Why Do Bad Things Happen – Quran’s Perspective
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 12.77MB
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things about a very heavy concept in our Deen, something that is talked about a lot in the Quran. And unfortunately, at least in my own observation, Eliza whittle knows best. In my own observation, the average Muslim is very confused about this particular issue that has to do with our faith, because it comes up in conversation. And it's something that actually a lot of people get hurt by, because they don't understand it properly. And the subject of the clip, but it really is, you know why bad things happen? Why do bad things happen. And if we don't understand the issue properly as a matter of faith, then sometimes we say things to other people who are suffering from bad things. And
we end up saying things that can really mess them up. Like, for instance, just recently, I was with some, you know, distant family. And we were talking and we were talking about our late grandmother, and she passed away at a Hema holla. And, you know, she had some difficulty before she passed away, and one of the cousins in the family somewhere thinks, you know, this, she had these difficulties, because when she was younger, she used to be really mean to some other aunt or somebody. And that's why Allah put her through this at the end of her life, you know, and they just say these things, they just say them, but actually, these things are very, very hurtful to say, first of all, and to
speak about the fact that Allah is punishing someone, especially someone who's passed away. But actually, I came to realize that in our conversations among each other, we see we say these kinds of things to each other all the time. You know why this is happening to you, because it was very angry with you. And actually, I've even seen sometimes parents use this against their children. You know why you fell down the stairs, because yesterday, I told you to finish your breakfast, you didn't finish, there's almost punishing you. This is why bad things happened to you, because you didn't listen to me. Husbands and wives use this against each other. They'll use it against each other. And
these are matters of the man. So we have to really properly understand now that when I say bad things, I'm not just talking about small little things. Right? I'm talking about small things. But I'm also talking about big things. And I'm not just talking about things that happened to us as individuals, because as individuals, now the law, somebody may have been in a car accident, somebody may have been diagnosed with a difficult disease, somebody may have had to go for surgery or something, somebody may have lost a family member, or somebody ended up in the hospital or something or somebody lost a job and they're in financial difficulty, or they lost their house because you
know, we went in foreclosure or something like that. But there are also you know, problems and calamities at the level of communities and towns, a flood comes in hits a city, you know, and the entire city is devastated, or an earthquake comes at hundreds of 1000s of people are devastated, or war breaks out between nations or civil war breaks out. And what used to be a peaceful neighborhood is now under fire is completely burned to the ground. You know, you wouldn't recognize the place from the day before and the day after. So these things are at the level of the individual on a daily basis, and also at a higher level. Now, I want to start at the individual level and probably in this
club will only really get to talk about the individual level. And that's important because even
In casual conversation, not just about others, I've even heard Muslims might with my own ears will be driving or you know, we're getting late for work or something, you know, Allah is just in a bad mood with me today. Allah is putting me through some, you know, I don't know what I've done and Allah is just angry at me and people say talk like this a lot, a lot, some kind of hautala. You know, you didn't get up early enough, you took the wrong highway, even you didn't listen to the news report about there's an accident on this highway. And now you get to blame alized origin for what's happening to you. So now in this regard, first of all, it's a complex issue. Second of all, there
are tons of if not one or two, if there are literally dozens of I art on the concept of animal Seba. And we'll see by now describe what that is, I think we'll do speakers here, assume they know what it means we'll see buys like a calamity, or terrible thing that happens of our bat or Osceola Island. In the middle haka, he had the Hillman we use the word in the similar meaning in Arabic, you only have the one we'll see. But this is a big disaster, there is a calamity. But in old Arabic, actually, let's start with the definition of this word. masiva comes from the Arabic verb a Saba. And a Saba is to hit a target. When you hit the target perfectly, then that hitting of the target
and hitting exactly where it was supposed to hit is called so up, which is why another word for correct in Arabic and so on. So here, right? So hitting the correct target is the act of is haba. Now the word masiva is something that hits you and hit you exactly where it was supposed to hit you. So the first thing we learned from Allah azza wa jal using this term, to describe what happens to us. What's that Khadija it's a hard ether, it is a workout It is something bad that happened, something terrible that happened. So happened. Allah doesn't use those terms, most of the time, he uses the terminal masiva. Why? Because Elia is describing that as far as his cutter is concerned, as
far as his planning is concerned, this was like an arrow that was shot. And it was supposed to hit you exactly when and where and how and how deep and how badly it was all decided, it is perfect hit, perfect hit. Then the timer, Buta also at the end of this word. We don't say mercy, we say masiva by adding a thumb that adds the concept of a header, meaning every single issue, every single thing, you know how you think, well, first thing that happened was my transmission went bad. Then the next thing that happened as a result was I was late to the meeting. Then the next thing as a result of being late to the meeting, I lost my job. Then as a result, I got divorced. And as a result, and as
a result, and as a result, there was a brother I met not too long ago who had some issue with his passport. And as a result of his issue, he lost his passport. As a result of that he got he lost his job. And as a result of that, he got into arguments with his wife, and he blames the passport company, or the people that were applied for his visa, they cost me my marriage, they cost me my job, they cost me everything. So they tie all of these strings together cause and effect cause and effect cause and effect. All of it is because of this one thing. And we do this too. But a lot as origin is calling each and every difficulty, each and every difficulty individual.
They are not a result of each other, they are a result of a loss allowance. Allah as always, that allows every single one of those events to happen. There are people who go through exactly the same situation as you, but the same things don't happen. The chain of events doesn't happen a lot decrease something else for them. So that's the first thing to note about the word we'll see by this specific it is targeted to you the two IR of the of the dozens of IR the two IR that we should never ever forget about the word We'll see. But Allah azza wa jal, first of all says, In this these ayat that I recited to you in Bukhara, he says, well, but shade is savarin congratulate the people who
have submitted What strange language Allah is the one that uses when you and I have a difficulty, we're supposed to have sub.
You don't have sudden when you're happy. You're supposed to have somebody when you're upset when something is wrong. When something goes badly, you were supposed to graduate and got delayed, you didn't pass a class, you supposed to have a little bit of silver, you got sick, you supposed to have suffered some some some bad thing happened and you're supposed to have suffered. Now you tell me you and I when we speak to each other and somebody is in a situation, when they're supposed to have suffered like you're in a situation or I am in a situation where the advice is I should have sober you don't go to that person and say congratulations. You know, it doesn't make any sense. It doesn't
make any sense. He I feel terrible about what happened. I pray Allah gives you suffer. You don't smile at them. You don't congratulate them. Now, when do you congratulate someone, you congratulate someone when there's a happy occasion when things went according to plan, you applied for the job and the job came through and you got the job, you applied for a raise and you got a raise. You were looking to get married and the thing is settled. When things work out then you congratulate each other look at the language of Allah azza wa jal, he says Well, bashira slavery, congratulate the people who have sold them. So far the law Why? Because of the belief for a believer the attitude is
entirely different. The maybe the
whole ordeal the entire trouble you are going through. The goal of it all was one thing. So you could have suffered. Because if you could have suffered, you are worthy of congratulations. We think the goal was this thing you are going to get in dunya. Maybe I thought the goal was to get the job. Maybe I thought the goal was to make the sale. But maybe to Allah, the real goal is you are going to learn something. That's a bigger goal than anything else. So how to learn. And if you got that goal, you should be congratulated. So we have goals in our head that we think we want to accomplish. We have things in our heart we want to accomplish. And Allah says there's something much more valuable
in your heart if you accomplish that. You don't even realize what it's worth. And I will tell you what it's worth it's worth congratulations. And then after right after this Congratulations, Allah azza wa jal says under the radar Saba Tomasi baton coluna De La Hoya in La La Jolla, who should you congratulate these patient people who whenever a specific target calamity difficulty hits them, the first thing that comes out of their mouth, not even, not even full makalu No, no, no, no, no, not then they say if this happens, or when this happens, then they say there's a there's a win and there's a then there's not even time for then in the ayah. There's not even a FARC Lalu is not
there, why not? Because it's supposed to be an immediate response. You know, how you have in, in physics, or even in medicine, in biology are supposed to have action and reaction. Right. And for a doctor that check checks your physical reactions, they'll tap your knee and the leg kicks up a little bit. Right they check for these reflexes. This is teaching us that when difficulty comes to you. And when difficulty comes to me. There's supposed to be a reflex. And in a reflex, you don't delay it just happens. It just comes out. And what comes out in La La, La La Jihoon. No doubt about it. We belong to Allah. No doubt about it. We belong to Allah. Well in a li la jolla no doubt about
it, we are only going to be returned to him, meaning we are going to be returned to our owner. Why? Why is this statement important? When something difficult happens we have to think about the hikma of why defect when the difficult thing comes. Why do we say in Allah he were in LA he wrote your own? When you hear about some bad news on the phone? Why is it the first time the moment you say in Allah he were in LA he Roger on first of all understand that if you do that, there's a real gift in it for you in the Quran. There's a gift in it for you. First I want to share this gift with you. You know what that gift is? In this ayah Allah azza wa jal in the ayah before when I told you he
commanded to congratulate the believers, and I'm gonna film Oh, Fred lava Shirou a Siberian Calva Shiraz, forbidding film affront. It's singular, congratulate the ones who have suffered and that congratulations is singular. When a lot of commands in the singular It is actually a direct, direct command in the viola Salalah Harada. He was one Sallam meaning Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from his mouth is supposed to congratulate those who have Southern and Allah azzawajal now and by the way, after this ayah whoever says in Allah, he were in La Jolla do your own, they may Allah make us of them when we are standing on Yeoman qiyamah maybe we will be among them who are
full of Allah Salallahu alaihe salam congratulates. Because this ayah is about also congratulating anybody who does this Allen salatu salam, and we want to earn his Congratulations. You know, when you when your family's has congratulations to you. It means one thing when the principal of the school congratulate you and something else, when the Dean of the School congratulate you at the inaugural ceremony, it's something else, when Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will congratulate a Siberian and the Allies commanded him to do so then we want to be from these people. That's the gift in this ayah Now let's go back to Allah who were in LA LA Jiang LA, let's talk give
some examples. I know some of your problems may be much, much bigger than what I can give it in my limited imaginations. You have to think about yourself as I give these examples. So I'm driving and I just got a new car, I'm driving and I had some car trouble. And it just stalled and it's pulled over to the side. Now I'm angry. I paid good money for this car. How could this happen? I'm missing so much work stuck here in the middle of the heat the heater is not getting on. The AC is not even working. It's sunny. And you know all of this. I'm thinking all this stuff. First thing I think to myself as a believer in alila he were in a larger home. Why? Because I remind myself I make angry at
this car because I own it. I own it. I am the owner, but I'm reminding myself actually I own nothing. I myself am owned, allows me I know that belong to Allah. How can I complain about anything because I'm not an owner of anything. You see people get mad when they're entitled. When it was your turn, you deserved it. When it was your phone, your your phone's not working, your car's not working. The lights aren't turning on. When you deserve something then you get angry when you don't get it
But in the ayah, in alila, you first acknowledge I deserve nothing. I belong to Allah, Allah deserves, I don't deserve. It puts things at ease. Everything you get in this life and is then a gift. It's not something you earned, it's a gift. So when you don't have it, then you realize, well, it wasn't mine anyway.
It wasn't mine anyway, we take our hands for granted, we take our eyes for granted, we take our nose for granted, we take our tongue for granted the fact that I'm sitting standing here speaking before you, I take the fact that I can speak to you for granted. But this tongue, it doesn't belong to me. I didn't pay for it, and belongs to Allah. So when it starts stuttering in Allah, in Allah, and we're in the second part of this problem, how Allah gives solutions in our faith, the wisdom of the statements Allah gave us when difficulty comes. The second statement is why in a larger home, no doubt about it, to Him alone, we're going to be returning. Why is that important? Because whatever
problem you're having right now isn't permanent. Whatever problem you're having isn't permanent. Whether it's money problems, or health problems, or family problems, or it's emotional problems, or physical problems, it doesn't matter. None of them are permanent. You know why? Because you and I are not permanent.
Even you and I are in permanent, how can our problems be permanent, we have to be returned to allow ourselves.
This problem is nothing forget this problem, I believe, not only will this problem not be around, I won't be around will be returned back to Allah. Things are put in perspective. putting things in perspective makes you worry about what really matters. When you don't put things in perspective, you can focus on the wrong thing. My teacher used to always give the example if you're standing in a building, and the building is on fire, and you're in that building, and you're debating which color should we paint this wall, I think blue goes better with the gray guy, the buildings on fire, you need some water First, take the fire out, get out of the building their priorities you understand,
when you understand the bigger picture, there's a larger problem. And the larger problem is we have an acknowledge that we belong to Allah. Maybe sometimes you and I go through difficulty, just so unlucky, and put it back in your heart that you and I belong to Allah, maybe you and I are going through some challenges, just so Allah would give us the gift, that we would be able to not just say with our tongue, but say with our heart in that Allah here, Roger your own. That's a gift in and of itself. And that that is if we can internalize that, that makes somebody easy. And if you and I can have somebody lahoma and I mean a celebrity, if we can have someone, then the congratulations of
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam is for us. In the few minutes that I have left with you I wanted to address. So this was at least one of the two I thought that I wanted to talk to you about about our attitude towards normalcy, but in the Leela in a theologian, but in these last few minutes I want to highlight something else, about about masiva about calamity and about difficulty about challenges that happen in life.
And that is in the Quran. There are two kinds of art.
In one set of art, Allah azza wa jal says whatever happens to you, ma Saba Mimosa button, fill out the fisherman what fill of the world after sama in Luffy, Kitab him in public and abraha Hadid There is not a single calamity that ever happens anywhere to anyone there isn't one in existence, what rather even on the earth or in the sky, it doesn't matter where it happens. It is already recorded in a book that we've decreed meaningless from the color of Allah It was supposed to happen. You don't get to say about somebody who died at a young age. Oh, he had his whole life ahead of him. He didn't. There's no such thing. It was done. It was decreed. This is how long his his journey was on
this earth. My journey on this earth is decreed yours is decreed some human you go to the graveyard you find some people lived or they were born 1901 died 2013
and you go to the graveyard you find somebody born 2013 die 2013 you find those graves you know and this is decreed by Allah it is decided how long each of us will stay on this earth is decided this is you don't get to say oh if he were still alive today. No, no, no, no, no. That's the it's decreed it's laid down. The other thing alaric xojo says ma ma ma ma ma si button in LA v if nilda no difficulty no calamity, no target will strike you except by Allah's permission. By Allah has permission. And look at the people of the mind. This is such a beautiful thing. will lay you cebuana in Lama Khattab, Allahu lenah. When we have kulu Elena, it's incredible. The believers are told no
difficulty will hit us except for what Allah has written for us. They could have said what Allah has written against us because when you talk about difficulty you think in the terms of against this difficulty is hitting against me. The IRS has marchetta Bala who Lana for us.
Who am I?
Who am Allah Subhana Allah. Allah azza wa jal tells the teachers, the believers that will even when difficulties come, it is written not against us, but it is written for us in the ayah it is written for us and that is the attitude of a believer in regards to difficulty Even it is for him. But now finally there are ayat in the Quran, not one several, in which whatever happens to you, from cassava home see Atma Emmylou. The what hit them was the evil of what they did from our cassava, Kumasi, button habima, cassava taneycomo. And Kathy, whatever you did whatever challenge hit you whatever difficulty hits you. It is because of what you did. And this is your fault. When difficulty happened
to you in some way, or the law says it's not just because of Allah, Allah decided is because of you. It's your fault. And he's forgiving a lot. Now how do we reconcile those two? Is it because of Allah? Or is it because it's your fault? First thing of advice here, number one, Allah never says coal. Coal is your say it's your fault, except in one place in other Emraan who have been in the unfussy come. In other words, we are not supposed to say to someone, this is happening to you, because it's your fault. You know why you got diagnosed with cancer, because you don't pray five times a day. That's why you have cancer. You don't get to say that. You don't get to say that. And
on the other hand, in the Battle of offered, those who was told sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, tell them it's your fault. When they say, how come this happened? When the believer say How can this happen? Tell them this is because of you. In other words, in this specific case of offered, what happened, the believers were winning, they were winning, and they were added advantages position and the enemy was running, then some of the archers left their position. And when they left their position, the tide of battle turned, everything happened. And now you don't get to blame a lot. You left a strategic position, you have to take responsibility for your actions. What we are learning in
that ayah is you don't get to put everything on Allah.
You are driving over the speed limit. You got in a car accident, and then you say Allah decree that I should you know, masaba masaba Malala No, no, no, no, you are speeding. You are driving like a maniac. This has been an Indian fusi. Comb. This because of what you did. You put you know, you're supposed to get an oil change. You put like, you know, ghee inside your car or something. And your car's not running. And then you say, I know when you're on what can we do further. sabato masiva? Call Linda Linda? No, no, no, no, no. This is who I mean, Andy and Fujiko. You have to take responsibility. You can't just put everything on a law, you're not applying for a job, you're
sitting at home all day, no job is coming to you. Allah is not sending an angel with a with an offer letter to your house. And you're like, allows the weather when he decides, you know, until then, you know, in Melilla, he went a lot, you know, there's this balance in the Quran, when things happen to you that are out of your control.
When things happen to you that are out of your control, they are from Allah,
a flood is out of your control, somebody else's car hit you that's out of your control. You got diagnosed with a genetic disorder, some kind of disease that was out of your control. But if that same disease came to you, because you're smoking four packs a day,
and if you're, you know, your your doctor keeps telling you you're heading towards diabetes, and you you put a little bit of tea in your sugar, you know, you're that kind of guy, then you don't get to blame Allah. This has been an Indian Fujiko. The Quran is such a balanced approach to this problem. The believer has to understand how to take responsibility, how to take responsibility, but in either of those cases, whatever came to you, unless it is death, unless it is death. It is a gift from Allah so you can learn your lesson and move on and do better.
You know, there are people who lose their job. And there's only two kinds of people who lose their job. Either they blame themselves or they blame a lot. Right? And sometimes it's because of economic cuts or whatever. But if you're coming to work late every single day, you're not finishing your work. You're behind in communications, if 30 emails every day, you don't answer them. And then you get fired. Don't blame Allah. That will you're supposed to get fired. And when you get fired, that is a gift from Allah because the next time you do get a job, you're not gonna make the same mistakes you learn from it. Sometimes these difficulties they make us better human beings. They make us
better believers. They make us stronger as people that make us more responsible. So I pray that Allah azza wa jal first and foremost, just as a recap of everything in these two minutes, recap of everything. First of all, the first thing when difficulty happens, train your tongue, train your heart in Melilla, Hayward La La Jiang. That's number one. Number two, don't say to other people, that something is happening to them because of Allah. Don't say this to people. Do not say this to people. If you want to say that to people. Before you think of anyone else. Think about yourself.
You don't get to decide something happened from the vape. Something happened from Allah and you don't get to decide Why did Allah do this, that he didn't offer his explanation to you, you don't have that license. And when it comes to ourselves, we have to make the distinction distinction between things that are out of our hands. You can control them, then we say Nadella, he when he wrote your own, and the things that are within our control, we have to take our own responsibility. We have to acknowledge the fact that we were the ones who messed up. We were the ones who should have done done better. This is as a result of our own misbehavior. May Allah azzawajal make us
responsible believers, especially in the things we say, may Allah azza wa jal include us among those who are congratulated by his nebby sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as a sovereign, may Allah make us a people of Allah and Allah He Raji home from our tongue and from our heart, whenever a calamity occurs, may Allah azza wa jal make our hearts strong and make us of those who can navigate the tests of this life and every kind of test that comes our way. Which would make us have those who pass all of these tests and are meeting with him with light in our chest and light coming out of our right hands on the Day of Judgment. barakallahu li walakum Filippo Anil Hakeem. Whenever anyone here can
be it was a great hockey
Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam O Allah arriba de La Nina Safa. hussin Allah, Allah him wahat Amina been Mohamed el amin, Li wasafi, edge Marin yaku, La Jolla Gylfi, kitabi hilchot him, but at an akula let him in a ton of regime in Allaha omala ketahui soluna, Allah nebby Yeah, you had levena amanu sallu alayhi wa sallam mutaz Lima Allahumma salli ala Muhammad wa ala Muhammad kamasan later Allah Ebrahim le Rahim, Allah Al Ameen in Dhaka homido Majid Allahumma barik ala Muhammad Ali Mohammed Kama Baraka Allah Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim al al amin in naka hamidah Majeed Eva ma akima como la de la in the La Jolla Maru bulahdelah Sun eater is in Cordoba, Vienna, and in fact, you will look
up what are the crolla he Akbar? Allahu Allah Mamata stone Alchemist Salah insalata kana mini Nikita makuta