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Surat Al-Baqarah – Part 35
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Series: Nouman Ali Khan - Surah Al-Baqarah
File Size: 20.19MB
Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan delves into the Tafseer of Ayats 99 to 101 of Surah Al Baqarah.
‘”And indeed We have sent down to you manifest Ayat, and none disbelieve in them but Fasiqun.”
The Bani Israel were trying to make excuses because of the love for this world. In Ayat 99 we see that only the sinners disbelieve, as it blinds people. Sin is a blinder in the Deen. When we see a mistake in our lives, we should be very quick to exhibit gratitude to Allah (SWT) for opening our eyes and accept our mistakes as flaws.
“Is it not (the case) that every time they make a covenant, some party among them throw it aside? Nay! (the truth) is most of them believe not. And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Scripture threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know!”
In Ayahs 100 and 101, we see that due to the disease of attachment to this world, we distance ourselves from Deen. If our hearts long for Deen, then Allah will remove Duniya from the heart and fill it with Deen. It’s up to us what we choose to fill it with.
Episode Transcript ©
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Our mission is to spread awareness of the message and divine beauty of Quran across the world. Support our [email protected] there's ba y y i n H dot o RG
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well accent Oh, you mean rubbish? Silly me. Emily Santi of cocoa leaf and hamdulillah salat wa salam O Allah, Allah Allah Allah He was a huge marine from Ahmedabad once again everybody Somali Kumara Mercado
as we move on with the ayatollahs origin turns to His Messenger. So Solomon says something beautiful. He says we certainly already have sent down particularly to you in a guy's macadam here over ITV, nothing particularly to you we have sent down clear, miraculous signs. In other words, particularly to you why, because they have a problem with the fact that he you're the recipient of this revelation. It's not going to change anything. There's nothing wrong with you or the revelation, and you're the one rightly chosen, and it's that you've been getting the wrong address. We're the ones who sent it to you, for Nakata, Angela ilica, is in the united and the revelation
itself is completely, completely an absolutely clear, self evident. So when they compare to their book, there's no doubts left that this is exactly what you know, what was supposed to have been sent to confirm the revelation that they have before them. It is exactly what they needed to hear. You know, it's not like they can't figure out how this could be a match. It's all very, very clear. This had to be said because the prophets lifestyle, MCs, people that are very knowledgeable in Scripture, very knowledgeable in religion, that have been studying the religion for centuries, and they so easily reject the Quran. Right? So you start thinking, maybe I'm not doing enough, maybe I'm not
clear enough, is there something wrong with what I'm doing? And Alonzo just has nothing wrong with you, nor anything wrong with the message, if there's anything wrong, what's wrong with them? And so he goes on to say, Well, my ex Ruby ha il alpha sukoon. This is actually the second time this phrasing is being used. The phrase means nobody disbelieves in it except corrupt people to begin with the inherently corrupt to begin with. This was said earlier on in the sutra whereby you will be a little fussy when Allah doesn't misguide with revelation, except those that are inherently corrupt. And now last thing, nobody denies revelation, except those that are inherently corrupt.
Something about the word Fisk is important to understand because Fisk and facade are kind of sometimes considered interchangeable. They're really not. The word fossa in Arabic, is when sort of fruit goes bad, and from its official from the, from the peel of the fruit, it starts oozing out. Like imagine a banana goes so bad that it starts coming out of the peel without you even peeling it. That banana is basically it's experienced for so it's gotten so bad that the rottenness of it has been exposed. Fast is actually somebody who's rottenness who's evil whose corruption has been exposed. It's come out, you know, it's no longer hidden. And by use of the word Farsi Hoon, Allah as
always, he's actually describing not only are they inherently corrupt on the inside, now their corruption has become clear and obvious for everybody to see allies expose them, like, you know, like daylight so well, my echo will be hot in Belfast soon, none except the facetune will reject it in this there's also an axiom that I think Muslims should take heed of in this beautiful ayah that we should not think that everybody will disbelieve in the Quran.
Like Allah says, there's a select group of very corrupt people that will inherently reject the Quran, which actually means that the vast majority of humanity have hopes of accepting the book of Allah, it's just that it hasn't been presented to them properly. You have entire societies in the Muslim world in the world that haven't been properly introduced to the Quran, I would argue just even on behalf of what we're doing here, right? This is an attempt to go through the Quran and hopefully easy to understand English. Right? And I'm not saying that this explanation is perfect, or that it's like the best thing ever or whatever. It's just an attempt to try to expose the message of
the Quran in this language, right? This kind of an effort has it already been done in Chinese in Mandarin? Has it already been done in Japanese? Has it already been done in in Tamil? Has it already been done in the you know, in Senegalese in a language that if a Jew hearted a Christian heard in an atheist started, anybody heard it, they get it? Are we expecting the entire world to read the Quran? Instead of hearing the Quran? Is that what we're expecting? Or what do we expect them to read? Like, let's make YouTube videos would you know recitation of the Quran and subtitles so the world can read subtitles? People want to hear from people. My luminol your silicon, what comes out of the heart
reaches the heart instead of giving you this
If I wrote everything I'm going to say down and email it to you, does it have the same effect, you can read it beginning to end, the Quran, it had a particular effect. You know, they say in media studies, the medium is the message, you know what that means, the way in which you communicate something is as important as the message itself. So if you communicate in writing, it's not the same as communicating in speech. And if you're talking over the phone, it's not the same as talking in person. And if you're watching something on a video, as opposed to sitting somewhere, live, these are all different experiences. And each one of these is a different medium. And each of those
mediums or media have a direct impact on how a message is processed. So if you were sitting at home listening to this,
if you were watching this in your car, sitting in your car, just on your phone, just listening to this, right. Or if you're in a classroom listening to this, or you have headphones on or whatever, or you're driving and listening to it, each one of those are actually a different experience. And the amount you're able to internalize, think about process is different. Because there's other options. There's also all tab. There's also pause button. There's also somebody calling you for dinner, or something else. But when you're sitting and you're isolated, it's a different experience, isn't it? So I just because, you know, I'm gonna do the effort errs to get this stuff recorded,
right. And the hope is that people around the world can benefit from these recordings. But you know, that's not nearly enough. There are going to have to be people who benefit from this stuff, decide to learn this stuff, then decide to share this stuff with their family over dinner, or hang out with their friends and share some of this stuff and talk about this stuff. Because the way you can communicate with certain people, I will never be able to communicate, they belong in your life in your circle, and I have no access to them. No matter how hard you try to drag them to, to ruin their life by bringing them to one of my lectures is not going to happen. The only ambassador to Islam for
them is not me, it's actually you. And so, this and we have to carry this out with the belief that only the worst of people are going to reject it. We have to be optimistic that when people hear this, they're gonna accept it. They're gonna at least think about it. At least it'll sit in their head. It's okay if it's in your head. I'm not going to have it sat in his head for five years before he accepted Islam. It's okay. All right, man. Forgive him dollar. He didn't even convert. Uh, yeah, I live in processing. Bill come to assignment five years. One of my dear friends, john, john Goodell, I can't believe I named him I hope he doesn't watch this. He studied. He studied
comparative religion in college, right and in Arkansas. And he's just studying all these religions. He's taking his notes and he used to make his personal comments on the side. And on his notes on Islam, he wrote, he wrote this himself. He said this, though, he'd think is pretty cool.
That's all he wrote. It's like eight years later, he went back to his notes and accepted Islam.
it's, it's okay, if we can even plant seeds. You know what muscle you can imagine Paiva 10. CATIA written for you. But in the example of a good word is like a good tree. A tree doesn't come out of nowhere. A tree comes from a seed, a seed takes a long time to grow. Words take a long time to internalize inside the soul of a person, just then being like somebody says, I brought her to the convention, she heard like three speeches, and she still doesn't matter her job.
what is wrong with you
let the word set inside, let it take its course. There's there's some soil that grows plants very quickly. There's other soil takes its lead time. Some seeds grow very quickly. Some seeds take a very long time. That's the analogy I like gives of human transformation is the transformation of plants on the earth. So take it's no need to need no need to rush. So I'll move back to the subject at hand. Allah is now turning his shotgun wonder against these people. And he's making a comment about their history. Again, he says our calama had widened.
really hasn't been the case that every single time they made a promise. And the word that I had is very important to the Jewish consciousness. And Asheville. khadim is one of the words for the Hebrew Bible in Arabic. Every time they made a promise, meaning a divine covenant, a contract every time a Prophet came, every time a promise was fulfilled from Allah, every time a lot give them victory a lot of the time a lot of rescued them, not just once but multiple times like in the desert like from the Pharaoh, like from the Assyrians, like from the Babylonians like so many times in history, Allah rescued them over and over again. And he fulfilled his promise of giving the messenger after
messenger after messenger, Prophet after prophet after prophet revelation after revelation nabasa who for you coming home, a group among them affection among them threw it away. Number
In Arabic, Takashi armeniaca, anomic woroch. When you drop something behind you, you something's in your head, you just drop it like a candy wrapper, or like a banana peel, you just drop it. That's why they say an Ibiza mondovi amino acid, maybe that's what you throw away after you're done juicing like you, you squeezed an orange, whatever you put it in the blender and that other stuff, the Pope and everything else, you just kind of throw away the fibers and stuff. That's naive. Allah says every time I made a promise among them, you know, fulfill my promise to them. Number though my promise was thrown away like it's trash number hopefully convened a group among them did this. The
question is, why didn't I say all of them did this? Most of them did this. He says a group of invented this affection among them that this, this is the highlight a very important consideration here. Why is it only a group, because a group, the group that has the most access to the book have aligned the promise of Allah, they're custodians of the message. They're the ambassadors that are supposed to deliver it to everybody else, when they chuck it aside for their political gains for their social gains, when religion becomes a business to them, or a popularity contest to them, and they throw a lost promise on their backs. This is what this is a group among them. People in any
religion, the religious teachers, the Imams, the scholars, the fuqaha, the alima, the religious teachers, they are actually in a sense ambassadors of that religion to their communities. They are the vessel by which allows word is given to the rest of the believing community, when they themselves become corrupt. When they throw it behind the backs, their backs, what's going to happen to the rest of the community? Where are they going to get their demand from? Where are they going to get their faith from? If If our massages are filled with imams that are dedicated to holding on to their job, and making sure the other guy doesn't get the job? And whoever disagrees with them is the
next bias against them.
If that's all that's left of the religion, then what Eman will the people have left that come to our last house? What faith will you transfer over to the next generation? What faith you know, you have I was speaking to a fellow in Japan, a senior fellow who lives in some part of Japan and he has been there for a long time. And he says our master situation is very bad. There are people that just the machine is just a business, they get, you know, funding from abroad or whatever. And they have control and they give hope by in their own languages. And they look at people who come from other ethnicities, other schools of thought funny. So we're not even Welcome to go to the machine. It's a
very bad situation, I was like, I wish that was only a local problem.
That is not a local problem. This promise of a law that they carry that they're going to be representatives of laws word and allows teachings to the rest of humanity. Israelites were supposed to be the model nation, for the rest of humanity to see what the word of Allah looks like. They were supposed to be that nation, they were chosen for that purpose. They didn't fulfill that purpose. They threw it behind their backs. And so some active people, they cast this promise aside, and you know what that does by accelero home law, you know, instead, the majority of them don't believe, see the UN from an IR from the group to the majority. When the group gets messed up, the majority
doesn't have any emotion anyway. You see, people that don't know a lot of religion, people, it's not your fault. You didn't study Arabic, you didn't study Islam, you didn't come from a religious family, that's not your fault. But when you don't come from a religious background, and you don't know much about the faith, then the only hope you have of securing your faith or holding on to its teachings tight is basically the member. the Friday prayer, some connection with Allah's house, somebody will give you a good message, you'll find some good company there, somebody will encourage you to maybe get away from some bad habits etc. Because you don't know any better. You'll find
better company here, etc, etc. Right? When that place that's supposed to save you from corruption is now in the hands of those who've thrown unless promised back then the people that are left behind. And they were looking for an easy way out anyway, they were weak to begin with. And now they're just drift away.
They just drift away, and they want nothing to do with it. This was a problem of the Israelites. Does it seem like it's a relevant problem for us to understand? So panela something we live through today. But through home law, you know, most of them have stopped even believing. One of the ways to look into that most of them have stopped even believing. How many people have I met that come from? Like they have names like Mohammed Abdullah Abdul Samad Fatima Arusha. I don't really I'm not really into religion. Yeah, the whole prayer stuff. Yeah, I'm not really into it. I mean, it's cool. My mom makes me do it when I go home. That's why I don't go home. Much.
Don't blame them. Honestly, as sad as that is, I don't blame them. They they didn't they they are a product of a very mismanaged custodianship of the religion. That didn't care for those people that didn't teach them what it was supposed to teach them instill a confidence in them. Why are you Muslims? Why should you hold on to this religion? What kinds of emails I get? Who needs religion anyway? Brother, I'm almost saying but I had a question. I hope you don't mind. Who needs religion anyway?
Thank you. That's it. That's the question.
And my answer is not a stuff that a lot of them you
know, human, if you food for hell,
how dare you email me and you know, contaminate my pure email inbox.
talk to these people. So why don't you need religion? I feel like I need it. I'll tell you why I need it. Maybe that'll help you understand why you might need it. But you have to figure that out for yourself.
Somebody else has, why can't we ask any questions in our religion?
Why do you need religion if we have free thought? People can figure things out for themselves.
Are these things that the Quran answers? Yeah. You know what that means? We haven't been teaching the Quran.
That's all that means. Our generation of Muslims wouldn't have had these questions. But for whom we know then, yeah, instead, most of them don't even most of them don't even have Eman. Well Am I hombre sudo Mandela, Musa de Colima, home and finally when a messenger came from a law himself, confirming what they have. Now this messengers quality is these mosaddek so beautiful and memorable. Sadiq Khan was active. And almost Sadiq Khan is a sofa, which means it's dormant. It's inside the province of Islam, even hearing about the prophets of Salaam Lv confirming that quality is a constant in him, that he confirms what they have with them. The qualities and descriptions of the
prophets I saw them that they have with them, he meets all of them. Allah says about them and finally this messenger committing Muhammad lies on them.
Number four eco minella vena cava kita Bella, our group among them, chucked away from those who were no group from those who are given the book from before chucked away the book, they threw away the book Kitab Allah, Allah 's book, what are the hareem far behind their backs? Like they didn't just throw it they cast it off. Now which this this phrasing elicit a little bit difficult because Allah says, a group, those who were given the book from among those who were given the book, threw away the book of Allah.
So what book of Allah did they throw away?
There are two interpretations here. One interpretation is they even through Toronto, a Torah it was telling them except Koran except Mohammed salam, and they decided to throw those parts of Torah away, and not even look at it. The other interpretation is they threw Koran away or on was in their face. And they'd rather just throw it away, at him behind their backs, got a loved one, as though they don't even know as though they have no idea like pretending that they have no clue that this promise has been fulfilled, that revelation is there, this sense of behind that what you know, Nevada to throw behind your back anyway, to add, what I've heard him is an added anger of a lot of
diligence. And in this now, we're actually about to enter into a new conversation in this in the surah, which is furthering a previous conversation. The previous conversation was they claimed that they believe Allah said, you can call a demon all you want, that's not demon. That's Cofer. That was a previous conversation, a new conversation will be they have knowledge, but there's knowledge. And then there's real knowledge. And there's actually you think, you know, and superficially, you know, but you know, in a way that actually penetrates into your heart. So you can use knowledge for both of them. But there is a difference between them. You know, how you say to you in bad English,
someone who knows, and someone who knows
that there's a difference between knowledge and knowledge. And that's going to be described. Now, God only knows they don't even know but here I'd like to highlight another concept that is of the rights of the Quran, that we need to take heed of from within this. This is the idea of throwing the book behind one's back, especially a group who knew our group who knew
our religion is actually like any other religion By the way, it's sociology is different is common to other religions. In other words, when a religion is along, it's ancient, like Islam, like Judaism, then a group, those who learn and teach the religion and are considered sacred people because they learn and teach their religion they develop a certain status in society, okay, and they become kind
of a society of their own, the Society of scholars and preachers and ministers and, you know, priests, etc, etc, their their own kind of society. And within that society, unfortunately, what happens over and over again is they break up into groups. So there's this group of scholars, and there's that group of scholars and that group of scholars, these ones subscribe to this school of thought that when that school of thought that when that school of thought, and oftentimes what happens, this is not even just Islam, this happens in Judaism, it happens in Christianity, it happens in Assam, you know, other faith traditions, each one of these groups takes a particular
scholar or two, from among the history of scholars and says, we look at it the entire religion in light of these scholars, they define for us what Islam should look like. And the others take some other heroic scholarly figures, and the others take some other heroic Islam, Islamic figures or scholarly figures. Okay. What's what's ironic is that these people that they attribute themselves to,
I don't have to mention any names. But those people that they attribute themselves to and say we follow them, those people are completely open minded.
So the people that they claim to follow strictly, themselves are totally open minded, and they're completely cool with all the other scholars from all the other groups.
But their followers become so hard lined, and debate and argue even the scholarly students of them. I'm not talking about the ignorant people. Imagine this, you have this, like the high sr, 100 year old scholar, and he's got students and those students have students, right. They're all students, the one at the top, most understanding, most wise, most appreciative, soft spoken, etc. As you trickle down, you get more and more hard lined.
You get people this is it. Wow, how are you not following our school?
If you don't follow our school, it's not even Islam. Well, uniform, most people, they're like, COVID
that's what happens. And when, when this happens, the only thing they study is how to convince someone to stay in our gang.
So my Islamic studies are not about serving Allah, or his messengers cause or the book of Allah. Now my Islamic studies are How can I make sure you agree with my version? And how can I make sure I completely deconstruct their version?
Use did this Christians did this, Muslims would never do this.
It happened or no?
Now what's, what's crazy? what's crazy is the book of Allah wants something.
And we want something else, the religious wants something else. The religious wants to defend their school, their version, their texts, their secondary texts.
And when someone says, Wait, we don't have to have these divisions. We can all emphasize the book of Allah, we can come back to the last book, and you will realize that the things that we're fighting about are not that big of a deal, because a lot didn't make them that big of a deal. It's okay, we can chill out.
What did they do with a large book?
Without even doing it physically? Number four equal minella Dina otoki, tabarka tavola HCA and the home. Ayana.
I have been in gatherings of knowledgeable people were all say the ayah says this.
Yeah, I know it says it but she said this is this is this this? This this this?
Yeah, but the is is this? Yeah, I know. But the fact was that.
Yeah. Okay. All right. Then I say and this scholar said this. Okay. Yeah, that makes sense.
Um, hold on a second.
When I quoted a scholar you like,
you were submitting our Atlanta.
When I cited the word of Allah, you said, well,
is that not chucking The Book of Allah behind your back?
You could say, well, we don't really understand the ayah. Okay, let's talk about the iron.
But I'm not even talking about ignorant people here. I'm talking about people who study religion who have that attitude towards Hold on. How is this any different from the people who came before us? Who did this with thoughts?
as though they don't even know their loyalties became to their school, to their seniors, to their peers, to their clergy, and their loyalty is no longer to the word of Allah.
So even in private gatherings, when they hear something about the Word of a line, they say, you know, privately, I must say, I agree with you. I know publicly. I call you a deep
and stuff. But I actually agree with you, like, so why don't you say anything? Because I know they'll kick me out of my school.
And they're gonna think I've lost myself, I lost the path to actually use a lot of your stuff in my whole buzz. But I don't tell anyone, it's yours because they'll get really upset, like, that's okay, keep going. So good.
You can call it No problem. There's no copyright indeed.
It's crazy to keep up with the clergy.
And this by the way, who pays the price for it? The price is not paid by the knowledgeable.
No price is paid by the public who this ends up losing their mind. They have nothing left. So you have well in Alina worries, we'll get our money back, Daimler Fisher came in Hungary. Those who inherited the book after them are just in doubt. They're just not even sure about Islamic self anymore. And they're in a kind of doubt. That's infectious Moody, it's muted, it just puts other people in doubt. You know, as I have a lot of times what time by the way. Six. Okay, I'm gonna take 10 more minutes to introduce the next idea because it's who has way too much stuff. And we're going to take the entire hour next hour on just this ayah in Sharla, which is the idea about magic, the
only IR really comprehensively dealing with the subject of magic in the Quran. The introduction to it itself takes a little while. So I'm going to do that first with you guys. And then inshallah we'll have time to get into the discussion itself and hopefully, I won't divert from the topic at all.
First of all, to understand this subject, some introductory comments on this subject you must understand Islam's view of magic by understanding a psalms view of angels and jinn. Okay, and you have to understand that in contrast with the Jewish and Christian beliefs about angels engine, which is very different, okay. And Islamic concept, angels are Alliance una llamada home,
Luna moon, Bobby Emily here alone. They they do, they are they do what they're told. They're they're innocent of sin. They can ask questions, but they are in complete obedience to Allah and they are creatures of light which means they are pure. They are pure. Okay. As opposed to that general also creatures of the unseen but they're made of smokeless fire. That Quran describes me managing minnaar certain sorts of Man will describe a holy mechanical gentleman marriage seminar. They are creatures that Among them there are Muslims. You know, wamena, doulas, Alec and Among them there are other than Muslims also. There are among those who follow among the jinn there are a huge many that follow
shaytan and they are considered his birria his offspring, his offshoot and his following. They're all considered not just Gen but also devils.
devils in Islam in the Quran. There are two kinds of devils. There are human devils and Jin devils Yeah, Tina MC. Well, Jen Quran uses that specifically, there are devils among human beings. And there are devils among Jin, devils among human being does not mean ghostwriter type, like he turns into flames. And that's not what that means. It means these people have lost all goodness, their hearts are completely sealed. And they've given themselves completely to the will of shape on. Those are devils among human beings. The same the same creatures on the jinn side that have the same kind of ilk of people on the jinn side that have submitted themselves to the willow shape on and handed
themselves over to him are the Shelton of the gym. Okay, so that's, that's the Islamic view of these two, and they are separated from each other. Unfortunately, they're not separated. In Jewish tradition, Jewish tradition went through a lot of changes. They were subdued by some pagan cultures in many different parts of their history. The Babylonians, the witch, or the Iraq is the ancient Iraqis. And you know, overtook them, the Assyrians overtook them. You may know they're Iranian Jews and Indian Jews, so they lived subservient to other larger societies, many of them pagan, and a lot of their pagan ideas came into the what was originally Islam and messed all kinds of things up. So
they even their story of creation got messed up to the point where it bleeds was actually an angel, who rebelled against God and then convinced other angels to also rebel against God. And then those angels that rebelled, they are fallen angels, also called demons. So the jinn are actually originally angels. This is not a song, this is their view. Right? And now there's a war against the angels that stay with God and the angels that stay with with him nice. This is actually the kind of mythology that is reinforced in movie after movie after movie in Hollywood. Right? And so you have for example, even like the matrix and stuff had a very, very strong Christian overtone, right?
I forget the machines name but the guy who keeps replicating he's a blease and he keeps on replicating Hmm. agents, Agent Smith or something. Yeah. That Sibelius is angry towards the human being wants to destroy him. And they tried to portray the other side is almost Jesus like figure resurrection from the dead and all of this stuff is just one example. But there's 100
have examples of this kind of mythological angels versus demons battle. That happens right now. That's if that wasn't bad enough.
They actually use the word angels for both of them.
Because to them, it's either still high up angels, holy angels, or fallen angels. So they'll actually use the word angels for good ones and bad ones. Now this creates all kinds of confusion. Okay, then on top of this problem, they'll come along and say that there are angels, who are they the Hebrew term is benign, Elohim, children of God, sons of God. Now, they don't mean literal sons of God, they mean like close to God, but the son of the sons of God came on earth, and had children with women, and basically became of the flesh and now are living on the earth. And they are Nephilim I think the name is I'll go through it when we get into the description. And so there are angels
that live that used to be angels, but now they're human beings, and they're actually rejected angels, and they're devils in human form. So there's some kind of transformation happening, some mutation happening between us to be Angel, and now is actually living human being. Those kinds of people live on the earth too. And if that wasn't bad enough,
then there's the book of watcher story, which I'll tell you the, like the my version of it. So instead of reading the text, because reading the text is painful, it's just painful. So I'll just tell you the version. They say that before the flood of newer edition,
the earth was filled with evil. This is called a book of watchers is attributed to Enoch. It's actually a very pre pre biblical text. It's used by still by some Jewish cults and traditions, mainstream Judaism, Judaism rejected it clearly. The Jews of Medina, we're using it because Quran comments on it. Okay. So this book of watchers, is basically a story that there was lots of evil on the earth. And there were some angels of God that said, we don't like to see, but we want to come down on the earth and judge people and bring justice, right? And so God says, fine, you can come and they come. And then gods, they say, well, we can't really judge people, because we don't have
temptations. Like we can't feel what they feel, give us temptations.
So God gives these angels what temptations The moment he gives them temptations, they start getting, they get started getting seduced by women drinking, adultery, fornication, gambling, sport, they start worshipping idols, they do all kinds of bad stuff. These angels who came to the earth to fix the world, become the worst of the worst. Then some woman realizes that these guys are angels. Her name is, interestingly enough ISIS.
She comes to them and says,
teach me teach me this the secret to ascend to the heavens.
And this day, she gets them drunk. Because they're angels, they can go back to heaven, right? So there, she teaches them the secret to go up into heaven. And they learn that secret. And she learned that secret and she uses it to ascend into heaven,
and turns into the star Venus.
That was awesome. But now that they gave her the secret, they can't use that power anymore. Because it only works once apparently.
So they became stuck on the earth. And they just keep looking at the sky. And they became what was called watchers. And that's why it's called the book of watchers. These are the angels who messed up and gave up the secret, and now are living on the earth and God then God punishes them. That's not done yet. Then God punishes these angels by hanging them upside down inside a well in Babylon.
in Babylon, ancient Iraq, and they're hanging upside down in this well, and people would come to them and say, Hey, tell us some magical stuff. Tell us some spells we can do. Tell us how I can make that woman that married woman. I want her to fall in love with me and leave her husband, can you give me something to do? And they will tell them the spells. And that's how people learn magic, and sorcery. And that's right. This is the book of watchers. It's pretty epic story. It's pretty pretty, like drastic story. And as I you know, in the few minutes that I have, I'm going to read some comments from my own notes here.
superstar. Actually Crone argues is that humanity, this was the common belief among Judaism that humanity is at the mercy of unfathomable forces of the universe, is also the key conviction behind late antique magic devoted to the control of such forces by manipulation of the angels. By the way, angels Jen, did they even make a distinction? No, because fallen angels did that. It was all one thing to them, in charge of them. So they've developed this idea that you can change your fate or make things better if you just tap into these right angels, fallen angels and let them teach you some magic or whatever. They additionally the Bible comments on this
I'll read some biblical commentary for you the worship idols. Though the Lord had said, You shall not do this. The Lord wanted Israel and Judah through all his prophets and seers turn from saying, turn from your evil ways, observe my commands and decrees, in accordance with the entire law that I commanded you, your ancestors to obey, and that I delivered to you through my servants and prophets servants the prophets, but they would not listen and were as stiff necked as their ancestors who did not trust their Lord their God. They rejected his decrees in the covenant he had made with their ancestors and the statues he had warned them to keep. They followed worthless idols, and themselves
became worthless, they imitated the nations around them, although the Lord had ordered them do not do as they do. Now, imitating the nations around them is important because they started taking practices from the Babylonians, the Indians, the you know, the Iranians, even the Zoroastrians, they took a bunch of stuff from them, they forsook all the commands of their Lord God, Lord their God and made for themselves to idols cast in the shape of calves, and then as an asherah pole at an airport, they bow down to all the starry hosts, and the worship band that is also mentioned in the Quran. They sacrifice their sons and daughters in the fire, they practice divination, and sought omens and
sold themselves to do evil in the eyes of the Lord, arousing his angle. Now some phrases here I want you to remember, they sold themselves to evil. They sought divination and omens
and arouse Allah's anger. These phrases that are going to come these are deep inside the Bible, Second Kings, right, this is 12, I think 12 to 17 or chapter 1712 to 17. This phrasing is going to get echoed in the Quran.
And Allah will remind them what they have in their book, and echoed in the Quran. But before we get to the Quran, you have to know that Jewish tradition from the very beginning was against magic because the greatest enemies of most our who
were unlucky mafia MiniK, talcott masano in the masana, okay, decide whether
you throw what you have in your hand, it's gonna swallow whatever they came up with, because whatever they came up with is the scheme of a magician and the magician will not succeed wherever he goes, by the way, said in Arabic is also used for coda deception. The word for magic is also used synonymously for what? deception, which is I'm giving myself away here, but it's an indication that Allah doesn't teach it. Because the law does not teach what deception. It's not a divine thing. Now, the biblical account is as follows. Before we get into the after, understand this background a little bit before we really dive deep into the IRA.
What happens is in the kingdom of Solomon and his salam, Allah gave him unique miracles, Allah gave him the ability to control even the jinn. And he given the ability to speak with birds, and, you know, horses, and he had a romantic attire here, he could speak with the birds, and you have even in the account that he can hear the ants, you know, so you have this these unusual ability is given to a man or a salon. And he had control even over the gym that follows a pattern he had imprison them to, and forced them to do labor also. So he alive given them this unusual ability that had never been given before him.
People in the time of Solomon and he said, we're not the best of Muslims, they were Muslims, not the best of Muslims. So when they see Salima Allison, with all this incredible, miraculous power, they think of it not as a divine miracle, they think of it as What magic. They think of it as magic. And if it's magic, then we can learn it too. Right? If he has all this power by learning magic, we should be able to learn magic, too. So they went to sorcerer's shayateen you know, wherever they could go to learn basically what he's got.
The jinn took advantage of this, of course, the jinn through their human friends, the Shelton of the human beings said, Yeah, I can teach you magic. I know exactly what they do. He does. And I'll tell you what he does. And so they start teaching them magic and the occult practices develop. There's actually an entire cabal tradition of Judaism, which is a black magic. It's centuries upon centuries old, right? What's crazy about it is a lot of their spells and their chants and their divinations and their omens that they make. Whenever they do when they do this stuff. they invoke the name of Solomon.
Why? Because they're basically in one way or the other saying, Give me
the power that Solomon has. I want that power. So they and this, they basically think that Sullivan was the greatest of all magicians, and therefore we want to have a piece of that action, essentially. Okay, so this practice
continued for centuries upon centuries upon centuries in Judaism. And it's a tragedy of Judaism that it continued because, you know, why was it a problem? It was a problem for number one, they thought they were learning it from angels, but they were actually learning it from who from should have been, they stopped figuring out how to draw the line between those two. So they couldn't even you know, understand that a second was, because you're desperate to learn magic, you learn it, Shelton will take you any Shelton's goal is not to teach you magic. Shelton's goal is to get you away from the teachings of prophets take to get you away from guidance. So the shadow theme take them to the
cult practices of the Babylonians, and the Assyrians, and the shape that was being done by the Canaanites like the worship of the calf. And the By the way, the worship of a cow is even found in what tradition, Hindu tradition, right. And so that gets reinforced over there. And they start taking some of their mythologies and mixing all of it in with their own. You know, and so I'll share something with you just about the the pagan version. This is the pagan version. It's, I think, found in Jewish mythology or non Jewish and Persian mythology, a treatise called ISIS, the prophet is to her son or as I was telling you about ISIS who seduced them. This is actually not even from Jewish
accounts. She's the one who actually seduces them and gets them to teach them. alchemy, and medicine. And then, Iranian magic This is the crazy part. It is often noted that how route and marut resembles the names of Zoroastrian archangels, how vahdat and Amrita. That's actually from Iranian mythology that they had these angels that teach magic
are on uses instead of habitat. And Allah tell us how Rutan modeled which is telling you that these names came from other mythologies. Now I need you to at least know something about the fact that these and by the way, even in Iraqi mythology, Babylonian mythology, it's it's found, they invoke the names of the username hubitat, and Amrita and our thought and our thought similar similar pronunciations. They use them in Iraqi pagan traditions, Babylonian pagan traditions, this is important to note because the Jews lived under Babylonian rule. And they got influenced by it. You know, today you see an example of this. You have in, for example, in Ghana, after the Second World
War, a lot of Indians were the British sent a lot of Indians to Ghana, to fight on their behalf and to join the military, right. So these Indians included Sikhs, Muslims, and Hindus that are Indian, and they got cut off from the mainland, and a lot of them didn't know much religion. And they basically ended up kind of getting mixed in with each other. So you have Muslims that have Hindu practices, some of them and Hindus are Muslim practices, like Hindus that go to gamble and take a frame ayatul kursi with them
for good luck, like it's crazy, but that's that's religion start getting mixed with each other. Right? So that's what happened, even in the Jewish tradition, right. So this is important to note before we get into this ayah because this is going to be a commentary on that entire history. And allowing the single ayah will comment decisively and how to think about that entire mess that had already taken place. last comment about this Actually, no, let's leave that aside. How is this idea connected to the previous subject, I'll deal with that inshallah when we come back after Salah. So let's pray.
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