Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan delves into the mesmerising Tafseer of Ayats 96-98 of Surah Al Baqarah.
Ayah 96 reiterates the fact that it is essential to not get completely involved in this world, and remember Allah (SWT) and the Hereafter come what may. Long Life won’t save one from accountability as this world is a prison for the believer and Paradise for the disbeliever. He who longs to meet Allah SWT is not afraid of death and if one is not prepared for death, they will wish that their death time is delayed. Allah SWT says that He knows what His servants are doing. The good and evil all is being noted down in our records and we will be compensated accordingly.
Ayat 97 has Allah SWT elaborating that whoever becomes an enemy of Angel Jibreel who is the messenger of the Glorious Quran will have taken all the messengers as enemies. Also, whoever believes in one Messenger must believe in all of the Messengers.
► People must love and remember Allah SWT in their hearts.
► People must remember Him with their tongues in solitude and in a crowd.
► People must do the deeds that please Him and abandon those which displease Him.
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from Russia, he suddenly were silly. Emily looked at me lasagna to Hakone for hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam O Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, he was happy he married. So mama bad once again, everybody saramonic como la Ricardo, we are on the final end, last few, maybe 20 or so I left on the discourse on bunnys sobre el. And here Continuing from where we left off, Ally's going to comment on the concept of them not wanting to die, we talked about that exhaustively in the last halaqaat the idea of wishing for death and how Muslims are properly supposed to think about it, in light of the Quran, and especially the sayings of the Prophet slice on them. But now Allah makes a very sharp comment,
and it begins with what I didn't know, you will absolutely certainly find them that he then is actually the original for Mr. g do to find or you will find them the alarm is there to add the implication of an oath like I swear you will find them then the tunes at the end the shutdown on the noon suggest I you will, you will, I'm telling you, you will find them this way, it's a very strong way of making a statement. So in Arabic, if I say azabu, I go, and I turned it into law, I swear to it, I'm going to go, then I could have been I swear to it, I'm telling you, I'm going to go and when you add one more button that that's like the strongest most emphatic way of declaring I'm telling
you that this is definitely going to happen. So this form of speech by Allah is certainly not normal. You'll find it in rare occasions in the Quran, like from Allah to aluna. Yama is in our name, right? and places like that. So here, it's the anger of Allah manifest. But it's interesting that a lot actually points this verb to His Messenger solar system. This is what you're absolutely going to observe, watch them do this. So Allah is not commenting at them directly. He's actually talking to his messenger. So I shot him and telling him this is the criticism that you're gonna observe. This is important to understand the direction of speech and Quran is important to
understand because it helps you get the sense of what's being communicated. The sense of what's being communicated here is you're the one that they are offending. You're the one that whose message they're rejecting. And ally is so intimate with his messenger is that so somebody speaks to him directly as though you know, and watch they're going to do this too.
And so in this case, now a lot of talks actually about how the reason they're so defiant The reason they don't really care to you know, give heed to this final messenger is because they don't really have any any real concern for the next life. And so the comment made is a harasser nasty Allah hesston you're gonna find them being the most zealous, here's his shed that will errata it's something that you want very, very badly, passionate, desperate for something, you're gonna find them the most desperate of all people when it comes to life, either.
This is a comment. Now, you know, discussion came in RFC does this a comment about all Jews? Are all Jews just only caring about worldly life and don't care about anything else I've talked to exhaustively about their, what their beliefs and how they shifted across history, and how the Old Testament completely removed almost mentioned of the afterlife. But there was some mention of the afterlife in their oral traditions, even the concept of hell, and their oral traditions. But I find the argument of a Lucy Malala very compelling. He argues that this statement is being made particularly about the Jews that the Prophet was exposed to in Medina. And the reason that I find
his argument even more compelling, that it's not a comment about Jewish people everywhere are all Jewish people, etc. It seems number one very clear that the Quran makes comments about the Jewish community of Medina and criticizes some of their beliefs that mainstream Jews don't believe. There are things said about the Jews of Arabia, that if you study Judaism at large, even of that time, they have no such concepts. So they it seems to be a very specific targeted discussion at the Jews of Arabia, the audience, the immediate audience of the prophets, eyes, and that's one indication, for example, taking Isaiah as the son of Allah, there is no Orthodox Jewish claim across the
variations of the Judaic tradition. Speak to our Rabbi do the research yourself. There is no such claim. There seems to be a particular deviation of the Jews of Medina, the Arabian Jews, the isolated Arab Jews that had this kind of deviation, right. The second reason is actually the use of the verb wallet. I didn't know
You will certainly find them the you're referring to who? The Messenger of Allah so I saw them. So the messenger you verb was about us, you and I, then we can still find them today. But the prophet Alayhi Salaam is not finding the Jews of today, he's only finding the Jews in front of him the ones that lived in his time. So it seems very compelling from a textual point of view, that the comment being made here, and what you're going to read on is actually about that particular group of Jews, that that the prophecies are encountered, and the ones that are now interacting with and even trying to refute the book of Allah and undermine the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam. This, I think,
is an important concept to make concept distinction to make because Muslims in our religious upbringing, oftentimes we feel that the more anti semitic you are anti Jewish you are, that's the more more Islamic you are because the Quran hates Jews, or some like, we have these these notions. And these notions are actually pretty far from first of all the original chronic text. And they're also pretty far from accurate history. And we have to under you know, undo this mess that we've created. You know, Allah does not write off an entire nation and curse them forever and ever and ever. That's not how it works. People are responsible for their behavior, not the behavior of their
ancestors, and the ones before them. If they rip, if they replicate the behavior of their ancestors, then they're accountable. But they're not going to be cursed because your ancestors did this, this and this, you see. So that's a little bit about that. Now, one comment I wanted to make, before I move on to the next phrase is about hating. Well, I didn't know whom Allah senesi Allah hayati, by the way. anass. Here, therefore, will be not all mankind, but all the people that you've come across, you've come across Christians, you've come across Jews, you've come across the Muslim School of all their different religious variations, among all of them, the ones who want to live more than
anybody else, and are terrified of death more than anybody else is this group in front of you right now. That's that's the comment being made by a very scathing criticism of the hood. Now let's talk a little bit about Hayato makira. See the master the the idea of life, life, you know, in English, you have three options, you have a, like a, let's say,
an idea. Or you can say the idea. Or you can remove both of them and say idea.
Or let me make it easier for you to understand because it's too abstract for you a chicken,
the chicken, or what? Chicken.
When you say a chicken, you're referring to just some chicken. When you're saying the chicken, you're pointing at some particular chicken that you must kill. But when you say I love chicken,
you didn't say, and he didn't say the because if you say I love the chicken, then you have a problem.
I love a chicken, then there's a particular this one chicken. But if you say I love chicken, you're
talking in like broad terms, right? In Arabic, of course, you have L which means the you have 10 wheat in Arabic own under n which means a then how do you say a word without the A or without the D in broad terms. That's actually also an
l can carry agency. I mean, in categorically when you speak about something, you put an L on it. So the ayah expected languages when it then homosassa nasionale hyatts. And then I would have translated, you find them the most zealous of people, the most enthusiastic of people when it comes to life, not a life or the life but what life and I would have said life because there would have been an L there, I wouldn't have put any prefix before it. But the interesting thing about this word is that it comes in the Nikita form it comes in, which actually means technically, any life. Any life now, what is the purpose of the 10? When they say one Hayato Matata, Willa, I don't mean any
life, just give me any kind of life. I don't care if I have to be poor, miserable, sick, I just don't want to die. And I just I just want to keep on living. And by the way, everybody here knows the longer you live the older you get, the sicker you get, the weaker you get, the less capable you get. That's fine by me, I don't mind I just want to keep on living though. I don't care how miserable I get. You're gonna find them wanting to live when anybody else says I don't want to be at a state where I'm just completely helpless and you know, can't even move around or whatever, I don't care I just want to live. That's it. And then I'll have this I will have this this idea of is attend
we are in the 10 when an Arabic could be used like I explained it can be any life Just give me any kind of life I'll take it that desperate, right that's actually a comment of how desperate they are to preserve their life. But the the mean can also be a lien which means they are the most zealous to preserve a good life like it can actually in a sense mean the opposite. linguistically speaking but contextually speaking, I'm find it far more convincing than a lie saying they don't care about what kind of life they just want to live. They just don't want to, you know, face the prospect of death and here, there's this
Embedded comment that when the prophet SAW I said on this calling people to ascend, it's very well known now it's been around for a while now, it's not a new phenomenon by the time these ions are coming down, it's very well known that if you join the Prophet isotopes around, basically you're joining the Muslim army, because the prophet SAW Selim is in a constant conflict ever since he's moved to Medina with the people of Makkah. So if you join him, you're going to be putting your life on the line. So it's not like today when you take Shahada and you're like, the my biggest problem is getting up for fudger. It's not that kind of problem there, you're gonna have to sacrifice life and
limb, you're gonna have to let go of family maybe even give up some of them that your precious belongings and go out on the battlefield and loyalty to those who love them. Right? And so, I take life in any way. I don't want to deal with those risks. I don't want to take the shot. I don't want it, you know? So that's either hayati. Now, notice, even Allah azza wa jal describes that our life the way our luck created life, and I'm highlighting this because of the word Amara, you know, which is coming a little bit later on, you will do I don't know you amaru and fatahna. That one of them wishes that they can live for 1000 years they could be given the age of 1000 years literally means
they'd be given the age of 1000 years. Allah says woman nor American workers fulfill Hulk and Sophia sin. He says whoever we give old age to whoever we prolong an age and preserve that they don't experience death. New nutcase who fell while we start deteriorating them in creation, their eyesight starts getting weaker, their bones start getting more brittle, their back starts bending and they can't walk straight anymore. They have a harder time mobilizing their muscles, everything about them starts deteriorating. If alata Why don't you think then why don't you understand this life was meant to deteriorate and you were meant to come to an end? Even at Lucy Rahim Allah at one point, he said
something so beautiful about that, I like that that'd be reverse people in creation and a child using scaring me. Okay, so is the, the idea that when, when an old man's back bends, he's always looking down.
Right And basically, he's looking at his future home like Allah makes him look at his future home all the time.
That's That's a lot of design and creation. And then when people get older, they have a hard time sleeping. As they get older, that sleep is much more difficult for them. And that's a lot preparing them for more pmla
like to stay up and I now made it easier for you. You're getting you're getting closer and closer to meeting with Allah so just stay up, you know. So how Allah so here woman No, I'm really lucky. So Phil Hulk is kind of furthering the idea that you shouldn't want to live a very, very, very old age as a matter of fact, this is something even the proper size on sought refuge from the sought refuge from old age, you know, and the weakness that comes with it. Listen to this Hadith of the Prophet slicin them for understandably, unnecessarily Malik or the Allahu taala and who Allah calling me Sorry, salaam, laity, la ma n, mouth, mouth, I mean, Lauren asaba, who none of you should ever wish
for death because of some bad thing that happened to them for in Canada, but for Ellen folia, Paloma Heaney, Mark mecanizado Heron, and if you have to become really desperate, and you just can't take it anymore, here's what you say, oh, Allah keep me alive. As long as life is good for me. What are funny is accounting for far too hastily, and take me away of taking me away is better for me.
Actually, the language here is so beautiful, because you don't say give me death. admit me, give me death. He says, Take me away. You take me, like put me in your care, in a sense, right? So he's not even describing death. As you know the end of suffering. He's describing death as a law taking one in their care. But in any case, now, Allah says these people, you'll find them the most zealous about any kind of life possible. And then the phrase that caused two different interpretations woman and Latina Shaku you'll find them even more zealous than those that have done share. First of all, said that, you know, they're the most zealous of all people and I mentioned to you, the audience of
the Prophet is Jews, Christians and and the machine. But then on top of that, it has the most experience of the prophesized cylinders with the machine. So it's and by the way, far more than even the machine like he's highlighting it again, even more than them. Why would he highlight it more than them? The reason for that is because when the companions were migrating to Medina, I thought we're already starting to come down about the people of the book. And we the mushy Kuhn, and even the Muslims who used to be more strict before they had heard some things of the Christians and the Jews, they knew that they talked about a man named Musa, and an ISA and all of these things, and so
much about Muslims had already come in the Macan Quran. So the Muslims were hopeful that when they're going to go to Medina, they're going to find a very eager audience that is going to hear this incredible word of Allah and they're going to say
Hey, this is hazama who are in Santa Monica live Albania. Dana, this is exactly what we have. I mean Idina, this is what we've always had. This is perfect. This is the exact message we were waiting, anticipating to hear. So they were optimistic that they will become Muslim. And Allah says, actually, you're gonna find them more averse than even though Michigan, you think they're going to be easier? They're not going to be easier for tomorrow new new Lacan, we've already read this higher, are you actually hopeful? They're going to accept what you're saying? No, no, no, no, no, don't be deluded like that. They're actually in many cases even worse than those who have helped.
Why? Because those who had shark actually had some concept of afterlife. Some of them thought they'll come back as a different creature. Some of them thought there may be maybe there is a heaven, some of them thought there's no afterlife, but there was some variation here for the vast majority of them. Whether there is an afterlife or not, I just don't want to die.
I don't want to die. And the other thing about the machine is they didn't care about death. like they'd rather die glorious deaths on the battlefield so that somebody can make poetry about how they had to take me down after 20 spears. like they'd rather that, you know, for them actually, if you study the the the thought process of the people of Arabia, the mushy goon of Arabia, for them, the most horrifying thing was in depth. for them. The most horrifying thing was a humiliating death. Like is described in what's described in social hedge. They thought that dying if I was to die, like running from my enemy, and like my enemy was gaining on me and I was on top of a cliff, and in my
escape to try to run away from my enemy, I slipped and fell off the cliff and died. And then people remembered me as the coward who couldn't face his enemy and died the other way. Took the easy way out. I can't handle that. And I'll let compares that ugliness to [???]. Like if you think that's humiliating, why don't you think sure, because humiliating the sort of letters in Koran, right? But the idea is they weren't scared of death. They were scared of humiliation as a result of death. You find the opposite scenario here. These people don't care about dignified life, not dignified life. Give me any kind of life. Just give me life. That's all just keep me alive. That's all I care about.
I mean, I live in Ashoka. Now, another interpretation of the same phrase. And among those who do shake is that this is actually a new sentence. The first statement is done, you're gonna find them the Mozilla stuff people. And when it comes to any kind of life, they're just they just want to preserve life. Additionally, now Ally's saying when minella Dina Asher aku Amaro alpha Santa, that's a new sentence. Now. That's a second interpretation, which is even among the people that do share it, there are those who will find one of them will end up saying, Oh, if only I could wish, I wish I could live 1000 years. In other words, this statement could either be attributed to the Jews or
Allah saying among the wish rakuen there is somebody who says I wish I could live 1000 years and this was something that
some Sahaba actually thought was, that was their opinion also, that this is talking about the Michigan separately, especially some of the idol worshippers, azura stereotype people from from Iran, the you know, pharis the Persians among them, for example, they had a very famous Persian phrase, which now actually those who who speak Urdu will easily understand it G has our Sol it's actually 1000s of years old phrase, and they used to say to each other to wish that you know, I wish I wish you live 1000 years, you know, and so literally they heard one of those Austrian say Kala Hello, Hello, Mr. unfasten. I wish I could live 1000 years, you know, and this, something has
Admiral john also, which is a festival they have, I wish you get to see 1000 yearly festivals is like saying, I wish you get to see 1000 leads or something, which means 1000 years. So that's one of the other interpretations. You will do i do Hello, you Amaro alpha Santa, each one of them which one of them even wishes that if only they could live or they could be given the age of 1000 years. Now this phrase in particular, there are two possible interpretations. I share both with you then I tell you what I find more convincing, but you have to make up your own minds. One way this has been looked at historically is each one of them wishes they could live 1000 years. Another way of saying
this is actually you'll even find among them, a person that might even say I want to live 1000 years, if only I could live 1000 years. So one interpretation is suggesting that, you know, every one of them has this idea. Another interpretation is suggesting Yes, they are the most zealous of people. And among them, there are such extremes also, that one of them might even end up saying I wish I could live 1000 years. In other words, this phrase, if only he could be given the age of 1000 years is not a comment on all of them. But actually some of the more extreme elements among them. If you might have guessed it, I'm more inclined towards the latter position that this is talking about,
you know, just the few extreme cases even within them, there are extremes. So it's like the IRS building these extremes. First, they're the most extreme on this matter than other people. Then even on top of that, even more so than the machico. Then even within them, there are those that are crazy extreme, they want to live 1000 years, and then they add the word low If only I could In other words, they live in depression. If you
In your amalfitana, if I could live 1000 years, then the word in has a possibility. The word low is actually limited Hazara. It's a word used to describe regret, Oh, if only I could have, you know, when you use that phrase when you know it ain't gonna happen. Okay? So the word low is actually like the prophets, I send them for betas from using the word load too much for our wishes. You know, can you met loads after Ababa shaytan. He says, the word low opens up the doors of shaitan. For example, if you are Hi, if I only registered a week before I could have gotten if I only
if I only applied for my password, I could have gone to hundreds if I did this, if I did that, like all these had I done this. Had I done that about the past and lamenting and beating yourself up? Why did I do this? Why did I let that opportunity get away? Why did I say no to that proposal? Why did I you know why, why, why this is you're never gonna be grateful in life, you're always going to be thinking about what you should be complaining about. And that is exactly what Satan wants he wants to do you think about the negative and not think about the positive. now realize actually highlighting inside this one house, a deep, deeply rooted Jewish psychology that of depression. I
know I can't live 1000 years, if only I could. And now the looming prospect of death, every single passing breath. Hi, Attica and fast and your entire life is just a bunch of breaths. Every time a breath passes, I'm getting closer to it. You know, I'm having a crisis every day because I'm getting older and older. So the inevitability is kind of looming in on them, you know, what we call nowadays, in modern life Nowadays, people say like midlife crisis, that kind of thing. They have like a daily crisis on this stuff. It's dawning on you, I've noticed some gray hairs now. I'm starting to notice, you know, I can't keep up with my exercise or whatever else, or I sleep more
than I used to, you know, I can't take it anymore. I can't stay up like I used to before things physically are changing in me. And so it dawns on a person that their mortality is hitting them right at a certain age, it starts hitting them. When you're 1819 2023 25 years old, it doesn't hit you. You're just doing whatever you're doing. You eat whatever you eat, you know, when you get a little older guy, I can't eat that I'm gonna pay for it later. Yeah, I can't, I won't be able to sleep it's gonna.
And then the obnoxious 18 year old lecture is why not
good knocking on the cheese doodles, like staring at you like it was oh, you know can do it. You know?
The word Rama actually or hamara from which the verb is being extracted, you model the passive form of it. So Mia Raja amaranta, Allah, Allah and yoga, and yoga, the you know, the word hammer was a famous Arab name. And a person was called amor, out of optimism that hopefully he'll live a long life, they would actually even have a prayer for each other American law, America law, May Allah give you a long life. That's how they would actually you know, a wish Well for one another. Here, the idea of your model may or may be preserved be kept safe. But Lola Lim Tina, he knows it's impossible. He just knows it's impossible. And so Allah makes this very scathing comment, he says,
Well, now who will be Museo de Manila Dobby Rama.
And you know, to understand the power of the sentence, you have to understand what the word who is doing in the ayah first the word who means he and a pronoun is typically used for what is mentioned before just like in the English language, you know, once upon a time there was a man he left he traveled the word he now refers to what the man you just mentioned in the previous sentence, right. So pronouns their general function is to make reference to what came before the Arabic language and its rhetoric is rather unique. The word he can actually refer to what is coming also. And when you when what is coming is extremely profound or the speaker wants to raise your curiosity about what is
coming, you know, then they use who are in this way and I can give you an example in English also. So this concept becomes a little bit easier.
For example, about people who die in the past have a lot you can say, they are alive, right? They are aligned, listen to the sentence, quote, unquote, they are alive, is said about murders. They are alive is said about murders. I can flip it around and say it is said about martyrs, that they are alive.
When I say it is said about martyrs, if I if I pause there for a little bit, what does that create in the ear of the audience in the mind of the audience carry out what what is that? What is that? If I started with, you know they are alive? I already told you I killed a curiosity. Here, Omar who was asking what is the it referring to is actually a new armor. That part a new armor is actually
The Bayan of Hua Now let me tell you what that means in Simple English that he be given that life is not going to rescue him. That's what you expect a lot of say, because he says I wish I was given a long life of 1000 years, Allah says, Even that he be given that kind of a long life isn't going to rescue him. But he doesn't say it that way. It isn't going to rescue him.
What isn't going to rescue him? that he'd be given any, any life at all, but rescue him from what what does he want to run from? Do you remember what he wants to run from? From death? Because the opposite of hierarchy is what mode. But if you look at the IR OLED, it's something remarkable. He said, Well, ma who ob Moses II mean Allah de la mcaleenan mode. He didn't say, and it's not going to rescue him from death that he gets along age. That's obvious, he already knows that Allah is not going to tell him that. Unless there's something far more far worse. He says it's not going to rescue him from punishment, that he's been given a long life.
Run all you want from death. And by the way, by using the word punishment here, what Allah has done is remarkable in that not only is punishment waiting for you after you die, that your life itself will become what of punishment you're not escaping anything at all, by wishing for a long life and a new armor by not repeating a new Amara alpha Sunnah, that he be given the life of 1000 years old, saying even if I give you two years to live, even if you live a month from now, you're still gonna get punished now and and later on. One of those punishments has already been alluded to the fact that they live in depression, but they live a life of low. Another one, you're gonna find later on
the fact that you oppose a messenger knowingly, this is the highest of crimes, Mashallah goon were ignorant people, they refuse the messenger out of their ignorant arrogance, you refuse the messenger out of your knowledgeable educational, well educated arrogance, that's far worse. So you're going to pay the price here. And then later on, well, my whoever was
in Arabic, a four letter route actually means look into someone who's distanced or pushed far away from something, you're not going to be able to ward off or push away or escape get away from the punishment, no matter what kind of life you've been given. And perhaps this is actually an illusionary reference to, not only in the US, Canada, but also to the idea that pretty soon just in a couple of years, the treaty with the US is going to be break broken because of their own treachery. And they're going to try to distance themselves from the Muslims, and they're going to run off into their camps, and the Muslims are going to go after them. After the events of Al Azhar,
we're going to be going after them. And those accounts are described in so little harsher. So it's maybe even an illusionary reference to that, but you know what's going to happen? Then the other thing here is that how can this life become a punishment?
This life a lot created it as fitna increases as a test fitna does not mean punishment. It means a tough test. It's a fitna for you and me in the mamanuca mo, da, da. That's what it is. But for hypocrites and Vanessa of Medina, those people, Allah azza wa jal added another dimension specifically about hypocrites and sort of the Toba. He says filetto Angelica Amala Houma la la de Haan, in nama UNIDO, la Hulu as the VA Home Bihar, what does haka and foster home or home curfew, don't be impressed with their monies and don't be impressed with their children. This is the two things you get to live by in this life. He says we a lot only intends to torture them by means of
these things. In number you read the law Hulu as the bahuvida. What does haka and foster home and they lose the the they completely obliterate their own selves. They eliminate their own selves while and they remain in a state of cover. They remain in a state of disbelief. This is actually a law describing how even money and children will become a curse. They'll become a form of torture because Allah wants to intend intend to punish them people by means of this thing, living a long life on its own is not a bad thing. We talked about that in our last session a couple of weeks ago, you should you know, you none of you should wish for death in another Hadith, that if you get a long life, if
it's a good person, then perhaps they'll do better, they'll do have a chance to earn more good deeds. And if they were a bad person, perhaps they get a chance to undo some of the damage because they get a longer life. Look at new holiday some lobbies a female facility in LA some Senior Airman he lived 1000 years, say 50 950 years. So living a long life isn't the problem. But it is a problem when you're running away from a law judgment. And when you don't want to take responsibility for your actions. That's the criticism that's being made here. Well ah who will see it won't be my arm alone and allies in full view of what they do. Now this statement seems generic right? You see, so
many times in the Koran Allah say, Allah is in full view of what they do Allah hobo see Don't be my arm alone. But you have to understand from a from a language point of view from a literature point of view and from a loss wisdom really, every time he says these things, they have a new flavor and they have a particular purpose. In this particular case, if you notice the ayah began with
You messenger will find them this way,
there'll be wishing that they can live without you, and they can't escape that and they can't escape punishment. It seems that now, it could be that you and I might become obsessed with finding this criticism in them.
And keeping an eye on them. Allah says you, you'll notice this, let me tell you, you will absolutely notice this. But don't you worry about keeping an eye on them and what bad and evil they're doing? Unless got the watch on them, you have other things to do? Well, a lot of us even though it is an ally, in fact, in view of what
you know, you don't have to be in view of what they do. You don't have to obsess yourself with what evils they're up to, and how they're undermining this mission, etc, etc. That's not your Let me deal with them basically allows way of saying let me deal with them. Well, law who will see Don't be my on my own and leave them be. Now we get to a deeper problem of the Israelites. They, on the one hand allies now in this previous talks about how how much they want worldly life, but they also know that a lot of punishment descends sometimes, and it will when it descends. They know even from judgment in our revelation we know that Allah will send the angels themselves will descend, but the first of
them to descend, Yakumo rule roho one Malaika to write today I miss the the angel of war, meaning jabril Allah Sarah, and then along with him, the rest of the angels descend, right? So they have this particular problem with God.
They associate him with judgment. They associate him with punishment, actually, in the Hebrew language, because the word Gabriel or ghibelline, is used in Hebrew and it's actually borrowed into the Arabic language. The word eel is their word for Allah for God in Hebrew, given either given or given in the algebra, or as the English now version of it is Gabriel, right? The word Gov actually comes from a similar to the Arabic root Java, which means power. And Java are given in actually means the powerful one that belongs to God,
the powerful one that belongs to God. It's really interesting that the the Arabs of Medina and the Arabs of the entire region actually we didn't know Hebrew, the prophet SAW Selim doesn't know Hebrew, but the Koran would actually take the name jubelin and you would think that I found the translation of gibreel by looking up Hebrew references right Jewish references and that's true. But it's really cool that in the Quran, Allah will call the release around Lu maraton.
You know, and then the coverting
Hello column shadow Chua powerful possessing my possessing strength. In other words, a lot of translates up Lisa Rams name in the Quran, without teaching as Hebrew. He just does it directly. And so when you look up Gabriel's name in Hebrew, you'll find this exact description in the Quran, without any education of the Prophet himself in the Hebrew language, or the people around him so panela right. But anyway, so even in their theology, Jebel Ali Salaam is associated with great might, and they feel that Jubilee Salaam has it out against them, that he's been tough on them. The angel that likes them is Mikan. Michael, and the angel that doesn't like them is Gabriel, actually,
in Jewish theology. God's throne is there and left of his throne. Gabriel Gabriel sits there and the right of his throne, Mika Michael sits there. So perhaps the left isn't as impressive as the right yo gibreel. The left side that's the one that comes to you would have been much more impressive. If it was Michael though. That would have been I mean, that's it. That's all that's the best you can do with the law. Like you just got your view. That's, that's one of the implications possible. You know, when they when they make a scathing comment about you will
notice also that the IRS has called say, declare to them, like the prophet SAW Selim is supposed to speak on behalf of God and so awesome. Derrida and Islam defends the prophets later gvi salaam and the legions of angels defend the prophets are set up. And now the prophets of Salaam is supposed to defend GPRS Allah, it's actually now he's gonna stand up for the angel that teaches him that Hizmet the US Rasul Allah is the messenger and estado de todo Sula, Hassan gibreel is the messenger. That's his lawsuit, right? That's the one who teaches him revelation. So he's gonna stand up for his messenger and says, Whoever is going to be an enemy to Djibouti coal mine can actually read whoever
is going to be an enemy to gibreel. And so, Allah responds for inner who knows Allahu Allah pelvic. Then, in fact, he is the one who sent it down on your heart. This is remarkable folks because the word Nasrallah to send down which is used for revelation in the Quran, is pretty much talking about Allah knows Allah Allah can Kitab ins are now feel a little closer, every time I use it. And as Allah uses it, for who Allah Himself in this ayah it's very explicitly clear that allies using the verse
Nasrullah for what gibreel does. gibreel is the one who brings it down onto your heart. If they have a problem with you basically in Simple English, if they've got a problem with you bleed if they want to be the enemy of God, and they've been that way, by the way, the word Karna men who are eligible, as opposed to men cannot do algebra, they've clearly had done had a problem with geometry. And if they've been this way, then by the way, let me let you let them know. And they can't do anything about it. He's the one who's bringing it down on your heart. So let them be enemies.
So you told lies basically saying at this point, you want to be mad about it. Go ahead.
Well, he's the one sending it I'm not sending anybody else.
Oh, it bothers you, does it I'll send him again.
And another fella who as opposed to Angela, Angela means to send down one time. Over time, he keeps on sending down keeps on making them mad keeps on exposing their secrets over and over again. But then this creates kind of a philosophical problem because of the verb Nasrallah is used for Allah and now nonetheless, use being used for gibril the satanic mind like the ones that some of these Israelites had, might say, Oh, so is that the word of God or the word of who? jabril because you're saying he's the one who sent it down. And so the the perfection of the Quran What does Allah do? Be a vanilla?
for India, who knows Allahu Allah kawika be a vanilla by our laws leave, he sends it down to you. So even when sending it down, is attributed to the release ROM. And you might think well, wait a second is that is the reason the author immediately authorship has returned back to a lullaby what phrase be there nothing is extra in the Quran. Everything serves a purpose. Everything has a reason for being there, right? So it preserves the integrity of Revelation. Now, having said that, it must be stated that Jebel Ali Salam has a very special status in the Quran.
In that the verb Nasrallah, which is only used for Allah was still used for him as an honor of his.
It also is incredible because Allah I Lama who Shadi Dong Hua, the Mighty One, the prince, the one who possesses great might intense might is the one who taught him meaning tartar sauce. Hmm. Now the verb teaching has been used for who up later on. And the verb teaching is also used for Allah. Allah, Allah, Allah Quran, right? He taught the Quran. So this is actually a pretty high status granted to jabril Ali Salaam, so when you're messing with him saying anything to him, you become an enemy to him. It's also pretty interesting that you're becoming an enemy to a very mighty messenger,
who you really don't want to mess with. You really don't want to mess with him. But Allah is not saying he's an enemy to you. He's just saying you're being an enemy to him. So keep in. Keep in mind, like, you know, people say we're enemies to each other, or they're, they're their enemies against each other, which means the animosity is mutual. In this phrasing, the animosity is not mutual, the animosity is directed from who to who? From the Israelites to Djibouti. Okay, so keep that in mind as we progressed, because that's gonna play a role. Now, look at the progressive stress also, for India, who Nasrallah who they have a problem, then actually let them know, doesn't matter.
He's the one who sent. Another way of interpreting the same phrasing is actually that Fair enough, was looked at a suburb, which would translate a little bit differently. Now pay attention to how we would translate differently. It would mean, whoever is an enemy to gibreel, because he sent it down to you.
So they're there, they hate you. They hate him, because he chose us we'll also tell them to send down to as if this was actually suggested by some debate hates us so much. He didn't even pay attention to which address the messenger was supposed message was supposed to come to. He came to the wrong address and delivered to the wrong man, he gave it give an error message.
You know, and so we can't stand him like what did he do? He gave it to the wrong family. The wrong lineage. How could you make such a mistake? And Allah says for it, because he sent it on you. Hmm. So their their racism is now coming out. So much so that they're even able to say things about jurulatih salam.
And so now that turns the page and basically says to them, and you have a problem with him for what reason Masada Kalima been a, because it continues to, you know, vividly confirm what is ahead of it, what is ahead of it means authority in the revelations, the oral tradition, the entire corpus of the Jewish faith, all of it is being the good of it is being confirmed by the Quran.
And all the prophecies of a final messenger coming being being confirmed by the Quran. You shouldn't have a problem with this. You should be welcoming this. You're becoming his enemy because he's giving you what you've been hoping for. How silly is that? So they, you know, on the one hand, I was saying why don't you just believe in it? Why are you so offended anyway?
confirming what you have. And what I wanted to highlight here as a reminder of what I said in a few lectures ago, the highlight of Masada con, it's an important thing to understand. And this is something this is this piece of it is living in the Quran, because there are people of the book are still here, right? They may not be enemies of gibreel. But Quran is still mosaddek on this part of it is universal. You know, a piece of an IRA may be historically contextualized. And there are pieces of an IRA that may live forever, whose relevance is forever. So we can't even discount an entire idea. You have to go word by word, phrase by phrase and see what has historical ramifications
and what has universal ramifications. Now, let me remind you of how this works. If I say,
a nice car, a nice car, or a new car, for example, or even make it a living thing, or living person, let's say a patient man, right? That's an adjective of a man that is patient. Let's say I'm talking about my father. I don't know my dad is in Europe right now. I don't know if he's sleeping right now. or eating right now or losing it with my mom right now? I don't know. But I just called him What a patient man, when I called him a patient man, I described the quality he has, but not necessarily a quality that he is exhibiting at the moment. You understand the difference, right? This quality lives somewhere inside him. It comes out every once in a while. So he deserves the
quality. But that doesn't mean that he's living the quality at this very moment. Right?
If I say a man being patient, a man being paid that's a little bit different. Now, I'm not saying that there's some quality hidden inside, you can actually see it. You understand that? Okay. So when I say a man being patient that is actually high. And the the fundamental difference of heart is it's an observable phenomenon, you experienced it, you saw it, it's not just some hidden quality inside the car. It has been called Musab de Caen as a home, not as a quality. the quality of the Quran would be it confirms previous scripture, a book confirming previous scripture, but alive seeing it actively confirms you can observe how it confirms previous scripture. When the book of a lie is
sitting on a shelf in a library. It's not confirming anything.
When the believer in the book of Allah is going out there and sharing what it says, describing to the people of the book, what it says, then it becomes a hand it starts living the Quran when it was revealed it wasn't revealed on pieces of paper that can just sit there and that book contains a confirmation. No, no, no. The Quran was actually words being recited by the Prophet and his followers, I suppose around the words were being brought to life they were actively confirming previous sixth scripture in the hearts of people. In other words, by just the necessity of most of the time, or is demanding to be spoken and pronounced, chaired, talk to have declared all the time.
That's what makes it Mossad De
Lima Avenida de. And if we don't do this, then they're not going to know, you know, the fact that there are so many today so many today that can say the Quran is from the devil.
The Bible is the Word of God. And this is the word they don't even know the relationship between the Bible in the Quran, and whose fault is that?
The only time they studied the Quran is to attack the Quran. And you know what, I don't blame them. Because we didn't go out of our way and show how this is the most loving act of Revelation, a gift from Allah, that he confirmed previous scripture for them, he gave them this gift, you know? And so this, they really ought to love Him not hate him, because he's confirming the essence of their scripture. And this last part, I'm gonna I'm gonna comment on this last part and give you guys your break, inshallah. Well, who don't mean, and it is it was sent as a guidance, you can actually say this is unassailable. So it's a continuation of the heart. So he sent it down as a guide. And he
sent it down as good news for believers. Let's understand the implication of heart here first, on the words Hold on, and Bushra that means that the Quran actively guides you. If a book is sitting there, and it's a it's a guiding book. It's a book of guidance as the quality of guidance. But if it's a heart, it actually means it actually guides you as you go. It's living guidance, which means the believers are now being told, not only is it confirming previous scripture, so it can guide them. It actively guides you in your life. The more you engage with it, the more guidance it will give you on a daily basis on an hourly basis. It's the it's the injunction of the five daily
prayers, that more than anything else is testimony that the Quran is active living guidance, you're supposed to drop the world stand in front of Allah and recite a portion of Quran and activate his guidance in your life. The next quality that's given is bush law, which means good news actually means extremely good news. And bush light comes from the word Bishop Bishop
In Arabic means skin. Why is skin have to do with good news? Because some people's skin isn't good news. But, you know, what does that have to do with it? When you are so happy that it's visible on your face? Your skin, your texture changes? You know, there are people who noticed I noticed dark circles around your eyes, I noticed there's a look to something there's there's a pale complexion to you. Are you depressed? Why do you look like that? And then people say your skin is glowing? What happened? Wow. I mean, you know, like, you know, like
joy, one of the one of the manifestations of joy is on what on skin. In other words, this book should give you so much joy. If you start radiating. You start to actively radiates you Now the thing is, you guys know that the messenger didn't just come with good news. He also came with what morning, but Ally's describing something very beautiful here. He's saying so how to lie in this. It's so amazing that this put in this context. Here. They weren't running from punishment.
So Alicia says this is a book of warning.
And you should be warned and beware of punishment. He says no, for people who truly believe they don't have to worry. It is good news for them. Actually, for people of real meaning right from people have real eemaan the two things that will define their relationship with the Quran is going to be guidance and good news.
Look at the beauty of these words. Like now you're learning my relationship with the Quran is defined by these two things. It actively guides me and it actively brings me joy family gaffa Yahoo, who are hiring me my age, Marilyn, because of that, and that alone, they should be filled with joy. It's better than anything else they can collect.
That's the way the more I think about it, the more it makes me personally happy it actually makes me really sad also, because what have we done with our relationship with the Quran? How is the Quran quoted and remember, how is the Quran talked about today? Is it a source of guidance and good news for believers?
As a matter of fact, when somebody gives good news, people come and say, well, we should talk about al Qaeda to people need to know about Johanna people who haven't told people enough that they're going to burn
the AC already isn't working. They have enough reminder of yarmulke It's okay. It could use some good news. You know, brother but we they get a false sense of security. No, they don't be true with the word of Allah. For people who really have human heart of their Eman is optimism. Notice that the contrast now we started with them being depressed, I'm going to die. I'm actually going to I wish I could live longer. And now you have this book that's giving people guidance and giving them joy. Who don't want bush law? Meaning, by the way, there's a scathing comment here too. If you notice in the previous ayah
they in this particular it's a it's good news and congratulations. It's gonna serve as those things actively for those who believe.
Which is kind of like a slight slight way of saying and unfortunately you don't
you This is for those who believe
you could look at us at home.
This guidance is good news for them. If they accept it, no, no, it clearly they don't want to accept it. So it's just for believers. And not you guys. Not you guys. And might as well finish the flow of these out and we can get into next subject. Sorry, guys, man, kinda otherworldly, la omineca t marsudi. He was a real mommycon fine, alojado wooden cabinet, whoever has been an enemy to Allah and His angels and his messengers, and God and Mikhail, then Allah no doubt is an enemy to disbelievers.
Okay, this statement, Armando De La Hoya and who heard it
and he wanted to figure out what this means.
This is in the life of the Prophet sesamum. He went to one of their mission as he went to a Jewish Seminary in Medina walked in. So what do you guys say about jabril?
is so cool.
You just wanted to know from them like I know what Alice has already. You know?
What do you say? And this is actually actually according to nobody This is this I hadn't even come yet. Other I had come and he said they will probably up There's something I want to know. So it just goes over and kind of just ask them So guys, what's up, you guys? So this is Ali Cardona. That's our enemy. Yukio Mohammedan. Allah Serena he keeps telling Muhammad Allah dirty secrets.
Well, I know who the husband was. And he is, by the way in our faith and our tradition, he's associated with drought and punishment, Formiga evil Sahaba wasallam and Mikael now he's the he's the angel of vegetation and produce and he brings good news and and peace.
You know, so we don't like them too much. Because you don't Quran. Allah kept sending revolution and kept exposing them and then exposing them again exposing them again exposing them everything they think they could have been buried away and nobody knows about Allah just opens it up. And then on top of that, they say no, no, our book never says that. And Quran comes on says, Yes it does. GPS hands down actually does. That's what the law says. And he's like, How does he know what the rod says? If he keeps giving it up to him? We came to him and said, No, there's no, there's no such thing in the Torah. And then nakulan Francis has qualified to be Tara. Thank goodness, I think he
wanted to bring the Torah and read it, please.
And show me where where it says what you're saying.
Did you realize Sam keeps exposing them through the revelation of love gifts to him to deliver to the messengers is on, and this really, really bothers them.
And so then this ayah came according to
whoever has been an enemy to Allah and His angels and his his messengers and gibreel and Mikhail, then Allah is certainly an enemy to those who disbelieve. Now, understand what happened here. This is not the first time animosities mentioned. We started with animosity, men cannot do eligibile whoever has been an enemy to God. But now allies saying after they responded this way, ally wants to clarify, when you become an enemy to jury, let me tell you who you're really enemies with
your enemies with Allah,
your enemies with Allah.
And when you're an enemy with gibreel, because he's in charge of the Legion of all the angels, you've actually not just messed with God, you've messed with, all of the angels will melodica T.
And all of his angels, they are the ones usually or they can have other lessons angels to protect the believers, etc. You're not just an enemy to gibreel and the angels, you're actually an enemy to all the messengers, Rousseau Lee. Now the user being told you're not just an enemy to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam you're an enemy to Moosa. You're an intermediary is your enemy zecharia you're an enemy to the prophets who came to you do?
You're going to talk about God, then you have basically declared your animosity even against the prophets you claim to believe in.
the passage before this one, the claimed eemaan Allah said that's not the man that schofer the passage, this one, they claimed loyalty to their Prophet, their Angel, the one they like Allah says, No, you don't have any loyalty, your enemy to all of them. And by the way, gibreel and Mikhail to because you compare the two of them, right? And I'm including gibreel, because if it wasn't clear, would you believe me? Can?
Because you know, they would find some No, no, but we weren't talking about the rest of the angels. We were just talking about gibreel Mika says, I know what you're gonna say, this is the mark of like, the perfect teacher, when a teacher is going to put a student like, like, own a student.
And he's gonna yell at him before he yells at him. He's gonna criticize him in a way knowing him so well that I know exactly which excuse he's going to come up with. And I'm going to eliminate way that that cuts his excuse off, halfway through, I can use that one. He already preempted my strike. Would you believe me?
This is not additional, this is actually cutting them off in their path. Now notice they were enemy to God. Now their enemy to Allah, his messengers, you know, Allah has angels as messengers, you believe me on all of them? What is the consequence of it? The first case he said for it known as Allah who Allah called Big Deal with it, he's the one who sends revelation anyway, whether you hate them or not. Now he says, The only thing I have to tell you now is for Allah harder
than find allies enemy in retaliation,
that allies enemy too,
but for who?
He doesn't say. Lacan lahoma says little caffeine for disbelievers.
This is Allah's way of saying to the people who claim to believe in a revelation, but we're being hypocritical about it. You are nothing but coffee. You are disbelievers. You can tell yourself whatever you want, you're not believers. Tell yourself however you want to justify to yourself that's your problem. You are not believers in a large book. Notice how this is in the previous islands the last time and did hold on virtual meaning and then here for in alojado nail caffeine both of them a scathing criticism of the Israelites when they're being told you're not what meaning Well, you are what caffeine and your enemies to align doing. So to Subhanallah this this mirroring
is really important to understand. So we conclude with diamond shallow towel first session. I'll give you about 10 minutes off. Like I explained before the breaks are going to work this way. I'll give 10 minutes to the sisters come back now.
session next break 10 minutes to the brothers and that's how we're gonna do the QA type stuff. Our mission is to spread awareness of the message and divine beauty of Quran across the world. Support our [email protected] that's ba y y i n H dot o RG.