Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
Quran Tafsir/Explanation – Juz Amma
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humanus shaytani r rajim Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Allah rubeola Bill phenocal
shamima Hanako woman shot the horsey thing either were called Women shuffling
30 feet long.
Woman shaft the seating either has said
rubbish. Sorry, we are silly MD. Dr. melissani Hokulea with hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or salat wa salam ala CV mursaleen. While early he was happy he ministered Nebuchadnezzar he laomi Dean, Allah Medina, Minh home woman, alladhina amanu
whatever, Soviet, whatever. So the sub me No, but I mean about the Samadhi from Morocco to La hirakata. We're going to be engaged in a study of social Falak today and I hope to finish the study. Last week in Irving, we finished the study of social class. And the first item on the agenda today, even though I won't cover it comprehensively yet. It's something that I'll cover later on today, is the relationship between sort of a class and sort of follow up, they're placed right after one another. And of course, we're at the very end of the most half now. And everybody knows the relationship between sort of Fela and saltiness. That's even clear for many a Hadith of the Prophet
sallallahu sallam, he would even combine them in prayer one regard for Falak the other finance the famous name and while we that time, sometimes mispronounced more whether that is with the time that the name given to the two suitors together, this name was given by the prophet himself, some alumni said him. Plus even if you don't know Arabic, when you recycle, a little bit of Bill Falak will have been asked you can tell the similarities between the two. But that similarity will be the focus of our study full fledge next week in shallow data. Today, I at least want to bring to your attention the relationship between Sonia class and Sultan Philip and their placement right next to each other.
And in that regard, there are two things that need to be noted. The first of them, and both of those relationships come from two words in the first ayah the first word is the word cool, and we'll look at its benefits and what connects this to the previous surah. And the second is the word Rob will Falak going to be a bit Falak specifically the word Falak. And it's it's rhetorical, its literary Marvel, and it's strategic placement right after the discussion that Allah azza wa jal declares in Salt Lake law. So we'll have more about that and shout out Allah when we get into the first ayah. And we'll see how the two things are tied together. The second thing we want to talk about Before we
go further is that these two sources have been paired classically and tafsir. They have been talked about always hand in hand. And so in order to understand both of these sources, Falak Enders even though Nason childlife is the subject of next week, there are two things we must understand two terms that are used in tafsir studies in regards to these sutras that I'll introduce you to, who are you seeking refuge from?
And whose protection whose refuge Are you seeking? There are two questions to be asked, whose protection Are you seeking? And what is it that you're seeking protection from? Now, the one whose protection you are seeking the Arabic term for that alone will use in his alma style to be Mr. IV he means the one whose protection you are seeking, meaning Allah subhanho wa Taala, Allah bufala buenas ilaha nazma leakiness. He is Mr. IV. Now, the one you're seeking protection from the one you're trying to escape from, is almost as mean who. So there are two terms that almost IV and almost admin who both of these sources have mentioned about Mr. IV, and both of them have mentioned of a minister
of mean who they are both, there is mention of Allah azzawajal, whose refuge we are seeking. And then there is mention of the entities the things that we are seeking refuge from. Now, there's an interesting correlation, even though the almost I almost IV is the same one. It's a lot as origin in social philosophy. It's a larger agenda on us, but almost I mean, who the one you're seeking refuge from is different. The one in Falak is different, and the one in us is different. But they're from it from a literary point of view, something else that's very subtle.
In certain Falak Allah mentions about himself, only one description will be a little bit for luck and that's it. And then there are there's several discussions one after another about almost as men who meaning what are we seeking refuge from men shallowly masala, number one, woman Shangri La second is our club number two women children number 34 Oh God, right. And then the man shall be has said, so for things that we're seeking refuge from. Now turn to the other solo. What do you find it? Instead of one description of Allah, Allah Mr. IV, what do you find will be openness, many keenness illa hennas but then the one you're seeking refuge from
Just when I was watching Honda's and the rest is a description of what was fussing Honda's they're not separate problems. It's just a description of one problem. So one sort of highlights almost the IB, which is sort of nuts. It highlights the one you are seeking protection of Allah. The Other highlights the things you're seeking protection from but doesn't highlight as much of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala. There's a staunch difference between the two, at least this difference, we'll we'll look at some commentary that's been made about the difference between these two things and then get some benefit from them. Before we get into the historical context of the revelation of
both suitors, by the way, both of them were revealed at the same time, there's no difference in opinion about that. They were both revealed simultaneously to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam. So sootel Falak faema kawalan in 70 million makara while a semi nama li li an akula dakara who lays them in amulet inside this is very important comment. The Mufasa saying here this by the way, the commentary of Dr. Father sada has Samarra, his famous TV show lomasa Albania, he says, certain fadak deals with problems that afflict a human being which are not the product of his own work. In other words, he has no control over them.
The evil of other things that Allah created Michel de masala, Winchell, rehosting is our cover reference to the night the dangers and the evils in the night. The reference to those who who engage in sorcery and magic against someone, these are things out of your control, Michelle really has it and someone who's jealous against you, and does something out of jealousy against you. None of these things are under your control. Now, in contrast to this, and he goes further on to say By the way, Liam Lichtman Hershey and Mr. finastra here, and as as far as saltiness is concerned for him and I'm a little insane suta Nash deals with the actions of the human being what are we seeking refuge from
uncertainness was fossa. And when what was done inside you, what do you do? You do you engage in an evil act, but the evil act? Is that something you yourself have to answer a lot for? Are you more hassled for it? Are you going to be audited for it and accountable for it? Or you can just say no, it was what's what's up shaitan? I'm not responsible. That's not the case. In other words, what we're seeking allows refuge for in from in Sugata ness is something that we will have to answer for if we mess up.
But in certain Falak the affliction that were better coming upon us are beyond our control, and the only one who can help is a large religion, were victimized by them. Now. This helps us understand there is more desperation in pseudo tenacity than there isn't sort of Allah. There's more desperation. You're calling on Allah azza wa jal over and over and over again. Why because if you fall, if you fall victim to that, what's what's, uh, what are you going to end up doing damaging your Eman? Another way this has been looked at. And I'll just read it directly from his commentary feluda fisherville Maasai tribe with their near future Wilma is the first deals with the evil
afflictions that will come upon you that are out of your control and the second about false that you yourself may have that you are answerable for. So the second one, it requires more of a seeking of refuge. So when we say well, alluvial have been mexicanus illa hiddenness. You know what that is the Bible in Arabic. In other words, you're saying three things. You're saying? Well, I've been pulled out Ruby mullikin, will be illa hiddenness. It's like saying those three things. Again, it's like that Ruby is in parentheses, and these three things are inside those parentheses, and they apply to each of them. So you are far more desperate in losing your Eman because of the loss of shape on your
that's a far bigger danger than the danger of that is presented even though it's a it's a valid danger. The danger of the evil of the night that evil into things elect created the evil of the sorcerer, the evil of the one who is jealous against you. These are valid evils, but nothing compared to the greater danger of the West was out of shape. And so Larissa was shown a sharp contrast between the two by mentioning himself far more in sort of the NASS than in social follow.
Then in within this surah itself, just from a literary point of view, taco de la Terre Haute or even via Nian, he's got this remarkable, eloquent sequencing inside this surah. And the gist of it is one takala fee him in an army dollhouse. So he transitions in this surah from the general from the broad from the widely scoped to the more narrow and more and more specific. Let's see how the first evil mentioned men shall we masala from the evil of what he created, that's all creation, any creation that has any evil tendency that's the most widest scope. Then he gets a little more narrow woman shall rely Satan is our cup. This is the evil that may take place in the night. That's a little more
limited in scope. Then even more limited in scope women children affair 30 fluorocarbon affected by the way, we'll get into more detail about them but those who blow
Not when they do this kind of sorcery and spell casting and things like that. Of course, this is a very particular group of people, but it's mentioned in the plural. And what's less than plural singular. The final woman shall he has seen is a hazard that goes from many to less to less to the least from the evil of anyone that may engage in jealousy, especially when he acts out his or her jealousy. So there's this transition from the specific or the general to the specific in this remarkable Sula. Now, we talked about the Mr. IBM style, I mean, who it's time now to talk a little bit about the historical context. The vast majority of Iran considered these solos Madani, there is
a minority that considers them mucky. And a similar issue came up before and I mentioned it to you before, but the reason the vast majority considered these solos madonie is because of the narrations that surround these solos. After a holiday via this is most of us don't come in about sixth or seventh year after that the Sooners came down. So after a holiday via the mannequins are not the biggest obstacle anymore. And even before for the beer, there have been some clashes against the Jewish community in Medina, and they have been pretty much been exiled and now they're camped out in hybrid and some of the Jewish tribes in Medina have also moved out and reinforced the encampment of
the Jewish community in highborn.
They got a they got wind up for the BIA and realize now that his attention is not going to be on them. Salallahu alaihe salam, his full attention will be on the next biggest problem, this community who has shown great animosity in the time in the modern era of the Prophet's life. So they came they started making all kinds of strategies on how to counter act and how to engage in offense against the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam there's a man by the name of lobbied been
lobbied by the house and he is a member of a tribe called Bonanza, right. And he's considered some sales from the masala some tea some from the hood. But the the majority say that he actually claimed that he accepted Islam. But it's pretty much unanimously understood that he never really accepted Islam. At best he was considered one of them will African. The people from hybrid come and they come to NASA and they say look, we've tried everything we can against Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, we've even tried magic but our magic isn't strong enough. You're the best magician we know. Do something that will tear him apart, do something that will dismantle him. So they come soliciting his help in
some narrations of Mufasa when we learned that he also solicited the help of his daughters, his daughters were also good at magic as they were in his apprenticeship. So he also suggested their help help in trying to come up with this kind of sorcery. Now, he does so by he actually pays one of the servants of the Messenger of Allah boy, a Jewish boy who is to serve the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and he steals a comb from the messenger and takes a couple of pins out of the comb and the hair of the messenger and the subtle Salaam is still stuck on the pins, you know your hair can get stuck on the pin of a comb. So he takes those pins to the saucer and he starts making
this kind of special sorcery and ties knots around it and does this spell casting that they do and make a doll and stick needles in and all this kind of thing. And then they take whatever this this device is contraption that they had made. Because of their magic. They took it into a well called the other one. There's a famous well in Medina and they put it on the in the bottom of that well underneath a rock they hit it. Now What effect did that magic spell have on the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam is the question to be asked. We don't have many narrations in regard to this. We have very few when we know that the messenger ourselves was some was physically being agitated from
within. He was feeling pressure, he was feeling perturbed and disturbed. He was losing sleep. Some narrations say that he would, he would think that he did something forgetting that he actually hasn't done it yet sallallahu sallam, or that he would think that he didn't do something well actually, he had already done so solarz and so his memory was being affected, and he was being affected internally, but the Sahaba didn't see it. So, this was something happening on the inside of the messenger how subtle this you know, this kind of pressure he was feeling and disturbance he was feeling and you have to understand this is kind of like a physical kind of thing. You know, nowadays
you can think of physiological things like high blood pressure, you know, or you get somebody's getting the chills and physical ailments like diseases. And you have to understand these these kinds of things, this kind of magic. The alum I spoke to that deal with people that have been cast spells upon say that the victims of this kind of thing feel a heavy burden on themselves. And they feel themselves being squeezed from the inside kind of like high blood pressure, if you will, but there are physical ailments involved in this kind of spell casting and this is what the messenger or the subtle ceram was feeling and suffering from then we find several narrations but but the most clear
of which is the one narrated by Michel de la hora and had occurs in the body.
The messenger Aristotle's time essentially tells shuttle the long run Hmm, that I asked Allah a question and he finally answered me and he has answered me. And so she asked, What did you ask him? What did he answer? So he tells her he
tells her that he was suffering from this magic. And he went to sleep one night, and Allah sent two angels in the form of human beings. So the messenger is asleep. And in his dream, he sees two angels in the form of human beings come and they're talking to each other. And one of them says, what has happened to him and the other says, you know, spell has been cast on him. sorcery has been done to him. And the other one says, Who did it? And he says, Love it been awesome did it. So in this, in this dream, these angels by means of what he are telling the messenger Elisa, Osama complete prognosis, a complete detailed analysis of what exactly is wrong. So what did he How did he do this
magic? There's this device he put, he took the hairs from the comb, and he tied it up, and they blew on it. And they put it underneath this, you know, this well, Lou Irwin, it's at about and the messenger knew where that well was. So what should he do to protect himself? And so in this narration, they recited these angels decided SoTL, Falak and sultanas. How many altogether in this surah 11. If you combine the two together altogether, you get 11 out how many knots were tied 11 knots in this nodding that was tied as part of their spellcasting that they did whatever kind of black magic It was 11 knots were tied. So the messenger Artesia to Salaam instructs his companions
to retrieve the item that's placed under the rock. He goes there himself, he looks at the nodded device, he he untie the knot, and he recites an ayah and antisana, recites the next ayah and ties another knot recites the next item ties another knot with 11 out altogether 11 knots altogether. And at the end of it, he describes himself as being relieved and be an ailment being removed, or him coming out of darkness into light. Subhan Allah, so this was the historical context, because of which many, many many mufa zero and say that the this surah and the one after it are both Madani and they were revealed at the same time because of this generation. But others say that no, just because
of that narration, you cannot say that this is Madani, it's actually that this the angels reminded the messenger sallallahu Sallam to recite the sutras at that occasion. So the sutras were already there. But they were now be the messenger was now being taught that these tools can be used as cure for this problem. So just because the narration is there doesn't necessitate that as soon as we revealed at the time, it may even be that the soldiers were already there. But now the messenger is being taught that they can serve as a remedy for this particular problem. Okay, so this is something of a disagreement among the scholars in a large project knows best. Now there's a peculiar opinion
of Elon Musk road 11 of the electron, that should be mentioned, and it's become quite famous and in books of aluminum chloride and things like that this opinion is highlighted, in his opinion, pseudo Falak and sultanas actually do not belong to the Quran. He doesn't say that they're not the words of Allah. He says they are cunnamulla. But they were specifically revealed as remedies for this particular problem. And they do not belong in the Muslim itself. His his belief is that there must have ends at a certain class. By the way, this is not the opinion of the majority, but nobody else has that opinion, except he himself. And we know how to respectfully disagree with the Sahaba. And
how the first question is, how could he have that such an opinion to begin with? There are several reasons not every Sahabi is exposed to every incident in the life of the Prophet on a subtle Salaam. That's one, not every Sahabi is exposed to every incident. We have before us bodies of literature of virtually every incident that happens in the Prophet's life, at least to a salon. But the Sahaba don't have a hadith class, where they learned there was this occasion or dedication and dedication, they have certain interaction with the Messenger of Allah, someone loves them, that's part of their life experience. And there are other interactions and other experiences with other Sahaba that are
not part of their life, and they're not part of their knowledge. So because they have that opinion, first of all, we don't know even if he later on, it's very possible that he retracted his opinion. Also, we can say that because the judgment was made on the most half in the time of Abu Bakr Siddiq, and he is you know, and even before then he's part of that. Second of all, we have several Sahih narrations in which the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam is reciting Filipinas in the Salah. He's reciting them in the prayer and nothing after Fatiha nothing but Quran is recited in the Salah. So that in and of itself constitutes enough of an evidence Not to mention the overwhelming majority
opinion and that you pretty much unanimous consensus of the Salah, but it's important to mention these sorts of things. So when you come across them on your own, you don't get confused. Oh my god, there's a difference about whether this is part of anila it's really not a difference. And you know, this actually proves that the Sahaba of the Allahu animus vine in the end are human beings. The the final word is revelation. And the Sahaba will make judgments to the best of their knowledge. And when they come to a consensus, it is rock solid because they cannot gather on something that is misguided. But is it possible that a Sahabi any Sahabi may have an opinion that the majority don't
take happened all the time that actually happened?
All the time, there are several opinions even of the most respected professor of Quran ignore abuzz about the Allahu taala. He has certain opinions that the Jamaat never took. He had a particular opinion about Alif Lam Meem. And what it meant, nobody ever took it. The majority says pretty much unanimously that this is from them with a shabby hat. We don't make that we'll have those words. So there are there are cases like that in the lives of the Sahaba. This doesn't diminish their dignity in any way. But it's part of being intellectually honest. We have to be intellectually honest and understand these things, especially in our time. When there are ever there's no stone unturned by
non Muslims to pull out our own narrations, look at our own sources and quote them to us and pull us in doubt. So we should know our stuff before they tell us about our stuff is really what I'm trying to get across. So now let's get to the first ayah inshallah Tada, and pick up that subject that I only introduced briefly but didn't really get into the relationship between certain class and certain we say cool, rubella.
The first word I'll get your attention the last word I'll get your attention on is good. That needs a little bit of discussion, but we'll start with our Lulu for now, the word is Isaiah although it comes from several you know, in sulphide morphology, you can give it several form you can say, your issue, you can say whether you are with that leave, you can say it started yesterday who is the other there are several forms used in the Quran. For example, for either color or amphastar is Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. Insert Allah and Ron Maria, Solomon Allah has given a different variation of this, this verb in hobbico was a reata administrator analogy, right. So, there are
different variations of this word, but the other by itself means to cling to someone for protection, to hold on to someone and not let go of them out of out of the fear of something dangerous, that is unseen. And that word is really important dangers that are unseen. If you want protection from a an enemy that is attacking you, the word is a Java to give protection to someone against an enemy. And we use that word from against fears that are physical and that are seen, but unseen elements jealousy, sorcery, shaitan these kinds of things is the other. This is why we find out oh Billahi min ash shaytani r Rajim altavilla. This is the word used for seeking protection against an enemy
that cannot be seen. And it also again, it has the meaning of clinging on to someone and not letting go of them. My advice comes from the same route. It's a it's an inverse actually thought of McCann means a place where you find refuge, a place where you find refuge. That word was used by use of either his salon, column or other law. When he sought refuge with a lie he's finding he wants to be in a place where you can find refuge from the west coast of Japan and this woman so he says my other law anyhow, the word are always used. So we are directly now common translation said I seek refuge. I have a slight disagreement with this translation. Because if you say Oulu means I seek refuge and
how do you translate a star.
A star is the other in Arabic is to seek is the fall that pattern in Arabic gives the meaning of seeking and wanting. I want refuge I seek refuge. And even the southern Arab says the difference between Estrada and other. And our rule here is that either is I am entering into the refuge, I'm giving myself up and entering into this fort. I don't just want it I'm giving myself into it. It's an act of submission. When you say
it's an act of submission. You say I am I have no power to protect myself. I'm giving myself up to a loss of parental autonomy is one thing to say I want to do that I seek to do that. It's another to declare I am doing it. I'm giving myself up before a law for protection. I cannot even do it myself. You understand? So Allah says festa Isabella, but we say now Ooh, Villa, Villa humanity we give ourselves in. We are entering into the protection of Allah azza wa jal. Now, the word Rob and its importance this ties into what I actually I want to bring that up at the end with Paul. So I'll go to Falak first and then bring it all together in shallow time. The word Fennec in Arabic phyla
literally means to rip open something and to tear something open where something else comes out. Like if you tear a pillow open and the fluff comes out of it. That would be fun. Okay. Fennec is used for the morning because the rays of the morning tear open through tear through the darkness and morning comes out. That's why it's called Falak. The morning English you can say daybreak, right? it cracks and rips through the darkness. But Falak is also used when for example, a seed a seed, slowly rips open and a plant comes out. Allah says fat liquid herb same root fire liquid hub, the one who tears open the seed when Noah and the you know the seed of a date, right it's called Noah and when
that tears open and then the tree starts coming out of that finally could have been Noah. Similarly the you know the one who brings them
Morning got five equally as bad as used in the Quran. But the word Falak I said is one of the words that will tie this subject together to the previous all of creation in linguistic analysis Dudgeon arose? Listen, a lot of other lexicons of Arabic Say the word Falak includes the meaning of
that which is created, because everything that is created is a result of something tearing open. Something tearing open, now, yes, lumen Aslan, color, are you in mineral zhiban, what comes out from its from something else, for example, springs out of the mountain, that's Falak. Also, they're tearing out, water comes out, when I'm farming, a hub and rain ripping out of the clouds, it tears through the cloud and comes down. That's also part of funnel whenever it's been an old and plants ripping out of the ground tearing the ground open and coming out. Now that was our last minute of ham. And children that come out of the womb of the mother, all acts of creation are a kind of
tearing open, some have even some more recent scholars have looked at this idea and said, this is maybe Allah azza wa jal, even alluding to the origin of creation, you know, that, you know, the Big Bang, it tore open, you know, that the theory so they made I don't, I'm not a science guy. So I can't make that correlation. But I can tell you, I've read about it. And I am not qualified to say yea or nay. But I can say that this is some, some scholars have made such a correlation with LaHood data.
So now, it's referring to the morning, it's referring to everything that has been created, which tears open, including our own creation, including a few, for example, look at microscopic creatures that rip, they tear apart, like Amoeba and they split, right, this kind of tearing open happens in plants in microscopic creatures, even in human beings and animals. Even in the sky, the night tears open the day tears the sky, you know, and the night is torn open. Now this word is used.
If you want to look at it from a literary point of view, you would have to say Allah is saying that he is the master of birth, the creation of the act of birth, he owns it, he's the master of it. Because of this tearing openness. It symbolizes what the birth of the morning, the birth of a child, the birth of a plant, the birth of rain from the sky from the cloud. Now, if you look at the previous slide, I would claim that a lot as always, you'll make lemonade. When I'm youlet was the reference to birth. He doesn't give and he is not born himself. He's not born himself. rather he owns the creation of birth, who are appalled Falak he owns it. He is not limited by it, because he's
the master of it. He's beyond it. So this is the first it's a continuity of that first subject. Now everything in this first ayah ties back to some sort of pseudo class in interesting ways. You know the word as Samad as such summit. We talked about it in detail last week, but I'll give you the gist of it. A summit is someone who everyone is in need of and who needs no one. He needs no one everyone is in need of him. That is a summit some other la in Arabic grammar when you turn to someone in desperation in full need of them. Now, in this surah are returning to a lion desperation or returning to a love or something a need, we cannot fulfill ourselves. So we're asking his
protection. So hon Allah This is a practical manifestation of what it means to say Allah summit. When Allah says he is a summit, in theory, okay, he's free of need, and we all need him, but now show that need by saying our old would be a lot bill Falak it's the practical manifestation of a summit. So that seed that plant that lesson that was installed and sort of the class is now giving us its practical fruits in these two suitors that are coming at Falak and
then there are other implications of In fact, that are not talked about very beautiful things was you know, this sutra is about being put in psychological or social difficulty. You know, night is a time of fear, jealousy or rage somebody might harm you. Magic is someone something's putting you under depression and difficulty You're so you're constricted this big, and by Allah saying fun up using the word fun up, which is basically ripping through tearing through whatever problems you have. It is it is as though a lot of just saying was said about a big it's like having openness and relaxation after you were constricted and tight. It was like you were imprisoned. And when Allah
said you call an ally as the master of the one who tears things open, who tear he tore open your your constriction and gave you relaxation and expanded things for you. So kind of love also manabu mat in a note, the entire theme of the surah actually is darkness. If you look at the surah from the very beginning,
sharp, evil, you know in most in almost every literature in the world, evil is associated with darkness.
For example, if somebody says he has evil intentions in many literature's you can say he has dark intentions. He has a dark mind. That was a dark, you know, he has a dark personality. It's a so darkness is associated with evil and virtual
Every literature in the world and that is true in Arabic also. So just by using the word shut, the sutra has a dark tinge to it. Then when somebody asks you can either literally mention of night, also darkness, then another kind of darkness woman Charlene number 30 filler aka magic isn't that a darkness of Schick you know, all forms of shelter one of the words used for them in the Quran. One of the words for tauheed is new. In the Quran, one of the words for tauheed for oneness of Allah is new. And a word for all kinds of [???] is the opposite of new Lulu mat, you create your home in Abu Mati in a new so when these people do magic, what after they engaged in a dark act? Again, something
dark, something evil, then after that again, When shall we have sudden hazard is a dark emotion. It's a Woolmer it's it's it's it's a darkness, and you have to come out of it. So all of the the entire sutra has this imagery of darkness. And the love begins the soul by ripping Tearing through the darkness and bringing light with what word alfalah. So there's this contrast between light and darkness. So you call on the Lord that creates the date the brightness of the day to remove all these elements of darkness that may be afflicting you. It's a really beautiful contrast that is presented in this surah then the final comment about this. I told you you know this this contrast
between light and darkness. The word in Arabic for I told you another word for the heat is what news. And one of the most interesting places for that in the Quran is Allah says about himself Allah Who knew a little similarity without a reference even to himself.
But then under contrast, what's the what's the darkest thing you could do? If though Hey, this light, then what's the darkest thing you could do is shake. So Allah says now and by the way, the word for darkness is what Wilma? shade or darkness volmer listen to the words of Lockman recorded in sort of mine in a shilka novel Manali shake, and I know shake is almost translated as an injustice. But the root origin is darkness. It's a great lead. It's a deep darkness. It's a great it's a great loss of light, what is darkness, but not a loss of light. It's a loss. It's a it's a lack of the heat of Panama. So that is what this this imagery that surrounds this soul is very, very powerful.
Then the final comment about the first word and Falak before we get to oil, and the beauty inside the word oil, just amazing. Ladies, this is why a Sahabi who's originally Farsi Persian, even most of the way and Aqua banana Kala colony Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the messenger says sort by Muhammad, he says, he told him it cannot recite will have been Falak recite color a little bit a bit further and he said hello cadre mal Falak Do you know what Fanuc is? The messenger asked us a hobby. Do you know what Falak is? And he answered him, baboon cannot either 40 hertz or era jahannam it is a door in the Hellfire when it is opened. The entire Hellfire gets a blazed the flame
just gets excited. It's one of the doors in Hellfire that tears open and then all hell literally breaks loose. Literally. Another Hadith in regards to a father who said you know in fija hanham. You've personally held jabiru and Wilma kabiru and we're in a Johanna Mata Mata our who Billahi min wounds on Allah.
This Falak that Allah takes mastery over this word. The messenger says it is a prison in Ghana. It's a prison in Hellfire in it are all the tyrants and arrogant people. And it is so terrible that Hellfire itself seeks refuge of Allah from Falak. That's how horrible that places. But the question is why placed this word Falak. It has all those literary meanings that we talked about and how it brings relief. But now it seems to me that the word on Falak is also delivering punishment. The question is punishment for
this surah is a surah Natchez dedicated to seeking refuge, but it's this little dedicated to describing certain kinds of criminals, certain kinds of criminals who engage in the act of shower. And particular which should are mentioned, which a lot are mentioned, the ones that are mentioned are number one, the you know, specifically enough, I thought federal court and has it set
up, you know, workup is actually it's left in the dark with the evil is it may or may not be the Dark Knight may or may not be evil, the explicit evils mentioned are sorcery and jealousy. And what we're learning is for people who engage in these acts, and act out on them, then their punishment is alfalah because Allah is the master of Allah. So not only is the crime mentioned, but the punishment worthy of that crime is also mentioned in the beginning of this surah. Now we come to the word quality.
You know, it's all over the Quran. Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah for Allah. You know, it's a
musing about it. It has a different literary rhetorical value in every context. There are some things that are common about the word corn. But then there are some things that are very particular to a particular context. So now we're going to talk about what are the benefits of the word cool in Colorado. Let's listen to some commentary. Allah subhanho wa Taala. You read mentally insane, and you're Alina Salahuddin, and their fee Billy Sani Allah azza wa jal intense clearly by saying Colin, the beginning of the surah that he wants the human being to announce his weakness with his tongue. It's one thing to realize I'm weak. It's another to announce it now when you announce your weakness,
is that an act of arrogance or humility? It's an act of humility. It's an act of declaring I have no power. I am declaring I'm powerless. I need your protection. Now it's possible somebody needs protection. But their ego gets in the way and they don't ask. They really want it but they don't ask because their ego gets in the way. Or even when they ask. They don't say it out loud. Can you
see it like under their under their breath? Why? Because they're too embarrassed to say it out loud. Because when they say it out loud, it exposes how weak they are. So unless as I want you to expose how weak you are to yourself, I want you to get rid of every ounce of arrogance there may be inside you. The word call removes arrogance removed from you. So now Now listen.
Allah azza wa jal mentioned earlier than the first reason for this. He says,
learn and Hagerty helia Robbie boo boo de manera he, making this announcement of your need before a lot out loud is important for several men for several reasons. from several perspectives. One of them was to her fee Caitlyn, Linda odoban knifes in that declaration there is the murder of your view being impressed with yourself. It kills your ego. When you save for a lot. I'm declaring it this is that cool. You're seeing allies commending you say it out loud, it kills your ego. What's your accountability and your false sense of you know, I don't need any protection. You're you're getting that false sense of protection out of your system will have them in as Babbitt torian and
having that false sense of protection is a kind of [???]can arrogance. Because Allah says can in Santa layout Allah, Allah who sadhana the human being thinks he truly rebels does he think he doesn't have any needs? So Allah azza wa jal says, declare that you have a need. Declare openly that you have any, this will ensure your sincerity. Now you'll appreciate one more thing about why this surah is here. What was the previous Surah ikhlas here's a manifestation of a class. The previous surah was teaching you what does it mean to believe in Allah who is ahead we had a long discussion about and to develop that sincerity before Allah. Now that sincerity manifest in you truly killing
and slaughtering your own ego that is inside the word coil. The second thing inside the word coil, is it's a command. So when you comply and you recite What have you done, you've actively obeyed an order of Allah, you've actively obeyed an order of Allah. And that's why the word love is important because a lot of all of its meaning and Malik was say it will be well known.
Essentially, the word rub necessitates the existence of an authority. You obey Him because He is your Rob or Buddha.
You know, enslave yourselves to your master. Now, why is that important? Well, Emerald acid Anna hominess Babbitt de la misma Vitaly Anika esta anta bb shuksan, to to Allah, wa C for K fighters 13 v. Waters See?
How can it be that you're asking his help while disobeying him? You can't ask a laws how you would never ask anybody's help while disobeying them and disregarding them at the same time. What we are learning here is if you really want to let it protect you, what must you be doing first? You must be obeying. So the discussion begins with a command of a lion you are you complying with that command? What that does is it necessitates in you the need to be in obedience to a law for the protection to actually come before you you're entering not only into the protection of a law, but also into the obedience of Allah. And now listen to these words of Musa alayhis salaam who explained explains this
concept, the concept of someone who kills their ego by seeking Allah refuge. That's what we tried to do, right? We tried to connect to things seeking refuge means you're killing your ego. How is this explained by Masada Islam? Well, Carla Moosa in Nero's to be able to be musala Sam says I no doubt about it. I seek refuge with my master will be co mingled Lima Taka Baron, and I seek refuge from my master and yours from every single one possessed with arrogance. The Ayah connects two things together, seeking refuge and what arrogance. And then he says, Min coonley mata Kabir en la, you mean ob Ahmed Hassan, the one who does not believe in the day of being accounted for the day of
audit the day of having to stand
And present your case. So panela In other words, that's what also tells us arrogance, or this arrogance of not seeking refuge. When will that happen when someone's email in the final days week, this surah delivers punishments in the next life with the word Falak. against the arrogant who do what sorcery and jealousy, sorcery and the seed they refuse to seek refuge, may Allah make us of those who truly genuinely enter the refuge and seek it sincerely, then the word shall. So we have called our obiora belief, Allah, we begin, say, I seek refuge in the master of alfalah, by the way of referring directly to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, but by extension, all of us, it's
a remedy for him and through him becomes a remedy for all of us. So the word shell,
you know, there are three words in Arabic in the Quran that are used for bad, bad. There's the word shuttle, there's the verbal form, Big Sur, Big Sur. And there's the word sir. And there are variations of each so say a comes from sir and, you know, big, so usually used as a sentence form, and then of course, sharp. But what's the difference between them? First of all, from a vocabulary point of view, they have different antonyms. Sharp is the opposite of hive. Shell is the opposite of hive. And I'll define that one in detail less. Let's talk a little bit about beta. Beta is actually when you you feel something is deplorable and detestable and terrible, then you'll call it bitser.
For example, you drink something, he's our guy has a terrible, really big social club. That would be social. But if you drink something, you say, Wow, this is awesome. You sit near my shop. So the opposite of that is narrower and narrower. And it's used as an expression of either being extremely impressed with something or extremely disgusted by something with Big Sur, that leaves the word sa, sa. And the word sa refers to something not just being evil, but ugly, ugly, and its opposite as hustler. So at masirah hacer una una karateka sa actually means deformed, you know, disfigured, hideous. So the actions that are hideous and ugly in and of themselves are called say that the
action itself is ugly. It's not even beautiful of an act. You know, I say yeah, for example, it can be
you know, you're you're doing liba ugly act is ugly through and through, it's hideous, it's an ugly thing to do. So it's called to say yeah, but now listen to the word sharp. Sharp is something that is universally and unanimously understood as harmful or evil.
Specifically shouted makes reference to that which will cause someone harm, shall that which will cause someone harm. shahdara in Arabic is the spark of a flame that can burn you. Like if you come out of a fire, like you know, those little sparks come out sometimes, and they can land on your skin and burn you that shilada literally showed that which causes somebody harm. Now the is profound and declaring Michel de la hudec. you're seeking refuge of the master of an Falak, the Lord of unfollow from what? From the evil shout, and the word terrible comes several times, but the first show maharlika, the short of what he created, the short of what he created. Now, there are several
rhetorical lessons here, the first of them, he didn't say, Michelle will not look. In summary, Colin Colima, from the from the you know, I seek refuge from the evil of all creation, or everything that's been created. He said, maharlika what he had on what Allah created. Why is that important? Because whatever harm the creation can cause, you know, that the one who created it has more power, he can save you from that harm, because he's the one who in the end, who created it, so his reference him getting credit for being the creator gives him power over whatever harm the creation may be able to cause. The second is sharp is not attributed to Allah. Sharp is attributed to Hulk
and allama talked about this in depth and it becomes a philosophical issue, but I'll give you the gist of it. People keep it really simple. The bottom line in Islamic Studies when it comes to the concept of Sharia is that evil is not actually an entity in and of itself, it is only considered the lack of good just like darkness, you know, the imagery of the hidden shared darkness and light, darkness actually doesn't exist, what actually exists. Light when you don't have light, what do you have? darkness. So darkness in and of itself isn't an actual entity. It's it's goodness, that's the entity and a lack of goodness is what's that word darkness is so evil in the end is what a lack of
good but this idea has profound lessons in it because a lot left the language open and universal mean shall remain Halak, he didn't reduce it to share a theme. The evil in the next one is Shaolin was was in a very specific creation. But when you say maharlika, whatever he created, from the heart of whatever he created, we learned from this that there is no creation on the face of this earth. No creation on the face of that doesn't come without us.
flaw. The only one free of flaw is Allah subhanho wa Taala everything else will have something missing. Something will be missing some element of shadow is possible from everything. Think of the most amazing creations of Allah like the sun so many benefits from the sun are there harms from the sun to so many benefits from water? Is there harm in water also so many benefits in the earth are there harms in the earth to so many benefits of the sky? Are there harms that come from the sky also, everything Allah has created has an element can have harm in it, it can have harm in it. So we ask a lot as our job to protect us from the potential harmful elements of everything. Things that
are not that are beyond our perception. You know a car very beneficial can it be harmful? Can you die in an accident? Can you get in you know can you put yourself in great difficulty Yeah, it's possible so all creations have that element of harm potential harm in them. And so we asked a lot as an agent, his protection from all of them mean surely mahalo.
Now, it's getting more specific we I mentioned this before in the beginning of the solar we're going from general to more specific, so the next specific area of evil or harm, Michel de la seeking Allah suck in Arabic literature lessons considered a way to lay out the first part of the night. In other words, when the blue of the sky is gone, and it's all black now. That's Rasul.
Allah azza wa jal says okay Miss Allah tala De Luca shamcey. Allah rasakan laid right the setting of the sun, that's one time then it gets deep into the night that's certainly Now the word goseck. Also, it's used in literature for that which sinks or that which disappears. In that sense in Arabic literature we find the word glossip being used for the sun and even for the moon in a hadith actually the Prophet use it for the moon in Arabic literature you find for example, yeah, oh do innovate my aloha suck now, which means I might be diet evil Madelaine. He went home at the time of US, UK, which means when the when it started really getting dark. Last, comma, when the you know,
when there's a lunar eclipse, it's called lexicon, comma.
of the Masato was I thought I knew who and the eyes became dark with tears. When you when you cry too much, and your eyes become overshadowed as bags of black around you write that expression in Arabic is a socket, a socket. io socket is Santa. When the sky becomes really dark with clouds, it's daytime, but it feels like it's nighttime. And it's really heavy rain is coming. That's called a sakata summer. So these expressions What is it telling you? Allah is referring to a time of night when it's completely an absolutely dark, but he goes a step further and says either wakaba First of all, alesund mean, he didn't say minahasa ki de Vaca min, Shangri La Seaton from the evil of the
dark. In other words, Allah is letting us know that there are harms that are inherently present in the dark. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would advise us not to go out at night.
In some narrations, he'd say if you knew what I knew you wouldn't go out at night. The Sheltie meet in the oceans at night, they come out at night. And you know, in our society, when is it time to act like the devil?
Right? It's Friday night, Saturday night. And you if you don't believe that there are harms that come up, come at night, watch the documentaries that have been done about the ers across America, you know, when they are filled Friday and Saturday night. They're filled. Car accidents, people killing each other after a couple of beers, drugs, alcohol, you name it. You name it, all of it. All that evil occurs when, at night, at knights of Han Allah, there's something evil there. The potential of evil is far superior in the night. And of course, this is why it's more dangerous to travel at night, you wouldn't go out late at night, you wouldn't even let your kids go take out the
garbage in the middle at 2am is no do it in the morning. It's in it's in human nature. You don't want to go out at night. And so we ask Allah, something that's inherent in human nature. We ask Allah protect us from that dark, evil, evil wakaba. Now what what's the what's the word workup? Because you know, in law what God is also a reference to darkness. So it's kind of like saying from the evil of the dark night when it gets dark, but it's already dark. So what's this getting dark over again, and why a different word for it. The word worked on like wakaba Valon. so dark that things become invisible. What is actually used when something enters into, you know, there's a
there's a ditch inside a mountain at night, and something goes into that ditch and you can't see it anymore. That's actually called wakaba. In other words, we're saying there are things hiding in the dark, that we cannot see. This includes the shell thing I told you
is there are other other in Arabic is you or yours is used for seeking protection from things you cannot see. So the idea is using relevant language by saying we're seeking refuge from the dark night especially when it hides things inside it when there are things lurking in the dark that we cannot see. But specifically one area
I wanted to bring to your attention is that LASIK is your LASIK is used for the moon for the moon. And you know the moon. It's some some interesting studies done recently and this was done in it used to be considered for folklore before but now there are actual studies about it. You know what happens in the full moon in the oceans right? There's high tide and there's the oceans become violent? Well, the human body also has fluids inside it.
Do you think the magnetic pole of the full moon has any effect on the human being? There are actual studies done on this you know that there are people that tend to become more violent, you know, that whole genre of mythical literature about werewolves and things like that. It's a it's a fantasized you know, hyperbole of actual scientific phenomena, where people experience psychological changes and aggravation, during certain cycles of the moon, this is actually documented physic, like physiological behavior.
And that's actually where the English word lunatic comes from, you know, lunate like crazy lunatic, comes from lunar, lunar, because this is this is even traditionally This was understood that at certain times, there are certain behaviors that become acceptable, unacceptable at nighttime, so people will stay at home and things like that. So hon Allah. So you have this, you know, we're asking protection from these kinds of things that we do not have the ability to infer for ourselves and Allah azza wa jal teaches us about them. So now after Michelle Lila, by the way, on a side comment about the guys, just two guys, we hang out at night a lot.
We go out late a lot. We up until 230, in the morning, a lot. You got to quit. You can't be reciting this. And then hanging out late at night. It doesn't work. Because you're on the one hand, yours and so a lot of time, and you go you know, in the back of the restaurant at 2am, interseting collaro, the little bit of luck, when surely masala provincial is also Canada when the full moon is a
little contradictory. So yeah, I know it hurts. It's close, I hang out at night sometimes too. But we have to curb that behavior, we have to get rid of it. Because it's it's really not something acceptable. Plus, there are other harms of hanging out late at night. You know, the kinds of people you'll see at restaurants at night. You know, the kinds of people that are out at night plus how wonderful Your future is going to be even if even if you do wake up? How awesome is it going to be when you're standing there like tipping over even if you're not drunk? Right? So we have there are harms in the night and we asked a lot of refuge for them. Allah has taught us to protect ourselves
from those things. So we should take precaution ourselves. I know it hits close to home, but we should take these things into consideration. After all, this is a guidance for ourselves, women, Shaolin Nephi, 30, filler orchid. This is specifically the context that I mentioned to you in the beginning, a lot called out, though, the fact that that is a feminine plural. This is a feminine plural. And it's, you could say in modern Arabic, this would mean the women who blow on knots. And that's how many modern translations have actually translated to the fact that women who blow or not, and they've attributed to Oh, perhaps because you know how we said his daughters were engaged in
magic, how he got his daughters to blow on knots. So that's what he's referring to, but not fast, that could be an adjective of new foods, or enforce people, the word knifes in Arabic is considered feminine, and its adjectives are considered feminine to Now the word Nephi thought and also could be referred to groups, because a lot of times this kind of sorcery and dark magic and things like that these are like underground kinds of societies. They don't do it on their own, they get together and do their homina homina, or whatever they do, right, but they do it in groups and groups can be general Killa genuine SRM, also, so it could be groups of that, that you know, blow on to nuts. The
word nothing actually means to blow with a little bit of spit coming out to blow really hard out of your mouth.
Like for either nucleus of the soul of Katanga, right, so that's number one, roots are close in Arabic, the meanings are close. Now. FSL This is fat. So the three dots. But if you say now if I start with a scene, that actually means breath, also, that at first to take a breath, higher and faster poet says Your life is just a set of breaths, you're going to take in and out and eventually it'll be done. So Nevada, Nevada and Nevada here, no fat, fat, no fat that the ones who blow over and over and over again, engaging in the act of trying to produce this magic failure occurred into knots.
So this is we talked about that in detail so we'll come to the the end part of it woman Shall we has hidden is a hazard. Here you have to appreciate something. You know, there's the problem and there's the root of the problem.
The first part of the sutra dealt with problems. This last Ayah takes you to the root of the problem. Why would someone do magic against someone? Why would someone cast a spell against someone? Why would someone want to harm someone else? What's the root of it? Jealousy they want what they have jealousy.
They don't want them to succeed, they want them to feel jealousy. So the root of it is mentioned at the end woman she already has hidden either herself, either from and from the evil of anyone who engages in the act of Hazzard and hasn't is of two kinds. There's a good kind that the Prophet described, we'll go through it at the end of today's does. And there's of course, the bad kind, the vast majority of
you can't see someone getting popular, you can't see someone getting a promotion. You can't you you work at a gas station, or you work as a janitor. And the guy, the other guy that works as a janitor with you, he got the metal broom, and you only have the plastic one, and you're like, I'm gonna get this guy fired. It could be something pathetic like that. And it could be hustle, right? It could be something silly, just absolutely silly. And you know, where we have to be really careful of hazard when we raise our children. really careful, because kids get jealous of each other so easily. so easily. This is something we beg a lot to protect us from. And it's becoming so natural for our
children to be jealous. Jealous, you know, you take your kids out for like, ice cream, it's okay, we're only gonna get one ice cream.
Everybody gets a little bit. No, her bite was bigger than mine.
Jealous jealousy. These are small things. But if they're if they're developing now, they're only going to get worse later on, when it comes to matters of inheritance, when it comes to matters of this, that and the other, you know, helping family members, this kind of thing jealousy manifests. I know this is talking about the jealous against the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam, which is why we also it's important that we talk about the enemies of Islam that are jealous of Muslims. That's important. But closer to home, where does jealousy strike the Muslims inside the house? within the families, within the families, within Muslims, I was so ashamed. Well, I Will it hurt me
so much. When I heard this. There was a there was a an orientation with the FBI, at one of the massages, and they were talking about the kinds of calls they get about, you know, nowadays, whatever is going on, and things like that, and they're trying to make better, you know, communication with the Muslim community. And you know, what they say, we get a lot of calls from Muslims about who's a terrorist,
we get maybe 100 calls in virtually every state about who's a terrorist. And so what do you do with those calls? They say, Well, the first thing we do is we check the one who called Is he in laws with the other guy? Or is he in business with him? Or are they competing businesses across the street from each other? Because 99% of the time that's the case,
jealousy. So Hon, Allah is the state of the Muslims. This is a real evil, and this evil can lead to some serious problems. Now there's one thing to feel jealousy inside. There's another to act it out to do something about it. You know, somebody could feel jealous, and I'm not gonna do anything about it. I feel it, but I'm not gonna do anything. Allah says, if you actually have hazard inside you, it is inevitable, you will end up doing something bad. He didn't say, Well, I mean, Charlie has eaten in Hurghada
from the evil of the one who is jealous, if he acts it out. If he acts out his jealousy, he's at iva sada when he acts out his jealousy. What's the difference between if and when
it may or may not happen? What does when mean?
It's gonna happen. If you have if there's a person that has has it, it'll manifest in one way or another, whether it be the evil eye, whether it you know, and I know how it occurred, even in the prophets time solution, and this this the evil eye, the effect of it is even mentioned in the Quran.
mucuna kabhi. I'm sorry, him, the Masami Vicar. These people will stare the Prophet down almost as though they would make you fall and slip the power of the evil eye Subhana Allah,
you know, and then they say, well, coluna no damage. No. So this is this is serious stuff, this jealousy business, and we have to seek refuge from it. Now, Eva Hassan II, it seems like reputation. If you look at a common transition from the evil of the of the jealous one when he is jealous. That's actually not what it is when he acts out as hostages in Islam, which means that dormant quality is inspiring as a dormant quality. But when you say Hassan II, it's an it's a fairly, it's an act, which is manifesting itself, it's actually taking place. So this is going from
that which may exist in a dormant fashion to that which is actually manifest, it's actually taking place. So we're asking for the protection from the one who hides and has that jealousy and does things and putting the surah in the context of the dark, we learn something else, the one who is jealous of you will never harm you in front of your face. They'll hide behind shadows and do it.
They'll go behind your back into it. They will do it in ways that you will not be able to tell by yourself, you won't be able to recognize it when it's happening. It's in the unseen from you. You don't know who's jealous from you. You don't know there's gonna be someone sitting next to you Who's jealous of you, who means you harm and you don't even know. Again, this becomes a harm that is unseen.
To you, which is why our audio is perfect in the beginning, a harm that is unseen hazard is also a harm that is unseen. Now I want to conclude inshallah tada hope I don't think I'll be able to conclude before Salah, but at least I want to give you
one. Believe that parallel to the NL just talk about two points of velocity two points of eloquence that I found really beautiful and interesting. Michelle Rhee mahalo calm. When Allah said the evil of everything that he created, it is universal, it applies to everything.
Furman marinelle is the other brother who mean and minahasa quote number 13 will has it then what's the point of mentioning these things? You know, the darkness of the night? The ones who blow on knots? The one who is jealous isn't this all part of mentality masala? If you say man, surely mahalo can include all of these things. So what's the point of mentioning all of these fell geoweb then be another and had the issue of ammo and Wireshark. This is a law making us alert that these specific categories are of evil are the greatest ones. So you say to Allah azzawajal, I want protection from all kinds of harm, especially the three biggies. The three big ones which are the night, the
potential harms that come from the night, the potential harm of people doing sorcery against you, and the harm of the one who means you harmed by because of their jealousy, what the hatred they have inside of their heart. These three are the big ones. So you have to ask Allah azza wa jal to protect you from them. There's a great scholar in Islamic is actually I'll tell you that about him at the end after selaginella I'll tell you about chef Muhammad Qasim Nanodegree, one of the founders of diomande had a remarkable commentary on this sutra, but I'll share with you the parable, the parable he gave to explain to his students what this means. But I'll conclude with this one more comment on
the language of the surah Lima Allah, Mr. admin Wanaka Roberto,
how come Allah put Elif lamb on some of the things that were supposed to seek refuge from and he didn't put on the others? For example, an affair that an afterthought? But When shall we are seeking there's no
similarly women Shall we all have city or house even? Has it been so under facade has been everything else is left open? So what's the purpose of that? Now, let's see. crowdriff an affair Thirdly, an akula an affair Sasha Lila. First of all, he made the fact that the ones who blow on knots he made them proper because every single one of them is evil. There's no exception. If somebody's blowing on knots, they don't mean well, that can't be one. nakara ha secondly, anahola sakalava Seaton Sharon, and he made a lot of sick general because not every Dark Knight is necessarily evil. They can be evil in a dark night, but Dark Knight in and of itself is not
necessarily evil. What are you doing laser cola has hidden sherried and similarly, yes, he may try to act out his evil, but he may not actually be able to harm someone who's the one who is jealous may or may not actually end up harming someone, they may or may not be able to do so but know that they're definitely gonna try to do so that's one difference between them. The second difference is in the seal of the Prophet alayhi salatu was Salam. Which specific problem did this surah deal with? They deal with the darkness, the darkness of the night, the jealous or didn't deal with the sorcerer.
Of these three which specific problem is the soul are answering the sorcerer that is given it's more out of Milan. And if lamb is put on it, it deals with that particular problem. Additionally it will deal with any problem they may that may occur in the darkness of the night and may deal with anyone who is jealous after that so it left that door open and it made it universal so hon Allah so there's this difference between the Nikita and amount of the time for Salah is approaching. So we'll take a break at this point. And we'll conclude this does after this on our prayers with the remarkable commentary of shift notably barakallahu li walakum Hakeem when in fact Anyway, it was