scots, we have to remember this, that is slammed from a very early time, the Empire spread from China all the way to end those. It wasn't that there was no global Islam until today. It existed from that time, the problem, not necessarily a problem. But the difference between then and now they didn't have a system to be able to communicate like we, like we do today. Doesn't mean that the scholars didn't talk about. Let's do that.

00:55:34--> 00:55:36

Today, just one more minute.

00:55:40--> 00:55:45

I'll try to wrap this up. I just want us to understand this point, it doesn't mean you

00:55:47--> 00:55:48

shouldn't touch that.

00:55:51--> 00:55:53

Just don't touch my face.

00:55:55--> 00:55:57

It if if

00:55:58--> 00:56:09

it doesn't mean that the scholars of the past they can talk about it, even though they didn't have the possibilities, Pella that's what you find about the Foucault have the past some of them in a blameworthy way, they will talk about some very,

00:56:11--> 00:56:41

what we consider to be far out impossibilities, right. But the reality is, is that that was part of the mental exercise as a full time. So sometimes we talked about things that are very normal for us today, that would have been seen as being impossibilities during their time. When you look back, you'll find that the majority of the scholars, including the mme they, they are of the opinion that we are not to consider the different methodic

00:56:42--> 00:57:14

of the moon, the different the fact that there's different sightings, site phases or whatever. And that what is good for one Muslim land also applies to the next Muslim land. So if as long as that Muslim land is to the, to the west, okay, as long as that Muslim man is to the west, all right. So to the west, of where it was seen, of where the moon was seen,

00:57:15--> 00:57:55

oh, the ones who are going to follow the right the one weren't the ones who are going to follow that. There is another opinion. And in fact, this was the action of the Muslims of the past was that they all fasted based on where they were. And that's because they didn't have the there wasn't even the possibility of sharing that information. So somebody who's above that, how are they going to get that information to end the news, there wasn't a way to there wasn't a way to do that in the past. So the action of the Muslims of the past was that they all fasted based on where they work, and based on the immediate of their particular length that they were living in and the region that they

00:57:55--> 00:58:04

live in. But then we get into some major philosophical problems here. Because, for example, what's the difference between

00:58:05--> 00:58:06

Morocco and

00:58:09--> 00:58:09

Algeria,

00:58:10--> 00:58:12

except that somebody came in July?

00:58:14--> 00:58:23

It is all a matter of learning. But again, the whole point is, So would it be possible today, if we say everybody fast with a low count?

00:58:24--> 00:58:25

What exactly is a low count?

00:58:27--> 00:58:43

Because we create, we can create some very interesting debate based off of what is the low count. So Philadelphia, for example, we claim to go with the local site, what exactly is our locale?

00:58:44--> 00:58:45

Does the Bahamas count?

00:58:47--> 00:59:01

Are we going to talk about time zones? And we start talking about time zone, what is it? That's it? Like how do we determine what is lawful or not? Now, the point is, and again,

00:59:03--> 00:59:09

this debate is an old debate. It's not going anywhere. And the last family knows best because

00:59:10--> 00:59:17

the opinions on it are valid opinions. They're backed by solid evidence they backed by practice across the board.

00:59:18--> 00:59:59

The fact that the Muslims of the past differed over this particular issue most likely means that we're going to continue to defer over this particular issue. Does our different needs that lead to discord and dispute. And that's the question that we have to ask ourselves and really dig deep and say, is this something we should be fighting about? But actually, it's okay if I want to convince you of my opinion, and especially when we talk about local leadership, but if we look at Philadelphia as a whole, the majority of the massage in our locale, go with what we call an international site.

01:00:00--> 01:00:12

The majority of the massage and the profit it is Salatu was an asset, a song, yo mutters who will fit up your muscles to fasting is the day that you all begin fasting and outfits of

01:00:13--> 01:00:26

either fitter is the day when you all break your fast. Hey, let's not overcomplicate, let's not overcomplicate the issue, the majority of the Muslims here are going with a, an international sighting,

01:00:27--> 01:00:48

then let's go with an international site. If we everybody gets convinced that we should go with a local site, and we figured out a way to do that, in a manner that is satisfying to the leadership of the majority of the communities that don't have the kind of will go with the local same and none of the men perhaps However,

01:00:49--> 01:01:13

none of the four metal heads have the opinion that you can go with the calculations. And that is a different issue altogether. I didn't catch everything one of the catch for today, we reached our time limit, this time for the Santa Monica. So inshallah Allah will stop there. And we'll pick up next week. But again, we'll still be able to cover this material.

01:01:14--> 01:01:21

You know, within our four week timeframe and solving all the data below it was a lot of a lot to kind of know how it's going to be shuffled around and stuff.