Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 17.44MB
Khutbah – 6 August 2021
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I'd like to start today's brief clip by by reminding myself and you have three simple things that we have to take into consideration when we try to understand a bus book.
The first of them is something on buses himself, what Kenny McCullough he had earlier,
the word of Allah, in fact, is in the highest place. We don't put anything when we're interpreting the word of Allah, when we're trying to understand or benefit from the word of Allah. Nothing comes above the word of Allah because Allah himself says the word of Allah is in its highest in the highest possible place. So nothing overrides, Allah, it works. That's the first thing a believer has to internalize. That seems simple enough. The second
is that it's important to understand two kinds of the second and third, I'll merge them. There are two kinds of contexts. And so let's talk about context for a second without put on,
a few friends are hanging out with each other at a restaurant, one of them makes a joke. The other one says, Man, you better stop, I'm going to kill you.
He says, I'm going to kill you.
In that context, that statement is a joke.
You cannot take that friend to court and say attempted murder. And you cannot hold a trial against him. Because even though the words I'm going to kill you in another context could mean attempted murder, or intend to kill it could. But in that context, all it means is the joke you but you better stop. You better stop. So without context, without understanding the situation. We can't just look at speech and say I know exactly what this means. Because the words can be exactly the same. But the meanings you get from those words, don't just come from the dictionary. They come from context. Many of you that are married may be very familiar with this concept. You text your wife, I'm going to be
late from work, she texts you back, okay? Sometimes that okay actually means okay. Other times that okay, is shaken, it's the alarm of death.
If you said anything else, I would have been fine. Now I'm getting nervous because you wrote okay, because, okay, sometimes means everything except it's not it's okay. Right. So you know, that sometimes words can have a multiplicity of meanings, and where those meanings come from, who is speaking, when are they speaking? How are they speaking? What situation is that all of that is what context that is context. So crime is a less perfect speech. But unfortunately, it would be very dangerous for you and me to stop think to think that the Quran should be understood without any context would be really dangerous, then Okay, would not be okay.
That would become pretty profoundly serious and people you might end up saying things I might end up saying things about my been about the word of Allah, that are completely against the intent, or the meaning that Allah says, All because I have no respect for this one thing called context. So let's dig into context a little bit more.
Now we're coming to the broad, two kinds of contexts, every Muslim should notice every Muslim should know. First, the word of Allah is the highest, the first kind of context. And the second kind of context. The first kind of context is historical context, situational context. When was this said? Who was this said to? What situation was this dealing with? Because you know, as a physician, for example, the same the patient is given very precise prescription. When when the when the doctor says you need surgery, you cannot quote the doctor and make a poster out of it and send it to everybody, as if he said it to all of them who you all need surgery? No, he looked at a very specific patient
with very specific circumstances and decided this one needs surgery. So the first of them historical context or situational context is who is being spoken to, when was this said, How was this Understood? How was it responded to? Do you have to know that situation? That's one kind of context in our in our study of in our study after See, the other might call it suburban uzun, the context of Revelation, but it's a much richer topic than that. Then there's a second kind of context. The second kind of context is what you can call textual content. What that means is, Allah is giving us a speech, a surah, is a speech of Allah. And just like I'm giving you a speech, right now, if
somebody took the recording of my speech, and just took a one second clip, I'm going to kill you.
If they took that, then they took that speech out of the rest of the transcript. If this was a transcript, they just took that one quote from the middle, they can turn it into anything. And if you have my authentic voice, I did say it. I did say, you know what, no matter the concept to me, he said, I'm gonna kill you. Let me play the recording. They could do that. You know what they're doing, you know what they're violating. They're violating textual context, speech context. When someone is speaking, there's a beginning, middle and end. And there's a continuity of thought. It's one continuous flow. And if you pull something out of its textual context, you might get something
else. And if you keep it in its context, you'll get something else. I'll give you an easy example of that from the Quran.
Allah says for a new lingo Sunday in
the worst pit of hell is for the people who pray to know
you can take it out of context, textual context, not read what's coming not read what's before and just read way too simple Saudis. Anya, i o Karanja Well,
let's contemplate this ayah Allah say I don't want to pray, why don't you want to pray? I read in the Quran by Julian Masada and I saw a calligraphy I have a beautiful calligraphy poster of this I in my home, in the living room. That's why I don't pray because it says we're losing mousseline.
No one is allowed to himself, hold your own
answers himself, unless you know your own your own way. I've never done that. No, the worst kind of Hell is for people who pray to show up to pray and take it as a joke, who make a mockery of the prayer. The Prayer is something very serious. By the way, that's very understandable. Because if you're standing in front of the general of the military, and you're chewing gum and spitting it out, while all the other soldiers are marching, you're gonna get it. Because that's not just a defiance of the general that is a violation of the military protocol. And that's another human being. That's just a human being. Now, can you imagine you and I stand when
we're standing in front of our robe. We're standing in front of Allah, there's a protocol, there's a way you're supposed to stand. So when people make a joke out of that and do it for in genuine reasons, it's serious. That's context. So what I wanted to do in a few minutes is actually describe I wanted to dedicate this whole bunch when I have certain majda which I've heard so many times taken out of context that I decided at least I should say something about
shuffle my ADA is the last surah of the Quran given to the prophets, I saw them before he passes away.
So even though it's the fifth surah of the Quran, it's one of the latest if not the latest, but the new surah to be given to the super Salah who is the finishing touches of the religion the completion, which is why it has the
container code words one to add a commitment for welding to local Melissa Medina, today I have perfected by religion for you. And I've completed my favor on you. And I'm content with surrender as your religion Islam as your religion. That idea is in the surah it's the last of them.
In this I in this row, there's an IRA Allah says, No, I'll translate for you. Yeah, you had Athena Manu, LA, Taka Yehuda, when nosara Alia those of you who believe Don't take too
Jews and Christians as all translate badly first, don't take the Jews and Christians as friends. But go home Alia they are only friends of each other.
And then he says woman yet Allah, human, confine the human human, whoever becomes friends with them among you, then he is considered among them. Find the human home in Allah, Allah.
Certainly Allah, He does not guide the wrongdoing people, what do you learn from desire, if you become friends with a Jew or a Christian, then Allah will never guide you. And you will be considered a Jew or a Christian. That's what the if seems to be saying. But I started by saying two kinds of contact, first of all, the word of advice in the highest place, so we can never challenge the word of Allah. What Allah says is true. But to get to that truth, you need context. You need context. And the two kinds of contexts are historical and textual. So from a historical point of view, this slide is coming at the very end of the seal of the Prophet salallahu alaihe, salam, NACA
has been conquered, we are about to take on the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire, by and large is a massive, massive, massive Christian Empire, you realize this, and we're about to engage in military engagement with them, and they have proxies in the Arab lands, even down to Syria in some parts of ridges, they have people that report to them that report to the Christian Empire. And we are about to take on them a mightier power than ever in the history of the in the spirit of the prophets of Allah, I do send them that's around the corner. That's coming, that engagement is coming. And in that context, Allah uses the word. First of all, we don't know we understand the Christians, okay,
we're about to go to war with the Christian Empire. So we're not sure if I just become friends with somebody, Hey, what are you doing in town? Yeah, I'm with the Muslim military. We're just going through and your friend from back in the day makes a few calls. And before you know it, the the opposing military has intelligence on your whereabouts. It's a serious matter right now you can this is not a casual situation. The other group that was mentioned was the Jews. The Jews that tried to espionage, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam while he was living in their tribes attempted the murder of the Prophet says hello multiple times. So even if you might be naive, and you might have a good
don't be too trusting because they might leak information that can be hazardous to the Muslims.
Because when you are in a military situation, information is actually highly classified. It's highly, highly classified you have to control the flow of information. Now let's come to the word friends. The Quran in Arabic language use the word colleague or a friend so the Cora friend has been for a friend when he for a friend, there are several words for friends in the Arabic language and one of them is when he actually doesn't technically mean friend. What do you mean someone who is responsible for something
that one and Umrah he took responsibility for it? The kind of friend if I'm leaving town, and I say, here's my house keys. Now you're in charge of the house, you have the keys to the car, you have my bank account information, that kind of person would be a Winnie Why? Because he's now in charge you trust him so much that you give him charge of private matters your home, you trust your family with this person, you trust your money with this person and you handed him the keys when you're ready to hand somebody over the keys and then trust them completely. And they take that responsibility they have to you know, they call it in modern times the power of attorney when they have the power of
attorney they're already
the Koran is not telling us Don't be friends with the Jews and Christians so your apartment next door has a Jewish guy you used to be friends with him, then you attended a holocaust you hurt don't take us and Christians and your friend as your friends. And you know your neighbor comes and says you want to go play some basketball
and slam the door in the Lucha diadem oh my god me. No, no, no, no, no, no.
They were and let me show you from the Quran why that's not true. Same surah we probably won't even go to a different school I was staying the same surah Allah says
what are the Nina who told kita? Hello loco, what are our muqaam Hello Allah home while my son Otto mean under the water kita. Okay. He says the food of those who are given the book before you is permissible for you.
And your food is permissible for them. Pay attention to those words. Their food is permissible for you, your food is permissible for them. Okay, people use this idea to discuss whether they can go to McDonald's or not. That's not what I'm going to do. I'm going to tell you something else. Let's go back to that time cotton historical context, right. In that context, there's no Burger King or McDonald.
Where do you eat the food of the people of the book?
When you go to their house? When do they eat your food? When they come to your house? If they are not your own? Yeah, if you can't be your friends, why are you going to their house? Why is Allah saying eat their food? Okay, eating when people meet each other and they become close family friends, and they come over to your house and they eat your food, and you will go over to their house and you eat their food, then eventually family connections form and your cousin and they're because they're nice or whatever they might even discuss marriage and both of us a good women among the People of the Book. Well, more fun our two minute lovino takita. I'm not discussing whether you
can marry a juicer Jew or a Christian woman. That's not what I'm here to discuss. But I will tell you, when Allah says that even good women among them are acceptable for marriage. When Allah says that, I will remind myself the word of Allah is in the highest place. Why would he tell me that it's permissible for a believer to marry one among those that if I become friends with them, I will burn in hell, I will be counted as a Jew or a Christian. Does that make any sense to you? To take an idea from its context, you can come up with a completely different conclusion.
It's not Quran at all. But it sounds like it. And it sounds like you're really committed to your theme. We are actually supposed to be the best to our neighbors. A Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about 40 neighbors in each direction. You think all the neighbors are Muslim? How are you the best of them? And you can't even be friends with them?
How are you supposed to be that way? How many Sahaba became Muslim, because their friend was a Muslim was already a hobby, and they were Jews and Christians. They weren't treated like enemies. All of this discussion that happens now that sounds like it's really pure Islam is actually a disservice to the historical context. It's a disservice to the textual context. Because the I asked before and the after I didn't even I didn't even talk to you. There's not enough time to talk about the textual context. But you can explore it on your own. This is I am number 51 to flutamide. I start from the beginning study the Surah Surah Surah. Because we don't take out a Latina journal or
an IV for our complaints or my complaints. There are people who took the Quran and tore it to pieces, they took one piece, you know, how are they going to learn even about the theme and some of some people take Shahada they take Shahada and their mother is still Christian their father is still Christian their brothers sisters still Christian. Some people think that their wife is still Christian. The children are still Christian or Jewish. And then they come to a misunderstanding of this I I can't have a connection with any of my family because that's
If you don't show them the beauty of this Deen and you don't show them the perfection of character with more mercy more kindness, more care, more generosity. How will they know this is the deen that was given to the one some Allah either you will send them you will tell me Mama Karima, who came to perfect all the best manners? How would they even know? So the main point of my hotbar was actually that we should understand the Quran with care. We shouldn't just jump to a conclusion you peel our card, you heard it, you pass it off. We should understand the person with care and to apply that care at least make an attempt to try to understand if you don't know try to find out from somewhere
what is the historical context? What is the textual context and maybe that will help us better understand something that allows or whatever saying barakallahu li walakum
when a family with Jacobi nyati
hamdu lillahi wa kafa