Fiqh of Salah #03 – Adhaan and Preconditions for the Prayer

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Navaid Aziz

Channel: Navaid Aziz

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An hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad in WA he was so big nine Medina was the sister of salaam alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh

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so our first topic of discussion today is the event is the event. So when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam moved to Medina, the congregation started to grow and in order to call the people to the Salah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would have someone say, a salado Jamia or salado Jamia, meaning that the Salah is about to begin. Then one day the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he made sure with the people you know as the community is growing, how can we call the people to the Salah. So some people said you know what we should ring the bell like the Christians do. Another group of people said, You know what, we should light a fire like the Zoroastrians do. And

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all these things are displeasing to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And then that night, one of the companions he had a dream, and he said, O Messenger of Allah, I saw someone wearing green clothes coming and teaching me this beautiful thing. And it was the event, as we know it on messenger of Allah, what do you make of this, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, this is a true dream. And this is an answer to what we were looking for, in terms of the call to the event. So go and teach it to be learned, for he has the loudest and most beautiful voice out of all of us. And that is how beloved Allah Allahu anhu became the first more

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than so with that having being said, that is going to the discussion, what is the ruling on the other hand, what is the ruling on the other? So group number one, they said the other one is tsunami, aka group number one said the other one is Suna makeda. Meaning regardless of if you're in a Masjid or you're just praying as a group of people there then is Suna makeda. And this is all of the mother hip except for the Haneda all of them either hit except for the hanabi like they said, it is sooner makeda the Hannah Bella they said it is for the key fire, meaning that as long as one group does it, then the rest of the the the city is poured in from it. The rest of the city is

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pardoned from it. Abu Hassan Rahim Allah and the VA harissa they took a completely different approach. They said the Zan is actually wajib the Zan is actually weijun, meaning it is mandatory to do. And this is regardless if you're praying in the group, or regardless if you're praying in the group of by yourself, or regardless if you're praying by yourself. So those are the three opinions when it comes to the event. And pertaining to men in particular. When it comes to women, then there's a default we're not going to see Hmm, but is it default, meaning a general agreement amongst the scholars that there is no advance for the woman that there is no event for the woman? So that is

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the understanding of the event. Now, how about when someone is just praying by himself, someone is just praying by himself. In mama Shafi Rahim Allah, he was of the opinion that both are recommended the event and the former are just recommended for the person that he's praying by himself. Then the molokhia, they said only the karma is recommended only the karma is recommended for the individual that is praying by him self. As for the hanabi law, they held that the event and the karma is fourth keyfile per location, meaning that if the data is given once and the comma is given once, then you're allowed to pray with that data and with that, comma, regardless of how many congregations you

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had. So for example, we prayed a lot to get a break to now a second congregation comes in, according to the hanabi law, they would they can just start with Allahu Akbar, and start the Salah. They don't actually need to give another karma they don't need to give another karma. Now let us just have a quick summary. The majority said it is sooner for men to have the advantage but it is against the Sunnah for the women. It is sooner for missed prayers, but not for the Maliki's. So for example, a congregation misses a Salah let's just say we're all out camping one day, we ended up missing a lot of fidget when we wake up should there then be given according to the majority, yes, the advance

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should be given at that time. But the Maliki said no for the prayers. There is no event that is made up. The karma is sooner for women to decide silently. This was according to the Sharpies, and the mother keys and the HANA. Hana fees. They said it is disliked, even for the woman to give the a comma. So the magic is in the Sharpies. They said a woman should do it silently meaning not out loud, just so that she herself can hear it if there's a congregation of women, or even if she's playing by herself. What is the hanafis they said it is completely disliked for her to do so. The Hannah Bella wants to an exact opposite. And they said that their karma is not legislated for women

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if karma is not legislated for women. Now, the dianobol locality is sufficient for all the people except for the Sharpies, who said that each individual group should have their own agenda. So the handout below the Hanafi and amalickiah. They said that if as long as one iodine is given, then the rest are

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sufficed from it. Whereas the shafia they said no each group congregation of people should have it each congregation of people should have it. Now, what are the conditions of the other and what are the shortcuts just go through it very quickly, you can only give the other and once the solid time has actually be started. Number two, it has to be in the Arabic language. Number three, it has to be made by a male Muslim. Number four, it should be loud enough for the people to hear the Adana has to be loud enough for the people to hear. So for example, if someone is just whispering it, then that would not suffice. Number five, he has to maintain the order of the statements, he can't take the

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beginning of the other end and the end of the day and in the middle of the event and change up the order, it has to be in the exact order. And number six, it is only one person that is allowed to make the event from beginning to end. So let's just say for one reason or another, something happens to them other than while he's giving the event, can someone just continue on and continue from where he left off? No, rather, they should start over from the beginning. Rather, they should start over from the beginning. Now here's the question, what happens if the event makes a mistake in the event? So for example, he ends up saying hi lasala. But he doesn't say Hi, Alan further, what should happen

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at that time, then similarly, as we did in Salah, you, you go back to the last point that he got correct. And then he would continue from there. He goes back to the last point that he got correct. And he would continue from there. If a person makes a mistake in the event, should he be corrected while he's given the event? Or should you wait till he's finished? No, you should correct him while he's giving the event. So as long as someone's giving you a done and they make a mistake, he should be corrected while he is giving the event. Now, the general wording for the event I'm sure everyone's familiar with, we hear it regularly. It's on the internet. We've attended, you know

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prayers in Morocco, or at least watched prayers and mcca. So Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. That's the first set. Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar. That's the second set. A shadow under Allah, a shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah. This is the third set a shadow now Mohammed rasulillah, a shadow under Mohammed rasulillah. This is the fourth set, higher lasala hyaena sana, this is the fifth set. Now what is particular to higher lasala, higher lasala and hayyan fella

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is the moving of the head. So the more than when he's giving the done, he should move his head to the right when he says higher lasala now there is a difference of opinion. Should he say east and west? Or should he say East east and then West west for Hey alfalah Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best the narration seem that he should say hi Allah Sala hyah la sala Highland Fela and Highland further, this is what the nourishing seem to show. However, there's a valid difference of opinion on this issue, then some of the motherhood have stated that it goes higher lasala higher lasala and Highland further Highland Fela both are valid, but according to generations, the first one seems

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stronger. Then that was the sixth set. And then after he says hi alfalah twice, he says Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, that is the second to last set. Allah had Allah that is the last thing that is said this is the last thing that is said. This is how the majority narrated the event. This is how the majority narrate the event. And this is known as the event of the coffee's This is known as the advance of the coffees. So the Abu Saud, Emmanuel hanifa Mr. Muhammad, this is their a done that is narrated from the end this is also the end of the majority

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before

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Yes, there is a comma for the Tadasana. So a comma as a general rule that is given at all times as a general rule that is given at all times, and that is more recommended than the other in itself. So the idea is sufficed by the majority and their karma. Each time a person prays they should give you a comma.

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Yes, it is better to give the a comma is particularly a comma. This is based upon the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when there was a shepherd man who was praying, the pastor, I said them asked him, did you give the event? And the man said, No, I did not give the event he said, Give the other man for either a human being will testify for you, agenda will testify for you, and Angel will testify for you. And if no one is there, then the earth will testify for you. So the giving of the comma, take the same ruling over here that even if a person is by himself, he should give the a comma, type. Now we get to how many events are there for 5g? How many events are there

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for 5g? Did you have a question when

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you didn't raise your hand? Okay. So now, Maliki and Shafi they said there are two events, one event before the timing of 5g and one event when the time of budget begins one of them before 5g and one event when the time for 5g actually begins. In Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, he said, there's only one event for 5g there's only one event for budget, and there are no two events. In my mathema rahimullah, he made a distinction over here. And this is like a bit of a tricky distinction, but we'll group him with group number one just for the sake

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Understanding rule number one, they said that there are two events. One before budget, one after budget will differ over here with the mamod is the addition in the event itself. So the addition is assala to hieromonk unknown. So after the Imam said after the event says, halal fella, he will add in a solid to hydro mininum a solid two hydro minute No. Now according to the majority, this will be said when when do they say this? In the first sidenote, the second event and the second event they say this in the second event, however, Mr. Mohammed Rahim Allah and the scholars of Hadith, they said no, this is said in the first event, what was the reasoning? He said that when we actually

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truly want to wake the people up is before the time of budget, meaning someone wants to fast someone wants to pre clear Malaysia, we wake them up for that. So you say sola to Cairo mininum. Before that time, if you say it when the time actually already begins, then this means the time for fudging has already begun, and there's a chance that they miss may end up missing, so a lot of friction. So that was the reasoning behind it. Also, with the textual evidence, they say that the process is I'm told Abdullah bin they told me La Jolla to not say the neutral Abdullah bin no the opposite. He told Abdullah bin Maktoum to give the regular Dan and Bill Allah The Allahu anhu to give a Salah to Cairo

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mininova salatu salam Mina No. So that was the difference between them. Are there any additions other additions to the event? Yes, there is another addition to the event. And that is when there is extensive rain, extensive wind, extensive snow in our localities. Then it is narrated by Abdullah buzzworthy Allahumma that the Malden is meant to say solo theory halochem that pray wherever you are, he is meant to see a solo theory honeycomb right after he says Highland further. This is narrated from Abdullah buzzworthy Allahu anhu ma from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he should say Sanofi halochem Now, this is counterproductive in the massage it is in our DNA. We

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don't give the Adana out loud. So if it's snowing outside and it's raining outside, should you say Sanofi the highly common side of the machine? No, you shouldn't say it, but rather you just give the Adana regularly. However, if we ever go back to cinestyle, where the iodine is given outside, we have our own Muslim community where you can do that, then in that situation, yes, we would make the iodine outside and say solo theory haidakhan that pray where you are, pray where you are praying in your homes.

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Go ahead

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after the process.

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So the only addition that was made to you then after the pasta Salaam was the admin for Joomla, that author manual, the Allahu anhu, he saw that the people were not showing up for Joomla on time. So he introduced a second event. And that then was said in the marketplace, and then the event inside of the masjid. And that was usually about one hour before the salad itself.

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In terms of the wording No, not at all. So there are different wordings for the event. I just narrated the view of the majority because that's what I think we should stick by. Okay, so now we get to the issue of via comma. How do we narrate the comma? The comma has three versions of it and this is more copy popular and common depending on who is giving the karma. So according to the Shafi method, and the humbling method, everything is said once except for but the comet is Sala and Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar at the end. So according to the chef he is and how Nabila you will say Allahu Akbar Allah who you say, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Chateau de la shawanda Mohammed atta Sula, la

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hyah la sala de Highland further, but to call me to sola to go to karma to sola, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, that either hit Allah. This is the karma according to the chef, and the habila a common number two, this is the farmer of the medic ease. The only difference over here everything is said once. Allahu Akbar a Chateau La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Allah so Allah, hi Allah Sana, Haryana and Fela komitas Allah Allahu Akbar La ilaha illa Allah. This is the karma of the Maliki's. Then the last iqama we have is the karma of the hanafis and that is we see the full event with the addition of karma to Sala so they say, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, a shadow Allah

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a shadow neither had Allah, a shadow on the Mohammed della sola shadow in the Mahabharata Salalah Haryana sada hayata Sala, Haryana further Highland Salah, autocommit Asana for the karma to Sala, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar La ilaha illa Allah, this is the view of the hanafis is one of them more stronger than the other. Again, valid difference of opinion. Preferred opinion, though, is that of the the Sharpies and the habila. Again, that seems closer to textual evidence that seems closer to textual evidence, but all of them are valid all

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All of them are valid.

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Now, which leads us to the last discussion? What is better? Is it better to give the event or better to lead the Salah? Is it better to give the event or better to lead the Salah. So according to the Sharpies and the hanada, they said it is better to give the event they said it is better to give the event and this is based upon the verse in sort of facilities where Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Well, my national code amendment is Allah and who is better in speech than the one that calls to Allah subhana wa Tada. So they said, this is better. And then you are left with the Maliki's and the hanafis and they said, It is better to lead the Salah It is better to lead the Salah. That is the

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difference of opinion. Now what seems stronger though, is that had it been better to give the other than the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself would have done it, but rather he chose to lead the Salah. That's the first reflection over here. Second reflection, is it permissible for the one that's leading to Salah to give the event? And the answer is yes, it is permissible to do so. But it is not recommended because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that one of you give the other man and let the other lead the Salah. So you're going against the command of the prophets of Allah while you're set up. However, if you're in the community that no one knows how to give the man

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except for the person leading the Salah, then in that situation, he can do both he can do both. Number three,

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who has the right to give the event and who actually this is not fresh popular English but what I'm trying to say is the other one is the right of the time meaning that the event should be given as soon as the time begins it is not the right of any one individual however the comma it should only be given when the Imam stands in his spot or he says establish the salah it should not be given before the Imam is present so particularly in this masala you know the we don't have a full time exam that is here for the five daily prayers. So there's always that issue okay who is going to lead the Salah. In this situation, the Imam should be decided first and then the economist should be

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given and if it is known who the Imam is who is going to lead the Salah, then we should wait till he says either give the a comma or he stands in the place of leading the Salah. That is when the comma should be given. Are we clear on that? So when do we give the event

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when the time of Salah comes in, you don't have to wait for anyone's permission. The karma you wait for either when the Imam stands in his spot, or he says establish the salah or he says establish the Salah. So in a situation where you don't have any Imam in the masjid decide who the mom is first. And then the comma should be given then is the accordion the comma should be given. What I want to share with you are just two narrations which are absolutely beautiful Abdullah Masuda, the Allahu anhu He said, If I had been the more I then I wouldn't care about doing Hajj, performing Umrah, or going for jihad. This is to show the virtue of the meaning. And this was his responsibility. This is

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enough of a father enough of a virtue, that he wouldn't worry about these other acts of he by that, I'm going to look at our blood Allah who I know, if it wasn't for the khilafah, I would have been the origin. If it wasn't for the khilafah, I would have been the Muslim meaning had he not been responsible for leading the salon, he would have made himself responsible for giving the event because he didn't want to go against the commander of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu wasallam. And it's all based upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam statement that if you knew the virtue of giving the man, then you would race to give the event if you know the virtue of giving the other,

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then you would race to give the event. So there's a great virtue in giving the event and in a lot of times, people shy away from it. Even if you don't have a beautiful voice. It is of no relevance over here. The fact that each and every person that comes to pray, the angels, the jinn the earth, they're all going to testify for you that this person called me to Salah in what greater virtue could you have. So anytime there's an opportunity to give the event it should be done. So should people fight for giving the event saying like, I'm going to give the I know I'm giving the event? No, that shouldn't be done. Rather, whoever comes first should give the event. So if you're really

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you know, racing for good deeds, wait for the time to kick in as soon as it comes in. Make sure you're standing by the microphone to give the event that is what should be done. That is what should be done. Any questions on the Adana requirement that didn't make clear? Go ahead?

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Yes, the fingers should be put inside the ear when the person is giving the event. The person should cover their ears when they're giving the event. The wisdom behind this is that it helps elevate the voice it helps elevate the voice because when you put your fingers inside the ear, your voice naturally seems like it's going down. So you make more in the effort to make it louder.

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Yep.

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It is recommended that the person who gives who gave the advance should give the a comma However, if he is not there, then someone else can give it inshallah

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Yes, you said earlier

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Yes. What do you say to what? So after you say hi and then you will say Sanofi haidakhan and then it is by using

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it that's gonna get very tricky because you're gonna have two extra additions.

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Okay, Domino and Sophia halochem. But in this situation, Assad to Cairo Mina gnome is said in the first event, and Sanofi The hydrocone is sending the second event, so you will not say Sanofi the hydrocodone the first time. Okay.

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Any other questions? Okay, so now we actually get to the shoot of Sala we've covered the major short of Salah, which is the timing for Salah itself. Now, what I want to add over here as an addition from last week's discussion, the definition we gave for short post Salah, we said it is that act that is done outside of the Salah, that if it is not done, then it will make the salon invalid. That is what I had said last week and they want to adjust it slightly that it is an act that is done outside of the salon, that if it is not done, then in most cases, it will invalidate the salon. In most cases it will invalidate the salon. As you'll come to see that is not always the case

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particularly when it comes to the sheer number of prayers, some of the shrooms the Salah, they can be poured in some of the shoot of the Salah can be pardoned. So let us begin with that now. Okay,

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so we mentioned the first shot of Salah is the entrance of the time is the entrance of the time. The second shot of Salah is the hollow to the hollow terminal hydrogen as well as a couple. It is purification from major impurity and minor impurity. We defined this in the focus of the hardrock class already major impurity we're talking about a form of ejaculation taking place or a woman having her menstrual cycle. These are considered major forms of impurity, minor forms of impurity, these are the likes of passing gas. These are the likes of defecation and the likes of your urination, these are the minor forms of impurity. Now, purification from these is a condition of

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Salah, meaning that if you don't purify yourself from these things, then your Salah will be null and void your Salah will be null and void. And there's three things that you want to make sure that are pure. Before you start the Salah, there are three things that you want to make sure are pure, before you start the Scylla. Number one, the body itself. So the body itself needs to be pure from any impurities. So as any impurities on the body, they need to be washed away. And this is what the stinginess digimarc is for. Number two is from the clothing itself. So for example, you're holding a child, the child is at the age where it's chewing food now and it urinates on your clothes. In this

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situation, that urination needs to be washed off before you can establish the salah it needs to be washed off before you can establish the Salah. The third thing that needs to be purified and cleaned is the area where you're actually praying the area where you're actually praying. Now understand the foundational principle over here. Everything is pure, until proven to be impure. Everything is pure until proven to be impure. So does that mean before you start the Salah you have to make that extra effort to make your show your closure pure your release appears key or pure and your body is pure? The answer to that is no. Because the default ruling is that they are pure, until you have proof to

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prove otherwise until you are proof to prove otherwise.

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Now

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here's a question.

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Scenario number one is that the Imam does not have Waldo. And he prays and he finishes the prayer. And after the prayer actually they don't listen to him. I'm just gonna too complicated. This is a the individual okay? The individual he does not have although he starts praying, he finishes prayer completely. And then at the end of the Salah, he realizes he does not have Voodoo. Does he have to repeat his prayer? Or does he not have to repeat as per

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fantastic with agreement, he has to repeat his prayer. There's no disagreement on this issue. second scenario, an individual is praying. And then after the Salah, he realizes that there's some impurity on me. So for example, he's praying outside, he's gone camping, and he stepped in some dog feces, okay. And after he's done praying, he's when he's like sitting in the shower with He's like, man, what's that foul smell? He looks at? There's dog feces on his shoes. Does he have to repeat his Salah? Yes or no? So those of you that say yes, he has to repeat a Scylla Raise your hands. if if if what?

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Yes, he's what

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wearing the shoes, he's wearing the shoes. He asked to repeat the Salah. So raise your hands if you say yes, he has to repeat the Salah if he's wearing the shoes. Okay, fantastic. Put your hands down. Those of us that say he doesn't have to repeat the Salah, raise your hands.

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Fantastic. So we have like 5050 split and then we have undecided for the other 50. So the answer to this is that he does not have to repeat the Scylla he does not have to repeat the Salah. Why is that the case? Why do we differentiate between the two? Because we have a clear text from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was once praying a Salah that had four rockers in it, and it's either the harasser and after the second aka jabril came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he told him that you have an impurity on your shoes, and the Salah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam took off his shoes

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and put it to his left hand side and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam continued to pray the Sahaba the Allah who I know they saw this and they too in their Salah, took off their shoes, after the Salah finished the process um turns around to the side and he says Why did you guys take off your shoes and he said the RSL Allah we saw you do this the same. So, the the pastor said that jabril came to me and told me I had impurity. So, that is why I took it off, that is why I took it off, and he had played the first two records, and he did not repeat the Salah, he did not repeat the two records. So therefore, it is shown that if the

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the impurity is on the body itself, and is not a major impurity, then based upon that, you do not have to repeat the Salah, you do not have to repeat the Salah. Now, can we establish the principle from this? And the answer is yes, understanding this principle will make all of a buy that and kafala and repetition, so much easier in our lives. But the thing is understanding the principle is difficult. So I'm going to put it out there and inshallah let us try to understand it, understand it.

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Anytime there is a commandment. And if it is not fulfilled, then the act of ibadah needs to be repeated, unless there's a proof to prove otherwise, unless there's a proof to prove otherwise, anytime there is a prohibition, then that prohibition can be excused due to ignorance due to forgetfulness, or due to like just being you know, not not not cognitive of it. And in that situation, it does not need to be repeated in that situation, it does not need to be repeated, that is the general principle we will establish over here. So, now, what is the mode what is the command, the Voodoo is the command you have to make will do before the Salah. So, meaning if you do not make

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widow, then the whole activity by that needs to be done again, what is the Matador? What is the prohibition? The prohibition is that you should not pray while there's a form of impurity on top of you or or on your clothes or the place that you're praying. And if it's done out for other forgetfulness or as a mistake, then in this situation, you do not need to repeat that act, you do not need to repeat that act. So do we understand this principle over here, you have commandments, you have prohibitions. Anytime you do not fulfill a commandment, then the whole act needs to be done again. Anytime you do not fulfill a prohibition. If it's done out of forgetfulness, or lack of

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knowledge, then you are pardoned for it. You're pardoned for it. Bringing it between like my first and second recording. I remember in April, like I think I didn't make a zoo or something. I forgot about it. Should I break my cell over there and coordinate the zoo and then start all the work? Okay. Okay, so

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let me explain the situation. But I will get to that in a second. Let me just answer the question. Yeah.

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Yes.

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Yes.

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Did you break your window before the summer after the salon?

00:29:07--> 00:29:42

was too many? Yeah. So your question is, do I have to make a new model for every salon? And the answer is no, as long as you made one model until it breaks that was valid until that window breaks, it's valid. Now, let me get to your question over here. So Scenario number one is before the salon starts. The mom actually, the mom realizes that he hasn't made Moodle, he goes and makes Moodle and he comes back. Scenario number two, is that he says Allahu Akbar. And then he realizes at the very beginning of the Salah, that you know what?

00:29:44--> 00:30:00

I don't have Moodle. Over here, the whole congregation breaks their Salah. And this actually happened emotionally. I think two years ago. She called he he was leading a lot of Muslim and ecommerce given he says Allahu Akbar, and he realizes he doesn't have Udo he tells him break your prayer.

00:30:00--> 00:30:40

You see him walk away, go make whoodle and come back and then he leads the salon again requires a lot of courage to do that. Now, like 400,000 people waiting for you to do, but that shows you the importance of you know, following the shoot of Salah Scenario number three, where the Imam is praying, and the prayer is growing by. And let's just say halfway through the prayer, he realizes I don't have Voodoo, the Imam definitely has to break his prayer. And he has to leave the scholars deferred over here. How about the people behind him? How about the people behind him? Should they appoint someone new? Delete the Salah, or does everyone break their prayer and start over from

00:30:40--> 00:31:13

afresh? Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best the opinion that I prefer is that everyone breaks their prayer and they start from a fresh because the beginning of the Salah was not valid, the beginning of the Salah was not valid. And this brings us to Scenario number four, which is what if this happens after the salon is finished? What if this happens after the salon is finished? So those of you those that are present, while the Imam makes the announcement, definitely have to repeat their prayers. Those of you that are present that are not present while the Imam makes the announcement, the scholar said that they would be pardoned they would be pardoned. So those are the twins

00:31:13--> 00:31:21

scenarios. So the general case ruling is that the Imam would have to go and make widow and this the Jana Should we start to their prayer? Yeah, thanks a lot.

00:31:23--> 00:31:25

I don't know I don't remember if a proposal or not.

00:31:27--> 00:31:57

In this case, I should keep on praying right? Because uncertain is erased by though fantastic. Actually, that's something I forgot to address. So now you always go back to what you're certain about. So for example, a person remembers making wudu but he doesn't remember breaking it. Then he remains upon tahara he remains upon the state of Voodoo if a person remembers breaking will do but he doesn't remember making Voodoo then the foundation is that he goes back to what is certain that he doesn't taboo and he should make us a lot and go and make what we should make us a lot and go and make Yes, White

00:31:59--> 00:32:00

has a blue Yes. Does

00:32:02--> 00:32:11

he lose the blue? Yes. What does he do and what happened to the well that's very that's a very easy scenario. So in the if the man breaks will do in Salah.

00:32:14--> 00:32:47

There's always like, you know, when I think like the most embarrassing things that could happen in my life, this is probably like right there, smack bang on the top. And it's always like a fear you know, you that's what you always do this, there's so much hikma behind the process, and I'm saying that you know, but when the food is being served, eat and then go and pray if you need to go to the bathroom, go to the bathroom first before you start to pray is to avoid these situations. So in that situation where the Imam breaks his will, while he's leading the Salah, that's simple. He just says he bread grabs someone from the front line and tells them to leave the salon and they continue

00:32:47--> 00:33:17

praying from where they started, the congregation does not need to break their salon. However, this is something that everyone should know. If the man appoints someone continue leaving the salon, that person should step forward and leave the salon continue from where the Imam left off from. The thing is a lot of communities don't know what to do. And there'll be like, what are you doing like in the Salah, and that will nullify the Salah people start laughing. People start talking, they're like, what are you doing? Like I've seen this with a couple of times. So in that situation, everyone remain calm. If the Imam appoints someone, perfect if the Imam doesn't point anyone, one person just

00:33:17--> 00:33:22

step forward and continue leading from where the Imam left off continue leading from where the Imam left off. Yep.

00:33:23--> 00:33:25

A really good way to get out of this

00:33:26--> 00:33:27

is to pull lunch.

00:33:28--> 00:33:39

Yeah, that is what some of the scholars of the past said, but that's what the person that's more that's what the person that is being led in Salah not for the Imam himself. For the man himself. There's no way out of it. Right? Like

00:33:41--> 00:34:13

No, he's not supposed to tell the people Hey, guys, I broke my rule. Can someone say oh, no, he just grabbed someone and put him in front. Because you don't want to create hardship for the people, whatever. Like the issue is, even if your nose starts bleeding, you're allowed to continue breathing, right? Unless it's like profusely bleeding and blood everywhere. Like you. I don't there's I don't think there's any arteries here. But they are like small vessels. But those are like small vessels like it wouldn't be a major form of blood. So yeah, some of the scholars did mention that the person that's being led in salani braces will do, he should cover his nose and walk away.

00:34:13--> 00:34:21

But obviously if he leaves a big smell, that's not gonna change the scenario. People are gonna know what happened. Go ahead, amen.

00:34:25--> 00:34:55

It doesn't matter those you get, he doesn't even actually have to recite a soda. So as we'll come to see from the Sooners of Salah what is the rochen is the recitation of Surah Fatiha if you recite anything after Fatiha, it's a sooner to do so if he doesn't recite anything, then there's no single point now. So for example, the mom's reading sort of bucket off and you know, he breaks his widow. The person that steps up doesn't need to continue reading. He can just go straight into coffee wants or start from kulula Hi, whatever is easy with is perfectly fine. What were you going to ask?

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

Same question. Did you kind of like discuss this

00:35:00--> 00:35:15

together and then as or you just random, we will both ask the same question. That's amazing Subhanallah Okay, so that is the state of widow that is the state of Voodoo and the differentiation between Voodoo and having impurity on your clothes, or the place that you're praying or upon your body.

00:35:17--> 00:35:25

So that was number, the second shot. Now we go on to the third shot, which is what I'm trying to find over here.

00:35:35--> 00:35:36

Okay.

00:35:37--> 00:36:17

Okay. So, so those two shots actually wants to actually separate them. Okay, so the second shot was to stay away from a hadith and Akbar and the hadith of Ascot, meaning things that require will do things that require whoreson. And the third shot is is allatoona, just meaning that you take away than the Jessa from the place that you are praying or on your clothes, or from your body. So that was the third shot, that was the third step. Which brings us to the fourth shot, which brings us to now the fourth condition, which is the covering of the outer, the covering of the outer, we're going to divide this into men and women, we're going to divide this into men and women. So let's firstly

00:36:17--> 00:37:02

start off with the women. The majority of scholars said for the woman, her aura is everything, with the exception of her hands, and her feet, and her face. So all of her body needs to be covered, with the exception of her face, her hands and her feet. Right. And by feet, we're going to give a brief a brief explanation here as well, but just understand what the majority said over here, what the majority said over here. Now, breaking this down into different categories. The Hannah Bella said that if a woman is praying by herself, then she does not need to cover her face, or as long as she's with non Muharram. As long as she's with another man, she does not need to cover her face. However,

00:37:02--> 00:37:45

if there are other men there, then she does need to cover her face, she does need to cover her face. They were the only ones that said that they were the only ones that said that. Scenario number two, which is the issue of the feet for the woman. The majority of scholars, they have said that the woman needs to cover the top of her feet, but not the bottom of the feet. So meaning that if a woman is wearing a long skirt, or is wearing a jilbab or an abaya that covers the top part of the feet, then that Salah is valid then that Salah is valid, and the bottom part is not required to do so. The Hanafi scholars, they said no, the actual foot itself does not need to be covered. The actual foot

00:37:45--> 00:38:23

itself does not need to be covered. That includes the top that includes the top as well. Now this leads us to the issue of the outer inside of Salah is the same as the outer outside of Salah. So the Hanafi scholars, they actually allowed a woman to wear sandals on the outside that she wants to assign those on the outside she can do so but she's not allowed beautifying her feet. So there's no putting on nail polish, no getting pedicures and showing it off. You're allowed to according to the Hanafi scholars to do that. However, according to the majority that is not allowed. And there's a clear text for this, which is the narration of cinema rhodiola Juana now the scholars deferred is

00:38:23--> 00:39:00

this an actual statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam or statement of Uppsala model the Allahu Allah, Allah knows best. This is actually a statement of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded the women to cover their feet. So I'm selling Mara della who I know she said, O Messenger of Allah. If a woman is to cover her feet, when she walks on the outside, is going to pick up filth. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he said that the dragging on the ground is a purification for that filth, meaning that if a woman's gel BB is long, and it picks up any impurity, as she's walking on the grass as

00:39:00--> 00:39:36

she's walking on the soil, that soil and grass will purify what is on the jilbab will purify what is on the gel Bab and this is a clear text showing that a woman should cover her feet is a clear text that a woman should cover her feet. This is one of the arguments that Hannah Bella used. They said that the reason why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told the woman to cover her feet was because the beauty the feet could be considered a form of beautification. Now, what is more beautiful a woman's face or a woman's feet, obviously a woman's face. So they said if a woman is commanded to cover her feet, then how about her face, the face is even more deserving of being

00:39:36--> 00:40:00

covered the faces even more worthy of being covered. This was their argument that they said that this is what should be done. So the woman's our inside of Salah In summary, is everything except for her face and her hands except for her face and her hands. The feet should be covered, at least the top of it, at least the top of it. question arises what if a woman is wearing socks?

00:40:00--> 00:40:44

Will that suffice from the long a buyer? And the answer is yes, that will suffice from the long buyer. Now we move on to the aura of the man. The aura of the man is different from inside salah and outside of Salah. Let us explain why. Inside of the Salah, the man is required to cover his shoulders, a man should not pray while his shoulders are uncovered. Inside, sorry that's inside of the salon. Outside of the salon, a man can walk around with his shoulders uncovered, a man can walk around with his shoulders uncovered? Is it the best case scenario that he does so No, actually, it is against modesty to do so. And it also seldom encourage extra modesty. So unless you have a very

00:40:44--> 00:40:59

valid reason to leave your shoulders uncovered, and your upper body uncovered, then the assault is that you should not leave it uncovered, but rather cover it as much as you can cover it as much as you can. Now the second issue pertaining to a man's Allah,

00:41:00--> 00:41:47

pertaining to inside of salah and outside of Salah, outside of Salah he has a major hour and a minor Allah, the major hour for the man is the front and back private part and the upper part of the size. This is what we call the major hour. What does major hour mean? Meaning that you're not allowed to look at that part of another man. And that part needs to be covered up at all times. You're not allowed to look at that part and that part needs to be covered up at all times the minor our is that which is from the thighs, till the knees, that is which is from the thighs, till the knees. What is minor, our mean minor our means that this part doesn't necessarily need to be covered up. But you're

00:41:47--> 00:42:23

not allowed to look at that part of another man. I mean, if you just take a glance that's fine, a prolonged look at it is not allowed a prolonged look at it is not allowed. What is the proof to differentiate between the two, the proof to differentiate between the two is the hadith of Nando de la I know when the prophet SAW our southern was sitting reclining, the part of his leg was exposed the upper part of his knee, the processor, when aboubaker came in, didn't cover it. Amara Delano came in, didn't cover it with manual de la one who comes in and he covers it. I shadowed the loved one how she asked him a messenger of Allah. Why did you do this? And then here we have one of the

00:42:23--> 00:43:05

virtues of Uthman. Allah is the human logical investor Hey, meanwhile, Malika Should I not be shy of a man of whom the angels are shy off of whom the angels are shy of. So based upon this, this shows that there are two parts of the aura, the minor part and the major part. The minor part it doesn't necessarily need to be covered up, but you shouldn't look at it. Is it better to cover up? Yes, it is yet it is. A second proof for this is that one day, the Abdullah bin Masuda the Allahu anhu was reciting Quran and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam laid down on his lower part of the thigh mean the part between the knees and the thigh and he put his head there even has Mr. himolla he

00:43:05--> 00:43:47

comments on this that had this been part of the major Allah, the prophet Allah said and wouldn't have put his head on the lower part of the thigh because that is a part that is not meant to be touched. So this shows us that this is the minor part of the hour. Now this is outside of the Salah, inside of the Salah. Best case scenario is what we should try to follow meaning from just below the to the navel to just above the knees. This is the part that definitely needs to be covered. This is the absolute minimum that should be covered. You want to be even better than this. Cover the belly button and cover the knees as well and cover the knees as well. Now, this is for the salon. This is

00:43:47--> 00:44:27

for the salon. This one is summer, so the shoulders definitely need to be covered. Best case, worst case scenario from below the belly button to the top of the nice, that is the minimum. You want to do even better than that. Cover the belly button and cover the knees as well cover the belly button and come with a nice as well arty questions in one minute. Now, what happens in a situation where unintentionally, your outer becomes uncovered, to raise that this can happen way number one, you're going down into such the the middle of your pants just rip right middle of your pants rip, your order has now become uncovered. And in this hypothetical scenario, you had no clean underwear that

00:44:27--> 00:45:00

day. You're just wearing your pants. What do you do in that situation in that situation? And that's Scenario number two is the more realistic one, which is you're wearing trousers, you forgot to wear a belt that day you go down for a call you go down for such that the part the bottom part of your back becomes exposed. In this scenario, if you can hurry up and cover yourself then your Salah is valid if you can hurry up and cover yourself then your Salah is valid. If you pray the whole salah and you only realized after then in this situation. Your Salah is still there.

00:45:00--> 00:45:35

However, if you intentionally know that you were in tight pants and a tight shirt, and every time you go into shock when you go into surgery is going to happen. You don't change your dress, then your Salah is invalid at that time, because you're intentionally going against a Matador meaning a prohibition of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Is that clear to everyone? So meaning if you see someone in the masala and they're going down for a call, and for sajida, and their aura is uncovered, you have a responsibility to tell them it is your responsibility. Tell them that you need to cover yourself up and pray properly. If you don't do that both parties are sinful

00:45:35--> 00:45:37

both parties are sinful. Such a question?

00:45:39--> 00:45:39

Yeah.

00:45:42--> 00:45:43

Always carry shoulders.

00:45:45--> 00:45:47

chest and waist interview basically, what

00:45:48--> 00:46:11

I was saying like what a muscle should be okay. Because back then on my muscle shirt, when the shoulder isn't supposed to be there. So what is a muscle? Should I don't have a wife beater? No, I stole the sleeve. That's a brief No, the shoulders need to be covered. Shoulders need to be covered. Yes. Those come that was the know their clothes. You would never wear something without covering your shoulders on their technicals back in those days. Right? Precisely. You have shirts like

00:46:13--> 00:46:25

like I'm also shared by theater, basically. Right. But they had shirts that were fitted as well like sewn shorts that were fitted. They had those. Right. So the most of them made it very clear that you need to pray with your shoulders covered. Yeah, go ahead.

00:46:30--> 00:46:32

If you have a portrait some people,

00:46:33--> 00:46:34

right.

00:46:36--> 00:47:09

Fantastic. Good question. So the issue of having the pants above the ankles. The prophet SAW that he said whatever is below the ankles is in the hellfire. And then the second Hadees is the hadith of Abu Bakar or the Allah I know. He said, O Messenger of Allah, my pants keep falling below the ankles. The pastor said and told him Oh aboubaker you're not someone that does this out of arrogance. You're not someone that does this out of arrogance. Based upon this the majority of scholars, they said that as long as a person is not wearing his garments below his ankles out of arrogance, then it is just disliked. It is not cool. To do so many it's still better to wear your

00:47:09--> 00:47:46

pants above your ankles. If you're able to. As soon as arrogance comes in, then it becomes harder to do so in fact, it becomes one of the major sins to do so emammal Bukhari even though Hydra ignored me from the Maliki's, they said no departments I said um, he said in a separate Hadith that whatever is below the ankles is in the hellfire. And in the third video, he says that there are three groups of people that Allah subhanho wa Taala will not speak to and normal Allah purify them. And what is the third one? I can't remember the third part of the Hadith is but he mentions these two parts. And one of these categories of people is the one that wears his garments below his ankles. So he says

00:47:46--> 00:48:24

that the one that does it without arrogance, then that is when that will be in the hellfire. It becomes a major sin that Allah will not purify them and not see them and will speak to them. And then in the situation that it is accompanied by arrogance. So best case scenario is that you it is better for men to wear their garments above their ankles. However, here's a second point to this. If you genuinely don't wear your garments above your ankles, you shouldn't fold it just for Salah you shouldn't fold it just for Salah. However if your garments are regularly folded outside of the Salah, keeping them folded in Salah is not a problem keeping them folded is not a problem. So to

00:48:24--> 00:48:38

specifically for them for Salah that should not be done. However, the general ruling is that it is preferred for men to wear their garments above their ankles. And I think I've done this before when we understand above the ankles. I want you to imagine Joe

00:48:39--> 00:49:02

I don't know. Does anyone have a pen and paper handy that you can give me right now? Just so I can draw a diagram. I just need a pen. Just a pen we'll be fine inshallah. zakka Lockwood, thank you so much. So the biggest shoe I've ever seen is that of Shaquille O'Neal. Okay, we're going to draw Shaquille O'Neal's foot right here with his ankle. Okay. So this is Shaquille O'Neal's.

00:49:03--> 00:49:18

That is his shoe size right here. When we understand above the ankle, what is above the ankle actually mean? Most people understand from it that it means over here. But that is not what the Hadith is referring to. The Hadith is referring to

00:49:19--> 00:49:55

above this part. So a lot of people they say that you know what, it's very unfashionable to have your pants that Hi, can I you know, wear it below I will see the Hadith is not prohibiting you from having the top of your shoe uncovered because if you were up to here, then the top of your shoe will still be covered. Now, here's the beautiful thing that does not qualify for your pin. I'm just gonna, I can keep it. Okay. Here's the beautiful thing that in modern fashion. Not only has it become fashionable to wear your pants hi for men like to the middle of your shin, as over the shoulder is no longer narrated, but the beards have actually become sooner not these five o'clock

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

shadows, not these trimmed down. You know George Clooney type beards. I'm talking about these massive beards like

00:50:00--> 00:50:30

James Harden, like, if you watch basketball, his beard is massive, so you could easily confuse them as a Muslim. And you know, in the group I've shared like other pictures, like these guys have massive beards. And that's become like the fashionable trend. Now you see certain Muslims now you okay is fashion, let me grow my beard. That's messed up intentions, man, you're really putting yourself in a very difficult position, because you want to win sooner, or, you know, for more depending on what we're talking about, you know, you didn't want to do it, but all of a sudden becomes a strategy like, hey, let me start this trend, very dangerous position to be in very

00:50:30--> 00:50:33

dangerous position to be in. Yes, go ahead.

00:50:34--> 00:50:36

shorts and things.

00:50:38--> 00:51:13

short shorts that do not reach your knees. And yeah, so if it reaches the top of the knees, it's fine. Those are not upon. But you have to make sure that when you will do on photo cool, it doesn't go higher than that. So they have to be really baggy there, we're talking about like, two sizes bigger for you in basketball style, those type, if they're just coming to the knee, even when you go down to the court, they'll stay at that length, they're not going to write up. However, if you're wearing it like fitted size, when you go down to the court, it's going to end up rising up, and then that situation that shouldn't be done. Go ahead. So the pants, if you will wander paths that

00:51:13--> 00:51:25

actually fall when you put your shoes on your shoes, hold them up. So they're not dragging on the ground or anything. Right. So the issue is not with the ground is above the ankles, because most of them

00:51:26--> 00:51:37

pass and go through issues. I think a lot of this will depend on what type of shoe you're wearing. Right? It's not in all cases. So in the cases where your shoe holds up the pants above your ankles. That's fine. What if you take your shoes off?

00:51:39--> 00:51:48

So over here, when you fold your pants or whatever, but I'm saying well listen when you're outside, right, the shoes on, so your pants in length are longer than your ankles, but if you have

00:51:49--> 00:51:57

issues Keep it down. So your question is, is wearing shoes the facing from raising your pants kind of looks funny.

00:51:58--> 00:52:25

to cancer above the knees and your brain above the knees will look very funny. Above the ankles. Like I said, if you keep it to the bottom of the ankles, I personally don't think it looks funny. I personally don't think it looks funny. And there's ways to get around it. Rather than making your pants longer wear higher shoes, meaning that almost like boots, right, like the Timberland style boots, remember those or something like that, you know that way your your longer pants to the ankles won't look funny per se alongside?

00:52:26--> 00:52:27

Go ahead.

00:52:28--> 00:52:29

Some people I feel like

00:52:31--> 00:52:41

lower back. So when they should do that is really Yes. So is there something.

00:52:42--> 00:52:56

So if no one corrects them at that point inside of the salon, it's valid. However, if they've been taught and they keep doing it, then the salon is not valid. But the person behind him should actually tap him saying look, you're uncomfortable, not say you're uncovered, but tap him saying that.

00:52:59--> 00:53:00

They did as you'll come to see.

00:53:03--> 00:53:37

As you'll come to see, people have this understanding that in Salah you're not allowed movements, but this is not true. We're going to we're going to come when we talk about standing for Salah one day the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. There was a sheep that was walking in front of him and two sheep, you can't stop it like this right? And the sheep kept on persisting that even though it wasn't tried to push the sheep away. It kept on persisting so the posit Salam walked forward so that he can get closer to the wall and let the sheep walk behind him. Number two, one day the pastor Selamat Juma, he prayed salado Juma on top of the number but when it came to make such that he

00:53:37--> 00:54:10

walked down the member made such over there when it came to the second aka he climbed up again continue praying and came down to prom such that again they asked the hula Why did you do this and the person said so that you guys can follow my example means that you can understand that certain movements in Salah are valid. so in this situation, just like if you were to see a child with a knife, you can grab the knife out of the child's hand or if your child's crying, you can pick up that child insula you see someone's out or uncovered from the back tap that person's back or diamond depending on how close and far you are. You can let them know if you can't do it into the salon.

00:54:11--> 00:54:18

Wait till the Salah is finished and let them know so out of ignorance the Salah would be valid but wants to become knowledgeable then their Salah is no longer valid

00:54:21--> 00:54:22

fashion to uncover your back

00:54:26--> 00:54:49

That's what I'm saying. Yes, so that's what I'm saying. If you see someone like that, you tell the you tell guys guys to settle down. You tell the person after the Salah, this is what happened. And you're not allowed to pray like that. If you see it, you know there's actually signs in news in the States. If you see something say something, this is what you do you see something wrong you tell them right. But

00:54:51--> 00:54:52

the low part

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

is any known worse because here in Canada, we know that having a long pond is not a sign

00:55:00--> 00:55:21

No Paragons, like you're not doing the same kind of culture. Yeah. Does he go to a tailor? You will tell him? No, no in the bush I used to do that now I decided to let it go. Alright, only because one time I want to share a message for you is okay maybe because you know you're hiring me. I don't know, but I'm just saying is any cultural or normal aspect.

00:55:22--> 00:55:40

So, Abdullah bin Amara de la Houma. He said, the arrogance is in the length and not in the heart. So meaning at the arrogance of wearing the pants below the ankles. That's where the arrogance is there against isn't in the heart, meaning that you know the postseason wants you to do something yet you intentionally don't do it. That is where the arrogance lies.

00:55:41--> 00:56:14

That he was told that no is no deal. I know. And that's what I'm telling you. The majority have gone one way and it is preferred the are still agreed that is Microsoft to do so. And that's the opinion that I'm sharing with you that if you're able to wear your pants above your ankles Alhamdulillah if you can't do it, at least understand what you're doing is that's that's what I'm trying to tell the people. Last question we need to move on. We have like literally 15 minutes to do three more watchman talks during the drill. Yes, perfectly fine to wear socks. Go ahead. Guys, when they go spin jogging they were the spandex that comes up in here but they have those short shorts on

00:56:16--> 00:56:19

defeats the purpose of the video in some are outside of Silla

00:56:21--> 00:56:51

and even outside. So outside of some others nothing wrong with that. Because like I said, the the top of the thighs what needs to be covered. Now when we talk about what needs to be covered, the conditions are that it shouldn't be see through and it shouldn't be shaped defining. So spandex is clearly shaped defining. But in this situation where they're wearing the spandex and the wearing shorts on top of that, as long as there's the the shorts come up to the top of the cycle, then assorted the top of the knee, then it's fine. If they don't come up to the top of the knee, then you shouldn't pray in those shorts.

00:56:52--> 00:56:59

Yeah, no, they shouldn't pray like that. They shouldn't pray like that. It's better not to. I said last question, but I love you so much. I'll answer yours as well.

00:57:02--> 00:57:08

Because if you're wearing short pants, which is barely covering your knees, yeah, maybe it's covering an hour, but it's

00:57:09--> 00:57:24

definitely I agree with 110% is it's not for modesty. We're all here we're talking about Hello, and Hello, right. So it will be allowed to wear but it's not from the most modest of clothing. Okay, let's move on. So that is the issue of the hour, which is the fourth

00:57:25--> 00:58:11

condition of the Salah, the covering of the hour. Now is there anything that I missed over here? Fantastic. Now we get to the next one, which is a long one, again, the issue of facing the Qibla. The next condition is facing the Qibla facing the Qibla. It has two scenarios. Scenario number one in fourth prayers, Scenario number two in normal prayers. To summarize this, in the form of the prayers, the general ruling is that you have to face the fibula to the best of your ability, the only time it is not allowed, is in the following conditions. Number one is a person is so sick, that he's physically not able to face the Qibla he's so sick, he physically cannot do it. Number two,

00:58:11--> 00:58:34

there's an immense amount of fear that is preventing him from doing so. So when the companions went for exhibitions and for battles while they're on the battlefield, so a lot of time has come in the past or some excuse them from facing the Qibla at that time for pardon them from facing the Qibla at that time. A third scenario, actually, is there a third scenario here?

00:58:36--> 00:58:37

Notice that they're synonyms for

00:58:38--> 00:58:45

link. Yeah, so those are the only two times that in a foreign Salah that the Qibla cannot be faced the pillar cannot be faced.

00:58:49--> 00:58:55

So I'll get to that in a second. So in the fourth verse, those are the only times that the Qibla cannot be

00:58:56--> 00:58:58

faced, and enough of Salah

00:58:59--> 00:59:43

na Suna Salah or knuffel, Salah, the facing the Qibla just becomes something that is recommended to do so while someone is in a state of traveling and he's praying and nothing. In that situation. He doesn't need to face the Qibla the whole time. And that situation what he should do is his first Kabira he should make while he's facing the Qibla. As for the rest of the duration of the nephila, the sooner prayer, he can pray without facing the Qibla he can pray without facing the Qibla now let us go into a scenario where you're not able to face the Qibla and in that scenario, perhaps something like traveling What if a person is traveling on the plane what they can they do in that

00:59:43--> 00:59:59

situation? So traveling we'll have one of two scenarios on a plane. Scenario number one is that you wanna an Arab slash Indian Pakistani slash subcontinent slash Muslim airline, air Malaysia, Qatar Airways, Saudi Arabian Airlines.

01:00:00--> 01:00:36

Jordanian Airways, you know, we all know the famous airlines from the Middle East and from Southeast Asia from Muslim countries. In those scenarios, I believe you have no excuse not to stand praying. The only reason why you will not stand praying is if the air steward or stewardess tells you that you're not allowed to pray standing. If they tell you that, then go ahead and pray sitting in your seat. And a lot of the times now in the flight, they actually tell you which way the kubla is. So they have a screen in front of you, it shows you the Qibla and that is what you do. That is what you do, you face the Qibla and you pray the Salah, in that situation, while the person is traveling, is

01:00:36--> 01:01:13

he allowed to pray while sitting down? And the answer is yes. While the person is traveling, he is allowed to pray sitting down, but is not that is not the original ruling. What is this based upon, and the Sunnah of Al Bazar, the process of him says that those of you that are traveling by boat, let him face the Qibla and stand unless he fears harm for himself, unless he fears harm for himself mean that the water is very turbulent. And if you're standing while praying, you may fall down the process. I'm deep permission at that time to pray sitting down. Similarly in the plane, the same things apply that you're praying while standing all of a sudden there's turbulence, then you know

01:01:13--> 01:01:48

what happens in that situation, you can't run back to your seat, you can do this. That is why the scores have allowed to pray while sitting down while you're traveling as well. So now that is not the ideal case scenario, ideal case scenario, you pray while standing, you pray while facing the Qibla. If you cannot pray while standing, pray while sitting down, at least while facing the Qibla. If you can't face the Qibla or pray while standing, then you are pardoned in that situation. You're part in that situation. Does that answer? Fantastic. I just want to share my experience that the Middle Eastern Airlines I think it's harder to pray because they will not allow you because of the

01:01:48--> 01:01:54

law one person interview, interpolating descriptively with one tenant and other

01:01:55--> 01:02:28

deal well, my experience has introduced allow you to create one. Okay. I mean, I've heard this before, my personal experience has been the exact opposite. What I what I've genuinely genuinely experienced, is that as long as you build some sort of rapport with the air steward or air stewardess, like the beating, hey, how's your day going? You know, where do you guys usually fly to? When the time comes for a favor, they'll always help you out. When it's like when you come into the plane, angry and grumpy. And it's like, do this for me do that for me. As soon as you ask anything extra for them, they're not going to do it. So I would say always try to build rapport with your

01:02:28--> 01:03:01

steward or your students. And when it comes time for solid, they're very accommodating. In a very few instances, I found that they'll actually say no, whether it's a Muslim airline or non Muslim airline, Muslim airlines in general, I found their air steward and their services to be terrible, very arrogant, very condescending. In one time I even had a guy asked me if I was Arab or not, as soon as I said, No, he gave me like second class treatment. And I just said yes, you know, I would have continued to get good treatment. These are some of the issues we face. It is a tragedy, no doubt. But again, you know, will Allah commands us to try our best and beyond what we're capable of?

01:03:01--> 01:03:44

We are pardoned. So we understood that in fourth prayers, you're not excused from facing the Qibla. With the exception of two, meaning extreme fear, you're on the battlefield or in capability, because you're extremely sick. We added a third scenario if you're not capable to because there's a preventive method for the sooner prayers. You do not need to face the Qibla while you're praying, and you are allowed to pray in your mode of transportation, but it is preferable that when you start the Salah that you start facing the Qibla if you're not able to do that, then you can even make it without facing the Qibla and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. This moves us to our last scenario

01:03:44--> 01:04:28

inshallah which we can cover inshallah in 10 minutes, which is the intention which is the intention. What is important to know about the intention is that the intention is not something that is said out loud for Salah, meaning that in a lot of cultures before they stand for Salah do say, I'm about to pray for that guy's a fourth prayer salado facing the Qibla This is not something that is from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And it is not something that should be done. Number two, what is required in terms of the intention is the intention that I'm about to pray for the Lord as thermography shaft or is the intention. I'm about to pray the obligatory prayer

01:04:29--> 01:05:00

pertaining to this time, or I'm about to pray the obligatory prayer pertaining to this time, shack up north a minute I have a whole lot. He argues that it is better to do the second, you're not required to say I'm about to pray the Lord would rather you can just make the intention. I'm about to pray the obligatory prayer of this given time and that is sufficient and that is sufficient. Okay, do we understand that? Now, let's move on to can the person who is leading the salon have a different intention from the person

01:05:00--> 01:05:35

Who's praying behind him? And the answer is, yes. Well, I live in Jebel Ali Allah who I know. He used to pray show with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and go and lead his community in a shop again, and he would be praying knuffle and they would be praying for behind him. Someone brings the argument, what if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't know about this, and that is why it was done. This is false from two reasons. Number one from the text itself, that a man actually came and complained to the Prophet are certain that Mohammed bin Jabal he recites shortall Baccarat, he recites the prayer too long. And the process is, you know, reprimanded him saying,

01:05:35--> 01:06:09

enter for eternal enter fatahna that Oh, my god, you're causing fitna for the people. So the most of them didn't know about it. Number two, is that hypothetically speaking, let's just say the poster said I'm didn't know, then the Allah subhanho wa Taala would not allow a mistake to be repeated, not by deposit center, nor by the companions, while revelation is coming down. So let's I know what the other would have revealed something behind it. So this shows that the Imam and the moon person praying behind him are allowed to have different intentions, they are allowed to have different intentions.

01:06:10--> 01:06:58

Number three, if a person is praying a prayer and a person comes in, join him. Can he make the intention to become a man at that time? Or does he push the prayer person away and not let him pray? The answer to that is, from a physics standpoint, yes, it is permissible. Both ways understand this properly. Scenario number one, I'm praying by myself in the masjid that you say Sunnah prayers, and a person walks in, and they want to pray their fourth prayers, they'll tap me on the shoulder, and they will stand next to me on my right side. And then we will begin praying together islamically this is permissible to do likewise, I'm praying a fourth prayer by myself. A congregation comes in,

01:06:58--> 01:07:38

and I have just started the Salah, the congregation starts praying, can I walk from my individual into the congregation? Yes, that is allowed as well. So you can go from being single to being led in salon that is permissible to do as well. a disclaimer I will make over here for the second one is only do so if you have not completed the record yet. If you've not completed the record, if you've completed the record, continue playing by yourself, continue playing by yourself. Why is that the case? Because if you join them, after you made record, you would have ended up playing extra cards. And this would not be permissible, that would not be permissible. Now, that is the legal pick of it

01:07:38--> 01:08:12

in terms of its permissibility. How do we implement this in our day and age. In our day and age, I would say if you enter the machine and you see someone praying by themselves, unless you know this person or you know them to have knowledge, go ahead and join them. If you do not know this person, and it could be ignorant, they could be knowledgeable, I would say don't join them. We actually had an incident recently in the muscle over here, where the person is leading Salah, someone comes in, taps him on the shoulder and starts bringing next to him. The man broke his salon, he said I don't want to lead you in prayer. Let me you know, pray by myself. And these are the sorts of things that

01:08:12--> 01:08:18

happen. You know, people get really nervous if they've never led Salah. And it's actually happening in university actually in college,

01:08:19--> 01:08:54

where we walked into the masala brothers praying by himself, we tap on the shoulder pray behind him. This brother completely ignored us. He would not say that out loud, you will notice me a lot even Hamida he will just continue praying. And in our ignorance we prayed behind him. But that shouldn't be the case. So again, understand this. If you know the person or you know them to be knowledgeable, tap them on the shoulder, join them nothing wrong with that you don't know the person, save yourself and themselves the embarrassment. Just pray by yourself and there's nothing wrong with it. Do it the intention for Gemma, Allah will reward you for that intention. Right? So do we understand that?

01:08:55--> 01:08:58

Everyone's clear on that? Is there anything else I need to add?

01:08:59--> 01:09:01

In terms of the intention?

01:09:03--> 01:09:44

Can you change from sort of the novel prayers and novel to fourth inside of the Salah. There is one scenario that is possible, and the rest of the scenarios are not permissible. So the scenario that is possible that you're praying a further prayer and you can move that down in the Salah to a novel prayer so far as the novel is permissible, okay, all other scenarios are not permissible. So moving from novel different will not be permissible. Moving from sunopta for northminster moving apart is not permissible. The only one that would be permissible is from father to son transalta nefer. That is the only one that would be permissible in terms of changing intentions.

01:09:49--> 01:09:51

Before my brother he came

01:09:52--> 01:10:00

home I was going on yeah, but yes, he just stand beside me and he asked me I didn't pray.

01:10:01--> 01:10:01

Yes.

01:10:04--> 01:10:16

Yes, the answer that is yes. That was answered in the Hadith. And was that the Imam and the person behind him can have different intentions? That's perfectly fine. No problem. inshallah. Next question, go ahead. Yeah.

01:10:19--> 01:10:22

When we start salons that we should be before only?

01:10:23--> 01:10:27

How you want to do it after? I mean, why

01:10:28--> 01:10:32

should we tell where we Yeah. So you, you, you tap first and then you say?

01:10:33--> 01:10:36

Yeah. Any other questions? Go ahead. I meant

01:10:40--> 01:10:46

it is recommended to do so to make the comment when you're playing by yourself. Yeah. out loud. You make it out loud. Yeah. So

01:10:48--> 01:10:51

let's see what you have. So a person is praying

01:10:53--> 01:10:54

to join in.

01:10:57--> 01:11:20

He goes back and goes to class now. But now this guy joining finishes is he's finishing it, but we're pretty jointed. Yes. Yeah, that's a lot of continuation of Jamaat, that's perfectly fine. So he joined someone else. So one person is paying a person came in late and joins him. He the first person leaves the second prayers and is still praying, a third person comes in join them. Yeah, the continuation is perfectly fine. Not a problem. inshallah. Go ahead.

01:11:24--> 01:11:49

What's the proof of that, that the US will turbinado you Jesus declared that that is permissible and secondary matters? What is not permissible in primary matters? So the fourth slide has his own particular rulings, meaning that everything besides the fourth were a lot more Luxe musical in meaning that facing the Qibla you're allowed to pass on sitting down while praying in the sun and Africa is allowed to pass on similarly over here, that?

01:11:50--> 01:11:52

How so? So say,

01:11:54--> 01:11:57

yes, it's the 60s, or 70s?

01:11:58--> 01:12:20

Or 60s? Oh, sure. Yes. Can you provide in terms of your missed ones? No, you cannot combine intentions with father and son at the same time, they have to be individual intentions. So either you're doing a fart or either unison, you can do both. Because Had it been permissible. We would pretty much done this before Janice and this are 44 project together. And they're like, yeah, I pray both of them in one shot. It wouldn't be permissible. Go ahead.

01:12:27--> 01:12:30

For Suna Solano, there's no comma for the semester lasts only for the summer. Yeah.

01:12:32--> 01:12:41

So give me a scenario if you're tapping someone and he realized afterward rocker that he doesn't understand what why did you tap and he's not saying

01:12:42--> 01:12:45

he's not saying the sacred cow.

01:12:46--> 01:12:56

Out here, he's continuing his prayer, you're, you know, you just realize that okay, probably this person doesn't understand what, what did you need to do walk out from the prayer.

01:12:58--> 01:13:31

So the best case scenario is that you continue praying with this person, but you fulfill all of the work on yourself. So you will see your own tech could be on your own Fatiha, your own semula, human hamidah you're on the webinar on the hunt, but you will continue to follow their actions. That is the best thing to do. And the second thing is, you mentioned that it's better to say yes, when you're praying for let's say, you just finished one Raka. Yes. You realize that there is another Jamal, yes. Would you? Is it better for you to leave and go and join? Not once you've started your father, you finish your father? Yeah.

01:13:32--> 01:13:33

I'll come back to in a second great.

01:13:35--> 01:14:04

collaborators in communication. Yes, it is. So the Moses, he was with his companions. Once they missed a lot of budget. They prayed for God in congregation at that time. Go ahead. So I've seen chairperson ons on Fridays. Usually they post Friday prayers. Yes. I have never seen that before. And that curiosity I was just wondering, can Kennedy mom do that like, because you guys believe the football and then the pajamas? Correct. So it will be a forecast of like tomorrow, right? So I hope it's permissible man, I hope

01:14:06--> 01:14:20

so, what we actually do is in the summertime, what I do is the first of July is nephila, and the second Juma is the actual Juma itself because they pray Juma during the time of Juma is more preferable than to pray Jamaat early. So that's what I ended up doing.

01:14:21--> 01:14:28

And inshallah, according to the hammer, the mother was definitely permissible. quantizer Medina, is a bit of a telephone that a lot of them pay

01:14:31--> 01:14:32

performance. Yes.

01:14:34--> 01:14:37

Because I think you've explained that it needs to be in motion rather than being

01:14:43--> 01:14:57

like sitting on the seat, and the flight hasn't taken off yet. Right. So in that situation is better for the flights to take off and just not even take off to start moving. As soon as it starts moving. That's it. That's the best time to pray while sitting down.

01:14:58--> 01:15:00

But obviously, I would actually

01:15:00--> 01:15:06

do you suggest if you can pray in the terminal before you get to the, the aeroplane? That's even a better thing to do? Yep.

01:15:07--> 01:15:08

First of all,

01:15:10--> 01:15:13

my father He said if you if you train? Yes,

01:15:16--> 01:15:27

yes. And then you become the MA Yes. That's fine. No problem. So Madame Angela de la vida, when he was leading his congregation, he was spraying nothing. And the people behind him were praying their foot.

01:15:30--> 01:15:32

Follow up, if there's something unclear ask

01:15:34--> 01:15:38

one of us who's rushing a little earlier, start getting some that but that he wants to pray

01:15:39--> 01:15:40

for him.

01:15:41--> 01:15:57

So for the mom, it stays Sunnah. And then he will play a sport after for the person that joins a purely depends on what his intention is when he's joining. Yeah, go ahead. What do we need to play while traveling was said

01:16:02--> 01:16:02

to

01:16:05--> 01:16:05

me,

01:16:06--> 01:16:37

why do you need to pray in the plane again. So for example, you have like a five hour plane ride, where you're leaving Calgary and just going to Montreal. And while you're traveling, you left here the whole time, but by the time we get to Montreal, it's a short time. So you have us Sarah and Margaret that need to be prayed. So the answer definitely needs to be prayed because you didn't combine it while you're in Calgary because you're still here and then the moderate you can combine you when you get to do with Montreal with a shot but the also part needs to be prayed that's why you need to pray it so you know that's just one scenario of many possible scenarios great

01:16:40--> 01:16:41

you're praying solid and then you select

01:16:42--> 01:16:43

yes

01:16:44--> 01:16:49

or no in the Salah. You will continue to walk there. As a matter of doesn't matter how far you are.

01:16:52--> 01:17:25

I'll get to you I will get to you inshallah, one by one. So now the proof for this is one day the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was praying Salah, and he was in the real court. So a man from the back of the masjid. He said Allahu Akbar went down into the court. And in the record, he started walking to the front of the mustard, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he told this man that your prayer is fine, but don't repeat it. So we're here this is just further proof that in Salah you are allowed to move along with the other proofs that I mentioned that he prayed on the mumble didn't step back and the incident with the sheep with a positive step forward. So you are actually allowed

01:17:25--> 01:17:42

to move in Salah but only when there's a need to do so. so in this situation where there's a congregation going on, he is allowed to join that congregation and he doesn't have to break his Salah however, I mean I can't think of sooner we need to change directions of the fibula but you need to stay facing the Qibla the whole time you can break that

01:17:46--> 01:17:58

it should be reasonable I'm not gonna say a person enters the backdoor of the masala and you know joins the in the Congress in the front it should be reasonable right use your own discretion over here. Yes brother over here

01:18:00--> 01:18:02

just immediately after the person

01:18:04--> 01:18:28

so this is something we discussed last week and we said that according to the majority that this is not allowed. You should wait until after sunrise to pray your Sunnah prayers for frigid However, there's a narration rumble by della della who I know that he prayed is sooner prayers after the Gema budget and the process didn't prohibit him. So this is why the scholars of Hadith and some individual scholars from different Medina, they allows the praying of the center of budget after the the fourth has been prayed

01:18:31--> 01:19:01

that I know my time has allowed it but I said individual scholars from other Hebrew I have allowed it and the scholars of Hadith that came on Bukhari Muslim Academy, they allowed it as well. Allah said it is time for Salah now I know people have questions. So we'll break over here. Anyone that has extra questions. What I will do is after Salah I'm going to answer the questions of the sisters. And then if it for the brothers, anyone that has questions, I'll come back to the brother site to answer the questions as well. We'll conclude with that Spanish colonial behind the cache Edward Island saphira kawakubo