Fiqh of Salah #06 – Sunnah Acts of the Prayer

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu lillahi Mohamad the Hornstein who want to start when they're older Billahi min Cerulean fusina Omid sejati Medina, Maria de la hufa modela homeodomain hufa Asha Donna ilaha illa Allah hula hula shanika Shah Mohammad Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira My bad, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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So tonight, we're going to be discussing two main topics, we're going to be discussing the prayer of the traveler, and we'll be discussing how to rectify a mistake in your Salah with sogetsu. So, now before we get to that, I want to establish a principle that all of us need to understand very, very well. In Arabic This principle goes as follows you saw but the Sunnah of badou minca through to the AMA in Costa Rica tell Arman that achieving the sooner is better and more preferred than doing more actions, achieving the sooner is better and more preferred than achieving more actions. To give you a practical example of this, I will give you two examples. Example number one the Sunnah of fudger

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what to shoot us with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recite in the sun as a fudger.

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And Kula had fantastic these are the two suitors the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to recite in salata on fudger on a regular basis, in fact, we do not know of him reciting any other two sutras in salado fudger. Now, if someone

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Kalia evil Kathy rune and kulu Allahu Ahad, these are the two tools the processor Mr site. Now here's another question. If someone comes and says, You know what, I want to recite Surah Al Baqarah and Surah Al Imran, in the Sooners aphasia, is he allowed to do so

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he is allowed to do so and that prayer will be valid. But would he have achieved the Sunnah? No, he wouldn't have. So now, which one is better for him to do to achieve this sooner or to do something that is longer?

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The sooner by consensus, achieving the sooner is better than doing something which is greater in action. Now you have to keep this in mind because this ties in with salado Mustapha, do you understand where some of the scholars are coming from when we talk about this issue? example number two, someone goes for Amara. Okay, he goes for a camera. And on the first day, he performs his very first camera, and he reads that you know what it was the deposit said, I've never performed more than one camera on one trip. Neither did any of the Sahaba do that. But he thinks to himself, I came all the way from Canada. So why don't I go to attend amoral? Merci. Merci that Ayesha and performing

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under Rama on the second day for my father, on the third day for my mother. On the fourth day for my grandparents On the fifth day for my nephews, cousins and anyone that's left in my family. Is it better for him just to perform one camera per trip? Or is it better for him to perform multiple cameras? What's the answer to that? one camera, achieving the sooner is better than doing more action. And this applies to all situations and states. So when someone goes for camera, you have a clear statement from Mujahid, the student of Abdullah bin busca de la Noma. He says if a person wants to perform more than one camera per trip, I do not know if this person would get rewarded or

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if he would be sinful or if he would be sinful for that second Amala clear statement from the setup about this. So even in this situation, a person thinks, you know what's the harm in doing more ominous, the harm in it is, if there was goodness in it, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would have done it if there was goodness in it, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would have done it. So now when we look at our actions, what you want to try to do is in each and every state of our actions, you want to try to achieve the sinner you want to try to figure out what did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam do in this situation? What did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi

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wasallam do in this situation? So now we get to a scenario where what if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did multiple things in at one time? So for example, when we were talking about the drive if data when you go Allahu Akbar Africa quarterly haraam deposit seldom used to make dua to that time and there are many, many dwis that are recorded. What is the Sunnah in that situation?

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What is the Suna in that situation? That is put in as much variety as

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at one time or at different times.

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Or no? No at different times, at different time. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam recited different to do eyes at one given time, then the sooner in that situation is to memorize those new eyes and alternate and not just read all those blogs at one time or to stick to one that a person gets you

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comfortable with and then he leaves all of the other doors that the prompts are seldom used to recite. So this is the second principle over here that if there's a wide varieties of sirnas, then you should try to establish all of them at different times and don't abandon all most of them or try to do all of them at one time would rather use them at different times. And that is the Sunnah, that is the Sunnah. Now, let us get into salata. Mustapha, let us get into Salatu Mustafa. And there's two important subject matters when it comes to the salado Safford one is the act of parser and the second is the act of Jamaica, when it comes to act of poseur This means shortening the summers

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shortening the Solas. So, out of all of the Salawat only three solos can actually be shortened zohore from 42 I said from 42 and Asia from 40 to 30 is not shortened nor is mclubbe short in these two prayers are not shortened. Okay. So now when it comes to akasa, the scholars are of three opinions. What is the ruling on Gaza Imam Abu hanifa him Allah, he was of the opinion that it is wajib for the traveler to make pasta. It is wajib for the traveler to make custard. Okay. Second Opinion, Mr. Malik, it is Mr. hub for the musafir to make pasta it is Mr. hub for the Mustafa to make pasta meaning it is highly recommended for him to make an opinion number three Mr. Shafi and

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the moment in my math mode, they said it is mobile, it is something that is permissible, meaning that if you wish to do it, then there's no extra word for it. And if you still leave it, then there's no sin upon them, then there is no sin upon him.

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Now,

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what is the minimum distance that is required for custard? What is the minimum distance that is required for pastor who can give me an answer to this? What do you guys know of

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80 kilometers Anyone else? You feel as if you are traveling? It isn't when you feel that you are a traveler who said 73 Did someone say 73? I heard a 73. Okay, any opinions besides 80? And when you feel like you're a traveler, anything else 70

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you think it's 8350 and 70 something like that, go ahead, record this

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right. So, the off of the people this is what he said and these are the two predominant opinions these are the two predominant opinions. And let us take the two opinions over here. So you have Imam Shafi Eman Malik Imam, Abu hanifa, an Imam Ahmed. So this is what we call it. The fact of the Medina we don't call this a Juma. But we call this the fact of the matter is that all for mazahub, they agreed that if a person was to reach 50 miles, or 81, or approximately 81 kilometers, then he has achieved the station of a traveler he has retrieved the status of a traveler. If he was to achieve this, then he has become a traveler 50 miles, or approximately 81 kilometers. Opinion number two,

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this is taken from some of the scholars of the Maliki method. But it's predominantly known amongst the scholars of Hadith, the scholars of Hadith, they said, whatever the out of or the custom of the people considers traveling, then this would be considered a traveler. What does that actually mean? So when they talk about the origin of the people, what they're referring to is if a person has to do special preparations for this trip, and it's not something that he does on a regular basis. So if he's our spreadsheet of preparations, and there's not something he does on a regular basis, then according to the customs of the people, he would now be considered a traveler, he would now be

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considered a traveler.

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Now we get to

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a third issue, and that is, at what point does cancer begin. So now let's just say we're going to admit it, and to avoid the difference of opinion. Admitting, you know, suffices both of these criterion one, a special preparation would be made for it. It's not something we do on a regular basis until it is more than 50 miles or 81 kilometers. So now we've avoided that stuff. So now that we know that we're traveling, when does the cursor actually begin? When am I allowed combining my prayers? The answer to this is the safest opinion is as soon as you leave the boundaries of the city. As soon as you leave the boundaries of the city in mountains. Makati Rahim Allah, he narrates

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his hell Bukhari from Alabama. We told him that they would not start to shorten their prayers until they left the boundaries of the city until they left the boundaries of the city. Likewise, the vice versa, that even though they could see the boundaries of the city, the boundaries of the cities could be seen. Even though they didn't cross that area yet. They still consider themselves traveler, so you only start becoming a traveler once you've re entered into the boundaries of

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The city once you've re entered the boundaries of the city,

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how long does a person remain a traveler for consensus on this issue, the person will remain a traveler. As long as he does not establish establish residency, he will remain a traveler, as long as he does not establish residency. The laugh occurs though, how many days does it take for a person to establish residency? How many days does it take for a person to establish residency, the multiple you manmohini formula, they said 15 days, anything beyond 15 days, and he's established residency, anything beyond 15 days, and he has established residencies, the rest of them at the hip, they said four days and up anything beyond four days, you have now become a resident in that locality, you've

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now become a resident in that locality. Now, what if a person does not know how long his journey will be, then in this situation, they are agreed that even if it goes past the 15 days, or the four days, he will continue to be a traveler, he will continue to be a traveler. in this situation of he thought it was only going to be you know, let's just say in the Hanafi, madhhab, 15 days. So sorry, it was beyond 15 days, this is a 16 days. But in actuality, a short strip only starts or ends up becoming seven days. And that situation, can he become a traveler after you made the intention not to become? And the answer is yes. So they made it very contingent upon the days itself. So as long

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as you didn't meet that maximum criterion, then you would remain a traveler, you would remain a traveler. Now, according to the opinion of the majority over here, and that is, what if a person knows he's staying longer than four days, but does not know approximately how long he has steak. What do you do in that situation? Who can give me an answer? So you know, you're staying longer than four days, but you don't know how long your steak? What should you do in that situation?

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You establish residency, Okay, any other opinions on this matter? Use the

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you stay like a traveler, so you stay shortening. Okay, so we have both opinions. Do we have a third opinion over here? Yeah.

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Is it okay, first question, no answer my question first, then you can ask a question.

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Stop being Hey, so let's just follow the safer opinion stop being a traveler. Okay.

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And depending on which

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day where does this actually have anything to do with them. And I hope though, that what I'm trying to allude to is this has nothing to do with the Medina, the full days. That was the full days,

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15 days.

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But this is what I'm saying. So according to them, you establish residency, after you've stayed there for that period of time. Now over here, you know, you're staying past that period of time, but you don't know how long you're staying. Right? It could be you know, all of a sudden, you have to pack your bags and get out. so in this situation, what should you do?

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Do both? How does that work?

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Okay, good. They in this situation? If a person doesn't know, what is their situation, the actions of the Sahaba della Juan, it shows that they will continue acting as a traveler. So you have unsaved nomadic or the Allahu anhu. He went to Syria, he combined for two and a half years, two and a half years he was there. And he continued to combine his prayers, right. So you have other examples of the self as well that they did the same thing. If they didn't know how long they would stay there, then they would continue to shorten their purse. If I said combined. I didn't mean combined, I meant shorten that answer the medical doula when we went to Syria, he stayed there for two and a half

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years, and he continued to short in his purse. So this was the action of the self. And this seems This is the closer thing to do. This is a closer thing to do. Now we get into the issue of Jummah, combining the prayers, combining the prayers, so when a person is traveling, cancer can be done. And cancer can only be done for the situation of traveling. There's no other situation where cancer can be done. Consider the shortening of the prayer. Go ahead when you're shortening so if you're staying for

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more than four days, you start you don't shorten on the first day or after four days you don't know so if you know you're staying more than four days, then from the get go. You use use start praying as a resident Yeah.

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That's what was your question. My question was, like in our present day scenario, like our society, establishing a residence what does that mean exactly? Because

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have me out of a hotel room. Let's say you're staying for five days, but your hotel room and you don't have the amenities of home, right, that constitute as establishing residence. Or, like, what does that mean? Fantastic. So now according to them, they said, it doesn't matter. As long as you're staying there, we're past that number of days, you established residency. Now, according to a Hadith, and this is the point, I guess I would mention in the summary, the lady said, You stay as a traveler, as long as you don't establish residency, it has nothing to do with the number of days. so in this situation, where you're staying in the hotel, hotel guaranteed is not a residency, right?

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Because you don't have a place to cook, you don't have a place to clean, you're dependent on so many other things. So in that situation, I feel more comfortable with the opinion of 100 Hadith, that as long as you're staying in the hotel, regardless of what your position is, you should shorten your prayers. Now the issue of jhum that's a different issue. That's why I want to make it very clear that the issue of cancer is pertinent to traveling only when it comes to the issue of Jama jam can be done for a wide variety of reasons, traveling of which is one of them. And we'll try to summarize everything at the end together. So now, what are the two scenarios of JUMP JUMP combining prayers

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has two scenarios you have Gemma Kadeem and Gemma otter here, right. So combining in the earlier time, and combining with the later Time Attack, the aim is earlier and here is the later time. So now we mentioned that in previous Holocaust, Salatin fudger is not combined with any

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I think I mentioned this on the Friday night halaqa. That

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one of our I came for Salah one day, and

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there was someone that was parked in my in my parking spot, and the brother was actually there. So I told her brother, look, please don't do this again. He moved his car, and I parked in my parking spot. And one of our neighbors she actually said, I'm really, really glad that you did this. I said why? And she said that you will, you'll be surprised as to how many times this happens that people will come to the mustard, and the parking in someone's parking spot. Now the interesting part is what she said what she said next, that she said even if your religion was the truth, do you think I would follow it based upon you know, what do people constantly do to our neighbor to to the people

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living here? And obviously she said this in a very angry tone and a very upsetting tone using like very aggressive language. But is it something just to reflect, you know, is you catching Salah in the masjid worth upsetting our neighbors, right? The general rule in Islam is that you avoid the harm before enjoying the good. So if it means you end up missing the Salah, it is better for you to miss the salah and congregation than to harm someone in the way of doing something good. So keep that in mind, my dear brothers and sisters that let us not you know deprive our neighbors of their rights and their rights upon us which we need to fulfill. So these parking spots in the back. They

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don't belong to us. They don't belong to any of the Muslims here. So please let us not park in those parking spots just

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so now, we said that there's two scenarios. We have general khadim and Gema here, and there's only and so a lot of budget is the only prayer that Germany is not done with. And what that means is that the salado fauja it has to be preyed on this proper time. There is no situation or scenario where you are exempt from praying Salatu fudger at this proper time, unless you are like unconscious or you could call you're claiming temporary insanity or something along those lines. But in all other scenarios, a lot of budget needs to be prayed and his proper times. Now with the other prayers, the Hadassah, McRib and Asia, then these prayers you can combine the prayers with you can combine the

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prayers with Now again, I emphasize, do not confuse and mix up the issue of combining with shortening, shortening and combining are two different issues. So now when we talk about General khadim, then that is to combine the prayer with the first of the two prayers. So without an answer, you would pray the heart and answer both of them at the time of God, both of them at the time of the heart, and Margaret and Aisha, you would pray both of them at the time of mclubbe. So this is the first way to combine prayers, that you pray the heart and answer together at the time of the heart, and you pray Mother benicia, together at the time of noclip The second way of doing it is what they

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call a jumbo into here, which is to pray at the second prayer. So you will pray the Lord and I shall combined at the second prayer which is awesome. She presented an answer at the time of awesome likewise you will pray Margaret being shot at the time of a shot right so that is the difference between gem of a jumbo Taksim, and jumbo here. Now let me ask you a question. We're driving to Edmonton again. I came I left Calgary when salado the herd kicked in once a lot of the herd

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kicked in. Okay. I mean, that's a lot of thought was already in. When I left Calgary. I arrived to Edmonton now, and it's now time for skeletal asset. What what I pray? Who can give me an answer to that? Right? You would make intention during your time that you are with us. Oh, okay.

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Jim.

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But how would I pray Jim, what's up here? So you play a lot of verse to Uh huh.

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Okay, so you're, I think, I don't know, like 50% correct in this, like to 75% I'll give you 75%. So over here in the situation, you're doing jumbo to here. You've already left Calgary, it's time for the hood. And you're traveling on your way to Calgary to Edmonton. So you get into Edmonton at the time of asset. So obviously, you will have to praise over NASA in admitting now. However, since the time for the horse kicked in, while you were still a resident in Calgary, you haven't left of the boundaries of the city. When you get to Edmonton, you would still pray the Salah of the McKean, you would still pay the salary of the mukim because it became wajib upon you in that state. So however,

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whatever state the Scylla becomes, why'd you have upon you, then that is the state that you have to trade in, then that is the state that you have to play it in with the exception of one, which is the exact opposite scenario. So for example, you're leaving Edmonton and coming back to Calgary. And that is let's just say Mohammed bin Aisha now. So you left Edmonton. Margaret has already started and you're on your way to Calgary. You get to Calgary now. And when you get to Calgary, Asia has already kicked in a shot has already kicked in. So while you're traveling, Asia is already there. But when you get to Calgary now, how will you pray your mother benicia, you're going to pray gem

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outta here, Muslim will be three because it's not shortened at all. And Isha will be four. Because now you are a Muslim. You're no longer a traveler. So you would pray it as a resident? And this answers a question as well. Can I still do gem of a traveler while I'm back in my city? And the answer to that is yes, you can do gem of the travel while you're back in your city. But it would be in its full version, it would be in its full version. That is the way you would print. Let us get even more technical now. So you left Edmonton at the whole time. And you get to Calgary at us our time. So during the way the order has passed, and also has already begun, what do you do in this

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situation?

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You left editing ads the whole time The war is already started. And you arrive in Calgary at us your time and you haven't prayed the horror asset. How do you pray this prayer?

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based upon what principle?

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Right.

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Fantastic. So you there's a lot of thought started and finished while you were in the state of traveling. Right? So you would pray as a Mustafa. As for salata, Lhasa, it started while you are a massage, but you became more clean, and the solo still obligatory upon you. So then you pray it as a resident, so you prayed as a resident. So that would be two guys. And also it would be four in that situation. I started what before in that situation.

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And as always, I can't leave

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here. You can do gem of tuck them and do it over here. But you would do it as a resident. So you would praise the Lord for an answer for that is what you would end up doing. Okay, go ahead.

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Let's get started. You won't be delaying Google, because you're a little sad to hear.

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Because you started traveling during the time of thought. So if you as long as you start traveling during the time of thought, then you can pray it as a massage

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is before before the whole time finishes before the whole time finishes. Yes, then you can do jump. And there's not a problem in doing that in Shama

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Christopher travel in an ideal situation, yes, you can see it's better prayer, the order and then when you get to your destination pre rasa, but obviously, when you're traveling, a lot of the times it's very difficult to stop on the way I think adamantane is only like a two and a half hour three hour drive. That's not a long journey. Let's just say you're going to Vancouver, right? So you leave Vancouver you leave early in the morning. You have to stop somewhere for the huddle or and I said it's better to combine the prayers and it's easier in that situation. Allah Juana you have your hand up first scenario like you will leave

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a lot of time in your open invitation as the one that asked the one that asked

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Okay, so that scenario is you leave Calgary once a VOD has started. Okay. You arrive in Edmonton once our cell has started, okay, so now when you have to pre load an asset together, what would you do in that situation? You would pray the her as for Buckeyes, and I said, as to lock us in Edmonton. Yes, yes. Go ahead.

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No, no, sorry. Yeah. Leaving Calgary.

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Going to anyway, it's it's permissible to combine the passer overtime.

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Then head to the brother just asked it. And I said, Yes, you are allowed to do that. But you would pray for us. So the heart would be for our cause. And acid would be for us. Yep.

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He will check out

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guys, can we not have multiple people talking? Sorry. Go ahead, brother.

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saying no.

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to certain stuff after, after the boundaries of the city. Yes. The boundaries just check out because some people said after once you open the box.

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You're not past the boundaries of the city. Not necessarily some airports are inside the city. So for example, you have Toronto City Airport, where the airport is literally in the middle of the city. You have other airports like Edmonton airport is like 45 minutes away from the city. So this will vary from place to place. It doesn't mean that just because I've gone to the airport that have crossed the boundaries of the city. So you would see when do people consider the boundaries of that city over? Right. So for example, someone that's going to Calgary and you're heading towards Edmonton, once they've crossed into Airdrie, the West that they've left the boundary of Calgary, but

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before Airdrie, they're still within Calgary. Right, that's how you define it. I just want to finish one more section. And I'll take some more questions. Let me finish one section and we'll take some more questions. Okay. So now, how do them feel about Gemma How do the my dad feel about doing jump of the Scylla Okay, in my Malik, Emma Shafi and Emma math mode, they said it is mobile, their mazahub stated is mobile, Malik Shafi and Ahmed they said to do gem of the Salawat is mobile it is permissible to do so, the multiple remarkable hanifa himolla he said it is not permissible and he differed between you know, macro and macro Tansy. So, it was like higher level of macro lower level

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of macro that it should not jump should not be done, except in one situation. And that is on the day of alpha and the night in was Delica they said on the day of alpha you can combine and in the night oven was Delica you can combine As for other than that, it should not be done as for other than that, it should not be done. Okay. So now, let us take different scenarios, let's take different scenarios.

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Scenario number one, actually, we did some of these scenarios at the beginning of the when we started this series, so it might not be a good idea to do them again.

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But let us move on to the next session that we'll do questions. next section over here, when we talk about jump outside of traveling. When can you combine your prayers outside of traveling? When can you combine your prayers, okay, your hammock Allah number one, because of rain because of rain. And this is the type of rain that becomes a hindrance for the people, I type of rain that becomes a hindrance for the people. If there's a type of rain, that becomes a hindrance for the people, then you are allowed to combine your prayers without shortening them. Like I said, shortening is only for traveling, we're only talking about combining the prayers. So rain that becomes a hindrance for the

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people you can combine. Likewise, if there's excessive fear amongst the people, if there's excessive fear amongst the people, then they can combine at that time as well. So in the scenario, the processor them when they're in the state of Expedition, they're in the state of battle, then in that situation they were allowed to combine similarly over here, let's just just just say, you know, there's a serious attack that's going on in that situation you will be allowed to combine and this is not a problem number three, because of excessive need, because of excessive need, sex excessive need over here would be you have a scenario that does not occur regularly, but it is very important

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does not occur regularly, but it is very important. So for example, someone is doing surgery, right a major surgery is taking place is going to take eight hours longer than in that situation he can combine between sir or maga benicia whatever is necessary at that time. So these are the three reasons why the scholars have allowed the combination of prayers Now let us see where they stand. Mr. Shafi and Imam Malik

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They said you're only allowed doing so, if there is rain. And if there is fear, if there is rain, and there is fear,

00:30:10--> 00:30:52

Mr. Malik, sorry mama Shafi, he made clear upon rain. And he said also if there is excessive cold, also, if there is excessive quote, now understand this in our context, snow is the equivalent of rain. So, if there's excessive snow coming down, and you're going out, and you know, it's going to be very difficult, then in that situation, the combination of the prayer is allowed, the combination of the prayer is allowed. Now, likewise, in extreme cold, in extreme cold, this needs to be understood in this proper context. That if there's really extreme cold, and you know, you're the electricity is gone. And something like that happens. You guys didn't have this in the in the 90s.

00:30:53--> 00:31:26

In in eastern Canada, we had something called the ice storm in the 90s, where literally, the cities were shut down for a week. And in that situation, we're moving from like one shelter to another, going from, you know, my house, to the aunt to my aunt's house, to the gymnasium to the masjid, all over the place. In that situation, you're within this the city, but due to the extreme cold that is taking place, the electricity is gone. There's a need at that time, some of the people combine their prayers because of all that difficulty, and there's nothing wrong in doing so. So you mama Shafi, he said that, in that time, if there was extreme cold, a person could combine his Salah as well, he

00:31:26--> 00:32:05

couldn't combine his Salah as well, in my math mode, he allowed for all of these situations he allowed for all of these situations, and add it to that extreme necessity as well. So this concept of extreme necessity, this is taken from the mother, baby mama, this is something that is actually particularly the mother of Mr. McDermott, that he said in the cases of extreme necessity, then you can do jump in that situation. So now, what would be a case of extreme necessity. So for example, a student has an exam that will be considered an extreme necessity, a woman she has to do some sort of chore outside the house, and she knows it's going to be a prolonged period of time, and she's not

00:32:05--> 00:32:14

going to be able to pray. If this does not happen regularly, she can combine her prayers, and there's nothing wrong with that, and there's nothing wrong with that, it will be allowed under necessity.

00:32:15--> 00:33:04

Now, what is the basis of all of this? The Hadith in Sahih Muslim where Abdullah Barnabas or the Allahumma He said, The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam combined his prayers, without fear, without rain, and without traveling. So they asked him, oh, Abdullah bin avascular, the Allahumma then why did he do so? He said to make things easy for his oma to make things easy for his oma. Now there's a story. I mean, the snatch is questionable at best. But some of the scholars did use this. And that is one day of delivering abasa de la Juan Houma. He's teaching a halakhah he's teaching a halaqa and an old man during the Holocaust. He says, Yeah, Bella bus and I was his Konya, a Salah, a

00:33:04--> 00:33:46

Salah, of delivering a bus completely ignores him. And then now it's almost time for a shot meaning mulgrave is finishing and Aisha is about to begin. And this old man again he says, A Salah, a Salah, and Abdullah busca de la Noma. He gets angry at this time, he says, Are you going to teach me about Salah, and then he narrates the Hadith in Sahih Muslim where the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam combined his prayers without fear without rain without traveling to make things easy for his oma. So if there's a reason for for you to combine, go ahead and do so but should not be on a regular basis. We're talking like maximum once a month. It shouldn't be more than that. If it's happening more than

00:33:46--> 00:33:56

once a month, try to accommodate and adjust but once in a while, if a person needs to combine then that is not a problem then that is not a problem. So now

00:33:57--> 00:33:58

let's go into

00:34:00--> 00:34:02

the scenario of

00:34:04--> 00:34:06

you all these are pretty easy.

00:34:07--> 00:34:23

All these scenarios are really easy. But go ahead Dinesh. I want to show you so regularly combined like this, the Shia Allah why them I don't know what they use as evidence to combine. I do not know Allah Juana. Go ahead. Can you combine silver? Because therefore

00:34:26--> 00:34:27

because there's

00:34:30--> 00:34:59

so this knee and so the brothers asking Can you combine the head and acid at work? Because you know, the time is very short. Now, we discussed this in other how the Cobra explain it again. One of the beautiful things about living in Canada is that your work has to accommodate your religious needs. So now in this situation, if you were to tell your boss Hey, look, I'm taking a 10 minute break to pray and I will make up these 10 minutes either in the morning or in or after my shift is over. Then they have to accommodate for that.

00:35:00--> 00:35:33

As long as you're not missing out on time in your work, they have to accommodate to that. And that is what I would say is the best thing to do that anytime that you need for Salah, take that time, but make it up, make it up to your work. Rather than looking for a way to combine your solos, we said it should not it is not something that should be done regularly. So you shouldn't look to combine your salon the regular basis. So now when winter time comes, and literally from salovaara till Maghreb time you have like four hours or less. That's a very short amount of time. In this situation, try to take your lunch break for the hood, and then try to take a 10 minute break for us

00:35:33--> 00:36:09

so that you don't have to combine your purse and only an extreme like situations. So you actually combine your person in that situation. Well, lavon Go ahead. So he said the cancer and Germany are different. Yes. So let's say you're traveling for those five days or four days. Yes. So the second day third day can you do German will only only the time you're traveling or whatever you consider fantastic now the teacher that my teachers but the opinion and position my teachers have taught me and opinion that I follow myself. This is what I'll share with you. That regardless of how many days you are staying in this in the locality, you should perform closer, unless you're going to the

00:36:09--> 00:36:29

masjid in the masjid, you will pray whatever the Imam is praying, when you're playing by yourself, you will pray Buster gem should only be done in the state of traveling. Or when there's a necessity or when there is a necessity outside of that situation when you're in the state of traveling. Do closer but don't do jump. That is the best thing to do.

00:36:31--> 00:37:08

Doing HUD? Yes. About this distance of 50 miles. How come when you go from Makkah to Mena you already do consulted because when you left your home in Canada, you're already suffered. But for other people out there, they are hoping to take us around right. The local should not be praying closer. The local should not be praying pastored in Mina, because Mina is like just on the outskirts of Mecca. Yeah, so the locals anyone that is a resident of Makkah, should not be performing that and that is why we have the famous incident of Abdullah Massoud and Osman hora de la Juan. And what happened was when Othman became Khalifa

00:37:09--> 00:37:20

at alpha, he prayed for rockets for the Horde, and uploaded Masood. He didn't agree with this. And he said why don't you agree with this? He's like, Look, I prayed behind the aboubaker. I prayed I sorry, I prayed.

00:37:22--> 00:37:47

I prayed behind the aboubaker I prayed behind almost all of us when we came to data for we did Casa we did we showed in our summer. Now a man or the Allahu anhu comes and he prays as for the reason why it's minor, the Allahu anhu did this was because not only did he have a home in Medina, but he also had a home in Mecca. So since he lived close by he praised in Makkah azim Hakim. So anyone that has residency in Makkah, praise azim Hakim Allahu taala.

00:37:48--> 00:37:52

You I'm sorry, I left your question behind it. I didn't come back to you. Yes.

00:37:53--> 00:37:55

Yes. We

00:37:58--> 00:38:00

mentioned. Yes.

00:38:03--> 00:38:14

Doors already started. Yes. came in when people are paying awesome. Yes. In the masjid. Yes. Want to pray? And yes.

00:38:16--> 00:38:29

You will pray with them also already prayed over and they don't know. So he will join with them right away. They will be praying are sir. And your intention is to pray the heart. That is what you should do. And then you pray acid by yourself.

00:38:31--> 00:38:32

Does that make sense?

00:38:33--> 00:38:34

Okay, any

00:38:37--> 00:38:39

combination of Yeah, so

00:38:41--> 00:39:09

this is a baby. And you want to play at home with the combine in combined player home. So for example, there's a lot of heavy snow. And you know, you're going to be spending a lot of your day outside going from work to somewhere else to somewhere else. so in this situation, yes. I don't see anything wrong with combining your prayer. And there's nothing wrong with that. But again, the key condition being that there is heavy snow, and you're presuming it's going to be very difficult for me to stop to pray somewhere.

00:39:12--> 00:39:14

Yeah, even if you're alone, not a problem show.

00:39:15--> 00:39:23

My friend, you know, anytime we want to travel to Korea to Raka historica is not jungle

00:39:25--> 00:39:32

and doesn't ask him to say you know, he's to come up to pray when you start seeing a proverb.

00:39:34--> 00:39:36

instruct you nice when you are.

00:39:41--> 00:40:00

Yeah, there's nothing like that. So there is no Salah that should be done before traveling begins. So if a person is about to go traveling, there's no Salah before the traveling begins. However, when the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam used to finish his travel, then the first thing he would do when he came back into the city was come to the masjid pretty

00:40:00--> 00:40:09

Alright guys, so there's two, two lockers upon completing your travel, you come to the masjid and you pray to like us. There's a sooner to do that. Allah Allah. Go ahead.

00:40:10--> 00:40:11

Yeah, this is a

00:40:13--> 00:40:14

very live Exactly.

00:40:16--> 00:40:20

From where you live, that's where the distance begins. Yes. Correct.

00:40:21--> 00:40:23

Yeah, go ahead.

00:40:25--> 00:40:25

Where's your

00:40:28--> 00:41:08

vehicle? And you see the millions and sitting in the car? Yes. allowed? No. So the we said that the general rule is that Salah has to be prayed standing, you should not pray sitting down, unless there's a very, very valid reason for you to do so. So for example, the time of Salah is running out, and there's a severe snowstorm or thunderstorm outside, then I will say Yes, go ahead and pray in your car. However, if you have the ability to pray outside, then it is better to pray outside standing up alongside. Go ahead. I'm driving to Vancouver. And I know that I'll be staying there for more than 15 days. Yes. When do I stop shopping the prayers as soon as I reach Vancouver or

00:41:10--> 00:41:17

so if you follow the Hanafi madhhab? If you know you're staying there more than 15 days, then yes, you you still you don't pray this a lot of them have suffered.

00:41:19--> 00:41:47

While I'm traveling alone missing so many prayers, right? So what do I do with those? So you have to stop on the way and pray to God combined? I can I try them while you're traveling? Yes, you can. So there's a difference between the state of travel and arriving at your destination. So in the state of traveling, you can do jump and cacert no problem. But when you arrive at your destination, then over there, you should follow whichever method or whatever you've learned. That is what you should follow at that time. Shawn. Go ahead. Yep.

00:41:50--> 00:41:57

If you're a traveler, and you reach your destination, once you reach your destination, if you're afraid another month, you said that

00:41:58--> 00:42:11

you have to pay the full price. Yes. So how about if you're not praying at the mosque, but you are praying behind the resident. So it should also increase the full fare. And probably the other way around that you are leaving

00:42:12--> 00:42:14

the door the people behind you should

00:42:15--> 00:42:15

rocket.

00:42:17--> 00:42:31

So once you've come back into the city, if you're praying the previous prayer, which started and finished while you were a traveler, then you're going to pray that shortened. Okay. Do you understand? So you were traveling from?

00:42:33--> 00:43:00

What's even the Fort McMurray actually that's maybe too far. Maybe Grand Prairie to Calgary. Okay, so you left Grand Prairie before the horse started. And you get to Calgary, once our set is about halfway through. Okay, so the herd finished and started while you are a traveler. You come into Calgary Now it's the time for us. For her, you will pray to Allah guys. Okay. And for us, sir, you will pray for us.

00:43:03--> 00:43:28

I'm saying that. If So what I'm saying is if you're the Imam in the masjid, you're going to pray to God, the people behind you. If they're praying I said they have to pray for so after you make the sleep, they'll all die tomorrow. Cuz now if you come to the masjid or you're playing behind someone else, and he's praying or sir, then you're the horrible become for rock ice. And you're going to have to pay us after that for rock as again. Makes sense. Right?

00:43:32--> 00:43:34

Yes, trying to stop.

00:43:36--> 00:43:36

But we will allow

00:43:39--> 00:43:41

the next day once you've

00:43:43--> 00:43:44

applied for

00:43:45--> 00:43:46

permission to do

00:43:47--> 00:44:23

what you do. So it depends if you're traveling east or west. So if you're traveling, you know I'm saying which depends, like if you're in Calgary, you can fly over the Pacific Ocean, you can fly over the Atlantic Ocean, right? So if you're flying over the Atlantic Ocean, that means you're going in the direction of the sun. So you will just continue to follow the sun. So meaning as you're traveling, you're going to see the sun, you pray your Salah, according to the sun, that is very simple. So during the flight on your watch, it might say, you know 8pm, but in actuality, it's going to be 4am in the morning, because the sun is just rising as you're getting into the air passing over

00:44:23--> 00:44:59

Europe at that time. So you just follow the sun. Now, when you're going backwards, you're going towards the Pacific Ocean. That is when you have the international dateline. With the international dateline. That's where things get confusing. So over here, you just do taqdeer of your Salawat. You approximate. you're traveling from Calgary to somewhere in the Middle East, Europe, you're leaving on the 20th you get there on the 21st Asia, if you leave your door and you get there on the 21st Asia, how many salons are there you have door and our sir Maghrib and Isha of the 20th. Then you have fudger the her answer, Margaret

00:45:00--> 00:45:06

And he shot of the 21st. These are all the summer watts that you have to make up. If you're traveling West. Once I

00:45:08--> 00:45:10

know during the during your flight during your flight

00:45:11--> 00:45:13

in the flight itself, of course.

00:45:15--> 00:45:24

Those are the salaries you're going to have to make. But it's going to be like a 14 hour flight, like Seattle to Dubai is a 14 hour flight. Right. So that's how you would calculate that. So

00:45:28--> 00:46:02

we've discussed this issue in details in the last 500 acres, so I'm not going to repeat myself, but pray standing to the best of your ability free standing to the best of your ability. And yes, that's how you will waste a lot of effort while you're on the plane. Does that make sense to you? No, you're still laughing? Why is it difficult if you're leaving a door time plays the horn i said before you leave, then Margaret benicia, a couple of hours after you take off right, then all you're left is for the next day. So you have to pray fudger the hora Nasser on the plane, pray mahogany show when you land. So the only prayers you want to be praying are the Mughal Ebony shell for the

00:46:02--> 00:46:09

20th. Then the fudger and the hora Nasir for the 21st. So 14 hours is very reasonable to pray five on the

00:46:12--> 00:46:37

west side. So you live by 12pm. waits overtime to say, yes. Chicago 2pm. The same day. Yeah. So there then there's no salon. There's no salon upon you, you pray when you arrive, you pray the hard way in your life. And that's the same thing. When you're traveling from Southeast Asia, back to Canada, from Hong Kong to Vancouver, we leave at

00:46:39--> 00:46:51

1030 in the morning, and we get here at 730 in the morning. So you actually lose three hours. Right? So in that situation, there's no Salah that you're going that you're going to be praying, right? Yeah. Some people you know, some people

00:46:53--> 00:46:54

jumped at all.

00:46:55--> 00:47:20

Oil 41. So I explained that already, you only start traveling when you've crossed the boundaries of the city. So don't look at where the airport is. Look at where the boundaries of the of the city. Yes, that's what you do. Go ahead. Is there any way you traveling in one time when I was in my country, we travel and we came to this morning. And my son told me

00:47:22--> 00:47:27

those who are traveling, they have to meet the brain and he has to bring to

00:47:29--> 00:47:32

shore and do what he followed. You

00:47:33--> 00:47:48

know, whoever if they're praying in the masjid was the Imam of the masjid should lead the Salah. If they're praying as a group together, then whoever their Amir is gets to decide who leads the prayer. That's what should be done. But in terms of the traveler has to lead the prayer. That's not true. That's not true at all.

00:47:50--> 00:47:53

Last two questions, and I have to do a whole other chapter.

00:47:56--> 00:47:56

This method

00:47:58--> 00:48:24

brother, you're attending this halaqa you skipped like five highlighters before? We've discussed this in detail already. So go back on YouTube and watch the first halaqa we talked about the issue of the mme and what should be done in that situation. To summarize your question, if a person is a student of knowledge, then he should follow his mentor based upon its principles. If a person is not a student of knowledge, he should find a Mufti or a shift that he trusts and whatever footwear he shake or move to give him that is what he should follow. inshallah, go ahead.

00:48:25--> 00:48:35

Well pray in the congregation. Yes, he can. So honestly nomadic when he was in Syria, he was the Imam of the masjid and he used to practice it. He killed other people praying behind in this

00:48:37--> 00:49:10

so there's, there's a narration for moto moto rhodiola. I know that when he used to lead the prayer when he was most suffered and the people behind it were mocking him after he would go salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. He would say a Tim was a thermo salata confessional, former Sephora, that he would say, complete your prayers, because we are travelers. So he will do that after the first the slim, is it something mandatory to do it is not mandatory to do however, to avoid confusion, it should be done. So you can either do it after the Salah is over, or you can do it before you start the Salah. For me personally, I think it's better for the amount to do that before you start the Salah, so that

00:49:10--> 00:49:13

there's no confusion. Allahu taala you guys want to do?

00:49:15--> 00:49:27

surgery to sell or she will do for next week? Next week, I believe I agree it's late. So let's just fend off. Finish off five more minutes with questions on Serato. Mustafa, and then we'll call it a night and shall go ahead.

00:49:33--> 00:49:34

Why would you pay them together?

00:49:36--> 00:49:51

So based upon the hadith of Abdullah nobis, a person that is traveling, he's allowed to do that because it would be a one off situation that he's doing that and it's not something on a regular basis and to stop for prayer would be considered a hardship. So if he prays the hidden asset completely without doing cost. I don't see anything wrong with that.

00:49:54--> 00:49:59

Does that make sense? You're not a traveler. So that's a good like I said don't

00:50:00--> 00:50:34

Confused cursor with jamaa, you're going to make jump, but you're not going to make cursor. Right? So jump, we said, according to the month of human mathematics can be done for rain, fear, an excessive need, right. So this will be considered excessive neither person is traveling in a hurry in order to avoid the hardship of stopping, you can pray before he starts. And in fact, when you're taking a flight, I actually prefer this opinion than to you know, pray sitting down on the plane. So a person prays standing complete, it is better for him than better than to pray and pray sitting down shortened.

00:50:35--> 00:50:36

Right?

00:50:39--> 00:50:41

You have a tendency to get heavy

00:50:42--> 00:50:43

and you're traveling.

00:50:46--> 00:51:05

So when we say something is better, it means that there's more agility in doing so. There's no agile involved in this situation, you have the choice to do whatever you want. You can pray the hard when you get to your destination, you can play the hot on the way or you can play the hot before you leave completely up to you. Go ahead. As I said, like

00:51:06--> 00:51:09

traveling someone residency.

00:51:12--> 00:51:26

Sorry, start over. You are traveling and film relay your friends, residence. So you have traveled to a city and your friend lives in that city. Yes. Yes.

00:51:27--> 00:51:30

You're traveling is not finished. You want to continue?

00:51:32--> 00:51:36

Or the city or somewhere. Okay. So you're saying

00:51:38--> 00:51:48

yes. To? No, he's going to pray for because he's, that's why I'm saying he brought to the shot and you'd like to vote in you want to wait for him?

00:51:50--> 00:51:53

No, no, you will pray for luck as in that situation.

00:51:55--> 00:52:38

It has nothing to do with traveling, you're going to follow the Imam. The general principle is you will follow the Imam in every situation. So whatever the Imam does, you will pray with the Imam. So even if you are a traveler, and the Imam is not a traveler, then in that situation, you will follow the Imam. Okay. The only exception to this rule is when you are praying Margaret, and the Imam is praying Asia, then in that situation, you have a problem because you cannot pray Maghrib for rockers. So now the scholars in that situation, they've all made very different he had, and he came up with three scenarios. Scenario number one, when the Imam gets up for the fourth Raka UC Santa

00:52:38--> 00:53:00

Monica Santa Monica matola, and you will finish the prayer at that time, and then you will join him for a show, you will join him for a shot, and then you will pray Maghrib and Isha with the Imam. This is opinion number one. Opinion number two is that in your third record, when he gets up, you stay sitting down. And then when he gets to his Shahada, and says a Solomonic what I'm telling

00:53:01--> 00:53:45

you do the same with him. Opinion number three, you will pray Asia first. And then you pray Maghrib after you pray Maghrib after these are the three opinions on this matter. My preferred opinion out of all of these is none of the above. The safer thing to do is avoid that situation. If you know you're going to join the congregation. Quickly pray before the comma goes. If you can do so you can pray mclubbe before the comma is going to go off, pray Mugler by yourself and join him for a shot. If you know that you can't remove them before the comma is going to be given. Then pray nothing with the congregation and then pray maga benicia by yourself after to avoid all of this st laugh. That is

00:53:45--> 00:53:49

what I believe the safer thing to do is Allah Juana. Go ahead.

00:53:51--> 00:53:54

You intermod tomorrow, and the mom has already finished

00:53:56--> 00:54:01

this after does this have anything to do with traveling? You want to travel? Okay. You don't want to

00:54:03--> 00:54:04

already finished?

00:54:05--> 00:54:14

And like let's say for example a show? Yes. You already paid to photography shop and you join in the third one? Yes.

00:54:15--> 00:54:23

You want to play only to the general rule is you always follow the Imam. So if the man prayed for you will pray for you want to

00:54:24--> 00:54:50

continue for? Yes, even when he finishes you will continue for this is the general rule. And this is a rule that should be observed. Similar to the Medina they said in this situation you are allowed to pray to but in this situation, you're going to cleanse the clear text of the process of following the Imam. So the safer thing to do is to follow the Imam and you don't take the roxa of shortening the prayer. Anyone else inshallah. Go ahead?

00:54:51--> 00:54:52

Some people?

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

Yes. Two weeks off two weeks on? Yes. Which one is blogging? Which one is oh

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

The one that has a house in that city is continuing his life like this. He rebuilt. So, okay, but Does he ever buy a house in that area?

00:55:12--> 00:55:13

Because it's so true.

00:55:15--> 00:55:16

So he has a home there is.

00:55:19--> 00:55:46

a camper is not a home, though. That's what I'm asking you. Does he have a home? Or is he living on the camp or in the hotel? So camp is not a home camp is not a home, because he's not paying rent there, nor does he own it, right. So when these two things aren't happening, this is not considered residency, residency will happen with renting or with owning. In this situation, he remains as a traveler, and in that situation, the way I see it, he will precursor but he will not do john.

00:55:47--> 00:55:54

Stay two weeks, he can stay as long as he wants. As long as he doesn't establish residency, he will be a more suffered.

00:55:55--> 00:55:56

Like

00:55:57--> 00:56:07

weather? No, he will pray ask her to ask her to but in the proper times, and the only time he will do German is when he's actually physically traveling.

00:56:08--> 00:56:12

Yeah. Right. This is some people don't want to pray this.

00:56:16--> 00:56:23

Yes, it is recommended to precursor It is recommended to practice it in the mother. Remember honey pots actually worship You have to do it. There's no way out of it.

00:56:24--> 00:56:24

quite

00:56:28--> 00:56:32

correct. fudger. And Margaret, there is no buzzer Laura said Anisha. There is

00:56:34--> 00:56:36

anyone else? Go ahead.

00:56:39--> 00:56:43

Yes, it's about for for the

00:56:45--> 00:56:46

winter.

00:56:48--> 00:57:07

So winter is a separate prayer from a shop with that has nothing to do with a shop. Okay. So the width, there are two prayers the process of them wouldn't miss while traveling. And that is as soon as a frigid and without prayer. These two sooner prayers. They should be prayed even while a person is traveling. All other sooner prayers should not be prayed.

00:57:08--> 00:57:08

Okay.

00:57:10--> 00:57:14

You pray to the patient, and then you quit right after.

00:57:15--> 00:57:17

You could do that. Yes, that's not a problem.

00:57:19--> 00:57:20

Yes.

00:57:21--> 00:57:25

I have a situation two weeks, two weeks, so we raise your ma

00:57:28--> 00:57:32

Yes. So some people will not agree with me to say it doesn't need

00:57:34--> 00:57:35

to be like

00:57:36--> 00:57:44

so whatever unites the jemar is what should be done. If the Jamaat agrees that they will pray for pray for the unity is more important than individual opinion.

00:57:50--> 00:57:53

Yes, but don't intentionally skip the Gema so you can pay to it.

00:57:56--> 00:58:06

If there's no Gemma, then that's a separate case. That's fine. Whatever portions like hey, you know, if I go to the gym, I have to pay for it. But if I pray in my room I pray to praying in the gym is better than praying to by yourself?

00:58:13--> 00:58:15

in your room, you know?

00:58:17--> 00:58:17

Like,

00:58:18--> 00:58:58

that's what you play your break down. When you come back to concrete. I don't know what your schedule is like, but just understand the general rule. If you're on the campsite, you are considered a massage. and in this situation, you should do Kassar Okay, so custard means the door is to us or is to Asia is to the only time you should do Gemma is when you are traveling between Calgary and that city when you're traveling between these two cities, do jamaa meaning up Dada set together not gonna be shot together. If you're not traveling, don't do jamaa only do Kassar. Okay.

00:59:00--> 00:59:04

Yes, this scenario according to the abilities can get this

00:59:06--> 00:59:12

woman lost probably fallen for. I didn't understand how, how would that be?

00:59:13--> 00:59:15

Done? Make this one last?

00:59:16--> 00:59:25

Yes, please don't feel available. or traveling. I can't say this was meant to go up before I love it. I can make one last.

00:59:26--> 00:59:38

But the door and the whole time has to have begun. Yes. You can pray before the time of thought. Yeah. So the head of time began. And you're going to be traveling, then yes, you can pray the heart for and ask therefore it's not a problem. Yes.

00:59:39--> 01:00:00

He's becoming possible within the city. No. So within the boundaries of the city itself, is there's no traveling. So the ideal case scenario is something like Toronto, right? When you have Toronto, Toronto, such a wide city, you can go from Scarborough to Mississauga, right? But the thing is, Mississauga is no longer a part of Toronto.

01:00:00--> 01:00:37

All right, getting from Scarborough to Mississauga to take you two hours, three hours, on certain days. So in that situation, we break it down. And this is something that I don't do on a regular basis. And I'm crossing the 50 mile scenario, you can do it and there's no problem. Allah Juana herd will conclude with that panic alone will become the shadow night in Atlanta stocks will go to Lake halakhah. Next week is going to be after Asia again. It will be the last HELOC on the fifth of salah and we're going to be covering the topics of surgery to Soho and salado Gemma how to pray Sato Jamal properly. So those are the two topics we'll be covering next week after selecting the shark and is

01:00:37--> 01:00:49

the last half of the series. A new series will probably start up in December or January. Well, Lodi, lumpsum Santa Coloma de casa de la la land as the critical to the lake wa salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.