Dream BIG Arabic Intensive – Day 3
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Series: Nouman Ali Khan - Dream BIG Arabic Intensive
File Size: 164.66MB
Episode Transcript ©
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Question. Okay, and there's three of them. Tone thin, thin now see these three combinations in their light version?
Two, tea, tea. Okay, so now if I come back here and I read Are ya tea? Do you hear the tea? Wouldn't that make it a combination? That's why
right it is a single word and that word is your tone.
Your tone and when you make it too you make it your attorney
and when you make it plural you make it what? Yeah tone.
But if you see IR two and you can't say but the word IR is singular, yes it is. That's an adorable version. It's just not the word we're looking at right now. Okay
How many did I do three Okay two more
Oh, I like this one.
My first question is what always you tell me my first question.
Thank you there's only two and
D so this is actually sound which is what status
let me pick a hard one
because why would I make life easy for you
all of them are suited. Thank Allah
Okay, we'll go. We'll go easy
it says Roger, man. That's right, Roger men.
Okay, the meme symbol is just because it's connecting to the bar afterwards. But it's a blood human. What you got?
how many nozzle?
One nozzle, one nozzle. Okay.
I'm going to write some things on the screen, you make sure that you understand everything that I'm writing down. I just need to make sure that you know, how many kinds of words are there.
Okay, that's an Arabic colon.
Three, stop it.
Computer. Why isn't it going back to Okay, three kinds of words which are some fail
of ism. Anybody? Status number.
For lessons of status one.
Forms of status which are
refer Nasim job, okay, how to tell status?
Sounds, combos, pronouns, pronouns or rebels. Remember?
That's the second lesson. Okay. Third
are pronouns. We haven't done them yet. But I just said pronouns are crazy. I'll teach you later.
Huh, light versus?
We covered that already. How many reasons are there in Arabic for a word to be light? We don't know them, but we know they're for. Okay. And last one.
Flexibility, which is how many flexibilities fully non and complicated. Partly which is the one I care about. Oh, and.
Right. This is a summary with something's missing. But this is an overall summary of everything we took two days to do. And how to apply. This is where we are right now. Which means status is complete. Okay.
we're going to start doing number.
In English, they're singular, and there's what?
No singular and there's plural.
Arabic is crazy.
There's singular, obviously, there's also pair. Okay, then there is masculine plural, then there's feminine plural.
Then there is human broken plural. Then there's non human, broken, plural. And then there's plural because
the Arabs said so.
The Arabs are really into their plurals when we're studying number. We're basically studying plurals.
The whole study of number is just a study of what? plurals and there are five kinds of plurals pair you already know what's pair, Annie? Aney Aney. Singular you already know on an N. You already know.
The masculine plural. You already know what's the masculine plural. Una inner, inner. Okay, this is getting easy. We already know that much. The feminine rural guess what do you already know? Yes. Tune in Artin. What are we not know?
We don't know human broken pearl. We don't know non human broken plural. And we don't know plural because the Arabs said so. Okay. I'm going to start with a couple of things about the masculine and the feminine plurals which we already did. I want you to go back to page six. And I want you to write something there for me. That's the
Best Place to write it Page Six
and you're writing it in for the plural column this this column right here only the plural the masculine plural una ina Ina.
Una ina INA is used
is used for people or intelligent beings
people or intelligent beings
so it doesn't include your best friend
we're gonna INA is used for people or intelligent beings now what are the intelligent beings in Islamic literature?
Angels will be guna ina Ina. Okay. Gents will also be guna in a nutshell cows guna tuna tuna no doesn't matter how smart your cow is. We they got beef they're not going to give guna in a nutshell cow chicken
no books, chairs tables.
So this is only for intelligent beings by the way sometimes Allah uses the plural for himself as a show of royalty. So you might even find it for Allah himself in the Quran owner in a you know you might find it for Allah also for for example, and Tom does Aruna who I'm not nozari Runa Allah says about himself. Zadie una una but that's a show of Allah's royalty. Okay. So we're gonna enter in is only used for what intelligent beings Yes. The other thing you should note here is includes males and females includes males and females. In English when I say the students arrived, the students arrived.
Does that include males and females? Yeah, it's like that.
It's not because the word students is purposely masculine or purposely feminine. It's the standard human plural. The standard is una Ina. So it includes automatically includes females, okay.
Now let's take some notes on tone, tin and atan
used for humans
meaning use for women
and used for
non human words also.
non human words also.
For example, what's the word for skies?
Some turn some words in some are worth and is that a human word or non human word. But you can see out on it nothing on it. Or IR turn IR in IR tin. Baraka tone Baraka in Baraka in the Yerba tone the Yerba thing for you, but in Rahama tone Rahama tin or Hamerton what are these words? Are they human or not? They're just either their ideas or, you know, places like that. So, those kinds of places, or those kinds of ideas can also be out on automatic. So it's not always the moment you see automatic data and you should automatically not go to Oh, this must be people. Could be could be women, but could be other things too. Okay.
So that's and the other thing is, what did ona include?
What did guna include?
Yeah, this one is exclusively feminine.
You have to make sure you know that the feminine is exclusively feminine. I saw a hand I didn't pick Yes.
No, the pairs are not a problem appears you can use for anything. The singular you can use for anything. There's no limitations on the singular. And there's no limitations on the pair when there are restrictions. They're only on the plural. So for humans, these are the plurals for and there are others but if you see these there has to be humans. And if you see out on Earth and it could be humans it could be somebody else. But to Masjid masjid and the two people mostly Mani Raju, Lani, Mr. Attorney, etc, etc. Okay.
So we don't care about the singular and the pair because they're open anything. Anything's possible. Okay.
All right. So that's we're done with these two masculine plural and feminine plural are done.
Let me let me start marking off what's done singular is done. Pairs done. We already did that couple first couple
Today's what's left.
Human broken plural, non human broken plural and plural because the Arabs said so I'm gonna get rid of plural because the Arab said so I'll help you with this first.
write down these three words.
current for you. That's good enough. Three words NAS comb. Karan
in Arabic NAS own garden
NAS calm calm.
Nas means people.
Nas means people go home means nation
can also mean group. Calm can be mean nation it can also mean Group.
Group and garden can mean generation
that the team
the team is good. Is that good English? The team is good.
That's good English. You know what else is good English? The team are good.
The team is good is okay. And the team are good is also okay. Actually it is. It's actually okay.
The military is powerful, and the military are powerful are both correct English. They're both correct English.
Some words in English we call them collective nouns. Group class, okay, the class is active, the class are late.
Both Correct. Technically, one gets more used than the other so we get more used to it. But the idea is actually if a noun has the meaning of many in it a collective noun, then you can use it in the singular or you can use it in the plural. There are a handful of collective nouns that you will find in the Quran. When they're used. They're used as plurals, even though the translation may be a nation, a nation is one nation, right?
But you might find a nation being talked about in the Quran as if it is plural. And that's not because there are many nations is because there are many people in the nation. You understand? So the same thing with generation the Generation is one generation, but it's made up of what many people so these these are the kinds of words and these are three Quran words that you might find our plural and the answer why are they plural? What did I explain it as? Because the Arabs had so little because the Arab said so. Okay, that's most of our job is done with Number The only two things are left what are they?
Human broken plural and non human broken parole, I will give you a warning. Now I got the easy stuff out of the way. And before Maghrib, I need to make sure this agenda is done. This engender, we can do it. But I need you guys to just accept something. I need you to accept something. In every language. Some things are crazy.
It's just how it is. Every language has some things that are weird.
And you just have to what?
Accept it. You can't. Why are you Why do people do that? Why? No, no, you just have to what? This is going to be one of those things. Would you say? Why? Just accept it. Okay, just accept it. And just help you understand this. I shall tell you a story I've been telling for 20 years.
macro economics class back when I was in college in 1875. And our professor was a PhD exchange student from China.
And he had a very thick accent.
And we had no idea what he's saying. The class was 300 students in the auditorium. He's lecturing for an hour and a half. Some of the best sleep of my life. The midterm was coming. Two days from then and the entire class signed a petition to delay the midterm because we just don't understand our professor. We cannot understand his English. We use that as an excuse to see if we can get the department to delay the midterm. Okay, Professor Wang came the next day to class and you put up instead of his usual PowerPoint about
widgets and supply and demand he put up a PowerPoint that said Professor Wang's list of complaints against English
so he says you complain about my language I complain about your language
so he said it your language makes no sense to me. You people park on a driveway
and you drive on a parkway
and he says the plural of goose, the plural of goose is geese. But the plural of moose is not nice.
And the plural of tooth
was the plural of tooth teeth, but the plural of booth
is not beef.
Speak in the sense
okay. So he had a point.
There are you know, okay, the what's the plural of booth by the way?
booths. So, if somebody learned Oh, English is easy, if you want to make something plural just put an S and he goes to the dentist and says my tooth is hurting
you know, if I say for example,
car Turo cars, child giants
This law English language the English language and moose of course and what what was it? Miss? Right? No? Okay. Okay. How about this one?
you know, and somebody has Why did you? Why couldn't you do mouse's? What did you have to do my son you say listen, this is our language. It's mice get used to it. This is our thing. We do it. Okay, so this happens in English yes or no? Okay. Now, let me tell you the difference between
mice. I'm going to compare mice and houses and I want you to understand something
that will build our knowledge of the Arabic concept. So let me erase the others. Okay. The plural of mouse's mice and the plural of houses, houses, okay. In one of them, I kept the spelling of the singular, and I didn't break the spelling.
I only added to it but I kept the word intact. Which one?
When I said mice, though, did I break the original word? I broke it. I didn't say mouse's I said mice I kept some sounds. But I basically broke the word. When you make a plural and you break the singular. That's called a broken plural.
When you make a singular when you make a plural and it doesn't look like the singular anymore it broke. That would be a broken plural. Oh let's try this on the Arabic saya you have Muslim one?
Yeah, Muslim one. And then you have mostly Munna
is the word Muslim still there? And then we added to it.
It's still there, isn't it? You know what that means? That mostly Munna is not? A broken thorough? Mostly Munna is not a broken plural. Here's another way you can test if something is a broken plural or not. Imagine I have a recording of the word Muslim Munna. I just have a once somebody sent you a whatsapp voice note and it says what? Muslim Munna? Is there a point in that recording where you can pause it and cut the rest and you still have the word Muslim there? Yes, that's not a broken plural. Because the word is still there. You can still hear the original word you with me? Okay, now watch this. Are
you familiar with this word?
Okay. The plural of Masjid in Arabic is massage it
the plural of Masjid is what? Massage if you heard massage it before. I love when some of these kids speak like Arabic English. They're like I love the massage. It's
like it's already plural, bro. You don't need you don't need the extra s
or I love these Palamas automize already plural. You don't need the estimator plural.
Anyway, so masjid, singular massager plural. If I sent you a voice note with the word massage it could you cut it at some point and leave the rest and you still have the original word Masjid left or no? No, I broke something in the middle. I broke something
In the middle, okay, so this will this must be a broken plural okay. Now what about this kita boon. Kitab means Book Kitab means Book cuttlebone is the plural. Good to one is the plural of Kitab. Is that a broken plural or irregular plural?
This is like mouse and mice. This is like mouse and mice, isn't it? Okay, let's try another one
or soon, messenger. What's the plural of Rasul? Russolo in messengers?
What do you think? Broken or regular?
is broken? Because the original word did not start with RU. It started with raw even if I break it a little bit is broken. I need the exact original word or it's broken. You with me? Okay, what about this?
broken or not?
No, it's not a it's not a broken plural. Why not?
Because if you had a voice note of rasuu Luna, you would still hear what Rasool paws una, you would hear it so this is not broken. Do you understand what the difference is between broken and non broken? Okay, so now, the chart that we learned was regular plurals. What the chart does not cover is what? Broken plurals okay. Now broken plurals. You should know a few things about them about about broken plurals
about Yeah, of course.
Both and I'll explain is the plural for azul, Rasool or is the plural for Rasul or Soluna. Both are correct. plurals. Arabic allows you to have multiple plurals. It's pretty cool. What they each mean something special, which is even cooler. Now, what does that mean? That tells me right now, no, I shall not tell you. I shall make you thirst for this knowledge and feel the pain of not knowing. And then I shall tell you later. Okay. Okay. About BPS BP is not British Petroleum. I'm not referring to a gas station. I'm saying broken plurals, one. You can't predict what they're going to be.
You I mean, I can't You can't.
Just like some foreigner could not predict that mouse was going to be my some some English speaking person at the hands. It's not mouse's. As mice, bro. Somebody couldn't have predicted the tooth was going to be teeth. They would have guessed wrongly that it's going to be tooth and somebody who speaks English would have had to tell them and oh, by the way, this one's teeth. Okay. So you can't predict what they're going to be. You know what that means? That means your vocabulary work is cut out for you.
Because whenever there's a word and it has a broken plural, you're gonna have to learn that word. And you're going to have to learn it's broken plural to.
Here's the good news though.
Most words have broken plurals.
Wait, that's not good news.
Most words have what? Broke up plurals which means when you know a word in Arabic, chances are that it's plural is what? Broken? Yes, lots and lots of words have una and ina Of course, output an art in the regular endings. But lots of them if not most have broken pearls. Okay.
So this is a problem not of grammar, but of what vocabulary that's my second observation. Here's my third most important observation
meaning without knowing what it means.
They look singular. Because they don't have combination.
Right rather they have what ending what
and exams. Now when I learned mostly more than Muslim and Muslim in
ending sounds ending sounds go in which column?
No, they don't go the they're going to singular column. But now we know when you see an ending sound. It could be singular. It could also be a broken plural not just any plural, it has to be a broken floor broken plurals also have ending sounds.
So let me show you an example. Kita bone let me make them bigger. Hold on.
Give me the reference of jar of kita Boon
kita Boon kita Ibn Kitab
In the PIR is guitar, Bernie. Guitar, Bernie guitar benei guitar beanie, there's no such thing as a broken pair that only happens in real life not in grammar. Okay? So there's no broken pair pairs appears on the ad always. But when it comes to the plural what happens?
Go to bone. Go to Ben and kootu.
Ben, go to one go to bang go to the endings look exactly like which column.
The first column, the singular column. So when you look at it, you're like, oh, this word is singular. No, no, no. The only way you could tell it's not singular. What's the secret? Vocabulary. Without vocabulary, it looks to you like it's what?
It's singular. But with vocabulary Oh, now I know the difference between Kitab goon and cuttlebone. So let's take another example of this. What if I had
that one? So what's the difference of Jarrah one messenger Rosu, loon. Rasulullah and Rasul in okay, how do you say to messengers, or Sue Lani or Sue Laney Rasool Laney, there is no variations in the pears, pears or pears that always work. When you get to the plural What do you get?
What are also known refer Rusu LAN and Rusu. Lin. So on and so again, again.
Okay, so again, how are we going to solve this problem only by learning what vocabulary now, I'm not going to teach you I'll teach you what the vocabulary in this class, what I call critical vocabulary, there's vocabulary that happens on every page of the Quran, I will teach you that vocabulary. In fact, there's guna and Ina and on and in and out in does that happen on every page of the Quran? Yeah, every page, every page have ending sounds and nd every million combinations. Totally. So you're already learning some vocabulary. Yesterday you learned who I forget the rest.
Well, who am
I, as if I don't see this, the awkward smiles of silence from some of you. Some of you like who are home, home you're trying. Other ones are like
this is one of those really bad shoddy photos you take.
Who Oh my home here home Ahana and and toma and Tom, auntie and toma and tuna and nothing will come back to that. But I will teach you vocab in this course we only have 10 days. So I'm going to teach you critical vocab. On a side note, I have a question. You know, I like to think of myself as a fairly patient teacher. But there's also a like a, there's a mother in law that resides inside of me.
The mother in law in me is highly sarcastic. And you know,
hi passive aggressive, you know, insults you without insulting you. You know, mother in law, not mine mines. Great. Okay, but
she's watching right now. Hey, hey, okay.
So somebody asked, after these 10 days, I will know all of the Arabic
reminded me of a situation I was sitting having my food quietly at a restaurant. And some guy came down and sat on my table. See you on YouTube. I was like, Oh, that allows you to sit on this table, please have a seat.
He says if I do your Arabic program, can you guarantee me that I will know Arabic.
And now I was in the middle of my I was like,
let's talk about this.
I'm not selling you laundry detergent that guarantees to get the stains out.
When you go sign up at the university to do accounting or medical school, do you go to the dean of the University and say if I do this medical program, do you guarantee I will become a doctor.
Do you do that with any education you go and say you better guarantee that if I do this, I will get
learning is the teacher giving you a path and you doing 90% of the work which is what following the path for that attitude?
prohibits your latitude.
look, a student has a certain attitude. A customer has a different attitude. If you have a customer attitude, go to Walmart.
Okay, and there are by the way, there's plenty of Walmart versions of Arabic programs.
Do this for 10 days and you will know 90% of the Quran you're like yeah, sign up now.
There are programs that's great. That's cute. So adorable. And what I like to call misplaced confidence even if you learn that stuff and you start feeling like you know Does that mean you know
you know I was teaching an advanced course in the morning and one of the students made a small mistake the Arabic said Yahoo and she said she read you have for Yahoo you have
now so somebody or made a person named Ahmed or Sahabi named Ahmed yeah half now I think everybody here knows what the word hope means was called me
so you know what a lot of Muslims do oh I know how how it means what? Fear so if I read your half who it must be talking about fear or Romania half who are made is afraid or made you half who are made is what? Afraid you see brother lot of words are in Urdu. Also I understand that that's why 90% I already understand
this is your misplaced confidence. Let me tell you something. If I say oh made your harmful means are made fears. And if I say are made you harmful means are made is feared He's terrifying. People are scared of him.
If Romania half are made is running scared, if it's made you have people are running from him. They're scared of him. It's the opposite. So misplaced confidence is dangerous. So in 10 days, will you master the Arabic language? Absolutely not the Arabic, let me give you the analogy of what we're doing in these 10 days. The Arabic language is an ocean. Have you ever gone to the beach? Okay, you go to a beach when the water is insanely cold, and you put your foot in and you can feel it in your bones and travel up to your soul. You know, some of those cold water reaches. Okay, I'm letting you get your feet wet without letting your you feel the freezer burn. And I'm telling you allowing you
to put your second foot in, and maybe it can get up to your shins wet in this program. And you're like, if I do this, can I find the new species at the bottom of the ocean? Within tendons? Hold on? Can we get your feet wet first without you crying? It's cold. I can't do it. In 10 days, let me just get you a little bit into the beach, that we'll think about hunting whales later on. Okay, you're not hunting whales yet. Just get your feet wet. This is the hardest part building your confidence. That's all. That's all I'm promising and promising you nothing else. Then some young man came to me yesterday, if I do this program, will I understand the entire Quran I was like, My dear boy, I don't
understand the entire Quran. Good luck with that. It's a journey. You have to be patient with the journey, you have to take time. But the hardest step again, I keep saying over and over again, the hardest step is the foundation these 10 days, I'm telling you now I'll say it a million times. These 10 days are a rock solid foundation, which is why you should do this material at least two times, ideally, three times before you learn. Oh, now I'm ready to download this PDF. And I'm going to watch that YouTube series. And I'm going to do this and I'm good. Before you go everywhere else, I would do yourself a favor. When we finish this program, don't think about any continuing education.
Think about solidifying your what foundation you should know this soul. Well, you can teach it to someone else off the top of your head. This material when you have that foundation, right? I am telling you, you will fly in Arabic. But when you jump over to new materials, new sources new I want more advanced, more advanced, more advanced, more advanced.
I know students that do this. I know I've been doing this for 20 years students that want to an old do they call it Agador pitcher toward right running with a leaky bucket. That's what that is. You're running, you're running ahead, the buckets emptying out. That's it. That's what's happening. And they get to one year of study and guess what mistakes they make. They make mistakes that students that pay attention to the first 10 days would never have made.
And I literally have to remind them by the way, intensive one, by the way, first 10 days. They're like Oh yeah.
I don't want you to do that. I want you to have a solid foundation. Okay, anyway. So what was I saying about Russell? It is a what kind of plural.
Do you understand how to recognize it? Yes, sir.
Oh, why can't it be Rasulullah? Sometimes it can be.
That's possible. The question is why can't it be it also Luna first, I want you to know the Arabs will decide not me.
They decide for some words they allow you to say rasool and say Rasulullah at the same time. Okay, but then the discussion becomes Is there a difference between rose saloon and also Luna? I'll give you another really interesting example of this. The word is scarf it.
Cafe means gaffer means disbeliever. Yes also means farmer by the way. Gaff Irani
What's that? Two disbelievers plural. Kalia you hell
also go far on also, Guevara tone
all of these are plurals, coffee Runa is the plural of caffeine. Too far have you heard kuffaar before kuffaar is also plural of what? Caffeine and Guevara hula Iike Homolka. Farah told Fujairah is also a plural of caffeine. So how many plurals discovered have
one regular plural which one's the regular plural? Daffy Luna and two broken plurals calf Hara and GoFAR. Kufa, they're both broken. Okay. When I get you a little bit more advanced, your feet get a little more normal in the cold weather, then I'll explain the difference between these three because there's a difference. Okay, now
here's the part that doesn't make any sense.
I will explain by way of an English example. Fatima. Sorry, Fatima. If there is a further mayor, I apologize. Fatima bought four books.
She read her all in just two days.
Then returned her for a full weekend
she found her boring.
Does that sound right? Can you fix it?
Can you fix it?
Anyway volunteers can you read that and fix it? Yes, young man please.
Fatima bought four books. So far, so good.
She read her all
replace the word her with something else that makes sense.
She read them all. She read them all in just two days, then
returned to them for a full weekend because she found
them boring. Every time I was supposed to use them I was using what
if you have a broken plural?
If you have a broken plural, you shouldn't be using they right.
The Arabs 1000s of years ago at some barbecue.
They said you know if there's a broken plural. Why don't we all pretend we're talking about a girl.
And somebody else said I'm in.
So when they talk about books. When they talk about mustards in Arabic, they won't say they were built my sheds. They were built you know what they're gonna say. She was built
and some newbie comes and says she was built.
She was built.
And the Arabs are each other to each other like
inside joke. Because it's a broken plural. We're going to pretend we're not going to use the word they were going to use what word she we're going to use the word cheat
this I told you so every language has something that's a little bit what? Crazy. This is the only thing that's weird in Arabic that I've ever found. Okay, 20 years of studying Arabic 25 years only weird thing I ever found really? was broken plurals are treated like a she Okay, now watch this. By the way, we're books human or non human.
Okay, now let's go make this even weirder.
Ally, or let's say Ahmed, learned from a few scholars.
He spent years with them.
He served them and
from their company.
That sounds pretty normal. Right? Okay. The Arabs do this. The Arabs do this. The word I'm working on as scholars. Yeah. But they also do this.
Akhmad learned from a few scholars. He spent
yours with her. He served her
and benefited from her company.
the and this is sometimes I'm gonna use the and sometimes I'm going to use what?
Her you crazy that scholars is like 10 of them. And they're all men. Yeah, but we have an inside joke. When when something's plural, and it's a broken plural, then we can use what
she instead of they are them. When it's non human, when it's non human, remember the books example. When it's non human, they always use she always. But when it's human, they can use chi and they can also use they their choice.
Either way is fine. Quran uses both
Quran uses both and when it uses the word she do we translate that as she know you're gonna see the Arabic word for she but you're gonna translate it what they they watch this this is not this is not grammar you know yet but I just want you to to realize what they do in Arabic before we take this down in our notes. So
meaning the desert travelers, Bedouins an Arab Okay.
Robbie Yan is the singular and an Arab is the broken pearl. So other Arab is actually a broken plural? Bedouins. Okay. Because the yard got taken off. Yeah, got taken off. Okay. Let me give you another one. Arab is even out to be human.
In order to be human means.
You know what it means?
An Arab man
how to be your means. An Arab man and out of one
means Arab people.
Okay, so one man is what? How to be when you make a plural? Did you keep the word or did you break some of it off?
You broke it off. So Arab is what?
Broken plural. So when the Arab people say something, okay. The Arab says if I say the Arabs say,
okay, not there. I'm sorry. The Arabs say? Because the word Arabs is a broken plural? Do they have two choices in how they can say this? They can either say this, as they say.
And they can also say this as what she says.
And the crazy thing about the Arabs is when they hear that they're like, Yeah, of course it means they say
of course that's what it means. They don't even wonder about it.
Now, here's let me show you some some Arabic on this. Call Allah. Allah means he said, I haven't done fairly with you yet. But just want you to see something on that means what he said. And QA let means she said, Yeah. They'll say, Carla Arab.
The Arab said they will also say
call it an Arab. The Arab said
both of them are correct.
Let me give you another crazy example. These you don't have to know these examples. I just want you to get settled in the idea. The examples are later on. But just the idea, okay.
This is the last one that Lika and Tilka.
What's your name? Jung Min.
Ali, Ali. Ahmed. Okay, what's your name?
But I've been I've shot Okay. Veronica. Ahmed, Ali. Right.
to firstly Alia Velika. Alia Hamid vaniqa. Which one did I use? Daddy Daddy cars used for boys.
I can't say that. Lika Benatia. I have to say what? Tilka Benatia.
If I'm pointing at a boy, I'm gonna say what? The liquor if I'm pointing at a girl I'll say the liquor cabinet. You will be pointing at a man what do you say? If I want to point at the Imam What do I say? If I pointed my mom What do I say? For pointing my daughter? What do I say? What I point at this teacher at school what do I say
Would I ICA
Don't point us all your fingers
Okay, so that Lika or Tilka Okay, now what was the word Rasool?
Is that masculine or feminine if I want is also a man or a woman. Okay if I want to point out as soon What do I say
Valka if want to point out also I will say what Valka
but when and what's the plural of Rasool?
And you read the Quran and you find 10 kuru Zulu for Banana Baba Houma Allah Tilka tilde also an Ikea. That's a furniture store, I think, but dill Caruso? Why is that there? Because a rustle is what kind of floral,
a broken plural and the Arabs 1000s of years ago at a barbecue decided that if there's a broken plural, they have the right they reserve the right to talk about it as if they're talking about
one female not even many people one female. Delicate Russolo perfectly good Arabic.
But you're not going to translate that as that feminine messengers. You're going to translate that as those messengers. Those messengers, okay, let's go back.
We started talking about number today.
To understand the subject of Number Number one, you need to know what singular is do you already know what singular is? Then you need to know pair already got that. Then there is lots of kinds of plurals what are they?
Masculine plurals, which is guna and Ina? Okay. Then there's what? Feminine plurals which is what? Our tone or atan? Then there is
human broken plurals. We already know when the word breaks, it's called a broken plural, right? And what do we learn about them? They can use she and they can use they? Yes, she or they by the way. If you want to be technical, they can use it as feminine singular, but the easy way to remember that is what word she because she is feminine. Singular. Okay.
And then non human.
Just she just she Yeah. And then what's the last one? Feminine? Because
the Arabs said so and how many words were here?
NASS Calm, calm. Cool.
That's all you need to know about number.
That's all you need to know. I'll just give you some practical tests on this. Five minute practice. Just so you get the basic idea.
Life can move on.
Okay, question? Yes, sir.
Wait two people talking at the same time? i Yes. No one's behind you. Yes.
Will I send this to you at the end of the day? No, it's already in your notes. But I do want you to you can take a picture share it with your family.
I'm not sending you nothing. The transcript hasn't
the timestamp you'll get tonight has it? That's all there
you know you get those nice emails every day.
That's so nice.
So proud of myself. Okay.
Yeah, right for you. Yes. For you in this course. Yes. Yes. The question is the non human broken pearls always going to be she? Yes. For you in this course. Yes. Yes.
Oh, media of current generation. Generation. Yes. Question.
Some people didn't get the transcript.
Email [email protected]. They'll send it to you. Or they'll find out why you you sent them to spam. Okay.
Look it up email, TV ebina.com. You'll get the transcript if you're missing them. Please email them. Okay. Any other questions? Yes, sir.
Oh, you're right. It should be plural, which is what I wrote. You should
That's what I said. plural because of that, so, yeah
okay, let's put this to the test. Let's go to the book
okay, this exercise can only really be done if you have the meanings. So what I've done here is given you the Arabic word but I've also written the meanings next to it right so we can get some help. But the first one I'll Mackenzie Bina, what I want to know here is, is this a sounder combination?
Okay, let me remember this now, if you know that it's a combination, the status and the number and the gender you already know you know three things right away. If you know that it's a combination, what three things do you know status number? Let's test that. What's the status of Ina?
So you know the status number jobs? Yes. Do you know the number
because it's the plural column it's plural. Do you know the gender masculine because it's from which chart? The masculine chart, there are four properties of innocent for when you see a combination three of them are handed to you on a plate at this number and gender so let's go through all of them that have a combination first. So we get used to that Omotenashi sunnah I want three things status, number and gender. What's the status
now means What's that is our offer. Winner means how many
for all done when I mean what gender masculine because it's from the masculine chart, isn't it?
The bottom one are Raju Laney Raju Laney, it's a combination right? Let's start with status then go to number then go to gender. What's the status? Number Jada is correct. Aney Aney. Could be Nasim could be John. What's the number? That's two? What's the gender?
masculine? Masculine, which we'll dig deeper into soon.
Okay, let's do the top one. I don't.
What do you think Status?
Status? Very good. It's our turn or offer? Is this a combination? Okay, so it's our turn what? How many number? Plural? Gender
feminine. Done. Okay, now let's go back.
Oh, yeah, across that output plural.
Let's go to number three. This is going to be fun. What is eligible mean? You should read the text and tell me what is eligible mean?
Mountains. So because you know the meaning, you know that this word is singular or plural. Okay, now listen carefully. Is this a regular kind of plural like Guna? Ina, 2018 or something else? Okay, if it's something else, there's three other categories. There's human broken, plural, non human broken plural, and plural because the Arabs said, so? Is this plural because the Arabs have so
if you look at the meaning, it will tell you which one it is.
So which one is this? non human broken? Plural? I want the status. I want the number and I want the gender and this is going to be the crazy part. The status is easy. What's the status? Nisan? What did the Arabs pretend about non human broken plurals?
They pretend that it's a she and because we're trying to figure out the grammar of this word. The grammar of this word, my answer for status is Nisan. My answer for number is singular.
Not plural. My answer for number is one. Singular and my number. My answer for gender is feminine. Because singular feminine means she
singular feminine means what? She and the Arabs are going to pretend in their grammar that elgible is a she by the way, the singular word jumble. They don't have a problem that's masculine. As I will teach you in the next section, but this word is she
this words feminine, okay.
Double, double. I'll show you soon. I'll show you in a minute.
Would you want what's the meaning?
places I want the status.
But you cannot tell the number gender until you figure out if it's a plural and which kind of plural. So you cannot get that answer until you decide what kind of plural are we dealing with? If it's plural at all, is it plural?
Is it plural? How do you know it's plural?
Good, meaning that's key. You cannot tell without the meaning.
Okay, now that you know it's plural. Now, you gotta get more specific. How many kinds of plurals did I say they are? Five? It's got to be one of them. Which one? Is it?
non human, broken plural. But somebody has a better thought I have a face that I'm human.
Yeah, but so does a monkey.
So does a watch.
So anything can have a face? A hand is not human. A foot is not human. It's a part of a human, it's a thing.
So it's non human broken plural. When you get non human broken, plural. What's the grammar number and gender?
One feminine, singular, feminine, the meaning is plural. The meaning is plural. The grammar is singular, feminine. Why is that important? You will see when we start reading Quran? Yes.
Because we pretend it's going to be she right? We said we're gonna pretend it she? How many is she?
Why is it feminine? Because the word she is feminine. Why is it singular? Because she is singular. It's a big pretend.
Meaning in meaning it's plural. In grammar. It's singular, feminine. It's the only time in Arabic where the meaning and the grammar contradict each other. It doesn't make sense, which is what I tried to tell you in the beginning. I'm about to teach you something that defies common sense. Common sense says it's plural, consider it what? Plural? The Arab says no, it's plural, nonhuman, I'm going to consider it singular, feminine in the way I talk about it. I will grammatically use it as one feminine. And so we have to get accustomed to that this is the hard one. Perhaps the hardest one. Nisa, what does it mean?
Women? No. It is. First let me ask you, is it singular pair or plural?
How did you know it's plural, I want to go through that process over and over. So you understand the process. Meaning told you that it's plural. Good. Now, we cannot just say plural and let it go. We have to specify I gave you five kinds of plurals, you have to pick one.
This is a human broken plural, which means that there will be how many possible correct answers to let's go to the status first. Nissa. That's the easy part. What's the status of this word? It's not so everybody's clear. Okay. Now, when it comes to number and gender, the Arabs have two options. What are their two options?
If it's they, I'm gonna say this is plural, feminine. This is plural, feminine. And if it's she, I'm gonna say that it's singular, feminine. Both of those are correct answers.
Both of those are because when it comes to a human broken through, you get two sets of correct answers. Either you get an answer based on chi, or you get an answer based on they use, and both of them are correct. And you should know sometimes in a single ayah, Allah will use a word, a human broken turtle, and he'll start off with the she and he'll move on to the they in the same idea. He could do that. And that happens in the Quran. Okay.
It will be harder.
It will be harder.
How do you know it's plural again? And again, process process process. Just like math class, the teacher math teacher is not interested in the right answer. The math teacher is interested in what the right process so what's the process? How did you know it's plural? Meaning thank you because of the meaning were you able to narrow down which kind of plural?
Let me ask you now how many kinds of plurals are there in Arabic? Which is why we have to narrow it down before we get to the answer. Okay. What did you narrow down to which kind of plural non human broken plural? Is the answer always the same for non human broken plurals? What's the answer? Singular, feminine? Good. Good.
I will move to inefficient we already did. Did we?
Let's do a local booth for
a local brewery.
Somebody walked me through it. I'm not going to do it anymore. Somebody volunteer walk me through the whole process. I do not interested in the answer. I'm interested in the process. Yes, young man
You say because of the meaning it's plural I agree with you go on
it's Giada because of
because of the customer because of the sound at the end good it's just
it's a non human broken plural excellent identification and therefore
I love it. This is like the
so juicy Okay, lb ina two
as Bayona two
What do you think about the status anybody?
Refer? Everybody agrees I agree to refer What else you got?
It singular Why is it singular
is the meaning tells you and the hijab is usually on singulars
mostly Matan, remember? Okay, so singular, so it's singular it's rough out What gender is it?
the number Jota
is a giveaway dead giveaway
Oh, this is going to be hard. I will Mala Iike to
Al Mala eco.
I don't know you should discuss this with each other before you come to me take 30 seconds talk to each other figure it out.
status should be easy
okay, I agree it's software.
How do we determine number and gender here?
How do we figure that out?
Okay, meaning I'm gonna go with meaning.
What are the meaning tell you?
Is that part of the human intelligent being category or non human?
So intelligent are slash human category. So that category gives you one set of answers or two set of answers.
Here's the really tricky part. What two answers am I gonna get?
Either I'm gonna I need number gender number gender.
Either you get singular feminine, and I agree because broken plurals can be treated like is she? Or no, not plural, feminine.
Either singular feminine or plural. masculine. Now that's confusing, isn't it? So we have to figure that one out before your break. I'm gonna explain that to you.
First, I want you to know
read those names for me.
so my girl's name her boys name.
Or VEDA? Khalifa title for a man or a woman.
I love my title for a male or a female male.
What seems to be the problem.
But to start
the timer muda works. It don't work all the time. The dumber Buddha can be used for many things in Arabic, gender is just one of them.
Gender is just one reason that Tamar bouteilles use Tamra buta is used for a bunch of other reasons in Arabic. Just because you see a double Buddha is not enough to call something what
feminine and sometimes, instead of looking at how it ended, you have to look at what it actually means. You have to look at what, what it means. Okay? You remember I told you one of the plurals of gaffer is Guevara.
That doesn't mean female disbelievers. It just means, disbelievers. That, ah, didn't make any difference to the gender, you understand. Now, angels
aren't assigned a gender by Allah. Because the gender means you have a male and you have a female of the Quran. The angels are a singular creation of Allah from the armor of Allah. And in Arabic when you don't want to assign a gender and it's a unique creation, then you still go back to what gender because the hustle the origin is masculine. So in the meaning of angels fine one rule was it's a broken Perl, I have a right to say one feminine, that's a grammar thing. So here's the thing I want you to know either you go by the crazy grammar rule one feminine or you go by reality,
grammar versus one when it's reality then it is in fact plural. And it is in fact masculine.
So you have a choice between grammar and reality two options when it comes to a human broken throat and that's why Allah Mala ICA was both options but I'm coming already or no
or came in Okay, let's take our break inshallah. And we'll come back and finish this up.