Fiqh of Salah #07 – Congregational Prayer and Prostration of Forgetfulness

share this pageShare Page
Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:05--> 00:00:29

Rahim al hamdu lillahi Namah Hornstein horn istockphoto when Aldo Villa Himanshu Rai unforseen a woman sejati Molina, Maja de la vida modela homeodomain hoffa de la or San Juan La la la la Hola, sharika wash Edwin namaha Mohammed Abdullah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa early he was talking he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira. But my dear brothers and sisters family Kumara rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

00:00:31--> 00:00:33

Come on, man, show me some life.

00:00:36--> 00:01:10

Does that go on? Okay, and thank you so much, Dave. So we're going to start off today with sagittal sagittal. And we're going to conclude with salado jamaah. Since this is the last halaqa for the series, we'll have a bit of an extended q&a at the end around 10 or 15 minutes between each other. So what I'll mention right off the bat last week, was like torture almost, because some questions were repeated like two or three times. So today, pay attention to the questions that are being asked. And if you're repeating a question, I'm just going to tell you look, inshallah, when the recording stuff, you can listen to it on the recording, because a lot of people got annoyed and

00:01:10--> 00:01:47

frustrated last week, like why did you keep answering questions. So to keep everyone peaceful in the salon channel, that's what we're going to do today, then starting off with surgery to sell. So such at the Soho is a prostration that is made at the end of Salah, either before that the sleep or after that the sleep and it will have three manifestations meaning there's three times that you will perform such this such that the cell situation number one, if you miss something obligatory from the Salah. So either a wajib or aerocon.

00:01:48--> 00:02:46

Number two, if you increase something to the Salah, either a wajib or aerocon. And number three, if you are doubtful in your Salah, even if after doubt you are certain as to what to do, this still counts as doubt and such that the cell needs to be made such that the soul needs to be made. Now, I want everyone to pay close attention to this part over here. How do we distinguish if such a torso is made before the salon or after the salon, what you need to understand is the following. If anything is deficient in the Salah, then the general rule is you will do this the surgery to sell before the salon. Number two, if you are doubtful, and you're unable to distinguish where you are

00:02:46--> 00:03:32

supposed to be in your salon or what you're supposed to do. then in this situation, you go back to what you're certain about, and you will perform surgery to sahoo before the seller. What does this look like? So a person is praying salacia like we just prayed at the end of the third rocker he thinks Hey, is this the third aka or is the fourth locker he starts to wonder what is it in this situation? He is unable to figure out he really cannot remember is this the third rocker or is this the fourth rocker they're about to start. so in this situation, which number is certain for him is three surgeon or is for certain? The three is certain for him. So he will assume that he has prayed

00:03:32--> 00:04:16

three guys, and we'll pray a fourth rocker and in this situation before he says a Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah is going to perform the to such this. He's going to perform the two sides of this and then do a salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. That's what's going to happen in this situation? Now, that happens when there's a deficiency in the seller, or he's uncertain and is not able to reach certainty? Now we get to when do you perform surgery to so after the Salaam surgery to Soho is performed after the Salaam if you increase on the Salah, so for example, a person he's praying and he stands up for a fifth Raka for

00:04:16--> 00:04:58

the Salah, and he's finishing the Salah, and you remember is Oh my God, I just prayed five rock guys. then in this situation, he will perform to such those after the Salaam. So after you said Salaam Alaikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah says though, number one, get up. session number two, get up a salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. So this is Scenario number three over here. Scenario number four is this person has doubt, but he's able to distinguish in his doubt, what he has done and what he has to do. So for example, going back to the example of salado, Asia, at the end of the third rocker, this verse is like, hey, did I pray three

00:04:58--> 00:05:00

records or did I pray for

00:05:00--> 00:05:44

Or workers. And in his mind he remembers this has to be my fourth silica because I haven't done the second. Sorry, I haven't, you know, done the fourth standing yet. So he remembers, okay, this is my fourth silica. Now even in this situation after he's able to distinguish, he's going to perform surgery the sahoo after the Salah safaree says salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah saramonic Rahmatullah. Then he performs such that gets up, performed such that and again salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah. Those are the four scenarios in which says to so will be performed. Now, what if a person is really having an off day, in one Salah? He forgets something, and at the

00:05:44--> 00:05:49

same time, he adds something else? What does he do in this situation? What do you do?

00:05:52--> 00:05:53

Why?

00:05:58--> 00:06:07

You're just guessing? Does anyone have a definite answer that they're like, you know, what, this is the answer. Yes. Repeat the repeat.

00:06:08--> 00:06:23

That would be torture. Alhamdulillah. That's not what you have to do. Go ahead. Why what is missing is worse than what is what is missing is worse than what is added? Why. My opinion, your opinion COVID

00:06:27--> 00:06:31

you would actually make such things. So

00:06:32--> 00:06:32

just

00:06:34--> 00:06:34

in terms of

00:06:36--> 00:06:37

individual forgets.

00:06:38--> 00:06:49

So his last action is that he added, so it's so based upon the last action, that's what you base it upon. So what if the last action was he forgot, then you do the one before?

00:06:51--> 00:07:02

It's a valid, valid perspective. But is that what you're saying? I'm just trying to understand, that's what you're saying. Okay. so in this situation, you have there's another possibility. Go ahead, please.

00:07:04--> 00:07:05

Okay, but why?

00:07:08--> 00:07:11

The deficiency in the seller, but whatever the addition, though,

00:07:13--> 00:07:14

is deficiency.

00:07:19--> 00:07:20

Right.

00:07:23--> 00:07:33

So, but the second, the second mistake is not a deficiency. He did zyada. Right. So doesn't the Z either compensate for the deficiency? Yes, exactly. Right.

00:07:37--> 00:07:38

Does that go look at

00:07:43--> 00:07:47

the US alone is after salami. Why is that the sun?

00:07:49--> 00:07:51

There's a head if you think

00:07:55--> 00:07:57

you want to send out right.

00:08:02--> 00:08:03

Right?

00:08:04--> 00:08:09

That Hadith is authentic. But that's only in one scenario. We also added the first

00:08:10--> 00:08:14

scene that what he did after he stopped saying it decrease the effectiveness

00:08:16--> 00:08:18

in his persona, and then he went back and quit tomorrow.

00:08:21--> 00:08:25

Bus over here he did the zyada. Right, the Ziad that was the extra to sleep.

00:08:29--> 00:09:11

No, this is definitely as Yeah, that's not unox. It's a definite thing. So over here, the scholars as we have in our congregation, they don't have a dis distinguishable answer or a definite answer in the situation. And what I would say over here is that the general ruling over here is that the surgery is done before the salon, the vast majority of cases, the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam did the surgery before the salon, and in few instances, he did it after the salon. So in a situation where you have, you know, one extra and one deficiency, then the general ruling Allah knows best is to do it before the salon. If he was to do it after there's no blame upon them as

00:09:11--> 00:09:47

well. There's no blame upon him as well. Now, I just want to mention one thing, and then I'll answer your your question Sharla. What is the ruling on surgery to several is making surgery to sell something which is mandatory, something which is mandatory? And the answer to that is, according to the vast majority of mazahub. It is not mandatory to make surgery to sell, meaning if a person forgets to make surgery to sell. So for example, he had a mistake he's supposed to make sense to sell but at the end of the day, he completely forgets that he has to make sense to sell is the seller still valid the vast majority there's it the fact of the matter that the Salah is well

00:09:47--> 00:10:00

knowledge might differ, meaning that the form of a bar in conclusion that the Salah is still valid the Salah is still valid. So now let us go through various scenarios. Let us go through various scenarios. Scenario number

00:10:00--> 00:10:47

One, which is the most frequent one that we'll see. And a fourth rock in a folder called prayer, you're meant to have two Tisha hoods. And for the first show, which is in the second locker, the Imam completely forgets, the Imam completely forgets. So he ends up getting up. Now, what is meant to be done over here, what is meant to be done over here is before the Imam can completely stand up, the people behind him should say Subhana Allah, and should stop the Imam from getting up completely. However, if the Imam gets up all the way completely and his back is erect, then he will not sit back down, but rather will just continue with the salon. So now what happens a lot of the times the

00:10:47--> 00:11:09

people behind him, they're going to keep repeating Subhan, Allah Subhana, Allah Subhana Allah, at that time it's over, the Imam is not coming back down, because he started a new record of the summer. And once the new record of the Salah has started, there is no going back, there is no going back. so in this situation, the man missed out that the Shah hood, so when he's going to perform surgery to sell, when is he going to do it?

00:11:11--> 00:11:30

He's going to do it before fantastic. Scenario number two, the man is praying somato Asia and in the fourth rocker. He instead of sitting in his Tisha hood, he gets up. Okay, so he starts a fifth block I in this situation,

00:11:31--> 00:11:45

the congregation behind him is going to say Subhan Allah. Okay, what is the Imam do now? Does he complete a fifth Africa completely? Or does he go back and sit down to the fourth Raka?

00:11:46--> 00:11:49

Okay, so how many people say completes the fifth rocker?

00:11:50--> 00:12:30

Fantastic, hands down? How many people say go back to the fourth rocker? Fantastic. And as always, the majority wins? The answer is he has to go back to the fourth locker, what is the distinguishing factor between the two, the YG. But if you were to miss them, you don't return to them, you make them up with surgery to sell the archive, you cannot add to the archive, you're not allowed to add to the archive. So that is why you need to go back to that previous position. So as soon as even if he has stood up, and the people say some annaleigh. In this situation, he will sit down, he will sit down. And now you understand why we spent so much time distinguishing what is a token of salah and

00:12:30--> 00:12:58

what is a wajib of the seller because the Why do you have the summer it's made up with such as the soul, the token of the Salah, you're not allowed to doing extra upon it. And if you miss it, then you have to go back to it. So the first the shadow then a four rocker prayer is a wajib of Salah. The second the shadow of the four Raka prayer is a local of the Salah. That is how you distinguish between the two. Now let me answer your question. So

00:13:00--> 00:13:05

three scenarios, which I which is what if you're praying a target?

00:13:06--> 00:13:17

Yes. And so you don't know when you get up for the second prayer? Sorry, when you have done the second record, forget was this. The second one was the first one side was the third one or it could be the second one? Yeah. So do I still have this?

00:13:18--> 00:13:20

For a To recap, correct? Yes.

00:13:22--> 00:14:00

Okay, so give me one scenario at a time. Okay. So let me answer this. So the brothers scenario is you're praying somato fidget. And at the end of the second locker, you can't remember, am I finishing my first soccer right now? Or my finishing my second Raka. And in this scenario, you're not able to distinguish, you can't come to a conclusion. So in this conclusion, what do we do, you go back to what you are searching about, which is one locker and over here, you will perform surgery to so before the setup. So that's the number one next, which, which could be sequentially the third was sequentially could be but because you're not certain, it goes back to the second. Secondly, if

00:14:00--> 00:14:02

you're praying a wondercon with

00:14:04--> 00:14:06

how would you make a mistake? No one.

00:14:09--> 00:14:10

Okay, you do your first.

00:14:13--> 00:14:28

Okay. When you're sending a survey forget what is the second study that the first surgeon so I do a second. So I do an extra search there just to make sure I've completed two sentences right. Now, do I still do this? 30% which is the two extra forgetfulness? Yes.

00:14:29--> 00:14:59

Even in a word. Fantastic. So next scenario is I'll get your question second. next scenario is a person is praying one Raka with her and Subhanallah this shows you how desmo like how you know deploring our states are that even one knockout prayers we can get right? Is that how bad we become. so in this situation, he is prolonging his surgery. And it's his first such The first is the right or for any surgery. And it's prolonged the surgery. Actually, let's say it's the second one. It makes more sense this way. It's the second such that

00:15:00--> 00:15:19

in this situation he is unable to distinguish Is this my first stage? Or my second stage? Over here, same thing, he goes back to what is certain, and then he will perform the surgery to sell before the sinner. Yeah. And next scenario, let's, let's forget the third one. This is like in my Roku, I forgot what I'm doing.

00:15:20--> 00:15:27

No, please go for it. This happens is what if you are in an exceptionally

00:15:28--> 00:15:33

crucial mood and he says that Sir, we prolong it serves itself. And then you forgive wasn't my first one. The second thing?

00:15:35--> 00:15:37

I knew that was coming. I knew that was coming.

00:15:38--> 00:15:40

Okay, so

00:15:41--> 00:16:19

the the the brothers asking you performing surgery to sell and you can't remember? Which one? Is it one or two. So the first thing I'll answer over here, the surgeon to sue is not allowed to be prolonged. It's meant to be just regular somehow not too bad either. And you get up right, it should not be prolonged. Your other senses, those should be prolonged, such as the soul should not be prolonged. so in this situation, because it's not mandatory, the subject to so we will say if you were to do anything in this situation, just try to get out of Salah peacefully. But in this situation, again, the same thing would apply that you go back to what you're certain. But in this

00:16:19--> 00:16:26

situation, you don't perform an extra surgery to settle for messing up your sense of the self. It would end over there. Okay, go ahead.

00:16:30--> 00:16:38

gets up for a fifth workout. Yes. How does that differ from the previous scenario? If he can't remember that says first or second?

00:16:39--> 00:16:41

day which so descent?

00:16:42--> 00:16:48

starts? Yes. Well, it gets up. Yes. Or a workout? Yes.

00:16:49--> 00:17:27

Correct. So, so in this scenario, the people behind him are correcting him, right. So he's already transferred to the next record. But this is a zero now on a record. And there can't be an intentional zero Don dokken, once he has been corrected. So at this he Ma'am, been praying by himself, he's no longer in the man. He's by himself. Then in this same situation, he goes back to what he's certain about, and he adds the extra rocker. But now that the man has been corrected, it's certain that what the congregation is saying should be followed the difference with Jamal, and singular, yes, because in by yourself, there's no one there to correct you. You're just going up on

00:17:27--> 00:18:07

what you're thinking. But in the congregation, that's what the congregation is there to do. Now, this comes to scenario, what if the man has this different belief than the congregation and this is something that actually happened to me? We're praying Salatu Lhasa in Ramadan at Edmonton trail, and add the third Raka. As I'm getting up, the person says Subhana Allah. And I couldn't understand Sorry, I'm cleaning up for the fourth of Dhaka after we complete the third Dhaka and at that time, the person says, Subhana Allah, and I couldn't understand why he thinks Subhana Allah because it's quite different. The shout, the Shahada was the Raka before that, so why is this person saying

00:18:07--> 00:18:45

Subhan Allah, I just completely ignored him. Then we get to the fourth indica, and I say a salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. As soon as I finished my first Salaam, he says, Subhan Allah, I see second serum, he says, Subhana Allah. And at this time, I'm really curious, what is wrong with this guy? Like, what is this guy's problem? So I turned around, and I'm like, Look, you know what happened? And he's like, you didn't make the second Raka. And I thought to myself, is that possible? Like, if I didn't make the second NACA, I'm sure more than one person would realize that right? The whole congregation should have corrected me. So I turned around, and I

00:18:45--> 00:18:48

asked the people behind me, did we perform the first test showed?

00:18:50--> 00:18:56

And I was really perplexed that those people they're like, we're not sure. And I'm like, What Silla where you guys?

00:18:58--> 00:19:34

So I asked the people to the left, I'm like, do people from the show? They're like, Yes, for sure. As the second odd perform the two shows, do like Yes, for sure. So I'm like, okay, call us. You know, the people are saying we performed this out and I'm pretty certain we performed that the Shahada. So what was your issue the second time, he says, My issue the second time is you only prayed three records? And I'm like, how is that possible? Like in your situation, we should have paid an extra, not a deficiency. And then he's like, Look, I'm really sorry, I was fasting and I don't know what's going on. so in this situation, what should be done is two things I'll share my

00:19:34--> 00:19:59

personal experience with you as the Imam when I lead the Salah. I naturally get nervous because of these sort of scenarios, like I tried to avoid those. So now, what I've established in my Salah, are ways to differentiate the rockers ways to differentiate the rockers. So for example, shouldn't that cut it I'll making my record. I'll make those in the third record or in the fourth rocker and the other other

00:20:00--> 00:20:35

Other a, you know, kind of the rocker and making the first and second rocker. So this way I'm able to differentiate which look I'm in without making those mistakes without making those mistakes, and then even then you still find from time to time, you know, everyone is prone to making a mistake. Number two is in the situation where the Imam is uncertain, and the people are correcting the Imam, the Imam should follow what the people say, and not try to follow his own uncertainty. So instead of trying to figure out what happened, follow what the people are saying. And generally speaking, if you have like four or five people saying, Subhana Allah, because trust me, everyone loves correcting

00:20:35--> 00:21:07

the Imam. You know, I've been in much that nubbly I'm like, 100 rows back, the man makes a mistake in his recitation, someone's going to correct the Imam next to me. And I think to myself, even if you had a microphone, the Imam wouldn't be able to hear you. Why are you correcting the Imam from here, so just naturally, we love to correct the email. so in this situation, or when everyone's correcting the Imam, the Imam should follow the congregation, the Imam should follow the congregation. And if it's just one person correcting you than the person, the Imam, she tried to go with what is certain the amount you tried to go with what is certain? Now I'm going to tell you

00:21:07--> 00:21:43

what's going to happen right now, in your head, you're going to start thinking of all of the impossible scenarios that weren't discussed in this section. And I'm telling you, every single scenario is now being discussed. Just go back to the principal. If there's a deficiency in the Salah, or you're unsure, and you're unable to confirm that decision to sell is before the setup. If there's an addition in your Salah, or you have doubt and are able to confirm, then the surgery to sell is after the salon, apply this to every single scenario, and it will apply Bismillahi Salah

00:21:44--> 00:21:47

I'm only taking three questions. I'm going on to the next topic. Go ahead.

00:21:49--> 00:22:11

Someone gains, yes, doubted that making stick with it, or going to the test. And he said and you are in the form of analog? Yes. So if you are certain? Yeah, if I'm certain that I'm in the formula, and there's only one person that's correcting me, I'll just ignore him. I won't listen to him quite.

00:22:16--> 00:22:26

If you if you conclude the prayer, like what do you say to so is do upon you, and you don't perform such at the cell? The Salah is still valid, it is correct.

00:22:28--> 00:22:30

If you're unsure if you know for example,

00:22:32--> 00:22:33

yeah,

00:22:35--> 00:22:45

you could do it, but let's just say, you know, you you're on your way out of the masjid. And at that time, you remember, I didn't perform surgery too. So does that mean I have to come back and perform such as this? so

00:22:48--> 00:22:48

short?

00:22:52--> 00:23:03

is a short period of time? Yes, you definitely could perform it. But if it's a prolonged period of time, then no, there's no need to perform it, there's no need to perform it. Go ahead. What counts as an addition?

00:23:06--> 00:23:32

So I discussed that already. So if there's addition in the big battle edition of the archive, that's what counts as an addition, if not an addition of alegebra additional vertical, that doesn't count as an addition. So a person says, you know, Subhanallah be allowed in 15 times, it's not an addition, or person starts to make extra law after he gets up into the cooler. It's not an addition. Because as long as there's no addition to the local nor the wajib, then it's not considered as an addition. Fantastic. Yeah, Gemma, what's going on?

00:23:33--> 00:23:34

Go ahead.

00:23:37--> 00:23:38

Yes,

00:23:40--> 00:24:08

ma'am. reciting the surah. Yeah. Not trying to correct. Yes. He made a mistake. Yes. Or anything that he made a mistake. So So this was after, after the recitation, there is no such thing as a foreskin again. It's, it's only if there's an extra logic or an extra token. If there's an extra logic, we're next to rock and then there's surgery to so if there's no addition or subtraction from the logical location, then there is no surgery to so.

00:24:13--> 00:24:19

Yeah. Remember that after persona? Can you do it? That's exactly what he answered. And the answer was, yes.

00:24:21--> 00:24:24

They must stand up for the pips. Yeah.

00:24:27--> 00:24:55

And he's just continuously learning. So they have to start over, they sit down, they follow him. So they try correcting him as much as they can. Everyone should say Subhan, Allah Subhana, Allah Subhana Allah, everyone should see it. If they find that the Imam is persistent, that he's like, you know what, I'm right, everyone is wrong. then in this situation, after a couple of seconds, they should get up and follow the email. And that's coming in the next section. We'll discuss that in the next section. But yes, they should follow the email in that. Go ahead.

00:24:58--> 00:24:59

The issue of course,

00:25:00--> 00:25:11

In the moment I've seen this coming in Serato Gemma don't jump the gun issue of correcting is coming up. It's coming up in this in this talk today. Yes a lot to Gemma is right after I finished it too so Oh perfect, perfect.

00:25:14--> 00:25:17

If you're praying and you make

00:25:19--> 00:25:25

not deficiency but let's say you recite sort of rock out once you go down and you go

00:25:26--> 00:25:30

and back up again and you recite sort of lockout again.

00:25:31--> 00:25:41

That's an account of deficiency doesn't know. So again, same thing, why j broken? That's what we're dealing with. Salah the recitation of Salah is neither of those

00:25:44--> 00:25:45

once

00:25:47--> 00:25:48

or twice, yes.

00:25:50--> 00:26:32

So that's perfectly fine. Like I said it has nothing to do with YG but or Dr. Khan is perfectly fine. Fantastic. Now we move on to salado Jama. What is the ruling on salado Jama. The vast majority of scholars have said that salado Jama is mooster hub, meaning it is a highly recommended act to do if a person was submissive he is not sinful. And if he tries to achieve it, then this is something good for him. I minority of scholars from the humbling method, they said the salado Jama is mandatory. Likewise the scholars of Hadith have said that salado Jama is mandatory. In fact, two of the prominent tambuli scholars ignore appeal and if it's me or him Allah, they said if a person has

00:26:32--> 00:27:14

an opportunity to pray in JAMA, and he doesn't pray in JAMA, then his Salah is invalid. His Salah is invalid mean that Salah will not count that Salah will not count, what are their proofs for this? And what is the conclusion in this discussion? There are proofs for this is the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam reported in Sahih Bukhari where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said that I would order someone to give the event and lead the Salah. And then I would go to the houses of the people and see who amongst the men did not join the congregation. And I would burn those houses I would burn those houses. Number two, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:27:14--> 00:27:59

telling Abdullah bin Abu Maktoum, a blind man he asked him, Do you hear the other than the prophets of Allah? He responded by saying yes, he said the pastor said um said then respond to it. Even the blind demand has to go to the masjid. So this is the proof that the congregational prayer needs to be prayed in congregation, and based upon this, that is why some of the humblest scholars held their opinions. What is the counter argument to this that the majority have held? It is the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the congregational prayer is better than the prayer of the individual by 27 times or 25 times. They said over here, that the fact that the Prophet sallallahu

00:27:59--> 00:28:44

alayhi wa sallam said that there is still virtue in praying by yourself indicates Not only is the Salah valid, but shows its permissibility as well shows its permissibility as well. Proof number two, what is the ruling on a woman praying in congregation by a Gemma salado Gemma is not obligatory upon the woman. But in Surah Al embrun Allah subhanho wa Taala he commands Marian work a rocky worker in Iraq in the NGO and performed record with the people that are performed local meaning join them in their congregation. How do they use this as a proof? They said, just like Allah subhanho wa Taala gave the commands to Imodium to join the congregation and it was understood as something

00:28:44--> 00:29:41

recommended. Then Likewise, the general ruling and making Roco with the people of Lucca is that it is recommended. Now, conclusion of all of this as always, we try to put all the narrations together, rather than giving preference to one narration over another. So if a person hears the other then without any auditory help, meaning no microphone system, no bullhorn in that situation, salado Jama becomes mandatory upon the individual he has to respond to the call to prayer. Number two, if a person is inside the masjid, and the design has gone off, or is going off, it is haraam for him to leave the masjid unless he has a valid reason, unless he has a valid reason. Number three, what if a

00:29:41--> 00:29:59

person hears the other than but only through auditory help? So for example, in Medina, I lived maybe about two and a half to three kilometers away from machines in Nagoya, and I'm giving an example of a machine. Even though there's a machine down the street from me. Do I have to answer the call for machines that nubbly which is about

00:30:00--> 00:30:40

Two to three kilometers away from me, even though I can hear on a microphone system, or is it sufficient for me just to pray in my local Masjid, it is sufficient for me just to pray in my local Masjid. Because we are not responding to the calls that have auditory help. In fact, if you have auditory help, a call for Salah can go, you know, literally, you know, 10 1520 kilometers, if there's no sound being made, and to make it obligatory upon the people to do that is a very, very great hardship is a great hardship. So now, if you do not hear the call to event, then we go back to the default ruling, which is salado Gemma is Mr. hub. Meaning that even if you're just a group of

00:30:40--> 00:31:17

people in a school, or in a household, if you're unable to go to the masjid, then you should try your best to pray together at home. And I believe this is like one of the great downfalls of families today, where you will have people praying in the household. But those pray individually, right. So a lot of our comms, everyone hears the identical go off, they know it's time for the or the brothers praying in this room, the sisters praying in this room, the mothers pray in the other room, the father's praying in the basement, and it's chaos. You know, there should be some sort of system at home that everyone prays together. You know, the statement sounds very, very cliche, but

00:31:17--> 00:31:59

Allah is my witness, I believe it to be true. A family that prays together stays together. Meaning if your family is not praying together, you're going to have issues in the family. And for those of you that have family members that don't pray, you know, that's the case. As soon as the family stops paying together, there's going to be issues inside of the family, there's going to be issues inside of the family. Now we get to issue number two, which is the giving of the event and the karma to repeat it quickly. the giving of the event is mandatory one per city, one per city, if the data is given, the event does not need to be repeated. If you give a multiple event per congregation, this

00:31:59--> 00:32:40

is recommended. So each congregation you should have the event there. So if there's a congregation in this Masjid, then you should have one as done in this budget. And the advance should not be repeated again. As for the comma, then regardless of how many congregations you have, you should have multiple ecommerce for a congregation, multiple ecommerce per each congregation. So we pray shall now we have the a comma another Congress is going to come in right now. They should give the farmer and start to pray. They should not skip the comma. Which leads to issue number three. Are you allowed having multiple congregations in a Masjid? Are you allowed having multiple congregations in

00:32:40--> 00:33:34

a Masjid? As a short answer? As long as there is no set email, and there is no fear of pfitzner then you are allowed to have multiple congregations. As long as there is no set email. And there's no fear of fitna you're allowed to have multiple congregations. If there is a set Eman, then that set a man needs to give permission for the congregation. And likewise, if there's fear of pfitzner, then you should not have a second or third or fourth congregation. those rules should be abided by. Now, let me mentioned something clearly, as a general rule, no congregations should take place before the official congregation. No congregation should take place before the official congregation. Example

00:33:34--> 00:34:25

being over here. We praise a lot of the herd over here at 2pm. Right? So latos law actually starts at around 120. So people come into the masjid, and at 125 they start up their own congregation. As a general rule, this is not allowed to be done. As a general rule, this is not allowed to be done. But because it's a case scenario related to work, where they could either catch the congregation and be late to work, or they could pray in congregation and then go back to work. in this situation we would say it is fine. So if you have a valid excuse, we'll allow it. But if there's no valid excuse, you should not pray before the designated time. Now this leads us to the question Who decides the

00:34:25--> 00:34:59

designated time and should designated times be according to the clock or according to something else? The general rule is that the congregation should start with V ma'am and should not be based upon predetermined times. So when the Imam says a famous Salah that is when the Salah should be started, if the Imam if there is no set email then the time it should be based upon the time the establishment of the salon should be based upon the timings so far in this masala adore time there's no set Imam so when it's two o'clock and the Imam should be decided

00:35:00--> 00:35:37

And then the comma should be given. However, if it is known that there is a set email, then in that situation when the Imam comes forward, that is when the comma should be given. Let's just say a shot is at eight o'clock right now. And we know the Imam is here. We should not give the comma before the Imam stands up in his place of prayer. Even if he's five, six minutes late. You should rather go and speak to him and ask him Yeah, ma'am. It's time for the seller. When are we going to start the seller? If he says okay, let's start. Then we go and start the seller. If he says I need another few minutes, the congregation should wait for the Imam to come and while the congregation is waiting,

00:35:37--> 00:36:21

then they are awarded for the Salah. They are awarded for the Salah, even while they are waiting. Now we get to the issue of how do you set up the rows in Salah? How do you set up the rows in Salah? We'll start off with the scenario where you only have two people. And there's only two people, me and one other individual. Let's just say I'm praying with Najib, if I'm praying with Najib, what's going to happen is we will stand together, meaning side by side, my heels lined up with his heels, my shoulder touching his shoulder. And that is how we will set up the line. The Imam is on the left. And the prayer sin praying behind the Imam is not actually behind the Imam, he is next to the email

00:36:22--> 00:36:59

directly next to the Imam. People say that you should leave a little bit of gap between the person praying and the person praying in front of this is not true. There's no proof for that. There's no proof for that, to say that it is fear that the person praying behind the Imam might go ahead of the Imam, that fear within of itself should stop the person from doing that. Just be extra careful in your Salah to make sure that you don't go in front of the Imam. And as long as it's not intentional, then that is pardoned and forgiven. Scenario number two, you have two people praying with the Imam, two people praying with the Imam.

00:37:00--> 00:37:44

The vast majority of people what they do is they will put the Imam to the front. And then they will stand behind the Imam. And this is the correct thing to do. This is the correct thing to do. When the space allows for it when the space allows for it. How about in the scenario where the space doesn't allow for it? Should the mom be in the middle of the two people? Or should the two people be on the right of the Imam? I'll tell you what she could not say mean says she have no say me, not him Allah He says that the Imam should be in the middle and one person on the right and one person on the left. Why is this the case? Because this is what we saw from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi

00:37:44--> 00:38:21

wasallam that if there were two people praying with him, he the Prophet I sent him would stand in the middle and the person would stand on his right and the person would stand on his left. They wouldn't have it on the case where the pastor seldom stood in the sit in the center. And then the two people on his right. That was not the case. Now what if we join a congregation? And this is how they are praying? The Imam is in the center and the congregation is building to the right. If you pray to the right, is the Salah still valid? The answer is yes, the Salah is still valid. However, they've missed out on the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam Scenario number three, which

00:38:21--> 00:39:03

is what if you have multiple people? What if you have multiple people? In this situation, the Imam stands in the front. And where does the new role begin from? does it begin from the right side behind the Imam, the center behind the Imam, then the answer to this is, it should begin from the center behind the Imam. You don't start a row from the right and build it towards the center. But rather you started from the center, and then you go sideways and then you go sideways. So the row should start from the center and then move sideways. There is a very very weak idea daddy mama No, he mentioned in keytab last car, where he says that there's extra virtue on starting the rows from

00:39:03--> 00:39:43

the right. But he mama no era him Allah Himself recognizes that this hadith is weak. and in this situation, it is not applied. In fact, the role should start behind the Imam. We'll take two secondary issues over here. If there's a child praying in the first row, or the second roll, and he's standing in the middle of the roll, is he to be pushed to the end of the rope? And the answer to that is as long as it is known that this child will not be disruptive in Salah he is deserving of his spot in prayer. Even if he comes in the first smack bang first row right behind the Imam. As long as we know that this child is going to pray. No one is allowed to tell this child to move out

00:39:43--> 00:39:59

of his place. He is allowed to stay in his place and he should be not be made to move he should not be made to move. Number two, what if an individual comes late and he notices that the line is already full should he start at

00:40:00--> 00:40:45

New Line behind, or should he joined the Imam and stand next to him. It is a mistake to stand next to the EMA, once there's already a line behind him, unless it is an absolute necessary, where all the lines are full. And literally the only space left now is next to the Imam, then that is when you should do it in all other scenarios, even if it means that the man is praying by himself in the next row, then he should pray by himself. What are you not allowed to do? What you're not allowed to do is if you're praying in congregation, and there is space in front, but you feel you know what is going to be really, really tight. So let me just start a new row in the back to start a new row in

00:40:45--> 00:41:00

the back at that time is not allowed. At the very least you are sinful. Some of the scholars even said that the Salah would not even be valid, the summer would not be invalid. So if you have to squeeze into join the rows, then that is the preferable thing to do. That is the preferable thing to do.

00:41:02--> 00:41:05

That's something else I was going to mention over here. But skipping my mind right now.

00:41:11--> 00:41:12

Yes, I remember

00:41:13--> 00:41:53

the previous one. And pulling back. That was the second thing I was gonna mention. That wasn't the first thing. But let's mention that one first. So now this thing of grabbing a person and pulling them back, when do you do that, you will do that if one person is praying with the mom, and there's plenty of space, then you pull that person back, and he joins you in the row behind the Imam. However, if one row is full, and you've come in, it does not make sense to pull a person back. So you create a new gap in the row in front of you. Just so you can have someone to pray with next to you. It doesn't make any sense, right? There was some said, fill the rows first by first mean the

00:41:53--> 00:42:20

row in front needs to be filled before the second roll can be done. And the point that I was remembering was this. What if we're praying Salatu tarawih. Okay, I think it's the best example, paste a lotta tarawih. And after the second lockout, let's just say I'm sorry, the first set of units, someone gets from the middle of the line, and they walk out of the masjid. So now there's a gap in the row. And people have started the prayer, what needs to be done at that time?

00:42:21--> 00:42:59

Fantastic. How are we going to fill it over here, one of two things should happen. Either the people should get in close together, so the gap is closed. And usually that doesn't happen because people are very nervous to move inside of Salah. In that situation that people are too nervous to start to move inside of Salah, the person who is behind that empty gap, he should move forward to allow that gap to remain there insula. The people who are not filling that gap are sinful being the people to the right to the left, and the people behind they're all sinful for not doing that. So either the people in that same role should fill that gap, or the person behind should step forward. And

00:42:59--> 00:43:07

consider currently, you continue doing that till all the gaps are filled to all of the gaps are filled. Go ahead.

00:43:09--> 00:43:12

issue I have a question is in terms of

00:43:14--> 00:43:15

where we should play our feet?

00:43:17--> 00:43:28

Some people were supposed to close the gaps. Yes, some people like you purposely put your footprints on there, then they would like you to wait to play footsies I heard one,

00:43:29--> 00:44:06

actually, that someone kept on doing that and took his foot and stomp on the other guys put humans in place. Right. So I mean, that that might work. It might not but I'm gonna cut you off right there inshallah. So in terms of straighten the lines and filling in the gaps, we said the absolute minimum is that the shoulders should be touching that is the absolute minimum, and the lines should be lined up according to the heels. That is how you straighten the lines. Now, if a person wants to do foot, the foot and ankle to ankle, this is something permissible and something which is encouraged. However, some people don't feel comfortable with it. in this situation where you're next to someone

00:44:06--> 00:44:40

that doesn't feel comfortable, don't push it upon them don't keep getting closer and closer. So you end up doing the splits. That defeats the purpose, because then there's a gap between your shoulders, right, the gap between the shoulders filling that is more important than the gap between the feet. So fill the gap between the shoulders and try to put your foot next to the other person's foot. If he doesn't want to do it, don't force it upon him. continue praying and your Salah is still valid, your Salah is still valid. Now one thing that I left out, I'll get you guys in a second. One thing that I left out when we're talking about multiple jamas is what if a person walks into a

00:44:40--> 00:44:48

congregation, and he notices that the congregation is in the fourth Raka meaning that during the shout of the fourth, fourth Raka What should he do?

00:44:50--> 00:44:59

About to give you the answer. If he knows that there's more than likely not going to be another congregation. He should join them if he knows that more than likely there's no other congregation.

00:45:00--> 00:45:16

He joins them even if there isn't a shareholder of the fourth locker. However, if he knows that more than likely, there's going to be another congregation, then he should wait till the Salah finishes and join the congregation from New join the congregation from you know, I'm caught up with all the things in my head and you can answer your questions. Go ahead.

00:45:19--> 00:45:20

Next

00:45:21--> 00:45:21

week?

00:45:25--> 00:45:26

Yes.

00:45:27--> 00:45:33

Before you start the summer, yes, you should after you start the summer, so he moved away from you in the summer.

00:45:40--> 00:46:15

You actually did it? I mean, over here. Okay. So I'll repeat the question. So you're praying in congregation, and the person in the Salah. He's moved away from you while you're praying next year? So should you put him next to you? So in this situation, as a general case scenario, I think what you did is right, you pulled him next to you. Now if he keeps doing that he keeps moving away from you. In that situation, just let him be like, keep distracting yourself. Because over here, it's becoming a distraction for you now, right? That rather than focusing on your own Salah, you're focusing on bringing him next to you. So if you've done it once, and he keeps going back, let him be

00:46:15--> 00:46:21

but yes, you should put them next to you if it's once only. That's the best thing to do. Go after his first Yeah.

00:46:26--> 00:46:27

Yes.

00:46:30--> 00:46:31

Yes.

00:46:32--> 00:47:01

No, his Salah is not valid. In that situation, his Salah will not be valid, Unless Unless he has a very valid reason to do so. So for example, he knows something about the Imam that no one else knows. So for example, maybe you consider the Imam a mushrik or a catheter or something like that, then in that situation, he can pray by himself. But just because he thinks you know what, the Imam is Pakistani or the Imam is Arab. I don't want to pray behind that email. His Salah would not be valid, if you wish to do that Allah Allah

00:47:04--> 00:47:05

said, we can go

00:47:07--> 00:47:08

you can go.

00:47:10--> 00:47:22

What is the difference between a budget and muscle? So was it the demand is finished the first time so the people can only read and do the Jamaat or maybe he will not do too.

00:47:23--> 00:47:56

So I said that there's two things to keep in mind. Number one, is there a set amount and number two is there fitna going to be caused, if there's a set of Imam, the Imam needs to give permission for the second congregation. And number two, there should be no fear of fitna because as soon as you have multiple congregations, people will think that there's something wrong with the Imam and that's why there's a second congregation. So that is why that the general rule is that there shouldn't be a sacred congregation if there's a set email. Now the difference between the masjid and the masala must it has the five daily prayers and Juma masala people just gather together but there's no

00:47:56--> 00:48:31

regular set congregation. There's no Juma there people just happen to pre there from time to time. So what you would have at like the shell office, that is clearly a masala because people will only pray the Hadassah and mock it up there is rarely will they pray fudger rarely will they pray Shah and definitely more than likely there's no Juma over there. A place like this. We have the five daily prayers and we have Juma. So this will take the ruling of a Masjid this will take the ruling of a mustard. Okay, let me just do one section and we'll do questions after that next section that we are going to do after you set up the lines. How do you actually follow the Imam? How do you

00:48:31--> 00:49:17

actually follow the Imam? And what should we follow the statement of the man or the action of the Imam. So in the way that you follow the Imam, to general rules to keep in mind, the Imam should never be preceded, meaning you should never do things before the Imam. And likewise, there should never be a long delay after the Imam there should never be a long delay after the email. If you keep this in mind, then generally you would have followed this demand correctly. So never proceed the Imam never have a long delay after the Imam tried to be as close to the Imam as possible. Now, what if there's a contradiction between the statement of the Imam and the action of the Imam? So for

00:49:17--> 00:49:58

example, the Imam says Allahu Akbar, and then he goes down into the court. Should you go down into the court when he says Allahu Akbar, or should you go down into the court after he has gone into the court? Over here? You only go into record when the man does the action. Don't pay attention to his statement. He made a mistake by giving the computer so early. He should give that the career as he's going down. He's does the taxpayer eyes is going down. When does this rule not apply? This rule does not apply. If you cannot see the Imam. So for example, you're praying salata, tarawih people are all the way in the back. They can't see the Imam then they follow the statement itself. They're not

00:49:58--> 00:49:59

required to follow the Imam physically

00:50:00--> 00:50:35

However the people in the front that can see the Imam they are required to follow the action of the Imam and not the statement of the Imam. One of the mistakes that we see all the time is that people haste in too much in the Salah. So before the Imam even finishes the disclaimer salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. They're already finished the Salah read literally like when we pray so out of all the people that are hurrying back to work, literally that's how it is the Maulana salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah and people in the back have already finished both the Slim's, that is not correct, it should not be done like that. In fact, when it comes to that the slim, the

00:50:35--> 00:50:58

Imam should perform both the sleeps, and then you should do your to sleep, and then you should do your to sleep, that is the preferred thing to do. Or at the very least, after he's finished the first the sleep, you can start your first decision. And after he's finished the second to sleep, then you can go ahead and do the second to sleep. So this is something to keep in mind. The mom should never be proceeded. Another scenario I'll give over here.

00:50:59--> 00:51:39

And the mom prays very, very quickly, right? So he goes into court, and he says, Subhana, Allah vilavi once and he gets right up, and you and yourself, you're like, Man, this email is praying so quickly. I want to say Subhanallah be allowed in three times. She likes to hang out a Bella Diem Subhanallah Bella Diem. By this time the Imam is already going down into such de. So he's saying Allahu Akbar. And you haven't even gotten up from Roku yet. Over here in this situation. You should not do what your heart desires, but rather you should follow the Imam rather you should follow the Imam. That is what needs to be done. The Imam was there to be followed, the Imam is there to be

00:51:39--> 00:51:48

followed. Now we get to the issue of correcting the Imam how to correct the Imam. And I'll take three questions now. Those that had their hands up? Yes.

00:51:51--> 00:51:53

Yes. Yes.

00:51:55--> 00:51:55

Yes.

00:51:59--> 00:52:21

So this is answering the Hadith in Sahih. Muslim, the pastor Salim said even if you're praying in an open desert, then either the angels or the general answer your call to prayer. So even by yourself give the call to prayer. Yes. My question is sometimes when there's some people there told me like that, yeah. And they stand like that? Yes. not correct. And they took?

00:52:23--> 00:52:32

Yes, not correct. So I said people should not be performing the splits, they should be touching shoulder to shoulder. And if a person is spreading his legs like that, they won't be able to touch shoulder to shoulder.

00:52:35--> 00:52:35

Yes.

00:52:38--> 00:52:40

Yes, there's a gap.

00:52:43--> 00:52:50

myself really gap or the other person? So in generally speaking, you will not usually even notice that there's a gap behind you.

00:52:52--> 00:53:05

Behind you, beside you. So yes. So the first rule is that people that are next to each other, they should come closer together. If they're not coming closer together, then the person from the back should come and join them the front. Okay, there

00:53:07--> 00:53:18

you are in the last row, then yes, the people should come together to join the role. So you should want to try to center yourself with the Imam. So the one who's further from the Imam should get closer to the EMA. That's how it should work. Yep.

00:53:19--> 00:53:26

First question is the opinion that you should follow people ahead. Their actions. Okay.

00:53:27--> 00:53:34

so in this situation that you can't see the Imam Yes, you would follow that. But if a person just listens to the statement of the meme that is sufficient as well.

00:53:37--> 00:53:44

Not Yeah. Or if it's even authentic, is the one who perceives the email intentionally I believe.

00:53:46--> 00:53:51

Something that does not hear a lot of transforms is hidden to that. Donkey

00:53:53--> 00:54:34

Is this the Hadith of the donkey is something else, and what you're referring to something else unless I've understood it wrong, but the Hadith of the donkey is, if someone fears that he's about to proceed, the Imam, then he should make his head like the head of a donkey. So for example, the process of me saying that if you're getting up from Roku, and the moment says semula, demon hamidah. But he hasn't gotten up yet. And you've already started getting up, then raise your head just like the height of a donkey is raised. I mean, he doesn't get upright, but it stays like this, sustain that position up until the Imam is upright, and then you become upright with that. So do not proceed

00:54:34--> 00:54:59

the Imam. That is how I've understood the Hadith. So it's not about transforming. It's not about transforming Well, not that I'm just saying how I understood the Hadith. That's how I understood the Hadith the processor. Now, the last thing we're going to cover is how to correct the Imam. So in terms of correcting the Imam, there's two things that a man will be corrected on. Number one is his recitation. And number two is his actions in turn

00:55:00--> 00:55:40

Have the recitation. Then if a man makes a mistake in terms of pronounciation, either fast or dumb or casserole sukoon this is something that should be corrected. If he leaves out a word, it should be corrected. If he confuses words that should be corrected. If he puts one word in front of another and it's the opposite. That should be corrected. All of these things should be corrected. Now what is the correct way of correcting the Imam? If you're praying with you and the Imam only mean there's no one else it's only two people. Wait till the Imam gives you an opportunity to correct him. Usually the Imam at this time he's going to stutter and stumble right? In that stuttering stumbling,

00:55:40--> 00:56:20

correct the Imam correct the email if you're praying in a large congregation. Usually it is known that the first row will correct the Imam. If you find that the Imam has made a mistake, and the first row has not corrected here, then yes, go ahead and correct the Imam. However, if you're outside of the first role, try to avoid correcting the Imam when someone else is Henri correcting him the Imam likewise follow the same principle. The people who are directly behind the Imam have most right to correct the Imam than the people are who are on the sides. So if you notice that the people in the middle are correcting the Imam, you don't need to do it. If you notice that the people

00:56:20--> 00:57:04

in the middle are not correcting the Imam, then you should go ahead and correct the Imam should go ahead and correct the Imam. Now, what if you notice that the Imam is not correcting himself? Should you keep correcting the Imam? And the answer to this is correct the Imam up to two times. If the Imam continues after that, it means he feels he is correct. And he's not going to change his ways. And in fact, some analy there's a really funny it's sad video of an Imam in the Emirates where he makes a mistake in the first car. And this person behind him is adamant he's going to correct him totally adamant. So the man keeps ignoring him. And this person keeps trying to correct him and cut

00:57:04--> 00:57:34

him off. So the car finishes, they go down into such that they get up from such that as soon as the man finishes Surah Fatiha, the person starts correcting him that he hasn't started reciting. And he's like go back to what you were setting the Versa. And I'm going to correct you from there. And clearly the Imam was right in this person that was wrong. But he was fixated on it right. in this situation after two attempts, give it up let it be because at that time the Imam has become responsible and you have done what is obligatory upon you.

00:57:35--> 00:58:19

Now, we get to the issue of movements in Salah. See if the man makes a mistake in his movement of Salah. You should correct the Imam as soon as possible by saying Subhana Allah. And what is different from the recitation is a mistaken recitation mistake in recitation, one or two people should correct him. And that's it, the mistaken movement, everyone should correct him that there's no doubt in the head of the Imam about his mistakes. So there's no doubt about his mistake in the head of the Imam that is in terms of the movement. Now for a man he will say Subhan Allah, for a woman, she is meant to clap her hands. And when we mean clap your hand, it's not like this. What is

00:58:19--> 00:58:56

referring to is if when your hand is on your chest, the woman is meant to go like this, right? That is how the club is for the woman. It is not like this. And that is what the prophets I saw them says at this viewpoint and Nisa mean that the clapping is for the woman to correct the Imam that is how it should be done. Now in a case like this, it's highly unlikely that a woman is going to be able to correct the Imam from over there, right? So she can't even see the Imam. It's not her responsibility to correct the Imam from a different room. However, in a hypothetical scenario, you're praying in an MSA masala there is no barrier between the men and woman. and in this situation, if a woman corrects

00:58:56--> 00:59:09

the man with a clap of her hand, that is perfectly fine. She should not say Subhanallah That is incorrect to do so. And you should do as quickly as possible before the Imam gets to the next look on before the Imam gets to the next record. Yeah.

00:59:12--> 00:59:13

By mistake.

00:59:15--> 00:59:22

So when I talked about the zyada of unkind or YG but Mima makes a mistake and notochordal wajib. That is when you correct the Imam. Yeah.

00:59:24--> 00:59:25

My question is,

00:59:26--> 00:59:28

I see I go to Facebook.

00:59:29--> 00:59:34

But I still learn more about it again one time I heard one of the brothers was able to short time when

00:59:36--> 00:59:56

he was working the mom. But what I didn't know is was before creating the verse, He will say out loud or even in reverse. So how do we correct we say this will live before the birth or no just goes straight to the verse by the time you see Bismillah R Rahman R. Rahim The man is gonna be 15 years ahead of you.

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

Yeah, there's no thing I would be lying.

01:00:00--> 01:00:15

Standard you must be correct. And you have to read the whole complete verse. Oh, yes, you correct you correct the Imam from where he made the mistake. So it's the middle of the verse, you correct him from the middle of the verse, the beginning of the words, the beginning of those mistakes at the end of the verse, you correct him from the end of the verse.

01:00:18--> 01:00:54

Suppose he's keep the person does he know what follows next? You read the next verse straight or halfway? Yeah. So you want to give him as much help as possible. So start off from the beginning of the verse, and even go on to the next verse. So this will help the Imam if he's made a mistake. So if the man makes a mistake of forgetfulness, it means he's had a lapse in his memory, he can't remember what's coming next. so in this situation, go back a little bit like one verse, and then recite the verse and also give him the next verse. Right? So let's, let's just take the beginning of the show today. So the Imam says, Yeah, you have more data. And he can't remember what comes next.

01:00:54--> 01:01:11

Right? So the person behind him he should start off with Yeah, u haul. mudassar komova. And there, we're back after caviar, support the man help the Imam so that when the Imam now he starts over, he'll have a fluid, you know, process to recite, inshallah, that is what should be done. Yep.

01:01:13--> 01:01:23

multiple parts in it. And for some reason, there are two combinations. At the same time, that is not permissible. The congregation that started first is valid, the congregation that started second is not valid.

01:01:24--> 01:01:31

So when I go in, I see crypto competitions going on, let's say hypothetical scenario. So what do I do with that case?

01:01:33--> 01:01:34

I have no idea.

01:01:36--> 01:01:39

What's even happening like this. This is a machete or

01:01:40--> 01:01:42

why, like,

01:01:43--> 01:02:01

on one hand, and the two people are playing there, and somebody comes along in the main hall, they want to see the people in the sidebar. So join the bigger congregation, in that situation. Join the bigger congregation. That is what you should do. Because the general rule is, the bigger the congregation the more reward there is in the congregation, Allah Juana. Yes.

01:02:03--> 01:02:11

He mentioned the verse But he's not always the correct word. Instead of reciting that verse again. Can you can you support him by saying now and then he continues?

01:02:12--> 01:02:22

Now you recite the verse for him to give speech outside of the Salah would invalidate your Salah. Okay, go ahead. For the sisters, can they make

01:02:24--> 01:02:52

themselves? Very good question. Yeah. So yes, sisters can pray in congregation, different from the Imams from the men's congregation, is that the woman will stand the woman, a man will stand in the middle, and then the woman on her sides, whereas the man, he will stand in front, once there are more than two people. So as soon as they're more than two people, the amount of stand in front, the people are behind him and the woman's congregation, the woman a man will stand in the middle and the lines start up behind on the sides. That's the way it should be done.

01:02:55--> 01:03:05

And the second row, same thing, they'll start behind her back, and that's how it should be done. But xima the female the man will never be in front of her congregation. She's always going to be in the congregation itself.

01:03:09--> 01:03:12

From the second record starts from the right

01:03:13--> 01:03:19

starts from the right so should a join to the to the right now you start from the middle, you skip them and you go and join in the middle.

01:03:21--> 01:03:21

Yeah,

01:03:23--> 01:03:25

yeah, you correct the mountain

01:03:26--> 01:03:30

at the end of the verse, and he says

01:03:32--> 01:03:52

a lot of affordable behavior or peace which is up with something that doesn't harm the verse. Yes, you should still correct the email. So give an opportunity to correct himself but if the man finishes then correct him Yeah, don't let it go. If it goes into court, then that situation there's no sin and that's perfectly fine inshallah. Yeah.

01:03:55--> 01:03:57

knows what your wishes.

01:03:58--> 01:04:00

Allah He that's the most evil man

01:04:01--> 01:04:05

in the prayer, and then you get to make mistakes. Yeah.

01:04:10--> 01:04:30

Nope, now will not be allowed. So any movement outside of what needs what is necessary in Salah is not allowed. So over here in the situation where the Imam is reciting a sutra, and the people behind him don't know what surah he's reciting and he makes a mistake. He should go back to the last verse that he's searching the boat and do it the Quran at that time, and that is the best thing to do.

01:04:35--> 01:04:46

So it depends what type of mistake we're talking about. If it's like he misses a golden hour in advance, you know, you we let that go. As long as the meaning of the verse has not changed. You let go of that. That's not a big deal on Shama. Yes,

01:04:48--> 01:04:59

he was unqualified person. He doesn't know how to pray. Yes. He doesn't know how to like, come out from record to stand up. Yes. He said, No one

01:05:00--> 01:05:02

We're going to make some

01:05:03--> 01:05:39

new calls to what should we do? Let's repeat the whole song. so in this situation, if you notice that the mom is not leading properly, you until he makes something that will invalidate the prayer, you stay inside the cellar. so in this situation where he says Allahu Akbar, and you've corrected him, and you've said semula, Hanuman hamidah. And in the next indica, you notice he's doing the exact same thing. The Salah is no longer valid, right? He's No, he's not qualified to be the Imam. She will start the Salah over from the beginning, you can leave the congregation and pray by yourself. And there's nothing wrong with doing that. Because now this person has messed up one of

01:05:39--> 01:05:40

the YG button, the little corner of the cellar?

01:05:46--> 01:06:22

I don't know. But I mean, I would question over here. Why did someone else not step forward? Right, you just want to mention something briefly. A lot of times, we'll have very qualified people, people that are a father of the Quran, they know the fic of Salah they know all of these things. But they think if I step forward and lead the Salah, this might be considered Ria, this couldn't be further from the truth. shaitaan is playing with their heads, the person that is most qualified should step forward. And when you don't step forward, that is when Allah sends your fits down like that. So we get an Imam that doesn't know how to recite Surah Fatiha, or he goes down to Roku and his body's

01:06:22--> 01:06:34

showing, like these sort of things, they happen because the qualified people don't step forward. And those people are more accountable and more sinful in the sight of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that's just a general thing I will share over here, go ahead scene in

01:06:36--> 01:06:38

the people standing back with the open the most of

01:06:39--> 01:06:40

the exciting way of looking at

01:06:42--> 01:07:00

it, okay. so in this situation, if a person is holding the most happens a lot to try to correct the Imam that is permissible to do so, if a person is holding the must have to follow along with the Imam that is not permissible to do so. Okay, go ahead. Do you have your hand up? Yeah.

01:07:01--> 01:07:42

The Imam can read from the Mossad only in the non for the prayers are inside of our prayer, he is not allowed to do so. Yeah, who should leave, there's no enrollment and who should leave if there's a pocket. And then somebody can recite a letter in their voice. Fantastic. So the person that knows the fic of Salah best is the person that should lead the seller, as long as he doesn't have major mistakes in his recitation. If a lot of people know the fact of Salah than the one that knows the most Koran, he should lead the seller. In that situation. If everyone knows the fact of salah and knows the most Koran, then the one that recites the best should lead the seller. And that is the

01:07:42--> 01:07:57

order that should be followed in that situation. With Dinesh, regarding your point about, let's say you're in a must be permanent machine. And it's my bedtime. And usually they pray, you know, 10 minutes after and say you have an appointment to catch, yes, let's say the machine is on your way.

01:07:59--> 01:08:01

So now, would that qualify as a need,

01:08:02--> 01:08:30

or a necessity to pray outside of the gym or try to make the appointment or so I definitely depends on the type of appointment. For example, if it's dinner with your parents, I would say you know what, pray with the congregation and then go to have dinner with your parents. But if it's like a you know what it says it's a job interviewer or something like that. And if you do only have a 15 minute time slot for you, in this situation, go ahead and pray and then you can add to the interview. So just based upon how necessary it is for you to attend. Allah Allah. Yeah.

01:08:31--> 01:08:33

His way

01:08:34--> 01:08:35

with

01:08:36--> 01:08:37

Think about it, yeah.

01:08:41--> 01:08:42

He said things

01:08:43--> 01:08:45

are in the middle. And then

01:08:46--> 01:08:48

one, two is right, one, two is left

01:08:50--> 01:09:01

in the middle, and that's only if there's a lack of space, if there's a lack of space, the man goes forward. However, if there's a shortage of space, then the mom stands in a straight line with the person on his right and the person on his left.

01:09:03--> 01:09:05

Nope, he should stand right in the middle.

01:09:07--> 01:09:07

How do you

01:09:08--> 01:09:10

judge what's winning

01:09:12--> 01:09:18

so if you can hear the event, without auditory help, then you'll be disallowed because mandatory upon your

01:09:21--> 01:09:34

retirement in like non Muslim lines, then this is like the one of the problems that we face. So in that situation, the default rulings becomes that he should try to pray in the masjid as much as he possibly can. And praying in the congregation would not be watchable upon him.

01:09:39--> 01:09:59

I'm never gonna hear what I'm saying but personally shouldn't use this is called using a healer, right? saying the the ALA is based upon the hearing of the man and says I can't hear the event. I'm allowed to miss the congregation. This person No, he's not allowed to doing that because he's using a healer. If you're asking me the general ruling, what is the ruling? I would say yes, the general rule is that

01:10:00--> 01:10:01

You wouldn't have to attend the congregation.

01:10:03--> 01:10:04

I heard your opinion.

01:10:05--> 01:10:06

You know, the

01:10:08--> 01:10:29

loudest voice. Yes. That will go on the highest place. And then there's nothing blocking and no buildings, no nothing. Yeah, make that really loud. And then even some, some scholars and they get to that is between like three to five kilometers and he said the exact number of digits, three to five kilometers whatever land who said that this is one okay shakes it okay?

01:10:30--> 01:11:00

And anything even if you're seeing three to five kilometers per kilometers and realizing something you have to pick up on it beyond that, then it's like six, seven kilometers to the shovel, you know, I mean there are those opinions do exist. But if you actually look into the sila, remember that hubby nazira Lama novella, I want to see it that killed her father, I'm not 100% sure, but one of his books of torajan. He mentioned that the journal Bilal could be heard for 20 to 50 miles away.

01:11:01--> 01:11:33

Now, what are you going to do in that situation? Like what Yes, miles, where do you cut off the line? That you know what this is becoming too far? So I will say that there's the study, I did not come to me to bring hardship to the people. Right. And that is why the when the last thing we're going to conclude with is what Sula should the man recite in Salah right? And the general ruling that the Salah is meant to be easy for the people, you don't want to make the Salah burdensome. So person leaves for a lot of the heart. He's on his way back in the event process is going off. He didn't get home, he has to go back for a second now, right? Especially was five miles away, five

01:11:33--> 01:11:45

kilometers away. five kilometers away, the average person will take him one full hour to walk right, one full hour there one full hour back. So by the time he's heard good, then this is probably older by the time he gets there One hour later, right? So

01:11:49--> 01:11:51

right? Like, what if I'm given the week and then

01:11:54--> 01:12:12

but then it's like, okay, as a general rule, I would say look, whoever is able to catch the masjid should catch the mustard. Don't make excuses. And if you're not able to catch the mustard, then at least try to pray in congregation where you are. That's what I would say. Okay, I want to conclude. So I will take your three questions after my next section.

01:12:14--> 01:12:51

You missed your opportunity when the time came. So now the last section is the Imam leaving the Salah, the Imam leading the Salah. So when the Imam is leading the Salah, the general default ruling is that the Salah should be easy, the Salah should be easy, and he should not prolong the Salah. This is based upon the hadith of either bingeable or the Allah who I know that he led the people with sortal Bukhara and the people started complaining the winter so Allah says Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said yada so Allah, he's making you know fitna for us. Then the process I'm confronted with either and he said he said a photon anta You know why? Why are you causing fitna for

01:12:51--> 01:13:31

the people. So this shows that the general ruling is that the Salah should be made easy for the people. Now this should not be taken to an extreme, where the Imam you know, as one of my old imams said he should not pack like a crow, right? You know, you see a crow packing for food goes up like this and down like this. That shouldn't be the case. But remember, what we learned in the thick of Salah is that you want to do every position of the Salah, reach a level of tranquility, before you go on to the next movement. That tranquility is very, very important. Always establish tranquility in the Salah and keep the Salah is easy and short for the people. In this day and age. I think the

01:13:31--> 01:14:10

average Salah, aim for about 10 minutes, between 10 to 15 minutes. This is good. If you know your congregation really well. And you know that they don't have to go to work and they know that they're very patient, then make it longer than that. But if you don't know the congregation, well keep it easy 10 to 15 minutes, that's it don't make it longer than that because it ends up becoming a fit enough for the people to have to get back to work, they have to get back to their houses and things need to go on. Do not delay the Salah. Now one of the questions that arose, and I'll conclude with this in terms of the recitation of the Salah is Can he mom recite a different order of sutras. So,

01:14:10--> 01:14:53

for example, I want to recite cuando la hide in the first silica and in the second rocker I want to recite the end of SoTL bacara is this allowed? The answer is yes you are allowed alternating the verses you are allowed sorry the alternating the sections the process Selim he led Abdullah bus and for differ with certain Bukhara certainly sir and then sort of alum Ron right he reversed up the order. So it shows that the order is allowed to be reversed up. Number two, can any man recite from the middle of one part of a surah and then in the middle of another part of a surah the answers as long as they're indifferent to that guy's that's fine, but in the same Raka he should only stick to

01:14:53--> 01:14:59

one surah till its completion. Only stick to one surah till its completion before you move on to the next surah

01:15:00--> 01:15:44

And last thing is, so actually the third or fourth, the third is can the member site the same solar twice, DEP sallallahu alayhi wa sallam inserted in the salado fudger. And it also puts a lot of Mohammed he recited is autogenerated abducens. Allah twice in the same rocker. And he also said I'm Dean correct himself. No. Did he make a mistake? So you are even allowed reciting the same surah? Twice. last issue? Yes. last issue. What if the Imam doesn't recite any source whatsoever? So insalata maghrebi recite Surah Fatiha and he goes into the court. Second Naka Fatiha and record has the amount fulfill the obligation of Salah. Yes, yes fulfill the obligation he is not required to

01:15:44--> 01:16:30

recite a second Surah related to this issue. What if the Imam forgets to raise his voice or lower his voice? So for example, third Raka of Maghreb. The Sunnah is to lower your voice in the third Rucker. What if the Imam recites out loud that addition in loudness is not going to harm the Salah he is not sinful for doing so. But he just is not following the Sunnah. Likewise, what if endora Nasser, the mom raises his voice. Again, he is left the sooner but he is not sinful. last issue I'll leave off with is the man allowed to raise his voice for the sake of teaching. And this is seen from the prophets. I saw them. He's with a group of new Muslims. They're praying for the very first time

01:16:30--> 01:16:47

they're praying, Salat adore, the pastor said and recite it out loud, so that the people behind him could know what they are saying and repeat after the Prophet sallallahu Allah was set up. So yes, the raising of the voice and the lowering of the voices, the Sunnah, and it will not harm the Salah in terms of

01:16:48--> 01:17:16

sinfulness or not sinfulness. And from my end, I believe that is everything that needs to be covered in terms of text. I will now open up the floor for questions. However, listen to me very carefully. inshallah. If you have a question, raise it from now. Because once we do one round of questions, there will be no second round of questions, because after that, I'm going to go and answer the question of the sisters. And we're going to call it a night. So we'll do one round of questions. If you have a question, raise it from now keep your hand raised till I get to you. Go ahead.

01:17:18--> 01:17:18

Yes.

01:17:19--> 01:17:44

On stage, yes. Can he be the mom? Yes. So as long as he fulfills the requirements of Ceylon meaning that he knows the fic of Salah, and he knows how to recite the Quran, then yes, he can lead the Salah regardless of his age, it is narrated that even you know, seven year old young boys used to lead the salon at the time of the sobre la jolla. And there's nothing wrong with that. There is no minimum age behind it as long as he knows what he's doing. That is the condition of the Scylla. Why'd you think in

01:17:45--> 01:18:27

southern Japan during the loss of besides resources? And so what do you think like he should shorten the little things enough? They try to keep it to themselves. Right? Right. Keep the whole country with it and then say, like, submit to get out. Fantastic. So as soon as the parser setup was keep the hood was short, and the salon long, by long Salah we're talking about some his model, because Allah and Allah Takahashi, they gives you perspective on how long the football was, meaning that the code was were very short. The wisdom behind the hotbar is to increase the man of the people and to get them to make amen upon what was taught. You give someone a 15 minute lecture in your hotbar.

01:18:27--> 01:18:42

He's not going to remember anything he's not he's going to leave the hood but more frustrated than his demand increased. So as a general ruling hit the hood, but short enough so that the people can learn and implement, as well as increase their knowledge. And then the Salah, try to follow the synopsis of his model, because

01:18:45--> 01:18:46

reversing the order of

01:18:48--> 01:18:48

the order

01:18:56--> 01:18:58

as in Why is it allowed? It's allowed because the processor did so.

01:19:03--> 01:19:11

It's recommended No, you can't say it's better because most of them did it. And they didn't correct him. Right. Whenever my boss prayed behind him, and he changed the orders API bustin correct him

01:19:13--> 01:19:44

specific order because the order came from but you had to have, I think, I have this effort that for the things that I mean, there is a combination of both certain things that was known and certain things were not known. Right. So the fact that I've been abasa de la Noma, he's pointing this out, as he reversed the order. Right? He's pointing this out. So it was known that sortal lm Ron came before Certainly, sir. So that's how he's able to point it out. Because if he didn't know that it came before, he will just say this is how the process of them recited it.

01:19:50--> 01:19:59

I think we're just pulling out strings here. Go ahead. If there's a computation going on, and I haven't created that, let's say I come in for the hood.

01:20:00--> 01:20:11

Yes. Can I pray a cinema or enough? No while the congregation is going on, you have to join the congregation there is no sooner novel prayers while the congregation is going on. Yeah.

01:20:14--> 01:20:20

Even for budget prayer, so you make up the Sooners after the sell off budget, that's fine.

01:20:23--> 01:20:30

And you're struggling with the pronunciation. What's the state of your prayers? So if you're praying by yourself, with your struggles, your Salah is valid.

01:20:31--> 01:20:32

What do you

01:20:33--> 01:20:36

really you guys who are talking please no talking YouTube video

01:20:38--> 01:21:14

to follow the YouTube video. Because you don't know. Thank you. So you shouldn't do that. In the state of Silla. The parser seldom said that the person is just learning to pray. Then he should say Subhana Allah He went hamdu lillahi WA, Allahu Allahu Akbar. These four sentences, he should just repeat them throughout the Salah up until he learns what to do. That is what should be done in that situation. Yeah, go ahead. This was reversing the order. Something come on by the prophet. Oh, it was not common. It was not common. He did it just to show it was permissible. Only one time, right? I don't know if it was one time or two times. But that's irrelevant. He did it to show it was

01:21:14--> 01:21:17

permissible. But the general rule is you should stick with the order.

01:21:20--> 01:21:24

And how many moms in your life have made mistakes all your questions? What are the amounts of making mistakes?

01:21:25--> 01:21:26

Yeah, so now

01:21:29--> 01:21:30

let's say my god three

01:21:32--> 01:21:33

seconds rocker now I started

01:21:34--> 01:21:49

so I can go back and plan Yes, that's fine. That's perfectly fine. But it shows that you're not paying attention in yourself that happens, right? If you're meant to say one suit and another suit comes out, that's a sign that you should slow down and focus on what you're saying go ahead

01:21:50--> 01:21:58

regarding the sooner prayers as you mentioned in the for the tune breaker sooner, yes. For example, in the observer,

01:21:59--> 01:22:12

I came to the mercy rather than how I mean for a person now before Yes, so and I have to play the battle machine first. So how many records I should pay like

01:22:13--> 01:22:14

six rock ammo.

01:22:17--> 01:22:52

So my So first of all, let's discuss how the Sooners should be prayed the Sooners are meant to be paid two by two right? If you're going to pray for straight then you pray without the first showed there should be no to the showers you should only be one to shout. so in this situation where you need to pay the Hilton mustard. And as soon as for the hot I will say the first two units of prayer that you pray are your first two centers of thought and the Hilton must have combined into one then in your second twos units. You pray to Sir to lock eyes again. And those are your students the thought only. That's how it should be done. So two plus two. Yes. Two plus two. Fantastic. Yes, go

01:22:52--> 01:22:52

ahead.

01:22:54--> 01:22:55

happened in the last

01:22:57--> 01:22:58

I came for a shot. Yeah.

01:23:01--> 01:23:03

You know that I feel this.

01:23:05--> 01:23:05

Yes.

01:23:07--> 01:23:13

So when the Imam said salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa Taala. You complete Torah. And that's fine. That's not a problem.

01:23:18--> 01:23:30

Because I was, he was in therapy, and you will bring a shot. So when he says so now manticore told us now when you get up and you pay to maracas, you don't say salaams with the Imam.

01:23:33--> 01:23:40

I figured out this T shirt. Should I do the no you join the congregation and pretty chuffed with them? Go ahead.

01:23:43--> 01:23:46

was similar but so who's asking the question? Yeah.

01:23:48--> 01:23:52

Cool. You came for the show? Yeah, they just finished it.

01:23:55--> 01:23:57

Yes, they're gonna start right away.

01:24:00--> 01:24:00

The

01:24:02--> 01:24:23

separate congregation? No, no, no, there's no there's no two congregation at the same time. Never ever should there be two congregations at the same time? If the mom is praying you join the Imam that is what should be done. It's only if the mom is in the last car. And you know there's going to be no more Salah after then you start a new conversation in the back. Great. No more questions turns over. Yeah.

01:24:27--> 01:24:30

There's a lot of guys who are talking please.

01:24:33--> 01:24:33

I know.

01:24:36--> 01:24:37

Most recently seen

01:24:38--> 01:24:39

the show.

01:24:44--> 01:24:44

Type

01:24:47--> 01:24:49

show and we have never had the results.

01:24:52--> 01:24:59

Allah you Solomon forbidden for Judah who can omen for it? Well, I can either ask Allah who Annie Amadou

01:25:00--> 01:25:10

Why Noah yet Elon Musk did Warfighter to L jamaa for a Jew Yama, Allah subhana wa Tada. We're looking at a diamond, your photo Gemma Felisa Who?

01:25:11--> 01:25:14

Allahu Allah. For the void, actually.

01:25:16--> 01:25:17

Sometimes when we do,

01:25:21--> 01:25:25

yes, so some some people ask us, yes.

01:25:28--> 01:25:33

So we should appoint the Imam and then say the comma do not say the comma without the email.

01:25:35--> 01:25:39

Yes, we can. So decide who the man was going to be, then give me a comma. Yeah.

01:25:40--> 01:25:43

When it come to creation, and is

01:25:44--> 01:25:56

ready for Yes, all the people something unique national. Right. And I wanted to bring Gemma right behind me and asking him for I didn't talk to him. Right?

01:25:57--> 01:25:58

Right.

01:25:59--> 01:26:34

So over here, there's one of two scenarios. Number one, either you know this person personally, or you know him to be knowledgeable. If you know the person personally know him to be knowledgeable. Type him on the shoulder stand next to his right. And you can pray in JAMA. That's no problem. Scenario number two, you don't know this person at all. In this scenario, I would say it's better off to pray by yourself. And you'll get the idea of praying and Gemma, why do I say this? Because a lot of the times people don't know how to pray in Gemma did no know how to be the Imam of the Salah. Again, again, we had an incident in the machine over here where someone came in, taps a brother on

01:26:34--> 01:27:01

the shoulder and the person broke his cell and said I don't want to be Imam. Right? That's a real scenario because people don't know how to do it. So in that situation, avoid that from happening. Pray by yourself. And your job is with Allah subhanho wa Taala unless you know the person to be knowledgeable or you know him personally. Yes. This one who is based on? Yes, he come to him. Yes, he should make his voice. Yes, he should raise three races was Yes. Only two guys and you can complete your prayer after that. Let's

01:27:03--> 01:27:08

make his voice higher. Yes, ma'am. Sure. He's correct. That is correct. And third, we will conclude with that.

01:27:10--> 01:27:12

Oh, sorry. You had a question. My apologies.

01:27:13--> 01:27:16

So the monitor screen and the prayers.

01:27:23--> 01:27:25

The third and of course

01:27:29--> 01:27:30

nobody's going to hear right yes

01:27:33--> 01:27:43

or no? Should the people praying behind the Imam so when the Imam is silent, and the third and fourth aka yes they should recite? That is should be

01:27:45--> 01:27:50

the absolute minimum is Surah Fatiha. If they want to recite more than that to they're allowed to do so.

01:27:54--> 01:27:59

Fatiha then you make a call with the Imam. If you get caught off, that's the Imams responsibility.

01:28:01--> 01:28:04

will conclude with that. So panicle Domo Bianca shadow Delilah.