Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
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rubbish actually sorry we are silly everyone looked at me lasagna colleague Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah. Earlier he was right about everyone said Mr. likoma Autolite Allah Ricardo. Today we're going to talk about Surah Al Assad fatso number 37 of the Quran. Here again, Allah is going to tell us about Ibrahim alayhi salam and before I get into the subject matter, an important consideration for myself and for all of you, that will really help you appreciate the way Allah tells stories. I've talked to you before about the fact that Allah has broken up the story and repeated the story of the same incident multiple times in the Quran, right? But one of the
indications that Allah gives us of his approach to telling the story is actually inside the word casa, you know, nothing. Also I like XML parsers. For example, the word Casa in Arabic or pizza is actually used, or cosas is used for storing. Okay, but and all the speakers are familiar to soccer, honey, right. So besides it came from Arabic to other languages to having the same meaning. But actually, in the original Arabic language, the word pizza also means to take a step to follow step by step, or to take one step at a time. And the idea is the story. Obviously, the story has a beginning, middle and end. And some of you that Alhamdulillah or stockfeed, Allah watch TV shows,
and somebody's somebody else has already watched the season finale, you don't want to talk to them until you've seen it yourself, because you don't want them to spoil the story for you. Right? Spoiler alert, right? The whole idea is, you want to enjoy the step by step journey before you get to the conclusion. Right, the conclusion is going to ruin it, you don't want to just get to the conclusion, you actually want to go through the entire journey. So the the idea of a story is to actually take you step by step by step into a into an account. So what Allah does, often in the Quran, is he will mention specific steps and he'll skip deliberately skip certain steps. So he's
actually directing where he wants my mind to go, he wants me to go to this incident that he wants me to go here that he wants me to go here. He's building a train of thought that's not necessarily based on chronology. So actually, the subject that I want to be talking to you about that, chronologically speaking, is the story of the sacrifice, the famous story of the sacrifice that's also mentioned in the Bible. You know, Abraham having to sacrifice his son, and then the story that's been echoed in the Quran with very distinct important differences. That's the story we want to talk about. And I could get to that part of the story and sort of sulfide, but I'm deliberately
not going to because Allah didn't start there. Allah started by telling the story of Ibrahim Ali Salam over again, from some of the things we've heard before. Right? And then from there, he transitioned over to the story of the sacrifice. So what is Allah doing? Allah is stitching together two separate episodes of his life. Right, and he's teaching them in a very particular way, the wording and every, every place in Quran, Allah uses very specific kinds of wording. So we have to pay attention to the wording he's using a subtle, sort of soft fat. Before we get to the point that we're interested in, we have to surrender our curiosity to the sequence that Allah has dictated.
Right? So instead of me just going to the point that I'm interested in, I want to see how is it that Allah wants me to think about this? Because that gives me real insight into what am I supposed to be getting out of this particular passage, or this particular story? So we're gonna take it from the top, we're in them and share it he'll Ebrahim after telling the story of new Hello, hey Salamandre, actually, in so to Salford first Adam Alayhis Salam, the new holiday Salam, then Ibrahim Elisa, these three prophets, okay, really interesting, are the Malays around the first the father to mankind, new holy Salam, the restart of humanity in a sense, again, a father to mankind, and then
Ibrahim La Silla, who is considered we are the following the religion of our father. So in a sense, three fathers are being mentioned in sequence them the new and then Ibrahim Alayhi Salatu was Salam. That's also interesting that Naja Allahu Minella mineral Hark, right, Allah rescue the new holy salam from drowning, when Niger Ibraheem Alehissalaam middle middle Herc, and he rescued Ibrahim Ali salam from the fire, right so two different kinds of rescues are going to be talked about one on the other one on one extreme, the other on the other extreme
All right. So now what you're another so after afternoon, Elisa Mala says we're in them and she it he like Ibrahim, and no doubt about it belonging to his very group, his very faction she, it he, she is used for a group that you have affiliation with that you consider yourself tightly bound with that you have loyalties to that you are connected to That's actually called a Shiite affiliate a strong affiliation, okay? And it's used multiple times in the Quran in a positive sense. The word gets different connotations and Islamic history and a group can call themselves that and other groups because they are working against the Shiite etc, etc. That's not the Quranic terminology. You
have to keep Quran vocabulary separate from what happens in history that happens after the Quran, right? So you can't allow post Quranic history to taint the words that are that are used in the Quran, the Quran is vocabulary is free from that the same way I argue the word of Allah ma, in Muslim tradition, we use the word Allah mouth for a certain group of people, right? These people have studied in seminaries, they've gotten the jazz out and maybe in Hadith and faith in Sharia in the Islamic sciences, and they get to a certain point, and then we consider them Ireland, right there Ireland. But when the Quran was using the word of Allah, Ma, none of this existed, none of
these justice systems existed, none of the seminaries existed, right. So when the Quran is using that word, you cannot superimpose the meanings that came a few centuries later and say, Oh, the Quran is talking about Islamic scholars here. No, it's not talking about Islamic scholars, because it's talking about Allah, Allah ma, at the time when it was revealed, right. And at the time, it was revealed, the majority of the people didn't even know how to read and write. And yet it was using the word Allah Adama. Right. So we have to you can't go, you know, a chronologically go later on in history and then superimpose definitions backwards. That's not being original to the book of Allah.
So the word share, it has to do with being part of a group that you are loyal to. And Allah says that Ibrahim alayhi salam is from the shear of new headaches,
that they are generations apart, and yet they belong to the same group and they have loyalty to the same cause, as if they are members of the same as if they're alive at the same time, even though they're, they're generations apart from each other. On a side note, I thought this little passage from Ignatian was beneficial and understanding the early chronology of prophets after Ibrahim Ali salaam, the chronology of prophets is easy, right? So Ibrahim alayhi salam has Harken or a smile in his heart and then from the lineage of smile Allison, we eventually get to Allah sorry, Salaam and then from his heart, you get Jacobian Jacobi you get use of and use of lineage as the prophets of
the Israelites. That's the easy part. What's happening before Ibrahim Alayhi Salam. So I'm going to read a little bit of this to you because I thought it was helpful. Well, John Abraham I mentioned it new Henley and the new Han Khadija Atro sunnah Allah dini. Here Kabbalah Ibrahim. So Allah considers him part of the Xiang new Hyundai CERAM because these are the messengers that came before Ibraheem Alehissalaam but they were following the same religion, men whom who don't Vasarely and among those who came before Ibrahim, were hood and salah. Now there are four Arab prophets just on a side note there for Arab prophets who solid shape and Muhammad salallahu Alaihe Salam, I'll say that again,
hood, solid shape, or hammer those are the four error prophets, but two of them are before Ibrahim, which to hood and Salah Holden Saleh are gonna be before houden wa sallam configured Ghana Kubla Ibrahim because both of them were before Ibrahim Ali Salam, the Quran Zacchara who Marina Marina RP Vedic renew because the Quran mentioned those two multiple times before talking about Noah All right after talking about Nora so he says no more than Houde then Salah
what Kubla decree loot and he mentioned them before mentioning loot. So now this is what the Quran does. So the Quran will say no, then who would then solid then loot. Now why is that important? Because loot is leaving at the same time as Ibrahim are they set up so that would mean that who then solid are before you understand.
So a couple of Luton wa cerebra him the one that lived at the same age as Ibrahim, when he called me who didn't call me he and when who dallisa spoke to his people he said he was going with Jaga Kampala I remember they call me know
who they are speaking to His people and says, Remember that Allah made you inherit the earth or it left you behind after the people of newer so who is saying you people were left behind by Allah afternoon after the people of North so he's actually tying his chronology as the next Prophet after know how they Salam Okay, well, he only Salah is Guru, what Guru is yada can qualify. I remember the ad. And Saleh Ali Salam says to his people, you should remember that Allah
left you behind after the nation of odd because our this will hood right will you call our coalition right and then the third area profitable sure i right but he's not in the sequence why yeah Comilla gerrymander comerciais party and you'll see back on Miss Luma Asaba call me know when I will call me who then Oh call me solid him Well Mr. Comey Lou Well Mr. Comey Luton men can be buried Okay? Chevrolet Salam says Don't let my hatred your hatred of Me make you do stuff the kind of things that the nation have nor did the nation have who did the nation of solid did and loot wasn't that far behind meaning loot more recent in your history. So now we're getting a little bit better picture of
a sequence we're getting new Hello salaam followed by who Dallas salaam powered by solid solid Hello salaam followed by Ibrahim and Luke together. Right? And then soon after them should I balance this a little bit after them is driverless. So that was interesting way of you know the Quran. Instead of having to give us an entire chapter on the sequence of profits by the wordings of the prophets. We can decipher what the chronology of the prophets was. So that's one thing that it's really important that Allah considers Ibrahim Allyssa himself a continuation and part of the group that starts off with new holiday Salam wa minchie it he let Ebrahim right other other scholars actually considered
that the word chi it he the heart of the mu the pronoun and this word it goes back to the Sula so Salam that he that from the from the Shia of resource Isola was also Ibrahim but the first meaning is more dominant because the noun was mentioned. Then Allah says if Jara bajo vehicle when selling when Ibrahim was when was he from the from the loyalties the loyal group to editor no hallelujah Saddam when he came before his Rob with a sound heart I talked to you about the sound heart before but interestingly here Allah did not say not say man, Rahim his own words were Illa men at Allah hubby had been Salim atta was used here Allah says Allah wa if Jah Raba who because he didn't say
Uttara who were convinced Salim Arabic is really incredible in this attire in Arabic means to come. So at eight I came and Jah also means to come. So j two I came. But it's in a binary sense Jah is used for a longer distance. So if somebody came going through more hardship, because they had a longer journey, than attire is not the right word for them. What is Gize Now it's interesting that when judgment day comes, you will think that's going to be the hardest journey. But Allah uses atta for the Day of Judgment, yo my lion, feral nylon while by noon 11. At Allah be convincingly the one who comes to Allah with a sound heart with a healthy heart. Allah is telling us that for some people
on Judgement Day that have a good heart, that journey on Judgement Day that is difficult for everyone else has been made unusually easy for them. Allah has gone out of his way to create ease on judgment day for those who come with him. To him with a sound heart the most valuable asset on Judgment Day. Nothing else is actually a worthy asset. Everything else is worthless. That's the only thing that counts for anything. Then in this life, Allah is acknowledging that bringing a sound heart to Allah in this life is not an easy task.
Like surrendering to Allah in my limbs, meaning I say Allahu Akbar, I stand in front of Allah, if my body goes in record, my body goes in sujood that's the easy part, my heart to be in such that my heart to be in Roku, my heart to be with every word of Allah, my feelings to surrender to what Allah wants, my wants, my desires, my fears, my anxieties, my entire internal being surrendering to Allah, like my outside body surrendering to Allah like that, compared to that fasting is way easier. Fasting is just my stomach is surrendering to Allah, my throat is surrendering to Allah. My temptation is soaring, that's that's the only thing that's threatening to Allah. But man in that
time, is my entire psyche, my entire personality, everything that goes on in my chest surrendering to Allah. No, the heart may still have anxiety while you're fasting. The it may still have jealousy, it may still have anger, it still may have fears it may have all of those things. So that's a much more difficult journey. And Allah azza wa jal acknowledges that longer tougher journey with one simple word. Jah is Jah Raba who because when Selim he came before his job with a sound heart and that's no easy task, the fact that it's no easy task captured inside the word job. So what is the word Salim we talked about it before but I'm going to add some things so far to Moshe, Battlemage,
Taka Mina salaam, well hello salmonella, well, adware that actually it's an adjective and it comes from the word Salama, which means safety and soundness and being healthy, and it means to be free of all diseases and ailments. So from it the inter
Higher tradition in Islamic sciences of collecting diseases of the heart comes like all of that that is talked about when we studied diseases of the heart is all so that we can purify them and have gulp Salim. Actually that becomes the objective McEnery Luna will tell you Allah mackerel, Iraqi will o'clock. Arabs ancient Arabs use the word use the word oil for essentially one fundamental thing, which is, which is they used to use it as the place where all of our manners come from, and all of our awareness comes from. So let's take a note of those two words manners and awareness. Right? So the ancient Arabs associated the heart, a good heart with good manners and a good good
level of awareness, sense of awareness. So when someone doesn't have good manners, and this is someone who's not not fully aware, or doesn't act in ways and think in ways that are fully aware, then their heart is not in a good place. For Kojima our code will be helping Salim Javed Gemma Swami camellia Neff, see what we're here Masahiro abasolo Mohamed El Armelle. By using the word culturally with no as you said something beautiful so I decided to share with you even our show saying by using the words called Salim, Allah has collected all the most beautiful qualities and all the best kinds of deeds that you can do to make your heart more sound. In one phrase, he comes before Allah with a
sound heart means when somebody needs help from him. He doesn't assume the worst of them. He doesn't make assumptions about people. He you know, he helps whenever he can. He doesn't hold grudges inside of him. He cares about other like anything that can bring negativity or darkness into his art. He gets rid of it. He just gets rid of it. And that's what makes gives him a cup Saleem. So all the best qualities I can have as a person. And all the ways I can shave off negativity from around me is actually what's giving me a cup Salim. And so this is the introduction, reintroduction to Ibrahim Ali Salam again. But now he's going to start talking about the conflict he had with his people
again. And that's we're going to go enter that conversation again, but from a very different point of view, than the points of view we've seen before. And from there, he's going to take us into the sacrifice story. My objective over the next couple of days will also be to share with you how the Bible is different from the Quran in the story. And so some of those differences are really, really important. Because you know, you have Christian friends, family, neighbors, etc. They might want to talk to you about oh, yeah, you believe in Abraham, we believe in Abraham too. Yeah, we've had a different Abraham, or ours is a little bit different, a lot a bit different. Because so many of
those small, what you might consider small details completely create a different depiction of what kind of person he was, and what actually transpired and how are we to see even the children of Ibrahim Ali Salam. So we'll continue that conversation inshallah. Allah tomorrow BarakAllahu li Walakum Philippa annual Hakim, one of our Annual er COVID IoT particular Kim, I'm gonna give you fair warning tomorrow, because I there's longer discussions. So what I'm going to do tomorrow and probably next few days, is I'm going to start at nine o'clock sharp. So even if nobody's here, I'm going to start at nine and go until 940 or so because I need 40 minutes or so for the coming